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THE WILLIAMS NEWS
TIMES DEMAND MODERN BAR S Poorly Constructed Live-Stock Shelters Out of Date. DAI BY ANIMALS REQUIRE CARE Money That Is Expended for Better Structure Is Well Invested Tru - est Economy When Building Is to Build Well. By WILLIAM A. RADFORD. Mr. William A- Radford will answer questions and give advice FREE OF COST on all subjects pertaining: to the Object of building work on tbe farm, for the readers of this paper. On account of His wide experience as Editor, Author and Manufacturer, he is, without doubt, the highest authority on all these subjects. Sdress all inquiries to William A. Rad ford, No. 1827 Prairie avenue, Chicago, 111., and only inclose two-cent stamp for reply. Time was in the history of American farms when a barn was merely a poor ly constructed shelter for the farm live stock and some of the feed need ed to maitain the animals throughout the winter months. No particular at tention was paid to the needs of the t animals other than a roof over their heads and walls to break the winter wjnds. Cows housed in these strule tures were cold and a great percent age of the feed they consumed was used up to maintain the required body heat, and little went to produce milk. Horses were not needed for farm work In winter, so they were put on light feed, and when spring came were in poor condition for the heavy work of that season. ' Study of the live-stock Industry showed that this type of poorly con- Adjoining the barn are twin silos, which hold enough feed to carry the animals through the winter and sup ply them with fresh, chopped corn, or other ensilage ; on the mow floor there is plenty of room to store the hay or other roughage and the bedding the animals need to make them comfort able, x This barn is what is known as a "gambrel-roof," denoting the broken roof lines that give it an attractive ex terior. It is of frame construction, set on a concrete foundation and has a concrete floor in the stable. The stable floor, of course, is the most important. How this floor is di vided for horses and cows, and how the stalls are arranged are shown by the -floor plan that accompanies the exterior view. It will be noted that a solid wall with a door in the center divides the horses from the cows. This method of construction Is required by law in some states, as the ammonia fumes from the horse stable are likely to contaminate the milk. In the horse stable there are nine single stalls, and a room for the harness. The. stalls face a center alleyway, over which is a carrier run on a tract tnat is used to transport feed to the mangers. This track extends to the rear 'of the stalls, so that the carrier may be used to take out manure. About two.-thirds of the stable floor Is devoted to the dairy stable. It will be seen by the plan that there are 14 stalls in each row facing the feeding alley, besides four large box stalls for calves and bull. The dotted line on the plan shows the run of the carrier track, which extends to the feed room that connects the silos with the barn. This arrangement permits the silage to be thrown down in the feed room, loaded into the car rier and transported directly to the mangers. 'The small circles at the stall heads denote drinking cups, which are connected with the farm water-pressure system and keep water continually before the animals, the j water being turned on and shut off 1 automatically by the pressure of the noses of the cows on a valve. Southwest News From All Over New Mexico and Arizona NO BEST BREED OF POULTRY . C- . T" 4o" LrTTEfc-AfcLEfy-y Stalls! UTTER ALLLY yp j'f (sil'o VYfilLO J Kt rue ted farm building was expensive. It proved that when dairy animals are kept in a weather-proof building the milk flow greatly increases during the cold weather. Better buildings demon strated that there were means of not only keeping the anmials more healthy and productive, but of doing the work necessary in caring for the live stock more easily and in-less time. Step by step .the design of barns was im proved, until barn architecture be came so important that It attracted the attention of the architectural pro fession, and an intensive study of the needs of the live stock arid the farm owner has brought about standard- ar chitectural practices In barn design ing. The, modern barn, like the modern home. Is built with two ideas upper most ; comfort and conveniences com fort for the animals that are to live in it, ' ana convenience for the men who care for the animals. Modern barns are constructed of good materi als and are put up in first-class work manlike manner; they are provided with systems of ventilation that keep the air in the stables pure, but elim inate drafts ; they are equipped with labor-saving fixtures, such as steel stanchions, that do not accumulate dirt and filth, water cups-that supply fresh water at the stall heads continuously ; litter carriers that eliminate the un pleasant Job of removing manure ; feed trucks that carry the feed to the mangers. A good example of the modern dairy and horse barn is shown in the ac companying Illustration. This barn Is of about the right size to accommo date the live stock horses and dairy covtfs that are found on the average farm in the Middle West. It is 124 feelong and 38 feet wide, and is di vided into two stables, one to accom modate nine horses and the other to house 28 cows, their calves and a bull. . A comparison of this barn with those In use twenty or thirty years ' ago, and the structures found on too many "American farms today, will give a good idea of tbe progress In barn construction and equipment. Dirty, dark, cold and drafty structures are expensive because they cut down pro duction and Increase labor cost, while the modern barns increase production and cut labor costs. It is economy when building to build well. That Is especially true of barns that are to house live stock and their feed. Every farmer who needs a new building of this type should bear these facts in mind. Auntie 'Not an Old Maid. Aunt Mary is now twenty-five, and her married brothers twit her about her single state. They also tell her that since she has had . her last birth day she is an old maid. This both she and her adoring five-year-old niece Jean deny. - The other night one of Aunt Mary's admirers called, and little Jean was made a member of the party. Natu rally she was more in love with auntie than ever, and when the young man laughingly called her an old maid Jean loyally sprang to the rescue. "No. she ain't an old maid neither," she denied. "Teacher says any one isn't as long as they roll their stock ings down over their knees." And the subject was immediately changed. Indianapolis News. ( Western Newspaper Union News Service. ) At a recent meeting of the Chamber of Commerce at Tucumcari, N. M., and officials of the Round-up Association, it was decided to hold the - annual round-up this year September 5, 6 and 7. The school of vocational education at Las Vegas, N. M., has grown so fast during the past two months that it has been necessary to add two extra teach ers to the staff. The school now has over thirty pupils. Range conditions in Arizona and Xew Mexico are more encouraging than they have been for months past, iccording to a report issued by the local office of the United Slates weath er bureau at Phoenix. Bids for the fish hatchery at Lisboa spring, Al., the first bunt by tne tate, and the superintendent's cottage will be called for as soon as T. C Oaastra, the architect, finishes the plans, already practically ready for final approval. The Postoffice I.)epa-inent is adver tising for bids for new postoffice loca tion at Willcox, Ariz. The room must contain l,S(Mt square feet of fLoor space iixl be conveniently located. The de partment requires more space than the resent postoffice contains. Total shipments of cantaloupes from he Salt Iliver Valley this year have teen approximately 40O carloads greater than last year and 400 car otids less than in 1U19, according to he bullet in issued by Homer A.' Har ris, representative of the United Mates bureau or marKets and crop estimates at Phoenix. Abstract of assessment rolls of Pima, Yuma and Mohave counties, Ariz., have been filed with the State Tax Commission. The commission now has received copies of the assess ment rolls from ten of the fourteen counties in the state. The valuation placed on assessable property In Pima county was given as $61,619,249. The Mohave county roll totaled $28,50T, 783. Yuma county's assessable prop erty was valued at $21.3T1,315. The State Board of Vocational Edu cation lias fixed the budget for voca tional education work in Arizi.ua ing cord rli Do which is $141,33!) less than last year's budget, was recommended by him. The smellier budget, lie said, did not Indi cate any lessening in the efficiency of the work. . . Antonio Carpio must hang at Silver City, N. M., on Aug. 19 for the murder of Kfren Itios at Central on Aug. 14, 1919,. according to the decree of the State Supreme Court, which ' affirmed Carpio's conviction and set the date for his execution. Carpio, the evidence showed, jealous of attentions paid by a rivsil to a girl at a "baile," shot to kill Casiinlro Liuvru, and the bullet struck Itios, a second snot wounding l.ucero. The court held that shooting the wrong man did not exempt the shooter from crime; Copies of the Arizona .1921-22 Blue Book, compiled by Krnest It. Hall, secretary of state, have been distrib uted. The little volume is replete with information concerning the stite. A bit of history, its population and the population of its incorporated' cities and towns, the value of its crops, its newspapers', commercial and miscel-. laneous organizations, are a few of the things f onfained in' addition to the usual list of federal, state and county officials, state boards and national uard of the state. The state will benefit approximate ly $1,200 from the estate of Elmer l'irtle, who established the town of Plrtleville, Ariz, l'irtle died August 5, 1920, leaving an estate, ' according to the appraisers, of $339,744.61. Since the property was held jointly by Pirtle and his wife, the state can -collect In heritance tax on only one-half the amount. Camping and fishing will not be de nied visitors to the Apache reserva tion in the White mountains northeast of OJlolte, Ariz. An order curtailing these privileges was issued this year for the first time, by Superintendent Davis. Information from the state game warden said an order from the Indian commissioner had restored these privileges. The contract for the new high school building at Kstancia, N. M., and much of the material is already on the There Are Three Classes- Specially Adapted to Production of Eggs and Meat. Prepared by the United States Depart ment or Agriculture. There 's no best breed of poultry. That, at least, is the opinion of men in the United States Department of Agriculture who have been studying the business for years, and have had experience with all varieties of ail breeds in America. To go among your friends and ask for advice about the kind of chickens to start with would be about as productive of con flicting views as if you asked for help In buying a motor car or a typewriter. Every man has his likings, and some have good reasons for them, but in the end the beginner will have to be the Judge ; wherefore the opinion of the department- specialists will be about the best guide: . Keep only one vari ety of breed, and select the breed that suits your purpose best. Be sure of one thing have a standardbred male at the head of the flock. ' Such a bird will improve the quality of the stock materially. ' A mongrel , male will produce no improvement. These are the reasons : Standard- bred fowls produce uniform products which bring higher prices. Standardbred stock and eggs sold for breeding purposes, bring higher prices than market quotations.' . Standardbred fowls can 'be exhibit ed, and thus compete for prizes. Eggs and stock from mongrel fowls are not sold for breeding purposes. Mongrel fowls are not exhibited in poultry shows or expositions. (General-purpose breeds are best suited to most farms where the pro duction of both eggs and meat is de sired. The four most popular repre sentatives of this class are the Ply mouth Rock. Wyandotte, Orpington, and Rhode Island Red. , All these breeds, with the exception of the Orpington, are of American or igin. They are characterized by hav ing yellow skin and legs, and lay brown-shelled eggs. The Orpington is of English origin, has a white skin, and aisv lays brown-shelled eggs. You IMPROVED ROADS ROAD CONSTRUCTION IN 1920 Coet Was About Twice as Much as in 1817 on ; Account of Distinct Shortage of Labor. (Prepared by Ufe tj. S. Department of Agriculture.) Every kind of road cost about twice as much to build in 1920 as it did In 1917. according to the chief of the bureau of public roads. United States Department of Agriculture, and high way construction suffered more than any other class of work through rail road congestion, strikes, labor troubles and material shortages. After the war there was a great public demand for improved roads. Many roads had been seriously dam aged by war traffic, and it appeared that the return of men from military service would provide an abundance of labor. The army of laborers which was expected to apply for the work did not, however, materialize. On the contrary, there-was a distinct shortage our- I the coming year at $200,000, ac- I ts .-igfr ; ?x V - Tv" ding to M. 1.. Doner, assistant state vS&? rT?AT ' . " - " " ' 1, rector of vocational education. I --"Vtk "" . , ner sniil Hint tb MIMM lmilirnr I U"i. - " - - v. A Flock of White Plymouth Rocks . Good Generai-Purpose Breed. Brilliant Stars. The brilliant star Spica Is 13,000 times as bright as the sun, while Canopus, a very bright star in the south polar sky, is 55.000 times as bright as the sun. Spica and Cano pus are both about 500 light years from us. To express their di&tance in miles, one would write down three and add fifteen ciphers. site. The new building will be made of adobe blocks and will be 82 bv 120 feet, with six class rooms about 24 by 34. All of the walls, will be laid in lime mortar, which it is thought will make as good a wall as brick r tile and will hold the exterior finish much better. The Koswell, N. M., postoffice ad vanced to first class the first: of July and Is now one of the three first class offices in the stute. The total receipts of the office have shown a decided in crease during the past year in spite of the falling off in- other lines of business and the office is far above the $40,0(X mark. Maximum wages for sheepherders have been fixed at $25 a month by the Pa cos Valley Wool Growers' Associa tion of New Mexico. Members pledged themselves not to advance the herders a lore than $25 at any time. can get a detailed description of all fowls of American origin in Farmers' Bulletin 806 ofi "Standard Varieties of Chickens.-, I. The American Class,1 which may be had upon" application to the Division of Publications, United States . Department of Agriculture. The Mediterranean or egg breeds are best suited for the production of white-sheiled eggs. Representatives of this clasp are bred largely for eggs rather than for meat. Among the popular breeds are Leghorn, Minorca, Ancon.t pnd Andalusian. An outstanding characteristic of the egg breeds is the fact that they are classed as nonsitters ; that is, as a rale they do not become broody and hatch their eggs. When fowls of this class are kept, artificial incubation and brooding usually are employed. Farmers' Bulletin 898, "Standard Va rieties of. Chickens. II. The Mediter rnnean Class." tells about this class. Langshans. Brahmas, Cochins, and Cornish fowls belong in the meat breeds, rather than for eggs, and al though classed for meat are some times kept as general-purpose fowls. They are all heavier and larger than the egg breeds, or those of the gen eral-purpose class, and lay brown- shelled eggs. Farmers' Bulletin 1052, "Standard Varieties of Chickens. III. Asiatic. English, and French Classes" describes the breeds In this class. Fowls for breeding purposes should be strong, healthy, vigorous birds. The comb, face, and , wattles should be a bright red, eyes bright and fairly prominent, head comparatively broad. Well Kept Roadside Where Weeds Are Controlled by Frequent Mowing. of labor, and wages reached the high est levels attained In the history of the country. In 1917, competent labor could be secured for from $1.50 to $3 Ter day, but the corresponding wages in 1920 were from $3 to $5 for a short er day's work. In proportion to this demand there was also a pronounced scarcity of con struction materials. Sand, gravel. stone, and cement, and materials com monly .used in road work increased In price between 1917 and 1920 from 50 to 100 per cent. Naturally, these in creases in cost were reflected in the prices paid to contractors tor roaa work. Gravel roads increased from $4,535 to $7,250 per mile ; concrete from $21,165 to upward of $40,000 per mile, and brick roads from $33,000 to $55,000 per mile. N As funds available for road con struction are largely limited by stat ute, or by the returns from taxation. a' majority of the states this year have deliberately withheld work, the plans for which had been completed, until they could obtain a greater return for' their expenditure. . SCOTS USED FIRST MACADAM HOW WOMEN OF MIDDLE AGE May Escape the Dreaded Suf ferings of that Period by Taking Mrs. Block's Advice Hopkins,' Minn. "During Chanee of Life I had hot flashes and suffered for "'"'"!51llii!!JJI""ltwo years. I saw jwfVlLydia E. Pinkham'a pouna aaverasea in the paper and got good results from taking it. I recom- menri xrmir- mi'nii iU my inenaa ana V p 1 you may publish J nrilthis f.vit as a testi- lumuuiai. mrs.ius- SSert Block, Box 542, ' Hopkins, Minn. ft imtsf in It has been said that not one woman in a thousand passes this perfectly natural change without experiencing a train of very annoying and sometimes painful symptoms. Those dreadful hot flashes, sinking spells, spots before the eyes, dizzy spells, nervousness, are only a few of the symptoms.. Every woman at this age should prefit by Mrs. Block's experi ence and try Lydia E. Pinkham's Vege table Compound. If you have the slightest doubt that Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Com-, pound will help you, write to Lydia E. Pinkham Medicine Co., Lynn, Mass., about your health. Your letter will be opened, read and answered by a woman, and held in strict confidence. He Couldn't Say 'Em. It was Ora's first year in school, and Maurice, two years .the younger, looked on his brother with great admiration and awe' for the 'many wonderful new things he had learned. Blgon. as he called Ora for some unknown childish reason, was his idol supreme. - An aunt, visiting one day, asked Maurice N whether he could recite the alphabet. "No," he piped. "No, I can't say " era. I can't say the A, B. C's. But ' Bigon, he can say .'em. 'Eres the' way Bigon says 'era." And then he pro ceeded, to say them correctly. WHY DRUGGISTS RECOMMEND SWAMP-ROOT For many years druggists have watched with much interest the remarkable record maintained by Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-Root, the great kidney', liver and bladder medi cine. It is a physician's prescription. Swamp-Root is a strengthening medi cine. It helps the kidneys, liver and blad der do the work nature intended they should do. Swamp-Root has stood the test of years. It is sold by all druggists on its merit and it should help you. No other kidney medicine has so many friends. 1 Be sure to get Swamp-Root and start treatment at once. However, if you wish first to test this great preparation send ten cents to Dr. Kilmer & Co.. Binehamton, N. Y-, for a sample bottle. "When writing be sure and mention this paper. ' San Francisco Docks. San Francisco has dock facilities sufficient for the. accommodation at one time of -JoO vessels or average size. Lots of men who believe in Darwin's theory are busy transforming them- elves back into monkeys. Resident of Ayrshire Made His First Experiments About 1814 Roads Now Common. Macadam roads are so common in America that national pride may well lead us to look upon them as a do mestic product. But John MacAdam was a Scot, resi dent in Ayrshire, where he made his first experiments about 1814, accord Ing to the New York Sun. Five years later the first public roads were laid with the pavement and a grateful par liament awarded the Inventor a grant of $ro.ooo. In 1827, after the new pavement had been thoroughly tested, MacAdam was made surveyor general of all metropolitan roads In and about Lon don and the use of his method became general throughout the United Kingdom. HARDING LAUDS GOOD ROADS President in First Message to Con gress Deplores Money Wasted in Improved Highways. In no uncertain terms, Presldenfl Harding expressed his opinion of the automobile, motor transport and good roads in his first message to congress. He said: "The motorcar has become s.hort. and not long or crow-shaped; I an indispensable instrument in our po- legs set wen apart and straight, plu- I litical, social and Industrial life. . . uiage clean and smooth. The beginner in poultry will be care ful to have a home ready for, his flock before he gets itj Farmers' Bulletin 889 contains suggestions, plans, and directions every poultry keeper should have. The Division of Publications will send it upon request. I know of nothing more shocking than the millions of public funds wasted in improved highways wasted because there is no policy of maintenance. Highways must" be patrolled and con stantly repaired." INFERTILE EGGS KEEP BEST Are Preferred for All Purposes Except Hatching and Can Be Kept for Longer Period. Ordinarily all eggs will be Infertile after the male has been separated from the flock for two or three weeks. Infertile eggs will keep much longer than eggs that are ' fertile, and are best for all purposes except batching. Hens Vary in Weight. Kgg-producing hens vary in weight. the average being about four pounds. The principal breeds of egg producers are the Leghorns, the Wyandottes, the Plymouth Rocks, the Rhode Island Ueds and the Alinoreas. Do you know you can roll -SO good cigarettes for lOcts from one bag of GENUINE BullDurham TOBACCO Kill All Flies! THEY SPREAD DISEASE Pluad unwhrn. DAISY FLY KILLER mttracta and kills all flies. Nfit. clean, ornamental, convenient and anything-. Guaranteed. DAISY FLT KILLER at tout neater or E bT EXPRESS. Dreoaid. (1.25. HAROLD SOalKRS. 160 Lie Kalb Are.. Brooklyn. N. I- 4 Work Is World Wide. Road construction and maintenance have become world wide as well as provincial problems and foreign gov ernments are doing much work to ward highway development. Your Ford Does Not Need to Rattle and Shake Write for Free booklet. TeUswhr and bow Cork Inert topi a. Ask your Dealer for Advance Cork Insert Brake Lining for Fords advance automobile accessories cokf. if S3 Pralrl Arenne. Chlcaro DRTaCPITO vttioii i. coiini r MX Cla I U Patent Lawyer, Washington. w D q AdTlee and book Ire. Bates reasonable Ula-best reference, Keatserrleee.