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SUPPLEMENT TO NEW ORLEANS DAILY CRESCENT.
CONSTITUTION OF TEE STATE OF LOUDIIANA. Adopted in Convention July 81, 1852. PREAMBLE. We, the people of the State of Louisiana, do or dain and niablishhis Constitution : TITLE I. DtXt rat.atON OF POWERS. ALT 1. The powers ofthe government of the State of Loulalana shall be divided into three distinct de tlurt·testts-hdoeh of thembe confided to a separ ate hft f megistracy, to-wit: those which are Lsegative to one, those which are Executive to an othersad those which are Judicial to another. A . 2. No e of these Departments, nor any persis holdi.g oeoe in one of them, shall exercise power poperly behlonging to either of the others, ex oept In the instances hereinafter expressly directed or permitted. TITLE II. LaOtnATIVE DEPARTMENT. ArT.3. The egislative power of the State shall be vested in two distinct branches, the one to be styled the "House of Representatives," the other the Seat, and both the "General Assembly" of the Btte .Iuonisiana. A i'sb The members of the House of Repreeen bhall continune in service for the term of two ftae the day of the closing of the general 1 . tativest shall be chosen on the irst] 'No .eerevery two years; and the eleontue ,be e4lted in one day. The Gene Al shall meet annually, on the third li.t an y, unless a different day bjr ap Slaw, their sessions shall be hld at treat of government. ftT.6t Every duly qualified elector, under this nstltution shall be eligible to a seat in the Gen lAssemby, provided that no person shall be a speas or "Senaor anless he be, at the time of hiilt duly quilid . of the Repre sentative natorial distri, -he is elect ed. Aya. 7. Elections for membersidtthe General As sembly sha e held at the several election pre oist etestl hbed by law. The Legislature may delegate thepower of establishing election precincts to the paroohal or mlnicipal authorities. .6SK..Representation in the House of Repre. seatelvees shall be eq.al and uniform, and shall be ver'ts`el'edesteoredby- the tooal population of mhas the several pariheans o the State. Each par iah hall hel at least one Represen tative. No new o stloJ created with a territory less than six S twenty-five square miles, nor with a p* * than the full number entitlin¢ it to a ntatlive, nor when the creation of such new piarlh would leave any other parish without the said.-eters, nf territory and amount of population. The first enumeration by the State authorities un der this Constitution shall be mnde in the year 1883, the d in the year 1858, the third in the year 1865; which time the General Assembly shall dir at manner the census shall be taken, so that itbe made at least one every period of ten years, ftethe purpose ot ig the total popu ation in eanh.parsh end .ts district At the first regular aesson"fltae Legislature, after the making of eacoh enumeration, the Legislature shall apportion the representation among the severoal par. ishesand election districts on the basis of the total populatien, as afrsesid. A representative nunmber hall. be fixed, and each parish and election district shall have as many Representatives as its eggre -gate population snail entitle it to, and an additional Iepreestative for any fraction exceeding one-half the Represetative number. The number of Re preeatatves shall not be more than one hundred, artlees than seventy. Until an apportionment ehall be made, andelections held under the same, In aeordance with the first enumeration to be made "as directed in this article, the Representation in the Senate and House of Representatives shall be and remain as at present established by law. Thelimits of the parish of Orleans are hereby ex tended, so as to embrace the whole of the present sity of New Orleansaiacluding that part of the pa rish of Jefferson, fp Oitrly known as the city of La fayette. . All that part of the parish of Orleans which is sit nated on the left bank of the Mississippi river shall be divided by thetLgaglature into not more than ten Representati.e tistriots, and until n new appor tioamnot shall be made according to tihe first cen nsus to 1e taken under this Constitution, that pert o" the. ty ef New Orleans which was comprised witliin the--er limits of the city of Lafayette, shall vots¢besnators from the parish of Orleans, andJola.dIa tenth Representative District, and shall eaeot two out of the three Representatives I new aliSoitioned by law to ths parish of Jefferson ; _the eotb.lR.presentative Districts shatrll remain as t- thy. now sesiablished. A.i.t.9. TheHouseofRepresentatives shall choose ao its peaker and other ofleers. ART. 10. Every free white male who has otaai.;,t! AirT. 10. Every free white male who has attained the age of twenty-one years, and who has been a rueident of the State twelve months next preceding the eleation, and the last six months thereof in the Parish in which he offers to vote, and who shall bee citizen of the United States, shall have the right of voding, but no voter on removing from one Parish to enthor within the State, nhall lose the right of voting in the former until he shall have acquired it in the latter. Electors shall in all canes, except treason, felony, or breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest, doring theirattendancee at, going to, or return iang from elections. ART. 11. The Legislature shall provide by law, that thenames and residence of all qualified electors of the city of New Orleans, shall he registered, in or der to entitle them to vote ; but the registry shall be free of ost to the elector. ART. 12. N soldier, seaman or marine in the army or navy of the United States, no pauper, no person under interdiction, ear under conviction of anly crime puaishable with hard labor, ahall be entitled to vote at any election in this State. ART. 13. Noperson shall be entitled to vote at any eleotion held in this State, except in the Pariah of his residence, and in cities and towns dividl into eIrec tion ppreeincts, in the election precinct ai which he redsue. IART. 14. The members of the Senate shall be ehosen for the term of four years. The Senate, wlhen assembled, shall have the power to cioose its officers. .rT. 15. The Legislature, in every year in whiich they shall apportion representation in the HIouose of Rapreaatatlvse, shall divide the State into Senato ria Diatrieta. No Pariah slatl be divided in the formation of a Senatorial District-the Parish of Or leans exeepted. And whenever a new Parish shaell be created, it shall be attached to tilie Senatorial Dis. trie from which moeet ofite territory was taken, or to another ontiguous District, at the discretion of the I htlatre, but shall not be attached to more than oe ilslict. The numberofSenators shall be thirty. twoci they shall be apportioned among the Senato. 11) ..lticts according to the total population con [an the several Districts--Provided, that no }ahall be entitled to more than five Senators. 16, In alil apporetonmenta of the Senate, the pop ation ofthe city ofNew Orleans shall be deduo tfr om the population of the whole State, and the i ljnder of the population divided by the number tweaty-seven, (27,) and the result produced by thin division shall be the Senatorial ratio entitling a Sena. tearal District toa Senator. Single or contiguousi Parishes shall be formed into Districts, having a poepulation the nearest possible to the number en titling a District to a Senator; and if, in thie pplor tionmeat to be made, a Pariah or D)istrict fall shot of or exceed the ratio one-fifth, tlhe a District may lIe formed having not more than two Srenators, but not otherwise. Na new apportioment shall ave tile effect of abridging the term of service of any Sena tor already elected at the time of making the appor tionment. After anenumeration has been mide as directedin the eighth Article, the Legislanture slall not paess any law until an opportiomoent of Retire. sentation in both Houses of the General Assembly be made. ART. 17. At the first session of the General Ar sembly after this Constitution takee effect, the Seas. toro shall be equally divided by lot into two classes. The seats of the Senators of the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the second year ; of tir second class, at the expiration of the fourthl year; no that otaethelf shall be chosen every two years, aodx rotatlnl thereby hept up perpetually. In ease any Dietrict shall have elected two or more Senators, smid Beaators shall vacate their seats respectively at the sld of twoand four yearn, and lots shall be draw, btweean them. AIT. 18. The first election for Senators shall be generel throughout the State, and at the same tim that the geeeral election foy Repreaentativeos is held ; and thereafter there shall be birennial elections to hill the place of those whose time of service may have expired. AnT. 19. Not lets than a majority of the memgers of each house of the General Assembly shabll form a quoram to do buasinea., bitt a. maller no. her b. .y adjurn from day to day, and shall be authorized by law to compel the attendance ofabsent memlbers. ARiT. 20. Each bouse of the General Asoenibly shallljndge of the qualification, election and returns Sits members; but a contested election shall be termlned in such a manner as shall he directed by ART. 21. Each house of the General Assembly may determine the rules of its proceedings, punish a member for disorderly behavior, andwith the con-. enorne, of two-thirds, expel a miimbher, but not a seond time for the same offence. .,. Eac.. soh house of the General Assembly S kttp pd blish weekly a journal of its pro ;;Wl; ¢.tlo fahu yeas nnd nays of the members Ia Mhiln, at the desire of any two of an ae journal. Uee may punish by Imprisonment 1 r, for ditsrepectful and neae, Qe r act Ith len t 12~o of the 't~eeeeet of y dat . any other plaeo than that in which they may he sit A.T. 25. The members of the General Assem bly shall receive from the public treasury a compen satioan for their services, which shall be four dollarn day during their attendance, going to and returno ing from the session of their respective houses. The compensation may be increased or diminished by law; but no alteration shall take effect during the period of service of the members of the Hooue of Representatives by whom such alteration shall have been made. No session shall extend to a period be yond sixty days, to date from its commencement, and any legislative action had after the expiration of thle said sixtydays, shall be null and void. This provision shall not apply to the first Legislature which is to convene after the adoption of this Con, stiution. ART. 26. The members of the General Assembly shall, in all cases except treason, felony,breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest during their at tendance at the sessions of their respective Houses, and going to or returning from the same, and for any speech or debate in either House, they shall not be questioned in any other place. ART. 27. No Senator or Representative shall, dur. ing the term for which he was elected, nor for one year thereafter, be appointed or elected to any civil office of profit under this State, ,hlch shall have been created, or the emoluments of which shall have been increased during the time such Senator or Representative was in office, except to such ofil ces or appointments as may be filled by the elec tions of the people. ART. 28. No person who at any time may htave been a collector of taxes, or who may have been other wise entrusted with rpublic money, whether State, Parish or Municipal, shall be eligible to the General Assembly, or to any office of profit or trust under the State Government, until he shall have obtained a discharge for the amount of such collections, and for all public moneys with which he may have been entrusted. ART. 29. No bill shall have the force of a law until en three several days, it be read over in each House of the GeneralAssembly, and free discussion allowed thereon, unless in case of urgency, four-fiftlls of the House where the bill shall be pending, may deem it expedient to dispense with this rule. AcT. 30. All bills for raising reveuce shall orig. inate in the House of Represent latives, but the Senate may propose amendments as in other bills; provided they shall not introduce any new matter under color of an amendment, which does not relate to raising revenue. ART. 31. The General Assembly shall regulate by law, by whom, and in what manner writs of election shall be issued to fill the vacancies which may happen in either branch thereof. ART. 32. The Senate shall vote on the confirma tion or rejection of officers to be appointed by the Governor, with the advice and consent of tile Senate, by yeas and nays, and the names of the Sen ators voting for and against the appointments re spectively, shall be entered on a journal to be kept for that purpose, and made publicat the end of each session, or before. ART. 33. Returns of all elections for members of the General Assembly shall be made to the Secretary of State. ART. 34. In the year in which a regular election of a Senator of the United States is to take place, the members of the General Assemrbly shall meet in the Hall of the House of Representatives, on the Monday following tle meeting of the Legislature, and proceed to te s.aid election. TITLE III. EXECUTIVE DEPARTMIENT. ART. 33. The Supreme Executive power of thie State shall be vetted in a Chief BMagistrate, whi shall be styled the Governor of the State of Louisiana. He shall hold his office during the term of four years, and, together with tile Lieutenant Governor ohosen for the same term, be elected as follows: The qualified electors for Representatives shall vote for a Governor and Lieutenant Governor, at tie time and place of voting for Representatives; tie returns of every election siall be sealed up and transmitted by the proper returning officer to the Secretary of State, who shall deliver them to the Speaker of the House of Representatives, on the second day of the session of tihe General Assem bly, then next to be holder. Thle mnembers of the General Assembly shall meet ill thre House of Re presentatives, to examine and count the votes. Tihe person, having the greatest number of votes for Governor, shall be declared duly elected, but if two or more persons shall be equal and highest in the rumber of votes polled for Governor, one of themlc shall immediately be chosen Governor by joint vote of tile members of the CGeceral Assemnbly. Tihe person having the greatest number of votes for Lieutenant Governor shall be Lieutenant Governorrc but if two or more persons shall be equal and highest n thre number of votes polled for Lieurtenant Gov. ernor, one of them shall be immediately chosen Lieutenalt Governor byjoint vote of the mrerhbers o the General Assembly. ARt. 36. No person shall be eligible to the office d of Governo or Lieutenant Governor, who shall not ia have attained the age of twenty-eight years and been iga citizen and a resident withli thle State fr the aie space of four years next preceding his election. AR AT. 37. The Governotsclll enterot thedischarge of of his duties on the fourtl Monday of January next ensuing his election, and shall continue in of ofice until the Monday next succeeding tie day itthat his successor shall have taken the oath or n affirmation prescribed by this Constitution. in ART. 38. The Governor shall be ineligible for the nc- eding four years after the expiration of the time for whici he shall hIave been elected. , ArT. 39. No member of Conlgress or person hold. rs ing any office under tie United dntates slhall be eligible . to the oflice of Governor and Lieutenant Governor. in ART. 40. In case of tihe impeachment of tile Gov ernor, his remnoval fromn office, denlth, refusal or in y bility to qualify, resignation or absence fren the . State, the powers and douties o tile office hall de n volve upon the Lieutenant Governor for the resi In due of the term, or until the Governor, absent or tmpeaeched, shall retrnl or be acquitterd. The Legis y etrone may provide by law for the case of removal, in impeenhment, death, resignation, dinsability, or refb eel to qualify, of both the Governor and Lieutenent Governor, neclaringl what officer shall act as Gov ernor; and such offlicer shall act accordingly, until the disability be removed, or for the residue of the term. ART. 41. The Lieutenant Governor, or other oli. Acnr discharging tie duties of Governor, shall, dtirng Shis adminstration, receive the nsame con pensaoion to whieh the Govetnur wonld have been entitled, had lie continued in otlice. ART. 412. T'he Lientettant (overnore shll, by vir rue of his office, be Presidene of the Senate, but shall have only a coatiig vote therein. Whenerve lie shctll administer the Gtovernment, or shall be un antble to attend as President of the Senrate, th(e Senators shall elect one of their own members as President of tie Senate for the time being. ARt. 43. While he acts as President oltbhe Senate, the Lieutenant Governor haoll receiva for his str vices the same compensation whichl shall for the name period b allowed to the Speaker of thea House of Reprcsentatives, and no more. ART. -4t. The Governor shell Iave power to grant reprieves for all oenleces against the Sate, and, t except in cases of inmpeachment siall, witi tie con sentiof the Senate, haIve power to grett iparois anid remit fines and forfeitures, after co ,iction. In eases of treason he may grnlllt IIep:rivesCt Itil tin end of the next sesson of' the (iri,r;i Anscnmby, it which tile power of pardoning shail be vested. ART. .15. The Governor shall ao stated tihnes r,. ceive for Ilia services a conlpnsation, which xia11, neither be increased nor ditniniehed during the tcrtn for which lie ishalil ive been elected. ARr i. -I. He shall be Commaitder-in.Chiilf of the I Arey and Navy of this Stati, nad of the Militia thlereof, exceit whenl they sniil ie called into the service of te iUnited Stalts. ART. t47. tIe shall nilniiatle and, by aed with the advice atid consent of tlehe,"nati, lappoint all otli cers wllose onlices are establilshed by this Coustite - lion, and whose nipoilnt ttelt i I ot lthereiin other- it wise rovideld for : rovided, hllowever, that tile L gilture sheall hlave a right to iprescribe tile moide of appoiniltitnt to all oliheronllee enthabliseled by law. AnT. 48. Thie Governor ishaill havu power to till vacancies that may happen during the recess o i tle Sennlate by granting cnnmisieiun whlicIh shaill 11 expire at tie end of the next sensioc, nlesi other wise provided for i e ths Constitutiel, but no person1 who hias been inoloinoated fer nlice, and rejecred Ih by the Senate, shal be appointed to lthe same ottice oc during the recess of the Senate. ART. 19. lie may requoire infotnrmation in writing SIfrom the offiiers in the Executive )Department, upon I ayll nbjrect relating to tLe duties ot their respective. ArnT. 50. lie shall, from tinty to time, give to the r Leneral Assembly ifontrmantion respecctiing thle situ- i ation of the State, and recommend to itheir consid- ti eration such mnenasurnes as he Illly deanl. expediellt. ART.I. 1le may oil extraordinary occasions co:.. venoe the General Assembly at the sat of CGovern- d, meat, or at a different place ii tlhat shl,ud haveII become dangerous front all enellly or frOln epitlen'lic a end in case ofdiagremenrt between the twol house, ci as to the title of ecndjonllcenet, he nlay adjoutrn thelll to such time as lie may think proper, not exceed- i ing four months. ART. 52. He shall takeee care It the laws be faith-li fully exenuted. ARt.53 E.very bill which shoil have passed both ci Bouoes shall be presented to tihe Governor; if lie t npprove, he shall sign it, if not, he shatl return it with his objections to the HIIose in wiich it oririnan-. a ed, which shall enter the obiections at large upon its ]t Jornal, and proceed to reconsider it" if after sch o reconsideration two-thirds ef all themembers ole- tar ted t theat House shall agree to paen the bill,:t p shall be sent, with the objections, to the other Hencse, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, end it sl epproved by two-thitds of all the members elected P o that House, it shall be a law ; but in sucl cises en ". vote of both Houses shell be detelmined by yeas fhi W ye, and the names of the eimbers voting cy against the bill, lshell be enterd oil the j'our. o 7F%.eelaoh HousnerelpeLeively. II suy bill shall not 'bpipRoted by ts. Governor w lta an days (Sun- in ink ea= days excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, it shall bea law in like manner as if ha had signed it, unless the General Assembly, by ad' journment, prevent its return; in which case it shall be a law, mtdess sent back within three days after their next meeting. ART. 54. Every order, resolution or vote. to which tihe concurrence of both Houses may be ne cessary, except on a cuestion of adjournment, shall be presented to the Governor, and before itshall take effect, be approved by hinm, or being disaenproved, shallbe repassed by two-thirds of the nembers elerc ted to each -louse of the General Assembly. ART. 55. There shall be a Secret.ary of State, whoi shall hold his oflice during the time for which the Governor shall have been elected. The records of the State shall be kept and preserved in tile ollice of the Secretary; le shall keep a fair register of the official acts and proceedings of the Governor, and when necessary shall attest them. He shall, when required, lay the said register, and all papers, mitn utes and vouchers relative to his oflice, before either House of the General Assembly, and shall perform such other duties as may be enjoined on him by law. ART. 66. There shall be a Treasurer of the State who shall hold his oftfice during the term of twd years. ART. 57. The Secretary of State and Treasurer of State, shall be elected by the qualified electors ot the State. And in cases of any vacancies caused by the death, resignation, or absence of the Treasurei or Secretary of State, the Governor shall order amt election to till said vacancy. Aat. 58. All commissions shall be in the name and by tile authority of the State of Lousiane, and shall be sealed with the State seal and signed by the Governor. ART. 59. The free white men of the State halli be armed and disciplined for its defenee; but those who belong to religious societies whose tenets forbid them to carry arms, shall not be compellell so to do, but stall pay an equivalent for personal ser vices. ART. 00. The Militia of the State shall be or ganized in such manner as lilly be hereafter deem ed most expedient by the Legislature. TITLE IV. JUDICIAL D--%.\P.l.FT NT. ART. 61. The Judicial poa er alIll be vested in a Supreme Court, in such interior ourts as the Legis. lature may, from time to time, order and establish, and in Justices of thle Peace. ART. 62. The Supreme Court, except in eases hereinafter Irovided, shall hnvo appellate jurisdictint only; which jurisdiction shall extend to all inses when the matter in dispute shall exceed three hun dred dollars; to all cases in which the constitu tionality or legality of any tax, toll, or inpost what. soever, or of any line, forfeiture r pelnatiy imposy.d by a municipal corporation, shall be in contestatlio : and to all crimintal cases on questions of law alon, whenever the offence charged is pnisahable wiih death or irtprisomuenue t at hard labor, or when a tine exceeding three hundred dollars is actually imposed. The Legislalure shall have power to restrict the iIt itsdiction of the Supreme Court in civil cases to questions of law only. ART. 63. The Supreme Court shall be composed of one Chief Justice and four Associate Justices, a majority of wlom shall constitute a quorum. Tie Chief Justice shall receive a salary of six thousand dollars, and each of the Associate Ju.dges a salary of five thousand live hundred dollars, annually, until otherwise provided by law. The Court shall appoint its own Clerks; the Judges shall be elected for the term of ten years. AR'r. 64. The Chief Justice shall be elected by the iqualilied electors of the State. The Legislature shall divide the State into four Districts, and the qualified electors of each Dislrict shall elect one of the Associate Judges. The State shall be divided into tie following Districts, until ithe Legislature shall otherwise direct: all 00000 DISTRICT. at The Parishes of Platquel.litie, . St. Bernard, tlat s; portion of the Parish ol Orleans on te right bank of nd the Mississippi river, and tlhat porto: of the City of Ie NewOrleans which lies below the line exteonding he from tie river Mississippi along the middle of Julit Ie street, until it strikes the NewOrleaons Canal, and n- thence down said canal to the Lake. he SoCoSND DIt'It ICe. - That portion of the City of New-Orltans which! is s. situated above tilnelite extenld;i, along the middle or of Julia street until it strikes the NtewOrleansa Calal, vo lind thence doen said C;anal to tile Lae, and lle he Parishee of Jeerson, St. John tIe Baptist, St. C oCharles, St. Joamest Ascension Assumption La te A trthe Interior, 'crrebonne, West Boaton Roge te and lbervi le. (.T THIRD D IITRIC P. ; Tile Pariohes ot St. 'pamany o hoashingeton t Livir.gston, St. Helrena, East 1Baton louge, indst F Feliciana Ve.t Feliciana, Poit Coupee, Avootelle, to Ten.as, Concordla, Lafayete, \Oerl.llltlo ,StA, Il-y o St. Martin and St. Landry. n .Oi U R'rti I DIstrIc th ". SThe Parishes of Callo, stre , I es, Saoine, Nat o citochles DeSoote (Caddo, Bosier, (' ihorne, Bolet oville, Caldwoll, CUnion, Onachilt, Morehfouse, Jt:c te n Frankllin, Catalloula, lMadison, Carroll slid Winn. S ART. 65. The ofice of one ofr he Associate Jue y ries shall be vacated at tile expiration of the second oyear of anothmer at thile epiratoln of thIe fourthl y ar Sof a lird at the expiratiop l of the sixth year, and of o tile fourth at tile expiration of tle retghth year--so that one ofto Joudges the Sopre oI Court shotll he elected every second year. ART. 66. The Setretary of State on recivin l the oficisu l returs of the first election, shall proceed ilori tnediately, in the presenoe ano whith theassista'te of two Justices of the Peace, to detel:rmlle hb lot iln).Bn the four candidates having the o ,i,-r ,t ' ih be. f votes in their respectivoe )o trle 'i u io of thle .t sociate Justices elect shall serve for tho torm ot two years, which shall serve for it te erm of four oears, which for tile term of tsix oears, and hih for the term of eighlt years, and tle (tovertor shlall issu conmmissions accordingly. ART. 67. Any vacancy that l t a occur ill t ie S1t , preoe Court rom resignation or othttr\wise, ,llal bh -illed by eletlion for the remaindot of the Ilexptreo Sterm, bhut if such reomaindor do mot ex-eed one year, the vacancy ehall be filled by EIxecutive appoint ment. AART. 6. The Supreme (oust sltl toll its ses sions ill NewOrleans lfrol tlce first MIn y of the ionoth of November to tle end o the ioss!,] ol" tle ilclusive. The Legisltlture sthall t-e power to fix the sessions elsewhere during tile rest te year uttilotllherisei providedo thle 1 ost.sncn o.ils be Ih[d as Heretofore. Anl. . . The Sapllrr ('Ot tI nand eacl of theto Judges thereof h haro l have ut' ,xr to issole \r *s o: dtofeo Ostd , at the it t , i erson. in attuat custody unlder proceus in atll ,h ih l wlhrl they tay lave atppellate jurisdi0tno0 . An.. 70. No tlogment shall Le rentered by lhe Suolreme Court witloot the eooetrret o a t ajrity f to JuLdges comprising the ,tourt. Vlhnever o majority cannot aglreeo, t oln e of' tie rctl, la tio of any tlembter or tlelllberls i tilhr court, l Judges not recused shall hive pow.,r (a ca I lut ) an Judge or Judges of tlte inlerinr ,or, yIt. ' o i il p ot shall beo wl en so taolld otttslt, o t t .o ttle place ot t0e0Uldgoes recued, and to aol in dott cining tihe As T. 71I All .ludge· by 'ortlac of their o|icee t e , h 'l b e e o n s e rvt to r s o f t il t p ca t in , I ir "o vh a u t t i le "toro. ThIe slo 0t'1 il (t-o is stlll e " I e t t in tihe l .nllle, and by tile antlt , ritv of tie Stoble of l.lonilaa, and coll i :," ee and d1l L AtRlo '.o- The J'-ttl rlldt of toI 'll l- I ]i X tttte sl.le as ofte soo a i a oit ;.r o hl J, ,i h s it virtue owll . \ t L:h lo e, I ,lto ot o'tt.to 0 '0 i r ' jodgment is loto' ndod. I -o A Rll . ;8 . "l r h ,itdge of" i l I 1"ov , s or,. sIIL bes d 1 onich ashal not byoe to i .olt.ot h..o . .,ritt e.It o i meet, the ver S remit, van ,,f the oatlc address of thl t, utrth, of the! mlenher, pre.'- I' t o heac dlouse of ho G eral o- lv. to ever osuch case, thl' seohott ho'ro a lu -i'oses ot h l ot i. lllVa stay be tre, l red alls l b eo o tato, at b0 Ottg Is St hoe address, at d Ioolor d i thoool of eaohh olhuse. to asRT. 7-. 'tl'here shall be an A\luorney-(.enera f, r i tie :"ate and o as ih a 0 ),strct t Iltot'ivs s im il.l "s hereafter found eeces-ary. They sshafbodil hl hr otllees for fotur yearsi their d ,res shall be d a .eter In00erior Colutt, sh Ill l it i a ol, t si s o.o'te Ihry, which shall not be tlllB b l e lied , rlf their ti tit0 tl l,0 f l t eite n tiee' n tl ,"t , a-5 t 0 ,rl l- lhd - 1 '0 on ecIltov oo.tg ano ls f t 0011 oho lco. , to ap t o td an their o , larit, fn frs , civilt u . sop i ur tutd by oo othem. It t lo Ar. 6.77. 'Tlhe Jlodcgilat,.e ;L :ti , , w r to ao o ,st i t Cleroo s of hlS'o ( au h I ,y) t g, ,ti , 1 iX lers, and do 't ch acts a, m.t . . . . . . 5 for tohe ' i o tLsro d Oo o to ie o od u ot I , ot , oo t d c otr aod in alil cass the p owess s'o 0 .1 0 t l : I ,, cooo tr t ed atll lo tetorlltoooa, rlsI An r. 770. Chloe Jodsf he 1f0 ,1.id iCoot to rool r ,to shall have power d oreb ov e d to',oo theo co, olo Le oreaih of g tool belttylr ,s yojteo ill 001l ooes to e an appeal to Ihe anhos' oto ('o l'urh.lh al fhill be litsted lod civte Slcases t cases wthth l the msat- n ter in dispute d ohs peoto .ced .oe... ototht dIold i. ll txclusive of 0nterest, subjet tot ttuh otaes i as shal he provided for by law. 't'hey soall o-to "t - ted by lsoqualified electors of eai h Voarisb, District for in mach Perist, by th0 qualified cotera tharevfc N, lte pit shall hold their offices for the terre of two years, un less sooner removed. The Legislature shall have the power to increase the number of Sheriffs in any Parish. Should a vacancy occur in either of these offices subsequent to al election, it shall be filed by the fovernor; and the person so appointed shall continue in oMce until his successor shall be elected and qualifed. ART. SI. The Judges of the several inferior courts shall be elected by the duly qualified voters of their respective Districts or Parishes. ART. ht. It shall be the dtty of the Legislature to lix the time Ilr holding elections for all Judges at a time, whichI shall be difterent from that fixed for all other elections. ART. 83. The Attorney General shall be elected by tile qualitied voters of the State, and the District Attorneys by the qualified voters of eacit District, on the day of the election for Governor of the State. ARI. 84. Tile Legislature may determine tlre mode of filling vacancies in the offices of the inferior Judges, Attorney General, District Attorneys, and all other officers not otherwise provided for in this Constitution. TITLE V. IMPEACHIMENT. AttT. 85. The power of impeachment shall be ves. ted in the House of Representatives. At. S6. Impeachments of the Governor, Lieu tenant Governor, Attorney General, Secretary of State, State Treaonrer, and of the Judges of the in ferior courts, Justices of the Peace excepted, shall be tried by the Senate; and the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, or the senior Judge thereof shall ppre side during the trial of such impeachment. It peachlments of the Judges of the Supreme Court, shall be tried by the Senate. When sitting as Court of impeachment, the Senators shall be upon oath or affirmation, and no person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two-thirds of the Sena tors present. AcrT. b7. Judgments in cases of impeachment shall extend only to removal from office, and dis qualification from holding any office of honor, trust or profit under this State, but tile parties convicted shall, nevertheless, be subject to indictment, trial and punishment according to law. ART. b". All officers against whoml articles t 1 im peachment may be preferred, shall be suspended from tile exercise of their functions during tihe pen dency of such impeachment. The appointing power may make a provisional appointment to replace any ouspended oficer until the decision of tihe impeach ment. TITLE VI. GENERAL PROVIS'IONS. ART. 90. Members of the tieneral Assembly, and all olticers, before they enter upon the duties of their oliices shall take the following oath or atirmation. " I (A. B.) do solemnly swear (or affirm,) that I will support tihe Constitution of tie U;neited States and of this State, and that I will faithfully and itm partially discharge and perform all thedlties incutm bent on me as - , according to the best of my abil ities ned understandrlg, agreeably to the Constitution and laws of the United States and of this State, and I do further solemnly swear (or allirm) that since the adoption of the present Constitution, I be ing a citizen of this State, have not fought a duel withl deadly weapons within this State, nor out of it, with a citizen of this State, nor have I sent or accepted a challenge to fght a duel with deadly weapons with a citizen of this State, nor have I acted as a second in carrying a challenge, or aided, devised or assisted any person thus offending, ao help me God." APRT. 91. Treason against the State shall consist only in levying war against it, or in adhering to its enemies, giving them aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason, unless on the. testiamo ny of two witnesses to the same overt act,or his own confession ill open court. ART. 92. Every person shall be disqualified from holding any office of trust or profit in this State, who shall have been convicted of having given or offered a bribe to procure his election or appointment. ART. 9:13. Laws hlael be made to exclude from of lice, and from right of suffragr, those who shall here after be convicted of bribery, perjury, forgery, or other high crimes or misdeomealors. The privilege oi free stalfrage shall he supported by laws regulating elections, and prohibiting under adequate penalties all undue inlllence thereon, from power, bribery, tuuolt nr olther improper e ractise. Art. 9!1. No money shall be drawn from the Trea srery but in plrstance of specilic appropriations made by law, nor shall any appropriation of rmoney be made for a longer ttnr than two ypears. A regular statement and accounts of the receiptvs and expendi tures of the prtlic money shall be published ;nnuat ly, inl surch elueeras shall be prescribed by lawr. Art'o. 93. It shall be the duty of the t-aelerae As sembly to pass sich laws as may be necessary and proper to decide didficulties by arbitration. Ater. I96. All civl olfficers for tie State at large shall reside within the State, and all District or Par ishl officers within tleir Districts or Pcarlshies, aeed shall keep their otices at such places thelret as eeay be required by law. AcT. 97. All civil olficers, except the Governor and Judges ortile Supreme and enlteror corts shall be removable by an address of a majorityeofte em bers of both lousaes, except thosea tile removal of whove, has been otherwise provided for by this Con. ,titalien. ART. 9S. In all elections by tie people the vote ohall be by ballot, and in all elections by the Senate I ald House of Representatives, jointly or separrtely,' tie vote shall be given viva cot. ARt'. 99. No member of Congress nor person r holding or erercising ally ofice of trelat or preoit unt der the CUniled States, or either of thile, or ulder ny foreigy power, shall be eliglbe e as a mreobeh of 9 the General Aremebly, or hIold or exercise any otlice f trust or profit under the State. ART. 100. The laws, public records and thle judt ial and legislative written proceedings of the l tate ehall be promelgated, preserved aed condu..ed in f the language in whic the Constitution of the U(nited ;tates is wrltteo . ART. 101. The Secretary of the Senate and Clerk n tf the ousre of lepresrentatives shall be conversanr ,ith thle Frenche and Eglsh lanoguges; and r ere ere may address either house in the I"rench or Eng isl language. ART. 102. No power of suspending the laws of :his State sltll be exercised, unless by the Legisla ure or I autooriy. AR'r. 103. Prosecutions shall be by indictment or information. The accused shall have a speedy pub. lie trial by an impartial joury of the vicinage; he shall not be eomtpelled to gve evidence galn im. self'; he shalI have tile right of being heard Iby hi t self or counsel ; he shall have the right of eeting the witnesses fac le to laoe, and shall have compulsory 'process for obtainillng wirtnesses ill his favor. ART. 104. All porisoners shall be bailable by sufti SCi lt slrelies, unless for capital offences, whllelre the proof is evilent, or [resunmptiotl great, or i nlss after coeviction, for ally oetlece or crilte plllliohable with death or imprisonment at hard labor. The privilege of tIle writ of h\t:cbs r:orlps sllatl not be tsutended, nnlesso whell ill case of rebellion or inev. ion thle public slfety my reqluire it. Ab'o. 1U.3. No e o post J'rrto lawe nor any law im pairing 0 i' e obl]igation of contracts, shall be passed t nor veted rights be divested uoless hra purposes of public utility, and for adequate compensation pre viously made. ArTT. 106. The pres shall be free. Every citizen may freely speak, write, and publish his sentiments on all subjects, being responsible for an abuse of this A tr. 107. The Seat of Covermelent shall be and remain at Blton louge, and shall not be removed withollt te consent of three-fourths of b, lhouses of the (Ge0,ral Assemobly. ART. 10Ub. The tate shall not subscribe for the s.otek of, nor mlake a loan to, nor pledge its faith for Ior Ifor ony other purpuses tha thoslllle dCbCribed ill tlhe following a hcticlb : AR't. 1l) ro. ]'le Legioslature clhall have power to rant aid to conmpnies or assopiations of individuals Ierllled bur tile e ,:llulsVe pllrpose of Jnl k n, works of j interna: Improvelllelll , hlloyl v or partially vithi n tihe ale, to the extent only oof oe -iftht of telo clpital of s.oo, tcllm p onie, Iry c oub rlptionf of .tuec;. a o ,all of Iny or plle bonllds: bili any ae p id lus gra le ohaoli be paid to tile woroomoiyo only in to e osatoor to p rIo n ;t tile rerail. er of th capitao l shallal l b - ally Pa ld iy by the sciy holderf o mm e colptay; a td ill c.l of oas such adelllate security shall e rn. 0quired a to th0e 0 ygiam1re nl oO .',e n proper. No colrpotation or inrllvdlv nl du IstR in reeetvilln tile aid of thie State its hreinp providtd, shall prsses' bak ing or tolCnt lo n ogo privileo.es. Aot'r. 110. t o liability shall be contract d by the -oate a above llenlilned, Inler· the nalme be aut - tlhorozed by othp e law for solle singlobjteeh r wteo rt toL be disotolo1y speciolice thereoo, whichlhlcl erbe patoCel b ry a etajority ol the yetbeers eelted to both houses of thie (;G neral Assembly anld thile ag eg t a;nllt o1 debts and habllbie, levi red uo r hnde l and tile prteedlg ;Irtlel shallt never at ay oe ctiooe ea'ce tell lire all elo a t t h illiohos of dollars. .la't. i11. \Vheule.er tile Ireglslaturr shall conl tract a debt exceeding illnlll aant thle ilnt, ef One hultn drel d thousalld doll0ars, t l'le-s to l CoLoo of f till. to ill othe l\ ' reating tile lebt, provide .tgloquote wa)s alll tile prlncll;pl o ho:o n tle fant s.hall become ddo.0 \and the said law shall be Irrepealable until prici-c pal and interest are 0fully 0 paid and dic lorged, or ulles. tile repealing law Col!otao solo e olllhr ade S;tate, and tie uylng or selhfng od lottery teckets 1within tle Mlte is prohlibled. Aab. 114. No divorce shall be Ilranted by the fegialatuore. AbT. 115. Every law eyacted hy toe U I egislaop re shtll embrace but o,, objoct, and that shella be ex pressed in the titie. A ot. 116. e ,e" a hall be revived or emendp',h byo rAc rett.- to its title; btet in such case, th e act ctletc or sectt.ola tene,'!. , ,,, >' r ee ct ,l tt poolishod at legtlh. ART. 117. The Legislature shall never adopt any system or code of laws by general reference to such system or code of laws, but in all oases shall specify the several provisions of the laws it may ehact. ART. 118. Corpohations with banking or dicount I ing privileges may be eittter created by peoial acts, I or flrmed under general laws ; bt tle Legislatore shall in both cases provide for the registry of all bills or notes ssued or put in circulation as money, and shnil require ample security for the redemption of the same in specie. ART. 119. T'he Legislature shall have no power to pa's ally law sanctioning in any manner, directly or indirectly, the susponsion of specie paylents, by any person, association or corporation issuing bank notes of any description. ART.120. In case of insolvency of any bank or banking association, the bill holders thereof shall be entitled to preference in payment, over all other creditors of such bank or association. ART. 121. The Legislature shall have power to pass such laws as it may deem expedient for the relief or revival of the Citizens' Bank of Louisiana, and the acts already passed for the same purpose are ratitied and confirmed. Provided that tile Balnk i subjected to the reetriction contained in articles 11il and 120 of this Constitution. ART. 122. No person shall hold or exercise, at the same time, more than one civil office of emolument, I except that of Justice of the Peace. ART. 123. Taxation shall be equal and uniform throughout the State. All property on which taxeo may be levied, in thlis State, shall be taxed in pro portion to its value, to be ascertained as directed by law. No one species of property shall be taxed Ihigher than another species of property of equal value, on whicl taxes shalit be levied; the Legisla ture shall have power to levy an income tax, and to tax all persons pursuinig any occupation, trade or professittl. ARt. 12.1. The citizens of the City of NewOr leans shallt have the right of ppointing thl aeveril public officers necessary for the administration of the police of tile said city, pursuant to the mode of elections which shall be prescribed by the Legisla ture; provided, that thile Mayor and iecorders shall be ineligible to a seat in the tiencial Assembly; and the Mayor, Recorders, and Aldermen and Assistant Aldermen, shall be commissioned by the Governor as Justices of the Peace, and the Legislature may vest in therm such criminal jurisdiction as may be necessary for thie punishment of mrinor crimes and offences, and as tlhe police and good order of the city may require. ART. 125. The Legislature may provide by law in what case officers shall continue to perform the duties of :heir eltices until their successors shall Ihave been inducted into office. Ao'r. lOi. Any citizen of this State who shall, after tile adoption of this Constitution frigbt a del with deadly weapons with a citizen of this State, or send or accept a challenge to li:ght a duel with deadly weapons, either within the Sate or out of it, with it citizen of this State, or ,who shall act as sec ond, or kowingly aid and rassit in any my nnvr Itholse lihos totiing, shalll be deprived of Iholdint any oltice of trust or profit, and of enjoying the riglht ofsulfrage under this Constitution; illd te otfice of any State officer, member of the i-eneral Assembly, or of any other person holdi .g ollice of profit or trust under tlis Conittittion and the laws made in pur suance thereof, shall be tjso /icto vacated by Ite fact of any such person comnitting the offence men tioned in this article; and the Legislature shall pro vide ly law for the ascertaining and declaration of such forleiture. ARr. 127. Tile Legislature shall have power to extend this Constitution and tile jurisdiction of tits State over any territory acquired by conlpact with any Stoe, or with tihe United States, thie same being done by the consent of the United States. ART. 128. None of tile lands granted by Congress to the State of Louisiana for aidingt it in costrucin the necessary levees and drains, to reclaim the swamps and overflowed lands in this State, shall be diverted from the purposes for which they were graoted. Attr. 1I29. 'Thle Constitutions and laws of this State shall be promulgated in the English and lFrenb languages. TI'LL I'll VII. ART.1te . Therc shall be a c ioard of Public hoiV. k, to clo:sio t of four c 'onmissioner. The State shliall be divided ino to tbr Districtt containing a, nearly as may be an equal numtber of voter., ant o 1e Comnotssioner shall be elected in each D.strict, for tile terll of four years; Ilt, of lit first e!rcted, two, to be designated by Jot, shall rema:n in uflice tor two years only. At r. 131. The ('eneral Assembly, at its fhst ses-. sion after the adoption of this Ccnstituton, i tli provide tfr the election ald collopeonsat itnll of the Comllissionllers: and the orgalllzation of the Board. The Comnmssioners first elected shall assemble on a day to be appointed by law, aol decide by t the order in which their terms of ser..c. shall expire. ART. 13'". The Commissioners shall exercise a diligent and Iaithfui supervisionl over all public woriks, in wlich tihe State may be ilnterested, except those made by joint stock cotmpanies. They clisha comlunicate to the General Assembly, from time to time, their views concerning the same, and treem mend such measures as they may deem necessary, in order to employ to the best advantage and for the purposes for wchich they were grantled, the s'l ltpso and overflowed lands conveyetl by the 1lnied States to this State. ''hey shall appont all otticer, el - gaged on the public works,, and shall pertform uch other duties as may be prescribed by law. ART. 1:8'3. Thie t`canissioters may be removed by the concerrent vote ot a ooajority c all tile mrn hers elected to each -Hnuse of tcIt, Glerai Asemn bly; but the cause of tile removal slcl h be enteed on tle journal of each Iouse. ART4.134. The General Assembly shall h;ove power by a vote of three-tfithlls o tile mml bers elected to each House, to abolislh said Bo;or, wlh-n ever in their opinion a Board of Public VWorks shall no longer be necessary. TITLE VIII. i i' 3 - - E ,r' v A-lN ART. 13.. There shall beelected a; Superintendent of Public Education, who shall hold his olllce for the term of two years. His duties shall be prescribed by law, and he shall receive such tempetyation as thie Legislature may direct: provided ithat bhe Gen. r eral Assembly shall have power by a vote of the majority of the members elected to both louses, to ehabolish the said ofullice of Sulperintendent of Public Education, whenever 'i their opinion said otlice shall be no longer neces'ary. Atr. 13I. Til (heleral Assembly shlle establish VY ree Public Schools throughout the State, and shall provide for their support by general taxation on pro perty or lotherw;re : and ael lioles so raied or epr vided, shall be distlribultedl to ai Par ill pruo . orl to tille number of free white children between such ages as shall ie fixed by the G(eneral Asembly. ART. 137. The proceeds of all lalnd heretofole granted by the United States to thsl State foir the Suse or support of schools, and of all lands which may hereafter be granted or bequeathed to the State, and not expressly granted or bequeathed for any other purpose, which hereafter may be disposed of by the State, and tilhe proceeds of tie estates of deceased ersons to whic the State ntay become entitled by lea', shall be hield by the 'tate as a loan and sIl ail be and remain a perpetual fund, on which the State shall pay an annual interest of six per cent; which interest, togetller witht tile interest on the trustbe u tdeposited with tils State by the Ultited SItates, 1n der the act el Congress approved .1 le 3, 1836, aid ll tile rents of the untnold lands ishall be applropri ated to the support of such schools, antd this appro priation shall remain inviolable. ARt . 13i, All money artising from the sales whichi[ rve beell, or mllay hereafter b.t m dle, of any ,.unds heretofore granted by the I nited States to thle State, for the use of aSennaryof Learning, ad frou any kind of do ation that may hereaftr be ll:l1d ftir that p rlil ose , shlall b, and real ltii a perpe tlilt , ,ilt , tile iltrrest of wvhich at six per cent. p:.r lanunIm,1 hall he approproiated to tihe support Ia Selllinary of Learnmý, for the pro motion oflliteratullre ,ad tle arts, and sctecee, and no law shall ever hc made diverting sid lllld to any ollte r tu.e than to t let estalllshment anld improvement t of said Semlinay Learning. Orleallns, a~ s now chalised, shall he mlaliln.ilned '\tll'. )ll. The Legislatllmlr Es iliI have power to pass such laws ta may be leeesalry for t!le further regulatiol of &e niveresity, and for the promotlol of literature nlld science, but shall be under no obli. gatlin to contrillte to tile support of said Univer sity by appropriationLa. TITlE IX. ItDC: OF RE\ISivN Tilrl 'cONrTITrrroT.m ART. ,11. Any alend lent or am llle d lll to this ('onsttltitlon may be proposed in the Senate or Holse of leprlesenlltavees and it the salle shall be agreed to by two-thirds of thlele bet l elected to ea, 1 I louea, sfrl proposed nnlenditent or amen!ernlet~ cl.e the sallle to b Ie p blished three m enth s belo1r tl;he next genlieral .ee .I tllor l I1 preser ntaLives to tI e I F a i ytwich a newspaper .hall be published : and such r proposed :ntecndmtent or a:tmndments shall lie sub mIitte to the people :tt slaid ellr:tio ; and if a major- I ity of t he voters at sa1id election shall aprove anlld ratly suchl amendment or altendtllmets, the runt shall become a part of tite Consetitution. If itore han onle alrnlndtent be submitted at a time, they'i shall be in such manner and form that the pejple I may vote for or against each amendment separately. TITLE X. ART. ].I2. The Constitution adopted in eighteen hunlldred ant frty-five It declared el he superceded II, Lhis C., tiiltlot , d,, i'u of!-r ' .:'lry the sam e t into el.ct, it i hereby declared and ordained as Iol o-a-s : ART. 143. All rights, actions, prosecutions, claims and contracts, as well of individuals as of bodies 1 corporate, and all laws in force at the time of the I adoption o, f tl s C(:nstitution. and not inconsistent thereC wi, shall co'tinue a I tle sar te had not bee 11 ,:,vp|t ,l.. ' ART. 1,14. In order that no iteonvenience may re sult to the publio service from the taking effect of this Constitution, no office shall be superceded there by, but the laWs of tile State relative to tile duties of tile several olfficers, Executive, Judicial and Mili tory, shall reihatn in full force, though the ntame be contrary to this Constitution, and the several duties shall be performed by the respective officers of the State, according to the existing laws, until the or gaaization of the Government under this Constitu ionn, and the entering into onice of the new offlicers, to be appointed under said Government, and no longer. AnT. 145. Appointments to fclice by the Execu tive under this Constitution, shall be made by the Governor to be elected onder its authortty. Alrt'. 146. The Legislature shall provide for the removal of all causes now pending inl tlhe Supreme or other Courts of the State inder the Constituticn of 15435, to Courts created by or under this Constitu tion. ART. 147. The time of service of all officers chosen by the people at tihe first election nnder this Constitution, shall terminate as though the election had been holden on the first Monday of November. 181, and they had entered upon the discharge of their duties at the time designated therein. The first class of Senators, designated in article 17, shall hold their seats until the day of the closing of the general elections in November, 1853, and the second olans until the day of the closing of the general elec ions in November, 185i5. ARt. 148. The first election for Judges of the Su preme Court shall be held on the first Monday of April neat, (1833) an they shall enter into office on the first Mlonday of May, 1553. ART. 119. The first term of service of the District Attorneys and thile Clerks of tile inferior courts to be ordered and established hnder this Constitution, shall be regulated by the term of service of the first Goe ernor; so that a new election for these olfficers shall be held oi the first Monday of November, 1835.. TITLE XI. oRDINNI:iC . ARn. 150. Immediately atter the adjournment eo the Convention, the Guovrnor shall issue his Pro clamation, directing the several officers of this State, nuthorized by law to hold elections for leenthers of the General Assembly, to open and ihold a poll in every Parish of the State, at tile placer designated by law, upon tie first Tuesday of November next, for tile purpose of taking the sense of the good peo ple of this State in regard to the adoption or rejec tion of this Conatitution.; and it shall be thle diuty o tile said olficers to receive the votn of all persons entitled to vote under the old Constitution and nder this Constitution. Each voter shaoi express his opin ion by depositing in a separato box, to be kept for that purpose, a ticket, whereon shall be written " the Constitutionl accepted," or " tile Constitutiol rejec ted," or some such words as will distinctly convey tihe intetion of thie voter. At the conclusion of the said election, whlich shall he conducted in every res pect as tile general State election is now conducted, the commissioners ders',nated to pre*.ult over thle same shall caret'llie exnaine and count each ballot so deposited, and shtll forthwith mtake din return thereof to the Secretary of State, in conformity to the provisions of tihe existing law upon the subject of election,. ART. 151. Upon the receipt of the said returls, or on tile ;hf Monday in November, ie tthe tellrnn be not sooner received, it nhall be tile dilly of tile Gov ernor, the Secretary of State, the Attorney (eneral, and the State Treasurer, in the absence of all schll persons as many choose to attend, to comlptre the votes given at tile said ooli, for the ratificatin or re ,ection of this Constitutton, and if it shall appear from said return tlat a mnajority of all tihe votes given s for ratifying tie Constituton, thnect it shall be tihe duty of tile Governor to make pronlanmation ,i that fact, atd thenceforth tills Constitution shnli be or. dained and established as the Constiution of tile State of Louisiaon. nllt whether this ('o stitution be accepted or rejected, it shall be the duty of tile Governor to cause to be publsheln in the ollicial pyh per f tile Convention the result of the polls, O. w ' the nu lber of votes cast In eaciI P,:rijh for all against the said C nonslllUtlon. -In T . 1f.nn In nthof l I nc. titntion nn e aceptt hY the peoll it hall also he llhe i fly ,f tle( Cove r nor forthwith to i.so," hs pr<, aratirn, declar g the present Legslature, elected under tLe olh (',r, sttutiono, to be dissolvtd, an d direting h sevi rn officers lof te h State, anth,ri ed Iby Ilw, to hld0 celr tiolls for members of the (i-ecral Aeriembly, io hold all elecltlon at the [d.l esr de ignaled hy Jtw, upo' the turthh Ioond 'y o'venber . n n, ntenant governor, membert o rn t ' r l Secretary of n tate, Atitrin l iy Ge rll e nio ' i r nL nrer nl Supermtendenl t of ubltl ic JIdnelilt(o . nd il l e . l d electon shall bCe cndtc te , etr there I made in onority , i xstg aws uo t:, ject of tat,' en.ction. ART. lit. The tGeneral Assembly e'ected Inder this Constitution .half convenuat the State house in Bliton tvntofentlllh, n le tlrd 'I,mIdvi cif cnunlnry ilex t .-lafr te nicnint Ine ('in ern1 n and Lieutr nmt fovernlor, elected at the .en t tie etall be nn'stalled inn oica during lhe lirst week el .snaid General A hsetnbly to prtcend with tin trot ase. Won oI bisinns., Aho' lit1. All 'in pnnnlnbnh,: , , herein ordered nhilh be tnade il tin Official .Iuuri of the CIit ven r . 153. Thi nso ('n titutn!.li nh e i French and L''ng],,h iE l tI,' ()f]l, htl Jotn ] o" i,,: (.'oil ;,niont (rai n ll , I,.rmd ,f the ticst 'T',eeday al N'ovemtl er, I' -;!. CONSTI TUT TON L' ETA T DE LA LO)UI 1 -AN i:. PRiEANtltULti Nous, le peuple de 1 Etat dle laLoiin, tal sous et decretons cettlc constitutin TITRElI li PREMIER. DISTRlliUTION DES POUVOItRS Art. Ier.-Le-tptttir Iu gtttttt''Lt I hAen "ece Vtntd'-"d,'jrtanentset cnfi t unc particalier (le illagistrats. Le t -legila est tiI lin corps parti entier; le po vir ,il a ite corpt , et le pod voir jnd ciire it o troisième corps, Art nde cs Ili dan l eu aile plooe loll tIà t e, d,,lttttt il ]s a indique. ci apr e.x litEit Art t 3 - 1 L p l,ýoir I tif le 1 ttttt jt diox Chao , distinets ti t b E tat (l tttîla tttt Ladu la Chamltbrt - des Rept t t t sc-nltalts x rc r leurs lýiuctions l'iln jon p - riode il, deux années, il partir du la d Atio t. (l cto es Re rsna tnsaura ]ici Nois 4s deux an,, le trtttt pattît lit l-] e lie hmet non qu imir, s'embG - r Iý,n;ra aoIon im i, ed j- ir Lafayette. sLew t (lLe I ia i t at li , ait stttQ ilLIa gaivet jL Lt A t .-Tout !vwo c i il t]lrcei N 'il ,,ý -cra lia t 1 p0r't lsî îde soit éleetin il yI !u tir ot I st r tt soait (I i ds i t s i tori ; 1 q i Pa nolI Iijuctorilles êtblible par ln loi, La I .giLatoc i-o hl1guer le potIvoird titiiji (ls irontopt ralt-s a x Liitoritis de paroi-e 0ou -Ix atiIorjt(ýs al Art. - areprýsent:IIioj) i ,Cl bre les lle r. nan se sra ugale et luniJoruile Elle sera ri ý,die ,oir la base (le lit popi-ation totale Ili rh,,n p;r, s un territoire mpiodr1ý di! :Ix cenevuf l n nore i -- chir e population mP, i, gh a ol, cji ]ltde lremie dr noit b mi renrtta t Il f lr i exh t; rle autorie 0 I l Ji t itrt pnv rtW e IL J'te C ndtue(etcon a t.e c iqet di 1ili e exgrmllm i autor ientans Il 'Eatn'- e rtui lo er cm ote s popul qu Iexcl e . l a uzo3;, s"It d eu 1"viscur.t le numbrenc d es . la r p riti on sule it (e cutil te d i k s lction q uip r la n s 1ivront ,i n lieu . il ;or i lieut lan f oe i, ;,Il Ilo Les 1 l mils, aIlm daose poOrl lans son agra dies de ma ir om r n r ot e 1i",'1 l- il a- le ANiletOrle i,,, , co p(Jetepri e a prIs suiv ora c onnu(ii e autolire nuois o la wom d vi all I T ouittepr seiz:t ior entre lela p rissel d ro le an'1 cit e là poplatrion g un.,e. d 1 'i disip"I- se-a déeIni I pai l c I pliiseintureen lie dipam.scra epasentatf upu et li ter oa juiqu'îl, ce qu'une nouvelle répartition ait lien, confer inement au premier recensement qui doite oper reon vertu de la preenti t onstieution, cette partie dola ville (e la N Ile-Orleans, qui est comprise dans les an crinner limitre de la ville de Lafayette, formera le ditxeie district reprenentatif. ncoourra l nommer Iles Seîateurs de la paroisse d'Orleans et elira deou representants sur les trois oer nommait, conforrhe meta t n la loi, la paroinse de bemon. Lesautres dis tricts representatefs resteront ce qu'ils sont maintle Art. .-Lu Chambre des Itepresentants nommera soe Orateur et ses autresoffileirs. Art. 10.-Aura le droit de voter, tout homme libre et blhie quia atteint Pige rIe vingt-un ans, qui a re aide dari IEtat durant les done mois qui ont prece le imimediatement l'clection, et les six derniers dans la parnisse ot il ne presente pour voter, et qui sera citoyen des EtatL-Unis. L electeur qui sera transpor l ne îrueparoosse dans une autre no perdra pas le droit quuil avait de voter dans la premire, avant de l'avoir ae(uis dans la seconde. bselreteures ne pourront jamans, sau les oas de trll2inon, de crime ou de violation de I'erdre public, utre a-rrtes lorsque îl assistent à une election, qu'ils se rendent at lieu t'a elle est tenue, ou qu'ils on re Art l1.-La Legislature ordonnera par une loi speciale, que les noii et le domicile do tous les nier tours de lu ville de la N]le-Orleans soient enregistres, afin quilts puisent exercer le druit de suffrage; l'en regietreeuîrtne devr rien i tert lel teea. Art. 12.-bec solduts faisnut p ortie de l'troelir deu ESiee-Uîtic les marins et les soldats do marine ate. ries Li la marine de guerre des Etats-Unis, les mený (iants, les interdits et les personnes conuvincues d'iu crime quelcorque, entirinantuit Jpine de. travaux forcer, rie peuvet voter - i aucune cection centre dans cet le t. Arit. 13-Nl ri, peirt vrter, t une election quel complet i dehors dl e la paliuse de sa residence, et, dans les villes rt villages devises er circonscriptions e ie c detîhors de la circonscription ulectorale Art. 1l membres du Senat seront nommes pour une p-riode , e quatrei a-nees. Le Senat un `)is tellu, aura le pouvoir de des;gner ses officý-rs.3 Auhil. 1.-Chaque fois que la - egieltur ri lit repreiItation l lt Chambre des Repremertantrt, elle divilera irtte t o deariets senatoriatx. Aucune pa i-e la paroi-e d Orltauc exreptee, ne porrri i rie litiere jour li formation deui d district ienatirial Quand ci-le cîouvelie pareicse sera cerree, elle sera ai ixexce air district aentorial uoit pProvient la phi, gran de ,irtt e de .,,L te rritire .ii ,ir districtcontigu, ei choix de la etil-tere aeit elle ne r j 0trte annece à pllu d'on distrie t Le nomre l tteulrs sera de0 tr(te-Jeirex, et .dn sront reprtis entre le' dIliýl'e1it>s 1ILts inatri selon la populatili totale que re ,ru chaque diti,(iet. Neul1rloill,;u toe iir-i l i aura plu, de ein -luil Ait. i ouDîeeteiite epartitilm -eiee-ele, p. pnlatitui d, 1.NleOlen sera deduite du laIv latioli de tout 1, Etelt, t u e tr i vi- ~ t part Le r-sultat obtle Ilpa p lîiîeîî îl lequelel-ut vitl ripprjýher 1[t plus Il-sible du dvs t sertanILt in, Seiitteur. eýi dans la repia:rrit on. tuce pa ou nit manqueii l ieieîî el atteino r au ii, clo v-e c i seu du lapooton d V iiii bne il eera peinmis rn eter former un du,. ,1lL~ ~ ~ ~ ~~i SneuLluJi uode-i- ce iii- Poorr , -iiiur i--il--i l Intii--n,- o tr ttre rrdihate leur sutý. d'ulire rtto n u el accompli, lon à lfr ic it d ctiteri eirion, la L l e îîluurra voter aiele lit lien -tid 1 urt te i ans les deux Art. ]-,--A la prm estessvin de sebe Geci ral r aiic vi d- cite Ctni ,lit Ltion, e, 1 St ne r vo t <ivisos aul sortt et pýar egiles ee rieee deux e la.-e, ,e t andat de, Sena t e I la - pILIerre,- or ,nde ue , rcunde an net leî tîrîes de la C h e e i e ; e t de à d e e ldt Ile Aiuie du ASrtit siera ir weu-r îles ieu alere (u urne le isroiteiie te-1- IA -r ei ret e , tr e ,-tn'I <Ii;i ]rîtît e0 uo ilc ie- -le lat - - - -r i--- te il e-tet, ll';ul1 Art ~ ~ ~ ~ t e' -ladSoae - I - r tuutJ . -e- , lt L u -ý, lv ý, chu ~ ~ ~ ~ 1[, s---i-pr - i , Ne-icl île L lcieiet g.ee ici ponr-t ib ir il 'J," i -I iiu P, iido -iii i ra (lettr-d Cbin ,det -aL( l ioî ti-ie il tir uei O cha dc c ccclt p ci" ai 1 ci ccurYtce pilttac landtct cl A i e t At. e elitiea u consnenn defur orpu de nrol jore ti eccttccttttcflt, cttt jet i cectt vc ;cte ccu de <-e e te o rn li trso 1,11i ,ne r Pmun eration 1-u bien u is s vCh , lauele '-'iera La ltr plsre arju teendne c O rt lit Lttcectc c Inc, lusioe mpi qu% Artt. pora Ltntateee ti lA cc ccti <t lc ie -nIe trein ment (eF ite pour pl (le paroin.ioli, mai ch ng r, mal ce e leli'de e .1.epreses Art.~~ ~ ~ ý-artirC me mouveeOr de VIeseGnrl ccc ticccccgecieicLcget d o th- ii ci e t cu eteeAssblicu n e G enp r cctcctttccicttt.cc ,ct etlctt ert t e 'cc de trc't'sott, t ctttoe I ai wl Oi l r la be y tr- e rtreinle pendan e e (t ' le C trg le e1 ccla la rn'o' il ii l ap a aeeti 0n f u ils -- t c n g rd tart qe lei eoenedt de, c dt o l' trc Chambret duran t lui 1p iot 'l tee doit ' m l d c i, la eten' i me dn s I t ann'iel' 'Il. sora 1 e pi lonemem ndt pOrd, l 'Oinmt -j il à par ntir c oiverire (alesh Spendat de P tal byt te ccio c ote i ttcc t ount et rt t e t ; t l t la de l otac 'cs ec in cccetoldel [tecc'tcit cf llaptmý.' Iiet dtci ceccetcdccecttttttI i cc'ceiidet'cceitttctcc OI ' uicc iee1cciic(cccccccitcdt A rt. ece - cc itt i Il,! l'ecc c. c cii, tct c it :ý c l. . . a ais I i',f e a s d , e mr h u n ,cip alitc , o n le , altC a drI fAs m il 0et ilcti,; a n t e I s n joe te suit fi ti e r ttdic zpe lcce îcl, e't ttic ittp u ( le-Lgic pvcceecen e dendanit l p aIe ellor ialeg c ien ceciutane )acuie iec'ucccitr d ies equ t'cint flou Cié e il au c o i'ec1ceei.ct ccc, G tec hi d . cet, e Art. 27.- Ae snan birl nodlet dr CI, avaned vei! 1,d lu e rl orsdlFe dans Pinvehnqulivalxprti'.I,(e mhanbedat e[ A O'IlIb il G6 al le 'it d avIrItion cvlb e s ltii tic Cend cEetc cs anragen clé c r l conit rtion, pentl m t et eaot 1. dce c m onte 1ct'1tett deercec e r i ài c ciccecp reccut ec' ,c ciltc oit e e' t la cc r cectiond eea n lpeccc'lc Scina 'trc l tec' ulici ccet pro itp lier mIv am nennaomu e pou i l eni il' lstý ou ài ees, orv te doc cr'tecceec de d fict on cero uie ca c covlc'cl e ipo't ccc c tte gte ccc (le cia ceurced etct cle cA r t i e le Il'e; po 1110,r pou lea s mu I urvl nt 1 e- g le ee Ibt e eutee c', iq lI mani,4 qeO t loi ordres er ét iicrcent d elle icledecce ici tcc rîee:, e es c lieie Chccet e litI, u estc c itene rs eececlcSc cc'ceer 'c feur, e -ne !;;;!i t ri des ',-,ritcs lu n ré lnie ci elle ccc cde e c e cc cr enb cc licc diagne cha crtceie ccpccecc lelA rlub 33 - e le, ins , d bentio d',Iet vme r 1. er cNet.bic i nrale seco t ceraestt a ue dc'e.ere seur Isoniri enncc c Lcoitnnie dpctol ir lecdcllicec tembres ii e' ce (fil me tc cend-tOe cete et lI encetodcce cet Chcc'dre étran gère -àcdi ccirete cý et cL'tce cci ceea pttbiic itndiqer dc r nedeq 10c Iui-Le 1loueiicucirede la'cescio dcleegltiee pure joiececce icicd lIcécan cecc eaeu dcie ce I*n e e tcc c'zderon C ambrte, alcioni cltm nèe otcsode TITREeIcl. Art. 3aî -Le pcen ic Iîexcuce prgmei est cpca e Scdu encc m citrnommer porter le cacc rce deiteeSénti es cealente de la ntc e t ecitIcide ld e l el uacitrie dace Art. e c biuhe tsci nsc e ductRejedec embc e e Généracceele l'ern ctrasicccécjaitScéar Ardct. à ù cette tio régulière d'vc, et e TITRE 11ic POUVrOIR EXE£CUTIr. A et. 35.-Le Peceeie cedecuiifeujeedme est confict-à Ilc ececce.teet qei preraecle titreedetjGouverneur tic cEti de la Lette ' diett' et 0cjci resteca quatre ecc eu 1ageaitls Le Lleteeeîîocîe sort, élcc, aise cccle le Liee*