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THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL, THURSDAY, JUNE 15, 1903.
THE DAILY JOURNAL THURSDAY. JUNE 18, 1903. Telephon Calls (Old and New), Business Office.. ..238 I Editorial Room.... TERMS OF SIBSCRIPTIOX. BY CARRIER-INDIANAPOLIS and SUBURBS. Pally, Sunday included, 50 cents per month. Daily, without Sunday, 40 cants per month. Sunday, without daily. $2 0 per year. Single copies: Daily, 2 cents. Sunday, b cants. BY AGENTS EVERYWHERE. Daily, per weak. 10 cents. Daily. Sunday included, par weak, lfi cants. Sunoay, par Issue. 5 cents. BY MAIL PREPAID. Dally edition, one year M Daily sad Sunday, one year 7. Sunday only, one year Z.M REDUCED RATES TO CLUBS. Weekly Eaitioa. On copy, one year ,...$1.00 Ona eopy, alz months at cents On copy, three months .... cents No subscription taken for than three noaths. REDUCED RATES TO AGENT4. Subscribe with sny vf our numerous stents or send aubacription to TU WDlAÄAPOLli JOURNAL NEWSPAPER CO Indianapolis lad. Persons send ins the Journal through the malls In the United State should put on an eight-page or s twelve-page paper a 1-cent stamp: on a six teen, twenty or twenty-four-page paper, a 2-cent tump. Foreign pottage Is usually double these rates. All communications intended for publication In this paper must. In order to receive attention, be accompanied by the name and addreaa of the JUjected manuscripts will aot be returned un less postage la inclosed for that purpose. Catered aa second-clasa mstter at Indianapolis, Ind.. poatcmce. THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL Can be found at the following places: NSW YORK Astor House. CHICAGO Palmer House, Auditorium Annex Hotel, Dearborn Station News Stand. CINCINNATI J. Grand Hotel. Hawley A Co.. Arcade. LOUISVILLE C T rwrin. northwest corner Of Third and Jefferson streets, and Bluefeld j Bros.. HZ Wast Market itreet. LOUIS Union Newa Company, I'nlon Depot. "WASHINGTON. D. C.-Riggs House. Ebbltt House. Fairfax Hotel. V. illard Hotel. DENVER. Col Louthaln A Jackson. Fifteenth snd Lawrence streets, and A Smith. lSi7 Champa street. DAYTON, O.-J. V. Wlikle, 39 South Jefferson street. COLUMBUS. O.-Vladuct Newi Stand, 880 High street. YOUR SUMNER VACATION. If you take one you will want to keep In touch with heme. The best way to do this is to have the Journal mailed to you. Leave your order be fore 3tarting. We will charge the ad dress as often as you desire. Violence never did and never can help a strike. It is strange that so intelligent a class of men as the telephone linemen should have this old lesson still to learn. I am for the man that can win." de clares the Hon. Thomas Taggart in discuss ing the next Democratic presidential nomi nation. That is the whole Democratic idea as to both men and measures. The attendance at the Woodmen's con vention is scarcely one-fifth of what s predicted, and the ability of Indian. .is to handle a political national convention is still untested. xniB jtrar lite Biiiuiaiiic upciaiun anu miners had comparatively little difficulty fa getting together. The lesson of last year was a mighty severe one, and it is to be hoped that it will not soon be forgotten. It was said that some of the European powers would not tolerate a republic in Servia. but they do not revolt against a monarchical dynasty founded on assassira tlon. They know where "to draw the line. The orrespondent of the Associated Press at Belgrade showed true American enterprise in getting admission to the palace and Inspecting the scene of the recent as sassinations. He probably got a "scoop" on all he European papers. Building operations in New York have come to an absolute standstill, while the employers' union and the labor unions fight It out. The general average of wages in the building trades is higher than in any other, yet tha disputes seem more frequent than in any other industry. Russia has been working toward the open sea for a good many centuries in the same dangerous fashion that expanding steam works toward the open air. If she Is headed off in Manchuria, will It mean another eruption in the direction of Constantinople or a descent on the Persian gulf? The rate-cutting at Logansport between competing steam and interurban electric lines is the first of the kind that has oc curred in the State, but others are likely to follow. The competition is in many cases so direct as to make rate wars almost In evitable. Governor Durbin is attacked by the Dem ocratic organ because he insists that the state agricultural, forestry and horticult ural reports be Issued in a combined vol ume. Instead of in three separate volumes. lf the state printing contractor did not write the article, he ought to pay for it at full advertising rates. Samuel Gompers, president of the Amer ican Federation of Labor, who has been trying to settle the waiters' strike in Chi cago, thinks the advent of the Employers' Association into the labor question will re sult In a better understanding al! around. He believes more arguments will be made and a conciliatory policy will prevail. Cer tainly, if one side is organized the other should be. The American Rolling Mill Corporation has demanded that Munde pay It a bonus of 130.000 to prevent the removal of Its Mün dt piant to some other point, where a bonus of $60,000 is offered. This beautifully illus trates the absurdity of the whole bonus JSallshness. With such a call as this hon ored, there would be no reason why an In dustry should not mulct a town for a goodly sum every yesr or two. It Is stated on good authority that a recent strike in New England cotton mills resulted in the cancellation of immense orders thst had been taken in China. Japan and India, the loss of which will pinch the mill hands next winter. Impor tant strikes of this kind are cabled to foreign countries and make good capital for foreign salesmen, who say to thlr cus tomers: "What's the use of placing orders In America, the Isnd of strikes, where your orders may be held for months until tJae Knights of Labor, the Sovereigns of Industry or th National Machinists" Bus iness Disturbing Fnlon have made the manufacturers come to terms?' Thus striking- workmen persist In sawing off the limb on which they sit between them selves and the tree. SENATOR TILLMAN BREAKS OUT AGAI. Senator Tillman, of South Carolin, has given out an interview In which n says: "The negro has reached his su" ln tnla country and the repeal of the fourteenth and fifteenth amendmen I Inevitable." There has been more discussion during the last year or two concerning the status of the negro ad the question of negro suf frage hn during many years previous. Several causes have contributed to this, chief amonar them beinar the arioDtlun bv ! several Southern States of constitutional amendments practically disfranchising ne groes. Booker T. Washington's efforts in educating them and Representative Crum paeker's proposition to reduce the repre sentation of Southern States in the propor tion of the disfranchised negroes. The dis cussion has taken a wide range and has shown very clearly that the question of the negro's status, present and prospective, is far from being settled. In fact, no discus sion of recent years has brought out a greater variety of opinions from intelligent, patriotic and fair-minded persons, who have maintained their views with candor and ability. The discussion has not settled anything except that there Is great diver sity of opinion on the subject and that the satisfactory solution of the race problem is still far in the future. Senator Tillman's dogmatic statement thst "the negro has reached his status in this country" is that of a narrow-minded politician who mis takes his prejudices for principles and gropes helplessly In a fog of hie own crea tion. His conception of what that status is and is to remain is shown by his further statement that "the repeal of the four teenth and fifteenth amendments to the Constitution is inevitable." As the repeal of these amendments would deprive the ne gro of all constitutional protection and not only disfranchise but decitizenize him and consign him to perpetual serfdom, that is what Senator Tillman probably regards as the true status of the negro. No doubt there are many malignant ln the South of his way of thinking, but for the honor of the American name it Is to be hoped they arefar from a majority. When Senator Tillman says the repeal of the fourteenth and fifteenth amendments Is inevitable he Implies that enough Northern States will Join with the South to accom plish the repeal, and that it will be done by the Democratic party. This Is a wild and visionary Idea, but it is a logical sequence of the action already taken by some South ern States. The Constitution has been amended many times by additions to the original, but no provision once Incorporated In the Constitution has ever been repealed. This could only be done, if at all, in the form of an amendment, which would re quire submission by Congress and ratifica tion by three-fourths of all the States. Congress will never submit the question of repealing the amendments, and if it did the proposed repeal would never be ratified by the requisite number of States. There are now forty-five States, and three-fourths would be thirty-four. If the South should be solid for repeal of the amendments there would still not be half enough States to carry it, and no Northern' State would ever vote for it. The proposition is too wild for serious discussion, yet it represents a phase of Southern Democratic opinion that must be reckoned with. One thing is certain, and thst is that the status of the negro is fixed so far as the Constitution is con cerned. It remains to be seen whether the Southern States will be permitted to over ride the Constitution by assigning the ne gro to a status entirely different from that which it fixes. ANOTHER BLOOD-STAISED THROVE. A brief special from Sofia, the capital of Bulgaria, says that the news of the assas sination of King Alexander, of Servia, has caused great alarm there lest Prince Ferdi nand, the ruler of Bulgaria, may be the. next victim. Bulgaria is another of those governments which the Pope referred to a few days ago when ho exelsimed. "When will people learn that blood-stained thrones are not worth having?" Bulgaria adjoins Servia on the east and is somewhat larger, having 24,380 square miles to 18.630 in Servia. It is the roost uneasy and inflammatory of the Balkan states, and it has been thought for some years past that it would be the stai Ling point of European war if one should come. It is worse off than Servia in one respect, viz., that it Is a suzerainty of Turkey, while Servia has nominal in dependence. Wherever the hand of the Sultan Is laid there is sure to be trouble. Prince Ferdinand is not nearly as bad a man as was King Alexander, but he is hated by the Bulgarians. His throne has long been considered fb.e shakiest one in Europe, and for years past he has feared assassination. An attempt on his life was made in 1896, and as a result four men were hanged and an officer of the army was shot. When he took his seat on the throne in July, 1887, his chief adviser was Stam bouloft, a very able man and strongly anti Russian. Prince Ferdinand's wife brought about a quarrel between him and Stam bouloff, which resulted in the letter's dis missal, and shortly afterward in his as sassination. This act was traced near to Prince Ferdinand's door, though Russian emissaries doubtless had a hand in It. The prince's treatment of his former prime minister after his dismissal was basel ungrateful, even going so far as to refuse him permission to leave the country after the doctors had said that a course of treat ment at Carlsbad was necessary to save his life. M. Stambouloff's murder was ac complished by a bullet wound and Iftas or twenty stabs. Prince Ferdinand made a pretense of regretting his death, but Madame Stambouloff refused to admit to the house any of the representatves of the government, accept any of the wreaths sent by Prince Ferdinand or allow the funeral expenses to be paid by the gov ernment. Stambouloff was one of the great men of his generation and a giant among statesmen, but his hatred of Russin was so unrelenting that his death became a political necessity. It may have strength ened Prince Ferdinand with Russia, but It weakened him with the Bulgarian people, and for some years past his popularity has been on the wane. He is German by birth, being a son of the Duke of Saxony. His mother was a daughter of Louise Philippe, of France. He came to the throne by the vote of the Bulgarian National Assembly, but he wss picked out for the place by other powers. As has been raid. Prince Ferdinand is nothing as bad a man as King Alexander He Is bright snd cultured, but h naa no nold on the Bul garian peorte an 11 Is not surprising that he sho'10 fear assassination. Al his has a lesson for Americans, just n the recent tragedy in Servia had. It should make them more deeply thankful for th blessings of free government and more determined to preserve them. CHARTER GOVERNMENT. Mr. A. L. Mason, who had much to do with the authorship of the present city charter, in discussing that document, speaks of "the main theory of the charter" as the concentration of vast powers and respon sibilities in the hands of a mayor to serve at a salary of $4,000 a year. We have had something over twelve years' experience with this charter, and six years of that were a regime under Thomas Taggart. whose grip this community found it impossible to shake off while he was In office. Such power did he have that when he retired vol untarily he named the Democratic nominee and came perilously near electing him. Mr. Mason is still a reformer, devoting very much of his leisure to an academic study of municipal government, and doubtless he has observed the workings of municipal gov ernment ln Indianapolis as well as he could without infringing upon time required by other duties. It would be interesting to I low If he still looks upon this sacred char ter as a thing of beauty and a joy forever. Under it we have had completed terms ry Sullivan, Democrat; Denny, Republican, and Taggart. Democrat. Judge Sullivan is admittedly a man of good intentions and had had some experience in the office. The excuse of his friends for a weak and faulty administration was that the bad elements of his bad party were too strong for him. He was rejected in 1893. Mr. Denny gave an admittedly clean and honest administra tion, in which we had full enforcement of the law, but it was regarded as no better than his administrations under the old law. At the end of his term, however, he was a shining mark for all the elements Interested in having corrupt or loose government, and was retired to private life. Then came Taggart with an administration that stood for about everything bad in municipal gov errment, and he was elected again and again, his large powers giving him abso lute control of his party, and almost abso lute control of the voting power of the city as a whole. EMPEROR A D VATICAN. The reason of the contemplated visit of the German Emperor to the Vatican does not lie in the fact that King Edward re cently visited the Pope, nor ln any other extraneous matter, but rather in the in ternal politics of the German Empire. The Roman Catholic party, known in German politics as the "Center," is the strongest and most compact political organization in the Empire, having 102 seats in the Reichstag aa against fifty-eight controlled by the Socialists, the next strongest party. And it is the only party supporting the government that seems likely to Increase its representation in the coming elections, for the general drift is toward the Social ists and their allies, the Liberals. The three great points In Emperor Wil liam's policy have been and are: The strongest army in the world; a great navy, merchant marine and foreign commerce, and a great colonial empire. To practical ly every point of this policy the Social ists and the more moderate Liberals are unalterably opposed. The Conservatives, Reichspartei and a few smaller groups may be counted on to stand by imperial policies through thick and thin, but the Center, oi Roman Catholic party, amply able to throw a controlling vote in the Reichstag either way, has purposes of its own and cannot be counted on with cer tainty. During the last session it was gen erally found among the government sup porters, but it is in no wise committed. Like the other parties, it has cross divi sions on the subject of tariffs along agra rian and Industrial lines, and ln matters of foreign policy It Is somewhat affected by the pan-German spirit. The German Emperor wants more money for ships, and more money for colonies, and more money for his tremendous army organisation, and ln order to get it he must have the support of the Roman Cath olic votes ln the Reichstag. The German Empire has been forced with a hot-house growth during his reign and has reached a point where it muit either go ahead on the lines marked out or retrograde rapid ly, andthe Emperor will go to great lengths In the effort to conciliate the Catholic party, rather than see his policies wrecked. President Roosevelt made a fine speech at Charlottesville, Va. He Is at his best when something appeals to his admiration for the achievements of great Americans or to his love of literary traditions. This was the case at the University of Virginia, and his speech was full of broad Ameri canism set in local color. It must have captivated the audience, and Senator Daniel, himself an eloquent orator, paid the President the fine compliment of de clining to speak "after the wonderful and masterful address of the President." The investigation of the Postoffice De partment is being pursued relentlessly and is uncovering different kinds of crooked ness. The spirit of the investigation seems to be to let no guilty men escape, and that Is what the people demand. Whether the official malfeasance Involves money trans actions, trampling on the civil-service law, or simply a reckless use of official author ity the people want the Investigation to be thorough, no matter who may be hurt. The authorities of West Australia de clined to permit the Sultan of Johore. one of the wealthiest of the petty monarch? of India, to land, barring him out on the general law shutting out Asiatics. In order to smooth over the Insult King Ed ward will probably have to Invite him to London and squander a million or two on his entertainment. Since acquiring our new island posses sions we have had some puzzling cases of nationality and citizenship, but nothing quite so mixed as that Louisiana negro In Rerlln who was vouched for by a Ger man nobleman as "my French cook and a naturnllzed German." The negro was al lowed to vote. The public has been missing the dally interview from St. James Keach this week, but It may be taken for granted that Wicked Partner Polster is doing business right along at the old stand on Indiana avenue. Queen Natalie, the mother of Alexan der, the murdered monarch of Servia, is said to be thinking of entering a convent. The world would have been much better off had she done so in her childhood. THE HUMORISTS. Bnd Whisky. New York Sun. Colonel Blublud-By gad, sah! Thst whisky Is enough to make your mouth water. Colonel Bluegrass What mighty po' whisky it must be! Consistent. Phllsdelphls Ledger. Ned Yes. I've resolved to give up betting snd drinking and all Fred Huh? You'll never keep that resolution. Ned r 11 bet you the drinks I do. Kot Willie's Fa alt. Philadelphia Press. Mother Willie, you must top asking your paps questions. Don't you see they snnoy him? Willie No, ma'am; It ain't my questions that snnoy him. Mother Willis! Willis No. ma'am; it's the answers he can't give that make him mad. How He Got Oat. Catholic Standard. "No," said Woodby. "I don't see Wiseman at all any more. H- has dropped out of our social set." "He tells a different story," remarked Slnnick- son. "Indeed T" "Yes; he claims he has climbed out." Her Response. Cooking Club. Meeker Did you tell the cook that I kicked about the roast? Mrs. Meeker Its. Meeker What did she say? Mrs. Meeker She said I might inform you that there were no strings tied to you and If her cooking didn't suit you could take your meals else v hers. A Sonsx for Jane. Used to sing about the roses; That was long ago, When we shivered through the winter, Strugglln' with the snow. Now the garden's bioomin' gaily, Skies are free from storm. But there comes a sigh for seasons When It ain't o warm. Air that's crisp an' stars that twinkle Sharply through the night; Snowflakea through the sir a-dancln' Carelessly an' light; Sleigh bells Jingling; fireplace rosrln' To the north wind's tune; Merry Christmas! Happy New Year! That's the song for June! Washington Star. THE DRIFT OF POLITICS. Major George W. Steele, of Marlon, con cerning whose political plans at least two men in the Eleventh district Frederick Landis, of Logansport, and G. A. H Shideler, of Marlon would like to have a little accurate inside information, was in the city yesterday, but he was not in clined to stand and deliver the aforesaid information. In the words of the ancient but graphic idiom, he is "saying nothing and sawing wood." According to the major himself this idiom should be changed slightly to "saying nothing and farming," for he maintains that his only occupation at this time is that of a tiller of the soil, but "farming" does not admit of the vari ous interpretations that may be read into "sawing wood" and there are many peo ple in the Eleventh district who believe that the major's stunt as a farmer is nine parts bluff to shield his real activity in political lines. When asked If he would be a candidate for the nomination for Congress next year Major Steele diplomatically answered that his visit in Indianapolis was in con nection with a land deal more "farming." And that was as near as he could be drawn to an answer to the question. His caroful side-stepping is open to numerous inferences, the most generally accepted of which is that he will be a candidate, is at this time, and has been ever since the Wabash Waterloo last year, but that he will not assist the opposition by discuss ing the question in any way or making any announcements until the opportune time comes, which will be some months hence. His close friends do not hesitate to affirm that he will be a candidate, al though they do not speak with his au thority. They point to his long and valu able service in the House, where he ranked among the twelve or fifteen real leaders and was able to accomplish more for his district than any man Indiana has sent to the lower branch of Congress for years, and say he has excellent grounds upon which to base his candidacy and that he would be foolish to retire from the po litical arena merely because he met one defeat, due. not to his weakness, but to the most remarkable combination of cir cumstances that ever developed in a con gressional fight In the State. XXX The interest of Landis and Shideler in Major Steele's position is obvious; the former naturally desires to succeed him self ln the House and the latter Is a can didate for the Republican nomination for Governor. Some of Shldeler's friends fear that Steele's candidacy against Landis, suc cessful or unsuccessful, might result in the loss of the support of at least part of the district for Shideler ln the state conven tion; others of them say there is no con nection between the congressional and gubernatorial contests and that all the counties will stand by Shideler as a matter of district policy and because the time may come when they will have a candidate for State office and will want the district sup port. As to the outcome of the three-sided com plication there Is ample room for specula tion. A great deal may depend upon wheth er the district convention is held before the state convention. Major Steele now controls all the political machinery of the district. The federal officeholders owe their preferment to him, and these conditions, to gether with his recognized ability as an astute politician, make him a formidable factor ln the fight for the seat in congress. On the other hand. Landis has but one ses sion In which to make a record, and the of fices are practically all filled, so he will have no patronage to dispose of before the fight for nomination comes up again. But there is this in Landis's favor the unwrit ten law that a representative should be given the indorsement of at least one re nomination. It is interesting to note that in all the Eleventh district gossip, and there is an abundance of It. the friends of Major Steele have nothing but the kindliest words for Mr. Shideler and do not offer the slight est objection to his candidacy for Governor on the grounds that his race might prove injurious to the major's interests. xxx Major Steele, by the way. returned a few days since from West Point, where he went as a member of the board of visitors to the Nation's great military school, and he will leave next week for New York to attend a meeting of the board of managers of the national soldiers' homes. On his way East he will stop off in Pittsburg for a short visit with Representative Dalsell. The ma jor is deeply Interested at present In the work on the new Soldiers' Home at Johnson city. Tenn.. and he said yesterday that the new Institution will be ready for the opening early this fall. The surgeon of the Johnson City home will be an Indiana man. Dr. J. Z. Powell, of Logansport, former postmaster of that place. XXX J. Frank Hanly. of Lafayette, was In the cly yesterday and naturally the local poli ticians and newspaper men were interested in securing an expression from him as to his attitude on the gubernatorial proposi tion. He was not inclined to play the Sphinx exactly, but he did not solve the riddle, , for hr said he really did not know whether he would be a candidate for Gov ernor, nor whn he would be ready to an nounce his decision. He is in the position described as "flirting with the bee," and many politicians are taking It for granted that he will enter the race before the con test Is many moons older. xxx Harry M. Smith, editor of the Greencastle Banner and one of the active Republicans of the Fifth district, who wss here last night, says there is remarkably little po litical activity in the district at present. "It's altogether too early to interest the people in politics," he said. "However. I am not sure there is any prospect of much excitement ln the Fifth In the coming cam paign. Julian Hogate. of Danville, will be re-elected district chairman without oppo sition. I understand, and I have heard of no aggressive opposition to Congressman Holliday. Mr. Holliday has made a good representative, and while he is not a bril liant man he is a shrewd politician and he gets the votes a quality not lightly to be considered. I suppose he will have opposi tion, if not next year, at least in 1906, if he si. A seeks to retain his seat. "I have heard Julian Hogate spoken of as a probable candidate for Congress, but as he has announced his candidacy for re election as district committeeman this year I infer he will not go after Mr. Holliday's scalp next year. He may come out two years later. Hendricks county may be de pended on to bring out a candidate when the fight against Mr. Holliday is made, and Mr. Hogate would be in good shape to make the race after his work as district chairman for two campaigns," XXX Speaking of Representative Holliday, a good story Is told that illustrates his great est weakness as a politician his Inability to remember names and faces, or, at least, to associate them. At the convention in which James's. Barcus, of Terre Haute, made his second fight against Mr. Holliday, Alva M. Higgins, of Terre Haute, who was one of the leaders of the Barcus forces, made a speech of some length. For twenty-five or thirty minutes Mr. Higgins held the fleor, making the effort of his life. Mr. Holliday sat on the stage, a short dis tance away, taking ln every word of the speech. The convention was on Thursday. The next dav both Mr. Holliday and Mr. Higgins went to Washington, but they did not meet on the train. Arrived ln Wash ington they stopped at the same hotel, but still they did not meet until Sunday morn ing, when Mr. Higgins was standing at the curb in front of the establishment waiting for a car. Mr. Holliday came out and he, too, wanted a car, but he was not sure what one he should take, and, seeing a man at the curb, he asked him for the desired information. He talked to Mr. Higgins a minute or two, looking him directly in the face, and then as he moved away asked, perfunctorily: "Do you live here?" Mr. Higgins had thought at first that of course Mr. Holliday knew him, but when he asked that question the Terre Haute man collapsed and could only murmur an incoherent answer. After fighting as he had, snd making that speech, he did not think any one in the convention could for get him within three days, least of all the man against whom all his energy and elo quence had been directed. Mr. Holliday has made a popular repre sentative, and, as Editor Smith, of Green castle, said of him. he does "get the votes." XXX Z. E. Dugan, of Danville, county clerk and chairman of the Republican central committee of Hendricks county, was here yesterday. He says there is little interest in things political among the people of Hendricks at present, and he was more in terested In talking baseball. Mr. Dugan is an enthusiastic "fan," and it is but a few years since he was in the game. At De Pauw University he made the reputation of being one of the best pitchers that ever played on an Indiana college team, and after he left school he played professional ball for two or three seasons. xxx The Populists of Indiana, while there is not a very large number of them, will be interested in learning that J. A. Edgerton, of Denver, secretary of the national com mittee of the People's party, has written a letter calling for a conference of political reformers to be held in Denver on Monday, July 27. Mr. Edgerton explains that the call is not an official one, but Is Issued by himself as an individual in the hope that an amalgamation of the reform movements of the country may be found possible. xxx Judge Dan Waugh, of Tipton, was here yesterday and was one of the callers at Senator Beverldge's office. He says every thing is quiet politically in Tipton county, but that the Republican forces are ln ex cellent condition for the coming campaign. The judge ought to know, for he is one of the half dozen men who do things in Re publican politics in that county. Judge Waugh is a former member of Congress, and is one of the few who have not entered their political tombs on retiring from Con gress. xxx Former State Senator W. W. Lambert, of Columbus, and W. F. Coates, chairman of the Republican county committee of Bar tholomew county, were among the politi cians in the city yesterday. xxx Among the callers at Republican state headquarters yesterday was Fred Gemmer, of Williamsport, Republican chairman of Warren county. He was asked concerning the probable candidacy of two Tenth dis trict men for state offices J. Frank Hanly, of Lafayette, for Governor, and Fremont Goodwlne, of Williamsport, for lieutenant governor but he said lie was as much In the dark as any one. Although Mr. Gem mer Is cashier of a bank in which Senator Goodwins is interested, their close business relations have not brought about any ex change of confidences on the question of the senator's probable candidacy, he said. xxx Colonel Hackett, of Greensburg, former member of the Republican state committee from that district, was in the city yester day. He says there is a decided sentiment among the Republicans of Decatur county that Senator Beverldge should be renomi nated without opposition. XXX Judge Walter S. Olds, of Fort Wayne, former judge of the Supreme Court, was a visitor here yesterday, but his mission was a business one and he was too busy to talk politics. "Besides, there is really nothing to talk about In politics at pres ent," he said. "Wait a few months until the activity really begins." xxx Sanford Murphy, of Scottsburg, was an other of the numerous Republican county chairmen in the city yesterday. He is at the head of the party organization in Scott county. Contrary to persistent reports, he says the people of his county are not in the throes of excitement over the question as to what is to be done with Senator James W. Fortune's Pigeon Roost monu ment. He laughed when the subject was mentioned and said that as the pioneer martyrs had worried along for almost a hundred years without a monument it was thought they would rest ln peace an other year or two if a location for the much-discussed shaft is not immediately found. xxx W. P. Masters, postmaster at Seymour, and T. S. Blish, of that city, were here yesterday. xxx State Senator Eben H. Wolcott, of Wol cott, who was at the Columbia Club last evening, says the people of the northwest ern part of the State are enjoying the fulness of this era of exceptional prosperi ty. "They have more money than they know what to do with." he said, but added with a smile, "However, I do not believe they are looking for anyone to relieve them of the surplus. Really, though, the people are remarkably prosperous and they are well content. They are not taking a great li.terest m politics at this time, but I think they have adopted Senator Hanna's slogan, 'Let well enough alone.' " THE AUTOMOBILE ORDINANCE. A Fellow-Sufferer Extends Sympathy to Messrs. Wrlarht and t la pool. To the Editor of the Indianapolis Journal: My sympathies are with Mr. Claypool and Mr. Wright in the matter of building an automobile stable near their residences, for I know how It is myself. But the question involves many difficulties. In the flnt place an automobile stable is necessary to our present civilization, and only the All Father can tell what Is to come next to meet the demands of the civilization of the next decade. While the stable need not be in the very heart of the city, it ought to be not far from the business center, and Ver mont, near Meridian. Is as far out as it ought to go, and as near the center as the value of ground will allow; hence any legis lation that arbitrarily requires it to be re stricted to any district is wrong. A foundry is necessary to our present civilization and must be tolerated, and If its Interests re quired Jt to be on Vermont street It should be allowed to go there. But the present owners have rights that cannot be ignored. A foundry would be more detrimental to resident property than an automobile sta ble, and the mere ownership of a piece of ground does not convey the right to occupy It regardless of the interests of neighbors. What then? Clearly the man or firm that proposes to build a livery stable, or auto mobile stable, or bowling alley, or foundry, should be required to have the damages to property in the neighborhood assessed and paid before the damaging stable or foundry could be built, or any present building could be converted into a damaging busi ness. Let the ordinance provide for this, then let it build anywhere. I have said I know how it is myself. When I bought an unpretentious residence on College avenue, sixteen years ago. It was a quiet thoroughfare with strong Ick ings toward upper-ten residences. The mule cars made occasional trips, carefully keeping well within the four-mile-per-hour ordinance, stopping wherever hailed to let on or off a passenger at his very door. It was a veritable accommodation line, with no noise but the merry tinkle of the little bell on the mules to give timely warning. With this to recommend it property rented or sold much higher than on streets like Broadway and Park. But there came a time when the mule disappeared and the trrtiiev took its Dlace. No one seriously ob jected at first, but they did not know what was to come of this, me trouey oensveu well for a season, making a trip every ten minutes, but everybody had to walk to the corner to get on. Little by little It short ened Its time until now It goes once in four minutes, making one to pass every two min utes, and then at double-quick. But that is not all. The Interurban has Its freight and limited and way cars, shaking the dishes in the cupboard as they pass with a scneehing noise that rivals any calliope that ever terrified natives, and the Council has assumed the right to do all this In con sideration of a part of the revenue derived from the wrong to those who live on the avenue. A result Is thst a vscant lot on College avenue Is not worth one-half the price of a corresponding lot on the other streets, and a house will not rent for more than two-thirds a similar house on those streets brings. Of course, we must have trolley cars and interurban, but they should pav damages to adjacent property owners, just as automobile stables and foundries and bowling alleys should and. they will, some day. V L. SEK. Indianapolis. June 16. TWO DEBTOR NATIONS. Salvador Refuses to Pay and San Do mingo Has o Money. Washington Letter in Philadelphia Record. It is probable that this government will have to discipline two of the Latin-American republics, Salvador and San Domingo. Salvador, according to the decision of an arbitration commission, owes $500,000 to El Triumfo Company (limited), of San Fran cisco, and the Salvadorean Congress has adjourned without making an appropria tion to pay the debt. In San Domingo the government has been overthrown by the revolutionists, and there is no money or means of raising money to pay $20,000,000 owing to American, Brit ish, German, Italian, French. Dutch, Span ish and Belgian capitalists. It Is .feared that the Venezuelan incident may be re peated In the case of Santo Domingo, and that the United States may again have to maintain the Monroe doctrine. The trouble with Salvador Is particularly irritating to the State Department, and a warship will probably be sent to seize a Salvadorean port unless the government of that country changes its attitude very soon. At present Salvador is stiffly pro testing. She insists not only that the de cision was unfair, but that it was practical ly not a valid decision, because the actual arbiter. Chief Justice 8trong, of Canada, was so ill that he was not able to Intelli gently take part in the arbitration. The other members of the commission were former Postmaster General Don M. Dick inson, of Michigan, for the United States, and Dr. Pacas, for Salvador. The latter created a scene when the announcement of the commission's decision was made by denouncing it in vigorous terms and de claring that Chief Justice Strong did not know what he was doing and had been ov erreached by the American representatives. This was promptly denied by Mr. Dickin son. The position of our government is that the arbitration commission proceedings were regular in form, carried out according to the treaty and that both parties must abide by the verdict, otherwise the princl- fle of arbitration would be discredited, t will therefore oppose the reopening of the case in any way and insist that the award be paid. The claim of El Triumfo Company is that, having obtained a concession to Improve the docks and, harbor of El Triumfo ln Sal vador, Its property was confiscated upon the untrue charge that having gone into the hands of a receiver it had failed to carry out its contract. The Salvadorean government claimed that its action was justifiable under the terms of the conces sion and the failure of the company to meet its obligations. How serious the situation Is in San Do mingo Is shown in the following cablegram, sent from Santo Domingo City by Consul General Maxwell on April 19 and received to-day: "Vasquez government fallen. New provisional government organized. Entire territory under it. General Gil provisional president." Mail advices, bearing dste of April 10. which reached the State Department to-day from a resident of Santo Domingo indicate a gloomy outlook for the Dominican re public. The writer says the recognized public debt of the republic Is $20,000,000, and is held chiefly by American. British. Ger man, Italian. French, Dutch. Spanish snd Belgian capitalists. The nominal annual income Is $1,700.000. Owing to the constant civil wars the government has been unable to cover Its budget or pay the foreign creditors for months, and has been compelled to hypothecate its future income at ruinous rates of interest. The Belgian bondholders have received nothing for Ave months and other debts are similarly neglected. The Belgians are authorized to take charge of the customs In the event of default and may soon decide to use their rights. The State Department's informant adds: "Should this result the other foreign credi tors will push their claims and a question similar to that in Venezuela will present itself, with the difference that Venezuela could come to settlement, in condition to raise funds and make Immediate pay ments, while this Republic can neither pay nor offer a guarantee." He fears two important ports of San Domingo will be seized and held until the debts are paid. This would virtually amount to permanent occupation unless the Monroe doctrine could be construed to pre vent. That Is the point that concerns the State Department. The letter to the department closes with this prediction: "The civil war that is now on may soon end. but it will be soon followed by another and the result will be ruin." DANGEBS OF A LABOE INCOME. A Thing; That Does ot Greatly Trouble the Most of Lb. Harper's Weekly. "We all go to the devil." said Dr. Hlllls the other night, "when we have $50.000 a year." "Or most of us." he added, hedging a little. "Some men can stand it. but not many." Fifty thousand dollars a year it the income of only $1,000.000 well invested, snd we have long since lost the habit of accounting the $1.000.000 man rich. The pro portion of the $50.000 a year men to the rest of the population is not yet large In this country, but the absolute number of them is pretty big, and if most of them are going to the devil it is s serious mstter. How ever, Dr. Hlllls was not dealing with sta tistics, but giving colloquial expression to an opinion. The opinion was tnat sn in come of $50.000 a year is unwholesome. He spoke of divorce In "high life," and of "the pampered sons and daughters of luxury, rotten before they nre ripe, and tlrowned ln the honeysuckle juice of indulgence." We all see enough of the evils of wealth; of lives that might have been useful bl ghted by it; of homes that might have been happy devastated by It. Any industrious and ob servant person could get together facts enough about promising young lives that had come to no good from lack of the pres sure of necessity, to make careful citizens hesitate to say whether, if they had to choose, they would prefer the risks of $50. 000 a year or tuberculosis. And yet. $6.000 a year has its good points, Its opportunities, Its privileges; snd here in New York, st least, there are facts and considerations thst go far towards neutralizing Its perils. Suppose It is a mere Income derived not from investment, but from labor or busi ness. Its possessor, If he is prudent, will save $30.000, and perhaps he will give away $6.000. That will leave him only $.5.000 a year to live on. and though, even if he has a family, he can live in comfort on that sum, that he cannot live in prideful luxury upon It Is so well known thst there is r.o need of going into details to tell why. If his $60.000 comes to him ln dividend checks and coupons without trouble or anxistjr to him. the situation is harder. It Is an awful thing to be rid of the struggle for existence. It is really the next thing to being dead, and yet It Is whst almost every one of us aspires to and reaches after all the time. The first thing the beginner usually tries to buy with his money is ease; the next is plessure. That's where the $80.000 gets ln Its desdly work. When Its possessor buys ease and pleasure instead of opportunity. It may raise the devil with him, as Dr. Hl Iiis justly suggests. THE HOME OF FANATICISM. Extraordinary Illustrations of Tem perament of Rasstan Haters of Jews. New York Mall and Express. The Russian Journals have lately told a strange story of fanaticism, which is illustrative of the temperament of many of the class of people who now deem It a holy duty to persecute the Jews. Ivan Aslamazoff. a Russian peasant of Bay- andour, ln the Caucasus, was very 111, and believed that he must die. In this state of mind he fell asleep, and ln a dream St. John appeared to him and led him to a valley outside the village, where he saw God seated upon a throne. "Ivan." said the divine apparition, "I will restore you to health. But you have a son. When that son shall have reached the age of seven years, you shall sacrifice him to me st the door of the church." Aslamazoff recovered and lately carried out the terms of tha horrible command that he believed he had received, cutting his son's throat before the church doors It appeared from the statement which the man made that he had struggled against the performance of this deed. He declared that he had prayed long and desperately to be released from the sup posed divine requirement, but In vain. The command once Issued, the heavens re mained sealed. Aslamazoff was not in sane in the ordinary sense, and it was shown that he dearly loved his child. He was simply fanatical to an extent Quite beyond the comprehension. A family of people of the Jewish faith, now resident in this city, tell a story of? Russian fanaticism which is of a different sort, but not much less extraordinary. The father of the family was well-to-do in Russia, and employed a Russian peasant nurse to take csre of his children. One day the children were left alone with this nurse, who at once seised the occasion to heat a flatiron red hot. with which she branded a cross on the bare back of ea h of the children. When called upon to law why she committed this outrage, she de clared that, as their ancestors had cruci fied the Saviour. It was only right and proper that the children should be punished In this way! Such Instances of Russian fanaticism as this are illustrative. The Russian loner classes are naturally a kindly people, and, by their essential nature, inclined to be tolerant. But their religious notions are of the medieval type. They believe firm ly that every person who is not a member of the Orthodox Greek Church is lost eternally, and there is no extent of perse cution to which an acceptance of the notion of exclusive salvation will not drive those who hold It, provided they have the power to persecute. HUGE AQUEDUCT FOB AUSTB ALIA To Be 238 Miles Long; and Will Cost $20.000,000. Philadelphia Record. For many years the great gold fields of the famous Coolgardle mining district of western Australia have been suffering seri ously from the lack of sn adequate water supply. It was by no means sn uncommon occurrence to pay as much as 7$ cents for a gallon of drinking water. Hotel keepers in many towns snd villages were wont to guard more jealously the manner ln which, the customer helped himself to the water than to the whisky bottle. Even the rich est mine owners ln Coolgardie were not able to take a bath. This necessity for procuring an adequate and permanent wa ter supply had forced itself so strongly upon the attention of the government that finally, after many preliminaries, the gov ernment decided to accept and carry out a plan of the englneer-ln-chlef of the colony for a dally supply of 6.000.000 gallons of water. In July, 1896, the report was pre sented to Parliament, with a bll authoriz ing the raising of a loan of li6.600.000 for the scheme. The plan was finally adopted, and work on the immense scheme was started in 1(W. The following figures will give an idea of the magnitude of the huge enterprise: According to the report accepted and the work carried out, a pipe line had to be con structed over a total length of no less than 328 miles. The pipes sre of steel snd have a diameter of thirty inches. The velocity of the water is ".124 feet a second.' while the weight of water to be raised per dsy Is 26,000 tons. The horse-power of the engines to carry out this work is 6,187. nd the quantity of water to be pumped each day of twenty-four hours has been fixed st 6.600.000 gallons. One of the reservoirs the Helena reservoir cost in the neighborhood of $2,700.000. The cost of the pipes alone was nearly $11,200,000. The whole undertaking is now nesring completion, snd It is hoped that within a month or so the Coolgardie gold fields will be provided with an abundant supply of water, which in all probability will give a new impetus to the important mining in dustry ln that section of Australia. Greek Letter Reunion at Fair. Exposition Bulletin. The idea of having a great reunion cf the Greek letter societies during the World's Fair in St. Louis next year is re ceiving much attention among college men. It was first suggested by President Fran cis, of the World's Fair, at a dinner given in his honor by the Beta Theta Pi Club of this city, made up largely of the alum , nl of Washington University, of which President Francis is a graduate. The speak, r recalled that twenty-eight Greek letter fraternities of the American collegrs boasted a membership of about 130,000. He believed it would be an admirable thing to bring them together at the fair, it was suggested that certain rooms ln the temple of fraternity might be secured for the use of the visiting Creek letter men and their families and friends and that special days at the xpositlon could with propriety be set aside for such programme as a committee of the Greek letter soclet might determine. A committee was sp polnted to secure the next annual conven tion of the National Beta Theta Pi Asso ciation, as follows: W. S. Fan;.?. M. P. Drury, G. F. A. Bruggamann. William T. Jones and Ashley Cabell. Senator Lodge and Senator Hoar. Henry Cabot Lodge., in Juue Boo&iovers Magazine. He comes of a race eminent through many generations and Identified in every century with the history of Massachusetts and of the country. In every fiber of his being he is an American, with a patriotism that has never known weariness or discourage ment. The history and traditions of his country and of his State are as familiar to him as the air he breathes. The cause of humanity, wherever humanity waj deso late or oppressed, has ever found In hlrn a champion, snd yet with nil this he has had tne unfailing d--ire to help the Individual as he has sought to he p the race, snd has never lost sight of the man In the multi tude. Through all the storm and stress of oublic life he hss earried his love of letters ; and a wide snd generous scholarship, mors characteristic of an earlier day than ours, but which is still honored snd desired t.y Massachusetts ln those whom she selects to represent her. Mr. Hoar hss had. snd still has. a great career; he still nils a great place before his countrymen. Vice Presidential Candidates. New York Mail and Express. South Dakota has a candidate for the Republican nomination for V I In Senstor Gamble. He is declared by the Vermillion Republican to be the most pop I ular man In the State. That paper declares: "Roosevelt and Gamble would sweep the j State of South Dakota like the wildest sort of wildfire." During his long Journey the i president has encountered s variety cf vice presldentisl booms, a I of whi h will be stored ln the White Hous? for careful in spection during the coming winter. Prlsce Hrnr May losac Philadelphia Ledger. Mrs. Tower was accompanied by her two little daughters, Helen snd Gertrude, and will go to her summer home near Rich field Springs. She said there was no reason to think thst the Kaiser contemplated visiting America at the firm of thu St. Louis exposition, but said rhe understood thst there was a strong possibility of the Crown Prince William and his uncle. Prince Henry, coming over.