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Iowa news. [volume] (Dubuque, Upper Mississippi Lead Mines, Wisconsin Territory) 1837-1841, July 01, 1837, Image 1

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VOL. 1.
"•B,"TED
IOWA NEWS.
THE subscribers, having purchased the es
tablishmentof the late Da liuque Visitor, have
revived that paper under the title of the IOWA
NKWS. The great and absorbing interest which
universally prevails respecting this portion of
the valley of the Mississippi, will render a
newspaper published here, acceptable to most
readers throughout the United States, if it is
so conducted as to afford that information in
relation to the state of this new and almost un
known region, which so many eagerly desire.
Identifying their interest with that of the Ter
ritory of Wisconsin, the editors will use their
endeavors particularly to give correct informa
tion to emigrants to this fairest and richest por
tion of the "great west." Immense numbers,
not only from the Atlantic States, but also
from the older Western States, are yearly seek
ing new homes in the north-we9t. Rumors
(too often vague and unsatisfactory,) having
gone abroad, respecting the mineral richcs of
this Territory, and the surpassing fertility of
its soil, it
will be the object of the editors of the
"News," to describe to the emigrant what
kind of a country he will find when he arrives
—to notice its adaptation to the purposes of mi
ning, agriculture, trade and manufactures—its
soil, and productions—what portions of the
public lands are offered for sale, and where
the best may be found—what portion of the
Territory is occupied by settlers on the public
lands, and the mode of making those settle
ments—prices of labor and professional servi
ces—state of the markets—public roads—cli
mate and health of the inhabitants—and in
short, all topographical and statistical infor
mation, which a three year's residence in and
observation of the Territory will enable the ed
sales in the western coun-
•ycMMtr ST
sippi river has heretofore been mining, to Oi?
exclusion of almost every other bristness—the
editors will particularly notice all (iiscoveries
of lead and other ores—and describe the situa
tion of the mineral region as far as it is known.
Among all the duties of men who meddle
with public affairs, and who have any portion
of the press at their command, no one is more
obligatory than that of endeavoring, by all
means in their power, to do justice to the char
acter and conduct of those who, during their
own times, especially, have rendered eminent
services in the cause of political justice and
constitutional liberty: Conscientiously be
lieving the Chief Magistrate of the United
States to be such an one, the principles upon
which he came into office, and by which the
present administration is conductcd, will re
ceive the cordial support of the News. But
without compromiting our political principles,
theeolumns of this paper will be opened to im
partial discussion, let the writers be of what
Areed in politics they may. Care shall be ta
ken to render the paper usoful to the farmer,
Mechanic and merchant.
In consideration of the great expense which
attends a printing establishment in this part of
the country, and to obviate the difficulty of
collecting, subscribers arc required, after the
receipt of the fourth number, to pay the amount
of their subscriptions and to enable our pa
trons to do this with more convenience, all
Poet Masters are authorized and requested to
act as Agents, who, after deducting a reason
able commission, will forward the funds by
them collected to this office.
fly All letters, in order to receive attention,
most be addresed to the editors, POST PAID.
CORIELL, KING & RUSSELL.
TERMS.
THE IOWA NEWS is published every Satur
day, at THREE DOLLARS per annum if paid in
advance, or FOUR DOLLARS, if payment is de
layed until theexpiration of six months from
the time of subscribing. Persons subscribing
for a les3 time than one year will be charged
at the rate of FOUR DOLLARS, payable ALWAYS
NADVANCE. JUNE, 1837.
A LEGACY.—The following noble
sentiment occurs in the will of Colonel
George Mason,of Virginia, a man dis
tinguished before the revolution for
his patriotism and chivaly
'I recommend it to my sons, from
my own experience in life, to prefer
the happiness of independence and
private station, to the troubles & vexa
tion of public business but if either
their inclinations or the necessities of
the times shouldengage them in public
affairs I charge them on a father's bless
ing, never to let the motives of private
interest or ambition inducc them to be
tray, nor the terrors of poverty and
disgrace, or the fear of danger or death,
deter them from asserting the liberty
of their country, and endeavoring to
transmitto posterity those sncred rights'
to which themselves were boirn.'
A"»
ALL SAINTS AND ALL 80CLS DAV AT PARTS.
'Come to thy home, beloved!
The misls they are thick, remember
We've no autumn's mellow gun,
It is dull and drear November,
And thy way a weary one,
Coxne to thy home beloved!'
Sjngs of the Season*.
««*«, C«n,I,.,, K,™ „lS5EtI,
PARIS, 1837.
In the good old times of Louis XIV, when kings
had confessors as well as jesters, and when a prince
was not a good one who was not on excellent terms
with the Jesuits, there lived a worthy man called
'Pere' or Father LA CIIABE. And in those good IK, U.. ., ..
old times for absolute, expensive nnd dissolute
la.', and when their order was suppressed, the JVjfai". first of'.h^
son da Mont Louis,' for so the Jesuit house was
called, was sold by a decree, dated 171.3, to pavThe I
we are bound to preserve, availed himsclfof all that I „-.u i u
existed of the former Jesuit colony, which could be i founded b'v Abelnrd6 "i^r
subservient to the use or embellishment of this re
ceptacle of the clay tenement! of departed -pirits.
In the pretty month of May, in 1804, when tho
budding roses were smiling benuteously on their
stems—when the lilies are 'lilting love' on each
bush and tree—and when nature was rising bright
ly from the darkness and weariness of a winter's
gloom, the first corpse was then buried in the then
newly consecrated cemetry of Pere le Chaise. I
am very glad they chose the month of May for that
purpose —nnd I delight to associate in my mind
the fact, that as the spring time of May succeeds to
the death and gloom of winter—so the resurrection
of the just shall succeed to the long night and dark
ness ol the cold, cold grave. And it was a good
wise thing, ayo, a'.idia chccrfu! and a joyous
fuundnis l/fttoii,beautiful ceni
willJ'itjthj entr&uct! i tiifa^bodc of the
orertWi7* «.•, «».-i ,*n*
Well then, on 'All Saints Day,' the gay, the vol
atirc, the thoughtless, the inconsiderate Parisians,
visit the graves of their friends, the mausoleums of
departed goodness or greatness, the sepulchral chap
els and funeral vaults of the Paris cemetries, and
sprinkle fresh flowers—hang up new garlands-plant
new trees—deposit new plants—on the graves of
those who have preceded them. and whose virtues
claimed their respect, their gratitude, or their af
fection, But as I could not visit all the cemotries
in one day, 1 preferred that of Pere La Chaise—
and you must imagine yourselves with me in this
blooming ccmetry of the dead
Yonder trips a little urchin by the side of his
manly, but [dejected father. What has he in his
hand It is a wreath of immortelles. Poor fel
lo w, he is about to place it on the grave of his mo
ther. His father leads him there. The youngster
is unconscious of the vastness of his loss—but he
will know it hereafter! Let us follow them at a
distance, and watch their movements. The grave
is behind the chapel. It is surrounded with roses
and myrtles. A plain white slab marks her name
—her ago only twenty-four. She has been dead
two years—she was 'ViRoixir.,'--and her husband
knoels on the ground. Hallowed monuments of sad
recollection and of departed joys! I will not dis
turb the solitude ol your grief. The child plucks
the daisies which grow on the grave of his mother!
Ah! 'tis thus that a new generation dances on the
graves of its ancestors!
Yonder walks mournfully and sadly, and with
head reclining on hei bosom, and with a black veil
hiding every feature from observation, a youthful
form with an aged step. She is a widow.
'For him no more the blazing heath shall burn,
Or busy housewife ply her evening care
No children run to lisp their sire's return.
Or cliinb his knee the envied kiss to share.'
She winds her silent way, she hopes unperceived,
for she holds companion only with her God, and
with the spirit of her departed husband—to the
grave of all her hopes, and to the depository of all
her wishes. There are no roscr, there! Hhe has
planted the c.i/press alone—and. but one, which she
wets with her tears, and renders os perrcnial as
her soirow. Look! she kisses'the ground. It is a
fact. The very ashes of the 'departed are conse
crated to her. She has erected no storied urn, nor
animated bust. No trophies are raised by her over
his tomb
'Far from the maddening ciowd's ignoble strife,
Their sober wishes never learned to stray
Along the cool sequestered vale of life,
They kept the noiseless tenor of their w*y.'
There is a plain black marble monument, on
which are written but two lines. The first records
his name. The second is as follows: "I SHALL
SOON JOIN YOU.' Blessed thought! delightful
consolation! Admirable woman, thy spirit hath
joined him already for iJie 'kingdom of heaven
is not far from any one of us.
Yonder are four children, led by an aged person,
who forms as striking a conlfUgt as a May day to
This is too much even foi the light heart and light
step of her orphan brother and they all weep, each
before they arrive at the grave of their parents. To
weil(
i ,hpi!* -pi Vs
kings, there existed a Jesuit house, seminary, col- u" 'n®0,0"
lege, monastery, call it which you will—on the'east •'ghtful
Shall I continue my narrative? No, no—but
will conduct you to the national or popular monu
ments of this beauteous and interesting cemetry.
One of the most picturesque and interesting is
the tomb of Abelaid and lleloise. It consists of a
sepulchral chapel of gothic architecture formed out
leftside* Hpy"'- iloly Vv'ii'- the murdered martyr—and Foy, the cver
rcp rMlfWfl«jaor
Spes illwum
linmortaliate
Plena est. Booh of Wisdom III. 5.
To this beautiful cemetry your readers must ac
company me to-day. I visited it on All Saints
Day. Perhaps a third part of the population of
Paris did the same thing. It is a pious ceremony
at the commencement of a long winter. It is a
Catholic festival from which I shall not dissent.—
It is a wise breathing time in the inid3t of the
breathless pursuit after pleasure, folly, and ambi
tion «f this world's votaries.
Beneath these rugged elms, that yew tree'sshadc,
Whore heavs the turf in many amould'ringheap,
Each in his narrow cell forever laid
The rude forefather's of the hamlet deep.
Yes, it is good and wise—useful and pious—
thus to hold communion with the dead and he who
resolved first on planting flowers and shrubs over the
grave of his friend, must have been a kind, and I
cannot but think, a good man.
IOWA MEWS.
MAIN
DU BUQUE, UPPER MISSISSPPI LEAD MINES, WISCONSIN TERRITORY, JULY L,
-•'-J ^UJIJ ill llicir Ili&UUS 5UIIIC
token of grief, some emblem of mourning. The
e.uwi looks like a healthy girl of fifteen. She has
a wreativcf immortelles in her hand. The second
is pale and ghastly. She must be a year young
er. She has a garland of flowers. They are au
tamn flowers, and look but sickly 'pale perishing
flowers1—they are emblems of herself! The third
is a boy of twelve years ofnge
ij
ImnJI. ff
a
„d he fourth
a littln girl who looks about ten. They aie all
sad and serious but the round clubby looks of the
boy form a strange contrast with the withered form
of his pale and ghastly sister. She says, 'next year
you will bring a garland forme.'
urlal
H!^S'
y,j Paracl"'
fwh,eh IIeloise
Hie French Virgil has no other inscription on
his tomb, than
JACQUES DE LILLE.
The Swiss protcstant pastor Frederic Mestezart,
reposes side by side with his catholic brethren—and
in that ground which formerly belonged to some nf
their most cruel persecutors. Oil the power of time
and of the revolutions which it brings in its train!
A Minister of Calvin reposes not far from that Cha
renlon, where the reformed religion saw its tem
ple demolished, and its preacher proscribed Ho
reposes in that ground whore a bigottod Jesuit lov
ed to meditate on his plans of intolerance and per
secution.
Madame Cotton sleops in pence! The warrior
of Fleurusank Marshal Messena are near her tomb,
nsho,8
t0 ashes clnBe
their mighty deeds,
a nl
'I know that my Redout Wjn^OHl^Jr-tla- A: he SUfrmU^the great and goo,
shall stand at the latter tu of the W a.yl dumb-r
1 am the resurrection and the life he tbatibenJ
lieveth in me, though he were dead, vet shall he
live.'
statesman, patriot and soldier
good director of
painter of
thin
oral philosopher, repose wi
other and Olivia*jaW Periei
Siodltt ffih'ira!
ft
and th*
.otu
the mostly manly though wT**** state-t,,cn fifth*"
day a re there.alike waiting the gonerri'i
But how ^h ii] attempt to describe, the
effect of this splendid and attractive scenef It
seated on the Mope of a hill. It is Buriou«rtii4iy
luxuriant valleys or by rising grounds. It com*
mands an extensive viow of a picturesque and
glowing landscape. It is ever green—over flowe
ry—and ever fair—The number and beauty of
the monuments are certainly somewhat surprising.
Some of them of large dimensions and elegant ar
chitecture, are in the form of temples, sepulchral
chapels, funeral vaults, pyramids and obelisks
others present cippi, rolumns altars, urns, and
tombs of diversified forms variously ornamented
many are surrounded by inclosures of wood or
iron, within which are planted flowers and shrubs
—and near these aro benches, to which kindred
and friends retire, there to hold communion with
the dead, and to give vuit to feelings of affection
and grief.
And thon on|All Saints' Day, wh.en the multi
tude repair to keep 'holy-day' amid the ashes of
the departed, how beautiful is the scene! The
young ind the aged, the rich and poor, the learned
and the uninst ructed, all meet together over the
common receptacle of all, and rocognizo by one
national act, that 'dust they are, and unto dust
they shall letum
But the shades of evening are drawing in—the
curtain of night is folding
afojnd us—
'The curfew tolls the knoll of parting day,
The lowing herd winds slowly oe'r tiio lea
The ploughman homeward plods his weary way,
And loaves the world to darkness and to me.'
so we must leave the scene of our mournful but
profitable sojourn—and you must pass over a few
hours and imagine yourselves with me the next
morning, on All Souls Day!
As All Saints Day is the fete day of the bodies
of the departed—All Souls Day is the fote of the
souls of the dead! All Saints Day is the fete of
the resurrection—All Souls Day is the fete of im
mortality! There is something very beautiful in
this climax, and though no one can be poisibly
more opposed from principle and conviction, than
1 am to the errors of the Church of Rome, yet
I must at least concede the merit of beauty,
picturesque effect and captivating illusion to the
ceremonies of the Uomish religion, and it seems
to inc a great pity that the errors of All Souls Day
cannot be separated from its uses and benefits for
surely ono day in the year spent fn the considera
tion of the character and destiny of the soul of
man, and in meditations on the examples and vir
tues, both private and public, of the departed,
would be no bad employment of so small a portion
of each revolving year.
At the break of day all tho bells of Paris are
set in movement. All the varied intonations of
the multitudinous belfries of the capital fall upon
the ear—and it is on such a morning as this that
the lovers of real harmony should follow tho advice
of Victor Hugo, in his Notre Dame do Paris, and
ascend some eminence to catch the tone of this
concert of bell music. Scarcely has the sun shed
his first beams over tho streets and alloys of the
metropolis, and long before the aisles of the chur
ches are cleared of that mistiness which is always
to be observed hanging about great buildings at
break of day, than all the chairs and benches are
besioged by a Catholic community come to be
present at the masses for the dead.
And now we arc standing in the cathedral of
the capital, beneath the splendid organ of Notre
Dame. The altar is hung with black.' The
great doors of the church are thrown open! The
multitude throngs from all patts. Every sort of at
tire and'|costume, from the rags of the chiffonier''
to the highest caps and silver pins of the Norman
dy and other peasants, meet your eye and whilst
standing amazed at this influx of the Parisian
population, tho bell rings—the mass commences—
the organ peals—tho Host is raised, the devout
auditory prostrate themselves before this symbol of
the cross—and for a moment you involuntarily
think of the declaration of the founder of our reli
gion, that lie, when he should be lifted up. would
draw all men unto him.
at nmsshas
on An sLaCi .\6r
on All bouls Day-'and 1
J!i!.,rra-0 ia?
Garden, they
,oU':.,In
days when fleath
8,alket'
wilh
hid«"
"'Tl
RWay
!EL„,i&"S "'fC'
la,st
'""j
ail?
1: _r .i 1 ). i though no marble monument may record thy vir
crcditors of the community—and the name of Pe
re la Chaise' was substituted for that of Mont Lou
is. The old gardens and orchards, pleasure grounds
and promenades of this once religious spot, became
invaded by the humble citizens and the laity of
Paris and after various mutations, to which all
human things are subject, it was perfeel, it was
purchased by the Perfect of the Department of the
Seine, to be converted into a ccmetry. With
the former shrubs and fruit trees of the ancient
grounds of Pere la Chaise, were mingled cypresses
and weeping willows —and Broquiart, whose name
,1,en
.°ff t*fr
u,sbillVK~Gc"®r0U9'
leP"led
"oble' estimable creature.
tues, they are not the less registered in heaven. For
On some fond brenst the parting soul relies
Some pious drops the closing eye requires
E'en from the tomb the voice of Nature cries
E'en in our ashes Jive their wonted fires!
STREET, A7S3 PEB AN,™ ,r ......
ALVNFJOT IF PAID 1ST ADVANCE, OR $4 AT THE JETFD OF THE YEAH.
^e®n terminated, then
smaller and lesser masses commence for the souls
of individuals ujiose relations cannot afford to pav
fort hi. costly offering for the souls of their depart
®d/r'en''f-
1 liavo
l*en at church since six
o clock this morning,' raid a French Countess who
hoine tjl
f,ast
fivc
evening
have g0 well
th6 church
'hat I have received
ry indulgence, and the soul of my friend 1
ha%e rescued from purgatory!' Mistaken but ami
able woman. I turned to her friend who was
rtanding by, and asked, 'Is it possible that vou and
the Countess can believe this?'—for neither of
them are destitute of sense and talent. She
shrugged her shoulders and replied 'Indeed we
must believe all this—but the priests turn our
he«w!'
The masses for the souls of the dead are short
or long, splendid or ordinary, according to the
wealth or generosity of the individuals who may
order them to be celebrated. Some are Miovided
for by the wills of the depaited—whilst others are
paid for by the families, or by some one member
whose gratitude or resources surpass tho rest.
Such scenes as this, though poetic and captivating,
tend certainly to destroy our. dreams of human
perfectibility and in spite of the Sun of Know
ledge ferso many generations, we appear yet to be
surrounded by the murky light of the Middle Ages.
But I must close my letter. All Saints and
All Souls Days have now passed away, for ano
ther year! Before they shall return,'multitudes
of *iose who havo placed crowns of immortelles
on (he graves of their friends, shall in their turn,
be ^ie subjects of the homage ofothers.
'Fif wo nrc the same things that our Fathers have
been,
k see the same sights that our Fathers have soen,
We drink tho same stream, and we feel the same
i sun,
Ai|d we run the same course that our Fathers have
i run.'
And in like manner shall tliero bo masses sui.g,
anjl shall there bells be rung, and shall there be
peffume thrown into the air, and the host shall be
raised, and the prayer shall be chanted for the
sHils of those departed.
I can say no more but thank God the promiso
still remains, that the time shall come, when true
knowledge, true virtue, and true religion, hhall
cover the earth as the wateis cover the channels of
tile mighty deep.
1 am gentlemen, your obed't scrv't.
O. P. Q.
O'CONXKLL'S LETTKR.—D. Iti.ociiKR —Dear
Sir: Tho enclosed newspaper contains a letter
frtim Daniel O'Conncll, dated January i!d, 1837.
TJhe rumor afloat (doubting his attachment to his
country and his inflexible opposition to British des
potism,) induces me to send it to you for publicity.
Ds contents being in accordance with tho views of
any, as well an our own, I doubt not but it will
lace in vour columns.
1637.
tfrtM Correspondent.
'tmMUr, ntihe pyHtebedKer.
rJm the
addressed'**^ people tflio V.
Your obedient Mrvniv.
DA MEL O'CO^JSFELTI.
Dublin, January 2d, 1837.
To the People of the United States:—Tt if well
known to the people of America, and to man
kind in general, with tho single exception, that
the groat end and aim of all my political ma
neuvering is the destruction of tho monopolising
power of Groat Britain. To effect this, a groat
deal of time is necessary indeed, I can only hope
to sec the beginning of it. But on the Amoricuns
rest my hope. Tho rising generation of the Uni
ted States may not only be the beholders, but the
conductors of this destiny and the time has arri
val when this mighty work for the preservation of
nations should commence. If it does not com
mence now, let us bid farewell to all our hopes of
the liberty and independence of mankind. Thai
power—that tremendous power—which has duped
and enslaved 'a third of the inhabitants of the
earth, has another stupendous enterprise on foot,
to bring the most respectable nations on the face of
the earth, to the footstool of British tyranny, for
privileges which the United States at least, should
never suffer them to have the power of granting.
Americans, Creal Britain is not satisfied with
her encioachments upon Hindostan, Persia, China,
her dominions in the Mediterranean, hor posses
sions in North America not only over South
America, but every nation beneath the vault of
Iieaven, at least so far as relates to their commer
cial concerns.
She is about to declaro war against the Repub
lic of Columbia, on what ground she hardly knows,
but for what purpose the world ought to know.
The grand conscquenco which is to proceod from
the conquest of Columbia, is the making of a great
ship ('anal through tho Isthmus of Darien, and the
establishment of another Gibraltar, to compel the
nations of the earth to beg a permit to the Pacific
Ocean. Will this tremendous enterprise produce
no consequences which America may look upon
without jealousy and apprehension? Depend upon
it, Americans, as sure as my hopes and efforts are
disappointed and defeated by your regardlcssuess,
so sure the glory of your country is circumscribed
forever. And what is liberty itself without na
tional glory. What is a nation without the hom
age and admiration of mankind? Do you not al
ready foel that you are far, very far, from having
arrived at the elevation which the genius of your
government and institutions ia capable of raising
you to? 1 am sure you do. Then begin to act.
Vour means are superabundant: Mexico has given
you sufficient cause to wage war against her.—
Shove her out of your way and go to work. The
cutting of a canal through tho Isthmus of Panama
will lessen your surplus revenue, preservo the seve
ral States from squabbling about it, and confer an
honor on your nation. Mankind will justly ac
knowlodgo it to be the most noble, stupendous
work ever effected by a nation. And when you
consider that there is nothing to prevent you from
effecting this
grand object but your delicacy in ma
king a conquest of Moxico, you are also to con
sider that such a conquest would not only be justi
fied beforo the world by the events which have oc
curred between tho United States and her, but
would be vastly productive of good even to ihe
conquered. The Mexicans could live much hap
pier under the protection of the Federal Govern
ment of the United States. It ought to bo n max
im with nations, that a design which is productive
of more
good than evil,
should be prosecuted.
Suffer Great Britain to accomplish this design
and whnt would be the consequences in peace or
war? You may conceive the humiliation and
degradation that all civilized nations would bo re
duced to, in a period of peace but in a time of
war, you may strive to imagine the advantage of
that pass to the Pacific in the hands of your eno
my bat your imagination will fail you—tho evil
'f'lf
1837.
of such
commercial I
an event to a aaiehborim Ifi
will not dare vo predict.
Americans, Brothers in love of libertv, I implore
you not to suffer this enemy of human liberty and
human happiness, this aspirant to the dominion of
the globe, this plunderer of m&kind, to perpetuate
her existence at the future expense of all other ci
vilized nations.
Your ever faithful servant,
DANIEL O'OONNELL.
THE BORRCfVVEn.
Every body knows that Pitftraised the charactor
and prosperity of England by, loans, but it is not
generally known, that "Pitt borrowed the idea of
borrowing" from tho following diecdote.
Scheider, an inhabitant ot le Canton of Un
terwald, in Switzerland, was tft, at the nee of
twenty-one, to shut for himself! His father had
beer, a respectable man, but Ikd loft nothing to
his son but some sketches for aLw Constitution,
which Schneider could make nolise of. The doc
trine ofloans came into ScheideXs 1^1, as happi
ly ns that of attraction stiuck Newton. As no
body knew that his latlior liaci ifiecl insolvent,
declared openly that ho tvas in want of 2,000 rix
dollars, (j£400) lor which he was willing to pay
oper cent interest, the capital to be repaid in six
months. He had no difliculty in obtaining this
loan, which was very usoful to him, and by con
stantly saying that his father had left him very lit
t'o, but that by economy ho managed to make'both
ends meet, every body-thought him a modest rich
man. Two months before his bills became due,
he borrowed of another banker 3,133 rix dollars,
Schneidcr went to the parties ilom whom he had
borrowed the 3,000 rix dollars, and after remark
ing that 5 per cent was a heavy interost to pay,
told them that ho would repay the capital if they
would allow him discount for tho remaining part of
term. Ihe bankers,convinced ol the stability
of Schneider, were unwilling to take the money
he persisted, howevor, and they consented at
length, on condition that if ever he should have
occasion to borrow again he would apply to them.
Schnoidcr went to work upon a groat MHile, his cre
dit boing fully established. In tho course of three
years, there was such an eagerness in tho first
houses of Switzerland to lend money to Schneider,
that he frequently refused their offers. Ho quieted
his conscience, reflecting that if lie lived sixty
years, according to his inordinate expenditure, his
creditors would lose only 400/100 iix dollars by
him and he considered the excellence of his life,
and tho suggestions which he made every now and
then to tho Government, as an ample equivalent.
To make short of a long story, Schneider found
hlinsolf upon his death-bed at the age ol"60 not,
however, beforo ho had rendered a great servico to
his country, by introducing th# mode of making
the celebrated Gruyere chcose, which is now eaten
over the whole continent. He summoned his cre
ditors, one Imndrod in number to his bed-side, and
after relating to them the mode which he had adop
ted for his suppott, and os frankly stating that he
had nothing to leave terminated his dying speech in
tho following terms. "What is the losn which you
sustain by me, compared with the admirable sys
tem of finance which through me you cm roveal to
your country J, a poor mortal at my dying hour,
commit an act of bankruptcy but the nation ne
ver dies. A nation may borrow without 1 im:!, bo
cause its existence 14 ivitaout Switzerland
has only to tread in my stops, to create loans, and
to pay tho interest punctually and one day or the
Wlu rsho will engross the capital of Europe."
.'IWcredim-n wbip
"truck dumb with admiration,
i,i their tntttemJor tho talents of the
feciioei.^tjirBcml «IWfitotoMikve a superb
monument, with
which signifies "The Bor^ii^u^, teicbrat«4
Pitt in a tour through HwhajAaKUMftrWmwu
mont, and struck with its SlrijgMttifj, enquired
history. "The nation never dies," repeated Pitt
with ecstacy nnd he scarcely said any thin
till he rcachod London. The people thought him
mad but in a fow months we hoard of the famous
loans with which ho subjected India, conquered
colonics, and overthrew Napoleon, who might
probably, have been upon the throno of Franco to
is day, if the inventor of Gruyoro cheese had
never existed.
Missouri.—Among tho sitter republics of the
West, none affords greater inducements to emi
gration than the Stato of Missouri. With a cli
mate generally healthy and temperate, and a soil
of great fertility, intersected by noble rivers af
fording facilities in getting to a market, tho
amount of public lands yet unsettled offers a wide
fiold for enterprise. In addition to the advantages
presentod for agricultural purposes, the vast ex
tent of tho ininoral wealth of Missouri presents
the strongest inducements to industry. Some
days since we published a short notico of tho now
mineral region discovered in that State, and now
insert the following oxtracta from Wetmore's Ga
zetteer lately published, to show the prospects
presented by Morgan and Cole countics, which
form part of the district alluded to:
'This county has running through it tho Gravoia,
astroam of about twenty-five miles in longth, that
empties into the Osage river, ninety miles from its
mouth. The Gravois is made up by springs, which
furnish a steady usoful stream, with a volume of
water. The country is generally woll watered
with springs, several of which afford at their spur
ces water sufficient for grist mills, and lliese
been erected, and are in operatton. Tli«r»tfjMjjljr
ono county (Cooper) lying between AIcrgM ftod
the Missouti river and having the Onago river On
the south, it is happily located with reference to
the shipment of produce. A considerable portion
of this country is rich prairie, situnied in tho vicin
ity of timber. The. poor land on die ridgos near
the Osage and Gravois is filial with lead ore,
which is found in the branch"", picked upon
the hill tops. The limestone of Morgan is abun
dant and good in quality* j10 sandstone is, in
some instances wrought into grindstones, and thus
advantageously used. Only two grist mills and
one saw-mill havo yet been eroded in Morgan.
There aro fifteen mill sites on the Gravois, and
these with the spring brandies of tho county, fur
nish as much water power as the farmers could
wish to encourage them in making wheat a staplo
product. The soil of Morgan likewise, invites the
cultivation of wheat. The river bottoms in this
country are very lich, and suitable for tobacco
plantations. As stock raising here, as weil as in
all tho counties of Missouri, is profitable, much of
the ground in cultivation is covered with cornfields,
as
productive as tho land from which the children
of Israel drow their supplies, when afflicted with
famine. The timbor of Morgan consists of oak
ofthe various kinds, hickory, and black and white
walnut of the most thrifty growth, particularly on
the Osago river. The chorry treo, of
suitable size
for furniture, and sugar trees in great abundance
grow in Morgan. The advantage derived from
this last timber is very great, and the saving to the
country, by the annual manufacture of utgar for
domestic use is an important item in the economy
of new settlements. There is something peculiar
in the timbor, twelve or fifteen
m"es
the
mouth of the Gravois, in 'he existence there of a
Indulging such thoughts as these, I one day
reached the opot which had been appropriated
by Commodore Porter as a burial place for his
officers and mcti, vlio diotl wliilol owioing A
gainst the pirates of tho West Indies. It is a
mile from tho light-house, situated on a sand
hill within one hundred yards of the sea. Most
of tho tombs wore in a stato of decay. The
wind had blown the sand from around some*
others had tumbled to the ground, whilst one
or two (which were of marble) could still be
ui.ctphnrcdj Hero rests the ashes of those
brfcve nrul tri c«jou9 men, who, .relinquishing
tho comforts wo efcdjearments of society, went
n
NO.
5.
Cole County.—'The country is generally mlt
111 the
f'!rest»
tree
timber ofthe rrHMt vgl*
15 ,oun(l
including walnut fend sugar
'The lead mineral prospects are good oil the
Osage and on the Morcau, Limestone abounds in
the country and the Osage burr there enraged the
attention of millers. The county of Cole has the
advantage of the seat of Government of the State
u thm its boundaries: and Jefferson is dignified
with tho name ofthe city on that account.'
SKETCHES OT FLOIttDA—BV DR.~B7~B.
STROMTU
TIIE SAILOR'S GRAVE
On the south side of Key West, is a fine
beach, of considerable extent. I derived great
pleasure from strolling along this bcach and
whilst I collected tho shells and marine snb-'
stances which the sea had cast ashore, indu}
sed in solitary reflection,-—Often has*my
n a u o n e a e e e v e n s o u i
w
conjured up scenes and circumstances calcula*
ted to give life and interest to the prospect.—«
Here lay concealed the wily buccaneer, watch
ing with intense anxiety for his prey, or en
deavored to entice him within his grasp. How
often lias the shore been strewed with materi
als plundered from some unfortunate vessel
Behold yon blazing wreck in the distance,
whilst the air resounds with the oaths and im
precations of tho pirato crew, or the prayers
and supplications of the hopeless captive.-—
Alas! how many hands havo been upliAed,
and how many voices exerted in vain entrea
ties for mercy! Cold-blooded murderers. They
were steeled against every visiting of compas
sionate feelings. What a contrast to the exci
ting picture which my fancy had drawn is offer
ed by the tranquility which now reigns around.
Nought is heard but the roaring of the ocean,
or the occasional noto of some solitary bird*
startled by tho footsteps of man. Around me
lay wrecked and ruined the dearest hopes of
humanity. The bones of that husband for
whoso return the anxious wife has longed
looked in vain, lie bleaching here. Who can
calculate the amount of misery inflicted upon
humanity, and tho crimes perpetrated? What
tonguB shall tell the anguish of that mother's
heart, who, after long and prayerful hope,
gave up her child, believing that in the ocean's
bosom he had found a grave.—She little dreams
that his mortal remains lie buried in yon bar
ren bank of sand,—-Tho pirate and his murder
ed victim have passed away from this scene
of action.—We cannot pretend to lift the veil
of futurity, but we may presume that whilst
the latter Bleeps in the sweet hope of happi
ness hereafter, the former shall awake to a tre
mendous retribution*
Ttirl/i 'ntu. jiist^nt .aeaa ia fight the battles of
humanity. their exertions is
daily felt iu sfertty.igiven. tu ooaUMK?,
and thcliiMsotf their tetoRnwe-, i|lu|ilMtfiliig
remains tomako 'w ,wffi^idfM8^'!fif,''r{ng
and their triumph but
a*ffiWfrfl,!
memorials, which the hand ui' fnV iwlsMp km
erected. Where is the boasted gralitum of
man, and why has not a column been moled
to their memories?
Apart front the rest stood one solitary gtaw*
No stone indicated the name of its tenant bat
woman's love had consecrated the spot.
soil being such as would not support vegeta*
tion, a tub containing rich earth had been sank
in tho grave, in which a flowering tree had
been planted. This tree, after alapse of eight
or ten years, still continued to bloom, and shed
its odors around. Happy, cried I, that war
rior, upon whose dying couch woman's tears
hath been shed, and upon whose neglected
grave hath planted a memorial of her affection*
Iionnr may it continue to flourish. Long may
tho Icindly dews and showers descend lyion
and nourish thy tokenr and hollow thy
tion, woman!
DR. FRANKLIN'S WIFE.—Franklin in A I
of his lite and habits, relates the following ancc
duto of his frugal and affoctionaM wiCjk, A wife
could scarcely make a prettier Hpolo(f?jor purchas
ing her first piece of luxury Siirt
We have an English that sa,|!S|
"He that would thrive^
a
i'
1
Must auk his wife,"
It was lucky for tne that I had oit* As mtich dip
prosed to industry and frugality as Myself. Sh#as
sisted me cheerfully in my buaittsset foldinf $itd
stitching pamphlet1), tending shop* puittto4*y AM
linen rags for the paper makers, &c. We kept
idle servant our table was plain and simple Our'
furniture ofthe choapost.—lor instance, my hieak
fast was for a long time bread and milk, (io tM|)
and 1 ate it out of a two peuny earthen porrin^Vt
with a pewter spoon but mark how ltucuiy wilt
enter families, and make a progress in tplwofprin
ciple being called one morning to bieaiftst^ I
found it in a China bowl, with a spoon ofail*N£
They had been bought for me without my knowl
edge, by my \yife, and had cost her the euoraMos
sum of three aii'd twenty shillings for which She
had no other excuse or apology to make, but that
she thought her husband deserted a silver spoon and
china bowl, as woll as any of her neighbors. This
was tho first appearance of plate or China in our
house, which afterwards, in the course ofyears^aa
our wealth increased, augmented gradually to sp*
oral hundred pounds in value.
Tho City Council of Baltimore have passed an
ordinance, authorizing tho issue of CMtifbetoM far
the purposo of supplying small a n s s ato
settee
of specie. The ordinance appotMfaiBOMn
missioners to issue tne certificate** to an Mnsmrt
not exceeding $100,000 in the whole,
5 cents, 10 cents, 25 cents, 50 cents fl and£L
The Nashville Hannear saysiJ-A
Nashville, being aakedtovaU
lowing swwihli and vppnpriatotnMntyalfai
V
I
i ii
if
**3
i
1
4
.[J*'
i
A

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