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STATE JOUENAL WEDNESDAY EVENING. JULY 4. 1894.
THE STATE JOURNAL CFf ICIAL FAPESCFTSI; CITY CF TQPEIA By 1-k:,k P. MacLexsan. IkXHi OF SlBSflUPTIOS. DAILV. PEI-TVEHKO BT rxBKlrK. ..10 CKKTS A WFES TO AXV FAKT OF TOFJBKA. OK 8 1 Sl'KBS, OB AT THE SAME PRICK IX A ' Y KANSAS TOWN WH r.KS IHH PA IT!: HA A AKKlElt SYSTEM. EY MAIL. IHRKt MONIilt $ -90 BY MAIL, ON t YEAR 3-53 jlka.y edition", J'ER Y.CAR so Adtlre. STATE JOtltMU Vopcka, Kansas. THE FIRST PAPER IX KANSAS TO SE cu the :-as-l w.r s'-rs k m uf tha Associated I'rns: controls xciu.sivly f'-T Topeka t;e Full 1hv Srvice i tlii grl -rrani.t:ou lor the collection of ne'.v X te.-4 'a operator in tue Jtatk Journal flh ib eijiv.i for tha sola purp-e of utkm tin revolt, wri.cli comes csu tuiuuiv from 7:.i a. if- liil 4:0J p. in. Ctti l;ii!ftins of impo-taa: t.p to . m.) over s wir running m o ut'u oflu e .ui Ust J only for tin? slay Aswx-.a'-! l'teis binmess uetwumi the hotiri al'ova uaim 1. ( rf ilwsui : Joitv al is tha only papr In Kansas receiTii the FujI i. ay Associate i Press ir-Te Statu Jourxat ha9 a rea'.ar aver- Da.iy Local Circulation iu Hoite'a-i of more liiaa ail otliHT Capital I ilr Vnm bin.l, aod iull9 tiiat of it principal competitor a very creuitalxe niorijiug news p.il'f r. i if Mmbr of tJio American Newspaper Fui'llslllTa' Awat.uu. ; i,o Sum JorRtu, Press Ttoom Is equipped with a LiKhian.iS Wei) Per!.''! .n I'nutiuij i'r-- the liaul iomesi auil fastest pieca of priutin;: machinery m tin state. One of the parties to the strike at least ia a man with a Pull. Peexdekoasi's insaie dodge having played out, he ia dov about at the end of his rope. Ik prominent New York people set the fashiou, stripes will be very much worn this year. It it fortunate that there are not two of Debs. The country is prone to ex claim, "vent Debs." The small b.y ia snootinjj oil today the few firecrackers h-s didn't shoot off yesterday and last niht. Whkn Vice-President Ilarahan shook his fist under Lis noau Mr. Pullman was sure a strike was imminent. Not a solitary hog arrived in Chicago yesterday, and it is plain that that town has etood just as much as it can. General sit ho field's order that all the water drank by the soldiers be boiled isn't expected to entail any large amount of extra work. The boycott has inci eased the knowl edge of some t ities in cue point at least, it has demonstrated thtt the price of ice can really be raised. Today the Kay young small boys restraints and rult-s despise. i. enouncing all life's other joys. To blow out each other s eyes. Speaker Ckisp looks with pride on the work of congress. The news that his mind is failing will be a sad blow to the speaker's many friends. The house has decided against Tom Watson in the contested election case, and he may now take another nibble on the "corn cobs of Democratic reality." Chicago Tribune: If St. Paul were alive today he would have to listen to women speaking in ch arches or stay out ef doors. The world has moved since hia day. The barbers at Empjria have refused to shave the deputies placed there to guard railroad property. The only effect will be to increase the number of aspi rants for PefTer's position. Mr. Cleveland is going to keep his promise to maintain the credit of the country if he has to rtn it into bank ruptcy to do it. The public debt has in creased only f 50,0J0,Ol0 ia the past year. A iyomas living near Wellington offered a m m 10J acre of land to marry her and now the people think she is crazy. They should reserve their opin ion till they see the wens an. May be it was worth it. The people of Lansing, 111., were dreadfully scared because Bixty-eight kegs of powder were stolen by strikers. Instead of intending violence it is prob able they only wantelto celebrate the Fourth iu style. Every day the rail -oa-i officials say the trains are running on time and every day the Etrikers say everything ia tied up. As a developer of the imagination and a producer of Cctionists the strike is an unqualified success The Democrats probably hung the pic tures of Jefferson aid Jackson in the convention hall in preference to other Democratic statesmen, because they were dead. For the same reason It was a se rious omission not to Lave Cleveland's there. The indications po.nt to the re-election of Hon. Case Brocerick in the First congressional district by an increased majority. Ilia constituents, regardless of party affiliation are well pleased with his course in congress and he will be heartily endorsed at tl.e polls by people of all" shades of political belief. A prom nent Populist of Jefforson county said to a reporter: ''Brodar.ck is all right. He is a clean, honest mm and has stood by the people, especially on the silver ques tion. We have been watching him and we won't forget hia. this fall. I am a Populist and shall vote the ticket straight with the exception of congress man. But when we have a man who hag been tried and found to be with the people on what is no" th supreme is sue, that 13 silver, what's the ue to ex change him for n man we don't know and one without congressional experi ence. I know at least fifteen Populists in my neighborhood who feel just as I da about it. There can't anybody beat Broderick in our district." SnAWNES UEJJOCRACY. The Democracy of Shawnee county is hopelessly divideL Thij was evidenced at last Saturday's convention. There is a young crowd and an old crowd and tha young crowd had the ascendancy. Such men as Mike Ileery and Buck Miller, who never loss aa opportunity to tell how the party all of it use 1 to meet ia John Martin's of3.ee and nominate one another for the various places to bo lilled, were relegated to the rear. It is always so in political parties. When there are loaves and fishes to be divided, the men who have borne the brunt of the battle and stood in the front in the party's hour of need, are bent to the rear and the young crowd, usually the newly converted, takes up the pat ty's guidance. True, there is not much to fight over, only a Federal appointment now and then, but it is a cheap way of attracting attention. Tha people ia these tir.ies of strikes and when live public issues are being discussed might forget there :s a Democratic party if something wore not done to. remind them of it- The party was already divided into the stalwarts aui the fusionists and now that it has been sub-divided into tho old crowd, the yomig crowd and Eugene liagcn there is no knowing where this thing will end. ODDS AND ENDS. Bowling Green, whose formation dates from the Dutch days, is tne oldest park in New York city. During a large part of the reign of Louis XIII and his successor masks wore generally worn in public by ladies of quality. The first discovery of land in the limits of the United States was on April 2. 1512, by De Leon, and the land was Florida. According to an investigator located at Davenport, Ia., there are 20,0o0,G00 microbes to each cubic inch of water taken from the Mississippi at that place. Inks are made principally in blacks and reds, but they r.re also made in ft great variety of colors, and a consider able quantity of white iuk is sold for writing on black cards. A man at Loganspoit, iud. , lias a cat with a mania for playing- the piano. Its delight is to ttand on u piano stool and strike the keys with its front paws. ,1 S'l, A B.id r . i av rii - Mr. Smith (who is courting a youn widow) Well, Tommy, what do you ex pect to be when you grow up? Tommy ub, I ain't particular. All I want to be is to be Iji lc enough to lick Mr. Jones. He kisstd mamma six times last nifetic after she told him to step. Texas Sittings. The Troubles of Matrimony. Employer Late apain, John. Can't you manage to get here on time? Employee I can't s-Ucp nights, sir, and am apt to be late in the morn in:;. Employer H'm! S:eeplt'Ksnes. Why dou't you consult a doctor and find out the cause? Employee I know the cause, sir; it is eix weeks old. Employer Oh; Xew York Press. At the Counter. They stood bel.ind the counter, to rather pretty Birl, With rtiHlns on thir fchotslJers and Lilliar Russell curls. And, oh, liieir hearts wi re merry and their toii!"Jes wens running fast Of their lover?, ai.d the.r dresses, and their pie-sures now and past. When there wandered to tha counter, with a tired and worried face. A Quiet little woman w ho aiked to look at lace. One of them looked her over with a cool, con temptuous sta-e. Then chatted on. "Oh, Daisy, I wish that you'd been there I" "1 s'pose tl at Charley looked too cute?" "You bet that he's c live! And my dregs was that pink satin that we sold at ninety-live. And I had that woman make it that raade the dress for Grao;." "If you pleate." iht re came a weary voice, "I want to look at lace." "And Mary Jecks was there. Oh. girls, yoc ought to seen l.er ba r' It was curled and frizzed to death and doa't you te!V but I don't care I dcu't believe the half of it grew or. her head t ail. And hr costoora well! before I'd wear such a garment to a tali! And how she ever gt ts a fellow with that lookin fcel" "Will you kindly,'" said a weary voice; "will you let uie see some iace?" "I eaw that fellow you know that was orer in the suks; He's just too gone for anything on that stuck . up Susy Wilkes. ( never" Here the customer, up pluckine heart of gra.'e, ipoke boldly: "Piefa.se to wait on rue. I want to see some lace." fho salescirl paused. Impatient such persist- " ence to discover. There's only veilings here," aha said; "thelaco is three rooms overl" Xew York World. MILLIONS IN SUGAR. The State Journal's Want and Mis cellaneous column reach each working day in the week more than twice a manv Topeka people as can be reached through any otaer paper. Thii is a fact. 1 ORIGIN AND GROWTH OF THE GREAT ' -k HAYEMEYER TRUST. WTiere!n It Resembles the Standard Gil Monopoly Points of Interest . oueern t n jj ( Sajrar Magnates Parsons, the Trust's Counsel Spreclcels, the 6ngar K.inc. Tha Sugar trust investigation has turn ed the public eya iu the direction of trusts and tha men who have made them, and there has been much comparing and contracting of their growth and their methods. There are many interest ing parallels and equally interesting differences between the two greatest trusts, the American Sugar Refining company and the Standard Oil company. The general ' plan of each of these powerful combinations of capital great ly resembles the plan of the other. In each case the lawyer who forxaulated V ::i t Z S --'r'' 'f -1 -f.,t v -. ? EEVKT O. n.WEMEVER. the scheme was handsomely rewarded, both as to the immediate dollar and sub sejuer. t rich counsel fees. In each case the lawyer was directed to formulate a plan f or an unincorporated organization in order to avoid the antitrust laws. In each caso the carefully gotten up scheme was in time declared illegal by the courts, the Standard Oil in Ohio and the Sugar trust in New York. It is held by the magnates of the Standard Oil com pany that without such an organization as theirs the peiroloum industry would go to the dogs. The Sugar trust people feel equally certain that they are the salt of the sugar business, so to speak. A very largo number of persons outside the charmed circle of stockholders to whom fat dividends i re paid believe that trusts generally and these two in particular work great injustice and hardship to the masses. The projectors of the Standard Oil company biased out & new path, and Law yer Dodd, who was t-mployed by them to put their plan into legal shape, was aii obscure and comparatively untried practitioner' of Pennsylvania. The orig inators of the Sugar trust were imita tive in their plan and selected for their counsel John E. Parsons cf New York, than whom no practitioner in the Unit ed States had a large;r income at the time. Both trusts, when declared illegal as conducted under the unchartered plan, were reorganized at once as cor porations under the auspices of the same lawyers who drew up tho original schemes. Tho Standard Oil company was created by men who were born poor and had won wealth by dint of hard struggling. The Sugar trust was creat ed by men who inherited their wealth won when they were boys by their fathers. Opulence "beyond the dreams of avarice" has been tho reward of all par ties connected with both organizations, but the Standard Oil magnates are much less fond of displaying their wealth than the Sugar trust men. Each organ ization has one member who is conspic uous for his benovolence. In the Stand ard Oil this is John D. Rockefeller; in the Sugar trust it is Henry O. Have meycr. Mr. Rockefeller has shown his open handedness to a much greater de gree than has Mr. Ilavetneyer, but per haps tho wealth of the former is as much greater than the latter's as his benevolence. In both cases the trust managers hvo been glad to amalgamate with such competitors as they could not crush, the late Charles Pratt of Brook lyn being perhaps tho most conspicuous one taken in by the Standard Oil, and Onus Spreeke's the best known of those received into the fold of the Sugar trust. The leading spirits in both have been brothers, and all the magnates of both trusts disiika newspaper notoriety. For i. JOliif E. SEAF.LES, jr. this reason much of the gossip that is printed concerning them is not even founded on fact, for there are writors who, when the can't get gossip as di rected, manufacture it to order. The Havemeyers Henry O. and The odore A. are sons of Frederick C. Have meyer, who was numbered among Amer ica's pioneer sugar refiner. Both broth ers, untike some sons of some rich men, were initiated when still quite young into the business of 6ugar refining, and both delighted from the beginning in the task of mastering all its details. To day it is said that there are not two men in existence who know more about the kind of soil and climate best adapt ed to the growth of sugar cane, the cul tivation and harvesting of the crop, the expressing of the juice, the grades pro duced in different parts of the world, the chemical and mechanical processes of refining the raw sugar or the mar kets cf the world than Theodore A. and Henry O. Havemeyer. In other words, like most successful men, they know their own business thoroughly and have Rtnck to it Both these men live in rfplendid style, Henry O. , the present president, in Stamford, near Greenwich, Conn. It is ia Greenwich that his be nevolence has been more in evidence than elsewhere, having taken the form of a most magnificent schoolhouse, erected at a cost of $150,000 or therea bouts and fitted out with all that is newest and best in the educational line, including a most complete gymnasium. The New York offices of the Havemjy ers are located near the river front on a side street in a four story brick build ing, substantial enough in appearance, but positively mean locking by the side of some of New York's commercial pal aces, one of the most imposing of which indeed is the property of tho Havemey ers themselves. J. E. Searles, Jr. , secretary and treas urer of the organization was perhaps the leading spirit in the movement for the adoption of the trust form. He is a citizen of Brooklyn and has to do with many of that city's most important so cial and business interests. He is prom inently identified with the Methodist (Seney) hospital, to which he has made large contributions at various times. In religion he is a Methodist, is greatly interested in the Brooklyn Church soci ety, organized to plant new churches of his denomination in Brooklyn, and was among those who gave freely toward the erection of what is now the hand somest house of worship in the City of Churches, the New York Avenue M. E. church. From the fact that his enthusi asm is equally evident as to church and trust it is plain that he perceives noth ing contrary to the Epirit of the for mer in the conduct of the latter. Neither of the Havemeyers nor Mr. Searles ha3 been prominently identi fied with politics of late, though the Havemeyers were conspicuous friends of Mr. Tilden when he ran on the Demo cratic ticket for president in 1876, and it has been testified by the Havemeyers that during the past few years the trust has contributed to the campaign funds of both parties, but Cord Meyer, a heavy stockholder in the trust, was the nomi nee of the Democrats for secretary of state on tho New York state ticket in 1893. In 1893 he was a member of the state executive committee on the Demo- f fjl 1 1 vlVV-l'v .5 1 "V J V'.- V i t CORD METER, JR. cratio side and a3 such aided materially in rolling up a big vote for Cleveland in the Empire State, Mr. Meyer is 40 years of age. Claus Spreckels, for years known as the world's sugar king, is a native of Hanover, Germany. His exact age has 'never been given out, but he must be a very old man, for it was more than half a century ago that he oame to America, and he was then between 25 and 80. He first settled in New York, where he started a grocery store, but when the California gold fever broke out he gave up his grocery business and betook him self to the Pacific slope, though not to break his back digging for the precious metal. It was clear to him that the surest source of gain lay in selling sup plies to the men who took their chances in the mines, and the event proved the correctness of his vision. Everything he touched returned him handsome prof its, and when his brothers joined him on the coast they combined in the brew ery business. A few years later he went into sugar, having observed that cane grew luxuriantly on the Sandwich Is-, lands; that labor was cheap there, and that Hawaii was nearer San Francisco, so far as cost of transportation between tho two places is concerned, than Louisiana. The growth of Spreckels' saccharine enterprise was of the sort that is said by imaginative writers to remind them of the stories of suddenly acquired wealth that are to be found in the 'Arabian Nights. Along with his monetary acquisitions he secured almost unlimited power over King Kalakua, then the ruler of Hawaii, who fell so completely under Spreckels' domina tion that he and not the dusky monarch was said to bo the real sovereign. He now owned the largest sugar plantation in the world 10,000 acres. It took four steamers to carry his raw sugar to San Francisco to be refined, and there was no competition worth speaking of west of the Rockies. Then the Sugar trust was formed in the east, the weak er refineries of the coast joined the new organization, and Spreckels had a fight on hi3 hands. He did not shrink, but proceeded to build a refinery in Phila delphia to teach the trust a lesson. He found after a time, however, that he could not down the trust. Its managers, in turn, discovered that they could not wipe him out, and the result was amal gamation, though not until both par ties to tho contest had squandered consider able sums of money therein. , M. L Dexteh. Pious Philadelphia. Philadelphia now leads Brooklyn aa the "City of Churches." it Floats 15 MOT L05T IN THE TUB. THE PROCTEH ft GAMBLE CO. NTV Or Can Be Relied Upon. 11 1- - m M " - wiiion jrov scare oux on a .oiuinaia, I you coma home on it. . j i 4 'j f' The fact that it is imDosslble to ascertain v" J Vlr ithe quality of a bicycle by a casual examina tion should be a sufficient reason for buying a wheel with a renutation. . . ' u , There is no wheel that ha3 been before the public so V" vl long, none that stands or ever stood so hih, none so we guaranteed, none whose guarantee is so substantial and so liberally interpreted, none so safe to buy as a Columbia. Will CcicaMas lists! ai $125, ley liters will lis sa cawiss as to izm ti lower erals Slcj-i POPE MFG. CO., Boston, New York, Chicago, Hartford. Ci!ofin f-ee at our a.yerc!(t, r uisUicU lor two S-caut taii-.p. WILLIAM TAYLOR, Acent for Cttlnmhla Rlrrelr. ll-t-117 3th rtt. Pun-' rywa . l " il U A t rH . i ii ri 4 s tit h m mm mimm 210 Eas n Our Genuine Quaker Homemade Bread h: for sale at the following firstclass firms: The Star Grocery. 112 East Sixth street W. W. Manspeaker Mer. Co., 711 Kas. av. O. S. Sage, corner 10th and ..onroesta. R. I. Jones, 12th and Kansas ave. J. L. Wood 13th and Kansas ave. Tubbs, 8th and Topeka ave. George Means, bio West 8th st. E. L. Dibert, Sth and Ciay sts. James Shaw, ih and Lincoln sts. D. D. Knox, 6th and Buchanan sts. J. 8. Grice and Son, 805 West 6th st. Whittlesey Mer. Co., 2nd and Madison sts. i. grh M Chas. Dryer, 2nd and Harrison fits. Baldwin, 40 East 8th st. Davis, Princess Gro., 15th and Lincoln.. M. R Smith, 10th aud Morris ave. Henry Ritter & Son. 6th and Clay sts. And any of our four wagons. Our genuine Quaker Homemade bread lias our reg istered trade mark, on each loaf a red shield, all othera are not genuine; don't buy any without the brand. VESPER Sl CO., HO East Otli. St. :mi!miiiiiiiiiiniiiiiir:iiiiiiiiiiiiuiiiiiiiiii: :iiiizniziiiximi:siHi: ti::t-:? James Werts, Cth and Topeka ave. W. G. Frazeur, Huntoon an l Lincoln sti Armantrout, 17th and Clay ets. College II il 1 Meat Mar., 15th and Liacolit Geo. C. Beach, 213 West 6th st. I. K. Trueblowd, Auburndule. J. K. Thompson, 4iS Kansas ave. Messrs. Laws, 4J4 East 4th st. Free-man Bros., 114 Kansas av Hammond & Co., 203 Kansas ava. Felkner, fi06 East 5th st. Grant Lux, 6th and Jackson sts. L. D, Koose. 20 West 6;h ave. Topeka Grocery Co., 7 6 Kansas av?. J. J. Bonewiiz, 12 io Van Huron. N. T. Goodman Bros., b41 Kas. ave., N. T. Empire Bakery, 210 West Cth st. I O. A.. NH.LSON BMIB!: E SPRING AND SUMMER GOODS NOW IN. ; g CORRECT STYLE AND PERFECT FIT GUARANTEED. ZZl 2 PRICES MODERATE. : i H 500 Kansas Avenue, - - - Topeka, Kansas. i 11Siiiiciiiieeiiii2Ieiii:isixii::ikiiiiiizeiiixieziis5ii:!:ez:izziis2iitzsiizii2I!. WHEELS TO EENT BY . HOUR AND DAT. IMPERIAL, ALUMINUM, WAVERLY, LOVELL DIAMOND. 1 -to Bicycles, rf-'' 123 E. 8 th St. T. T. I A V N V. KINLEY & LAISTNAN, KASUI-ACTl'BEKS OT Carriages, Pliactois, BUGGIES, Spring Wagons, czo. taSpecial orders and repairing promptiy att-n.'e'l to. 424 AND 420 JACKSON STREET, TOPEKA, KANSAS. - . . ci...,h.ii n 1 Tvnewritinz. RCOKKKEPINU AN I PENMANSHIP WITH SHOB1UAJII e r. . a rv t t T n KO All Bnnii.si lraf hri. innirlONAI. CHARGE FOR COS.Nf.criOK A.bury Park. Jfw Jcrmey, and K.tnrn. TICKETS SOLD JCLT 5-6-7. The Santa Fe has arranged to extend the time limit on their round trip tickets to Asbury Park until September 1st. Go by one route and return by another east of Chicago if you wish. See Rowley Bros, for particulars. B- a . Hark. - At Topeka Steam Laundry. Prescott & Co. will remove to No. 118 West Eighth this month. Clevelaod. Ohio. Hurt n.tirn-TirUc:t Mol.l JllJ" . . 1 The Santa Fe has arranged to extend the time limit on their round trip ticketi to Cleveland. Ohio, until Spetnbfr IV SeG itowley Bros. for pa culars. Yellow, Drl.d t p J Wrlnkicl. Is this the way your face looks? If no; try Beggx' Blood Purifier aud Lluol Maker. It not only punlim Hie bhjoJ. Vmt renews it, and gives your face a bright youthful appearance. Sold and warran ted by W. K. K-eunady, 4th aud Ka. Ave.