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SATUfRDAY MGOIING, NO~EMIIER 19, 1859.
A COMPARItON. d,8perthe clote of the present year the Grand f ii Ri~lwgy of Canida will be completed to be trolt, Mluhigan, a distance of eight hundred and altyatwo miles in a direct line, with branches in addition, which make up the aggregate of eleven hundred miles of complete railway. Tide is a tremendous work, and the cost has been tremen dous, too-disproportionately great for the length of road made. It has cost sixty millions of dollars, and we have heard of few reports of grumblings of the parties who have been obliged to launch out this "grand cash" in currency or credits. They went to work like men, and shouldered their burden as Milo, the athlete, did his ox; for he knew that he would only have to carry it a furlong and his thsk would be ended, and the prize gained which would repay him for his toll. They knew what they had to do, and what was to be gained by doing it, and made up their minds that the arduous game was worth the costly candle, and that while the reward would last forever, the striving would be but for a brief period. Let us see how this great Canadian enterprise will comparre with the majestic schenme which maken the whole sovereign Southwest, with its vast wealth and- its acknowledged public spirit, stand aghast at the grandeur of its proportions, wisch, seen through the medium of hesitancy and doubt, loom up with a magnified portentousness that terrifies capital from grappling with them. Let us see hlow the dificulties and outlay at cost of which the Southern Pacific Railroad is to be ac complishee compare with those which have been successfully overcome by the grand Trunk Com pany of Canada. That road was built through a country of the most disadvantageous character, withli merons rivers to be bridged, ravines to be filled up, hills and small mountains of earth or rock tobezdu or blasted away, and for half a year the rigorous climate cemented the snow and lce-cov. ered earth to the hardness of stone itself, com pelling cessatfon bf operations, and forcing the company to great trouble and expense in re organizing their working forces and resuming con struction labors. In the catalogue of bridging Items isdoaladed that magnificent and enormously exppnsive work, the Victoria bridge, the cost of whibh and everything else comes out of the sixty millions that pay for the eleven hundred miles of road. From New Orleans to the city of flazatlan, on the Pacific, the distance is twelve hundred and fifty miles; and from New Orleans to Cgayamus, an eligible port on the Gulf of California, is thir teen hundred miles; by the one route but one hun dred and fifty miles more of road are required than have been built in Canada and Maine for sixty millions, and by tihe other but two hundred more. But this comparison of distances, favorable asit is, amounts to nothingwhen the nature of the country which one road traverses, and the other is to tra verse, are contrasted. The Grand Trunk had to meet and overcome natural obstacles at which we have glanced above, but none of these will stand in tile path of the Southern Pacific as it marches onward to wed the Atlantic to the Western Ocean. No wintry frosts will come, in scorn of the enter prise of man, to congeal the earth to flinty hard ness, and peremptorily command the workman to stay his hand. No rivers will cross its way, demanding Victoria bridges to triumph over their interruption, and no rocky highlts will stand in its pathway to be conquered by huge toil and delqy. But the route will lay throughr a level country, few inequalities of the earth's surface in terposing obstacles of an importance which can not be overcome by easy grades; for long spaces the rails can be laid with scarcely the nece ity for touching the soil with the spade, and through all the year a teniperate climate will ensure the unin terrupted continuation of the work. How then could the company contrive to prop erly spend the sum of sixty millions on the road, a sum, too, of which a heavy proportion is pon sessed as a free gift in the franchises which have been donated the corporation. The road can cost nothing like what the Canadians have paid for their Grand Trunk, and our Grand Trunk Southern Pacific road will be the avenue of travel between two worlds, the Eastern and the Western. The most valuable portion of the Asiatic and European :and the Pacific coast trade will have New Orleans for its shipping depot on this side, and the great channel of commerce and travel will drain to the city the specie of Mexico and the undeveloped trade of all that country. Yet, with all this mag nificent promise the timorous capitalists of this :section, which is to be so inestinably benefitted, regard the enterprise fearfully and hesitate to take possession of the franchises, which have been pledged them conditionally on their getting it un der vigorous headway. But we console ourself with tile reflection that "Rome was not built in a day," and that as certain as the sun continues to rise for a few years longer, so certainly will the .Southern Pacifle Railroad be built. It is a question of time, but we would Ihave the time shortened that is to develop the result. TALK ON 'ORANGE. The weather was very favorable yesterday for out-door transactions. The storm of rain, which was the principal attraction when we talked in our last, ceased at an early hour on Thursday night, and although it has been of great and essential goodjn many respects, yet it was not of sufficient duration to lead to results that there has been any effect on the navigation of the Mississippi river and tributaries. Of course the talk of low water will prevail for some weeks. This is not the first sea son of a want of water, nor will it be the first that the Ohio river and its many branches (the Upper Mississippi and the great Missouri river) have froze up tight and strong before a rise, and procrastinat ed the resumption of navigation till the months of February and March; yet we are getting along tolerably well, as is indicated by the daily arrivals of steamboats from above Memphis. The stocks of Western produce are ample for the demand. 'The receipts henceforward are not expected to cover the impression that prices must or will mate rially decline. The habituds and frequenters of the flags on Tchoupitoulas, Poydras and New Levee streets, are in good humor, as are all traders and dealers engaged in the great Western trade. It was rather quiet on Carondelct street yester day, though the gatherings on the flags were free and large. The chief talk was of cotton, but it was varied, embracing a good many things and sub jects, one of which was, " who will be the next President of the Bank of Louisiana?" as it is now conceded that the present venerated and respected incumbent will be prevented by physical infirmities from resuming the responsible duties. The further talk was that there was considerable animation in the cotton market without any ad vance in prices being realized. While talking of cotton, we are constrained to talk privately of some figures in regard to the crop of this season, which emanated from this city under date of the 2d inst., giving estimates and placing the receipts at this port at 2,000,000 bales, which are. about 100,000 bales under what they were based at. Bat what attracted our attention were the figures In regard to the shipments from Memphis to the East or up the Ohio river and to St. Louis. These shipments are placed at 50,000 bales for this season against 85,000 bales last year. Assum ing a deficiency of 35,000 bales for this season is altogether erroneous and misplaced. The ship. ments from Memphis upwards will this season ex ceed 100,000 bales, as there have already been shipped since the lst of September last 27,221 bales, which exceeds one-half of the quantity alloted for the entire season by the writer of the cireular before us. In fact, if the present embargo from low water continues, we would not be sur prised that the shipments from Memphis East should reach 110,000 bales, as the estimated re ceipis at that port were placed weeks ago for this season atfour hundred thousand bales. There was some talk of a conflict, or litigation arising, as to who shall pay for the one hundred and - seventy-three bales of cotton burned up this week on the Jackson Ratlroad while in course of transit. NEW ORLEANS DAILY OREScENI. PUBLISHED EVERY DAY, SUNDAY EXCEPTED, BY J. O. NIXON, AT No. 70 CAMP STREET. VOLUME XII. SATURDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 19, 1859. UMB'R 2t'. The company has assumed all risks against fire or damage from that element. At the same time, factors have taken out policies of insurance against dangers and accidents, which includes fire on cotton shipped either by the river route or by railroad. But, then, two strings to the bow do not answer in this case. The company has as oumted all risks on shipments against fire; but con tend, if the cotton is insured by the consignees, the company is not liable. The insurance offices turn about and say they are not liable, because the Railroad Company assumed the fire risks. How ever, only one hundred and seventy-three bales of cotton have been destroyed, which is far pre ferable than 1730 bales; and thl present case only more strongly confirms the admonitions and re marks which we talked of last year, and have again talked of tihe present season. The assump tion and responsibility of fire risks bythe company was a very impolitic course. Suppose the train of cars, with some 1800 bales, had been destroyed, would it have been so very an easy matter for the company to meet an immediate demand for pay ment--ay $100,000. The talk is that the late dis aster will lead to long litigation; and in the mean time the planters, or owners of the cotton, may suafer. We, however, suggest to the mandators of the road to abrogate the assumption of fire risks, and allow those risks to be assumed by the parties to whom they belong-the insurance associations. There are no two ways in this matter, a thousand bales of cotton are just as likely to burn up in a day as one hundred. The mails failed yesterday by both routes; that via the Jackson Railroad owing, no doubt, to tile late fire. Very little delay will Intervene, and we may have the mail over the route to-day. Tihe mail via Mobile never comes entirely through on Fridays. The Canada, the steamer of the 5th inst., is fully doe-out thirteen days. The Asia's mains are due this morning. THE LONG AND THE SHORT OF IT. onrein--.See thou not. I say, wht adeformsd thief this e(haolc.-t see that the etibon wevas out more apparel than lthe aun.--lM,-rh Ad Aaout Nhitn. If tile foolishness of fashion addled the strong heads of the lordly sex when Shakspeare wrote, truly there is no food for surprise in the fact that tihe gentler gender has yielded to its seductions in our days. We are exceedingly grateful to Shaks peare that he "wrote for all time," for how lprsopos to this time is the sage remark of the ora cular 'onrade-less the term of masculinity-that the fashion wears out more apparel than the woman, who perambulates the dusty and muddy thoroughfares dragging after her fair form a con tinuation as useless as the tail of a comet-save that it polishes the sidewalks, and in so doing, the fashion wears out the apparel, though it saves the city fathers something for street sweeping. It Is enough to make a husband or a father tear .his hair to see his wife or daughter performing tihe du ties of common scavenger by sweeping the ban qoette with surplus yards of tile costliest silk which he paid for-and so unpleasant is the aspect of a female engaged in this voluntary street work, that though her front view charm us never so much as she approaches, the illusion is painfully dissipated when we turn to look after tile wiggling mass of dry goods which trails its way along the walk by the hidden agency of a mincing motive power within. We might have denounced fashion in this regard with more energy a year or two since, but we did not, for we knewr that ink and paper would have been wasted, as they were several years before that, when we ran a tilt against the introduction of the long dress style, and were most ingloriously vanquished. We knew it was no use a year or two since, for the fashion was then in its zenith and scornfully elevated far above our fulminations. So we patiently and silently awaited the setting of the culminated favorite, that we might valiantly pitch into it as it was going down hill, and claim some of the credit of its overthrow. The time has come, and we are after it remorselessly. Bulletins from the boss modiates of the Parisian center of fashionable law-giving have been posted through these provincial dominions of the French capital, and tile faithful are directing their dress makers to dock their skirts in obedience to the edict that " dresses are worn a little shorter this season than laot." Already we see members of the feminine elite on the streets, who are neatly aswell as hand somely attired, for their skirts only touch without dragging, and we hopefully look forward to the millennial period in the history of fashions when they actually teill not touch the ground! Some may deem us insanely, fanatically san guine, but we persist in our opinion, and have a reason for the faith that is in us-and tlis is that there is no conservatism in fashion; it never pauses short of extremes. Consequently, there is no telling hlow short, as there was no telling how long, dresses will get before tile movement ceases. We hesitate to indite our opinion as to the precise altitude at which tile lower hem will finally pause, and " thus ftr and no farther" shall be recorded by the directors of the modis, to stay the alarming progress of fashionable abbreviation of crinoline. For our self, we shall continue to hound on the fashion with the shout of tihe aspiring youth, " Excelsior! " " higher ! higher ! " until it shall pause on the verge of the ultraism of Bloomerism ! DOLpEAR COMMERCIAL OOLLEGE. The belief has somehow or another gained wide currency throughout the South that at the " Dol bear Commercial College" nothing more than pen manship is taught, whereas the curriculum of this admirable institution is as comprehensive as that of the first-class colleges of the country, taking the student through a thorough course of classical in struction-the dead languages, besides the modern, algebra, geometry, surveying, navigation-a com petent knowledge of all of which is inculcated by accomplished and experienced professors, for no consideration of expense has been spared by the manager in so organizing the college that it may have its due rank as a first-class educational insti tute. And this reputation it has with those who have correct information, and that it is entitled to it is demonstrable, for it can point to its long and successful career and to the many graduates of social and professional eminence in the community, who can claim it with pride as their alma matler. It is true that especial importance is given to the study of penmanship and book-keeping, and in these qualifications for business life tile graduates of the College go forth armed and equipped with all that can be acquired which will fit them for practical participation in commercial pursuits; but that these branches alone are taught is an error so egregious and so palpable that it could only have gained currency by the sedulous and designing mis representation of interested parties, who, to sub serve their own ends or to gratify a feeling of sec tional prejudice, have deliberately traduced and falsified the character of the institution. The slan der is almost too transparent to call for refutation, so widely and so familiarly known is the College and so general have been the commendatory and explanatory publications of the press; yet, lest here should be some who have by chance not happened upon the correct sources of information and have acquired their impressions from false sources, we would state in so many words, that at Dlbear Commercial College the pupil may pur sue any branch essential to a complete education, as taught in other regular colleges of the country, North and South, and to the former section no southern student should have recourse while he can command here facilities of proper description. The roll of its students is very large, and each sea son sees its numbers enlarged in a heavy ratio, which indicates thie increasing appreciation with which it is regarded in the Southwest. TELEGRAPHED TO THE NEW ORLEANS ORESCENT. LATEST TELEGRAPHIC INTELLIGENCE. Inr TuN ATIONAL AnD A*uRsCAx L1N IS.] Havre Cotton Market. HAVRE, Oct. 31.-The Cotton market closed firm, Orleans Bas is quoted at 105f. The stock on hand at this port amounts to 40,000 bales. Later from New Mexico and Kansas LEAbvnwoRTH CrT, Nov. 17.-The Leavenworth and Denver Express bhs arrived here from Denver City, bringing dates from that place to the 10th inst. The express brings $10,000 in gold dust, con signed to various firms in this city. LecaVewoirrT CITY, Nov. 17.-Both Houses of the Legislature of this State were this day organ iced. Excitement in New Mexico. ST. I.oCIs, Nov. 17.-Later advices from New Mexico report great excitement throughout New Mexico on account of the continued outrages of the Indians. Fatal Affray at Nashville. NAsnVILLE, Nov. 18.-A erionus rencontre oc 'curred this morning between two of our most res pectable citizens. The parties concerned were Allen A. Hall, editor of the Nashville News, and G. E. Poindexter, editor of the Union and Ameri can. Mr. Poindexter was instantly killed by a load of buckshot discharged from a shot-gun in tile hands of Hall. Mr. Poindexter did not fire at his antagonist. The affair grew out of an editorial quarrel. The Harper's Ferry Affair. BosTov, Nov. 17.-Dr. Howe, who was shown by Col. Forbes to have been connected with the Har per's Ferry insurrectionists, has gone to Canada. His friends deny his connection with the insurrec tion. Excitement in Virginia. RicHMONDc, VA., Nov. 17.-There is great exciteo ment here and at Alexandria, in consequence of a rumor having been circulated to the effect that an attempt to reseue'Brown is to be made, though the rumor is discredited at Washington. A dispatch has heen received here from Col. Davis, at Charlestdwn, to Governor Wise, request ing hifn to send two companies of cavalry which are stationed here, for the purpose of quelling insurrectionary movements. Col. Davis states that there has been five barns and out-houses fired to day, which is supposed to be the work of Brown's sympathizers. Heavy Failure at Boston. BosTos, Nov. 17.-The firm of John Mansfield & Co., boot and shoe dealers of this city, have sus pended payment. Their liabilities amount to $200,000. New York Election. ALniNY, Nov. 17, 4 o'clock Evening.-The re turns of the State election give Jones, the Repub lican candidate for Secretaryof State, a majority of 1270 over his opponent. New York Stocks and Exchange. New YORK, Nov. 17.-Louisiana Sixes have sold to-day at 94. For Sterling Exchange there is a fair demand at 109n to 110. Domestic Markets. New YVon, Nov. 17.-The Cotton market closed dull. Prices are easier, but quotations are un changed-salesto-day amountto 4000 bales. East ern Mess Pork is quoted at $15 to 15 50. Musco vado Sugar is quoted at Ci to 74. River Intelligence. VICe.BnHO, Nov. 18.-The steamer Parkersburg passed down at 11 o'clock this morning, the Charmer at 1 o'clock, and the Catahoula at 5 o'clock this evening. VicsKRonvw, Nov. 18.-The steamer Mars passed down at 3 o'clock this morning. Sr. Loris, Nov. 17.--The.Misissippi river at this point has fallen about one inch during the last twenty-four hours. Ir.n Tie for Cotton Baler. EIl.s ColtT, Miss.. No'. 14, 159. Mer,. Mondernlle .t Mcllthenny, New Orleans: Gentlemen--It is with some surprise that I hear that commission merchants and cotton factors in New Orleans are lending their aid and in some in stances using most strenuous endeavors to put down the use of the iron tie for cotton bales, and have signed petitions to the Chamber of Commerce to impose a heavy tax upon all bales bound with iron, etc. This seems to me to be a very impolitic move for both merchants and pressmen. It is equivalent to the most imperious and offensive dic tation. It reverses the acknowledged order of things, and makes the principal subordinate and inferior to the agent. The producer is placed low est on the scale, his opinions and prejudices are set at defiance, and he is to be compelled to sub mit to the most outrageous extortion, unless he succumbs to the will and rule of a handful of men who are entrusted in preserving the existing state of things, which " existing state" is universally acknowledged to be a "false slate," and one that must and will be reformed at an early date. Now, does any one suppose that planters will submit to such dictation and such imposition? If there are any such, they will soon be disappointed in their expectations. I express the sentiments and opinions, not only of myself, but of the entire planting community. I am the exponent of an in terest that is overwhelming and not easily con trolled. It may be that I am particularly prejudiced in favor of iron hoops. Granted. But apart from this, and if I had never bound a bale with iron, with the present aspect of affairs, and the present action and motives of merchants and pressmen, I liould unhesitatingly and immediately adopt the iron hoop, incur the expense necessary to reduce the bale to proper dimensions and ship to England. And such is the opinion and determination of every planter to whom I have expressed the foregoing. The obvious policy of merchants and pressmen should have been to conciliate the planter-to humor him in any change which he deemed proper to make in the management of his cotton-to ac cept the iron tie upon the same terms with rope, and to make the best of this innovation, which is inevitable, and which will soon become wide-spread and general. Instead of pursuing this line of policy, however, an insane attempt is made to re press all innovation by tyrannical legislation, and has thus hurried forward the consummation of the planters' independence of the compressors of New Orleans. I have started in this work in full earn est, and am supported and encouraged on all sides. With all modesty be it said, but a short time will elapse before the means will be at hand to enable every planter, with a trifling expense, to reduce his bales below the average of the compressed bales of New Orleans. Yours veer truIEr A. t. MIRRILL, JR. TnE Sr. CItnax.s.-To-light bliss Jane Coombs, the accomplished young actress, makes her last appearance and has a farewell benefit. The bill is good. She plays Bianca in the "Italian Wife," and Constance in the "Love Chase." We hope to see the house crowded, for the fair and deserving beneficiary is certainly entitled to such a recog nition of her merits. Her talent, her youth and her success, all appeal for the favor of the public. DaxwIso or ruin HAVANA LorrEsY.-The tallow ing numbers drew the principal prizes at the last drawing of the Havana Lottery, Nov. 9, 1859: No. 12,404, $100,000; 19,751, $50,000; 19,498, $30.00; 6,896, $20,000; 10,376, $10,000; 861, 1,111 1,400, 1,764, 1,874, 1,905, 2,437, 2,5590, 2,600, 3,644, 3,697, 4,877, 5,299, 5,608, 5,097, 6,051, 6,247, 0,549, 8,154, 11,868, 12,501, 12,700, 12,832,13,088, 15,945, 18,69i, 18,867, 19,224, 20,644, 20,719, 20,808, 20,875, 20,946, 21,100, 21,340, 21,760, 22,250, 22,887, 23,179, 23,439, 12,413, 26.484, 26,692, 27,180, 28,173, 28,864, 29.023, 29,066, 29,641, 29,779-41,000 each. Fin.--The alarm of fire yesterday forenoon was originated by a small display of smoke and very little, if any flame, while the ready action of the engine companies at 6 o'clock in the evening was created by a msoquito bar taking fire and born- I ing only itself, in a house on the corner of Caron deblt and Girod streets. CHARTY HIorrTrAL.-The report of this Hospital 1 for the week ending last evening shows: Admitted............................. ... . IrbcLh rged ............................ .. .........3M lD s t ............................... . ........... .... 47 ioesaising ................. . ..... .... . ......... Face DISPENARY--Weekly report of the New Orleans School of Medicine on Common street, op posite the Charity Hospital: Case treated stseteylNsov. 1............... Mrndy, .. 14 ............. 45 wedleday, .. 16. . ...... 40 Treated pre ouly....... ......... ....... 15,31 Total ........................... . too.io LoST CmLDn.-A nice little boy, aged six years, who says his name is King, was found in a bewild ered state as towhere helived, or who he belonged to, or where he came from. Wm. Waterman, on Jackson street, between Chesnat and Colliseum streets, kindly took him tobhis residence, until he is claimed by those to whom he belongs. A SBroY or Two Tnuoss.-WhonSamuel Weller, Sen., entered the apothecary shop of Bob Sawyer, late Sawyer & Knockemof, and beheld Mr. Pick wick and the bounding Bob indulging in a series of rongh-and-tumbles, he in horror exclaimed "wery-ly this is werry strange medical play, gentlemen" and when Peter Sablish, mariner, boarded the schooner "Critic," anchored in the Old Basin, on the night of the 14th inst.,, and thenandthere dis covered the cabin doorbroken open and a trunk of valuable property stolen therefrom, be inlike horror unto that of the senior Weller cried out, "stop thief!" But like the calling of spirits from the vasty deep, no available good resulted ini Mr. Peter Sablish's lusty ecry. Then it was that the following aflidavits became necessary and were resorted to before Assistant Recorder Benit yesterday. Capt. Antonio Masculini deposeth that on the night of the 14th inst., about 9 o'clock, he leftthesaid schooner " Critic," and in company with two friends and his above named sailor, went to take supper at an oys ter house convenient in the locality. Having in dnlged in the bivalves these gentlemen made their way back to the schooner, preceded, however, by the trusty Peter aforesaid, and ere they arrived to within twenty paces, of the vessel the cries of "stop thief!" arrested their attention and caused them in turn to arrest one John Mora, whom, with two other men unknown, they now accuse of breaking open the cabin doors of the schooners " Critic" and "Alligator," and stealing therefrom two trunks containing clothing, valuable papers, and one sil. ver watch, all valued at $215. . One of these trunks that contained the clothing, papers and watch, is the property of Capt. Thos. Degan, of the schooner Alligator, and the other trunk containing only clothing, belongs to a sailor named John, of the Critic. The accused, John Mora, was seen by the Captain jumping ashore from off the Critic, and this testimony being corroborated by the master of the Alligator, and also by the sailor Peter Sablish, who adds that when he surprised the wily Mora two brother burglars made tracks for parts unknown. The Recorder deemed it proper to hold the said Peter and case for further investigation. Tns MURDER oF CaPTAIN PRosAR.-Yesterday two men were brought before Assistant Recorder Monroe, charged with being the murderers of Cap tain Probar, of the fishing boat Millard Fillmore. It will be remembered that this diabollcal murder was perpetrated about a month since on the oyster banks of Bayou Julia. This case and the accused will be brought up at the First District Court, whither Recorder Monroe sent them. ACCIDENT AND ArcPL'uATION.-James O'Connor, a laborer on the Opelousas Railroad, met with a sad accident on Thursday evening last. He was engaged at work near the Bouts station, and acci dentally fell on the track justas the train was pass ing, and before any means of stopping the locomo tive could be applied, the wheels of a car passed over one of his legs, crushing it so severely that t amputation was necessary. Dr. Smith performed the operation of amputation, and his patient is in no further danger from this accident. CALcSE OF mss DEAT.--The late Mr. G. G. Skip. with, of Baton Rouge, who came'to his death sud denly at the Conti Street Hotel, was aflicted with disease of the heart, and hence his decease-so Dr. Delery says-and an inquest being held, the jury rendered a verdict accordingly. Deceased was 57 years old, and a native of this State. CHARGE OF STAnnoBa.-Last evening a Cuban lad - named Joaquin Fernando was taken to the Second District lockup charged with stabbing Baptiste Bogue, residing on Old Levee between St. Philip and Dumaine streets. The lad said lie was playing r with some small girls near complainant's store t when Bogue interfered, calling him bad names, whereupon he hit Bogue in the mouth, who in turn I hit him back with a bucket, thus exasperating Joa f quin, who says in self-defense ihe drew his knife I and slightly stabbed Rogue. "Nor A TRun B.LL."-Yesterday the jury at the First District Court, Judge T. G. Hunt presiding, failed to find a true bill against Win. Leith, charged with obtaining goods on false pretences. GOT Hnse ON THE FIRST Cot.-This was Pat McNamara, who stood before the First District Court charged on two counts of an indictment wherein larceny and receiving stolen goods were the points. A nol. pros. relieved Pat of the second count but a verdict of guilty on the first caused him to be remanded for sentence. "OiFF BEFORE TIIE BREAK OF DAY."--SO was It with some light-fingered, quick-footed rascals who entered, in a burglarious style, the house of Mr. Luke Welsh, on New Levee street, near St. Mary's SMarket, and departed ore sunrise yesterday morn ing, with a lot of wearing apparel, a silver watch, and some gold trinkets. The thieves are non est men. DISoISSje.-John Beetly, charged with commit ting an assault and battery on one Owen Howard, on or about the 11th inst., was discharged by As sidtant Recorder Benit, owing to the non-appear ance of the plaintiff. " Mr HONEo AND Mr PEnsos."--Sylock, poor old cormorant that he was, could not have ex pressed over even two pounds and a half of any res. tricted Venetian flesh, with the same agonizing look as did John Walter yesterday before Judge Hunt, when he was told to pay a fine of $20 or spend two weeks in the Parish Prison, "What?" said John, " my money and my person! " Yes, John, one or the other is necessary when you indulge in assault and battery. "CHARLES WILLIAM HElNY IS MY NAME."--S said a royal prince on one occasion to a fair peasant; so said C. W. Henry to the question of the First District Court yesterday. Charles Wil liam is a waif on the ocean of life and indulges in larceny and a goatee, and for such-the larceny and not the goatee-Charley was sent to prison for six months in the absence of $40 fine. Charley is an ornithological being-" a bird." GAnLoc is DxNoanous.-Asparo Spartero, though enjoying a very vowelly-ending, pleasing name, has a rather unpleasant habit, like all his Cuban asso ciates, of indulging in garlic and assault and bat tery. He says "one garlic makes him think" (certainly a much pleasanter effect than we ever knew it to possess ; but this is owing, no doubt, to the locality of the thinking functions in Sicilians of Asparo's class,) and he adds, " when he thinks, he becomes dangerous;" (another singularly con tradictory result, according to Archbishop Wheat ley's and Sydney Smith's theories) anm When As pare is dangeroas, he commits assault and battery. Now, if one garlic produces ench results, what rwould a peck measure of them do, or rather what what would they not do, with Asparo? IMrders galore, no doubt. Well, the bad result of garlic this time was an attack on Santa Oterra, during the night of the 10th instant, on Main ani St Philip streets, for which Assistant Recorder Mon roe held Asparo for trial. CAUGoT ON THE TR*AP.--J. W. McGee was brought to the First District lock-up last night, charged as a fugitive from justice. McGee, itseems, slipped from the hands of the Sheriff of the parish of Caddo, while en route to the Penitentiary at Baton Rouge. McGee was found guilty on the 4th day of Octo ber last, in the parish of Caddo, of an act which the law calls larceny, but which J. W. McGee termed simple loan. A difference of opinion, how ever, with the Judge and Mr. Mac. caused the latter to receive a sentence of twelve months in the Peni tentiary, and on his way to receive the same he gave the Sheriff the slip. "O7r.Y Two YsaRs," s.c,--Charles Blanchard took it into his head to commit larceny onthe 14th, with the particulars whereof the public already know, and for such head and hand considerations Charley was detailed to -deuy; in-the4shape of " hard labor" for our good State, in the Peniten tiary during the neirt'two years to come. As Charley entered the legal vehicle known as the "sable Maria" he exclaimed, "Only trwo years I away my chariot, on, Troy is free." So he went. CAEY CAUnGT AT LAsT.--The slippery Jeremiah Casey, who has eluded the efforts of the police to catch him during the last two months, was captor ed last evening by officers Hyatt and Tank, of the First District police. Sergeant Reed was on Jerry's track the night before, but the long legs of Casey gave him an advantage over the officer's motion. It will be remembered that Casey was charged, in connection with two others now in prison, with killing a man named Ryan on the night of 17th September last, on Erato street and Leeds' Row. Jerry will be arraigned to-morrow. RrrvLnsS Ru'r.--Adam Ruth, in the most em phatic sense in his sponsorial cognomen, is one of this earth; consequently he is a victim to a weak ness which some humans display by their strength, and known in law as assault and battery. This, Adam exhibited in a way not proper to one Stamp, and Assistant Recorder Monroe sent the ruthless Ruth on his way, with bonds to keep the peace for the term of six months. Keep it, Adam. " Th GnEEs-Erse Mosrea."-Thlis terrible em erald-hued optic creature tookpossession of a rosy cheeked smoked-beef complexioned damsel, whose patronymic has graced small as well as large pota toes--Murphy-Ellcn Murphy. Ellen was dwelling in the same house with her fellow-servant, Mary Ann Clark, and Mary Ann was at No. 614 Magazine street. Here Ellen became touched in the heart with jealousy and on the tongue with gaul, and evinced the one and the other in such a forcible manner towards Mary that patience ceased to be a virtue with her, and law became her only solace. She therefore asked the aid of the excellent Assist ant Recorder of the First District, who caused the fair Murphy to be planted within the region of de corum by an instrument known as a peace bond. Ellen, never be envious, jealous, or, if you can, 1 talkative, L.QUSmT ON THE BODn or J. M. DsELtA.-Yester day morning, Deputy Coroner Weysfoam held an inquest on the body of John Manuel DeLima, bet ter known as "Picayune Lima." The following witnesses were called and sworn, to give testi mony touching this man's death: Pedro Holmes--On last Sunday night, I was in 1 the coffeehouse of Mr. Lewis, corner of Spain and Levee streets. The deceased (DeLima) was there too. Two other men were already in the coffee house at the time. I believe they were sailors one a first-mate and the other a second-mate of a a nhip. Words passed between one of them and Picayune Lima-they were quarrelsome. After a little time they ceased to abuse each other, and the two sailors went out of the coffeehouse together, Ithe deceased following them. Shortly after this another man, who was also present, known au Charley Williams, went out. The landlord, Lewis, then closed his door. In the course of a few minm utes Charley Williams returned and knocked hur riedly at the door, telling Lewis that "little Johnny" was stabbed. Lewis accompanied 'Char Icy Williams., and discovered deceased in a wound ed state. They gave him all the care the circum stances demanded. Aetonio Lewais.-I am proprietor of the coffee house on the corner of Spain and Levee streets. The deceased came to my place on Sunday eve ning, and soon got into a quarrel with the second :mate of a ship, who had been in the house the besat part of the day. This second mate had a sword cane. He pushed the deceased back from him and told him to go away, and that he did not wantto d have anything to do withlhim atall. Deceased was very abusive to second mate, McLain; he called him hard names, until he (McL.) drew his sword from the cane, but no blow was given or the sword Sergeant Brook..-l went with Recorder Long to take the affidavit of the wounded man, DeLima. It was made out against some person or persons unknown. The deceased told him there were other persons present during tle affray. In course of time I arrested John Thomas on suspicion, knowing him to have had a difficulty on one occa sion with the deceased. I also arrested the two men, Daniels and McLain. From all I learn re garding the matter, my impression is that McLain is the man who stabbed deceased. I am positive no other hand but his committed the act. Hecre W iliamse-I was coming up Levee street, accompanied by a friend, Mr. Holmes, and -when near Spain street we met two men coming out of Lewis' coffeehouse. Shortly after we met a man known as Johnny Picayune, the deceased. He and the two men crossed over to the other side of the street, going down, and we crossed, going up. In a few seconds after tile three men passed over, we heard a cry of " Oh oh, I am killed ! " We recog nized this to be the voice of deceased, and on looking, saw a man fall and another man walk away. The third man we cosld not sec then. Antonio Daniel-I was with McLlain in the coffee house. I was there some two hours and a half. John Picayune came it and got talking and got into a fous with McLain. He shoved McLain, who shoved him back. I told them to he quiet, and not get on with any more of their fighting and fuss, and to go home, as it was late. They then went out, and I saw deceased follow MeLain and slap him in the face, when MeL. turned and stabbed deceased with a sword, which he pulled out of his cane. I and a man named Williams ran to where deceased was lying and picked him ip. We thought at first that he was only stabbed in the leg. During this time, McLain put his sword in its sheath and quietly walked away, wlhilst we, myself and Wil liams, took the wouncled man to the coffeehouse of Mr. Lewis, who admitted us after knocking some time. This being the chief evidence, the jury returned a verdict that the deceased, John Manuel de Lima, died of a stab in the abdomen, penetrating the intestines and causing inflammation and death; said wound having been inflicted by a sharp and pointed instrument in the hands of one McLain, on the 13th November, inst., at about 10 o'clock P. M., on the corner of Spain and Levee streets. McLain is in custody awaiting the action of law. THE u 'AIHnI~Ss.-The interesting and successful comedy of ' The Country Squire," with Mr. Wal. lack as Squire Broadlands, Mr. Sothern as Horae, Miss Thompson as Fanny, and Miss Polly Marshall as Alice, will be brought on again to.night, fol lowed by a dance and the admirable comedy of " Used Up," in which Mr. Sothern will be the Sir Charles soldstrasm. Tua Axrsrgsreasurr. - Kneeland, Adams and Hedden's Campbell Minstrels promise one of their best entertainments to-night, giving a general blow-out of melody and comedy which will enter tain everybody who attends in tip-top style. At noon to-day the doors of the Amphitheater will be open to the public, and the Minstrels will be on the stage in all their sable glory. SnAerrFa, P .LLvEYS, hangers, pillow blocks and all tuch artichs aro advertidcd for ale by Mesrs. D. C. Lowbr A Co., 73 Camp sceot Mmeaoooouvrx i 3e t ,4h , q I weather in V p i la the following: We learn from the O ea bnek, that two gentlemen wos Bledeee'e place, Sunflowe' day zgt lr. Bledloent mud r binboup, went out hunting in the ass that evening, and getting lost, t r wero ken hythe cold spell which nddn iy et nrday, and froze to death' efore.'teie iei ' ered. Mr, Bledsoe we. quite a yaon r maa--*e were nable to learn his first name. . The Beaadrn Herald of Wedneldayihstsat: We regret to learn that on Sunday night about 7 o'clock, the gIn-house of CtiI,J- ep tcMAe.waaentirely conSuinc d by tireti n at-the time twenty bales of cotton-tei to himaelfandten belonging to Mr.Samnl being the whole of later 's crop. We fave not learne the cause of the fire. The i sconltar of the 12th gives the follo~ account of a mall robbery: It was erovered a fw da o aro that tih-d, earries on hoeeback bhetween . phIn l.a.ao~i Hubbeed isd been robbedof a portioe of Ito e-a tents. Snumber of letters or pleces of ttnrs,~er fonnd c eattered along the Inat routeo a to have been extracted ofr l reil td oa irthed a.dtorn ap, n s e e Suspicitcs rested pb ht Imal carrler a warrDt He wagt d beore oJric'Gaye wn e are oted, alas, for he uoeertantyp of oma° emine, e Court dianSeand that they, aut. Jatiaeo t Peace, were not auhorized to, e iop fentoe committed 'sagainet the F tin ment, and.neeidnglty dIcharg d f.'le ' t expeddtton.to Chinlsdlusl ifItlaiidni onie-1 count of the euat, while that "to.ýkoec t-tobe au mente b rtwo brde .. . e .h..... London, between dney lHerbsl'e tfhe h y of War, anethe chIef uesetetarj lrtene6 inter ni'nrWarjmwblchs ell tih nag onties combined expeditie ti China were coniltded, the departure ofdthe expe:dtionbp ng zedfre nrte fortnight laFoebeery. The London Times uays that ltOhaesele out at Portsmouth to reinfor..tlbesquedrm;l tan China will nail for their doetnineop,.sia ,tb L November. The London Times of the 27th of Octobearnya;i In addition to thelarge quantity of engnee strewhCh thic detachlieate of Royal gie about proceeding toChina take out witthbenm, tle authorities bhae decided on forwarding.to China neveral miles of teleg.iph wires,, together with telegraph apparatn'of the most isoderdtcouhiuc tinn, In order to enable the force-whichis ebloit tn be dispatched teChina to keep up intantaaeom communlgation with each other wh eeer.naepe rated. Several of the non-com. . b o -=i and men of the Royal -Englnera who =a nelected to proceed with the detobmenntnotO eq have been undergoing a ourae of instruetion;at the telegralh' school atthe Boyal Engineer et ls: lishment, Chatbam, to enable them to iy the wi and work the apparatno. : The Siluf Zublic, of Lyons, contaIns the follow ing article: It is seriously proposed to establish a diCrt steam service between France, India and China: The first result of such a service would be to re move the carriage of silk from the exclousive din cretion of the Pennienlar and Oriental Company. But it is intended to go farther-the French company charged with this service would, if we arc well informed, be a banking house specially created with a-view to the extension and facility of our financial and commercial relatioos with thioee countries, where English houses reign exclusively and without competition. Contracts are stated to have been made foi sap plying the whole French force in, Italy up tothe list of May next. H. Frederick de Conlnck, of Hl re,hae jut pohb lished a second pamphlet on the Isthmus of lnez Canal scheme, of which he- is -a determined and perscvering adversary. The Bishop of Orleans, ;ln is last pastoral letter on the Roman question, oh-. serves: The victorious obstinacy of M. de Lessmps pierces the land of Suez, and through seas that approach each other, and opens a shorterway for.the gospel to the Indies. On this passage M. e Coninu c remarks: Certainly, if I shared this opinion, I should do nothing to prevent the construction of the Canal of Suez; obut I consider the sacred canuse of the Gos pel has nothing whatever to do with the subject. We are no longer in the times of Vasco Game ; and if our worthy missionaries desire to carry the good tidings to India and China by Suez rather than by the Cape of Good Hope, they need not walt for thae good will of the Sultan, and, afterwards, the con elusion of M. de Lesse.a' labors. They may set out to-morrow. t. do Coninck is of opinion that the Pasha of Egypt makes ns of the Sultan's name as a pre text for getting out of the Suez Company, ho being both a shareholder to a large amount and proprie tor of the Alexandria and onez Railroad, which yields profits quite unhoped for, and to which, of course, the canal would be in opposition. The Times has a leader on Lord Brougham's speech at the Edinburgh banquet, and says :--We were never more serious than when we hail in Lord Broughamn an almost providential medium be tween English and French ideas. - Lord Brougham was elected Chancellor of the Edinburgh University, by a vote of 654 to 419 for the Duke of Buccleugh.. Sir George Grey has announced his intention of accepting the Governorship of the Cape of Good the will of the late Robert Stephenson, Esq., has been sworn to by the executors. The personal Iproperty alone was valued for probate duty at £400,000, which is exclusive of the freeholds. A fire took place on the 28th atthe palace of the Senate de Luxembourg. The Salle de Jeamnas was completely destroyed, and four persons were dangerously injurmed. The galleries, museum, ar chives, library, etc., were all saved. The Paris correspondent of the London Herald writes that Government hd given orders to an iron company for one hundred gunboats, twenty live of which are to be completed with the utmost diiThe oniteur de Bologna contradicts the report that the Bishop of Rimini had been arrested. Three monks were arrested in consequence of seri ous accusations against them. Ferom Turkey we learn that the nomination of Kubristi Pasha as Grand Vizier had been con firmed. The Commissioners for settling the boundary question in Montenegro were obliged to leave the country, having been attacked by the inhabitants. some insurances were efbfeted at Lloyds', on.the 27th, of the bullion by the Royal Charter, at 25 per cent. The great gale which caused the wreck of the Royal Chlarter, and the detention of tile steamers North American and City of Baltimore, was most disastrous n its effects all around the coast of Eng land. Numerous vessels (mostly coasters) were wrecked and many lives were lost. Mluch damage was also done on land. The following disasters to American vessels are reported: The bark J. M. Thurston, Captain Grant, from London for Port Talbot, In ballast, was driven ashore near Falmouth, but was subsequently towed off anud taken into Falmouth harbor. The damage was not supposed to be extensive. The British ship England, from Liverpool for New Orleans, went ashore in Holyhead harbor, but was expected to be got off. The American ship Rockingham. from Cardiff, outward bound, lost anchors and cable in Penarth Roads, and was run on the mud. The bark Marlborough, from Baltimore, was to tally wrecked near Ilfracombe; crew saved, with the exception of the pilot and second mate. The ship Tornado, at Liverpool from New York, was struck by a sea on the 6th of October, which washed overboard the first and third mates, five seamen and two boats. Three other boats were also smashed. A heavy gale had occurred on the Black Sea, and fears were entertained of very serious damage to the shipping. RamsLAU Sxsa.su.-A collision occurred between two trains on the Memphis and Charleston Rail road, about nine miles from the former.ofty, on the night of Tuesday last, whereby one of the loomo tives was utterly demolished, and several eard thrown from the track. Nobody hurt. Sob ays the Avalanche. Faox SAx DoI mop.-Advies ftros as ll . mingo are to the 19th lt. Thie revolntlmoary movement at Ansa ijd'bltnp pptagl qeej dby Vice-Presldent-en-eral ýb#4 solfes to whom San tans bad temporalrc resigned the Preeldeney. Ten of :the eompslrators were shot, and quite a number were banished to New Granada. It was believed that the revolt was the work of the parti sans of ex-President Baea, and not of the Baytiens. ý spatrita G' i1 i I0; fat Tkb~ ae en cool 1la W MA w ow4jm. jtakn!* BlanoPr' Pr acriptivae otieavolt known as no aBiop for which he had Watermanp, Eq.,,te practically eCarry out. the macidne he anathat ofbetder losng-needed and4 discrered sthi.n iuppron, w 'p'he pit tarl eastto athe and Haed tr MadisonIa catiengto a 1g5er t paper dbefores lt j r obt bow w etingut and strck a bagr pper war Thior macrinew the inventor, andi mero ma requhlr. be edmitteep to owi impra emetes, out o or superior. creating a cuarrent wi mand miles beulbe' It Ies conmderedf a a doubt will be wteh will extend commesq e various ways, tpe rivers, making sa water. Snch en Waterman eout to _a e Sit wile an hceed all m osses by etentho p tearing of boats, ontling lan and steamrs, light ningto of fel, oile, and men wt nothing, and wtchingea and tear of machiery and wing-dams and loiebo e oTohis machine may ;.l' to that a boat getttig gt channel. At any rate, a Dredge tok ep ithomeqdwh and washing in sand and mod,, Dredger woold be needed. lansas this would be A NATURAL Iit Mrs. Dr. Lyd ay j ee the dressreformesalt"l editorials and'on s iota ! p cal s all their rotundity and p to amuse in what thediti entswrite. A Xlunneaotsdu There are near a sco.neofla viinity who have worn. t.l Drees, for several yeauaand i the first Impropriety or i ea wearing the same ; while on lb otf much to adtmire. I goopowthe] rights to all." Why Il it-anymre female to wear pants th.oain A w gown? Did Godpreserib eain r oatioa concerning the of q am Did he not dress them equally alike~ t Did htottn dress them equally e>l ' the question. Ergo-the strong-mindid l1a in'' turning to the condition of po-t el her neighbors will coment to, 3i bn mission. Sommos Au IsTlnonnuttoag a gor, since his introductIon, hibs e self highly popnlar. A rt companlefd b rh . house of an humb°ia aoliqpr colloquy took l ratea; o have ea ied't'toiifrodpce thk e men etoerI to Introdue eTpb dill be good enough tq e never saw him hty Loe A new, 'delnk hua' describedby a tolils It Ia sredot onsinteg it. 'arhe anetloa t tf o tB Old Lea wetUc taOd do n sam o boon