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'- ".' 'i " -i ' ' '' ' " Vt.
: 46!Tic Squatter clalins fieg same Sovereignty :thf E&rityr the State's , iJEJDfMTOIlSt- SJTI 0JPJKJJS TOXSS. vol: i. 1 '-. mi lie Sqnattcr Sovcrigii, JS PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY f Publication Office, in Squatter 'Sovereign Building, JVb. Atchison Street. i,TM : Two dollars pee annum; invariably dvnc.., Single copies ; fentorijecog- i iV dvvwt Five copies will be sent to one faldreasl far Ten to one address for SIZ. .Twenty to arte addn for $32. Fdrty to one ;addrss8 for $00. C5T Invariably in adtak. I " Money tnay be sent by inail, at the risk V-fptihe Editors' ' ' .'.;.;-..' ';'" --V A I ! CS?"" Postmasters are requested b act jl wr f Agents. . . s.. jV-i:jAVSr -Vis" For one square; twelve lines or less -pM Each additional insertion, per square.. One square, three months 4 ' ' ' ' six months " - .' - twelve-inonlhs.' 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' i : Advertisements hoi marked on the copy - -F- for a specific number of insertions, will be con- r .itinued until of derej out, and pay me ut exacted accordingly . : - C3?" All advertisements must be paid for in vv: J advance, or at the expiration of three months." fi trZT" All letters addressetl to the Editors btt's CANT DO WITHOUT A PAPER. IIThat, do wrthoHt paper BO,'Ki5T-.y 1V iriel ll 10 my urrim, So, to subscribe for one 111 go, - - Nor wait until to-morrow, Should lovers drown or hang themselves Cut other foolish- caper, . " '.. . I never get to hear of it-1- . - I do not take the paper . Why, there's my neighbor, Jotliam Sb0t He always hears .tbe'ew8, V " And having news to talis about. He never gets the bluefl. . ' While others yawn in eCnqi, " . r.' r - His mind l light as vapor;. - ; Tlie cause is hlam to half an'.eye--' , - ' He always takes i the. paper . .' , Vliile .neighbor Stout hears all the news',-j Arid knows eachqrrent price, . And always minds his P8 and Q's, . " . By taking good ad vice ..."''. I cannot tell the price of calves', . Or poultry, coffee-, tape, or Any. kind or merchanttise t .' . ' . llecause I take no paper; . . Though I have studies which require - Much time and mental labor, .. . Yet I can spare "a little time, . ., ;. " As well as Stoit, iny neighbor - v - . Though lime be precious, I can us9." ; A longjnMnlght taper,, . . . . . Arid thus take time'. to read the news 1 Therefore I'll take a paper; .' .?- ; THE AO HD. MATRON, i Crrrv-haird anI very oitl wai shftj.' '; '. ' With manv. a wrinkle; where':.- - ' rose anl lilly,on.c. ljad bloomed, - When Ufe'i.yoitng-moTri was Uiee.v- . .." And often frtw Yttt dim old eyfj; ' ;' r Mthoughtlthere fell a tear rV- V Upon hec "knitting work,"t)iat tola;: V' " Of menriemfojl-euddeir.' "-.f ,: .V. , "'-';'' '. :-" " Ai ' And oft her boso'wiVeit'a sigh? " ' V-" - As front "tho open jioor t,v'. i,'!'- . ' . She watched the little tuieS a playt ';' 1 As she had 'played of?yrev '-.lt 'i-'..-., She knew, that capkerrbg ctiTMvoultxiflLe ' . To. spoil the eatles' far L"::'i 1 Their RUhittwW.Wbdljoli'Ap ;t SlvhpjJ byiuuehiidren tlev-.V I i called lirawn,4iid crept I - X X ' . Behind-.hr hair to: We and eekV ' No yvoiujef that he.weptj -, ; ';t-' . J yof they were dtead, andtneiSQ.brotigMb'ack ' " Tlie meniory of tlerr tooc, s , i And drew U68 ttrarg to bathe the "tfowers, , . ; In memory .prden sown. .. . ; ' CUT OFTHE TAVERN. -Out of the tavcrtt I've just stepped to-night; .: Street! you are caught in a very bad plighl; ltight hand and left hand are both out of place: treet! you are drunk,. 'Us a very clear case. ; Moon I His a very queer figure you cut, l': One eye Is staring while t'other is shut. jVj"r,y' eaii you're greatly to blame ; ". , . " ' "lr uorriBie auaaae I i 2??n tl2 "t'frt kunps, what a scandalous sight! ; I d!on,.or thcro aobOTly standing . upright ;' . I !5ocu,5 tagKerlng--why, oa mV word, , J of "i lamits i as drunk as a lord. ' .'i - All is eonfutioiv now Isn't it cukt," . f I am the only thing sober abroad ? Sure if, were rarb with this esew to remain- Better go into the tavern again. TUB PCXJH MAN- TO HIS BON. " ; ' - Jtas, slua. cook. Vork; work, iny boy ! be not af raiitf ' Look labor boldly in the face:'1 ' 5 . -Take op the hammer or" the Wade, .v-:.' - And blush notior your ifumble place; t HoM up your brow ia honest fd, -" ' '"Tho rotlfrh and fiardvrHirhatwI ) ; Such hand are sap-veins that provklrf ; j -The life-blood of the nation's trcef . X500XOOCOOOCC600COCOCOO Negro-Sliiyerj', No Evil; Oil - A THE XOtlflt ABTIJ SOUTH. TP1 JEFjrXCTS, Of' '. SECHO-jtiviBy- J EXHIOITED IJ THE CE5SIS, BY A " CVMPAttlSOX OF THE (CONDITION . . - OF THE ' SLAVEIIOLD1SC ' . " - J . 'ASD 5098LAVH0LD . ' .. '.-';. ;.; . ISC STATES. J y. CONSIDERED IN A REPORT, ' . MARE. TO THE - : Platte County Self-Defensive Association, . . By a Committee Through . ' B. FY STRINGFEliliOW, Chairman. ; In obedience to a resolution adopted by the Phvtte County Self-Defensive Associa tion, ve' proceed to lay before' the ' public the immediate causes which led to the for mation of '"the Association; to explain its purposes, and to suggest the means which seems to us proper to be adopted by the citizens of the. Skveholding States, to de feat the designs of the abolitionists " In adopting- this' resolution", the AeSOcfa; Uon .was not influenced by any desire to de fend itself at home, against the 'absurd and false reports of . its action ' and purposes, which have been so widely - circulated by abolitionists and freesoilers; for at home no defence is'necessaryj the members of the Association are too "well known, to. need defence against any charges' 'which Abo litionists might bring against them. We do but justice to the Association, when we say, that it is composed of men, who fofi integrity, morat worth, orderly couduct, in telligence -and patriotism will - favorably compare with the members v( any associa tion of the kind in the country Of-those who originally composed the Association' there were-o-?- few unworthy' exoeptionsv Siiclv'mus-be the case of all associations the more i; is inevitable, where, as in ours.; all were Invited to join The wonder is there were so few, as irt this instance, thej hope, thus to ward off suspicion, w"aa to the unworthy the strongest inducement to join , ' " The ptirpoe of the Association in adopt" ing -this resolution, was to expdse fully th dangers tp which slave-property in Mis- souri,. and especially on tlie borders ol Kansas, is subjected; to arouse the attend tion of all good citizens, not of Slavehold in? States alone, but of the whole Union! f(3 the results which must follow, if the ab blitionists 'succeed in their purposes J arkty if possible,, to suggest means by whi'n tliose results Jnay be prevented. . It . i knovn, that on the passage of the bills for 'the; organization of Kansas and Kebraslia, the leading abolitionists of the Easterricities, organized associations under tiienarpe of "Emigration Aid Societies" the."avmvej rtnrpose of which is to tluovir into Kansaj t horde who shall not only ex trliwTe! slaveholders from that Territory, but in the end abolish slavery, in Missouri , ere tjicse miscalled. "emigrants poor dnii honest farmers, . seeking1 a home and the advantages of a newcountry for them slves.and families, we miglit applaud, tlie cjiafrtyof those who ofjginated the scheme: vcire jlhese-'associa (ions fair" means of de- ;Hdinfflcoot'esiietweeh-l opnonems wnegrosiawry,'Ve 4Uigiiraa-- Vve -find hej ?itluet-i!heir purpose; not lp procwe bwhin-KanWsiutrfe lVieefrn f ta .fhey attj iiot eijoeh, btjt j prtperSj avIio hajne. sold themselves to Eh Thayer St UoM to do theij master biddings. wlio liesitate not 16 proclaim thatthey'ar ; pxpert in stealing- slaves; that theyten& v. iuuuH inrir . tHiung, seii-ueiense ra quires that means eqliy efficient shoulji be adopted by those who are threatened. I Situated on the border of Kansas, we were the first to receive the attack.. Tliose among tf who hftd hitherto been restrairi- cd by fear, eniboUened by tlx? prospects if their sentiroentsj tlie tnnid , becaine ''.fref? souers ; me Dotu arx)uiionisis .. a ne-em- issaries of the "Emigration' Aid iSotrietiesu' were, arriving t thev were boasting " thA't 'they would shortly be thtngestimdr then tliey. would drive Slsrteholders from Kanisas r? : They declared thai" -they had Tun off staves t t nnd icovld run off m&ftf tVfrrfdijikaUv.JriixSlattJiclJers from 1SOtiVi f ' v . : ""r-'-rIc..'-vr.v'T-"1 y?n ouf -reVts,'one of. the least prudent llandthat he Wllingly hefp to burn thl-d slateAolding tovcnj It seemed aslf WetonC w-ere a&Aii'to . becohi . fhe head-fjuartefi pCtiheirvpera- ' jtions. . It .-was feared, lic""t events Have vindicated, that our fears were not fitliout foundation, h;at among our tra ders and merchants there were those who at heart were against us;! others who loved money so BUch more llian their country, they would j forthe gain from the abolition trade, encourage them to come among us. There were among us' too, a-large num ler of free iieroes, most of -tlieHvas usual bratrtiatctheir' houses ' the natural places of resort for abolitionists, -at which to meet; aM : tamper yth slavesi corrupt them, entire them to ruakway, and furnish them facilities for escape. ' About tras tune a largQ.number of slaves made theiij ercape : thjre, from the neigh borhood of! Westoti, were taken in Iowa and fret? papers, with full instructions as to their route j Were found ipon them. iDontionists were nor content 10 connne their 'eflorjs to the expulsion of slaveholders from Kansas, but were evidently already at work mj 'abolishing slavery' in Mis souri. Tlie jaw, seldom suficient to pun ish, was wholly inefEcieiit t prevent their, crimes, ft was .evident, that the active, individual ieflorts of all cood citizens would be needed to aid tlvs hnv in the protection or our - rights, - in the preservation of our property L- : ' . : -,The secnTity of cttt iiWVeropcrty tfa nojt alone iiivjolved" our tery lives were en dangered. ; The negro-f.hief, the abolition istj who induces a slave" to Tun away, is a criminal of jar more dangerous, character than the iofcse-breakeri or the highw'ay rotber, -4tis jcrime of af far higher grade than that if j the incendiary it ranks, at least, with! that of the Imidnight assassin. Tp induce & slave to e$cape involves not merely to'the master the loss of that slave, of that anount of propifirty J i bht it brings in its traiij. far more serious consequences Other slaves are thereby induced to make like attemjpts; a hatred 'for their masters, whom thijy .begin to regard as tleirop- Jjessorsj ija thijs begptteh; aud this, too, of icu is wiMiucu t y upsuu- aiju muraer. : To giiaid adar as risible against such fearful evils, was: the ltnmediate cause of our organization . j . Not only was tho immediate pressing necessity 'such as to corhpel . our organiza tion, but Ihe fature consequences which must follow the success iof the schemes of the abolitionists, are sucjh as to awaken the fears, and to call for the active and contin ued effort! of all good citizens ? Even ill the future, wte are more imrrie diately interested thanhose who are more removed from the field ca their operation! Already tne effect of tl coming of such a band of abolitionists to'ottr harder, has been not only t'reduce. the vilue of our slaves-, but of our "land. Slaveholders fear to come among usjj; good men who are opposed to slavery, ill not come 'and should Kansas be made k harbor for negro-thieves1, ours, now the . 'most prosperous portion of our State, wiljl in a. short time become a desert waste.; jVe must at oiice sell our slaves, abandon , the culture of hemp, our great staple ; suffer pur 'fields - to lie idle, until slaveholders driven fronj our State, Missott ri shall f4ll into thehand of freesoilers, and a new people be brouglA to take our places. . Notlesk is the interest which other slave- holding -States .have in thes end, though seemingly at Ahe less ii . the beginging of tins struggle The aLJitiotoiets are, ftdly axvatae to,1he ;.tfofe tiart&e,' the ; future con sequence? of this trug;e. ;v They proclaim the, purpose f . their ; e!gojls. tV bJ ;; to sur round Missouri-, wi til . ioo-slavIaoriinfir States j. fQrce Jitjr' ta atJjsh 'slavery )vthej trheel'her itka their - rfcflkjJ" -f 00 .Jtacfe upon : he States south (if her. i .' v "V ' Aiissoun . vanquisiu.a,-: Arkansas 'and Teas are looked .uponas easy -.victims. - Slavery, then -restricted to a small space. they rejoice in the contemplation of an ear ly exniDiuonoi anome, riaTian n Deration. , Xet not pur. friends in the. other slave holdingStates fold the'r arms, and by their supineness sulier "us to,' all victims to aboli tion energy. f If tfiey jjoj the day will come ajnd that not far distaht, when they, .too, will have a battle to fight at home, at their ytry doors. r- ,;' ; , ' v The plan of onr Association-' is not 'ag gressive,, but as our .We jmports, truly selMecrisive yVpjsfee pledged diligently to investigate and prippily bring ; to p'un islimect every violatorjof the laws whkh have, bcca;ehacle4d,fqy;liie protection of jour slave-pniperty ' 'X'. I ' j3Ve ;-hnve determined to adept 611 pfopi er meairt - to rid ourselves, of the free ne groes, wh9-are,unfit and have no " right by law torej(namanv?ng js i and to prevent all sack ?e Jt jEaembrs tf scneVwbite fainilyv und subject tollieir -control; from reslmg,oii'coui4 "- : i ;j; yVjS hare else pledge! burscives to ex pl fjos'jotfircouaty eU who shall be found proclaiming principles whicht tendid induce our slaves to escape",: Iq lcad them to insur rection and rebellion. i; " : .- ' ' . . Though we fully recrgne e dutyif all good citizens to obe.tlie; law to rely upon the law; where the.rs' no kfv, -the right , ofelf-defence" requires that we should resort to the strong hand folf-pxrteciion, tVe have -no law by . whi;3 hecipression of aboiitiom sentiments risfiBadea peml office, and yet it is a. crime of Uieliighest grade. It is not within- ven '.tlie much abused liberty of speech; but in. a' slave holding community," ihp expression "of such sentiments is a positive act, more eruninal,: jriorqi dangerous, man kindling tli torch of me mcendiaryV jiuxing tlie poisau- pf the assassin ; The neces&itvfoT a ItLw bttnish ing such a ermie, ha?' not, until . now, been ielt in Missouri; Until . such a law is eti acted, self-protection , 'demands that we shpuld guard against :sueh crime'si . j Such are the means .we propose to adept for the immediate protection of our proper tyv We have thus -fully stated them not to excuse our , action, btit to ttwalceri ottf friends in other portions of our slavehold ing territory, to the dangers which will ere long surround them; if we are overcome : to arouse them ta the necessity of coming to our aid, and thus keep the enemy from their borders. There is another measure which we have proposed, which may be deemed local and personal, and which has been grossly mis repres'etned by the abolitionists ; and their sympathisers. We have been charged with pledgdina ourselves to assist in the exptil sionof all settlers who go to Kansas from the non-slaveholding ; States. This, like most other abolition statements, is. purely false Un the contrary, .the only pledge we have given toucliing' the expulsion of any person Irom Kansas, is one which we expect ere long to be called Upon to re deem by the good men who have ' gone to Kansas from the non-slaveholding States. That pledge is, that we. will, when called on by the citizens of. Kansas, aid them in expelling those who are exported to that Territory by the Abolition Aid Societies, With these, tlie honest merj, who go to Kansas from the non-slaveholdiiig States, are not to be confounded: The latter go with the spirit of freemen to secure a home for their chidren, they go respecting the rights of. others ; the former go, the slaves of Thayer & Co., and his associates, to do their master's bidding, to drive others from the Territory, to steal negroes from Mis souri ' v For the dfie class, hchVcrtef, much wi may regret that they should differ from ts in opimo"n, even though that difference may in the end result in our ruin, we feel re spect, such as one freeman should feel for another. To them we shall appeal, as to good men, equally interested in the pros perity and happiness of our common 'coun try; to them we:shall present such 'argu ments,' as should influence true hearted patriots ; ' , But fd that Other class, hired slaves' df Cormpt masters, who are senifor the pur pose of driving our brothers from Kansas, of stealing our property, . drivings us from our homes, we offer no argument, but that of the strong hand. We : have not, it is true, done that," which natural right : would have, justified in doing. iThere fs no law to bind them to keep tlie peace -there can be none untij it is enacted by the Legis lature of that Territbrj they are to us as would lie- a band of ''. Blackfeet or Cainan ches, who should encamp upon our borders, for the at'ewed ptffpdpe of stealing our cat tle and horses of plundering riouT farms and villages.- We' would be justified' in marching to their camp, and driving them back'tb-'their' denis without waiting' -IRm their' attack.' "Wi; are not bound ?t6. wait, until they Jiave -"stolen pur . negroes "burned our slaeholding tOTvns? But vre have "teen so "law voiding and .ibderly,, that, we have. not'Jone thi w"e have simp ly said, ' we ;willwhen called upon," goto the aid of "our friends, and assist in Nexpel- ling those, who proclaim their purpose be the expiilsion 'orpur friends. Jobbers and murderers "have no rigiit to call on the w foi protection ."- Ir ccecuon with these immcsdjate and local features pf - th "contest, it ..is .proper we should . say a word of the character of the Territory and its adaptness to a slave holding pcpulation. "Politicians may prate,' and letter-writers may scribbleabout the homes for the poor, to be found in Kansas, but it is not the less true, that it is ihe least desirable ctrnTiiry to the poor m an -ever open for settlemtfU J - X y-i-f'Af' The absence of Umber, tliere -not behig enough for fuel and ; fencing, rnttch Jess a foot for ctdtiration. Tenders it utterly un fit fur jaira who Las toiely pa hia owii Un aided arm." TDwellirgs must" be of brik, wi atuxie, ur.-ii ui wiuwr; uamea uew ry expense;' fricing of plank, or hauled ti a great.distanet - ,"-':.-.":"';-'.-'.": , . " In the tic-fberf; the .. pcJOr'inah w,ith 3 ?iis own strong jhand can build his cabin; --with his atd. eft'H his .uiees. and .with Kis ttfte horse.' plough j Can puj his tittle field in oulr tn-ation ; There "w lib " swn' land '.m. Kin- sasj ' ffrrwiirequire: money tobuy;pis. house; jto byvak prarie, six yoke ..of 'cattle are necessaarj'j fencing vill . be totf coistly for small fields. . TcJ the man of-, capital, to him. whtf can command labor, alowt if Kansas desirable. To such, it is easiest and cheapest to' make a farm iu the prarie. Thesoil isjudapted to the culture of hemp, the raising !of stocky ?" Its climate peculiar ly, healthy io the nef jro Nature intended it for a slavVholding State ' necessity -will force it to be such, uidess our friends fol- ishly abandon it to tliose who cannot ptjeu- Our friends can thus see that to them the land is worth a: struggle '. Were there no other' intefes" at stake, they -Hiiij be paid-for doing their duty - - ( We have .now shown the immediate evils to which, we ore -exposed the mejons by which we p; opoe as far-aSf. practicable to meet those-" eH"ils; we ;hl!ye shon that We are now in that condition -to which, if the "abolitionists succeed, other slaveliijU ing Stotes ; wiU 4?re long- be driven. jVVe propose now to consider that which liejs at the iounaation ca an, incse irouuies oppo- s if ion to HCgro ilavery. ' a , . iTd slaveholders, . tve will first address ourselves ; ; ' : - With all due defl'f rencC td the wisdom of the great and good men who have so long governed the . councils pi - the slavehohjing States, though it may seem presumptu&us-, we vet feel that we are iustified insavlnsr. that experience has shown the errJr of their course. , Jn decrying. . discussion), in seeming to admit negrpslayeryi ajx el to be borne, not an institution to be defended, we have not only strengthened the anr pf out enemies, but tied? the hands of our friend's By stich seeming tfdnKSsionsI we hate deprived nrselves of the sympathies of loo many good men Otif silence! has been construed into a confession that instittttion - cotdd not be defended should have learned long ere this, tha more we protest against agitation, more abolitionist? agitate; we should the We the the re- member, that victory is rarely won by re treat; that courage wins half the battles.- We have been, so much, accustomed to hear slavery denoanced an evil, that tr'eiavc oufleltegf, tvith the- evidence of its efiect before our;eyes, feared to look and exam ine them V ith this daily cry Tesounjijnf in their esrs, with all the monstrous eKag erationsof the poet's fancy, the knave's cunning, to mislead them still farther, jit is not strange that good men whq could not see and jJdge for themselves, should Iiave been taught to look f with horror upon! the j master, with' pity upon the slave. ''s: With SO many If? denounce, so few.to defeqd, it is not strange, that; even those who .'erc willing tolHUStain tar "strict -legal rights, the honest gocd men of the north, el could yet feel rtluctant to do any act by Which so great An evil shoukl be extended" It has been 'irefl said, that ill car cothafry truth looses nothing by discussion.' jWe who nave uvea in siavenoiamg ouates have had .n opportunity; to see . and j" feel the effects jof negro-slaveiryi; have fitlat it was no evii. u ma now, we nave had no simple "striking rule, the correctntjss of which all would admit, by which to test its effects. We have now the test, and" it is our duty, to apply it. It is due to ourselves, it is due to our friends in the non-slave- holding States, that we should have than bare'; assertron ' for proof If k be tre that neflto-slavery is, a represented by the abcitionists, not only a crime, wrta nrvl'tlrwl Arul nriral vil. 1iyrn(tinnlWii character jpf thg master as we flasthc save, retarding the advancement of our country in prosperity and happiness, we should at toionce as men, teach , OOTSeltesTto looli the I evil in the1 faeewe should cet about; rid- J ding .ourselves of such a curse. 1 ;.V lff hovreter, it be found that negr- I very w nojcrime: if it.be found neit political nor a moral evil, , but that it j ele vates the iiaracter of the master, proipgtes his happiness, contnbwe to the advance inent of the country in wealth and prosper ity, is the best possible condition for.; the slave race, all gootl men, all real pjiHan thropists, all practical statesmen, all! true . . .' rrt '' . "' i - - -pamois wii say, lei us preserve eucn an institution, let is extend its blessings JMjm iwf bW understood as- aggejingjeand is- stiS an Moktor r Efen now the that the number oCslafesshesi be intfrea.-! only hope of h eleva&n in the scalp of ed by violence, by qteinhg agam ber'pcifc' to the unportation of those whom 2i- now abolitionists . would then capture m. the wilds- of -' Africa ..' Though t has been wisely; suggested, if - this were done, abo litionists would give us no further troubles, they .vould as did their fathers, become slave-catchers and thus being able to make a profit of slavery - would cease to hate slateowners ; wdnld forget their mock love of tlie negro in. tlieir real lore of uwn- slavery has doue;'m'orc" td cmhze and chris tianize the African, tlianall the seliein.es pf all the pious- missionariis ; yet our syinpa- tlues lor the African arjf- nof stich as lor his ood to induce its' to bring among 'us a. horde of savages, by biinging 'theni into our families. We. vare rioyv- jeaping tlie benefit of oiur. fathers' good works; "ve liave the civuized Clinstian mail, ui place of the rude, vicious, and degraded heatlien We propose to consider slavery as it ex ists m. our country ; . to test - its effects on the white race and on the negro; to try it not by bold assertion, but by facts and fig ures, about which there , can be no dis pute. '. - . . : . S e assert that negro-slavery, as it ex ists in the United States, is neither a rnor al nor a political evil,, but on tjie contraryi is a. blessing to the white race, 'and to the". necfrd - V "... . :- - . - This broad pf oposUipn . wiH doribtlcss cause the abolitionists to sneer it will strike as bold, the good trien of " the north. who have been so" long decen-ed: it jnay even , seem hard of proof to those in the slaveholding States who have feared to in vestigate the subjectj bat .we have the evi dence at hand. A good lesson has been tauo-lit us, and we have profited by it. So long and so oft had it been proclaimed from the pulpit that slavery was a violation of God's law, men begun to. doubt whether a slaveholder coold be a- christian. . Men of the world, too little fersed in theterehangs of Ithe Bible, feared to iflveisate. the. question. ,.iOur . Dhnies misledv b-theif text-books, took for granted the dogmas of their Doctors,' Yet so soon as one man dared approach the. I loly Book, dared to 'search the scriptures, :it was found, that instead of being a violation of Gods holy laWj slavery: was actually established by that law ! ! . The truth was proclaimed discussion followed ; the resteU wa, that Investigation fixed beyoid conlrot ersy the fact, that by the -first law given to man by lus Maker, the law proclaimed from Sinia slavery was established ! Moses, the di vine law-giver, was a slave-holder t "fugitive slave," instead of being aided in his escape was returned to his master by Paul the gfeat ApOitlc, to the Gentile i So triumphantly' and cwielusively was the consistency pf slavery wiili thcChris- tian religion established, that abolitionists were driven to infidelity, to blasphemy they tranipled under foot the Bible, srnirncd the God and Saviour of Slave-holders. ' With .auch a lesson, k is strange our pol iticians have had less . loldiiessf ' llriin our parsons, have' not dared to disctisa the jholit' ical,- social and morttl effects of negro-sla very x ne victory was : a certain anu complete in the pne. case as in the other. Though we,' but private citizens of a bor der county, with neither the leisure nor the hteans, had we the ability fully to present all the evidences which canbe brought to sustain our position, so abundant is the ev idence, so accessible the. proof, we feel-no. hesitancyin saying, , we f ytr larnish so much that none but those? wiio are willfub. ly blind, shall fail to see the truth of our asserticw. ;" " ..'.V :"r' :?-X:t:.'i Slavery is no evil to the3 -negro. " ' if wne look at the. condition of the negro in Africa, the land of his nativity, we find the most pitiable victim of a cruel master, the most wreicnea siave in America, wnen omrasi ed with a prince of hw tribe in the deserts of Africa, is as a man contrasted with a beast! The mightiest of 4the "negro . race, in his native land, not only sacrifices his human victims to hit Gals of stone, but is so loathsome in his filth and nakedness, that Giddings, ,cf ,-Gerrit Smith, would .fly from his presence; Mrs. Stowe could not in fancy picture him a, kinsman of poor Topsy; Fred. Douglas- would disown hisu as a eoimtrxinanj; - t is not for us to ques- tion Godpurposes, but it' is- certain that from 'oar-firsJ knowledge of the negro-race, those only have been rescued from the low est stage of heathen barbarity, trtid . hare been made slaves to the white ihan -those only nave learned to know the God of the Christian, who 'iave been instructed by their roasters. Ages have rolled "on,, and still the labor of tLe pionsmissionaiy tea 1ben in yainv!!! African in .his; native hemury, Uf If means of the liberated elave. ';" So fgrr; then, as the conditioa,of flie slaves can be contrasted with that of hi tribe in - j I Africa, to the negro slavery is no fevil.J ,: ; .? But we go further andjsay that, ' t i ! ever the negro has.bccn the slave of tW V " C white manJus condition has neen .better " 1 1 not only tlian that of his face in the deserts : i I of A frka, but better tliarx when freed frpjV the control oC the white man,' in wh&tevrf j.pa.rij9i beiinade -Whctl?,; vt lrnViT?"lrt bIa'rtVi.!i;rtrt . c.? TviU:...Jl . -' "... the slave of the light4earted FreiWlimah; in Jamaica; .of. theenergetij Enfrlishmant '.'- in the. fiiitvd States pf the iridolent CtJ Ole bf " the! - Soiith -Or. of tlni enlrnr;.m- - - Kentucifiah, as a slave, Uie niTrrdlajt.ever' lieeti-lK'trjaiidnapjurr' tllaiiyhe' . Z in &U. - lomingd and Jamaica, .which " once contained n population prosperous and :.. wealthy, Uie mastera, kind and iiidulgnt, . die slaves joyous and happy, "with their. light labors yielding r abundant harvests robbed of the care, protection and : fore- ; thought of tlie white man, we see them fast - . sinking to the starving miserable condition of wretched savages , . In' our own couiitry, with tlie adranhif of the wliite man's exainple'beftire thi a1 ? ii uu uie waicwmcare ol their Trieds, ' Hie abolitioirists to aid them, the coWitKHi " ' of tlie free negro is far worse tlian' thatt me siave. Politically their condition is . worse than that of the slave, for as 'toi'titt - the honors, and ofiicesi cf orerraa fiio v privileges, of a citizen, Ifrewlom 'is tolthit free negro Wse"than an empty name ouojeci mine DurUens, they are even- by the abolitionists deprived of the benefiti of government ' Tiiey who so tore he slave that they will steal him from the care protection of his master, will excludes i the unliappy frceTiegro froin it. tfi4 iit thei' State. . Unlike the slave, they have rono to protect them To the state, the- maste-f is.die " goyeninient, a ruler ' Avi fh . fiftntetf -powers, . whose; interest is. iderkical: witf , . brs.subjeet VTo th'mastei aldWC dpf thtf ' slave owe allegiance, from hiin he receives . protection. To the free negro, the govern . ment is., that of -a stranger lie is as ait alien,' wn'th all the burdens', with none of . . the privileges of a citizen. Until the free negro 1 inade politically that which nature; . has- not made him, tlie equal of the white man, his political pritileges are iil fact th worst specie of oppression . V . . ', : We will then' contrast the social, fftoraf and. physical condition of the slave. and free negro. , ' .. On this the census is sufiicient to -leave, , no doubt ; . ' ' ' ' - '' --, ;';-. Ioss of speccli, of heating, of ngltvai certainly Jiidicate physlcaf, as Kocy imd1 .' insanity do mental suffering. . By the ex- tent to which the negro, slave and free, is subject to these aftlirtions,' we'are ; enabh f ' to determine his condition. Blindness, in " sanity and. idiocy especially restUt from " destitution and distress- By tlie censds of IcjoO, we find that tin? negro race" is much more subject to these aflErtiorfs than the white, the ratio bein ";' ..' " V ' : Of Deaf and "Onmb, 1 to 21 Si 1 liitev " : ? t Blind, ' 1 to2145 . V; " Insane and Idiots 1 to 1374 Of Deaf and Dumb 1 to 3005 Free Negfa . " liiina : -t to tfitf -' :- r .. " Insane & Idiots -l'f o - 980 u -'' - We thus see that to blindness, insanity and idocy, the" negro, when free, wjar , ; mate .subject than the white ' Sflcli being t'f. -t thft. natural Lability of the negro to these"" afflictions, we yet find that as a slave . the negro is almost exempt from them aU--nct T only isIie lar less afflicted than the " free negro, but even Jess than hia master :X .": ' We give from the census the ratto' of " each, and5 ask thinking: men to; reflect on ; i the exhibit - ;V A-ri? ---i; - - Of Deaf and Dumb, . 1 to 2151, : .WhiteV 1 to 3005 F.U'egro, ? ' . 1 to .6552 Slaves,;":. Of Kind, v 1 toU415' .White: V . M - 1 870 Fre Kcgfou Of Insane & Idiots 1 to 1374 - .Whites. ' ' "; .', : ,.! to QSO Free Negfc? tv - . - ; , 1 -to30SOJ lavW ' ; ' But one explanation tan be made of thii exf racr Jinary . development. Itc is of which must present itself id every tmpreju dked mind,-w'hich'at'pnee occunrto all wW" are familiar with the real conditkft oVJir negro hive. It b found - in th Tr&tcLfi4 . HfOre -.of the maW, tWpK' igentise happiness of the: s!aye-'jiziAr. ish fabwhet'ds abontknir;.s,Ti;it a r" x resent (her&t&er as a rnetr, tl:e victim pf cruelty. Were CnzDv..'-- '-; norfigoresi, the ler CiSfhCSc ; tocpnvey anytnr ,t L!ih4 s:f--r:-- ckm ihatiltct. Cc'Jl-n si'ike.1 be the reverse 'of -thef, la---'.--f wctrll jpai-v 1 i