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STATE JOURNAL. SATURDAY EVENING. JUX.Y 7. 1894.
THE STATE JOUBiL OFFICIAL PAPS3 OP T3iS CITY Or TOPSSA Br Frank P. AIacLennan. TIvAiXL OV m-RNCIlIlT10K. BAILV. F.T.rVEHFr BT CARKI KR. .."0 CEVTS A TMt 10 A Jf V Phl OK tOftK OK BVfDHBS, OK AT THE SAMS PKIi H IS A' f KAMSAJ IOWK WHKBE THIS PAPfcR H A3 A tAKKIi.lt a 13 1 KM. BY MAIL, THRttB MONTHS.. $ .90 BV MAIL, C.VI VFAR S.W1 vtjiu-i.ic louiuy, rta iue, Address. STATU JOIHVAL, Tojelua, Kansas. rpHE FIl'ST PAFKK IN :AX?AS TO SE JL cure the leased wire servlco of th Associated Press; coiitro.s ec.usiTiy lor Topoka the ruli Jay Service of tins great organisation for the collection of newt. A t;egranii operator iu the Hiatk JofRXAi. office is e;iijlyoJ for the sole rurposeof takniiC tnis reoort, wlueli comes cou nuousily from 1 :i a. in. titl 4 oJ p. in. (with biiilt;:iia of iinpoitafi; nw ip to6 p. in.) ovor a wire raniiing into ciiis o.TV'e m i med only for tno day Associated b-iiiaoji botvroda tUa hour alxivo uame-.L t r i Si- atk Jourxii, is tt;e or.ly paper In Kansas receiving tha i'uiiUaj A-asooiatud Vress l;eirc. irThe St as Jourhai. h is a reirutar aver age Dady loca: Circulation la Tok of more t iih&n ail oilier I apiUI City iailies tom , blned, and Uoubla that of Its principal competitor a rery croditaUld morning oews lapr. i f'-.Mcm'ji-r of the American Newspaper l'ui'!iher' Assoo.a;ion. (r-rtio Statu JoiKVAt. rress Room is equipped with a Lightning Web Perfecting Iiintiii I'n-ss tho l.andsoinest and fastest piece of ynuliuu machinery in Um state. Weather lndiratinn. Washington", July 7. Forecast until 8 p. m. Sunday: For Kansas Local showers; prob illy followe d by fair Sun day; winds shifting to southerly; warmer Sunday. With bananas selling at tea cents a bunch in Mobile, it mas: be dangerous to walk out Jhi Pcllmax is only true to the first instinct of nature when ha refuses to re turn to Chicago. Why the strikers should have such a decided aversion to milk trains above all others is something that needs explana tion. It has been suggested that the office of vice president be abolished. In re gard to ail but the salary, it is practically bo now. Chicago i.o v has 3,o )J policemen. If they are all like tho-e or New York it might be caeajer to 1ft the niriKern have their wav. the period but ma.i.i. mis?iug at" .1 V .1-: l'i i:i. lire thlrt I to gdi a.'-iaal wit! .ret i-r. The cattle, a'id hogs it id siioep, that have had ih-:r l.ves i-tl longed by the block.tde i th C'iiicagu stock yards, think, the ;r.le i- gre f fun. If this is a ";.eac ' i'ui"' strike, as Mr. j Debs caid it would be, it would taKe about three fVet uf Llo d on the level to make what Mr. Debs would call violence. The Christ . EnJc tvor.TS will hold their couventi :i in .-:pit3 of the strike, D. V. In this instance, njwever, the ab breviation probably mam Debs willing. While all tnis burning of freight cars and sheds is going ou Secretary Osborn is probably the happiest iaitn in the Uni ted States. Flame shootir.g is in just his liue. The rioters in Chicago burn up long lines of freight cars with the eauie spirit of doa't care and irresponsi bility that childreu would start a bon fire. If Mr. Thomas I'lutt of New York doesn't guard his title of "me too" very carefully. Grand Master Workman Sov ereign stands a good show to get it away from him. Granting the points in the letters of Governor Altgeld and Governor Waite were well taken, the sources from whence they proceed are enough to cast discredit ou them. The conference cointnittee on the tariff bill will probably bj named today. This date is important to those who may desire to compute afterwards, how long it was in session. The Oklahoma editors have been re leased from jail and will remain out probably until they have the audacity to criticise some most high and mighty United States judge. Even if George Gould's yacht was beaten Jim Corbett's baseball club is beating every town in England. It is gratifying to have Bona one uphold America's name abroad. The question at issue in the strike doesn't seem to be so much whether Pullman shall restore w;ges as whether Mr. Debs' labor union eliall swallow up all the other labor unions. Some of the representatives in con gress are preparing bills to prevent labor troubles in the future. There is this to bo said in favor of congress, that when a large, masaive brick structure falls on it it does wake up somet lies. As an example of the way things go when they once get started wrong as they have this year, may be mentioned the fact that the worst trouble has oc curred in the statea having the craziest and most unreliable governors. Perhaps Judge llallett may have been high handed in deiiing with these later strike troubles, tit when he said the state government of Colorado was composed of "imbeciles and anarchists" he stated something ttat it would be bard for Mr. Waite to disprove. , DON'T STRIKE, BUT VOTE. The strike of the American Railway union to compel George M. Pullmaa to arbitrate his differences with his em ployes, is in danger of ending in fire and blood. In this it resembles nearly every big railroad strike that has been seen in this country. Xo matter how just the demands of the strikers, cr how temper ate and law abiding they are in their ac tions, the mob element of the large cities takes advantage of their strike to at once begin rioting and plundering. If the strike could be confined to the strikers themselves, perhaps no such scenes as those being witnessed in Chi cago now would take place. The public dislikes George M. Pullman and his methods fully as cordially as the A. Ii. U. He is aa. arrogant, unjust man, who, while he repeatedly cuts down the wages of his employes, refuses to lower their rents or water rates, and insists that his company shall pay just as largo divi e.ids to the stockholders as in prosper ous times. For this, he meets with the universal denunciation of the people of this coun try. They have no sympathy to waste on him. There is not a fair minded man In this country who doe3 not believe that Pullman ought to arbitrate this difSculty with his employes. Arbitration between corporations and their employes is what an appeal to the courts is to individuals. It was the cus tom in mediaeval times when two men disagreed, that each arm himself and that they "fight it out," until one or the other succumbed. Civilization has sup planted this barbarous and bloody cus tom with a judiciary system, so far as individuals are concerned. But labor troubles are still left to be settled by mere brute force. It seems to us that it is high time in this so-called enlightened age that a system of arbi- i tration be established by liw for the set tlement of differences between capital and labor. The necessity of arbitration being ad mitted, is the strike the best metiiod to secure arbitration? We think not Though the intentions of Mr. D-j"os and his associates may have been of the best, we already see that the strike which ho intended to be but a dignified withdrawal of the A. K. U. meu Irotn tit ir ta&s, has go: beyoud ins control. Blood is being s!it-d and millions of dollars worth of property is be.n,r de-troyed. Cerltnily, .Mr. Debs di i.i't inieu 1 that l Lis shoul 1 hap pen. But now lie is p.iwrt !-.& to prevent it It is stop; c 1 ll In- i.V 111 wh mart be Hie pri- ut. u. a. Mll- :i ol L v gi ' d'l m p . -r . 1 ; i-. l.fo'llii a::-,; trough t i A. it. U. a , 1 .-euro ' 1 irla ur' a i i for trie iiicoi it t y i.ad i s 1 1 o : I :llf f C J .i - es - ora; lnu of A 11 . 1 to w irk ;i',d vo: aa tu. pr . v 1 n : for arbitration iribiina.s in tae statute of the states a.id Lai ed .-laies, and i; will be a matter of but a few years be fore they will secure a law tha; will be just to all concerned. Let us have no more of strikes with their attendant incendiarism and blood shed. The words of Marshal Israel of Den ver that he will "engage only men that will fight, whether they be horse thieves, hoboes or thugs," sound just like Gov ernor Waite, and yet the iatter takes ex ception to them. In any case the words were uncalled for and outrageous in an officer. The trouble with Governor Altgeld appears to be that he doesn't think enough attention is paid to him. THE LITTLE U. s7 FLAGS Ilelnjc Worn by I . n w and Order People In Tipekn. Charles K. Holliday has organized a new order, to be known as the Order of Americau citizens. Any one is eligible to it who is opposed to anarchy, com munism and mob-lawlessness. All those who join are presented by Mr. Holliday with a small silk American flag, 1 by 2 inches, which he pins on. the lapel of the patriot's coat Mr. Holliday found plenty of men willing to wear the stars and stripes, as Mr. Holliday says the move ment has no political significance." The appearance of the silk flags this morning was the cause of a slight flurry in the camp of the white ribbon people, as it was understood to meau opposition to the strike. Ed Wagener, United. States commissioner, and ethers who are wear ing the flags, say they are not em blematical of opposition to the strike. They simply mean that tiie wearer is not In sympathy with the lawless do ings of the Chicago rioters who are not believed to be railroad men Etall. This explanation eased the A. R U. mind so much that its members and sympa thizers have also adapted the flag, aud are wearing them u-ider their white rib bons to show that while they believe the railroad strike is all right they do not sympathize with the Cnicago anarchists who are doing so much that is injuring their cause. Tonra in the ltocky lluu ; taint. The "Scenic Line of the World,"' the Denver & Rio Grande railroa.L ofiers to tourists in Colorado, Utah and Xew Mex ico the choicest resorts, and to the trans continental traveler the grandest scenery. Double daily train service with through Pullman sleepers and tourists' cars be tween Denver and San Francisco and Los Angeles. For descriptive pamphlets address S. K. Hooper, general passenger agent, Denver, Colo. For a family medicine, Ayer's Sugar Coated Pills are unrivaled. They eradi cate disease. Hare you tried the American Steam Laundry for your laundry work? If vou haven't, try them. 112 W. 7th. Tele. S41. FULL OF GEEAT GUNS WHERE UNCLE SAM'S RIFLED CAN NON ARE MANUFACTURED. Oittinj; Ready to Make a. Great Navy Out Noted Ny Yards Interesting Relic of H Is tori e Conflicts Ths of a War. stup Patriotic Pride. Speeds! Correspondence.! Washinoton, July 5. The navy yard is one of the stock eights of Washing ton. The correspondent puts in a day there soon after his assignment here and as a rule never goes near ife again. The average congressman Tisita it once for his own sake and occasionally there after to show it to visiting constituents. The visitors who really enjoy it are the tourists from the great interior, nine out of ten of whom never saw an ocean vessel in their lives or a cannon larger than the ordinary fieldpiece which country towns utilize for the Fourth of July and other patriotic occasions. And how they do enjoy it! The little receiv ing ship and its neatly uniformed re cruits fill them with admiration. They swell with pride over the captured can- GATEWAY to the savt yard. non, look with curiosity on the guns ranged to illustrate the progress of the country and are speechless with aston ishment at tho wonderful machinery which bores out the rifled cannon ma chinery which stems to move so easily and yet requires so many thousands of horsepower. Ponderons Stillness. The ritlet to tho navy yard is quite a pleasure in itself. The cable line on Peiiu.sylvra.ia avenue turns south on E;tst Ci.rlitii street and terminates at the entrance to tho yard. Tho visitor is at first charmed with the magnificent gateway which looks monolithic, lint is not, and is really awtd by the sentinel, who is impri'i-sive in blue and white and stands as stifMy as if he had swal lowed otto of the rammers. The general silr nco about tho place is almost op-pres-ivo The rr.les governing tho yard amoiiitt to fj-iite a code, and in addition StliU ; or -.-ii i- ft regulations against loud v.-:iri:;t or nr.neeessary noise . ti!kit iii--ruction to every - to hold no conversation t "pt in the line of duty. ... t of the workshops there is . !y little noise, everything . itli what miht bo called a snioot Imess. The one excep ta tL OIK" Wii i Ev ; : com;; i" rr.nt;li, ponrif n tion is in the great hall where the rifiod cannon are manufactured. It is he nature of man to respect power whether, in the machine or the human being, and I know of no other place where everything seems to move with such re sistless fore i. Overhead the great tram car, with its monster tentacles of iron hoops and clamps and girder loops, moves back ward and f orwanl with an energy which seems as if it were beyond control, and yet tho engineer who sits in the iron cage attached can stop or start it with a touch of his finger. I shall not weary the reader by describing the long guns of steel and nickel, weighing ever so many tons, which are so easily raised and lowered by the machinery of this tram car, nor tho great augers, if I may call them such, which bore out tho guns, seeming to move with the most gentle persuasiveness and yet tearing off the delicate shavings of steel and nickel with a power which really fas cinates the beholder. Nor shall I at tempt a description of the process for various reasons. It would take me at least three months to master the subject and probably another month to put it into simple English, after which the or dinary reader would require three months or so to understand it, by which time some of us would be dead or pros trated with brain fag. Uncle Sam's Navy Tarda. The noted navy yards and stations are at Norfolk, Brooklyn, Mare island, near j San Francisco; League island, near Phil adelphia; Portsmouth, N. H. ; Boston, New London, Conn. ; Port Royal, S. C. , j and Seattle, the last three being regard ed as mere naval stations. There are a training ship and torpedo station at Newport, R. L, and minor establish ments elsewhere. The Naval War col lege at Newport, R. L, was formally opened a few weeks ago by Assistant Secretary of the Navy William McAdoo. The general result of all the work done at all these places and in the various shipyards is thus summed up by Mr. McAdoo at the close of the fiscal year 1S94: "The TJnited States, while it does not possess a great navy in the number ' of its ships, has within its limits colossal ; plants, both public and private, and great armies of skilled workmen, led by contractors, designers and inventors of marked ability. It is therefore essen tially and substantially capable of na tional defense, and, if need be, of offense, operations." The general summary of every naval report of this year is that we are just ready to make a great navy and to make it quickly. History is taught at this navy yard by object lessons, and the lessons are fascinating indeed. First is the progress in ordnance making shown by the old guns ranged in their order from the old est pieces hammered out by the black smiths of colonial times and coming down or up through all the changes wrought by the Revolution, the second war with Great Britain and the Barba ry, Mexican and civil wars. Some of the old grtm3 look like mere unwieldly lumps of metal, bearing a ludicrous re semblance to the toy guns which boys sometimes manufacture of lead on the Irishman's principle "take a hole and pour the lead around it. " The old mor tars which fired hot shot into the cities of the Barbary coast look like big ket tles with somewhat raised sides, and ta the ordinary civilian eye it would seem impossible to give any designed direc tion to a shot from one of them. The Algerines had captured various pieces from the French and Spaniards in the century before we went to war with fheni, and it was our good fortune to capture some of those pieces, which are here to excite the ride of visitors. The queer old inscriptions on them can still be ciphered and indicate thafc one was regarded as a terror to the foe, another a destroyer, and so on. Historic Matters. Every avenue and square in the yard bears a historic name. Tha first avenue is named for Rear Admiral John A. Dahlgren, the second for Commodore Lewis Warrington of the war of 1812, the third for Commodore Charles Mor ris of the same war, the fourth for the immortal Commodore Hull, and so on. The list of commandants of the yard is also full of interest. The first appointee, Captain Thomas Tingey, took the place Jan. 22, 1800, held it 29 years and died in office. A melaucholy interest attaches to the record of Caxftain Beverly Ken non, who was appointed by the first Pres ident Harrison, and two years later was killed by tho bursting of the Peacemak er on the Princeton at the time when two members of the cabinet and various other persons were killed. The sixteenth commandant was Captain Franklin Buchanan, appointed in May, 1859, who went south when the civil war began and became famous in the Confederate navy. Rear Admiral Dahlgren was the twenty-second and died in office in 1870. The present commandant, Captain J. A. Howell, is the thirty-third and took the place Feb. 2, 1893. A Hero's Saber. Our navy department is rich in relics and memorials cf many kinds, but tho only ones kept at this yard are the old guns mentioned. By sorneLxHly's awk wardness the United States failed to be come tho owner of one very interesting relic, which was. however, a few weeks ago presented to the Annapolis Naval academy, and that is doubtless a? well. This is the famous battle saber of Cap tain Samuel Chester Reid, who com manded tho brig-of-war General Arm strong and won tho astonishing victory at Fayal, Azores, in September, 1814. With this saber Captain Reid, iu a hand to hand fight, killed the first lieutenant of the British frigate Rota and wounded several others. The blood of that com bat was never washed off the saber and is still slight !y visible. At the ball given to Laf-iyette in New York in 1824 Cap tjin Reid wore this sword for the last tlitie, it is b IV ved, after which it was 1 laid away as a precious memorial. His son, Colonel S;:mnel C. Reid, tendered it as a free gift to the United States, t and in March, 1890, Senator Voorhees of the committee on the library offered a joint ref-olution providing for the ac ceptance of the sword and the striking of a memorial gold modal to be pre sented to tho son. The latter part of tho resolution was opposed so vigorously that the matter was delayed some three years, when Colonel Reid grew indig nant and withdrew the offer. A year later he presented it to the academy. It is the judgment of our naval historians that the injury inflicted on the British forces at Fayal resulted in such delay that they did not reach New Orleans till after General Jackson had had time to prepare for them. Otherwise, says Cooper, it is likely the city would have fallen without a blow and possibly the whole history of the west have been changed. X.lfe of a Ship. Of the floating memorials of the he roic ago of our navy there are few in deed, as it ia a melancholy fact that the SOME ANCIENT ORDNANCE. life of a ship, so to speak, is generally very short. The old sailing frigate Portsmouth ia still afloat as a training ship, with a crew composed mostly of apprentice boys. With her black hull low in the water and square gun ports for the old style battery and high masts, she ia an oddity indeed among our mod ern ships. Yet naval men here say that with none of these modem improve ments and obliged to trust to wind and tide the old wooden vessel ia still al most as comfortable as any of the new ones, for there ia no smoke or dirt from engines and boilers, and in warm weather her decks are much cooler than those of a steamer. The Constellation after many years' service aa a practice ship has gone to Newport as a receiv ing ship, where she will be roofed in, and her high masts, which made her for years the fastest sailing warship in the world, will be seen no more. The once famous Jamestown now lies at Hamp ton Roads dismasted and dismantled aa a floating quarantine hospital. As to the often sung and celebrated Constitu tion, everybody knows that, like a fa mous old warhorse or race horse, she ia kept for the good she has done and to gratify American pride and sentiment that most honorable pride in the na tion's past, without which no nation can have an honorable future. J. LL Beadle. IT FLOATS 15 NOT L05T Hi THE TUB. THE PROCTER ft OAMBLS CO. OiNTL iiaa Pen tuner r mini;, up. SATISFACTION GUARANTEED on mo.vkv m-:' it :. rJJi::iIIl!lI!!!II!!III!I!liIi: lll!ll!!!!llllimilli: in!!!l!ll!!!mi:l!li!l i:;.. : O. A. NELSON 1 MERCHANT TAILOR. 1 E5 SPRING AND SUMMER GOODS NOW IN. : g CORRECT STYLE AND PERFECT FIT GUARANTEED. r rr: PRICES MODERATE. i H 500 Kansas Avenue, - - - Topeka, Kansas. U ni;m.i!iiwiiiiiiMM inii.j WHEELS TO RENT BY HOUR AND DAY. IMPERIAL, ALUMINUM, WAVERLY, LOVELL DIAMOND. Bicycles, Sundries, And L BATHM Hi TOWNSENf When ycu start fcv; the fact that it 3B . ..... -e the rmnMtv nf a t'r'HMLf tion should be a sufficient r cat on for b'.iylr a ! -rfei wheel with a repiitction. 1 I 1, ; . ..1 .1 lliCIC 1 11U Willed II1..1L lnniT nnn. iti-i- etitiita rr guaranteed, none whose liberally interpreted, none so safe to buy as a Columbia. Villi CclamMas lisiei at $125, M riders will ts sj wniss as ta invest ia lsw;r jcrasls iicy.ci r mailed tor two a-ciii aiMiiipa. WILLIAM TAYLOR, Aseat ror Cv,"n.lr'VJ 'tu REMOVAL SALESllilsP not want to niovo any more poods than we do for the next ten days at the 1 IIC CDflMT 820 North. Hans as Ave. CRITTENDEN & DANIELSON. All Botlnri Brinrhrs. Shorthanil and Typewriting. HO ADDITIONAL CHARGE FOR BOOKKKEPINO Af I'KXMANSHIP I CONXKCTIOS WITH (iHOBIIIANII (OURSE. Special alUntlnn t Grade 4 n llta, SO WriHn I-sssous M.OO. iv1- - ' ! GRIGGS & Hardware. Implements, leSil I" EUTiO 715 KASSA5 AVZIfUS. PAINLESS EXTRACTION 25c Crown and UrUljra Work, per tooth, S3. Gold KilUiiifS. i.. Teeth Kxlracte.l without Pain, 2Se. OPEN EVENINGS. out o:i a Columbia, is impossi sible to ascrrt.TTii "XJ"VL Inrvrtt hv a rr.nnl ertminl- . I 1 !., r w 11.1S IvCtTIl 11." jsu.i'- U W cr,-,l cs lii'-r rwr w.'tl . guarantee is so substantial and so POPE MFG. CO., Boston, New York, Chicaco, Hartford. can possibly lielp See what tlm cash v. ill QUME L. H. STR I CKLuR, fi31 mad &&S yulat ol., apeK.-, Kaoiai, 3. XI. IklTIGIIT, ANTI-COMBINE UNDERTAKER, 404-.6 KAS. AVE., And 843 Kas. Ave., NOKTII YOl'EKA. jy-Fomltor, i'arp.li, St u On.vn.. war, t.n ar pavm .nt. I-Hou- r,'l. 13 aud Walnut. lLAUaSia City, Al, I liuue AXTELL, Stoves iuwa.ro, t : t par; . a.xi(l T