Newspaper Page Text
JANUARY 21. lf04.
ST, LOUIS DEAD Will It BURIED WITHOUT RIOT Striking "Cabbies" Will Not Be Permitted to Interfere in Any Way with Funerals. AND HARBORS CAUSE A LIVELY TUT IS 01 ÄYH0USES BE OPENED X' itional Hoards of Trade in a Bit ter Wrangle Over a Com mittee's Report. Aldermen May Be Compelled to Revise the Drastic Closure Ordinance. MILITIA MAY BE CALLED FLECTION OF OFFICERS SITE FOR A MEMORIAL THE TXPIAWVPOLTS JOUHNWL, Tn( RI)VY, lives CHICAGO DEMANDING ST. IUIS. Jan. 26. Pursuant to an or- J Ö9T Issued at a meeting held late last night by the Inter- i;rotherhod of Team sters. 800 hack and carriage drivers went on a strike to-day to force th. ir Ar mands fur fl2.5u a week pay, a twelve-hour day, 2S cents an hour for overtime and recog nition of the union. A small proportion of this number are men working in St. Lo j i u.- The strike is directed against the St. uis I.i elation. 1 l'nd I the A si ft1 In ts the stand witn ed, "es t n declare how td Is that lf the null! ;.L aas to be cal Representatives of the that the strike mai;.ur- m nce no violence. William ever, buefness agent of the opose to eonduct whatever will be during the strike." said: "There will be no m Chicago troubles here and t man caupht violating his m the strike committee will funerals Mr. K.y rpetitiot the first ftl jf r ; Governor Iockery talked with Chief of Police Kiely over the telephone to-day in regard to the situation. The Governor urged the ch.ef to take every precaution to protect funrral pro. essions from Inter ference. "I have given espcial ordert to the police captains to watch funeral pr -cessions," said the chief, "and to prevent trouble at all costs. There will be no half way meaau.es and no half-way treatment Oft those who should attempt to interfere." Nearly l.OOO Men Idle. CHICAGO. Ja. 20.-Nearly 1,000 men ware thrown out of employment in South Chicago to-night by the closing down of the Iroquois Furnace Company's plant. No notice was given the men and no time was SOt for reopening. Two hundred Ital and Austrian laborers employed by the company made a disturbance when their wages were not paid them at the office, and the police were sent for. At the office of the company no explanation was given for the shutdown. Tbaska for John Mitchell. CINCINNATI, Jan. 30. At the conven tion of the Boot and Bhoeworkers Interna tional Union to-day President Tubin was directed to send a telegram to President John Mitchell at Indianapolis, thanking the United Mine Workers for their support of the union stamps on boots and shoes.' Increase in Wage. CHICAGO, Jan. 30. An agreement was reached to-day between boxmakers and sawyers and the box manufacturers under which 2,000 workmen in Chicago will re ceive a a per cent, increase in wages. FIRE ROÜTCTÖRS AND ACTRESSESJÜT OF BED Few Had Time to Dre, but Some Women Dunned Their The atrical Robes. SCARE IN CHICAGO HOTEL CHICAGO. Jan. 30.-IM-fortune of Chi cago theatrical people during the last few Weeks was again in evidence at a tire in the Grand Palace Hotel. Indiana and Clark Streets, early to-day, nearly 200 members of theatrical troops being driven in the str ts by the names. It was with difficulty that a panic was averted and the frightened man and women assisted from the structure In safety. The fire originated on the ' second floor, supposedly from crossed electrical wires and was carried quickly up the elevator shet by a draught to the top floor. Jo seph Northtrop. a guest of the hotel, MM the smoke In the shaft and ran down stairs tn ths rear of the building to notify the night clerk. The clerk immediately start- 1 awakening the guests and Northrop stepp. i into the JjAvutor. ml through the smqjftand flames and help, d the guests on the top floor. The halls W'-re soon filled with excited 'men and women. The cooler guests w compelled to force them back from the windows and fire escapes toward which a rush was being made. A number of women Were preparing to Jump from the windows When policemen arrived and aided the work of restraint and rescue. The women were led to a rear stairway, down which they escaped through the smoke that was pour ing upward from the lower I Miss Louise Mitchell, who had been hemmed in oy the flames, was rescued by the firemen and taken down a Are escap- . Few of the guests had tune to dress, but A number of the women had thought of their theatrical wardrobs and stood shiv ering In the lower halls of the building holding some gaudy decoration of gauss and tinsel. The tire was extinguished outchly after the guests had been taki n from the building. The building Is a part of the h J. Dickey state. It is a six-story building, well j. di vided with fire escapes. The damage to the structure was about fSj.M.t. This is the Second fire in the building in the last two weeks. Tha tirst tiro started from a light- d Cigarette thrown on the hall carpet on the third floor. Almost all the guests at the hotel are members of theatrical companies stranded In Chicago. CHILDREN WILL VIEW CITIZEN T KMX'S BODY It Will I je in State in a Mortuary Chapel Till the Funeral Hour To-Day. NEW YOIIK. Jan. 20 The body of George Francis Train, who died i j hs terday, haa been removed from the Mills Hotel to a mortuary chapel, where it will lie In stats until ths funeral hour to-morrow. Thousands of children, In whom Mr. Train dispUy.-d remarkable leierest, are expected to take a farewell view of the remains. The funeral will be private and the Interment will be made tn Green a tei y Of his once considerable fortune Mr. Train retain. 1 nothing persoi except the Interest he had in 3.00s lots he once owned In Omaha. Protracted litigation has taken place about them, and srill, it Is SSJd. be continued by his daugl 11 lloud Forfeited. NEW YOKK. Jan. 3f.-When the cases Of A S. Rosenthal. Martin L. hen and Charles C. Brown, charg. d with to defraud ths government by the Imp r tstion of silks under Invoices. i ailed for trial to-day In the I'nltei svit .. nit Court, Rosenthal failed to a j. pear. Jadg Thomas ordered his $80.100 bail bond forfeited. thuKh K senl bat nis client was III in I.urope and would return in two weeks. Tarnet PssMttoe In PsjMMJ Hm-. WASHINGTON. Jan. 3 The Navy De p- nt I advised th at tl K-'.tuk Ore go i i i W -Alia to-day fit. i . rt practi m They v. i! I be jt; days by t..- ft Ma in tar i a few h. tl. now on their u iy Mrs. Bade t stin s famous Pancake Flour, u the three ertL uLak of lire: srUat, corn and rice. WASHINGTON. Jan. 20. At to-day s ses-si-.n of the N". tional Board of Trade reso hetkMBS were adopted favoring the adoption of a standing committee of seven to be known as the committee of conference with the Department of Commerce and La bor, urging liberal appropriation by Con gress to bring the new department to a j full measure of efficiency, and declaring that ft would be unwise for the National Board of Trade to become pn incorporated body at this time. A resolution was adopt ed favoring a national incorporation law and recommending the passage of the I'almer bill now before Congress, with some amendments. A resolution favoring currency reform legislation. Identical In form with that adopted by the board one year ago, was adopted unanimously. The committee on merchant marine presented a resolution favoring the appointment of a committee to investigate and report to Congress on the condition of the American merchant marine with a view of Its encouragement by national aid. A resolution favoring con sular reform legislation was adopted. The report of the committee on rivers and harbors presented by George Ander son, of Pittsburg, caused considerable feel ing. Improvements of the Ohio river, it Was urjr d. should be prosecuted without demy until continuous and unobstructed navigation shall be secured from its head waters. The item was approved. v resolution that the Chicago drainage canal be increased in sise by the United M lies for navigation to the gulf was re committed, opposition developing from Cleveland, New York and Boston delegates, who broadly Intimated that Chicago should build her own canal. Resolutions for a i : p ship canal and for the improve ment of Philadelphia harbor also were re committeu. Mr. Hitchcock, of Scranton, Pa,, tluro u on moved to recommit the whole report. Mr. Anderson, chairman of the committee, made the declaration that if the report was recommitted he was not sure there would be another meeting of the national board. A hot dlscucsion followed. but finally, in the interest of harmony, Mr. Hitchcock withdrew- his motion to recom mit, sad that of Mr. Wise, of New York, adopting the report of the committee in so far as it had been adopted by clauses by the board, and recommitting the other sec tions, which had been voted down, was carried. These officers were elected: President, J. J. Sullivan, Cleveland; first vice president, C. S. Hamlin. Boston; second vice presi d. nt, George H. Johnson. Milwaukee: treas urer. William R. Tucker, Philadelphia. C. B. Murray, of Cincinnati, was chosen a memUr of the council. During the afternoon the delegates were received at the White House by the Presi e :u. The presentations were made by etary Cortelyou, of the Department of Commerce and Labor. GRAND RAPIDS BOODLER GUILTY OFJIIE TAKING Alderman Ellen Convicted on Evi dence Furnished by Lant K. Salsbury. MAY BE SENT TO PRISON GRAND RAPIDS. Mich., Jan. 2A.-"Gullty as charged, with recommendation to the court for mercy," is the verdict rendered by the Superior Court to-day In the case against Alderman Jacob P. Ellen, of the First ward, charged with having accepted a bribe of !5o from ex-City Attorney Lant K. Salsbury in the Lake Michigan water canal scandal. The jury was out a littlo less than two hours. This is the first trial completed of the twenty-five that grew out of the recent confession of Salsbury. although eight of the officials implicated have already pleaded guilty. Respondent Ellen was remanded to the custody of the sheriff until Saturday morning for sentence. The penalty under the statute is a prison sentence of not more than ten years nor loss than one year, or a fine of not more than $5.000 and Jail sentence or not less than one year. The next case is that of Alderman James ). MeCool, of the First ward, charged with acc-pting a bribe of $3&0 from Salsbury. The McCooJ case Is set for trial to-morrow morning. adets May Be Helnstated. SPRINGFIELD, O.. Jan. 30. The three cadets dismissed from the Annapolis Naval Academy for hazing will, in all probability, be reinstated. Commandant Brouson hav ing agreed to the introduction of a bill in I 'ongress for the purpose. One of the cadets is Joseph UUle. jr., of this city. The news has Just been communclated to the boy's father by Senator J. B. Foraker. EXPERTS CONDEMN NEW M 0FJBTII6 BLOOD Much Testimony at the Bechtel Murder Trial Therefore Is Ruled Out. OPEXIXG OF THE DEFENSE ALT.ENTOWN, Pa.. Jan. 20 The battle of the experts on the blood In the Bechtel trial came to an end this evening, and to morrow every member of the Bechtel fam ily will be placed on the witness stand In an eudeavor to prove that the aged mother Is not guilty of being an accessory after the fact in killing of her wayward daugh ter Mabel. Th-v defense called six experts to-day and each declared that the biologi. al or Hordt t t.-t. the new method for determining the difference between human and animal blood was not a standard one and that it was unreliable. One of the principal witnesses against the Bordet test admitted that he had never made a test by that method. This caused Judge Trexler th Instruct the jury to pay no attention to r.y testimony iven relative to the Bordet theory by a witness who Is not fully conversant with the principles of tho test. A man Ignorant of a subject is not quulitied to testify against it as pn expert, he said, and you might as well call anybody, even savages, to testify that they knew nothing at all about the biological test. The experts called to-day testified that only one of the many articles taken from the Bechtel home contained human blood and that was on th uuder vest worn by the Kirl when she was dead. IJefore the defense opened its case to-day the court was asked to Instinct the jury to render a verdict of not guilt, because not sufficient evidence had been presented v old Mrs. Bechtel. but the court decided that the trial should proceed. Judge Trex 1 r adding that he did not wish at this time to pass upon the merits of the evidence pr. seut. ! Attorney Schaadt. in opining ths case for the defense, said he would prove that all ht iir.s wer. i ither from tobaOSO Jutot r from Thomas Bechtel's dog. He said it would also be shown that no member f the Bechtel family had a hand In the killing of Mabel, and that she was mur dered awuy Irwin home. i i K " . & . i r i 1 1 PRINCE HENRY OP PRUSSIA PRINCE HENRY TALKS TO TROOPS BOUND FOR AFRICA Tells Them Germany Expects Everv Bullet to Kill a Re hellions Black Man. WILL EMBARK TO-DAY BERLIN, Jan. 20. It is expected at Wil helmhaven that Emperor William will be present at the departure of the German ex pedition to Southwest Africa, which sails to morrow. Irince Henry of Prussia reviewed the de parting battalion to-day. In exhorting the men to be faithful to their Hag and country the prince said: "Germany expects every bullet to do its duty." Personally, said Prince Henry, he envied the troops the op portunity of seeing active service. The Reichstag to-day approved the final reading of the bills providing supplement. u y funds to suppress the uprising. One odd re sult of the stories of massacre and descrip tions of the country is that an increased number of applications from would-be im migrants to German Southwest Africa has been made to the colonial societies. ACCUSED OF BEHEADING HER EiGHJ-YEAR-OLD SON Arrest of a Mother Who Was Found in Bed Singing Softly to Her Young Baby. SUPPOSED TO BE INSANE PATERSON, N. J.. Jan. 20 Mrs. Arthur Oswald was arrested to-day on the charge of murdering her eight-year-old son at her home In Oakland. She Is believed to bo in Sane. The tragedy was discovered by the woman's husband when he returned home late last night. As he entered the diniag room he was horrliled to see the headless body of his eight-year-old son lying on the floor. The head lay near the boy's feet. Near by lay the body of his pet dog. which also had been beheaded. Oswald found his wife lying in bed with her young baby in her arms. She was singing softly to the Infant. Near the bed her two other chil dren lay sleeping in a crib. The woman did not recognize her husband nor seem to un derstand what was said to her. Killed Her Babes and Herself. NEW YORK, Jan. JO. Mrs. Louisa Ellon was found mortally injured by a pistol shot at her home to-day, dying soon after. Her two young children were found dead, both having been shot in the abdomen. It Is be lieved that the woman first shot her chil dren and then herself. Katnl Lamp KxuIomIob. PITTSBURG. Jan. 20. The explosion of a lamp in the Hope Mission building. Second avenue, to-day, caused the death of James Roiligo. six years old, the fatal burning of his mother, Mrs. Mary Bodigo, and the se rious burning of his three-year-old sister. IS WILLING TO IEUBEJS HOLDINGS Makes a Tentative Offer to Ship building Bondholders to Give Up His Securities. TENDER NOT ACCEPTED NEW YORK. Jnn. 30. Charles M. Schwab has made to, the first mortgage bondholders who are pressing the action for a permanent receivership for the United States Shipbuild ing Company what is tantamount, says the Times, to an offer releasing his hold on the Bethlehem Steel company property. The offer came as the result of a long se ries of conferences which wound up in a meeting of three hours' duration in Mr. Schwab's office. It wus not accepted, how ever, nor did the conditions under which it was discussed later by William Nelson Cromwell, counsel for the Sheldon reorgani zation company, and Samuel Uriteimyer. at the former's residence, admit cf what minht be called a definite proposition for the reor ganization of the Shiphuilding company. The conference. It is understood, had to do with a tentative plan by which the second mortgage bonds to the extent of $10,000.000, whi h Mr. Schwab hoi. is ns the purchase price of his Bethlehem properties, and the I16.ÜD0.Ü00 of general first mortgage bonds on the entire- Shiphuilding company, would be placed on an equal basis. This, it is under stood. Is not and will not be acceptable to the four first mortgage bondholders b eklng the Coaklhl suit, who believe th it. despite the fact that Mr. Schwab's bonds are a first mortK i. on the Bethlehem plant by reason of th. terms of the deal Incorporating it as one of the constituent properties Of the Shipbuilding combination, their holdings and the holdings of every tirst mortgage bond holder ought to go ahead of the Schwab bonds In any settlement. TWO INVENTORS DEAD. One Patented Farm Machinery and the Other a Deadly Rille. CEDAR RAPIDS, la., Jan. 20. Mayor J. M. May. inventor of farm machinery, is dead. He was ninety years of age and once owned a large area of land which is now a portion of this city. He later met with reverses and died In poverty. BEKl.IN. Jan. &. Baron Von Männlich er, uiveuiur of the Maunucuer rifle, b u SCHWAB CHICAGO. Jan. 20 It Is probable that the City Council next Monday night will again consider and revise the new theater ordinance. A meeting between the theater managers and a special committee of alder men will be held later in the week, at which the managers will announce what Is physicially possible for them to accom plish in making their theaters safe, and atthe same time reopen for the rest of the theatrical season. There is a general f ling among the aldermen that the es st ritial demands for theaters before they are allowed to open their doors Is somewhat too stringent and modilications may be Seeds at the regular Council meeting next Monday. At the same time there are many aldermen who are strongly of opinion that no theater should reopen for business until it has been made absolutely safe. It is likely that there will be a strong fight In the Council before any action looking to further relief of theaters Is made. Edwin H. Price, manager of "Mr. Blue beaid, Jr," at the Iroquois inquest tc-day showed up the work of Chicago building Inspectors in bad light compared with in spectors of other cities. Manager Price said he frequently has seen Inspectors examin ing exits in other places during the prog ress of performances, but never at the Iroquois. The manager's evidence was de signed to exonerate Klaw & Erlanger from all responsibility for the fire, and to lay the blame on the theater management. Athur E. Hull, leader of the Iroquois Me morial Asosclation. announces that he will Offer the site of the Iroquois Theater for the erection of a memorial to the victims of the fire. Mr. Hull refuses to say who authorized him to make th offer, but he declares it is one of the foremost surgeons of the city. The heirs to the estate of which the s-ite is a part have agreed to convey it, with all leaseholds, to the association, Mr. Hull says. TO SELL VERDI'S HOUSE. Creditors of Italian Marquis Insist on the Action. ROME, Jan. 20. The house in which Ver di was born, which is situated at Busseto, near Palma, is to be sold soon at public auction. The house is the property of the Marquis Pallaviclno. who was once very wealthy, but who is now in reduced cir cumstances. The creditors of the marquis insist upon the sale. Before building his villa at Santa Agata. also Busseto. where he lived until his death. Verdi asked th marquis to allow him to purchase the house where he was born, but the marquis being at that time ereelttiy. courteously declined to sell. A movement has been started to have the government purchase the birthplace of the great Italian composer. TROLLE! CAR JUMPS ICY TRACK AHO TURNS OVER Plunges Down a Twenty-Foot Em bankment and Five Persons Are Badlv Hurt. TEN OTHERS INJURED PITTSBURG. Jan. 20.-Of the thirty pas sengers aboard a trolley car which ran away in Rankin to-night, five were seri ously hurt and ten others badly bruised and shocked. The seriously Injured are: Simon Callahan, of Braddock, head crushed and legs broken, will die; Edward Frazer, Braddock, ekull fractured, condi tion critical; P. S. Starkle. Wilkinsburg, head and body cut, critical; Joseph Scae felt, Wilkinsburg, head cut and legs broken, serious; Miss Mary McNutt, Wil merdiig. face and body cut, serious. The car was on the Bwlstdtlt and Brad dock division of the Pittsburg Hallway Company, and while descending a steep grade got beyond control by reason of Icy tracks. After running about thirty yards it Jumped a curve and plunged over a twenty-foot embankment, turned com pletely over and lodged in a snow bank. Mntnrmnn (.round Inder Wheels. ST. LOUIS. Jan. 20. A suburban line strt-et car. running at full speed, struck a curve at Union boulevard and Bircher road to-day. throwing Motorman Michael God frey under the wheels and killing him in stantly, and Injuring five others. Fonr Men Inj n red ly nn Kxplnston. YOUNGSTOWN, O.. Jan. 20. The prema ture explosion of dynamite used in pre paring the right of way for the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad at Eowellville resulted In the serious If not fatal injury of four men and the slight injury of four others this afternoon. DECISIVE CONTEST IS EXPECTED JT SANTIAGO Seven Hundred Dominican Troops Marching on the Stronghold of Gen. Jiminez. PLAN FOR PROTECTORATE NJbW YORK. Jan. 20. Seven hundred government soldiers are oa the march to Siintlaso, the rebel stronghold, says a Her ald dispatch from Puerta Plata, Santo Do mingo. It is heUiVed this battle will be the most important of the Jiminez revolution. The rebels are firmly intrenched in their camp and it Is presumed they will make a desperate resistance. Ik tails of the recapture of Puerto Plata a few days ngo by the government forces show, according to the Herald's corre spondent, that the commander of nn Amer ican war VeSSel in the harbor practically managed the battle and that a fighting xone, de-mark. -el by the commaiule-rs of the Unite-el Statesand British warships, was ac cepted by the contending forces. Presielent Morales's troops promptly r i . c ted the ord.-r to cease- tiring, although (Jen. Jimi nez'a forces, when routed, ran through the streets and continued to fire in all direc tions. An American force composed of eight men with the stars and stripes went to the firing line and demand d a suspension of hostilities. The commanelor of the United States warship then lauded a ferce f loe nun and arranged for the surrender of the fort. It is report, d lu re, says a Herald dis patch from St. Thomas. D. W. I., that the Dominican minister of foreign affairs, ac companies! by a delegate, has left Santo Domingo for Washington to att-mpt to make arrangements with the United States to establish a protectorate over the Repub lic of Santo Domingo. Lee Turner Acquitted. M1DDLE8BORO. Ky.. Jan. 30.-Lee Tur ner, proprietor of the "quarter house." who was charged with killing Deputy Sheriff Charles Cecil in a famous battle, was ac quitted by the- Jury to-day. To have delicious, brown cakes for breakfast, mix cold water with Mrs. Austin's Pancake Flour. Ail arecera sell ll Always fresh and crisp. Most nourishing for invalids. Most sustaining for workers. Most convenient for luncheons. Most economical for every use. national Biscuit company Panama Canal Is Not Task for (CONCLUDED FROM FTRST PAGE.) easeway furuishing water power sufficient for the operatiou of the double set of locks that will be built in the dam), a smaller easeway around the locks at Pedro Miguel, and a spillway far over on the ties ten side of Lake Bohlo. This spilway will be a mile long, and when the flow of the Chagres becomes greater than the capacity of the lake the water will reach over the top of the spillway, down into the Pena Bianca Fwamp, and. flowing over the surface of the swamp, discharge into the Caribbean sea, far to the westward of the present mouth of the Chagres river. HOW WE HAVE3 CHANGED PLANS. With these accommodations for torrents In the Chagres that problem will be effectually solved, and, with the completion of the Culebra cut, the middle section of the canal (the summit level) will be created as soon as the water from the Chagres can fill Lake Bohlo. This lake, stretching from Bohio to Pedro Miguel, will be twenty-two miles long. Its sides; east and west, will be fermed by natural hills, while on the south it will be controlled by the Pedro Miguel locks. At no point along the route to be followed by ships in passing from ocean to ocean will its depth be le-sj? than thirty-five feet, so that vessels will have practically cl.-ar sailing ove r its entire length. The only place where serious difficult will be encoun tered In navigation will be through the nar row mountain defile of the Culebra cut. In creatine this lake the Americans will accomplish their greatest work of simplifi cation, for they will, by abolishing the Bas t llspo-I'aralso nnd Parnlso-Pedro Miguel levels, as projected by the French, entirely obviate the necessity of constructing, at enormous cost, the auxiliary canal to tap the Chagres river at Alhejuela, and of stor age reservoirs to furnish water for those levels through the dry seasem. Instead of those levels will be only the one of Lake Bo- hio. into which the natural and extraordi nary currents of the Chngres can discharge without restriction, to lose themselves through the case and spillways when they become too great for the capacity of the lake. Another immense advantage secured by the creation of this lake will be th- submer sion of virtually all the fever-breeding spots on the isthmian interior between Colon and Panama, for with the lake in existence the canal will touch Infectious country only on the sea-level sections, in neither of which it Is expected ships will ever have to tarry. THE LOCKS OF BOHIO. For these enormously valuable ad vantages we pay an engineering fee of only one minor problem. That deals with the locks to be built In the Bohio dam. As presently planned the level of Iakc Bohlo will be seventy-five feet above the level of the Chagres, or the sea, at the dam. This means that to pass from the sea level sec tion on the north to the surface of the lake, or vice versa, shlp3 will have to be elevated or lowered seventy-five feet. To accomplish this it is proposed to have two a tl of two locks each, so that vessels may simultaneously pass in either direction, the lift In each single lock of ach eet be ing thirty-seven and one-half feet The engineers of the United States army who are stationed here say and I accept their statements, for they have made an intimate study of the entire prolect that locks have- never been constructed and suc cessfully operated to lift v--. is ; f th. size of those th;it will use the canal so great a distance. Whether we can do what others have never before done In this particular respect remains to be determined when our engineers actually tackle the project with a view to sedving its every phase along lines of entire practicability. Should it be found, however, that locks to lift these ships thirty-seven and one-half feet cannot be successfully constructed, there will be an easy way out of the difficulty. That will be by carrying the summit level of the Culebra cut. and along the entire line of dry cutting, down a little low.r. It is now proposed to excavate- at Culebra until the keeol shall be fifty f.-t above sea level, 'lids 1 vel nu-y. Ii neces sary, be carried out until the summit level will be not more' than thirty or thirty-five feet above the sea. thereby reducing the size of the lift In the locks from seventy five to fifty-five or sixty feet, and solving the lock problem as it now confronts the engineers. THE GREAT CUT AT CULEBRA. The Culebra is by far the greatest under taking on the entire route of the canal. Its immensity can only be appreciated when seen. Originally the summit of the depres sion In the Cordilleras mountains where the line of the canal crosses was 363 fe at above the sea. To bring his summit level down to fifty feet, according to present plans, Is the undertaking before the Ameri cans. The French have already cut It down to about 160 feet, so that It remains for us to excavate a further depression of 10 feet be fore we shall have broken the Isthmian backbone and made It possible for ships to sail from ocean to ocean over a distance of only forty-seven miles. In their busiest days the French worked thousands of men on this cut. They have there now a plan of great magnitude, consisting of hundreds of small locmot!ves for hauling trains of dumping cars, of which there are thou sands; construction railroads built on many different levels on either side of the moun tain which is to be cleft; steam shovels, drills, loading apparatus, fully equipped ca ble ways and all the other appliances of a gigantic excavating undertaking. The construction railroads run for miles In different directions over the low-lying country on either side of the mountain range, and the dumpings have raised the surface of the lanu many feet. In all something like 60.u00.0OU cubic meters have been removed by the French, leaving about 48.ouo,ou0 cubic meters, with the summit level at fifty feet, to be excavated by us. Just aow tbe French ar working uulv a Difficult American Engineers about SOO men at the cut, taking out 7,000 cubic meters a month, and the work is progressing with a hideous lack of alac rity. DOWN TO SEA LEVEL AGAIN. What wo shall be able to do at Culebra can only be guessed at. Nobody supposes, however, that wo will fail to complete this portion of the tapk In about eight years, as with the modern machinery we shall intro duce the greater facility resulting from the use of electricity, the possibility through the use of electric lights of prosecuting the undertaking with three shifts of men work ing eight hours each, and the generally en ergetic manner in which we will undoubted ly grappel with the undertaking, we can easily make greater progress than the French ever dreamed of making. From the deepest part of the Culebra cut, through which the waters of Lake Bohio will flow without restriction to Pedro Mi guel, the southern extremity of the lake, is a distance of only about two miles. At Pedro Miguel will be another double set of locks to lower or raise the ships. These locks will have a lift of about fifty feet, and that they can be constructed so that their successful operation will never be a matter of doubt is frely admitted. From Pedro Miguel to Mlrartores will be a short level the distance is less than two miles necessitated by the excessive ticks on the Pacltic side of the isthmus. Water for this level will be furnished by overflow frem Lake Bohio, but at the foot of the Pedro Miguel locks the sea-level section on the Pacific side actually begins. The Pacific tide has an average flow of about eighteen feet, ranging from fourteen to twentv-two feet ordinarily, and reaching twenty-six feet with the spring tides. It becomes necessary, therefore, to Introduce tldegates at Miratiores to simplify the tran sit of ships and to protect the Pedro Miguel dam and locks from the tidal action. MERELY DIGGING. The lift at Miraflores will not be more than etghteen feet at high tide, and from that point to the ocean there will be a perfect sea-level section, which has only to be dredged to the required width and depth to be ready for commercial use. On this sea-level section there is no engineering problem except that of keeping the channel open, the rush of the tides forming a silt carrying current which will have to be guarded against. This will be done by constant dredging. Just as will the similar condition on the northern end. On this route, which has been entirely traversed in the foregoing description, the shortest radius of curvature will be about 6.500 feet, giving almost entire freedom In the handling of ships along the entire line, and reducing the problem of navigating the canal to a minimum. Through Lake Bohio, except In the Culebra cut. It will be possi ble tor ships to sail practically at full peed, while the great width of the canal in the sea-level sections, and its fr.-edom from obstructions, will make possible ne-ar-ly full speed In those portions. By sub merging the country between the Bohlo dam and Culebra the work of excavation over a good portion of the route- will be largely done away with. The lak will form a channel. It being necessary, inste ad of cutting along the e ntire route, merely to take off the top of the ground at such places as present elevation will lnterf. re with a depth of thirty-live fc-t of water Drilling and blasting will have- to be done under our management of the enterprise, as now, at Culebra, but everywhere else the excavation will be In soft mud or poll, so that the work of making the- canal Itself Is reduced to a simple question ef digging. Within the lake will be ample room i r ships to anchor elurlng storms, se'curing all the advantage of a prot. t, d harbor, and th- lake itself will make it possible by dredging In future years to bring the waterway along its entire routs dewri to tho sea level, should that be deemed ad visable, without Interfering with its com mercial usage. It Is. as I said in the beginning, a project free from any grave engine-e-ring eliffleulties. The French, had th-y been san- and set tled in their plans and honest In their ex ecution, should have, completed it a de cade ago. That we can complete It and open it to commerce in less than a decade seems e-ntire-ly reasonable; that w. will do so is implicitly believed by everybody on the ibthmus. MERRILL A. TEAGUE. NEGROES TERRORIZED. Their Children Fired on and Their Churches Burned. STEPHENS. Ala., Jan. 20.-Negroes liv ing near Bigbee. Washington county, are terrorized by actions attributed to a self styled Dalton gang. Several months ago a turpentine still and sawmill were burn.-d and negroes were suspected. The children of Daniel Grimes, a negro, were fired on from the bushes last week. The same night Grimes's house was fired Into. A notice was serveu em him to leave within five days on penalty of death. The pame night two negro churches were burned; als a barn and contents belonging to Joseph Anderson, a white- farm--r. Arrival of IssltliSOBl'S Body. NEW YORK. Jan. 3ö.-Th- body 'of John Smithson. 4he founder of the Smithsonian Institution at Washington, who died t:i Genoa In 1X2. arrived to-night on the SteeSH r Prlncesp Irene. The body was sccornpunS d by Prof. Alexander Graham Bell, of the Smithsonian Institution, and Mrs. Bell, who went to Itsly for this purpose- The- l I will b.. tasvn to Washington on the United Stutc disuatezh beat Dvuuuai uuurrow. The soda cracker that made the Nation hungry. r i at i CORN SYRUP The new gyrup with the new flavor that everybody loves. Good for all home uses, from griddlo cakes to candy. All grocers. In 10, 25 and 50 cent tins. CORN PRODUCTS CO.. New York and Chicago. Where blighting winds and nipping frosts are tempered by the sea and sua." Hotel Chamberlin, Old Point Comfort, Va. The situation, as well as the appointments. of this famous hostelry are peculiarly con ducive to recreation and enjoyment at t his season. Cuisine and service of unsurpassed excellence. Hampton Roads: OSVSmJ! th Fortress Monroe: ITZ )S7 Fhootlns preserves of 10.000 acres for exclusive use of guests Fine shooting, dogs and guides furnished. Golf toe year round. Hooklets at Itlg- Four H. R. Offices. GEO. F. ADAMS. Mgr.. Fortress Monroe. Va. HEAD OP THE JESUITS REPLIESJÖ tl EDITOR Father Martin's Counsel Deelare9 He Did Not Hire Spadoni to Fight Americanism. CASE TO BE DISMISSED ROME. Jan. 20. Counsel for Father Mar tin, general secretary of the Society of Jesus, have presented to the courts a counter statement in the Spadoni case. Editor Spadoni caused a summons to be Is sued against Father Martin last month for the purpose of obtaining compensation with costs, alleged to be due the editor for work done by agreement with Fath r Martin in a propaganda against the Ameri canization of the Catholic Church In the United States. The statement of Father Martin declaree the contentions of Spadoni to be libelous1 and untrue, and says the truth of the mat ter Is that in the end of November, 1SÖS, Father Martin receive'd Signor Spadoni. who suggested the idea of fighting ths Americanization of the church. The gen eral of the society praised this idea in ge neral, but added that he could not par ticipate in the work and advised 8iftner Bpedonl to wait for the Pope s eplnion in the matter. This part of the counter state nient Is believed to allude to the encyc lical on the subj.-et .f Ame ricanism which was issued shortly afterward. Father Mat t in g o.-a on to say he did not see Sigiior Spadoni again, although the latter ahked for .-moth, r Interview by let tST, which request was declined by letter. Th. se le-tters are In the SSSsWaaton of the oottrt. Father kfaurttn concludes by asking that SlKnor Spadoni be condemned to pay oosts. The ras.- probably will b' discusse4 publicly on 1-. K 6. SCHOOL CODE BILL. Radical Measure Introduced in the Ohio Legislature. COLUMBUS, O.. Jan. 30.-The enactment of a school code is one of the Important tasks confronting the present Ohl-- .1 A - mbly. Tin- Iii t ..f s.ial !. Mils which have been prepared w ts introduced to-lay by B preve ntative Trendway. of 1. v. land. The measure- originated with the Cleveland Chamber of Commerce. It provide board of five memb rx la each city and village to b u.ted at large. The supertnteod nt of srh . t i m the board, will have; a life tenure, conditioned on good behavior, and will have the power to appoint and remove teachers. Th- busi ness affairs of the schools will be in charge of a director, to be elected in each city or ROUNpTAB ARROW BRAND 15 CENTS, 2 FOR 25 CENTS CLUfTT. PtIBODV A. CO at&k-rt ol Cluett and Hoaarca Shuts