THE WILLIAMS NEWS
Poorly Constructed Live-Stock
Shelters Out of Date.
DAI BY ANIMALS REQUIRE CARE
Money That Is Expended for Better
Structure Is Well Invested Tru
- est Economy When Building
Is to Build Well.
By WILLIAM A. RADFORD.
Mr. William A- Radford will answer
questions and give advice FREE OF
COST on all subjects pertaining: to the
Object of building work on tbe farm, for
the readers of this paper. On account of
His wide experience as Editor, Author and
Manufacturer, he is, without doubt, the
highest authority on all these subjects.
Sdress all inquiries to William A. Rad
ford, No. 1827 Prairie avenue, Chicago,
111., and only inclose two-cent stamp for
Time was in the history of American
farms when a barn was merely a poor
ly constructed shelter for the farm
live stock and some of the feed need
ed to maitain the animals throughout
the winter months. No particular at
tention was paid to the needs of the
t animals other than a roof over their
heads and walls to break the winter
wjnds. Cows housed in these strule
tures were cold and a great percent
age of the feed they consumed was
used up to maintain the required body
heat, and little went to produce milk.
Horses were not needed for farm work
In winter, so they were put on light
feed, and when spring came were in
poor condition for the heavy work of
that season. '
Study of the live-stock Industry
showed that this type of poorly con-
Adjoining the barn are twin silos,
which hold enough feed to carry the
animals through the winter and sup
ply them with fresh, chopped corn, or
other ensilage ; on the mow floor there
is plenty of room to store the hay or
other roughage and the bedding the
animals need to make them comfort
This barn is what is known as a
"gambrel-roof," denoting the broken
roof lines that give it an attractive ex
terior. It is of frame construction,
set on a concrete foundation and has
a concrete floor in the stable.
The stable floor, of course, is the
most important. How this floor is di
vided for horses and cows, and how
the stalls are arranged are shown by
the -floor plan that accompanies the
exterior view. It will be noted that a
solid wall with a door in the center
divides the horses from the cows. This
method of construction Is required by
law in some states, as the ammonia
fumes from the horse stable are likely
to contaminate the milk. In the horse
stable there are nine single stalls, and
a room for the harness. The. stalls
face a center alleyway, over which is
a carrier run on a tract tnat is used
to transport feed to the mangers. This
track extends to the rear 'of the stalls,
so that the carrier may be used to
take out manure. About two.-thirds of
the stable floor Is devoted to the dairy
stable. It will be seen by the plan
that there are 14 stalls in each row
facing the feeding alley, besides four
large box stalls for calves and bull.
The dotted line on the plan shows the
run of the carrier track, which extends
to the feed room that connects the
silos with the barn. This arrangement
permits the silage to be thrown down
in the feed room, loaded into the car
rier and transported directly to the
mangers. 'The small circles at the
stall heads denote drinking cups,
which are connected with the farm
water-pressure system and keep water
continually before the animals, the j
water being turned on and shut off 1
automatically by the pressure of the
noses of the cows on a valve.
From All Over
NO BEST BREED OF POULTRY
. C- . T"
UTTER ALLLY yp j'f
(sil'o VYfilLO J
Kt rue ted farm building was expensive.
It proved that when dairy animals are
kept in a weather-proof building the
milk flow greatly increases during the
cold weather. Better buildings demon
strated that there were means of not
only keeping the anmials more healthy
and productive, but of doing the work
necessary in caring for the live stock
more easily and in-less time. Step by
step .the design of barns was im
proved, until barn architecture be
came so important that It attracted
the attention of the architectural pro
fession, and an intensive study of the
needs of the live stock arid the farm
owner has brought about standard- ar
chitectural practices In barn design
ing. The, modern barn, like the modern
home. Is built with two ideas upper
most ; comfort and conveniences com
fort for the animals that are to live
in it, ' ana convenience for the men
who care for the animals. Modern
barns are constructed of good materi
als and are put up in first-class work
manlike manner; they are provided
with systems of ventilation that keep
the air in the stables pure, but elim
inate drafts ; they are equipped with
labor-saving fixtures, such as steel
stanchions, that do not accumulate dirt
and filth, water cups-that supply fresh
water at the stall heads continuously ;
litter carriers that eliminate the un
pleasant Job of removing manure ; feed
trucks that carry the feed to the
A good example of the modern dairy
and horse barn is shown in the ac
companying Illustration. This barn Is
of about the right size to accommo
date the live stock horses and dairy
covtfs that are found on the average
farm in the Middle West. It is 124
feelong and 38 feet wide, and is di
vided into two stables, one to accom
modate nine horses and the other to
house 28 cows, their calves and a bull.
. A comparison of this barn with
those In use twenty or thirty years '
ago, and the structures found on too
many "American farms today, will give
a good idea of tbe progress In barn
construction and equipment. Dirty,
dark, cold and drafty structures are
expensive because they cut down pro
duction and Increase labor cost, while
the modern barns increase production
and cut labor costs.
It is economy when building to build
well. That Is especially true of barns
that are to house live stock and their
feed. Every farmer who needs a new
building of this type should bear these
facts in mind.
Auntie 'Not an Old Maid.
Aunt Mary is now twenty-five, and
her married brothers twit her about
her single state. They also tell her
that since she has had . her last birth
day she is an old maid. This both she
and her adoring five-year-old niece
- The other night one of Aunt Mary's
admirers called, and little Jean was
made a member of the party. Natu
rally she was more in love with auntie
than ever, and when the young man
laughingly called her an old maid
Jean loyally sprang to the rescue.
"No. she ain't an old maid neither,"
she denied. "Teacher says any one
isn't as long as they roll their stock
ings down over their knees."
And the subject was immediately
changed. Indianapolis News.
( Western Newspaper Union News Service. )
At a recent meeting of the Chamber
of Commerce at Tucumcari, N. M., and
officials of the Round-up Association,
it was decided to hold the - annual
round-up this year September 5, 6
The school of vocational education
at Las Vegas, N. M., has grown so fast
during the past two months that it has
been necessary to add two extra teach
ers to the staff. The school now has
over thirty pupils.
Range conditions in Arizona and
Xew Mexico are more encouraging
than they have been for months past,
iccording to a report issued by the
local office of the United Slates weath
er bureau at Phoenix.
Bids for the fish hatchery at Lisboa
spring, Al., the first bunt by tne
tate, and the superintendent's cottage
will be called for as soon as T. C
Oaastra, the architect, finishes the
plans, already practically ready for
The Postoffice I.)epa-inent is adver
tising for bids for new postoffice loca
tion at Willcox, Ariz. The room must
contain l,S(Mt square feet of fLoor space
iixl be conveniently located. The de
partment requires more space than the
resent postoffice contains.
Total shipments of cantaloupes from
he Salt Iliver Valley this year have
teen approximately 40O carloads
greater than last year and 400 car
otids less than in 1U19, according to
he bullet in issued by Homer A.' Har
ris, representative of the United
Mates bureau or marKets and crop
estimates at Phoenix.
Abstract of assessment rolls of
Pima, Yuma and Mohave counties,
Ariz., have been filed with the State
Tax Commission. The commission
now has received copies of the assess
ment rolls from ten of the fourteen
counties in the state. The valuation
placed on assessable property In Pima
county was given as $61,619,249. The
Mohave county roll totaled $28,50T,
783. Yuma county's assessable prop
erty was valued at $21.3T1,315.
The State Board of Vocational Edu
cation lias fixed the budget for voca
tional education work in Arizi.ua
which is $141,33!) less than last year's
budget, was recommended by him. The
smellier budget, lie said, did not Indi
cate any lessening in the efficiency of
the work. . .
Antonio Carpio must hang at Silver
City, N. M., on Aug. 19 for the murder
of Kfren Itios at Central on Aug. 14,
1919,. according to the decree of the
State Supreme Court, which ' affirmed
Carpio's conviction and set the date
for his execution. Carpio, the evidence
showed, jealous of attentions paid by
a rivsil to a girl at a "baile," shot to
kill Casiinlro Liuvru, and the bullet
struck Itios, a second snot wounding
l.ucero. The court held that shooting
the wrong man did not exempt the
shooter from crime;
Copies of the Arizona .1921-22 Blue
Book, compiled by Krnest It. Hall,
secretary of state, have been distrib
uted. The little volume is replete with
information concerning the stite. A
bit of history, its population and the
population of its incorporated' cities
and towns, the value of its crops, its
newspapers', commercial and miscel-.
laneous organizations, are a few of
the things f onfained in' addition to the
usual list of federal, state and county
officials, state boards and national
uard of the state.
The state will benefit approximate
ly $1,200 from the estate of Elmer
l'irtle, who established the town of
Plrtleville, Ariz, l'irtle died August 5,
1920, leaving an estate, ' according to
the appraisers, of $339,744.61. Since
the property was held jointly by Pirtle
and his wife, the state can -collect In
heritance tax on only one-half the
Camping and fishing will not be de
nied visitors to the Apache reserva
tion in the White mountains northeast
of OJlolte, Ariz. An order curtailing
these privileges was issued this year
for the first time, by Superintendent
Davis. Information from the state
game warden said an order from the
Indian commissioner had restored
The contract for the new high
school building at Kstancia, N. M., and
much of the material is already on the
There Are Three Classes- Specially
Adapted to Production of Eggs
Prepared by the United States Depart
ment or Agriculture.
There 's no best breed of poultry.
That, at least, is the opinion of men
in the United States Department of
Agriculture who have been studying
the business for years, and have had
experience with all varieties of ail
breeds in America. To go among
your friends and ask for advice about
the kind of chickens to start with
would be about as productive of con
flicting views as if you asked for help
In buying a motor car or a typewriter.
Every man has his likings, and some
have good reasons for them, but in the
end the beginner will have to be the
Judge ; wherefore the opinion of the
department- specialists will be about
the best guide: . Keep only one vari
ety of breed, and select the breed
that suits your purpose best. Be sure
of one thing have a standardbred
male at the head of the flock. ' Such a
bird will improve the quality of the
stock materially. ' A mongrel , male
will produce no improvement.
These are the reasons : Standard-
bred fowls produce uniform products
which bring higher prices.
Standardbred stock and eggs sold
for breeding purposes, bring higher
prices than market quotations.'
. Standardbred fowls can 'be exhibit
ed, and thus compete for prizes.
Eggs and stock from mongrel fowls
are not sold for breeding purposes.
Mongrel fowls are not exhibited in
poultry shows or expositions.
(General-purpose breeds are best
suited to most farms where the pro
duction of both eggs and meat is de
sired. The four most popular repre
sentatives of this class are the Ply
mouth Rock. Wyandotte, Orpington,
and Rhode Island Red.
, All these breeds, with the exception
of the Orpington, are of American or
igin. They are characterized by hav
ing yellow skin and legs, and lay
brown-shelled eggs. The Orpington is
of English origin, has a white skin,
and aisv lays brown-shelled eggs. You
ROAD CONSTRUCTION IN 1920
Coet Was About Twice as Much as in
1817 on ; Account of Distinct
Shortage of Labor.
(Prepared by Ufe tj. S. Department of
Every kind of road cost about twice
as much to build in 1920 as it did In
1917. according to the chief of the
bureau of public roads. United States
Department of Agriculture, and high
way construction suffered more than
any other class of work through rail
road congestion, strikes, labor troubles
and material shortages.
After the war there was a great
public demand for improved roads.
Many roads had been seriously dam
aged by war traffic, and it appeared
that the return of men from military
service would provide an abundance
of labor. The army of laborers which
was expected to apply for the work
did not, however, materialize. On the
contrary, there-was a distinct shortage
the coming year at $200,000, ac- I ts .-igfr ; ?x V - Tv"
ding to M. 1.. Doner, assistant state vS&? rT?AT ' . " - " " ' 1,
rector of vocational education. I --"Vtk "" . ,
ner sniil Hint tb MIMM lmilirnr I U"i. - " - - v.
A Flock of White Plymouth Rocks
. Good Generai-Purpose Breed.
The brilliant star Spica Is 13,000
times as bright as the sun, while
Canopus, a very bright star in the
south polar sky, is 55.000 times as
bright as the sun. Spica and Cano
pus are both about 500 light years
from us. To express their di&tance
in miles, one would write down three
and add fifteen ciphers.
site. The new building will be made
of adobe blocks and will be 82 bv 120
feet, with six class rooms about 24 by
34. All of the walls, will be laid in
lime mortar, which it is thought will
make as good a wall as brick r tile
and will hold the exterior finish much
The Koswell, N. M., postoffice ad
vanced to first class the first: of July
and Is now one of the three first class
offices in the stute. The total receipts
of the office have shown a decided in
crease during the past year in spite
of the falling off in- other lines of
business and the office is far above
the $40,0(X mark.
Maximum wages for sheepherders
have been fixed at $25 a month by the
Pa cos Valley Wool Growers' Associa
tion of New Mexico. Members pledged
themselves not to advance the herders
a lore than $25 at any time.
can get a detailed description of all
fowls of American origin in Farmers'
Bulletin 806 ofi "Standard Varieties of
Chickens.-, I. The American Class,1
which may be had upon" application
to the Division of Publications, United
States . Department of Agriculture.
The Mediterranean or egg breeds
are best suited for the production of
white-sheiled eggs. Representatives of
this clasp are bred largely for eggs
rather than for meat. Among the
popular breeds are Leghorn, Minorca,
Ancon.t pnd Andalusian.
An outstanding characteristic of the
egg breeds is the fact that they are
classed as nonsitters ; that is, as a
rale they do not become broody and
hatch their eggs. When fowls of this
class are kept, artificial incubation
and brooding usually are employed.
Farmers' Bulletin 898, "Standard Va
rieties of. Chickens. II. The Mediter
rnnean Class." tells about this class.
Langshans. Brahmas, Cochins, and
Cornish fowls belong in the meat
breeds, rather than for eggs, and al
though classed for meat are some
times kept as general-purpose fowls.
They are all heavier and larger than
the egg breeds, or those of the gen
eral-purpose class, and lay brown-
shelled eggs. Farmers' Bulletin 1052,
"Standard Varieties of Chickens. III.
Asiatic. English, and French Classes"
describes the breeds In this class.
Fowls for breeding purposes should
be strong, healthy, vigorous birds. The
comb, face, and , wattles should be a
bright red, eyes bright and fairly
prominent, head comparatively broad.
Well Kept Roadside Where Weeds
Are Controlled by Frequent
of labor, and wages reached the high
est levels attained In the history of
the country. In 1917, competent labor
could be secured for from $1.50 to $3
Ter day, but the corresponding wages
in 1920 were from $3 to $5 for a short
er day's work.
In proportion to this demand there
was also a pronounced scarcity of con
struction materials. Sand, gravel.
stone, and cement, and materials com
monly .used in road work increased In
price between 1917 and 1920 from 50
to 100 per cent. Naturally, these in
creases in cost were reflected in the
prices paid to contractors tor roaa
work. Gravel roads increased from
$4,535 to $7,250 per mile ; concrete
from $21,165 to upward of $40,000 per
mile, and brick roads from $33,000 to
$55,000 per mile. N
As funds available for road con
struction are largely limited by stat
ute, or by the returns from taxation.
a' majority of the states this year have
deliberately withheld work, the plans
for which had been completed, until
they could obtain a greater return for'
their expenditure. .
SCOTS USED FIRST MACADAM
OF MIDDLE AGE
May Escape the Dreaded Suf
ferings of that Period by
Taking Mrs. Block's Advice
Hopkins,' Minn. "During Chanee of
Life I had hot flashes and suffered for
"'"'"!51llii!!JJI""ltwo years. I saw
jwfVlLydia E. Pinkham'a
pouna aaverasea in
the paper and got
good results from
taking it. I recom-
menri xrmir- mi'nii
iU my inenaa ana
V p 1 you may publish
J nrilthis f.vit as a testi-
SSert Block, Box 542,
' Hopkins, Minn.
ft imtsf in
It has been said that not one woman in
a thousand passes this perfectly natural
change without experiencing a train of
very annoying and sometimes painful
symptoms. Those dreadful hot flashes,
sinking spells, spots before the eyes,
dizzy spells, nervousness, are only a few
of the symptoms.. Every woman at this
age should prefit by Mrs. Block's experi
ence and try Lydia E. Pinkham's Vege
If you have the slightest doubt that
Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Com-,
pound will help you, write to Lydia E.
Pinkham Medicine Co., Lynn, Mass.,
about your health. Your letter will be
opened, read and answered by a woman,
and held in strict confidence.
He Couldn't Say 'Em.
It was Ora's first year in school, and
Maurice, two years .the younger, looked
on his brother with great admiration
and awe' for the 'many wonderful new
things he had learned. Blgon. as he
called Ora for some unknown childish
reason, was his idol supreme. - An
aunt, visiting one day, asked Maurice N
whether he could recite the alphabet.
"No," he piped. "No, I can't say "
era. I can't say the A, B. C's. But '
Bigon, he can say .'em. 'Eres the' way
Bigon says 'era." And then he pro
ceeded, to say them correctly.
WHY DRUGGISTS RECOMMEND
For many years druggists have watched
with much interest the remarkable record
maintained by Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-Root,
the great kidney', liver and bladder medi
It is a physician's prescription.
Swamp-Root is a strengthening medi
cine. It helps the kidneys, liver and blad
der do the work nature intended they
Swamp-Root has stood the test of years.
It is sold by all druggists on its merit
and it should help you. No other kidney
medicine has so many friends. 1
Be sure to get Swamp-Root and start
treatment at once.
However, if you wish first to test this
great preparation send ten cents to Dr.
Kilmer & Co.. Binehamton, N. Y-, for a
sample bottle. "When writing be sure and
mention this paper. '
San Francisco Docks.
San Francisco has dock facilities
sufficient for the. accommodation at
one time of -JoO vessels or average
Lots of men who believe in Darwin's
theory are busy transforming them-
elves back into monkeys.
Resident of Ayrshire Made His First
Experiments About 1814
Roads Now Common.
Macadam roads are so common in
America that national pride may well
lead us to look upon them as a do
But John MacAdam was a Scot, resi
dent in Ayrshire, where he made his
first experiments about 1814, accord
Ing to the New York Sun. Five years
later the first public roads were laid
with the pavement and a grateful par
liament awarded the Inventor a grant
In 1827, after the new pavement
had been thoroughly tested, MacAdam
was made surveyor general of all
metropolitan roads In and about Lon
don and the use of his method became
general throughout the United Kingdom.
HARDING LAUDS GOOD ROADS
President in First Message to Con
gress Deplores Money Wasted in
In no uncertain terms, Presldenfl
Harding expressed his opinion of the
automobile, motor transport and good
roads in his first message to congress.
He said: "The motorcar has become
s.hort. and not long or crow-shaped; I an indispensable instrument in our po-
legs set wen apart and straight, plu- I litical, social and Industrial life. . .
uiage clean and smooth.
The beginner in poultry will be care
ful to have a home ready for, his flock
before he gets itj Farmers' Bulletin
889 contains suggestions, plans, and
directions every poultry keeper should
have. The Division of Publications
will send it upon request.
I know of nothing more shocking than
the millions of public funds wasted in
improved highways wasted because
there is no policy of maintenance.
Highways must" be patrolled and con
INFERTILE EGGS KEEP BEST
Are Preferred for All Purposes Except
Hatching and Can Be Kept for
Ordinarily all eggs will be Infertile
after the male has been separated
from the flock for two or three weeks.
Infertile eggs will keep much longer
than eggs that are ' fertile, and are
best for all purposes except batching.
Hens Vary in Weight.
Kgg-producing hens vary in weight.
the average being about four pounds.
The principal breeds of egg producers
are the Leghorns, the Wyandottes, the
Plymouth Rocks, the Rhode Island
Ueds and the Alinoreas.
Do you know
you can roll
one bag of
Kill All Flies!
Pluad unwhrn. DAISY FLY KILLER mttracta and
kills all flies. Nfit. clean, ornamental, convenient and
at tout neater or
E bT EXPRESS. Dreoaid. (1.25.
HAROLD SOalKRS. 160 Lie Kalb Are.. Brooklyn. N. I-
Work Is World Wide.
Road construction and maintenance
have become world wide as well as
provincial problems and foreign gov
ernments are doing much work to
ward highway development.
Your Ford Does Not Need
to Rattle and Shake
Write for Free
Advance Cork Insert
Brake Lining for Fords
advance automobile accessories cokf.
if S3 Pralrl Arenne. Chlcaro
DRTaCPITO vttioii i. coiini
r MX Cla I U Patent Lawyer, Washington.
w D q AdTlee and book Ire.
Bates reasonable Ula-best reference, Keatserrleee.
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