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The Indianapolis journal. [volume] (Indianapolis [Ind.]) 1867-1904, January 20, 1904, Image 1

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I VOL. T,1V. ISO. 20.
tmm. company
Reckless Squandering and Thiev
ing that Probably Will Not Be
Repeated by Americans.
Certain that Scale Committee Will
Ask for Dollar Rate in Com
petitive Field.
And Saturnalia of Graft that Led
to the Bursting of His Gi
gantic Bubble.
Committees Spend Afternoon in
Organizing for Work to Come
During the Week.
''Mistakes" that Were Made for
Purpose of Securing Com
missions on Contracts.
From the Journal's Staff Correspondent.
PANAMA. R. P.. Dee. 28, 190.1-In some
of the thing the French did while pretend
ing to build a canal across the isthmus lie
striking lessons of what the United States
must carefully avoid doing. That the con
tractors, supervisors, inspectors and ad
ministrate rs under the United States will
not steal $200.000,000. as did the French:,
g, without Baying: but where a work is
of au h magnitude it is valuable to know
just where 11" the opportunities for graft,
from which our own country Is by no
means free. Knowing this. It will be pos
sible to avoid the work of the grafters,
some of whom will inevitably appear in
connection with th enterprise under the
United States' direction.
That we shall not. as did the original
French projectors, plunge Into the actual
task of construction with only hssy ideas
of the real amount of work to be done is
certain. Our plans will have been definitely
formulated, down to the last detailed re
quirement, before a contract is let or a
spadeful of earth turned. The French
wasted countless millions, without secur
ing any substantial return, by starting to
build a sea-level canal, and then abandoning
that scheme for a lock system. Other mil
lions were wasted in projecting the lock
system, for It was proposed at first that
the Chagres river should be diverted and a
I simple system of locks Installed. This
plan was changed, the third alteration in
volving .in enormous outlay. In fsvor of a
Combined sea-level, artificial-lake and lock-
ystem caned. Money was sunk most reck
ssly In trying to arrive at an intelligent
lan for constructing the waterway, and
ven when the French finally settled upon
scheme they chose the most expensive
jfid tedious of all the plans considered.
This final plan contemplate! a work of
infinitely greater magnitude than we pro
pose, for from the time we began to con
sider the project from the practical en
gineering standpoint our activity has been
In the direction of simplitication. The
French project, after a fixed determination
had jeen reached, provided for a sea-level,
channel from Colon to Bohlo, at which
latter point there should be a monster dam,
with locks, forming an artificial lake ex
tending to Bas Obispo, a distance of about
fourteen miles. At Bas Obispo there was
to be another dam. with locks, formlug a
level reaching to Paraiso. six miles away on
the western slope of the Cordilleras moun
tains. At Paraiso were to be other locks.
opening the way to a lower level which was
to end at Pedro Miguel, two miles distant,
where there was in be another set of locks,
and a still lower level exteudlng one mile to
Mtraflores. where, with another set of locks,
the sea-level section ou the Pacific side
would begin.
This meant the construction of five lock
dams and a canal of six different levels, and
would have required five locking operations
to pass a shtp from ocean to offan. As a
necessary auxiliary, to furnish water sup
ply for the Bas Oblspo-Paralso. Paraiso
Pedro Miguel and Pedro Miguel-Mi rafiores
levels, it wax proposed to build a supply
canal to the eastward, tupplug the Chagres
river at AJhejuela. nine mile away in the
higher rang? of the Cordillera? mountains,
with storage reservoirs to insure a full sup
ply of water for those levels during the dry
season. This pluu reduced th- amount of
cutting required at Culebrs, as under it
ships would have passed through the moun
tain's artifloiiU gorge ou the highest of all
levels the Be Obispo-Paralson but this
advantage was more than offset by the
enormous cost of constructing the lock dams
at Bas Obispo. Pa ml so aud Pedr Ml&uel,
and of the auxiliary CSJMÜ and storage res
ervoir to Alhsjuela.
It would, however, have been possible for
tho original French company to complete
the lok canal for the amount of money
actually thrown Into the enterprise had the
plan oeen adopted at the beginning and the
work prosecuted earnestly and honestly.
This. though. Is exactly what was not done.
Years were wasted, and millions of dollars
flung away, and th French company was
on tho verge of bankruptcy when It finally
decided upon that plan It was then too
late for it to achieve any definite results.
France was agog with the tales of corrup
tion In connection with the work; De Les
repe's credit was irretrievably shattered,
and the end of the string had been reached.
These facts did not feaze the French engi
neer, however, for Just when crushing
disaster was breeding ho made a triumphal
trip to the isthmus, occupied his palatial
residence on the Cristobal Colon Point for
one week, unveiled the Columbus statue.
Which the Empress Eugenie had presented
to the company, and in a grandiloquent
speech declared tho canal open to navi
gation. At that moment the canal was open to
Bohlo open as a narrow, shallow ditch.
The thing the French had begun In earnest
ended right thr, having progressed
through monumental tragedy, profllg.ite
waste and limitless criminality to the farce
of De Lesseps standing at one end of the
ditch and declaring a ship canal open to
emmerca The great French engineer re
turned to his native country to be almost
Immediately carried down under the crash
of the WSvOfte enterprise- to be tried and
sentenced to penal servitude for his partic
Ipancy In the gigantic crime which had
bn perpeiraie.j it i hurdlv necessary to
say that the United States will never blun
der as did that gang .if Frenchmen; thai
when we begin work we will know exactly
What w. are to do. and that when the
canal shall be declared open it will be open
In fact, so that shis nn j.ass directly
through it. saving n.ooo miles on a vovage
from Colon to Panama cities that lie omy
forty-seven miles apart.
But grave as was the error of Indeflnlte
ness and Indecision committed by the orig
inal French company, it pales before the
enormity of the crime committed by those
who were actually in charge of the work.
One might write a book on this subject
alone; but a few details will suffice to show
the unblushing rascality practiced here.
From the moment those sent to the isthmus
to superintend the construction of the canal
arrived until the nnal crah came there
WJ?..JZ l turnali f graft, aided and
abetted by the crowd who kept headquarters
or the company open In Paris, and who
were ready, for their share, to pay rascal
ity's demands. There was stealing outright'
there wan stealing by rn.-.u.s of the pur-'
F. ' HUI-f1uous machinery, there was
stealing by means of the awarding of con
tracts at exorbitant prices; there was steal
ing by the extortion if commissions on
every contract award! ; there was stealing
In fhe pur ha. f the most minor supplies
there wa. Hi .-!, r: ,tlmg at every turn
View of Rows of Dredges Lying Mired in the Mud.
End of the
Take Institution from "Graft," the
Cry of City's Prominent
John H. Holliday Declares Man
agement Is Affected by Poli
tics Talk Applauded.
A meeting that may have important re
sults in bringing the physicians of Indian
apolis to a more intelligent and united sup
port of every movement calculated to better
the condition of the City Hospital, and, at
the same time, in enlisting the disinter
ested and hearty support of the city au
thorites for such movements, was that held
on the fifth floor of the W 'illoughby building
last evening.
The meeting was a regular one of the
Indiana polls Medical Society, devoted en
tirely to a discussion of the City Hospital,
and to which had been invited the mayor,
the city controller and members of the
Common Council. The city administration
was represented by Mayor Holtzman, City
Controller Dunn and Councilman Fishback,
and the society Itself was represented by
a large number of the ablest and most ex
perienced of the city's physicians.
The programme of papers read was as
"An Historical Sketch of the City Hos
pital," Dr. G. V. Woollen, first superin
tendent. "Material Needs and Growth," Dr. Frank
A. Morrison.
"The Hospital as an Institution for In
vestigation and Instruction." Drs. L. H.
Dunning and Louis Burckhardt.
"The Hospital as a. Public Charity," John
H. Holliday.
The paper that attracted the most atten
tion and that was most warmly commented
upon by the physicians that followed with
discussions, was that read by Mr. Holli
day. It was frequently interrupted by ap
plause, and its conclusion was greeted with
loud cries of "Hear! hear!" Mr. Holliday
condemned ir strong terms the control of
the hospital by political forces, and advo
cates as the only reasonable course the com
plete separation of the hospital manage
ment from political mnueuces. Mr. Hulli
day said in part:
"The City Hospital being paid for by pub
lic taxation, it should be administered in the
most efficient way, the money raised by
taxation being expended solely for the pur
pose of the institution, and not allowed to
Inure to private benefit in the least par
ticular. "I venture to assert this condition has
never been realized. The institution has
been and is a part of the spoils of politics,
a subject for 'graft' or individual profit, to
advance some private interest in some way
or other. It has steadily deteriorated as
the political control grew stronger. Given
a superintendent appointed for political rea
sons, and his whole management must be
affected by them, uo matter how consci
entious he may be. He is under bonds to
others. Inefficiency is certain to follow po
litical management, the public Is defrauded
of its Just dues, and the patients of services
and surroundings they should have.
"The medical profession of this city is
largely responsible for the fact that the
City Hospital Is not what is should be. In
stead of Joining hands and trying to make
a hospital that will be a credit to the com
munity and a blessing to Its patients, you
have Bought to place it, or have allowed It
to be placed, at tre mercy of politics. The
management of the .City Hospital is In your
bauds. If you say shall be reformed, it
can be done.
"Get it out of politics and put it where
political Influences cannot affect it. Do not
ret-t until the spoils system is knocked -ut.
Trust the people to believe you and back
you when they see you are right and in
earnest The people will cheerfully pay to
make it better, for it is only when they feel
they are robbed or defrauded that they
The programme of papers was followed
by what was termed an "experience meet
ing." 8hort talks on the papers that had
been read and on the hospital conditions In
general were made by u number of those
present. Including Drs. Wishard. Ferguson.
Edenharter, Ryer. Courtney, Kimberlln and
Wynn. and by Mayor Holtzman. Control
ler Dunn and Councilman Fishback. Every
physician who talked spoke In the strongest
terms of the disgraceful conditions at the
ity Hospital. Dr. Kimberlln striking the
keynote when he nald: "The City Hospital
has been rotten In every way, in every de
partment. It is like a carcass which tho
doctors have left for the politicians to quar
rel over." The city officials pledged their
support to any reasonable movement for
the Institution's impn v nu nt.
Thinks the Canard May Have the
Effect of Prolonging His
ROME. Jan. 19-The rumor of the death
of the Pope which was circulated In Madrid
having come to the ears of the Pontiff, his
Holiness exclaimed to a friend:
"What, already? Leo was left in peace
for five years after his election, while with
me these rumors have begun at the end of
only a few months. It may be a good thing
to look at this from a superstitious stand
point, but I am quite the other way and
think it may even prolong my life."
LINCOLN. Heb, Jan. 19 Five robbers
held up the entire town of McLean. Neb., at
2 o'clock this morning. While two of the
bandits were hilling off the thirty citizens
of the village the others broke th.- safe f
the McLean Stat.- Hank and took lion. Then.
k ping up a rapid lire, they succeeded la
fccllfe' awg.
Rusting into Total Uselessness, at the Colon
Price Was So High the Govern
ment Finally Was Given a
Rebate of 25 Cents.
During Trial o! Machen Et AI.
Postoffice Inspector Accused of
Talking to Witnesses.
WASHINGTON. Jan. 19. The trial of
August W. Mac-hen and the others indicted
with him for conspiracy to defraud the
government, proceeded rapidly to-day. The
government put in evidence a number of
documents having direct bearing on the
dealings of the Groff brothers with Ma
chen's division In the Postoffice Department
and bank officials gave testimony concern
ing the deposits of the Groffs and the
checks drawn against these deposits. The
fact was brought out by two witnesses rep
resenting firms which manufactured the
Groff fastener that the price to the Groffs
of the complete fastener was 25 cents, witn
a rebate of 6 cents on each fastener, con
ditioned on prompt settlement of bills. The
price at which the fasteners were furnished
to the government at first was fixed at $1.50
each, but later it was reduced to $1.23 each.
A flurry was created during one stage of
the proceedings when Attorney Kumler.
representing the Lorenzes. complained to
the court that Postoffice Inspector Walter
S. Mayer had been talking to witnesses be
fore they came on the stand. Mayer denied
the charge. When, subsequently, the mat
ter cropped out again and Attorney Kumler
said he had positive evidence that Mayer
had committed the offense. Justice Pritch
ard rebuked the inspector and warned him
against its repetition. District Attorney
Beach demanded an affidavit to prove the
assertion, which Mr. Kumler said he would
furnish later In the day. but the matter ap
parently was allowed to drop, as the affi
davit was not presented.
John F. Clark, a letter carrier, related
how, in 1895, he had been directed to report
to Mr. Machen, superintendent of free de
livery, who ordered him to go to Baltimore 1
to explain the working of the Groff fasten
er. Later, he said, he had been ordered to
perform similar work in New York, De
troit, Jersey City, Buffalo, Toledo, St.
Louis and Richmond. Va. A number of let
ters purporting to be signed by Machen and
addressed to the witness authorizing cer
tain persons to pay him for repairing,
painting and erecting letter boxes and at
taching Groff fasteners were introduced,
and precipitated a lengthy argument as to
their admissibility. The witness could not
identify Machen's signature attached to
the letters, remarking that on at least one
of them there was a vast difference in the
signature. Justice Pritchard ruled that the
letters could be admitted.
On cross-examination by Mr. Douglass
witness said he had been reinstated as a
letter carrier by Machen some time before
the Groff fastener was introduced in the
service. He declared that he regarded his
trips to the various cities as perfectly
necessary for the proper installation of the
boxes with th Groff fasteners. There was
nothing unusual, suspicious or irregular,
he said, about his work. Machen, he said,
simply discharged the duties of his office
as superintendent the same as any other
superintendent would have done. The pay
for his work, he said, would come from the
postmaster of the city where It was done
on authority from the office of the first as
sistant postmaster general. Out of this
money, he said, he paid his cwn living ex
penses. The Groff fastener, he said, was a
perfectly satisfactory arrangement.
Spent Five Motionless Months
Rigid in a Plaster Cast on a
Hospital Bed.
NEW YORK. Jan. 19. Cured of a broken
neck. James Dunn, seventeen years old.
has been discharged from a hospital where
he had spent five motionless mmths. rigid
in a plaster cast, and with heavy weights
at his feet and head, which held his body
The operation and cure have attracted
great attention among surgeons. Dunn v.as
injured by diving from a pier while bathing.
Three vertabrae were crushed and chipped?
He was keDt alive with great difficulty
during the operation. The splintered bone
was remtived and the fractures set. Then
the whole of the upper body, neck and
head were placed In a plaster cast. Dunn
was laid upon a table and heavy weights
attached to his head and feet. He was
told that to move meant It-ath or perhaps
permanent helplessness for him, and he be
came the most patient person imaginable.
The bones knitted perfectly, and when the
cast was removed the body was found to be
as sound as ever.
Houghton Strikers Forced the
Calling Up of the Miners.
HOtViHTtN, Mi. h.. Jan. 19 Two hun
drel strikinK trammers of the Quincy mine
marched to the M. -nard shaft, the only
part f the mine in peratin. and demand
ed that the miners be called up at once and
th engims shut down. The officer in
charg refused until ntiflel that if the
miners w-re not up by a specified time the
strikers would throw him down the shaft.
The trouble was eaus'd by the company
low. ring wattes. Tu, entire mine is now
Air. Bryan Has Entered
Col. Harrison. Son of Ex-Presi
dent, and Mrs. McKee File
Exceptions to Revolt
Col. Russell B. Harrison, trustee for his
two children, and Mrs. Mary Harrison Mc
Kee tiled their exceptions yesterday to the
lirst current report of the Union Trust
Company as executors under the will of the
late Gen. Benjamin Harrison. The excep
tors claim that the executor has miscon
strued th win and ask that the report
be disallowed.
The principal objection to the report Is
in the construction of the first item of Gen
eral Harrison's will, which states that the
first eharfre against his estate should be
to provide a trust fund for his widow. Mary
Lxrd Harrison, to the amount of $125.000. By
the express terms of the will the Union
Trust Company "shall have the right to
take over for this trust funl all stocks,
bonds, notes, etc., that may belong to me
at my death at the price paid therefor."
A number of tho securities held by General
Harrison at the time of his death have In
creased considerably over the price paid
for them, but according? to the terms of the
will they were put In the trust fund at the
cost price, so that creating the trust fund as
General Harrison Intended it amounts to
$125.000, though should these securities be
sold at their appraised value the trust fund
would amount to about $31.500.
The exceptors contend that these securities
should be sold at their appraised value and
that $125.000 in cash should constitute the
trust fund.
Insnrtccnt SInin by Tnrks.
SALONICA, Macedonia. Jan. 9. An insur
gent band has been defeated by Turkish
troops near Perlepe. twenty-four miles from
Monastlr. Seventeen insurgents and five
Turks were killed.
Given in a Will Case Involving
rte Countv Estate of
About $20,000.
Special to the Indianapolis Journal.
LAPORTE, Ind., Jan. 19. Evidence of un
usual character was offered to-day in the
Laporte Circuit Court, wherein effort is
made to break the will of Mrs. Rhoda Ben
ham, a Spiritualist, who at her death divided
a 120,000 estate among her relatives without
remembering her brother. Oliver Porter.
Mrs. Amelia Leeds, another Spiritualist,
and friend of the testator, testified that Mrs.
Benham had since death communicated
with friends on earth regarding the will
contest and had, through spirits and me
diums, told th-m that, had she known before
her death that her will would be attacked,
would have arranged matters In hr life so
that no trouble woull have resulted. She
was able to see this now. Mrs. Leeds also
testified that Mrs. Benham, during her life,
consulted with her husband, who was dead,
regarding the management of her property,
and that she followed his advice.
Mrs. Leeds, whose husband. Offley Leeds,
was a Michigan City business man, stateii
on the staand that she also frequently
consulted her dea.l husband, through medi
ums aud spirits, regarding the management
of her property. She also exhibited In court
two slates containing a picture In several
colors, and a lot of fine writing, which she
swore were the picture of her husband and
a communication from him. the picture
and writing having appeared on slates
w hile they were firmly grasped in her hand
and while she stood on them.
Th' will of Mrs. Benham was attaeked
n the ground that the testator was inca
pable of executing a valid document. Mrs.
Leeds was a witness for defense. The jury
is deliberating over the case to-niht,
Upon His Duties of Editing a
Manufacturers Formulate Plans by
Which All Plainfield Lads Will '
Be Given Positions.
A number of the prominent manufacturers
of the olty met yesterday evening in the
office of William C. Van Arsdel. in the In
diana Trust building, to formulate some
plan by which the boys paroled from the
Indiana Reform School at Plainfield may
secure positions in the various manufactur
ing plants in the city.
When the arrangement was made between
the board of control of the Reform School
and Jud?e Stubbs, of the Juvenile Court,
some time ago. to bring the b-ys who were
paroled from the institution before the Ju
venile Court to be discharged and a place
found for them if possible, Mr. Van Arsdel,
who is a member of the board, was greatly
pleased with the plan. He thought It would
be advisable to meet a number of the manu-
J facturers to see if positions could not be
found for all the boys between the ages of
fourteen and twenty-one years who are
A committee of ten of the leading manu
facturers will be selected who will write a
letter to each manufacturer in the city,
asking him If h'.1 can find a place for a boy,
and also asking him whether he wants a
colored or white boy, and the age of such
a boy so desired.
To each letter will be attached a reply
card. When the replies are received they
will be filed with the Juvenile Court, and
when a boy is found who fits the qualifica
tions desired by any of the manufacture rs,
he will be sent to that manufacturer.
The men selected on the committee last
night are Hugh H. Hanna, John L. Ketch
am. D. M. Parry, Henry C. Atkins, William
Eagle.sfleld. T. B. Laycock and Addison H.
Nordyke. Three other men will be selected
Unusual Provision of the Will of
Peter G. Flinn, Filed for Pro
bate on Tuesday.
Special to the Indianapolis Journal.
MARION, Ind., Jan. 19. The "Peter G.
Flinu estate" is to be perpetuated under the
will of Peter G. Fllnn. filed to-day for pro
bate. A six-story hotel and business block.
132 by 132 feet in sise. Is to be the monument
to the memory of Mr. Klinn. John D. Con
ner, Jr., of Wabash, and Dr. H. D. Reason
ed president of the First National Bank of
Marion, are trustees to whom is assigned
the work of ere. ting the big business block.
Mr. Flinn wills that one-half the net rev
enue of the building shall go to charity, set
ting out that deserving women of thirty or
more who have been deserted by their hus
bands without cause, men over thirty who
are injured or in bad health and unable to
support themselves, and boys and girls who
seek an education, but are without m-ans.
shall be beneficiaries. The trustees are given
full power not only to distribute the money
as they see fit. but they an- empowered to
u.-- the money of the estate to fight any ion
test of the will by relatives, beneficiaries or
helri under the law.
The deceased also wills that $15.K)0 shall
go to the Twentieth Century Club, an or
ganization of Marion widows, to be used
in building a home for aged women In
Marlon. A site for this home was given
by the deceased some years ago and the
home Is to be known as the Emma Flinn
Home, in memory of the first wife of the
The widow is left the home property,
with crtai'i rents, ami 454j a year during
h. r lif-
One-half of the prof'ts f the hotel, de
signed by Mr. Flinn. will go into the Flinn
estate, to be investeil and handled and con
trolled by the trustees and by their suc-
-..rs perpetually. The trustees are em
pOVtftd to name their successors. In the
event of failure so to do th- -ourt is asked
to provide for the vacancies as th-y occur.
J. din D. Conn. r. jr., of Wabash, is' the ex
ecutor vi the will.
"Commoner" in St. Louis.
Ferdinand Charles. Nephew of
Austria's Emperor, Wanted to
Wed Common Girl.
VIENNA. Jan. 19 According to Die
Zeit, Archduke Ferdinand Charles, nephew
of Emperor Francis Joseph and brother of
the heir presumptive to the throne of Arch
duke Francis Ferdinand. Is about to marry
the daughter of Herr Emmanuel Czuber,
professor of mathematics at Vienna Univer
sity. The archduke became acquainted with
the professor's daughter at Prague, where
the archduke was commander of an infantry
brigade. The relatives of both are said to be
making strenuous endeavors to Induce the
archduke to abandon his intention, but he Is
of a decisive character and It Is difficult to
move him from a position he has once
The intended bride is twenty-three years
of age. The archduke has been prominent
in Viennese society, is very cultured and la
a clever amateur actor, and it is believed
that if he marries he will follow the exam
ple of Leopold Woelflng, formerly Archduke
Leopold of Tuscany, who married Mile.
Adamovich, a dancer, and renounced the
dignity of archduke.
The Zeit publishes an Interview with Pro
fessor Czuber. who says that on Dec. 27 the
archduke formailly asked for the hand of
his daughter Bertha, to which Herr Csuber
r plied that he was without Influence in the
m.itter. The professor's daughter Is now
here. She is described as being very beau
tiful, with a graceful and slender figure,
and highly educated.
The archduke's projosal to marry the
daughter of a commoner has caused the
more astonishment because it is said he
strongly opposed the marriage of his
brother, Archduke Francis Ferdinand, with
Countess Chotek. on account of the In
equality of their social positions, and re
fused to participate in his brother's wed
ding festivities.
The family of Archduke Ferdinand
Charles has in the pitst made a number of
plans for his marriage to some royal person
age, but these were all futile. The archduke
is now at Prague.
It was learned to-night In well-informed
circles that Archduke Ferdinand Charles
has. owing to the opposition of Emperor
Francis Joseph, given up his project of
marrying Pauline Czuber. It is said that he
consulted wrlth his brother. Archduke Otto
Francis, who privately approached the Em
peror In the matter. His Majesty refused
emphatically to give his consent to the
marriage. Archduke Ferdinand Charles
finally renounced his Intention of making
the professor's daughter his wife. He will
seek to forget the affair through foreign
Arrest of a Printer on the Charg-e
of Robbing a Chicago Fire
CHICAGO. Jan. W. The poller to-night
arrested Frank Uhler, a printer. stsWtSSl
years old, on a charge of robbing the dead
after the fire In the Iroquois Theater. Uhler
attempted to dispose of a diamond ring
valued at $800. and when tak-n int..
custody confessed that he had stolen It
from the hand of a dead man. which was
hanging over the edge of a wagon when
tl, load of cdrpses was backed up in front
of the morgue.
Colonel Younghiisband and His
Officers Are Given Unfriendly
CHUMBI. Valley of Sikklm, British In
dia. Jan. 19. The general staff of the Brit
ish expedition to Thibet, accompanied by a
mountain battery, has returned to Uhum
bi. They report that Colonel Younghu
band. with two officers, visited the ThiSS
tan camp at Guru and met with an insolent
rocsptioo. I'p to the present there has been
no hostile act ou the pari of the Thibetans.
Executive Board Meets at Head
quarters Districts Hold
Preliminary business swept a-lde and a
half holiday given the delegates, in order
that the executive board might hold a secret
caucus, and that the different committees
might organize, the great convention of the
United Mine 'Workers of America will re
convene this morning at 9 o'clock In Tomlln
aon Hall and settle down to the mass of
important business that awaits it.
But one session was held yesterday, and
that In the morning, which was largely de
voted to trade union speechmaklng by rep
resentatives of other large national labor
organizations. At 12 o'clock the eoniition
adjourned for the day, but during the after
noon the mln.-rs- h irt. r ;-t the Stev
enson building, the Occidental Hotel snd
the different halls at the disposition of ths
delegates were charged with business. The
executive board held a three hours' meeting
at the Stevenson building, the different com
mittees met at the Occidental Hotel and or
ganized, and the delegates of mauy of ths
districts got together and discussed metter
In which they are Interested.
When the convention came to order yes
terday morning President Mitchell an
nounced the different committees that will
have charge of the business of the conven
tion. On a motion made by Vice President
Lewis It was decided that all resolutions
must be submitted to the resolution com
mittee before 4 o'clock to-day or they will
be Invalid.
This action caused qutte a stir among the
delegates, who prepared to get their resolu
tions in shspe to present the committee.
At a late hour last night the committee had
received a bulk of resolutions, but refused
to make their contents known. The remain
der of the morning was given to national
representatives of the Bakers' and the To
bacco Workers' Union, and to O. P. Smith,
a general orgauiser of the American Federa
tion of Labor. Mr. Smith spoke at some
length, dwelling on the question of the union
label, the support of which he advocated
strongly. John Gould, of Chicago, repre
senting the Bakers' and Confectioners' In
ternational Union, was also given the floor
for some time, as was John Wltsel, a gen
eral organiser of tho Tobacco Workers' lu-t-
rnational Union. Before adjournment the
report of Samuel Gompers. president of tho
American Fedtsratlon of Labor, was read
by President Mitchell. The following is the
list of committees appointed by President
Thomas Reynolds, district No. 12.
W. H. Haskins. district No. 6.
George Hargrove, district No. 11.
Patrick Dolan. district No. 5.
William Wilson, district No. s.
Edwin Perry, district No. 13.
John Fahy. district No. 9.
Edward Flynn. llstrict No. .
George Richardson, district No. 14.
T. I Nicholls. district No. L
George Colville. district No. 25.
Stephen Corven. district No. 2i.
Peter Hanraty. district No. 21.
C. W. Wells, district No. 23.
Patrick Gilday. district No. 2.
Daniel Young, district No. 16.
William Howells, district No. 16.
D. C. Ivennedv. district No. 17.
W. H. Dettrey. district No. 7.
T. J. Smith, district No. 19.
M. F. Purcell. district No. 22.
W R. Falrley. district No. 20.
W. D. Ryan, district No 12.
William Carne. district No. I.
D. H. Sullivan, district No. 6.
George Hnrtleln. district No. .
William Mcpherson, district No 2.
James M. Hurd, district No 1Ä
llenry Randolph, district No. 13.
1111am Pollman. Washington.
William Ward J m. district No. 14.
John Morton, district No. 22.
W T. Morris, district No. &
John P. Gallagher, district No. 7.
Thomas Murphy, district No. 16.
Harmon Hinkle. district No. 17.
William Currle. district No. 1.
Officers' Reports.
John P. White, district No. 13.
John Sullivan, district No. 2.
William Treagor. dhstlli t No. a.
John Boyle, district No. 11.
Joe Vasey. district No. 19.
John T. Dempsey. district No. 1.
George Manuel, district No. 25.
Appeals and Grievances.
Uriah Belllngham. district No. 6.
M. S. Elliott, district N- HL
Thomas Richards, district No. t.
Thoma.- K a nary, district No. 24.
William Green, distrh t No. .
John McElhennfy. district No. 7.
Edward Cunningham, district No. 2L
Chris Evans, district No. 6.
J. H. Kennedv. district No 11.
Richard Gilbert, district No. 2.
J. L. Memo, dlstrl t No. 2U.
S. F. Brackney. district N . 21
Robert Gtlmour. district No. 14.
Paul P. Pulaski, district No. 9.
James D. Wood, dintrlct No 21.
William Dodds. district No 5.
John B. Richards, district No. 2.
Sergeant -at-Arms.
M. F. Healey. district No L
H. A. Lanning. district No S.
Henry Jackson, district No 12.
To-day's session will be devoted to tha
business brought before the convent un
I by the different committees and the hear
ing of their reports The report of the tell
er's committee will pr -bably me flrst,
1 after which the others will tie taken in
regular order, with the exception of tha
' credential committee, which has eneoun-
tfred an overwhelming proposition and
will probably not be able to report until to
wards the latter part of the day. Tha
committee was at work all day yesterday
endeavoring to straighten out the creden
tials of the many delegates. One member
of the committee said last nlrht that thev
p,,uM " " "" report until this after-
noon It was thought that the report
I would c me this morning Th cornentlon
expects to reach the resolution end of th
business by the latter part of th9 day.
The all absorbing question of Interest it
the report of the scale committee As is
the case in mst wordly things, the best
rotnes last and the matters of wage scai
is not handled until the last days of tha
convention. The figures an und which the
discussion will center w ill be those ad lust.
lng the wage scale In the competitive fields,
i. . Indiana. Illinois, Ohio and western
Pennsylvania. This scab is of utmost im
portance in that it is considered a basis
upon which, the ties in t.th.r district are
settled. In the we .trn dilti let fl the year
ly COS tracts expire in S. 1 ' mber. and when
the miners come to make new agreements
they at.- l.d in their d. n. . . l- ' , the . .,6
ui Um competitive diotrkts. The SuuiU

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