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TUE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL, SATURDAY, MAY 24, 1002.
TU K D A I L Y J OUR N A L,
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If Senator Hoar's ancestors had not given
the savage Indians of New England the
"fire water" cure generously he would not
now be in the Senate complaining of a few
cases of what is called water cure.
It is stated that the ship subsidy bill will
be reported in the House next week. It
f-hould be; and when reported every Re
publican representative from the North
west should vote against it and kill it.
Those Bryanites, Democrats or what
not, who are boasting now that their idol
shall not be ignored in the Indiana Demo
cratic platform, will be as silent as the
grave when the ignoring plank shall be
The fact that Cuba, by the terms of her
Constitution, cannot make a treaty with
any foreign government without the con
tent of the United States should make this
government very generously disposed to
It is reported that Mr. John W. Kern
says that in supporting 16 to 1 and other
Bryanisms the Democrats did nothing that
they should now apologize for. True, but
they did things which they heartily wish
they had never done.
It might puzzle Democratic senators who
are advocating the policy of abandoning
the Philippines to point out under what
clause of the Constitution territory once
formally and legally acquired by the
United States could be abandoned or other
wise disposed of.
It Is curious to note that the St. Louis
Globe-Democrat is the only Republican pa
per in the country which is now stigma
tizing all those Republicans who favor a
reciprocal arrangement with Cuba as "free-
traders, and it is a Republican paper in a
State where the party ha3 a less favorable
outlook than it had ten years ago.
At the election in Oregon in June a prop
osition to amend the Constitution will be
submitted to popular vote which will make
It rosslble to have any bill submitted to
the people for which the Legislature is
petitioned, and made a law by a direct
vote thereof if It shall receive a majority.
The proposition has met the approval of
two legislatures. The outcome will be
awaited with much Interest.
Now that Cuba Is an Independent govern
ment, CongTess should lose no time in
enacting a reasonable tariff reciprocity
law. It is said the Senate committee will
take up the subject without regard to the
action of the House, and probably report
a bill for a straisjhtout reciprocal reduc
tion of 25 per cent. The situation caused
by the dilatory action of Congress is em
barrassing and should be ended.
During the last two days showers have
pissed over the entire area of the State
with possibly a few limited exceptions. The
rainfall to late yesterday ranged from one
to over two inches, and the showery con
dition is likely to continue until the whole
country has an adequate supply. Rain
could not have been more timely, since it
was beginning to be much needed all over
thi3 part of the country. Thus are the first
conditions for an abundant corn crop as
sured. Mr. J. J. Hill, who is the mo3t conspicu
ous railroad magnate la the country, is
distressed about the volcanoes, which, he
ays, stud the Nicaragua canal route.
The terrible work of the volcanoes in Mar
tinique has filled Mr. Hill with terror lest
we build a canal to be wrecked by the same
agency in Central America. Whereat the
wicked scoff at Mr. Hill and point out that
he is at the head of or prominent in a rail
road system which extends from ocean to
ocean, and would frighten Congress out
of the Isthmian canal project.
The Washington Tost thinks there ought
to be a monument or statue of Baron Steu
ben in that city. Certainly no foreigner
who took part in the revolutionary war
Detter deserves it. Steuben was a grand
marshal of the Prussian army, a splendid
oldier and disciplinarian and a lover of
liberty. He ioused the American cause
with the utmost enthusiasm and rendered
ery valuable service, giving his private
fortune as well as his service without pay.
Even at this late day Americans could
afford to honor him.
The Rev. James W. Hollman, chaplain
Of the Sixteenth Umted States Infantry,
ays it is a great mistake to sappose ihat
the regular army is largelv composed of
-uh oT tough men. He says, as a rule.
the regulars average up well with volun
teers In respect of intelligence, morals and
patriotism. "I have served with both vol
unteers and regulars," he v? rites, " and I
find the same class of young men in both
branches of the service." One can easily
believe that when it is remembered that
the regular army is recruited entirely by
voluntary enlistment, and recruiting offi
cers do r.ot knowingly admit bad charac
ters to th service.
DEMOCRATIC SPEECH nY A ItE
Senator Hoar's speech attacking the
American policy in the Philippines was re
markable for Inconsistency, illoglcalness,
unfairness of statement and weakness of
argument. These qualities are not generally
attributed to Senator Hoar, but in this
case he had to exercise them. Democratic
senators can indulge in wholesale denun
ciation of Republican policies without be
ing inconsistent, and unfairness of state
ment and weakness of argument are habit
ual with them. But when a Republican
senator tries to invest this style of ar
gument with a semblance of judicial fair
ness and to palm off Democratic sophis
tries as the essence of political wisdom he
undertakes a hopeless task. Senator Hoar
seems to have realized to somo extent the
absurdity of hl3 position, for he tried to
make it appear that, although bitterly op
posed to the policy of the administration,
he Is nevertheless an administration man.
He characterized our policy in the Phillip
pines as one of the most wicked and foolish
chapters in history, yet hastened to add
that the men who were responsible for it
were neither wicked nor foolish. He eulo
gized Presidents McKinley and Roosevelt,
yet condemned their acts. He admitted the
purity of their motives, but declared that
his conscience would not permit him to fol
low them, thus Implying that enlightened
conscience can face two ways at once. In
one sentence he declared that "the United
States is fighting to secure a dependency,
not a republic," and in another he admitted
that "what vindicates that which has been
done so far is the saving of the islands from
anarchy and the material benefit conferred
upon the Filipino people." He said the gov
ernment had "created a despotism in the
Philippines," and yet admitted that "the
share which it was proposed to give the
Filipinos in the proposed scheme of gov
ernment was an admission that many of
them are fit for self-government." He did
not try to explain how the establishment
of a despotism could be consistent with
the conferring: of self-government. Refer
ring to the cruelties alleged to have been
committed in the Philippines, he said he
believed the American soldiers were as
brave and humane as ever lived. "They
had," he said, "done simply what always
would be done in like conditions. The chief
guilt was upon the heads of those who
created the conditions." Yet he had already
declared that the men who had created the
conditions were neither wicked nor foolish.
It does not seem to have occurred to him
that the real responsibility for the condi
tions rested on those who had begun the
war the Filipinos. There has been no
cruelty and no war in Torto Rico because
the Porto Rlcans did not take up arms
against the United States and attempt to
abrogate the treaty of Taris.
These are only a few of the inconsisten
cies of this Democratic speech by a Repub
lican senator. In other respects Senator
Hoar showed fully a.s great ignorance of
facts and as much recklessness of state
ment as any Democratic senator. He dwelt
upon the horrors of the reconccntration
camps In the Philippines, which he likened
to the dreadful scenes in Andersonville
Prison during the civil war. Such a com
parison would better come from the Filipino
Junta in Hong-Kong than from a Massa
chusetts senator. The so-called concentra
tion camps in the Philippines have been
described by trustworthy officers as places
of safety and schools of sanitary Instruc
tion, and in all of them there Is not a
single established case of Individual cruelty,
starvation or suffering. If a Massachu
setts senator, during the civil war, had
attacked the war policy of the administra
tion as Senator Hoar did In this speech he
would have been retired from office at the
earliest opportunity and have been made to
feel the weight of popular odium as long
as he lived. If it happens differently now
it will be because the quality of Massachu
setts patriotism and Republicanism has de
teriorated. A BILL THAT SHOULD PASS.
The immigration bill which the Hou&e
laid aside on Thursday after the bill of
Mr. Watson, of this State, had been in
serted as an amendment, should become a
law. In fact, there can be few more im
portant measures before Congress. We
have excluded the Chinese because Ameri
can labor cannot compete with them.
American labor cannot compete with the
Chinese because the latter can subsist upon
food upon which the American would
starve. Moreover, this country cannot
thrive with a large class of people who
add to the supply of labor or what labor
produces and consumes the smallest quan
tity of Its products. At the present time
a horde of immigrants is coming to our
shores from southern Europe that is as
objectionable as the Chinese on economic
grounds, and still more objectionable tor
their ignorance and viciousness. Of these
people not less than a quarter of a million
have corre to us the past year who cannot
read ny language, ard who speak an alitn
tongue. The most of them come to us the
victims of bed governments and enter
taining against government in general a
prejudice amounting to hatred.
Theso people are a menace, and the won
der Is that a man can stand up in Congress
and speak in their behalf. The only per
sons that can be interested in having
them come to this country are the man
agers of foreign steamship companies.
Nine-tenths of these immigrants who can
not read the language they speak perform
only the roughest kind of labor. For years,
by the help of the public school and
through organization, the condition of the
native common laborers has been steadily
Improving. It would have improved much
more than It has if this large body of Ig
norant and more or less degraded common
labor from southern Europe had not been
thrust upon them a.s competitors. Just
now, in th?se prosperous times, when there
appears to be employment for all, the evil
of this inflation of the supply of common
labor by immigration is not realized as it
was during the dull years of ljtfa. '94
and 'SO, and as it will be when there shall
come a period of stagnation. Then it will
be discovered that the country has tens of
thousands of common laborers more than
it has employment for. Then there will
spring up a competition in which those
who can work for the smallest wages will
win and those who take the lowest wages
can do so because they can subsist upon
the cheapest food. Whether the native
common laborer sinks to the level of the
immigrant by being compelled to accept
the lower standard of wages and the lower
standard of living, or through idleru . is
not worth considering. It Is a certainty
that, if forced into such competition, the
American will sink to the lower level, and
this evil Congress should prevent.
There have been some labor and economic
topics upon which the Journal has taken
Issue with President Gompers, of the Fed
eration of Labor, but upon this matter of
unrestricted Immigration this paper and
Mr. Gomper? have been in full accord. So
now the Journal joins Mr. Gompers in sup
porting the proposition of Mr. Watson as
embraced in the Underwood amendment.
The protection of American labor by keep
ing out of the country the ignorant immi
grant is a logical duty of the Republican
party. The Immigration bill as amended m
the House on Thursday will do that if
The mysterious performance with a $500
check which took place between Mr. Davis
and Representative Robert W. MIers or his
sponsors presents some interesting features.
Some weeks ago a turn in the Democratic
Second district made the candidacy of Rep
resentative MIers appear so hopeless that
it was understood he would retire from
the contest, and such an announcement
was made. That he might become the
residuary legatee, so to speak, of the Miers
assets In the district, Mr. Davis, a zealous
competitor, gave a check for $500 to Sena
tor Corr and others of the friends of Mr.
Miers upon the understanding that the lat
ter would no longer be in the race. Of
course, the $50) was not regarded as a bribe
or anything of that sort, but a contribu
tion to Mr. Miers to pay his expenses in
an unsuccessful canvass. But, instead of
withdrawing from the race, as Mr. Mlers's
friends promised Mr. Davis he would do,
he and his friends pushed a quiet but vig
orous campaign, while Mr. Davis waited in
the certainty of Mr. Mlers's withdrawal.
Later, when it was discovered that Mr.
Miers could be nominated and that he had
never intended to withdraw, Mr. Davis
must have felt that he had been deceived
by the supporters of Mr. Miers. Doubt
less, if he should free his mind about it,
he would declare that he had been made
the victim of a trick in which honorable
men would not engage. As for Mr. MIers,
while he may not like the publicity which
the transaction has given him, he may
congratulate himself that Mr. Davis was
put out of the fight by one of the neatest
schemes ever devised by political mana
gers. Still, it is not a performance of
which any man can be proud. As for Mr.
Davis, he will get back his $500 and may
yet count himself fortunate that he has
his money and does not have the nomina
tion. At a time when all foreign nations are
competing for first place in the list of
America's friends It is well enough to re
member that France alone befriended the
colonies in their hour of greatest need,
and did it in a most effectual way. The
revolutionary war would not have ended
when Ü did but fcr the aid of France. For
the siege of Yorktown, which was as much
a naval as a land affair,- France furnished
thirty-seven war ships ai.J the Americans
not one, while the French land troops
numbered 7,000 to tle Americans' 9,000.
Washington planned and executed the siege
of Yorktown and capture of Cornwalll3
and his army, but the campaign could not
have been carried out nor even begun with
out the aid of the French fleet. And the
financial aid extended by France was al
most as material as her military and naval
aid. Without (inquiring into the motives
that led France to intervene on behalf of
the colonies, the fact should not be for
gotten. It should be remembered, also,
that the intervention was by a monarchy
In favor of a republic, and that the statue
of Count Rochambeau, which will be un
veiled at Washington to-day, will wear
the uniform of the King who sent him
here in time to assist in the siege of York
town. A dispatch from Havana says a bill will
be introduced in the Cuban Congress pro
viding pardon for all Americans confined
in prison or awaiting trial. It is added that
Cuban sentiment is strongly in favor of
the measure. This would be a measure of
doubtful propriety, and if it should include
Neely, the convicted postal embezzler, it
would be decidedly improper. The sugges
tion doubtless springs from friendly mo
tives on the part of the Cubans, who prob
ably wish to signalize their independence
by an act of conspicuous favor towards
the United States. But they should be just
before they are generous, and should re
flect that the mass of the American peo
ple will not feel complimented by the par
don of a man who brought disgrace on the
whole Nation and whose arrest, extradition
and trial cost the government consider
able money. Pardoning convicts Is a poor
way of celebrating holidays at best, and
in this case Cuba would best honor the
United States by letting justice take its
When President Roosevelt lunched with
Prince Henry on board the Hohenzollern
some goody-goody people criticised him for
violating the tradition that a President
must not set foot on foreign territory, a
foreign ship being practically so. Now
he has caused surprise again by calling
upon Lord Pauncefote, British ambassador
at Washington, who is seriously ill. For
the President to call on a foreign ambassa
dor is a departure from established usage,
but there are exceptions to all rules, and
a friendly call on a sick man should not
be judged by official rules. President Roose
velt is very independent and disposed to
do what he thinks the right thing at all
times without much regard for traditions.
He is quite as apt to establish new prece
dents as to observe old ones.
How remarkable it would be for the
Democratic state convention to declare that
16 to 1 is no longer an issue because the
unexpected increase in the output of gold
has made free coinage of silver unneces
sary. But, to men who accepted the facts,
the Increase of the gold supply was as evi
dent in lv as it now Is.
One advantage possessed by Indianapo
lis as a convention city over most others is
that her people know so well how to handle
conventions. Practice has made them ex
perts. It is not only the central location
and the accessibility of the city and its
good hotels, halls and accommodations, but
the fact that the.people of all classes under
stand the art of entertaining so well and
of judiciousiy mingling pleasure with busi
ness. This makes all who come here go
away delighted with the city and is a
standing advertisement for it.
At a time when the army is the object of
so much indiscriminate criticism President
Roosevelt takes the occasion of making an
address before the Presbyterian General
Assembly to say a timely word for it.
Speaking of the work of carrying relief to
the sufferers at Martinique the President
And, gentlemen. I found, as usual, the
army and navy the instruments through
which the work to be done could be done.
The minute I wanted men who could drop
the work they were engaged upon, assured
that neither pestilence nor volcano would
make them swerve from their duty, men
of Incorruptible integrity, I turned to the
army and navy and we sent them to the
On many occasions during the history of
the government the army and navy have
been called upon to perform many serious,
disagreeable and dangerous tasks, and they
have never failed. What the President
says of the army and navy in the sending
of relief to Martinique is true.
A special from Manila, dated the 21st
A large number of natives who have been
concentrated within the protected zones are
unwilling to return to their homes. They
have been enjoying the benefits of the
schools, the health boards, the fire depart
ments and free rice.
These protected zones are the reconcen
tratlon camps which Democratic con
gressmen have been talking about and
which Senator Hoar said rivaled the An
dersonville Prison in horrors. It appears
the natives have learned to like these horrors.
De Style Have you ever heard of ping-pong?
Bunbusta (innocently) Oh, yes; I frequently
take my laundry to him.
Knew "When He Hail Enough.
Elderly Gentleman (as Freshman Jumps on
rapidly moving car) Have a care!
Freshman (breathlessly) No, thanks; I've got
troubles of my own.
Tess I told that old beau of yours that you
Jess Did you? Did he seem surprised?
Teas Yes, indeed! He said: "How on earth
did that happen?"
Days and Nights.
"I suppose you have read 'The Last Days of
rompell?' " said the literary girl.
"No." answered the girl who isn't literary,
but is willing to try. "I haven't read 'The Last
Days of Pompeii' at least 'not all of them, but
I have read moat of the Arabian Nights."
In the Melee.
Attorney Did you see the rlaintlff strike the
Witness OI did. sor.
Attorney And was the assault committed with
Witness No, sor; it wor committed wid a mal
let behind th' ear.
Echo of an Old Slander.
"Who is your valedictorian?" asked the new
reporter, who had been sent to do up the com
"Allway Zanasse," replied the sophomore with
the wicked eye.
"Singular name," ejaculated the new reporter,
busily writing it down in his notebook.
DEATH OF REV. SAWYER
SOMETHING ABOUT HIS ACTIVE AND
He "Wan a. Graduate of Princeton and
Union Theological Seminary
A Familiar Figure.
Rev. Samuel Sawyer, so well known to
many people in this city, died at his resi
dence, 325 North Alabama street, about 3:30
yesterday afternoon after being confined to
his house about three weeks. He was sim
ply worn out.
Few men have had a more active and
varied life. He was born in Middleton,
N. Y., June 20, 1321. He was graduated
from Princeton and subsequently from the
Union Theological Seminary 'of New York.
His first pastorate as a Presbyterian min
ister was in Trenton, N. J. He went to
East Tennessee in 1850. where he had charge
of a school. In 1SS5 he debated the slavery
question with Parson Brownlow. Soon
after he left Tennessee to accept the presi
dency of a Presbyterian school known as
the College of Indiana. When the war
broke out in 1S61 the school had 4S5 stu
dents, eighty-five of whom went with him
into the service. He became chaplain of
the Forty-seventh Indiana, Col. James R.
In the army he had a varied experience.
When the Union forces captured Memphis
it was determined to revive the Appeal,
vhich had been abandoned by its pub
lishers, and use it as an organ to arouse
a Union sentiment in the locality. Chap
lain Sawyer was selected for the responsi
ble position of editor. The story of his ex
perience would be full of interest. General
Sherman, then in command at Memphis,
had an Idea that he could improve the
character of the paper, so he wrote the
chaplain a letter, which he (Sherman)
deemed important enough to put into his
memoirs. It is rather interesting reading.
General Sherman was a frequent visitor
of the newspaper office. The newspaper
was a paying investment for the govern
ment. Chaplain Sawyer after editing the
Appeal for a year was appointed commis
sioner to lease the abandoned plantations
in Arkansas, Alabama and Louisiana.
The war over. Mr. Sawyer became presi
dent of a school in East Tennessee. After
a few years he went to Missouri and edited
the Chillicothe Journal, which had a large
circulation. In 173 he became pastor of a
Presbyterian church in East St. Louis, and
subsequently he was over a church in New
Jersey. He came to this city about twenty
years ago to become the pastor of the
Eleventh Presbyterian Church. During fif
teen years or so he had been a missionary
under the Presbyterian churches of this
Mr. Sawyer was a man of both physical
and intellectual activity. Without display,
he was a scholarly man and a much abler
man as a preacher than he rot the credit
of being. A a pastor for those needing
consolation he was most acceptable. Into
the sick room he took light and cheerful
ness; indeed, his religion was of the cheer-
lie was chaplain of Goorge. H. Thomas
Post for years, where he was generally be
loved. Thae who have attended the fu
nerals of veterans where he has officiated
have been touched by the spiritual quality
of his prayers. "Brother Sawyer took us
very near to God in that prayer," was the
remark of a well-known veteran as he
passed out from the service. While pov
erty seemed to be bis lot and in his last
years his environment seemed narrow and
har?h. he was the most cheerful man one
would meet in his walks. He never had a
complaint to make and he never criticised
The funeral will be held Sundav after
noon. His son. H. W. Sawyer, of Trenton.
Mo., is here and his daughter, Mrs. L P.
REPLY TO 1. DUBOIS
SENATOR BEVEniDGE ANSWERS A
SPEECH BY THE IDAHOAN,
IV ho Contended It AVonld Be Disad
vantageous to Retain the
CHINA'S DRAGON A SPECTRE
WITH WHICH MR. DUBOIS WOULD
Indiana's Junior Senator of Opinion
the Philippines Will Tend to
Develop Our Exports.
WASHINGTON, May 23. A temperate
and carefully prepared speech was deliv
ered in the Senate to-day on the Philippine
bill by Mr. Dubois, of Idaho. He confined
himself almost entirely to a discussion of
the commercial and industrial aspects of
the Philippine question, his purpose being
to show that it would be a disadvantage
to the people of this country to retain the
islands. Whatever of profit there might
be in them, ho said, would accrue to a few
capitalists, who, by their development of
the resources of the archipelago through
cheap labor, would come into competition
with the agriculturists and manufacturers
of the United States in the markets of the
world. This government's activity in the
Philippines, also, would serve to arouse
China from her lethargy and, once aroused,
the dragon would devour the trade of the
world. "The dragon is sleeping quietly
now," said Mr. Dubois. "The monster is
inert, surrounded with a conservatism of
centuries. Looking to the interest of the
white laboring race of the world, are we
pursuing- a wise course in awakening this
Mr. Dubois believed there was no hope
of profitable trade relations with the Orient
or the Philippines if the Islands were man
aged and exploited as contemplated in the
pending bill. A few individuals might reap
a profit, but It would be at an enormous
expense to the United States, and especial
ly to the laborers, the manufacturers and
the farmers. Mr. Dubois declared that
feature of the bill which permitted corpora
tions to take up 5,000 acres of land in the
Philippines for agricultural purposes ought
to be stricken out, he believing that under
It the richest lands ultimately would fall
into the hands of great syndicates, thus
encouraging a tremendous production of
cane sugar, cotton and tobacco. Agricul
tural development would induce industrial
activity, and manufacturing establishments
would spring up and compete with us not
only for the trade of the islands, but also
for China and the Straits Settlement, and
eventually, owing to cheap labor, would
compete with our manufactured goods in
all parts of the world.
The total trade of the United States with
the Philippine islands, he said, was about
15.000.000 a year. We had spent more money
in the Philippine war than all the trade
of the islands with the United States would
amount to in 150 years, and every day we
remained in the islands our loss would be
Increased. Mr. Dubois asserted that within
six months after Arizona, New Mexico and
Oklahoma were admitted to statehood the
profit to the manufacturers of the United
States on their trade with any one of th
new States would be greater than the com
bined profits on all of their trade with the
Philippines and other Oriental countries.
MR. BEVERIDGE'S REPLY.
Mr. Beveridge declared that the whole
argument of the Idaho senator -had been
made for the purpose of frightening the
American people with the dragon of China.
Mr. Dubois had maintained that when
China had adopted modern methods in the
development of its resources it would sup
ply not only its own needs, but those of
the world. If that were true, Mr. Bever
idge held, then it would be true that the
United States ought not to encourage the
development of any country. He urged that
that was not true. Germany, for instance,
had developed enormously both industrially
and commercially, yet steadily the exports
of the United States to Germany had in
creased. Our exports had increased most
rapidly to those countries in which internal
development was increasing, as thereby
the people of those countries were the bet
ter able to purchase from the United
States. Japan had had recently a wonder
ful development, and along with that de
velopment our exports had increased from
about $3,000.0000 a year to more than $29,
000,000 a year. This would be true of China.
The exports to China from outside coun
tries amounted to about J2o0.fiu0.000 a year,
and he believed that it would be possible
easily for the United States to secure one
half of that trade. The Philippines, he
maintained, were a door to the Chinese
Mr. Beveridge said that Great Britain
sold to her dependencies each year products
amounting to $300,000,000, and he felt that
that sort of trade was worth striving for.
Mr. Carmack pointed out that Great
Britain's trade had been declining, while
that of the United States had constantly
Admitting that fact, Mr. Beveridge said
the reason for it was that Great Britain,
having long enjoyed a monopoly of the ex
port trade to her dependencies, had grown
careless and other nations the United
States and Germany more active and en
ergetic and enterprising, slowly had been
undermining England's foreign trade.
"Are we to judge from the senator's ar
gument," inquired Mr. Carmack, "that we
are to enter upon a policy of holding
"That question is not before the Senate
or before the American people," replied
Mr. Beveridge. "If It ever shall be the Re
publican party will answer It as effectively
and as satisfactorily as it always has an
swered important questions."
SPOONER NAILS CARMACK.
Mr. Carmack having Intimated that the
treaty with Spain had been ratified because
the controlling powers had put the dollar
above every other interest, Mr. Spooner
denied that in ratifying the Paris treaty
the Senate had even attempted to reduce
the Philippine situation to the standard of
the dollar. Mr. Carmack, he said, was not
in the Senate at that time.
"I know what Is in the record," retorted
Mr. Carmack. "And I know that the then
secretary of the treasury said there was a
good deal of selfishness in the transaction."
"That Is merely the opinion of an individ
ual." suggested Mr. Spooner.
Mr. Hoar Inquired of Mr. Beveridge if
Great Britain had a larger export trade
with her dependencies or with free nations.
Mr. Beveridge replied that the trade was
greater with "free nations," because only
of the lower consuming power of the de
pendencies. Mr. Dubios, in his speech, having con
tended that if Governor Taft should die, or
other members of the present able Philip
pine commission should pass away, it
would be difficult to supply their places
with equally, excellent and patriotic men.
Mr. Beveridge said: "There is anothtr
Taft not far away. He will be here in a
few days. Leonard Wood is arother Taft.
He meets all the requirements of a great
administrative otfleer." He mentioned al.o
Luke Wright, a member of the Philippine.
commission, as able to take up the work
of Governor Taft if the latter should re
linquish It. The American Nation was ihc
greatest reservoir of talent, of ability, of
brains, of energy and of industry in the
world, and When any man fell by the way
side another equally as able was ready to
take his place and do his duty in support of
his work and of his government.
THE ARMY BILL.
The army appropriation bill, with the
message from the House asking for a con
ference, with instructions to Its conferees
not to agree to Senate amendments relat
ing to construction of barracks and quar
ters at established military posts, thus
striking out the appropriations for such
buildings in Manila, was laid before the
Senate. Mr. Proctor, In charge of the bill.
said it was a new and unusual condition
presented. To bring the matter up he
moved that the Senate agree to the con
Mr. Spooner said it was of the utmost
consequence that there should be the ut
most harmony between the two branches
of Congress, but it was just as necessary
that there should be full and free con
ferences. He thought the procedure of the
House was inadmissible, and if the Senate
acquiesced now In the proposition maue
there would be no en4 to the trouble which
Mr. Foraker suggested that the Senate
merely insist upon its amendments and
thus send the bill back to the House.
He said that while the House had been
exceedingly disrespectful, the Senate did
not desire to be disrespectful to the House.
Mr. Hoar moved that the Senate insist
upon its amendments and that it ask the
House for a free conference.
Mr. Pettus thought the best mode of pro
cedure would be to appoint a committee
of the Senate to try to smooth out the dif
ferences. Mr. Allison agreed with Mr. Pettus and
said If Mr. Hoar's motion were adopted it
might complicate the difficulty rather than
reduce it. He believed the better plan
would be to agree to the conference and
let the protest against the Instructions
stand as a notice to the House of the Sen
Mr. Cockrell maintained that both the
House and the Senate had the right to in
Mr. Teller insisted that the real point at
Issue was the right of the Senate to make
amendments to bills. He regarded the ac
tion of the House as discourteous and dis
respectful. Mr. Lodge insisted that if the Senate did
not meet this question now it would have
to meet it before long in a much worse
form. This situation would breed dead
locks and controversies.
The conference report was not disposed of.
The Senate agreed to a conference with
the House on the omnibus -public-building
bill, and Messrs. Fairbanks. Warren and
Rawlins were named as conferees.
After the passage of a bill providing for
the appointment of James W. Long on the
retired list of the army as a captain of
infantry, the Senate went into executive
session, and at 5:40 adjourned until Monday.
PENSION BILL DAY.
Lively Debate in the House 103
WASHINGTON, May 23. The House de
voted the day to private pension bills and
to a few other minor measures. In all 103
private pension bills were passed. The
House adjourned until Monday in order to
participate in the Rochambeau ceremonies
During the consideration of pension bills
Mr. Loud, of California, declared that pen
sion legislation had gone far beyond the
point of reason and had become a disgrace
to this legislative body. He said it was
physically impossible for the committee
reporting these bills to consider them care
fully, as 1,163 had been reported at this
session and passed within a total of
Mr. Loud's remarks brought out several
emphatic protests. Chairman Sulloway of
the committee asserted that the bills had
the most careful consideration. He paid
a tribute to the old soldiers as the wards
of the Nation who should be protected in
their old age and never permitted to enter
an alms Institution.
Mr. Miers, of Indiana, and Mr. Sulzer, of
New York, also paid glowing tributes to
the old soldiers. Mr. Miers said that it
was an alternative between this legislation
and "over the hills to the poorhouse."
Mr. Sulzer emphatically protested against
the slandering of the men who followed the
flag and declared that it was the duty of
every patriotic representative to stand be
hind the old soldier.
A spirited contest occurred between
Messrs. 'Sulzer, of New York, and Hull, of
Iowa, when the latter sought to defeat one
of Mr. Sulzer's relief bills to remove the
charge of desertion against Michael Mul
len. The New York member declared that
Mr. Hull, as chairman of the military com
mittee, was seeking to punish him for a
vote on one of the military bills. Mr. Hull
denied any such purpose, and asserted that
Mr. Sulzer's relief bill was without merit
and had been reported as a personal favor,
and when the House sided with Mr. S-ulzer
Mr. Hull prevented final action by raising
the point of no quorum.
The following bills were passed: To re
divide the district of Alaska into three
recording districts: for the promotion of
First Lieut. John M. Simms, revenue cutter
The House disagreed to the Senate
amendments to the bill to prevent the false
branding or marking of food or dairy prod
ucts, and asked for a conference.
Mr. Gaines, of Tennessee, had read the
appeal of the Governor of Tennessee for
relief for the widows and children of the
men buried in the recent mine disaster in
The House, at 4:15 p. m.. adjourned until
METERS OR NO OAS.
Time for the People of Indianapolis
to Face the Issue.
To the Editor of the Indianapolis Journal:
Indianapolis is facing a vry serious
proposition in the matter of disposing of
the natural-gas question. Upon its de
cision depends whether the people will be
permitted to enjoy the luxury of natural
gas the cleanest and best of fuels at a
very reasonable price, or shall be driven
to the use of coal or high-priced artificial
gas for domestic purposes. It is an actual
demonstration here and every place where
natural gas has been used that a sufficient
supply of gas cannot be furnished in the
winter months under the old system of
mixer rates. The extravagant and waste
ful use that such a system invariably leads
to renders it absolutely Impossible to keep
the supply equal to the demand. The ex
perience of cities in the heart of the gas
belt is the same as 'that of Indianapolis.
Without the use of meters people cannot
be restrained from such wasteful use of
gas as leads to the exhaustion of the sup
ply. The offer of the gas companies to
furnish gas at 25 cents per 1,000 feet is very
reasonable and should be accepted at once.
The supply of natural gas for the past two
years In this city during the winter, ex
cept in spots, has been wholly inadequate.
Certainly our people do not want to go on
paying for gas and freezing to death in
winter, even if the gas companies desired
to continue present methods. With the
meter in use, the consumer will at least
get what he pays for, and there is good
reason to believe that the supply of gas
can thereby be made equal to the demand
for domestic purposes for several years
to come. Hundreds of people in this city
are now using artificial gas at H,per thou
sand for cooking purposes, who could re
duce their fuel bills 75 per cent, if the
natural-gas meter, ordinance should be
come a law.
The question before us is this, and noth
ing else: Shall we have natural gas by
meter or shall we have no natural gas at
all? It looks now very much as if our
people will not have comprehended the
situation until it is everlastingly too late
to act. The fact that some of our politi
cians made promises against the u?e of
gas meters to secure votes that they should
not have made ought not to deprive the
citizens of this city of the use anil tene
fits of the best fuel on earth. It Is a dem
onstrated fact that the gas companies
cannot furnish an adequate supply of nat
ural g-as for any purpose without the uäc
of meters; hence our officials should daie
to do what must be done if we are to have
the use of natural gas. It is about time
the people of Indianapolis quit talking
through their hats on the gas question and
face the issue that is before them.
J. H. CLAY POOL.
Indianapolis, May 23.
Kaiman Democratic Ticket.
WICHITA, Kan.. May 23.-The Demo
cratic state convention has adjourned aficr
nominating six of the fourteen places i.
be filled at the NovemrK-r f lection. W. II.
Craddock. mayor of Kansas City, Kan.,
was named for Governor. Other nomina
tions are: James D. Cleverty, Fort Scott,
ana J. C. Cannon, of Mund City, for su
preme Justice; Claude Duvall. of Hutchin
son, secretary of state; J. V. Lewis, of
Kinsley, for auditor: William Senv, of
Wichita, for sup rintendent of public n
structlon. A committee of this convention
will met with the Populists at Tocka
June .'I with rw" to ratify the re.t oi th?
ticket expected to be filled out at that time.
No Civil War In Haiti.
PORT-AU-PRINCE. Haiti. May 23. The
Haitkn warship Cretea Pierot arrived here
to-day and Unded Anterior Klrmln. th
former Haitlcn minister at Paris, who ai
recently at the head of the Army of the
North, which advanced until within two
days' march of Port-au-Prince. He was
accorded a very sympathetic reception. All
danger of civil war appears to have disappeared.
THE SUNDAY JOURNAL,
Some of the Special Features That
Will Make Its Pane AttraclUe.
RECOLLECTIONS OF BEECH ER
Mr. John Bradshaw recalls Interesting
Incidents of the great preacher's life in
HOW DOGS ARE TRAINED
A showman tells of the methods used In
educating the Intelligent animals.
THE CHINESE AS GAMBLERS-
An observant traveling man describes
what h faw in this line on a trip
through San Francisco's Chinatown.
SHOPPING IN EUROPE
American women abroad meet both with
surprises and disappointments in their
search for bargains.
BEING A SALESGIRL
Account of a young woman's novitiate
in a big department store.
THE ADVERTISING MAN
An omnipresent person who has become
an indispensable factor in modern busi
ness. THE BIRD-STOMACH MAN
Birds and their diet, with an incidental
Indictment of the English sparrow and
the bobolink, by Mary Bronson Hartt.
THE BLACKSMITH'S DAUGHTER
An original story by Vincent Wray.
THREE FABLES BY GEORGE ADE
"What They Laid Out for Their Vaca
tion." "The Girl Who Wanted to Warm'
Up when It was Too Late." "The Red
letter Night at Smartweed Junction."
A review of the city's social life, a record
of sports, literary gcsslp, stories of local
interest. Illustrated fashions and a variety
of miscellany furnish reading for all tastes.
STRIKE THE ONLY CLOUD
CONDITIONS SATISFACTORY EXCEPT
IN THE ANTHRACITE REGION.
Iron and Steel Yet In Abnormal De
mand Cereals, Textiles and Foot
veur Week's Bank Clearings.
NEW YORK. May 23.-R. G. Dun & Coa
weekly Review of Trade to-morrow will
Many minor labor controversies have
been settled, but the situation in the an
thracite coal region has assumed a more
serious aspect. Railway earnings con
tinue satisfactory, roads reporting for two
weeks of May showing gains of 6.1 per
cent, over last year and 1S.4 per cent, over
1300. No change is reported in the iron and.
steel situation, former conditions merely
becoming intensified by the threatened de
crease in supplies of fuel and the labor
controversies In certain branches of the
industry. The railways are seeking rails,
rolling stock and other equipment, while
contractors require much structural ma
terial. Slight concessions arc now obtainable in
some lines of footwear, although the mark
et, as a rule, is fairly steady but dull.
Leather is firmly held, especially desirable
weights advancing, while .domestic packtr
hides again made a definite gain. Print
cloths are quiet at last week's decline.
Quiet conditions have prevailed in the
cereal markets, with only a moderate vol
ume of option transactions and fractional
changes in quotations. Exports of wheat,
including flour, were only 2,St3.5öS bushels
during the past week from all ports of the
United States, against 5,525,100 bushels in
the corresponding week last year. Small
receipts of ccrn, amounting only to 1.263.1SS
bushels for the week, against 3.667.042 a
year ago, held the spot price at about 70
cents. Dispatches from correspondents of
R. G. Dun & Co. indicate satisfactory prog
ress with the new corn crop and a ma
terial increase In acreage.
Failures for the week numbered 152 la
the United States, against 10 last year,
and twelve in Canada, against twenty-two
BR ADSTREET ON TRADE.
Retall Business Larsce and the Crop
Outlook Much Improved.
NEW YORK, May 23. Bradstreefe to
morrow will say:
With almost uniformly good wheat, corn,
oats and cotton crop reports, improve!
retail demand caused by warmer weather,
a full volume of re-order business for
this season of the year, good collection
and heavy railroad earnings, the only cloud
on the situation would seem to be the con
tinued unrest of labor and the idleness
of large numbers of industrial workers as
a result thereof.
Telegrams to Bradstreet'a point to the
greatly increased area devoted to corn, and
oats is receiving adequate moisture at s,
time when greatly needed. It probably
will be found that all of the 5.000.K) acres
of winter killed wheat, and that lost to
spring wheat by heavy rains in North Da
kota, will be turned into coarser grains,
higher prices for which have been induced
by short yields and straitened supplies last
year. The winter wheat crop in the South
west is practically made. The reports as
to Southern crops, and particularly cot
ton, are especially favorable.
Eastern dry goods markets are quiet as
usual at this teason. Boots and shoes are
slow to sell. Jobbers' stocks are said to
be large, and higher prices asked discourage
business. Philadelphia reports stocks of
hides accumulating and manufactured
Structural mills are crowded with or
ders, and the bar and plate mills have all
they can do. Sheet and tin plate mills alone
are able to promise early deliveries.
Wheat is tlightly lower on good crop re
ports, but straitened supplies of corn and
oats make holders confident. Corn visible
supplies are only half those of last year,
and fc per cent, of the stock is in Chicago.
Cotton was depressed early on confident
short selling, but rallied later. Hog prod
ucts generally are rather easier; lard is
lower, and butter is also off. Copper dis
plays aggressive strength. Raw sugar is
Business failures for the week number
152. against 1 last week. 12 in this week:
last year, 167 in and 15S in lXio.
Gain at Indianapolis This Week Was
NEW YORK. May 12. Th foMowlr.f tbl.
compiled by Bradstreft, fchovs the tr.k cletrlrgg
at the j.rln.Mf! cltifs fnr the mk en3i Mjr
22, with the percentage of increase and decrease,
as compared with the corresponding wfk last
Nw York t,34l.M:.517 IcraK. .22 4
Chlcar'J 116.: l. Wj
IJr.xton 1:2.0. M rcrtae..U 4
ThiU.lel; Ida ir;.'.:3.:s Increa...;5 T
f-t. Louis Ll.Tvl.J Incree... 14
rmj.turs 4.i::.i.'i iK-,tm.. 1.4
Baltimore t'M. 774 Icr..ll
Sn Kianel.eco TC.T.'i.ll lncrea...'0 0
Cincinnati .".Ki.fi l&vrfa...ij
Kan.-ns City 1S.jü.4v) Lci'ae..n.j
Cleveland 14. !. !T7 I-vr-s...lt 4
Minneapolis l i.im :;7 Ircre.. .1. 7
New Orl-Mn ll. S2. ':l Ir.rtt a . .10 7
I troi: ll.:.:,c. Inertae...l7 (
I.r.uivi!o MM. 7?i I -ei -ae. . 94
Indianapolis 1". Increase. .. 3
rrolijrn.e 7.i:d.MH Iriae..!i', 1
mahn 6.M.'-.2-4 liiere;. 4
Hu.Tilo 5. 11 iWrea!:
l- Paul 4.7U.7-I lr: . 1 4
IV'-rU Z.17i.3 i Ieorae.. 4
Toledo r..vv7 Ircrrae . :i 0
Daytr.n. O l.4r.3 Inci. ?7
i:ansville vl.71 ; lncirare .. 7 S
Sr:lnrlt. Ill l:.:ij 1 net
l:o,.rnlnKt. n. Ill S24.tt lnrrrx...U i
Jacksonville, Id MV114 Increase... 10.4
Columbus. O 8.rs. l lru-r...!:.!
Ix-tatur. Ill i2i,Ul
Totals. V. 8 2.n4 n.r.J rv-reae..JM
Outsld N Y 7:Cl2.Uö Inorea... 2.1
Not Inctu.lrd In tMl. bcu locialnta
tber Um than clearing