Newspaper Page Text
*,*. n***. ,«- •"•^s."'
&*•?*,.4. 7/ The Knoxville Journal. 11 t. 0. BAKKEB, Publisher. KNOXVILLE. IOWA General News Summary. FHON WAKHINUTOKI. t»» gecr« tfiry of Ihf Treasury ha* directed fit sale ol 00,000 iu gold each Thursday daring the month of June. A LETTER from President Grant to Uw Chairman of the rei"*nt Pennsylvania Repnb* llcsn Htiite Convention, written under date of Kay lift, has tMreri published, in which he dis claims nil deidre for a renornination nay* In the first place he never nought the office for a. second, nor even for ft Or*l nomination, a«d for the third term he doe* not want it any more than he did the first He »ay»: "lam not nor have I ever Mi-en #Candidate for a renornination. I would not accept a nomination If it were tendered, un less it should come under such circumstances to make it an imperative dntf-ciiiUB gtances not likely to arise." Tun Court of Claim* at Wellington has given tudgrnent against the Government sod in favor of the Union Pacific Hail road In a suit to recover one-half of the amouiit earned from the Government transportation, but which was withheld by the Government to pay the Interest in ad Vance of the time when the subsidy 'find* nature. The Judgment I* for $.012,WW, and tbe eourt ordered that the counter claim of the Government for 112,000,0(10 for the pay ment of Interest on l*nd» be dJsiuissed. Aa appeal wan taken. PHI UP A. WAiMrwowrtf, Collector of In tern it I Hevenue at Chicago, received a letter from Commissioner Pratt, on tbe Hi at ult., re* quisling bis resignation. THE Secretary of the Treasury haa culled In lor payment t10,000,000 of 5 30 coupon bond* dated May 1,1WM, aod announce* that Interest thereon will cease on the !»t of Sep tember. THE following Is the rep#rt of the condition \pf the public debt on the tat Inst.: per cent, bond*, per cent, bon# Total coin bowls,. W0.0W7.VI l\,TUMUVf Lawful money d'-bt,.,., Mat«red«t"bt ... L«K«* tcilllnr C'ertll ali of depoHI. Fractional curroncf,,,,.. ......... Coin e-rtmcat«« Int*r«*i Total 4*t Oa*h Tniurjf Ootti Cwtrmr.y ipeclul i|«|n«ltt ijeld for the re* d* nipt Ion nf drtlflckte* of dapoalt, aa provided by Uw Total In Trea«nrjr KertfUKU bt leu* r.avh tn Treasury of debt III May Bond* limiKtd to the 1'uc.lflc Kallwuf Odinimnle*, Internal payable la lawful iiionoy, principal iit»t«nd« lnr Inturi'it #crii-l and not yet paid Interpol paid by the I'litO'd Stall-* Intercut rcpalu bv tliu trauapurta tlon of malU, etc. Balan( of lniereat paid by United State# 7 .avo.i.vi n.Wi.im fa.«74.074,«Mft fN.»l.W« 4,.ioe.i w HJMe.000 .. |a,i:w,u«.wvr» :n i.mtm !,«tr»,v«7 «,110,MM a0s,H7.5or THB Internal revenue receipt* for tbe cur rent fiscal year up to tbe lat were 1101,94ft, 000. PTIEHINKNT GKANT, Hecrutarlea lel»no and Cowan and Commiaaloner Hmlth held another eomx-H with the Sioux Indian delegation on the 2d. The Indian chlcfa still refused to aignt.be treaty relinquishing the (toasessloii of the. HUck Hills region, and it. Is said they declared that urtder no circumstances would they convent to yield up that section of their NMrvatton ttauTiium TIIE latest if-counts uj U» the morning of the Wtth place the number of the dead by tbe liolyokr (Mass.) dUastcr at seventy one fatal ly burned, twenty.two otherwise burned and wounded, twenty-seven. Of the dead, IJfty llve were female* and aixteea maiea. FORTY tiuildlnga, including a number of bualnesa bloc as, in Springfield, Mass., were destroyed by fire on the HOth ult. LOM eatl mated at nearly IMXl.OOb. A raw nights ago a band of Basked burglarn trailed at the bouse of a Mr. De. land, cashier of th" Nutioual Mahawlc Bank, in Great Bairlngtou, Mass., and forced him to accompany them to the bank and open its doors, but lie persistently refused to unlock tbe vaults for tbuw. They then left him in tbe bank, and returning to hia houae robbed It and esca|ied. WESTON lias reccully made two failtires In attempting to accomplish ft**i miles Iu six days. The Urst time luf made only miles, Md on the second occasion he was compelled to leave the track at the end of three and a half days, huvlng Iu that time walked only SOU miles. THE New Hampshire Legislature met at Concord on the 'id. Tbe twelve Senators elected appeared in the Henale and were qualified. A formal protest against the right of Senators Priest and Proctor to their seats was presented and ordered on file. J. W. Ban born was chosen President by seven Dem ocratic votes, the Republicans not voting. The live Republican Meimtora then withdrew and met in auothcr room, where they effected a temporary orgnnlxation. In tbe House Chas. B. Han born (Rep.) waa elected Speaker, receiving 190 votes to 17M tor Hatch (I)eiii.). l'he protest of tbe Ave Republican Senators was received, stat ing that they bad refused to act with the iody aa long as Messrs. Prleat and Proctor ijrete allowed seats. A 0 it AND end Imposing Masonic drmonstra ijlon was had iu New York on the Sd, ou the iccasioii of the dedication of the uew Masonic jremple at Twenty-third street and Sixth ave i|ue, s.ild to bethe most magnificent structure •at the kind In America and probiibly seeoud -i none iu the world. Thousauds of Knights 'cniplitr mid members of other Masonic jodies particlpaUul Iu tbe i-eremoules. GOLD closed in New York on the 2d at The following were the dosing quo Uons for produce: No. a Chicago Hprlng |beat, 11.U7(d 1.07,4 'J»(o. U Milwaukee, |I.IOj ^1.11 No. ii Northwestern, tl.07(«f I 07^ parley, |l.80trfl.:tt Oat*, Wcwteru Mixed, kj7le Corn, Western Mixed, 78"'^74c jurk, New Mess, $'J0.40 Dressed 1 loirs, .^6c I.urd, 14)^'c. Flour, good to choice, White Winter Extra, «6.70(4O.AO 'be cattle market was firm: 11KC for good to extra. Sheep, clipped, Sought 53i(« tlse. |AT Fast Liberty, Pa on ttie ®d, cattle lought: Best, |.li0(t7.:W medium, #0.00 |l.a6 common, Ilogs sold—• v- & yV i I UtoWtisM** *w IN Chicago, on tbe 2d, spring wheat, No. 2, was active, eloslng at WftefMo cash. Cash corn closed at #4for No. 2 and K!j^c for rejected. Cash oats sold at Rye. brought tt7f«5SHc. Barley, No. 2, (II 'Mw 1.1.0. Cash mess pork closed at »Hl4.VilM V). Lard, |I4 I.V« 14.20. hoiee to extra hemes brought f'l.oouit\.W-, me.dium to good, butchers' stink, fH.7-V^ 5.00, si Jilitwaifr, ete., Hogs brought fO 7-Vii7.2r for good to ebitiee. rOHBION INTKLLIURI««B, TH« Cortes of the Kingdom of Portugal have passed uti art granting unconditional freedom to remaining Portuguese slaves, known as apprentices or freedmen. A I/INIXIN dispatch of the 'Jttth ult. says that Paul Boyton, who started the day before to cross the British Channel from Cape GrlsneE, France, In his lifensving suit, landed between Dover and South Foreland ori the morning of that day, having been In the water continuously for twenty-three hours and thirty-eight minutes. A i i i a j. Investigation concluded at Ber lln on the 'Mlh ult. bad shown that the oiFer of Wclssinge.r to assassinate Bismarck was merely an attempt to extort money, and that the man had no accomplice. THE ships Alert and Discovery, of the Brit ish Arctic expedition, sailed from Portsmouth, England, on the afternoon of the 80th ult. HKVKIUI. leading iron companies In England failed on tbe :IIhI ult.—among them the Abe dare Company, with UuhlllticK of 417*4),OOli. CKRTAIN prominent members of tbe Brit ish Autl-Nlavery Society waited on Lord Der by on the 1st with a demand that England should interfere to stop the Cuban war and secure tbe abolition of slavery In the An tilles. TBB Duke d'Auditfret Pasqtiler baa been re-elected President of the French National AKsem bly. TIIK sjH*cie (taoo,000.) on board of the wrecked steamer Schiller had been undiscov ered up to the morning of JUBC 'J. The Ger man Government hail announced that it re serves tbe right of inquiring into the circum stances attending the loss of tbe Schiller, In addition to the inquiry now In progress at Greenwich. THE International Telegraphic Conference was opened at St. Petersburg, Russia, on the ad. The Third-Term qaNtloa-Jbitter fhm frwldent Grant* •fr^',1. ?JPT «r** 'p 8.00. Sheep btVOgbt •4.3005.^ JKXXfrdlng to quality. WEHTAWBIOITH. THE grave* of the Union «''!Diera ID the National Cemetery at Memphis-, Tenn., were decorated on the 3Ut alt., about 4,000 jjeo pie being prenent, more than half of whom were ex Corrfederatee. Tbe aaioe eereinonie» were performed on that day at other South ern localities. 1R. 3. H. BCCLMTOJr baa been elected Epiaeopal Blahop of Iowa." FOVK children, one an Infant, of 8. M, Christian, of Vernal)leu, Ohio, were burned to death a few day* a*o by the explosion of a can of coal-oil, with which one of theui waa endeavoring to kindle a kitchen fire. SATt-Riur, the 2»th ult., wa# otaerved aa Decoration Day In many parta of tbe coun try Huridity, the »tb, and Monday, 31at, were observed in other localities. THE eighth annual convention of the Na tional Temperance A**ociaUon betfan iu Cbi eajfo on tbe lat. A large delegation waa preaent, ainonx tbe number beinc Vice-Preal dent Wilaon, Hiram Price, of Iiwa, waa chosen permanent Preaident. 8e-retary, John Htearnn, of New York, with eeverai aaaiatanta. A committee ou re^luti^ca waa cboaen. THE Ohio Republican State Convention met at Columbnaon the 3d and nominated For Governor, Rutherford B. 11 aye*, of Handuoky Lieutenant-Governor, Thorn a* L. Yotinjf, of JIiiHillU»n Hupreme .'udj(«'. George W. M' ll waine Auditor, .James Williamii, of Frank lin Attorney-General, John Little, of Green Treaaurer, J. Minor Milliken.of BuUer rnem twr of tbe Board of Public Worka, Peter Thatcher, of Cuyahoga. Amoinc the reaoIuti'»n» adopted wna one declaring President Grant entitled to the gratitude of iiia countrymen becHtiae of the distinguished aueeoaa of hla Administration, Another rewjlution reud* as follow*: Tlie observance of VV'ucblngton'a example in retiring at tbe Joae of a »-cond Presidential term will be in the future, as It ban bec.n In the past, regarded as a funda mental rule in the unwritten law of the Re public." WASHINIITON', May 90. Prcslileut Hninf luis wiittenthe follow Ing letter toOeii. Harry White. President of the recent 1'ctinaylvHiiia Kcpubllcuu Wtate Convention: KxKtfcnvs MAMSIOK, WASHINGTON. D. I MAV 1*76. Dr.AII Slit: A short time subsequent to the Presidential election of lht'j, the press, u pur uiii it hostile to tbe Republican party, and particularly so to the. Administration, Minted the cry of Osurlsm" and the Third term," c.illiuu luntlly for me ut dctine my liosllionon the latter sulijwt. I tielleved It to tie beneath the dignity of the ollicc which I have bv,«ui twice called upon to till to answer such aques turn before the subjcct should be preoeiiled by competi-nt authoiily to make a nomination, or by a body of such dignity and authority as not t^ mt'ke reply a fall subject of ridicule. In fact, 1 have been surprised that so many sensible persons In the Republican party nlioiild |ierinlt their enemy to tone upon them uml their party an Issue which cannot add strength to the party, no matter how met. But a body of t.ie dignity and party authority of a convention to make nomina tions for tbe Slate officers of the second State in the t'ulon having considered thiH question, I deem it not Improper that I should now sneak. In tue Mrst place, I never sought the oiilec for a second, nor even for a first nomination. To the first I was called from a life position, one created by Congress expressly for me for supposed services rendered to the Republic. The position vacated 1 liked It would have tie.cn most iigiccahlc to me to have retained it until such time an Congress wliiht huve consented to my retirement with the rank and a portion of the emoluments, which I so much needed, to a home where the bal ance of my dajs might »H( sin-ut in peace and the enjoyment of amnestic quiet, relieved from caree which have oppressed me no constantly now for fourteen years, but 1 was made to believe that tbe pub lU- good called me to make the sacrifice. Without seeking the oltlce for the "seomd term" the nomination wan tendered to m* by a uiuiniuic.uM vote «»f Hie delegation of all Uie States and Territories selected ty the Rcpub ilwau (4 ntu.lt U icjjicauxt Ui«ic 7* i4*u£v*fr .«r •i^'*- i®» ,.v-*fc% A ,.««*••«-*i*vt-'!r... s ,*"V i k Ijer for the purpose of making their noiu tlon I cannot sav that I was not pi-s at this and at the over*, helming dorsement which their action r' at tbe election following. But it be remembered that all the sa rit. except that of comfort had been in accepting the "first term. Tijei., such a fire of jx r#onal abuse and i-ia/id-r l^en kept up for four years, notwitb-und the ons ientious performance of ni\ dni to the best of my understanding, tiiougl admit, in the light of subsequent many time* subject to fair criticism. ?ba indorsement from the people, who al 'i ern republic*, was a gratification th oniy human to have appreciated and eojo. Now for the third term," 1 do not an v more than I did the first. I would write or utU a word to change the »ill o pwpie in expressing and ha\ing theii eh The question of the number of terms ab' to any one Kxecutivecan only come up Iri the shape of a proposition to am* nd Constitution—a shape in which all poll parties can participate--defining the ieug time or the number of terms for win one person shall be eligible for oftic*, of President. Cutll such an amen ment is adopted the people an not restricted in their choice by rerolut further than tbev are now restricted, a age, nationality, etc. It may hapten iu future bistor of the ountry that to cbanj an Executive because be u»s been eight y in office will prove unfortunate If not dUa trous. The idea that any man could elect hinute •'resident or even renominate hiinrclfls pn posterous. It is a reflection upjn tbe inteli Kenee and patriotism of tbe people to su| pose such a thing pottibla^ Any man c« destroy his chances for the ollli e, uut no on can force an election or even nomination. To recapitulate, I am not, nor have I eve been, a candidate for a renornination. I woul not accent a nomination if it were tenders unless it should come under such circum stances as to make It an imperative duty cumstHiices not likely to arise. I congratu late, the convention over which you preside, for the harmony which prevailed and for tlx excellent ticket'put in the field, and which hope may be triumphantly elected. With great respect, your obedient, servant U. H. GKAKT. laeMeats of the Holyoke UiMSter. Iiclit June options were sold at .VJ^c. Hi'RiMoi'ifci.J', Mass., May iJ* The hero of the disaster was John Ljriwh, a brave fireman, who was th pflrst to respond to the alarm, lie de Tim Minnesota Democratic State Cooven »n ribe(i the accne, when he reached the burning church, as appalling. Wwlged tight arid immovable in the doorways tlon Is U t«e held on tbe 7th of July. MR. WAI»SWORTH, Internal Revenue Collect or at Chicago, baa refused to resign his offlci at the request of the Government, pre ferred through the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, insisting that there shall tie distinct and specific charges made n^airo-t him, and that he shall be heard in self-defense. Was a itense mass of humanity from six to eight feet in height, none of tbern beiug able to stand upright from tiie ter rible pressure of the crowd behind, while upon and over them a sheet of flame rolled like a wave, streaming far out into the open air. Without a mo ment's pause to consider their danger, Lynch and Chief-Engineer Mullen rushed into the Haines, spurred on by the iiteous cries: For Cod's sake, come and us!" and began pulling out the bodies. A moment later and a well-di rected hydrant stream from the Mount Jlolyoke hose struck the brave rescuers, and undoubtedly saved them from being burnt alive. Tbe first persons drawn out were burning, but they were passed di rectly through tbe stream of water and the flames were extinguished. Bonie ol tbe poor creatures fell fainting on the long Might of wooden stairs leading down to the street, and a few were able to walk. iiy this time the entire fire department had arrived, and worked with sach energy and will that when tbe fire was extinguished the charred wooden walls of the structure were standing and were pulled down by the hook and ladder «tance» tbe features were distorted, as though extreme agony had wen sunerea before death, but many looker an calmaa though smothered. AH were blackened with smoke so rue were burned beyond & possibility of identification, nothing re maining but the trunk. Louis Desjerdin, fifty-four years old, whose wife and daughter were both burned to death, became insane to day from grief, and cried continually in ag onizing tones: "Oh, mv Julie!my Julie. Some were taken out alive wbo were un der others who were dead, aod owed to this fact their own salvation. One "f the ir»o*t protracted cases Of suffering was that, of Wary Desjardin, who was burned past all recognition and blinded. She somehow found her way to the hill north of the church and wan dered around there about twenty minutes fx fore she was found and taken to her home, where she died about eleven o'clock this morning, having lingered fif teen hoars in fearful agon v. The fate of Amminie Menaer and her lover was a touching event of the fire. She was the organist for tbe evening in tbe absence of the regular one, and was cut oft' from escape when tbe church was (urned. Her lover inen, in orih that search for the bodies would drop down on his fore VA a*d, sinking bis bead down be might be made. Only a verr few mcnts, comparatively, elapsed after the water struck the building before the fin was out, but the destruction to life dur ing that brief period was terrible. Wild efforts were made by the peoph to rush pell meil into the burning build ing to rescue their friends, and it was with difficulty that they were kept back This was particularly the case with parents who had on the first impulse rushed from the church to save their own lives, but who, remembering that they had left their children behind to perish, returned impetuously. Actual personal violence had to be u-ed in several cases to keep the women back. All about the streets men, women and children wen watching and piteouslv inquiring if their friends had been saved One woman was positive that ber husband had perished, and could only be quieted by tbe assur ance from a friend that he had just been walking with him. One of the most touching cases was that of two little girls about twelve years of age, who rushed for the entrance of the building while the lire was at its height, thinking to find their father and mother, who were within. They could onlv be restrained by an ofilcer, who took them in his arms. The church was erected in 1870, entin^ Iv of jiine, was about 100 feet long by sixty wide, two stories high, with galler ies on the sides and the north end about twenty five feet wide There were two doors in the north end and the vesti bule, from which two doors opened into the body of tbe church. The galleries opened into the vestibule. At the rear end was another door, by which a few P* rsiuis escaped. Immediately upon th* breaking out of tbe flames all the occupants of the galleries rushed to the east door, and, falling upon one another, choked up the doorway with their bodies, piled in all ways, seven or eight deep. Here most of the lives were lout. From this mass Chief Mullen rescued one young woman, after having taken off two dead bodies from above her. Tlie Chief aud others had their clothes almost burned from them, and were badly burned about the hands. One woman jumped from the highest window down upon the front steps, breaking her arm. A man with two children In his arms jumped from a window and eacHped. One poor woman, enveloped in flames, shrieked out: Fsr Cod's sake, save uie," and was drag£«d out Sonic sprang from the gallery windows and were seriously injured, and one per son appeared at s window completely wrap|K'd in flames, and after tottering there an instant fell to the ground dead aud unrecognizable Hundreds of men went tt the wreck as soon as an opportu nity was offered to search for bodies, and a force of police was organized to keep back tbe lame crowd which had gath ered. The greater number «f bodies were fouud in the fatal staiiway, burned, some of them, to a crisp. The b. dv of one woman was found in the seat which she had occupied, her clothing entirely burned off. A fleshy woman, weighing about 1HQ jx.unds, was dragged scream ing from the mats. She was carried a short distance from the church and placed on the grass, while her flesh actu ally peeled otf her back, and in a mo ment she fell over dead. The scenes last night and to-day in the school house basement, where the bodies of the dead were carried, wt-ie heart "Iiulint 4a mnw. IB torn l» escaped, but finding tiiat she was still within turned to reacue ber, was overcome with the flames, and perished with her. A Crazy Horse* ONK of the most curious cases ever known, and one that will tend to revolu tionize some of the preconceived notions concerning brute intelligence, has come to huht in this city. It would appear that the affliction that has fallen upon lie head of one unfortunate horse is des tine! to open a new window in the realms of science and to Hood the walks psychological research with light upon .that mooted question, the intellect of the brute. About three month's ago the firm of O. JI. Hhort fc Co. purchased for use in their livery-stable on Elm street, near Third, a fine looking black stallion, for hicb they paid $000. The animal is a agnificent specimen of horseflesh. He itands fifteen hands and an inch high, is now about ten years of age, and came rou: Vermont five years ago. lie was onsidered one of the finest buggy irivers ever kept on livery in tbe West, nd enjoyed the reputation of a tbree ninutc horse, and, taken all in all, the rtexsre. Hhort found tlicy had secured jiiite an acquisition to their Btock. The lorse was cared for and treated as a rw? of such value always is, and, liough driven enough to keep him •ell exercised, he was not abused or andled recklessly. His health was and ill is excellent. His appetite has not lecn at all impaired. His coat is as eek and glosBy as it ever was, and be is 'i full and rounded as in his palmiest lys. Physically the horse is ail that mid bed emanded of horseflesh. Four weeks ago certain peculiarities his demeanor attracted attention. It impossible to describe those peculiars i's, but in horses watched so carefully id attended so regularly they excited me comment. Mr. Short examined the rse and was puzzled. In wind, limb id appetite be was as sound as a new illar, but, for a horse, he manifested ore idiosync.racies and eccentricities an horseflesh had ever betrayed before, unetimes he would stiffen all his limbs contract his muscles and stand for e minutes like a bronze statue. fckme- in-ea iiis legs, remain in that uncom fortable position for several minutes, lisbinjf the air with his tail. At other iH-h he would throw his head up and, o ening his mouth to its widest capacity, mid shake all over. Of course the im i-ssioii was that he was in pain, but it ked so much like a downright, jolly, 'i)d horse laugh that those who stood i)| would laugh in sympathy. A later iijiiptotu was the manifestation of an in itiation to get one fore foot into his monger. His legs were tied together at li^ .inkles, but he refused to eat until be uat' been untied. Then he would imi 'a%- tbe motion of the rocking-horse, Siakncing himself alternately on his fore kui bind legs. Ir. Short was bewildered. Here was M'w disease to him, breaking out in his staple, whether infectious or not he had no .idea. He looked helplessly around ii|4n the hundred or more stalls and tn#ir contents, and began to speculate uppn the effect if his hundred animals sli^uld become similarly afflicted. Then hrk'ave the cause of his bewilderment an extra kick in the ribs and then sent out fori horsemen. They came in crowds, aas they came from all directions, to examine the phenomenon. They pilled bis mouth open, looked in, and sliook their heads. They pulled his eyes ojn, and shook their heads. They piled him from tue root of his neck to tb« stump of his tail, and shook their heads. They lifted up his four hoofs, one aftir the other, and shook their heads. Aui then they all looked at each other an( .shook their heads. The horse was in Serfect health, they all agreed upon thai The most minute investigation a horfcc ever went through failed to reveal any bodily disease. Finally an old lei lowidelivered his opinion: "nhouldn't wonder it tko blamed hois vtij crazy." Tfien they y all fell back four or five feet amlj watched him. Id may be that the existence of reason ing faculties is essential to support in sanity, but if that is the ease the exist ence of the reasoning faculties in the ntIIMJ of the horse is no longer debatable. For that horse Is as clearly and unmis takably insane (so the horsemen say) as was ever a human being. In tlujir view it is as clear it case of mental aberration as has ever been known, and they are nor watching the "case" with more in terest thitn even they ever manifested in a horse before. During yesterday outte a number of people visited the stables and were per mitted to examine the horse. To day a sort of caucus of professionals will be held on him, and an effort will be made to locate the difficulty.—fit. IMUU Olobt. EDWIN P. DOVIJC. a minor, by his next friend, recently brought suit against the New York Eye and Ear Infirmary for mal practice, claiming$100,000 for the lossof iiis night, which, it was claimed, was caused by tbe physician in charge oper ating upon his eyes, affected with a local inflammation, with instruments infected with a virulent disease, which caused the patient to lose his sight. The decision of the oo«rt was In favor of the defend ant. —You mav talk all day long to a girl about this beautiful world and its many sources of hap pi was but if her new spring bonnet doesn't suit her your labor will be in vain. Olftr food*-~6ab flahea and craeker$, 1 lafa IOWA 8TATE NEWS. THP. number of cattle from Kanssa and Missouri now grazing upon Iowa toil ia immense. TWEJCTT-HIKX State 8enator» besides! the House of Representatives are to be elected next fall. THK Woman's Suffrage ConTentioo have I rasolved to hold 100 county conventions in the State ne*t /ear. THBBK will be some thirty graduates of the collegiate department of tbe State I ni versity at next Commencement. THE other evening a lsy thirteen years old, named Joseph Edmunds, was drowned in the Nodaway, near Corning. 8. 8. HOOVER, a resident of Council Bluffs, was waylaid and robbed at Downs ville of $2,400 money and his watch, a few days ago. THE Ottumwa Courier publishes a list of its paid up subscribers, marking with a those who hare taken the paper a quar ter of a century. FOKT MADISOS was done very proud lately—the poet Longfellow presenting a ^oung lady of that city with a complete edition of his poems. AT Moulton, a few d»y» alnce, MtJ. J. W. Moore fatally shot a man named Thomas McAclieron, who had drawn a pistol as if to shoot him. AT Iowa City a few days ago a barber named Maj'weather assaulted Peter Lutz with a razor and cut him so badly that his death was momentarily expected at last accounts THK prisoners in the Polk County Jail had nearly tunneled out the other evening when their further progress was barred by the Deputy Sheriff. In an hoar they would have been free. A KKOKTK man got a divorce from his wife last fall and then hired her for his cook, and she never had so many good clothes or got half so much money out of him before in all her life. NEAR Ottumwa, on the farm of W. S. Carter, a lot of young gray wolves were discovered, the other day, disporting them selves in all innocence. A party of men started out after them and killed live and captured two alive. ON the evening of the 31st ult., at Coun cil Bluffs, occurred the most extensive rain and hail storm of the season. Great damage was done to vegetation by hail. Sidewalks were swept away, cellars filled and roads destroyed. Tbe residence of K. Kiley was struck by lightning and to tally consumed. AIJJT.-OEN. BASER has organized the following military companies: Benton State Guards, Watkins, Benton County Cedar State Guards, Bronville, Mitchell County Company F, Military Battalion, Iowa City. Elmer F. Clapp, M. I)., was also appointed Assistant Surgeon Military Battalion of tlie State University. RECENTLY, Mrs. Hammer, of Council Bluff's, and a lady friend went driving. Ou tbe way they came across a half-slvrn sheep, and its unnatural appearance so frightened the horse aa to cause him to suddenly shy and throw the occupants out, breaking Inith wrists of each of the ladies and also Mrs. Hammer's left arm. HEV. DR. E CI.E8TON, of Philadelphia, who was lately elected Bishop of the Pr)t estaut Episcopal Diocese of Iowa, is about forty ye^rs of age, and a clergyman of high standing and character, with low church tendencies. His father was at one time Chief-Justice of Maryland. It is thought Dr. Eccleston will accept the high office to which he has been elected. THE following were the postal changes In Iowa during the week ending May 22, 1H75: Established Cambria, Wayne County, Leroy McMains, Postmaster. Postmasters appointed Ashland, Wa, pello County, Alfred Heydock Gwin, Mahaska County, George W. Brewer Marena, Ringgold County, Wm. II. Reed Monterey, Davis County, Thos. Ros brough. REV. R. M. BVITH, pastor of the Broad way M. E. Church of Council Blurts, was attacked alniut twenty miles south of At lantic, a few evenings ago, by a knight of the road, who robbed him of$570. He was thrown from his carriage anil set upon by the robber with knife and pistol was stabbed twice in the left arm, and his right hand was cut in a terrible manner. He was then knocked senselest, and while in this condition was robbed. A KKOKI/K Cot NTT paper thinks it is brutal and barbarous to kill tlie dogs by poisoning them with strychnine, which oc casions them such terrible suffering. That Is so. Dogs should be carefully chloro formed. Then knocked in the head with a soft pillow. Or the tender-hearted Keokuk County folks might give their dogs laudanum, and then while they are asleep hire some man to sit down on them.—Uurliugton Hatek-Kyc. NEAR Sirawlx-rrv Point a man named Docrficr and his two boys were burniug some brush w hen tbe fire came near catch ing into the fence, and for awhile times were lively. After the danger- from that source was over the laiys noticed that their father was missing, and after a little searching he was found on the ground, dead. It is supposed that he either died from heart disease or that in overworking lie bur«t a blood-vessel inwardly and died instantly. THE State Medical Association, recently in session at Des Moines, elected the fol lowing officers for the ensuing year: Pres. ident, W. F. Peck, of Davenport First Vice President, H.Reistine Second Vice President, H. Osborne Recording Secre tary, S. B. Thrall Assistant Secretary, J. F. Kennedy Treasurer, J. W- Gustine Trustees: First District, N. Steel, of Fairfield Second District, W.W.Grant, of Davenport Third District, B. W. Mc Clure, of Mount Pleasant Fourth Dis trict, B. W. Crouse, of Waterloo Fifth District, W. Comes, of Iowa City Seventh District, N. IJdell, of Ccntreville Ninth piatrlct, Q. W. Beam, of Sioux Cttar. 4 r*. AboM of Dictionaries. The common impression Is that it & impossible to go wrong in pronuncia tion and definition with a dictionary in hand. And yet teachers tell us thai dictionaries are most grievously abused^ in this respect. Many people go td a dictionary with an indistinct idea o( what they want and an inadequate knowledge of the methods used in trans mitting information. They are conl'usedi often, rather than instructed, not because rules are not clear and uituruiation nite, but because they do not. familiarize theiisselvei with mb-s and ::ieth«"'s: dot not become, acquainted, *oto«peak. and lose the advantage ol their investigations A curious result of this contused S'-II-M- of not being able to comprehend is that the seeker after knowledge become:: resentful and stubborn, interprets for himself, and assumes that he ha* the best authority for his interpretation in any given case. He uses the dictionary to give respectability to a decision that is :it variance wilh the truth. He builds on a vague impression, on a fact misconstrued, and loes mora in jury than he would do if wholly unin formed. A man once committed to an assertion of this kind becomes an influential agent in di semmating wrong impressions, be cause he speaks in the'name of unques tioned authority and people accept his as sertion as truth. This state of affairs will continue to long a* people fai! to conMi't a dictionary in the spirit of inquiry—la.l to enter upon tiie inquiry with due pr« liminary preparation. Tbe man w ho familiarizes himself wito rules of pronunciation, accent, etc., tells it a glance whether his use of pronunciation of a word is right or wrong. He is clear as to what is meant in any given c*.-e, wlu-reas other persons, not deeming any preliminary matter worthy of conshl ra tion, are not clear as to what is meant^rd fix ir want of clearness distorts any pro r. incj^'ion or definition that is translated through their clouded understanding A man who returns from a new dis tant country is very apt to enlarge upon facts in regard to that country, and "!»n incidents of his tour. He caujpt but vague impressions of people and ^Hiniry and he is scarcely conscious of u*eemly exaggeration in his reports. If' takes pride in having been there, and ithough he may have had unpleasiuit ex^-riences he forgets these in his de.-ire tp enlarge upon the importance of the occijpon. He talks with an authoritative air, bow ever, and brooks no contradiction, b^iause, has he not Just coin e from the county of which he speaks* Now, in the saiy spirit ar# incursions often made into .dictionaries and looks of reference. 1 Boys often jump to ImrtfMons with a leap-frog recklessness jm«i bold fast to their conclusions with Jknirtul tenacity. Fix the pronunciation? or meaning of a word in a lioy's unf-i'-anding in that way, and not even No:| VebU'r himself could unsettle his on thai Coy oint. Let some carer-steadier give a a notion in regard!oflu pronuncia tion of a word and he ti 1 igiv eager bat tle with every learned $ on(^ (ase wrong ideas of a country are*i*eininatcd and in the other wrong" Teachers and parents cs»n°t be too care ftil in directing children /"d young per sons in the securing ol 4'eh knowledge. They are prone to inveKjhf'c in tbe de fiant and arrogant ^it genuine student is bumf' And yet a mere williuLgb^ not in itself a good objectionable feature if 1 than that. There musfa on the part of anyone tfprspare himself for a right understandia what is of fered, and a readiness jinpare views with some one of morelh tough knowl- "I ide^ of disputed jKiints. In both cases the buuMy of the party concerned is not to no/" much ques tioned as his capacity ftf receiving In formation. whereas the and receptive. to receive ia s rather an no further 'ici willingness |oi#i in the coun ty as to the correct nes|off would lie laughable 41 than boyhood, but »wj tbe understanding is remains a fixlur lis view. This go no further taken into right often Hiere despite all efforts to removi. low many men and women use words oA" in the sense in which they caught tku^p insomejtuch way as above desci' adults quote the factaof tory against Macail How many loys andy eniire stock of knowM French hNtory from 5u and how many (licit i and times of Marv $u I I. of the village #ag hours in the efni sion of the scl»«J lew preparation! dren lingered al0l. i proceedings andmi pompous airs th preparations assistant, in How many heir child's hin aud Prescott. ng men get their of one period of er's 'Richelieu," idea of the life from the drama of that name. Tiiej a content to know no more, and yet they i unwilling to ad mit they do not know about the whole affair. They get idejof words in the same spirit. The wril of this article re members well a cm in point. The itinerant possessor ofliagic lantern (and magic lanterns weriA'onders in those days) was to exhibit .-liie village school- house. This exbiliifwas, of course, the hero of the hour. II mental capacity and his culture wee jted far above that tes. After school he took posses use to make hia iiuniber of chil ich interested in the impressed by the bowman. When said to hia lift's re turn to the ho-teV aii'ii I ing the first sylla ble, possibly in tqiilt of fun. But, being the possessor of n*:ic lantern, he waa authority, and I wl-U* and months the youngsters s thi showman wercoi'leted be S dee, rip tones, of tl| vifage held stubbornly to the pronunciior A"-tel. The protest of teacher- iin|»ai'its availed nothing. This magic-lajrn nan used the word that way. and |ktn4'. Again, the nuji mind is prone to take adviuitairif mt• interval of time or distance trom f' Pp('1' inniaking author itative ascitiii. boy corrected in th^ pronunciatior^f i| word is apt to tiack on ihrti^stftion that old Blank, at col|\ jfonounced it that and to stickfit. And a man who run through Igl^Hl on the railway will gravely fl jfut that the peoj certain pi tc||ia0tua!iy say so They ass'invto s|e.ik auihor^*1%' '-v» simply bc' nijjof flu- distance §m scene of p( on »r in the s-fie that a soidie#bo rup away £fui a fltf of battle ,tl|ys 'nlarires riv4"' upon o» horrors tbii#' tual particl,!l|d* It is re .iiibjane dMii/ul,'ie" cator tUn: jliferent occasions, bejbro Boards of 4tn/Exainiiitf8. OUD£ Ka and won jftidate* »/|r)r tcacheias de fined frag: il iMlacaninj? beautiful ver dant, is :i* hf'oya!, ,ea delicious These peopl (p assx*i«t"u the*e with rtii n i the ine tiei for'is uingf. and it seemd that ng had been receipl by This brings lis bf k to position, and adn we care that dictioni^es are way. and that fait* id' as •rected severd p,irii the irigin ti sayvxerci-t us«l in the ri asjt word* an Firestdwriew •HICAGO liiuothing to have «eenb about, bis be has a Custom-|ou»e dowBtilvear.