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The Indianapolis journal. [volume] (Indianapolis [Ind.]) 1867-1904, July 21, 1903, Image 8

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015679/1903-07-21/ed-1/seq-8/

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inded by practically all tin
8a rr cd t 'o'lege now in Rome
papal court, while the Pon
malnfl in th- papal library
Ived word from the doctors
tvi Was SUM
mptnht rs of 1 1
and the who!
tiff's nphfw.
u.til they re
a hich annou
ast expiring breath
was approaching. Then they moved silently
within the daXh chamber. sim st.mdlng.
some kneeling, nil awaiting the moment of
dissolution, in th ante-eh imbr hi-! n
aembted the high ecc tests n a, members of
the diplomatic corps an l representatives
f the papal aristocracy, awaiting the an
nouncement that the final moment hnd
Profound silence reigned In the popes
foom. only broken by the doctors rising
So render their expiring patient mnr- com
fortable. by the sobs of the ever faithful
alet. Pto Vntra. or the murmured prayers
of Mgr. Plfferi. the papal eonf:sor. hlms.-lf
eighty-four year- oll. Im had to be as
sisted to the bedside. Softly he recited the
prayers for the dying, the Pontiff at one
moment appearing to follow them ns
though con ions of wrhnt was transpiring.
But he could not speak. Then the dying
Popi murmured eomething to himself. In
whh h those bend i i
v r him heard the
Wori "Father. .ml 'Mother.'
Dr Lapponi. who almost constantly had
bis fingers on the Pope s pult-o. felt It grow
gradually weaker and wenker. and at the
same time the Pontiff's extremities began
to get cold. hw lips became blue, his eyes
sank more deeply Into the head, his breath
Ins became even rrtore difficult and there
were s-aiig. r.-ttt lings in his throat.
aessed all present.
Ftn !y the Pope was asked to ble.-s his
nephews and all the others present. He at
tempted to raise himself and the extreme
emaciation of his person, covered with a
fine nightshirt, was rendered more pro
nounced by the surroundings. The portieres
dividing the door were drawn back to the
utmost to admit as much air as possible,
while the light filtering through the green
shades of the window rendered his sunken
eyes and shrunken features absolutely
It was a most solemn moment. The head
of the Pontiff, with its white skull-cap, no
whiter than the fringe of silvery hair ris
ing above the crimson coverlet, his hand
raised in the familiar gesture of benedic
tion, the kneeling assemblage being too
earnestly absorbed in deep affliction, ven
eration and weeping, to even make a
The doctors again examined the dying
Holy Father, nd this time found that he
was at the exTreme limit of his powers of
respiration. His eyes began to become dull
and clouded, and Leo XIII entered Into
the real agony of death, which was recog
nized by all present kneeling.
The last conscious act of the Pontiff was
to turn his eyes toward the great crucifix
on the wall, after which he suffered from
a paroxism of choking, during which he
passed away.
Then the silence of the awe-stricken as
semblage was broken by the sonorous,
solemn voice of Cardinal Zeratlno Van
nutelll, the grand penitentiary. Intoning the
requiem a-ternam (rest eternal). This was
the signal for an outburst of tears, and the
bound of weeping, which could not longer be
repressed, all the kneeling prelates and
others kissed the dead hand that hand
which had dispensed so many benefits, char
itlas and benedictions.
Outside the death chamber expectation
was intense, but the sight of the sorrowing
faces of those leaving the room was suffi
cient without words to spread the sad news,
which was not long in spreading through
out Rome.
The occurrence in the death chamber im
mediately following the POpe's demise were
of impressive solmenlty. Couriers had beui
dispatched to summon those who are dele
gated to perform the first religious offices
toward the dead Pope, and soon the chant
ing of the Franciscan monks was heard
as. two bT two. with coarse, brown hats
in hand and sandals. thoy proceeded to the
room lu which Leo lay dead. From time
immemorial the Franciscans have been pen
itentiaries of St. Peter s. Following them
came the Noble Guard to watch over the
Pontiff's remains, the brilliancy of their
uniforms contrasting strikingly with the
sombre attire of the quaintly garbed monks
and the solemn dignity of the chamber it
self. The only souud heard was the meas
ured chanting of the psalms of penitence
by a group of monks kneeling beside the
couch of death. Two Noble Guards took up
oaltions at the font of the couch and stood
;e:d and silent as statues, with swords
drawn and reversed, pointing to the floor.
The death chamber preserved much the
same appearance as It did at the time of
the f.nal illness of the Pope. It Is situated
ou the third floor of the Vatican, the apart
ments fronting the splendid piazza of St.
Peter's, and the window of the room com
manding a viaw of the tall obelisk and
playing fountains, with Rome stretching
off beyond the Tiber. Across the middle of
the room hang heavy draperies, partly con
cealing the bed on which lay the silent form
of the dead Pontiff. By the side of the low
bed burned a number of candles, and from
above looked down the picture of the Ma
donna, with the infant Christ In her amis
loco's desk was closed, but some of the
book.- on religious topics which he kept
remained on it. The body lay dxactly as
It was at the moment of the Pope's last
expiring breath. A white veil was thrown
over the dead man's face while awaiting the
solemn entrance of the camerlengo. who
was to officially pronounce the Pontiff ac
tually dead.
The. gruesome details of the embalming
will not be performed until after the lapse
of twenty-four hours. Then the body will
be robed in full pontifical vestments for
the imposing funeral ceremonies.
Mark off Respect the tvlnit (on
dolence Vatican Questions.
ROME. July 20. By a coincidence to-day
is the birthday of Dowager Queen Margher-
ita, the mother of King Victor Emmanuel,
and flags had been put all over the city In
her honor, giving it a festive appearance.
By express desire no salutes were fired as
is customary, so tnat the Pontiff might not
be disturbed, especially as there Is a fort
near the Vatican. When the King heard of
this desire he had telegraphic orders sent
all over the kingdom that no salutes should
be flred.
In Rome, on news of the death becoming
known, many of the flags were withdrawn
and shops closed. Bulletins announcing
Pope Leo's death are pasted to closed shut
ters and all the theatres are closed to-night,
placards being put out saying there was no
performance as a sign of mourning for Lto
XIII. All tho newspapers, including those
favorable to the present institutions, pub
Ssti long eulogistic articles about the de
ceased. About the only discordant note is
struck by the Socialist organ Avantl. which
says: "We Socialists, without disdain but
with indiffert nee, pass before this corpse
and await the new enemy.'
The government has renewed the most
energetic orders. Premier Zanardelll attend
ing to the work p-M-sonal'y. to insure or-d-ir
about the Vatican, but it cannot and
will not tak participation directly in the
mourning. A litt If scene which occurred
to-day will, better than anything else, illus
trate what is the present fet-llng between
th two parties which so bitterly fought
against one another until lTo. when I
temporal power fell. When the death of
the Pontiff became known an old captain
of the Pontifical army went to kneel in a
shapel where the sacrament was exposed.
A yomg captain in the Italian army fol
lowed him. and kneeling together, both
prayed for the repose of the soul of thur
common holy father.
Immediately following the death of the
Pope cable dispatches and telegrams were
dispatched to all parts of the world ad
vist ig the sovereigns, rulers and foreign
governments of the death. Before night
fell many telegrams of condolence reached
the Vatican, coming from emperors, kings,
political rulers and high cnurch dignitaries
Abroad. The Vatican officials are deluged
With these messages. According to the
etiquette of the papal court the College of
Cardinals, just before entering the con
clave, will hold a f. i mn i - eption of the
diplomats accredited to the Vatican. At
this reception it is the practice for the
! Apfoanats to express verbally the eondo
leine'. -n the death of the Pope. Secretary
Hay has bees officially advised of Pope
Leo 1 death by the American embassy here.
Ttie death of the pope brings about a
widespread change in all the administrative
departments of the church and considerably
influences question of chunh policy. The
Change within the Vatican affect prac
Ocailf all the officials, from the highest to
the lowest. Cardinal Rampolla retires from
the post of secretary of state, where he ex
trcised a strong Influence, owing to the
SfcfftJeaJ infirmities of Leo. Other high of
ciais are similarly affected the master
f the chambet. the under secretary of
the vicar of Rome, the vice chan
cellor, the grand penitentiary, the libra
ri n if the V.il:an and a host of lesser
officials. These will continue to exercise
their functions until the new Pope is elect
ro, when he will designate his own secre
tary of täte and other .;?. Is to carry op
the various important blanches of the
church's work. I hi;? there i a complete
transformation of aiK5"roli- authority, the
death of the Pope meaning the nominal
death el ill the offirinls under him. The
I ropasanda alone remains intact, as the
prefect and .entire machinery of the Propa
ganda ij unaffected.
The chief international QOeStSefM which
may be affected by the death of the Pope
are those connected with the suppression
of religious orders In France, the change
of the clergy In tin new Spanish-American
posses ion.-, ih N t lor; ol the successor
of the late Cardinal Vaughan and attend
ant questions conneetd with the adminis
tiation of the church in England. Emperor
William's vit it to the Pope created a new
bond of sympathy between Germany and
the Vatican. All these conditions are af
fected by the dath of the Pope.
Among the officials the Philippine ques
tion, involving transfers from the Spanish
to th" American hierarchy and the elimina
tion of friars, is regarded as one of the
most important. Tne pre ent Philippine
policy had the hearty approval of Leo
X.11I, and tin re is no reason to believe that
i' will be changed.
The relations between the Italian govern
ment and the Vatican continue to be seri
ous problems. Although the temporal au
thority of the papacy terminated eight
years before Leo XIII became Pope, he
steadfastly maintained the principle of
temporal power, and lost no opportunity
to endeavor to secure its restoration. Al
though the futility of the contest has been
recognized in recent years, the question of
the relations of the government and the
Vatican remains one of the highest im
portance. Mgr. Gaspari. who. It Is said, will be
designated by Cardinal Oreglia to succeed
the late Mgr. Volpini as secretary of the
consistory, served as secretary of the
special commission of cardinals appointed
to deal with the Philippine question. In
this capacity he took a prominent part in
the negotiations with the Taft commission
in Rome last year.
Premier Zanardelli telegraphed the death
of the Pope to King Victor Emmanuel at
the Castle of Racconl to-night. The King,
althoifgh he looked for the announcement
at any hour, was much touched and Is re
ported to have said: "No matter what our
complaints may have been by reason of
distant and recent controversies and dis
courtesies. I cannot help feeling deeply af
fected by the disappearance of a great and
enlightened mind and the head of the
church of my people."
Speculation as to Who Will Succeed
the late Leo XIII.
ROME. July 30. The greatest interest is
now centered in the work of the holy con
clave, which is to select the successor to
Leo XIII. Speculations, prophecies and
predictions come from every direction in
favor of the various candidates. The com
paratively long illneas of Leo has had the
effect of narrowing the chances of some
who entered the contest with what was
thought to be the brightest prospects,
while it has brought forward the promi
nence of others who at first were hardly
considered. The result is that they are all
now on about the same level. It is said
that there has never been a conclave in
which there are as many candidate?-, who
have a fair chance of winning. Such a situa
tion might lead to a struggle of much longer
duration than that of 1878, when Leo was
elected. That conclave lasted scarcely three
days. The contest would be prolonged es
pecially, If, after the early ballots, the dif
ferent parties whose exact strength could
only then be established, persist in remain
ing faithful to their favorites instead of
joining forces with those of candidates hav
ing better chances.
In ls7. when Pius IX died, it was evident
to all that the cardinals who had the best
chances of success were Cardinals Pilio
and Pecci. The former would certainly
have been ejected if he had not made in
the conclave a written statement declaring
that he would not accept the tiara, as,
having compiled the Syllabus, he would be
open to an attack which would have been
detrimental to the church. Therefore, the
nomination of Cardinal Pecci followed with
out obstacle.
Now, there are a half dozen at least who
are entering the conclave with equal
chances of success. It is believed that the
foreign cardinals will ultimately give the
i a sting votes, as, living far away from
Rome where different factions form and
flourish, they will be more impartial, es
pecially as it is admitted by all that the
new Pope will be chosen from among the
Italian candidates. For this latter reason
there cannot be national rivalry among the
From n most trustworthy source the
Associated Press representative learns that
the considerable talk which is going tho
rounds to the effect that certain foreign
power! might exercise the right to veto in
the convlave is unfounded. What the
powers desire is not that the new Pope
should be friendly to any particular power,
but that he should conduct the affairs of
papacy in a peaceful, equitable, religious
manner without stirring u4 international
strife. Indeed, it is suoponed that the
rumor that Austria might attempt to ex
er Ise the right of. exe'usion against
Cardinal Rampolla, which was started by
the friends of the latter In order to have
him appear at a persecuted martyr.
The most prominent candidates for the
succession ar Cardinals Gottl. Oreglia,
Aplordia. Seraflno Vaimuttelli, Capecaltro,
Sarto, Rampolla, Dlpletro, Stampa, Ferrari,
Satolll and Richelml.
fim:ral ceremonies.
They Will Be Arranged on an Elab
orate Scale.
ROME. July 20. Only the most general
funeral arrangements have thus far been
made, as the shock of the Pope's death for
the moment occupies all attention. Car
dinal Oreglia, together with the members
of the Sacred College, will determine the
.1' tails of the elaborale funeral ceremonies,
which will last nine days. In the case of
Pius IX his personal friends among the
Roman aristocracy were permitted to see
the embalmed body before it was removed
to St. Peter's, where the general public
had a like privilege. It is expected that
similar plans wil: be carried out in the
present case. On the evening of the eighth
day the corpse will be inclosed in two
cofiin8. the Inner one of cypress and the
other uf lead, which will be deposited with
in a stone sarcophagus. It will not
be immediately committed to Its final
resting place, but will be depositeu
high ovtr the door near the
choir of a chapel in St. Petti s, where it
mta bo viewed by all visitors. The ultimate
burial place will be the maguittccnt basilica
of St. John Lateran. Following Pope Leo's
expressed wish, the uicbe in which it will
lie will correspond to that which the Pope
designated as the resting place of Innocent
III. The marble memorial will show a re
cumbent figure of the Pontiff, surrounded
With allegorical figures.
To-ni.riow morning the recognition of the
death of the Pope will be officially per
formed by Cardinal Oreglia. Iu the after
noon Dr. LappI will have the body car
ried into the adjoining room, called the
little throne rKm. where Pope Leo recent
ly received King Kdward and Emperor
William. The body will be embalmed. On
Wednesday It will be exposed in the chapel
of the sacrament lu St. Peter s, remaining
there three days, after which the burial
will occur.
It is generally believed that the conclave
will meet on Aug. 3.
(.rent Interest Anionic ntholle in
r.nglnnd Solemn Requiem Maas.
LONDON. July 30. The news of the
Pope's death had a visible effect on the
Catholic Church In England. Monsignor
Fenton. the tricar general, immediately dis
patched to each diocese a circular notifying
the clergy of the event, of which they had
already been Informed through the papers,
and directing that a sohmn requiem mass
be celebrated in memory of Le XIII.
The Pope death will have no political
effect in Breat Britain, as there are no
question or controversies pending between
the Vatican and thi country; but postdbiy
In may delay th- appointment of a succes
for to Cardinal Vaughun. although it is be
lleved that even this has been decided upon
ad that In all iu'obabiliiy Monsignor Gas-
rliL VÜJTj TZ'. IwnrannraM 1 XT cHJ x, yNT. SHtr
Upon three high dignitaries of the papal court falls the work of arranging the elaborate ceremonies, etc.. that mark the obsequies o f Leo XIII. These officials are Marquia Sac
chetti, chief mourner. Mgr. Marxolini. rapal master of ceremonies, and Marquis Serlup Creszrenzi, papal master of the horse. Besides being leaders in the funeral arrangements by virtue
of their ofticec, these eminent Catholics were all devoted friends and admirers of the late Pontiff. a . yt . JRA.
quet. president of the English Benedictines,
will be the next archbishop of Westmin
ster. Europe received the first news of the
Pope's death through a dispatch tft Reuter s
agencv from the Associated Press office in
New York. At half-past 6 this evening.
with the exception of the Havas agency in
Paris, no other European agency, had the
news of the event.
Long biographical sketches, memoirs and
editorials are called forth by the death of
the Pope and the English papers all teem
with expressions of the warmest sympathy
and express deep regret at his death on ac
count of his simple, saintly life and the
statesmanlike qualities displayed by him
throughout his pontificate. A contrast is
drawn between the position the papacy
now holds In international conditions com
pared with its shattered, discredited posi
tion at the time of the death of Pius IX.
His victorv over Bismarck is everywhere
recalled ns'the most brilliant example of his
diplomatic sagacity and the editorials di
late on the successful manner in which he
reconciled himself to the spirit of modern
times In his dealings with France, America
and England.
The Morning Post says: "The keys of
St. Peter thtit death snatched from him are
now the symbols of a world-wide mon
archy such as even Islam itself with its
countless millions of devotees, cannot
The Daily News favs: "History will not
soon forget that little, frail, white figure
who occupied the most striking position
in the civilized world. Leo XIII will be re
membered as one of the greatest of Popes
and the humblest of Christians."
The Daily Telegraph says: "The Cath
olic world mourns the loss of one of the
noblest priests, most accomplished scholars
and wisest statesmen who has ever filled
St. Peter's chair."
Anatrlnn Emperor Prayed.
VIENNA. July 20. The official announce
ment of the Pope's death was received here
at 6:35 p. m. from the Austrian ambassa
dor at the Vatican, who telegraphed direct
to Emperor Francis Joseph. The Foreign
Office shortly after confirmed the news. The
announcement was received in court circles
oaHiu Kot ulrr.lv thfl event havins: been
regarded as inevitable. On receiving the an
nouncement the Emperor retired to nis pn
vate chapel to pray. The event will not
i Ii i ii Co A net Han relations with the Vatican.
which are based on the deep reiigious feel
ing prevailing in the country ana are nai
lowed bv hundreds of years of association.
It is unlikely that Austria will attempt to
influence the decision of the conclave except
in the case of the election of Cardinal Ram
polla, to whom the Austrian government is
decidedly opposed.
Sadness in Hawaii.
HONOLULU, July 20 The announce
ment of the death of Pope Leo was re
ceived with some sadness In Honolulu. Ser
vices will be held throughout the islands in
the Catholic churches on the day of the
No Festivities at Llnbon.
LISBON, July 20. On account of tho
Pope's death the festivities arranged In hon
or of the coming visit of the American
fleet have been Indefiidely postponed.
Gibbons En Route to Rome.
PARIS, July 20. Cardinal Gibbons start
ed for Rome this evening.
isiou7It is ordered that a mass of requiem
DC celebrated in all the churches of the dio
ntN on the day of Leo's burial at Rome.
UM this mass be read, or sung, or solemnly
celebrated, according as circumstances will
Flags on City Hall Hulf-.Masted and a
. Letter tunned to fw Yorkers.
NEW YORK. July 30. The flags on the
City Hall were placed at half-mast by
order of Mayor Low as soon as the death
of the Pope was announced. The flags on all
other city buildings were also half-masted
iu compliance with the mayor's request.
Mayor Low late to-day issued the follow
ing letter regarding the death of Pope
Leo XIII: "The dath of the Pope will bring
sorrow to many hundred thousands of citi
zens of New York, and those whom it doe3
not directly affect will respond with fra
ternal sympathy for their fellow-citizens,
who feci his d 3th as a personal loss. Every
one must have been moved by his calm and
brave hearing In the presence of approach
ing death. It is too early to attempt to
consider l.e'o XIII s place in history, but
one may safely say that he filled the great
position with dignity ami authority and as
one who has understood thoroughly the
movements of his time.'
Bella to Be Tolled for Mne Days.
CINCINNATI. July 3. Archbishop Elder
has issued instructions to the clergy of his
diocese In respect to observances In conse
quence of the death of Pope Leo XIII. He
directs the tolling of church bells at noon
for nine das immediately after the "An
gelus," a requiem high mass in each
church, pontifical high mass in the Ca
thedral July 2s. prayers "pro eligendo sum
mo pontillco." until a successor is elected,
and requests that churches be appro
priately draped fo- thirty days.
Draped In Papal Colors.
PHILADELPHIA. July 20. Official an
nouncement of the dath of Pope Leo XIII
was received by Archbishop Ryan at 5
o'clock. It came from Monsignor Kennedy,
rector of the American College at Rome. Ait
7 o'clock the de profundi? bell in the ca
thedril was tolled for five minutes. Some of
the churches are already draped in black
and the papal colors, yellow and white, are
displayed from many of the parochial resi
world figure; the world will sustain a tre
mendous loss in his death, and the Catholic
Church will mourn the loss of Its father
and teacher."
A. Ü, Sweeney's Tribute.
Andrew M. Sweeney, president of the
School Board, said: "In the death of Leo
XIII the most conspicuous and worthy
character of the Catholic W'orld passes
away. By common consent I think he is
considered, and will live in history, as the
most profound scholar that ever occupied
the papal throne. His encyclical leiters
aroused the social world to the danger that j
waited it if passion and put suit were not
curbed and brought into harmony with the
precepts of the Master and the ideals of
the gospel. From whatever viewpoint his
life is studied his career has been luminous.
As a scholar, sage, statesman and Pontiff
he has shed luster upon the church of which
he was the head and upon the era In which,
and of which, he took such a conspicuous
tart. Whether we consider the sintrlt cess
nf hi? modset life or the majestic sweep of
his great intellect, he is bound to live as the 1
r most conspicuous character in the history
ot the Catholic Church.
The Rev. Anthony Scheideler. of St.
Mary's Church 1 hartfly believe there has
ever been a Pope of such great Importance
in the management of the affairs of the
world as Leo XIII. He has certainly been
one of the greatest Popes the world has
ever known. Pope Leo's death is a great
calamity for the church, but God will pro
vide for that which he has built.
Georaje Wolf's Tribute.
George Wolf gave the following estimate
of the Pope: "We consider that among
the pontiffs he was one of the greatest, if
not the greatest. The church has prospered,
and especially in this country, more than
under any other Pope, and it is generally
recognized that the church now takes a
much higher position. It is looked up to
more and is appreciated more than it was
twenty-five years ago. The advancement
of the church is largely due to his wise
councils and encyclicals. Through his wise
councjjs conflicts between church and gov
ernment have been pleasantly adjusted. No
doubt, the demise will not only be deplored
by Catholis, but by Protestants as well,
who valued him as a true and good man."
endeared America to him. As no other
statesman in Europe Leo understood Ameri
caits possibilities, and the meaning of its
"Nothing in the circumstances connected
with the illness and death of Leo does so
much honor to him. and so much honor to
our common human nature, as the sincere
and outspoken interest taken in him by the
noncatholic world, especially In the United
States. In. numerous Protestant churches,
kindliest mention was made of Leo from
the pulpit,, and prayers for him went up to
heaven from the Hps and hearts of minis
ters and of congregations. What transcend
ent merit in Leo to have won the world to
this extent! What nobleness of mind and
heart of men to have risen high above tradi
tions and customs to have acknowledged
Leo's greatness aad goodness, to have given
him such unstinted love.
"Leo. in his last moments, was deeply
touched on hearing of this attitude of Prot
estants toward him. The world is to-day the
better for the sweet kindliness begotten in
it by Leo. The Catholic Church, America,
humanity, bid Leo farewell. Those who knew
him closely feel their heartstrings quiver
with deepest sadness as the marble lid
closes over his mrtal remains. But God liv
eth and other Leos, we pray, will come to
us, as heaven's gift."
Leo Threrr the Defense of the ( hnrch
on an Enlightened Democracy.
CHICAGO, July 20.-Archbishop Quigley
said: "It has been the life work of Leo
XIII to arouse the Catholic body in every
nation to enlightened organized effort
against infidel tendencies. He has recog
nized the Intelligence and powej of the peo
ple in the affairs of modern government and
his appeal has been to thejn. In a word
he has thrown the defense of God and His
church upon the enlightened democracy so
strongly represented in the Catholic Church
throughout the nations of the world.
"Shall his pontificate be recorded in his
tory as the dawn of restoration of the
world-wide power of the papacy, as of old
built upon the Catholic faith and conscience
of the masses of the people? Will the
divine founder of the church grant it a
new triumph in this twentieth century
through the political agency of :i christian
ized democracy? 1 firmly believe that the
story of the first half of the twentieth cen
tury upon which we are entering will an
swer those questions in the affirmative and
credit the triumph of Christian principles In
society, education and government infidel
ity, agnosticism and humanism to the
glorious pontificate of the great Pope, who
has passed away
Arehbiahop Elder Waa Mnrh Im
pressed frith the Pope's I. earning.
CINCINNATI. July 30. Archbishop Will
iam Henry Elder, who became the oldest
living prelate upon the death f the Pope,
said of Leo Mil:
"It is eighteen years since last I saw the
Holy Father, in 1Ü65. and during that pi -riod
so much has beeu accomplished by
him that he has become the marvel of the
age. He has. indeed, been a light from
heaven, which motto he bears, and has
guided the church through the periods that
have beset her with a master hand and
mind. At the time I saw him last he im
pressrd me with his learning and intellectu
ality, for even then he was an old man.
I hud seen him before and knew him. Since
that time, however, his activities have been
so far-reaching that they have challenged
the admiration of the world. He has been
I grenl man and a holy man. His writings
have done great good for society in general
in the dissemination of advice and truth,
and thinkers, irrespective of creed, have
shown their appreciation of his teachings.
While the singular purity and modesty of
his life have won for him great admiration,
his most lasting monument will be the
work he has done for the amelioration of
mankind, the aid of the laboring cln -and
the defense of right and justice. For the
chuch he has been a great Pontiff. Our deal
ings with him In an official capacity have al
ways been fraught with much consideration,
and it is only becoming an American to feel
gratitude toward Leo XIII for the interest
he has maintained in the church in America
and this couAtry in general."
Leo Wan a frent Man and a Great
Pope and Loved America.
PHILADELPHIA. July 20.-In speaking
of the death of Pope Leo. Archbishop Ryan
said: "I think it sufficient to say that I
join in the universal estimate of him as a
great man and a great Pope. He was pre
eminently a man of his age. His sympathy
for our Constitution in America was gen
uine. I had the honor of addressing him on
the occasion of the presentation of the copy
of the Constitution of the United States
sent as a present to his Holiness by Presi
dent Cleveland in 189S, at the silver jubilee
of the episcopate of the Pope. In that ad
dress I alluded to the homage paid to him
by the kings and potentates of the world."
The following extracts from the address
and from the Pope's reply may be inter
esting at this time: "In your Holiness's
admirable encyclical, immortale Dei' you
truly state that the church is wedded to no
particular form of civic government. In
our American republic the Catholic Church
Is left perfectly free to act out her sacred
and beneficent mission to the human race.
We beg your Holiness, therefore, to
bless this country which has achieved so
much in a single century; and finallly, we
ask, kneeling at your feet, that you bless
ourselves and the people committed to our
In answering his Holiness declared, as
the archbishop has said: "They (the
Americans) enjoy full liberty in the true
sense of the term, guaranteed by the Con
stitution, a copy of which is presented to
me. Religion is there free to extend con
tinually, more and more, the empire of
Christianity, and the church to develop her
beneficent activities. Your country is great,
with a future full of hope. Your nation is
free. Your government Is strong and the
character of your President commands my
highest admiration. It is for those reasons
that the gift causes me the liveliest
pleasure, and forces me, by a most agree
able impulse, to manifest to you my most
profound gratitude and esteem."
(rover Cleveland's Entimate.
BUZZARD'S BAY, Mass., July 20.-When
Informed of the death of Pope Leo this
afternoon, Grover Cleveland, who is at
Gray Gables, his summer home, said:
"Although, of course, not unexpected, the
new3 of the death of this distinguished
man cannot fail to awaken regret in the
minds of all those who are sincerely so
licitous for the betterment of humanity.
1 have regarded Pope Leo XIII as a most
important factor in the advancement ot
civilization and of material improvement.
Although at the head of a church to
whose interests he was constantly devoted,
he seemed never to forget that all mankind
is akin when manhood's development and
the promotion of universal brotherhood is
in the balance. Not only his church, but
the cause of humanity has lost a strong
advocate and a sincere friend."
Foremost in Everything;.
ST. LOCIS, July 30. Bishop John J. Glen
non said of the late Pope Leo: "He was a
man who was foremost in all the events of
the world. His decision was felt alike in
every country of Europe and of America.
No man had as much influence for good in
the past two decades as he had. His
province was not politics or diplomacy, but
his hand was visible in most of the prom
inent events, and it was always for the
good. Thcvre has not been a character in
our day or in any day in the history of the
church as Pontiff who had so much to con
Und with as Ivo XIII, and who has done
the Work so well. There has not been a
question, from labor movements to ques
tions 't state, which he has not been called
to pass upon, and his judgment has always
been right."
Emperor Francis Joneph.
VIENNA, July 20. Emperor Francis
Joseph has telegraphed from IpeJd to Car
dinal Taliani, the papal nuncio at Vienna,
as follows: "At the moment when the
Catholic world is plunged into the deepest
grief by the news of the death of the su
preme sheperd. my heait urges me to ex
press to your Eminence all the pain which
this cruel loss, so deeply felt In the whole
world, has caused me. The filial love and
unlimited veneration which during his life
time. 1 felt for the Holy Father, follows
into eternity the exalted decedent whose
memory is blessed for all time and who
will ever occupy a distinguished place in
the annals of our holy church."
Cireatent M rt n of the Century.
TOLEDO. O., July 20.-Bishop Horstmann,
of the Cleveland dkcese of the Catholic
Church, gave out the following statement:
"Leo was the greatest man of the nine
teenth century and the greatest man who
has occupied the chair of St. Peter since
the death of Benedict XIV intellectually
and otherwise. He was the greatest friend
humanity has had. having been a student of
sociological as well as religious subjects,
and having given the world the results of
hi studies."
o In Heaven.
KANSAS CITY, Mo.. July 20.-Bishop
John J. Hogan, of this Catholic diocese.
who saw Pope Leo in 1879, shortly after he
was made head of the church, said: "The
Pope was an old man, his work on earth
was done, and it was time to go. He was
a great and good man, and he is now in
Masses for the repose of the soul of the
Pope will be celebrated In the cathedral
and In the other Catholic churches each
morning until the day of the funeral, and
on that day requiem high mass will be said
in the cathedral.
Three Popes In One.
SANTA FE, July 30. Bishop Pitaval, in
charge of the archdiocese of Santa Fe, said:
With the death of the great Pontiff, Leo
XIII, the Catholic Church loses one of its
greatest rulers and the world its most dis
tinguished man. Recalling an old saying
current in Rome to the effect that there
are three kinds of popes, the scholar, the
statesman and the man of prayer, we can
well observe that all three were combined
in Leo XIII."
Terre Hante Minlntera.
Special to the Indianapolis Journal.
TERKE HALTE, Ind., July 30. -The Terre
Haute Ministerial Association adopted reso
lutions to-day on the death of the "great
earth head of the Roman Catholic Church,"
saying "the association appreciates the
personal sterling worth of Pope Leo XIH
and recognizes in his life an important fac
tor in the advancement of civilization and
in the personal uplifting of mankind."
Potent, Tactful, Couraajeoua.
TRENTON, N. J., July 20. Bishop Mc-
Faul, in speaking of the death of the Pope
to-day, said that the chuich and the entire
world has sustained a xreat loss. Ieo XIII
was a mighty churchman of marked sim
plicity, wun rare wisuom ana unswerving
determination. As a s atesman he was
potent, tactful and courageous. In ages to
come Leo XIII will live as the champion of
humanity's rights and liberties.
Teanmtera Must Wot Interfere Tlth
the KellnKK Plant.
CHICAGO, July 20. Supplementary to a
bill filed in the Superior Court by the Kel
logg Switchboard and Supply Company, a l
leging that the Chicago Teamsters' Union
and its officers have been indulging in
threats and using unlawful means to pre
vent the company from shipping its goods,
Judge Holdom to-day granted an injunction
restraining Albert Young, president of the
Teamsters' Union, and the other officers and
members from interfering with the com
pany's transaction of business.
The Illinois Manufacturers' Association
and the Anti-boycott League have united
with the Kellogg company to force the issue
with the teamsters, and it is intended, if
conspiracy to injure the company's busi
ness can be proved, to go before the grand
jury and seek the indictment of the labor
The labor union pickets succeeded Id turn
ing back a woganload of supplies consigned
to the Kellogg factory this morning, but no
serious violence occurred. The company
made two deliveries of freight to-day with
out interference.
The Kellogg firm refused to yield to the
demand of the union leaders that all strik
ing unionists that apply within three davs
be allowed to resume work within ten days.
Steamboat Racing Checked by Strike.
CHICAGO. July 20 Steamboat racing
across Lake Michigan, which was inau
gurated yesterday by the steamers East
land and City of South Haven, came to a
temporary standstill to-day by a strike of
the Eastland's stokers. The men deserted
the vessel In a body as the boat was pre
paring to leave her dock, because, they de
clare, they are not paid a promised bounty
of S20 if they kept 200 pounds of steam on
during yesterday's contest.
Suit to Foreeloae Morfaaae. '
TRENTON, N. J., July 30. -Suit was In
stituted in the United States Circuit Court
to-day by the Mercantile Trust Company
of Nw York for the foreclosure ot the
$15om..onf! mortgage on the properties of
the I'nited States Shlnhullding Company.
The suit is brought hnAjf of the default
of the payment of $400,WT interest on July 1
and the failure of the company to establish
a sinking fund.
Two Women and Mnn Drowaed.
EVERETT. Wash., July 30.-Bv the cap
sizing of a sailboat in the harbor Miss Nina
E. Solomon, a telephone oerator. Miss
Edna Warner, a school teacher, and P. G.
Foster, an insurance man. have been
drowned. The accident is attribute to the
inexperience of Fof ter in sailing a boat.
Hiss Hani by Waaked Rnhbera.
BAKER CITY. Ore.. July 30-Three
masked men held up Captain Myrick. of the
Connor i'reek mine, ighteen miles fnm
Huntington, and at the ooint of a pistol
compelled him to open the ;ffice safe. Gold
bullion valued at $10.000 and ,i considerable
sum in cash were taken. A posse is in
pursuit of the robbers.
Killed from Amhuwh.
FAIRMONT. W Vc . July 2u.-8amuel
Peterson, of New Central minea. near Fair
mont, was shot and killed from ambush
this evening by an unknown man. The
murderer Is thought to be a relative of
th dead man and officers are working on
this theory. Peterson is said to have re-
ceived an anonymous ietter warning him
to look out for vengjemr. The murder oc
curred In a sparsely settled part of town
and offered facilities for snonps
Hebrews Plrased at Action In Hegard
to the Klulilnrff Petition.
OY8TER BAY. N. Y July . President
Roosevelt t"-day authorised the publication
of the following letter of congratulation on
the action of the government with respect to
the Kiahineff Incident:
"Elberon. N. J.. July IS.
"To President Roosevelt. Oyster l i. N Y.:
"Heartiest congratluations r most
satisfactory disposition f the Kishineflf po
tion. Your action In this matter and Id the
recent Roumanian protest marks sn era la
that highest realm f diplomacy the diplo
macv of humanltv. which marshals the en
lightened spirit ..f civilisation against per
secution and gives vitality and fore to
those beneficent principle in International
relations Which contribute to peace and
happiness in every land.
OSCAR 8. 8TRAr8."
Mr. Straus voice the satisfaction felt by
the executive committer of the B'nai B'rith
over the action of the Fnlted States in
bringing their petition to the attention of
the Russian government.
Punished b the aar.
VIENNA. July 9k The Associated
correspondent is Informed on good-authority
that the Czar of Russia, by an imperial
ukase issued last Saturday, transferred
Vice Governor t'strovow. at Klshlneff. to a
post In the Caucasus, and placed Chief of
Gendarmerie Lew en on the reserve list. A
transfer to the Caucasus is considered by
Russian officers a mild form of deportation.
General Von Raaben. the former Governor
of Bessarabia, who was dismissed after the
Kishineff massacre, was refused an audi
ence by the Czar last week.
General Miles' Achievement Thins
to Be Proud Of.
Chicago Post.
To the flippant paragrapher and to that
not Inconsiderable part of the American
people which looks upon the lieutenant gen
eral of the army as something of a poseur,
we commend the ride from Fort Sill to Fort
El Reno ninety miles in nine hours and ten
minutes or eight hours of actual riding.
How many men of sixty-five, soldier or civ
ilian, could have ridden with General Miles?
Not many. It is safe to say, and with the
admission let us have no more gibes at the
general commanding, with their unpleas
ant lnuendoet. He has given us a lesson
in finished horsemanship, in physical hardi
hood preserved by clean living well Into the
years when most of us prefer an easy chair
and a newspaper to a hard saddle and a
dusty road.
After all, It's only another modern fal
lacy gone by the board. Time was when
the man of arms delighted in bis physical
beauty and his gorgeous panoply of plumes
and flashing mail. Sydney and Essex and
Raleigh and Rupert did not disdain the
graces; yet they were good soldiers and
sailors withal. Why. then, with such splen-
dla traditions, should the warrior of our
day look askance upon the gallantries of
war and go sadly In khaki, even when the
high-powered rifle in hostile hands Is
searching them out from some remote
trench below the horizon?
General Miles is young; he has proved
it. He is sound, he is comely. He is a hard
rider and a hard fighter. They may retire
him in the full flush of his manhood, but
his star sets not in obscurity but in splen
dor. The Caddie's Side off Golf.
Sporting News.
"is golf a wonder?" De mugs dat does
all de hard woik at It pays club dues, cad
die fees and de price of balls wet and rub
ber. De boys, like me, what only looks on, ,
makes remarks, swipes balls, and carries
de bag. gets paid. Is it a sure thing? What!
At de end of de game de felley what pays
is near down and out; he owes for a bottle
or two, and a dozen balls; and de only ting
he has learned is a bunch of beautiful lang
wudge he can't use when de parson is
about. But de Jonny-on-de-spot who has
done no woik, he is from thoirty-flve to
seventy-five cents to do good saying not
ting of de balls he has buzzed.
Sure, golf is de best graft a kid like me
ever struck. You don't need no boodle to
Ftart it, like you do in selling poipers, what
was me trade before I struck dls game.
Listen! A mug I used to sell afternoons
to when I was a newsy, he sess to me one
day, sess he, "Johnny." he sess. "why don't
you go out to de FernOale golf links and
be a caddie Why pound de pavement all
your life, yelling 'Wrextra!' like a motor
horn gone dotty?" he seas.
Say, I didn't know wedder being a caddie
was doing time, or doing well, but de mug
being a kind of mixer, I sess to him, I sess,
"Sure," I sss. "What's up to me to doe?"
"Notting ut all," he sess. "It's de players
dat does and is done," he sess. "You only
stroll about de links, and rubber for de
Folks is funny, but more funnlet when
dey is paying golf dan anywher. else.
Dat's straigh. You gets to know folks
when you has to dope de game to get two
?ents for a one-cent polper, or etee get
licked for not bringing enough dough horn .
Same in golf. Some caddies get only cad-
in a pay .ma wnai acy tan lake off from
swiped balls. Notting doing wit em in tips.
fanners. Me? Me tips is as much as me
pay. and I rak off more for finding lost
balls and kicking 'em to a good He. dan
for trunning leaves over 'em, or stamping
'em Into soft ground to swipe after de game
ia over."
The Handicap of Lack of Fdnrailon.
August 8uccess.
Many men of wonderful natural endow
ments are dwarfed and hampered in their
life-work because of their lack of educa
tion. How often do we see bright minds In
responsible positions, serving on boards of
directors, as trustees of great business
houses or banking Institutions, men who
control the affairs of great railroads and
manufactories, who have good Judgment
and great natural ability, but who are so
stunted and cramped by their lack of early
development that life does not yield them
one-tenth of what it might had their Intel
lectual and aesthetic possibilities been un
folded in youth. In social life, on public
platforms, In debate. In the higher fields of
the world's work, enjoyment and progress
they are constantly baffled, embarrassed
and handicapped by the limitationa ot ig
norance. Again, thousands of young men and young
women are working to-day in inferior po
sitions because of their lack of mental cul
ture. Conscious of dormant powers which
they cannot get control of. many of them
fret and chafe under the restraints Imposed
upon them by their own ignorance. They
are In the position of the Chinese and other
nonprogressive peoples, who have great
miiicra , agricultural and other natural re
sources, which, however, do not yield them
a hundredth part of their value because
they do not know how to utilize them. In
the very midst of potei tlal wealth and vast
possibilities, those pe pie live in poverty
and degradation. Just as an uneducated
man or woman, who has never developed
his or her mental wealth, is doomed to per
petual ignorance and its consequence.
Terrors of the Tobacco Habit.
Everybody's Magazine.
A wealthy Indiana grocer, whose name la
here shrouded in silence, since a good man
might, could, wouid or should wish to do
good by stealth, has burned a collection of
idolF. In 'alifornia he got a message from
the land of spirits. Whether by a medium
or by telepathy, the story declines to say.
He is sure that he received the message,
and that it warned him that the ose of to
baoeo was not consistent with salvation.
Like a prudent man. he resolved to save hia
soul and lose his tobacco. When he got
back to Indiana and his grocery he found
that his manager had Just "put in" a large
and expensive stock of "smokers' goods."
The grocer ordered them destroyed. Th
manager protested. The grocer was firm.
"Burn them up." was his order, and burned
they were; and great was the smell thereof.
Here was an iron resolution and a flne dis
regard for profit. But is tobacco so deadly
in Its moral effects as the message from
California asserts? May it not be In some
sort a means of discipline, a trial and
punishment? Think with what agony, what
mutiny of the hystem. the habit is acquired;
with what far different and keener agony It
is given up, if it has to be given up. at the
! doctor s orders; with what doubt and worry
! it hlls the man who knows that he is smok
ing tooo much. Think, moat of all. how
bad many cigars are and how rebellious
asainst suction, if smoking be an evil, has
not the smoker his punishment here? If It
be a good, why are so many cigars totally
Mlasoart Polities.
Kansas City Journal.
Joteph Folk is to deliver a number of
addr?ses in Missouri this summer "not on
politics, but n good government." But
ts'.klng for good government will be rs
garded as the rankest kind of politics by
the leaders of the Missouri Democracy.

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