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THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL.
r.r szl ED ItTiö. I VOL. L; WHAT HAS BEEN DONE IN THE FRENCH ENGINEERS Ditch Actually Excavated Across the Isthmus, but It Is Too Shallow for Use. ALL WORK PRELIM IX AR V Except the Great Culebra Cut, Which Is an Extensive and Costly Undertaking. BARGAIN AT $50,000,000 Canal, Railway Machinery and Concession Secured Cheap by the United States. From the Journal's Staff Correspondent. PANAMA. R. P., Dec. 2S. lW Whn the French, under the leadership of Ferdinand De Lessps. began the work of cutting a canal across the Isthmus thHr intentions Were undoubtedly honest. That the whole enterprise should have been converted Into a heyday and a harvest for the moat con scienceless lot of grafters that ever infested execution of a great project is due to a process of evolution. The mistake of too much hata was made in the beginning, to develop afterwards into a cue of which the thieves were not plow to avail themselves; but at that same beginning there was done Some most excellent work. This work will not have to be done over again, and It greatly sim.. .es the task the United States is now called upon to perform, and at the same time gives to the Panama route for an lnterocanic canal almost Inestimable ad vantages over any other projected or agi tated. This work except that on the great Cule bra cut. where much of great advantage has been accomplished Is of a preliminary character. Thieves did infest the whole undertaking, but, in spite of their industry, the money of France held out long enough to enable the foundation to be laid for a completed canal. It Is that foundation which constitutes the one-flfth part of the whole work which is deemed to have been actually done. That one-flfth part Is of a varied nature. The Panama Canal Com pany, with De Lesseps at Its head, achieved most gigantically when It subjugated the route of the canal. That it did this there I - no doubt. When It came upon the scene the line it was proposed the canal should follow had been untouched by shovels or dredge and uncleared. Fourteen years of Inactivity have enabled the jungle to once more en croach upon that line; but France paid the bill in blood and treasure for the first over turning of the soil. Reaching from one si le of the isthmus to the other there Is a ditch actually excavated. It Is not deep enough for any practical use, nor Is it as wide present commercial demands require the Vnited States to make It: but It is there. Its presen- attests the fact that the im mense sums lirst ir.-d V l-ar the jungle and make an unobstructed path across the narrow neck of land will not again have to be expended. Neither will men by the thou fands he called upon to lay down their lives in the effort to remove. the thick layer of decaying vegetable mold which covers all this tropical area. NATURE OF THE WORK DONE. That work has been done, and the excava tion was carried d ep enough by the French to now enable the I'nited States to begin at once the work of digging- In comparatively Folld soil, where, as Surgeon Major Ouy L. Edle. I. S. A., explained in the interview i which formed the body of one of my recent 1- tters. there Is relatively little menace to health or life. Further: From Colon to Bohio, fourteen miles, and from La Roc a n- rthward for about three miles, the canal channel is now actually dredged. Neither of th--se present channels Is of any commercial consequence. The flow of the tides, which are unrestricted, and the currents of the Mir.di and Gatun rivers on the northern side, and the Rio Grande river on this I side, have carried into the chanueis deposita of silt that make them now almost lmpassa bie. The banks are once more overgrown with the dense vegetation common to the j country, and tne cnSnnflS are too narrow, even If they were deep enough, to prevent the passage of a ship. A rowboat may go up frorr. the La Boca end, at low tide, as far SS the excavation was carried, and at high tide a heavy launch might make the trip. On the Colon side there are plaVes where not ev n a rowboat can navigate; a launch will ground when only two or three miles from the entrance have been covered, and the way is open to Bohio only for the lightest draft ca tmas. These channels do exist, however, and when we take hold and begin work, it will be ! p r-slble for our dredges to start from oppo site ends and literally eat their way toward 1 each other, deepening and widening as they go. There is no clearing to be done on either of these sections. The dredges need only go behind Cristobal Colon Point on the north, and to La Boca on the south, and their shov els and scoops may at once begin actual op erations. This is an immense advantage, as is the fact that Cristobal Colon Point was built by the French. There was as great a bit of extravagance as was anything the French did; but it stands where It Is abso lutely protecting the northern end of the canal. It is not long enough, nor is there room enough between it and the mouth of the canal to provide adequate anchoring grounds. Its extension for several hundred feet Into the bay will bei a simple task, how ever, and once the dredges start, they can easily widen and deepen the anchoring basin, as indeed they must do before they can properly approach the canal itself. THE GREAT CL'LEBRA CUT. On the Culebra-Emperador cut. where the backbone of the Isthmus the Cordilleras mountains Is to be broken, the hardest and heaviest ;art of the work has been done. This cutting aggregates eight miles In length, but except at Culebra It Is not an eapeclully noteworthy piece of work. There at Culebra It assumes a magnitude which Is appalling. The engineers who pro jected the canal chose a depressed point In these mountains, where th extreme altitude was only 3K3 feet, as the proper plan to pierce the obstruction. Regin ning at the summit the French companies have been biting away at the mountain for years, until now the range is pierced with a gigantic eut more than 0) feet WFFKLT DAILY ES" WO ON PANAMA GAM deep, bringing the altitude on the lottom of the work down to less than ltt fest, and leaving only about 100 feel still to be excaated. This has been the work of more than a scot- ! . ir. for it has pro gressed almost without Interruption during tho trials and tribulations of the French companies. More than i.vi.m übte me ters of earth remain to be taken out be fore the Culebra eut can be said to be com plete; but this gigantic undertaking is sim plified by the fact that the French have at inlebra a plant steam excavators, .lump ing cars, locomotive and trackage which, with careful overhauling and modern ad ditions, ceo he utilized In proan uttng the undertaking. The ..nly objection to what the French have done at that point Is an enjineerlng one the slopes Sr. poSBSWrhat too precipitate to Justify belief in the abso lute seen-ity of the work when It shall have en completed The other great preliminary task pe r firmed br th French companies was in providing a railway feeder for the entire canal work, and in actually construct the canals to .livert the flow of the Mindi and Gatun rivers. The latter Is of little account in its present condition, for it runs through such low land that its has been almost entirely filled with silt and will have to be almost entirely wholly redredged. The Unm of It exists, however, flowing from a JflO&i TIN U ED u.N PAGE 9. COL. Lj L1V. NO. 10. ujmm tSSn' mat 1 41' 1 um L.Ä Asy ' k DECK OF A GREAT RUSSIAN WARSHIP. Photograph Taken by Senator Beveridge During His Recent Trip through Russia. Fmm a TESTIFIES AT POSTAMIUD TRIAL She Was A. W. Machen's Chief Clerk, and Was Trusted with Much of His Work. MET DR. AND MRS. LORENZ But She Xever Heard Them Speak of the Groff Letter Box Fasteners. WASHINGTON. Jan. 1.-In the trial of August W. Machen, the Groff brothers and Dr. anel Mrs. George B. Lorenz, charged with conspiracy to defraud the govern ment, the prosecution introduced a number of witnesses to prove the relations of Ma chen with the Lorenzes and the Groff broth ers. One of those, Ina Liebhardt. Machen's former stenographer and chief clerk, testi tled to visits of Dr. and Mrs. Lorenz to Machen at his office, but declared, on cross examination, that during: the several con versations she was present she heard noth ing said about letter-box fasteners. Asked by Mr. Taggart to state under what circum.-tauees she had placed an In dorsement on a certain letter which was handed her, she replied that she could not recall the particular case, but that she was In the habit of "briefing" letters. She was shown a number of press copies of letters to Groff Brothers and identified Machen's signature attached tht.-eto. The question of the admissibility of cer tain government widens again was raised by counsel for the defense. Mr. Taggart stated that the evidence was intended to show direct Intercourse betwe-en Samuel A. Groff and Machen with respect to the fastener. It was admitted, subject to a for mal objection by the defense, which will be urged to-morrow. Continuing her testimony. Miss Liebhardt said she- had seen Dr. Lorenz in Machen's office several tlnms. She also had se. a Mrs. Lorenz in Machen's office once. On cross examination by Mr. Douglass Miss Lieb hardt testified that Mrs. Or. Lorenz came into Machen's office with Henry Latenz and the latter's wife, and that she had never seen her before or since. She was present, she said, during all of the conversation, and that nothing was said about fasteners. ' It was a friendly call." she said. She- also testified that upon all the occasions of Dr. Lorenz's culls upon Machen in his office she was present and heard nothing said re garding letter-box fasteners. A question designed to secure from the witie-ss a statement as to who was in charge- of the original matter of looking into the subject of supplies, brought au ob jection from the government, which w is sustained, the court remarking that the miss thai would be admitted at the proi r time. Harris Atkinson. Mrs. Irene Shaffer nnd B. A. Smith, of Washington, were intro duced as witnesses to prove the identity of Dr. and Mrs. lorenz as the persons se ;i with Mr. Machen and William Sapp. of To ledo, O., and Charles Boss, of Washington, teatifleel to the signatures of Machen and the Lorenzes. James E. Bell, superintendent of the Washington city post office, testified that the Groff fastener had been adopted with out any report on it having been submitted by him. although it would have been his duty to make such repetrt, as the fastener was" tried the first time in this city. John F. Clark, a letter carrier, described the failure of the fastener to work at a test made In 1M In his city, at which Machen und Samuel A. Groff were present, which, he said, caused Machen to remark to Groff at that time that llflli SS the fastener would work without sticking he would not recom mend Its adoption. During the day Justice Prltchard showed a disposition In arguments on admissibility of evidence not o tob rate unnecessary de lays In the progress of the case. COLLEGE LOVE-MAKING A PRIVILEGED AFFAIR Judge Wood Rules Faculty Cannot Withhold Diploma Because Students Made Love. ST. LOUIS. Mo., Jan. lS.-Judge Wood in the Circuit Court to-day held that a medi cal college had no jurisdiction over the heart affairs of Its students ami could not legally withhold a diploma from one of them who had fallen in love before the time set. for his graduation. The decision was on the application for a writ of manda mus to compel the Barnes Medical College to issue a diploma to Onus York, of Musko gee, I. T., class of 1903, who enteren! the college in October 1W0. It was alleged as a reason for withholding: the diploma that York fell in love with young woman with whom he afterward quarreled, and that she. through revenge, told of their love af fair to the college faculty. This was be fore York's class was to graduate, and he was expelleel and a diploma refused. The writ of mandamus w;is granted. CRITICISM OF A WOMAN LEADS TO FRENCH DUEL Jean Stern Thrice Wounds the De fanier of His W ife, a Well Know n Count PARIS. Jan. K A duel was fought to-day between Jean Stern, a well-known sports man, and Count Robert de Montcsquiou Fezenac. the poet and writ r. who delivered a series of lectures to society women In N v York last year. The dispute that led to the encounter grew out of public criticism by the count of Mrm Stern. The count re ceived three sword wounds, but he was not seriously injure.! i oban Import liicrenning. HAVANA. Jan. IS. The Cuban tn-.isiiry officials inform the- Associated Press that the imports from the United Stubs hive largely increased lately, though not nrarly enough to offset the loss of revenue caused by the adoption of reciprocity. It is considered rtaln. however, that the i settlement of the Cuban tariff questions ia a, l - . a . . wui resun in a mucn greater increase. INA LIEBHAROT, INDIANA INDIANAPOLIS, TUESDAY n If ' ü p STATUS OF THE FAR EAST NEGOTIATION BY Japan Now Demanding a Neutral Zone on Manchuria's Side of Korea. KOREAN'S NOT ALARMED Their Independence Is Not Affect ed by the Dispute Between Japan and Russia. ST. PETERSBURG. Jan. IS. The Asso ciated Press correspondent, on high author ity, is able to give the following as the present status of the negotiations "oetween Russia and Japan: Russia recognizes Ja pan's prominence In Korea and Japan rec ognizes Russia's special position In Man churia. There are two main questions still at issue the Russian demand for a neutral zone on the Korean side of the Yalu river which Japan met with a proposal for the similar neutral strip on the Manchurian side. Japan also asks for certain guaran tees covering Manchuria which Russia thug far has declined to grant. It Is pointed out, however, that the assurances given a few days ago by Russia regarding open ports in Manchuria and respect for treaty rights is a concession on this point. That the two countries are not so far apart may be fairly inferred from the following statement made by Mr. Kurino. the Japan ese minister, to the Associated Press corre spondent: "War would now only be disas trous to both countries. Owing to the geo graphieal situation an armed conflict would result in a great drain of the men and treas ur s of both Japan and Russia without be in decisive. Besides, I believe it would not be vrtM while to go to war on the iues tions in dispute.'' KOREAN INDEPENDENCE HAS NOT BEEN PERILED PARIS. Jan. 18. Prince Mln Yeung Tohan, the Korean minister. In an inter view to-dny. snid, concerning the proposed Russian-Japanese Z'nes of influence in Kotta: "The Various' plans of Russia and Japan do not affec t us seriously, so Ions as our independence is not touched. This in dependence that the powers throughout the worlel have recognized during the last twenty years by concluding treaties, and which China, our former suzereign, has heretofore recognized. Is not now menaced and there is no proposition looking to the annexation of Korea, nnd not even for a protectorate. Our governmental autonomy is respected amid all the controversies, and Um final agreement which I believe will be arrived at will not overcome the autonomy of our people. We have no hostility to for eigners, sis is evid nt from our granting the Japanese a concession for a railroad from Seoul to Puoen, and to Americans a conces sion to operate electric tramways. The match of modern improvements has not been fast, but it is going slowly and surely ahead." Asked If Korea would address the powers, giving her interpretation of the Russo Japanese accord touching Korea, If it is arrived at, the minister said it was possible and even prrbable. since Korea, above all, desired It to be clearly understood that an accord giving spheres of foreign activity would leave Korean autonomy and sov ereignty undiminished. LEGATION COMMANDER TO JOIN ALENIEFF'S STAFF PEKING. Jan. 18. The commandant c" the Russian legation here has been ordered "TcontTnted önpagb 6, cölTT.) GIRL'S STRANGE STORY OF ALLEGED HYPNOTISM Lost Memory After Tall Man Spoke to Her and Was Taken to Peoria. KIDNAPING IX ILLINOIS Special to the Indianapolis Journal. URRANA, 111., Jan. IS. Ruby Browne, the thirteen-year-old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. (leorge S. Browne, returned to her home in Champaign from Peoria to-day and relates a strange story of alleged hyp notism. She claims lhat while walking along the strebet in Champaign Friday morning she was approached by two tall men. one of whom said something to her which she did not understand. She asserts that that Is all she knew until she found herself In a strange depot. She inquired of the station agent where she was, and was told that she was in the I'nion Depot at Peoria. She was badly frightened, but ran to the home of her sister, Mrs. William Perham, who lives In that city. Arriving there she fell in a faint, and it was some time before she could be revived. She then told her strange story to the police, who examined the station agent and the' con ductor of the train. Roth gave descriptions of the two men. who. they claimed, had charge of the S'irl. which tallied with those given by the Kirl herself. The station agent stated that the two men had gone out of tiie door before the pr left. Mrs. Browne, the mother of the girl, was notified and went to Peoria Friday evening, where she found her daughter in a very nervous state. No motive of the seeming kidnaping can be discovered. 'FATAL BOILER explosion. NKWHKHN. N. C. Jan. IS. Seven people, all col i 1. were kille'd instantly to-day by the explosion of a boiler in the sawmill owned by S. E. Sullivan, in Jame-s City, near here. The mill was demolished and all tin machinery practically de-stroyed. All I d i 1 g ept Mury Small were employe of the miLL mm AUTHORITY MORNING, JANUARY WOMEN RESCUED FROM A FLAT AT Flames Were Shooting Up the Elevator Shaft and Occupants Became Panic-Stricken. SOME WANTED TO JUMP But Firemen and Policemen Saved Them with Ladders Brave Hotel Porter. Special to the Inllanarolls Journal. MARION, Ind.. Jan. 18. Fire broke out at 8 o'clock to-niffht in the Colonial, an aristocratic four-story flat, in which 100 persons live, and the wildest excitement prevailed before the tenants could be re moved safely to the ground. Frantic women ran to the windows with intentions of jumping to the grouud, and it was only by the assnranee of the shouting crowd lie low that there was no immediate langer that they remained In their rooms until ilremen and policemen rescued them with ladders. There are no fire escapes on the build ing and only frw of the people had been taken down the elevator before the flames reached the sir.it't and made farther stSpe in this way impossible. The only stair way leading to the outside from the upper floors winds down around the elevator and the flames also prevented escape by this route. The blaze originated In the basement of the Hlatt & Lenfesty grocery, which occu pied a portldn of the first floor. The flames soon burst through the floor and shot up the elevator shaft, which Is directly back of the storeroom. The frightened elevator boy left his post, but Albert McCarty, a porter in a local hotel, rushed into the building and ran the elevator until forced to ieave It. He succeeded In removing thirty persons. Firemen extended their ladders to the roof and other tenants, mostly women, who had fainted, were carried to the street. Frank (Jrafferuacker and wife were slightly burned about he face anel head in attempting to pass down the stairway. The entire tire department was called out and succeeded In extinguishing the Hemel before the fire did any damage to the upper stories. The loss on the grocery stock and the damage to the building will reach about $5.000. Insured. R. J. Spencer owns the building, which was recently erected. GEORGE FRANCIS TRAIN, I0TED JITBH" OEAO Famous Traveler, Author, Promo ter and Jack of All Pro fessions. SELF - WRITTEN SKETCH NEW YORK. Jan. 18. George Francis Train died to-night from heart disease at Mills Hotel No. 1. where he has lived for some years. Following is a terse sketch of "Citizen" Train, written by himself in 1902: H"in 3-24- 29. Orphaned New Orleans, HL (Fa ther, mother and three sisters yellow fe ver. Came North alone, four years old, to grandmother, Waltham. Mass. Support ed self since boyhood. Farmer till 14. Gro cer boy, Oambridiceport. two years. Ship ping clerk, 16. Manager. 1. Partner Tram A CO., (income. I10.0U0.) Unstun. iu. 000.) Established G. F. T. & Co., Mel bourne, Australia, '53. Agent Barings. Dun can X Sherman. White Star Dine (Income, 196,000). Started 40 clippers to California. '4:. Flying Cloud. Sovereign of the Seas, Staffordshire. Built D. & Ci. W R. R. connecting Erie with Ohio and Mississippi, 400 miles. Pioneered first street railway, Europe, America, Australia. (England Birkenhead. Darlington, Staffordshire, Lon don '6eo. Built first Paeillc Railway (I. P.). '62-'69. through first trust Credit Mo 0O0.000. (Fifteen jails, without a bilier. Otvus 5.000 lots. Omaha. worth $;)i00o.000. (Fifteen jails, without a crUnei. Train Villa, built at Newport. '6S. Daughter's house. 15? Madison avenue, '60. Organized French Commune. Marseilles, lague du Midi, October. '70. while on re turn trip around the world in eighty-days. Jules Verne, two years later, wrote this up in fiction. Cornered lawyers, doctors, clericals, by quoting three columns of Bible to release WoodhaU Olafiin from Beecher, Now lunatic by law. through six courts. Now living In Mills palace, $3 against $2.oii0 a week. at Train Villa. (Daughter always has room for me in coun try.! Played Carnegie forty years ahead. Three generations living off Credit Moblller. Author dosen books out of print (vide Who's Who, Alibone. Appleton's Cy clopedia). Four times around the world. First, two years. Second, eighty days. '". Third, sixty-seven and a half days. '90. Fourth, sixty days, shortest record. '92. Through Psychie Telepathy, am doubling afce. itoventy-Iuur years young." BURNING MARION 19, 1901 TWELVE PAGES. J) Branded fot the Next Campaign. MUST STAND ON THE OLD PLATFORM W. J. Bryan Says Kansas City Dec larations Must Be Reiterated at St. Louis. DOLLAR DINNER SPEECH LINCOLN, Neb., Jan. 18. A formal wel come to William J. Bryan on his return from Europe, taking the form of a "dollar elinner," was held to-night and was attendee! by nearly 700 Democrats. His speech, which was extended, was given close attention and heartily applauded, his declaration that the Kansas City platform was sound In every phink and must be reiterated, together with his demand that the nominees of the St. Iouis Convention be in accord with that platform, bringing out the demonstration e)f the evening. Mr. Bryan was introduced by the toast-ma.-ter as "Monsigneur Bryan," a distin guished foreign envoy, who had ome to study political methods in the western world. Mr. Bryan spoke on "The Moral Is sue." Here are sentences from his speech: "Is it strange that money is used to carry elections? if a party make-s certain classes rich by law. will it not naturally turn to those classes for contributions during the campaign? If Congress votes millions of elollars annually to tariff barons, money magnates and monopolists, is it not natural that aldermen should traffic in the small legislation of a city council? And if officials high and low use the government as If It were a private asset, is it surprising that many individuals who are without official position, yield to the temptation to sell the only political influence they have, namely, the ballot? What is th remedy? There Is but one remedy an appeal to the moral sense of the country an avakening of public conscience. "The Kansas City platform is sound In every plank and the first act of the next Democratic convention should be to re affirm it in its entirety, and Its next act should be the addition of new planks in harmony with it and covering such new questions as demand consideration. "Then, the convention should select can didates who believe in the platform can didates whose Democracy will not be an issue in the campaign, and whose fidelity to Democratic principles would not be doubted at the election. And then the committee should announce that it will tu ither ask nor receive contributions from taoee who are entrenc hed behind the bul warks whleh we are attacking-." HANNA SLATE IN OHIO IS SAIO TO jAVE BEEN FIXEO "Big Four" Will Be Herrick, Nash, Dick and Cox, the Latter of Cincinnati. FORAKER NOW AT WORK CINCINNATI, Jan. IS. The offleial an nouncement here to-nipht by George B. Cox. the Republican leader in Hamilton county, that he was a candidate for dele Rate at large frm Ohio to the Republican national convention at Chicago next June caused much excitement because it was recognized as the completion of what is known as the "Hanna slate." The other three on the "Hanna slate" for delegates at large are said to be Governor Herrick. former Governor Nash and Congressman Diek. who is chairman of the State com mittee. Besides over M delegates in the next Republican State convention from Hamilton county. It is claimed by the friends of Mr. '" that he has received as surance of more than enough delegates from other counties to secure his election and that the announcement Is made In re sponse to letters from other counties. It is said that Senator Foraker. who is now in Ohio in the interest of delegates at large, and district delegates for President Roose velt will name four others for delegates at large in opposition to Derrick, Nash, Cox and Dick, and that what is known as the "administration slate" will be headed by Senator Fmaker. ALIMONY FOR MRS. U'ICKES Court Grants 1 Icr $9,000 Ter Year in Lieu of Dower Interest. CHICAGO, Jan. 18. A decree by Judge Kavanagh to-day gives Mrs. Edna P. Wieke s, who was divorced last we k fron Thomas H. Wiekes, .vice president of the Pullman Company. $9.000 permanent ali mony in lieu of any dowager right or Inter est in property that her divorced husband may acquire in the future. Mrs. Wiekes re leases all right tu any property of Vice rrcsiü. V. OM ES PRICE 2 EMPEROR OF SAHARA, WANTS OFFICERS Will Invite President Roosevelt to Xame Ro.ugh Riders for Commissions. ARABS AND SAHARANS Will Compose His Body Guard, but He Desires Americans to Command Them. DONDON. Jan. 1R.-The development of Jacques Lebaudy's "Empire of Sahara" ie about to take a turn which will be of some interest to the United States. M. Lebaudy has decided to draw the officers and non commissioned officers for two battalions of Imperial life guards from Great Britain and the United States, and in pursuance of this idea he will submit to President Roosevelt an invitation to name any officers of his for mer Rough Riders whom he can personally recommend for commissions. Colonel George Ooruraud, Thomas A. Edi son's representative In England for many years, who as governor general of Sahara is organizing a military establishment for M. Lebaudy, said to-day to the Associated Press: "The invitation to recommend officers will be submitted to President Roosevelt la a few days. Whether the President will consider It proper to accept the Invitation or not, the Emperor wishes to pay him this compliment. The imperial life guards will consist of two battalions. The first will be officered exclusively by Americans, prefer ably from Rough Riders, and the second by retired officers and noncommissioned officers of the Seventeenth English Lancers and the Royal Horse Artillery. These battalions will constitute the Emperor's personal body guard. The troopers will be composed of Arabs and native Saharans, who are among the finest riders In the world. "It is proposed, besides the formation of the battalions of life guards, to organize a Sahara constabulary which will police the country somewhat along the lines of the Canadian Northwest mounted police. This constabulary will be composed wholly of American negroes, but whether under white or colored officers, has not yet been decided. The management of the enUre force will be In the hands of a retired British army officer, who has been select ed a man wdth an unsurpassed war record. Extensive farm lands will be also located on which such officers and men of the con stabulary can obtain homestead rights if they choose, at the end of the period of in listment. "We purpose also to encourage the emi gration of the American negroes to the new empire, selecting only approved settlers, who will be chosen by thoroughly reliable agents scattered throughout the United States. Personally. I believe this scheme will secure the support of the American negroes to an extent to which no other emigration plan has ever attained. It will not involve the taking of them to a pur. ly negro colony, hut will settle them in a new and prosperous land with mixed white and black population." COURT SAVES "SHORTS" FROM MORE SQUEEZIXG Declines to Interfere with Ex change Disciplining Members for Breaking Contracts. ST. LOUIS. Mo.. Jan R--Orders were is sued In the Circuit Court to-day by Judges Sale, Woods and Ryan In several of the al leged wheat corner cases, granting tempo rary injunctions until the cases can be- fur ther heard sn far as margins dVposit. d in the banks are concerned. The Judges, how ever, declined to grant injunction? restrain ing the Merchants' Exchange from disciplin ing Its members hy suspension or expulsion for failure to carry out their contracts. The parties bringing tie suit. Oeing the "Shorts" who declined to pay 'jr - n as the settling pHoe, were the C. H. Albers Com mission Company. Jehn Thyson Commission Company, C. F. Orth wein Commission Com pany and the Huschman-Muelb-r Commis sion Company. Bonds were flxe'd at lln.OOO for the Aibers company, $10,000 for the Huschman-Mueller company and pi.i for the Thyson company. Bond In the .rthweln case was not tixeel, hs no order waj handed down In the court where that case Is pend ing. HISTORIC CASTLE BURNS; LADY BURRELL ESCAPES LONDON. Jan. IK. A large portion of the historic Knepp castle at Horsham. Bangt, was destroyed by t re last night. Sir Mer rick and Lady Hum 11. who Is a daughter of Walter Win. ins. of Baltimore. Md., hud narrow escapes. The cat-tie contained a number of valuable Van Oycks and Hol bviiis. only a lew of which were saved. JACQUES CENTS i on railway tvaivr ) FIVE CENTS. THROUGH mm THE FIRST SESSION OF THE GREATGONVENTIQN President Mitchell Reads Annual Message. Crowded with Reo omniendations. SCALE XOT MEXTIOXED Makes a Careful Review of the Strikes at Present Existing in Six States. BASIS OF RUX-OF-MIXE To-Days Work Will Open with Appointment of Committees by the President. Opening without a hitch of any kind, ths fifteenth annual convention of the Untttd Mine Workers of America In Tomllnson Hall Is we 11 begun. With the promptitude charac teristic of their organization, the one thou sand attending delegates and miners from nil parts of the country filled the floor space, the forward boxes and the galleries directly overlooking the platform wnen the conven tion was rapped to order on the minute of 10 o'clock by President John Mitchell. From the moment his gavel fell until the close of the day's session, the introductory exercises and preliminary affairs of the con vention passed off with a smoothness and rapidly which betokened that the rugged miners are here for business and that they know how to transact It according to par liamentary rules of order. Never has an an nual meeting of the miners begun so sus piciously and pleasantly as the present one. Said John Mitchell last night: "I do not be lieve that any former convention that we have held ever atarteei off so nlcelj- and rap idly as the one of to-day. Laat year we spent the entire first day In getting the pre liminary routine aside and did not get to the officers' reports until the second day. I do not remember a convention in which we got through the three officers reports on the first day." When the convention was called to order at 10 o'clock yesterday Mayor John W. Holtzman came forward and on behalf of the city, welcomed the miners to Indian apolis. In doing so he expressed his views on organized labor in a firm and clean-cut manner. At the close of Mayor Holtzmans address Edward P. Barry, president of the Central Labor Union of this city, rep resenting that body of fifteen thousand wage workers, briefly but heartily wel comed the delegates. In answer to the ad dresses of welcome President Mitchell re plied in a few words in which he vouched for the statement that the convention would commend Itself to the people of Indian apolis, and related the advantages accru ing to the city as a result of labor con vention and headquarters coming here. Then began the routine business of the con vention. COMMITTEES ARE NAMED. President Mitchell appointed the com mittee on rules and order of business and then called for the report of the auditing committee, which consumed the remainder of the morning session and made an hour's inroad into the afternoon session At its conclusion the committee on rules and order of business reported back and the remainder of the day was spent in hearing the annual reports of President John Mitch ell, Vice President Thomas L. Lewis and Secretary William B. Wilson. The report of committee on rules and order of business was adopted by the con vention and outlines the plan by which the body will proceed with its business, an follows: The reports of officers. The report of the different committee, which will be appointed to-day. (a) Auditing committee. (b) Resolutions committee, to Constitutional committee, td) Transportation committee. Report of the delegates to the convention of the American Federation of Labor. The report of the tellers. Report of the committee on officers' re ports. Peport of the grievance committee. Report of the scale committee. New business before the convention. Two changes were recommended In the report of the oommlttee on rules and order of business. The committee recommended that the convention adjourn each day at 5:30 o'olock and that any delegate who violates the rules of order be expelled from the convention and reported to the na tional secretary. By a motion adopted unanimously, the adjournment time was curtailed thirty minutes, while by a close vote the latter clause was laid "upon ths table. A motion was also made by Dele gate Lackey that the convention seat all locals lh good standing who had paid up their dues within the past month. The convention will reconvene this morn ing at s o'clock. The day's work before the body consists of the appointment of com. mlttees at the outset b President Mitchell, after which the amended report of ths credentials committee and the report of ths telleis will be heard. Opportunity will then be given prominent men from other organ izations of worklngmen who are in the city to address the delegates. Henry Fisher, df Louisville, president of the Tobacco Workers' Union, and O. P. Smith, general organizer of the American Feder ation of Labor, are among those who will 6peak to-day. PEACE BETWEEN LABOR AND CAPITAL THE PLEA Speedy Settlement of Trouble Sense of Convention Details of Great Gathering. Wh-n the convention was called to order yesterday morninK Tomllnson Hall present eu In every appointment the appearance of a typical American convention. Under the direction of the committee from the Central Labor Union which had in charge the prep arations and reception of the convention, the hall was heavily bcorated In huge AJMStean Mag and star-spangled folds of bunting. The ensemble of miners, whs :,i.d as much at ease and at home as it their dally vocation were that of attending conventions rather than toiling in the depths of the earth, presented a sight that is seen but SSMM a year In America. Some of thsflti smoked '.h h pipes, some th r cigars, Out all followed the proceedings lion with k enept uppncl.it. n form were John Mit- h ... S- II P Barn ;,"d Mayor H-dtz: On being Introduced by l'r I Mayor lloltzn.an was greeted of vigorous applause. He sp ten mr i.t- .-. - . ma m r rt there should be- no animosity b and labT. They cannot 1 of other If both are honest In the "There should be a fair i the net earnings, the r- t-'M bined efforv pi both The i ai ls n n the tlieo:v that la to Just enough of the net eai body and seiul together Is nt est man nor a KHd citizen, hand, the ltorer who xect ployer. by force or otherwis he is entitled ut of the made by th.it want efforts r, n ! his duties as en Am lu other word- both should f;iir iti lim w ith in h oi f the eonven- n the plat star Wilson, I lent Mitchell witn a round ike for ab' :t I behev. that tve. . n capital - ! to each istrlbutlon of ef th asm mployer who -or In entitled nings to keep Ith r in hoii On the other from the em e. more than I t i .i ' : I ! j S CONTINUED uN PAUL I CoL- j