Newspaper Page Text
WEEKLY ESTABLISHED 1S23.
DAILY ESTABLISHED 1SC0.
VOL. MINO. 115.
PRICK 5 CK NTS.
INDIANAPOLIS, SUNDAY MORNING, 3IAY 25, 1002,
ILL DECIDE HERE
HOW FAR STIIIKE Sil ALL GO IXTO
Fire District of Organized T?onl
Jllner AVill Call Convention In
SECRETARY WILSON RETURNS
DEARS AUTHORITY OF WEST VIII.
CIMA UNION TO CALL MEETING.
President Mitehell Will Come To-Mor-i
row or Tuesday and Will Set the
Date for the Conference.
ADDRESS TO THE OPERATORS
WORKERS MAKE STATEMENT OF
THEIR EXTENSIVE 3IISERIES.
Blacklisted and Turned Ont of Homes,
They Say, If Suspected of Having
the Union Taint.
Secretary' W. B. Wilson, of the United
Mine Workers, returned last night from
Fairmount, W. Va., where he attended the
conference of the organizers and officers
of the union in that State. The conference
decided to order a strike to take place
June 7, unless the demands of the miners
are acceded to In the meantime. The con
ference also voted in favor of calling a
special convention of the United Mine
Workers to vote on the policy of extend
ing the anthracite strike into the bitumi
nous fields. This makes up the five dis
tricts necessary to call a convention, and
the three districts in the anthracite region
and Michigan have voted for it, and all that
now remains is the formality of a call to
be placed in the hands of the national of
ficer. The time of holding a convention
will be set by President Mitchell and it will
be held In Indianapolis. President Mitchell
Is now In Spring Valley, 111., with his fam
ily, and will be in this city to-morrow or
Tuesday. By that time it is likely matters
will be in shape to take up the arrange
ments for a special convention.
The conference in Fairmount was be
tween the organizers and officers of the
union In Virginia and West Virginia. There
are about 25.000 miners employed in these
districts and the union controls perhaps
20.0. Secretary Wilson said last night
that the conditions are relatively the same
as existed in the anthracite region before
the strike In DG0 as to the ability of the or
ganization to take the nonunion miners out
of the mine, lie said he thought that few
mines will be working. after the strike order
becomes effective. The miners demand an
increase In wages for miners ranging from
10 to 23 per cent., and about 20 per cent,
for day laborers, which Is about 10 per cent,
lower than the union scale.
STATE?JENT TO OPERATORS.
Following Is the statement issued .to the
operators and signed by the district of
ficers: 'To the Coal Mine Operators of Virginia
and West Virginia:
"Gentlemen On Nov. 10, 1Ö01. we ad
dressed a circular letter to you asking you
to meet your employes in joint conference
for the purpose of mutually agreeing upon
a rate of wage? and conditions of employ
ment for a given period of time. In that
circular we set forth various reasons why
we believed it would be beneficial to both
employer and employe to establish the
Joint conference system of adjusting trade
mattters In these States. We have at dif
ferent times since pleaded with you to
meet with the representatives of your em
ployes for the purpose of considering and,
if possible, remedying many burdensome
grievances which the miners are required
to labor under. We have cited to you in
specific terms what some of these griev
ances are. and patiently worked on under
some of them with the hope that our peti
tion would be listened to, the grievances
removed and our condition? improved. Our
hopes have been In vain. Our petitions for
a hearing have been spurned and an addi
tional burden placed upon us. Notwith
standing the period of prosperity we are
passing through, with the increased cost of
living incident thereto, we are mining coal
in many places in these States at a lower
rate than any other place iiv the world.
We are compelled, under penalty of dismis
sal, to spend our meager earnings In the
pluek-me stores, paying. In many in
stances, the most exorbitant prices ever
heard of for the necessities of life. You
have overridden and violated the laws of
the States by refusing to permit us to em
ploy check welghmen at our own expense
to see that our coal Is properly weighed.
In direct violations of the laws of the State
and contrary to the customs prevailing
elsewhere you have persisted in the anti
quated system of monthly payments, ap
parently "with no other purpose than to
compel us to deal In your stores. You have
victimized and blacklisted us, not merely
for belonging to a trade union, but for
being seen in the company of or in con
versation with any person who Is a trades
unionist: and you are now requiring us to
Flgn a house lease in which we must agree
rot to permit any one to visit us without
firt having obtained your consent, and
giving you the right to send your private
constabulary at any time of the night or
clay to search our homes for such guests
as may be objectionable to you.
''These and many other grievances and
Indignities we have submitted to and
borne rather than resort to a strike as a
means of adjusting them. We have ap
pealed to you time and time again, and
vour onlv reply has been additional bur-
. . 1 - a tin-
dens, and tney nac u it:
March IS. 1301. a copy of which is here
ivith furnished you. has beer comp ieJ
vith. or you have met us in Joint confer
ence an J another scale has been mutually
agreed upon t
"In notirying you oi uui vlc..-. -,-ork.
we desire to impress upon ou the
l..r o ra r!rsed
this by conciliatory methods, and say to
that we are reauy m mc.
.e '"i..rrj: f u-nrw has taken
aft r r me u?iii"v" v ------ -
Place, and desire you to accept this as a
standing Invitation to that end.
With a. sincere nesire iu rswuiw ...v.-
THE STRIKE ORDER.
Following I the strike order issued by
the officers: ' . vi
bearable. Having rauen 10 gei our yuiü ;
righted while we continued at wor we j
hive decided to cease work and after
Saturday. June 7. lt-C. until the
A.mtoA at Huntington. . a..
fact that we fully reaiizeinefu. -.
of such a step. We understand tne hun
ger and other hardships that we and our
families will be compelled to endure ie
know that it means loss of profit to ou.
and that many thousands not directly con
nerted with the coal trade will suffer If the
We have sougnt 10 aoju
joint conference for the purpose or conwu
erlre any possible adjustment of these
grievance at any time and n!ace that may
,m- o!rti iinon. either before or
nmlcable relations Detween me ruu-w
11 d employe of the coal Industry of he
Virginias than have ever existed in the
" - vrv respectfully yours.
f-The Coal Miners and Mine Laborers of
V ?inla and West Virginia, per J. A.
P cnard-S President; Clark Johnson, sec
under the Jurisdiction of District 17. United
Mine Workers of America, greeting:
At the annual convention of District 17,
nited Mine Workers of America, held In
Huntington. W. Va.. beginning March IS.
a resolution was adopted instructing your
officers to endeavor to negotiate a Joint
Ü?Jernce of operators and miners of this
neld for the purpose of mutually agree
ing upon a wage scale and conditions of
employment, and instructing them in the
event of a failure to bring about such a
conference to notify you to suspend work
at all mines within the Jurisdiction of Dis
trict 17, until the scale of wages adopted
by you have been compiled with or the op
e.lors have met you in joint conference.
All the efforts on the part of your officers
to secure a Joint conference have failed.
The operators have absolutely Ignored our
requests for a meeting. For the reason
specified in a circular letter sent to the
operators, under this date, a copy of which
is herewith inclosed, you are respectfully
notified that a suspension of work will take
place on and after June 7. 1302, at all mines
under the jurisdiction, control or Influence
of District 17, until the scale adopted by
the convention at Huntington has been
complied with or until the operators have
met us in Joint conference."
The mine workers, in case a strike is
called, expect to have enlisted 90.000 miners
and laborers at the beginning in Virginia
and West Virginia, which is over three
fourths of the working population of the
coal sections, and they will also enlist in
their cause the many trades unions and
the American Federation of Labor, which
organizations are thoroughly organized es
pecially in West Virginia, which will aid
them through sympathy. This, with those
who will have to quit work on account of
the closing of the mines, will reach a total
of 125,00") idle mn In the two States.
This strike, with the 143,000 miners al
ready out in the anthracite region of Penn
sylvania and those on strike in Michigan,
which districts complete the quota neces
sary to call a special convention, will af-
ALL IN NINETY SECONDS
OXE THOUSAND PEOPLE KILLED AND
FOUR THOUSAND MAIMED.
Farther Details ni the Earthquake
That Destroyed the City of Que
SAN FRANCISCO, May 24. By advices
brought by the steamer City of Para It is
learned that in ninety seconds one thousand
people were killed, 4,000 maimed and crip
pled and the city of Quezaltenango of 40,000
people destroyed by the earthquake of April
IS in Guatemala.
A man who was in Guatemala at the time
of the disturbances, whose coffee plantation
is only a few miles out from Quezaltenango,
was a passenger on the City of Para. In
speaking of the earthquake he said:
"It came about 8:13 in the evening. I was
out on open ground and had great difficulty
in keeping my feet. The greatest damage
was at Quezaltenango, and the city was
practically destroyed. All the buildings
that were left standing are cracked and
shaky. They will have to be pulled down.
The loss is irreparable. My brother had
just completed a business block at a cost
of $300,000, and it is a total ruin."
"There were three distinct shocks, each
more severe than the one preceding, but
the damage was all done within a minute
and a half. . Among the wealthier class the
loss of life was comparatively slight, prob
ably less than 100, though many we're
bruised and injured. V- .
"Those who fled from their houses Into
the patois, or courts, escaped with slight
injury, but many of those who ran into the
narrow streets vere either killed or suf
fered broken limbs. The loss of life was
greatest in the quarter occupied by the
Indians, or natives. They are accustomed
to retire early, and nearly all were in their
houses as usual when the quake came.
"The houses are built of adobe and when
they collapsed entire families were buried
in the ruins. To add to the horror of the
situation overturned lamps and candles
fired some of the buildings.
"Quezaltenango was a ghastly sight the
day following the earthquake. Bodies were
lying everywhere about the streets; here
would be a head, there a trunk, and limbs
severed by falling iron cornices or tim
bers; everywhere from the piles of debris
could be seen protruding arms and legs.
The sight was horrible and one that cannot
"The surrounding towns of San Pedro,
San Marco, San Juan, Amatitlan and So
lola were also destroyed, and the total dead
in these places will number nearly 1,000."
MORE THAN 150 KILLED.
Kernte Mine IIsnster Worse Than Was
FERNIE, B. C, May 24. The loss of life
in the Coal Creek mines on Thursday is
ever, worse than at first reported. It is
now estimated that from 150 to 175 men
met almost instant death. Superintendent
R. Drennan. Dr. Bonnett and True Weath
erby were the first to enter the mine.
When about 500 feet Into the working
Drennan was overcome by . the after
damp, and had it not been for his com
panions would have perished. On being
removed to the outer air he recovered and
gave instructions to the rescuing party to
commence repairing the pipes which con
duct the air through the mine, as they
had been almost completely destroyed. It
was impossible to enter, owing to the
after-damp which prevailed. Volunteers
were called for and a score of men sprang
to the work. Every few minutes the men
would collapse and were borne to the outer
air, but their places were quickly Tilled by
fresh volunteers. The first body recov
ered was taken from No. 3 mine a,bout 11
o'clock and was that of Willie Robertson,
a lad of thirteen. Several hours elapsed,
and then three more bodies were recov
ered. None of the victims gave the slight
est signs of life. At 4 a. m. the relief par
ties had renetrated so far that the gas
became unbearable and operations had to
be suspended for an hour or two. Many
acts of bravery ,wcre witnessed during the
night. The mine is free from fire, and the
bodies will be removed as fast as the after
damp is cleared.
Relief parties are now working heroically
In four-hour shifts. Thirty-eight bodies
have been recovered, but only one has been
found in the past fourteen hours. The
Church of England has been used as a
Many miners from Morrissey and Michael
have arrived to assist in the rescue work.
Manv of the relief parties are overcome by
fire damp and have to be resuscitated by
the company's corps of doctors.
Dead at FratervIIle Novr 210.
COAL. CREEK. Tenn.. May 24. Two
more de3d bodies have been recovered from
the FratervIIle mine at Coal Creek, mak
ing 214 in all. This morning at 10:30 Wil
liam Morgan, the only man in the mine who
escaped alive at the time of the explosion,
died, making the total fatalities 216. He
was'blown out of the mine by the force of
Jennie Ashcroft Fonnd Gnilty.
LOUISVILLE. Ky.. May 24. In the Cir
cuit Court to-day Jennie Ashcraft. charged
with the murder of Edward Lambert, a
former United States soldier, last Feb
ruary, was found guilty of involuntary
manslaughter and sentenced to two years
in the penitentiary. The woman, il was
charged, poisoned Lambert to ob:aiu his
nnpv. The jury was out six hours, and
! it was found necessary to amend the charge
of murder 10 lnvuiuiuoi iimuaugnier De
fore a verdict could be reached.
OF A I
LONDON ALMOST READY FOR THE
GREAT SHOW NEXT MONTH.
All Invitations to the Service in West
minster Ahbey Sent Out and Other
GIFTS FOR FOREIGN ENVOYS
GOLD PINS AND BROOCHES FOR
WHITELAW REID'S EMBASSY.
Kins: Edward to Receive $25,000 from
the City of London as n. Token
LONDON, May 24. Lewanika, King of
Barotseland (northwestern Rhodesia), the
.only King who will be present at the coro
nation of King Edward, arrived from South
Africa to-day. The presents which King
Edward will give to the foreign envoj-s are
now ready. Whltelaw Reid, the American
special ambassador, and his associates will
receive pins and brooches of gold, mostly in
the form of the initial "E," set with rubies
and pearls, with a gold enameled crown
above. In a few cases, perhaps, costlier
presents will be made to the heads of
Practically all the invitations to the cor
onation service have been sent out. The
dowager peeresses will sit with the reign
ing peeresses and wear similar robes and
coronets. In this way, it Is pointed out,
many celebrated women who have been
separated by the bitter family feuds will
be brought together for the first time in
many years. The eldest sons and daughters
of peers will occupy separate seats, which
rather complicates matters from a family
point of view. Among the guests not hav
ing admittance by right of rank, but who
were specially invited by the King to at
tend the service, is Mrs. Arthur Paget,
daughter of the late Mrs. Paran Stevens, of
New York, and wife of Major General
Paget, of the Scots Guards. Mrs. Paget
will preside over a huge coronation ball
July 2 in aid of the King's Hospital fund.
It will be held at the Crystal Palace, where
12,0 square feet will be laid out in parquet
flooring, the largest area, it is said, ever
laid down for dancing. All the members of
the royal family are expected to be pres
ent. The royal celebration night at the grand
opera, Covent Garden, June 30, is ex
pected to break all box-office records. The
stalls will cost 20 guineas, which means
10,000 guineas for royal visitors. Cabinet
ministers and other high personages. Hun
dreds of seats have already been allotted.
Such boxes as are not taken by the court
will cost from 60 guineas to 100 guineas.
Many of these are already sold. It Is esti
mated that Covent garden will hold that
night 1S.CO0. The whole house will be dec
orated with real and artificial flowers, the
latter being used to prevent the overpow
ering odor which would otherwise be
caused by such an abundance of nature's
product. Jean D'Reszke.and Mmes. Melba,
Calve and Nordica and other stars will
take part in the programme, which will
include scenes from "Lohengrin," "Sieg
fried," "Tannhauser" and "Lucia Di Lam
mermoor.' Among the ante-coronation festivities the
Ascot race meeting bids fair to be the most
popular, though this year the King will
have a stand to himself. The rush of ap
plications for admittance to the royal inclo
sure. where King Edward formerly watched
the races, is unprecedented. The lord cham
berlain, the Earl of Clarendon, with only
1.500 tickets at his disposal, has been obliged
to disappoint hundreds, among whom are
many distinguished persons who have pre
viously been accustomed to mix in this ex
clusive gathering. The price of tickets has
also been raised to 4 guineas.
"Almost a fairy city" is the way one
writer forecasts London's appearance dur
ing coronation week. Arches and festoons,
planned by municipal and artistic commit
tees, will be "erected in every quarter of
the metropolis. The preparations for
i these, however, are anything but falrylike.
Each week sees London more hideous, with
countless half-finished stands, many of
them shutting out the light from houses
and a 1 reeking with the smell peculiar to
rainsoaked pice. In the maze of stands
THB ADVENT OF BUGDOM.
for the Insects for They
CONTENTS OF TO-DAY'S JOURNAL.
Part One Ten Pases.
lSpecial convention of Miners to Be Held
in Indianapolis; Lord Julian Paunce
fote Dead; Preparations for King Ed
ward's Coronation; Exercises at Un
veiling of the Rochambeau Statue.
2 Rochambeau Exercises (continued.)
3 Fires and Other Indiana Happenings.
4 General Foreign News.
5 General Telegraphic News.
6 Sporting News.
7 Sporting News.
8 Deaths from Storm in the Northwest.
9 Hotel Lobby Gleanings and Other City
10 City News.
Part Two-Ten Pases.
1 The Dreyfus Pardon; Shopping in Eu
rope; Recollections of Beecher in Indian
apolis. 2 A Bit of Theology; Questions and An
swers. 3 Persona l.and Society News.
4 Editorial Page.
5 Army Nurse's Story of Our Soldiers in
5 Real-estate News and Classified Ad
vertisements. 7 Rochambeau Statue Due to a French
8 Financial and General Produce Markets.
9 Live Stock and Local Produce Markets.
10 Bull Run Battlefield; Roosevelt as a
Part Three Eight Pagves.
1 Training of Wild Animals; Troubles of
2 Uses of the Advertising Man.
3 Musical and Dramatic; Gambling in San
4 Suburban Society News; Lessons in
Economy; Labor News and Notes.
5 The Bird-stomach Man; George Ade's
Fables; The Gossip.
6 Illustrated Fashions.
7 Origlnal Story, "The Blacksmith's
Daughter;" Sphinx Lore.
8 In the Literary Field; A Story of Ro
chambeau. going up around the House of Parliament
and Westminster Abbey 25 guineas are
asked for seats. Over five hundred corona
tion bonfires have already been arranged
for in the provinces.
A curious precedent in celebrating King
Edward's crowning has been set by the cor
poration of th? city of London, which has
decided to make a personal gift of 5,000 to
the King to use as he sees fit. In token of
the continuance of the corporation's ancient
loyalty to the sovereign. This is exclusive
of the appropriations for decoration and en
tertainment or for the King's Hospital
Americans continue to pour Into London.
Rear Admiral Charles O'Nell passed
through London this week on his way to
Berlin fo attend the meeting of naval archi
tects. . Joslah Quincy, formerly mayor of
Boston, and the Marquise De Talleyrand
Perlgord are among other well-known vis
William Waldorf Astor, Jr., who has just
been elected a member of the Hurlingham
Polo Club, has arranged an inter-university
polo "match, to be plaj-ed at Hurlingham
June 23. Young Astor is captain of the
Oxford polo team and president of the Bul
' Bradley-Martin, formerly of New York,
has rented the Balmanan deer forest from
the Dowager Countess of Seafield.
Miss Helen Roosevelt and Mrs. Cowles,
wife of Commander Cowles, U. S. N, who
are now in Paris, will come to London June
2 to stay with friends.
COUNTESS SUES FOR $250,000.
Wnntn General Ilrooke to Pay for In
herited Slfinshterhonse Itightn.
' NEW YORK. May 24. Suit was entered
in the United States District Court to-day
by the Countess of Buena Vista against
General Brooke, of the United States army,
for $250,000. The countess alleged that Gen
eral Brooke abrogated rights held by her
through inheritance to the rights of con
ducting the slaughterhouse at Havana and
to the distribution of meats and the col
lection of the fixed charges for said meats.
The countess claimed these privileges by
virtue of a royal decre from the King of
Spain, dated 1704. The countess declared
that the business, under the privilege, was
successful and profitable until 1S3). In that
year, she alleged. General Brooke, then
military Governor of Cuba, issued an or
der to the effect that the hereditary privi
leges connected with the slaughter of cattle
in Havana were terminated and declared
"null and void." This order, the plalntin
alleged, was in direct violation of a section
of the maty of Paris, declaring that so
long as the occupation lasted the United
States should assume and discharge all
obligations under international law for the
protection of liff--nd property.
PAUNCEPOTE IS DEAD
GREAT BRITAIN'S WELL-KNOWN AM
BASSADOR AT WASHINGTON.
Heart Weakness Developed nt 3:30
o'CIock Saturday Morning; and He
Died Two Hoars Later.
TRIBUTES TO THE DIPLOMAT
BRITISH OFFICIALS SHOCKED ON
RECEPTION OF THE NEWS.
Did Not Regard Ills Lordship's Condi
tion as Serious Brief Sketch of
His Long; Career.
WASHINGTON, May 24. Lord Paunce
fote, British ambassador to the United
States, died at the embassy this morning
at 5:30 o'clock. The improvement which
had been noted in his condition during the
past week received a sudden check about 6
o'clock last evening, when it was noticed
that he was experiencing difficulty in
breathing. Dr. Jung, his physician, was
immediately sent for and he decided on a
consultation with a local physician, in the
meantime telegraphing for Dr. Osier, of
Baltimore. In his stead came Dr. Thayer,
of Johns Hopkins University, arriving
about 2 o'clock this morning. The patient's
pulse was still good, and when Dr. Thayer
left the embassy at 3 o'clock for Balti
more the ambassador was resting so com
fortable that a cablegram was sent to his
son-in-law, Mr. Bromley, in London, that
there was no immediate danger. Soon
after 3 o'clock a distinct weakness of the
heart developed and his pulse began to
collapse. He died so peacefully that it
surprised even his physician, who feared
the asthmatic affection would prove trou
blesome when the end came. At the bed
side when the distinguished diplomat
passed away were Mrs. Pauncefote, the
Hon. Maude Pauncefote, Miss Sybil and
Miss Audrey, Dr. Jung and Mr. Radford,
attached to the embassy.
All through the past winter Lord Paunce
fote had been a sufferer from intermittent
attacks of asthma and rheumatic gout,
but he bravely kept on his feet as much
as possible, went to the State Department
regularly on diplomatic days and strove to
keep up his active duties, though it was
evident the effort it cost hirn was great.
In the early part of March the ambassador
went to North Carolina on a visit to George
Vanderbilt at Biltmore, and stayed there
for about a fortnight in the hope of re
cuperating from his affliction In the Caro
lina pines. He returned to Washington
about the middle of the month, with his
sufferings but little abated. Early in April
there came another severe attack, and
from that time until his death the ambas
sador had been confined almost continuous
ly to-' his bed, and his strength had been
slowly but surely leaving him. He suffered
pain from his swollen limbs so intense as
to bring, toward the last, temporary de
lirium, and to gain rest for him Dr. Jung,
of this city, and Dr. Osier, of Baltimore,
his attending physicians, found it neces
sary to administer opiates, though these
were given most cautiously in fear of det
riment to his heart. The ambassador and
his family expected to sail this month for
England, going from thence to the German
spas, where the ambassador was to take
the mineral baths.
SECRETARY HAY'S ACTION.
Immediately upon being notified of the
death of Lord Pauncefote Secretary Hay
went to the White House, and after a
short conference with the President pro
ceeded directly to the British embassy,
where he made a formal call of condolence
as the personal representative of the Pres
ident, preliminary to the call which the
President himself made later in the day.
Then, returning to the State Department.
Secretary Hay dispatched the following
cablegram to th? Marquis of Lansdowne
"Permit me to express rrjy deep sympathy
and sorrow at the death of Lord Paunce
fote. His Majesty's government has lo.-t
a most able and faithful servant and this
country a valued friend."
The secretary has fully expressed his
sentiments in the above cablegram, and all
that he cared to say in addition of the de
ceased peer was: "He was not only a man
of very high prrsonal merit, but he was a
good friend of ours." Having dispatched
his mesage of condolence the secretary of
state proceded to attend the ceremonies
connected with the dedication of the
Rochambeau monument. At first there
seemed to be an incongruity In this, but it
appeared that an act of Congress required
the statute to be unveiled as of this date,
and although there was every disposition
in official circles and on the part of the
French embassy to defer the ceremonies un
til another day in deference to the memory
of the deceased, yet thy felt bound to carry
forward the programme.
Before attending the Rochambeau cere
monies the President pent a personal letter
of condolence to Mrs. Pauncefote. He also
ordered the flag haft-masted on the hlte
House after the statue had been unveiled.
As soon as It became generally known that
Lord Pauncefote was dead flags also were
half-masted over the different embassies
and legations. At the Arlington Hotel,
where the visiting Frenchmen who have
come to witness the Rochambeau statue
unveiling are stopping, the French flag was
placed at half-mast.
THE PRESIDENT CALLS.
President Roosevelt drove to the British
embassy at 11 o'clock, as soon as he had
become disengaged from the ceremonies at
tending the Rochambeau exercises. He was
received in the drawing room by the first
secretary of the embassy, Mr. Raike, who
now becomes British charge d'affaires, and
by some of the ladles of the household. The
President expressed his deep sense of be
reavement at the death of the ambassador,
not only in behalf of the government, but
also for the people of the country, to whom
Lord Pauncefote had become endeared in
many ways. Secretary Hay and the other
members of the Cabinet also called at the
embassy, leaving their cards and express
ing their condolences. The foreign ambas
sadors and ministers also left their cards.
By noon all of the embassies and lega
tions were informed of the sad event. Ex
pressions of sincere sympathy and regret
were heard on all sides and racial preju
dices and national differences were swept
away, as the representatives of the other
great nations of the world at the capital
spoke in terms of deep sorrow and high
tribute of the deceased ambassador from
Great Britain. The office of dean of the
diplomatic ocrps at Washington now de
volves upon Mr. Von Holleben, the German
ambassador, and upon him will fall the
duty of directing the diplomatic body's ac
tion on this occasion. It is customary for
the dean of a corps to call a meeting of
its members and decide on a plan of ac
tion. The entire diplomatic corps will at-
(CONTINUED ON PAGE 4. COL. 2.)
TOTAL OF $5,962,135,451
RESOURCES OF NATIONAL BANKS OX
LAST DAY OF APRIL.
Their Condition ns Reported to the
Controller of the Currency Gen.
Whenton to Retire July 15.
WASHINGTON, May 24. A statement of
the resources and liabilities of the 4,426 na
tional banks In the United States, compiled
from representations to the controller of
the currency of condition on April 30 last,
shows: Capital stock. $671,176,312; individual
deposits, $31,111,000,195; outstanding bank
notes, $309,7S1,739; loans and discounts, 53,
172.757.4S5; total resources, $5,962,135.451; av
erage ration reserve held, 27.20 per cent.
Major General Llojd Wheaton, who is
about to start home from the Philippines,
will be retired July 15 next by operation of
law on account of age. General Wheaton
is a native of Michigan and began his mili
tary service as a sergeant In the Eighth Il
linois, April 21, 1S61.
Justice Barnard, of the District Supreme
Court, In a decision In the 'mandamus case
of the Chicago Business College against
the postmaster 'general, sustained the pol
icy of the Postoffice Department in its ex
clusion of certain classes of publications
from Ihe second-class mall rates. The
court refused to issue the writ and dis
missed the petition of the college, which
sought to compel the admission of its pub
lication, "Business Education," to the second-class
rate. The court suggested in its
decision that it did not think courts should
differ in judgment with officers of the gov
ernment as to the meaning cf a law that
such officers are charged with exercising,
as that would constitute a substitution of
the judicial mind for the executive. The
decision is regarded by the postal officials
as of great Importance.
The commission which has been investi
gating the question of pntumatlc tube mail
service has submitted its report to the
postmaster general. It renews its former
recommendations for the operation of the
pneumatic service in New York, Boston,
Philadelphia, Brooklyn, Chicago and St.
Louis, and in case the postmaster general
deems the appropriations adequate the es
tablishment of the service in this city be
tween the postoffice and the Capitol.
The board of geographic names has an
nounced a reversal of Its decision of Jan.
12, 1897, regarding the spelling of Bos
phorus. It now orders that the strait be
tween the Black sea and the Sea of Mar
mona be called "Bosporus," in conformity
with the more prevailing usage. Roumanla
it declines to change, to conform to the
same usage. Into "Rumania," believing
that the old spelling is now so "well estab
lished with us that it should not be Inter
QUEER STORY FROM LISBON.
Woman Leaves Her Wealth to a
'Rooster," lint Heirs Kill the FottI.
LONDON, May 24. A wealthy woman
named Silva recently died at Lisbon and
left her entire property to a "rooster."
She was a fervid spiritualist, a believer in
the transmigration of souls and imagined
that the soul of her dead husband had en
tered the "rooster." She caused a special
fowlhouse to be built and ordered her serv
ants to pay extra attention to their "mas
ter's" wants. The disgust of her relatives
over the will caused the story -to become
public, and a lawsuit might have followed
had not one of the heirs adopted the sim
ple expedient of having the wealthv"roos
ter" killed, thus becoming himself the next
Filipino Who Thinks the Americans
Have lleen Humane.
SAN FRANCISCO, May 24. Felipe Buen
camino, formerly a member of Aguinaldo's
camp, but now loyal to the American
cause, who Is now here from Manila, in an
"In the Philippines the conditions are
very hopeful for the termination of the
insurrection with the capture of General
Lukban and the surrender of General Mal
var. The first was due to General Smith,
the second to General Bell, and both to
the wise and humanitarian policy of Gen.
Chaffee. Political peace is assured, and
now with the assistance of Governor Taft
we shall move onward toward, moral
While in this city Senor Buencamlno will
be the guest of General Hughes at the.
PROTECTED BY "OLD GLORY
Stars and Stripes Used to Insure the
Safety of a Haltlen.
PORT-AU-PRINCE. Haiti. May 21.-Tan-crede
Auguste, the former minister of the
interior and of police, left here to-day on
the Paloma for Jimalca. When on the
point of leaving tht United States legation.
hre he sought refuge at the time of the
disturbances which followed the resigna
tion of President Sam. a crowd made a
hostile demonstration against him and a
detachment of troops was rent for to es
cort him to the wharf. M. Auguste finally
left the legation with the United States
minister. W. F. Powell, in s. csrrlaf over
wtlch .n American Sg w&j held.
IX HONORING THE MEMORY OF A
FRIEND OF AMERICA.
Statue of Rochambeau la I'nveilrd at
Washington by a Descendant of
the Great Soldier.
SPEECHES BY EMINENT MEN
PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT WELCOMES
AND THANKS FRENCHMEN,
And Ambassador Camhon and Gen
Horace Porter Speak cf the Friend
ship of the Tun Republics.
ORATION BY SENATOR LODGE
IN WHICH HE PAYS TniniTE TO
EARLY FRENCH SETTLEHS.
Tells of the Battle of Yorktorrn, and
Alludes to the Influence of the
United States on Other Nations.
WASHINGTON. May 24. Amid the en
thusiastic demonstrations of a great con
course of people the superb bronze statu
of General Count De Rochambeau. who
brought the forces of France across the sea
at the hours of greatest peril In the Ameri
can revolution, was unveiled to-day. Sel
dom has an event presented so many bril
liant features of military pageantry, and at
the same time given occasion for the mani
festation of the strong bonds of friendship
existing between the French republic and
the United States. For the first time in
its history the national capital witnessed
the sight of rank on rank of French sea
men swinging through Pennsylvania avenue
and mingling their cheers with those of
the American blue Jackets and soldiers,
while at the same time the French tricol
ors were entwined with the stars and
stripes and the sound of the "Marsellalse
was heard along with the 'Star-spangled
The ceremony of unveiling was fixed for
11 o'clock this morning, but long before
that hour the streets were filled with
marching men and with a great crowd
eager to witness the exercises and review.
A battalion of French seamen arrived by
special train from Annapolis early in the
day, and, headed by the crack band from
the French battleship, swung through
Pennsjivanla avenue to Lafayette Square,
where the shrouded figure of the French
field marshal awaited the signal for un
veiling. The American soldiers, sailors and
marines already had assembled and gave
their French brothers in arms a hearty
welcome. The American troops were under
command of Major General S. B. M. Youcg.
and embraced a battalion of engineers, a
battalion of sailors and marines, with the
Marine Band, a battalion of cavalry and of
field artillery and a brigade of national
guardsmen of the District of Columbia.,
representing all the various branches of
the United States military and naval serv
ices. OFFICIALS AND GUESTS.
The exercises were held at the southwett
corner of Lafasette Square, almost directly
opposite the White House, where the mass
ive figure of the French general has been
erected. Surrounding the figure was a
great stand to accommodate the many dis
tinguished officials and guets invited to
take part In the exercises. On ewry hand
the colors of France and America were
blended, one stand being hung with great
folds of red. another with white and still
another with blue. Within this ampitheatcr
were gathered representatives of every
branch of the government. Including the
President of the United States and mem
bers of his Cabinet, the thief Justice and
associate Justices of the United States Su
preme Court, the lieutenant general of the
army and the admiral of the navy, senaters
and representatives. Not less distinguished
was the representation of France desig
nated by President Loubet and including
General Brugere, the highest field officer
in the French army; Vice y.d Iral Four
r.Icr, inspector general of the French navy;
the venerable General Count Chalendar,
the descendants of Rochambeau and La
fayette and others distinguished In French
military, official, literary and artistic life.
With them were the French ambassador,
M. Cambon, and the entire staff of the
French embassy, all in brilliant diplomatic
uniform, while the diplomatic corps was
represented by the German, Russian, Ital
ian and Mexican ambassadors and the min
isters from many foreign countries.
President Roosevelt and the members of
the Cabinet were escorted from the White
House by a file of minute men dressed in
the uniform of continental days. The Pres
ident noted the appropriateness of the uni
form for this occasion and made a brief
complimentary speech to the escort. When
! the President arrived at the presidential
j stand the entire assemblage arose and
1 greeted him with lusty cheers. After an
impressive invocation by Rev. Dr. Stafford,
who took th rlace ef Cardinal Gibbons.
rrrsldfnt Roo?evelt delivered the address
of welcome. He Fjoke in & rtrong1 voice
and with great earnestness, pausing fre
quently at the outburst of pplause.
As the President concluded hla address
the Countess De Rochambeau caught up
the cords to the flags enveloping the statue
and the massive bronze figure emerged
through the folds of red, white and blue.
At the same instant the 'boom!" boom!"
of an artillery salute came from a bat
tery of heavy guns rear by, and the strains
of the French national hymn, the 'Mar
sellaise," came from the Marine Band. It
was an Inspiring moment, and. led by
President Roosevelt, the entire assemblage
joined in cheering. Another demonstration
occurred at the close of General Prugere'
address, when with characteristic French
vehemence he gave this pledge of ur.djir.g
Franco-American friendship: "Entre vcu.
entre nous; a la vie. a la mort." (Be
tween you, between us; In life, in death.)
The ceremonies to-day were the culmina
tion of the efforts of M. Jules Boeufve, of
the French embassy, txtendlng over tht
last two years. He has south! tot
trensitea tht basis cf frlcziaMp b.