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Iowa news. [volume] (Dubuque, Upper Mississippi Lead Mines, Wisconsin Territory) 1837-1841, June 17, 1837, Image 1

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Tar subscribers, having purchased the establish
ment of the late Du Buque Visitor, have revived
that paper iinder the title of ih« IOWA News.—
Tbe great and absorbing interest which universally
prevail* respecting this portion of the valley of the
Mississippi, will reader a newspaper published
here, acceptable to most readers throughout the
•United Ststes, if it is
so conducted as to aflord that
information in relation to the state of this new and
almost unknown region, which so many eagerly
•Attire. Identifying their interest with that of the
Territory of Wisconsin^ the editors will use their
«ndeavors particularly to game correct information
emigrants to this fairett and richett portion of
the "great west." Immense number*, not only in
the Atlantic, State*, are yearly seeking new hopies
in the north-west.' Rumors (too often vague and
unsatisfactory,) have gone abroad, respecting the
mineral riches of this
Terrirory, and surpassing fer­
tility at its soil, it will be the object of the editors
•of the -"News," to describe to the emigrant what
Ikind of country he will find when he arrives—to
aiotice it* adaptation to the purposes of mining,
agriculture, trade and manufactures—its soil, and
iproduaiioas—what .portions of the public lands are
•offered far sale, and where the best may be found
—what portion of the Territory is occupied by set
ters on the public lands, and the mode of making
those settlements—prices «f labor and professional
.services—state of the markets—public roads—cli
mate and health of the inhabitants—and in short,
*11 topographical and statistical information, which
a three year's residence in and observation of the
Territory will enable the editors to give. Land
s.ia the western country will always be noticed.
'The pritiipal employment of the inhabitants of
that part of Wiscousjjj near the Mississippi river
has heretofore toe»a mining,,to the exclusion of al
most every other business—he editors will particu
larly notice all^discoveriesof lead and other ores—
And describe the situation of the mineral region ns
far as it is known.
Among all the duties of men who meddle with
{tublic affairs, and who have any portion of the
}iress at their command, no one is moie obligator}'
than that of endeavoring by nil means in thcii pow
er to do justice to the character and conduct of
ithose who during their own time especially, have
rendered eminent services in the cause of political
justice and constitutional liberty. Conscientious
ly believing the Chief Magistrate of the United
Slates to be such an one, the principles upon which
fee •came into office, and by which the present ad
ministration is conducted, will receive the cordial
sipportof the News. But without compromising
our political principles, tho columns of this paper
will be opened to impartial discussion, let the wri
ter* be of what creed in politics they may. Care
shall be taken to render the-paper useful to the
.former, mechanic and merchant.
It is intended soon to ertlftrge the News, by
-which its usefulness will be increased.
In consideration of the great expense which at
tends a priming establishment in this part of the
country, and to obviate the difficulty of collecting,
subscribers are required, after the receipt of the
fourth number, to pay the amount of their sub
scriptions and toena$£e «utpatrons to
do this.with
•more convenience, nil Post Masters aro authorized
and requested to act a Agents, who, after deduct
inga reasonable commission, will forward the funds
by them collected to this office.
The NEWS will be .published every Saturday
At Thrje Dollars per annum, payable in advance.
Advertisements inserted at the usual rates.
SpECiE.-^-j-ne basest thing
by any party in any age ot the world is that
now being practised by -the Whigs in aiding
a transportation of our specie to England,
Hrhen it is so much needed at home. The doc
trine of establishing a pure metalic currency
Is daily becoming more popular in the Ttast.
Oar merchants go east to pay money to the
•cry men who are lavishing their billingsgate
upon Gen. Jackson for hiseffbrts to restore the
constitutional currency, and &6 they hand it
orer, are accosted with "there is a discount
on this," "this bank has failed," "this is
counterfeit," "this is too much torn," &c.&c„
until they are completely disgusted with the
whole paper system, and 4re constrained to
taunt their creditors with the injurious effects
of their doctrine. It has been ur^ed against a
metalic medium that there is not specie enough
in the country to supply the demands of the
bneioess community. Why then should those
Who ate more strenuous in making this objec
tion, endeavor to deprjve us of what little we
hire by sending it into the jaws of a voracious
English perpetuity! Our doctrine is, banks
Or no banks, keep what specie we have, and
ooin more as fast as possible. This is our on
ly rock of safety. It is of no concern to us
What becomes of the English Bank only so
far as we may wish the same principles which
have lately triumphed in the United States to
soon gain foothold in our mother country.
The diflbrence between the old U. S. Bank
And. the present English Bank is very slight
when compared with the difference between
the town forms of government. Hence tho
to its success.
[Chicago Democrat!
There is one hoble trait observable
in mankind over the world The man
Who has been unjustly injured excites
world cannot become wholly depraved
while shaI, tliA 'c i
The cultivation of literature, and especially po
etry, among the Arabians, runs so far into anti
quity that we have no record of itscommencement.
When the nations of Europe were in a state of the
rudest barbarism, the literature of the Arabs seems
to have been in the most flourishing condition.
The freedom of their haoits, the bold, proud, and
adventurous character of the tribes who wandered
over the delightful country of Arabia the Happy,
gave rise to lively feedings and warm fancy, and
combined every thing favorable to the growth of
poetry. The book of Job is the most ancient of the
poems of Arabian origin, and in its bold images,
noble metaphors, in its philosophy, religion, and
molality, we may discover the true genius of the
people. About the time, of Mohammed, and in
fact long before, poetical contests were held in the
fairs at Mecca and Okadh, and the poems to which
prize was awarded, were written in letters of
gold, m'J hung up in the Caaba. Those extant,
are distinguished by deep feeling, high imagination
by deep, moral and religious sentiments, and by a
conciseness of expression, which disdain* the use
of a multitude of words. Poetry always looses much
of its
beaut 'by
translation, and the sentiment is
all that we cat: obtain.
The following is perhaps one of the most beauti
ful of the Arab poem& extant. It was obtained by
Doctor Madden, in Egypt, and translated literally
by Dr. tic) four.
The author is supposed to be addressing himself,
after lie has been abandoned by his wife, who be
came an inmate of the Prophet's harem.
"ZEINAB has broken the ties which once bound
her to thee.
".Such are the turns of fate one spins the wet1,
which another sunders.
While she spreads the raven.locks thro1 which
her beauty shone, thy head hecaine ash-colored,
ike the plumes of the drizzled ostrich.
"Vhen she saw thee, she wished thee faraway
for it was long since she desired thy meeting, or ex
ulted in iu hope.
"ouch is the attainment of transient things the
making of a treaty with a deserted country, the
looking on a lightning cloud which sheds no rain.
"Resign thy lingering liuld of youth thou art de
ceived in iti duration devote thyself to virtue, for
the best of thy days arc gone youth is past, and
returns no more years advance, and whither inay
est thoiffly!
"Sorrow has become thy guest .thou perceivest
not itscutrance, but thou hast wept over its acquain
tance with bitterness of heart.
"Forego the follies of thy youth remeuibei and
repent of thy errors, foolish mortal.
"Dread the dire account thou hast to give for
wjihout doubt, all isreckoncil written down.
"The two angoia wii, not Ibrget the sum, though
thou hast forgotten it they will cast it up when
thou art most unmindful of it.
"lJenieinber thy breathings are numbered, by
night as well as by day.
l'hy soul is adeposiib committed to thee to deli
ver up again please thee or not, tliou Shalt be spoil
ed of it.
"All thy possessions, most assuredly,.shall death
wwst from thee.
"How vain is the eadeavor to rear an cdifice of
piide, whosn base is earth when eaith itself must
•'urely vanish.
•Jilow wretched is the abode whose pcacj has no
endurance whose
structure Roomed odc.o at.on, 'f
"Listen thou art olierea advice by a true iriend,
whose understanding has been fostered by educa-
"His counsel will crot thee little therefore cher
ish his precepts, if thou hast a thirst for knowledge,
or a hope to benefit by experience.
"Put no trust in fortune she ever abandoned! the
brave, and exaltcfh the newest minion of her fa
"When the times are sick, what can ease the
public stomach but the rainoval of all thatis honor
ble and noble.
"Let piety be thy portion love it, and thou shalt
prosper, for piety has no price.
"Be obedient, that God uiay love thee for obe
dience lead* to Heaven.
"Give back whiu has been committed to thy
charge, and defiaod no man.
'Be just and oppress not -r (ot thereby shalt thou
"Dread the prayer of the oppressed for though
thy arrows have drained his blood, his supplications
are not to be suppressed.
"Incline thy protection to thy relatives and friends
and to thy servants all of them and if they have of
ended thee, forgive them..
"Cultivate the friendship of the noble hearted
and though they seem to slight thee,'still excuse
"Despair not, though thou errest from the truth
whom hust thou seen walk so surely that he never
"If in thy time calamity assail thee, and diffi
culty environ thee, pray to thy God he ever In
clines to the humble hearted, and is nearer to him
than the veins which pervade his neck.
"Reject the robe of pride, and number not thy
self amongst the self-lovers.
"Be thy cojnpanien princely in hia soul that he
may bleas thee opep-handed, just, and virtuous,
that he may serve thee.
"Choose thy friend with care, and confide in
him, that tho bonds of your mutual love may be
strong as thc ties which unite brothers.
not familiar with the vulgar man, he is con
tagious the scabby camel derives no benefit from
toe touch of the sound, but the healthy camel be
comes contaminated by communication with the
"Poverty is accounted disgraceful but how do
table the defect in him who boasts of high delcent.
''The rich man is honored by all they who
in his presence aspire to nothing but his bounty he
ruleg the world hy his wealth, his word is obeyed,
and his sayings are approved of the people smile
at his approach, they stand before his divan, and
s:ek to come neerhiin.
"Be not avaricious avarice makes a merit of
contempt, and renders its slave miserable.
"The miser wandeis about like one bereft of rea
son, searching every corner as he goes, And seek
ing his idol by every sordid artifice.
"Affluence alas! is not always ihe portion of
thc active wealth Aows abundantly to fools! whilst
fcrtune looks with coldness on the clever man.
"Be contented' for in contentment is peace of
mind. Ambition hath none.
"Invest not thyself with vain desires i for thou
pultest on tbe clothing of contempt, as the fabled
"fiuard thy tongue, and be cautious of its specch
the sympathy of his-fellows, and no- !.
by the tongue a man is saved or ruined
fvy 7 '1 hou uttesv .« and
thing advances a cause SO much as the W onceal ihrBeJre^ anTp^ser.e 1t inviolate ner, and I again lowered my pifCe. The by.
persecution of Its supporters. The and entire:
a broken vase cannot be refuted. Standers
"Avoid tho man'who fosters hatred though he
affect to love thee, keep him at a distance, alnd
attract him not.
"Enmity, however old, still cherishes in its
breast a secret grudge.
"Greet even thy foe with a salutation, and ap
pear not to be apprehensive of him but beware
of him on tho day when thou seest him smile for
the lion always shows his eye tooth when his rage
is deadly
"When ihou perceivest thy friend flattering thee,
be persuaded that no enemy is fitter to be shunned.
"There is no good in the friendship of the man
who flatters thee he has sweethess on his tongue,
but his heart revolts from thee.
"He meets thee with an oath that he is thy well
wisher but he turns his back and whispers calum
nies against thee.
"He steeps his tongue in honey and clotheshis
feet with the cunning of the fox.
s'Run not after the world for that which is ea
sily caught is a worthless capture.
**One single day of thy life place not thy trust in
woman for though she swear to thee by the most
sacred oath, she will still deceive thee.
"She sooths thee with words, and smile* on thee
with softness but when she is moved to anger, she
is like the raging lion.
"When wealth becomes scarce in one country,
and eubsistance precarious, remove to another:
God's earth is widely spread frnin east to west.
"Good advice is given, if thou art capable of re
ceiving it.
"What is worth a belter price if sold, or more
estnem if given, than prudent counsel1?
"Take then this poem as a present of strung
pearls yea, of greater value and give ear to its
admonition: they are the words of a wise man, who
moved along the high and crowded road of lile
with a constant step, and who was familiar with
uie gieat affairs of the world: that man was Ali,
the cousin of Mohammed, of an exalted rank and
noble matron!"
SOUTHAMPTON, July, 1837.
After having supped in the coffee room with
several very agreeakleand intelligent fellows,
I smoked a cigar with a rather gentlemanly
and spirited young man, who was dressed in
a green hunting coat with yellow buttons, low
crowned and broad brimmed hat, with a riding
whip in his hand. He seemed to be well
known to every body, and conversed in a flu
ent, easy and manly way upon all kinds of
sporting topics—hunting, racing, shooting. &c.
&c. soon found that he was one of the most
lowing morning. I resolved to ue present.
All the feelings of my hunting days in Ken
tucky and the Far West came over mc I for
got entirely that I was in England—^and a stran
ger. Hut I did not forget to hastui to my bed
thou' h't„shmild be
tuck r-u|e_,lNever 8hoot
lucky, with
a single ball, too,—how the natives wonld
stare! Forgive me if I felt a confidence bor
dering upon vanity, I really could not help it
though I knew the birds were only to be fired
at with shot—yet I hoped to make a rifle match
with some on thc ground, (as many spare? birds
were to be taken.
The hour came, and a large party repaired
to the field—I among thc rest. I soon found
that thc sport was uncommon at this season of
the year—liut the match was held for the pur
pose of settling a particular bet. Thc pigeons
were brought on thc ground in largo baskets,
and were placed one, sometimes two, at a time
in a kind of trap, at the distance of twenty-one
yards from the marksmen. They were called
blue pigeons, aud when the signal was given
they fled with great rapidity and strength.
The two competitors fired tolerably well, but
my sporting friend had the better, bebause
when thfiy fired with double-barrelled gur.sat
"twos," he contrived, with great coolness and
dexterity, to bring down both his birds, twice
out of three times. The match ended by his
killing ten birds out of twelve, while his rival
only shot nine. He then turned to me and
said-—"I suppose you shoot better than that in
America." HNo," said I, "that is very tol
erable shooting any where." "But," he ask
ed, "what in the name of all that is ridiculous,
could have induced you to bring your rifle to
a pigeon match! It is of no use whatever in
this"kind of sport. How small the barrel is!
I never saw so singular an instrument."
"It is a piece which requirei seventy-five
balls to the pound." "Pshaw!" exclaimed
he, "I never heard of such a thing, it can have
but little power. Our rifles carry balls of
three quarters of an ounce each."
"Well, I will try you at six pigeons each
with it, giving you the advantage of one» just
for a friendly dinner between four of us."
"Agreed! Not that I expect to win—but aft
you, to a very great degree, hven I began
to fancy I had been too self-confident in offer-
manifested signs of
"Adivulged secret isspread by countless tongues, dissatisfaction, and I—I must confess, te the
each exaggerates or falsifies it. very reverse of comfortable. The third pi-
opposition 01 man- MShun the liar sheisau unfit companion and a aeonwas loosed, and she (led straight a-head: him a
badfriend. ^flndi
a rifle ball whistled through the air and--she
Anothp^l sni j°Ui P.r°cla,metl
ir»mmilnii« .„j
taucc Th^f ?nd
for ih'iv j"6
bout rifle shooting
nv other' JLr.iL ®re f.
th/ h°nor
a"i- e/1.'
111 Jf
a 8tl11
u.. .ii
as a
At the Swiss settlement of Vcvay, Ind., the grape
is extensively cultivated, and a very jv-dpectable
wine called "Constantia," after a (.'ape wine of
that name, which it resembles in taste, is manufac
tured. When Vevay was in its infancy, the lion.
Henry Clay, then Speaker of the House of Ucpre
sp natives of the U. S. received a present of three
bottles of this "Constantia" wine—and hereby
hangs a tale, related to us the other day, by a gen
tleman who heard ii in Kentucky. Admiring its
flavor, and uurijrisod to hear that wine ofso good a
quality WAS raised on the banks of the Ohio, Clay,
alter having drank two bottles, requested his wife
to lay aside the third, is order tiint when he went
accomplished sportsmen in the neighborhood to Congress, he might take it with him to present
—and he informed mc that a pigeon match was 't0 President Madison,—not doubting that ho would
to take r/,ace at about a mile distant, the fol-
bo a3
room anl put my rtfle in order. V'ou remem- -than one occasion during the fatiguing passage, tri
ber, doubtless, that in my own town 1 was sc- umphed over a strong desire to refresh himself with
cond to none in the use of that deadly instru- I'M contents. On his arrival at the capitol, be sent
ment. Therefore, imagine me casting bullets «l,e "Constantia," with a sketch of its history, to
in the kitchen and putting every thing in trim
ourcountry has produced. My heart beat high
foe the purpose of us.ng one of the best rifles
wit|| id( liBrdl 8, ta
much su prised as himself had bean, at this
a* A nrncpnt specimen of domestic manufacture. Accordingly
thc thirfj wa8care(lll) (, ite(1 hl lliec"cf_
My de|iosite
lar, and on going to Washington, Mr. C. luok it
along with him. Ill crossing the Allcglianies, fear
ful that it would get biokcn, lie carried it in his
hands a considerable part of the way, and on more
A hw
-i i :I ploniutic (tumor was given at thc
While IIoum"
President ordered the servants lo bring clean glass
es,as he had a new kind of wine, oil which lie want
ed thc opinion ofliis guests. The glasses wore pro
duced— filled wi.h Mr. (.-lay's "I onstnntin," and
and parsed round to the company." Clay felt as if
the "death agony" was upon him—he feared the
result of this comparison of his Amerlc ui wine
with the rare European liquors qliicli xpaikled upon
the table. At length, alter the smacking of e
lips had ceased, the President, addressing himsrli
to Mr. Wirt,ihen Attorney General, said "Come
Mr Wirt, you arc a connoisseur, what do you think
of Mr. (.'lay's wine?" "Why, to tell you the truth,
Clay," saiil Wirt, "I don't know what sort oCuiini:
you call this, but it tastes tome confounded strong
of Kentucky lVhitkryP, C-lay felt as if lie should
ing to shoot pigeons with a rifle. However, !ry]and, notoriously addicted to this vice,
the dlstahce tempted me, and I knew if they hearing an uproar in his kitchen one evening
fled straight forward I should have a good this curiosity to step without noise to thc
till joi
are sure
Th/second bjrd 8erved me in
,he same man-
tr i,
thU h«ii i 7?" ?a5 P'ease.s* I
ing of eithp^nf th
M(. Vla^ Jlnl0l^ 0.JierH, lmd ail
and attended. Aftei the cloih was removed, the
sink to the floor with mortification, but keeping his .i
countenance, answered: "Well, i don't know but i Unucd for that purpose,, and was going to ru
it does so. I Should rather think that it did—but will probably be converted into a Silk La
tvo call this excellent wine in Kentucky:"—and I boratory, and that (JO or 80,000 mulberries are
expected to be planted out in the grounds. In
this vicinity, attention is turned to thc culti
vation of the mulbetjy, particularly the broad
leafed Chinese mulberry, ^vhich is now easi
ly propagated by slips. Among others, Mr.
thus the matter passed off with some merriment
On his return to his family, Clay related the cir
cumstance, when one of his hoys spoke out—"Ah,
father, I can tell you how it happened. Tom and
1 were down in the cellar one day in search of
something to drink, when Tom look up the bottle
mother had laid away, and before knowing what
it was, drank off half its contents. Fearing a dis
covery, we filled it up with n bottle of whiskey we
found thero, amflaid it aside again," Thus was.
the tnhitkey taste discovered by Mr. Wirt satisfac
torily accounted for. Such were the incidents at
tending the first bottle, perhaps, of American Con
stantia, or rather whiskey, that found its way over
the Alleghauies from the banks of thc Ohio.
[Greenfield Gazotte:
length, and generally about four feet high—and
their form is s ich, that with but,little assistance
from the imagination, they may be supposed to te
preeents lizards, alligators and flying dragons.—
They all point in one general direction, but are not
precisely parallel.
1 1 1 P,vv pAI SIICIV in VIIW ioij IBI^O IIIVUHU
I have gained something handsome already, I oveslooking the whble, and a copious spring of pure
•m not particular about losing.' Besides, I water in the vicinity. The ground on which the
do not believe that even you, with all your mounds are found is high, and affords a very fine
practice, can possibly strike a bird with a sin- prospect ofthesounounding scenery.
gle ball. It seems so extraordinary." It affords us much pleasure io add, that the pro-
The birds were trapped one by one, and prietor has taken measures to have these rehes tif
door to hear what wap the matter^ when he
We cast lots for the first shot, it fell to my beheld his servants indulging in tbe mostun
rival. I loaded and he fired—but he missed bounded roars of laughter at a couple of hit
every shot. He bore the disappointment, how-
gT0 boys who were mimicking himself in
ever, with excellent humor. I took the rifle ^is drunken fits showing how he reeled and
—the first bird flew slant-wise In so singular staggered, how he looked and nodded, and
a manner that I could not bring the sight to j,ickuped, and tumbled. The picture tirhich
Athob was covered with ignomuiy for his covet- bear,—after raising my piece to my shoulder these children of nature drew of him, and
I lowered it again, and allowd the
to escape without firing You know the
which filled thc rest with so much merriment
struck him so forcibly that he became a per
fectly sober man, to the unspeakable joy
his wife and children—[Western Post. I
A man of the loving name of "Peer Popki?s"
was brought up the other day as an insolvent. I'Oi
and when at the distance of 70 yards at least, 1 doings.
a man to be insolvent,
fr r' i
~j'. «.'•
fc .V*}
pec,s both
the nevt I «-?l fi If" V'"
not seen it,
Do not imagine was conceited—I was not
let a- centrates in it, previously to its final tranship-
that is if I couldToss'ihlvavoi^ it®
rea,'^.(' by
of my 'cannot be more than 12,000 souls, but if real
sen iment nerved and steadied property could be purchased or leased on rea- uesace, snrau oegimuno-s have bcc
Prodl?y i
by all aroutd while Ife.tquitc cool upon the rear of the town is level, and abundance of ma
business, as you know that amongst western jterials for the construction of dwellings, and
hunters, it would have been merely consider- the paving of the streets, aro every where to
ed pretty fair shooting --but nothing won- jbe found. When that section of the state, wa
derful. 1 will not conceal," however, that I jtered by the Missouri, shall have increased in
experienced a gratification approaching to tn- population to that extent, which the richness
umph, as I returned to town with the party-- land fertility of the soil, the healthfulness of
iipn, as i returned to town with the party
ana this was not diminished when "my health
coupled with the "prosperity of America,"
was drank after dinner. To gratify my new
friends, I have given them a direction in the
United States, where they may obtain good
rifles. They intend sending for four genuine
John Carter, the skillful and successful culti
vator of tne vine, has planted out this spring
about 40,000 slips of this succulent species of
mulberry." Individuals in many sections arc
engaged in the business. Tho prospects in
this state are flattering climate is most appro
priate and our worn out tobacco lands are ad
mirably adapted to the cultivation of the mul
berry. The business, if liberally undertaken
will stay the tido of emigration.
From North Carolina, South Carolina, and
Georgia, accounts are of the most choering
We have been very politely fumisheij with an in
teresting drawing .of a group of ancient artificial
mounds, lately discovered at Crawfordsville, on subject a fair trial. Climate and Soil admira-1
the Pishtaka (Fox) river, on the roads fromi this
place toGeueva Lake and from Uacine to Madison i
These mounds are from thiee to seventeen rods in
„. ...
silenr-p ju- i scarcely a room can be obtained in any part of subject and inquiry has been awakened" in
the andihln «.hi"°W
.. r~r .extravagant rents, combined with the enor
urlautly, and produces an abundant foilage. !nounce hj8
here is one very large mound make. At Pensacola and Mobile there aro a
large number of mulberry trees. At the lat-
have had their capital extended /«WaoW
ami design commencing largely. Several com- t,.
forn'f,« a"d
THE WEST. ture and manufacturing company has beetiin-'
success, St -Louis is beautifully situated, command- corporated—and has selected a favorable Ioca-
g™fc[dis- ingoncofthc loveliest and most extensive pros- tion, opposite Cincinnati The st bicct tho'
the Mississippi and of the st-tes new, is attracting attention A letter 'fire's
iof Illinois and Missouri, on which the eye cv- account of some zealous
An immense volume ol trade con- individuals who «Te*'Vich and able to oive the
ment for New Orleans, or the markets of tho in a few years, do much tn the si'l-'b -inel
"8jc the miss- least and so exorbitant are the rates of profit In Indiana, the Quakers about' Richmond
hy the city. Many of the stores rent for as much iinany sections. All that has been done, Jias
ell,it is extraordinary --couldn extravagant rents, onmhinpd with tho nnnr. vatton of the mulberry is all that has transpi
red. Considerable- preparations are makinrr
in this way.
had not seen it, &e. &c. imous prices demanded for real property re-
fiit oo if i u"~ r""*"-"-" "aa «•«»—I tard the prosperity of the city. Its population
|.w.ere »hootl"g
Pe® o^'otory. sonable terms, 1 am convinced that in 'en years The soil and climate of each entirely
«ght miles is very imposing. The houses I growing states.
®,:aPPlausc was seem crowded together on a gently sloping but Mr. Juiison says: The efforts which hate
jthe climate, the great demand for some of its
valuable staples, all seem to indicate it will
speedily obtain, the city of St. Louis will be
hailed queen of the west, and shall scatter her
wealth with a lavish hand over the whole of
this beautiful and almost fairy region.
Alton Is a thriving and flourishing town. In
fact it consists of three towns—Upper Alton,
Middletown, and lower, all embraced within
a space of two miles and a half. It is situa
ted on a range of high, but broken hills, and
every where the lover of nature can enjoy the
delight ol beholding enchanting perspectives.
I he Mississippi is here very beautiful, its wa
ters being clear and transparent above the con
fluence of the Missouri, and in my opinion the
scenery, which more nearly resembles that of
the land of my birth, is the most beautiful on
earth. Here, as in Ihe cast, the blue waters
of tlip river lend a beauty and a freshness to the
prospect, which the grandeur of the mountain,
the impetuosity of thc torrent, the varied and
undulating surface of the country, with its
murmuring streams or rapidly gliding but dis
colored rivers, can never bestow!
The report on this subject, made by the
committee of congress, embodies a mass of
statistical matter showing tho condition of the
business in this country at the period when
the document was prepared. The following
extracts, copied from tlio Richmond Compiler,
will be read with interest:
In Virginia, public attciUioii is rnuch devo
ted to tho subject. Several companies were
/ranted liberal charters, with large capitals,
at the last session of our legislature. These
are:—the Fredericksburg Silk and Agricultur
al Company, tho liartwood Silk and Agri
cultural Company the Virginia Silk and Su
gar Company, ^for the manufacture of silk
and beet sugar,and the West Virginia Silk
and Agricultural Company. There are also
the Virginia Silk Company, and the Potomac
Silk and Agricultural company. The two
last aro iu operation. Mr. J. B. Gray, near
Fredericksburg, has a large number of Chinese
trees in a flourishing condition. In addition
to thc above, the tiilquirer states, that the U.
S. Arsenal which has beon Some time discon-
petjtione.l for
bo a mutter of rc-
to all our fair friends, who would rather see
of sucji-atjnMSMV*
fan.,ll'rls ar?
gaged in the culture, in tho vicinity of Can-
enthusiasm, and petitions were before the last
legislature for aid.
In Kcntucuy, the Campbell cont
v 3,i
business a fair trMl. Kentucky will no doabt
ihe merchants of that place, that have particularly turned their attention to'iho
cost to build them. The been in so short a time that efforts in theculti-
In Illinois, Michigan, Missouri and Ten
nessee, small beginnings have been made.
sly congeni-'
hill—the face of the country in t.ie jheen made by individuals, and the success
which has thus far attended them, seen*, to
point out the course which should be adoptod
by congress. Enough has been done already
to enlighten the public, so far as its practiica-'
bility and profit arc concerned and nothing*
more is wanting to induce thousands of the en
terprising .and industrious to engage in it, but
a thorough knowledge of its details. Could
a general diffusion of practical knowledge on
tho subject of cultivating the tree and rearing
the worm, be effected, I have no doubt the U
nited States would finally become one of tho
greatest silk growing countries in the world."
SIIAD IN THK OHIO.—The Louisville Jour
nal of the 10th instant, slates that several gen
uine shad, as fine as ever swam tho Connec
ticut river, or any other New England stream,
have been caught in the Ohio river within the
last week and sold in that, market. This is
supposed to be the first instance in which this
kind of fish has made its appearance in the
western waters. Doubtless they will receive
a hearty welcome, ns being one of the most
delicious of the finny tribe.
NEWSPAPERS.—It takes every body and eve
ry thing to make a world and so of course
there is a certain'class of dismal newspapers,
that serve up to their renders nothing but hor
rors and groans. They have no place for sun
shine and the bright spots that arc mixed with
the dark ones on this earth. They are like a
seive that should let every bright little dia
mond and prec ous stone escape, retaining on
Iy t)ie grosser mutter aud filth because these
are more bulky.—Accidents, /ires, rape, riot
and murder, aro their delight—on theSo they
fatten, Whilo their readers grow nervous and
poor. A glance at the Broome Republican of
tho Hth,- will givo a happy illustration of this
class. The first article in tho paper to which
We refer, will ho found to be an account of tho
"gfoss outrage" committed on Mr. John Hop
per,- at tho south, which spreads over two col
umns. The 2d article is a certain "mysteri
ous affair," which occurred at Cincinnati and
which, wo perceive the last Kepublican con
tradicts so that those who shed their tears o
ver it, have done so at a drud los3. The 3d
article gives an account of the "divine Sweet"
and his six.womcn the murders they almost
committed, and how they got tarred and feath
ered. The fourth article is an account of a fa
mily in great distress who were relieved in
very praiseworthy manner. Tho 5th article
is about a man who killed his own mother
and another who committted a rape upon his
own daughter. Next come the editorial groanaf
and further on, will be observed, an account of
CSeneral Jackson, iu which he is representefl
as a man of total incapacity, "who has no dis
tinct ideas on any subject'." Next follows a
notice of Mr. Van Buren, made in a similar
spirit, in which ho is called a "mean, capri
cious, aud self-willed despot." After a. few
more short paragraphs, of great distress, about
"bleeding Buffalo" and the specie circular, in
which is very strongly intimated that this
country is no longer a republic the list ofhor»
rors, already eifo'ugh to sicken a whole family
fo^a week, until the issuing of another num
ber, closes with an account of a woman and
four children, who were murdered, and eaten
up by tho hogs!!!—.Courier.
There is a volnme of (rood advico in tho fol
lowing pithy extract:
man in business hours, only on business trans
act your business and go about your busijiespi
character, Planters are disposed to give the |n order to give him time to finish his business^
"VM51*"d .^om the S'g"S many planters
3,,^^ according to the results of expc- iDprsong ilflVR thrown a doubt on the existeng
ter place, Chester Root, Esq., is preparing a [,ecoine
large plantation. The black mulberry is 111-
digenous, and the foilage makes as godd silk
na (ho vilno nf Sterile W ©Bt
„!,„ per»u i» 'v^
of a
will make a silk as well as cotton crop. First Consul, to the Count de Provence, (a£
In Florida and Alabama, the tree grows lux-,
|(.Urr addressed by Buonaparte, whllfr
Louis XVI1L to induce him to rh*
Some of the inhabitants are
convinced that silk 'authenticity of the document, however, is no
would be the most profitable crop they could ]onger
to the throne of France. Thp
to bo
doubted, as this valuable aut£
ha8 been purchased for tho archieves df
n dotlli at tho price
as the Chine?,e. The valuo of sterile West IIIOM ENGLAND.
Florid, tod. will be .Atac*)
J. U »PP.»a uSX'S'
v e i o o u i o n O S K
by their adaptation to tbe production
The fibil and climate is admirably adapted
the silk ctilture. Ohio has commenced the
busineds under flattering auspices. The Ohio
silk company is going on swimmingly—they
have a large plantation on the rich cotton bot
toms of the Scioto, fast stocking in varieties
of mulberry. Tbsy design extending their
2,500f. and has thA
historical record of the greatest inter-
W o s s a
paoQi-ts to tlio 11th, inclusive. o.
fh« news from Paris is to the 9lh ult« ^Tlie fift™
legion of tho Turin National Guard ha3 been
missed by order of Government. TKo eaft*
supposed to have been tho election by ths coiripaWS ^.
of two captains who are personally offr:i'il"
King. 'iii'
Msunior, tho individual w'10 male tne Imi
ton in Stark county. Individuals in many of jvio.nalivot, and HumaiVn, in order to arrange
the counties have iinkcrraken tho business with n-jwone. *.
(i.-oat distress provalis ftinong tho worRIos peo*.^
pis of .'..VIKIK and subserlfPioto hare baen open«tM$£
tack on the person of tho King, has confessed that
plantation of Italian, to 100 acres, with 1,000 ha hail drawn lots
to the acre and an equal number of Chinese, known which of the three should assassinate tho
A company in Jefferson countrp—capital $50,- Knig- lie is said 1 hnvo Ieclar0I t.mt a s
0 0 0 e a s s i o a n u a u i n o a n y y o i a i o s
e s s
l'he French Miiilsny had noty£t bee.i ertmplafi
ted. M. Thiers may p^rha|n return to the cnbljjetfcs,
issai'l that he Has combined with M. youltp^

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