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OF THE NEW OIILEANS, OPELOUSAS Great Western Railroad Company. The Preldet and Diraloe of thi Company now ive pubHli otlee that, dedou of otre g for extension the ie heion oft Road See. lemrwik's nlay to Opalouw, they offer for eagotieion the Deadh of the Company feor $2,OOO, dated lit April, 189, and payable In thirty ytar, Iaring Interest at 8 per cat., payable aml-annually in April and Octoihr. These loalds are etllred by a FIRST MORTGA(IG on the Pint Grand Divl.ion of the Road tween Algiers and 8Rtheatr, 5 mailes, including tle franelrhle, rolling stoak and all the de potie, wharves, ete., appertinhng i to the ame. Thtl Diliion is, for all butn eee pnrileas, a iompite eparabe Road to itself, now In ilTd operation, tertinalting l Berwietk's Bay, and there conneled with Texas by a trl-weekly line of itenuitlpe. I Punctutl payment of tihe itres, Is provided for, by contract with the Loutalana Stite Biank, for specii monthly deposite, which elmnot be withdrawn foi any pllrpotea whatever, payment, bthg tIIIUde by tihe lIIk only oni pri.t Mloyn of the eopullt . For thi gradual redllemption or tie |toat, a contract bas been mTde with KI:dmnlid J. Frsatll, Esq., it, blehalf of and for the tmefit or any ld all ondhenlder, aln with the Itoullisla Sallte ilnk, esablltihilng a SINKING FUND, by deposite conIIUne Inx in8 I5. In Ilhe montlh of Jnllary, Febrluary mudi Marll, and alm In July, rI.Unst and Sepitml.r, (antd In thle follollug years lutil bnal pilayent,) to plty oftf, i.mlet anully, $12,C ) of tlhe plond, or i ,iJiet annuaRlly,, buloieltt to extingtihttll th o llOe unmlmt at atu itlrity. The fauls deposited cannot be tid flr any other pulrpse whtevter, or be lt.idt.¥aun flll thie 11tak,, but ar. liom paidt olly on pra.nlation of liod offered mi-nllltllty, after pub lc noteiJe, and accepted flour the lowt, t bidders. It Is calculated that ihe e procceds of thee honds and other mans of the Company, will be ulfficient to counsruct and equip tme whole rotad from ]erwih'l' Igay t, Opliousas, and to pay off ola whdoe Unatlnx debt, adding P5 mile to tihe presellt extent of the rMd-opening LIp a country of great fertlilly anlld agrICltu. ral reource,, and inereasing very materially the reveanlum of the road. It in with this object, and wlthl thIlese views, that these bonds, Sperfectly well mseurd, ar now oered on favorable terms. Cople of Acts of Mortgage, contractsfor paymelnt of interet, and a Ir estalnblllng a Hitlking Fund, Maps thowfeg the mote of the rnoad, and its implrodiant roonection withll Texs, can he eaamined on application to the office of the Company. WILLIAM G. IHEWYES, New Orlean. November 1.18,&. not 2p Prince Imperial Champagne, FROM DB TENOOR & CO., EPERNAY, FRANCE Thi. Wine hoe hltherto bIr. ronined to the beet tahi,, of the continent of Europe, nt ha, nnny recently been tntroducod Into thL market., where its RARE QUAIITY rd PURITY, com blod with the moderate prle at which t Ioffered, he. aschieve an unprecedentd sueeos and popularity in every ection of the counetry. E. V. HAUGHWONT, Sole Importer, No.. 49,01 .no 4n92 Rrodway, n9 2p2mTThASa New York. Splendid French Faurniture, --ANorFALsO·D Or P. MALLARD, 0 ROYAL STREET AND 8 IBIENVIILE STREET. Large Assortment --or HOUSE-FURNISHING .AND ARTISTIC ARTICLES. He would rerectfully inform the publice that he hu Just r. ried from Padrs with the lint choice of Goods ever teleted in Rnrope, for thi market-which, for berty, totefulnessa and dihnesa, came be excelled by my house in America. Among ether things to which he would invite ,,meal attention, are Mllent Pallor and Bedruom Sits of Furnire, in RD. woo and tMahogsay; Inlaid Buhl. I'npler Mach., and Old Oak, Dlingronr., IIan and .lbrry Set1; FINE. CURTAIN TUFPFS, consting of Lsmpoendo, Bronde, Iennrsk, EStin, Silk, Embroidered Hobntt and Muslins; and a large usortment of TRIIMMINGS for UIITIOLSTERY, such aRs Twinl, Loops, Frlages, Cord, Cornices, Hands and Hlmks. Also, Edgl h Ta pa1ry and f1r0sl. Carpeting and Rugs; French and Armrican Window Shade5 , lMatting, etc.; Mirr1ors of all F1lw,; Ohlied Woodl for Frames and Conicerl ; ltronro and ]'oreelatn Clock,, aed Ch·Bdel0ebr for Ga.s and 1Oil; Fancy Vass; Toilet and Washetand Sete; Cut Glasses; China Dining and Tea Set-all of which will be Od at the lowest price,, so a to prevent all com. pstitin with any house in the United Stae. P. MALLARD. ,e02 2p2m 67 Royal street and 8 Itleviile st. Cigars ! Cigars Pureha.rs wilU always And in store an asortmenlt of the well known brand--Injenuldad, Flor de Prluwad, Meridianna, Flor de Poncho, REdows, Cabrga, Parts,vg. Know Something, Wash tnginn Dos tlernmoa, Mate tInbano, etc., etc., at the lowest SP. PRATS & CO., o12 htf 29 Commercial Pl1,e. The Eastern Clarion, PAULDING, MISS. S. R. Adams, Editor. A WRRKI.Y NEWSPAI'PER, having the largest circulation of any contry newspapr in the South, I very respectfully of fered aan odvertling medium to the Merchants of New Or loans. Agets for New Orlent- A. B. STRAWBRIDGE & CO., ol Optf No. 22 Commercial Place. E. .1. Tyler. 110 CANAL ST.........................NEW ORLEANS. -Dealer lo FINE WATCHES, CLOCKS, J W nz I.0 'X , BILVER AND PLATED WARE. -Manufaetures to Order Silverwarc and Jewelry. DIAMONDS RESET, WATCHES, CLOCKS Iad JEWELRY r nal ar n. 120eif" IYFines, Liquors, etc., NOS. 13 AND 15 ROYAL STREET. A 0upply of CREME DE BOUZY CIIAMPAGNE, in q.urts and pint., contlnually on hand, whieh is equal to the best that come to this market. Also, other brand of inferior quality, TOPAZ SHERRY, CABINET SHIERRY, SIERRA SH1R RY, GOLDEN SHERRY, DUFF CORDON SIIHERRY, AN CHOR SHERRY. SPAIIKIN.I and STIL.L IIOCK, Old and Fine PORT WINE, MADEIRA AND SIIERRY WINES, BRANDIES-S-akerae, of the vintage of 1795, 17 and 1a5, and other brand.. WHISKY, of all descrlptllon p S otch, Irish, Bye and Bourbml. AI.E .and PORTER, in pint and qnarts. Al.s on hand, my nll n.sortment of the heat Wines and Liquors do the market, whice will be sold on as reasnnable terms as any other hot, in the city. SEWEI.L T. TAYLOR, o7 2ply Not. 13 and 15 Royal street. Oriental ltestactrat, 44 ST. CII ARL.E ST., OPPOSITE ST. CIIARLES1 HOTEL. Tile unlersiged bes leave to infinn his friends and tile pub 10, generally, 11hst he h0a now opened his RESTAURAT, and be pledgehm t pledgee 111118 tpro idoe tile bet MEATS, OYSTERS, 0A1E, FISH AND VEGIETABI.nES, that the malket affords. .Attachd to the, etsblishment is an OYSTER SALOON AND BAR, Where the best bra1nd of WINES, I.RAN1)IES, ecl., will be kept Prv'rte rooms for 'Parties. SAM. CROGHAN, I9 21tf Proprietor. Bruft Brother A' Seaver, 4 .....................WARREN ST...................44 New York. israstons or Tns CELEBRATED OVAL EYE COTTON HOES, IMPROVED PATTERN CANE KNIVES. -oGLE AGNTS. roR R. P. BRUFF'S AXES. 55'The Jobbing trade supplied by the pnekago. LZ A hoTw7 stock of HARDWARE, CUTLERY, GUNS, nes, e tntanliy on hand. y21 2ply To Country .Wlerchants. RAYNE'S WHOLESALE SHOE WAREHOUSE, No. 38 iMagazine Street. A TLARGE STOCK On Liberal Terms. se2 2pEm HANGE OF NUMBER, BUT NOT OF LOCA ON. D. OLARK k FRIEDRICIIO, Dent ist. No. 124 (fomrly 121V1 CANAL STREET, J f Union Eauk Building. SIGN PuINT'IING.... .......S. IGN PAINTING. U N I A C K E, Plain and Fancy Signs. HO Is7 AND b IGN PAINTER. 18.................EXCIIANOE PLACE.... ............10 e2 Itm p.1o,1te thn I'o0t ONOM. LAW NOTITE- -I IIAVE RI:Si IED TIlE 'IIAC ice of my ppt..ion, sd cal found at my oice, N. 1 nyl8 ly 5. Y.L 1LTNOLI.. NE11W ORLEANS DAILY CRESCENT, PUBLISHED EVERY DAY, SUNDAY EXCEPTED, BY J. O. NIXON, AT No. 70 CAMP STREET. VOLUME XII. TUESDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 22, 1859. NUMBER 221. TUIESDAY MORNING, NOVEMBE1 22, 1859. SAN JUAN ISLAND AIFFAIR IN END- of LAND. in If the tone of the press he an indication of the re predominant popular feeling in England, then the or wllole country must be rampant to avenge the in- at sult to its sovereignty perpetrated by General luarney. In any event, however, we can retort fr upon our English cousins, and suppjort with primao IF fTeie evidence the accusation of intemperate pre- or cipitation, venom and rabidity, which they are so as fndl of laying to the charge of tire American press. a1 One would think, from reading the articles of tire t London Star, the London Sun and other luminaries, that the hair of the British lion was bristling all ic over, and that hoe was already couched for a fatal Ih spring upon this unfortunate America, which has si had the stupidity and temerity to offend his ma- ot jesty, and that we are to be annihilated forth with, without opportunity to repent of our ill- i doing. b The Star says, "It would seem that the cabinet b of Mr. Buchanan is ready to endorse tire offensive s bluster of that portion of the American press which B delights in hurling defiance to England, and to go r the whole length of sustaining the unjustifiable act of General Harney in seizing the island by force." This we record as being creditable to Old Buck, and we desire to "give the" - well, in short, to give everybody his due; and if we cannot find any- b thing complimentary to tire Federal Executive in his own country, we must e'en cross the ocean for a it. The Star proceeds to " hurl defiance" at Brother Jonathan, in order, we presume, to "tote fair," and keep up the English gnd of the rail-or t rather, "railing." The ,London Sun, of the first of November, ful minates that " the seizure of San Juan is an infrae tion of international law. Itis, beyond this, a vio lation of the rules of honor. It is a flagrant act of robbery and violence-an act justifiable upon no plea whatsoever. Even the more rational among the Americans themselves are beginning to recog- 3 nize the monstrous injustice and insolence of the whole proceeding. Gen. HIarney's own officers are among the number of those who reprehend the outrage upon the perpetration of which he adven tured in the name and on the behalf of the United States Government." This would seem to he salt- i peterish enough to satisfy the most patriotically in dignant of pothouse politicians over their " 'alf and I 'alf," but the fire-eating San must go further, and 1 endeavor to spur the lion to a wrathfll demonstra- I tion with such ferocious remarks as these : " The craven toleration of a buccaneering crime like tihe seizure of San Juan, would imply before the whole I world an abasement of the national character. It would be as pernicious, almost we had said as i fatal, to our influence among tihe powers of the earth as, in Mr. Burke's estimation, when the Royal Guard's unresenting view of the insults I offered to the fair Queen, Marie Antoinette, implied i the extinction among them of the loftier impulses of chivalry." This, certainly, can only be inter pretcd as "fighting talk;" but the Sun, indignant and refusing to be comforted, proceeds to firther stir up the lion in this exasperating strain : " Let us but yield quietly possession of San Juan I to the Americans and allow them to fortify it scien tifically, and we may just as well, with a good grace, rmake the United States forthwith a present of our grand new colony of British Columbia. It is simply absurd to dream for an instant of any British Ministry tolerating the perpetration, with impunity, of outrages no monstrous in themselves, and so directly calculated to lower the prestige of England and to degrade her in the estimation of the world. Our submission to the seizure of a little island like that of San Juan, an ialand in re gard to which we have so long made claims of direct sovereignty, would be worse in one respect than tire lows of a pitched battle," etc. We com mend t:is style and tone to blood-and-thunder jour nalists on this side of the world as a pattern to cut by when they get on their favorite hobby as cham pions of the American eagle, and if they can back that bird as valiantly as the British scribbler does his national beast, they are adepts in tile business of bombast. We shall see if England, by the wise conservat ism of her policy in this matter, does not shame these vaporing fire-eaters and blow away the almost imperceptible " speck of war," not as large as It man's hand, which they are striving to swell inrto a atnrrm of ar. TALK ON 'OHANGE. The week opened yesterday with the very finest weather for business, yet there were no important transactions carried through. The arrivals of steamers from above were free, and the shipping has received large accessions since our last talk. The amount of tunnage in port is large, but all will be wanted. There has been an immense destruc tion of vessels within the last thirty days; in fact, every mail brings details of losses from every quar ter of the globe. The talk on Carondelet street opened yesterday with opinions and views on the Canada's advices from Liverpool. Commercially, they were regarded as good for the shippers of the new crop of cotton, costing in this market 11 ets., freight 9-16d., exchange 108.(. There was very lit tle talk of the financial state of afltirs, as it was well known the supply of money on the London flags was free. On looking a little further into the private correspondence by the Asia, received on Saturday last, some very remarkable sales of cot ton in Liverpool turn up for the week ending the 28th October. Amongst the large sales of 87,9900 bales for that week, we find 28,499 bales of Orleans at 2d. .@4d, and 8d. Twopence half penny is in federal currency, at 9 '2ct. exchange, five cents. Will some of our good friends, who take so many exceptions to our talk, figure up how much is lost on this low priced or sandy cotton? It is many years since we had to talk of 2jd. for Orleans cot ton in Liverpool; yet, with these recurring reports of sales every week, the talk is, that there are many friends of dusty and sandy cotton appearing on the market from day to day. While talking of cotton, the lack of intelligence and the ignorance of many Northern writers regarding it are brought up.. For instance, the following extract from the NewYork Herald of the 14th confirms this remark : The sales of cotton on Saturday embraced about 2500 bales, 1800 of which were sold in transit, clos ing on the basis of 11.@l.1c., chiefly at the inside figure. The news of the advancing tendency In prices at Liverpool seems to have been counter acted by accounts of the large receipts at the Southern ports. It may be remarked that the ex tension of railways, which now penetrate thle prin cipal cotton districts, combined with the navigable condition of the Southern rivers, has afforded un usual facilities for getting the crop early to market. At last accounts the receipts since the 1st of Sep tember had reached 753,000 bales, and by the first or second week in January they may reach over 1,000,000O bales, or fully, if not over, one-fourth lof the whole estimated crop of 1859, a result without precedent. Now, observe that actual receipts and figures will show how far the above writer was out of the way. Our friend, Col. Wright, is greatly out of line, but the above extract shows total ignorance of this great cotton question, One million of bales is the amount to be received by the first of January, which is to be taken as a result without precedent. Well, that is about as near as some writers come who never saw a cotton field or a cotton stalk. Now for facts and figures. Up to last night, the 21st of November, the total receipts of cotton at all the Southern ports were one million one hun dred and sixty thousand bales (1,160,000 bales.) The above extract also alludes to the navigable condition of the Southern rivers. This is another illustration ef ignorance. To tell which of the Southern rivers are navigable would be the most acceptable information to our cammunity and the great steamboat interest that has been promulgat- 1 ed for months. " Unusual facilities for getting the crop to market!" Where are they? unless it is nany boats bringing in from half to three-fourths of cargoes, and one railroad (the Jackson) bring ing a few bales above last year, which, with all its resources and availabillties, cannot bring in over one-tenth of the allotted estimates to be received at this point. The talk is, that Mr. Bull, or our trans-Atlantic friend., will have to take the mass of the crop of 1859 at prices ranging from 10~l@ c., but we desire our Manchester friends to take a second thought and not think that cotton can be delivered to them at 21.. nor 4d. 14 lt. This is sending sand and dust o its original elements. There was some activity on the levee and land ings. The discharging of the many vessels that rave arrived within the past week occasions con :iderable animation on our seven miles front of i ships and steamers and steamboat landings. The further talk was of the highly satisfactory I intelligence received from the Iio Grande, brought by the steamer Arizona. No thanks, however, to be given or credited to the gentleman who pre sides over the War Department at Washington. Ie was cautioned in regard to the breaking up and removal of the garrison at Brownsville. We hope the apologist at Washington City, the Constitution, so called, will make a note of it. The Arizona brought a round sum of specie; but there is more beldnd, which is under Mexican protection. The talk is that Mr. Secretary Floyd will retrace his action and grant a little more authority to the com manding officer of the Texas department. The State and authorities of Texas are bound, however, to take the protection of the frontier into their own hands. There were many congratulations that the citizens of Brownsville had held out so long, as it is over forty days since they have been in a state of siege. There was some talk of the sugar crop. It is hardly necessary to allude to it. A half-crop is all that will be made. Possibly, there may be a large yield of molasses, which, at present prices, will help out. We observe that there have been some sales of New Orleans, new crop, in New York, at 52 and 53 cents per gallon. It will, of course, go up to 0t cents after a while, as all the Cuba molas ses will soon be in the hands of holders and specu lators for a rise. The mails came through yesterday with dates as late as due, that is, to the 21st inst. from New York. We learn that the "good" steamboat Gordon, heretofore running between Charleston and Savan nah, has been purchased for the new route be tween Charleston and Fernandina, Fla. If the ex pected contractors for the through mail have to re :ort to the purchase of second-class boats at the incipiency of this route, it bodes no good for its ultimate success. The steamer Gordon must be seven or eight years old, and was in our port some three or four years ago. However, possibly, she is as strong, or stronger and more senworthy, than the ten and twelve year old boats of the Mobile and New Orleans mail line, now running on Lake Pontchartrain. The next steamer from Liverpool will, probably, be the Vigo of the 9th at New York. The next of the Cunard line, will be the Africa of the 12th, for New York, due on Friday next. Recent PublIcations. We have received from Mr. Thils. L. White, the Canal street bookseller and stationer, the eighth volume of T. B. Peterson & Brother's cheap edition for the million, of Charles Dickens' entire writings. The publication of these works in a form which places them within the reach of every reader is a commendable and is proving a successful enter prise. THE VAalrlES.-- A very large and brilliant as semblage crowded the Varieties last night, anxious to get a look at the popular Manager, who was to make his first appearance on the familiar boards on which lie so often, in the past season, figured to the entire satisfaction of everybody. " Still Waters Run Deep" was repeated, and passed off as successfully as the other night, when we re ferred to its performance particularly. In tihe in terlude the dansense attachment did their graceful duty, and Signor Carlo Patti threw off some gems from his magic violin which brought down the house. Manager Owens came on in his great per sonation of Solotn ,Shingle, in " Tie People's Law yer," and was received witlh a perfect storm of applause, which held tihe stage business suspended for a time, and kept the honored party bobbing his head in acknowledgment until he was probably as weary of the pantomime as the auditory were of their vociferous demonstrations. No further re mark is necessary, than that he played thie part of tihe eccentric old rustic as he has many a time and oft before. ST. CIIAa.ES TsEATEa.--The American stage, in its minor dramas, is completely Tom Taylorized; the French light drama is completely Tom Taylor ized; in fact Tom Taylorism is the lhead and front of all Anglo " genteel" comedy. New York and New Orleans are now giving their respective audiences nightly feasts of Tom Taylor's "adapted" from the French dishes and occasionally spiced with the old London savories. At the St. Charles last night we had a side-board feast of Tom Taylor's in the shape of " The Unequal Match," a very un equal production, in which a fair dibilante, Miss Joey Goagenrleim, appeared, and for the first time before a New Orleans audience. The house was better filled in every sense than any night this season, that ol Sunday excepted. Inpointof num bers and their selectness, the new star may claim the advantage so far, since the opening of the St. Charles this winter. The piece selected on this oc casion afforded not a striking opportunity for Miss Gougenhleim's legitimate forte, which is a dashing light comedy, Frenchy class, peculiarly adapted to the burlesque of "Anthony and Cleopatra," and that order of entertainment. However, as Rlester Grazebrook, Miss Joey was full of the spirit of the ingenuous village girl, and anon the quiet elegancy and worldly dissimulation in high life. She has an expressive and somewhat pretty face, very con trollable, marked now and then with tlhe French vivacity sire inherits from her father, and with the Emerald-Isle drollery that she inherits from her mother. Itence light comedy is her sphere, and in it on several occasions we have seen her to very de cided success. Evidently she made a pleasing impression last night on the audience, though there was a lack in her supporters' abilities, save Mr. Hind, as Grazebrook, Hester's father, which was, as a whole, well rendered, and Mr. Scallan, as Dr. Botcherly, which was another evidence of this gentleman's diversilied powers. The piece wants pruning considerably, and flags occasionally, not wvithstandiug the author's well-known "situation effects." TIHE ArllPITEATEn.-VWyman, the Wizard, and "Valentine, the Volatile," commenced an engage tent last night. They are exceedingly adroit and entertaining performers, and get up an attractive entertainment. THE ORLEAnss.-Meyerbeer's grand opera " Rob ert the Devil," the principal parts by the favorites of the company, is posted for performance to-night. THE CASE Or TiH WANDEssn.-In the United States Circuit Court at Savannah, on the a15th, the grand jury found atrue bill against Capt. Martin, for stealiing this vessel. Messrs. Lamar, Brailsford, Hone and others testified before them, and the conviction was unanimous that the disappearance of the Wanderer was a genuine theft. The next thing will be to catch him. TELEGRAPHED TO THE NEW ORLEANS CRESCENT. r rms. !w- r ADDITIONAL NEWS FROM EUROPE. AIRRIVAL OF TIE STcAMOSHIP CANADA AT BOSTON. flay TIs NATONAL .no "assIc.ss LIuna.; BowroS , NoV. 21.-The Canard steamship Canada has arrived at this port from Liverpool, via Halifax, with Liverpool advices to the 7th inst. Her mails for the South were forwarded by the morning train. The English papers contain some items of inter est in addition to the telegraphic summary from A Russian squadron, consisting of six vessels of war, has been ordered to the Mediterranean with I instructions to winter there. The Pppe has come to the determination through the influence of the French envoy to pardori the prisoners arrested for being engaged in the insr-1 rectionary movement in the Romagna. Advices from Genoa state that a movement is on foot for an independent organization of the Central Italian States. It is stated that the Provincial As sembldes of Central Italy have determined to confer the regency upon Prince Carignan. A report is also current that a Provisional As sembly is soon to be convened, in which Modena and the Romagna are to take part, conjointly, the avowed object of which was to present Count Ca vour, the recent Prime Minister of Sardinia, as a candidate for the dictatorship of one of the prov inces of Central Italy. Advices have been received in England from Australia to the 17th of Sept. The imports at the various ports were unusually heavy, but trade was generally dull. The shipments of gold from Alustralia since the last mail amounted to 240,000 ounces. There was a decided Improvement on the Paris Bourse three per cent. Rentes closed at 70f. 15e. BosTon, Nov. 21.-A Turin correspondent of the London Journal states that at the recent interview between Garibaldi and Victor Emanuel, the latter, in reply to Garibaldi's threat that lie would head a revolution to overthrow the treaties of Villafranca and Zurich, informed Garibaldi that should he pur moe such a course Sardinia would be obliged to employ force against him. Later advices from Africa report that the ship Memphis had succeeded in taking aboard 700 negroes on the coast of Africa, and had sailed with her cargo, eluding the vigilance of the English and American cruisers and getting safely to sea. Clare & Son's circular, by the Canada, reports that the Cotton market closed at extreme prices, with an exceedingly firm tone and a leaning in favor of sellers. They quote Middling Orleans 7t ; Middling Mobile, 7j; Middling Uplands, 7d. Middling Orleans Cotton is becoming scarce in the market, and much in demand at --aln advance on the quotations by the Asia. Herrick and Co. say that there is an absolute scarcity of the better qualities of Cotton, and that there have been unusually large sales of those qualities of Cotton, to arrive. IMPORTANT MEASURES REGARDING MEXICO. The Establishment of a Monarchy Feared. [sr 7112 RToINAL LLIN.] WAsmNGTovo , Nov. 21.-The Government has de termined to send large reinforcements of troops to the Rio Grande, not merely for the present protec tion of the Texan frontier, but to be prepared for a contingency which there are strong reasons to believe may soon arise. The Government has in its possession official in formation, which leads to the belief that France, England and Spain, conjointly, will immediately, in view of the distracted state of Mexico, take such measures to obtain the full satisfaction of the claims of their respective subjects against the Mex ican Government, as will endanger the existence of Mexico as a nation; and that, should these powers be obliged to use force in the prosecution of these claims, and the country, or a portion of it, fall into their hands, it is feared that a monarchical form of government would be established, under the protection of these powers. The object of thus augmenting our force to such an extent on the Rio Grande is, to be prepared for such an event, in which case the United States may feel constrained to occupy the northern States of Mexico, for the purpose of satisfying the claims of our own citizens against that country, and the security of the American residents on the frontier of Mexico. It is expected that some vessels of the Home Squadron will soon be ordered to Vera Cruz and other Mexican ports to watch the course of events. Later from Washington-Orders Countermanded. WASINrTON, Nov. 21, Evening.--In consequence of the recent official advices from Cen. Twiggs and other sources, to the effect that Brownsville was not in immediate danger, the War Department has to day countermanded the orders for six companies from Fort Monroe and five companies of U. S. troops from Fort Leavenworth, which were recently ordered to proceed to the defence of Brownsville and the Texas frontier, as from the information re ceived from New Orleans to-day it appears their presence is not needed. Arrival of the Steamship Cahawba. PAS A L'OvTHE, Nov. 21.-The steamship Ca hawba, from New York via Havana, with Havana dates to the 18th, crossed the bar at this point at half-past 6 o'clock this morming. The news from Havana is generally unimportant. General Concha will retire from office the end of this month. Arrival of the U. S. Sloop-of-war Saratoga, PASS A I'OtrrnE, NOV. 21.-The U. S. sloop-of-war Saratoga, Captain Thomas Turner, arrived off the bar this morning. The Saratoga left Pensacola yesterday morning. She is supposed to have been ordered here, so as to be placed under the orders of the Collector of New Orleans. Latest New Orleans Mails for Europe. NoEW Ynt, Nov. 10.-The latest New Orleans mails for Europe, which were taken out by the steamsliips Vanderbilt and City of Baltimore, which sailed for Liverpool to-day, were those of the 14th. The latest telegraph dispatches for Europe, which were taken out by the same vessels, were those of the 18th. The amount of specie taken out to-day by the Vanderbilt and City of Baltimore, for Europe, amounted to $1,140,000. The Canada's Mails. NEw YOtx, Nov. 21.-The Southern mails from Europe, which were received by the steamship Canada, went South this morning in the early morning train. Intelligence of the "North Star." NEw YoRa, Nov. 21.-The steamship North Star, from this port for Aspinwall, signalled the United States sloop-of-war Congress, at Bahia, on the 23d ult.; reports all well. LOrtISVLLE, Nov. 21.-The Ohio river at this point is rising slowly, with 6t feet water in the canal. ST. Louis, Nov. 21.-The Mississippi river at this point has risen 5 inches since Saturday night, and is still rising slowly. Arrival of the Overland Mail. JEFFERasN CITY, MO., Nov. 21.-The California Overland mail has arrived at this place, bringing San Francisco dates to the 31st lnit. A large fire occurred at Volcanoville, Amador county, on the 24th lnt., by which a portion of the business part of the town was destroyed. The loss is estimated at $20,000 General Scott has arrived at Portland, Oregon. Gen. Harney has left. He issuppood to have been offlended on account of being superceded by Gen. Scott. Domestic Markets. New YORK, Nov. 19.-The Stepping List of this morning says that the Cotton market exhibits no new feature; quotations steady,with a fair de mand. Sales for the week amounted to 7000 bales, in eluding 2000 bales in transitu; MidRling Orleans is quoted at 11lc. The List says the prices of Coffee are unchanged. The Sugar market is active, and has advanced ! in consequence of the reports of frost. Molasses is steady; strictly Prime Orleans of the new crop is quoted at 52l. There is a fair demand for Tobacco. Liverpool freights are quoted at 3-16. Southern Bills are selling at 1079 to 091.; there isa large supply. Exchaung on France is quotcd.rt5f. 15c. New YO(a, Nov. 21.-The Flour market closed with an advance of c6. Sales to-day amount to 14,000 barrels, at $4 90 for State brandi; Ohio superfine is quoted at $5 35 to $5 50; Southern brands are quoted at $5 50 to $5 70. Yellow Corn, Southern growth, is quoted at 85c. Pork closed firm at $15 25. Whisky steady at 28c. Cbxcev.ssn, Nov. 21.-The sales of Flour to-day amounts to 900 barrels, at $4 85 for superfine. Whisky has advanced }c. Sales to-day amount to 1,400 barrels, at 23e. Old Western Mess Pork is quoted at $14 00; new is quoted at $14 50. Lard closed firm at 94 to 9+c. Corn is quoted at 45 to 460. Sugar at 74 to Se. Molasses is quoted at 46 to 47c. Coffee is quoted at 11t to 13c. NEa Yorx, Nov. 21, (Evening.)-The Cottoa market closed firin. Sales to-day conbist of 2,00$ bales. Flour d flmn. Sales to-day amounte 23,000 barrels, at $4 90 to $495 for superfine. River Inateigence. Vecesuino, Nov. 21The H. Ri. W. Hill and the Rowena passed down at 4, and the E. M. Bicknel at 5 o'clock this evening. Steamer Lucy Holcombe Sunk. MEMrns, Nov. 21.-The steamer Lucy Hol combe, from this place to New Orleans, struck a snag near Helena, Ark., and immediately sunk. The Holcombe was mostly loaded with cotton, having 1462 bales on board. It is feared that she will prove a total loss. The Holcombe was valued at $27,000. Another Account VIcsarsRo, Nov. 21.-The steamboat Lucy Hol combe, loaded with cotton, running from Memphis to New Orleans, struck a snag and sunk near Hel ena. Her freight was mostly taken off by the H. R. W. Hill and other steamers. No lives were lost. It is thought the boat may be raised. Later from Havana. ARRIVAL OF THE ST~EASHIP CAHAWBA. The U. S. mail steamship Cahawba, J. W. Smith, commander, from New York on the 12th, arrived at Havana at 1:15 P. M. on the 18th, and left again same evening, at 7:15, having, during that time, discharged freight of the bulk of 1500 barrels. She crossed the bar at 6 A. M. yesterday morning, and arrived up at the levee in the afternoon. The news from Havana is unimportant. General Sereno, the new Captain-General, is shortly ex pected; preparations are being made for his re ception. General Concha, having been relieved, will take his departure at the close of this month. The 16th instant, the anniversary of the birth of Columbus, the patron Saint of the Island of Cuba, was celebrated with great Icat in Havana, General Concha taking the occasion to make his last official appearance in public. The ship Swallow had arrived from Amoy, with about 500 coolies. The steamship Cahawba on her passage out, in running down the Florida Reef, on the 17th instant, passed the following vessels, ashore on the beach: seventy miles north of Cape Florida, a large ship -could not make out her signal; sixty miles from the same point, one ship and a herm. brig, with cargo landed on the beach; at thirty miles, ditto, the ship Charles Crooker, with wreckers alongside, discharging cargo; at sixteen miles, ditto, a large ship, with painted ports and fiddle figure bead, discharging cotton in the steamboat Scottish Chief, These five vessels had the appearance of having recently gone ashore. The wind at the time was blowing very heavy on shore, so that the Cahawba could render them no assistance. [See "Commercial Correspondence."] The following is a list of the passengers by the Cahawba : Froo, Ne liArk at ed rra.n.-C-ol. '. A. Iunsdon and fanly ; .rs. J. a Fie, chld anp d seirvant T. O. Kesrney and fam:ily; Mr. Sler,. children and servant; C. lerall. lindy, child and servant; Mrs. '. J. London, two chlldlre and serv put; Mr. OGvaner, ldlld and servant e Mrs. T . ind. .d ad child Miss It. E. Clukely, It. Jaos, A. Woodmns, J. P. Nelson,, A. K. Moose, tl. i. Fisk, . C. Chery W. Miller. Mt. J. lI. Hy do, w rs. A. Wheek, Sin .wart, la lis J. thsn, J. Jenisou, umCsinsgs J.a. l (arthy, . Drake; Capt. F. enhawn, U. S. N.; e. Ennl,,, MiSw . A. Wakeens C.F. Ilses, J. lo tischil, J. 1. (loeass , .. Vlllego , M3n . I.. leer tan: R. Iunbrm .ia, e aod child; t. I.. Oorles, T. . Terry, W. H, Lilly, A. Reilly, Ily. Dlossir, 0. DHo.lo. nl'ros s the RIo Grande Frontier. El JTaqe, a paper published in Spanish at Ma tamoras, says that on the 11thl idstant 150 Texans arrived at Brownsville. This was Captain Tobin's command--at first 80 men, but swelled, we sup pose, by volunteers. Cortinas was aware of their approach, and fired two or three volleys into or at the town, which put the inhabitants on the qui vine, and when thie tangers approached some time afterwards they were fired upon by the defenders of Brownsville. El Jaque does not state whether any harm was done by the shots. Mr. Glavecko then swam his horse across the Rio Grande and in forned the authorities of Matamoras that a force had arrived to defend Brownsville, and the infor mation was at once conveyed to the latter town. At last accounts preparations were being made to pursue and punish Cortinas and his band of cut throats. El Jaqte, while condemning the course Cortinas is pursuing, seems inclined to say some thing in his favor, and asserts that he hung three Mexicans at one time for being concerned in the robbery of a train of American merchandise. The only explanation it gives of his otherwise lawless conduct is that it is" each day more strange, more singular and more mysterious." We have not received a number of the Brownms ville Flag, and presume its publication has been temporarily suspended. JOtBo Brows An D Hr s Bowms-Ksms-.-The Louis ville Journal has the following : We had the pleasure of a visit yesterday from Lt. Stewart, of the United States Army, who is on his way from Washington to Kansas, where he is sta tioned. Lieut. S. accompanied Col. Lee to Har per's Ferry upot the first news of Brown's raid, and acted as a volunteer aid. It will be remem bered that he bore the summons to the occupanta of the Engine-house to surretnder, and was the first to recognize in Capt. John Smith the celebra ted Ossawottamie Brown, having seen him in Kan sas. When Licut. S. first saw the insurgent "Com mander-iln-Chief of the Provisional Government," he said to him, "You look like Old John Brown of Kansas," and the answer was an unhesitating acknowledgment of his identity. Lieut. Stewart carries with him a trophy of the insurrection, which he himself took from tie body of Brown aoter the marines had stormed the En rine Ilosse. It is a formidable bowie-knife, which ears marks of vigorous application to the grind stone to render it the desperate weapon of the desperado leader. It has "on the blade and dudgeon gouts of blood" from Ote wounds which the miserable traitor received. Tlhe knife was worn by old Brown on his back, fastened to his suspenders where they crossed. It will create qnuite a sensation in Kansas, where Lieut. S. will take it, as it has no doubt done effislentservice there already, when the owner was engaged in his ven detta and lawless forays. No.snsen.--Ralph Waldo Emerson, in a lecture at the Tremont Temple, Bloston, spoke of John Brown as "The Saint, whose fate yet hangs in ses pcse, but whose martyrdom, if it shall be par fected, wilt make the gallows as glorious as the cros0." A Imtsroaa C 4s.-Yaeterday an imposit d case under the Patent law rights, opened before a the niuted States Circnit Ceig, Judge gcCais presiding. It l at the ins nf 'Ejf kodeS n Thompson, of Hew York, who, lha a ptia for the peculiar using of bgagse; whh"' I charges Mr. Auguste Leseeps, Ia with unlawfully nsing anddamaglg a f b of $5000. He further claims for the e ri h oPe ' cess by Mr.L. the sum of $1500. "* ewae.in.eq e several others, and is one of interest. Saa.raNsA.-Lant night, after the digse of the Varieties Theater, the orchestra under the able leadership of Carlo Patti proceeded to the St. Charles Hotel, and serenaded Mr. John Oweas. The music was creditable to the perfoamers. BerrAL Musva.-Towards the hour-of o'elock last evening as the policeman of the beat came near the corner of Julia and Fulton streets, he was attracted by the prostrate body of a man.who was fast expiring ti the last agonies of death.. Obtain Ing the necessary aid and vehicle for the eonvey ance of the wounded man to the hospital, the police officers had not proceeded on their way far ere their burden ceased to live. They then brought the body to the First District lock-up, where it now remains a shockingly mutilated eorspei On investigation it appears that the murdered, man's name is Edward Collins, aged shout 30 yeass, a native of Ireland, and steamboat deck-hand by calling. Sergeant Reed, taking the matter mnder his supervision, was not long in discovering that the depaQeet hbe been 1t eompany with one Wil liam Murphy, ThinasMurpblhay pShaeea, and that a quarrl sbha led to the brtal result, Pushing the matter, and Investigating drcum stances in a judietous manner, Sergeant Reed 'ao ceeded in arresting the rst party named-William Murphy-who stated that he saw the stabbing of Collins, the deceased, by the second party named-. Thomas Murphy--ad that John Braeker, the third. party, was an accessory to the deed. This caused a speedy search after John Bracker, who was ar rested in an intoxicated condition and locked spinh the First District Watch-house, while Thomas Mar phy, the principal in the affray, up to a late hour last night, had evaded the vigilance of the police. The wounds on the deceased, in the abdominal region, must have been inflicted with a large knife, as the intestines are protruding. The Coroner's inquest to-day will throw more light on this fearful result of an aflhay. Heat JOSEPH THE Duan.-Yesterday Joseph Herzog (Anglice, Duke,) brought a charge of breach of trust against Anna Green, a verdant named and natured speciment of the weaker sex, residing at 138 Dauphin street, charging her before Recorder Benit with holding contrary to law, etcetra, four dollars worth of trumpery in the shape of a breast-pin and a pair of ear-rings. Some further investigation being required, Joseph did not get satisfaction, nor did Anna get law. "CUr AND Coma AGAIN."-He deals in fruit, does Antonio Sagodichi, and the man who stablied him sixteen times in that lonely place away over in Algiers also deals in fruit, but that man's nature is unknown, and he may go his way without "eating the fruit of his doings," while poor Tony is almost a patchwork of non-fatal wounds and plaster in the Charity Hospital. Why Tony was stabbed is more than Tony or any one else can say, enough-too much-for Tony to know is, that he is stabbed sixteen times. DIEDn or Hs Wousns.-Yesterday Carrol Lud. wig, whose wounded condition, growing out of an attack uponhim by a policeman named JohnBrent, some six days ago, and already noticed by us, died of his wounds. Brent is in custody. A Ges.-John Diamond-who had vague notions regarding the fact that time tries the characters of men, as the furnace assays the quality of metals, by disengaging the impurities, dissipating the su perficial glitter, and leaving the sterling gold bright and pure-took to wasting his opportunities and wardrobe, and became suspicious and dangerous to that external degree that he was sent yesterday to the Work-House for ninety days by Assistant Recorder Monrod. John, thou art a gem, but a very dull and cheap one. Tar Juc.--Tennyson says something about bonds; but we do not think they are the same as the $500 Martin Kellau gave yesterday at Recorder Summers' Court to appear on the 26th and answer the charge of insulting and abusing officer Pennel. " BDns or A FuATER.--James Long charged his rib Sarah with being an habitual drunkard, and the Court charged James with ditto, and as neither James or Sarah could pay the fees, they were both locked up for five days in the Parish Prison. Pretty duz! Our LIAniNs AD FIsINso.-P.Rt Larkin and Mike Roach, one a skyehigh fellow and the other a droll fish, broke the peace of this city on Sunday, or at least a portion of it, and in consequence they now flourish in the Parish Prison, and will continue to do so for 30 days, unless they pay $10 Bach. "HE WHO STEALS VOT IS'NT HIssEs," c' .-Yes, John McCabe-ominous name-you must know that " he who steals vet is'nt hissen, when he's cotched he's sent to prison," and though this may not be very elegant " potry," John, it is very fine philosophy. So do not steal another horse from Cypress street or elsewhere, or from Mr. Hipper or any one else, or you certainly will go to prison, as you will now, when the Jefferson parish author ities come for you. " Ores AND SHUT GAME."-Susanna Eller, living on the corner of Bienville street and New Levee, makes a charge before Recorder Monroe against Mr. Francis Rickets, superintendent of the Sailors' Home, wherein she alleges that he made an assault and battery on her with an open and shut door. This will be tested on the 20th. NOT IN THE LEAST STnANoE.-An officer finds a man on Sunday night, who, to all and every ap. pearance is dead drunk, lying insensible on the street, on Carondelet Walk, in the Second District; and the officer obtains no evidence of this man being sober, though every effort is made in that direction; therefore the officer locks him up in the watch-house. By and.by said man recovers his insensibility, and it is discovered he was not drunk but waylaid and robbed by some parties unknown, and left in this strongly circumstantial state of in toxication. And the officer does as above stated. Now thiss trange? No sir. "TIME TOOK HIM, THOUOB LATE."-So said Bowles, in his sermon on the oldest inhabitant of Scupperduck. So we may say of old Time and old Death, regarding the demise of old Manette (a f. w. c.,) whose light went out last week, after a continuous shining for one hundred and twenty years. She was a native of Louisiana, and remem boered occurrences of a date long before the birth of the oldest living Inhabitant in the United States. A ROLLING STOE.--Henry Bates, working on board a ship lying at the foot of Itace street, had his foot badly hurt by a rolling stone, a portion of the cargo which was being moved in the lower hold. He is in the Charity Hospital, and doing well. GnADES AND FINES or DIUNxaoXass.-I four mem ory serves us, it is Warton, in his dissertation on the Gesta Rona.norum, who says that drunkenness has its gradations. There is a Rabinieal tradition related by Fabrlains, that when Noah planted the vine, Satan attended and saerificed a sheep, a lion, an ape and a sow. These anlmalswere to symbol ise the gradations of ebriety. When a man begins to drink he is weak and ignorant us the lamb; then becomes bold sathelion; his courageissoon trans formed into the foolishness of the ape; and, at last, he wallows in the mire like a sow. Yesterday rily reformed, beford letent SecedW nor ae.,.es a be'ef it off ahbn lOrtarruter'5~eP of the-e same vati ft tlfe1. fill.',, "l queste lode tbe in ~ adeiy se uli Priys,n ow**so s r ew ea U t ed . tes in0ye ee, hs as On theoe oss te~ pufrpose eamly ' iablet sen"ts habe i BlatJscob the one, edp t lImbo. fot cause a jr e fo m thng and the judge southe . the village rloecgve e free of tbeo.¢ so Judge Hunt gatesd r like the lsad of Juwr as wN tlibd peace. Good lb g r idg Ta Taus orPa of the article of t ie bDtter knownassgake default of *10 b9ads to fordity ays o oneIy, whrin we. t ei pockets of of the abme SConrad, ý people," who were Hunt for assault ac? benefit of a not pr a O'fhanter's quadrp4 t t A Pson.-Ono Ba nd to their native respet St t. knife in the arm.. the lockaop. re Uniteadttets Arm *r i al srdeBly bs on e0 ur wore se Unie St eset y Mikane houl noth , thatrs avnbdeelbo y BrTa Arur.-The P e Uinditer tathes Ar rysya hi owl gencia of the thobs.andon , thasppty ione teen brouighie u- s tructon whichis beeoa.ip. ht ment has ordaed thesa td sea-weed which is washed en a coasts of iornmandy tu 7 ding forartillery-It be at purpose adnirably-kepingt a liable to ignition, like thL s est e" I usee. The material has alre4y bee to sI the Ordnance Department oatl es. , so even in Itsaelf, signifsiat; r Duae ra0o0 A .ar Bss,-A mit. r Jllinois, lately died from the eoitef ae 1 finger by a cat. The bitewas on a Is wound The arm commenced o bite, and soon mortifoation took, r minated i death Arrl.als at tie . i.als ST- CHARLES HOTEL NY; C F Hays, city; Cpt J C A Stevens, Syracue NY dion, NY; Miss G AWakes Conn ; Mrs Joe Weeks, Naehe Miss" C L Mathers aodlat, Mrs C Perkins, 0 G W WKirby nd lady, La Chlberlin Ais, CD Thornn Mobile- H Melonon and Mis;TY W Wilson, city; W Edington, Ala; JackBlar T JPH ' C West, Miss, J Sotti MWarring, Mobile; u, BiN GrifTen, r ad LBart, DJ B W E Morford, W Wyer El ehrs, N Y; A W Er .Tixsa i H Graoves, Tenn; BCollins Te; n, Miss Watson, Ms e, B e B , S Y Asstin Gee; Mrs Downeg n Asters lisa Mrs IH oreW J arrow C W ope, H J W J Naval Ark; TD Cox;', Bubbere, Fr Hanemsl , PC Kennedy, J W T onsos, c CITY HOTEL-W n Oye, n A w, W Lang, Ala; Jcsk Slith,W: H S " PS Armstron, city; 1[. H MltLelland,Texa' -L -PrattiJ d TB Welig, JW Steee,NY; B , oft;i Mr Wyman andlaiy, ` S Cohu, s;WNtorth, cMr A; NJ Lovejoy, StaLois; LLGrtnh HP Garrison, Yaoocity ; Q a Yates, La; Foster, seW J V WEodward, La; SBurke, DH Blakey,La; H SPdmeseayW Rumsey, Frank Leslie, Jasper &L J tast Eddy S Garateque, Jolraiollelei JH oainery, Aost AsceLi b ea Lasslles, A Cark, Rmsey oNair bell Minitrels L A PrewttM . w, SFlewellasn, Texas; i C Ciewaes NY; MIM Evans, J B ShoatMip eser Miss Taylor, It E Taylor, Texas; 1111 La; G Tenor and lady, La DJBe amini, N.Y; HFreeman,A; TH Geo; B ewster, Mass; Tha- S Va; A E Thomas,MLss; C' Clark. J P Shaifer Ms ,T B B HGordy,Cen trevlle aI A DeW W Shaw, S Croe m opSle, J Edin. AtrWL L Alston, W Sadler, ll R e, NC; F Montgome°n,; . s H Graves, Nashville, a coesin; NB Reeshahswt s Ala; G D FoNerore, ES t .W L Gas; * Hanss. Th:' aor el eon, Liberty, Miss; H I, Xentgomear7. en, Milas. ST. LOUIS HOTEBL-JE i Mirklan Lox and lady, W H Davie and Jack O K Moo, NYrk;T A Joe Holmes, Gee, Buohe*, try, Texas; Pierre eore, Mel; P 1ysl Ai Broiley, Moblte.