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Squatter sovereign. [volume] (Atchison, Kan. Terr.) 1855-1858, September 18, 1855, Image 2

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qtmiler foreign..
. "The South, and her Institutions."
STRINGFEIiLiOW & KET.T.BY. Editors.
TUESDAY , SEPTEMBER 18 1855.
ockoxxxxxxxxxxxxxxkox:
The Jef ldtertisi tig- tle-
Clrciuatioii wver
J gTJn this Paper the Lawi of
Congress are Puolislied' toy Au-
rnoriry. - -
FOR P RES I DENT,
Hon. David Atchison,
.- . "-(' . . -.
., of Missouri.
Pro-Slavery jPTo-minatitm.
FOR DELEGATE TO CONGRESS,
GEN. J. W-WHITFIELD
Election on Monday October 1st 1855.
Rtx! J. W. VThitfivid. th Pro-Slaverv
oanUJated for Delegate to Congress from Kan
sas Territory, will addresa hia fellow-citizens
at the following places at th time named : " .
Alexandria,- .
o.niVpi .... ..
. Tuesday,.-. 18th September.
.Wednesday,19th "
..Thursday,- 20th
..Friday,-.. 21 st ' " :
. Saturday,.. 22d K
..Monday,... 24th
Indianola,
Tecunuch,....
Lawrence,.-
Dr. Chapman's
Henry Sherman's .Tuesday,. . 25th
Old Potta'mie Mis.,Wednesday6th
Sugar Mound -Thursday ..27th
r r il T: J ooii.
Fort Scott, Saturday, .29th
The Contest Approaches.
On Monday the first of October, the sov
ereigns ct K-ansas 1 erntory, will be called
u;;on to appoint one of their number to rep
resent them,, ia the next Cengress of the
tt : J c... tii, .1
for that honor, from which we have to
inaKe our ciioiec, ana it wouia oe wen ior
; us n examine the claims of each, before
decidhig uporv whom to bestew our sul
ferages. The Abolitionists, Free-Soilers, Fusion-
. jsts and Nullifiers, present two candidates;
,i. e c : a t r t j
er, who has made himself obnoxious to ev
ery honest man in the Territory, and who
now has the assurance to insult our citizens,
by offering himself to represent the high
minded squatter sovereigns of Kansas
The party who present him, are composed
of men who have sworn to set -the laws of
our Territory at defiance, and have attemp
ted ta nullify tvery act passed by our re
cent Legislature. To support him, would
be virtually admitting yourself a Free-Soil-er,
and an advocate of the "higher-law,'
r nullifying doctrines. True, and loyal
men will not rally around that standard
Another man. a Mr. Perkins, standing
on the same rotten platform of nullification,
0
r is attempting to deceive the people in re
i gard to his true principles, by using the
lair ana spotless name of Democracy, to
cloak his treachery. It is ascertained be-
Vond miptinn that f Vl. nnlt mntlva tVio
1 J .,.
Abolitionists had in bringing out this
worthy ' representative of their principles,
was to divideand distract the law and order,
or Pro-Slavery party of the Territory.
How many will be caught in this trap of
the enemy, the election returns will only
tell. We have too much confidence, how
er in the sagacity of our citizens, to be
ll ve that many will be caught nibbling at
that bate. So, two of the candidates be
fore the people, are thu3 disposed of. Nei
' thercf them are fit to command the re
sped of the Kansas Squatter, much less to
represent him in Congress.
The third candidate for delegate to
. Congicss'IGerL J.' W. Whitfield, one
of our number. . A, Squatter Sovereign who
honors the name he bears. His long res
idence m the, Territory, before any of us
t ventured here, eminently qualifies him to
judge of our wants. His popularity, ac-
ables him to do more for us in Washing
"ton,:than any other man in the Territory.
Tie- is the man for the times, and the choice
of nine-tenths of the citizens of Kansas
Territory; ? Geru Whitfield, is present
ed as the candidate of the Pro-Slavery,'
or law and prdeT party. He is in favor of
enforcing the laws of the late Legislature,
and the punishment of traitors who dare
attempt to-nullify them. - He is opposed to
the organization of political parties in this
Territory, until the all important question
of Slavery issettled Let us first whip out
our natural enemy, the Abolitionists, by
xc-electing Gen. Vbitfield, and then,
if it is found necessary we can draw party
lines. But until we first make Kansas a
slave State, all men who attempt to bring
new issues into our elections, will be just
iy branded a traitors to the South. Let
curmottobe ! thenV "Pro-Slavery, Whit
field, and Victory.'
ro iJr. Kitts estimates-the nenber of
blind pecple in England 'at 18,000. We
thought it larger. "J - "
0A .new county in Kansas has been
famed : Wise in hciiox of Henry A. Wise.
Progress of tho Congrcsiiosal Canvass.
In onr last, we traced, the progress of
Gen. Whitfield", frorn the lime he I set out !
on his tour of the Territory up to Monday
cf last week, when he spoke at this place,
In the course of that afternoon and the
next morning. Dr. Davis, who had come
thus far to oppose his election and to preach
up the cause of National Democracy, be
came convinced of the error of his ways,
and returned to Leavenworth, declaring
that he would both vote and work for Gen.
Whitfield, and if possible lead Mr. Per
kins off the track. Mr.' McCauly, who
was expected to meet the General at Don
iphan in prosecution of the same plan of
opposition, likewise returned to Leaven
worth. What the feeling in Leavenworth
County may now be, we are not informed;
but if Mr. Perkins is any longer a candi
date, he confines his operations to that
County alone; and we venture to predict,
that in no other county of the Territory
will a vote be cast for him. . -
After leaving this place, Gen Whitfield
spoke as follows: on Tuesday, at Doni
phan ; Wednesday, at Palermo ; Thurs
day, at Whitehead ; Friday, at Nemeha
Agency, and Saturday, at Iowa Point. At
all of these places he had good audiences,
and was attentively and respectfully listen
ed to. There being no longer an oppo
nent in the field working in the guise of
pro-slavery, he addressed himselt exclu
sively to the issues .upon which the two
great parties of the Territory are now di-
ided. He has been bojd and fearless
in his denunciations of the higher law nul
lification party, with Iteeder at its head ;
but argumentive and persuasive when ad
dressing himself to those natives of non-
slaveholding States, who prefer to make
Kansas a free State, and are yet unwilling
to drench her soil in blood for that purpose.
The county of Doniphan abounds in men
of this description; and, if any reliance
can be placed upon their word, they will
almost to a man abjure the doctrines of the
higher law party, and cast their votes for
Whitfield.
The Free State party has been much
misled and imposed upon in relation to
some of the acts of the Legislative Assem
bly. In the absence of the acts them
selves, demagogues and other designing
men can make what impression they please
upon such soft material as these freesoilers
are foi the most pait made cf. The St.
Joseph Cycle has lent itself to the purposes
of knaves and demagogues, and has, ip
consequence, become . a sort of text book
with their dupes. There is some bad and
much doubtful material in Doniphan coun
ty, and it behooves the true men of the
county to be on the alert from this till the
day of the election.
Yesterday, Gen. Whitfield spoke at Mt.
Pleasant, in this count)', but we have no
account of what took place.. In the pros
ecution of the canva3 he will be at Tecum
seh next Friday, when a higher law con
vention will be in session at that place ;
and on Saturday he , will speak in that
hot-bed of abolitonism, Lawrence. It can
hardly be but that something of interest
will occur on one or both of these occa
sions; and, if possible, we . will have our
readers advised of whatever may happen.
Steam Ferry Boat.
Million & Burne's new . Steam Ferry
Boat, the "Lewis Burnes, will be at the
landing in this place ready to take her
place in the "Trade" this evening, after
the shortest run from Pittsburg ever made
by a Steam Ferry Boat.'. She is fast
enough for a Missouri River Packet. The
public can now be accommodated in cros
sing, better at this place than at any other
point on the Missouri River.
Beware of Secret Circulars.
We understand that a large lot of secret
circulars are ready lor distribution, and
will be circulated by the abolitionists just
before the election, so that the mistate-
ments therein contained cannot be refuted
Let our friends beworo of such political
tricks. They may well know ' that some
rascality is intended from the fact of their
working in the dark. '
Gejt. Whitfield. Thisveteran cham
pion of Southern Rights 'passed through
this city on Monday, on his way to Mount
Pleasant, where he was to address the cit
izens of that vicinity. The General is in
fine health and spirits, and seems to flour
ish in the service of the Pro-Slavery party,
May life and health be spared him to join
us in a jollification on the downfall of abo
litionism in Kansas.
XjLxctiox aickets. re have at our
office, Tickets for the . Pro-Slavery vote,
at the October election. .We hope every
Council District in this portion of our Ter
ritory, will see that a uci-ni number oi
Tickets are distributed at every voting pre
cinct, i
Reaeaiber.
The election for Delegate to Congress
comes cfTon Monday ,ihe first day of Octo
ber. Let Whitfield men be at the polls
early on the morning cf that day, PRE
PAIRED to vote !
EST The County Court of Atchison
county met in this city on Monday, and
completed Hs organization.
In Alabama the Democrats have
the Legislature by 13 majority in the Sen
ate and 20 in the House. ,
JKSeveral men to join the Kinney
) expedition, have left Chicago.
Pacts fax fha Peopla. ,
Who can read the lowing facta, end
then deny that .the Know Nothings are
Abolitionists enemies to the Sooth the
Federal Constitatfon, and the Union? 1
( IT IS A FACT That the Know Noth
ings in the free States hare elected none
but Abolitionists and Free-soilers to the
Congress of the United States.
IT IS A FACT That every Repre
sentative from the free States in the Con
gress or Senate of the United States that
the Know Nothings hare elected; or assis
ted to elect, is in favor of the repeal of the
Nebraska bill, and the repeal or modifica
tion of the Fugitive slave law. . ,
IT IS A FACT That the Know Noth
ings of Wisconsin elected Dorkee, an ul
tra Abolitionist, to the Senate of the United
States.'
IT IS A FACT That the Know Noth
ing Legislature of Michigan passed reso
lutions instructing: Gen. Cass and . Mr.
Stewart. the Senators from Michigan, to
vote for the repeal of the - Fugitive slave
law the Nebraska and Kansas bill! And
the same Know Nothing Legislature of
Michigan passed a law refusing the use of
the prisons of the State of Michigan to
the officers of the United States govern- i
ment to secure Fugitive slaves!
IT IS A FACT That the Know Noth
ing Senate of Maine passed resolutions
declaring the Fugitive Slave law uncon
stitutional and demanding its immediate
repeal and in favor of abolishing slavery
in the District of Columbia and declaring
that they would never consent to the ad
mission into the Federal Union of any
more States with constitutions authorizing
slavery.
IT IS A FACT That the grand coun
cils of the Know Nothings in Massachu
setts, Pennsylvania, and . New Hampshire
have passed strong Abolition and anti
slavery resolutions.
IT IS A FACT That the Know Noth
ings of the North are in favor of proscri
bing all white foreigners and Catholics
from office, and are at the same time in
favor of full civil liberty to all fkee Ne
groes! IT IS A FACT That the negroes of
the North vote, with the Know Nothings,
and have been repeatedly complimented
for their patriotism in thus voting, by the
Know Nothiug organs!
IT IS A FACT That the leaders of
the Know Nothings in Kentucky are, or
have been; Emancipationists, wherever
that question has been agitated, and that
they dare not, deny this statement!
The Weston Reporter.
In the issue of the first of September,
will be found an article which after divers
and sundry compliments to the Squatter
Sovereign, winds up by discovering that
Gen. Atchison, is at the bottom of a plot.
for the establishment of a Southern ' Re
public.
v e win say mis mucn, as a auty we
owe to Gen. Atchison end ourselves, Geri.
Atchison has never indicated to us his
views, on this or any other matter since we
commenced our career. He is not repre
sented, and is not intended to be represented
by any thing, which ever appeared in this
paper. What his opinion on this matter
may be we know not. We have a notion
that a paper may be conducted, without
reference to the will or opinion of any man,
but the editors. It is probable that had ours
been some what more trammeled, it might
have been be tir for it.
Of one thing we are well satisfied how
ever, unless a better feeling pervades the
North, than has been exhibited of late,
our country will have to divide.
Business of our Town.
During the last week large quantities of
goods have been put off, for the interior of
this Territory, and for Nebraska, Fort
Larimie, and the Indians.
Three trains will start from here for the
plains in the next ten days.
Our merchants are opening very heavy
stocks of goods, and can furnish them at
wholesale or retail, as low as they can be
bougnt for in St. Joseph or Weston, and
on the same terms.
S. Johnson is now opening .a splendid
stock every variety of goods suitable
lor the Squatter, or the city folks. Call
and see them for yourselves. . His object
is not to make money, but to induce per
sons to trade in Atchison.
Fall Elections. '
Elections are yet to be held this year in
ten States. In most of them, Legisla
tures and state officers are to be chosen,
and in four of thcra Representatives to
Congress. Of the latter class are Louisi
ana, Mississippi, Georgia, and Maryland,
which are entitled in the aggregate to
twenty three members The elections will
take place as follows:
Georgia,
Pennsylvania,
Indiana, .
Ohio,
Louisiana,"
Mississippi,
New York,
Wisconsin,
Maryland, .
Oct,
Tuesday, u .
1
9
; " u 9
t .. 9
Monday, Nov. 5
5
Tuesday, Nov. 6
" " 6
Wednesday " 7
' Massachusetts, Tuesday
. jKIt is "stated "that the Hannibal
Railroad will be completed from - Hanni
bal to Salt creek 3S miles, by the end of
tne year. . ,
, SSI" Dysentery is said to be very preva
leat in .Virginia. - ; ; i; '
The Kansas Legislature.
Thia illustrious body of law-giyers ad
journed on the 30ih dt-, after a tranquil
session of sixty working days, caving per
formed more legislation during that space
of time than perhaps necessity or the
wants of the people required.' Most of the
laws enacted were good . ones; because
they were fac-similies of Missouri Statu
tes ; but whenever they deviated from . a
fixed standard," we find them floundering
about like Milton's devil, when traversing
Chaos. The Kansas slave law is a diV
grace to the age in which we live it fet
ters the press takes away liberty of speech
and, the right of every free white person,
of good character to sit on juries.,
"But this is not all. In the original act,
organizing the Territory of Kansas,'. Con
gress reserved the sixteenth and thirty-
sixth sections in each' township for school
purposes. . These' are the words: "j?nd
be U further enacted ',- That when the lands
in the said Territory shall be surveyed un
der the direction of the United States, pre
paratory to bringing the same in market,
sections numbered sixteen and thirty-six in
each township shall 'be, and the same is
hereby reserved for the purpose of being
applied to schools in said Territory and in
the States ana Territories hereafter to be
erected out of the same." But what has
the Kansas Legislature recently done ?
That illustrious body has passed an act au
thorizing pre-emptions on these school lands
which never were vested in the Territory,
but reserved by Congress for school pur
poses and the title, of course resting in the
Government. Congress may grant to a
State, when admitted into the Union, the
school lands reserved this . was done in
case of California and Missouri ; but she
never yet has vested the school lands in
the Territories. And for a verv eood rea
son. There may be several States, for
aught we know, formed out of the present
territory of Kansas. Was it right, then,
for the recent Kansas Legislature to grant
away lands set aside by Congress for
school purposes and which may accrue to
some one of the different States formed out
of the present limits of the Territory ?
We understand that the town of Atchi
son falls partly upon a reserved school sec
tion, and presume that this was the reason
for such nigh-handed procedure 'on the
part of the Kansas Legislature. Be this
as it may, we speak advisedly when we
say, that those squatters who may settle
upon school lands, will not acquire a par
ticle of title thereby. We advise all our
Kansas friends, then, to beware of the
sixteenth and thirty-sixth sections, notwith
standing the action of the late Rump par
liament." . .. .
-- I,
In reading the above article we thought
we had picked up some one of our eastern
exchanges, probably the New York Tri
bune, and did not perceive , our mistake
'till we drew nearly to the close, then the
whole matter was explained.
We are no apologists for- the Kansas
Legislature. We endorse every bill t that
was passed, and some , that did not. The
"Slave Law" is one that we would not see
altered, and no true pro-slavery man in or
out of Kansas will say anything against
The " Cycle's" article jn relation to the
school lands, is simply very silly, so far as
his argument is concerned. Th editor
has either never seen tho bill, or if he has
his capacity is too limited to comprehend
it.. The bill only contemplates seeling to
those who have settled before the lines are
run, and the gentleman caution is of very
little avail, for we are at a loss to know
how a man is to "beware of the sixteenth
and thirty-sixth sections," before the lines
are run. The law was made to protect
the innocent settler, who settled at the sug
gestion of the act itself without knowing
what was sixteen cr 36 sections, and had
in . good faith, made improvements. A
man who goes on the school lands after
the lines are run, is not protected by the
bill. It is not the policy or the practice of
the general Government to hold out induce
ments for the poor hardy; pioneer, to go on
and make his, improvements, , and then to
have them taken from him as would be the
case, were settlers upon all the school sec
tions to ter driven ofT, and their improve
ments scld ' r ' , .
But the Kansas bill as quoted by- the
"Cycle, will sustain the acts of the Leg'
lslature. -; sThe lands ;wilT be "applied
plied to schools in said Territory.'' Now
we should ask who is to sell them, or how
can they be applied to school purpose, un
less the Territory sells or disposes of them.
It is not expected that the Legislature
would claim to sell all the school lands in
the Territory, for the benefit of a few
counties, at any price she could get. ; But
if the land is to be a reserved fund, and on
ly the interest used, we might sell it all at
the usual price, and no after State be injur
ed by it- But the argument of the Cycle,
goes to the extent, that the land cannot be
used for school purposes, while we are a
Territory., The .very words of' the grant
refute that. n ; ? ! ;
We will not notice the argument farther,
but wU11scaritheiofiw! which produced
the article. It leaked out in the last para
graph, which we have italicised, viz: "Atch-
tsuii laua paruy a . scnooi section. "
No man whojs .made of better material
than composed Benedict ; Arnold's charac
ter, would ever lave written such an arti-
tie from go ercTclinz c motive 1 ' Bricsr
into disgrace the Kansas Legislature for
the sake of injuring' the town of Atchison,
thereby to enhance .the value of his few
ahares of stock in a rival placev Arnold
would not have sold his country, and his
friends so cheaplv. U The whole town of
Doniphan could not hare bought him. We
can only feel contempt Yor one who thus
obviously exposes his narrow, selfish dis
regard of every thing honorable, for pecu
niary gain, or some other equally base mo
tive. - ) , , J j-'-' -, J",..' - '
Lord save us from our Missouri friend(?)
say we. We could not expect much more
from a St.- Joseph press, and a Doniphan
stock, holder. The one a very lukewarm
pro-slavery town, the other a place where
they hold Free State Conventions and Bar
becues.: ',- ; ' ' t r
There is but one other item in the above
batch of spleen and misrepresentation,
worth noticine, and that is that the "slave
law takes away the right of every free
white person of good character, . to sit on
juries." To this our only reply is, that there
is oi course no truth . in the statement.
But if it were true, and went still further
and said "of good sense," the editor above
would not be disqualified thereby..
. Kansas Legislature.
We last week gave some inklings of the
doings of the Kansas Legislature. Know
ing that the people desired to have infor
mation'more particularly about matters of
general interest rather, than about those
vexed questions, we will only add that if
every man in Kansas will attend to his
business and property, and let his neigh- i
bor's alone, the law will never disturb
him. .
This week we give a list of the roads
from this plaee. The interest law was one
that gave us some trouble, but at last was
settled by recognising money as merchan
dise and let it bring what the demand
would justify in other words, we have no
usury law, and whatever rate of interest is
agreed upon between the parties is lawful.
An exemptive law passed, by which a
homestead of the value of $750, and
household furniture, working tools, Sic. to
the amount of some S300 or $400 more is
exempt from sale under execution.
A poll tax of one dollar is imposed on
every voter in . the Territory, which must
be paid tefore a man is allowed to vote.
We passed a bill chartering a bank at
this place with a million and a half of dol
lars capital, but it was defeated by the per
fidy and contemptible jealousy of our coun
cilman, J. W. Forman, whose conscience,
if he has any, sense of shame, will force
him to resign that the people may have an
opportunity of electing a better man in his
place.
He also voted against giving this county
a third , representative, when in his own,
with less population, he gave three, at the
same time having two councilmen.
Our laws are expected to be published
by the 1st January in book form. The
most important of the laws will be pub
lished in pamphlet form. S.
' For the Squatter Sovereign.
Fellow Countrymen.
Messrs. Editors : In my former letter
I brought to your notice, a few facts :al
clated to prove that the "North" never en
tertained a liberal, or fraternal feeling to
wards the Irish emigrant. And these
facts, are of so public and historical a char
acter, that I presume no one will attempt
to deny them ; but I did not ask your at
tention to a thousand minor evidences of
that narrow minded prejudice, which seems
to be the most kindly sentiment, which the
North as a body, entertain towards our
brethren of Irish birth.
You cannot have failed to observe, that
under whatever circumstances you may
been brought into contact with one of these
devotees of liberty, you were the object of
his contempt, or the butt of his ridicule, un-
till he has become almost; if not quite con
vinced, that anything ridiculous, mean or
contemptible, is as naturally the character
istic of an Irishman, as that the nasal tone
and disposition: to interrogate, are the most
brilliant accomplishments that a Yankee
can acquire. Even if any of you do an
act worthy of commendation (in another
person) do you ever receive any more com
plimentary word, than "very clever indeed,
for an Irishman V '
Can any native of our unfortunate coun
try raise himself to any position, by either
talents or industry, that the accident of his
birth will not be an obstacle to the acknowl
edgment of his merit ? :
To these charges there are exceptions.
but they interfere not with the general
rule. '!
We are the natives of a country, whom
oppression and tyranny have made poor.
Forced in Ireland to labor that our lordly
oppressors may enjoy the thousand luxuries,
with which the Irish and English noble
men (?) surround their bloated and unnat
ural ex stence, the majority of Irish emmi-
grants are the victims oi poverty : and to
a people whor feast and fete, and flatter,
and almost worship a "Baronef or
"Lord," or a 11 Count" or any thing for
eign, which owns or borrows a title, your
poverty may be the great, cause of their
dislike, but to search for the cause .would
be a useless investigation, and after all
they, not we, are the parties to do so, the
effect is ours. -- ..
-- Where in - free America; do we see
white men clothed in the garb of slavery t
. livery- at the North, where they preach
Abolitionism, witlj a white servant ia at
.. -.mi h-rl?- ! it.' --s s t
tendance, robed in the habiliments of deg
redatioii the uniform of the serf. Such a
trifle' too:a the "ensigns armorial or
coats of arms, daubed upon the panel of ev-
erv second carriage vou meet, in any of
the Northern cities istoimimportant a mat
ter to notice, ,l)ut as a straw shows which
way the tide runs, so does this trifling
cident indicate the direction of Northern
aristocracy. To hear the North boast of
her philanthropy, and inveigh against
southern pride and - arrogance, would be
amusing if it was not so hateful. : . i f
Where too, is "Know-Nothin2ism'cher
ished most sacredly I Where is its pre
scriptive creed and illiberal principles most
congenial ? at the JVbrA. How can the
people with brazen effrontery ask for your
vote, who have in most of their cities dis
banded the Irish military companies, sim
ply because they were foreign ' born ?
'James Shields and Major McReynoIds,
have proven on the battle fields of Mexi
co, that an Irish hand is not unworthy of
an American blade. .
I cannot conceive how any party or peo
ple so unfriendly to the Irish can adopt a
platform, which drierves out support.
I do not descend to invective or abuse,
for I hold, such weapons are only fit to
defend a bad cause. I only state facts, too
well known to be disputed, and I am sin
cerely sorry that any class of republicans
cherish principles which produce, and have
uniformly produced conduct, so unfriendly
towards us, and so discreditable to them
selves ; but since it is so, I think you ought
to be reminded of it, that when an Aboli
tionist come to ask your vote, with the
manumission papers of a negro in one
hand, and the draft of a bill to disfranchise
Irishmen in the other, you may not be de
luded by his "blarney." Some of our Irish
brethren in America, behave I admit, in a
manner calculated to bring discredit on
themselves, and all who wish them well.
It would be a wonder indeed, if centuries
of suffering and oppression had not left
some of its disgusting stains on their na
tional character; but do not the great
minds which she gave the republic, "cov
er a multitude of sins," of whom we may
name Christopher Colles, who was, says
De WTitt Clinton (himself a son of the
Green Isle) "the first person who sug
gested to the State, (New York) the canals,
and improvements on the Ontari 3." Thom
as Addis Emmett brother of the gifted
but hapless Robert Emmett and Henry
O'Riley, of Telegraphic fame.
Do not the strong arms which she gave
to the American army, plead for the par
don of a degraded few. But I believe ev
ery native born American will admit, that
a few drinking, rioting Irishmen, do not
reflect so much disgrace on their country
men, as the numerous and enlightened fac
tion, who, under shelter of a "higher law"
treatHhe Constitution with contempt pro
claim it a virtue to disobey the laws of
Congress, and glory in insubordination
and treason.
I have abstained from saying any thing"
on the moral character of negro slavery,
for I am convinced that you beliei e with
me, that if the maker of the Universe, and
the christians creator, had held it sinful.
he would have forbidden it as positively as
he has done murder, theft, perjury or blas
phemy, and would not have left it to be
inferred, by some fanatical Abolitionist, or
negro insane pulpil orator. W. J.
Atchison, September ISth 1855.
Military Capacity of the South.
From the flippant manner in which some
of the Freesoil journals talk of an easy
conquest of the South, in the event of civil
war, we conclude that they have not stud
ied very attentively the resources or the
history of this section of the country. It
does not follow that, because the free States
have a majority of numbers, they can pro
duce a majority of fighting men. Their
numbers .will be required to till their fields
whilst the South, in the event of war, need
make no draft from its laboring population.
Moreover, it will possess unlimited supplies
of food, and have the additional advantage
of fighting on its own ground. "Even in
an aggressive war, the. South can in all
probability bring a more numerous army
into the field than the North. These Free
soil braggarts have forgotten, if they stud
ied, the annals of the Mexican war, which
proved that the South, even in war of in
vasion', and that of a distant land, could
out-number the more populous North. . To
that war she gave not only her due pro
ppition of money, but much more than her
due proportion of men, as will appear by
the following statement of the number of
vulunteers:
From the South Regiments 34
' ' Battalions 14
Companies 120
' Total number of volunteers 45,640
From the North but 22 regiments
were sent, and the whole num
ber of volunteers was 23,048
Thus, in the Mexican war, the t South
furnished nearly two volunteers .to the
North's one. Bear in mind that the popu
lation of the North is nearly two-thirds
greater than that of the Southland it will
be seen that the South, in the Mexican
war, furnished more , than three times her
due proportion of volunteers! . What would
she do in a war upon her own . soil in . a
war for all that man holds dear; in such a
war - as , abolition would force upon the
South? Every , male, from the boy ; of
twelve to the man of seventy, would ; bc5 a
soldier; literally and truly, the whole pop
ulation would be in arms. ; Can the Free
soilers promise themselves much from such
a tfrvUU-Richmond Dispatch. "
Virginia in Self-Dflf,
A Tast deal.of supercilious comment
aDoeared of late in tfc tm
Know Nothing and AboUtioa journaU
on an article in Th. T?;.t,j t,
urging on the people of Virginia the
ability of -further aggression and i
from the Northern section of the tjf
( fur vert n olsraiTQ ir Ks.MC.n
v w uu now,) , ,
upon the Legislature of that State the
priety of seeing to the . organization of?
militia, and the' completion oT railJ
and other means of mihtary defense.
. - We read The Enqairef'a article
out surprise, and with a full recogai.
the feelings which prompted it. CnrJ
ationr persuasion, appeals to a canall
Patriotism, a common national;.. 1
mon blood, are at an end ; and tie
only awaits the result of the next p:
dential struggle to learn whether the y0K
will indeed farce secession and dis
upon it, or whether the counsels ofoj.
ness and mutual interest will be ner; j
once more, and at the last moment, to &
umph over the demond of lanni a&j
domestic treason.
The article itself was a serious, a rn.
sonable, a regretful one. It said ta
people of Virginia "the time for argn,
is past. Fanatics do not reason : and ;
naucism is dominant at the North. TV
fend yourselves V
Strange, sad, desperate is the how i,
our nation s history, when such words neei
be uttered by the sentinels who keeD watr'n
upon the out posts'of any portion of our
people. We are not yet eighty years
from the date of our national Independence;
and are we already playing the part of tit
urecian btatee et the bidding of ne'vitfac.
edonian intriguers? Is it possible th
the ruling party, and the chief popular o-'
gans oi tne oldest and most patriotic a
States of that honored member of oar
National Confederation which enshnnes
the ashes of a Washington and a Jeffer
son see no longer a hope in the tolera
tion, the sense of justice, the obligauonsof
common honor of sister States ? Are vrs
in fact upon the brink not only of disunion
but of civil war ?
Those who comment super cilioasly npoa
The Enquirer's warning article, sneer u
such a supposition. The New York Ere
ning Post (Van Buren and Marcy)tLida
it "absurd and childish twaddle ; The
New York Times (Sewardite "ridiculous
gabble and "arrogant menace ;" and The
New York Herald (Hindoo Know Not
ing-) is quite as contemptuous in tone td
manner. Yet we cannot dismiss such so
ber and real expressions with such light
and insulting remarks. The fact remains.
Here is the oldest and most influential
journal in the Southern Atlantic State-
organ of a successful party wiih no
ih no c-
lish wiil
danger e I
mediate partisan object toaccompl
no inducement to exaggerate dang
ignore ameliorating circumstances wfcid
sees in the future so dangerous a compli
cation of national affairs as to call for ar
mements and preparations, for military
roads and militia organizations ; and which
turns away from all other resources to setk
safety alone in the ultima ratio civiiutuml
Is this a thing to sneer or mock at ?
'It were well for thV agitators of the
North to pause. The game of partisan
ship's nd demagoguism has been played far
enough. Those who do not intend to
cause blood to flow and States to sever,
have made all that can be made, with clear
consciences, out of the farce they have been
acting. Men who are prepared to go fur
ther should beware how they cross the lice
which separates demagoguism from trea
son. The Southern States are the attack
ed party. They are assailed, iusulted, of
fended wickedly and causelessly. These
in the North, who seek to quarrel with the
South are temporarily in the ascendancy.
Under these circumstances, it is right that
the South should arm. It is right it shou'J
exercise a double vigilance against its as
sailants. The best method of presenicj
peace in their case, as in all others i
to prepare for war. The "miserable place
hunters and politicians who depend upes
Northern excitements and agitations to get
office whereal, should be driven to the al
ternative of arming in their turn, or slink
ing away like the cowardly aggressor tiey
are. The Enquirer, whose course we co
not always approve, is for , once right
Waste no talk, no reasoning, no persuasioa
on these fellows. Prepare to resist their
aggressions as the best and surest mothoi
of avoiding them. And should the mo
ment come when the blow must be struck
when this noble fabric of our Union must
crumble in the dust when one section
shall hurl itself in wrathful war against an
other, and the blood of brethren be shed
to satiate the animosity of paltry partisaa
intriguers-T-there will be thousands of
thern men who will strike for the rigM
against the aggressive fanaticism whici
menaces the lives, the property, and the po
litical existence of our brethren of the Old
Dominion. . . . 1
CST A jour-printer in New York, gf
tight about the '4th of July, and whenfc
came to his senses he found himself
company with others, on board a vessel
und for St. John, and thence to the
mea. He however succeeded in nak&S
his escape at St.' John, and wonted h
way back to Nevj York, where he foacd
his family ha given him up and g8
into deep mourning.
ES?" The Texas Fever still pre
.v2s
araocz the Cattle in Monroe" county.
9 . .
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