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All advertisements must be paid for in advance, or at the expiration o three months. ftf All letters addressed to the Editors must be POST PAID, to receive attention. Sc poet's Column. TWENTY-NINE. BY CHARLES G. EASTMAN. With blossomed flowers and growing leaves, (irren grass and budding vine, My birth-day morning dawns ngain, "And I am twenty-nine. And Time, although he leaves some marks By which his flight I trace, Yet "with my heart has kindly dealt And kindly with my face. And if 'twere not, as I look back Upon the years I've run. And tracing up the widening path Tint I have slowly won, I miss so many noble forms That, in their youthful pride Stood by me, but that one by one, Have" fallen side by side ; And that th ghosts of hopes and fears i That shook my troubled heart, Unbidden, will sometimes, into Th light of memory start, But little there were left to tell Th.it I am older now linn when a restless boy I ran To kiss my mother's brow. So soft has been the tread of Time, Like children's feet on snow; So quietly the years have passed And still so calm they go, 'Twere wrong for me to mariner while I scrawl this simple Hue, That dawns my birth-day morn again, And I am twenty-nine. It is no idle thing to live 1 And he who cleerly sees The thousand snares that haunt our life, Sin, accident, disease ; Who marks how he escapes this ill By slightest circumstance, 4 And hardly grasps that passing good Uy mere and rarest chance j Who notes his whole existence changed, Even, sometimes, by a dream, His fortunes warped by incidents, That most the trivial seem, Will start to find how near his feet In ignorance, have shaped Jlis path along some peril's brink That he baa barely 'scaped. A fearful thing to live, and when My slender bark has passed Thus safely by the rapids where So many wrecks are cast, I look upon my life and find Upon th record set. More cause for joy and thankfulness Than sorrow or regret. THE WASTED FLOWER. The storms of Heaven have born thee down; Thy stem is broke thy leaves are strown In wild disorder o'er the plain, Whence thou shalt never lift again Thy head, to catch the evening dew, Or charm the loj&ely wanderer's view. lonely Yet, wasted flower I thy sweet perfume Partakes not of thy fearful doom ; It lingers still around the spot Wh5re erst thy form the sunshine caught; And pours its incense on the air, "When thou art desolate and bare. Thou art & type, thou lovely flower ! Of virtue's death-serving power Fit emblem of the fragrance shed Around the truly virtuous dead The hallowed memory of the good, Which from the grave's cold solitude, Cfces to the thought of parted worth, A. charm unknown to things of earth. A RETORT. . Cries Doctor Slop, elated with his skill, My patient, Tom, observe, I never kill ; In twice ten hours, so quick I cured his gout, The Alderman was able to go out. That's true, quoth Tom, let your opponents rave, i myself met him goihg to his grave I These two lines, which look so solemn. Are placed here to fill this column they are tsctHancmts. Ncgro-Slavcry, No Evil, OR THE NORTH AM) SOUTH. THE EFFECTS OF NEGRO-SLAVERY, AS " EXHIBITED IN - THE " CEBSOSj BY," A vV . COMPAB.ISOX OP THE CONDITION" OP THE SLAVE HOLDING AND NON-SLA VEHOLD" INC STATES. CONSIDERED IN A' REFORT, MADE TO THE - Platte County Self-Defensive Association, By a Committee Through B. F. STRINGFEIiliOW, Chairman. (Continued.) The most interesting aspect in which negro slavery presents itself, is in its effects upon the white population in the slavehold ing States. We have been so long accus tomed to listen to the bold statements of abolitionists, to suffer their broad charges, to go uncontradicted, that we- have been almost led to give them credit: they have not forgotten that "a lie well stuck to is as good as the truth;" and we have too long neglected to expose them. We were in common with others, who had the opportunity even slightly to con trast the slaveholding and nou-slavehold-ing States, convinced that the condition of the former was better; but that they were so far in advance in all the essentials of happiness and prosperity, even we Avere not prepared to realize. To Ellwood Fisher, of Cincinnatti, we are pleased to acknowledge our obligation for an able ex position of the relative condition of the two portions of our country: and we take special pleasure in now being able by unquestioned evidence to verify the correctness of his statements., lie had not the official state ments, now for the first time given in an authentic shape; his statistics were denied; and so strangely were they at variance with the general impressions of the people, that men of the , north were reluctant to give them credit. We have now the statistics furnished in the census: they are in reach of all; their truth can not tie disputed, and we are now enabled to determine beyond controversy the effects of negro-slavery. The men of the north arc peculiarly a "calculating" people, accustomed to deal with facts and figures; and a large majority of them Ave believe disposed to be just, to listen to fair argument, to yield to the force of truth: to them we submit with confidence the startling evidence furnished by the census. Although it be true that we can not by figures with mathematical precision deter mine the religious, social or moral condition of a people; yet there are facts and figures which so greatly elucidate their condition, we can have little difficulty in our conclu sion. It does not, for . example, necessarily follow, that those who build churches, should be peculiarly pious; the old adage "the nearer the church, the lurther irom Uod, is not without foundation. Vanity, pride of purse, petty ambition, may and do induce many to contribute to the erection of a church, as they would do to the erection of a court-house, or a theatre, from mere os tentation, the hope to have their names emblazoned as public benefactors, or from a more excusable though more interested desire to ornament their town or city. When however, churches are erected not for mere ornament, but for the accom modation of those who desire to meet to gether and worship God, when the pur pose is to afford to the greater number fa cilities lor . worship, tne lair presumption is in favor of the purity of that people s re ligion: they will reasonably 15 be esteemed more truly religious than those whose piety is manifested in display, in idle orna ment. - Abolitionists have so long represented the people ot the non-slave-holdmg States, and especially the people of new England, as a devout, God-fearing, saint-like people, free from all "pride, vain glory, and hypo crisy ;" they have been held up as such models of piety, virtue and sobriety, that their land has been known as "the land of steady habits." : So strict are they in the outward observances of God's law, that from the puff of the steam-car, to the kissing one's wife on the Sabbath, has been made a penal offence. On the con trary, the slaveholder is held ud as God forsaken, God-despising heathen, as one regardless of all law, human and divine, as vicious, reckless, lavish of his wealth only to gratify his pride. The humble piety, the strict morality claimed for the people 01 new Ji.ngiana is attributed to their having freed themselves from the curse of negro-slavery; to the blighting ef fects of which charity charges the alleged moral degredation of the slaveholder. In answer to these ' proud boastings, these sweeping denunciations, the men of the South have been silent, content to be judged by their works. Modesty is no longer a virtue; the evidence is made pub lic, and, we now propose to show that slaveholders are more truly religious than the sons of the Puritans.' For this purpose wo. will take Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont; Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut, the States composing New England; and will con trast them with Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia, the old slaveholding States, which are still slaveholding States. We givo the abolitionists every advantage: .we take their models of religion and piety; we take the very homes of the good 'old Puritan fathers; and we will compare them with those who are denounced as "fire-eaters," "cut-throats," '.'traffickers in human flesh. The free population of the New Eng land States and these five Southern States is so nearly equal, they may be rated as equal. - - V We give from the census of J. 850 .the number of churches, the value of church property, and the number of worshipers who can be accommodated in the church es, in each of these portions of our coun try. Me., N. II., Vt., ) Free Population Mass., R. I. Conn, $ 2,728,016 Me,, N. H., Vt., ) No. Churches. Mass., R. I., Con., S 4,007. Me., N. H. Vt., Value of Chiu-chcs Mass., R. I. Conn. Me., N. H. Vt., Mass., R. I. Conn. ML,.Va., N. Ca. S. Ca., Georgia. Md., Va., N. Ca., ) S. Ca., Georgia. $ Md., Va., N. Ca., ) S. Ca., Georgia. X Md., Va., N, Ca. S..Ca.., Georgia. 3 SI 9,362,634 Churches Accom. 1,893,450 Free Population, 2,730,214 No. of Churches 8,0S1 Value of Churches 11,149,113 Churches Accom. 1,003,022 Tliese five Southern States, with a free population of only 2,199 greater than the six New England States, hav nearly double the number of churches, capable of accommodating a million more worshipers, at but little over half the cost! We have here these facts conclusively established, - that slaveholders are more disposed to build churches; that their object is not display, but to accommodate those who wish to worship God: while the de generate son of the simple-hearted, humble-minded Puritan, the Pharisaical abo litionist, who "thanks God he is not as other men are," seeks to glorify himself rather than his God by the erection of costly temples from which the humble Christian is excluded. But these southern States have even yet a brighter picture to present. The poor slave, who is represented by the abolitionists as virtually deprived of Chris tian teaching' is in these Southern States furnished with more room for his feet in God's house, than the pious white man can find m the temples of New England. Me., N. II., Vt., Free Population. 2,728,016 No. Churches. 4,607. Ratio. 1 to 592. Free Population. 2,730,214. Mass., R.I., Conn. Me., N. H., Vt., Mass., R. I., Conn. Me. N. II., Vt., Mass., R. I., Conn., Md., Va., N. Ca., S. Ca., Ga., Md. Va., N. Ca., S. Ca., Ga., Md., Va., N. Ca., S. Ca., Ga., Md., Va., N. Ca., S. Ca., Ga., No. Churches. 8,031. Ratio. 1 to 336, Total Population, 3,44,426. Ratio. ) 1 Md., Va., N. Ca., -S. Ca., Ga., 1 to 426. In New England there is one church to every 592 of its inhabitants, while in these Southern States there is one to every d36 of its free, to every 426 of its whole popu lation! These Southern States contain a popu lation including slaves, of 720,410 more than New England: yet in New England there are 200,000 more who cannot find a scat in the house of God! These South ern churches can not only accommodate every man that could be crowded into the temples of New England, but would then give room to more than a million slaves. In new England 934,560, nearly one third of its population, is excluded from a seat in their churches! while in these anathematised Southern States there is not only room for all its free population, a seat for every man, woman and child that is free, but there is even then room for 166,259 slaves. These facts are startling; when we look further at the origin of their respective populations, at other circumstances which attend them, they are almost incomprehen sible. hen Ave remember that the pop ulation of New England is so much more dense than in these Southern States: it being in the former 43 to the square mile, in the latter but 13: that in NeV England the price of labor, the cost of materials, is so much less; that the people of New England hYe so much more generally in towns and villages; that in these Southern States they are on large farms, scattered far apart, .rarely even villages: that thus the inducements and facilities for the erection of churches are 'so much greater in New England, we are the more forci bly impressed with the character of these exhibits. When we further remember that New England is the land to which the Puritans fled when persecuted for their religion; the land in which they found a home, where they could Avorship God in their simple form, fervently without ostentation: that these Southern States were first settled by adventurers in search of fortune, by Cheva liers of Charles, who in sheer hatred of the pious zealots who had A-anquished them, affected a, looseness of morals, a contempt of religion, which made them a mock arjid a by-wora 01 reproach to the Funtans: we are the more at a loss to comprehend such a reA-clution. - It is even stranger still; for it reverses all experience, all history, which teaches us that men of a northern latitude " are more Religiously inclined than those of a south em cliuuv s There is yet another fact shown by the census, whth will strike many as worthy of reflection. Of the email number of churches in N. England 202 are Unitarian, 2S5 Universalists; Avhile of the large num ber in these Southern States there are but 1 Unitarian, 7 Universalis! ! While we do not iriiend by this to im ply that . the members of these churches are not good men, Ave purpose thus to call attention to the fact that opinions usually deemed by the Christian AA'orld heterodox, or infidel, find nd place- among slavehol-. ders: they "run not after strange Gods," invent no new religions, but are content Avith old fashioned humble Christianity. Out of the census, we can point to Mor monism with its polygamy Millerism, Spiritualism, as taking their birth, flour ishing alone where abolitionists are found. The Stowes, and Beechers, with the Fanny Wrights, and Abby Folsoms, are to be found alone in that land Avhich pro duced Joe Smith, Miller, the Misses Fox. What is it which has thus -reversed the condition of these people, set at naught all our experience; has converted , the indolent thoughtless Southerner into the humble orthodox Christian; while the men of the north, the world over noted for religious enthusiasts, the sons of the Puritans, haA e fallen from their simple stern devotion, be come setters up of strange doctrines? We may ere Ave conclude be able to suggest an explanation in the meantime we ask the good men of the north to think on this matter for themselves. We turn now from the religious to the social condition of the people of the slave- holding and non-slaveholding States. We will take them as they are, not as they are represented; we will test bold assertions by stern facts. We again take the six New England States and the five old skwe States: we shall contrast their condition, because again we design to give the abolitionists every adTintage. When Ave assert, that these slaveholding States are far in ad vance of New England in all the elements of real prosperit y, that the people are richer, healthier, happier; that their natural in crease of population is far greater; we Know mat Ave shall be met with a sneer at our presumption: we are aware, that again Ave undertake to show the kiws of nature reA-ersed, to overthrow all the teach ings of history, of experience in other countries; and yet the task is easy: the facts and figures are before us, the calcu lation is simple. We appeal again to the census of 1850 We find in the census the first great test 01 tne superior condition ot our own over other countries, is in the larger proportion ot our dwellings, to our lamihes. It needs no argument to show that country the happiest which has most homes for its people. Not only is their physical condi tion, their mere comforts promoted, but there is nothing which more certainly con duces to health and good morals. " The AA'atchful care of the home circle, the cheer ful happy fireside, presene not -: alone the body from disease, but the mind, the heart from corruption and -ice. We turn then to the census, and compare the homes and families of New England with the homes and families of these old slave States. Me., N. H., Vt., ) Families. Dwellings Mass., R. I., Conn. $ 518,532 447,789 Md., 'a., N. Ca., ) S. Ca., Georgia, ( 506,968 496,96S Wita equal population, New England has 11,564 more families, these Southern States 4S,5S0 more dwellings ! Nevy Eng land has 70,743 families without a home! In New England, the land whose "homes' tne aDoimomsts delight to praise, one in every seATen of the families is homeless ! while in these Southern States but one family of fifty-two is without a home. Taking the aAerage of the number com posing a family, and New England has d7d,00 of its population thrown upon the world, who have no place for a home. Could AAe trace in the census the full consequences of this vast difference in the condition of the people, it AA-ould present a picture far from flattering to the abolition moralist. There is no father in New- England who would not place his family in the humblest cabin, his own home, there to learn the lessons of virtue, rather than for the luxury, expose them to the corrup ting influence of the public house: there is no mother who would not toil with aching bones to guard her daughter with tEeshield of tliH flnmpstifi- bparth. At home the vir tues flourish; abroad vice plants its seeds, takes root and thrives. If examples were needed, we could point to our cities: Avhere in the crowded dens of poverty such appalling scenes of A-ice and debauchery are exhibited; and to the country, where the hearth of the cabin the bed of man's integrity, of woman's purity. WeTave no wish to point out and gloat over the evils which must attend such a destitution of dwellings in any portion of our country we are content to show how much superior is the condition or the slave holding States. But there are consequences exhibited in the census, which we can in some degree trace to this cause. It is claimed that New England has far outstripped jhe slaveholding States in the growth of its population. 5 This should not seem strange, nor need we look to the "curse of negro-slavery for its explanation- Since the barbarians ' of the north overrun the Roman empire, the northern countries have been deemed the bee-luves of population, from-which to send its swanns to the more southern climes. Such has been the case in Europe and Asia: -the hardy, healthy, vigorous north men have ever furninshed - supplies of their sons to the enervating regions of the south. Such should naturally h , a nd such is claimed to be the case, in cur country. Letus not take assertions, but again apply the test of trutli let us appeal again to the census. We take again New England and the same five old slaA-eholding States. Me., N. II., Vt, Mass., R. I., Conn., Population. Families. Annual Births 2,728,118. 518,523. 61,148. Md., Va., N. Car., S. Car., and Georgia. Population. Families. Annual Births 2,730,314. 506,963. 77,683. With equal population, Avith 11,564 more iamilies, jNew Jngiana nas 10,000 less annual births: the natural increase by birth being 27 per cent, greater in the Southern States than in New England! Estimating the number of families, the proper mode of estimating natural increase, and these Southern States increase by birth more than 29 per cent, faster than New England. Here again AAe nnd the laws of nature vanquished; the .-rule re versed: the North, instead of supplying population to the South, is far behind in natural increase. Of the five Southern States, which AA-e haA-e selected for our comparison, two of them, South Carolina and Georgia, are deemed so fatal in their climate, a north ern Life Insurance Company would for feit its policies for a Aisit to their territo ries; and yet we find them more prolific than the nurseries ol the North. We must look beyond the climate for the cause. We find one in the greater number ol dwellings, the consequent increase of com fort to their occupants in the slaveholding States. Uut this alone is not sumciem to produce so extraordinary a difference: other causes, equally efficient, much conduce to tins result: and those causes may, Avitnout difficulty, be traced by their effects. The natural increase ot population indi cates both the physical and moral condition of a people. To "increase and multiply," a people must be healthy and happy, Air- tuous and vigorous: they must labor, net toil; their diet be nutritious, their habits regular. Luxury and indolence as naturally beget effeminacy, as do destitu tion and oppression produce imbecility. A people, virtuous, with comfortable homes, ample provision, without excessive toil, will eA-en overcome . the obstacles of climate, and increase more rapidly than those Avho in the most favorable climate, without a home, toil for a scant subsistence become vicious from destitution; and those who from excessive Avealth, AA-ith 110 stimu lus to healtliful exercise, become idle and effeminate. Virtuous women and vigorous men, are the materials with Avhich to pro duce rapid population. We trace the course by its effects. When it is thus found that the people of the Southern States, Avith all the obstacles of climate to overcome, have reA'ersed the laws of nature, have increased by natural increase more rapidly than the people of New England, with all the advantages of climate in their faA or, we are driven to the conclusion, that the., physical and moral condition of the former must be far better than that of the latter. " j But we have other CA-idence on this question, no less startling, not less conclu sive. Although as we have said, two of these Southern States are so unhealthy, a north ern Life Insurance Company would for feit a policy for a visit to their limits, not only suffer under the usual fatality of a hot climate, but are liable to deadly diseases peculiar to their locality; yet we find that the number of deaths is far less than in the bracing climate, the pure air, the hill country of New England. Me., N. II, Vt., Mass., R. I., Conn., Population. Deaths. Ratio. 2,728,M6i 42,363. - 1 to 64. Md., Va., N. Ca.. S. Car., and Georgia. Population. Deaths. Ratio. 2,730,316. 32,216. 1 to 80. In New England, there are 10,152 more deaths annually than in these fatal Southern States. .In' the former, the deaths are in the proportion of 1 to 64; m the latter of 1 to So,- or nearly 33 per cent, in lavor 01 the slaveholding states. Here again We find nature conquered. The physical and moral condition of the people of the South is so much bettter, that climate and disease are overcome, death vanquished, and his victims far less than in NevEngland, Avith its pure air and learned physicians. We thus find that these slaveholding States which abolitionists would - represent as becoming depopulated, actually increase 62 per cent, per annum faster than New England, not taking into account the artifi cial increase by importation: the exccs3 of southern births being 29 per cent., of northern deaths 33 per cent. - W'e have not taken into consideration the increase in the population of New England by im migration, because we can only look at natural increase, to ascertain the physical and moral condition of a people. W r.en we come to consider the political condition of the respective portions of our country, we propose to notice the effect of aa in crease of population by immigration, and it will be found that it is by no means so clear that the north has cause to congratu late itself on it3 advantage in this, particu lax. - . - ; . But while we thus exhibit the condition of the white race, the master in the slave holding States, we may be told by the abolitionists, that we dare not look at the condition ol the "poor slave; that tae mas ter's ease is their oppression; that tie mas ter escapes by casting his ills on the shoul ders of the slave. While then we do not pretend that the condition of the slave -is f equal to that of the master; " for such Ave know-is not the case," whether- the-slave, be the son of Africa," br of New England, his master a chevalier, orPuHtan we ;-will not shrink from this -s.iiiA-estigatioh. e have i the right to obi ecrj- because the census does not give us me siaiisucs 01 servants, im help"Jn New England, cf those Avho are the hewers of wood and drawers of water, for the" fortunate fevy whose , wealth" ex empts them from toil and suffering. It is not fair that we should be required to con trast the condition of our slaves AA-ith that of the masters of Ncav England. With such odds against ; us,. we are still not ashamed of the contrast. ' We refer to the census. Me., N. II., Vt., ) Free. Pop. An. Births Mass..R. I. Conn J 2,723,116. 61.14S. Md., Va., N. Ca., ) SlaA-e Pop. An. Births S. Ca., Ga., 1,618,210. 40,496. New England, Annual Deaths, 42,363. Southern Slaves, , " 24,790. Ratio of Births and Deaths. Births. 1 to 44. 1 to 39. 1 to 35. Deaths. 1 to 61. 1 to 60. 1 to 85. New England, Southern Slaves, Free, We find that although the slaves are not so fortunate as their masters, they are more prolific, less, liable to die, than the free men of New Ejigland. A class composed almost exclusively of those the laborers -who in all estimates of lifcrrank lowest in the scale; a race, physi cally inferior to the AA-hite man, outranks the white man in the scale of li fe! What would be the result, could class be com pared AA"ith class; those aaIio in New Eng land occupy the position assigned to the slave in the South, be compared with the slave? Nominal freedom would kick the beam, when weighed in the scale AA-ith nominal sla-ery; sad realities AA-ould be found, fearfully arrayed against sounding names. We have still further evidence of the better condition of the slaveholding States. That country, which has greatest Avealth, is not necessarily the happiest or most prosperous. On the contrary, excessive wealth to often brings in its train A'icc and degredation. Real happiness is rather to be found Avhere wealth is distributed; where each 13 above AA'ant, all are able to live free from the harrassing exactions of poverty. This is it, Avhich has ever pre sented the striking contrast between town and country: which has so fully Avarranted men 111 regarding towns as "sores on tne body politic;" has given rise to the adage "God made the country, man made the town.'' In the latter, great wealth gathered in the hands of the few, the toiling mil lions struggling for bread; the one class is corrupted by luxury, the other debased by destitution; In the country it is thereA'erse: there though there be no excessive wealth, there is no poverty: fortune is distributed, if not AA-ith exact equality, yet in such fair proportion, that none can oppress another, with neither luxury nor idleness to cor rupt, nor want nor oppression to tenqt and degrade, the people are happy, virtuous and prosperous. While in New England, we admit there are more overgnra'n fortunes, more towns, more seeming wealth and prosperity, in that distributed Avealth, which marks real prosperity, in exemption from poverty Avith its ills, we assert that the slaveholding States are far in advance. Of necessity. a slaveholding people must mainly be an agricultural people. Among such, AvhateA' er Avealth there be, must be better distribu ted than among the inhabitants of the cities: there must be fewer paupers Th census proves this. e taice again tne xseAV England estates and the same five old slaveholding States, and quote Irom the census, Maine, New Hampshire,. Vt., Paupers. Massachusetts, R. L Conn. 33,431 Maryland, lrginia, n. Ca., South Carolina, Georgia, 14,221 Excess in New England 19,210 New England with all her boasted pros perity, has nearly domde 13o per cent. more paupers than these Southern States, which abolitionists would represent as im poverished by slavery." In New England, the land of thrift, 1. in 81 is a pauper. Avhile in these Southern States there is but 1 in 191. : , - To tlxis abolitionists will at once reply that these paupers in New England are foreigners. Jf this be so, those foreigners did not come from slaveholding States they came from States like New England miscalled "free, where they have been taught to look on negro-slavery as a curse bli'ting with its influence the encTgy of the white race. We have, too another answer . . f 10 mis excuse: to mese 1 ore 1 Triers is rew England indebted for her boasted increase of ' popuhit01! Without .their aid, she would be far behind the South even numbers; for Ave have seen how greatly the south exceeus her in natural increase, To these foreigners she" is indebted, too, for much of her boasted prosperitA: to their strong arms is she indebted for -her rail roads, her canals, her highways, her -public works. She has no right, then, to cast them off when in this matter tliey count againstjier. . . . - ; jsut tms excuse wm not -avail, lor - un fortunately the census , has distinguished the native from' the foreign paupers: and we are thus enabled to compare the natrve- boni," full-blood New England err with all his "thrift, frugality and industry, with the "wilt. w-ctfnl imnrnrirrt" Krisitlioi-TT. nr. v H ir MaL. R. Fftm t Natfve paurxrs, 18,960 Mi, Va.,S. Ca .N. Ca., Ga., " 11,728 Excess of Native Nv E. Paupers " : 7,238 ? New Lngladd-has of her sons almost . double the rmmber,' nearly 70 per cent. I more paupers ,.than these impoverished' slaveholding States. . We have still further evidence5 of the"' superior condition of rliese-'slavcholdin?; . States. 'From those afthctions which re sult from physical suffering, from mental agitation, the people of the slavvhokhng' States are far more exempt than the peo- pie of New England. - . Deaf Dumb, Blind Me., N. II. Vt., Insane and Idiots. Mass., R. I. Con ( 8.7S1 ': Md., Va., Ca. S. Ca., Ga., 7,809 Excess of New England 972 New : -England has 12 1-2 'per cent. more of those so terribly afflicted. But the difference m the number of the Insane is most striking;. - New England, Ins.me, 3.34 Southern States, " 2,5S0 Excess in New England 1,254 In the land of steady habits," among a people, cold calculating in their temper, claiming to be peculiarly sober, temperate practical, AAe find the number of the Insane nearly 50 per cent, greater than among the excitable, ardent sons of the Sofcth Will the abolitionists tell us whether" this sad condition be the result of physical destitution, of the anxious struggle AA-ith poverty, or is it the effect of a troubled conscience? Crime and destitution are alike fruitful causes of insanity. W e have now contrasted the condition ot the New England States Avith that of the five old slaveholding States, and have found that it is conclusively shown by the statistics given in the census, that the lat ter are more religious, ha-c more homes, are surrounded with more of those com-' forts which contribute to health and good morals, that the natural increase of their population is far greater, their Avealth more equally distributed, they are far more exempt from poverty, and from those af flictions AAinch result from crime and des titution. We now propose to contrast their aggregate Avealth and see, if even in this, the ordinary experience of man is confirmed. ;.We deny that excessive wealth is a benefit to a State or an individual. Hut we need not stop to point out its evils. In a Republic exeessive-Avoalth is least de sirable. As between the individual citi zens, it creates an improper distinction, corrupts the morals of the people, leads them from the simplicity and purity in dispensable to the existence of the govern ment. But in a republic, wealth, fairly distributed, so that each of its membtr, easy and independent in his property, shall feel himself practically equal to his leilows, is all linpotrant. 1 hat State which exhibits a population practically equal, with such reasonable wealth that all are free, is the happiest, the most likely to preserve its liberty. Hence is agricultural life the most suitable to re publicans. All history verifies the trutli of our assertion. Commerce, . and manu factures, though they biings great gains. enrich the few, the masses are poor; in their train follows luxury, Avith all its cor rupting tendencies. The love of money. the desire of gain crush out the feeling of manly independence; men become- slaves to fortune, and are then fit to be the slaves of a despot. e must not then take for granted, that the country which has the greatest ag gregate wealth, is really mot prosperous. e must ratner loot to tae source ol its wealth; to the distribution of that wealth. We have shown that slaA-e-hoIdu C States must be mainly , agricultural, and their wealth of necessity more equally dis tributed than in those whicn are engaged in . commerce and manufactures. , The - census has confirmed our position, by the vast disproportion in die number of pau pers in tne slaveholding and uon-siaveliold- ing States. Even if it were true, that the aggregate wealth of the non-slaveliolding; States is greater than thatf-the slavehold ing, we should still deny their greater prosperity. r- , lull even tins ram boast is not left to the abolitionist! Not only is Acahhs in the slaveholding States so much more equally distributed, that paupers are al most unknown; but their aggregate, wealth is far greater than that of the noa-slave holding States. . W e take again for our comparison the six.Ncw England States, and' the five old Slave-States. Again we give the Aboli tionist every advanUe. We "take their models of commercial and manufacturing prosperity, and contrast them with tLose which are ever held up, pointed at as em blems of poverty; we compare the frugal, ingenious, energetic, thrifty Yankee with the idle, improvident, careless and . waste ful slave-holder. - . - ; We remember that the free, populatioa is equal and appeal again to the census. The assessedyalue or the property real ana personal is 111. Me. N. II. Vt., Valueof property. $1,003453,181X0 l,420,93SvS72.03: Mass., RI, Conn. Md., Va., N. Cau, T S. Ca., Ga., Exc of Southern wealth, $417,523,3.10 . Of this excess there is ' - ' Of landy - .V-v-"S127,309,535v -4 l- Of personal property, -" 200J2lV 7 -O The ratio of wealth to the icd ;-:: - New-EpglaxttL, '.'.. . Southern.. States, - i?2fttr v : The. poor wcra tat slu vt -V :''