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STATE JOURISrATi. TUESDAY EVENING-. APRIL 24, 1894, THE STATE JOURNAL. OFFICIAL PAP2S OF THS CITT OF TOPEKA By Frank P..MacLessas. TUttlli UF HCBCitlPTlOX. DAILT. CKtlVSmiD BT CARRIER.. .10 CETIS A Wilt TO AJfV PART OF TOPEKA OS BIBITRBS, OH AT TBR 8AMK PBtCK IN ANY K1XSAI TOWJf WHIBE THIS PAPER HAS A CAKKIKB 8YBTKM. BY MAIL, THKKS MONIH3 S .90 EY MAIL, OM YEAR S-60 WUKLY EDITION. PER YEAR M Address, STATE JOtBXAL, Toptka, Kansas. THE FIRST PAPER IN KANSAS TO SE cure tlie leased wire service of die Associated Press; controls exclusively for Tope'sa the Full iav Service of tins great o realization for tht collection of news. A te.egrauli operator in tha bTATB Joi'kxal oflice is employed for the soio purpose of taking this reDort. wUich comes con ttuuoii sly from 7:30 a. m. till 4:0J p. ta. (with bulletins of important now up to 6 p. m.) over a wire running into this oiuce aad used only for the day Associated Press baslnass between tn hours above named. t-fly- a tie ijiAi r Jotm-WAt, Is the only paper in Kansas receiving tha Fuillay Associated Press lie port. t4fThe Statk JotTKNAt ha a regular aver age Daily Local Circulation in Tooeka of mora titan all other Capital City Uailie Com bined, and Uonbl that of Its principal competitor a very creditable morning news paper. urMember of the American Ifewspapet Publishers' Association. lf-Ihe State JouRXAt Press Room Is equipped with a Lightning Wel Perfecting Prinlinz Press the handsomest and fastest piece of printing machinery in Uie slate. Weather Indication. Wastttngton, April 24. Forecast till 8 p. m. Wednesday. For Kansas Local rains today and toninght; clear Wednes day: clear in western portion; north easterly winds becoming variable. There is probably no danger of the Pullman strike extending1 to the porters. Br the time Kelly gets to Washington Coxey will be glad to get the position of corporal in his army. When Mr. Willits speaks of Gov. Lew elling'a machine he doubtless refers to the wheels in his head. The oil trust has asked for a receiver. Some of the shareholders attempted to water the stock and it wouldn't mix. No one will presnme to deny that Jer ry Simpson is a statesman since it is known that he has Bright's disease. If Cleveland issues a manifesto against the commonweal it is doubtful if the men will survive the heaviness of the ar tillery. The state board of charities is very bold to go right on investigating after .Mrs. Lease ordered the meeting post poned. ' Carl Browse had better give up the idea of not changing his clothes or pretty goon he will be in bad odor with the country. Governor Waite may be a fool, but if he can close all the gambling houses in Denver in half a day he isn't altogeth er useless. General. Fkte's men were all vacci nated before going into Terre Haute. No one expected the call for arms would come so soon. The Populists are all denouncing Lew elling and his machine but they don't seem to be doing anything to stop the latter's busy hum. Chicago was bound to show herself above local prejudice in favor of Bacon by unveiling a statue to bhakspere in Lincoln park yesterday. The farmers came with wagons That the general's men might ride, While the small boys lined the fences Yelling "Slide, Kelly, slide!" Ges. Kelly was at Avoca yesterday. If it is like Tom Moore's "sweet vale of Avoca" with its "bosom of shade" the army will probably not get any farther. It is just possible that it would be better for the Iowa farmers to be putting in their crops instead of toting Kelly's army around, however laudable his pur pose. The senate disposed of the plans for receiving Coxey's petitions yesterday as summarily as if they had been an inves tigation into some of the senators' crooked deals. Things did begin to look a little revo lutionary but the wholesale lynching of colored men in the south indicates that affairs, down there at least, ar resuming their normal state. The fire department at Topeka is a self-supporting institution. The damage by fire last year was $31,717, but the property endangered was valued at $446,683. This is a salvage of $415,000. The $27,000 which the city paid towards maintaining this department was surely not thrown away. The residents of Washington act as if that city were a little principality be longing exclusively to them and that it is only by their courtesy that outsiders are allowed to come there at all. They have had the sublime effrontery of congress as an example however and perhaps they shouldn't be blamed for imitating it A STRANGE OVERSIGHT. Our esteemed morning contemporary is a versatile enterprise. It is not only nominally in the newspaper business, but it also sells picture books, portfolios, cyclopedias, real estate, watches, and runs an extensive taffy factory. It con ducts a sort of a general store and "deals-in-e very-thing." A short time ago our neighbor kindly gave the Shawnee county delegation to the four candidates for governor. This was before the local complications set la. Shawnee count now has the office- Beeking craze pretty seriously, not to say malignantly. Along with a coupon from the Capital you can now get the Shawnee county delegation for anything. To be sure the delegation has not yet been se lected but that 13 of small moment. Forgetful of the fact that four candi dates for governor had already been given a blanket mortgage on the delega tion, the Capital now turns Over the sup port of its columns and the thirty-nve , Shawnee Republican braves to the fol lowing local seekers after fame and emoluments of state: Judge and Master in Chancery John son, United States Senator. General Caldwell, who has worthily smelled powder and wants a taste of of fice, congressman-at-large. I . Hon. James A. Troutman, who served most acceptably as mayor of Potwia, the Capital brings out for lieutenant gover nor. CoL Hughes, the Capital says should be made secretary of state on account of his. fine -military bearing and splendid record in the late bloodless war. Next there is P. G. Noel whom the Capital is anxious should succeed Biddle and whom our neighbor believes could pat up a bigger bond and call on fewer friends to do it with. Next we have oa the Capital's list Col. John M. Brown, a noble colored patriot who ha3 always sacrificed himself to serve his people and has never lost his hold on a commission of office, so far as the memory of man runs back into political history. Our esteemed contemporary modestly makes no mention of state printer, the incumbent of which is supposed to have a very fat office, full of honor and vouch ers. Couldn't the Capital try again and bring out' a Shawnee candidate for this place of profit and preferment, and for one or two other offices that seemed to have escaped Its eagle eye. Why this oversight. Let .us patronize home industry, if we have to sacrifice on the altar of state every unemployed statesman in our midst. WHAT C0XETIS.U MEANS. In spite of the jeers and jibe3 of many of the newspapers, the antagonism of state officials and hardships without num ber almost, Coxey's industrial army is beginning to assume astonishing, not to eay alarming proportions, and the public is beginning to at last regard it as a very serious affair. A hundred thousand men may yet march into Washington as a pe tition which can not be thrown into the waste-basket. On the evening of March 12th there assembled at Massillon, Ohio, 500 unem ployed laborers, called together by one, J. S. Coxey and Carl Browne. The sense of the meeting was that a national army of the unemployed be assembled to march to Washington and demand of congress that legislative cognizance be taken of their needs. Resolutions were adopted denouncing President Cleve land's Hawaiian position, the proposed Wilson bill and the tariff now in force; and against the further issuance of inter est bearing bonds. On the same evening another meeting was in progress in far Los Angeles, Cali fornia, under the direction of L. C. Frye, who had caught some of the Coxey spirit. It was attended by 800 idle workmen and was similar in sentiment to the Ohio one. These two meetings were the nuclei and around them rapidly gathered a movement that may soon perplex and appall the country. From that day until the present the the sentiment has spread and the army has increased. Derision and abuse were heaped on Coxey and his followers, but they persisted in their course, traveling as' best they could in wagons, now on barge9, mainly on foot stumbling, tired, hungry and footsore, on and on, with a courage that demands recognition as such, and a steadfastness of purpose such as is seldom seen. Contingents of the army have sprung up everywhere, until now in the aggre gate it numbers thousands and contin ues to increase. From California, Mas sachusetts, Montana, Pennsylvania, Ill inois, and even Oklahoma, they come with one united purpose to call on con gress at whatever cost an unprece dented uprising of a desperate people made bold by the presence of deter mined leaders. These men were made desperate by the persistent refusal of the people's congress to recognize the people's voice, or to apply a successful remedy to help the unemployed. The contagious spirit has been fostered by an ever ready congressional eagerness to bend the knee of servitude to and answer the demands only of Wall street and the capitalists. Wall street never makes a plea that goes unnoticed and seldom one that is refused. Legislation is her's to command and con gress sits in mighty dignity and waits until .the golden cord is pulled. It has seemed easier for a camel to pass through the eye of a needle than for the poor and unemployed to find hope or haven within the walls of the capitoL There la no doubt that Coxey's army will accomplish something. It will start congress to thinking and much good may vet result. True, the army is infested with tramps and "hoboes," but back of the movement are the honest un employed that congress has refused to recognize In the past. It will be a strong appeal to congress to legislate for others than the rich, to keep down the bonded Indebtedness of the country to re strict Immigration and to give the peo ple better roads. Its great result, if re sult there be, will be to compel congress and the president to give an ear to those who need legislation the most; to those to whom it means not greater profits, more luxury, but work, food, clothing, nay, very existence. TERROR OF THE SEAS. Floating Ice 13 Early in the Atlan tic This Year. THE EXPERIENCE OF THE EMS. It Was SJot So Bad aa That or the Alaska and She "fciot Off Easy" Com pared With the Paellle, Lost in T The white terror of the Atlantio--are-tic ice is afloat and about its deadly business early this season, and weird stories of dangers narrowly escaped are brought to port by the officers and the crew and the passengers of every incom ing ship from Europe. It is many years sine a eteamers loss has been attributed to collision with an iceberg in fact, so far as I have been able to gather, the loss of but one transatlantic liner has been laid to this cause. This fact argues more than vol- ICE SEEN BY IA TOURAINE. nines for the stanehness of our modem craft and the seamanship of the officers who command them, though it may not be that much of the immunity nowa days enjoyed from destruction by ice is due to mere size. The steamer Pacific of the ill starred Collins line, that was never heard of aft er leaving the port of Liverpool for New York one Juno day in 1856, is believed to have run against an iceberg, bat there never was any definite proof, or, in fact, any proof at all, that such was the case beyond the circumstance that not so much as a spar or a piece of a boat belonging to the vessel was ever found floating on the surface of the waves, end no ordinary marine disaster will so absolutely blot out of existence a vessel of the size and character of an ocean steamer. Although a swift moving steamer is likely to suffer greater immediate dam age from collison with ice than a sailing" vessel, owing to the greater speed with which a steamer moves, the chances of getting away from the danger after the collision are vastly superior in the case of a self propelled vessel. The steamer also is apt to fare better than the sailer when a region of bergs is unwittingly entered, because the steamer can move in comparative independence of either wind or current, while the sailer cannot. But it needs hardly to be said that mas ters of steamships are quite as shy of approaching too near floating islands of ice as are masters of sailing craft, and every reader of the newspapers can re member the publication of many dis patches telling of disastrous contact be tween bergs and transatlantic liners within the last few years. It is the good ship Ems of the North German Lloyd line that has suffered most severely from ice so far this year. She was 60 badly injured about her pro peller that she had to go to the Azores for repairs, but before her mishap many more bergs and much larger fields of ice than are usually seen in the north At lantic were reported. The French liner La Touraine reports vast quantities of field ice and exceptionally enormous bergs. One of the latter is said to have been about 600 feet long and 200 feet high, immediately after the sighting of which the vessel's course was changed, only to bring into view another berg not quite so large as the first, but still of such dimensions as to inspire a most wholesome and ' 'keep your distance ' re spect. An hour later an area of field ice many hundreds of acres in extent was seen and actually run into by the ship, and directly she was fairly hemmed in by field and berg ice. The engines were stopped for the night then, and the ship's electric searchlight was turned upon the frozen masses that were float ing about the craft for the double pur- Vita WHEN THE ARIZONA STRUCK THE BEES. - pose of safety and exhibiting to the passengers such a display of prismatic colors, caused by the powerful white rays of the light falling upon the ice, as it is given to but few persons to be hold. The next day the ship extricated herself from her perilous if beautiful surroundings and speedily left the ice fields in her wake. The most sensational collision between a steamer and a berg that i3 on record occurred in November some 14 or. 15 years ago when the Arizona, still ' in commission and then accounted an ocean greyhound, smashed into a vast mass of ice off the Newfoundland coast. But for her water tight compartments the ship must have inevitably foundered, but although the bow plates were rent and torn aa if they had been canvas in stead of thick wrought iron and some of the bow frames were broken like fragile pine sticks the commander succeeded in 6afely making the port of St. Johns some 24 hours after the accident. The excitement among the passengers just after the shock of collision is described by those on board as having been In tense, and very naturally, but the turmoil could not have been much greater than it was in the offices of most of the morn ing newspapers published in Atlantio coast cities. The first dispatches relative to the accident were received late at night, when most of the other current news for the next day's issue had been edited, compressed and put into type. In many cases some of the pages of the newspapei's had been made up and stere otyped. One does not need to be a maker of newspapers to understand that tid ings of an ice disaster to a crack Atlan tio liner would take precedence of all other news, and that almost frantic ef forts would be made by every live man aging editor to outdo all competitors in getting out the fullest and most com plete accounts of the accident. The cable to. St. Johns was hot with messages for the rest of the night. Cyclopedias and files and every possible source of infor mation regarding icebergs and previous similar collisions were overhauled, and columns and columns of news that had before been considered good enough to print were either entirely discarded or boiled down to small fractions of their original bulk. Perhaps the most Interesting facts rel ative to icebergs are those concerning their origin. All the big floaters of the north Atlantic come from Greenland, though Spitzbergen furnishes many small bergs. Greenland is believed to be one vast sea of ice, or, as scientists who affect the French delight to call it, a "mer de glace. " The yearly fall of snow in that deso late region is very great, and as the warm weather of the summer is not suf ficient to melt the snow its depth has reached hundreds if not thousands of feet, and the lower layers are under a pressure of many tons to the square inch The effect of great pressure upon snow is to solidify it into hard and com pact ice, and this ice, lying on the slop ing side of the mountain chain that is supposed to exist in the central part of Greenland, resolves itself into glaciers or ice rivers many times larger than those which have helped to make the Alpine regions of Europe famous. When suffi cient weight of ice has accumulated, the glacier begins a sliding movement along the line of some arctic ravine toward the sea, and when the frozen stream reaches the water it breaks off in huge pieces, which float away and are known as icebergs. The movement of a glacier varies from a few inches to about 50 feet a day, but once it begins it is continu- A DISINTEGRATING ICE MOUNTAIN. Otis, and so every Greenland glacier is constantly discharging bergs into the Arctic sea to float southward and harass and sometimes destroy the shipping that dots the surface of the warmer oceans. The sight of a piece of ice as big as half a dozen cathedrals falling into the water must be worth going to Greenland to see, but one would not like to be afloat in an ordinary vessel near enough to feel the waves that must be cre ated. The splash must indeed be theN grandest part of the whole business, and it is quite possible that not even a great Atlantio liner would survive contact with it. The glaciers of Alaska are larger than of Greenland, and so the Pacific icebergs outclass those of the At lantic. Owing to the great specific gravity of Ice a much larger part of every floating piece is below than above the water's surface, the proportion being some thing like eight to one. It hardly seems possible that an iceberg 200 feet high can reach 1,600 feet into the briny deep, and it is not likely that it does. Those who have considered the matter have often lost sight of the fact that it i3 not eight times as much apparent bulk that floats below as above the line, but eight times the weight. Naturally the submerged part of a berg is propor tionally heavier in respect to bulk, for the exposed ice is generally seamed and honeycombed by the rays of the sun, and its highest parts are often'mere pin nacles. The accompanying cut will show how a berg may show, almost as much in height above the water line as it has depth below and yet preserve the pro portion of eight to one as to submer" k-ence. Of course icebergs are fresh, and when they melt they produce fresh water. There are records of ships that have run short of drinking water procuring new Bupplies from melting bergs. There is at least one recorded instance of such an attempt that resulted most disas trously to the daring sailors who sought to get water. The berg was well honey combed, and the shock produced by the Ice anchor when the ship's boat made fast to the ice caused a collapse, and the boat and its men were overwhelmed and lost by the falling ice and the waves its till created. .LP. Marshall Tha Range of Nicotine. - Nicotine is present in about 2)4 per cent in the mildest Havana tobacco and ranges up to 724 per cent in the strong est Virginia. . . STEMS BAKEEW If East til St. Our Genuine Quaker sale at tne following nrstclass nrms: The Star Grocery. 112 East Sixth street. W. W. Manspeaker Mer. Co., 711 Ka3. av. G. S. Sage, corner lUth ana Monroe sts. R. L Jones, 12th and Kansas ave. J. L. Wood 13th and Kansas ave. Tubbs, 8th and Topeka ave. George Means, blO West 8th st. E. L. Dibert, 8th and Clay sts. James Shaw, 7th and Lincoln sts. D. D. Knox, 6th and Buchanan sts. J. 8. Grice and Son, 905 West 6th st Whittlesey Mer. Co., Snd and Madison sts. m 8th Chas. Dryer, 2nd and Harrison sts. Baldwin, 402 East 8th St. Davis, Princess Gro., 15th and Lincoln. M. B. Smith, 10th and Morris ave. And any of our four wagons. Our genuine Quaker Homemade bread- has our reg istered trade mark, on each loaf a red shield, all Others are not genuine; don't buy any without the brand. VESPER Sl CO., HO East 6tli. St. describes Our splendid line of seten new Jt will bt of interest to every wheelman at our agencies, or we mail it for two branch Houses 13 Wnrren St.. Sew torlt. 291 Wabash av., Chisago, 111. ilartforu, Conn. uiiniiiiniiiiiiiitn!ii!!::!i!!!iii!iiiUiiiiiiiii:;n:iiii:!iii:i!!n!iiin;iiiiLi I O. A. NELSON MERCHANT TAILOR. S3 SPRING AND SUMMER GOODS NOW IN. E- CORRECT STYLE AND PERFECT FIT GUARANTEED. jzj g3 PRICES MODERATE. E3 H 500 Kansas Avenue, - - - Topeka, Kansas. M jiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiKiiiii::iiiii2iiiiiiiiiiiiiiii2ii:iiiiiiiiiiiiEiiiHiiiii: 11111 HEIRLOOMS OF AN EARLDOM. Given by a Dissipated Yotinjj Nobleman to a Burlesque Dancer. An extraordinary story is going the round of clubdom of London. , The chief actors are an earl, a burlesque dancer, a burlesque actress and a music hall celebrity, who is also the husband of one of the ladies above mentioned. A short time ago the danseuse was in temporary possession of a quantity of jewelry, among which it is alleged were family heirlooms, the property of the noble earl. The jewelry, it is said, was lent by the danseuse to a burlesque actress. Dur ing the time the latter had possession of the valuables the music hall celeb rity was in a position of financial em barrassment. In these conditions, it is said, he prevailed upon his wife to hand the treasure to another party, as security for the advance of a large sum of money, the music hall man urging that he was in 'daily expecta tion of assistance from a scion of a well-known city manufacturing house. This support was not forthcoming. In the meantime his lordship, who has been absent from London, wrote to the danseuse, advising her of his con templated return to the metropolis. The announcement created some con sternation among the parties concern ed, and the danseuse requested the return of the jewels. This the actress was unable to do. Most urgent ap peals were made to the money lender, but that gentleman was obdurate and the jewels remained in pledge. The earl on his return to town became ac quainted with the state of affairs and his displeasure was expressed in no measured terms. Finding his efforts to recover the valuables. futile he has, it is said, had recourse to process of law, but there is a strong probability that the matter may be compromised without undue publicity. Prompt money, lowest rates and every accommodation to borrowers on good real estate in Topeka and farms in east ern Kansas. Mortgages always on hand in sums to suit, of the kind that conservative in-' vestors desire. T. E. Bowman & Co. flow to Improve the Complexion. Every lady that has used the cele brated Elder Flower Cream recommends it as a great beautifier. It removes freckles, tan, blotches, etc., and leaves the skin soft, clear and beautiful. For sale by J. K. Jones nsf iSakr Homemade Bread 13 for Henry Ritter & Son, 6th and Clay sts. James Werts, 6th and Topeka ave. W. G. Frazeur, Hun toon and Lincoln sts. Armantrout, 17th and Clay sts. College Hill Meat Mar., 15th and Lincoh Geo. C. Beach, 218 West 6th st. I. K. Trueblood, Auburndale. J. K. Thompson, 418 Kansas ave. Messrs. Laws, 404 East 4th St. Freeman Bros., 114 Kansas ave. Hammond & Co., 203 Kansas ave. Felkner,506 East 5th st. Grant Lux, 6th and Jackson sts. L. D. Roose, 20 14 West 6th ave. Topeka Grocery Co., 7u6 Kansas ave. J. J. Bonewitz, 1223 Van Buren, N. T. IT IS ECONOMY TO RIDE The Standard price for the standard bi cycles of the world has been fixed at $125.00, bringing these highest grade wheels within the reach of every rider who aims to possess a first-class mount. With Columbias at $125, there rs little' reason for buying any other bicycle, because Columbias are un " equalled. The 804 Columbia Catalogue, iohich fully J r "wheels, is beautifully printei and illustrated. and wheelwoman. l'tu can vbtain it fret two-cent stamps. POPE MFG. CO., t Columbus Ave., Boston, TOPS. Jersey Lilies" That Are Hammers and Licoum Vitas Tip-Toppers. Most of the tops that boys spin are made in Pennsylvania. In one Penn sylvania town there is a factory that employs more than 200 hands making' tops. Tops are made of boxwood, maple and lignum vitae. Taking all kinds of. tops together, a larger num ber of maple are sold than either of the other woods; boxwood comes next, and next lignum vitas; but in the aggregate amount of the sales of each kind the boxwood tops are first, the maple next and the lignum vitae last. Not many lignum vitaa tops are sold, on account of their cost. The lig-num vitae tops are sold more in the South and in the Northwest than in other parts of the country. It may ba of interest to note that most of the iron pegs used in peg tops are cast in Newark, N. J. A top that is made especially for New York city is known as the Jersey Lily; it has now been in use three years. The peculiarity of the Jersey Lily is that it has no head; it is sup posed to be possible to get a better hold of such a top and to be easier to hit such a top in a ring. The sale of the Jersey Lily is increasing. One wholesale dealer sells 1,000 gross of Jersey Lilies in a year. Counting the sales of other dealers it is probable that more than 2,000 gross of tops of this style are sold annually. The sale of the Jersey Lily is fetill practically confined to New York city, but .substantially all the other peg" tops manufactured are now made as they have been for the past three or four years with removable heads, the head fitting into a little socket turned in the tap to receive it. It costs a lit tle more to make a top in this way, but the cost to the consumer remains unchanged. The State Journal's Want and Mis cellaneous columns reach each working day. in the week more than twice as many Topeka people as can be reached through any other paper. This is a fact To make the hair grow a natural color, prevent baldness, and kee.the scalp healthy, Hall's Hair Kenewer was invent ed, and has proved itself successful. When you buy Quaker home made bread see that it has our registered trade mark (a shield) on it, and you will not be eceived. Vespeb & Co. Peerless Steam Steam Laundry. Laundry Peerlest 114 'wrwt-9-.fft iMirMF -rtnw". 1 W"