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r etn,mnu JvortK - I HIi. " ma rietors VOL. .3.; ATCHISON, KANSAS TERRITORY; SATURDAY, DECEMBER 5y 1857, NO. 3G- mach If J urniah Agency, pis, mo. ake, and 'Ufacturer f n. r. ouis. Mo. on hand. Vce. fStftt. f locks sparate on, I85jt u at wer d's Fair. upericr the sul- rve an'in- uce their burglar o the r bell He.. & CO.. 2U Water rray St., J27 OOMS, IND sets, r repaired inpr made oved ma- orders of and Door kind of rery style lOW i'lB ailing fur jtenticn cf aska.'and y, wtaerr lur Frame) &. CO. p eyond a i city. ;lded by w points destined of those astbanlc f Atchl han and fceoted by sshopper ipon tn own Uii e induce- nd toWu ory. All S i f ob- 1 do well bulars in lent, Vetary. Udams, T, enwortb. Co., gents, Wrrant prose- 1 roan I en de Kv9 Ettl lanufac- o., keep Boics, Philos- onarie ey offer proinp ic Sta- Writins at care, Having estab- ture al- Jhort not 33tf. lersiirn- or ui TTunsai pon th La June Jagainst e year may b te, anu three will be hrn'r. rbt and 'Levee ota for QUalirv J v, CO. IS PUBLISHED KVtfRT SATURDAY MO&NIKO BY O. F. SHORT. Publication Office, foot of "Atchison et., opposite Ferry X4andin5j:? "Terms Two dollara per anaum, invariably ia advance. Single copies 10 cents, twelve cop Hs for 73 cents. - 'T' , ; To CLuasUFi copies will be sent to one . q Ten to one address jor $17. TS to ola aidreVa for W. .7 Forty to one addriS tor $60 Invariably in advance. g- Money may be sent by mail, at the risk tf the Editor. ' gr Postmasters are rsqueatsd to act as our Aeents - J- - - SlES Or ADVERTISING. For one square, ten lines or less - $1 00 U09 squac, . six months ! twelve months Two squares, three months . k six months . t 7 00 ..10 00 6 00 9 00 ....16 00 twelve inontns One qnarter of a column, three months.. -10 00 u a . six months lo 00 a" tt tt tt twelve months -25 00 One half ot a column, three months 15 00 u u a , . .six. months -25 00 n if a twelvemonths-. 40 00 One column, three months 30 Oo a a. iix months. 45 00 a a " twelve months ' 75 Oo t , ORDINANCE : Whereas, The. Government of the United States is the proprietor, or will become so, of all or most of the lands lying within the limits of Kansas, as determined under the Con stitutibn, and whereas, the state of Kansas will possess the undoubted right to tax such lands lor the Sipport of the State Goverpment, or for other'proper and legit-mate purposes conect ed with her existence asa State. NoWj there for, be it ordained by. this Convention, on behalf of, and by the authority of the people of Kansaay That the righ aforesaid to tax such lands Sball.be, and is hereby forever relin quishaJ, ir the condtions following shall be accepted and agreed to by the Congress of the United States v ., . . . . Sec. I. That sections numbered eight, six teen, twenty-four.and thlrty.six, in every town ship in the State, or in case either of said num bered sections is, or shall be otherwise disposed of .that ether lands equal thereto in value, and as contiguous y be, shalL be granted tp, the Sute to be applied exclusively to the sup- U 2. That all salt springs, and gold, silr wth.'brwjj'. or oth valuable mines, to Unda necessary for their full occupation -and tmX be granted to said state for the use and - ot: said State, and the same shall . b used, o disposed of un der such terms, and conditions, and regulations as the Legislature of said State shall direct. Sec 3. .That five per centum of the pro ceeds of the sales of all public lands sold, or held in trust1,' or otherwise lying within the said State, whether sold before or after the admis sion of the State into the Union, after deduct ing" all expences incidental to the same, shal! be paid to the.said State of Kansas, for the pur poses following:, to wit: Two-fifths to be dis bursed under the-direction of the Legislature of this State for the purpose of : aiding in con struction of Railroads within said State, and the residue for the support of Common Schools. Sec. 4. That seventy ttwo sections, or 'two entire townships shall be designated by the President of the United States, which shall be reserved for the iuse of a Seminary of Learning appropriated by the Legislature of said State oieiy to me use or eaia seminary. Sec. 6. -.That each alternate section of land now owned or which may hereafter be acquired Vv the United States for twelve miles on each ide of a tine of, Railroad to be established or located from some point on the Northern boun dary of the State, leading Southerly through said State ia the direction of the Gulf of Mex ico, and on each side of a line of Railroad to oe loeaiea ana estaoiisned from some point on the. Missouri river, Westwardly through said State, in' the direction of the Pacific ocean, shall be reserved and conveyed to said State of Kan sas for the purpose of aiding in the construc ts of said Railroads ; and it shall be the duty of the Coagressof the United States in the con junction with the proper authorities of this State, to adopt immediate measures for carry ing the several provisions herein contained into full effect Done at Lecompton, in Convention, this the sev- ? enth day of November, in the Year of our Lord one thousand eifeht hundred and fifty-seven; and of the independence of the . vr, ., unueu Biases or - America the ' eighty-second. - -'"'- J.CALHOUN, , President of the Convention. Attesli-C.' P. McElVane, Sec; of Convention. ".CONSTITUTION tor THE . , . ' STATE OF KANSAS. v PREAMBLE. . ' Wii the; people of the Territory of Kansas, or our Representative , in Convention assem bled at Lecompton in, said Territory, on Mon ly, the Seventh day of September, 1857, and of the Independence of the United States the Eighty-second year, having the right of admis sion into the Union as one of the United States of America, consistent with the Federal. Con stitution, and by virtue of the treaty of cession by France, to the United States, of the Pro vince of Louisiana, fnade and entered into on .e thirtieth day "of April, 1803, and by virtue nd ia accordance with the act of Congress, Pased March the thirtieth, 1854, entitled M An ct to organize the Territories of Nebraska a Kansas,' in order to:secure to ourselves our posterity theenjoyment of all the rights tl 1 "oer1T od property, and the free pur wtof happinessydo mutually agree with each ."toform, ourselves into a free, independent JS?f v?rif?n State, by the name and 'style of g? State of Kansas and do ordain andta uan the following ConsUtution for the goyv nuaet thereof: 6 - - , - - ICtEt'. BOUNDARIES. ' 'A We do declare and establish; ratify and r-"ii, the following as the permanent wndanes of the said "lis to say: State of Kansas, Beginning' at a point on the western I boundary of. the State of Missouri where the thirty-seventh parallel of north lati tude crosses the 'same ; thence west on said parallel, to the eastern boundary of New Mexico; thence north on said bound ary to latitude thirty-eight; thence! follow ing said boundary westward to the east boundary of the Territory of Utah on the summit of' the Rocky Mountains ; thence northward on said summit to the fortieth parallel of latitude '; thence east on said parallel to-the .western boundary of the State of ."-Missoari j thence' south .with the western boundary of said. State to place of the beginning. . ' " ARTICLE II.-- COUNTY BOUNDARIES. . , No county now established, which bor ders upon the Missouri river, or upon ei ther bank of the Kansas river, shall ever be reduced by the formation of new coun ties to less than twenty miles square ; nor shall any other county now organized, or hereafter to be organized, be reduced to less than five hundred square miles. ARTICLE III. -DISTRIBUTION OP POWERS. The -powers 'of the government of the State of Kansas shall be divided into three separate departments; the legislative, the executive, and the judicial ; and ho per son charged witn the exercise ox powers properly belonging to one of these depart ments, shall exercise any functions apper taining to either of the others, except in the cases hereinafter expressed, directed or permuted. ARTICLE IY. EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT, Sec. 1. The chief executive power in this State shall be vested in a Governor, who shall hold his office for , two years from the time of his installation. Sec. 2. The Governor shall be elected by the qualified electors of the .State.- The returns of every election for Gover nor shall be sealed up and transmitted to the seat of government, directed, to the Secretary of State, who shall deliver them to the Speaker of the, House of Repre sentatives at the next ensuing session of the Legislature ;' during the first week of winch session, me speaker snaik open anu publish them, in the presence of both Houses of the Legislature. , ;Tb,e person having the highest number of votes shall be Governor, but if . Uvo or more shall be equal and having received.. lhet highest number of 'votes, then one of the m shall be chosen- Governor by the joint ballot of both ; Houses of the Legislature. Con tested elections for Governor shall be de termined by both' Houses of the Legisla ture, in such." -manner as . may be pres cribed by law. Sec. 3. . The Governor shall be at Ipast 30 years of age; shall have been a citizen ot the United States for twenty years; shall have resided in this State at least five years next preceding the day of, his election, or from the time of the formation of this Constitution, and shall not be capa ble of holding the office more than four years in any term of six years, . Sec.' 4. He shall, at stated times, re ceive for his services a compensation which shall be fixed by law, and which shall not be increased or diminished during the term for which he shall be elected. Sec. 5. He shall be commander-in-chief of the army and navy of this State, and of the militia, except when they shall be called into the service of the United States. Sec. 6. He may require information in writing, from officers in the Executive Department, on any subject relating to the duties oi their respective offices.' Sec. 7. He may, in cases of emergen cy, convene tne legislature at the seat of government, or at a different place. if that shall have become, since their last adjournment, dangerous from an en emy or disease; arjd in case of disagree ment between the two Houses, with res pect to the time of adjournment, adjourn to such time as he shall think proper, not beyond the next stated meeting of the Legislature. '- Sec 8. He shall,' from time to time, give to the Legislature information of the state of the government, and recommend to their consideration such measures as he may deem neeessary and expedient. Sec. 9. He shall take , care that the laws be faithfully executed. Sec. 10. In all criminal' and penal cases, except in those of treason and im peachment, he shall have power to grant reprieves and pardons, and remit fines; and in cases of forfeitures, to stay the col lection until the end of the next session of the Legislature, and to remit - forfeitures by and with the advice of the Senate. In cases of treason, he shall have power to grant reprieves by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, but may respite the sentence until the end of the next Legislature. ;'. ' Sec. 11. AH commissions shall be in the name,' and by the authority of the State of Kansas; be sealed with the great seal, and signed by the 'Governor, and be attested by the Secretary "of Mate. ;.. t Sea; 12. - There shall be a seal of this State, ;which shall be kept by., the Gov ernor,and used by him officially, and T the present seal of this Territory shall--be the seal of ' the State Until otherwise directed by the Legislature. Sec. 13. All vacancies not provided for in this Constitution shall be filled in such manner as the Legislature may pre scribe." ' .. Sec. 14. The S'ecretarv of State' fthnil be elected by the qualified electors' of the estate, and shall continue in office during the term of two4 years, and until his sue-, cessor is qualified. He shall keep a fair register of all the, official acts, and prc ceedings of the Governor and shall, when required, lay ;the same and all papers,, minutes ' arid ' vouchers relative' '; thereto, before the Legislature, and shall perform such' other duties as may r be required ,by law.""."'"' ' "7" " f '"r',." "Z'- Sec. '15. Every bill winch shall have passed both Houses of the Legislature, shall be presented to the Governor; and if he approve he shall sign it; but if not, he shall return it with his. objections to the house in which it shall have originated, which shall enter the objections at length upon the journals, and proceed to recon sider it.' If, ' after such re-consideration, two-thirds of the house shall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent with the objections to" the other house, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered; if approved by twolhirda of the house, it shall be come, a law. . But in such case,, the votes of each house shall be determined by yeas and noes, and the names of the members voting for and against the bill shall be entered on the journal of each house respectively. If any bill shall not be returned by the Governor within six days (Sundays excepted,) after it shall have been presented to him, the same shall become a law, in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the Legisla ture, by their adjournment, prevent its return, in which case it shall not becomet a law. Sec. i6. Every older, resolution or vote, to' which the concurrence of both Houses may be necessary, except resolu tions for the purpose of obtaining the joint action of both houses, and on questions of adjournment, shall be presented to the Governor,, and before it shall take effect, be approved by him, or being disap proved, shall be repassed by both Houses according to the ' rule's and limitations ' prescribed in case of a bill. ' Sec. 17. A Lieutenant Governor shall be elected at the same time, and for the same term as the Governor," and his qual ifications and the manner of his election shairt?e-lhVsame"ir dec. 18.' In case of the removal of the Governor from ' office, or of his ' death. 1 failure to" qualify, resignation, removal from the State,' or inability to1 discharge the powers and duties of the office, the said office, with ns compensation; shall de volve upon the Lieutenant Governor; and the Legislature shall provide by law for the discharge of the executive functions or other necessary cases. Sec. 19. The Lieutenant Governor shall be President of the Senate, but shall have no vote except in the case of a tie, when he may give the casting vote, and while acting as such, shair receive a compensation equal to that allowed ' to the speaker of the House of Representa tives. Sec. 20. A Sheriff" and one or more Coroners, a Treasurer and Surveyor, shall be elected in each county, bv the qualified electors thereof, who shall hold their office for two vears. unless sooner removed; except that the Coroner shall hold his office until his successor be duly qualified. - ; ; . Sec. 21. A Stale Treasurer, and Au ditor of Public Accounts shall be elected by the qualified electors of the State, who shall hold their offices for the term of two years unless sooner removed. ARTICLE V. LEGISLATIVE DEPABTMEET bee. 1. The Legislative authority of "Vs! t , fr"1 be vested in a Legislature which shall consist of a Senate and House of liepresentatives. Sec. 2. No person holding office un der the authority of the United States, ex cept Postmasters; or any lucrative office underthe authority of this State, shall be eligible to, or have a seat in the Legisla ture; but this provision shall not extend to township officers, Justices of the peace, notaries public or militia officers. Sec. 3. No person who has been or may hereafter be convicted of a peniten tiary offence, or of an embezzlement of the public lunds, shall hold any office in tnis state; nor snaij any person holding public money for disbursement, or other wise, have a seat in the Legislature, un til he shall have accounted for and paid suwh money into the ireasury. Sec. 4. The members of the House of Representatives shall be elected by the qualified electors,1 and shall serve for the term of two years from the close of 'the general election and co longer. Sec 5. .The Senators shall be chosen for the term of four years, at the same time, in'the same manner, at the same places, - as are herein provided1 for roeai bers of the House of Representatives. ; Sec; 6. ' At'! the first session of the Legislature the Senate shaU, by lot di vide their ; Senators into two classes,' and the seats of the 'Senators of -the first class shall be vacated at the expiration? of the second year, and of the second class' at the expiration of the fourth year, so that one-half, -as near as -may be, may be chosen, thereafter, every two years for the term ot tour years. Sec. 7 The cumber of Senators shall not be' less 'than' thirteen, nor more, than thirty-three,' and at any tiole when the number of Senators1 is increased, -they shall be annexed by lot to one. of the two classesrso as to, keep them as iiearly equal in jiumber as possible. --: -v; Sec. 8.' - The1 number of i members" of the' House of Representatives shall not be less than thirty-nine, nor more' than one hundred.' ' "' '- :- i . : ' Sec. 9. T''The style oHtbe laws of this Stale shall be, "Be it enacted by the'Leg islatureof jie State of ; Kansas. ; " - ' SecVlO. Each House may Ifetermme the rules of its own - proceedings, punish its members for disorderly behavior, arid with the consent of two-thirds, expel a member, but not a second time for the same' offence; the names of the mem bers voting on the question, shall be spread upon the journal. - ' 1 Sec 11. Each Houses during the ses sion, may in 'its-discretion punish by fine, imprisonment, or both, any person not a member, for disrespectful or disor derly I ebavior in its presence or for ob structing any of its proceedings, provided such fine shall not exceed two hund red dollars, or such imprisQamerit hall not extend beyond the end of the session." Sec. 12. Eaclv House of the Legisla ture shall keep a journal of its proceed ings, and cause the same to be published as soon after the adjournment as may be provided by law. Sec. 13. Neither House, during the session of the Legislature, shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, (Sundays excepted.) nor to any other place than that in which tliev may be setting. bee. 14. 'The 'Senate, when assem bled, shall choose its officers, and the House of Representatives shall chose a speaker and its other officers, and each branch oi the Legislature shall bo the judge of the qualifications, elections, and returns ol its members. - . Sec. 15. A majority of each House of the Legislature shall constitute a quo rum to do business, but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day, and compel the attendance of absent members in such manner as each 'House may pre scribe. . . -s- - Sec. 16. Each member of the Legis lature shall receive from the public treas urv' sVchv' compensation for his services as may be fixed by law; but no increase' 0 compensation shall take effect during the term for which the; members were elected when such law passed. Sec. 17. Bills may! originate m 'either House, but-may be altered, amended or reiected by the other, and all bills shall be read by sections on-three several days. except on an extraordinary occasion, two third of the members may despense with such reading, but in no case shall a bill be passed without having once been read, and every bill having passed both Houses, shall be signed by the Speaker and Presi dent in the presence of their respective Houses, i ' - ; ' ' ' Sec. 18. The Legislature shall provide by law for filling ali vacancies that may occur in';either House by the death, re signation or otherwise of any of its mem bers. ' - - ' Sec, 19. -The doors of each House shall be open except on such occasions as in the opinion of the House the public safety may require secrecy. - Sec. 20. Lvery law enacted by tbe leg islature shall embrace but one subject and that shall be expressed in its title ; and any extraneous matter introduced in a bill that shall pass shall be void ; and no law shall be amended by its title, but in such case the act or section amended shall be i reenacted and published at length. . Sec. 2L Every act and joint resolution shall be plainly worded avoiding as far as practicable, the use of technical terms. Sec 22. I be Legislature shall meet every two years at the seat of Govern ment. Sec. 23. The Legislature shall provide for an enumeration of inhabitants by law. An a pnortioment of - Representatives m the Legislature shall -be provided by law- according to population as nearly equal as maybe. : ."' . -i Sec. 24. -The Legislature shall have no power to gra nt d ivorces lo change the names of individuals, or direct the -'safes of cs ates belonging -to infants or other persons laboring under lejjal disabilities by special Legislation, but by peperal laws shall confer -such powers on the courts of justice. , Sec. 25. It shall be the dutv of all civil officers of this Slate to use due diligence in the securing and rendition of persons held to service or labor in this State either of the States or Territories of the United ouiies, ana- ibe Legislature shall enact such la tv3 as may be necessary ' for l'the nonest and faithful carrying ouVof this 1 ; a ol ine institution. 5 At the first election liolden under the Constitution for members of the Stat Leg islature the Represekative and Senatorial Districts shall be as follows .-.'; r. ? The first Representative" Distnct sliall consist o! JJoniphan County and shall be entiuea -io iour -uepresentalives. - The second shall be -Atchison and shall" be en titled to tour Kepresentatives; the third shall be Leavenworth and shall be entitled to eight Representatives; the fourth shall be Brown, and iNeroeha and shalL be Ten. titled to one Representative; -the fifth sha II be Calhoun "arid Pottawatairiie ; . the sixth shall be-Jefferson and be entitled to two Representatives ; the seventh shall be Marshall and .Washington and entitled to one Represeritalive ; jthexighth shall be Riley and entitledto one Representative ; the ninth Johnson and entitled to four Re presentatives ; the, tenth Lykinsand en titled to one' Representative ; tbe eleventh Linn and entitled to two Representatives; the! twelfth Bourbon and entitled to; two Representatives ""f the thTfteenthTSrcGee, Dorn and Allen entitled to one Represent tative; the Fourteenth .Douglass and en titled to five Representatives, the fifteenth Anderson and Franklin and entitled to one Representative ; the sixteenth Shaw nee and entitled to . two Representatives ; the seventheenth Weller and Coffee and entitled to one Representative ; the eigh teenth Woodson, Wilson, Godfrey, Green, wood arid Madison and entitled to one Representative ; the nineteenth Breken ridge and Richardson and entitled to one Representative; the twentieth Davis,Wise, Butler, Hunter and that portion of country west, and shall be entitled to one Repre sentative. Total number of Representa tives, Forty-four.- The first Senatorial District shall be Doniphan, one Senator; the second Atch ison, one Senator; the third . Doniphan and Atchison, one benator ; the . lourth Leavenworth, three Senators ; the fifth Brown, Nemeha and Pottawatamie, one Senator ; the sixth Riley, Marshall.Dick- lnson and Washington, one Senator; the seventh Jefferson and Calhoun, one Sena tor; the eighth Johnson two Senators; the ninth Lykins, Anderson and Franklin one benator ; the tenth Linn one Senator; the eleventh Bourbon and McGee, one Senator; the twelfth Douglas two Sena tor; thirteenth Shawnee, one Senator the fourteenth Dorn, Allen, Wilson.Wood son, Godfrey, Greenwood, .Madison and Coffee, one Senator; the: fifteenth Rich ardson, Davis, Wise, Breckenridge, Butler Hunter and all west of DaviJ.. Wise and Butler one Senator ; in all nineteen. ARTICLE VI. JUDICIABy.. Sec. 1. The Judicial' powers of this State shall be vested in one -Supreme Court, Circuit ; Courts, Chancery Courtaj, Kou5is? ,-.WbfcSo4 Jiistice. :ctb 1 the legislature may, frorn tune to lime or dain and establish. .,7; ; ;t -f Seci 2.: The Supreme . Court, except in Cases . otherwise , directed in this Constitu tion, shall have appellate jurisdiction only, which shall be coextensive with the State, under such restrictions and regulations, not repugnant to this Corisiitution, as may from lime to time be prescribed bv law. provided, that the supreme court shall have power to issue writs of injunction, mandamus, quo warranto, habeas . corpus, and such other remedial and original writs as may be necessary to give it general superintendance and control of inferior jurisdictions. t ' . Sec, 3. There shall be held annually at the seat of government, two . sessions of the supreme court at such times as the legislature may direct. 1 Sec. 4. The supreme court shall con sist of one chief justice and two associate justices. Sec. 5. The supreme court may elect a clerk and reporter, who shall respectively receive such compensation as the legisla ture may subscribe. . Sec. 6.; The State shall be divided into convenient circuits, and for each circuit there shall be elected a judge, who shall at the time of his election, and as long as he continues in office, reside in the circuit for which he has been elected. Sec. 7. The circuit courts shall have original jurisdiction of all matters, civil and criminal, within this Mate, not other wise excepted ia this Constitution; but in civil cases only, where the matters in con troversy shall exceed the sum of one hun dred dollars. Sec. 8. A circuit court shall be held in each county or district in the State twice in every year, at such times and places as may be prescribed bylaw, aud. the judges of - the' sevejal circuit ' courts may hold courts for each other when they may deem it advisable; and shall do so when direct ed by. law. Sec' 9. The Legislature may establish a court or courts of chancery, with origi nal and appellate equity jurisdiction, and until the establishment ot such court or courts, the said jurisdiction aha '4 Be Tested in the judges of the circiui , courts re spectively, but the judge? of the several circuit courts shall have the power to issue writs of injunction returnable to the court of chancery. - - Sec. 10. The legislature shall estab lish within each 4 county in the State, a court of probate, for5 the granting of let ters-" testamentaryof administration and orDhans, business, ana tne' general super intendance of the estates of deceased per sons, and seen oinerauuesasr.taay be pre scribei by law ;. but in rioscase shall 'the have jurisdiction? In' matters oP civil 7oi criminal law, ; , - Sec 11." A competent 'nuinber of iusii- ces of th'e peace in and for each5 county shall be elected, in such mode -and lor such term of office as the legislature may direct and their jurisdiction in civil matters shal be limited to cases in which the amountl does not exceed one hundred dollars, and , in all cases tried by a justice of the peace; . , the right of appeal, shall be secured under 'I such rules and regulations as may be pie scribed by law. .r..r :. '4 . j 1 Sec. 12. The chief justice and associate , justices of! the Supreme court, and jfudgestt.' oi ine circuit court, apd courts ol chancery. shall at stated times receive for their set. . vices, a compensation which shall Jbe fixed. . by law, and 'shall, riot be diminisned.du ring their continuance in office; but they ' broceCn6r"oTdnyl other brace of Drcfit- ot trust under this State, the United States, eitner ot the other blates. or anv mhpr power, during their' continuance in office. Setr 13. JThe Chief Justice and asso ciate justices of the supreme court, shall be elected by the qualified voters of the whole btate ; the judges of the Circuit courts, by the qualified voters of their re spective circuits, and the judges of the. chancery courts, shall be elected by the ' qualified voters of their respective chan-i eery divisions, at such times and places as may be prescribed by law. : But said elec tions shall not be on the same day that the election of members of the Legisla- : ture is held. Sec 14. All vacancies in the office of chief justice and associate justices of the supreme court, and judges of the circuit court, court of chancery, and probate court, shall be filled by appointment, made by the Governor for the time being, but the Governor shall, immediately upon the re ceipt of information of a vacancy afore said, order an election to fill such vacancy, first giving sixty days notice of such elec tion. Sec. 15. The chief justice5 and associate justice of the supreme court, shall hold their offices for and during the peiiod of six years from the date of their election, ( and until their successors shall be quali fied, and provision shall be made by law for classifying those elected, so that the chief justice, or one of 'the said associate justices of the supreme court, shall be elec ted every two years; the judges of the circuit; chancery, and probate courts shall hold their offices for and during the term of four years from thedate of their elec- ' tion, and until their successors shall be qualified. ;-'V -T'fr y ?" '- fio'lfi 'Clo'rt-a' nt ' tt,r and "courts 'of probate, shall be elected by the qualilied electors in each county; and ' uu vuuantieo in sucn omce snait- oe nneq . in such mariner as the law. may direct. ' bee 17. The chief jusliceand associate justices of the supreme court, by virtue of their offices, shall be conservators of the ' peace throughout the State ; the judges of ' the circuit courts throughout their ' respec tive circuits, and the judges of the infe rior courts throughout their respective coun ties. " - - .' ; .. . - - Sec. 18. The style of all process shall ' be, The State of Kansas, and all pro secutions shall be carried on in the name, and by the authority of the State of Kan sas, and shall conclude against the peace ' and dignity of the sarne. - Sec. 19. There shall oe an Attorney General for the State of Kansas, who shall be elected by the qualified voters thereof; ; and as many District attorneys as the Leg islature may deem necessary to ne elected by the qualified voters of their respective circuits, who shall hold their offices for the ' term of four years from the date of their eleclion.xand shall receive for their services such compensation as may be established by law, which shall not be diminished dur ing their continuance in office. ' s Sec. 20. vancancies occur mg in the of fice of Attorney General, district attorn nies, clerk ol the circuit court, clerk of the court of probate, justice of the peace, and constables shall be filled in such maimev- as shall be provided for by law bee 21. The House of Representatives- shall hav-s the sole power of impeachment. bee. SE. AU impeachments shall, be tried by the Senate t when setting for that purpose tb be na tors shall be on cati, or affirmation; and no persen shall-bo- con victed without the concurrence c worlhJr.ds 04 the memberr presenV - - - - Sec. 23. The Governor and all civijr of- - ficers shall be ' liable to impeachment fox : any raisuemeaum: iu oiuce, cut judgment in such cases' shall not extend further than to removal from office and of disqualifipa tion to hold any office of honor, trusty afld profit under the Statute; bat the party con victed naii, nevertheless, be lrablet a,nd subject to indictment, trials and punife- mem accorumg 10 law. 1 . ARTICE Vtl. SLAyXBT.' Sec. 1. The right of property is befoje ' and higher than any Constitutional sanction and the right of the owner of a slave to such slave and its increase, is the same and as inviolable as the right of the own- ' ' er'of; any property whatever. '" " Sec. 2. The Legislature shall have no j, power lo pass laws for the emancipation, slaves without the consent of the qrjep, or without paying the owners previous to their emancipation a full equivalent in mo , ri'ey for "thp ?Iavcs so eriiaricipaled. " They'. shall have no power to prevent migranls' " to the" state, from bringing wilh ibem stch., persons as are deemed slaves by thie of any one of ihe United States brTerf. :-, lories, so long as any person of the same age or description shall be continued in slavery by the law of this State: Provi ded that such person t or slave be the IjQBf t' CO.