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Knoxville journal. (Knoxville, Iowa) 1874-1986, July 29, 1875, Image 6

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015854/1875-07-29/ed-1/seq-6/

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AM 4* »m»b* a*ro a'jj'jjjw
tlhf' r,i!W hn.-e
Hnrtm ahgbseu f^infutr ...
«bd ?/-.k
Hotel H# J.til gr«*t _•
?«K ims W tb*t b#- wfj't*
lb« M» hrm# iii »w 'i» in
dr ftwrtb Prw* i» »n
M%i4 sf a**.*. «Jid:Bn»^ol« l«t hi# «v»
tit* v» fcc»ii»hJT »ni wf*Hk arr not
Mr I'HM K1»»r!'w 1"»
ttt (jftt mb*a Ixiitnr *h*t bt M"U» T»»
jHW»jr )i- r» ?br a#*» ft w»-!J k»wn
7#1. f«# tj»l* ft* AfW b*'!
W^ti k» rt x-x t-rs! bur» b»* w»*
"u itfitrm# m»ki»i2 hi« '$«*M
Ie JV"-i! jt^rt thf'TfUtr gd*r Uj» *r*
OT»i trunk* tA cr"i* «*wi*kin
o*-n «i Aft'l wh'T'ti |»rm »h«
g|W Hfi'j )lt« Jlat'fn w au "III
-fevd to hi* w ar -Ctndami {QU») DU
fmUh t» I'tti'if tin**.
b»f* #f k far Their MwMw.
Hyt i» mt tri»taim- WIM N- A NJ«rf«*,
tin- lll(U l)'l' llt »fni h* If tf
Iffciit lit* n*a kln'llor
III*- »rtk of llllillHll to lllfc''
A ta^y Mliom w*- know tell* ftfctT
gHmiiW #i'or nUnat »pirrw.
H«r brotbrr# )ih/I fnt«i^l f|j^ blrttfrnm
MKih' !«)•, wb" tic^i fx-' ii robbing 'bi
M*t Th' liruiiKht it home, »'l it
in tin houw It twvi-r orifln*"!
IS a
xHcwi-d to fly frcHy
#b«tn tb- Imnum A*mi w*» k« j»t hIk
hml i iji w atrbiMi i«»t »b« bUuuUi injun
«kf bird
"On huixltiyo, wrben Utf whole family
W* til to tit tf b, and no »m»- wan left to
Im*'|t mm »»-n the «»t. tl»«* ajmrrow wan
»!*•). turnw! into tli»- n»rln. n hcrt lit
flew alfiii nun] tic fftiiiih ntiiriiol Tltc
glfiial l"i In* ii try into U»«- IIOIIIM: »a»
Oih! hU tiii*tr«*»« oix-w^l H»- liriinx room
wlBfloH, ujiiJ »|o««l tbt'lr r\t!vit tu-r glow
If nbt- More her irirrt* iImt bird irfuaed l/
A w.tin-what similar InaUiwe U here
g^ ri. tin- narr»tor Jx-Iiik an ar'i*»iii
Kirty year* ago I wh* In !v otUud, liv
|B| with nn unrli- at an old i »»ll» culled
in it 11 Tbtrrci wan i»nrt in ruin* b*t»
M|U-I liy |iiuntiti(-ii of iifgconii. niHiiy of
Wli Ii *tf Uk' ii l'»i pun Anions thfiii
W*m an
young one, and I, then a
bov. took toiiipaanion on the Mililan
iiii'l li»*gg«*«l it aa a |H. nut it in
«lm«kt in an iupty room, and Ittl it by
iMii'l. ami it tfrc* xpat i-, and fomirl «n
«vrrlM»tiii)f frit-mUhip for me it waa a
Millii I'lue bird, wlUt while bend and
w hen it wm fledged, I guve liberty,
IfMjt it «toul! in-rrr iimwn iatf vv illi it* fti
!•«». It f'ollowwl mt- wlu-rever I went,
Win for mill'*, taking lon^ Higlit*, and rr
ftirnliiK to aHtle on my urmn, liiftd or
•hoiil'i" i- It man roiiximit attfiidant in
the bioiktiuit tiarlor, driving out the dog*
t«ftd rut* by lilow» «»1 it» wing.
We removed U» another h«uae, where
(|t wan perfectly at home. There «|MI It
qirtiit a (.'ti.ti jirl with my unrle and aunt,
|»l it would never follow them Alter u
tin..- I mk« apprenticed nt u village few
jnllex off, and tix«d to return on Huiiduy
tRHTiiiug himI »fx-iid the day there 'Tu
tty' followed me a* luiinl on theHnnilH)K,
Mll wln n 1 returiMxl on Mondu would
try to Hciompuiiy me At lirwt I had to
.4rtve it hii k by throw ing HtoiieH tow arl it.
4Ut KIMIII U-iirned my intention*, mid
Would only -o with me im far hh the load
On lieing Udd to go home it would th
#flHiiid my ul then make u great round
la the air and fly home.
I ritortuiiii fly it Ixx-ttiue trouhjeaome,
IIIOHI |wt* i ", and used to in-t inUi the
dairy mid dixl' rlithe milk My uuiit kIIIII
it up, but for -t to give it any water, and
Cltf poor lilnl 'Iled of thirM Miny teara
were *hed. hiii we were obliged to let uiy
uoclc think th it 1 hwl the bird with lue itt
th village."
I iim Hcqti iinteii willi two JackduwM
wfeii Ik'IIIIVC in much the name inanni'i
Ofi of them 1'iitirelv du liitea all inter
eotii'Nc with lac jacKilaw world, and at
taclliia liiiuaclf eicluwlvcly to the iiiliiibit
Mtta of the houae. He han the I'll 11 uac of
hU w ingH, bin ^fiierally employ* tliem in
HyiitK al«ut the liouai, nnd occaaioiiully
Mottling on the hcadu of |h*IHOII* to whom
he chooaea to take a fane) I have had
him on my h* ml many timcit, and It wan
AOtlu'timcH rather atari ling, when alworla'd
III ii hook or conversation,toneeMimcthiiig
blwk ilu»h lM»r-re one's even,U»hear aloud
IMjUi)ld Jack!" in otie^a chim, uud then
in feel the gra«p of sharp claws on the top
•Oftihe head.
Tlie other Jiickdftw owna a dlvidel alle
giajice. /f- not enter the houae, mid
fWiely ctmaorl with hi* fellowa. Hut heU
alwaya witlii* or at all event* in sight of.
the gurden, mid i* rcitdv t«»greet any mem
berfc'ol'tho family who leawlhe lumae. 1 It*
will generull-. aicompany them in their
Frrmt* rri'T.-ii* *t, *rr .w: »•*•«««.
W»t i» Mpt V xlfcTiW **tiC*~
jrnfcd hin»*-lf tf be n* "fw* uobk-tnun
fcttt jw#*a-*«*"1 o( (P***1 *«*?tk A
4k*- rtfi-ft ttwr* i'nrd* 1*snS}
5 !»V^"t mwtk-tK.f"- v mm*b?r trr* Wkwtti# kxfH-ir »b» )iiDir. «»f
kia» St ftodit t» m«T BdU'-fa AJt«r *l« ii «M »***n siuit li«- »e*.rth
Mtm* Wat'* «»4 *iS n-rrt :•,»!• but ta **ia Hoj* w** jht in^
fch.tfj ki k firi'^W Irmrdiaf & i *»y V wbrft it w» ob*«n»-d that
CU $ar**4 M» w»i inw^ witb tbe'd'^r v*»k »w«jr i»i«* f^fbrno
tvtrk of in hi* 3Kuth. &» it
!b* rks lo hi'V it f«»r if .me utur»- xia-
_i )w itfTnot frwfti New wt. tst&i
«tHK »t («M* lAkrtt ain tb»
of »»u^e ij{ nmntry »c p?*
tKtw^. fie ww y, {»,-•*-* bc»i
*wi in***!. *1V" tt kti b*
5*1*brtit»d 'W tf' bi*
«§«rr:® nr.. s »r*:r:K .i«
tt'-w «ir» 0 *t b» i*
s Kr i*jn!i«r ti.*t *u t.tW w«-rr
wbrt Prut** tnj»y a
*«wf cW«.* v- A»i' »nm«B
lit th* T^J"r*t^ ,«*?.* a* Wj
\-^:'«n-»*d ocwtj-UKW^if
Ji V,l f» rwtk. Ti»» vmin.
1* xin mtlr
f- *W
«f Mitli/ 3! 19 WhKi, «•». voutir
fed i of «jii*»T. Kft»- Tic*
w/iiuiiRl^i «mJ «A»t k i-bon fn«i
4 it. f„/rr r-c tf* frmry
A inkier Uirr fc*rf arfcH*«d afctwrtH* by
«llvinf u^n^h* J'wifw?
Mor»d Ed nmrdm l**n t*
and 1«* »c bwitfbt fc r»^»W»: «sd 13»*
y»» fli iuDd IS HftJaWSftM iS*. **b«"!
«M»* 1rii. -Jnv rif r**jm-aer.t«l :L*J
41, tt»« lid of Jtaij ii* w ukl rw»i"
oe u*- *Jj*©iTU' rrprt*«&u
One* b* i»ormwed from Mr J. II
jPfeStS-n. *f UB'If bl" HiaTf iT* 'rf Bf*
JfctlDtf f«- iVtfili »fte: w afd h'
hi inf hf ww
Vide, i*^V dW m«J r»f BaW*io»Ttlle.
inquiry rp*#-5ki'*i tt.-f twi tb*t
o* kiiv pr Uw*rr. tluu iii*
rf»^ i-J./ftrKi ln- n. ti.»' In
jMKi i \jid *t»t'h*i ii* fiwl W
auri tit'or? frni PrWK* Mr. P»l
ta: mmI *hV cif f»thrr »tarUs1
•UfP jl fcd«*rd!i^ s:*«J i
dihfffif' **rfi) it
itl'u hud txwx MJ at MBfci. If 4^:
«3ii :. lit h*d "I. *»a?4»». u»» 5»y i»-
|«rr tk Mnttt* fpitira*n trmh**l
fie bad •fv. tlw b""-!
l^rc wtt»diB|r kit l^wir-wiiltf
iwnsr bj mar-f® H'
gn V' Mijutli l"Vrt
Iwt UiM W «"4
iMS Pi CW-^ :kifi Mr. P«u««.
M* M:v S w j»ar»!v«l
kit*- a£ »*r!y hem
H' 1ST »«-l V.« rtr«»(* .i' w
va». m:.-!«? t» Jbt tritijc w
#r, «(tr '•*."* tfckm J"
kbrrtr. :.«« lorr,c i»f .r#*r
n b#«! Uw c*jAa
Vl ,br
iK«t» cwajSBf fci
H* rrmmitmi wifli a» tor
h#T) iw «U.'WIMS?» W« f*rKl
k*i 1" nuri'i 1*'' '"-f
JttfUi* It. TBOtUl rf .TBD** J»f*
tA dny day with tiii* supply Ui
hi» ma^fter lay and on lieing f'd
lowed it wa« found th»? b* had p!v»d no
frtrr iliu fivi- psoc** of lifwid /n hi*
A!»' tbc vita! »|ark had loog
»in"' fled, byt fh^re wan tbe«triking t'»ken
*4 !«»?iBr» aii-t *f!« tUm. meet milijed for
e»e« J^yMiwcer to A'picl. llarper i
Tfcc Uriiirm.
Thbi k kitchen nfwiil made of iron.
th» name iodk-itM It differ* from a
griddle in a very important reaped, the
gTiddle i* a iwditi, flat nurface on which
nit at or any «v«m|*»«t may lie fried In fat
Kveryfxidy in 'h*-1 ountry know* a grid
dl«- It ha* teen in UM- from time imine
morial, and tiie a»n memories of griddk
cake» linger in the mind of every one who
wax rained in tbi» or any other land of
cake» A frying imn i» oxed (r the aanie
purine aa a griudle, and for other pur
jn»«e«, the chief of them indicated by the
m«nie It ia for frying.
Hut a gridiron la another and a totally
different article. IU nature, de»ign and
dutv are in a Use of aervice distinct and
different in nil that eoneern* the comfort,
health and lift: ot the Iwairder who, for
the time lieing, N yt»ur guext, and ItMikw
to you to lie hi* minister In thinga (er
tainiug to hia daily fool. Have vou a
gridiron^ Or, not having tine, do you
know what It ia* It eonaiat* of aeveral
narrow M-paralttd iron Imra uatially lying
parallel nee tired at the enda, »i that they
willaupjairt a ultee of meat, or a cleft
-hit ken, over a bed of glowing coal* The
i»roce*D of cooking meat on a gridiron
I* broiling, ii) contradiatinction from
fry I rig, which in done in a griddle
or pan In the latter caae the
f1e«h U cotike'l in it* own fat, which
la-come* »rt or fi*t*l in the meat, baked,
jellied, and the food in lough, hard and in
digestible In the broiling proeean the
on'aide ia quickly charred, Oie juice- are
retaineil ami the meat in more tender,
liettcr Havoretl and far more digestible
The -nine different e exist*lielween tmking
and roaaiing I'III a piece of luer or u
turkey into a pan antl Hhut it up ill a hot
ovi-u till it ia ili/nr and you rnU it ronated,
but it I* not i it ia baked i'ut It on a apil
in a I)IIU oven standing liefore the fire
or hang it over th- coal* and let it cook
and drip. Imating It meanwhile with
thing* appropriate, and the meat will lie
rtwttrd The difference between baked
and roaatcd menu ia hlmil.-ir to the differ
ence la'tween fried ami broiled And the
difference in the taale, though great, la not
io great a* the difference ill the digeatibili
ty of the two The frying pan ia the
HOI me ol a large part of the dyapepaia
that alaMintla In the country And ao pain
fullv aenaible art* many jM-ople on thia
atiliject they will not eat that which la
fried, preferring to taut rather than l»e
come tin* victim of a fit of indigeation,
which, with them, la aure to follow the
eating of meat** that are thua cooked
I do not deny that the frying pun haa itn
uaea. And the aaylng "out of the fryiug
pan Into the fire" la ao ancient that it ia
certain the titenail ia of no uiialern date
Hut many evil* In thi* world are of long
Mantling, antl »nti«iuit\ ia no palliation of
their ill deaerla. It dtH*a Indeed rentier
th'-iu more re*|ectnli|e, antl much banter
of extirpation, but they do not grow lietlcr
witli age antl their reajieffabllity tha'a not
forbid their critlciam.
There ia a moral aapcct also In which
thia gritllron nr*u$ frying-pan |tteatlon ia
to la vieweti. (»taai digeation ia in order
to the normal exert lae of the moral facul
ties. Much of that depreaaiori of aplrlt
which geta the name »f religion* melan
eholj gitalin, loaaufhope, iicttial deapair,
cornea of dy«|M pain. A writer on plivai
ology aaya:
Si any jiuraona dt not exactly know
where their atomach ia, aod a atlll larger
nuinla-r are apl to forget that It tie* very
clone underneath the heart."
Juat ao nearly related In morula, an In
jihyaica, are the atoiuach find the liiart
I'llih ia unother and conaiiuining con
niih ration in favtir of rouatiug and broil
ing uud uaaiuHt liuking and trying our
meat.—" Tretumu," in A'. Y. Ottmrer.
—Another large quantity of rot k fell in
UiMM»ai Tunnel the other day. juat after a
ham! ear had paa.acd the spot, and just lie
fore a train wna to retich it, but the latter
managed to atop in time to save a aeriout
act-blent. Another "pebble," weighing
eighty tons, which haa lieen Uireatenlng
lor some titue to full, had been blaatetl
Yot'it true Miaaourlitn la-#n't utter a
comiilainl over a drought, rttaal or whirl
wlnu. but let hltri find fVoway butter on
Hie table and he at once Jeiuarks:
Miranda, from thia hour our patha di
I TV P»n of tk* Sf"*
Tori /W fsmto }*f«t witfc
riew «f ww A»efk-*B n5e
Mxi peHii^bwi i'_" M. Pws^ia
of tk iTSx* en TV hw» 4
i iii i« a v--,iinr FT»-»rhman r.*.•»»!
M*un--r IhiraiKi, who w tb
:curi«» *.-}ve*ru.re» vhik- so *b«' I
i 9*xtr* Tlie ai«t»or 4 tfcw Piwbr m:ny
ib«sv' {Brtow Am*r*c*&
1 ?jff •isiiiar sb c«4tnr to 'h* frwlow iftje ha*:
-trjsJ3*l*led bit rriat'.Te to a
1 Sfew Y«*rk tiaak
i'b Frrach cw»i» «ill hi W»
jra sad M*nnr* rrideatSr etpertod, he
«ctemi tt»«- gr*-ai l«4ok:^r that mm*
rm a«k him twenty linw* what b*
J.r* n u.Mdr bi* »j-r*MW5t feiS-JRE i» hf
*n a trw «n«"• tirf
jfKkm FrmB tfe*t s nw br 1-^T
ftfJBKt*Bt itiMXlUit (*®iTif I"
htm UK! f. IBS'
AJ «iX'T n?U«"* B* H»
j3ttoi*i® sttd |5^t* a5«»«t witfc 0OtjT
rHkirsinc V» w t* bp W
Ti^- jmihtik iittk Uk-«!»*»
tifti tl*«* k.** "f in '"{"f «urn**«5
i I? i4«('wk ww»«inf ao'l *1^1*
{si« fig rh« p*rt r»f tbe rt-s »-c-i *i«
(orl. MHithrr rmes .i'- tiw «®»a»#-r in
*liK tk K'*',f r'-nw'S ie »c fctnmai
u. t***k 4MWB jurt *b«* it i»ijrlt
I* rtpwted m&aifeM iUrif sbom «ac-
vw* sen s fewtaJ «Bn^rH4orin
•"i :n I*»* 'd f»kyr. A r*l
liHi SA)'0 V* t" ^Kfk jft'T Tii* fl'rk.
».tv-n'*j* f»itiifc! d'^js Tbe M'Ttii in
rmwirt. tfid }.iO('f »b*i»bwl *njld Mt
b« lM*k BiRb! hiwi in, w'!
b# *.« r»i «m Uj bif bomit
iOir *»cr*i*r'i»r
ihfiogh ibe drift and
ttrfst ins Ck7Sii»r'«p in- BHtrJy e*hw»l«d,
te»4rr»i»_V u"rts!l»f ist d"*0 liJ"i iw»l
jtrtiK* i»».-.»ri'. ':»*rv-r» T!k 'Vjt */"f* f*1ynst^ th*n hi*
Ikit »i tii»t »'»bl^ instinct with
bk'h Pww idetv: fa»fletw1tie«! him
(»!tboojrb in ?bi. iK»Unr'- UBurnilifitrt. he
want*-d, wit he *». vhejjre b* caarie
to «In® be wjabed t/1- k|*aUk Bui a «»ne
jo,, *j5v atf to bnu tinw is mtae\.
a&d tbr tbree ft four «"rr*ata In
i tb^ f»t :e*.le ere v« bu*y d'-ing
v take anv of bi* i^-^w
-He fiiia!iy !»K H3»1 le»w i-er, u» r#-nt» r«
snt') ft lurge rr«oth wberr there were numer^
nm -lerk» »b their ^hirt-»k--Tf-» rat it vu
i rery saniii. tLe abr»-%»id ckrka api«-ar.
!Bg abaorlied io onunnplation of tit? cigar
amoke wbi ur!ed in -aprieioo» cinle*
i tiirr bewl#, and be held oat bis let
I u-r of mi it to on»-of them The b-rk
it without saying juiytbinp. exaniine-I
it. turnetl it over, felt of it carefully, »nd,
aAer a thort sileoce, banded it bat k, utter
isg thi* "ingie and roetiK»rable aentenr*
Mr lark
Maurice wa» no better off than before
knowing Mr (lark nor what might
i t* the dutie* of that functionary in the
banking-of Jame* Taylor A: ».
1 He therefor* went to a seiond enipioye,
wbf wan reading the New York IhraUl
and Who was almo*t entirely concealed
behind that voSutfcin'iu# jounml, but who
did not even deign to disturb him.self to
look at the letter of cmlit. Taking the
matb-r pleasantly, and even finding it
original. Maurice passed on. A tLird
b-rk «m bu-y witli his pen. lie w
writing as little as wmsible, but he wa* at
least writing Such an activp pemm cer
lairiiv »ught to comprehend the value of
information, and Maurice ho|ed for notne
Mr dark!" repeatetl thi* faithful em
ploye, and return**! bin calligraphy.
The deuce!" thought Maurice. 'Thin
is getting complicated. I wonder how it
would do to go and ask Mr Taylor who
thia Mr ('lark bapjiens to be?'
As he reflected thiia hia eye fell on the
banker liimaelf, in hia shirt alecvea, neatc'i
in a handsome privaU:oflit emid very busy,
juat at UiHt momeiit, [ailishing an apple
before proceeding to eat it. All the world
know* that the American* are the greatest
wiiaiiinera of apples under the heaven. If
they lived in Normandy there never would
lie any cider to drink there, and if they
had ever inhabited the terrestrial paradise
they would have ahaken til! 'be apnle
tree* so thoroughly that J»oor moth»:r rjvc
would never have ln-en able to ctimiuit her
•in, not even with the assistance of the
-A man who enU apples,' tliought
Maurice, ought to have a first-rate «JMUT
Ho he went renolutely to auk for—»
"Mr Clark!'
'"Mr Clark!' re|K)ated the large man
(The reader reinemliers thit Mr. James
Taylor wa* large.) 'Ah.youwUU to see
Certainly, sir,' aaid Maurice, with a
little warmth, 'very mneli!'
Mr Taylor said nothing, hut put hia
finger on a'bell. A clerk, the name who
at nrst hud pronounced Mr. Clark's Atum*.
came in.
Mr. (/'lark!' said the banker.
"The employe raised hi* head |fit
looked round in every dircctloB.
Mr. Clark cried he, in a tOBOTOU,
though somew hat miaul, voice.
'"Mr. Clark!' was transmitted aurcesH
iveiy in the aamt^ lone antl with the auni"
nasal drawl, from tint- to anolher, hy all
the employee in the bank.
At last one of the negrtwnt in tli« tttc
chamlier decided ti arouse hiinself,
"'Mr. Clark,' he aaid, haa gone oat to
take a drink.'"
Wife'* Trick*
Itiy ooeapying a high poaMoa at
Washington, w boats hualmrxl was of the
Government, made a trip to Kuropc with
him. She "doted" on lace, and here WHS
her opportuiiity. Talking of the acqiiisi
tiona ahe would make in this line, lie told
her ahe should purchase any reasonable
quantity, provided ahe would not smuggle
any. 1'o thin she acceded. The gentle
man look as part of hia wardrolie a dress
Ing-^own, for (like moat Americana) in the
privacy of hi* room lie liked to pull off
bin »at He vera I times on the trip lie ob
served the care bin wife took of thia gar
nient, antl W HS gratified for her anxiety for
Ids comfort. Once when smoking, while
lighting his cigar, he set hia £own on fire
and quite a holt* wa* burned in the akirt.
Hit wife was considerably agitate'I, antl
he was flattered that so trifling a danger to
him had ao moved her. One morning,
immediately after their return to thia
country, he found liefore he reached bin
office that keys he needed he had left at
home, and retraced his steps to get them
hetting himself in with hia bitch key he
proceeded to hia chamber, and on o|eiiiiig
the door found hia wife on her knees on
the tloor, hit dressing-gown divested of ita
lining and spread Ix-tore her, ami she,
sclaaor* in hand, disengaging from it a
white, IIinitty fabric with which it was
covered. She sprang up on seeing him,
laughed antl exclaimed: You art- the
smuggler. You wore that lacc all over
Kuropc and brought it home."—(Jintinnatt
The Mnsieai Ear.
Hfltnhol/, whose dlicotuHW fa
the sound world are only comparable lo
the discovt-ric* of Newton in the world of
light, has put forth au ingenious theory,
somewhat to this effect He discovered
w ilhin the ear, antl soaked in a sensitive
fluid, rows and row s of microscopic nerves
-•several hundred in number-each of
which, like the atring of a piano-forte, he
believed vibrated to some note therefore,
we were to infer that, just as a note aung
outside a piaini w ill set up in the i orre
*|Minding wire a sympathetic vibration, so
any sound or sounds in the outer world
represented by a nerve w ire or nerves in
the cur could fa* heard by the e«r -ionl, as
a consequence, I siipimsc, any absence of
of, or defect in. these Internal nerve-wires
would prevent us from hearing the sound
as others better constituted would hear it.
The next direct question of musical ear
now lieeomes one of inherited tendency
*tiit 1 special training. The musical ear i'«t
the ear that has learned—by constamly
using the same intervals -to recognize the
tones ami semi tones ol the usual scale,
and to regard all variation sof quaticr
notes as cxccptlon* antl subtleties not to
be taken account of In the getncral con
struction of melody and harmony. Now,
our octave, and out division of tin- octave
INI Batcrml fw»d«i V*m*
Jaw* of '*°r *5*.
Imm fit I mav «*yi oako fVmwH-d
«fw* ',** v»f befr i ibrsSw, ii«8'
Iliw eicbi
tWr n lb* »*t»-ntl ami «fi»»
ti& M-air ~c/ sag thai titer e*i
of hr«risg r-HtsjIw-r#
,-+}** »-»»J*
vwmi «f taturv-alv. qn«vt
u i w a v e o a i n i
tb- niiHik-*} ear is- *e hari- tfee
hK« tb« ot»v»J wale so
tmem kev- aa^ «iw*» ^'y. iB tk»
«BT Um- «*r C*t»- fradaally W''»»ed
*tssfa« witlt wfcai e* "Kt
t« J# .Vg-Uk*- «r warajx-lik*-, and h«-«we»
tbr #itufl«! «trrsia lo: trupitag
nafurai ".nier awl j»ry»jrne?s-i»B t»f
BW^unad t-lateil rlbrats.** whuh wr
caJi jm i«K*l «»und »f uu-Jemy
}ik«- tliis i.-2r. V inberiit-d juat a* moch aa
anv *b«r ia a1IUO»x all r»*» HCM
•ia and cultivated.
la OH ruru«k lile»
An elder!v man r.am»-i Bc kwiih. r«
•kiice in oor of the pt tiiosuU counues.
can* to this city laM Ttmr-lay "n bwsi
ne«. He brought wsih him an oid-fa.«h
i.«ed fiint-kck rifle t« haTe a Kot k and
5*-k put on On tlie cars lie fell in con- i
vcraation with a jiarty of three gentlemen
from the citv. when "one of them, to test
the reality o'f Miine of the extraordinary
featm of the marksman-hip he tasted of
offerxl him ten dollar- to repeat some of
them, to which the other two added five
dollars lietween them. The triaJ came off
in *n oM rteid half a mile l*low Kocketts,
antl was witn* .-Mal by about a dozen per
The old flintlock was fired semi time*
and only once missed ita aim. The old
gentleman, after making two shots at
small objects to one -ide, to get his hand
steady, a* he said, handed bin son a jsitato
and s*tatjfnel him at fifty yard- tli-tance,
holding the potato lietw t-en lus thumb and
forefinger The rifle cracked, antl the
jotato fell cloven in three or four pieces.
One of the larger pieci-ii was then thrown
info the air. the marksman keeping at the
same distance, and again the shot told.
An inch a/d a half auger was then pro
duced and a hole bored in the fence, be
hind which was fastened a piecc of white
p»i»er. At the distance of nixtv
yards the marksman sent a bail
clear through the aperture, piercing the
paper. At the fourth shot, from aixtv
yard* distance, the l»owl of a pipe, which
ibe son was smoking, wua crushed. At
the fifth shot a copjier cent was thrown
into the air and hit. The sixth antl sev
enth shots were delivered at a blackened
five-cent nickel piece thrown up by the
son, standing about thirty yards off. At
the first attempt the sliot missed. The
old gentleman showed considerable mor
tification and laid the blame tqiori a by
sbinder who, at the critical moment,
sneezed loudly. The next attempt, how
ever, was an entire success. The old
man declined any further trials of his
skill, and when offered a sum of money
to repeat his first feat of shooting a potato
from his son's hand he refuned, saying
he didn't care to try such exieriments
unless his weajion was freshly cleaned
The exhibition was the more remarkable
from the fact that the marksman was an
oltl man, at least fifty. His eye, however,
is a clear, bright gray. His appearance is
that of a poor farmer. The young man
showed not the least tremor or anxiety dur
ing the dangerous experiment IIJKII him
self. The old man, referring to hia son,
said: "Hob can shoot just as well a* I
can. '—Uithvumd Winy.
JL tad Kttrjr.
A correspondent of the London Timtn,
writing of a small pox epidemic now rag
ing at Athenry, says: The panic which
thi* scourpe spread* wherever it show* it*
hideoua visage has indicated itself in a
form not usual in Ireland. Funeral* are
avoided by the populace to such a degree
that, until a suitable mortuary vehicle
was provided by the Hoard of Cuardians,
mothers were reduced to the bitter neces
sity of carrying theirchildren to the grave,
i tin not recollect that Defoe relate* a
similar im itlenl in connection with the
great plague of London, but, allowance
lieing made for the humanizing progress
of two centuries, the present horror' is
very revolting. A truly mournful instance
occurred a few weeks since. A woman
named Hoyle had Ave children, who,
though always ill led and poorly clothed,
were distinguished among surrounding
families by the singular lieauty of their
features am) the bright intelligence is-am
ing from their eyes. Four ol them were
stricken by the disease and died, tine aft
er another and whether it was that her
neighlsirs thought they had done enough
in assisting to bury the first two, or tliat
they happened to In* accidentally out of
flit way when she brought out Die third
for interment, there wait no man near to
help her Bhe therefore placed the little
collin on her head and set out unattended
It) the Abliey churchyard. Hut her eldest
child, Mary, a girl in florid health and
almut sixteen years oltl, who was out
at nervlce, *eeing her mother pass,
rushed out from her master's house in
to the street, aud seizing the coffin by
force bore it away. This was an Irish
funeral such as few painters would dream
of transferring to their canvas. Vet it i*
a subject not unworthy of Delaroche or
of llolman Hunt. On she went through
nearly the whole length of this straggling
town, while women antl children fled lie
fore her and Krin's sons' were not visi
hie or apparently within call to redeem
the manhood of their town from such a
scandal. If any followetl they held aloof
till she entered the dreary cemetery, and
there they left her alone with her glory."
For, lamentable a|wctaclc as it was, there
was a glory such a* might make the un-
jch smile, when that young heroine,
under her sacred burden, was seen
to stumble among multitudinous graves
antl head stones till ahe laid it down fond
ly and reverently beside the scarcely cold
remains of the other children. The sad
dest part of the tale remains to be told.
Ifcturnctl jaded and breathless to her
mother's door—it would have lieen useless
present herself at *ny other door after
that op'-ii contact with mortality—Mary
Hoyle sank down UJMIII the threshold with
the piteous cry, which was heard in the
street, Mother, 1 am sick.' l'oor child,
so she was, sick unto death antl in less
than forty eight hour* men were found to
uirry her oyer the path which »he had
trodden alone, and to place her in Uie
same grave with her little brothers
and her
—It Is well known that tobacco imoke
when properly applied effectually clears
Ute plants in a frame or green house from
the aphis but the same agent when used
in the O|K-II itir ia almost useless, for al
though a puff of smoke will disbidge the
enemy it does not kill it—it in only intox
icatcu for a time and will speedily return
to it* predatory attack*.
ihi pi»*ai'iiwK t* weft not
Ttf* remain
on remark in any arama!
tresis of cither heat or cold that "Never
ws nothing like it known." while the
inhabitant 1«*** hi? memory and
r^vn-Hsn.^ tin- weather in his experience
n*.~rslV»^ But the annals of history
-v'w thai fr^m time to tune nnce the ad
*«,! ,4 aisn into the world remarkably
Jripd wiETcr* ami torrid summer- hare
opart the tabulations and rutf.ed the
ewn*niaw!v of the inhabitants of temper
air /one*" Svera! ticf* 'he frost king
ha.- known to comedown tr»m the
Jk Iirhte of Knn»pe and -eal the waters of
th' Adriatic, fn and 1224 the ice
lontM-d a w are bridge from enice to the
ot«twt-ite Ifcdiuatsan c«wt. Io the w inter
rtf 1*521 the fleet wa ice-bound near
the t* k4 the Ik»ges. 'and again in
iTtw the Adriatic wa* completely coverefl
with ice.
AH i1m rirers t»f France were froaen in
niie vear* 1^"» aati i:SM. the ice on the
river lUione U-iug in some places fifteen
ifeet Ui*ck. In 1 the cold wa- inten-e
n the *«uth of Kranc** tn«»st of the fruit
tra-s wen* -!Tvyt*tl. and many |iersons
were frozen to dt'ath tn the roads, while
ai (V-rtc and Mar-t i!le- the sea was ice*
Iwnmd for a great distance out. The win
ter of wa rig*»nus throughout
K'iro|e. The Rhone was frozen over at
J.von- and the (iaronne at Tt»uIouse The
Thame* wa-'-tiut as far as (iravese-nd. and
at the Christmas htditiavs the river wa»
covered with U-oths The AtlanMc froze
along ita coasts to a distance of several
league- antl vessel* w ere unable to ap
pnach within w-veral mih-sof (intend, in
Kelgiutu, a fK.rt that ordinarily is open
throughout the year. The birds of the
Arctic regions descended as far south as
Fram e, and the fi-h perished in all the
fsintls fr«»m the thieknesa of the ic«.
The winter of 1*12-'1S is memorable for
its extreme tlegree of cold, which began at
an early date. The horrors which Na
poleon's army sufi'eretl from the bitter
weather in the fatal retreat from Mo|-ow
suffice to fix the sea*on indelibly in the
memory. The following year the winter
was so'glftcial in the south of England
that in February a sheep was masted on
the frozen Thames, antl at a fair held tin
the 4th of the month the space bctwt-en
London and lack friars bridges was filled
with spectators. Snow fell in New En
gland in every month of the year 1^10.
and the weather was so uniformly chilly
that scanty crops of every sort were har
vested, kittle or no corn was raised, and
something like a famine wan threatened
for man arid lieast.
In Western Europe the winter of 1840
'41 w iis among the severest on record. The
season is notable as that in which the
lxidy of Napoleon was tramd'erred from
St Helena to the Church of the Invalides
in Paris. The temperature was so low on
the day that the funeral procession passed
tnrough the city that many of the sja-t ta
tors who watched its progress from sta
tions out of door* perished from extxisure.
The spring was early in New England in
the year 1W4, but on the 15th of May,
after the gardens were made and the veg
etables well up, and the currant-bushes in
blossom, the snow fell to the depth of a
foot. Nothing was injured, however, by
its burial under the thick, downy blanket,
and the summer was unusually fruitful.
Turning from winters distinguished by
exces-ive rigor to summers that are re
markable for their ardor, we find that one
of the hottest season* ever experienced in
England antl France occurred in 17M.
For fifty-one days, beginning with July 1,
the thermometer ranged in London from
7H degrees to degrees—a most uncom
mon height. July it stood at 101, yet
the heat was more oppressive on Aug. 7,
when it marked but 87, for a sultry wind
blew is from a furnace, and paralyzed
rt -piration." The drought, too, was ex
ccsaive. The waters of the Heine hail not
lieen so low for seventy four year*. Vege
tation was withered and dried. The foliage
of the vine and fruit trees was scorched
and shriveled. The trees in the Palais
Hoy a I drop|ied mtist of their leaves no
less than 150 were stripped entirely bare,
and many of them died. The soil in the
gardens of the Liixemliourg was dry as a
bed of ashes to the depth of three antl a
half feet, and in the neighborhood of Tou
louse the corn crop entirely failed. Every
where the ground was baked and cracked
by the heat, and gniss and herbage almost
dual out.
In France, Belgium and England tiic
summer of 184"' was tine of the most tor
rid of the present century. Ten years
later the summer was, in the same coun
tries, scarcely less trying. Many do.
mestic animals dropped dead from the
heat while laboring in the fields. The
year 1VW is noteworthy, not for a warm
summer, but a mild w inter. In Wurtem
burg, a chronicle of the times tells us, the
trees budded at Christinas. In February
the strawberries ripened and in April the
vines blossomed. Hut in May a change
came over the scene snow fell and the
vines ami the fruit blossom* were killed.
Yet the season was still so early that the
vines put forth new foliage antl flowers,
and the usual amount of wine was pro
duced. Yet more remarkable for a re
verse of the seasons was the year 118*
when the apple-tree* blossomed in Janu
ary and their fruit was large as hazel-nuts
in February. The harvest of thin cxtraor
dinary year was in May and the Tintagc
in Augu*t.
July 21, 183?, the weather suddenly
changed from intense heat to such a de
give of cold that the jiotatoe* and cereals
were frozen in the elevated districts of
Wurtembiirg. Three year* after there was
a similar abrupt fall oV the temjH-rature in
France at the close of June, which cov
ered the mountains with snow at Rourbon
and the plains with hoar-frost in the Au
It is remarked by observer* that extreme
weather in any one region on the earth is
balanced by the op|ssite phenomenon in
*ome other region thus, while a winter
or a summer of unusual severity prevails
in one part of the world it generally hap
pen* that the same season is clsewliere un
commonly mild. While in the winter of
17M-'4U navigation was complete!}- cltwed
by ice on the river Thames, and the Ger
man Ocean was frozen a* far a- ten miles
out from Ostend, antl eight to ten feet of
snow fell in Spain and Portugal, the in
habitants of Greenland and Iceland were
reveling in extraordinarily mild weather.
It was remarkably warm in most parts of
Europe, especially in the northern coun
tries, during lilt winter of lH',»l-"i2 antl
meantime the tcm|erature in booth Amer
ica wo* extremely low. on Feb. 2Q
the snow falling at Buenos Ay res.
The winter of 182W-' $0 was so severe in
Southwestern Europe that the Lakeuf Con
stance was, for the first time known to the
present generation, completely frozen over,
vet in tlit United State-, the weather was
very soft and pleasant. On the other
hand, Europe enjoyed a gentle season in
the summer of lA{4-*:i5, while terrible
•old n igneil in America. In early.Janu
ary tin harlsim of Ho*ton, ilillatlr-Jphia
md Baltimore were locked with ice The
grange trees were killed to ihcir roots In
Floritft,MdIk* wefgreeB**»kelthetir
foliage and kept rf-k their new leaves un.
til March 'JO. At this time the sum*i.-r.
like w inter of Europe suddenly as*uint-d
harsh aspect, and .-now and frot pievailwj
for a time over Lnffland and Oenrinnv.
Again, while we on this side of the Allan,
tic suffered from the excessive cold of
l872-'7:». the ground was scarcely frozen
during the entire season in Euro]*'.—Chi
cago Tribttw.
Maharajah Inle«p Sln$h.
In a very interesting conversation w itli
an English gentleman last evening, who
had resided in India several years, hn gave
it «s his opinion that, while no misunder
standing between England antl Russia
could give rise to any immediate attitude
of a Ixdligerent character, still it was to be
apprehended that should Russia make
war on India, with a view of conquest of
the territory. England would becoinpelled
to take aggressive measures.
In winding up the evening our English
friend told tlie following romantic story
about the marriage of the Prince Maharajah
Duieep Singh, of India, some years ago,
the truth of which is vouched for. while it
throws no little light on the jiolicy ot Fn
gland in acquiring territory in India:
It appear- that it has long been the cu
tom of England, when they wish to ap
propriate pome principality in India, to
offer to the Prince a certain wealthy an
nuity. allowing him to retain his title,
provided lie agrees to cede his lands to the
crown and come to live in England. On
one of these fiecasions the Prince Duieep
Singh, having accepted the proposition of
the crown, came with hi* mother to Fin
gland, where he received a thorough En
glish education. He had all the manner*
of an English gentleman, and was received
at court with great deference, he taking
precedence in rank as a royal highne—.
Beside* the immense annuity he rect i vet!
from the English Government lie also had
a verv large fortune of his own in India
He was consequently looked upon with
great favor by the fair women of England,
and, indeed, many u titled lady would
have lieen far from objecting to him as a
husband whose position of royal high
ness was sustained by such dazzling
Well, one day his mother took suddenly
ill and diet!, and, she having previously
expressed a desire to be buried in her na
tive land, her son set out for India with
her remains. On arriving at the Isthmus
of Suez he was obliged to remain two or
three days for the steamer, and, not know
ing what to do with himself to pass the
time, he concluded to visit the missionary
school established there, lieing much in
terested in such institutions On present
ing himself to the superintendent, who
had no idea of his rank or position, the
children of the school were shown off and,
among the rest, a bright-eyed little miWat,
to girl, aliout thirteen years of age, repeat
ed a piece of poetry in such a manner ag
to excite a great interest in the Prince.
On retiring, the Prince presented the su.
perintendent with twenty guineas, whose
surprise did not last verv long liefore dis
covering that the noble donorwas a Prince
of India.
On the following day the Prince again
presented himself, and requested that the
little mulatto girl should repeat the poetry
liefore recited. After she had finished itt
and lieen put through all her paces, th#
Prince told the superintendent that, if it
was possible to be accomplished, he do«
aired to marry that girl. At first the
Prince's"declaration was received as n
complimentary joke, but the earnest man
ner of the Prince, to their surprise, stion
convinced them of the contrary. He
then told the superintendent that he was
on his way to India and that, if no ob*tar
clcs presented themselves, he should re
turn in six weeks and claim his bridtfc
The missionaries, though proud of having
one ot their pupils so highly appreciated^
deemed it prudent to inform the Priuc®
that the young girl of which he was so
enamored was the illegitimate child of ft
banker at Cairo, who had afterward mar
ried a wealthy lady, and who still sent a
small annuity for the maintenance of the
girl antl her mother, who was in very
humble circumstances. The Prince re
plied that as his own father had bail forty
wives it would lie no objection to the girl
he should tnarry if her father hat] obly
two wives! So the Prince left a large sum
of money with the lady missionary, with
instructions to have the young girl ready
by his return.
Although the missionaries believed that
it was a mye freak, antl that they would
probably never see the Print e again, still
they went to work to teach the girl what
they could in so short a time of English
manners and customs, tor she hardly
knew how to use a knife antl fork even,
antl to have prepared for her a proper
trousseau Before the time had elapsed
Prince Duieep Singh had returned so
great wa- his impatience that he could not
even wait for the regular steamer, ami so
chartered one expressly to bring hint
sooner. Hut on pressing his marriage hts
Was told that the laws of the country re
quired a residence of at least fourteen day*
liefore marriage could lie celebrated, sot no
prince was obliged to submit and wait
patiently for the time to elapse. In tho
meantime he took two large houses, oppo»
aite each other, and hot] them handsomely
titled up, placing his affianced and motheif
in one and himself in the other. In tint
meantime lie visited her dully, making her
costly present.-, and enlightening her i.„
Euro|iean ways antl the customs of life.
Finally the day of their liuptialsarrivetl,
and according to'rejsirt the recent diamond
weddings of tlie United States would pain
liefore the gorgeous splendor of this affair.
The Prince had endowed her with all the
magnificent jewels inherited by his ances
tors, and on her wedding night she shone
in a blaze of glory. He took her to En
gland, where she haa since lieen enjoying
high life, s|K-nding her summers at the
Prince's magnificent country seat. She,of
course, is entitled to the pit* of all nobles
at court antl elsewhere, and has been for
years a toast. Every year since his mar
riage the Prince has sent £2,000 to the mis.
sionary school at Suez, which lie promised,
to endow. Here is matter for a XLrat-class
romance of an Indian Prince.—-London
Cor. 8t. Louit Globe- Democrat,
Justice tif the Peace Northrup. of El
licottville. N. Y., feels very spiteful to
ward the Fourth of July. His mighti
ness went around that day in his magis
terial capacity antl forbade the ringing of
the Episcopal Church bell. One 'l\ li.
Aldrick, however, entertained a kind of
notion that even a mighty magistrate had
no such jurisdiction, ami, theretore, a* a
test, he rang that bell. Next morning
Northrup issued a warrant for Aldrick's
arrest, charging him with contempt of
court, and when *he prisoner"' wa.s
brought liefore him he flued him $
10. Al
drick won't pay, and he wank to know
how the high and
mighty Northrup
ing to collect that flnei,
—An old lady naiiH.-d Ends deliberately
held her head u»d i water in a horse
trough at Lrif P^., u,

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