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The Indianapolis journal. [volume] (Indianapolis [Ind.]) 1867-1904, June 18, 1903, Image 4

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THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL, THURSDAY, JUNE 15, 1903.
THE DAILY JOURNAL
THURSDAY. JUNE 18, 1903.
Telephon Calls (Old and New),
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THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL
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YOUR SUMNER VACATION.
If you take one you will want to
keep In touch with heme. The best
way to do this is to have the Journal
mailed to you. Leave your order be
fore 3tarting. We will charge the ad
dress as often as you desire.
Violence never did and never can help a
strike. It is strange that so intelligent a
class of men as the telephone linemen
should have this old lesson still to learn.
I am for the man that can win." de
clares the Hon. Thomas Taggart in discuss
ing the next Democratic presidential nomi
nation. That is the whole Democratic idea
as to both men and measures.
The attendance at the Woodmen's con
vention is scarcely one-fifth of what s
predicted, and the ability of Indian. .is
to handle a political national convention
is still untested.
xniB jtrar lite Biiiuiaiiic upciaiun anu
miners had comparatively little difficulty
fa getting together. The lesson of last year
was a mighty severe one, and it is to be
hoped that it will not soon be forgotten.
It was said that some of the European
powers would not tolerate a republic in
Servia. but they do not revolt against a
monarchical dynasty founded on assassira
tlon. They know where "to draw the line.
The orrespondent of the Associated
Press at Belgrade showed true American
enterprise in getting admission to the palace
and Inspecting the scene of the recent as
sassinations. He probably got a "scoop"
on all he European papers.
Building operations in New York have
come to an absolute standstill, while the
employers' union and the labor unions fight
It out. The general average of wages in the
building trades is higher than in any other,
yet tha disputes seem more frequent than
in any other industry.
Russia has been working toward the open
sea for a good many centuries in the same
dangerous fashion that expanding steam
works toward the open air. If she Is headed
off in Manchuria, will It mean another
eruption in the direction of Constantinople
or a descent on the Persian gulf?
The rate-cutting at Logansport between
competing steam and interurban electric
lines is the first of the kind that has oc
curred in the State, but others are likely to
follow. The competition is in many cases
so direct as to make rate wars almost In
evitable. Governor Durbin is attacked by the Dem
ocratic organ because he insists that the
state agricultural, forestry and horticult
ural reports be Issued in a combined vol
ume. Instead of in three separate volumes.
lf the state printing contractor did not write
the article, he ought to pay for it at full
advertising rates.
Samuel Gompers, president of the Amer
ican Federation of Labor, who has been
trying to settle the waiters' strike in Chi
cago, thinks the advent of the Employers'
Association into the labor question will re
sult In a better understanding al! around.
He believes more arguments will be made
and a conciliatory policy will prevail. Cer
tainly, if one side is organized the other
should be.
The American Rolling Mill Corporation
has demanded that Munde pay It a bonus
of 130.000 to prevent the removal of Its Mün
dt piant to some other point, where a bonus
of $60,000 is offered. This beautifully illus
trates the absurdity of the whole bonus
JSallshness. With such a call as this hon
ored, there would be no reason why an In
dustry should not mulct a town for a goodly
sum every yesr or two.
It Is stated on good authority that a
recent strike in New England cotton mills
resulted in the cancellation of immense
orders thst had been taken in China.
Japan and India, the loss of which will
pinch the mill hands next winter. Impor
tant strikes of this kind are cabled to
foreign countries and make good capital
for foreign salesmen, who say to thlr cus
tomers: "What's the use of placing orders
In America, the Isnd of strikes, where
your orders may be held for months until
tJae Knights of Labor, the Sovereigns of
Industry or th National Machinists" Bus
iness Disturbing Fnlon have made the
manufacturers come to terms?' Thus
striking- workmen persist In sawing off the
limb on which they sit between them
selves and the tree.
SENATOR TILLMAN BREAKS OUT
AGAI.
Senator Tillman, of South Carolin, has
given out an interview In which n says:
"The negro has reached his su" ln tnla
country and the repeal of the fourteenth
and fifteenth amendmen I Inevitable."
There has been more discussion during the
last year or two concerning the status of
the negro ad the question of negro suf
frage hn during many years previous.
Several causes have contributed to this,
chief amonar them beinar the arioDtlun bv !
several Southern States of constitutional
amendments practically disfranchising ne
groes. Booker T. Washington's efforts in
educating them and Representative Crum
paeker's proposition to reduce the repre
sentation of Southern States in the propor
tion of the disfranchised negroes. The dis
cussion has taken a wide range and has
shown very clearly that the question of the
negro's status, present and prospective, is
far from being settled. In fact, no discus
sion of recent years has brought out a
greater variety of opinions from intelligent,
patriotic and fair-minded persons, who
have maintained their views with candor
and ability. The discussion has not settled
anything except that there Is great diver
sity of opinion on the subject and that the
satisfactory solution of the race problem is
still far in the future. Senator Tillman's
dogmatic statement thst "the negro has
reached his status in this country" is that
of a narrow-minded politician who mis
takes his prejudices for principles and
gropes helplessly In a fog of hie own crea
tion. His conception of what that status is
and is to remain is shown by his further
statement that "the repeal of the four
teenth and fifteenth amendments to the
Constitution is inevitable." As the repeal
of these amendments would deprive the ne
gro of all constitutional protection and not
only disfranchise but decitizenize him and
consign him to perpetual serfdom, that is
what Senator Tillman probably regards as
the true status of the negro. No doubt
there are many malignant ln the South of
his way of thinking, but for the honor of
the American name it Is to be hoped they
arefar from a majority.
When Senator Tillman says the repeal of
the fourteenth and fifteenth amendments Is
inevitable he Implies that enough Northern
States will Join with the South to accom
plish the repeal, and that it will be done by
the Democratic party. This Is a wild and
visionary Idea, but it is a logical sequence
of the action already taken by some South
ern States. The Constitution has been
amended many times by additions to the
original, but no provision once Incorporated
In the Constitution has ever been repealed.
This could only be done, if at all, in the
form of an amendment, which would re
quire submission by Congress and ratifica
tion by three-fourths of all the States.
Congress will never submit the question of
repealing the amendments, and if it did the
proposed repeal would never be ratified by
the requisite number of States. There are
now forty-five States, and three-fourths
would be thirty-four. If the South should
be solid for repeal of the amendments there
would still not be half enough States to
carry it, and no Northern' State would ever
vote for it. The proposition is too wild for
serious discussion, yet it represents a phase
of Southern Democratic opinion that must
be reckoned with. One thing is certain,
and thst is that the status of the negro is
fixed so far as the Constitution is con
cerned. It remains to be seen whether the
Southern States will be permitted to over
ride the Constitution by assigning the ne
gro to a status entirely different from that
which it fixes.
ANOTHER BLOOD-STAISED THROVE.
A brief special from Sofia, the capital of
Bulgaria, says that the news of the assas
sination of King Alexander, of Servia, has
caused great alarm there lest Prince Ferdi
nand, the ruler of Bulgaria, may be the.
next victim. Bulgaria is another of those
governments which the Pope referred to a
few days ago when ho exelsimed. "When
will people learn that blood-stained thrones
are not worth having?" Bulgaria adjoins
Servia on the east and is somewhat larger,
having 24,380 square miles to 18.630 in Servia.
It is the roost uneasy and inflammatory of
the Balkan states, and it has been thought
for some years past that it would be the
stai Ling point of European war if one
should come. It is worse off than Servia
in one respect, viz., that it Is a suzerainty
of Turkey, while Servia has nominal in
dependence. Wherever the hand of the
Sultan Is laid there is sure to be trouble.
Prince Ferdinand is not nearly as bad a
man as was King Alexander, but he is
hated by the Bulgarians. His throne has
long been considered fb.e shakiest one in
Europe, and for years past he has feared
assassination. An attempt on his life was
made in 1896, and as a result four men
were hanged and an officer of the army was
shot. When he took his seat on the throne
in July, 1887, his chief adviser was Stam
bouloft, a very able man and strongly anti
Russian. Prince Ferdinand's wife brought
about a quarrel between him and Stam
bouloff, which resulted in the letter's dis
missal, and shortly afterward in his as
sassination. This act was traced near to
Prince Ferdinand's door, though Russian
emissaries doubtless had a hand in It.
The prince's treatment of his former prime
minister after his dismissal was basel
ungrateful, even going so far as to refuse
him permission to leave the country after
the doctors had said that a course of treat
ment at Carlsbad was necessary to save
his life. M. Stambouloff's murder was ac
complished by a bullet wound and Iftas
or twenty stabs. Prince Ferdinand made
a pretense of regretting his death, but
Madame Stambouloff refused to admit to
the house any of the representatves of
the government, accept any of the wreaths
sent by Prince Ferdinand or allow the
funeral expenses to be paid by the gov
ernment. Stambouloff was one of the
great men of his generation and a giant
among statesmen, but his hatred of Russin
was so unrelenting that his death became
a political necessity. It may have strength
ened Prince Ferdinand with Russia, but It
weakened him with the Bulgarian people,
and for some years past his popularity has
been on the wane. He is German by birth,
being a son of the Duke of Saxony. His
mother was a daughter of Louise Philippe,
of France. He came to the throne by the
vote of the Bulgarian National Assembly,
but he wss picked out for the place by
other powers. As has been raid. Prince
Ferdinand is nothing as bad a man as
King Alexander He Is bright snd
cultured, but h naa no nold on the Bul
garian peorte an 11 Is not surprising that
he sho'10 fear assassination.
Al his has a lesson for Americans, just
n the recent tragedy in Servia had. It
should make them more deeply thankful
for th blessings of free government and
more determined to preserve them.
CHARTER GOVERNMENT.
Mr. A. L. Mason, who had much to do
with the authorship of the present city
charter, in discussing that document, speaks
of "the main theory of the charter" as the
concentration of vast powers and respon
sibilities in the hands of a mayor to serve
at a salary of $4,000 a year. We have had
something over twelve years' experience
with this charter, and six years of that were
a regime under Thomas Taggart. whose
grip this community found it impossible to
shake off while he was In office. Such
power did he have that when he retired vol
untarily he named the Democratic nominee
and came perilously near electing him. Mr.
Mason is still a reformer, devoting very
much of his leisure to an academic study
of municipal government, and doubtless he
has observed the workings of municipal gov
ernment ln Indianapolis as well as he could
without infringing upon time required by
other duties. It would be interesting to
I low If he still looks upon this sacred char
ter as a thing of beauty and a joy forever.
Under it we have had completed terms ry
Sullivan, Democrat; Denny, Republican,
and Taggart. Democrat. Judge Sullivan is
admittedly a man of good intentions and
had had some experience in the office. The
excuse of his friends for a weak and faulty
administration was that the bad elements
of his bad party were too strong for him.
He was rejected in 1893. Mr. Denny gave
an admittedly clean and honest administra
tion, in which we had full enforcement of
the law, but it was regarded as no better
than his administrations under the old law.
At the end of his term, however, he was a
shining mark for all the elements Interested
in having corrupt or loose government, and
was retired to private life. Then came
Taggart with an administration that stood
for about everything bad in municipal gov
errment, and he was elected again and
again, his large powers giving him abso
lute control of his party, and almost abso
lute control of the voting power of the city
as a whole.
EMPEROR A D VATICAN.
The reason of the contemplated visit of
the German Emperor to the Vatican does
not lie in the fact that King Edward re
cently visited the Pope, nor ln any other
extraneous matter, but rather in the in
ternal politics of the German Empire. The
Roman Catholic party, known in German
politics as the "Center," is the strongest
and most compact political organization
in the Empire, having 102 seats in the
Reichstag aa against fifty-eight controlled
by the Socialists, the next strongest party.
And it is the only party supporting the
government that seems likely to Increase
its representation in the coming elections,
for the general drift is toward the Social
ists and their allies, the Liberals.
The three great points In Emperor Wil
liam's policy have been and are: The
strongest army in the world; a great navy,
merchant marine and foreign commerce,
and a great colonial empire. To practical
ly every point of this policy the Social
ists and the more moderate Liberals are
unalterably opposed. The Conservatives,
Reichspartei and a few smaller groups
may be counted on to stand by imperial
policies through thick and thin, but the
Center, oi Roman Catholic party, amply
able to throw a controlling vote in the
Reichstag either way, has purposes of its
own and cannot be counted on with cer
tainty. During the last session it was gen
erally found among the government sup
porters, but it is in no wise committed.
Like the other parties, it has cross divi
sions on the subject of tariffs along agra
rian and Industrial lines, and ln matters
of foreign policy It Is somewhat affected
by the pan-German spirit.
The German Emperor wants more money
for ships, and more money for colonies,
and more money for his tremendous army
organisation, and ln order to get it he
must have the support of the Roman Cath
olic votes ln the Reichstag. The German
Empire has been forced with a hot-house
growth during his reign and has reached
a point where it muit either go ahead on
the lines marked out or retrograde rapid
ly, andthe Emperor will go to great
lengths In the effort to conciliate the
Catholic party, rather than see his policies
wrecked.
President Roosevelt made a fine speech
at Charlottesville, Va. He Is at his best
when something appeals to his admiration
for the achievements of great Americans
or to his love of literary traditions. This
was the case at the University of Virginia,
and his speech was full of broad Ameri
canism set in local color. It must have
captivated the audience, and Senator
Daniel, himself an eloquent orator, paid
the President the fine compliment of de
clining to speak "after the wonderful and
masterful address of the President."
The investigation of the Postoffice De
partment is being pursued relentlessly and
is uncovering different kinds of crooked
ness. The spirit of the investigation seems
to be to let no guilty men escape, and that
Is what the people demand. Whether the
official malfeasance Involves money trans
actions, trampling on the civil-service law,
or simply a reckless use of official author
ity the people want the Investigation to
be thorough, no matter who may be hurt.
The authorities of West Australia de
clined to permit the Sultan of Johore. one
of the wealthiest of the petty monarch?
of India, to land, barring him out on
the general law shutting out Asiatics. In
order to smooth over the Insult King Ed
ward will probably have to Invite him to
London and squander a million or two on
his entertainment.
Since acquiring our new island posses
sions we have had some puzzling cases of
nationality and citizenship, but nothing
quite so mixed as that Louisiana negro
In Rerlln who was vouched for by a Ger
man nobleman as "my French cook and a
naturnllzed German." The negro was al
lowed to vote.
The public has been missing the dally
interview from St. James Keach this week,
but It may be taken for granted that
Wicked Partner Polster is doing business
right along at the old stand on Indiana
avenue.
Queen Natalie, the mother of Alexan
der, the murdered monarch of Servia, is
said to be thinking of entering a convent.
The world would have been much better
off had she done so in her childhood.
THE HUMORISTS.
Bnd Whisky.
New York Sun.
Colonel Blublud-By gad, sah! Thst whisky Is
enough to make your mouth water.
Colonel Bluegrass What mighty po' whisky it
must be!
Consistent.
Phllsdelphls Ledger.
Ned Yes. I've resolved to give up betting snd
drinking and all
Fred Huh? You'll never keep that resolution.
Ned r 11 bet you the drinks I do.
Kot Willie's Fa alt.
Philadelphia Press.
Mother Willie, you must top asking your paps
questions. Don't you see they snnoy him?
Willie No, ma'am; It ain't my questions that
snnoy him.
Mother Willis!
Willis No. ma'am; it's the answers he can't
give that make him mad.
How He Got Oat.
Catholic Standard.
"No," said Woodby. "I don't see Wiseman at
all any more. H- has dropped out of our social
set."
"He tells a different story," remarked Slnnick-
son.
"Indeed T"
"Yes; he claims he has climbed out."
Her Response.
Cooking Club.
Meeker Did you tell the cook that I kicked
about the roast?
Mrs. Meeker Its.
Meeker What did she say?
Mrs. Meeker She said I might inform you
that there were no strings tied to you and If her
cooking didn't suit you could take your meals
else v hers.
A Sonsx for Jane.
Used to sing about the roses;
That was long ago,
When we shivered through the winter,
Strugglln' with the snow.
Now the garden's bioomin' gaily,
Skies are free from storm.
But there comes a sigh for seasons
When It ain't o warm.
Air that's crisp an' stars that twinkle
Sharply through the night;
Snowflakea through the sir a-dancln'
Carelessly an' light;
Sleigh bells Jingling; fireplace rosrln'
To the north wind's tune;
Merry Christmas! Happy New Year!
That's the song for June!
Washington Star.
THE DRIFT OF POLITICS.
Major George W. Steele, of Marlon, con
cerning whose political plans at least two
men in the Eleventh district Frederick
Landis, of Logansport, and G. A. H
Shideler, of Marlon would like to have a
little accurate inside information, was in
the city yesterday, but he was not in
clined to stand and deliver the aforesaid
information. In the words of the ancient
but graphic idiom, he is "saying nothing
and sawing wood." According to the major
himself this idiom should be changed
slightly to "saying nothing and farming,"
for he maintains that his only occupation
at this time is that of a tiller of the soil,
but "farming" does not admit of the vari
ous interpretations that may be read into
"sawing wood" and there are many peo
ple in the Eleventh district who believe
that the major's stunt as a farmer is nine
parts bluff to shield his real activity in
political lines.
When asked If he would be a candidate
for the nomination for Congress next
year Major Steele diplomatically answered
that his visit in Indianapolis was in con
nection with a land deal more "farming."
And that was as near as he could be
drawn to an answer to the question. His
caroful side-stepping is open to numerous
inferences, the most generally accepted of
which is that he will be a candidate, is at
this time, and has been ever since the
Wabash Waterloo last year, but that he
will not assist the opposition by discuss
ing the question in any way or making
any announcements until the opportune
time comes, which will be some months
hence. His close friends do not hesitate
to affirm that he will be a candidate, al
though they do not speak with his au
thority. They point to his long and valu
able service in the House, where he ranked
among the twelve or fifteen real leaders
and was able to accomplish more for his
district than any man Indiana has sent
to the lower branch of Congress for years,
and say he has excellent grounds upon
which to base his candidacy and that he
would be foolish to retire from the po
litical arena merely because he met one
defeat, due. not to his weakness, but to
the most remarkable combination of cir
cumstances that ever developed in a con
gressional fight In the State.
XXX
The interest of Landis and Shideler in
Major Steele's position is obvious; the
former naturally desires to succeed him
self ln the House and the latter Is a can
didate for the Republican nomination for
Governor. Some of Shldeler's friends fear
that Steele's candidacy against Landis, suc
cessful or unsuccessful, might result in the
loss of the support of at least part of the
district for Shideler ln the state conven
tion; others of them say there is no con
nection between the congressional and
gubernatorial contests and that all the
counties will stand by Shideler as a matter
of district policy and because the time may
come when they will have a candidate for
State office and will want the district sup
port. As to the outcome of the three-sided com
plication there Is ample room for specula
tion. A great deal may depend upon wheth
er the district convention is held before
the state convention. Major Steele now
controls all the political machinery of the
district. The federal officeholders owe their
preferment to him, and these conditions, to
gether with his recognized ability as an
astute politician, make him a formidable
factor ln the fight for the seat in congress.
On the other hand. Landis has but one ses
sion In which to make a record, and the of
fices are practically all filled, so he will
have no patronage to dispose of before the
fight for nomination comes up again. But
there is this in Landis's favor the unwrit
ten law that a representative should be
given the indorsement of at least one re
nomination. It is interesting to note that
in all the Eleventh district gossip, and there
is an abundance of It. the friends of Major
Steele have nothing but the kindliest words
for Mr. Shideler and do not offer the slight
est objection to his candidacy for Governor
on the grounds that his race might prove
injurious to the major's interests.
xxx
Major Steele, by the way. returned a few
days since from West Point, where he went
as a member of the board of visitors to the
Nation's great military school, and he will
leave next week for New York to attend a
meeting of the board of managers of the
national soldiers' homes. On his way East
he will stop off in Pittsburg for a short
visit with Representative Dalsell. The ma
jor is deeply Interested at present In the
work on the new Soldiers' Home at Johnson
city. Tenn.. and he said yesterday that
the new Institution will be ready for the
opening early this fall. The surgeon of
the Johnson City home will be an Indiana
man. Dr. J. Z. Powell, of Logansport, former
postmaster of that place.
XXX
J. Frank Hanly. of Lafayette, was In the
cly yesterday and naturally the local poli
ticians and newspaper men were interested
in securing an expression from him as to
his attitude on the gubernatorial proposi
tion. He was not inclined to play the
Sphinx exactly, but he did not solve the
riddle, , for hr said he really did not know
whether he would be a candidate for Gov
ernor, nor whn he would be ready to an
nounce his decision. He is in the position
described as "flirting with the bee," and
many politicians are taking It for granted
that he will enter the race before the con
test Is many moons older.
xxx
Harry M. Smith, editor of the Greencastle
Banner and one of the active Republicans
of the Fifth district, who wss here last
night, says there is remarkably little po
litical activity in the district at present.
"It's altogether too early to interest the
people in politics," he said. "However. I
am not sure there is any prospect of much
excitement ln the Fifth In the coming cam
paign. Julian Hogate. of Danville, will be
re-elected district chairman without oppo
sition. I understand, and I have heard of
no aggressive opposition to Congressman
Holliday. Mr. Holliday has made a good
representative, and while he is not a bril
liant man he is a shrewd politician and he
gets the votes a quality not lightly to be
considered. I suppose he will have opposi
tion, if not next year, at least in 1906, if he
si. A seeks to retain his seat.
"I have heard Julian Hogate spoken of
as a probable candidate for Congress, but
as he has announced his candidacy for re
election as district committeeman this year
I infer he will not go after Mr. Holliday's
scalp next year. He may come out two
years later. Hendricks county may be de
pended on to bring out a candidate when
the fight against Mr. Holliday is made,
and Mr. Hogate would be in good shape to
make the race after his work as district
chairman for two campaigns,"
XXX
Speaking of Representative Holliday, a
good story Is told that illustrates his great
est weakness as a politician his Inability
to remember names and faces, or, at least,
to associate them. At the convention in
which James's. Barcus, of Terre Haute,
made his second fight against Mr. Holliday,
Alva M. Higgins, of Terre Haute, who was
one of the leaders of the Barcus forces,
made a speech of some length. For twenty-five
or thirty minutes Mr. Higgins held
the fleor, making the effort of his life.
Mr. Holliday sat on the stage, a short dis
tance away, taking ln every word of the
speech. The convention was on Thursday.
The next dav both Mr. Holliday and Mr.
Higgins went to Washington, but they did
not meet on the train. Arrived ln Wash
ington they stopped at the same hotel, but
still they did not meet until Sunday morn
ing, when Mr. Higgins was standing at the
curb in front of the establishment waiting
for a car. Mr. Holliday came out and he,
too, wanted a car, but he was not sure
what one he should take, and, seeing a man
at the curb, he asked him for the desired
information. He talked to Mr. Higgins a
minute or two, looking him directly in the
face, and then as he moved away asked,
perfunctorily:
"Do you live here?"
Mr. Higgins had thought at first that of
course Mr. Holliday knew him, but when
he asked that question the Terre Haute
man collapsed and could only murmur an
incoherent answer. After fighting as he
had, snd making that speech, he did not
think any one in the convention could for
get him within three days, least of all the
man against whom all his energy and elo
quence had been directed.
Mr. Holliday has made a popular repre
sentative, and, as Editor Smith, of Green
castle, said of him. he does "get the votes."
XXX
Z. E. Dugan, of Danville, county clerk
and chairman of the Republican central
committee of Hendricks county, was here
yesterday. He says there is little interest
in things political among the people of
Hendricks at present, and he was more in
terested In talking baseball. Mr. Dugan is
an enthusiastic "fan," and it is but a few
years since he was in the game. At De
Pauw University he made the reputation of
being one of the best pitchers that ever
played on an Indiana college team, and
after he left school he played professional
ball for two or three seasons.
xxx
The Populists of Indiana, while there is
not a very large number of them, will be
interested in learning that J. A. Edgerton,
of Denver, secretary of the national com
mittee of the People's party, has written a
letter calling for a conference of political
reformers to be held in Denver on Monday,
July 27. Mr. Edgerton explains that the
call is not an official one, but Is Issued by
himself as an individual in the hope that
an amalgamation of the reform movements
of the country may be found possible.
xxx
Judge Dan Waugh, of Tipton, was here
yesterday and was one of the callers at
Senator Beverldge's office. He says every
thing is quiet politically in Tipton county,
but that the Republican forces are ln ex
cellent condition for the coming campaign.
The judge ought to know, for he is one of
the half dozen men who do things in Re
publican politics in that county. Judge
Waugh is a former member of Congress,
and is one of the few who have not entered
their political tombs on retiring from Con
gress. xxx
Former State Senator W. W. Lambert, of
Columbus, and W. F. Coates, chairman of
the Republican county committee of Bar
tholomew county, were among the politi
cians in the city yesterday.
xxx
Among the callers at Republican state
headquarters yesterday was Fred Gemmer,
of Williamsport, Republican chairman of
Warren county. He was asked concerning
the probable candidacy of two Tenth dis
trict men for state offices J. Frank Hanly,
of Lafayette, for Governor, and Fremont
Goodwlne, of Williamsport, for lieutenant
governor but he said lie was as much In
the dark as any one. Although Mr. Gem
mer Is cashier of a bank in which Senator
Goodwins is interested, their close business
relations have not brought about any ex
change of confidences on the question of the
senator's probable candidacy, he said.
xxx
Colonel Hackett, of Greensburg, former
member of the Republican state committee
from that district, was in the city yester
day. He says there is a decided sentiment
among the Republicans of Decatur county
that Senator Beverldge should be renomi
nated without opposition.
XXX
Judge Walter S. Olds, of Fort Wayne,
former judge of the Supreme Court, was a
visitor here yesterday, but his mission was
a business one and he was too busy to
talk politics. "Besides, there is really
nothing to talk about In politics at pres
ent," he said. "Wait a few months until
the activity really begins."
xxx
Sanford Murphy, of Scottsburg, was an
other of the numerous Republican county
chairmen in the city yesterday. He is at
the head of the party organization in Scott
county. Contrary to persistent reports, he
says the people of his county are not in
the throes of excitement over the question
as to what is to be done with Senator
James W. Fortune's Pigeon Roost monu
ment. He laughed when the subject was
mentioned and said that as the pioneer
martyrs had worried along for almost a
hundred years without a monument it
was thought they would rest ln peace an
other year or two if a location for the
much-discussed shaft is not immediately
found.
xxx
W. P. Masters, postmaster at Seymour,
and T. S. Blish, of that city, were here
yesterday.
xxx
State Senator Eben H. Wolcott, of Wol
cott, who was at the Columbia Club last
evening, says the people of the northwest
ern part of the State are enjoying the
fulness of this era of exceptional prosperi
ty. "They have more money than they
know what to do with." he said, but added
with a smile, "However, I do not believe
they are looking for anyone to relieve them
of the surplus. Really, though, the people
are remarkably prosperous and they are
well content. They are not taking a great
li.terest m politics at this time, but I think
they have adopted Senator Hanna's slogan,
'Let well enough alone.' "
THE AUTOMOBILE ORDINANCE.
A Fellow-Sufferer Extends Sympathy
to Messrs. Wrlarht and t la pool.
To the Editor of the Indianapolis Journal:
My sympathies are with Mr. Claypool and
Mr. Wright in the matter of building an
automobile stable near their residences, for
I know how It is myself. But the question
involves many difficulties. In the flnt
place an automobile stable is necessary to
our present civilization, and only the All
Father can tell what Is to come next to
meet the demands of the civilization of the
next decade. While the stable need not be
in the very heart of the city, it ought to be
not far from the business center, and Ver
mont, near Meridian. Is as far out as it
ought to go, and as near the center as the
value of ground will allow; hence any legis
lation that arbitrarily requires it to be re
stricted to any district is wrong. A foundry
is necessary to our present civilization and
must be tolerated, and If its Interests re
quired Jt to be on Vermont street It should
be allowed to go there. But the present
owners have rights that cannot be ignored.
A foundry would be more detrimental to
resident property than an automobile sta
ble, and the mere ownership of a piece of
ground does not convey the right to occupy
It regardless of the interests of neighbors.
What then? Clearly the man or firm that
proposes to build a livery stable, or auto
mobile stable, or bowling alley, or foundry,
should be required to have the damages to
property in the neighborhood assessed and
paid before the damaging stable or foundry
could be built, or any present building
could be converted into a damaging busi
ness. Let the ordinance provide for this,
then let it build anywhere.
I have said I know how it is myself.
When I bought an unpretentious residence
on College avenue, sixteen years ago. It
was a quiet thoroughfare with strong Ick
ings toward upper-ten residences. The
mule cars made occasional trips, carefully
keeping well within the four-mile-per-hour
ordinance, stopping wherever hailed to let
on or off a passenger at his very door. It
was a veritable accommodation line, with
no noise but the merry tinkle of the little
bell on the mules to give timely warning.
With this to recommend it property rented
or sold much higher than on streets
like Broadway and Park. But there came
a time when the mule disappeared and the
trrtiiev took its Dlace. No one seriously ob
jected at first, but they did not know what
was to come of this, me trouey oensveu
well for a season, making a trip every ten
minutes, but everybody had to walk to the
corner to get on. Little by little It short
ened Its time until now It goes once in four
minutes, making one to pass every two min
utes, and then at double-quick. But that
is not all. The Interurban has Its freight
and limited and way cars, shaking the
dishes in the cupboard as they pass with a
scneehing noise that rivals any calliope
that ever terrified natives, and the Council
has assumed the right to do all this In con
sideration of a part of the revenue derived
from the wrong to those who live on the
avenue. A result Is thst a vscant lot on
College avenue Is not worth one-half the
price of a corresponding lot on the other
streets, and a house will not rent for more
than two-thirds a similar house on those
streets brings. Of course, we must have
trolley cars and interurban, but they should
pav damages to adjacent property owners,
just as automobile stables and foundries
and bowling alleys should and. they will,
some day. V L. SEK.
Indianapolis. June 16.
TWO DEBTOR NATIONS.
Salvador Refuses to Pay and San Do
mingo Has o Money.
Washington Letter in Philadelphia Record.
It is probable that this government will
have to discipline two of the Latin-American
republics, Salvador and San Domingo.
Salvador, according to the decision of an
arbitration commission, owes $500,000 to El
Triumfo Company (limited), of San Fran
cisco, and the Salvadorean Congress has
adjourned without making an appropria
tion to pay the debt.
In San Domingo the government has been
overthrown by the revolutionists, and there
is no money or means of raising money to
pay $20,000,000 owing to American, Brit
ish, German, Italian, French. Dutch, Span
ish and Belgian capitalists. It Is .feared
that the Venezuelan incident may be re
peated In the case of Santo Domingo, and
that the United States may again have to
maintain the Monroe doctrine.
The trouble with Salvador Is particularly
irritating to the State Department, and a
warship will probably be sent to seize a
Salvadorean port unless the government of
that country changes its attitude very
soon. At present Salvador is stiffly pro
testing. She insists not only that the de
cision was unfair, but that it was practical
ly not a valid decision, because the actual
arbiter. Chief Justice 8trong, of Canada,
was so ill that he was not able to Intelli
gently take part in the arbitration. The
other members of the commission were
former Postmaster General Don M. Dick
inson, of Michigan, for the United States,
and Dr. Pacas, for Salvador. The latter
created a scene when the announcement
of the commission's decision was made by
denouncing it in vigorous terms and de
claring that Chief Justice Strong did not
know what he was doing and had been ov
erreached by the American representatives.
This was promptly denied by Mr. Dickin
son. The position of our government is that
the arbitration commission proceedings
were regular in form, carried out according
to the treaty and that both parties must
abide by the verdict, otherwise the princl-
fle of arbitration would be discredited,
t will therefore oppose the reopening of
the case in any way and insist that the
award be paid.
The claim of El Triumfo Company is that,
having obtained a concession to Improve
the docks and, harbor of El Triumfo ln Sal
vador, Its property was confiscated upon
the untrue charge that having gone into
the hands of a receiver it had failed to
carry out its contract. The Salvadorean
government claimed that its action was
justifiable under the terms of the conces
sion and the failure of the company to meet
its obligations.
How serious the situation Is in San Do
mingo Is shown in the following cablegram,
sent from Santo Domingo City by Consul
General Maxwell on April 19 and received
to-day: "Vasquez government fallen. New
provisional government organized. Entire
territory under it. General Gil provisional
president."
Mail advices, bearing dste of April 10.
which reached the State Department to-day
from a resident of Santo Domingo indicate
a gloomy outlook for the Dominican re
public. The writer says the recognized
public debt of the republic Is $20,000,000, and
is held chiefly by American. British. Ger
man, Italian. French, Dutch. Spanish snd
Belgian capitalists. The nominal annual
income Is $1,700.000.
Owing to the constant civil wars the
government has been unable to cover Its
budget or pay the foreign creditors for
months, and has been compelled to
hypothecate its future income at ruinous
rates of interest. The Belgian bondholders
have received nothing for Ave months and
other debts are similarly neglected. The
Belgians are authorized to take charge of
the customs In the event of default and
may soon decide to use their rights.
The State Department's informant adds:
"Should this result the other foreign credi
tors will push their claims and a question
similar to that in Venezuela will present
itself, with the difference that Venezuela
could come to settlement, in condition
to raise funds and make Immediate pay
ments, while this Republic can neither pay
nor offer a guarantee."
He fears two important ports of San
Domingo will be seized and held until the
debts are paid. This would virtually
amount to permanent occupation unless the
Monroe doctrine could be construed to pre
vent. That Is the point that concerns the
State Department.
The letter to the department closes with
this prediction:
"The civil war that is now on may soon
end. but it will be soon followed by another
and the result will be ruin."
DANGEBS OF A LABOE INCOME.
A Thing; That Does ot Greatly
Trouble the Most of Lb.
Harper's Weekly.
"We all go to the devil." said Dr. Hlllls
the other night, "when we have $50.000 a
year." "Or most of us." he added, hedging
a little. "Some men can stand it. but not
many." Fifty thousand dollars a year it
the income of only $1,000.000 well invested,
snd we have long since lost the habit of
accounting the $1.000.000 man rich. The pro
portion of the $50.000 a year men to the rest
of the population is not yet large In this
country, but the absolute number of them
is pretty big, and if most of them are going
to the devil it is s serious mstter. How
ever, Dr. Hlllls was not dealing with sta
tistics, but giving colloquial expression to
an opinion. The opinion was tnat sn in
come of $50.000 a year is unwholesome. He
spoke of divorce In "high life," and of "the
pampered sons and daughters of luxury,
rotten before they nre ripe, and tlrowned ln
the honeysuckle juice of indulgence." We
all see enough of the evils of wealth; of
lives that might have been useful bl ghted
by it; of homes that might have been happy
devastated by It. Any industrious and ob
servant person could get together facts
enough about promising young lives that
had come to no good from lack of the pres
sure of necessity, to make careful citizens
hesitate to say whether, if they had to
choose, they would prefer the risks of $50.
000 a year or tuberculosis. And yet. $6.000
a year has its good points, Its opportunities,
Its privileges; snd here in New York, st
least, there are facts and considerations
thst go far towards neutralizing Its perils.
Suppose It is a mere Income derived not
from investment, but from labor or busi
ness. Its possessor, If he is prudent, will
save $30.000, and perhaps he will give away
$6.000. That will leave him only $.5.000 a
year to live on. and though, even if he has
a family, he can live in comfort on that
sum, that he cannot live in prideful luxury
upon It Is so well known thst there is r.o
need of going into details to tell why. If
his $60.000 comes to him ln dividend checks
and coupons without trouble or anxistjr to
him. the situation is harder. It Is an awful
thing to be rid of the struggle for existence.
It is really the next thing to being dead,
and yet It Is whst almost every one of us
aspires to and reaches after all the time.
The first thing the beginner usually tries to
buy with his money is ease; the next is
plessure. That's where the $80.000 gets ln
Its desdly work. When Its possessor buys
ease and pleasure instead of opportunity. It
may raise the devil with him, as Dr. Hl Iiis
justly suggests.
THE HOME OF FANATICISM.
Extraordinary Illustrations of Tem
perament of Rasstan Haters of Jews.
New York Mall and Express.
The Russian Journals have lately told
a strange story of fanaticism, which is
illustrative of the temperament of many
of the class of people who now deem It
a holy duty to persecute the Jews. Ivan
Aslamazoff. a Russian peasant of Bay-
andour, ln the Caucasus, was very 111, and
believed that he must die. In this state of
mind he fell asleep, and ln a dream St.
John appeared to him and led him to a
valley outside the village, where he saw
God seated upon a throne. "Ivan." said
the divine apparition, "I will restore you
to health. But you have a son. When that
son shall have reached the age of seven
years, you shall sacrifice him to me st the
door of the church." Aslamazoff recovered
and lately carried out the terms of tha
horrible command that he believed he had
received, cutting his son's throat before
the church doors
It appeared from the statement which
the man made that he had struggled
against the performance of this deed. He
declared that he had prayed long and
desperately to be released from the sup
posed divine requirement, but In vain. The
command once Issued, the heavens re
mained sealed. Aslamazoff was not in
sane in the ordinary sense, and it was
shown that he dearly loved his child. He
was simply fanatical to an extent Quite
beyond the comprehension.
A family of people of the Jewish faith,
now resident in this city, tell a story of?
Russian fanaticism which is of a different
sort, but not much less extraordinary. The
father of the family was well-to-do in
Russia, and employed a Russian peasant
nurse to take csre of his children. One
day the children were left alone with this
nurse, who at once seised the occasion to
heat a flatiron red hot. with which she
branded a cross on the bare back of ea h
of the children. When called upon to law
why she committed this outrage, she de
clared that, as their ancestors had cruci
fied the Saviour. It was only right and
proper that the children should be punished
In this way!
Such Instances of Russian fanaticism as
this are illustrative. The Russian loner
classes are naturally a kindly people, and,
by their essential nature, inclined to be
tolerant. But their religious notions are
of the medieval type. They believe firm
ly that every person who is not a member
of the Orthodox Greek Church is lost
eternally, and there is no extent of perse
cution to which an acceptance of the notion
of exclusive salvation will not drive those
who hold It, provided they have the power
to persecute.
HUGE AQUEDUCT FOB AUSTB ALIA
To Be 238 Miles Long; and Will Cost
$20.000,000.
Philadelphia Record.
For many years the great gold fields of
the famous Coolgardle mining district of
western Australia have been suffering seri
ously from the lack of sn adequate water
supply. It was by no means sn uncommon
occurrence to pay as much as 7$ cents for
a gallon of drinking water. Hotel keepers
in many towns snd villages were wont to
guard more jealously the manner ln which,
the customer helped himself to the water
than to the whisky bottle. Even the rich
est mine owners ln Coolgardie were not
able to take a bath. This necessity for
procuring an adequate and permanent wa
ter supply had forced itself so strongly
upon the attention of the government that
finally, after many preliminaries, the gov
ernment decided to accept and carry out
a plan of the englneer-ln-chlef of the colony
for a dally supply of 6.000.000 gallons of
water. In July, 1896, the report was pre
sented to Parliament, with a bll authoriz
ing the raising of a loan of li6.600.000 for
the scheme. The plan was finally adopted,
and work on the immense scheme was
started in 1(W. The following figures will
give an idea of the magnitude of the huge
enterprise:
According to the report accepted and the
work carried out, a pipe line had to be con
structed over a total length of no less than
328 miles. The pipes sre of steel snd have
a diameter of thirty inches. The velocity
of the water is ".124 feet a second.' while
the weight of water to be raised per dsy Is
26,000 tons. The horse-power of the engines
to carry out this work is 6,187. nd the
quantity of water to be pumped each day
of twenty-four hours has been fixed st
6.600.000 gallons. One of the reservoirs the
Helena reservoir cost in the neighborhood
of $2,700.000. The cost of the pipes alone
was nearly $11,200,000.
The whole undertaking is now nesring
completion, snd It is hoped that within a
month or so the Coolgardie gold fields will
be provided with an abundant supply of
water, which in all probability will give
a new impetus to the important mining in
dustry ln that section of Australia.
Greek Letter Reunion at Fair.
Exposition Bulletin.
The idea of having a great reunion cf
the Greek letter societies during the
World's Fair in St. Louis next year is re
ceiving much attention among college men.
It was first suggested by President Fran
cis, of the World's Fair, at a dinner given
in his honor by the Beta Theta Pi Club
of this city, made up largely of the alum
, nl of Washington University, of which
President Francis is a graduate. The
speak, r recalled that twenty-eight Greek
letter fraternities of the American collegrs
boasted a membership of about 130,000. He
believed it would be an admirable thing
to bring them together at the fair, it
was suggested that certain rooms ln the
temple of fraternity might be secured for
the use of the visiting Creek letter men and
their families and friends and that special
days at the xpositlon could with propriety
be set aside for such programme as a
committee of the Greek letter soclet
might determine. A committee was sp
polnted to secure the next annual conven
tion of the National Beta Theta Pi Asso
ciation, as follows: W. S. Fan;.?. M. P.
Drury, G. F. A. Bruggamann. William T.
Jones and Ashley Cabell.
Senator Lodge and Senator Hoar.
Henry Cabot Lodge., in Juue Boo&iovers
Magazine.
He comes of a race eminent through many
generations and Identified in every century
with the history of Massachusetts and of
the country. In every fiber of his being
he is an American, with a patriotism that
has never known weariness or discourage
ment. The history and traditions of his
country and of his State are as familiar to
him as the air he breathes. The cause of
humanity, wherever humanity waj deso
late or oppressed, has ever found In hlrn a
champion, snd yet with nil this he has had
tne unfailing d--ire to help the Individual
as he has sought to he p the race, snd has
never lost sight of the man In the multi
tude. Through all the storm and stress of
oublic life he hss earried his love of letters
; and a wide snd generous scholarship, mors
characteristic of an earlier day than ours,
but which is still honored snd desired t.y
Massachusetts ln those whom she selects to
represent her. Mr. Hoar hss had. snd still
has. a great career; he still nils a great
place before his countrymen.
Vice Presidential Candidates.
New York Mail and Express.
South Dakota has a candidate for the
Republican nomination for V
I In Senstor Gamble. He is declared by the
Vermillion Republican to be the most pop
I ular man In the State. That paper declares:
"Roosevelt and Gamble would sweep the
j State of South Dakota like the wildest sort
of wildfire." During his long Journey the
i president has encountered s variety cf
vice presldentisl booms, a I of whi h will be
stored ln the White Hous? for careful in
spection during the coming winter.
Prlsce Hrnr May losac
Philadelphia Ledger.
Mrs. Tower was accompanied by her two
little daughters, Helen snd Gertrude, and
will go to her summer home near Rich
field Springs. She said there was no reason
to think thst the Kaiser contemplated
visiting America at the firm of thu St.
Louis exposition, but said rhe understood
thst there was a strong possibility of the
Crown Prince William and his uncle.
Prince Henry, coming over.

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