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THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 1902.
HOTEL LOBBY GLEANINGS
AKTIII a l. cooim;ii. or phakfort,
at Tin: dj:mso.
He la InterrMed in Polities, Silk
Sklrt nnil in Iron Foundry
Other Hotel Visitors.
Arthur R. Cooper, of Frankfort, who rep
r sented Cilnton county In the last House
of Representatives, and who is likely to be
the nxl repräsentative from that county,
has a number of irons in the tire' these
days. Mr. Cooper was at the Denison
Hotel yesterday evening. "I have Ju.it re
turned from a trip to New York." he said.
whre I have been introducing a new silk
fkirt."' In addition to beinz a politician,
ilr. C'o.ur operates a. factory where nilk
Itkoata are made, and a!ao pays consid
erable attention to hin machine shop and
iron foundry. "That's a Rood combina
tion," remarked enc of his friends "poll
tics, eilk ietticoat8 and an iron foundry."
"That's all rlRht." replied Mr. Cooper;
"I've Just sot a patent on a mighty swell
thine in the silk fkirt line." For the ben
ctlt of some masculine friends Mr. Cooper
attempted to describe the garment. He
made it clear that the main points are that
it is tight about the knees and flaring at
the bottom. Mr. Cooper says it 1m called
the "terpentine." After giving as graphic
a. description as it would be possible for a
man to tdve 2lr. Coojr sprung th climax
by announcing that "the effect is Just like
you ee in a picture." Mr. Cooper cays it
has Just the proper rustle, and id an all
around swell affair, lie declares that h11
.New York Is talking about it, and he
thinks it will only be a question of a few
weeks until the "terpentine" petticoat
will be the Rroadway rage. He says the
klrt was designed by a woman employed
by his firm.
two noiut sympathizers.
Job. Schreperw ml II. D. Kapteyn nt
Ihr Snr Hou.
At the Spencer House are two ftanch
Roer , sympathizers. Roth hail from Hol
land and both are engaged in selling bulbs
grown In Holland. They an Joh. Schee-
lers, of llillegom, and 15. L. Kapteyn," of
Sassnhe!m. They ?ay that 'the most of
the bulbs from which flowers are grown
In this country come from Holland. That
country U peculiarly fitted for growing
these bulbs on account of the nature of
the soil and climate. These two Hollanders
arc making their annual trip through the
Fnited States. They contend that the
Hoer ate bound to win the right finally,
"Klmarrk ?atd that Houth Africa is Eng
land's graveyard," said Mr. Kapteyn, "and
1 believe ho was about riht." Scheepers
declares that the people of Holland have
little opportunity of finding out the true
state of affairH in South Africa except
when a letter arrives from there, or when
some one escapes and cornea to Holland
with the new.. He says they do not take
the newspaper stories for granted because
they come from the F.nglish. The Kngllsh
have control of tho telerapn and color the
reports, he thinks. "If the stories of the
English as to the number of Boers killed
ure true." he said, ;Tive times as many
men have been killed a have been on the
field." Both Scheepers and Kapteyn com
plain that the Fnited Slates is doing wrong
in sending horses and mules to South Af
rica to be used In the Knglish army.
Scheepers claims that the worst wrong
that is being done the Roers in this coun
try is the drilling of recruits at New Or
leans for service in the Knglish army in
South Africa. Both these men travel
through England, and Scheepers claims he
finds many people in England who sympa
thize with the Boers. .Scheepers ays he
is going to Washington, but will not call
on the President in regard to Holland's
grievances. "What's the use?" he said.
"Others have gone to him without suc
cess.". TALKED AHOIT MARUINS.
Con W. Cunningham's Visit to St.
Mara In the Wood.
Con W. Cunningham, of Crawfordsville.
"who held the position of commissioner of
immigratign under President Cleveland,
and who. for a time, was stationed In In
cMana polls, was at the Occidental Hotel last
night. Mr. Cunningham and P. II. Mc
Neils, proprietor of the Occidental, are fast
friends of long-standing. A year or two
ago It so chanced that both had daugh
ters in school at St. Mary's, near Terro
Haute. The girls were friend, as their
fathers had been for a long time. One day
Mr. Cunningham and Mr. McNeils visited
St. Mary's together, desiring to ascertain
how their daughters were getting on.
While they were there they called on the
Sister Superior In her office. They chatted
pleasantly for a while, and Anally the men
arose to go. "Well," remarked Mr. Cun
ningham, addressing the Sinter Superior,
"you have a fine institution here." Tho
sister admitted that the school was a pre
tentious one. "I suppose you have a great
many pupils, and have a large income
here," observed Mr. Cunningham, the com.
merc'al Instinct strong within him. Tho
sister replied that the institution was do
ing very well. "Yes, yes' was Mr. Cun
ningham's next observation, more to him
self than to the others. Then a sudden
thought seemed to occur to him. and his
next question brought a puzzled look to
the woman's face and brought a hearty
laugh from his friend. The query was:
"Well. S'ster. how are the margins?" It
was evident that the sister did not under
stand Mr. Cunningham's commercial term.
"Oh, well." he added, by way of explana
tion. "I didn't reo how it would be possible
to run a big Institution like this without
Fit O 31 M'OK'AM, WASH.
D. YV. Henley EnthaaiMatlc About the
.Morthwrat Conn try.
D. W. Henley, an attorney of Spokane.
Wash.. Is stajing nt the Hotel EnglUh for
a few days. He came East to look after
pome business affairs and to visit his par
ents in Hendricks county. He is a cousin
of Jude Henley, of the Indiana Appellate
Court. Mr. Henley has lived in Washing
ton for about thirteen years, and. like most
men who come East from that section, de
clares it is a great country. The State
was especially rich in its yield of wheat
last season. It is a peculiar fact about
AVashtngton that while wheat will thrlv In
that soil corn will not flourish as it does
In other States. Mr. Henley says this is
because the nights are coi. Moat summer
nights there are cool enough for people to
enjoy their blankets.
Mr. Henley says that John E. Wilson, a
former Inrilanlan. Is a verj- popular man
in Washington State, and he thinks Mr.
Wilson his the best chance of going back
to the Fnited States Senate he has had
hlr.ee he wan defeat. d by Turner, a Popu
list. The Washington legislature will elect
k new senator next winter, and it is under
stood Mr. Wilson will be a candidate.
CANDIDATE Folt CO;iUS.
Dr. ti. II. Mrtiooumi, of the Twelfth
District, in the 1'lty.
Dr. (i. B. McF.oogan, of Fort Wayne, nn
active candidate for tho Republican nomin
ation for Congress from the Twelfth dis
trict, was In town last night on his way to
Iiwrenccburg. Clarence ( C.ilhams. aud
itor of Igrance county. Is nnother
avowed candidate for Congress In the dis
trict. "If I am not the nominee," remarked
Dr. McGoosran last night, "the man who Is
selected will receive the hearty support of
myself and my friend.. ' The doctor says
the organization in Allen county Is all
right, and the Republicans in that locality
re as harmonious they have been for
y?ars. "VYe expect to put up a strong
county ticket," said he. "and hope to win "
The Twelfth district Convention will be
held at Fort Wayne on March 4.
Outlook for Indiana Stone.
P. K. Runklrk and Fred Matthews, lead
ing citizens of Bl-smlngton, were at the
2UUl Eiutllsh ;,t night. Butkirk 1 a
Republican and Matthews is a Democrat.
Both are Interested in stone quarrying,
and are naturally nopeful that the gov
ernment will conclude to build the now
federal building of Indiana limestone. Mr.
Buskirk last nicht asserted that ii per
cent, of the stone buildings now being j
erected in New York city are being bullt I
oi oolitic stone f'om Bedford and Indiana
quarries. Mr. Matthews f-nys he believes I
If an additional appropriation is Fecund
for Indiana's new federal building, that
granite will t used in the building. If
there is no additional appropriation and
the cost of the building Is kept within the
present appropriation, he think3 it very
likely that Indiana stone may be used. H
says the outlook for a big season with
the stone quarrymen is excellent. A busy
season in the quarries naturally means a
busy building season.
.Mnster Mrrhnnlc for Stmlrhakrra.
W. E. Evans, master mechanic for Stude
baker Brothers Manufacturing Company
of South Rend, was at the Denison last
ni.ght, on his way East In the interests of
the company which employs him. He says
the Htudcbaktrs have been turning out
about 75.' vehicles a year. The company
manufactures about H.ono farm wagons in
a year. "We built a lot of arm wagons
for England for the war in South Africa."
remarked Mr. Evans, "and General Rob
erts paid us the compliment of saying that
our wagons were the best sent to Afrlen."
Mr. Bvans Hays the company has branched
out into the electric automobile business.
The establishment gives employment to
about 2,5ou people.
Views of E. (;. Hogate.
E. G. Hogate, of Danville, who will be a
candidate for Judge John H. Baker's place
on the federal bench In ca.se the latter re
signs, was at the Columbia Club at noon
yesterday. He said he expected to go to
Greencastle In the evening to attend the
Fifth district convention, which will be
held to-day. Mr. Hogate was of opinion
that Mr. Holllday would be nominated on
the first ballot. He said he doubted if Mr.
Barcus would allow his name to go before
the convention to-day.
Meetings at the Hotels.
The Loyal Legion will hold a meeting at
the Denison Hotel Friday afternoon, and in
the evening a reception and banquet will
be given. Gen. J. C. Black and wife, of
Illinois, will be guests of honor.
The Retail Hardware Dealers' Associa
tion of Indiana will meet here to-morrow
and Thursday, with headquarters at the
Denlon. The hotel people have been in
formed that there will be 300 to 400 mem
bers of the association present.
House Committee Named.
President Sweet, of the Columbia Club,
has appointed his house ' committee. It Is
composed of Raymond P. Van Camp, chair
man, Mortimer Levering and George W.
At the Grand.
E. E. Fornshell and wife, of Elwood,
were at the Grand Hotel last night.
John MacDougal, of Detroit, managing
director of the American Sanitary Engi
neering Company, is at the Grand Hotel.
MORIARITY IN A STEW
HE SEIZED THE FIRST OPPORTUNITY
TO .MAKE TllOl'IlLE.
StrennouB Objection to Granting; Mr,
NeRley'a Request Council
The Council was in session but half an
hour last night. Seventeen members were
present and four absent. Communications
were received from the mayor stating that
he had signed the ordinance transferring
funds from the Park Board to the Board
of Health and the Irvington-Tuxedo an
nexation ordinance. The Board of Works
returned an amended contract and ordi
nance granting the Indianapolis hominy
mills the right to build a switch across
Madison avenue. The ordinance was re
ferred to the railroad committee. The
board submitted the ratified contract with
the Marion County Hot Water Heating
Company. The matter was referred to
the franchise committee. The ordinance
granting Thomas Rodebaugh the right to
build a switch across Smith street, ratified
by the board, went to the railroad com
mittee. The only ordinance rassed during the
session was No. II, changing the name of
Cornell avenue, from Twenty-first to
Twenty-third streets, to Bellefontaine
street. Councilman Kelly was the only one
that voted "no" when tho roll was called.
After the passage of this ordinance a
motion to adjourn was made and seconded
and President Haldeman had put the ques
tion when Councilman Negley asked per
mission to refer back and consider an ordi
nance he wished to Introduce. Councilman
Moriarity objected, and said that Negley
had not been in his teat during the even
ing and had paid no attention to the pro
ceedings. Ntgley explained that ho was
engaged In conversation concerning his
ordinance and did not notice when the time
came to introduce it. Several words passed
between Negley and Moriarity. when Coun
cilman Crall said that the dignity of the
Council should be upheld and such insig
nificant discusjions snould not be tolerated.
The chair was of the same opinion. Mo
riarity Jumped to his feet and said the
minority side of the houe observed th
dignity of the Council better than the ma
jority side and again insisted that Negley
had been out of order all evening by not
being In his seat. Councilman Crall said he
was not finding fault with either side 1;
particular, but spoke for the general good
of the Council. The motion to adjourn
was then withdrawn to allow Negley to
introduce his ordinance, Moriarity voting
The ordinance Introduced by Councilman
Negley asks that the name of all the
streets leading from the Massachusetts
avenue depot northeast to Brightwood,
along the line of Massachusetts avenue,
be changed to Roosevelt avenue. The
change will take in a section of Lewi.1
street, all of Malott avenue, section of
Columbia avenue, all of Hill avenue, south
end of Hillside avenue, section of Valley
avenue, all of Beech street, all of Lawrence
street, east end of Bloyd avenue and east
end of Glen drive. The ordinance also pro
vides that Nevada street, from Sheldon
street to Hillside nvtnue, be changed to
Eighteenth street; that Holloway street be
changed to Ingram street, and that Parke:
avenue be changed to Winter avenue.
There has been trouble in numbering Hol
loway avenue and the change is intended
to remedy this inconvenience. Parker ave
nue is practically a continuation of Winter
avenue. The ordinance was referred to
the sewers, streets and alleys committee.
MR. ZELDENRUSrS PROGRAMME.
Compositions to lie PInyetl ly Him nt
Propylaeutu To-Morrou Evenlutf.
Eduard Zeldenrut, a Dutch plani:t, who
is making his first visit to this country,
will give a recital at the Tropylaeum to
morrow evening under the auspices of the
Matinee Musicale. His programme will be
Rapillons. Op. 2 Schumann
Theme and variations. Op. H2. No. C
Prelude and fugue. A minor Bach
Ballade. A fiat major. Op. 47 Chopin
Etude, Op. 10, No. 2 Chopin
Etude. Op. Zi, No. 1 Chopin
PoMacca brllliante Weber
"Death of Isolde" (Tristan und Isolde
"On the Wings of Song" Mendels., hn
Hungarian rhapsodic. No. 14 Liszt
Huldali Itohliisoii's Denth.
Huldah Robinson, colored, who was be
lieved to be the oldest woman in Indian
apolis, died jtsterday of old age. She
lived at SU! Drake street. For a number
of years sh had been practically hclplos
and confirud to her bei or an armchair
Tho colortd residents of the m Ighborhuo-i
held her In great re-ptct and attached to
her a number of almost supernatural powers.
ADBRESS TO SWITCHMEN
(HAND MASTER F. T. HAWLEY
HEARD AT MACHINISTS' II ALL.
He Excoriate the Omclnls of Other
Railway OrKanizallona La
Grand Master F. T. Hawley, of the
Switchmen's Union of North America, last
night addressed an open meeting of the
switchmen in Machinists' Hall at Alabama
and Washington streets. A large part of
his address was devoted to a review of the
recent strikt s of the switchmen In Denver
and Pittsburg. In his remarks he alluded
to the attitude of the Brotherhood of Rail
way Trainmen and other railroad Organi
zation toward the switchmen's union in
these strikes, telling how they attempted
to replace strikers with members of their
respective organizations. He said that the
national officers of these organizations
claimed Jurisdiction over the switchmen,
and. having contracts with the railroad
companies, asserted the right to enforce
them regardless of the position of the
members of the Switchmen's Union. He
said he did not lind fault with the organi
zations, that he believed they were neces
sary institutions, but he made several cut
ting remarks about their official heads. He
asserted that one of these officers had said
that he would break up the Switchmen's
Union as well as all other labor organiza
tions In Colorado when the switchmen were
on strike Jn Denver.
Hawley's visit to this city is to assist
the switchmen in recruiting the ranks of
their organization. The Brotherhood of
Hallway Trainmen, which claims Jurisdic
tion over the yards and employes, is the
stumbling block In the way of the Switch
men's Union of North America in this and
every other city in the- United States wht-re
they have attempted independent organiza
tion. The tight is the old question of trades
autonomy and one that has involved many
labor organizations of the country. In
other cities the trainmen make the work
ing schedule for the switchmen, sign con
tracts with the railway companies Inde
pendently of switchman other than those
arHliuted with the trainmen and in many
places succeed in establishing them as
working rules. Grand Master Hawley said
there is no city in the United States where
the switchmen need assistance and a re
duction in hours and increase in wag:
more than In Indianapolis, and he said w:th
the majority behind him he would agrve
to better their condition. He said it was
no idle promise, and with the proper forces
it would only be repeating what had been
done in other cities. The switchmen here
are not working under schedules made by
the Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen. An
attempt was recently made to establish
such a schedule on the Motion, which neur
ly resulted In a strike. Hawley said the
switchmen have been working under the
same conditions for years, under the Juris
diction of the other railroad organizations,
and received no benefits, while those or
ganizations have received increases In
wages and other concessions. He said the
switchmen had been made to carry the
brunt of the labor question on the rail
roads by the other organizations and that
they would never receive any benefits until
they cume Into the Switchmen's Union and
After his address E. J. Collins, business
agent of the Machinists' Union, delivered a
short address. As a trustee of Central La
bor Union he asked the switchmen to af
filiate with the central body, and pointed
out to them the benefits that would be de
rived by having a representative in Cen
tral Labor Union. Edwin F. Gould also
spoke along the same line. The switchmen
will consider the Invitation of Mr. Collins.
F. McKaln, representing the Metal Pol
ishers' Union, spoke on behalf of the metal
polishers who are on strike at the Dayton
Cash Register Company's plant. He said
the strike began May 3. and the men
were still out. The strike was precipi
tated by the discharge of a worker in the
organization. McKain said the foreman
called all of the metal polishers together,
drew a line In the middle of the floor di
viding the union from the nonunion men
and said to the union men, "Now you have
made your bed, lie in it."
I.ECTL'IIE II Y A SOCIALIST.
Ex-Mnyor Chose, of HuTerhill, Mnas.,
to He Heard To-.Mgld,
Ex-Mayor John C. Chase, of Haverhill,
Mass., will deliver an address in Machinists'
Hall, at Washington and Alabama streets,
to-night on "The Labor Question and So
cialism." Mr. Chase was a shoemaker by
trade and was forced to leave the business
on account of his activity in union labor
affairs. He was twice elected mayor of
Haverhill by the Socialist party, but was
defeated in his campaign for a third teim
by a combination of the other political
RESULT OF A NEW ORDER
the roLicn CAPTini: a max with
A DOLT OF CLOTH.
Detectives IlecoKnizetl Him na nn Ex
C'ouv let Suspicion a Characters
to He lleld Vi.M
At the evening roll call last night Captain
Kruger told the policemen he had reason to
believe that the recent order requiring them
to "hold up" suspicious-looking persons and
others whom they had any reason to believe
were out for no good to themselves and
others, was not being observed. He told
them of the importance of the order ami
the good which might come of it, although
innocent persons might at times be some
The first effect of the "lecture" was to
cause the arrest of a man giving the name
of Charles Hartman, of New York, who
was found by Patrolmen Golns and Ward
with a bolt of cloth under his arm. He said
he was peddling, and because he had no
license he was sent to police headquarters.
Detectives Lancaster and Kinney on duty
there last night examined the cloth when
It was taken to the office, and concluded it
had been stolen. They went to see the
prisoner and found him feigning sleep. He
had been in the cell not more than five
minutes, but his snoring could be heard
even outside the building. They could not
get him up by culling to him and were
obliged to go Into the cell. Kinney struck
a match and looked down into the man's
face. His eyes were wide open. He said in
a meek voice: "I'm in again. Kinney."
The officers recognized him as an ex-convict.
He is known as "Boots." His right
name is Rhodes. He was sent to the peni
tentiary from here for "hoisting" shoes,
and has been arrested in several other
cities. Kinney had the charge of peddling
without a license changed to loitering and
being a known thief, thinking he would
no doubt be able to find some one who
would furnish a bond of 13 on the minor
charge. The bond on the other charges is
Captain Kruger said, regarding the "hold
up" policy, that it was a good thing for the
city, and that citizens should assist the
patrolmen, and Instead of becoming indig
nant when stopped at a late hour or in un
usual places, should give tlo-m all the in
formation asked for. in which case he was
sure no injustice would bo done. During
the times the order has been enforced many
complaints have been made by citizens who
seemed to have no appreciation of the duty
of the men and their troubles in stopping
burglaries and petty thieving.
Churches Aid Monument Fund.
The contributions received from Indiana
churches yesterday by F. L. Jones, secre
tary of the Indiana auxiliary committee of
the McKinley Memorial Association,
brought the total up to Jl.omi.55 for 374
churches that haves remitted, an average
ol f.$7 a church.
Farm and Garden Interests
Red and Striped Corn.
Correspondence Country Gentleman.
The communication of Jan. 9, in regard
to red corn ears, has more than a passing
interest on account of Its close connection
with the fundamental law of the survival
of the fittest; this term meaning the natural
ability to take care of Itself of any plant
or animal. Quite often Jt is closely related
to what we call reversion, which is the
repetition in a race of some peculiarity
which has existed for some generations in a
dormant condition, but by some freak of
nature appears after a time once more,
and furnishes new seed for another similar
revival in course of time.
When this continent was first occupied by
white men, the culture of maize was one of
the most important Industries of the abori
gines, and it has been thought by some in
vestigators that this possession was shared
by the adjacent localities in Asia. Among
the most ancient varieties of corn known,
all the primary colors existed, these being
yellow, blue and red. And by admixture of
these by the process of pollenlzation quite a
variety of mixed shades and stripes have
been xroduced. which are still prebwrved,
and even again mixed, until a reasonably
ample collection, such as 1 have been gath
ering here for about twenty years patt,
from among the oldest settlers and the In
dians, forms a very remarkable and inter
esting source of information in regard to
the effect of rmss breeding in plants. But
as the color of a man's skin is only super
ficial, and similar variations occur in other
animals, but these are inherited and trans
mitted by the force of Inheritance, so we
find it among plants and especially In
maize. And not only In the color of the
grains, but in their shape these interesting
variations occur. The color, however, is
only skin deep; the kernel is never affected
in any way by the color of the skin, and the
variety of the striping of the skin is almost
infinite. And to match two grains even, not
to mention whole ears, is impossible. This
applies to the small blue or purple varieties
grown in western Colorado, from imme
morial tiries, and now found secreted in the
eavthenwire jars remaining In the caves or
on the walls of the great canyons of the
wonderfully grand Colorado river.
The color of the corn grain has the three
primary tints, red, blue and yellow. These
colors are pure, and the only ones which
cannot be decomposed. We find all thee in
the grains of corn, but we never tlnd any
of the secondary colors, grten. nurple or
orange; nor any of the other mixed shades.
We may rind quite frequently a mixture of
all these three colors in the same grains,
but always distinctly separate, as In lines
or patches. I have been growing for a
good many years a variety of corn, the
seed of which was procured from the Cher
okee Indians, when. white men first came
into this mountain region; and one quite in
telligent farmer, who had made a special
culture of the corn, has been growing It
pure ever since the Cherokees were re
moved to tho Indian Terirtory. I have
offered for some years a standing reward
of ?1 for two grains of this corn exactly
alike, without any taker; and 1 have spent
much time in trying to match grains, but
all without resulting in finding two even
nearly alike. This infinite diversity of na
ture seems to show not repetition, but
mixturo and diversification and that the
widening of the field of work is the law.
It is thus only a tendency to improvement.
The colors are the same: it is in thlck-
r.ess or thinness of the lines of the red on
the yellow surface of the grains, the mere
husk of them, for the kernel is of the snow
iest whiteness. After fifty years of work
by my neighbor to reproduce this red
striped corn, and half as many of my own
work, the crop has all kinds In it, and
there is necessary at the huskings quite a
lot of work In discarding the numerous
solid red ears. And as in every planting
only picked striped grains are selected for
seed, and the red cars are thrown out. the
continuous appearance of them 13 evidence
still of the natural force of reversion.
To Raise 3Iushrootns.
Another channel In whieh the Depart
ment of Agriculture is trying to stop the
outflow of American money for products
that can as well be grown In this as in
any other region Is In trying to encourage
mushroom culture In this country. In
France the growing of mushrooms holds
an important place, and Paris is full of
factories where these "champignons" are
canned for the export trade, millions of
cans reaching this country every year.
Thus far no mushroom canning factories
have been established in the United
States, but as most lovers of good eating
prefer the fresh to the canned mush
room, there Is money to be made in grow
ing the fungi for the markets of the largo
The Department of Agriculture officials
state that more mushrooms are grown in
Kennets Square and Lansdale, Pa., near
Philadelphia, than in any other section of
the Union, several growers ,in the towns
above mentioned raising from 5,000 to 10,
CoO pounds per year for the markets of
New York. Philadelphia and Baltimore.
In France mushroom farmers make use
of the large number of caves throughout
the soft limestone region of Savoy for
their crops, but somehow the American
farmer has no patience with such de
vices, and In Pennsylvania towns one
sees enormous cellars or darkhouscs, built
especially for mushroom cultivation, on all
Washington gardeners have engaged In
the business of late years quite extensive
ly, and with highly satisfactory results,
and several such cellars may now be seen
about the outskirts of this city.' To give
an Idea of tho extent to which this Im
portant branch of agriculture has been
neglected in the United States, the De
partment of Agriculture officials call at
tention to the fact that the number of
farmers in the United States raising 5,0X1
pounds of mushrooms per year does not
Fnrmera Lemlinj; Money.
Farmers of Nebraska and Iowa are tak
ing the sensible course and investing their
money in something they have practical
knowledge of. t For a long time many of
them, prompted by a desire to become
wealthy by an easier route than the furrow
of the plow, would leap into mercantile
business as soon as they had a pocketful
of clear money, and, being inexperienced,
would fail. Now their dear money Is be
ing invested in farm land, and while the
rate of interest derived from such Invest
ments is not large, the investor has some
thing of permanent value that he himself
is capable of handling to his own best ad
vantage. So numerous have these invest
ments become that the number of loans
now negotiated on farm 'ands by individ
uals exceeds the number negotiated by
combinations and companies. There is also
apparent an inclination on the part of
Eastern capitalists to get back into line
with thost who are pinning their faith to'
the Antelope and Hawkeye States. They
are finally realizing that it was their own
fault that some of them got the worst of
it years ago. when thoy made loans at a
rate of Interest beyond the ability of the
West to pay and then sold out at almost
any figure while foreclosure proceedings
were still in progr;.-s. They could have
held that land through hard times and
until now, and finally made good profit.
They realize this, and there is coming from
them a growing stream of Inquiries for
chances to make new loans. But the farm
ers themselves are in the loan business
now, and within ten years they will be In
it so extensively as to completely change
the old order of things.
Tomato Tree the La teat.
Among the new fruits Introduced into
southern California by agents of the Ag
ricultural Department none are more curi
ous than the "tree tomato," a fruit intro
duced from the coast, regions of Peru. Spec
imens of this fruit have recently reached
the chief pomologist in this city. The
"tree tomato" is just what its name im
plies, and no better term could have be n
invented to describe it. The tree is some
thing on the magnolia order, and the fruit
that it bears looks like a tomato, has an
interior anil seeds that one can hardly dis
tinguish from the tomato itself, wnlle the
taste is practically the same. It is one
among the strangest curiosities of plant
life, and is worth careful study.
Another strange fruit, introduced into
Florida from the West Indies, i the "sea
grape." This is the fruit of a bu.-h that
grows in the poorest soil ajon the barren
sea beach and nowhere else. Tne fruit
grows in large clusters, like graphs, and Is
pale pink In color. In taste It resembles
an apricot, though not quite so acid. An
other thing worth noting is that there is
a revival in Jujube culture in Florida and
California. This fruit grows In the Orient,
and from the fruit is made the Jujube
paste, which, at one time, was Imported
into tho United States in large quantities,
but dropped off so that during the last ten
years very little has reached this country.
It Is again becoming popular, and better
paste is being made in California than the
Orientals are capable of producing.
Intelligent Forestry I Profltnhle.
John Gifford. in Orange Judd Farmer.
Sylviculture, or the culture of forest trees,
agriculture and horticulture cannot be
separated by hard and fast lines; one
blends Into the other. One great differ
ence between them Is that the two latter
give a yearly return, while the former
takes years or even centuries to mature.
Such a distinction is not entirely true, for
properly managed sylviculture will give an
nual returns. A spruce forest will show
per acre almost Innumerable seedlings, yet
at ten jears should contain only 4.oi trees,
at twenty 2Xo, at forty l.Oou, at sixty jiU,
at eighty 35 and at l'Xi lo trees. Fifteen
sixteenth should be removed in ninety
yers. The agriculturist stirs and culti
vates his crops. It has never been demon
strated that timber trees could not be
Sylviculture properly manged will yield
wood for fuel, fences, building purposes,
etc. Poor land and land not fit lor other
purposes can be used and it can be readily
combined with agriculture. It gives a pro
tection from natural but destructive forces
and adds variety and beauty to the land
scape. It permits the establishment of
many other industries, such as small saw
mills, pulp, box and kindling wood facto
ries, wood alcohol manufactories, sugar
maple camps, etc. Forests could be ad
vantageously pastured except while young.
A great difficulty is fires. Wild fire lanes
tilled or kept bare and established or made
as are public roads will prove a remedy.
Green Corn for Hogs.
The farmers' Institutes are bringing out
some new thoughts on methods of feed
ing hogs. Silos for preserving green corn
for winter hog feeding Is one of these.
Some of the practical hog feeders are ad
vocating this. It is reported that at the
late Institute held In Logan county, Illinois
Mr. A. M. Caldwell, of Champaign. 111.,
recommended the feeding of green corn to
hogs. Mr. Caldwell stated that he could
make a greater gain in one month with
green corn than any man living could in
two months with old corn. It must be fed
judiciously. When the corn is in hard
roasting ear stage It should be feel stalk
and all, allowing a single ear to each ani
mal, gradually increase this feed, and in
three weeks the hogs have all they can
A ailo will be necessary to enable the
feeder to have green corn for winter feed
ing. There are but few silos In Illinois,
Indiana and Ohio, but as the farmers of
Wisconsin have bi-en eo greatly benefited
by Its use It will become quite popular as
feeders practice diversification in their
Evergreens ore the most effective wind
breaks, their dense growth enabling a nar
rower spread to give the same protection as
a wider deciduous growth.
Wood ashes or potagh salts may be ap
plied to all kinds of fruits with advantage,
and it may be done early in the season.
Potash not only promotes the growth of
wood, but also increases the proportion of
sugar in fruits.
It Is said that a sprinkling of hops In
the brine when hams are placed In pickle
adds greatly to the flavor. The experiment
with such method should be done in a lim
ited way, however, until satisfied that the
claim is correct.
Another remedy suggested for the curcu
Uo is to spray Just before the trees blos
som with a mixture of a pound of paris
green in sixty gallons of water. Two weeks
later use kerosene emulsion, giving a third
spraying about Jun 24. This method, it
is said, will destroy the curculio, leaf lice
and other enemies of the plum.
The Ideal egg producers are the Leghorns.
They are small, nervous, active, and where
eggs alone are produced they lead all other
breeds. They lay a white-shelled egg. An
other feature In their favor is that they are
small eaters, but great foragers, hence bet
ter adapted to farm range than email
yards. There are both single and rose comb
white and brown, and buff, black, silver
Duckwlng and Dominique varieties with
Onions will be planted next month in
some localities, as they are usually put
into the ground very early In the season.
It has long been claimed that the best way
to grow onions is to put them on the same
ground every year, manuring heavily, but
it is now known that it is better to change
to a new location every year in order to
escape tho onion maggot. In this section
sets are preferred to seed, and the crop
should have an abundance of fertilizer.
The fruit grower should know every tree
in his orchard, and he should go over the
orchard frequently and satisfy himself that
everything Is favorable to the trees. Some
trees may be backward In growth, and he
should endeavor to learn the cause. It may
be due to a lack of plant food In the soli,
to the pruning, to too much grass, to tho
mode of cultivation, or to insects; but a
thoroughlj' competent fruit grower will dis
cover the cause, if possible, and remove It.
The object in pruning grapes is to get a
well-formed vine and large yield of fruit.
Two-thirds of the year's growth should
be cut away, for if not severely pruned
more fruit will be grown than can be ma
tured. Grapes grow upon the new wood,
and this year's branches will perform serv
ice next year. The winter season is the
time to prune grapes. If deferred until
spring the vine may be injured. Grapes
require both manure and fertilizer, and
should be sprayed with Bordeaux mixture
as a preventive of disease.
When nutting cuttings In the ground leave
as few buds as possible above the ground.
"When the rootlets are thrown out below the
surface of the ground they begin to bupply
food to the buds above, and the more buds
the greater the work placed upon the root
lets, In many cases the cuttings dying be
cause the buds cannot be nourished. The
entire effort of the roots should be concen
trated upon one bud, or not over two. The
soli should also be mellow, as the sticking
of a cutting into hard and compaee soil Is
to rob the roots of food and moisture. Plant
the cuttings deep in fine, rich soil, and
should It be necessary water them until
they are well started In growth.
CITY NEWS NOTES.
The ladies of the North Congregational
Church will give a Martha Washington
supper Friday evening at 6 o'clock.
The ladies of the Grand Army, A. D.
Streight Circle, will give a George Wash
ington tea social this evening at 235 East
New Yor street.
The Epworth League of Roberts Park
Church will give a "students social" in the
church this evening for the benefit of all
students in the city.
The Rev. J. Cummlng Smith will give a
series of Lincoln lectures In the Taber
nacle Church on Tuesday afternoons in
March at 4 o'clock.
Frank Schuler. employed at the Tarrot
Taggart bakery', was caught yesterday
morning in machinery at the bakery and
his leg so badly crushed that after his re
moval to St. Vincent's Hospital amputation
was found to be necessary. He lives at
1518 Brookside avenue.
Walter Beverly, colored. Janitor at the
Taggart flat6, was arrested j-esterday by
Detectives Holtz and Wallace and charged
with stealing an opal ring from Mrs. Dr.
Funk. She has not been able on many days
to do much work, and the Janitor was
called in to do some of the heavier work,
nnd it was during such employment that
she claims he took the ring.
The management of the Union Traction
Company has adopted a new system of
cash fare receipts similar to those In use
on railroads. When a passenger gets on a
car and pays his fare he is handed a piece
of patter by the conductor, showing the
amount of money he has paid, the stations
to and from which he is traveling, together
with the date and time of day. This new
pyrtem was Introduced by Charles McGuire.
who was formerly connected with the
Ixmlsville. Evansville & St. Louis Railroad.
The new system went into effect yesterday.
An executive committee, with the follow
ing permanent officers, has been selected
for the purpose of perfecting an orgaidza
tlon for the entertainment of the head
camp of the Modern Woodmen of America:
Hugh J. McGowan. president; Joseph G.
Bruce, vice president; Lewis A. Coleman,
secretary; Charles F. Re my. treasurer.
The camp will meet here in June, The
executive committee is comply ed of a mem
ber from each camp of Woodmen and
Royal Neighbors. It will be necessary to
ral?e about J15.) to entertain the camp. It
is undcrstoenl that the report of the com
mittee on readjustment of it surance rates
will be one of the matters considered at
Country Treasurer ICoehne has notified a
transient pottery merchant on West Wash
ington street that unl-n the regular license
fee of 1-5 a day Is paid by this morning he
will have to quit business. He owes for ten
pfilj fefl ff & &
V --;Sii yj-'j 2figr -V:
Dyspeptics cannot regain health and strength by living upon
half rations. They must eat plenty of good food and digest it.
To enable them to do this they should use something that will
help the stomach do Its work. Kodol Dyspepsia Curs is such a
preparation. It digests what you cat and supplies tho sub
stances needed to build up the worn out digestive organs.
Prof. J. Ivison, of Lonaconing, Md., says: "For thirteen
years I suffered agony from dyspepsia and neuralgia of the
stomach. I tried almost everything and doctors drugged mo
nearly to death with morphine, but temporary relief was all I
could obtain till I was advised to uso Kodoi. DrerrrffiA Cure.
The first dose gave rne relief. I bought my first bottle In
March, 1900, and I have not had a single pain since It has
completely cured me. I cannot endorse It too highly."
It can?t help but do you tgoodi
Prepared by E. 0. DeWitt &. Co., Chicago. The fl. bottle contains 2VS tUaes the 50c Hx
The favorite household rcmed v for coughs colds, croup, bronchitis, grippo,
throat and lung troubles is OHE MINUTE Cough Cure. It curcj quickly.
For sale by FRANK II. CARTER, 1IRN RY J. HCDKR and C. W. STUCKY.
AN OUTLINE HISTORY
And Description of the Capital
of Indiana, with
Over 300 Illustrations
From Photographs Made Expressly for (he Work
. ... 1
1115 BOOK will be the most complete and val-
uable one on the subject ever published, and
nothing will be omitted that will be necessary in
chronicling the development of the city from the
earliest times to the present. It will be especially
designed to aid in forwarding the best Interests of
SOLD ON SUBSCRIPTION. Cloth Binding, $3.
The Journal Newspaper Co.,
f rttl't 'm
I IH I ni mf
ii l i .1 r -ft i i i ir
( so ZtLaes
In this piper will cost, on a yearly
CtWH' 1. 1 mi IB i J i i ii ii, w i ii
- - -' - i i - J-- - " im .hi i m i. i - i i ii i I
TWO DOLLARS EACH
You would reach more than 50,000
readers each day.
Four cents would be the cost of pre
senting your business story to each 1,000
You would have to pay a salesman
i hundreds of times
to 1,000 persons a day about your busi
ness, whether he made one or a dozen
sales to each 100 persons.
THE JOURNAL will present your
business to the best classes only and the
ones with money with which to buy
what they want.
Telephone us and we will come talk
the matter over with you.
BOW 'PHONES 238 and 86
d.iyji, ami 2 per cent, will b ailIeil to tbe
bill for delinquency. The attention of the
tra?urT was called to the merchant by
the Mtrchants' Association. Tho work of
collecting delinquent ami requested taxes
In the treasurer'? ofllce continues with fur
C sh. I-ü r-t week th estate of John A. Cott
rr.an. of Irvir.gton. p.iid into the treasury
J. 375. and tho e.-tate of John Harknes
jl. '. The book containing the list of
quested taxes shows 2'jb entries, which is
the work of tho tax f rrt t.
Cut In I'rlcf of Splrltn.
I'FORI A. 111.. Fb. 17.-A cut In the juice
of distilled spirits wa. announced to-d.iy.
and now the basis for Jlnisheil k'oo! la fl.s.
While ntlthtr the reprtst r. tat Ives of the
trust or the Independent house will talk
I i i il ji II
i - - - f - "
that amount to talk
concerning the cut. thty both Admit that II
Is the beginning of a war. This rate cut
ting hus ben solnjr on for the past thre
week, but not until to-day has the ba?!
for finished Rood been announced. During
the three weeks both the truft and the In
dependent huukts have been truding on A
Twenty Curs Co luto u River.
SANDUSKY, O.. Feb. 17.-A we.t-bouni
frelsht train on the Lake,. Shore Ral!rn4
went through a Inline over the- Vtrmlllion
rlvT at Vermillion to-day. Twenty can
went Into the river, but fortunately no on
was hurt. Tbe engine und the first Ua
cars passed over nfly. Trarr.c Is coaj-
piettly blocked on tbe 0induky tUvUIoa.
Tb luis will b very heavy.