Newspaper Page Text
uaii.y estaulisiikd iv.
i;i:kly establish ld iscx
I VOL NO. 171.
INDIANAPOLIS, FRIDAY MORNING, JUNE 20, 1902 TEN PAGES.
PRICE 2 CENTS EVERYWIIKKK.
CANAL BILL PASSED
moom:k si nsTiTiTi: adoitiiu iiv j
Till: SEX ATE, - TO III.
It ProTlilm thnt tbe Prealilent Slmll I
Select the Panama Honte If Clear
Title lau He Secnred.
TWO IMPORTANT CHANGES
311:. KAIRHAMvS'S l'LW TO ISM E
f iJ9,000,HH BONDS IXCORPORATED.
Commission to SopervUe Construction
of the Cnnnl Also Frorlded for
BILL NCW GOES TO THE HOUSE
WHICH APPROVED THE NICARAGUA
HOLTE DV A LARGE 3IAJORITY.
Frovlaion of the Spooner SnhtHnte
and Detailed Vote Closing Speeches
by Morgan and Others.
WASHINGTON, June 19.-An Isthmian
canal, while not yet absolutely assured. Is
nearer to construction than It ever has
been. The Senate to-day, by a majority of
eight votes adopted the Spooner substi
tute for the Hepburn Nicaragua canal bill,
the vote on the substitute being 42 to 34.
After two amendments to the measure had
been adopted, one providing for a commis
sion to supervise the construction of the
canal, by a vote of 52 to 22. and the other
(Senator Falrbanks's) providing for the is
suance of $120,000.000 of 2 per cent, gold
bonds to raise money with which to con
struct the waterway, by a vote of 33 to 26,
the substitute bill was passed by a vote of
67 to 6.
It has been evident for several days that
the Spooner substitute, which In brief pro
vides that the' President shall select the
Panama route if he can obtain a clear
title to the Panama Canal Company's prop
erty, but, otherwise, he shall adopt the
Nicaragua route, would comand the votes
of n majority of the Senate. The Panama
route was considered more desirable by
the Senate than the Nicaragua route. The
only question left open is the title to the
property and that the President will deter
mine, if the House should adopt the Sen
ate's amendment to its bill.
Mr. Morgan, of Alabama, closed to-day's
debate with an earnest appeal for the
adoption of the Nicaragua route. He had
been preceded by Mr. Clark, of Montana,
In support of the Nicaragua route, and Mr.
Allison, of Iowa, In support of the Spooner
At the conclusion of the debate Mr.
Spooner perfected his substitute, the
changes made being principally verbal.
An amendment providing for the appoint
ment of. an isthmian canal commission to
direct 'he construction of the canal and
providi ng that seven members of the com
miss'on shall receive such compensation as
the President shall prescribe until it is
otherwise fixed by the Congress, was
agreed to 5 to 22.
An amendment providing that if the
President could not within six months get
a clear title to the Panama Canal Com
pany's rights and concessions, he should
proceed with the Nicaragua canal, was
laki on the tab!e-41 to 31 and one limiting
the time of the President's decision as to
the Panama route to twelve months was
rejected 25 to E and the same fate, by
a vote of 42 to 32, awaited Mr. Mitchell's
amendment to the Spooner substitute pro
viding that even though the President Is
satisfied he can obtain a clear title to the
Panama Canal Company's property. If he
shall be convinced for any reason that it
is not for the best for the United States
to purchase the Panama property, ör if he
bhall think the canal ought to be con
structed by the Nicaragua route, he shall
proceed to the construction of the cttnal
by the Nicaragua route.
A direct vote was then obtained on the
Spooner substitute. It was adopted. 42 to
21. the detailed vote being:
Veas Aldrlch, Allison, Bard, Bevcridge,
Rurnham. Burrows. Burton, Clark of Wyo
ming. Cullom. Dehoe, Dietrich, Dryden,
Fairbanks, Foraker, Foster of Washing
ton, Fry, Gallinger, Gamble, Hale, Hanna,
Hansbrough, Hoar. Jones of Arkansas,
Jones of Nevada. Kean. Kittredge, Lodge,
MeComas. .McCumber, McMillan. Mason,
Millard. Piatt of Connecticut. Pritchard,
Proctor. Cjuarles. Scott. Spooner, Warren,
Wellington. Wetmore 42.
Nays Bacon, Bailey, Bate. Berry, Black
burn. Carmack. Clapp of Montana, Clay,
Cockrell. Culberson, Daniel. Dubois. Foster
of Louisiana, Harris, Hawiey, Heitfeld,
McLaurln of Mississippi. Mallory, Martin,
Mitchell. Morgan, Nelson. Patterson, Pen
rose, Perkins. Pettus. Piatt of New York,
Quay. Simmons, Stewart, Taliaferro, Tur
ner. Vest 21.
The following pairs were announced, the
first name In each case being favorable to
Panama and the second against it: Depew
Mith McLnery: Dillinchain with Tillman;
Dolllver with Money; Kearns with Gibson;
McLaurin. of South Carolina, with Simon.
Elkins and Rawlins were absent and un
paired. Mr. Hoar, of Massachusetts, then off red
a substitute for the Spooner proposition,
making it the duty of the President to de
cide by which route the canal should be
constructed. It was rejected U to t:.
Mr. Fairbanks then offered an amend
ment providing for the issue of JUV'.imi.hm
of sold bonds bearing 2 per cent, interest
to pay for construction of the canal. Mr.
Culberson moved to lay the amendment
on the table. The motion was defeated ;j
to O. The amendment then was adopte.l
2i to a.s follows:
Yeas-Aldrioh. Allison. Rev ridgt. Burn
ham. Burrows. Burton. eMapj. Cullom.
Deboc, Fairbanks. Foraker, Fostt r of
Washington. Frye. Galling r. Gamble.
Hale. Hanna. Hansbrough. Hawl.y. Hoar.
Jones of Nevade, Kean. Kittredge, Idgi,
MeComus, McCumbcr. McMillan. Mason.
Millard. Nelson. Piatt of Connecticut.
Proctor, tjuarlts, Scott. Spooner. Warr n.
Nays Bacon. Bailey, Bard. Rate. Bt rry.
Blackburn. Carmaek. Clark of Montana.
L'lark of Wyoming. Clay. Cockrell. Culbcr
fon. Daniel, Drydeu. Dubois. Foster of
Li'.lsiana. Harris. Heitfeld. Joins of
Arkansas. McLiurln of Mississippi. Mal
ory. Martin. Mitchell. Morgan. Pttttersou,
Penrose. Perkins. Pettus. Piatt of New
York. Qu ly. Simmons. Stewart. Taliaferro,
1'eli. r. Turner. Vest
Mr. Mason offered an amendment to Mr.
Falrbanks's .-.mrndment providing that all
:he people of the Fnlted States should
nave opportunity w subscribe to the pro
posed loan The amendment was agreed
:o without division.
Mr. Morgan thn offered the Nicaragua
?ar:al bill as a substitute for the Spooner
5iojHsltlon. thus raising the question pre
;lously passed upon.
Mr. S'ioonf r moved to lav the Nicaragua.
Jill on th- table and the motion was agreed
x 41 to TZ.
The bill then passed. CT to 6. the votes In
.he negative being cast by Messrs. Bate
of Tennessee, Cockrell of Missouri. Daniel
of Virginia. Dubois of Idaho, Pettus. of
Alabama and Vest of Missouri.
PROVISIONS OF TIIH HILL
The Spooner Substitute for the Xlcn
riiKiian Canal Measure.
WASHINGTON. June lft.-Thc isthmian
canal bill passed by the Senate to-day pro
vides substantially as follows:
Section 1 authorizes the President to ac
quire for the Fnlted States at a cost not
exceeding H'VUX) all of the rights, privi
leges, , franchises, concessions, grants of
land, right of way, unfinished work, plants,
and other property owned by the New
Panama Canal Company of France,
on the Isthmus of Panama, and all
its maps, plans, drawings, records on
the Isthmus of Panama and in Paris,
including all the capital stock, not less,
however, than Gs,J shares of the
Panama Railroad Company, owned by or
held for the use of said canal company,
provided a satisfactory title to all of said
property can be obtained.
Section 2 authorizes the President to ac
quire from the republic of Colombia ex
clusive and perpetual control of a strip
of land, not less than six miles wide, from
the Caribbean sea to the Pacific ocean, and
the right to use and dispose of the waters
thereon, and to excavate, construct and
perpetually to maintain, operate and pro
tect thereon, a canal of such depth and
capacity as will afford convenient pasage
of ships of the greatest tonnage and draft
now in use, from the sea to the ocean; this
control to include the right perpetually to
maintain and operate the Panama Railroad,
if the ownership thereof, or controlling in
terest therein, shall have been acquired
by the United States; also Jurisdiction over
the strip and the ports at the ends thereof,
to make the necessary police and sanitary
rules and regulations and to establish ju
diciary tribunals to enforce the same. The
President also may acquire such additional
territory and rights from Colombia as in
his judgment will facilitate the general pur
pose of the act.
By Section 3, $10,000,000 Is appropriated to
pay for the property of the new Panama
Canal Company and a sufficient amount to
pay Colombia fur the territory acquired
from that country for building the canal.
ICU.V1LNULD UN l'Alit; i, COL. 6.)
ALL QUIET AT VINCENNES
WOOD-HE LYNCHERS OF EDSOX IX
FEAR OF THE MILITIA.
Prisoner's Brother Shot nnd Wounded
by nn Officer Governor Durbin
Keeps Himself Informed.
Special to the Indianapolis Journal.
VINCENNES, Ind., June 19.-The mob
that gathered at the Jail early this morning
for the purpose of lynching Bill Edson, dis
persed when it learned that the militia had
been ordered out with instructions from
Governor Durbin to shoot to kill. In com
pliance with the Governor's instructions,
Sheriff Louis C. Summltt has deputized and
sworn in 200 special deputies to protect
Edson to-night. Edson still implores the
sheriff not to attempt to take him out of
the Jail. He fears that If he were once re
moved from the protection of stone walls
he would be an easy victim to the mob.
Edson's trial is set for to-morrow morn
ing and the people will await the result
with considerable Impatience. The safety
of the prisoner will depend chiefly on the
evidence of the four physicians who at
tended little Irma Pfohl, Edson's victim.
Mayor George E. Greene has Issued a
proclamation ordering all citizens to keep
off the streets after nightfall.
Sam Edson, brother of Bill, who was ar
rested while lurking around the Jail, was
fined heavily for carrying concealed weap
ons and was sent to the workhouse. He
tried to escape this morning and was shot
and painfully wounded In the hand by
Jacob Metzger, the officer who had him in
charge. Everything Is quiet on the streets
early this evening and it is believed no at
tack will be made on the Jail to-night.
VINCENNES. Ind., June 20, 2 a. m.-The
night Is passing without disturbance. The
presence of about 150 deputies and the
knowledge that the militia is near at hand
has overawed the mob and there has been
no semblance of a disturbance.
GOVERXOR IS DETERMINED.
He Keeps In Close Touch with the
! Situation nt Vlnreiine.
Governor Durbin is determined there
shall be no lynching in Vincennes and that
mob violence shall be put down by the ex
ercise of the full power of the State if
necessary. The Governor was in communi
cation yesterday with Sheriff Summitt, of
Knox, county, and made it plain to the
sheriff that he must not flinch in the face
of his duty. Sheriff Summitt's resistance
of attempts to lynch the Edson brothers
received the Governor's commendation.
In his conversation with the sheriff the
Governor told him to refrain from shooting
as long as possible, but if the necessity
arose then for him and his deputies to
shoot to hit. The Governor informed the
sheriff, also, that should its services be
required the Vincennes company of the
Indiana National Guard would assist him
in quelling a mob demonstration. Colonel
McCoy, of the First Regiment, notified the
Governor that the company was in its
armory, under arms, awaiting a crisis.
Governor Durbin does not believe a neces
sity will arise for calling the company into
action, but he is determined that if the
troops have to assist in resisting a mob
that there shall be no wavering.
FELL WITH A TRESTLE.
Pnrt of Train Dropped Fifty Feet One
Man Killed nnd Others Hurt.
SHELBY. N. C, June 13. A portion of a
mixed train on the South Carolina &
Georgia Extension Railroad fell through
an approach to the bridge over Broad river
this afternoon. Leroy Grigg, of Shelby,
was killed, and Edward Truner, conductor,
D. W. Piiffer. trestle master. unJ Riley
Whisenant, a negro, seriously hurt. A
dozen parsengcrs, including two women.
ere also injured, but their names arc not
About the time the rear coach was on the
span, just above the river. llnJnter Al
bert felt the trestle Riving away and.
opening the throttle, sent the train across
the bridge, saving all of It except the rear
coach and three box cars.
The coach fell precipitately fifty feet to
the brink of the river swollen by the re
cent rains and was taught by the stone
pier supporting the bridge-, which saved
the pasfcngcrs from drowning.
lovtii Mute Register Sold.
DES MOINES. Ia.. June 1!. The Iowa
State Register f this clt announces to-day
the sale of the property to George B.
Roberts. Fnited States director of mints.
For thirty-two years it has been owned
by the Clarkson Brothers, and the an
nouncement to-day contains the Informa
tion that the sale was made on acount of
III health of R. P. Claikson. The price paid
for the property is reported to be $125,(iu.
An Improbable Story.
BATON Iiorc K. La.. June l?.-Governor
Heard has been notified by the British con
sul that Louisiana cattle will be shut out
of South Africa. This action. Is believed to
be In retaliation for Heard' protest to the
State Department against mule shipments
and the operations of the British military
camp at Port Chalmette.
BRYAN Catching trains
TROOPS ORDERED OUT
31ILITIA "WILL PROTECT THE SILK
MILLS OF PATEItSOX, X. J.
Regiment of Infantry nnd n Troop of
Cavnlrr to lie on Dnty at 7
o'clock This Morning.
MAYOR HINCHCUFFE BUSY
PREVEXTED RIOTIXG YESTERDAY
DY onDERIXCi POLICE TO SHOOT.
Swore in Extra 3Ien, Dismissed the
Chief and Took Command Illnmelf
Anarchists in Hiding.
PATERSON, N. J., June 20. Governor
Murphy, at midnight, ordered a rart of the
First regiment of infantry and the entire
First Troop of cavalry to this place to
preserve order. General Campbell, com
manding the First Brigade, has taken com
mand and Is assembling the troops and ar
ranging for transportation. The Erie Rail
road has been ordered to send trains to
Newark at once. The members of both
commands began to assemble at 1 a. m.
The troops will be put on guard duty at
the mills before they open at 7 o'clock this
A delegation representing the mill own
ers called on the mayor last night and de
manded protection. The mayor replied
that he was affording it. To this it was re
plied that the force was too small and
would be overridden by a mob of any size;
that it was Impossible to concentrate any
great number of men at any point, and a
large portion of the deputy sheriffs were
green hands and unreliable. It was pointed
out that the mill hands were afraid to
work, and that yesterday those who
worked were in momentary fear of at
tack. This resulted in an appeal to the
Governor, who was in Newark, for troops
and the consequent action of General
In the main yesterday was a quiet day
in this city. 'The most important event
was the suspension from duty of Chief of
Police Fred C. Graul by Mayor Hineh
cliffe and the assumption by the mayor of
the duties of that position. William Mc
Queen, the Englishman who was prominent
at yesterday's mooting before the rioting
began, has left the city and is believed to
be in New York. Galleano, the Italian,
and Gross-man, the German. who are said
to have been, prominent yesterday, have
also kept from public notice. Mayor Hlnch
cliffe wishes to interview all these men.
Lacking a leader and keeping out of the
heavy rain of the early lay, the rioters
ol Wednesday did nothing when a majority
of the mills they closed by their violence
resumed work yesterday. The police are
under orders to shoot straight if they
should have another encounter with the
rioters, and the mayor has had copies of
the riot act distributed.
This week's edition of La Questionc So
cial, one of the Anarchist papers, was set
up here, but sent to a Passaic printer tc
run off the forms. He was ordered not to
handle it and complied.
WORK OF THE MAYOR.
E&tra Pol fee Sworn In and Given In
structions to I c Their Weapons.
PATERSON, X. J.. June ID. Mayor
Hlnchcliffe took personal command of the
police of this city to-day. He was much
displeased that the meeting of the strikers
Tuesday night was not broken up. It was
at this meeting that speeches were made
which. It is believed, led to the disorders of
yesterday. The mayor went to police hcad-
from a ßag-station isn't what
quarters to-day and had all the men of the
reserves lined up in front of him. Then he
said: "Men, If your clubs prove useless,
you know what to do. Be aggre isive from
The reserves, who looked as if they fully
approved the command as to the aggres
siveness, were then dismissed to await the
call to action. In addition to the regular
police force of 104 men, there were sworn in
to-day twenty-three constables, twenty-five
deputies and fifteen firemen who are to do
duty as policemen. All these men were im
mediately armed with revolvers and heavy
Ten silk manufacturing firms opened up
for work this morning. These firms have
their plants In the Hope, Harmony and
Todd mills. Each employs about twenty-
five men. In each of these plants every
employe was armed to-day with a revolver.
The weapons were supplied by the men's
employers, with the approval of Mayor
Hlnchcliffe. Before taking this step the
mayor had been consulted by the manu
facturers and he expressed the opinion that
the employers were fully justified in arm
ing their men and that it was a necessary
precaution in view of yesterday's riots.
When the employes of the Pelgram ana
Mayers mills on Matlock street this morn
ing reported for work every fourth man
was provided by the management with a
gun. During the night shotguns, Winches-
DOLT OF HIGH-LICENSE REPIDL1C
AXS IX V ER MO XT.
J. G. McCullocb Nominated for Gover
nor by the Regular Organization
nnd I. W. Clement by the Bolters.
MONTPELIER, Vt., June 19.-Amid
scenes of marked disorder and turbulence,
the Republican state convention to-day
nominated General J. G. McCulloch, of Ben
nington, for Governor on the third ballot,
a body of delegates supporting Fercival
W. Clement, of Rutland, marching out of
the hall as a protest against the action of
the majority. The bolting delegates later,
at an impromptu open-air demonstration,
nominated Mr. Clement for Governor on
an Independent ticket, but later develop
ments indicated that the high license men
would devote some time to a consideration
of the political outlook before placing an
independent ticket in the iif Id. Mr. Clement
himself to-night advised his followers to
go home and think it ovct before taking
any hasty action.
Z. S. Stanton, of Roxbury, was nominated
for Lieutcnan Governor on the second bal
lot, over F. V. Raid win, of Rnrton. For
secretary of state.. Fred G. Fleetwood, of
Morrisiown. was chosen without opposition
and J. L. Bacon, of Hartford, was simi
larly nominated for treasurer. There were
four candidates for auditor, Horace F.
Graham, of Craftsbury. winning on the
second billot. The convention then ad
journed sir.c die.
The platform adopted hy the convention,
after the t'rual Introductory passages, ap
proves the policy of the administration
with reference t) the re-cent !v acquired
Philippine islands and declares that criti
cism of the policy of thur acquisition i
not now in season.
Other declarations io the platform are:
"That we regard with Just pride the fidel
ity of our government in the redemption
of its voluntary pledge of independent gov
ernment to Cuba.
"That we approve reciprocity as recom
mended by President Roosevelt.
"Tha. while we recognUe- the fact that
the enormous business or the country in
several departments of tinance. industries
and transj-ortations can only now be done
by combinations, corporate or individual,
and that the necessity aiises from trade
and business conditions which lie outside
and beyond the control of legislation, dis
claiming any spirit of unreasonable hostil
ity, we are- in favor of the utmost vig
ilance, legislative, judicial and executive.
In guarding the public against any and
every abuse of such combined power ami
of the swift and sure punishment of all
"That the Republican party of Vermont
adheres to Its long-cherished belief that the
unrestricted traffic In intoxicating- liquors
is a public evil, and the material modifica
tion or the existing law on that subject
should be made only after thorough dis
cussion and mature deliberation by the
people, and we request the State Legisla
ture, at its next session, to make provi
rions for ascertaining the will of the people
by direct vote tipon the acceptance or re
jection of a llcenie and local-option law."
it's cracked up to be.
ILLINOIS PRIMARY LAV
WORKINGS OF THE STATUTE EX
POINDED BY' J. FRED RUSH.
One of the Most Interesting: of the
Scries of Information Meetins
Held by Commission.
SPEAKER ANSWERS QUESTIONS
AFTER HAVING EXPLAIXED THE DE
TAILS OF THE ILLINOIS LAW.
31 cm hers of the Commercial Club
Committee Feel thnt Enroamglng
Progress Has Deen 3Iade.
The series of information meetings which
have been held by the Commercial Club
committee on primary reform was
brought to a close last night by
an address of sterling value deliv
ered by Mr. J. Fred Rush, a
prominent attorney of Chicago and an au
thority on questions related to the one to
which the committee is giving its atten
tion. Mr. Rush's paper was on "The Work
ings of the Primary Election Law In Illi
nois," and the advantages and defects of
the system as tried in his own State were
commented on by Mr. Rush in illuminative
In many ways the meeting of last night
was the most interesting of the series. The
discussion was more general, an evidence
of which is the fact that Mr. Rush was
kept busy for three-quarters of an hour
answering questions suggested by salient
points of his address. Those who were
present were the members of the commit
tee who have been taking the most active
interest in primary reform since the sub
ject began to be of active interest to the
dub Addison C. Harris, chairman of the
committee; Dr. George E. Hunt, secretary
of the committee; William Fortune, R. O.
Hawkins, T. E. Griffith, S. E. Morss, Mer
rill Moores, Joseph A. Minturn, Linton V
Cox. Edward Insley, H. L. Beveridge and
Chairman Harris opened the meeting with
a brief resume of what had been accom
plished so far, remarking that the series of
information meetings had been of great
value in that they had dieted from men
active in politics their views, frankly ex
pressed, of primary laws as they had seen
them in operation. Mr. Harris spoke of the
necessity for making the movement one
of State interest and of the necessity for
ii teresting actively civic and other organi
zations to work with the committee. He
tooK occasion a little later to speak briefly
of the position of the speaker of the even
ing Mr. . Hush as' an authority whose
opinions would be of the utmost value to
tne committee in solving the problem with
which it had grappled.
Mr.. Harris's remarns le-d up to the read
ing of a circular letter by William For
tune, chairm.ui of the committee on co
operation of civic organiz itions. Copies of
the letter were sent to every organization
in the State or a civic nature, and also to
labor organizations. The letter explained
the purpose of the Commercial Club as an
effort to have enacted laws that should be
the best possible method for securing full
and active participation of voters In the
nominations of candidates, it stated that
while heretofore the meetings have been
for the purpose of obtaining information
from now on the committee would work
tor the most part toward securing the ac
tive co-operation of all civic organization
The letters asked the organizations to
which tney were sent to pass resolutions
and send them to the Commercial Club as
expressions of local sentiment and iew
and also to appoint representatives to meet
with the Commercial Club committee in a
big state meeting to be held in September
on a day to be set.
ILLINOIS PRIMARY LAW.
Following Mr. Fortune Mr. Rush deliv
ered hi-i address. He said that the Illinois
law may be considered to work satisfac
torily in that it accomplishes the things
it was designed to accomplish, and unsatis
factorily in that it does not achieve all
the things that might be achieved. It was
designed, he tald, for the particular pur
pose of taking party primaries out of the
hands of private and irregular party man
agement and putting them In the hands of
public and regulated state management.
Mr. Rush's address, after a few preliminary
remarks, was as follows:
"But after the Illinois law was placed on
the statute books, and to speak more par
ticularly of the law in Chicago. In the
first county convention under the new law
the so-called Republican bosses had a ma
jority of three-fifths of the delegates, and
their credentials committee, instead of
finding out and seating contesting delega
tions in the remaining two-fifths of the
delegates' seats, as had been the ancient
custom of 'dog eat dog,' was compelled lo
report there were no contests, and that the
certificate-holding delegates were 'regular.'
On that fatal day In Illinois that formid
able enginery of political life and death,
known as the credentials committee, got a.
shock from which it will never recover. It
virtually went out of business. That first
convention under the new law not only
nominated a better class of candidates, but
it gave to that two-fifths minority two
fifths of the offices instead of none, as had
been the ancient custom. Thereby the
spirit of faction, instead of being roused to
fury, was in part assuaged, and the party
was benefited instead of being injured. In
the second county convention under the
new law, held last May. the same so-called
bosses had a greater majority of the dele
gates, but no delegates were unseated, and
this convention nominated candidates se
lected from all factions and of so high a
character that it is the unanimous opinion
of the newspapers of Chicago that it is the
best county ticket put up in Illinois within
a generation. The City Council during the
past four years under the primary law has
been revolutionized until it is the pride
of Chicago and the remark of the Nation.
The State Legislature Is being gradually
dmproved as the people realize that it is in
their hands to control a convention and
name good men. And as the people try
their hands at primary politics, their ex
perience puts them more in sympathy with
politicians and less in sympathy with the
stay-at-home critics. Political leaders and
bosses, finding that no power can keep out
of the convention an oponpent whom the
people send there, cease to be arrogant and
revengeful and become conciliatory and
fair. The people and the parties and the
politicians are all benefited. The intricate
and voluminous machinery of the Illinois
law alms at one thing in the main a fair
count of the votes for the delegates and a
seat In the convention for those elected.
This is about nine-tenths of what Is most
substantial in primary election reform.
THE OTHER ONE-TENTH.
"It remains to talk of the other one
tenth. A tenth Is an Important fraction of
(CONTINUElTÖN PAGE 8, COL. 4.)
CONFESSION OF A THIEF
HENRY RECIITIX ADMITS STEALIXG
97,000 FR03I THE GOVEHXMEXT.
Disbursing Officer In Department of
Justice and Formerly a Prominent
Democrat at Cincinnati.
WASHINGTON, June 19. Henry Rech
tin, disbursing officer of the Department of
Justice, to-day was arrested on the charge
of misappropriating 7,C00 of government
funds. He confessed the shortage. Rech
tin is from Cincinnati. Information re
ceived by Attorney General Knox some
time ago led to the suspicion that some
thing was wrong with Rechtin's books,
and an arrest followed an examination of
the books under the direction of Controller
of the Treasury Tracewell.
Rechtin attributes his trouble to fast
living and speculation. The shortage Is
fully covered by his bond ' of . $30,00. Two
experts from the controller's office were
going over his books this morning when he
arrived at the office. When he saw them at
work he turned pale and then went to the
attorney general, to whom he made a full
confession. This revealed that the shoit
age had existed for six years. He had
concealed it by borrowing money from
friends just before his books were to be ex
amined and returning the money after the
examination was over. He said he came
here in 1805 in debt and had borrowed from
the government funds to pay these, hoping
eventually to make up the shortage and
get his accounts straight. Rechtln came
here with Attorney General Harmon and
was formerly clerk in one of the Cincinnati
courts. He is a bachelor, about forty-five
years of age, and had an income of about
$2.300 annually. The warrant for his ar
rest was Eworn out by United States Dis
trict Attorney Gould.
Mr. Rechtin was subsequently released on
$10,000 bail, a security company furnishing
A Democratic Worker.
CINCINNATI, June 19.-Henry Rechtin
was appointed as disbursing agent of the
Department of Justice when Judson Har
mon, of Cincinnati, was attorney gen
eral under Cleveland's administration.
Judge Harmon was astounded at the Asso
ciated Press dispatches and said he could
not believe Rechtln guilty. Rechtln has
been prominent as a Democratic worker in
Hamilton county for many years. He has
been a clerk in the mayor's office. Probata
Court, county clerk's office and in the In
ternal revenue office of this district and
stood high here, as does his family.
WANTS HIS WIFE PARDONED.
Georee B. narrow. Who Kidnaped
"llnby" Clark, Writes n Letter.
MIDDLETON. N. Y.. June 19. George B.
Barrow, who is serving a sentence at Dan
nemora prison for the kidnaping of Marfon
Clark in New York, has Just written a
long letter to Mayor Hock, of Goshen, en
treating him to exert all possible influence
to secure the pardon of Mrs. Barrow, his
wife, who is serving a sentence in Auburn
prison for the same crime. Barrow, who is
the son of Judge C. Barrow, of Little Rock,
Ark., declared he forced his wife to com
mit the crime which he planned for the
purpose of covering the New York police
department with ridicule and ignominy, and
that he did not desire a ransom. He says
he was an admirer of McCullagh, who.
Barrow says, had been unjustly retired by
Tamamny Hall influence, and that he ex
pected after the commission of the crime
to put McCuIlagh in a position to recover
the child. Governor Odell will soon be
asked to pardon Mrs. Barrow.
BAN ON TOBACCO.
nishop .Nicholson Inuc a Proiiuncln
mento AnnlnM tbe AVeed.
MILWAUKEE. June lD.-Bishop Nichol
son, of the Milwaukee Episcopal diocese,
has created a mild sensation among the
priests and laity of the diocese by lyuint; a
sort of a pronunciamento against the u.e of
tobacco. The pronunciamento is submit t d
as an object lesson, and, while the bishop
commends it to the good judgment of the
prieyts, without decreeing against the use
of tobacco in so many words, nevertheless
it has created quite a considerable stir. The
bishop maintains that there Is not one trace
of spiritual help or physical gain from the
use of tobacco, but untold evils that re
sult from its u:-e.
The exte'nt to which the bishop's abhor
rence toward tobacco goes Is e videnced by
the statement that If it is true that Sir
Walter RaUigh Introduced tobacco into
England, "'tis a pity that the hip that
carried him did not sink In the ocean."
ineiiKcrfeit at Peoria.
PEORIA. 111-. June 19 The twentieth
national Saengerfest of, the Northwestern
Saergerbund opened here to-day under the
most auspicious circumstances. The city
is handsomely decorated. The Chicago
Symphony Orchestra Is assisting the cho
rus of 2.&"0 male and female singers.
There are several soloists with Interna
tional reputation in the concerts. Miss
Carrie E. Bridewell. Miss Poddle Ross
Fraulein Carrie Seiferth. Miss Lillian Bruce
Morgan, Mme. Linne Stroebel. Mr. George
Hamlin. Mr. Warren K. Howe and Charles
Burndlck are among the number. More
than 3i0 singers arrived on special tiains
CLEVELAND IS OUT
HIS XAME MIST XOT RE COXSIDERED
AS A CAXDIDATE.
Formnl Announcement hy the Ex
President that His Days of Politic
eal ActUity Are Past.
CONTENT WITH RETIREMENT
ni l XOT WITH Tin: IXXOCl Ol S DES
l ETI DE" OF DEMOCRACY.
He Uns Xo Confession of Party Sin ttt
Make, but He Thinks Others Have
Wandered After Strance Gods.
HAS ONE BURNING ASPIRATION
AXD THAT IS TO SEE THE DEMOC
RACY OF OLD RESTORED.
Harmony Meeting at Which D. R. Hill
Thomas TagKart and Others Spoke
Xo Word from Dryan.
NEW YORK, June 19.-Grover Clevelanl
to-night set at rest all surmises as to hl
political intentions by declaring he had re
tired from political activity and virtually
announcing no offer of a presidential nom
ination could tempt him to come out of
his retirement. It was the first public po
litical appearance of the cx-President In'
live years. His speech was delivered at
the opening of the handsome new quarters
of the Tilden Club, which had been her
alded as giving Democrats an opportunity
to discuss unity and harmony of action.
Addresses were made by prominent Demo
crats and afterwards a collation was served
in the banquet hall to the distinguished
guests of the evening and a buffet supper
was served In the basement for the ranlc
and file. Mr. Cleveland spoke first, ci
Senator D. B. Hill followed, and then,
Governor A. J. Montague, of Virginia, Col.
W. A. Gaston, of Boston, and Thomas Tag
gart, of Indianapolis, delivered addresses,
William J. O'Brien was invited to attend,
though not to speak, but no reply was re
ceived from him.
Mr. Cleveland arrived at the clubhouse
accompanied by II. D. Hotehkiss, Dr.
Joseph E. Bryant and John C. Calhoun.
lie had scarcely got into the building when
ex-Senator David B. Hill, accompanied by
I. Laffin Kellogg, came in. Mr. Hill's ey
caught Mr. Cleveland us soon as they bad
entered the spacious club foyer, and a mo
ment later they were cordially thakuig
each other's hand. Loud and prolonged
applause greeted the two men as they en
tered the assembly room.
President Dowling. of the club, soon be
gan to speak and in Introducing cx-President
"We have founded this club to promote
the best interests of the Democratic party.
For that reason we have Invited Democrats
from all parts of the country to listen to
the words of those prominent in their
party. We have named this club after
that great statesman. Samuel J. Tilueii,
and this club stands for the political and
governmental honesty for which the namtf
of Tilden stands. Wc have with us here
to-night the greatest living Democrat.
The nrst speaker 1 have the honor of in
troducing to you Is the successful candidate
of two national campaigns, cx-Presldent
MR. CLEVELAXri'S SPEECH.
Former President Announces He Is
Oat of Active Politic for (iootl.
There was tremenduous applause as Mr.
Cleveland ascended the small platform.
This applause woundtip with three cheers
and a "tiger." When eiuiet was restored
the former President began speaking. Ho
"I have been urged to participate in this
occasion by thosy who have assured me
that this handsome structure is to be ded
icated to-night to the rehabilitation and
consolidation of the Democratic party, un
der the inspiration of a name which dur
ing the days of Democratic strength and
achievement was honored in every Demo
cratic household. Such an assurance made
to one who followed with hearty devotion
the leadership of Samuel J. Tilden when
living, and who has since found in his ca
reer and fame the highest incentive to
Democratic fcteadfastness. could hardly
fall to overcome the temptations of my
contented retirement lrom political ac
tivity. "Perhaps there arc those who would de
fine my position as one of banishment in
stead of retirement. Against this I shall
not enter a protest. It is sufficient for
me in either case that 1 have followed in
matters of difterence within eur party the.
teachings and counsel of the great Demo
crat in whose name party peace and har
mony are to-night Invoked. No confession
of party sin should therefore be expected
of me. I have none to make; nor do 1
crave political absolution.
"I am here to take counsel with others
professing the same party faith concern
ing the Democratic situation. I suppose
we all are convinced that this fituatiou
might be improved; and some of us my
think it is perilously undermined. What
ever the measure of its Impairment may
be, our condition as an organization cannot
be improved by calling each other harsn
names, nor by inaugurating a system of ar
bitrary proscription and banishment.
"The numbers of a business firm in
financial embarras-sment should not sit
down and look In each others' faccn in
mute despair: neither will they rtgain
tiuanclal youndnes or the confidence of
the buMness community by recrimination
and quarrel; nor will any members of the'
lirm aid in Its restoration to solvent
Mrcngth by an anry insistence upon a
continuation of the business methods
winch have invited its embarrassment.
"Ine Democratic party is very far from
political insolvency, but no one here
should be offended by the suggestion that
its capital and prospects hive suffr-reii
s-erious injurs- since Mr. Tilden was elected
i'i t-sldent. 1 nen and afterwards Northern
Democratic States were not rare curiol
ties. Northern Democratic senators, now
practically extinct, were quite numerous,
and Normern Democratic Governors, now
almost never seen, were frequently en
countered. "if this state of Impairment exists, an
Instant duty presses upon the managers
ot the Democratic establishment; and one
which tht-y cannot evade with honor.
Those of us less prominent In the party
the rank and nk are longing to b led
through old Democratic ways to old Dem
ocratic victories. We were never more
ready to do enthusiastic battle than now,
if we can only be marshaled outside th
shadow of predestined defeat. Is It too
much to asK our leader to avoid paths
that are known to lead to dister? Is It
too much to ask that proven errors bm
abandoned, and that we be delivered fron
a body of dath and relieed from the
burden of bucs which have oeen killed
by the dtctecs of. the American xeople?
Ousht we not to be fed upon something
better than the husks of defeat? If the
questions are met in an honest, manly
fashion, I believe It will b productive of
the best kind of Democratic harmony.
"In dealing with new issues' we of the
Democratic faith are extremely fortunate
In the simplicity of Democratic standards
and the ease with which new questions can
be measured by those htandardi. a ptxty