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A "WEEKLY KEWSPiVPER DEVOTED: TO POLITICS, LECE11ATTJEE, A&llICULTURE, MERCAMILE AIEiURS AND USEFUL HEiVDING.
46 The Squatter claims th same Sovereignty in the Territories that he possessed in the States." EDITORS & ttZOFHIElTOIZS. YOU 1. ATCHISON, KANSAS TERRITORY, ; TUESDAY, JUNE 5, 1 855. NO. 17. Tlie Squatter Sovereign, IS PUBLISHED EVERY TUESDAY MORNING BY J. n. STKINGFELLOW fit R. 9 KELLEY. Publication Office, in Squatter Sovereign . Building, Jo. o. Jltchuon Street. Tehms : Two dollars per annum, invariably in advance. Single copies 5 cents, twelve cop ies forraxy cents. To Clubs : Five copies will besent to one iMress for $9. Ten to one address for $17. Twenty to one address for $32. Forty to one address for $00. g7 Invariably in advance. Money may be sent by mail, at the risk t! the Editors. Postmasters are requested to act as our Agents. - BATES OF ADVERTISING. 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WHY DOKT THE GIRLS PROPOSE? The men are shy, the ladies cry, Their minds they won't disclose ; If it be so, I'd like to know Why don't the girls propose. At splendid balls in dazzling halls, Amidst a host of beaux, With sparkling eyes and timid sighs, The ladies might propose. Ye ladies fair, now laughing there, So coyly with your beaux, Take mv advice, don't be o'er nice, They'll weddo you propose. When stern papas, and cross mamas All marriage schemes oppose, And beaux are shy, there's no cause why " The belles should not propose. Poor Martha Mears for forty years, To "rd'ock was opposed ; But hb-dh Righs, and whimp'ring cries, " I wish I had proposed I " Then rity take, for Heaven's sake, On these unhappy bnaiir. Who are, poor elves, too shy themselves, Pray ladies, do propose. " SHINNY ON YOUH OWN SIDE!" BT SLOCVM SLUGS, ESQ. Behold those merry school-bovs There's Sam, and Dick, and Bob, Knocking with their 'shinny clubs,' A ball, a stone, a cob. How they labor for the wager, Of apples, nuts, orpins Crying, " Shinny on your own side, And look out for your shins ! " So. in tills world of tumult, Amid the game of life Each one must do his own part That mixes in the strife. The prize is fame or riches The nimblest striker wins Then " Shinny on your own side," And look out for your shins ! ' LOVE POETRY. - A cTlflTi-f'n 11n v!f!m rf nnraintf Iava tnira a this lamentable strain : I'll throw myself into The deep briny ocean, Where mud eels Mid catfish On my body shall riot, And flounders and flatfish Select me for diet ; There soundly I'll slumber Beneath the rough billow, And crabs without number Shall crawl o'er my pillow, my spirit shall wander o'er gay coral bow- Tor Aad f risk with the" mermaid it shall, by the powersi - . CSJohn G. Saxe the Yankee poet lets "off em in a very plaasing manner sometimes. to hiia in the poem . called "Miss r?U8 you flourish In worldly affairs, "on t be hausrhtw ind nut nn air. , With insolentpride of station ; "on t.he proud and turn up your nose ai poorer nmnl. i.i... - Th Jern,for ake f yur oixV repose, inSti V1 Dbble. that comes, and goes, procd tlesh" wherever iterows ft 1 subject to irritaUon." - A BRIEF EXAMINATION OF OS THE INSTITUTION br (& . Jvl 5cf? 6 In an Essav first vublished in the Relitrt ous Herald, and re-published by request: with remarks on a letter of Elder Galu- . sha, of New- York, to Dr.', Fuller of South, Carolina : BY THORNTON STRING FELLO W Locust Geove, Culpepper Co., Va., 1841. Beothih Sands: Circumstances exist among the inhabit ants of these United States, which make it proper that the Scriptures should be carefully examined by Christians in refer ence tothe institution of Slavery, which exists in several of the States, with the ap probation of those who profess unlimited subjection to God's revealed will. It is branded by one portion of people who take their rules of moral rectitude from the Scriptures, as a great sin; nay, the greatest of sins that exist in the nation. And they hold the obligation to extermin ate it, to be paramount to all others. If slavery be thus sinful, it behooves all Christians who are involved in the sin, to repent in dust and ashes, and wash their hands ol it, without consulting with flesh and blood. Sin in the sight of God is something which God in his Work makes known to be wrong, either by perceptive prohibition, by principles of moral fitness, or examples of inspired men, contained in the sacred volume. When these furnish no law to condemn human conduct, there is no transgression. Christians should produce a "thus saith the Lord." both for what they condemn as sinful, and for what they approve as lawful, in the sight of Heaven. It is to be hoped, that on a question of such vital importance as this to the peace and safety of our common country, as well as to the welfare of the church, we shall be seen cleaving to the Bible, and takin all our decisions about this matter, from its inspired pages. With men from the North, I have observed for many years a palpa ble ignorjance of the divine will, in refer ence to the institution of slavery. I have seen but a few, who made the Bible their study, that had obtained a knowledge of what it did reveal on this subject. Of late, their denunciation of slavery as a sin, is loud and long. I propose, therefore, to examine the sa cred volume briefly, and if I am not great ly mistaken, I shall be able to make it ap pear that the institution of slavery has re ceived, in the first place, 1st. lhe sanction ol the Almicrtity in the Patriarchal age. 2d. That its legality was recognised, and its relative duties regulated, by Jesus Christ in his kingdom; and , 4th. That it is full of mercy. Before I proceed further, it is necessary that the terms used to designate the thing, be defined. It is not a name, but a thing, that is denounced as sinful; because it is supposed to be contrary to, and prohibited by, the Scriptures. Our translators have used the term ser vant, to designate a state in which persons were serving, leaving us to gather the rela tion, between the party served and the par ty rendering the service, from other terms. The term slave, signifies with us, a definite state, condition, or relation, which state, condition or relation, is precisely that one which is denounced as sinful. This state, condition, or relation, is that in which one human being is held without his consent by another, as property; to be bought sold, and transferred, together with the increase,' as property, forever. Now, this precise thing, is denounced by a portion of the people of these United States ns the greatest indi vidual and national sin that fs among us, and is thought to be so hateful in the sight of God, as to subject the nation to ruinous judgments, if it be not removed. Now, I propose to show, from the Scriptures, that this state, condition or relation, did exist in the patriarchal age, and that the persons most extensively involved in the sin, if it be a sin, are the very persons who have been singled out by Qie Almighty as the objects of his special regard whose character and conduct he has caused to be held up as models for the future generations. Before we conclude slavery to be a thing hateful to God, and a great sin in his eight, it is proper that we should, search the records he has given us with care, to see in what light he has looked upon it, and find the warrant, for concluding that we shall honor him by eflbrts to abolish it; which; efforts in their consequences, may involve the in discriminate slaughter of the innocent and the guilty, the master and the servant. We all believe him to be a Being who is the same yesterday, to-day, and forever. The first recorded language Which w7as ever uttered in relation to slavery, is the inspired language of Noah. In , God's stead he says, "Cursed be Canaan;" "a ser vant of servants shall he be to his breth ren." "Blessed be the Lord God of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant." "God shall enlarge Japheth, and he shall dwell in the tents of Shem; andXanaan shall be his servant." Gen. ix. 25, 26, 27. Here language is used, showing the favor which God would exercise to the posterity of Shem and Japfceth, while they were hold ing the posterity of Ham in a state of ab ject bondage. May it not be said in truth, that God decreed this institution before i existed; and has he not connected its exis lence, with prophetic tokens of special fa vor, to those who should toe slave owners or masters? He is the same God now. that he was when he gave these -views of his moral character to the world; and un less the posterity, of Shem and Japheth from whom have sprung the Jews, and all the nations of Europe and America, jtnd a great part of Asia, (the African race that is m them excepted,) I say, unless they are all dead, as well as the Canaanites or Africans, who descended from Ham, then it is quite possible that his favor may now be found with one class of men, who are holding another class in bondage. Be this as it may, God decreed slavery and shows in that decree, tokens of good-will to the master. The sacred records occupy but a short space from this inspired ray on this subject, until they bring to our notire man, that is held up as a model, in all that adorns human nature, and as one that God delighted to honor. This man is Abra ham, honored in the sacred records , with the appellation, "Father" of the "faithful.' Abraham was a native of Ur of the Chal dees. From thence the Lord called him to go to a country which he 'would show him; and he obeyed, not knowing whither he went. He stopped for a time at Haran, where his father died. From thence he "took Sarah his wife, and -Lot his brother's son, and all their substance, that they had gathered, and the souls they had gotten in Haran, and they went forth to go into the land of Canaan." Gen. xii. 5. All the ancient Jewish writers of note, and Christian commentators agree, that by the "souls they had gotten hi Haran," as our translators render it, are meant the 5w slaves, or those persons they had bought with their money in Haran. In a few years after their arrival in Canaan, Lot with all he had was taken captive. So soon as Abraham heard it, he armed three hundred and eighteen slaves that were bom in his house, and retook him. How great must have been the entire slave fami ly, to produce at this period of Abraham's life, such a number of young slaves able to bear arms. Gen. xi v. 14. Abraham is constantly held up in the sacred story as the subject of great distinc tion among the princes and sovereigns of the countries in which he sojourned. This distinction was not on account of his great wealth. When he proposed to buy a bu rying ground at Sarah's death of the chil dren of Heth, he stood up and spoke with great humility of himself as "a stranger and sojourner among them," (Gen. xxiii. 4,) desirous to obtain a burying-ground. But in what light do they look" upon him? "Hear us, my Lord, thou art a mighty prince among us." Gen. xxiii. 6. Sdch is the light in which they viewed him. What gave a man such distinction, among such a people? Not moral qualities, but great wealth, and its inseparable concomi tant, power. When the famine drove Abraham to Egypt, he received the high est honers of the reigning sovereign. This honor at Pharaoh's court was called forth by the risible tokens of immense wealth. In Genesis xii.J 15, 16, we have the honor that was shown to him, mentioned, vrdh a list of his property, which is given in these words, in the 16th verse: "He had sheep, and oxen, and he-asaes, and men-servants, and maid-servants, and she-asses, and camels" The amount of his flocks may be inferred from the "number of slaves em ployed in tending them. They were those he brought from Ur of the Chaldees, of whom the three hundred and eighteen were born; those gotten in Haran, where he dwelt for a short time; and those which he inherited froth his father, who died in Ha ran. When Abraham treni up from Egypt, it is stated in Genesis xiii. 2, that he was 'cery-ric A," not only in flocks and slaves, but in "silver and geld" .also , . - After the destruction of S6dom,: we 'see him sojourning in the ' kingdom of Gerar. Here he received from the sovereign of the country, the honors of equality; and Abirae lech.the king, (as Pharaoh had done be fore him,) seeks Sarah for a wife, under the idea that she was Abraham's sister. When his mistake was discovered,-he made Abraham a large present. ' Reason will tell us, that in selecting the items of this present, Abimelech was governed by the visible " indications of Abraham's - pre ference in articles : of wealth- and that above all, he would present him with noth ing which Abraham's sense of moral ob ligation would not allow him to own Abimelech's . present is thus described in Gen." xx. 14, 16: "Abimelech took sheep, and oxen, and men-servants, and women servants, and a thousand pieces of silver, and gave them unto Abraham." This present discloses to us what constituted the most highly-prized items of wealth, among these eastern sovereigns in Abraham's day. . God had promised Abraham's seed the land of Canaan, and that in his seed all the nations of the earth should be blessed. He reached the age of 85, and . his wife the age of 75, while as yet, they had no child. At this period, Sarah's anxiety for the promised seed, in connection with her age, induced her to propose a female slave of the Egyptian stock, as a secondary wife from wliich to obtain the promised seed. This alliance soon puffed the slave with pride, and she hecame insolent to her mis tressthe mistress complained to Abra- nam, tne master. Abraham ordered ba rah to exercise her authority. Sarah did so, and pushed it to severity, and the slave absconded. The divine oracles inform u mat uie angei oi jou lound tms runaway bond-woman in the wilderness; and if God had commissioned this angel to improve this opportunity of teaching the world how much he abhorred slavery he .took a bad plan to accomplish it. ..For, instead of re peating a homily upon doing to others as we "would they should do unto us," and heaping reproach upon Sarah, as a hypo crite, and Abraham as a tyrant, and giving Hagar direction how she might get into Egypt, from whence (according to Aboli tionism) she had been unrighteously sold into bondage, the angel addressed her as "Hagar, Sarah's maid," Gen. xvi. 19; (thereby recognizing the relation of mas ter and slave,) and asks her, "whither wilt thou go?" and said "I flee from the face of my mistress." Quite a wonder she honored Sarah so much as to call her mis ress; but she knew' nothing of abolition, and God by his angel did not become her teacher. v e have now arrived at what may be called an abuse of the institution, in which one person is the property of another, and under their control, and subiect to their authority without their consent; and if the Bible be the book, which proposes to furnish the case which leaves it without doubt that God abhors the institution, here we are to look for it. What, therefore, is the doc trine in relation to slavery, in a case in which a rigid exercise of its arbitra ry authority is called forth upon a help less . female; who might use a strong plea for protection, upon the ground of be ing the master's wife. In the face of this case, which is hedged around with aggra vations as if God designed by it to awa ken all the sympathy and all the abhor rence ol that portion of mankind, who claim to have more mercy than God liim self but I say, in view of this strong case, what is the doctrine taught?! Is it that God abhors the institution of slavery; that it is a reproach to good men; that the evils of the institution can no longer be winked at among saints; that Abraham's character must not be transmitted to posterity, with this stain upon it; that Sarah must no lon ger be allowed to live a stranger to" the abhorrence God has for such conduct as she has been guilty of to this poor help less female? I say, what is the doctrine taught? Is it so plain that it can be easily understood? and does God teach that she is a bond-woman or slave, and that " she is to recognize Sarah as her mistress, and not her equal that she must return and submit herself unreservedly to Sarah's authorty? Judge for yourself, reader, by the angel's answer: "And the angel of the Lord said unto her, Return unto thy mis tress, and submit thyself under her hands." Gen. xvi. 9. But, says the spirit of abolition, with which the Bible has to contend, you are building your -house upon the - sand, for these were nothing but hired servants; and their servitude designates no such state, condition or relation, as that, in which one person is made the property ol another, to be bought, sold, or transferred forever. To this, we have two answers in reference to the subject, before giving the law. In the first place, the term,ervant, in the schedules of property among the patriarchs, does de signate the state, condition, or. relation in which one person is the legal property of another, as in Gen. xxiv. 35, 36. Here Abraham's servant, who had been sent by his master to get a wife for his son Isaac, in order to prevail with the woman and her family, states, that the man for whom he ... j sougni a Dnae, was tne . son ol a man whom God had,greatly blessed with riches; which he goes on to enumerate ' thus, in the 35th verse: "He hath given him flocks, and heards, and silver, and gold, and men- servants, and maid-servants, and cameb, and asses;" then in verse 36th, he states the disposition his master had made of his es tate: "My master's wife bare a son to my master when she was old, and unto him he hath given all that he hath." Here, ser vants are enumerated with silver and gold as part of the patrimony. And, reader, bear it in mind; as if to rebuke the doc trine of abolition, sen-ants are not only inventoried as property, but as property which God had given to Abraham. After the death of Abraham, we have a view of Isaac at Gerar, when he came into pos session of his estate; and this is the des cnpiion given oi mm: "ina tne man waxed great, and went forward, and grew until he became very grcat; for he had possession of flocks, and possession of herds, nd great store of servants. Gen. xxvi. 13, 14. This state, in which servants are made chattels, he received as an inherit ance from his father, and passed to his son Jacob. To be Continued. How to Borrow. A certain editor well known for liis bonne fortune, threw his smiles upon a "raf of the Imperial Academy of. Music. The "rat experienced a natural anxiety to to gnaw the purse-strings of her admirer; but could not exactly see her way. While thinking this matter over, a Bohemian of her acquaintance came in. "Uo you think, said the young artist, "that V will be willing to lend me 3000 francs?" "More than doubtful. But he might be induced to do it. Write as I shall dic tate." xeiovea, -i expected some money this morning, and have been disappoin ted." "That is a very old story," interrupted the rat. Go on. Bring me, then, I beseech you, 000 francs, and come and dine with me at the same tune. 1 have a splendid pheas ant." 1 And do you think," said M'lle Alphon- sine, when the letter was gone, "that I shall get ray money, or rather V s money, with that?" 44 With such a letter, my dear friend, you will not get a sou, or I know nothing of the human heart." "Then, why did you make me write it?" "Because it was essential that a first note should precede the one I was about to dictate to j'ou." "What write another?" "Only two words." "Dear friend: . Consider my letter as not written. At the very moment 1 had dispatched it, the expected remittance made its appearance; I am now richissine. But don't forget, I expect you to dinner; the pheasant is magnificent." The second letter was sent after the first. "Now," said the Bohemian, "this is what will happen. , V will pretend not to have received your second note, and will show himself the more generous, in that he will not believe you are not in want of money. . It happened as the Bohemian Lad anti- pated. V offered the 3000 francs with the idea they would not be accepted; but, to his infinite horror, they were pock eted at once. To complete his misfor tunes, there was not even a pheasant to console him. The Bohemian ate it the same evening with the Assistance of M'lle Alphosine, in a cabinet of the Maison Dores. " FIt is stated that two of our oldest colleges, Yale and Dartmouth, . are in straitened circumstances, and require one hundred thousand 'dollars each to meet special wants. : 'J6ST"The United , States brig of war Dolphin ia about to sail from Norfolk to join the African squadron. Lieut. E. It. Thompson commands. A Stamp Speech. - i ,The following specimens of quaint hu mor we find m one of our exchanges under the head of " California Correspondence." They purport to have been delivered by a stump candidate at San Fraticisco: Fellow Republicans and Fdlcw Suffer' ers. I am a plain and honest man, born at a very early period of jny- existence which occurred at home one night when my mother was out. I have 'struggled - from the obscurity to wliich an unlucky star had doomed me, till I have risen like a bright exhalation in the evening, to the very sumit of human greatness and grandeur. Gen tlemen, I profess no principles unfortu nately I have none. Oh the unhappy oc casion of my birth, a dismal and melan choly man, clothed in the sombre hues of mourning, swapped me away for another baby, and subsequently lost me at a raffle. Sad event! but who can control his fate? We are the creatures of destiny. "There's a divinity that shapes our ends, rough hew them how we will." I was intended by nature for a great statesman. Had I lived ia the days of Hannibal I should have beaten the great chieftain in crossing the Alps, and it is a dead certain thing that I could Lave dis tanced Cortoz in crossing the Isthmus; he never performed the feats I did; he never came up the Chagres river in a canoe, with a deaf and dumb hoinbre, without a red cent or a change of summer apparel. "But a light heart and a thin pair of breeches go merrily through the world." Sir, every man who has come here is a Columbus He comes to discover new diggins. I am a Columbus! I was dead broke at home as Colu;nbus was, and I have come here to strike a new vein. But I am not going to the mines. Oh, no! Yon don't catch me up to my waist in ice water, with a juvenile pick-axe and'an in cipient crow-lar, laboring under a heat of 100 degrees in the shade to dig out the fil thy lucre. No sir! I am not on that lay- i nate la Dor it was an invention to vex mankind. I prefer an office one that is lucrative, and not laborious; what you call a sinecure. And if I can't get one my self, I will go in for any man who will di vide on a dead level, and no splits. Sir, where will you. find a country -like this? Talk not of the oriental gorgeous- ness of eastern countries. Tell us not of the fair' scenery which poets who revel in the great warm path of heavenly imagina tion paint with golden pens on leaves of satin. The description of this glorious country should be written with the golden wing of an angel dipped in the softest rays of the sunbeam upon the blushing surface of a rose-h?af. Excuse me, gentlemen, I except the rainy season, and the time when the dust flies. L We love our native land we honor her flag, and we would net rob the custom house, if v.c had a fair show. But Con gress must not put on any airs, or we will take charge of the Custom House and the Post Office, and make a muss generally. These are my sentiments, gentlemen, if they don't admit us into the Union we will burst open the Custom Houso, and admit all liquor free of duty. And now, with a parting blessing on the girls we left be hind us, and the boys who are coming af ter us, we will adjourn and take a drink. Sam asd Sambo. At a political festi val in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, Mr. Burlingame, a distinguished Know Noth ing of Massachusetts, a member eject of he next Congress, after denouncing slave ry and slaveholders in the strongest terms, concluded his speech with the following sentiment: : "Sam and Sambo May love for the one net cause us to do injustice to the oth er." Without sorrow life would be no belter than a dream; grief is a reality, and though bitter as wormwood, mortals lore it, for it mak3 them feel themselves, and know thevalue of each other. A Lady's Toast. "Old bachelors, - may they lie oa a bed of needles, sit alone on a wooden stool, eat alone on a wooden trencher, and be their own kitchen maid!" JESifOn Thursday, 100 guns were fired on Boston Common, in honor of Governor GardnerVyeto of the resolution to remove Judge Loring. - . SSThe U. S. brig of war Dolphin, sailed from Noroik on Thursday, for the coast of Africa. ; ?2r,On the 19th of April the ice ) in Saginaw Bay was solid enough to bear a loaded wagon and team. - " '' " . ' ' -. y- - " S?" Bounty land applicants now num ber the rnug iiliic army of 132,000. Do as you wish to be done by. - - A cheerful face is nearly as healthy as good weather. The cradle and , coffin, two receptacles which meet the deed of human kind. - There is no money better laid out,- than that which contributes enjoyment." An. hour of honest labor" will give any man a better appetite than all the roots be tween here and Egypt; - - A warm heart requires a cool head. So a ship that caries a great deal of sail needs a first-rate helmsman. Set a watch over thy mouth, and keep the floor of thy lips ; for a tale-bearer is worse than a thief.- Scripture. Fanners sons had better learn to hold the plow and fenl the pigs, than to meas ure tape and count buttons. To increase the fire under boiling water is wasteful as the additional heat docs no more than increase the evaporation. He who takes his character from what others say of him will be ignorant of his real self, which can only be self-known. Riches are like eels in their native el ement, hard to be grasped, and when caught, easily slipping through one's lin gers. Good manners are usually best apprecia ted by people who have a Lit of the article themselves. If politeness is ever thrown away, it i3 on folks who especially need it. A glad and sunny thing is friendship. The recollection of loved ones will lighten the gloom of the darkest hour, and lend to its sadness the sweetest consolations. The weakest part of man is said to bo his stomach. Let the young wife fascinate her husband with the "teapot let her, so to speak, make honeysuckles clamber up his chair- back, and grow around his ta ble let the herr.h-irg be u bed of heart's ease for his feet, ia slippers and all re bellion will die within him. He will bo as loving and kind as can be desired. KSauta Anna has purchased tho steamship Ben Branklia and the bark Catharine Augusta for S-1S0.000. It i said he- wants them to blockade Acapulcc. EGGeorge Thompson, the celebrated English abolitionist, who was once molted in Boston, is now the editor of the Em pire, a weekly paper published in London. JKSSome of the Lake fisheries Lavo been very productive this spring. The gross shipment from Sagicaw alone v. ill ex ceed 3,500 barrels. iSjfSnufi" boxes, containing saufT ex quisitely scented, are said to be the fash ion in Paris at present for Ladies. An abominable custom! fST'Capt. James Monroe, of Cth In fantry, U. S. A., has resigned. CSThe U. S. sloop-of-war Falmouth, was at Carthagena, April 6th, all well. :o: Jyr"The rcccipt3 of the American Col onization Sjociety, for the past month, weru 82,975. . . - gSIt is stated that a "literary gentle man" of Buffalo is engaged on the "iifu of Christy, the negro minstrel. S?The City Council of Baltimore ha made provision for a Nautical School, for the education.of boys who wish to become mariners. J5"IIenry Bunnemanu, a St. Loui policeman, has been arrested for passing counterfeit money. J53A dovetailing machine has "been invented and is in use in Boston, which, it is said, enables a single woikman to dove tail with ease from eight hundred to one ' thousand bureau drawers a day. JESyGeorge Anderson, of Pettis coun ty, Missouri, states that he Lad broke and cleaned 1,600 lbs., of hemp to the acre. and challenges anybody to beat that. I KZSTwb j'oung girta, convicted of lar-' ceny at St. John. N. F.t have been sen tenced to seven years banishment from tho colony. ;. 1 J5S"Queen Victoria will not visit Paris until September next, when lhe - industrial prizes will be awarded. Only ninety American exhibitors s hare applied fur space. . JSS?"Tbe new Mayor of Cincinnati i rialling Mayor Wood in the thoroughness ' with which he is enforcing law, particular-' Jy with respect to the observance of the v Sabbath,, ' ' ' ! "V:i'. J55r"-I had rather have newspapers with- , out government, said Jefferson, "than a -government without newspapers." . E2TJohn Wesley issaid to ha re preach ed forty thousand times in fifty years. -