Newspaper Page Text
The JEnoxville Journal.
f, c. BAKKEK, PubliAar. KXOXV1LLE, IOWA, (JtKBENT PAHAURAF1&* Foreign Gossip. —The French Government has decided to erect a monument near the Swiss frontier in commemoration of the gener ous course of conduct which was adopted by Switzerland toward the prisoners of Bourbaki's army. The monument will represent Exhausted France confiding her children to Switzerland." A commission appointed by the Ot toman Government has declared that the true plague has broken out in the neigh borhood of Bagdad. Quarantine has been established round all the affected districts. It is worthy of note that a similar outbreak took place in the same district in 1*V7. caused then, as now, by severe privation among the inhabitants. —An English merchant living at Li nares has lately been seized in the Sierra Morena by armed bandits, who have de manded a considerable sum for his ran som. Advices from Madrid intimate that representations on the subject had been made to Marshal Serrano's Government by the British Minister. The Hindoo Patriot and Tndiav Jour nal says the famine has produced a re former in the person of Pundit Ajooda Pra-ad, who has succeeded iu teaching the Hindoos that work is worship. He is himself a Brahmin of high caste, and has given practical example by working steadily with a pickax and hoe. It would be interesting to see the effect of the teaching of this high-caste Brahmin on gome of the more civilized nations of the earth who do not altogether hold that work is worship. —A singular duel has just been fought stTuelle. The combatants were both officers. One had been wounded in the wrist during the late war, and it was, consequently, decided that the battle should take place with pistols and not swords, as originally intended. The usual preliminaries having been gone through, the handkerchief was dropped, both tired, and one was wounded—not by his opponent, but by the recoil of his own weapon, which was so strong as to frac ture his jaw. Fighting a duel and wound ing yourself is certainly the last way out Of satisfying honor." —An interesting little establishment, gays the I'oil Mall Gazette, has just been broken up at Trebizond under circum stances which have created, if not a scandal," at least a sensation in that place. It appears that for some time past Trebizond has been kept in a state of uneasiness owing to the proceedings of this household, which consisted of a father, six sons and one daughter. De lightful as was the charm which reigned over their domestic circle it did not ex tend beyond the hearth, for unfortunately the family weakness was murder. In a brief space of time the eight persons composing the family managed to get through, according to the Trebizond cor respondent of the Levant Herald, no few er than 2IJ5 murders. Out of this num ber the gentlemen of the family were each respon-iblc for thirty murders, while the young lady only committed twenty five, though, but for premature interfer ence of tiie authorities, it is considered probable that she would have completed an equal number. The predecessor of the present Governor most ungallantly caused her to be arrested, together with her amiable parent and four of her broth ers. It is not stated what became of the remaining brothers, but the poor old gen tleman was hanged about three months ago, and two of his sons met with a sim ilar melancholy accident on the 25th of last month. The other two and the young lady are still languishing in captivity, and much anxiety is felt on their behalf for, unless the local judges take a lenient view of iheir offenses on account of their youth, they have but a poor chance of resuming their position in society. Al together it is a sad story, and it is not surprising that these young people and their misfortunes have of late been the tiUc of Trebizond. Personal and Literary* —The Boston Globe wants Weston to indk against a buzz-saw. —The veteran Phinnev has driven a Stage between Hartford and Southing ton, Conn., for nearly forty years, and daring that time has been the carrier of more than $10,000,000. —Collins Graves, the hero of the Mill River flood, was one of the successful bidders for the contract lately awarded by the County Commissioners tor rebuild ing the roads* in Williamsburg. —Mrs. Theodore Tilton is the mother of four children —Florence, age^ sixteen Alice, aged fourteen Carroll, aged eleven, and Frankie, aged five. They are said to be very handsome and intelligent. —Mr. John Lothrop Motley does not recover his health as thoroughly as his friends expected. His physician has ad vised him to abstain wholly from literary work and allow his nervous system en tire rest. —Speaking of cremation recently dur inga discourse in Westminster Abbey, the Bishop of Lincoln said he could con ceive nothing more barbarous or unnat ural than to relight those funeral fires that had been extinguished fourteen centuries ago by the silent influence of Christianity. —Rev. Newman Hall, of London, at th® recent laying of the memorial-stone of I Jncoln Tower, to be built by Ameri cans in his own church, said the stars and stripes are to be inwrought on the stone of his memorial tower, and that the British lion and the American eagle will ornament its angles. —What a commentary upon early mar riages is supplied by the telegraphic an nouncement from Fonda, N. ., the other day: "Mrs. Anna Jefferson, fifteen vears of age, committed suicide on July $3, by taking arsenic. The cause of the act was domestic trouble." Poor child! a wife at fifteen and a self-murderer through do mestic trouble. —-The Hon. A. H. Stephens and Mr. Robert Toombs, of Georgia, have settled their differences and announce in a joint card "that the recent quite notorious alienations between them, arising from misapprehensions or misunderstandings of whatever character on either or both sides, no longer existand that the cor dial friendship which had for nearly forty years bound them together by a tie as strong as brotherly attachment until this short interruption is again perfectly re stored. —-Tin? lecture bureaus of this country, in their search for English celebrities wiU hardly venture to make application to Mr. Ruskin, who lately expressed his contempt for lecturing in terms more re markable for force than courtesy. In reply to an invitation to lecture in Glas gow* he thus expresses himself: Every body wants to hear—nobody to read, no body to think to be excited for an hour, and, if possible, amused to get the knowledge it has cost a man half his life to gather, first sweetened up to make it palatable, and then kneaded into the smallest possible pills, and to swallow it homeopathic-ally and be wise—this is the passionate desire and hope of the multi tude of the day." Industrial. —Mr. Froude, a British authority on the shape and behavior of ships, consid ers parafline the best material for mod els because it costs less than wood, can be easily shaped, and may be remelted as oftenas desired. —The Amalgamated Society of Engi neers, having its headquarters in En gland, is deemed the greatest and most successful trades-union in the world. It began this year with 42,381 members and $1,000,000 in the treasury, while ia 1853 it had but 9,747 members and $26,940 on hand. It is contemplated to send two scien tific expeditions from Archangel next summer, one into the district of Kerne and Russian Lapland to make geological studies and explore the traces of ancient glaciers the other to the shores of the White Sea to carry on geological explo rations. —A small steamboat, which is claimed to be the fastest in the world, possessing a speed of 24.01 miles per hour, has been constructed in England for the East Indian Government. The dimen sions of this extraordinary little vesse are: Length, eighty-seven feet beam twelve feet draught of water, three feet nine inches. —A process in engraving is described, called pyrostereotypy, which consists in preparing a matrix by a peculiar method of burning it into wood and then taking a cast of it in an easily fusible metal. In this operation the design is first traced upon the surface of the prepared wooden block, and the block is then placed before a machine tool of peculiar construction, the essential part, of which is a delicate blade of metal capable of being alter nately advanced and withdrawn with rapidity. A jet of flame directed across this implement heats it to redness, and in its rapid thrust it burns away the wood before it, leaving a perfectly sharp in cision. This process of engraving is not intended, however, for the production of lines of extreme delicacy, but has been adopted very successfully in preparing the geological map of France and some other similar works. —An electrical recorder has been in vented in England which is used to re cord the number of passengers in an om nibus or street-car. This ingenious in strument is fixed in some convenient part of the vehicle: all the seats are in con nection therewith^and every passenger by sitting down makes contact and re cords his presence. The record is a strip of paper on which four pens make a se ries of lines and marks. The first line counts the minutes spent on the journey the second line marks the speed and the stoppages the third line counts the number of inside passengers within each minute of the time line, and the fourth line does the same for the outside passen gers. All this goes on, so to speak, of itself the passengers are unconscious of it the conductor cannot hinder it, and so at the end of each journey the inspector tears off the strip of paper and finds thereon an exact account of the number of fares he ought to receive. The appli cations of this instrument are obviously manifold, but in the manner described it is likely to be of the most utility and su persede all other contrivance* for the purpose. Religions and Educational. --The grammar and hitch schools of Boston graduated this year 1,600 pupfls. —Rev. Robert Laird Collier, of Chicago, has agreed to preach to the Unitariancon gregation at Leicester, England, for one year for £600. —The Memphis Appeal says that the success of the feminine school teachers in that city has made the sex the favorite one in instruction. —Rev. Wm. M. Taylor, D. D., pastor of the Broadway Tabernacle, New York, has been in the ministry twenty-one years, during all which time he has not been prevented by illness from preaching for a single Sabbath. —The Catholic. World claims that there are at least Ji-W,000 girls in schools pre sided over by nuns of the Roman Cath olic Church in the United States, and that at least 60,000 of these are poor children, educated free of expense. —It is said that the wife of the Rev. Henry W. Hale has taken the entire course in the Newton (Mass.) Theologi cal Seminary with him, and received the usual degree—the first ever conferred on a woman by that institution. Both of them are under appointment as mission aries. —Rev. L. W. Bacon, who is now in Switzerland, writes to the Congregation alixt, of Boston, that the only question among thoughtful men in Europe is not co much whether the separation of Church and State will take place, as when it will be effected. He finds the American idea of voluntary support of the institutions of Christianity growing with great rapidity. —You can lie by lifting up your eve brows you can lie by a nod you can tie by silence. In other words the inten tional producing on another person's mind an impression not in accordance with the truth is what I understand by not being truthful. The voluntary pro ducing on another man's mind an im pression that is true is what I understand by being abvolute truthful.—Cor. Christian Union. —A Methodist parson called to preach at an out-of-the-way town in California was informed before eutering the pulpit that he must be careful, as many of the assembled congregation were roughs," and would not hesitate to disturb him if his remarks didn't suit. The holy man made no reply, but having reached the desk he took from his pocket two revolv ers, and placing one on each side of the Bible gave a sharp glance around the hrtuse and said: Let us pray." A more orderly service was never conducted. MiaeellaneouH. -—In Missouri after the 1st day of Jan nary, 1876, every person in order to be come a voter must be able to read and write and in Florida, after 1880, a simi lar qualification will be required. —Play is to be distinguished from mus cular exercise. This is necessary to feMitfc, imtit alone nut pla? aad can not supply the need of it. A working man has all the exercise that he needs but not the less he needs recreation. That comes only from play. —Above the snow line of the Wind River chain of the Rocky Mountains vast beds of fossil oysters have recently been discovered, and as an evidence that they were nor lifted from the sea by a violent upheaval, the strata where they rest is undisturbed, and the beds are invariably in the exact position where they grew in the ancient ocean. —Boston has a mineral-water man of whom it cannot be said when he pegs out that he died and made no sign, for this is the way his sign reads: Sodastarvichy blueliek"selfzergeyser pavillionhawthorn congressempirehighrockgettysburgbittcr- wasserbelhesdaweldengingerulcandcitra teofmagnesiaondraftinbottles and RASi'nKRKY sy phons." —From an investigation recently con ducted in Petersburgh, Mich., into the cause of the epidemic of cerebro spinal meningitis, with which the locality has been afflicted during the past spring, there appears ground for ascribing the prevalence of the disease to some poisons in the food of the people. Experiments conducted many years ago showed that grain affected with smut was capable of producing violent illness. Ergot of wheat is more active even than ergot of rye. The examining physician in the present case reports that the crop of the first-mentioned grain raised in the vicin ity last year contained much more smut than usual. It is, therefore, possible that the disease is due to the consumption of bad Hour.—Scientific American. Making Match-Sticks. The process of cutting small, round sticks used for matches is an interesting one, and in writing this description we shall endeavor to make it clear to the reader in as simple language as possible. It must be borne in mind that making match-sticks is one branch of business— applying the composition another. After the pine logs are reduced to plank the next operation is to cut them into blocks four and five inches in length, by means of small circular saws. They are then assorted by boys, preparatory to being fastened to the great wheels, to be cut into match-sticks. Pine slabs obtained from the sawmills to manufacture blocks are found to answer the purpose well, as the lumber in them is of the best quality. In thus utilizing the refuse lumber there is great saving. Few people have a cor rect idea how match-sticks are made. In the first place th^re is an immense wheel twenty feet in diameter, with two six feet faces or breasts, much resembling an old-fashioned overshot" water-wheel, on which these blocks are fastened in rows by means of clamps or screws. The machinery is of such a powerful character that the frame work on which this ponderous wheel is hung is composed of heavy oak timbers, twelve by sixteen inches, resting on a solid stone foundation twenty-five feet by twelve and five and one-half feet deep, laid iu cement. The necessity for such a firm foundation will be readily seen when the reader is informed that this wheel makes twenty-one revolutions in a minute, and must not vary a hair's breadth in its motion. The face of the wheel being loaded with blocks, the prdecss of cutting the sticks is commenced. A rest, similar to an iron lathe, is placed hi front of the breast of the wheel, which is moved right or left, on the lathe ]riitoi ple, by means of screws, etc., on which a number of small steel cutters, with holes like an eyelet, are fastened. These cut ters are adjusted so as to face the blocks, and as the wheel revolves each one cuts a splint out of the wood and drf»ps it be low. There are sixteen of these cutters or punch-like chisels to each wheel, and the number may be increased to thirty two if necessary. The principle upon which the match-stick is made is the same as that used in olden time for mak ing rake-teeth round, which consisted in driving a piece of wood through a steel tool having a hole in it with sharp edges, the large revolving wheel In this case serves as the propelling power, ands force the faces of the blocks that are securely fastened to its outer surface through the small steel eyelet-like hole in the end of the tool, and a splint is cut out almost with the rapidity of lightning, and dropped below. The machine is so per fectly adjusted, and works with such exact minuteness, that it cuts 100 splints from every solid inch of timber—no more, no less. This fact has been demon strated. The delicate cutting tools are moved horizontally at right angles with the face of the wheel by a screw, which moves the row of cutters exactly the thickness of a match-stick, from left to right, at each revolution of the large wheel. Each pair of cutters has a sec tion of blocks to pass through, six, eight to ten inches, as the ease may be, which when performed, the tender, by the turn of a small wheel, brings thern back to the starling point, sets the cutters by the turn of another small wheel, and they start again across the breast of the large wheel. As the round splints are cut out of the face of the block it as sumes a corrugated appearance, not un like the face of an ordinary washboard, and when yie machine starts on the next cut the projections, forming one-half of the splint, are cut out, thus alternating the corrugations. The two machines thus in operation will cut twenty-four gross of sticks (7,200 to the gross) per minute, with sixteen cutters to each, or, in the aggregate, 172,800 per minute, 10,368.000 per hour, or 108,680,000 per day of ten hours.— Scientific American. Ckkam.—Itub a quart of raspberries, or raspberry jam, through a hair sieve, to take out the Beeds, and then mix it well with cream sweeten with sugar to taste put into a stone jug and raise a froth with a chocolate mill as your froth rises, take it off with a spoon, and lay upon a hair sieve. When, you have got as much froth as you want, put what cream remains into a dvep china dish or punch bowl, and pour your frothul crewu upon it high a* it will lie on. Lemow Custard Pie.—For two pies Mix together the yolks of six eggs (well beaten), four heaping tablespoonfuIs of white coflee sugar, the grated rind of three la#ge lemons and about one pint of milk. Bake iu one crust put on a frost ing made of the whites of four eggs, four tablespoonfuls of white sugar and the juice, of three lemons bake till the frost ing k a pule brown. A Postoffice agent, traveling in Texas, tells of a successful use of the gall of a rattlesnake as an antidote for the bite of that reptile. In the case spoken of, re lief w as almost instantaneous to the pa tient, w ho was writhing in paroxysms of great pain, and rapidly swelling and be- ©ur Young Folks. TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN BY K. MT. EASTERBROOK9. I won't etay at home till I'm faded and gray I wilt nee the world. I declare Aud the monec stuck hi* tali in a dceperate way Through the hole at the foot of the stab. My father and mother can travel aboil* But I must stay home till I die The.v nay I'm too nimple, too small tO go 6Ut, Aud think thenieelveu wiser thaa 1. 1*11 show them if I can be truatea or BO, If I'm not as cunning ae they: The thii.gs they call cats will not find me slow But I cau keep out of their way. "I shan't lose my breath as war done. Mother baa Nor my tail, as my grandfather did. The truth is. they're getting too old S fun. While 1 am as spry as a kin."' So he twisted about with hi' stlflfllttli! tall Till it Muck where his head bet'nn Then xtarted to walk to the old kitchen pail That flood 011 the bright yellow iioor. Twas onite an excursion —at lea4, be thought, As h« cautiously traveled ahead. "How silly." he murmured, that mi» should be caught. Who should do the catching instead. Let the things they call cats bother me. If they dare: I'll carry them home for my t»a." And the numse looked about with a confident air For the creature* he thought them to be. That great furry muss lying there In the can Wa» a monntaii:. without any doubt. He never imagined the tiling could be one Of the cut» ne'd been cautioned about. 80 he walked to Its side in a critical way. An soft as itself and as bold. When—.woop went a paw on his jacket of grav, And, well, what remains to be told? The old parent mice came borne early that night. And parked the old cat on their way. Uer juMx were all bloody, aud close at her riirht Lav the la*t final end of the poor little mite Who thought himself wiser than they. —-V. Y. I Mi'tpendtttf. STRAWBERRY1NU ON THE MOUN TAIN. BY r. TIIOHNE. One Friday night, the children all came racing home from school out of breath. Dinner-pails, sun bonnet, hats, were all dropped on the kitchen lloor. Where's mother?" was the chorus. In the pantry," and into the pantry tumbled all the children. Mother, can we go strawberryin' on the mountain to-morrow?" Hoy and Lois and Chet are going, and they want us to go, oh, perfectly awful!" "-Hoy knows a place up in his father's pasture where the berries are thick as hair. Y'ou can pick a bushel in no time, liov said so." When Mrs. Kendall had said "Yes," the next thing was to hunt, up pails and baskets to carry, for they were to start right after breakfast, and farmers'break fasts come pretty early in summer time. Their forethought proved unnecessary, however, as the next morning they were all wide awake when the birds began to sing, and up long before breakfast. A thick fog made everything look gloomy at this early hour, especially the children's faces. Aaron was known to be a reliable weather prophet, so out to the barnyard they all went, where Aaron was milking. Aaron, do you think it's goin' to rain to-day* Aunt Olive says it is, because the water boiled out 01 the pot so yes terday.'' Aaron said nothing for a minute. Spirt, spirt, went the straight white streams of milk on to the pail bottom, while the chil dren stood anxiously around, feeling that everything hung on Aaron's words. VYa'al," said Aaron, finally, with de liberation, 1 dun'no. Praps your Aunt Olive is right, but 1 guess that rain wou't come afore to-morrer. Things are fixin' that way, but 'twon't come to-day. Too many cobwebs on the grass—the swal lows Ilew too high last night. It was clear as a bell when I went to bed last night. But it's goin'to be a mighty hot day. If you younkers don't sweat some pit kin' berries out on the mountAn, I'll lose my guess." When the sun was up a little higher his rays began to penetrate the fog, and presently away it rolled in fleecy clouds up the mountain-side und oil into the blue sky, where it soon dissolved und disappeared. The children could eat but little breakfast, they were so excited. They said they weren't hungry when their mother remonstrated, and they didn't believe they should want any lunch either but when they were about starting Mrs. Kendall appeared with a heavy lunch-basket. Let's not look in it," suggested Millie, "bo's to be surprised bimc-by. Mother always puts in such good things." Teddy insisted 011 carrying two big baskets, in spite of his mother's advice. "IJooh!" he said, "I gues* I can fill these easy enough. I'll fill the lunch basket, too, after we've emptied it." If you bring home enough so we can have a short-cake for supper Sunday night, I shall be satisfied," said Aunt Olive. At the gate they met Roy, I/Ois and Cbet, all laden with baskets and tin pails. Hose seemed to think he could pick strawberries too, as he was bounding around Iloy in great delight, evidently feeling himself one of the party. They climbed the rail-fence, and struck into the field that lay between them and the mountain's foot, feeling as bright and joyful as the morning itself. It was such a pleasant morning. Every thing was flashing with dewdrops, even to tlie airy cobwebs on the grass the shadows still lay long and cool across the fields bird songs rippled from every tree and bush, and the air was fresh and sweet with clover fragrance. They lengthened the way by chasing the little yellow but terflies, by catching bumble"-bees in their hats, by seeing who could walk longest on top of a rail fence without falling off, by trying buttercups under their chins to see who loved butter. Crossing a piece of woods, Ralph found a nice sassafras bush, which they dug up for its spicy root. Then they came to a young moose wood tree. Aaron says the Indians used moose wood bark for strings." said Ralph. We'd better get a lot of this." Iiut finally it was resolved to leave this, some swamp-apple flowers the girls wanted, and various other treasures of the woods, till they returned. After crossing the swamp by jumping from tuft to tuft of the long grass, they be gan to ascend the mountain. Down un der some low bushes in tlie grass, Ralph, who always saw everything, discovered a ground-bird's nest While they stood admiring the cunningly hidden nest, vith its four speckled, brown and white ggs, the ground-bird came, and flew back aud forth as near their heads as she iLu&df wiili ji'i.ful til 1 Pin* must be harder-hearted than our chil dren were to resist such an appeal. They passed on, leaving the little home unmo lested. To look at a mountain is one thing to climb it quite another. A mountain is so deceptive. From the bottom it looks one even slope to the top but once com mence the ascent, and you find valleys and gorges you never mistrusted below. There seems to be almost as much down hill as up. The children pressed stoutly on, stumbling over rocks and stones', slip ping up in steep places sometimes, and catching on unnumbered bushes and bi iars. The more accidents happened, the more they laughed. Finally only Deacon Foskett's pasture lay between them and Mr. Whittakcr's field, where the berries grew. The farmers who lived in the valley turned their cattle out into the mountain pastures for the sum mer. Mitlie remembered hearing that Deacon Foskett had a tierce bull in his pasture, so she was afraid to cross it, though not a creature was in sight. We'll leave you behind if you won't come 011," said the others, after trying in vnin to persuade her. They went on across the pasture, while Millie sat crying on the stone wall. The unkindest cut of all was that Lois should go over to the enemy. All the pleasant ness of the day was darkened she wished the hadn't come. As Lois climbed the opposite wall she looked back at the disconsolate figure of her friend iu the distance. She had not felt quite comfortable in her mind before. Now she said, low, to Roy, I think it's real mean in us to go ofl and leave Millie like that." She needn't be such a 'fraid-catthcn," said Roy. She can't help it. Folks is different. Come, now, Roy, you go back and bring her 1 guess she'll come now. You ain't afraid, are youf" "No, sir-ee. Come on, Bose," and, whistling to Hose, back Roy went across tine field. Millie hopped down to meet her deliv erer, smiles radiating her tearful coun tenance. They started back together, liillie's fear overcome by her desire to join the rest. "Oh!" she said, "how good you are, Roy. I'll never—oh! mercy, Roy, there he comes now! What shall we do?" The bull had actually come out from behind a clump of young pines, and stood starinir in ama/.emcnt at the strangers. He seldom saw people out hero on the mountain. If we run for it, I guess we can get across," said Hov, and, taking Millie's hand, he headed for the wall, behind which the other children stood, worse frightened, if possible, than Roy and Millie. Rov's course was not the wisest. If tlicy had walked quietly along the bull might not have molested them, but see ing them in flight he at oncc started in pursuit, stopping now and then to paw the ground fiercely, bellowing and toss ing his head iu a warlike manner. Roy and Millie ran as fast as they could, but between fright and running their breath was fast, giving out they were still some way from the fence, and the bull was rapidly gainingon them. Millie, dragged along by Hoy, stumbled on in a sort of blind fright, beyond screaming or crying. Old Hose was prow ling along the stone wall looking for possible woodchuck holes, when suddenly he heard all this uproar, and realized that bis master was in danger. At qnce all his war spirit was roused, and ho ruHhed to the rescue. In he darted, seizing the bull by the throat. The bull, unprepared for this sudden assault, stopped and tried to shake himself free. Hut old Hose shut up his eyes and hung grimly on, with a grip like iron. When Hoy and Millie were fairly over the fence Hose let go his hold, and was ofl'and safely away be fore the infuriated, clumsy animal had time to recover himself and pursue him. The children ran till some bushes hid them, and then threw themselves down on tlit ground to rest and recover breath. Old Hose limfted along after them, lame in one foot which the bull had stepped on, but otherwise uninjured. Kvcry one patted him and made much of him. Well," said Hoy, "what do you think of Hose now?" I'll never call him homely man's dog again," said Millie. "And when I'm grown up, Hoy, I'll write a book about it and put you and Hose in it." Don't say anything about me, it makes a fellow feel so spoony. And, my young iend, as the committee say when thev make remarks, let me give you a little good advice. Don't you be so silly again. If you'd come right along in the first, place we shouldn't have had all this row.' Don't you two get to quarreling again." said IA/IH. I shan't ever quarrel with Roy again," said Millie, no matter what he does." "Let's cat our dinner now," proposed Teddy "I'm starved to death." "So am I," said every one. Now, I'll tell you what," said Ralph 'tain't anywhere near dinner-time yet. Let's pick some berries first and rest while the sun is the hottest." The rest were reluctantly obliged to admit the force of Halph's remarks, so the lunch baskets were left in a shady spot, in Hose's care, and they went to picking berries. How good the berries made their fingers smell, and how fresh and delicious they tasted! Only every other one, on an average, ever reached the baskets. It is surprising how many strawberries it takes to cover the bottom of a big basket. At least so Teddy thought. Then the sun poured down such hot rays that their heads swam and they were really diz'/.y stooping over. He/ore long even Ralph was ready to think it fully dinner-time. Under the thick, wide spreading shade of a big oak tree a spring oozed out of the mountain-side, making a little pool of clear, pure water, and then trickled away down the hill, marking its course by the brighter green of the grass along its way. The boys threw off their hats, lay down ou the ground, and drank right out of the spring. Lois and Millie made cups out of maple leaves that would hold considerable water if they were very spry 'I be oak tree's shade made a pleasant dining-room. It seemed so cool and shady after being out in the hot sun, and there was such a fresh, sweet-ferny, pasturey" smell, as Millie said. Scat tered rocks, bits of the mountain's back bone pricking through, made capital backs to the soft, grassy seats. Down below they could lwok ofi over miles and miles of the Connecticut valley. There were houses, farms, villages the fields looking like patchwork with their dif ferent-colored crops, glimpses of the winding river shining in the sun, and far beyond, liills and mountains the children had never seen before In the north west, Mt. Monadnock towered up. They tried in vain to distinguish grand IB#'#. JWii," Wlpm •••„. v- last Sunday nights. That remarkablo eminence seemed to have mingled indis criminately with a whole chain of moun tains off" in the southwest. The lunch, spread out on newspaper table-cloths, made a goodly show, there were such broad, thick slices of breatl and butter, such "hunks" of ginger bread, such generous triangles of apple pie, such lots of cookies, doughnuts and cheese. Mrs. Kendall's surprise was some large cranberry-tarts with crimped edges, one apiece for every one. This is what I call jolly," said Roy, making a large semi-circular hole in a slice of bread and butter. 1 never ate such good bread and but. ter as this," said Ralph, who had swopped slices with Roy. Don't you think it's very romantic to eat outdoors, Lois?" asked Millie, as she dotted her bread over with straw berries. Ye-es, but there's a good many bugs. I didn't know there were so many kinds of bugs in the world," said Lois, gazing in some dismay at the variety of black, green, white and striped ants, grasshoj) pers and Hies, sticking in various attitudes of distress all over the tarts. I'll eat your tart, Lois, if you're afraid to," generously proposed Ohetty, sitting on the grass, his short legs spread wide apart. Old Hose sat near by, his tongue lolling out of his mouth, his face wearing an in sinuating smile, thumping the ground vigorously with his stumpy tail. Around his neck was a wreath of oak leaves tlio f)ogshad irls made in honor of his heroism. really seem more sensible than people. Here was old Hose. He had done a brave deed everyone praised him he was the hero of the occasion yet ho put on no airs, sat meekly in the back ground and snapped up thankfully the many bits of dinner thrown him. Although the lunch was a large one to look at it proved an uncommonly small one to cat. Everyone could have made way with more. "Especially could a few more tarts have been easily disposed of. Hut there was no help for It, so they all fell to picking berries again with a will. When Millie's basket was two-thirds full, as she and Lois were bent over pok ing under the strawberry leaves, some thing rustled and wriggled under the grass, and Hoy called out: Look out, girls! A snake!" Hot It screamed and ran, Millie dropping her basket, spilling her berries and fall ing down in the midst of them. The boys all laughed long aud loud. "Twa'n't a snake at all," said Teddy, finally it was only a long, crooked stick Roy had.". Millie's face flushed. She was on tho point of felling Hoy just what she thought of him, when she remembered his kindness in the morning, and her vow never to quarrel with him again. So she said nothing, but went to work, with Lois' help, picking up such of her ber ries as were unmashed. If Millie had only scolded, Roy would not have cared at all but now he felt rather ashamed. Never mind those old berries," he said. "Here, Millie," and he turned half his berries into her basket. "1 can get plenty more," he said. hen the sun was low down in tho west tin- children started for home, laden with bunches of pink and white mountain laurel blossoms, and with a good many berries, considering, though it must be confessed Teddy had only half filled one basket. They found it harder work going down the mountain than coming up. If they ran, they were sure to trip and fall down, and it was such hard, jerky work to hold back. Chetty's short legs ached so he could not help crying. About sundown Mrs. Kendall, feeling a little anxious, went out to tlie gate. The laggards were just insight—such a tired, dirty, dragged-out looking set of children, with such strawberry-stained mouths. Oh, mother, we've had such a splen did time! See what lots of berries we got. And 0I1, our legs ache so!" Ami we're hungry an bears," added Teddy. 1 never was so hungry in my life," said Halph. I could cat Ty up alive this minute," said Millie, picking up Ty, who rubbed his head into her neck affectionately, little fearing her cannibal designs. Large bowls of berries and milk,eaten on the back-door steps iu the dewy twi light, soon filled the aching voids within, and then the children wen only too glad to go to bed.—Christian I'nion. The Kxtent of the I niverse. Binck the beginning of this century our idea of the universe has undergone a complete metamorphosis, though but few persons appear to recognize this fact. Less than a century ago the xatantt who admitted the earth s motion (some still rejected it) pictured to themselves the system of the universe as being bounded by the frontier of Saturn's or bit, at a distance from the central sun equal to 10!»,)00 times the diameter of the earth, or about WH),0M),000 miles. The stars wer a fixed, spherically distrib uted, at a distance but a little greater than that of Saturn. Heyond this limit a vacant space was supposed to surround the universe. The discovery of I'ranus, in 17N.r), did away at once with this belt, consisting of Saturn's orbit, aud the frontier of solar domination was pushed out to a distance of 1,5)00,000,(KK) miles from the center of the system, that is to say, beyond tho space which was vaguely supposed to be occupied by the stars. The discovery of Neptune, in 1840, again removed these limits to a distance that would have appalled our fathers, the orbit, described by this planet being 2,802,000,000 miles from the sun. Hut the attractive force of the sun ex tends farther still. Beyond the orbit of Uranus, beyond the dark route slowly traversed by Neptune, the frigid wastes of space are traveled over by the comets in their erratic courses. Of these some, being controlled by the sun, do not leap from system to system, but move in closed curves, though at distances far greater than those of Uranus and Nep tune. Thus Halley's comet recedes to a distance of over 3,200,000,000 miles front the sun the comet of 1811, :J0,(K.K),(K»0, 000, and that of 1080,75,000,000,000 The period of the last-named comet is 8.M00 years.—From" Dixtan^n of the Start," 4m Popular Science Monthly for Auyuat. —There appears to be some change in the style of wearing the hair. The bade braid is not worn so low in the neck, antji on top of the head a number of fingeit puffs are arranged in a most peculiar manner. An old lady writes to say that she if warmly in favor of women doctors fej women that a sick woman will tell on| of her own sex more about her feelings in five minutes than she would a uiul# doctor in aa too*-