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THE WILLIAMS NEWS
CONTROL OF ALFALFA WEEVIL BY DYSPEPSIA IS NOW THING OF THE PAST SPRAYING POISON OVER FIELDS Daddy's Everii6 The Alfalfa Weevil and Work of Larvae. (Prepared by the TJnlted States Department ol Agriculture.) Farmers in regions newly infested by the alfalfa weevil will be interest ed in knowing that an unusually ef fective method of control has been worked out by the United States De partment of Agriculture. Specialists of the department say that rarely has any method of insect control been so , thoroughly safeguarded against fail ure as alfalfa-weevil spraying. It has been tested every season for seven years. The cost of the operation about $1 an acre is trifling compared with the returns; and no farmer in the territory Infested . or threatened can afford to overlook it, the specialists say. There is no control measure, however, which can be applied advan tageously this late in the season. Ef fective work must be delayed until next spring. t . . Control by Poison Spray. Control is effective by spraying poi son over the fields so that it will cover the growing parts on which the weevils, mostly feed. Arsenate of lead and arsenite of zinc have been mostly - used, but other -arsenicals recommend ed for orchard spraying are thought to be about as good. There is practi cally no danger of burning the foliage of alfalfa, and therefore the range of suitable poisons is larger than in fruit tree spraying. Arsenate of lead is said to be, everything considered, the best poison to use, principally because it sticks to the leaves more readily and costs less than most of the others. The poison is weighed or measured at the ,rate of two pounds of powder or four pounds of commercial paste . for each 100 gallons of water, is stirred with a little water in a pail until it becomes a thin paste without lumps, is diluted and strained into the sprayer tank. Two pounds of laun dry soap for each gallon should be added,' in order to make the liquid stick to the leaves properly. The dry,, powdered form of the poison is better than the paste. There is no danger of stock being poisoned by hay cut from sprayed fields where the poi son is applied at a rate of not greater than 100 gallons of spray .mixture per acre. Simple Outfit Sufficient. The essentials of the spraying outfit are: A. truck or other vehicle, a tank . with an agitator to keep the poison from settling to the bottom, a pump, a pressure gauge, an engine and pump ing jack, unless the pump is to be driven by hand, a' strainer, a pipe for distributing tha liquid from the pump, and as many nozzles as are required by the capacity of the pump. These essentials may all be contained in a barrel-pump outfit carried in a. wagon. The pump must be capable of deliv ering four-fifths of a gallon or more a minute and maintaining a pressure of at least 75 pounds. If the pressure is less than that, the mist spray will not be fine enough to prevent the liquid from gathering in drops arid running to the ground instead of dry ing on the tops of the plants. -'The' number of nbzzles used should be- -sufficient to take up the capacity of the pump.s At the average walk ing gait of a team, each nozzle should deliver nine-tenths of a gallon a min ute. Therefore, a pump of nine-gallon capacity per minute will supply ten nozzles, each of which covers a strip two feet wide. By an arithmet ical calculation of the cubical con tent of the pump cylinder ana the number of strokes per minute, the ca pacity of the outfit can be. determined. The spray should be applied at the rate of 100 gallons of spray mixture per acre. Nearly any kind of spraying outfit can be adopted for this purpose. How ever, modern orchard spray outfits are usually designed to give a comprehen sively small flow and high pressure, and are less suitable for alfalfa spraying than the older pumps, with larger cylinders and longer strokes, designed for larger flow and lower jressure. The spraying outfit should be mount ed on the wagon or other vehicle used so that the nozzles will be about two feet above the tops of the alfalfa plants. Four 50-gallon barrels with an engine and pump mounted on an ordinary wagon, or, for a hand-pump mt&br a- -ex-press-swagon . and .fewsr barrels constitute' a satisfactory out fit. A paddle, dasher, or some othei form of agitator must be provided, tc keep the liquid stirred. A strainer oi 20-mesh brass or bronze screen should be fitted, to the opening through which the water enters the tank and an other over the outlet leading to th pump. The parts of the pump in which close fitting is required should be ol brass, bronze, porcelain, or some othei substance less rapidly corroded by the chemicals than iron and steel. All commercial spray pumps are built in this way, but pumps which were . in tended for other purposes should be refitted when used for spraying. An engine-driven outfit must have a relief valve near the pump, permit ting the surplus flow to return to the tank. The pump must have an air- pressure chamber - large enough to keep the flow steady and insure even distribution of the poison. Even pres sure, indispensable for uniform spread of the poison, cannot be maintained without - a pressure gauge. This gauge should be attached to the pres sure chamber or near it and at a dis tance from relief-valve and nozzles. ' The boom or pipe which carries the nozzles and supplies them with liquid from the' pump Is made of two-foot pieces of one-half inch galvanized iron pipe joined by T's, each of which af fords an opening for the attachment of a nozzle. The boom is connected with the pump by a one-half inch pressure hose. The boom should be supported by a piece of timber, two by four, clamped or hinged to the truck with the boom stapled,' bolted, or wired to it. Plain misty nozzles. without strainers or other complica tions, should be used. ". Spray in Warm Weather. The best time for spraying is at what the spepialists call the turning point of weevil infestation- from one to two weeks before the first crop is ready for cutting, when the young larvae become so numerous that they completely ' destroy the growing tips. After that point is reached the weevils, if left alone, consume the leaves until nothing is left but the woody fibers. If spraying is done at this time the crop recovers quick ly. Spraying yearly in the spring sometimes entirely prevents damage, but it is uncertain. On the other hand. plants sprayed after they were en tirely stripped of their foliage have been able to recover and bloom, but this allows destruction to go too far and makes recovery too slow. Spraying at the "turning point" not only protects the first crop but con fers an even larger benefit on the sec ond crop, which sprouts1 and grows without delay, and no treatment of the stubble is necessary. Stubble spraying, after the cutting of the first crop, has been successfully done, but It requires ' getting into the field immediately after cutting and a much larger quantity of liquid is re quired than if It were applied to the first " crop. . Stubble spraying, there fore, -Is advised only when earlier spraying has been Impossible. Spraying , should be done, if possible, at the beginning of a warm spell. The weevils do not feed so voraciously In cool weather. There are other control measures, but none of them promises much more unless applied before or immediately after the first cutting. One method is to pasture the alfalfa field until most of the eggs .and young larvae have been destroyed. Another is to use the alfalfa as a soiling crop, cutting' it green two Or three times during the season. These methods, however, must be practiced before the turning point of infestation, as after that time the weevils destroy the plants so com pletely that there is not enough growth for either pasture or soiling. Another method is to cultivate the field with a harrow or other implement, imme diately after the first cutting, in such way as to cover the field with a dust mulch, thus exposing the entire sur face of the field to the sun and kill ing most of the weevils. In some in stances, the second crop has been pro tected by dragging the stubble, while It is still wet from Irrigation, with 1 the land leveler or the clod breaker, j jLius- i-Huws Liie insects to perisii uy embedding them In the mud. but . it la ltrnif.ul. to., .the SQ.U asi j.Jiptrecom-mended. Fairy Tale JVARY GRAHAM BONNER COTVIl&HT rt VE&TtRN N(WHf UNION - " 'It Was Pouring." CLOUD KING'S ENGAGEMENT Little Melly had been Invited to take an automobile ride and when she awoke on the morning upon which the ride was to take place, she could have almost have wept, for the sky was weeping so very hard. " Or, was i laughing at her Making fun of her? Or, was it hav- Insr a eay old frolic? Anyway, it was pouring, pourln; iust as hard as ' It could pour, and that would mean that Melly would not have her automobile ride, and she didn't know when she would be asked to take another. She wasn't asked to take automobile rides very often. And this one was to have been a real ride, too. She was to have gone for a long, long distance. But the rain was coming down. And little Melly got dressed for breakfast feeling quite sad. And it was unkind too that it should pour on a Saturday. For this day of Melly's ride was a Saturday. The Saturday before it had rained, too, but on the Saturday before, Melly had not been invited to go riding. Per haps others had and they had had to stand the disappointment. Melly tried to talk very sensibly to herself. So she ate her breakfast and did not know of the things that were hap pening up In the sky. I say ! Mr. Sun," shouted the King of the Clouds, "I have just thought of an engagement I bave for today, Isn't It dreadful to think of a thing at the last minute? 1 wonder if you could take my place In 'the sky? I meant to pour all day and my children, the Army of Raindrops and my grandchildren, the Mist youngsters and their good old Nurse Fog were all out for an airing for the day too, they thought. But I can't help it, as we must keep this engagement. We were Invited weeks and weeks ago to call this very day on Great Grannie Rain, and she will be so hurt if we don't show up. She'll be waiting behind the clouds for us. , ... ,, So, Mr. Sun, if you haven t any previous, engagement, will you shine upon the earth people . and will you also ask Blue Sky if he can look' down upon the earth today, and dress in his best suit of bine? I should have remembered this sooner, l know. I can t think now it escaped my memory, but somehow it did ! I suppose we got so excited pouring ' down as hard as we have been doing. We certainly did get excited. Last night the children played against all the window panes and they made such a noise that people got up again and again to make sure that the windows were closed. They thought1' the children were getting Into the rooms ! And that amused the children so that they rained harder than ever. Yes, we did get excited, but now I've at Iiast remembered In time and Great Grannie Rain will be waiting for us. So will you oblige, Mr. Sun?" . "Indeed I will," said Mr. Sun. "I have no engagement today and I'll be glad to shine down upon the earth people. I'll call Mr. Blue Sky." So Mr. Sun called Mr. Blue Sky, and Mr. Blue Sky said : Hello, do you want me? I'm dress ing, but I'll soon be ready If you wan me. And Mr. Sun called back, "We want you; all day, too. ' "All right," said Mr. Blue Sky. I'll be- there In a jiffy." And he came along fastening his collar as he came. Well, down on the earth the peo ple were all so surprised that the terrible downpour of rain which had kept up for so long had stopped all of a sudden, for everyone had been quite sure . that .it would, rain all day. Certainly it had looked that way. And Melly looked out of the viudow, scarcely believing that she saw In the distance the approach of "Mr. Sun, and she saw some blue sky, too. She remembered an old, old lady who had always said to Ber. "If you see enough blue sky to make your dad dy a new pair of trousers, it will clear off." And there was more than enough blue sky for that and soon there was more ! And Melly went a-riding, and when Mr. Sun saw her- delight he said to himself how very fortunate it had been that the King of the Clouds, had had that engagement. 'Melly Looked Out." St. Louis Citizen Eats Anything on the Table and Has Gained Several Pounds in Weight Gives Tanlac Full Credit, "The other medicines I tried before didn't even budge my troubles, but three bottles of Tanlac have fixed me up in fine shape," said H. Mohr, well known citizen living at 112 S. Fourth St., St. Louis, Mo. "Two years ago my stomach went wrong and my appetite failed me. Gas formed from what little I would eat and pressed on my heart until it pal pitated so x could hardly breathe. X wasn't able to do regular work, be cause of pains in the back, bad head aches and dizzy spells. "But I have gained several pounds now since taking Tanlac and eat just anything I want without any trouble. The pains and headaches never bother me any more, and I am only too glad to pass the good word along about Tanlac It Is simply wonderful." Tanlac is sold by all good druggists. WHY SOME MEN GO INSANE Kind of Office "Help" With Which Most of Us Are More or Less Familiar. The Colorado building boasts the "dumbest" girl in all Washington, as serts the Post of that city. She's a nectarine, a pippin' and a peach. Re cently her boss, who is a very busy, bellowing sort of man, told her to get Agriculture on the telephone. She jumped for a phone directory. Time wore on. Late afternoon came. The boss had been engrossed In matters of grave importance, and It was nearly 4:30 before he suddenly recalled that Annie hadn't reported on his morning phone call. "Annie," he thundered, "where's my Agriculture call?" "Why, I'm sorry, sir, but it hasn't got a phone." . "Who hasn't got a phone?" "Why, Mr. Culture, sir. I looked through all the Cs and all the K's, Sir, and I couldn't find Mr. Agra Cul ture's name in either list, sir." AN EXAMPLE OF GOODYEAR VALUE The 30 x Goodyear Cross Rib Tire shown here alongside its companion, the 30 x 34 Goodyear All -Weather Tread Clincher, is a conspicuous example of Goodyear value. The Goodyear Cross Rib has in it the same high grade Egyptian cotton fabric that goes into the All -Weather Tread Goodyear. It has a differently designed but long wearing tread, and it sells for considerably less money. In the past five years more than 5,000,000 of these Goodyear Cross Rib Tires have been sold. They have everywhere given remarkable service. Their fine performance and known value have convinced thousands of motorists of the folly of buying unknown and unguar anteed tires of lower price. Ask your Goodyear Service Station Dealer to explain their advantages. Western Made for Weaterii T r i i " NOT WHOLLY LOVE MATCH i UPHELD THE FAMILY DIGNITY Made Bagpipes Useful. An old adventurer who passed away In Australia at the age of ninety-four, was the only man I've known, says a correspondent, - to put bagpipes to a useful purpose. After being captured when the Eureka stockade fell, he Joined the Victoria police, and was largely responsible for the capture Of the bushranger ".Tewboy." He was then appointed second-in-command of an expedition that set out to find traces of Leichardt (another bushranger), and he used to tell that one day the 'party was surprised by 200 - natives. with hostile intent, whereupon one Mc intosh yelled : "The pipes, Charlie, the pipes while we retreat." The old ad venturer played the pipes and the natives were so mystified that they stood open-mouthed while the party marched off. The Next Best Thing. Little Willie came home from school the other day with a black eye. "Willie, where did you get that black eye?" asked mother. "Jphnny Smith hit me," answered Willie. . ' ' "I hope you remember what your Sunday school teacher said about heaping coals on the head of your enemies?" "Well, ma, I didn't have any coal, so I just stuck his head in the ash barrel." In 1950. "I saw a pedestrian on the road yesterday." "What ! . A live one?" Life. A wise look won't carry a fellow through life unless he dies young. Mrs. Mcintosh Had Other Reason Than Affection for Making Second Matrimonial Venture. She was .a comely widow, and, more over, she was Scotch. , She mourned Macintosh, her late husband, for 18 months, and then from a flock of suit ors chose honest, homely Maclntyre for her second. "I'm no guid enough for ye, dear!" he whispered. "What for did ye choose me oot o sae mony?" "Ah, well, we see, your name's Mac lntyre." v "Yes, but- began the bewildered suitor. ' "An' ye ken," finished the widow, "all my linen Is marked - 'Mel, that's why, Donald." ,' - We See the Point. There seems to be a. great opening for humorists in the states. George S. Chappell, who wrote that spoof South Sea Island epic, "The Cruise . of the Kawa," seems oh the strength of it to have sprung into prominence at once. He is now, of course; lecturing on what he forgot to put into the book, and appears before ' his aiidiences wearing a polo -helmet which he states is "the original helmet worn by Marco Polo during the first chukka !" A repu tation . as a wag seems more easily gained over there than on this side of the "pond ! Passing Show, London. The Superlative. '" " "Drought ! exclaimed the old timer, "You folks don't know what drought is. Why, in the early '70s -: my- corn made 18 acres to the bushel!" :New York Sun. Net Too Fast. "This juror seems intelligent." "Let us examine him a little before rejecting him. Perhaps he isn't." Little Ethel's Brave Attempt to 'Con ceal What She Felt Must Bs Matter of Poverty. Little Ethel was an only child and! one day, when the minister called she was told to entertain him in the par lor until her mother could see him. A few minutes later the mother, on her way downstairs, heard the Tis- itor ask Ethel how many brothers and sisters she had, and, to her surprise and consternation, the little miss an swered, "Seven." After the minister ;had left, the child was taken to task and asked why she had said there were seven children.. Ethel replied : "Because I didn't want that strange gentleman to know that you were so poor that you didn't have but ons child." Everybody's. Magazine. i Want Library for Every Ship. During the recent war the American Library association placed for the use of the men of the merchanfemarine ships a total of 250,000 books. These' books were made up into libraries and shifted from one vessel to another. Recently the American. Merchant- Ma rine Library, association . has been oi ganized for the purpose of carrying on this work, under the .slogan, "A Li bra ry for Every Ship." The Class mate. ' e First Street Railway on Bowery. '-' The first street railway in the world was the New York and Harlem road, built on the Bowery in New York city and opened for travel in 1S32. . v'A smart man never makes the same mistake, but there are a million' kinds of mistakes. . . Matrimony would be all right it the fools could be kept out of it. The Old Carriage Maker Had an Important Truth. JL O make each part as strong as the rest," was his way of "building a wonderful, one-horse chaise that wouldn't wear out till judgment day." This illustrates a fact that is keeping many doctors busy these days human bodies, like chaises, break down because some part isn't as strong as the others. Very often it's because of ill-balanced food, lacking in some impor tant element of nutrition. This is especially true of ills developed in childhood, and carried on through life. Grape-Nuts, that world-famous, ready-to-eat cereal, brings the plan of building each part as strong as the rest to serve human need. Grape Nuts contains all the nutriment of those best of the field grains, wheat and barley, including the vital mineral elements, and it is a wonderful food for building and sustaining health and strength. The delicious flavor and crispness of Grape-Nuts make it a wel come dish whenever you're hungry. Grape-Nuts THE BODY BU ELDER. "There's a Reason" Made by Postum Cereal Co., Inc., Battle Creek, Mich.'