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THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL, TUESDAY, JULY 21, 1903.
POPE LEO HAS PASSED AWAY. ;d from fjrst page ) inded by practically all tin 8a rr cd t 'o'lege now in Rome papal court, while the Pon malnfl in th- papal library Ived word from the doctors tvi Was SUM mptnht rs of 1 1 and the who! tiff's nphfw. u.til they re a hich annou ast expiring breath was approaching. Then they moved silently within the daXh chamber. sim st.mdlng. some kneeling, nil awaiting the moment of dissolution, in th ante-eh imbr hi-! n aembted the high ecc tests n a, members of the diplomatic corps an l representatives f the papal aristocracy, awaiting the an nouncement that the final moment hnd come. Profound silence reigned In the popes foom. only broken by the doctors rising So render their expiring patient mnr- com fortable. by the sobs of the ever faithful alet. Pto Vntra. or the murmured prayers of Mgr. Plfferi. the papal eonf:sor. hlms.-lf eighty-four year- oll. Im had to be as sisted to the bedside. Softly he recited the prayers for the dying, the Pontiff at one moment appearing to follow them ns though con ions of wrhnt was transpiring. But he could not speak. Then the dying Popi murmured eomething to himself. In whh h those bend i i v r him heard the Wori "Father. .ml 'Mother.' Dr Lapponi. who almost constantly had bis fingers on the Pope s pult-o. felt It grow gradually weaker and wenker. and at the same time the Pontiff's extremities began to get cold. hw lips became blue, his eyes sank more deeply Into the head, his breath Ins became even rrtore difficult and there were s-aiig. r.-ttt lings in his throat. aessed all present. Ftn !y the Pope was asked to ble.-s his nephews and all the others present. He at tempted to raise himself and the extreme emaciation of his person, covered with a fine nightshirt, was rendered more pro nounced by the surroundings. The portieres dividing the door were drawn back to the utmost to admit as much air as possible, while the light filtering through the green shades of the window rendered his sunken eyes and shrunken features absolutely ghastly. It was a most solemn moment. The head of the Pontiff, with its white skull-cap, no whiter than the fringe of silvery hair ris ing above the crimson coverlet, his hand raised in the familiar gesture of benedic tion, the kneeling assemblage being too earnestly absorbed in deep affliction, ven eration and weeping, to even make a movement. The doctors again examined the dying Holy Father, nd this time found that he was at the exTreme limit of his powers of respiration. His eyes began to become dull and clouded, and Leo XIII entered Into the real agony of death, which was recog nized by all present kneeling. The last conscious act of the Pontiff was to turn his eyes toward the great crucifix on the wall, after which he suffered from a paroxism of choking, during which he passed away. Then the silence of the awe-stricken as semblage was broken by the sonorous, solemn voice of Cardinal Zeratlno Van nutelll, the grand penitentiary. Intoning the requiem a-ternam (rest eternal). This was the signal for an outburst of tears, and the bound of weeping, which could not longer be repressed, all the kneeling prelates and others kissed the dead hand that hand which had dispensed so many benefits, char itlas and benedictions. Outside the death chamber expectation was intense, but the sight of the sorrowing faces of those leaving the room was suffi cient without words to spread the sad news, which was not long in spreading through out Rome. The occurrence in the death chamber im mediately following the POpe's demise were of impressive solmenlty. Couriers had beui dispatched to summon those who are dele gated to perform the first religious offices toward the dead Pope, and soon the chant ing of the Franciscan monks was heard as. two bT two. with coarse, brown hats in hand and sandals. thoy proceeded to the room lu which Leo lay dead. From time immemorial the Franciscans have been pen itentiaries of St. Peter s. Following them came the Noble Guard to watch over the Pontiff's remains, the brilliancy of their uniforms contrasting strikingly with the sombre attire of the quaintly garbed monks and the solemn dignity of the chamber it self. The only souud heard was the meas ured chanting of the psalms of penitence by a group of monks kneeling beside the couch of death. Two Noble Guards took up oaltions at the font of the couch and stood ;e:d and silent as statues, with swords drawn and reversed, pointing to the floor. The death chamber preserved much the same appearance as It did at the time of the f.nal illness of the Pope. It Is situated ou the third floor of the Vatican, the apart ments fronting the splendid piazza of St. Peter's, and the window of the room com manding a viaw of the tall obelisk and playing fountains, with Rome stretching off beyond the Tiber. Across the middle of the room hang heavy draperies, partly con cealing the bed on which lay the silent form of the dead Pontiff. By the side of the low bed burned a number of candles, and from above looked down the picture of the Ma donna, with the infant Christ In her amis loco's desk was closed, but some of the book.- on religious topics which he kept remained on it. The body lay dxactly as It was at the moment of the Pope's last expiring breath. A white veil was thrown over the dead man's face while awaiting the solemn entrance of the camerlengo. who was to officially pronounce the Pontiff ac tually dead. The. gruesome details of the embalming will not be performed until after the lapse of twenty-four hours. Then the body will be robed in full pontifical vestments for the imposing funeral ceremonies. FKKI-1M. IV ROME. Mark off Respect the tvlnit (on dolence Vatican Questions. ROME. July 20. By a coincidence to-day is the birthday of Dowager Queen Margher- ita, the mother of King Victor Emmanuel, and flags had been put all over the city In her honor, giving it a festive appearance. By express desire no salutes were fired as is customary, so tnat the Pontiff might not be disturbed, especially as there Is a fort near the Vatican. When the King heard of this desire he had telegraphic orders sent all over the kingdom that no salutes should be flred. In Rome, on news of the death becoming known, many of the flags were withdrawn and shops closed. Bulletins announcing Pope Leo's death are pasted to closed shut ters and all the theatres are closed to-night, placards being put out saying there was no performance as a sign of mourning for Lto XIII. All tho newspapers, including those favorable to the present institutions, pub Ssti long eulogistic articles about the de ceased. About the only discordant note is struck by the Socialist organ Avantl. which says: "We Socialists, without disdain but with indiffert nee, pass before this corpse and await the new enemy.' The government has renewed the most energetic orders. Premier Zanardelll attend ing to the work p-M-sonal'y. to insure or-d-ir about the Vatican, but it cannot and will not tak participation directly in the mourning. A litt If scene which occurred to-day will, better than anything else, illus trate what is the present fet-llng between th two parties which so bitterly fought against one another until lTo. when I temporal power fell. When the death of the Pontiff became known an old captain of the Pontifical army went to kneel in a shapel where the sacrament was exposed. A yomg captain in the Italian army fol lowed him. and kneeling together, both prayed for the repose of the soul of thur common holy father. THK WORLD NOTIFIK1 Immediately following the death of the Pope cable dispatches and telegrams were dispatched to all parts of the world ad vist ig the sovereigns, rulers and foreign governments of the death. Before night fell many telegrams of condolence reached the Vatican, coming from emperors, kings, political rulers and high cnurch dignitaries Abroad. The Vatican officials are deluged With these messages. According to the etiquette of the papal court the College of Cardinals, just before entering the con clave, will hold a f. i mn i - eption of the diplomats accredited to the Vatican. At this reception it is the practice for the ! Apfoanats to express verbally the eondo leine'. -n the death of the Pope. Secretary Hay has bees officially advised of Pope Leo 1 death by the American embassy here. Ttie death of the pope brings about a widespread change in all the administrative departments of the church and considerably influences question of chunh policy. The Change within the Vatican affect prac Ocailf all the officials, from the highest to the lowest. Cardinal Rampolla retires from the post of secretary of state, where he ex trcised a strong Influence, owing to the SfcfftJeaJ infirmities of Leo. Other high of ciais are similarly affected the master f the chambet. the under secretary of the vicar of Rome, the vice chan cellor, the grand penitentiary, the libra ri n if the V.il:an and a host of lesser officials. These will continue to exercise their functions until the new Pope is elect ro, when he will designate his own secre tary of täte and other .;?. Is to carry op the various important blanches of the church's work. I hi;? there i a complete transformation of aiK5"roli- authority, the death of the Pope meaning the nominal death el ill the offirinls under him. The I ropasanda alone remains intact, as the prefect and .entire machinery of the Propa ganda ij unaffected. INTERNATIONAL yl'ESTIONS. The chief international QOeStSefM which may be affected by the death of the Pope are those connected with the suppression of religious orders In France, the change of the clergy In tin new Spanish-American posses ion.-, ih N t lor; ol the successor of the late Cardinal Vaughan and attend ant questions conneetd with the adminis tiation of the church in England. Emperor William's vit it to the Pope created a new bond of sympathy between Germany and the Vatican. All these conditions are af fected by the dath of the Pope. Among the officials the Philippine ques tion, involving transfers from the Spanish to th" American hierarchy and the elimina tion of friars, is regarded as one of the most important. Tne pre ent Philippine policy had the hearty approval of Leo X.11I, and tin re is no reason to believe that i' will be changed. The relations between the Italian govern ment and the Vatican continue to be seri ous problems. Although the temporal au thority of the papacy terminated eight years before Leo XIII became Pope, he steadfastly maintained the principle of temporal power, and lost no opportunity to endeavor to secure its restoration. Al though the futility of the contest has been recognized in recent years, the question of the relations of the government and the Vatican remains one of the highest im portance. Mgr. Gaspari. who. It Is said, will be designated by Cardinal Oreglia to succeed the late Mgr. Volpini as secretary of the consistory, served as secretary of the special commission of cardinals appointed to deal with the Philippine question. In this capacity he took a prominent part in the negotiations with the Taft commission in Rome last year. Premier Zanardelli telegraphed the death of the Pope to King Victor Emmanuel at the Castle of Racconl to-night. The King, althoifgh he looked for the announcement at any hour, was much touched and Is re ported to have said: "No matter what our complaints may have been by reason of distant and recent controversies and dis courtesies. I cannot help feeling deeply af fected by the disappearance of a great and enlightened mind and the head of the church of my people." - PAP Ali CA V DI DATES. Speculation as to Who Will Succeed the late Leo XIII. ROME. July 30. The greatest interest is now centered in the work of the holy con clave, which is to select the successor to Leo XIII. Speculations, prophecies and predictions come from every direction in favor of the various candidates. The com paratively long illneas of Leo has had the effect of narrowing the chances of some who entered the contest with what was thought to be the brightest prospects, while it has brought forward the promi nence of others who at first were hardly considered. The result is that they are all now on about the same level. It is said that there has never been a conclave in which there are as many candidate?-, who have a fair chance of winning. Such a situa tion might lead to a struggle of much longer duration than that of 1878, when Leo was elected. That conclave lasted scarcely three days. The contest would be prolonged es pecially, If, after the early ballots, the dif ferent parties whose exact strength could only then be established, persist in remain ing faithful to their favorites instead of joining forces with those of candidates hav ing better chances. In ls7. when Pius IX died, it was evident to all that the cardinals who had the best chances of success were Cardinals Pilio and Pecci. The former would certainly have been ejected if he had not made in the conclave a written statement declaring that he would not accept the tiara, as, having compiled the Syllabus, he would be open to an attack which would have been detrimental to the church. Therefore, the nomination of Cardinal Pecci followed with out obstacle. Now, there are a half dozen at least who are entering the conclave with equal chances of success. It is believed that the foreign cardinals will ultimately give the i a sting votes, as, living far away from Rome where different factions form and flourish, they will be more impartial, es pecially as it is admitted by all that the new Pope will be chosen from among the Italian candidates. For this latter reason there cannot be national rivalry among the foreigners. From n most trustworthy source the Associated Press representative learns that the considerable talk which is going tho rounds to the effect that certain foreign power! might exercise the right to veto in the convlave is unfounded. What the powers desire is not that the new Pope should be friendly to any particular power, but that he should conduct the affairs of papacy in a peaceful, equitable, religious manner without stirring u4 international strife. Indeed, it is suoponed that the rumor that Austria might attempt to ex er Ise the right of. exe'usion against Cardinal Rampolla, which was started by the friends of the latter In order to have him appear at a persecuted martyr. The most prominent candidates for the succession ar Cardinals Gottl. Oreglia, Aplordia. Seraflno Vaimuttelli, Capecaltro, Sarto, Rampolla, Dlpletro, Stampa, Ferrari, Satolll and Richelml. fim:ral ceremonies. They Will Be Arranged on an Elab orate Scale. ROME. July 20. Only the most general funeral arrangements have thus far been made, as the shock of the Pope's death for the moment occupies all attention. Car dinal Oreglia, together with the members of the Sacred College, will determine the .1' tails of the elaborale funeral ceremonies, which will last nine days. In the case of Pius IX his personal friends among the Roman aristocracy were permitted to see the embalmed body before it was removed to St. Peter's, where the general public had a like privilege. It is expected that similar plans wil: be carried out in the present case. On the evening of the eighth day the corpse will be inclosed in two cofiin8. the Inner one of cypress and the other uf lead, which will be deposited with in a stone sarcophagus. It will not be immediately committed to Its final resting place, but will be depositeu high ovtr the door near the choir of a chapel in St. Petti s, where it mta bo viewed by all visitors. The ultimate burial place will be the maguittccnt basilica of St. John Lateran. Following Pope Leo's expressed wish, the uicbe in which it will lie will correspond to that which the Pope designated as the resting place of Innocent III. The marble memorial will show a re cumbent figure of the Pontiff, surrounded With allegorical figures. To-ni.riow morning the recognition of the death of the Pope will be officially per formed by Cardinal Oreglia. Iu the after noon Dr. LappI will have the body car ried into the adjoining room, called the little throne rKm. where Pope Leo recent ly received King Kdward and Emperor William. The body will be embalmed. On Wednesday It will be exposed in the chapel of the sacrament lu St. Peter s, remaining there three days, after which the burial will occur. It is generally believed that the conclave will meet on Aug. 3. RBCKPTIOY OF THK KHü. (.rent Interest Anionic ntholle in r.nglnnd Solemn Requiem Maas. LONDON. July 30. The news of the Pope's death had a visible effect on the Catholic Church In England. Monsignor Fenton. the tricar general, immediately dis patched to each diocese a circular notifying the clergy of the event, of which they had already been Informed through the papers, and directing that a sohmn requiem mass be celebrated in memory of Le XIII. The Pope death will have no political effect in Breat Britain, as there are no question or controversies pending between the Vatican and thi country; but postdbiy In may delay th- appointment of a succes for to Cardinal Vaughun. although it is be lleved that even this has been decided upon ad that In all iu'obabiliiy Monsignor Gas- PAPAL rliL VÜJTj TZ'. IwnrannraM 1 XT cHJ x, yNT. SHtr rJttSOB& Mccmm Upon three high dignitaries of the papal court falls the work of arranging the elaborate ceremonies, etc.. that mark the obsequies o f Leo XIII. These officials are Marquia Sac chetti, chief mourner. Mgr. Marxolini. rapal master of ceremonies, and Marquis Serlup Creszrenzi, papal master of the horse. Besides being leaders in the funeral arrangements by virtue of their ofticec, these eminent Catholics were all devoted friends and admirers of the late Pontiff. a . yt . JRA. quet. president of the English Benedictines, will be the next archbishop of Westmin ster. Europe received the first news of the Pope's death through a dispatch tft Reuter s agencv from the Associated Press office in New York. At half-past 6 this evening. with the exception of the Havas agency in Paris, no other European agency, had the news of the event. Long biographical sketches, memoirs and editorials are called forth by the death of the Pope and the English papers all teem with expressions of the warmest sympathy and express deep regret at his death on ac count of his simple, saintly life and the statesmanlike qualities displayed by him throughout his pontificate. A contrast is drawn between the position the papacy now holds In international conditions com pared with its shattered, discredited posi tion at the time of the death of Pius IX. His victorv over Bismarck is everywhere recalled ns'the most brilliant example of his diplomatic sagacity and the editorials di late on the successful manner in which he reconciled himself to the spirit of modern times In his dealings with France, America and England. The Morning Post says: "The keys of St. Peter thtit death snatched from him are now the symbols of a world-wide mon archy such as even Islam itself with its countless millions of devotees, cannot boast." The Daily News favs: "History will not soon forget that little, frail, white figure who occupied the most striking position in the civilized world. Leo XIII will be re membered as one of the greatest of Popes and the humblest of Christians." The Daily Telegraph says: "The Cath olic world mourns the loss of one of the noblest priests, most accomplished scholars and wisest statesmen who has ever filled St. Peter's chair." Anatrlnn Emperor Prayed. VIENNA. July 20. The official announce ment of the Pope's death was received here at 6:35 p. m. from the Austrian ambassa dor at the Vatican, who telegraphed direct to Emperor Francis Joseph. The Foreign Office shortly after confirmed the news. The announcement was received in court circles oaHiu Kot ulrr.lv thfl event havins: been regarded as inevitable. On receiving the an nouncement the Emperor retired to nis pn vate chapel to pray. The event will not i Ii i ii Co A net Han relations with the Vatican. which are based on the deep reiigious feel ing prevailing in the country ana are nai lowed bv hundreds of years of association. It is unlikely that Austria will attempt to influence the decision of the conclave except in the case of the election of Cardinal Ram polla, to whom the Austrian government is decidedly opposed. Sadness in Hawaii. HONOLULU, July 20 The announce ment of the death of Pope Leo was re ceived with some sadness In Honolulu. Ser vices will be held throughout the islands in the Catholic churches on the day of the funeral. No Festivities at Llnbon. LISBON, July 20. On account of tho Pope's death the festivities arranged In hon or of the coming visit of the American fleet have been Indefiidely postponed. Gibbons En Route to Rome. PARIS, July 20. Cardinal Gibbons start ed for Rome this evening. TOLLING OF THE BELLS. (CO NCLUDED FROM FIRST PAGE ) ' isiou7It is ordered that a mass of requiem DC celebrated in all the churches of the dio ntN on the day of Leo's burial at Rome. UM this mass be read, or sung, or solemnly celebrated, according as circumstances will permit." MAYOR LOW'S ACTION. Flags on City Hall Hulf-.Masted and a . Letter tunned to fw Yorkers. NEW YORK. July 30. The flags on the City Hall were placed at half-mast by order of Mayor Low as soon as the death of the Pope was announced. The flags on all other city buildings were also half-masted iu compliance with the mayor's request. Mayor Low late to-day issued the follow ing letter regarding the death of Pope Leo XIII: "The dath of the Pope will bring sorrow to many hundred thousands of citi zens of New York, and those whom it doe3 not directly affect will respond with fra ternal sympathy for their fellow-citizens, who feci his d 3th as a personal loss. Every one must have been moved by his calm and brave hearing In the presence of approach ing death. It is too early to attempt to consider l.e'o XIII s place in history, but one may safely say that he filled the great position with dignity ami authority and as one who has understood thoroughly the movements of his time.' Bella to Be Tolled for Mne Days. CINCINNATI. July 3. Archbishop Elder has issued instructions to the clergy of his diocese In respect to observances In conse quence of the death of Pope Leo XIII. He directs the tolling of church bells at noon for nine das immediately after the "An gelus," a requiem high mass in each church, pontifical high mass in the Ca thedral July 2s. prayers "pro eligendo sum mo pontillco." until a successor is elected, and requests that churches be appro priately draped fo- thirty days. Draped In Papal Colors. PHILADELPHIA. July 20. Official an nouncement of the dath of Pope Leo XIII was received by Archbishop Ryan at 5 o'clock. It came from Monsignor Kennedy, rector of the American College at Rome. Ait 7 o'clock the de profundi? bell in the ca thedril was tolled for five minutes. Some of the churches are already draped in black COURT OFFICIALS WHO WILL and the papal colors, yellow and white, are displayed from many of the parochial resi dences. ALL CHRISTENDOM MOURNS. (CXWCLUPED FROM FIR8T PAGE.) world figure; the world will sustain a tre mendous loss in his death, and the Catholic Church will mourn the loss of Its father and teacher." A. Ü, Sweeney's Tribute. Andrew M. Sweeney, president of the School Board, said: "In the death of Leo XIII the most conspicuous and worthy character of the Catholic W'orld passes away. By common consent I think he is considered, and will live in history, as the most profound scholar that ever occupied the papal throne. His encyclical leiters aroused the social world to the danger that j waited it if passion and put suit were not curbed and brought into harmony with the precepts of the Master and the ideals of the gospel. From whatever viewpoint his life is studied his career has been luminous. As a scholar, sage, statesman and Pontiff he has shed luster upon the church of which he was the head and upon the era In which, and of which, he took such a conspicuous tart. Whether we consider the sintrlt cess nf hi? modset life or the majestic sweep of his great intellect, he is bound to live as the 1 r most conspicuous character in the history ot the Catholic Church. The Rev. Anthony Scheideler. of St. Mary's Church 1 hartfly believe there has ever been a Pope of such great Importance in the management of the affairs of the world as Leo XIII. He has certainly been one of the greatest Popes the world has ever known. Pope Leo's death is a great calamity for the church, but God will pro vide for that which he has built. Georaje Wolf's Tribute. George Wolf gave the following estimate of the Pope: "We consider that among the pontiffs he was one of the greatest, if not the greatest. The church has prospered, and especially in this country, more than under any other Pope, and it is generally recognized that the church now takes a much higher position. It is looked up to more and is appreciated more than it was twenty-five years ago. The advancement of the church is largely due to his wise councils and encyclicals. Through his wise councjjs conflicts between church and gov ernment have been pleasantly adjusted. No doubt, the demise will not only be deplored by Catholis, but by Protestants as well, who valued him as a true and good man." ALL CHRISTENDOM MOURNS. (CONCLUDED FROM FIRST PAGE.) endeared America to him. As no other statesman in Europe Leo understood Ameri caits possibilities, and the meaning of its institutions. "Nothing in the circumstances connected with the illness and death of Leo does so much honor to him. and so much honor to our common human nature, as the sincere and outspoken interest taken in him by the noncatholic world, especially In the United States. In. numerous Protestant churches, kindliest mention was made of Leo from the pulpit,, and prayers for him went up to heaven from the Hps and hearts of minis ters and of congregations. What transcend ent merit in Leo to have won the world to this extent! What nobleness of mind and heart of men to have risen high above tradi tions and customs to have acknowledged Leo's greatness aad goodness, to have given him such unstinted love. "Leo. in his last moments, was deeply touched on hearing of this attitude of Prot estants toward him. The world is to-day the better for the sweet kindliness begotten in it by Leo. The Catholic Church, America, humanity, bid Leo farewell. Those who knew him closely feel their heartstrings quiver with deepest sadness as the marble lid closes over his mrtal remains. But God liv eth and other Leos, we pray, will come to us, as heaven's gift." ARCHBISHOP QtltiLEY. Leo Threrr the Defense of the ( hnrch on an Enlightened Democracy. CHICAGO, July 20.-Archbishop Quigley said: "It has been the life work of Leo XIII to arouse the Catholic body in every nation to enlightened organized effort against infidel tendencies. He has recog nized the Intelligence and powej of the peo ple in the affairs of modern government and his appeal has been to thejn. In a word he has thrown the defense of God and His church upon the enlightened democracy so strongly represented in the Catholic Church throughout the nations of the world. "Shall his pontificate be recorded in his tory as the dawn of restoration of the world-wide power of the papacy, as of old built upon the Catholic faith and conscience of the masses of the people? Will the divine founder of the church grant it a new triumph in this twentieth century through the political agency of :i christian ized democracy? 1 firmly believe that the story of the first half of the twentieth cen tury upon which we are entering will an swer those questions in the affirmative and credit the triumph of Christian principles In society, education and government infidel ity, agnosticism and humanism to the glorious pontificate of the great Pope, who has passed away a OLDEST LIVING PRELATE. Arehbiahop Elder Waa Mnrh Im pressed frith the Pope's I. earning. CINCINNATI. July 30. Archbishop Will iam Henry Elder, who became the oldest living prelate upon the death f the Pope, said of Leo Mil: "It is eighteen years since last I saw the Holy Father, in 1Ü65. and during that pi -riod so much has beeu accomplished by him that he has become the marvel of the ARRANGE FOR LEO'S OBSEQUIES. age. He has. indeed, been a light from heaven, which motto he bears, and has guided the church through the periods that have beset her with a master hand and mind. At the time I saw him last he im pressrd me with his learning and intellectu ality, for even then he was an old man. I hud seen him before and knew him. Since that time, however, his activities have been so far-reaching that they have challenged the admiration of the world. He has been I grenl man and a holy man. His writings have done great good for society in general in the dissemination of advice and truth, and thinkers, irrespective of creed, have shown their appreciation of his teachings. While the singular purity and modesty of his life have won for him great admiration, his most lasting monument will be the work he has done for the amelioration of mankind, the aid of the laboring cln -and the defense of right and justice. For the chuch he has been a great Pontiff. Our deal ings with him In an official capacity have al ways been fraught with much consideration, and it is only becoming an American to feel gratitude toward Leo XIII for the interest he has maintained in the church in America and this couAtry in general." ARCHBISHOP RYAN. Leo Wan a frent Man and a Great Pope and Loved America. PHILADELPHIA. July 20.-In speaking of the death of Pope Leo. Archbishop Ryan said: "I think it sufficient to say that I join in the universal estimate of him as a great man and a great Pope. He was pre eminently a man of his age. His sympathy for our Constitution in America was gen uine. I had the honor of addressing him on the occasion of the presentation of the copy of the Constitution of the United States sent as a present to his Holiness by Presi dent Cleveland in 189S, at the silver jubilee of the episcopate of the Pope. In that ad dress I alluded to the homage paid to him by the kings and potentates of the world." The following extracts from the address and from the Pope's reply may be inter esting at this time: "In your Holiness's admirable encyclical, immortale Dei' you truly state that the church is wedded to no particular form of civic government. In our American republic the Catholic Church Is left perfectly free to act out her sacred and beneficent mission to the human race. We beg your Holiness, therefore, to bless this country which has achieved so much in a single century; and finallly, we ask, kneeling at your feet, that you bless ourselves and the people committed to our care." In answering his Holiness declared, as the archbishop has said: "They (the Americans) enjoy full liberty in the true sense of the term, guaranteed by the Con stitution, a copy of which is presented to me. Religion is there free to extend con tinually, more and more, the empire of Christianity, and the church to develop her beneficent activities. Your country is great, with a future full of hope. Your nation is free. Your government Is strong and the character of your President commands my highest admiration. It is for those reasons that the gift causes me the liveliest pleasure, and forces me, by a most agree able impulse, to manifest to you my most profound gratitude and esteem." (rover Cleveland's Entimate. BUZZARD'S BAY, Mass., July 20.-When Informed of the death of Pope Leo this afternoon, Grover Cleveland, who is at Gray Gables, his summer home, said: "Although, of course, not unexpected, the new3 of the death of this distinguished man cannot fail to awaken regret in the minds of all those who are sincerely so licitous for the betterment of humanity. 1 have regarded Pope Leo XIII as a most important factor in the advancement ot civilization and of material improvement. Although at the head of a church to whose interests he was constantly devoted, he seemed never to forget that all mankind is akin when manhood's development and the promotion of universal brotherhood is in the balance. Not only his church, but the cause of humanity has lost a strong advocate and a sincere friend." Foremost in Everything;. ST. LOCIS, July 30. Bishop John J. Glen non said of the late Pope Leo: "He was a man who was foremost in all the events of the world. His decision was felt alike in every country of Europe and of America. No man had as much influence for good in the past two decades as he had. His province was not politics or diplomacy, but his hand was visible in most of the prom inent events, and it was always for the good. Thcvre has not been a character in our day or in any day in the history of the church as Pontiff who had so much to con Und with as Ivo XIII, and who has done the Work so well. There has not been a question, from labor movements to ques tions 't state, which he has not been called to pass upon, and his judgment has always been right." Emperor Francis Joneph. VIENNA, July 20. Emperor Francis Joseph has telegraphed from IpeJd to Car dinal Taliani, the papal nuncio at Vienna, as follows: "At the moment when the Catholic world is plunged into the deepest grief by the news of the death of the su preme sheperd. my heait urges me to ex press to your Eminence all the pain which this cruel loss, so deeply felt In the whole world, has caused me. The filial love and unlimited veneration which during his life time. 1 felt for the Holy Father, follows into eternity the exalted decedent whose memory is blessed for all time and who will ever occupy a distinguished place in the annals of our holy church." Cireatent M rt n of the Century. TOLEDO. O., July 20.-Bishop Horstmann, of the Cleveland dkcese of the Catholic Church, gave out the following statement: "Leo was the greatest man of the nine teenth century and the greatest man who has occupied the chair of St. Peter since the death of Benedict XIV intellectually CREcSCLJVZl. and otherwise. He was the greatest friend humanity has had. having been a student of sociological as well as religious subjects, and having given the world the results of hi studies." o In Heaven. KANSAS CITY, Mo.. July 20.-Bishop John J. Hogan, of this Catholic diocese. who saw Pope Leo in 1879, shortly after he was made head of the church, said: "The Pope was an old man, his work on earth was done, and it was time to go. He was a great and good man, and he is now in heaven." Masses for the repose of the soul of the Pope will be celebrated In the cathedral and In the other Catholic churches each morning until the day of the funeral, and on that day requiem high mass will be said in the cathedral. Three Popes In One. SANTA FE, July 30. Bishop Pitaval, in charge of the archdiocese of Santa Fe, said: With the death of the great Pontiff, Leo XIII, the Catholic Church loses one of its greatest rulers and the world its most dis tinguished man. Recalling an old saying current in Rome to the effect that there are three kinds of popes, the scholar, the statesman and the man of prayer, we can well observe that all three were combined in Leo XIII." Terre Hante Minlntera. Special to the Indianapolis Journal. TERKE HALTE, Ind., July 30. -The Terre Haute Ministerial Association adopted reso lutions to-day on the death of the "great earth head of the Roman Catholic Church," saying "the association appreciates the personal sterling worth of Pope Leo XIH and recognizes in his life an important fac tor in the advancement of civilization and in the personal uplifting of mankind." Potent, Tactful, Couraajeoua. TRENTON, N. J., July 20. Bishop Mc- Faul, in speaking of the death of the Pope to-day, said that the chuich and the entire world has sustained a xreat loss. Ieo XIII was a mighty churchman of marked sim plicity, wun rare wisuom ana unswerving determination. As a s atesman he was potent, tactful and courageous. In ages to come Leo XIII will live as the champion of humanity's rights and liberties. t UNIONISTS ENJOINED. Teanmtera Must Wot Interfere Tlth the KellnKK Plant. CHICAGO, July 20. Supplementary to a bill filed in the Superior Court by the Kel logg Switchboard and Supply Company, a l leging that the Chicago Teamsters' Union and its officers have been indulging in threats and using unlawful means to pre vent the company from shipping its goods, Judge Holdom to-day granted an injunction restraining Albert Young, president of the Teamsters' Union, and the other officers and members from interfering with the com pany's transaction of business. The Illinois Manufacturers' Association and the Anti-boycott League have united with the Kellogg company to force the issue with the teamsters, and it is intended, if conspiracy to injure the company's busi ness can be proved, to go before the grand jury and seek the indictment of the labor leaders. The labor union pickets succeeded Id turn ing back a woganload of supplies consigned to the Kellogg factory this morning, but no serious violence occurred. The company made two deliveries of freight to-day with out interference. The Kellogg firm refused to yield to the demand of the union leaders that all strik ing unionists that apply within three davs be allowed to resume work within ten days. Steamboat Racing Checked by Strike. CHICAGO. July 20 Steamboat racing across Lake Michigan, which was inau gurated yesterday by the steamers East land and City of South Haven, came to a temporary standstill to-day by a strike of the Eastland's stokers. The men deserted the vessel In a body as the boat was pre paring to leave her dock, because, they de clare, they are not paid a promised bounty of S20 if they kept 200 pounds of steam on during yesterday's contest. Suit to Foreeloae Morfaaae. ' TRENTON, N. J., July 30. -Suit was In stituted in the United States Circuit Court to-day by the Mercantile Trust Company of Nw York for the foreclosure ot the $15om..onf! mortgage on the properties of the I'nited States Shlnhullding Company. The suit is brought hnAjf of the default of the payment of $400,WT interest on July 1 and the failure of the company to establish a sinking fund. Two Women and Mnn Drowaed. EVERETT. Wash., July 30.-Bv the cap sizing of a sailboat in the harbor Miss Nina E. Solomon, a telephone oerator. Miss Edna Warner, a school teacher, and P. G. Foster, an insurance man. have been drowned. The accident is attribute to the inexperience of Fof ter in sailing a boat. Hiss Hani by Waaked Rnhbera. BAKER CITY. Ore.. July 30-Three masked men held up Captain Myrick. of the Connor i'reek mine, ighteen miles fnm Huntington, and at the ooint of a pistol compelled him to open the ;ffice safe. Gold bullion valued at $10.000 and ,i considerable sum in cash were taken. A posse is in pursuit of the robbers. Killed from Amhuwh. FAIRMONT. W Vc . July 2u.-8amuel Peterson, of New Central minea. near Fair mont, was shot and killed from ambush this evening by an unknown man. The murderer Is thought to be a relative of th dead man and officers are working on this theory. Peterson is said to have re- ceived an anonymous ietter warning him to look out for vengjemr. The murder oc curred In a sparsely settled part of town and offered facilities for snonps PRESIDENT CONGRATULATED. Hebrews Plrased at Action In Hegard to the Klulilnrff Petition. OY8TER BAY. N. Y July . President Roosevelt t"-day authorised the publication of the following letter of congratulation on the action of the government with respect to the Kiahineff Incident: "Elberon. N. J.. July IS. "To President Roosevelt. Oyster l i. N Y.: "Heartiest congratluations r most satisfactory disposition f the Kishineflf po tion. Your action In this matter and Id the recent Roumanian protest marks sn era la that highest realm f diplomacy the diplo macv of humanltv. which marshals the en lightened spirit ..f civilisation against per secution and gives vitality and fore to those beneficent principle in International relations Which contribute to peace and happiness in every land. OSCAR 8. 8TRAr8." Mr. Straus voice the satisfaction felt by the executive committer of the B'nai B'rith over the action of the Fnlted States in bringing their petition to the attention of the Russian government. Punished b the aar. VIENNA. July 9k The Associated correspondent is Informed on good-authority that the Czar of Russia, by an imperial ukase issued last Saturday, transferred Vice Governor t'strovow. at Klshlneff. to a post In the Caucasus, and placed Chief of Gendarmerie Lew en on the reserve list. A transfer to the Caucasus is considered by Russian officers a mild form of deportation. General Von Raaben. the former Governor of Bessarabia, who was dismissed after the Kishineff massacre, was refused an audi ence by the Czar last week. HARD HIIHN. AT SIXT-CIE. General Miles' Achievement Thins to Be Proud Of. Chicago Post. To the flippant paragrapher and to that not Inconsiderable part of the American people which looks upon the lieutenant gen eral of the army as something of a poseur, we commend the ride from Fort Sill to Fort El Reno ninety miles in nine hours and ten minutes or eight hours of actual riding. How many men of sixty-five, soldier or civ ilian, could have ridden with General Miles? Not many. It is safe to say, and with the admission let us have no more gibes at the general commanding, with their unpleas ant lnuendoet. He has given us a lesson in finished horsemanship, in physical hardi hood preserved by clean living well Into the years when most of us prefer an easy chair and a newspaper to a hard saddle and a dusty road. After all, It's only another modern fal lacy gone by the board. Time was when the man of arms delighted in bis physical beauty and his gorgeous panoply of plumes and flashing mail. Sydney and Essex and Raleigh and Rupert did not disdain the graces; yet they were good soldiers and sailors withal. Why. then, with such splen- dla traditions, should the warrior of our day look askance upon the gallantries of war and go sadly In khaki, even when the high-powered rifle in hostile hands Is searching them out from some remote trench below the horizon? General Miles is young; he has proved it. He is sound, he is comely. He is a hard rider and a hard fighter. They may retire him in the full flush of his manhood, but his star sets not in obscurity but in splen dor. The Caddie's Side off Golf. Sporting News. "is golf a wonder?" De mugs dat does all de hard woik at It pays club dues, cad die fees and de price of balls wet and rub ber. De boys, like me, what only looks on, , makes remarks, swipes balls, and carries de bag. gets paid. Is it a sure thing? What! At de end of de game de felley what pays is near down and out; he owes for a bottle or two, and a dozen balls; and de only ting he has learned is a bunch of beautiful lang wudge he can't use when de parson is about. But de Jonny-on-de-spot who has done no woik, he is from thoirty-flve to seventy-five cents to do good saying not ting of de balls he has buzzed. Sure, golf is de best graft a kid like me ever struck. You don't need no boodle to Ftart it, like you do in selling poipers, what was me trade before I struck dls game. Listen! A mug I used to sell afternoons to when I was a newsy, he sess to me one day, sess he, "Johnny." he sess. "why don't you go out to de FernOale golf links and be a caddie Why pound de pavement all your life, yelling 'Wrextra!' like a motor horn gone dotty?" he seas. Say, I didn't know wedder being a caddie was doing time, or doing well, but de mug being a kind of mixer, I sess to him, I sess, "Sure," I sss. "What's up to me to doe?" "Notting ut all," he sess. "It's de players dat does and is done," he sess. "You only stroll about de links, and rubber for de rubber." Folks is funny, but more funnlet when dey is paying golf dan anywher. else. Dat's straigh. You gets to know folks when you has to dope de game to get two ?ents for a one-cent polper, or etee get licked for not bringing enough dough horn . Same in golf. Some caddies get only cad- in a pay .ma wnai acy tan lake off from swiped balls. Notting doing wit em in tips. fanners. Me? Me tips is as much as me pay. and I rak off more for finding lost balls and kicking 'em to a good He. dan for trunning leaves over 'em, or stamping 'em Into soft ground to swipe after de game ia over." The Handicap of Lack of Fdnrailon. August 8uccess. Many men of wonderful natural endow ments are dwarfed and hampered in their life-work because of their lack of educa tion. How often do we see bright minds In responsible positions, serving on boards of directors, as trustees of great business houses or banking Institutions, men who control the affairs of great railroads and manufactories, who have good Judgment and great natural ability, but who are so stunted and cramped by their lack of early development that life does not yield them one-tenth of what it might had their Intel lectual and aesthetic possibilities been un folded in youth. In social life, on public platforms, In debate. In the higher fields of the world's work, enjoyment and progress they are constantly baffled, embarrassed and handicapped by the limitationa ot ig norance. Again, thousands of young men and young women are working to-day in inferior po sitions because of their lack of mental cul ture. Conscious of dormant powers which they cannot get control of. many of them fret and chafe under the restraints Imposed upon them by their own ignorance. They are In the position of the Chinese and other nonprogressive peoples, who have great miiicra , agricultural and other natural re sources, which, however, do not yield them a hundredth part of their value because they do not know how to utilize them. In the very midst of potei tlal wealth and vast possibilities, those pe pie live in poverty and degradation. Just as an uneducated man or woman, who has never developed his or her mental wealth, is doomed to per petual ignorance and its consequence. Terrors of the Tobacco Habit. Everybody's Magazine. A wealthy Indiana grocer, whose name la here shrouded in silence, since a good man might, could, wouid or should wish to do good by stealth, has burned a collection of idolF. In 'alifornia he got a message from the land of spirits. Whether by a medium or by telepathy, the story declines to say. He is sure that he received the message, and that it warned him that the ose of to baoeo was not consistent with salvation. Like a prudent man. he resolved to save hia soul and lose his tobacco. When he got back to Indiana and his grocery he found that his manager had Just "put in" a large and expensive stock of "smokers' goods." The grocer ordered them destroyed. Th manager protested. The grocer was firm. "Burn them up." was his order, and burned they were; and great was the smell thereof. Here was an iron resolution and a flne dis regard for profit. But is tobacco so deadly in Its moral effects as the message from California asserts? May it not be In some sort a means of discipline, a trial and punishment? Think with what agony, what mutiny of the hystem. the habit is acquired; with what far different and keener agony It is given up, if it has to be given up. at the ! doctor s orders; with what doubt and worry ! it hlls the man who knows that he is smok ing tooo much. Think, moat of all. how bad many cigars are and how rebellious asainst suction, if smoking be an evil, has not the smoker his punishment here? If It be a good, why are so many cigars totally depraved? Mlasoart Polities. Kansas City Journal. Joteph Folk is to deliver a number of addr?ses in Missouri this summer "not on politics, but n good government." But ts'.klng for good government will be rs garded as the rankest kind of politics by the leaders of the Missouri Democracy.