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*UZIeA.L JOvBNA&' !HUI STA'rE OF LOUISIANA. ..dý. " A. RUi ii. Ndlbit .. roarleter. ~1 r OP1R3. )i7 N0 C:AP STREBT. Sh n *s& .ytq aieooba-ouoýo .ephd.' Y.&I +' "'· · oHtt Io $8; Qutsteefy it: msýlMb tto .i 3moooa ,moetba loaethe j~ ~~g Ij: I: a5 t 1a: 17:"47 _ .Aee ~Wd. O~tho di to .t . # OS 10551001~e n bW8O sW . Oie h go-t. l i ii o it ij tieertrtl eet* ioa tn r et laatiire&atosdj to bhehoor new wdistdsitel.ehi be allowe d eee mbd dtneee rites eremaybea yeetperl/ý.eao'taearpai. " f"' a il i tldetmtem.tltbejwttdoitne.4,fe e 1 . . lithe bioatng. -tlabeeeltbn, $ ýe-t -e3 SleetSllpne , i haet 870 se jf . : .. 8' oboE ho:: gIOO Mi it;poo 1 WM ' sN TONER , 1866. Xafbrwuml5.a Ca. 'the Penpie. ( tlncto fronm abrp4 inarking inquiries 00 bs Igtnhpvad PNtrolewnyVapor Stoves nape , n vobnnljpesa, thbe coinpanys it B o the fn1lowb Itoti dpblidtty 1fImproved Petrolesm, Stoves areper iiteir cnstrnetinb. B+. C 0 its to trim, or cblmneov to. 0341BZ1re~o manage thaq ordinary d" Intuit 1lvIo doanons,-an aul be car s alr or i ioiw sinu.' 4 . e ?r perttotZ3f Osate Aisqre being on. 4ie 7: tZe' ffoso ;ny odor, le -yý.e Ebatje siaektg stoheeo,and ookl eth not e ;al t e V bpi tten. heat ,$srsi m eptl dew thOOcntro1l of the Pt ptt ad Boto .: z m6 o he re withorns a stoat1 fosr brsA 5g Efdt kte moeatlo piled withi d l `k 4ut ~teei1 to 'bn teaoe s itlng ep o q pproacsh. ll sSý e owltetier bread, meats. Ii s~rset thn tey Ore peqesa~lld, f ,s:tqt snage y Ise ald of, aill ye stc ds uak e:bhg , a .n Y', hi o'r st6# etd the' heath isoncet L 5 6c tpe is t6 .ei onokedi avftt4 Aatiso lede torn t4oomzs tsbiot ooking stove a ptae ioppedawhs -the ste'tnve t powesrfui bente 6 to t erl o'hals,, € r tpi dollyttL5St k or ek t,. hes Mte' osiag. ta 4esssb r'oo as wasnever r` " of myiiha"ptt·, ý4sothedower iaeytewong~ nonr tistablishn Sono ý. Yltthef formerly f W only ý k,; . trtt~fieley 6 goodoat $lnt tthh n~ trp l6 to noe -n - ft.. " i49r uay sovMbhi;~tFi -i.a1 d A ut~fl*)D. Auk N in c thet c t [. to~1r . Sof a 1 '"Iut a~I i~zri £5 xnUh~iQg mMUIeei tt7. La MR. IREELEY AND THE CRESCENT. A late number of the New York Tribune contains the following : The New Orleans CRESCEor, "official journal of the State of Louisiana," volunteers the assurance that the editor of the Tribune might freely ex press his political sentiments in New Orleans. Possibly h might, within the range of Sheri dan's'grape, though the fate of Dostic, Horton and Hllnaderson does not encourage the presump ltofe. Bet that a radical Republican from the North could not freely'speak in Shreveport, Ope loasso or Tangipahoa,,usless special insttuctiona were gives by the ex-rebels of New Orleans to their brethren in the interior, the CcESEnr knows 'rilght well. The National )ntelligencer said truly that the Southern loyalists' convention could not r have beenheld in any Southern city, and a planter wrote to the Evening Post that any man attempt ing to make a Republican speech in his neighbor hood would be shot without ceremony. We shall mend all this in time'; and then it will be discovered, even by the blindest, that there is no eC$enalusontest, bbt only the .owrld-old 'struggle betwiee slavery and freedom. The information which, we "volunteered" for the benefit of the editor of-the Tribune .s ndt 'entielty'gratuitous. Mr. Greeley at a publiomeeting in New York, "volunteered" the assertion that he could not, with safety t this.self 'makeft ua plitial" speecah.in the South. He gave the case of New Orleans as an illustration--from which we presumed that he had selected New Orleans as the focus of all thatkind of'sangniary intolerance which :Ur: .Greeley's fertile fancy attributes to the Southern people. Hence we mildly sug gestedthat if he was wrong in regard to New SOrleans, a fortiori, on his own thedries, hi) was wrong 'in regard to 'the West of the Sbuth. That he was wrong in re gatd tp New Orleans we offered to demonstrate practically, by guarairteeing - to Mr. Greeley, perfect safety, and a respect ful hearagg wheneier he might desire to ad dress our citizens. 'Nor did that guarantee " rest on any trust in the pacifying qualities of "Gen.' Sheridan's grape"-much as the t Northern mind may be addicted to such com pulsory process--but solely on the peaceful and law abiding spirit of ourpeople, and their jove of public liberty. The Tribune knows well thatDostie it al. did not lose their lives in anys.tph cause, but in a riot provoked by an attempt to astbvert the State government. 'Dostie, Hiestand and others had-all, previous tothe 3thofJuly, made inflammatoryspeeches - to the negroesl-speecheswhicr anywhere else - would have rendered the utterers indictable for conduct tending to provoke a breach of the peace--and yet nobody thought of inter rupting them. Por less provocation has led Sto bloody riots in New York, and no provoca tion at all has led to btntal and sanguinary outbreaks in Boston and IPhlaildelphia and otherNorthern cities-does the Tribune hence conclude that the right of free speech does nqt exist , in the North ? A mob ,in Inlianapolis, very recently, prevented tlhe r President of the. United States from speaking, esd within the last five yeas Northern prisons have'been replete with captives who.inno 'cent'l supposed that the laws would protect btliet iii the maintenance and utterance of their political 6pinioneps.' - this what the Tri ,bune.emeans by free speech? Or does free sipeec mean only the right to talk radicalism, Iust as ree suffrge means only the right to vote the radical tioket.t? But if theTribune persists' that we have avoided the real questionst issue, we will say that Mr. Greeley, or any other radical Repub liesh', 'coidu sp eak with perfect safety in rd6 rt, Opeloness, or even Tangipahonal I afba i pore thanr six weeksnago . very leage meeting of negroes was held in Ope lousas anudwas addressed by the agent of the frfedumep'shbdreau at that place. We do not doubt that a planter wrote to the Evening Post that a Republican who should attempt 'lb makes a "apeech in his' neighborhood Would be shot; but it is rather ridiculous to ase tih programme of a great party on the a.tnymous ossertiogs of a newspaper cor respondent. There are thousands of men in bte North who-would, be willing not only to write, but to swear that Gpn. Butler is a thief, and MrrHolt a murderer; but would it fol low thence "that, even if these accusations aer just, agaiest the 'arficular persons ip question, we should denounce the Northern people ge thieteo and mprderers ? SThe Tribune says that all' this is to be 'mdde.edin time'. Bait' how? Suppose that rdisaile are so unpopular in, the oS6th now that people will not permit'them to talk, will they' make' themselves popular by continued elanny,-'by repressiva and invidious legisla to,'lsy persistent denunoiation and vitupera tion, and by perpetually threatening to over turn the Southern Staet governments' and dis frlehise the oiuthern. whites? The plan doe* not seem to us to be eminently sound or p'g aetsusl. _ . e }ave already shown that, under the true theory of bar government, it makes no possi 4 'diaereiod to one State orseectioi' what ýagpitihe extent of the voting constituency of another State or sectign. The' effort' of he raiicaleto epesade the, Northernopeople that seffer injustice by the limitation of tierright of sufteage to the white people, in the South, is founded on a transparent fal J a ~ d upion a doctrine which would, when er~ced to its.logical eonseqeences entirely subvert the independence of the .States and r.aeaace t~4Sm oM plete .subservieagy to the will of a numerical sectional majority, acting tJr'll1-Yq aqpitralirad' despotism at Wash The radical idea'that restriction of the suf tbget6 witepeople ihthe South is unjust owards the North, involves the fundamental idetiiatthere is some natural and inalienable ,ight;op which the claim to suffrage is based. Indeed"sotme of the rt4idal, leaders, and many qf t'he =aical journals, insist that suffrage is a natural-ight. Even admitting this propo. sition we might dispute the right of one set og States to impose ,the'enforcementof natu ral"ights on another set of States; believing w; lo;d noto,only that such compulsory as p on:of abstraet political doctrines is be de provinee of the federal governrpent, and t social forces of the States amply f for the solution of all the social and Itical .ibloms which may arise within r ,5l respective communities. put, if suf Stsee ei a naturs rigt the radicals are illogi asl sod stIfeontradictory in themselves im osing etr.etlon sotd iimits upon it. There t Northern State--ot the ,most radical of4haloleoaf them-that tdes not, In its f tl0i assign certain quallfloatioris to the elast ;hich qualideoations are restric udtis and.limitations as to all the rest of the eramanity, In many of them, in fact in ce snot 'of 'them, the zrht oet voting rests oc precisely the same basis of qualiftia tion as in the Southern States., ', al a most all of them. the electoral privilege, is granted only to " white male citizens of the United States over the age of twenty-one years," and having a certain term of residence, varying in the different States. A natural right exercised under such limitations ceases to have the aspect of a natl.al right. Or, if we concede the radical doctrine, it must be expressed in these terms, " all persons have a natural right to vote providing they are of the masculine gender, are citizens of the United States, and have resided one year (more or less) in'the State in which they offer to vote;" which is anmanifest absurdity. But, still further, the effect of the radical doctrine of the present day'is to prevesnt the extension of the right of suffrage. If it is unjust towardathe North that the South should restrict the right of suffrage to white men, "th6t. injustice must arise front an inequality in the rule of suffrage as existing in the two sections, Any departure from that rule, there fore, which produces inequality, must be unjust. Thence, one of two consequences. must follow; either no State has a right to ex tend the suffrage beyond the point of actual equality with the other States, or if one State should adopt the principle of extension, all the rest would be bound to follow in the same f path. 'For istance, if New York should lower the standard of age from twenty-one to twenty, or eighteen, or enfranchise women, she would disturb the existing equality. She ' would, therefore, violate the fundamental law on which the radical doctrine is based. But, if her right to so extend the suffrage be ad mitted, and' we presume no one would seri ously deny it, then she would have the same cause to complain of injustice towards her on g the part of the other States, that the radicals now urge against the South. Indeed, on this theory, the States which first abolished the f property qualification had a right to accuse those States of injustice towards them which had not yet adopted the so-called universal system; and when they come r to constitute a majority, they ought tq have insisted that all the other States should con form to the same method. They might even have excluded from Congress the represents tives of those States, and made their consent to a uniform rule of suffrage a condition pre cedent to readmission. The principle is pre 6 cisely the same as that which is urged in the e present case as a reason for forcing negro suf £ frage on the South. The truth is that there is no saferule but to leave this whole subject d to the States, where it properly belongs, and the people of which are alone competent to deal with it understandingly and rationally. d What the South may do in this -matter, at some future time, it is not for us to decide. We can only repeat that we believe-and we believe because our belief is founded on im- i mutable law-that the natural social forces of the respective States are fully competent to settle this questi6n as it ought to be set tled; and that legislative expedients, de vised by extrinsic power, will only embarrass and perplex it. In order to sho, the absurdity of the fears expressed by the radicals, of Southern influence in Congress, it is only necessary to examine the apportionment of representatives under the existing law. According to the law of the 23d of May, 1850, it was enacted thatf the number of rep resentatives in Congress should be 233; that the representative population (which meant the whole number of free persons, excluding Indians not taxed, with the addition of three fifths of all other persons) determined by the census of that year and thereafter, should be divided by said number 233, and that the quotient sb found should be the ratio of rep reseeitation for the several States. The ratio thus ascertained under the census of 1860 was 124,183, and upon this basis the 233 rep resentatives were apportioned among the States. The niumber was, however, increased by the act of March 4, 1862, from 233 to 241, by allowing one additional representative to each of the following States:, Illinois, Iowa, Kentucky, linnesota, Ohio, Penisylvania, Rhode Island and Vermont. According to this apportionment, the Northern and South ern States had the following number of Con gressmen: NORTHERN STATEIS. California ........... 3 New Jersey.......... Connneoticut........ 4 New York .........3 Illinois..... 14 Ohio ........... .. 1 Indiana......... 11 Oregon ......... 1 I Iowa................. Pennsylvania......... 241 ,Kansas.. 1 Ithode Island......... 2 Maine....... .......5 Vermont............. 3 Massachusetts ......10 Wisconsin............ ti Michigan............ - Minnesot ........... 2 . Total.... ......... 156 New Hampshire ..... 3 SOUTHERN STATES. Alabama ............ 6 Missouri............. 9 Arkansas............ 3 North Carolina...... 7 Delaware ......... 1 SouthCarolina....... 4 Florida......... . Tennessee .......... 8 (eorgia ............. 7 Texas................ 4 Kentucky........... 9 The Virginias ........ 11l ouisiana............ 5 ryland........... 5 Total............. 85 Missessiipi........... 5 This apportionment law is still in force and will continue in force until the sesson of 1870. Until that time the Southern States would continue to be represented as when the ne groes were held in slavery. Supposing the new apportionment to have the same basis (as to representative population) as the existing law, and total population to remain the same, the representation would be distributed as follows: NORTHERN STATES. California............ 3 New Jersey......... 5 Connecticut......... 4 New York ........ 2 Illinois ..............13 Ohio................ 1m Indiana ........10 Oregon.............. 1 Iowa .............. 5 'ennsylvania ......22 Kansa .............. 1 Rhode Island........ 2 Maine............... 5 V ermont............ 3 Masoichusetts .......9 Wiscosin ........... i Michigan........ .. ci Minnesota............ Total.......... 147 New amplshireo...... 3 SOUTrERN STATES. Alabama..:. ........ 7 Missouri ............. 9 Arkansas............ 3 North Carolina....... 0 Delaware............1 SouthCarolina....... 5 Florida.............. 1 T ennessee ........... 9 Georgia ............. 0 T xans .............. 5 Kentucky............9 'lhe Virginias ..... 12 i ryland ............ 5 Total... . . ... Mississippi........... 6 So at the best the South would be in a mi nority of 53 votes-not couniting the now Northern States of Nevada, .Colorado and Montana, allof which will, probably, be admit ted within the next two years. The pretence that the North, as a section, has anything to fear from the South, is, therefore, absurd. The real apprehension is that the Republican party may be overthrown, and that the abom inable restrictive system which New England has, imposed on the country, may be super seded by an enlightened and wholesome policy. S.naDsn.--MeuOrs. Bidwell, Payne & Co., who recently removed their store to Nos. 33 and 35 Tchoupitoulas'streqt, advertise a list of com missary stores this -morning which would furnish supplies for an army corps for six months. All these provisions are fresh and choice, and we would advise dealers tl go and inspect them, F.iy fYers lu the NewV World. NUMBEB TEN. t'hilst writing these seemingly little impor tant essays, we have very often been tempted to apologize to our readers for the introduc tion of some minute and personal details in these narratives, but have refrained there from upon reflecting that the reasons for thus even describing trivial circumstances, will not have escaped their attention. We stated in the beginning that we would hanl over, as it were, to the present generation, a picture of impressions had fifty years ago, and that the merit of such tableaux, as we understand it, consists mainly in the contrast with things generally, and their influences, at the present day. Hence the description of even some little important details cannot be looked upon in any other light than as an endeavor to make the sketch as actual as possible; and if we have taken the liberty of mentioning the names of our personages, there cannot be any valid objection made to this course, see ing the long lapse of time since those per sons figured upon the stage of action, and their very mention being a sure guarantee for the general correctness of our statements. Let our readers recollect that even such im portant memoirs as those of the Prince Tal leyrand Perigord, containing no doubt some of the greatest State secrets of the times, by a testamentary disposition of this statesman, are to be published fifty years after his de cease; hence our little innocent personal narratives can certainly not be reproached with any indiscreet revelations or the divulg ency of private transactions and business re lations. Under this view of our case, and thinking that our simple essays, with all the little accompaniments of names of persons and places, cannot but be the very best proof of our entire truthfulness in our descriptions, we shall continue in the same vein our earliest impressions, such as they were in our youthful days,vwith the often accompanying considerations of the actual period of our later times. We hope that this course will meet with general approbation. The brig Angelica had cleared the British channel and we were now entering the deep waters of the Atlantic ocean. IHaving dis patched our latest conrrespondence upon sea by the fisher pilot boats that board fromn Land's End the vessels going into the ocean, Swe now knew that we should most probably i not again see land before reaching the other' side of the vasty deep, that is after se.ingi down towards the Bay of Gascony, and thence tow-ardis the Canary Islands, we would try to get into the line of the trade wind and thrns cross the ocean after the fashion of Christo pher Columbus, the first discoverer of Amer ica, We say, after the fashion of that bold navigator, for it cannot be denied that the steady trade wind contributed in making hiim find the true' way to his discovery. Well, then, being fully informed of all the circum stances of his several voyages, we had ample occasion to observe the correctness of his narrative and of his simple but very signifi cant description of the great ocean. These, Humboldt in his notes, accompanying the Cosmos, has also preserved to the curious reading public. One of these sinigular ob servations of the great navigator, and which Humboldt draws into doubt, although he himself traversed the same altitudes of the ocean, is that remark in which it is said that before reaching thg great bank of swimming or drifting sea weeds, tinder the tropical line, and a little west of the Azores or Western Is lands, the waters of the ocean seem to be swelling as the back of a ridge of mountains, and that here was Afterwards laid down the dividing line or meridian between the two hemispheres. Now, it may be, that according to seasons or other circumstances, Humboldt may not have seen this apparent swelling, or uplifting of the Atlantic Ocean in that al titude, but as for ourselves, we can say that indeed to our eyes, nothing more patent ap peared to be the case. Aye, just beefore en tering that sea of Bergasse, as it is called the ' trade wiads blowing as steadily - as usual, and the horizon being other wise perfectly clear and unclouded, the weather delightfully warm, not to saye hot, being tempered by the regular broeze--you can clearly perceive, as a grand swell in the water--an unusual heaving, as though after a subsiding tempest--and the vessel entering into this ridge or mountainous shape of waters, as if, on 'the other side, a placid lake might be found. We have not had occasion to notice whether, at this par ticular place, the variation of the magnetic needle takes place, as both Columbus and i Humboldt affirm;but it seems that a very simple reason might be given for the apparent swelling of the ocean immediately in front of the great drifting sea-weed islands, or I masses, and although we are not acquainted with the particular nautical works of Com I modore Maury upon the currents of the ocean, we have no doubt that similar reflec tions will therein be found. When we come to consider the nature of the sea-weed islands found only in the latitudes of the tropics, and right in the middle of the northern part of the Atlantic Ocean, it is clear that there the waters form the grand eddy in which these natural productions are perpetually turning around. These regions are little dis tttrbed by northern storms, and hence the swelling of the waters indicates the borders of that traninil inner sea, thus occupied by the Bergasse. Bergasse. Just as the gulf stream along the coast of the United States is indicated upon its borders by the tranquil waters of the ocean, even so, the swelling of the eastern seas towards the tropical regions, under the donstant operation of the trade winds, establishes this actial ridgte, although it may not have been so plainly per cceptible by the great naturalist in his oceanic travels. When we had traversed this back ofl the watery mountain, we at once experienced the same phenomenon observed by the first discoverer; the waters became nmuch ealner, the sea seemed to subside, the sea weeds I floated around our vessel in every direction, 1 and we amused ourselves in fishing out all ! sorts of crabs, snails, polypus, and hundreds of other sea creatures in this singular aquatic plant, the sea weed, bearing ever a sort of berry, or seed, but without any taste, like its blades, except a strong salt or briny one. But the heat now began to be much more oppress ive; the trade wipds died away the nearer we approached the line of the Cancer, and for neatly a whole fortnight the brigseemed to be alpot stsationary. We say seemed, for ac tually, all sails being set, even the studding sails, to catch the least .breeze that might be stirring, we would still make some five or six knots an- hour, although apparently the vessel hardly seemed to ralcke any motion through the sea, which latter lay r as a glaring mirror in all its brightness and placidity, extended as far as the horizon could reach. Here we began to feel the air of the new world. It was nothing like the northern part of the hemisphere which we had left behind. And when we saw from on deck the sporting of the great sea monsters, the puffing whales and other aquatic creations, we could not help thinking on the mighty powers that had formed such immensities of reser voirs for these multitudes of beings. We have I lately heard of the newly discovered sea mon sters, the Krakens or great Polyp Spider, and whose members or tentacles are like ships I cables by which they may drag down 'even three mast vessels to the bottom of the sea ; t and although we may claim to doubt some of these descriptions, yet can we have no hesita tion in believing that sea serpents or sea dragons may well have existed in former t times. For since we find skeletons of Masto dons upon terra firm that now no longer are to be met with, just so the ocean may have contained enormous creatures that now have become extinct. Such living examples are made to combat the incredulity of people that would fain suppose nature to have lost its power,. Ehet.tophe. To-day, October 8, is the anniversary of the death of one of the greatest monsters that ever disgraced the human shape. That he was a negro, and was urged to his brutality by malig nants who have ever since, by their example and through their depraved followers.been struggling to subject thle Caucasian race to the dominance of African fetishism and ferocity, is no excuse for either him or them. They were undoubtedly more culpable than he, to tile extent that they oughlt to have known better than he the character of the deeds to which thiey were inciting him; but even this does not absolve him, however much it may aggravate tllheir offense and their responibility. The negro miscreant, Christoph;, is said to have been born on tie sith of October, 17751. ie was a slave, of course, and under the instigation of the mfamous so-called Amis des Noirs, took part in the rebellions and massacres which de'ugegl the most magn:ficent of tihe West Indies in the blood of the Caucasian race. Of gigaonic stature and demoniacal ferocity, he soon succeeded in making himself quite all appropriate and a prominent leader among the infuriated negro hordes, who waded through fire and slaughter to the extermi nation of the whites of the island and the apprso priation of their property. Sent by Toussamtt Louverture to repress asn insurrection against hiem, headed by his own nephew I-oise, Cherietphe slaughtered him and others withoutjmercy, and in stalled lhimdself as governor of the nor:hicrn ipro vince of Frencl St. I)omingo. Wh:n Gen. Le clere arrived frorm France, in lt,-2, Chric:ophe, unable to do anything towards defeating the French forces, burned nearly the whole ofI Cape Town. and left its white inhabitants to the mercies of negro plunder and murder, or, atl best, to starvation or miserable exile. his caree. thereafter, as it had been before, swa- one scene of remorseless croelty and diabolical carnage. In t10o, on the 17th of October, he, with his own hand, assassinated another negro monster, Dessa lines, who had proclaimed himself Emperor of Hayti in 1i04, and had appointed Christophe his general-in-chief. Taking matters in his own hands, he, in February, 1807, caused himself to be proclaimed president for life. * In 1811 he had himself crowned king. In 1820 he met his de serts, was deserted and deposed, and appropri ately ended his monstrous life by blowing out his own brains. The history of Iayti is involved to a great ex tent, in the biography of this savage ; but it would be idle to enter into it. It is patent to all who choose to open their eyes-the wilfully blind, would pay no regard to it. The Potions and the Boyers, the Soulouques and the Geli'eards, how ever much they may fight and slaughter among themselves, are in heart one in their great desire to annihilate thle white race and Caucasian civiliza tion wherever they can extend their influence. They have done it in Hayti, they would have done it in Jamaica by this time, if it had not been for Governor Eyre. Ostensubly the mulattoes favor the whites ; but it is only to gain their aid in sub jecting the negroesto their domination. Let theme attain their end and they aill use the regroes against thtirl whilom white allies, hnd as for the negroes, the intensity of their hatred against whites and muolattecs, and against tine miscegena lion schemes with which Thad. Stevens and eAnna Dickinson are so much iulove, was so great, that they prohibited intersmarriage between blo ks and whites illHayti. The law is believed to be still in The Sthl of October is surely more worthy of commemoration in the foregoing connection than in any other. Why cares anything in these days of madness to know that it is in likse manner the anniversary of the death of '" Rienzi, the Last of the Tribunes," who, five hundred years ago, was asassinated while he was engaged in efforts "at uniting tile whole of Italy into a great federal republic?" Who cares to know that it is tile anniversary of the death of Elizabeth, the worthy wife of the illustrious Cromwell, both of whom were alike slandered and vilified, until time, the great recti fier, now presents them to us in their true charac ter? Of the lady protectress here is the latest verdict: " The utmost malignity of the royalists, then, could say no more against the lady pro tectress than that. she was a thrifty house wife, giving her the appellation of Joan, the vulgar phrase for a female servant. And there is every reason to conclude that Elizabeth Cromwell was a -wife well worthy of her illus trious partner." Of the protector himself here iswhatisnow said: "Itwas ongafashion withhis torians, content to rely upon the calumnies and falsehoods of royalist writers, to represent Crom well as a monster of cruelty and hypocrisy--a man with a natural taste for blood, who made use of religious phraseology merely to subserve his own ambitious ends; but after the researches of Carlyle and Gluizot, the. eloquence of Macaulay, and the clear statement and sound sense of Forster, such a 'vieaw Van be no longer upheld. Cromwell's religion was no mere profession, it was the very essence of the man; by nature, he was nota blood-shedder, and when necessity de manded the grim exercise of the sword, he unshieathed it with reluctance. Never was a religious man less of a bigot; lie lould not is so far as his iron will could effect hi purpose, permit any one to be persecuted for religious opin ins. Ile delivered Biddle, thle founder of English Unitaranism, out of the hands of tile Westminster divines. lIe woubls have even given tie despised and persecuted Jews the right-hand of citizen ship. He grasped power, and diipeu-eds with tie forlnality of parliaaonets, only because le sought to promota, in tile speediest inossiblemlanner, the prosperity, happiness and glory of his native aBut who cares for Cromwells and Ricnzis now, whlen they have such models before them as Chris tophe ? ExTENsIss V CecsIT SsAL.c OF DaY Goons. Messrs. Itoffman & Marks, auotioneers, at No. 38 Chartres street, will sell to:day at 10 o'clock, a very large lot of dry goods, which are all of the descriptions most in demand at this time. This sale will be sixty days' time on all bills over one hundred dollars. No better opportunity for mer chants to get a cheall stock of goods was ever offered in this city, and we advise our country friends to go there and gbt ashow of the bargains. A DWELLtna FOR RENT--On Washington street, Fourth District. See advertisement, under proper head, and manle application at once. More About the Old l'reullne Convent. f, INTERESTING LETTERI IN REGARD TO Tile FITTINGS I OF TIIt LOUISIANA LEUISLATUIHE. Ed. Crescent-In yours of the 2d instant I fid 11 an article headed " The Old Ursoline Convent," tl in which it was stated, "it was here that for a ai number of years, until 1834, the legislature of the a State held its sittings;" and " it was built by the tI French government in 1733." The writer of this having been a member of the a legislature when its sittings were held in the old w convent, it may be acceptable to some of your tl readers to know the reasons, which I beg leave to tl give, via.: In the winter of 1828, the old Govern- u ment House, at the corner of Old Levee and Ton- P louse streets, was the State House, occupied by a the governor's office and legislature. During the 11 session that winter it was burned, by taking fire b from an adjoining building, occupied as a store. tI It was thought at the time that the owner of the N goods had set the fire to obtain the insurance. I was among the first that discovered the fire, and v assisted in saving the archives and public records both in the old Government House and a building in the yard, occupied by the secretary of state. I Some short time previous the Ursuline nuns had t removed to their new building below the city, and e the old convent was found to be the most appro priate building then in New Orleans to accommo- s date the legislature, and it was obtained from the I bishop of the diocese for that purpose, and the legislature held its sittings therein during the balance of the session of 1828 and the session of 1829. The seat of government was removed to Donaldsopville and buildings directed by law to be erected tihere, to accommodate the legislature and public offices, and the session of the winter of 1830 was held there; but the buildingswere found to be so badly constructed that they became dan gerous, and the seat of government was removed back to 7New Orleans, and the legislature again occuplied the old convent until the Charity Hos pital was removed to its preuent location. WhVen the old buildings on the square, bounded by Canal, Baronne, Commonu and Dryades streets, were fitted up, thile legislature ehld sessionstherein, and the public offices were kept there until the re mloval to Baton Rounge. Int 12s, when the legislature occuopied the " Old Ursuline Convent," it was r lurrently reported that tihe building were then just ooe century old: Sand. consequentlliy, they must have been erected in tOhe yoear i172. oura, ,;.., LETTEI FROM WASHIINSTON. Slecil Corregpodelnce of the Crescent.] WAitIINGTt vn, Sept. 2(). boil. Everybody it now talking about the trial of Mr. Davit. It --tets that a radical judiciary are de termined.that the public anticipations of fairnes towards the t rCat prisoner of State shall be dis appointed. There is really no talid pkl.t against holding the trial at Itiehmond in the i oiuth of Oc tober. The old excuse urged by Me'. ChaPl , o the judicial dignity being iompaired by the contin uance of a state of semi-martial law has no longer the shlghtest validity. T'he itinerant 'chief justice to object on the score of sensitiveness to the purity of his ermine, was imparting a rather strong element of the farcical into publibe alairn. How ever, even that poor allegation lost its value by the progress of events, and a new one must there fore be invented. The legislation of Congress, forsooth, is the next excuse--laws passed at the last session preventing the holding of the October term in the capital of Virginia. What legislative acts does the wire-pulling chief justice refer to? Does he mean the bill introduced by Judge Harris of New York, for the reorganization of the United States courts-a scheme that did not succeed? Does his heart fail him so much at the last mo. ment that he is obliged to have recourse to some obscure clause in a long forgotten law? In other countries where there is no independent judiciary-where the judges are the servants of a monar ch-State trials have been longdelayed, and State prisoners have long suffered. Iere we have a constitution in form, far above its servants-the various departments of the government-and es pecially confided to the care and keeping of one department. IHow can the Supreme Court pre sume to be the interpreter of that fundamental instrument which gave it being, after violating provisions that secure the sacredness of individual liberty. Dare Salmon P. Chase condemn Jeffer son Davis to execution for the crimle of treason, when in his official capacity he has committed a wrong against the prisoner that in lygu::e days has mnade crimle a virtue and turned rebellion into revwolution. Deprivation of the privileges of habeas corpus was a charge in the Declaration of Independence. It is useless for Underwood and Chase to say that tile prisoner was inl the hands of the illitary. Their duty was to issue the process and have hinm placed in their custody. I1 Mr. Davis had been captured by ta dozen private indi vidna!s and kept in illegal durance, the failure to issue a writ would have been just as excusable. Is the Amerientn judiciary so bowed down in the dust that it is afraid of a sabre or bayonet? Among the many virtues exhibited by the South ill the late contest, none was more admired in foreign countries than the virtue andindependence of her judges. I have received letters from mem bers of Parliament highly entolling this splendid characteristic that recalled the noblest memories of English history. But not even so much truth is on the side of these quibblers of the hoor. The truth has at last made its way to the surface: Jef jersont Davis was merely held at Fortress Monroe to wait the issuing of that writ. The President told the chief justice months ago that an order of the court would be respected by every military officer in the land. Andrew phnson, as comman der-in-chief of the armies and navies of the United States would see that an order from a co-ordinate and equal department of the government was duly respected. Where is the semi-martial law and the military possession of the accused so much apprehended by our sneaking Jeflceys who would like to hang his prisoner, but would rather prefer him to die of exhaustion ? There is another phase of the matter very cleverly con cocted be.ween Chase and his friends at the capi tol. While Jeff. Davis is at Fortress Monroe, in the custody of the executive, the people, against all reason, will refer the delay in proceeding with the trial to tile President. "Johnson has hitm," they say, " why don't he try him." The law's vexatious delays don't enter in to their calculation. They blame the President who is innocent and forget Chase who is guilty. There is one resource left to the President by which he call render justice to the accused, call relieve himself of undeserved obloquy and pursue his policy to its legitimate results. If the court does not trehim, tile lirst day of November should see Jefbrson D1avis a citizen aI large, without sur veillancc, witholt parole, without conditions. The absence of any active measures, and the otlbr to resign him to the civil custody, prove thatcharges of complicity inll tile assassination conspiracy have not been substantiated against the great prisoner. Tkhi was the only definite cause of his imprison ment by military anutthority. To retain him at the ortress for the purpose of awaiting a civil pro coss and trial could be excused ini the abnormal condition of affairs incident to tile close of the war. Due time, legal time-and more than due and legal time--has been salk-red to elapse; but no response has conen to the demands for justice. -hre executive has done its duty towards the judi ciary; nowit is time to do its duty towards jus tice. We have had sixteen months of technicality, let us now have one day of law. This is the meansnby which the President call render justice to the accused, but at tile same time he can re move that false impression, pervading the public mind, relative to his culpability for the delay. Once Mr. Davis is at large, the civil authorities must act-they must arrest him or bear the blame themselves. If they arrest him, they are respon Bible before the world, as they have ever been in fact, fior the judging of his cause. No man can say thal the President has ao"ght to do with the case. As the matter slados now, Mr. Johnslon places hijiself in a false I,ohition; as ltfaira would stand after the reIleau, Clesar would have the things that belong onto (!1isar. The form in which this grand act of justice should conic, is the next and the final consideration. It should not bear any appearance of sympathy towards an individual; it should be a tribute into justice pure and simple. To effect these ends, it should comel ii a broad and coprnllohenoive fourm. A general amlnesty would alone fullillll these requisites. It would be tile legitimate constinlalion of a course mnarkled by the highest attributes of justice and mercy. It would be the crowning stroke of the presidential policy, and would send it down to posterity, adorned with the brightest of civic laurels. Truly here would mercy be twice blessed, for it would bless the giver and the receiver. It would open the eyes of the people more clearly to tile policy of Mr. Johnson than any public measure he could de vise. Its practical advantages in relievitt a weight bearing on the industry of the country, can hardly be estimated. This is the course now being urged on the Presi dent by his truest friends. A noble action some times effects more than political foresight. If the expounders of public law dare longer to insult the majesty of their trust, its guardian must step in and see that justice be done, though the heavens fall. We were among those who assembled on Satr. day morning at the new store of Messrs. (:rioll & Byrne, corner of Tchoupitoulas and Natchez streets, to celebrate tile re-opening of the house of these gentlemen at their oldt stand. We net nmny of the leading merchants of our city, besides several distinguished stranglrs, anld olIn of the most agreeable half hbors of our lile was spent in enjoying thile hospitilities of the pclosl rous house whose guest we were. The new store now occuplicd by M!cssrs. O;ri,-fl Byrne is very large ~l lld uii wiih a the :::o lern improvemenits. Ic t is filled with go,,ls from top to bottuom. These gloods cver the whole line of groceries-staple and faniy -winre, liquors, etc., and are all choice and ifre. Tihe ]i - hi done and is doing ia prosperous bucll'jl . :!,! ;e con gratulate them upon a -ucces- wt .il thi" i g high honor and liberality have deserwd. 1ssovni.-It wiii be seen, ,tie, r.,fer inre to an adv ertiem. ntti bli-hul ,-'ed v heo (in tiJ Ci:-e uk, T of this niruine% that the hld 01, 1 huql1 known grovery hoe'(' of S.lil!idt & Zit~cir. )b Lcrcmoved to NcO-. rlo , ), o , , ,. Noo v L- ,v ' tet,i oppo sit: the head of Nathoiz o tre, t. Tihe ture i, the one o., well konown ahithe -tollld of n W. A. Violett & Co.. lfore the war, and i, ,ue of the largei-t and ioilo t i ol.loil li'nolS ill ie -I- hIy ,llh' it is-l " :'.,tly ctl1pt it to a grocery U. n ei o, f itt., e:.tei t ,lone by . t'.--. S,.heult A& Zh h r. 'T 1]; - i- 1u1 in tioe (it cmtitutic ni of \ew (Jrl, It>:, !,a', cl eni cotempolrary with 'tlk Ml-iltrd,anit her equally e lUlrated: and cu!h h An Ihu th: tsling Line+loo i .o I,; O- f thei gl Ie en t iot ht'ad, hill. it io oo-t ll o- throtl,} ibt ti t,- , : III by time and revolutios, and is bi ely to ilve -v ,oral geleralons yet. WV:th ia vtorehoue watc. covers hall ta blk, it may hb e.a-onally 'up posed tat ithey -il0 d to keep an imoh iuese -stock, and to do ia bu io ess o Unhenoolrateo with heoir hurge means and extended popularity. We wish them every nSceess. BooTS AND SHOES.-It will be Oi en by referonce to another page, that one of our ohd merchants will again open Iliu store for business, to-day. We speak of Mr. Walter A. Pecker, so well known in this city, for the past quarter of a century, as a shoe dealer. Mr. Peck opens to-day at No 30 Camp street, and will keep a comiplete stock of good boots and shoes. We know that his old friends will rejoice at this, and that he will do a: prosperous a business as formerly, for few of our citizens are better liked or more highly respected. S- _.+._ .. . ... . A PAYING INVEToErNT.--It appears, from the report of the drawing of the Kentucky State Lot tery, which we publirhed last Friday morning, that fourteen prizes were drawn by persons who purchased their tickets from Ir. Charles T. How ard, tile agent for this city. The-e toarteen prizets in tile aggregate amount to a large -umn of money, and consequently thie city has been the gainer in actual caoh by tile sale of thle tickets here. Now this looks as if lotteries were not such awful insti tntions after all. The Kentucky Lottery. on ac count of its being conrlSte-l on s o ho libleral prin ciples--ther being mo11re prizoest ill it for thie nom Sher of tick,'ts sold than ill tny we ever heard of deplend, for its prfits upion tile extent of its busi ness. Its tnuagers do not wtant to " make it all,' but are satisfied to make ra fair interest on the capital inves r',, and i' there are large profits to somebody, they preerr them to be scattered thiroughout tie counltry. And, as tile agent of this lottery for New Orlelans pays a large amounth into the State treasury aonua;ly, for the benefit of the Charity lopiotal. for hiis license to sil the tickets, we have bleen garnerrs y tile' operation in more ways than one. DrnEror TI A.r wtroT Erau::EoE.-t would be well if o r merchants would keep the fact constantly before them that they can buy almost every des cription of foreign goods as cheaply from Messrs. P'. Mares & Co., No. 43 Itoyal street, as in New York. This house is det,'rmined to build up the direct trade between New IOeans and the dif ferent ports of Europe, and will not be undersold by ally Northern importer. Tile stock of goods which they now have to olocr is splendidly selected for the Southern trade; is rich, varied, and of the latest styles. No merchant visiting the city to buy goods, no milliner, or any other dealer, should miss looking at it, at letst, before they make their purchases. NEW OsrANs, JACKSON AND GREAT NOIRTHERII RAtiLoao.--We call the attention of our readers to a notice in another colunm, of the general superintendent of the New Orleans, Jackson and G-ireatNorthern Railroad Company, by which itwill be seen that a very considerable reduction has been made in the charges for freight on certall articles enumerated. The hoard of directors are entitled to the thanks of the public for this timely change, as we under. stand it has been done in view of the necessities of the country at large--but little corn, wheat, etc., having been planted, and tile cotton crop proving to be much shorter than anticipated. Tihe reduction lhts been made on corn, oats. hay, pork, bacon, beef, flour, moiaOses, cotton, lnmber, etc., etc.; and a list of the special rates can be obtained on applhcaltion at the office of the com pany, No. 44 Caroudleiet rtreat. Toi FALl, iN THillot a'sC 01' C tfltIING.-This hi s been brought about mainly Ib the liberality of th lthouse of Garttwaite, Lewis o Stuart, Nos. 31 ane :33 ('amp stlect. As they were disposed to wort on tile rule of '' live and lot live," their cus. tolelrs were not impoverished to thh verge o. bakrupltey every thae they hought a suit e clothes from themr ; and as this fact was noiser abroad, it had its etlifct upon the prices generally. We lhope that this liberality wiill meet with its dit reward, and that tile house will soon see that the) will be the gainers inl the long runt by selling good clothing at living prices. SrLENDID J:wELar,.-The mlany patrons of the jewelry establishment of AMr. Zimmerman Nos. oi and 6G Canal street, will doubt less, be interested to, learn that he has re.. etived several installments of his uew stack, and that they will now find in his store all that is fashionable and beautiful inthe jewelry line. We took a peep in there a day or two since, and such was the wealth displayed to oar dazzled and ad miring gaze, that, like Sinbad the Sailor in the Valley of Diamonds, we were speechless and be. wildered. Mr. Zimrarmaa sells both at whole. sale and retail.