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THE IXDTAXAPOLIS JOURNAL, PR ID AY, MARCII 21, 1902.
THE DAILY JO UK X AI
FRIDAY, MARCH -JI. 1002.
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past winter, and who. in addition, paid a
similar sum or mere for wooil and coal In
order to keep their homes comfortable and
these include about all buyers of natural
gas are not likely to be profoundly moved
by the mourning of the companies.
Senator Burrows Is reported as saying
that very soon the Dingley schedules must
be revised, but that he is opposed to begin
ning with sugar at the present time and
going no further. If Mr. Burrows made
such a remark it is the most dangerous
thing that has been said for the Oxnard
The St. Louis world's fair officials have
made a good advertising point in securing
the promise of M. Santos-Dumont, the
Brazilian aeronaut who has been operating
in Pari., to attend the fair and superin
tend the aeronautic competition, in which
he will also take part. The trouble will be
In getting aeronauts who can comply with
the conditions he will probably establish.
In a headline the New York Times says
that "no forte bill legislation will be enact
TPTthls year." Who has proposed force bill
.vgislation? The force bill was a measure
t.'hlch proposed to put the election of mem
lers of Congress under the control of the
!?deral government. Who has proposed
such a measure? The ascertaining by Con
gress whether or not the Constitution is
being ignored is not such a measure that it
should be called a "force bill."
Sir Henry Irving adds his testimony to the
absurdity of the Shakspeare-Bacon theory
by declaring that "only a man who had
been thoroughly acquainted with the stage
and with ftage 'business' " could have pro
duced Shakspeare's plays, and that Bacon,
the. philosopher, could not have accom
plished it. Coming from a professional ac
tor, this is a good point, though the Bacon
Ian theory i3 too absurd to merit the notice
Sir Henry gives it.
When a member of the American em
bassy at Berlin told Emin-ror William that
he would have a greater reception than his
brother If he were to visit the United States
he replied, "But I cannot leave Ihe coun
try for so long." The Emperor is probably
mistaken. He is not the first man who has
Imagined that he was indispensable or his
personal presence necessary to running
things. No doubt the German people would
give him a. month's leave of absence with
pay, and would get along first rate without
It was to be expected that the members
of Prince Henry's party would comment on
some things after their return to Ger
many which they could not talk about here.
A dispatch says they were much amused
while oa their travels at the calls of
"Speech, speech." from the crowds collected
at wayside stations. Aside from the fact
that the calls were addressed to a member
of the royal family, they were probably
amused at the insistence for speeches. It is
an American trait and could only exist in a
country where oratory is cultivated as a
tine art and where listening to a speech is
regarded as the next greatest privilege to
The renomination.of Representative Lan
dis by practically a unanimous vote is
action upon which Republicans and others
beyond the Ninth district may express ap
probation. It i.3 not personal congratulation
to Mr. Landis. but an expression of grati
fication caused by action which will con
tinue in the House a man who has shown
marked capacity for congressional service.
Mr. lindis is an all-around useful man in
the House. Few men in the House can
exert more lnlhier.ee for or against a meas
ure. He is popular in all parts of the
country, ami his championship is regarded
as highly effective fur any measure. The
Journal wishes to see a delegation of Re
publicans in the House from Indiana which
will make the State a power in legislation
as is Iowa and a part of Illinois. The ability
and merit of Mr. Baldwin are not over
looked. With Mr. Iandis's experience in
Congress Mr. Baldwin's success would have
ben ejual cause for congratulation.
The action of the two natural gas com
panies In this city is not iltogether a sur
prise, because something of the kind has
been partially foreshadowed for some time
past. It Is notorious that the supply of gas
has greatly diminished, the well pressure
has decreased and the cost of piping long
distance has increased. The public also
Inov.s only too well that it has been pay
ing for something it did not get. The statc
nts made by the two companies appear
on their face to be frank and entirely
truthful. It is doubtless true that the intro
duction of meters would considerably pro
long the life of the gas supply, but it is
contended by some that this would tend to
make the use of it a luxury. This, how
ever, is denied in the statement made by
the Trust company, which claims that in
Chicago 5. "Xi people pay less than I cents
a month for the same service for which
$12 a year is charged in this city. If it
can be shown that an adequate supply can
be furnished on the terms proposed by the
use of meters, and that it will bring no
hardship to those least able to meet it,
Indianapolis will exhibit wisdom by ac
cepting the offer of the companies; but in
case this is done consumers shoutd be
guaranteed that they will not be called on
to pay, as they have for several years, for
fuel "not furnished.
Tili: SHAM HKCIIMtOCITV HILL.
The Cuban reciprocity bill introduced in
the House by Chairman Payne, of the ways
and means committee, falls far short of
public expectation and of general convic
tion as to the duty of Congress in the pre
mises. To say that It is a disappointing
measure but mildly describes its wide de
parture from what was expected at the
beginning of the discussion and before the
sentiment in favctr of real reciprocity with
Cuba had been battered out of shape by
the beet-sugar ring and its allies. At first
a reduction of 50 per cent, in the duty on
Cuban sugar was talked of, and it was
demonstrated that this would not seriously
hurt the beet-sugar Industry. By degrees
the friends of reciprocity were forced down
to 40 per cnt., then to 23, and finally to
20 per cent, reduction, and even that for
only about eighteen months. What the
United States and Cuba both need is per
manent reciprocity of trade. Congress
seems to. forget that this would benefit
the United States as much as it would
Cuba. Under the McKinley tariff law we
had reciprocity with Cuba from Sept. 1,
IsCtl, to Aug. 27, ISO I. By that arrangement
sugar, molasses, coffee and hides were
admitted free, and in return Spain made
concessions on our products entering Cuba.
The results were demonstrated in the fact
that our exports to Cuba increased from
$12,22I,8$S in 191 to $24,137,Sn3 in 1S;3 an in
crease of nearly 100 per cent, in less than
two years. In 1S;J, after the reciprocity
agreement had been abrogated, our ex
ports to Cuba fell back to $7,5CO,S."0 nearly
$0,000,000 less than they were before reci
procity began. Nothing could be plainer
than that the United States would reap
as much benefit from fair reciprocity of
trade with Cuba as the latter would.
It is not surprising to learn that promi
nent Cubans In ' New York, including Mr.
Estrada Palma, President-elect of the
Cuban republic, express great disappoint
ment at the measure which has been in
troduced in the House. Mr. Palma says
it is not for him to criticise the action of
Congress, but he feels sure that the senti
ment in Cuba will be one of deep disap
pointment. It would not be at all surpris
ing if it should take the form of despair
and re-sult in a demand for annexation to
the United States. This could be accom
plished by treaty negotiated by the Pres
ident and approved by the Senate, and
from the moment of its ratification there
would be absolute free trade between the
United States and Cuba in all the products
.of both countries. Such an outcome would
be retributive justice for the interests that
have stood in the way of justice to Cuba.
There is still another view of the case.
It is possible that after the new govern
ment of Cuba is established, which will be
about May 1, the President can negotiate
a commercial treaty that will solve the
sugar problem without any action by the
House. Such a treaty would, of course,
have to be ratified by the Senate, but it
would not require the co-operation of the
House. It is questionable whether the pro
vision in the Dingley law authorizing the
President to negotiate reciprocity treaties
with foreign countries Is not superfluous.
He already has that power under the Con
stitution, by and with the advice and con
sent of the Senate. The House has shown
some disposition of late to question this
right as to tariff or customs duties, but
its position is not tenable. The constitu
tional right of the President to negotiate
treaties with foreign countries is without
any limitation as to subjects, and when
a treaty is negotiated and approved by the
Senate it becomes the supreme law of the
land, any act of Congress to the contrary
notwithstanding. The Senate committee
on foreign relations has just made a report
regarding the prerogative of the President
and Senate as the treaty-making power, in
which it says:
The Congress is without power to grant
to the President or to the Senate any
authority in respect of treaties nor does
the Congress possess any power to fetter
or limit in any way the President or the
Senate in the exercise of this constitutional
function. It cannot enlarge or in anywise
limit or attach conditions to the exercise
of the treaty-making power. Whether the
treaty is one which is self-executing or one
which requires legislation by the Congress
to give it effect, it in any event must be
first negotiated by the President and rat
ified by the Senate.
If this view of the case is correct, and if
the bill now introduced in the House fails
to meet the approval of the President, .he
may, after the new Cuban government is
established, negotiate a treaty that will
secure a fair degree of real reciprocity to
the mutual advantag of both countries.
cause roil discreet silence.
Less than half of the Democrats of the
House at Washington held a caucus on
Wednesday and decided to insist that the
majority shall entertain, discuss at length
and vote upon resolutions which can do
the Boers no good and which are designed
to compel Great Britain to once more in
lorm the United States that It cannot ac
cept its offers of mediation. Doubtless that
small minority knows that no good to the
Boers can result from any further action
on the part of the United States regard
ing the war in South Africa. It is difficult
to believe that these who are behind this
movement de-Fire to get the United States
into an embarrassing position such as will
result from any interference, yet such will
be the re.sult. Only one purpose can war
rant any attempt to offer mediation at the
present time, and that purpose would be to
follow- up our request for mediation with a
demand, and war if refused. To again offer
mediation after it has once been politely
given to the? powers that similar offers
will not be listened to would merit an open
rebuff that would be humiliating to the
American people in the last degree. It may
be added here that the Boers have not been
reeognized as belligerents by any govern
ment in the world. They have no relations
with any government in the world as a
government except Greu-t Britain. To in
terfere again in behalf of the Boers would
be the same as if Great Britain should in
terfere in behalf of the Filipinos after this
government had given notice thnt the offer
of mediation would not be acceptable. ?
At the same time that the sixty-five Dem
ocratic representatives voting in the House
caucus are expressing sympathy for the
people of the South African republic they
are threatening to block the business of
the House because a proposition is pending
to Inquire If any of the States have dis
franchised any portion of their inhabitants
In a manner. Involving a violation of the
Constitution of the United States. It is
charged that the Democrats in the -States
of Mississippi, Louisiana, North Carolina,
Alabama and South Carolina have so
changed their constitutions as to disfran
chise the mass of the colored voters. It Is
charged and is not denied that these con
stitutions have been changed for po other
purpose than to set rid of the colored vot
ers. The Constitution of the United States
provides that when any part of the inhabit
ants of a State shall be deprived of the
right of suffrage on account of race or
color the basis of representation in Congress
of such State shall be reduced in the pro
portion which the number of such male
citizens shall bear to the whole number
of male citizens therein. No part of the
Constitution should be annulled by the
States or people. It has been a matter of
common consent that half the citizens of
Mississippi, nearly half those of Louisiana,
more than half those of South Carolina,
more than two-fifths those of Alabama and
nearly one-third those of North Carolina
have been deprived of the right to vote be
cause of their race. In Virginia a con
stitutional convention is now laboring to
disfranchise the colored voters. The votet3
in these States who have been disfranchised
represent not less than five million inhabit
ants such as are counted for. representa
tion in Congress. In the one State of South
Carolina more people have been deprived
of -participation In government and of the
chief right of citizenship than there are
Boers in South Africa. The British asked
of the Boers in South Africa that resi
dents of other nationalities should have
a right to participate in the affairs of the
government, which was refused, and this
refusal is one of the chief causes of the
war. These Democratic leaelers from the
South who are so solicitous for the freedom
cf the Boers have gone much farther in
depriving the colored man of citizenship
than did the British in their original de
mands upon the Boers, as the latter did
not propose to curtail a right of the Boers,
but demanded the same rights for the
British and other settlers In South Africa,
while the Democrats in the South have
taken citizenship from more than a million,
men who have been voters. Compared as
crimes against human freedom the men in
Congress who participated In the disfran
chisement of colored men in the United
States are greater offenders than the Brit
ish government. Consequently, they should
observe a discreet silence.
The New York Times, in referring to the
report of the early retirement of Pension
Commissioner Evans, says that "in'face of
the innumerable evidences" of fraud, show
ing that the pension roll was deeply tainted
with tiishonor and odious mendicancy, the
Grand Army of the Republic ceaselessly
clamors for more pensions." This state
ment shows that that excellent newspaper
has forgotten that President Cleveland en
tered upon his secontl term with the idea
that there were innumerable evidences of
fraud on the rension roll, and that, with
that belief, he caused a number of exam
iners to go through the rolls and pi?k out
those names which should be stricken
therefrom. Several thousand pensioners
were suspended, most of them under the
act of 1S0). because of improper rating. If
the matter should be looked up now it will
be found that nearly all of those picked
cases were restored to the roll by the offi
cials who instituted the investigation. A
division of the Pension Bureau is em
ployed all the time in seeking frauds con
nected with the granting of pensions. The
officer in charge of that division made a
report to Commissioner Evans for the year
which ended June 30, 1901, which shows that
300 persons were indicted for various frauds
in connection with the granting of pensions,
cf which 250 were tried within the year, re
sulting in 22C convictions. Considering that
there are nearly a million names on the
pension rolls, and thousands more striving
to be so placed, the result of the constant
efforts of a corps of skilled investig-ators
from year to year does not warrant the
charge that "the pension roll Is deeply
tainted with dishonor."
Ever since General Miles has been at
Washington as the senior major general,
and since his appointment ' as lieutenant
general, he has been in trouble. He was in
trouble with the Cleveland administration,
and he was in trouble with President Mc
Kinley and his secretaries of war. Nobody
gave President McKinley so much trouble,
yet in his kindness he made him lieutenant
general. He showed no appreciation. When
Mr. Root became secretary of war he tried
to conciliate General Miles, but conciliation
Involved the transfer of the authority of
the President. He Is now angry because his
scheme for fighting the Filipinos was not
approved, and goes before the Senate com
mittee to oppose the bill of the War De
partment for the organization of the army,
declaring that he will resign if it should be
come a law, despite the fact that it con
tains a provision that the changes which it
makes shall not affect him. Many men who
were friends of General Miles three years
ago have become very weary of him.
So Far, lut Xo Farther.
New York Sun.
"Do you love me?"
"Would you die for mp?"
"No! Mine is an undying love!"
.Not 1 1 to the .Mark.
"No: he isn't much cf a butlor."
What's the matter with him?"
"Why, you can actually pprk to hint without
being made to feel your inferiority."
AVheii Marlnda Smiles.
When Marinda stntles I've come to kn-jw
Hy the curve of her lips such a little thing
Cupid is getting a dring on his bow.
And Marinda is Retlinar her beau on a strlns.
l i Agniiut It.
New York Times.
Judge Your wife says you have failed to sup
FUtdweller I kuc4 that' right, your Honor;
it take all I tan make to provide luxuries for
ALL KATE ANARCHISTS
SFAAIOHS l.MTKIl IN lOVDKMMXG
INt i:IIIAHY AGITATO KS.
Democrntx, However, Are Bitterly Op
posing Protection of the President
from the 0'lnit They Denounce.
GEN. HAWLEY WANTS A TARGET
HE "WILL GIVI-: $l,nm FOR A GOOD
SHOT AT AX ANARCHIST.
Vote to Be Taken on the Bill To-Day
Mr. Bellamy Denounces the
WASHINGTON. March 20. Throughout
to-day's session of the Senate the bill pro
viding for the protection of the President of
the United States was under discussion.
Just before adjournment an agreement was
reached to vote on the measure and pend
ing amendments at 4 o'clock to-morrow.
The speakers to-day vere Messrs. Pettus.
of Alabama; Hawley, of Connecticut, and
Nelson, of Minnesota, in support of the
bill, and Messrs. Rawlins, of Utah; Mc
Cumber, of North Dakota; Mallory, of
Florida; Carmack, of Tennessee, and Money
and MeLaurin, of Mississippi, In opposition
to it. The speeches in the main were a re
inforcement of arguments that have been
advanced hertofore, few new points being
raised. The principal point made by the
opponents of the measure was that federal
officials ought to be treated in the courts
precisely as are other citizens. Three sub
stitutes for the bill are pending and will be
pressed when the voting begins to-morraw.
In his speech to-day Mr. Mallory- doubted
whether a military or any other sort of a
guard could have prevented President Mc
Kinley's assassination at Buffalo. He be
lieved that a competent guard of civilians
was better and more in line with our in
stitutions than a military guard.
. Mr. Hawley expressed his astonishment
that some senators should persist in mis
representing the measure, in misunderstand
ing the Constitution and splitting hairs over
inconsequential matters. He saw no reason
why the Senate should hesitate for five
minutes to pass the pending bill. In his
opinion it was well considered and thor
oughly matured. In conclusion he said: "I
have an utter abhorrence of anarchy and
would give a thousand dollars to get a good
shot at an Anarchist."
Mr. Nelson vigorously supported the pend
ing bill. In defense of the provision for
the protection, not only of the President,
but of all those who, by law, are in line
of succession to the presidency, he said
there might be a conspiracy to assassinate
every one of those men. When President
Lincoln was murdered there was a project
involving the assassination of several mem
bers of his Cabinet. A conspiracy might be
formed a any time for the wrecking of
the entire executive branch of the govern
ment. To guard against such a contin
gency the gcu-ernment ought to be eepiipped
with power to protect not only the Pres
ident and the succession to the presidency,
but the very life of the government through
Mr. McCumber, while he had no doubt
of the authority of Congress to enact the
proposed legislation, said he did object to
some of the bill's provisions. He did not
believe, for instance, that an attempt to
take the life of the see-retary of the in
terior ought to he- punished with death
merely because of his official position, lie
1 id net think such a provision was in ac
cord with either reason or justice. The
people of the United States were not ex
pecting that kind of legislation for the pro
tection of the President. He hoped a bill
would be olilered to protect the President
and the governemnt against anarchy and
Anarchists. That was the legislation de
manded by the American people. As the
bill stood he could not support it.
Mr. Carmack said his objections to the
bill did not apply to the question of its con
stitutionality. "But I believe," he said,
"that it is bad in principle and utterly and
absolutely unnecessary. No more futile,
no more unnecessary law ever encumbered
the statute books of this country than the
measure we now have under considera
tion." Discussing the proposal to estab
lish a military guard around the President,
he declared that President Roosevelt, for
instance, would not endure it for a mo
ment. It would he absolutely intolerable
to him. "To escape such a guard, when
he wanted to go out for a quiet stroll,"
said he. "the President would climb emt a
back window, get out of the grounds by
the back gate and go up a back alley."
Mr. Money, in opposing the bill, sub
mitted that it was the product of hysteria
produced by President MeKinley's assas
sination. He ebjecteel to it because its ef
fect would be to establish the inequality of
men before the law. The bill was simply
another tendency toward an imperial gov
ernment. Mr. .Money denounced anarchy
and Anarchists, saying that if a measure
could be devised t hat would rid the coun
try of Anarchists he would support it.
They ought to be stamped out as are ver
min, but Congress, actuated by hysteria,
ought not put upon the statute books a
law that could not and would not be en
forced. Mr. MeLaurin, of Mississippi, after ex
pressing his own and his people's abhor
rence of Anarchists and of anarchy, said
that he could not support the pending
measure. In its present shape he believed
the bill to be unconstitutional; It would
establish inequality before the law, and to
his mind it would be entirely ineffective.
Another objection he had to the measure
was that it attached the death penalty
not only to mere manslaughter, but even
to an attempt to commit manslaughter.
The state laws were amply sufficient to
protect the President.
MB. BELLAMY'S FEARS.
He In Afraid the Crutiipacker Resolu
tion Will Stir Up Sectional Strife.
WASHINGTON, March 20 The House
to-day made very slow progress on the
river and harbor bill, disposing of only
thirty pages and leaving fifty pages still to
be considered. The river anel harbor com
mittee again to-day succeeded in defeat
ing every amendment offered.
Mr. Bellamy, of North Carolina, during
the day took occasion to denounce the
Crumpacker proposition to investigate
Southern election laws as designed to stir
up sectional strife. Ho appealed to the
r snservatl ve Republicans to defeat the reso
lutions. The South, 1: said, had reached a
solution of its difficulties after many years,
when this preiposlticm was advanced, which
would undo all that had been accomplished
toward establishing peace and prosperity.
The South, he said, was sick and tired, of
sectional strife. Her people loved the Union
and were proud of its honor and achieve
ments. He asserted that for sinister pur
pee? sonic members of the other side were
again sowing the seeds of discord and he
appealed to the conservative, fair-minded
men of the Republican party to vote down
a proposition fraught with so much evil to
WHAT THE BOERS WANT.
Ankeri the President to Appoint Army
'OftleerH to Review the War.
NEW YORK. March 20.-C. A. Wessels.
A. D. Wolmarans and J. M. De Bruyn,
Hoor delegates, who have been in this coun
try for some weeks, sailed on La Gascogne
to-day. Mr. Wessels said he did not believe
the ammunition found in the' ruins of the
Hoboken lire was intended for the Boers.
"The Boers have no money to buy ammuni
tion." said he. "but when they need any
all they have to do Is to capture a British
convoy und they have enough to supply
them for a long time. The Boer-British wnr
will establish a precedent for other, wars
to come in the inhuman fashion in which
it Is being carried on. 1 asked the President
to appoint a commission of army officers
to review the conduct of the Boer-British
war. but whether he will do so I cannot
Alluding to the statement that the Boers
wear British uniforms In battle Mr. Wes
sels said the Boers have no uniform of
their own, and, therefore, when they run
out of wearing apparel the only way that
they are able to procure it is to take some
British soldier's clothes, from which, he
added, the distinguishing marks were al
ways removed, men to cutting off the coat
RETURN OF VASQUEZ.
Former President of Honduras Man a
Lively Experience in Menrnenn.
SAN FRANCISCO, March .-Domingo
Vasquez, one-time President of Honduras,
has arrived in this city. He left here a few
weeks ago on the Chilean liner Tucapel,
to make a visit to some Central American
ports, and during the interim he has had
a very lively experience. When the Tucapel
touched at Corinto, Nicaragua, he was tak
en from the vessel by order of President
Zelaya and Kicked up in jail. He faced
charges of sedition and insurrection, and on
Feb. 15 the government authorities re
leased him on his promise to leave the
country at the first opportunity. It is the
ambition of Vasquez to form one republic
of the Central American countries, and he
makes no secret of it, though he disclaims
being a revolutionist.
TO BE TRIED FOR HERESY
THE REV. GRAXVILLE LOUTH ER, Ü.
U.f SERVED WITH PAPERS.
Kansas Preacher Clmrgeel with Dia
. seminatiiiK Doctrines ot Toler
ated by the Methodist Church.
M'PHERSON, Kan., March 20. Rev.
Granville Louther, D. D., pastor of a local
church, was served with papers at a
Methodist Episcopal conference here to
day charging him with heresy and setting
forth that he would be tried at Arkansas
City, Kan., on March 26. Rev. Louther,
who is a member of the Southwest Meth
odist Conference, is chargeel with being
guilty of "disseminating doctrines con
trary to and' subversive of the doctrines
of the Methodist Episcopal Church," and
it is believed that he Is atheistic and cvolu-
Rev. Louther is charged with making and
teaching the following doctrines in viola
tion of the Confession of Faith and the
"That the serpent who talked to Eve
was a man. one of the race to which sho
and Adam belonged, that he had not come
into a consciousness of God, therefore, was
classed with the beasts, and that there
were other inhabitants or members of the
race, if not, how did Cain find his wife in
the land of Nod, where none of Adam's
children except Cain had gone, if not
whence came the daughters of men whom
the sons of God took for their wives? The
reasonable interpretation is that the de
scendants of Adam were called sons of
God, because, having entered into a con
scious knowledge of God, they woirtd claim
Him as their creator and worship Him.
The others, not knowing God, were called
sens and daughters ol men.
"That Adam and Eve as first created had
no more perception of their obligations of
obedience; that in eating of the fruit of thy
tree of good and evil they had done noth
ing except what the others about them
were doing, and what they themselves had
formerly done, that Is, live like beasts, but
they had a higher vision of spiritual things
than formerly and consequently they felt
"That Christ died for men to show men
how to die for man: mat this willingness to
c'io for man should be multiplied by ex
actly the number of disciples of Christ ami
that the atonement can never be completed
until this idea prevails."
Mr. Louther has been identified for years
with the Kansas State Holiness Association
as its president. lie believes that in religion,
as well as in world building, God is pro
ceeding from lower to higher forms and
that this process must continue in the fu
ture as it has in the past. He contends that
creeds are valuable only as landhiarks;
says that lack of freedom for the soul is
like compressing a woman's waist in cor
sets to compel it to grow according to a
certain fashionable ideal, and declares that
religion can never reach the fullness of
naturalness until it is free from fear of
persecution for its highest and holiest con
cepts. ST. LOUIS BRIBERY CASES.
Bonds of Indicted Men Increased
$1,000 Reward for MurrelPs Arrest.
ST. LOUIS, Mo., March 20. Councilman
Charles Kratz, indicted for bribery, ap
peared in court to-day and expressed his
willingness to give Increased surety for his
appearance in court. Yesterday Circuit At
torney Folk asked Judgo Ryan to increase
from $5,0) to $20,000 the bonds of Henry
Nicolaus, Julius Lehmann, Henry Faulkner,
Charles Kratz, Robert M. Snyder and
George J. Kobush, under indictment for
bribery or perjury in connection with the
Central Traction, suburban and garbage
deals, and the court assented. The case
of John K. Murrell, member of the House
of Delegates, whose nonappearance for
trial on charge of bribery has resulted in
a reward of IjOO being offered for his ap
prehension, was to-day postponed until
April 1. Governor Dockery to-day offered
an additional reward of &J00 for Murrcll's
PROVISIONS TOR SOLDIERS.
Fifthters in the Philippinen to Eat
x ChlcaKO Corned Reef.
CHICAGO, March 20. Another large or
der for supplying the United States army
in the Philippines with provisions has been
given to Chicago packers by Major C. R.
Krauthoff, chief purchasing commissary of
ficer of the Department of the Lakes. The
supplies will be shipped to San Francisco
btwo special trains of refrigerator cars,
and there reloaded on government trans
ports. Specifications of the contract pro
vide that the subsistence stores be deliv
ered in Manila before May 20, and include
3T056 cans of corned beef. 60.01S cans of
roast beef, 4, OOS cans of corned beef hash,
5.010 cans of chipped beef, 5.016 cans of Vi
enna sausage. 2C0.(X) pounds of bacon in
crates and 11.00 pounds of bacon in cans.
SITUATION IN HAITI.
Jlore Arrest Made ly the Authnrltlen
Prisoner Confined on n YVnralilp.
PORT-AU-PRINCE. Haiti. March 20.
The political situation is critical. The au
thorities continue making arrests. The pris
oners of importance are taken on board
the Haitian warship Crete A. Pierot. The
authorities here Indieve the disturbances in
Haiti will be quelled before they reach the
stage of being considered revolutionary.
Decision in An Oil tac
CLEVELAND. O., Marth 2). United
States Circuit Judge Wing handed down .
decision to-day in the long-conteste-l iral
battle between the Vacuum Oil Company, a
branch of the Standard oil Companv. nd
the Climax Oil Company, of this city, in
favor of the latter concern. The Vacuum
Company claimed that it alone had the
right to stamp "PLIj-W" on the head of oil
barrels or "PPL" with any letter. The de
fendant stamped "POO-V" on tho heads of
barrels.' The judge said he saw no valid
reason why any oil company whose prod
uct stood the necessary tests should not
use the marks in question. The case has
been in court for five years.
lut .Not Sell l.iiior to Student.
SAN ANTONIO. Tex.. March 20. Under a
decision of the Supreme Court of Texas
saloon keepers may not sell liquor to stu
dents of educational institutions without
laying themselves open to suit for dam
ages. The word "knowingly" was Insert
ed in the law governing the sale of liquor
to minors by the last Legislature, but the
court holds that this does not apply to
students, who are not all minors.
GEN. OTIS HEARD AGAIN
CONTINUATION OF HIS TESTIMONY
REGARDING THE PHILIPPINES.
Tilt in Which Senator Patterson Va
the AKKrestr and Mr. Car-
lii nek. i Supporter.
QUESTION BY MR. BEVERIDGE
THAT PROVOKED A LIVELY DISCIS
SION IN THE COMMITTEE.
Filipinos Led to Reit American by
the Speeche of Democratic
Senator and Others.
WASHINGTON. March 20.-Gcneral Otis
to-day resumed his testimony before the
Senate Philippines committee. Senator
Patterson continued his questioning and re
ferred to a letter dated Sept. S. ISitS, ad
dressed by General Otis to Aguinaldo as
"The commanding general of the Philip
pines forces," in which he spoke of the sac
rifices made by the revolutionary forces "in
the interest of civil liberty."
General Otis declared that this related to
their dealings with the Spaniards. He ad
mitted that before the United States army
arrived in Manila and for some little time
before they took possession the insurgents
had the Spaniards hemmed in In Manila.
He denied tbat he led Aguinaldo to believe
that the United States would not .assume
absolute sovereignty and governmental con
trol over the islanels.
Asked what he meant by the statement in
his letter that, "rather than see the ships
of the United States navy control the nav
igable waters of these islands, and its army
devastating their territory, I greatly prefer
to advise my government not to send any
more troops here," General Otis replied that
that was his opinion because he did not
want to see any war. "I wanted to conquer
by peaceable means," said he, "but 1 gave
the impression that there were troops wait
ing." General Otis said, answering an inquiry
by Senator Hale, that, had the government
taken him at his word not to send any more
troops, anarchy would have reigned
throughout the islands. He thought that
his letter should be considered as a whole.
"That was a period when I was laboring
hard," said he, "to keep the peace, and to
keep our men and officers from paying at
tention to the insults received from Philip
pine officers and insurgents."
Answering Senator Patterson, General
Otis said that the committee of which Gen
eral Hughes was a member had stated to
representatives of Aguinaldo that no con
cessions could be made without the sacrifice
of some of the attributes of sovereignty.
General Otis declared that the Filipinos
have no correct idea of liberty. "Liberty
with them." said he, "is license."
"Rut what is your standard of qualifica
tion for self-government?" asked Senator
"What kind of a government?" answered
General Otis. "Do you mean despotic gov
ernment?" "No; self-government," was Senator Pat
General Otis said they were perfectly
qualified for a despotic, military govern
ment. Senator Patterson asked if be considered
the people of Mexico eiualifled for self-government,
to which Senator Beveridge ob
jected, but before the chairman could de
ciele the point General Otis said he declined
Senator Patterson remarked that he had
no means of forcing a reply "at present."
General (Jt's eleclared that he did not
measure the capacity of the Filipino for
self-government by the capacity of the
United States, and characterized as unfair
the effort of Senator Patterson to get him
to fix the standard by a comparison with
General Otis, replying to Senator Dubois,
said the introduction of the Chinese coolie
labor law w-ould be unwise. Japanese labor,
he thought, would be the most acceptabi-j
because they affiliate readily with the Fili
pinos. A question by Senator Beveridge regard
ing the effect upon the Filipinos of litera
ture sent from the United States precipi
tated a lively discussion. CJeneral Otis said
when Mabini was brought in he had a pile
of New York papers with him which had
antagonized the sovereignty of the United
States in the Philippines.
"Did he have any senators' speeches?"
asked Mr. Patterson.
"Oh. yes; those speeches were all over
the islands," replied the witness.
Senator Allison, who was in the chair,
said he would exclude any allusion to sena
Senator Patterson interjected the remark
that senators should not be attacked from
"I asked the extent to which it gave aid
to the insurrection," said Senator Bever
idge. "When the senator from Indiana," re
torted Senator Patterson, "propounded that
question it involved every senator who is
standing by what he believes to be sim
ple justice to the Filipinos. I do not pro
pose to be assailed from behind a masked
Senator Allison thought that where a
senator's name was involved It gave him
the right to come before the committee and
defend himself and such references should
Senator Carmack with much earnestness
said he wanted to take his part of the re
sponsibility for saying that the war in the
Philippines is utterly and absolutely in
famous and criminal. "If any proof can be
made that I am inciting Filipinos by such
speeches," said he, "I want it done."
After some further discussion Senator
Beveridge disclaimed any intention to re
flect on any senator and withdrew his
question. General Otis concluded his testi
mony by submitting some comments on the
memorial of the Manila Chamber of Com
merce. The committee then adjourned.
"WILL RE GIVEN FULL LIBERTY.
Guevarra ami Hi Men to lie Accord
ed Fair Treatment.
MANILA, March 20. General Smith. In
command in the Island of Samar, cables
that he will meet Guevarra personally
March 21 and arrange the details and length
of the proposed armistice (to facilitate the
collection of Guevarra's men, with their
rifles, ami the subseepient form.tl sur
render.) Up to the present all communica
tion between General Smith and Guevarra
has been by letter. General Smith will re
fuse to enter into political matters, but
will offer life, liberty and protection to
all who take the oath e.f allegiance' and
assist in the opening of the ports and the
restoration of normal conditions in. the
Lieut. William S. Sinclair, of the Twenty
eighth Infantry, recently tried by court
martial on the charge of causing the death
of a soldier prisoner by gagging him and
pouring water on his head, has been ac
quit te d.
Th- two reconcentr ido camps in Batan
gas province are most carefully maintained.
The Filipinos in tin- camps are healihy
and contented, and the streets and houses
are perfectly than. The food supplied
c onsists of rice and many vegetable p. Ail
the people in the camps have been vacci
nated anl rigid sanitary precautions are
taken to prevent the sperad ef diseases.
There are fl.UH Filipinos in one of the
.camps and l'..!') in the other.
LETTER FROM Jl DtiE Wit Mil IT.
lie SnH the Situation In he Philip
pinen I Improving FiikL
WASHINGTON. March --i. Judge Wright,
acting civil Governor of the Philippines, 1k;s
written a personal letter to G n. Marcus J.
Wright, of this city, which gives an inter
esting Insight into the condition of affairs
in the Jiiilippines. "We are so far ie
moved from the United States." says Gov
ernor Wright, "that I fear the people at
home get ratoer an inadequate Idea of the
situation here. The puss reports of the
last month or more, which have readied us
here, together with the comments thereon,
seem to Indicate that the gtne-ral opinion
is that the whole. Islands are either Mazing
with insurrection, eir else that outbreak
are prevented only by the use of troops on
an extndve ncale. Thiw la wholly mis
leading. The real truth is tht In f5 per
cent, of the territory of the idan! there
is pn Insurrection, and Americans go about
singly and unarmed with atiut a much
safety as they would in a large majority of
the states at home. There is a fa.t-ding
Insurrection In two provinces of the great
island of Luzon and in the remote southern
island of Samar. Here and thre in remote
sections there are instances of cattle steal
Iv.y and occasionally murder or robbery. We
are dealing very energetically with the law
less element, and the people, nn a rule.
are rebuilding their house where they
have been destroyed, tilling their fields and
pursuing their ordinary vocations.
"Of course telegraphic dispatches gen
erally deal alone in something sensational.
I apprehend th it if any one of tjs were In
a foreign country and received only news
of w hat was happening in the Uniled States
in police circ les we would g t about the
same idea of our home country as many
of the neotile of tin- i-if-.t rit ..... .
v . . Mill II tl.llIC ."'A.
to have of this. The fart is that the prog
ress we have made in the last year is tre
mendous and to me very encouraging.
While 1 do not look for the millennium,
either here or elsewhere, spcedlly, I see no
reason to doubt that American authority
can be maintained without more troops
than Indicated by Governor Taft. Of course .
wc must utilize the native in jlic ir.g bis
own country, just as has been done by Eng
land in all her colonics from the tginning."
The Vatican and the Philippine.
ROME. March 20. Monsignor Sbarrettl.
the papal delegate to the Philippines, who
Is on his way to the Philippines, will make
a brief stop at Washington in order to
consult the United States government in
connection with Philippine affalts. The
story that he is taking with him a pupal
bull providing for the re-establishment' of
a hierarchy is authoritatively denied. The
Vatican authorities Intended to hold t lie
matter in abeyance until the situation in
the Philippines is more settled. It is the
Vatican's desire to finally adjust matters In
the archipelago in accordance with Amer
ican views and interests. Therefore it ha
been decided to appoint no more Span
lards among the new bishops. As a result
of this decision Monsignor Nozaleda. arch
bishop of Manila, now here, has tendered
bis resignation and will proceed to Spain,
where he will hereafter reside.
General Smith to Re Recalled.
WASHINGTON. March 20. An order wti
issued to-day relieving Brig. Gen. Jacob 11.
Smith from further duty in the division of
the Philippines ami directing him to pro
ceed to San Antonio. Tex., to assume com
mand of the Department of Texas. Gen.
Smith is In command of the Anicrlc.ui
troops which are conducting such a vic--orous
campaign In the island of Samar.
CASE OF HERR MOST.
ConnKel for the Anarchist Appeals
from Sentence of Conviction.
NEW YOUIv. March 20.-The appellate
division of the Supreme Court has jut
heard arguments in the appeal taken by
John Most, who was convicted in the Couit
of Special Sessions for publishing In Die
Freiheit on Sept. 7. l(d, under the caption.
"Murder vs. Murder," en, article w hich, it
was contended, had a tendency to irritate
the public mind. Counsel for Most con
tended that under Section 8 of the State
Constitution "every citizen may freely
speak, write or publish his sentiments on
all subjects, and that the Intention of the
framers of the Constitution was to prevent
any censorships of the press." Counsel also
contended that the article published was
not libelous, and that it did not tend to
commit a breach of the peace and that it
did not .come within the inhibition of any
A representative of the district attorney's
office contended that under the penal code
Most had published an article which had
disturbed the public peace and outraged
public decency. The justices reserved de
cision. MILES MAY RESIGN.
(CONCLUDED FROM FIRST PAG RA
general sought to escape answering ques
tions which would Involve c riticism ty him
of his superior othVer, General Otit-. - It ap
peared that there was h variance of opin
ion in the committee itself as to how far
General Hughes was at liberty to violate
army rules and proprieties, even in answer
to committee questions, and the question
itself was left unsettled.
While General Miles did not expect when
lie gave his testimony that it would be
made public in any form, he Ik now willing
that It shall be published by the committee,
making himself the broad statement that
the statements which were given to the
press as those made by himself before the
committee were misrepresentations, totally
unwarranted and untrue.
The omission by the President of his
usual ride this afternoon, and the fact that
he and Secretary Itoot we're in conference
for nearly four hours, led to the supposi
tion that they were discussing General
Miles's testimony. This, however, was an
erroneous conclusion, lor they were talk
ing about an army regulation, and the
secretary was unaware of the testimony
until he returned to the War Department
very late In the afternoon.
Secretary Root exhibited little feeling
when his attention was called to the pro
ceedings before the committee. He re
marked qubtly that he was very sorry
Lieutenant General Miles opposed this bill.
He pointed out that under Section 7. of
which General Miles complained, the lieu
tenant general would have greatly en
larged powers in army "management. In
stead of being restricted In his function?,
as he supposed. As to the question wheth
er General Miles had said anything which
would require action at the hand of the
department or the President, the secretary
firmly declined to express any opinion, for
the present at least, preferring to await
an official copy of the committee hearing
before reaching any decision.
FITZJOIIN PORTER CASL
Henrlng on n Rill Proponing an Ap
propriation for Mr. Porter.
WASHINGTON. March 20. A sequel to
the famous Fitzjohn Porter case came be
fore the House committee on military af
fairs to-day when a hearing was given on
the bill authorizing the secretary of war to
compute the amount of pay and allowances
ef the general during the jeriod of his en
forced retire ment from the army and mak
ing appropriations feir the amount to his
widow and childre-n. The hearing was at
tended by several of General Porters old
comrades in arms und by his daughter and
sons. When, at the instance of General
Grant, an army board passed upon the case
of General Porter, the recommendation was
made that he be restored to rank and pay.
Acting on this Congress In Ps5 restored thj
general to his rank, but there was no resto
ration of the pay elurlng the long period
that he was out of the army. It whs stated
at the hearing to-day that the present
measure i a simple act of justice to th;
family, who had suffered alor.g with the
general during the twenty-three years bo
was in retirement. In this time, it was
stated. General Porter had given most of
his time and means to clearing his good
name. !ing unable tr make proviMon for
the future for himself ano family, ihn,
Charles G. Sawtelle, who s r ed with Gen
eral Porter, paid a tribute to his bravery
and ability as a soldi, r. On. W. W. Dud
Icy, w ho se rved under Ge ne ral Porter at the
second battle of Bull Run. al.-o testified to
his character as a soldier and commanding
officer. General Dudley polr.t-d out that
the preamble of the act restoring General
Porter tej the army recited the jurji.e t
eio justice' to him, and that the resurati tri
of pay was but a part of the Ji; tlce In tho
Ilurleaon Reolut ioti.
WASHINGTON, March 2" -P.epre s, nta
tive Burleson, of Texas, to-day introduced
in the House the following revolution ef la
quiry: "Resolved, That the President be. nod be
is hereby, respectfully requested, if the
same is not incompatible with the public in
terests, to transmit to the Hou.-e copies t,f
all correspondence relating to and papers
bearing up"n the matter of the rece nt r-
iuest .f I.ieut. Gen. Neli.n A. M!ls to t
assigned to duty In the Philippine, and to
be allowed to put into effect there a pla:r
outlined by him. having for its purpose and'
calculated to bring ateout an immediate ce s-
j-utiuii of hostilities without further loss cf
life on e Übe r side."
Old Jordan WhlW Sold.
LOUISVILLE. Ky.. March ro-Gilmrere A
Mead, of this elty, have sold to h local
w holesale house all the spring ef lvl
product eif tpe old Jordan du-tillery,
amounting to l.Ti burnl, for a sum