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TIIE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 1902,
LECTURE SERIES BEGINS
mi. i it a v. iiowniiTii nisei si:s
social iii:Tio.s or to-day."
I'rlme 1'nnL. I to Ilewtrlct Opportuni
ties for Oipr-ion of the l'ub
lie by 5Ifi!nieRs.
A Furies of lectures on social science and
political cconumy was Inaugurated last
rdght at the Propylaeum by Prof. Ira W.
liowerth. of the- University of Chicago.
The lectures are to be along the line- of uni
versity U r.sk-n and popularizing a knowl-
dee of important studies u.-uallv confined to
,, . . rj., iii
a eoliege curriculum. The series includes
... nv. u
twelve lectures one wid be given each
week by university teachers who have
become well known as American authori
ties on the given subjects. After each. lec
ture a half hour will be devoted to a gen
eral discussion tt the subject, in the same
manner that discussion is carried on in
Professor Ilowerth announced last night
that tho.-e taking the course of lectures
offered may apply by the usual examina
tions for credits in the University of Chi
cago, although those r.ot taking credits
lieed not be debarred from participation in
the class work. Attending Professor Ho
we rth's lecture last night were about two
hundred persona. Thirty announced their
intention of working for university credits.
Others signified their desire to attend the
classes. A charge of $2 is made for the
course of tw ho lectures. Professor Ho-!
werth's lecture last night, on "The Social
jue::tlon of To-day." follows:
"The social question presents itself in a
clout le aspect. In the first place there is
the general social question which is merely
the eternal problem of ecornonic and moral
progress leading to better social conditions,
the solution of which, if indeed we may
speak of a solution of an ever present prob
lem, depends upon the continuance of ma
terial progress, or the subjection of nature,
and the gTadual Improvement of human
personalities. Whe n m n declare that the
social question can never le settled until
every individual is regenerated, or until
the principles of Christianity have taken
their rightful place as the basis of all
hnman relationship, and discourage the J
application of any and all suggested meth- j
od of social reform thev are usually
Mrl.i ..e .v, . i. .. :.. i
u ; , V , . ' V V , r
fi,, ,fr rm l i t' J unfortunate that
t Mn, ihi I i. r ' 11 f S,:f 'X,S 'V 1S1 :
11 Z , i r h tu V,'Um h G
reached their final form, are able by em-
phasizmg the g, ne ral social question to
present the Illusion that there i.s no prac- j
tical social question at all. Put the social i
question of immediate and practical im-
l"rtance, the soci.il oues-ion of to-day. Is
something quite definite, and easy to for
mulate. "The social question of to-day, or the
social question of any given time, is tht
Hociai question or any given time, is ther
question of the social we lfare pressing j
most strongly for solution. That question
will always be found to be a problem of
restricting the opportunities of organized
selfishness. Selfishness i.s general, and it
is an illusion to suppose that one class of
society Is altogether virtuous and heroic,
while another is moved only by a spirit
of narrowness and greed. The fact that,
generally speaking, all men are selfish,
does not deny the existence of the social
probWn of restricting the opportunities- of
selfishness with those who have at a given
time the power to oppress their fellows.
The real question A ns to whether injustice
exists. There this power Is lodged to-day
and how it manifests itself may be more
clearly perceived by tracing briefly the
evolution of the social question.
EARLY HISTORY OF SOCIETY.
"In the early history of society, when
men's ideas we re chiefly religious, and the
whole power of church and state was
wielded by those in authority. It is plain
to be seen who rnisht b guilty of selfish !
excesses. As the church was the supreme
authority the social question was naturally
the problem of securing popular freedom
from ecclesiastical domination. All con
scious efforts of tne people were directed
toward this end. The social question was
mainly a religious question. When, in the
sixteenth centurj-. Martin Luther and his
associates rebelled against the authority
of the church they were engaged in a move
ment which finally resulted in securing for
the people a greater degree of religious
freedom; that is. the social question as a
religious question was practically solved.
While much still remains to he done In the
way of securing for the peopie freedom
f thought and action In religious matters,
this particular phase of the social ques
tion is no longer dominant.
"After the reformation the people soon
found that the same opportunities for self
ish domination that had been enjoyed by
those In control of ecclesiastical institu
tions were afforded those who were in
control of the state. The crozier of the
ecclesiastic had merely transformed it
self into the scepter of the political ruler.
For two centuries and a half the struggle
of the people was a political one. This
question, however, was nominally solved,
so far sla the people of this country are
concerned, by the Revolution and the
Declaration of Independence. The social
que-stion is consequently no longer a po
. "Political liberty having been achieved,
where Is now the great opportunity for
selfish domination? Obviously it lies with
that class of persons who have secured
control ef the reat Industrial forces of our
nation ami have intrenched themselves '
oenina tne economic Institutions upon
which the welfare- of society so largely de
pends. The social question of to-day
therefore, is chiefly an industrial or eco
nomic question. It is the problem of re
rtrlctlng the power of wealth, and of se
curing for the people a higher degTce of
economic freedom. 'It comes.' as Profes
sor Wagner, of Germany, has expressed it,
'of the consciousness of a contradiction
between economic development and the
Ideal of liberty and ecniality which is be
ing realized in political life.
"The story of the social evolution then
or the history of mankind, re veals the fac t
that there has been three dominant phases
of the social question, namely, the re
ligious, the political and the industrial or
economic. Always It has been a question of
democracy. To-day it is. roughly speak
ing, the problem of securing a more equi
table distribution f the abundance of eco
nomic goods made possible by our improved
methods of production.
"Observe that our modern social ques
tion is a question of producing wealth as
well as the problem of distributing lt.. We
pride ourselves upon the immense product
of our industry but we overlook the fear
ful waste of materials and erergy and life
involved in It. If eur industrial forces were
intellectually organized and directed so as
to eliminate the waste of modern industry,
we might easily produce- double the amount
oi wealth we now create. The ploblem I
u. me.ie eqmiauie distribution of wealth
Is. however, the most immediate question
confronting us. No one will seriously con
tend that at present wealth Hows to the
producers of it In e xact proportion to their
ervlees in wealth production. How to
apportion wealth so that individual re
ward will correspond to individual merit
Is the practical social question of to
day. "And this question, in spite of the boasted
quality which prevails in this country
hua assumed the nature of a class question
True, we have no hereditary class privilege
in America, and no caste in the Orlen til
sense, but we have a comparatively small
numbtr of people who control the material
instruments of production, and whf.se im
mediate interests seern to lie Jn the tn..i !
In the stri..i
preservation of the modern industrial nr.
der; while, on the other hand, we hsve th..
majority of our people dependent or their '
meiinoou upon their success it. gaining
access to the means of production; 'that is
t CI M.lv iV'liitn ....... w . . v
s. k ujuiii moe wno control
these means. The immediate interests ef
this majority an- Involved in a change of
the present Industrial order in the direc
tion of economic democracy, rather than In
its preservation l:i lt proent form. It is
therefore, useless to talk of an identity
of interests lton laborer and capltaf
!t. There is no strict identity and thoe
who claim it are the victim of ioose think
ing, or are unconsciously biased by their
on immediate intercuts.
"Sorlullsts who claim that 'The whole
history of minkind since the .'lssolutK:i
of primitive, tribil society, hoi, ling land in
common ownership, has been a history of
ei s.? strr;:V cent -sts between e xploiting
and exploit-d. ruling and oppressed claje s.'
and our libor organizations which urgl
the development of a labor class conscious
ne. are rr.o.-e n. n:!y correct in their con
ception of the present situation than those
who. fancying a complete harmony of In
terests, cry peace, when there is no peace.
It is true that human prore-s has been
due to pome extent to ela..s conflict, just as
It has been partially duo to Intertribal, in
ternational and interracial conflict. The
preat mistake, however, is Jn supposing
that future racial progress must necessa
rily be brought about by the sort of con
flict of which history furnished us so many
examples. We have now reached a stag?
of development when problems involving
a conflict of class interests may be thought
out instead of being fought out. Uoth the
struggle of classes and class domination
have bon factors In social improvement.
In a critical period of a society as, for in
stance, in war. it is an advantage to have
a ruling clas."5 that will organize it for
military purposes. Such an organization
necessarily means the domination of the
many by a few. When such critical times
are past, however, then comes the danger
arising from the undue conservation of
the dominant class and its oppression of
the lower classes, who are exploited for
the benefit of their masters.
METHODS OF DOMINANT CLASSES.
"History reveals to us the methods which
i dominant classes of every age have em-
i ployed to preserve their power and privi-
1 ... . .
leges when their exclusive enjoyment of
them are no longer necessary to social de
velopment. The most common method in
earlier times was that of awakening the
fear of the oppressed by means of punish
ment inflicted for violation of the criminal
code which Is always consciously or un
consciously predominantly inspired in
the interest of the ruling class.
The brute strength of an army,
created ostensibly for defending the
state against foreign foes, was displayed
to prevent the revolt of the people against
the Injustices which the dominant class
practiced upon them. The religious sen
timent, present In every man, and the re
ligious institutions which are the outward
expression of it. have been employed to
support the dominant (lass in the enjoy
ment of its special privileges. Again, every
student is familiar with the manner in
which the ruling class, by one means or
! another, has prevented the thought of the
people until they have believed that their
own interests were best served by remain
ing in their condition of subjection. A
public opinion favorable to the practices of
the clans in power has been created. As
Lincoln said, "Kings bestrode the necks of
their people, not because they wanted to
do it. but because the people were better
for beimr ridden.' This instinct of self
preservation, manifested throughout his
tory by the dominant class, explains also
the long prevalence of the Idea that some
men were born to rule while others ex
isted only to be ruled. The idea of divine
right, heid from time Immemorial and
formulated in England in the reign of
James the Second, the idea that (Jod looked
with special favor upon monarchy in com
parison with other forms of government,
and that accession by primogeniture was
esjocially divine, antedating both the Chris
tian and the Mosaic dispensation, owed its
birth and its 'tenacious life to the support
""""" l" 1"-- OiU in iJn. i nc
s;imp rn" of dominant classes to preserve
tnonise,Vtf, in th(.lr r,osltinn accounts for
thM opposition to knowledge which has
characterized in the past both political and
J-POM EARLY TIME,
"From the early period of society when,
ororfhnE. t(, the tra.m, n rut ,...roto
were prohibited from eating of the fruit
of the tree of knowledge, down to Galileo,
who was compelled to bow the knee before
tri inquisitorial court of Pome and re-
cant his teaching that the sun is the cen
ter of our system ird the earth revolves
around it, on down to the days of Huxley
who, for the advocacy of the evolutionary
hypothesis, was taunted by Bishop Wil
berforce with being the descendant of a
monkey, and even at the present day when
the solhlest results of science are met
with ridicule by those whose interests are
opposed to the advancement of knowledge,
this method of self-preservation has been
practiced. This explains, too, why the
ruling classes have so often opposed popu
lar education why little attention was paid
in England to the education of the people
until KJ2. for instance, and why it did not
Income general and compulsorv until 1S7.
We cannot understand the difficulties at
tending the social question of to-day, nor
take the first step towards Its solution,
until we comprehend the facts and the
reason for it, that no matter how irrational
or how Inconvenient, or how injurious or
how flagrantly monstrous a social situation
uia oe-, niese v. in always oe inose WHO Will
rusli to Its defense.
"The emphasis I havelaid upon our eco
nomic institutions and. the necessity of
securing for the people economic freedom
and an equitable distribution of the world's
goods, mut not be taken as an indication
of a belief that wealth, or the satisfaction
of our material needs, is the highest thing
that can be aimed at. It is true now, as
ever, that man does not live by bread
alone. Hut as Amiel said, 'The animal in
us must be satisfied first and we must
banish from among us all suffering which
is superfluous ami has its origin in social
arrangements before we can return to
spiritual goods.' "
WILL OF S. A. MORRISON
TUR VALI K OF IIIS KSTATB IS ES
TIMATi; AT 7U.S0.
The Property Divided Iletween Hin
Daughter find HIn "Widow
AfW" of the Court.
The will of the late Samuel A. Morrison
was offered for probate yesterday by the
executors of his estate, Gladys Morrison,
the widow, and tho Marion Trust Company.
Mr. Morrison for a long time was the as
sistant cashier of the Fletcher National
Pank, and some time before his death he
went to California for the benefit of his
health. He died in Pasadena, on Jan. 13. No
inventory of the property has been filed
yet. but it is estimated that the estate left
by Mr. Morrison will approximate $70,XH)
Py the terms of the will, half of all the
property is bequeathed to his daughter.
Miriam Gladys Morrison. Tt is provided
that her share shall be held in trust by the
Marion Trust Company until she shall ar
rive at the age of thirty. In the event of
her death the share will go to her chil
dren, or if there be none her share is to
go to Mr Morrison's mother, Nettie S.
Puck. The rest of the estate is bequeathed
to the widow.
HOY ClHSIUl IIIS MOTHER.
Told Judge He Would Like Prlnnn
Hotter Than Reform. School.
William Otto, fifteen years old, furnished
the judge, ofiicers and spectators of the
Criminal Court with as unpleasant an ex
hibition of de pravity as seldom comes with
in the ken even of those experienced per
sons. Otto came before the Judg for a
hearing on the charge of incorrigibility. He
hael been mixed up in an attempt to rob a
drug store. Anxious to save the boy from
the ignominy of a penitentiary sentence,
Judge Alford informed him that he intend
ed sending him to the Roys' Reformatory
With lurid language the youngster ln-
formed the judge that lie would rather go I
to prison. His mother intervened ard I
pleaded with him. saying that it would be !
much easier tor him to go to the Reform
"The h-1 with you." cried the boy. "I
know d d well where I want to go.""
"I think." said Judge Alford. "that where
you do go they will take some of that out
'rne ov wt'nt ut of court cursing his
mother, the Judge and everybody who had
anything to do with his trouble.
TltAYELI(i SALESMAN SI ES.
ttthuii RoMent hitler Sny a Company
0to Him jM.JI.-k.
Nathan Rosrnthaler. a traveling sales
man, ulleylng that the Capital Paper Com
pany wrongfully discharged him from its
employ Sept. H, l:d. and that it is indebted
to him on its contract for part of his salary
and expenses, yesterday tiled suit against
the company for Cl.'j.'ej.
Rosenthaler clairrs that while he had em
ployment with another firm the paper com
pany made a written prepodtion to him
asking him to sell Its producta and offering
him a salary of 52.) a yar and expenses.
The salary was to be paid at the rate of
monthly and the balance was to be paid
after he bad worked a year. Rosenthaler
1 declares that, in spite of the fact that he
I was very successful In traveling for the
j company and sold $15. mi worth of its goods
I in four months, that it discharged him
without cause. The amount asked for rep
resents the balance of salary due him $1,750
and expense money for four months.
A Father's Responsibility.
The Supreme Court yesterday awarded
Loui.se Leibold the custody of her two chil
dren and required the father, from whom
she is separated, to pay $5 a week for their
support. Judge Monks, affirming the opin
ion of the lower court, said ordinarily the
father's obligation to support and educate
the children and his right to their custody
and services are reciprocal, but when the
father has misconducted himself or hai
neglected the children so as to Induce the
court to take them from him and give
them into the custody of another, he is
not released from ids obligation to provide
Suit for $7. CoMt Connty S?lCO.
A suit which cost the county about $150
was finished in Judge Allen's court yester
day by a jury verdict for the plaintiff.
John W. McMullen sued Maggie Twyname
for $75. He claimed that she had failed to
make necessary repairs to a water tank
in a house which he rented from her, and
that it leaked and caused him loss which
he estimated at $75. "A justice's court had
awarded McMullen damages and the Cir
cuit Court upheld the verdict of the lower
A Chance for IluckM "Wheeler.
The Supreme Court yesterday granted a
stay of execution to "Ruck" Wheeler until
June 6 to give the court an opportunity to
pass on his appeal. Wheeler was under
sentence to hang Saturday, Feb. x, for the
murder of his son-in-law at Hoonville. The
A. If 1 A J A. 1 A. f M -! II . A -
i court nmiieu me lime ior nnng appeiiani s
brief to March 1. and the time for tiling the
state's brief to April 1. The case has been
set for oral argument April 25.
TUE COIHT RECORD.
Room 2 James M. Eeathcrs, Judge.
Nellie Reed vs. Indianapolis Street-railway
Company; damages. On trial by jury.
Room 3 Vinson Carter, Judge.
Ann E. Wood vs. John J. Hilgenberg et
al.; partition. Settled by agreement of
parties. Costs paid.
John Drown vs. John F. Darrett; dam
ages. Plaintiff dismisses cause. Judgment
against plaintiff for costs.
Henry Clay Allen, Judge.
John W. McMullen vs. Maggie Twyname;
from justice of the peace. Jury instructed,
retired and returned verdict for plaintiff
Fremont Alford, Judge.
William Otto; incorrigibility. Found
guilty. Sentenced to Indiana Reformatory.
Ida Prackett; assault and battery. Trial
by court. Found not guilty.
NEW SUITS FILED.
Interstate Puilding. Loan and Savings
Association vn. Sarah A. Rlaisdel et al. ;
mortgage foreclosure. Superior Court,
Joseph II. Alexander (Alexander & Co.)
vs. Reinhold Stark; complaint on account.
Superior Court. Room 2.
Nathan Rosenthaler vs. Capitol Paper
Company; complaint for judgment. Su
ii;m:n coihts- record.
1W73. Leibold vs. Leibold. Marion S. C.
Affirmed. Monks. J. 1. The Marion Su
perior Court has full jurisdiction of all suits
In equity, and it is within the power of
such court to control not only the estate,
but the person and custody, of Infants, ex
cept where there is a statute providlnj
otherwise. 2. The obligation to support and
educate a child, and the right to custody
and services of such child, are reciprocal
obligations and rights, unless otherwise
fixed by judicial decree. When, how
ever, the father has so conducted himself
that it is necessary and proper to deprive
him of the custody of his minor child, he is
not thereby released from his duty to sup
port it. 3. It not being shown that the al
lowance made by the court is more than a
bare maintenance for appellant's children,
it Is not necessary to determine whether or
not the court haci the authority to compel
appellant to pay what would be deemed a
liberal allowance for the maintenance and
education of them.
1S775. Wheeler vs. State of Indiana. War
fTck C. C. Application for suspension of
execution granted. The execution of appel
lant is ordered to be suspended until Fri
day, June 6, 1'j02. Appellant ordered to file
his brief on or before March 1, 1902. State
to rile brief on or before April 2. 1I2. Ten
days allowed for reply brief. Oral argu
ment fixed for April 25. 1902.
1977ß. Rrown vs. White. Marion S. C.
19773. Willis B. Wheeler vs. State of In
diana. Warrick C. C. Petition for suspen
sion of execution granted. Execution or
dered to be suspended until Friday, June 6,
1902. Testified copies sen to warden. Ap
pellant ordered to file briefs by March 1,
1902. Appellee ordered to tile brief by April
2. 1902. Appellant granted ten days for re
ply brief. Set for oral argument April 25,
19771. George W. Drown ct al. vs. Flora
White et al. Application on non-residence.
Publication ordered issued.
3645. Kline vs. Kline. Jasper C. C. Mo
tion t dismiss overruled.
C12. Maxwell vs. Shirts. Boone C. C.
Motion to retax costs granted one-half vs.
Appellant Maxwell and one-half vs. Appel
40S9. poard of Commissioners vs. Mow
brav. Miami C. C. Advancement denied.
4129. Williams vs. Chapman. Whitley C.
C. Petition for certiorari overruled.
4089. " The Board of Commissioners of
Miami County et al. vs. William E. Mow
bray. Miami C. C. Prief of appellee in
answer to Miami County Council.
4137. Jacob Frankel vs. William L. Gan
ard. Delaware C. C. Appellee's brief (8.)
3645. Charles M. Kline vs. Addie Kline.
Jasper C. C. Appellant's answer to motion
cf appellee to dismiss appeal and appeal
bond tendered. Motion to dismiss overruled.
4191. Anna E. St. Clair et al. vs. Henry
M. Marquell et al. Delaware C. C. Assign
ment cross errors.
316. Monroe W. Fitch et al. vs. Kittee
Long et al. Appellants' additional author
ities. 432. Thomas Wool, minor, vs. The Re
public Iron and Steel Co. Record. Assign
n ent errors.
Drond Ripple OH Field Fnlllng.
Included in the oil report of State Geolo
gist Rlatchley is a paragraph touching on
the output of oil of the Rroad Ripple field
in 1901. During last year 17.038 barrels were
taken out of this district, while in the
year previous 30,091 barrels were taken out.
When the field was discovered some years
ago the yearly output reached over 100.000
barrels. Mr. Rlatchley says the decrease
annually in this field is rather alarming.
No new wells have been bored in recent
years, he says, many of the old have been
abandoned, while others are not pumped.
XfRro Servant' Sudden Death.
Joseph Lewis, a negro, who was employeel
at the home of Albert Gall, 712 North Illi
nois street, died suddenly yesterday even
ing. He got abo.trd a street car at St.
Clnir street, taking a place on the rear
platform. At Eleventh streethe fell back
ward and woulel hae gone over the end
had some one not caught him. He was
taken into the ofMce of Dr. Wheeler, at b35
North Illinois street, for medical attention,
but lled as he was being carried. Apo
plexy, it i? thought, caused his death.
John R. l'onrn äcll Ilnildlng.
John R, Pearson yesterday sold to George
W. Brown, through the W. E. Mick agency.
a brick block at the corner of Indiana
avenuo and Blackford :-treet. The consid
eration was 23.f7T. Including a transfer bv
.Mr. Brown of house' on South Noble
street, two houses on E-tst Tenth street,
twelve lots in Jj:cfcson Park and one house
in Marlon, it is s.-.ld Mr. Brown Intends re
modeling ins purchase into a modern busi
It eeinlnl t Ion Seem Fault?'.
Captain McCurdy. of the Atlanta. Ga.,
police force, came her yesterday with a
requisition for E. E. IIollls. who i.s wanted
at that place on a warrant charging the
"l.ueeny after trust'' of $230 from Schaul
JC- May. rawnbrokcrs. When the requisi
tion was read by the attorney general he
expressed doubt as to Its regularity, and
further consideration of it was post
poned untii to-day.
FOR FEMININE READERS
r;ow.s foil little girls always
OF l.VI'EHEST TO MOTHERS.
Qneer I'ndertnkliiK of Clnh Women
in err Mexico Rich Ladle' Jew
eled Crown n Here und There.
Fashions for children are vitally inter
esting to the mothers who have to follow
them, but they vary so little in style and
outline that they are not a very prolific
source of Inspiration to the fashion writers,
says the New York Sun. However, there
are some little changes creeping in all the
time, even though they are not radical.
The one style of bodice, which is simply
a gathered puff with belt, and bertha collar
and worn with a guimpe, has obtained
for years, but it is new as well, since con
stant reproduction makes it so. With this
is the simple straight skirt, sometimes
gathered into the waist, sometimes plaited.
A pretty idea for the thin muslin is verti
cal tucks down four or five inches from
the waist line all around. -These dispose
of the fullness very prettily. Other muslin
skirts are tucked around the entire length
in very thin tucks, with fully an inch be
A hem is usually the finish, but some
times a little frill of embroidery is used.
The bertha frill on one figured dimity is
made of white dimity with an inch band
of the figured muslin hemming the edge.
This certainly has economy to recommend
it and is very effective as well.
The collar In another gown is of white
linen shapedo round up in front and back.
Two collars of this sort, one over the other
and the upper narrower than the under one,
make a stylish finish.
Most attractive for the dressy gown worn
by the little girl )f from seven to ten years
is the black taffeta. It is made with a
plain hem i-et on with a very open stitch
The usual full waist is in bands joined
in encircling lines with the open stitch,
which lightens the effect very much.
Any pretty open pattern in cream lace
may form the bertha, through which you
thread inch-wide ribbon, either blue or
pink, a little below the upper edge, and
tie in a rosette bow at one side of the
Another pretty frock for a girl of ten is
made of gray cashmere with the bodice
and the top of the skirt tucked in groups,
and a yoke and cuffs of white silk striped
around with silver braid. In gray nun's
veiling is another dress, with an accordion
plaited skirt, and waist gathered into a belt
of white silk embroidered with white and
blue French knots.
The sash Is of white taffeta tied in a knot
at the back. The narrow collar is of white
with a frill of point d'esprit lace on tho
edge and the guimpe is of tuckcei batiste
and narrow Valenciennes insertion. Knots
with ends of black velvet where the collar
meets in front and around the bands of the
puffed sleeves give it a chic finish.
The colored pique gowns with collar and
skirt trimming of white Irish lace are very
pretty. Plainer pique dresses are made
with no trimming at all, the blouse laid in
one or two plaits, turning toward the shoul
der and well back from the front and cen
ter of back like the Maxime shirtwaist.
Sailor collars are quite as good style as
ever and they are varied prettily by trim
ming them with braid sewn on in all sorts
Just at present the little corduroy suits
in Russian blouse style are worn by both
boys and girls. The corduroy coats with
white leather belt and heavy lace collar
are also very good style, especially in the
tan and fawn shades.
For girls of ten or more the circular skirt
is worn trimmed with velvet ribbon, braid
or tucks above the hem. The bodice is
usually a blouse and is sometimes made
with a box plait in the center of the back
and front, with small tucks at either side.
A lace collar with a hem of silk or velvet
around the edge is a good finish.
Black silk bands trim some of the colored
gowns very stylishly as black In gowns,
coats or trimmings is a great feature of
children's dress. Very narrow bands in a
green cashmere are effective, the blouse
finished with a little white silk vest front
with tiny black silk-covered buttons down
either side of the edge.
It is well to notice that the openwork
stitch, mentioned in connection with the
black taffeta gown, is very pretty on the
colored cashmere dresses done in black.
The hem is attached in the same way; the
open stitch joins bands in the blouse in
vertical lines and also the hem on tho
bertha, c taol
Art in edlework.
Very valuable are the examples of an
tique embroideries and other specimens of
the needle's cunning treasured within mu
seum walls: but that artiitlc, too, and
lovely to look at is the needlework pro
duced in Philadelphia to-day, is convinc
ingly illustrated by some of the pieces
which have just been completed at the
School of Art Needlework on Chestnut
Among them has been a table set, con
sisting of center piece and plate doilies, of
white linen, embroidered with La France
roses, which was used at a dinner given in
New York this week. The center piece was
circular and beautifully embroidered with a
wreath of the roses. The garland, which
nearly covered the linen, was formed of
single, exaggerated roses, with the stem
foliage, shown in the front, back and profile
views of the flower; the stems converged
toward the center, so that the sprays,
which were embroidered in nature's hues of
flower and leaf, looked as if dropped grace
fully around the circle of snowy linen. The
doilies harmonized in design with the cen
Destined to adorn the same home in New
York is a luncheon set consisting of center
piece, plate and lunch doilies of Russian
crash. The center piece is circular and Is
exquisitely embroidered with a garland of
acanthus leaves and spring flowers in deli
cately harmonized tints.
It means much when New York comes to
Philadelphia for art needlework. There
has also been embroidered at the school
for a New York woman who counts her
wealth by the millions a table cover of the
new congress linen, worked with a design
of pomegranates and foliage, with grace
ful scroll-work meandering between in the
rich, harmonious hues of the ripened fruit
and greens of the leaves, shading from
deep tones to tints that border on maize.
A "between meals" cloth which will adorn
a "red dining room" In Philadelphia Is
embellished with a circular design of ap
ples, which, with original idea, is em
broidered in the various stages of ripen
ing, from the fruit of emerald hue to the
roseate tint of maturity.
They Wear Crown.
Frank S. Arnett. in Ainslee's Magazine.
Again. Do you remember when good, old
fashioned society women sat by the hour
and talked bonnets? When there were
whispered comments to the effect that Mrs.
A. looked like a fright in hers, and that
Mrs. B.'s (providing Mrs. B., of course, was
the one addressed) was simply a dream?
There is no more of it. You may possibly
hear Mrs. C. say that Mrs. D.'s new crown
isn't a bit becoming, but bonnets are a very
minor consideration, indeed.
These crowns are really and truly ones,
although some are more modestly referred
to as coronets and others as tiaras. I can
trace their use in America no further
back than the third Mrs. John Jacob Astor,
who died In 1n57. but her sister-in-law. Mrs.
William Astor. was almost as early in the
field with the royal insignia. The yalue of
these ornaments varies from ?20.(O to fA
eoj each. The present Mrs. John Jacob
Astor has two. one solely of diamonds and
valued at SV"0. the other of diamonds
and emeralds, valued at $;:.uO0; while Mrs.
Ogden Mills possesses three, with a total
value of JS.Oou. one composed of diamonds,
another of diamonds and pearls, and the
third of diamonds and emeralds. Others
that have adopted a custom that was at
first a bit startling are Mrs. O. H. p. Bel
mont. Mrs. William Starr Miller. Mrs.
Rradley-Martin. Mrs. William D. Sloane.
Mrs. Levi P. Morton. Mrs. Alfred S. Post.
Mrs. Clarence 1 1. Mackay. Mrs. George Jay
Gould. Mrs. Charles T. Yerkes, Mrs. Perrv
Tiffany, Mrs. Philip Rhinelander, Mrs.
Harry Payne Whitney and Mrs. Alfred
Cod Unit Chowder.
If the fresh codllsh cannot be obtained,
freshen three pounds of salted cod by al
lowing it to soak in cold water for several
hours. Shred the meat, put it in the bottom
of a kettle, upon this pnt half a pound of
chopped salted jork, a sliced onion, and a
dozen crackers. Cover all with cold water,
put a lid on the kettle and boil gently for
an hour, or until the fish is done. With a
perforated spoon remove the fish and
crackers, and pour the liquor through u
coarse strainer to get out the bones. Re
turn this liquor to the fire and thicken it
with two tablespoonfuls of butter rubbed
Into the same quantity of flour. Add a pint
of chopped oysters, a tablespoonful of
chopped parsley and return the fish and
crackers to the kettlc Cook for five min
utes, stir in a capful of boiling milk, sea
son to taste and serve. Cook for five min
utes, stir in a cupful of boiling milk, season
to taste and serve. Men are particularly
fond of chowders as they seem so much
more substantial than a clear soup.
Dunclng Men Searee.
A complaint has been generally .heard in
the suburbs of London this season of winter
gayeties that dances are going out of fash
ion. Progressive whist and ping-pong, but
especially the latter, are the attractions
that are usurping the place dancing for
merly occupied, and pretty girls who are.
nimble of foot and not very alert in card
games or ping-pong are feeling the matter
keenly. Men, it is found, are on the side of
the whist parties, for it is a sad fact and a
true that the apathy accorded to Terpsi
chore by members of the highest society
has spread to middle-class circles, and
makes dancing men harder and harder to
It is a pity that the cotillon is not danced
more frequently at balls than it is. Why
should so social and pretty a pastime be
left to the wealthiest chatelaines in their
splendid halls to arrange? Young men of
leisure make great names for themselves by
inventing new cotillon figures, but that in
ducement can scarcely be held out in busi
ness circles in favor of the dance, seeing
that gilded youths are rarities there. In
America "surprise" figures are always in
serted, and at his stepdaughter Miss Ran
dolph's debut party in New York just
lately, Mr. Whitney, the millionaire, Intro
duced into the ball a motor car in charge
of a chaffeur, decked out in the correct
dress and goggles, who distributed to every
one miniature motor cars in the form of
bonbonnieres charged with delicious sweets.
The Clnh Woman's Ilenrwe.
Think of a woman's club buying a hearse
with its first official dollars! That is the
odd proceeding of the Woman's Improve
ment Association at Las Cruces, N. M., and
as the president, Mrs. D. C. Billings, puts
it proudly: "It's the only hearse in the
This enterprising incident indicates the
uphill work of clubwomen in the sparsely
settled Southwestern States, who long for
some of the advantages and esthetics of so
called civilization and up-hill work, it may
be added, which is unknown to big and
thrice-blessed clubs in thickly-populated
The Las Cruces Woman's Improvement
Association has only eleven members.
When this ambitious little band organized
five years ago it not only purchased a
hearso to replace the rude wagon that had
previously served al the head of funeral
processions, but set about to otherwise im
prove this small town, made up mostly of
unprogressive Mexicans and winter tour
ists. They bought a section of land and
proceeeled to convert it into a park by
planting trees and putting up a pavilion.
Afterward they purchased a lot for the
purpose of erecting, some prosperous day, a
public library and clubhouse under one
"You clubwomen of the North have no
idea how away-back-in-the-Bible-times are
these Mexicans," wrote Mrs. Billings the
other daj. "We women have worked slow
ly and at great disadvantage. Several
times we have applied to outside clubs for
help, but, receiving no answer, have de
cided we must still wait and work."
At present these clubwomen are building
a windmill to secure better irrigation an
other unusual undertaking, indeed.
Mrs. Croly Xeeded Xo Money.
New York Tribune.
The family of Mrs. Jennie June Croly
have publicly expressed their annoyance at
the offer of Sorosis to take care of their
mother during her life, and say that as
soon as they knew of it they returned the
checks sent. They point to the fact that
Mrs. Croly left $35,u00 as proof that she was
not in need of financial assistance. They
are at a loss, they say, to understand why
it should have been offered.
Mrs. Vida Croly Sidney, who has recently
come from London to receive her share of
the property, said yesterday that iier
mother had shown a nervous dread of be
coming poor that, amounted almost to
monomania. This dreael, she thinks, was
expressed in such a way that her club
friends supposed her to be really in need.
"Mrs. Croly was staying at the Gardner,
where she paid J.25 a week, so there could
hardly have been much evidence of pov
erty," said Mrs. Herbert Croly.
The Woman's Health Protective Associa
tion, which took the lead in the matter of
raising a fund, tried to keep the proceeding
secret, but it leaked out, and then Sorosis
took it up. Mrs. Croly's death -occurred so
soon after that no permanent arrangement
had been made.
Trne Syinnnthy with Children.
February Home Companion.
There are many conscientious fathers
and mothers who make themselves and
their children miserable by taking youth
ful foibles too seriously. It Is an innate
propensity of a child possessed of average
good health and spirits to make older peo
ple laugh with him; not at him, but at
the things that seem amusing to his own
sense. And the mother who has the blithe
and ready humor to enter Into his fun be
comes his most fascinating companion, lie
heeds her rebukes and bends to her correc
tion without ill feeling, where sternness
would arouse his pride and ire, for he is
assured that she is ready to share all his
innocent pranks, and that her disapproval
has no foundation in Impatience or in
justice. And when the clay arrives that
"childish things are put away," and the
grown men and women look backward to
their early home, with what a throb of
pleasure they say, when things happen,
"Mother would appreciate this; she had the
quickest sense of humor of any woman you
ever saw!" And underneath these light
words is the thought, "How happy that
dear mother made me, and how I love
Odd and Ends.
Darn cracks in linen on a back of linen
cambric with fine thread and cut the cam
bric away around the darn. When properly
done and laundered the darning will hardly
show if there is a little starch in the cloth.
Candied mint leaves are a fashionable
substitute for mint bonbons or the cordial
that is served at the end of a dinner or
luncheon. A cooking teacher advises, too,
that a few added to a lemon ice impart a
A piece of velveteen say, a quarter-yard
makes the best of all brushes for silk. Use
it on a black silk petticoat, and see how
perfectly it wipes away all the dust that
gathers so vexatiously In the ruffles and
pleatings. Any brush, no matter how soft,
acts as an Irritant to a silken surface, but
the velveteen entirely removes the dust
without any injury to the fabric.
The best way of marking table linen 1 to
place the initials of the hostess In the upper
left hand corner just below the edge. This
is done in satin stitch in plain English
script and in plain printing letters, because
such letters are easily read and serve their
purpose of marking the .4nen without being
conspicuous. Monograms, which are not as
legible as initials, are not often used.
Opinions differ as to the order of the
various wedding anniversaries, but the fol
lowing list seems to receive the sanction
of the best authorities: First year, cotton;
second year, paper; third year. leather;
fifth year, wood; tenth year, tin; fifteenth
year. crystal; twentieth year, china; twenty-fifth
year, sliver; fiftieth year, . golde n;
seventy-fifth year, diamond.
A nightdress case seen at an exchange i.s
particularly good. It is crocheted in si'.lt
in open mesh and is a circular bag. open at
both ends ami provided with a shirstring.
which, after lh? garment is rolled and in
serted, se-cures it by being drawn nr.d tied
in a bow. It is specially ajaptel for trav
eling, particularly if a customs oft-ci r will
rummage one's bag. as the garment is
readily examined without unrolling.
Persons who like sugar with vinegar on
lettuce may defend this taste with the
statement that William Cullen Brynnt had
it. "He was an old family friend of ours."
said some one over her luncheon, the other
day. "and I think it has become almost a
matter of principle with us to dress our
salad after the same simple fashion. We
always call it the poet's dressing, and, after
that title, have Introduced It to the notice
A novel wuy of saving the special maga
zine articles Id which khe is interested has
Topics in the Churches...
SUNDAY-SCHOOL LESSON AND CHRISTIAN
THE SI NIIAY-SC1IOOL LESSON.
The Firnt Qanrteri Lcnion vt Aeta
iv, February 2, lSKtt.
There It a subtle charm In all stories of moral
cctrag-e: Leoniias gathering the Persian s;tars
to hi- -"nartan bosom at Thermopylae; Flurer.oe
Nighi-.nale min!terir. on Crimean battlerielJ;
Grace Darlin? launching her lifeboat in the
boilinsr surf; Clara Barton, at seventy, penetrat
ing to fcufTerir.g Armenia; the martyr Macoo
eying for Cuban liberty each stirs our blood.
But not a whit less fascinating than any in
stance, ancient cr modern, is that of the apos
tles standing for their lives before the Sanht
drin. The court is convened In Its glittering marble
hall within the temple. The aufruft members,
gorgeously robeJ, sir In serr.l-elrcle upon their
crimson clivans. Wealth, learning, power of a
nation are there enshrined; rulers. elJers,
scribes, chief priest, and his kinsmen a very
galaxy. On the te-sellated floor before this
brave array stand two Galilean fishermen. Is
fort Is to overawe and constrain them to confest
to sorcery, and thus mtk them liable to a
It is a moment of uspense. Men's souls ar
tried. Human lives are In the balance. The
destiny of a new system seems to be deciding.
But the most self-possessed persons In that
dread court are the humble and friendless de
fendants. Peter breaks the silence. Consciously, er un
consciously, h is addressing the nation ltsMt
through its constitutional representatives. For
him the Sanhedrln Is th ear as well as the
mouth of the whole people. He is punctilious, in
a good sense of the word, uing the proper title
in his deferential introduction.
The re-adiness of conscious Innocence has fine
illustration at this point. It has nothing to fear.
Its cau.? can not ultimately be lost. The seem
ing triumph o'er God's taints last but a little
while. The promise of Jesus that when Ills
apostles should be delivered up, to Judgment, it
should bo given them what to tay, has here Its
first lustrous fulfillment.
Though Peter, "the mouth of the arostles."
Is scrupulously courteous in his address, there
is not wanting a fine irony in his expression, "If
we be examined of the good deed." It is as if
he had said, "Men are usually arraigned for
crimes, but this court arraigns for a benefac
tion." No douM is left in the minds of the court, il
any ever existed there, in whose name the merci
ful cure had been wrought upon the cripple.
Again, as on Tentecost and In the porch, the
apostle appeals to Hebrew Scripture, and uses it
with consummate skill.
Th tables are turned. The court itself be
comes the defendant. Such dauntless courage in
friendless peasants, such wisdom from unlet
tered laymen, such divine helpfulness as is mani
fested in the person of the healed erlrple, who
joins his benefactors in the august crescent cf
the Sanhedrin. Ah! is it not the renaissance of
the Naiarene? They had been so much with
Jesus that they reproduced Him in their very
As ever In Instances like this, there is a
divided auditory. The play of variant and num
berless motives and feelings tends to set some
for and others against the new cause. The
schoolmen are offended that unlettered teachers
should gain such a hearing. The orthodox care
not whether a beneficent miracle has been
wrought or not only whether the workers con
form to their views of doctrine and order. The
Sadducees are violently angry that the doctrine
of the ' resurrection should be incidentally re
enforced by these miracle-workers. In whose
creed It stands conspicuously. The priests, on
the other hand, are outraged that these men
should presume to be teachers without official
authority. So It goes. The case is not being
heard on its merits or truth.
The name and person of Jesus I, on this oc
casion, as so often subsequently, a grexitdi visor.
He separates. He is set for the rising and fall
ing of many. Some become believers, ethers per
secutors. The hope of the world's advance In
truth and goodness Is In that contingent usually
present In larger or smaller numbers who are
open-minded, whose Judgment Is not warped by
personal Interest, and whose convictions are
strong enouKh to make them willing to suffer in
behalf cf their new faith. Happily, there are
many such present on this occasion.
TIIE TEACHERS' LANTERN".
There is in the srnrial order an unwritten law
by which everything claiming the world's fran
chise is first subjected to criticism. The law is
of universal application. Creations of .literature
and art, measures of legislation, judicial de
cisions, commercial schemes fall under its re
view. It applies to men as well as measures. All
candidates for jolltical. mercantile, professional,
or' social preferment pass in review before it.
Th utility of this "law of the test" 13 readily
conceded. It Is a public safeguard. It Is a dike
againat a deluge of charlatans and frauds.
Like everything good, however, the "law of the
test" can be abused. In Its normal use it Is sim
ple society standing on guard and challenging
man or measure to show reason why ascendency
should be allowed. In its abnormal form, it !
not a challenge, it is an attack. Its cry is,
"Away with him!" "We will not have this man
to reign over us!" Persecution is the perversion
of the law of the test. Attention Is called to the
fact, however, that even in its preverted form,
the advantage of the law Is not lost. Doubly
tried! Doubly true!
been found by a woman who considers it a
waste of money to have such periodicals
bour.el. When the other members of the
family have finished reading the magazine,
she removes the wire or cord that holds the
leaves together and takes out the articles
she wishes to preserve. These are then
sorted into envelopes marked "history,"
"verse," "fiction." etc. When she has col
lected enough articles to form a thousand
page book on any subject she numbers the
pages over, writes out an Index ar.d sends
the books to be bound. In this way she has
collected several volumes on subjects of
TWO INDIANA BOYS.
After Some Hard Kxperlenee They
Find Help nt St. Loot.
St. Louis Post-Dispatch.
Turned adrift in the world by neighbors
of their dead parents and determined to
make their own livings, Enoch and Iouls
Williams, aged ten and twelve, came to St.
Louis Sunday night from Loogootee, Mar
tin count-, Indiana.
The two waifs arrived in the city from
the east at the same time that the cold
wave came from the northwest. They had
but a nickel each, and thdr wanderings in
search of supper and a lodging; place took
them to the Soulard-strret police station.
They will remain the guests of Captain
Young until the authorities of the county
from which they came have been heard
Two weeks ago the mother of the boys
died from consumption. Their father had
expired from the same disease two weeks
before. The family were renters on a farm
! in Martin county, and their horses and
, stock were sold during the illness of the
' father and mother. When the two boys
were left orphans only the household fur
Th county buried their parents, the boys
say, but left the doctor's bill to be paid by
"We so!d the furniture." said Enoch Wil
liams, the oldest of the pair. "Pete Smith
Kave us $J for everything in the house.
' There were two stoves, three beds, mat-
tresses and eiuilts, chairs and tables and
"Then we went to the doctor and asked
him how much we owed him for taking
care of our father and mother. He said
iiO, and we paid him.
"There was no place for us to stay, so
wo went to Pete Smith'. We stayed there
Just two weeks.
"Yesterduy Smith told us we couldn't
stay there uny longer. I asked him what
we owed him for board and be said $10. I
paid him. and we went to town.
"I knew SU Louis was a big place, and X
Has Christianity been subjected to the op-era
lion of this law? Was an exertion made in its
favor? Did it Ilp Into the woill clan ics'.fne )y.
whe-n society was off guard? The Bok of Acts
is the answer to that question. It is historically
true that "the law of the test." in Its severest
form viz.. cf persecution was brought to bear
On the whole, it will probably be the Impartlil
verdict that Christianity, in its truest and best
tyj.e. has stood the test. Christianity is Chris
tianity's iH-st defense. It presents the loftiest
i leal for human character; sfrlee without ho;-e
of reward; riot to be ministered urto. but to
minister anJ give.
Tho Synedrium (assembly) was at start th
municipalMegblature of Jerusalrm cf board of
aldermen. It became, by evolution, the Supreme
Court and Congress. Aristocracy, wealth, ar.d
learning were its constituent elements. Its
power, rising or declining, truly gauges the
severity or liberality of the foreign masters of
the nation. Chief Interest centers in the fact
that Jesus and His apostlea appeared for trial
at its bar.
Time tests true greatness. Luke mentions
John and Alexander, the distjngutshed. as if
everybody would always know them without fur
ther designation of rank or title. In point of
fact they were nobodies. Peter and Jchn. the
Galilean fishermen, are the true immortals. Cur
rent Judgment of men. based upon the accidents
of their position, is eldom the final award of
It is wise to get out of one's own niche, and
look at a case fiom a new an;!. Jose-ph. Nico
cJemus. and Gamaliel did so. If all the Sanhe
drists had done likewise, the history of Chris
tianity would have to be rewritten. The yue
tion ought not to have been. "What effect will
acquittal of the defendant have upon m
prestige or that of the eecleslastical establish
ment of which I am part?" The question was,
"Is their cause Just?"
A bit of cardboard In my hand admitted ma
once to the king's box in the theater of the
Versailles palace, and gave rne a view of ths
National Assembly. On that card was written
the ntme of Thiers. Name and power are
synonyms. As the name of a president opened
a duor, the name of Jesus tiiie!led a malady.
The Organisation Tren ty-FIrt
nirthclny Mntt. xtr, Ctl-IU.
Christian Endeavor is of age! To have lived
at all through twenty-one years, in the-ee cays
of crowded thought and action, is evidence tf
sturdy stock. To have attained a growth of
nearly four million members, and to have won
hearty acceptanca for Its ideas in all nations
and among all Christian len.. mirations. Is proof
sf permanence and prejhecy of progress.
In some things it is like a lad'a coming cf
age, but not In all. Christian Endeavor, for ex
ample, has not completed its education; pleat
God. it never will, but every new year Khali add
to Its knowledge and its wisdom. Neither will
Christian Endeavor ever leave the paternal roof
tree. It is a child of the church, has always
been loyal tnd obedient, and always will be.
But In other ways it Is much like a younf
man's attaining his majority. In th first place.
Christian Endeavor has reached "the years of
discretion." The ebullition of youth has passed,
and has not taken with It the courage and
strength of youth. The froth has blown away
from Its enthusiasm, if froth was ever upon it.
It has made many experiments, and learned
much from them. It never had any wild oats
to sow, but It has all along been Rowing grvnl
ed; and now it rejoices in a continual harvest.
It has reached the Joys and stability cf ma
turity. In the second rlc. now that It has come of
age, it may fairly claim that its character has
become formed. Men are distrustful of a young
movement, not knowing how It may develop.
Tho that have followed the growth of Christian
Endeavor know how orderly and consistent iU
progress has been. It has come to bo recognized
as standing for regular, outsiokcn testimony o
Christ, for alncere private devotion, for practical
service, for Interdenominational fellowship, for
generous giving to missions. Christian Endeavor
is no longer to be looked uion with suspicien or
In the third place, now that Christian En
deavor Is of age, it Is no longer dependent upon
its parent, the church, but has learnM a trade,
has set itself up in business, and can and should
repay the fostering: care of its parent by dAng
something in return for the dear old home. The
test of the twenty-one years Heg in the years
that are Just before us. The Endeavorer will
crowd them so full of definite practical service
for th church that the parent will rejoice In ihe
child, and be glad that It was brought Into the
Finally, now that Christian Endeavor a of
age. It has a vote! It counts one. It is to be
reckoned among the positive forces for the ad
vancement of righteousness. For the abolition,
of war. For purer iolltics. For wider iite-Ul-gence.
For a nobler home life. For a richer
community life. For the true fellowship of na
tions and races. Christian Endeavor is ready f jr
the large things. Men are teginnlng to le-arn its
willingness, to undemtand its power, to com
prehend that it is of 8ge and can vote.
Now God be praised for the youth of Christian
Endeavor, and God direct Its manhood Into glor
ious deeds! AMOS R. WELLS.
thought brother and I could get something
to do there. If we couldn't I thought there
must be lots of farms near there that we
could work on, and my little brother can
"I found that the money we had left
would take us to St. Louis and b-ave us
V cents over. I thought the 10 cents would
get us a place to stay Sunday night. I
supposed that the hotels in St. Eouls, where
they have so many to keep, wouldn't
charge us as much as Pete Smith had. So
we got on the train for St. Eouis.
"Nobody around the station would keep
us for 10 cents, so we walked down town.
We kept walking until we lidn't come to
any more hotels, but Just stores all along
"We got so cold that we had to go in
doors to get warm, and we went into a
cigar store. The man let us warm our
selves In front of the stove, and then he
took us to the police station."
Enoch is a bright and forward boy. Loulu
is shy, but has good manners, and both
boys give evidence of good home training
and a fair start in school.
The boy were taken to the police station
by Anton Hornlsher, of li South Hroad
way, the cigar dealer in whose store they
had stopped to warm themselves.
Captain Young was at first Inclined to
doubt the story told by the oMrr Of the
lads, and thought thai they mlht be run
aways who had Invented . the rtory of the
death of their parent to gain sympathy.
After questioning the boys separately ho
became convinced that tney told him the
The boys told Captain Young that no one
in the neighborhood of their home had ad
vised them to come to St. Louis, and th.tt
Smith, in sending them away from his
home, had exceeded them to seek work on
some of the adjoining farms.
"The neighbors eame to s e us as long
as our mother was sick." the boy sil l,
"but after she died they s ermd to think
that we could get alon all right by our
selves. And we can If we can get a
When asked what work they would like
to do the lads expreee, a preference for
positions as telephone operators in a poücei
"it may be necersaty to send the boys
to the Houe of Hefuge." hail Captain
Young, "but 1 shall not do this until 1 have
heard frm the county ortlclils at their
home. who. It seems to rne. ought to h-ive
provided for them."
The I ) In Hahlt.
New York Press.
The colonial policy seems to have cVvel
oped In the American peop'r an uncontrol
lable habit of lying. The- lies which are
told by those who are oppojed to expansion
would expel a boy frcm tils school in tw-
days or drive a gossip out of a cn-ss-roa.!.
vlllago Im a week. In the army the cardinal
iln is a lie, and th5 army men cannot un
derstand the endless lie put Into circula
tion about them by people who othrwl-a
seem innocent and harmless. If our col
ortlea are to make us a nation of liars, we'd
better get rid of every inch of land we bo:4
outside of our own tretch between tfct
Atlantic and the Pacific.