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The Topeka state journal. [volume] (Topeka, Kansas) 1892-1980, July 07, 1894, FOURTH EDITION, Image 4

Image and text provided by Kansas State Historical Society; Topeka, KS

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82016014/1894-07-07/ed-1/seq-4/

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Br Frank P. AIacLennan.
10 A Jf V Phl OK tOftK OK BVfDHBS, OK
WHKBE THIS PAPfcR H A3 A tAKKIi.lt a 13 1 KM.
vtjiu-i.ic louiuy, rta iue,
Tojelua, Kansas.
JL cure the leased wire servlco of th Associated
Press; coiitro.s ec.usiTiy lor Topoka the ruli
Jay Service of tins great organisation for the
collection of newt. A t;egranii operator iu the
Hiatk JofRXAi. office is e;iijlyoJ for the sole
rurposeof takniiC tnis reoort, wlueli comes cou
nuousily from 1 :i a. in. titl 4 oJ p. in. (with
biiilt;:iia of iinpoitafi; nw ip to6 p. in.) ovor
a wire raniiing into ciiis o.TV'e m i med only for
tno day Associated b-iiiaoji botvroda tUa
hour alxivo uame-.L
t r i Si- atk Jourxii, is tt;e or.ly paper In
Kansas receiving tha i'uiiUaj A-asooiatud Vress
irThe St as Jourhai. h is a reirutar aver
age Dady loca: Circulation la Tok of more
t iih&n ail oilier I apiUI City iailies tom
, blned, and Uoubla that of Its principal
competitor a rery croditaUld morning oews
lapr. i f'-.Mcm'ji-r of the American Newspaper
l'ui'!iher' Assoo.a;ion.
(r-rtio Statu JoiKVAt. rress Room is
equipped with a Lightning Web Perfecting
Iiintiii I'n-ss tho l.andsoinest and fastest
piece of ynuliuu machinery in Um state.
Weather lndiratinn.
Washington", July 7. Forecast until
8 p. m. Sunday: For Kansas Local
showers; prob illy followe d by fair Sun
day; winds shifting to southerly; warmer
With bananas selling at tea cents a
bunch in Mobile, it mas: be dangerous
to walk out
Jhi Pcllmax is only true to the first
instinct of nature when ha refuses to re
turn to Chicago.
Why the strikers should have such a
decided aversion to milk trains above all
others is something that needs explana
tion. It has been suggested that the office
of vice president be abolished. In re
gard to ail but the salary, it is practically
bo now.
Chicago i.o v has 3,o )J policemen. If
they are all like tho-e or New York it
might be caeajer to 1ft the niriKern
have their wav.
the period
but ma.i.i.
mis?iug at"
.1 V .1-: l'i i:i. lire thlrt
I to gdi a.'-iaal wit!
.ret i-r.
The cattle, a'id hogs it id siioep, that
have had ih-:r l.ves i-tl longed by the
block.tde i th C'iiicagu stock yards,
think, the ;r.le i- gre f fun.
If this is a ";.eac ' i'ui"' strike, as Mr. j
Debs caid it would be, it would taKe
about three fVet uf Llo d on the level to
make what Mr. Debs would call violence.
The Christ . EnJc tvor.TS will hold
their couventi :i in .-:pit3 of the strike,
D. V. In this instance, njwever, the ab
breviation probably mam Debs willing.
While all tnis burning of freight cars
and sheds is going ou Secretary Osborn
is probably the happiest iaitn in the Uni
ted States. Flame shootir.g is in just his
The rioters in Chicago burn up
long lines of freight cars with the
eauie spirit of doa't care and irresponsi
bility that childreu would start a bon
fire. If Mr. Thomas I'lutt of New York
doesn't guard his title of "me too" very
carefully. Grand Master Workman Sov
ereign stands a good show to get it away
from him.
Granting the points in the letters of
Governor Altgeld and Governor Waite
were well taken, the sources from
whence they proceed are enough to cast
discredit ou them.
The conference cointnittee on the
tariff bill will probably bj named today.
This date is important to those who may
desire to compute afterwards, how long
it was in session.
The Oklahoma editors have been re
leased from jail and will remain out
probably until they have the audacity to
criticise some most high and mighty
United States judge.
Even if George Gould's yacht was
beaten Jim Corbett's baseball club is
beating every town in England. It is
gratifying to have Bona one uphold
America's name abroad.
The question at issue in the strike
doesn't seem to be so much whether
Pullman shall restore w;ges as whether
Mr. Debs' labor union eliall swallow up
all the other labor unions.
Some of the representatives in con
gress are preparing bills to prevent labor
troubles in the future. There is this to
bo said in favor of congress, that when
a large, masaive brick structure falls on
it it does wake up somet lies.
As an example of the way things go
when they once get started wrong as
they have this year, may be mentioned
the fact that the worst trouble has oc
curred in the statea having the craziest
and most unreliable governors.
Perhaps Judge llallett may have
been high handed in deiiing with these
later strike troubles, tit when he said
the state government of Colorado was
composed of "imbeciles and anarchists"
he stated something ttat it would be
bard for Mr. Waite to disprove. ,
The strike of the American Railway
union to compel George M. Pullmaa to
arbitrate his differences with his em
ployes, is in danger of ending in fire and
blood. In this it resembles nearly every
big railroad strike that has been seen in
this country. Xo matter how just the
demands of the strikers, cr how temper
ate and law abiding they are in their ac
tions, the mob element of the large cities
takes advantage of their strike to at once
begin rioting and plundering.
If the strike could be confined to the
strikers themselves, perhaps no such
scenes as those being witnessed in Chi
cago now would take place.
The public dislikes George M. Pullman
and his methods fully as cordially as the
A. Ii. U. He is aa. arrogant, unjust man,
who, while he repeatedly cuts down the
wages of his employes, refuses to lower
their rents or water rates, and insists that
his company shall pay just as largo divi
e.ids to the stockholders as in prosper
ous times.
For this, he meets with the universal
denunciation of the people of this coun
try. They have no sympathy to waste
on him. There is not a fair minded man
In this country who doe3 not believe that
Pullman ought to arbitrate this difSculty
with his employes.
Arbitration between corporations and
their employes is what an appeal to the
courts is to individuals. It was the cus
tom in mediaeval times when two men
disagreed, that each arm himself and
that they "fight it out," until one or the
other succumbed. Civilization has sup
planted this barbarous and bloody cus
tom with a judiciary system, so far as
individuals are concerned.
But labor troubles are still left to be
settled by mere brute force. It seems to
us that it is high time in this so-called
enlightened age that a system of arbi- i
tration be established by liw for the set
tlement of differences between capital
and labor.
The necessity of arbitration being ad
mitted, is the strike the best metiiod to
secure arbitration? We think not
Though the intentions of Mr. D-j"os and
his associates may have been of
the best, we already see that
the strike which ho intended
to be but a dignified withdrawal of the
A. K. U. meu Irotn tit ir ta&s, has go:
beyoud ins control. Blood is being s!it-d
and millions of dollars worth of property
is be.n,r de-troyed. Cerltnily, .Mr.
Debs di i.i't inieu 1 that l Lis shoul 1 hap
pen. But now lie is p.iwrt !-.& to prevent
it It is
stop; c 1
ll In-
i.V 111
mart be
Hie pri-
:i ol
L v
gi '
p .
. 1
; i-.
l.fo'llii a::-,;
trough t i
A. it. U. a , 1
.-euro ' 1
irla ur' a i i
for trie iiicoi
it t y
i.ad i
s 1 1 o : I :llf
f C J .i - es -
ora; lnu of
11 .
to w irk ;i',d vo:
aa tu. pr . v 1 n :
for arbitration iribiina.s in tae statute
of the states a.id Lai ed .-laies, and i;
will be a matter of but a few years be
fore they will secure a law tha; will be
just to all concerned.
Let us have no more of strikes with
their attendant incendiarism and blood
shed. The words of Marshal Israel of Den
ver that he will "engage only men that
will fight, whether they be horse thieves,
hoboes or thugs," sound just like Gov
ernor Waite, and yet the iatter takes ex
ception to them. In any case the words
were uncalled for and outrageous in an
The trouble with Governor Altgeld
appears to be that he doesn't think
enough attention is paid to him.
Ilelnjc Worn by I . n w and Order People
In Tipekn.
Charles K. Holliday has organized a
new order, to be known as the Order of
Americau citizens. Any one is eligible
to it who is opposed to anarchy, com
munism and mob-lawlessness. All those
who join are presented by Mr. Holliday
with a small silk American flag, 1 by 2
inches, which he pins on. the lapel of the
patriot's coat Mr. Holliday found plenty
of men willing to wear the stars and
stripes, as Mr. Holliday says the move
ment has no political significance."
The appearance of the silk flags this
morning was the cause of a slight flurry
in the camp of the white ribbon people,
as it was understood to meau opposition
to the strike. Ed Wagener, United. States
commissioner, and ethers who are wear
ing the flags, say they are not em
blematical of opposition to the strike.
They simply mean that tiie wearer
is not In sympathy with the lawless do
ings of the Chicago rioters who
are not believed to be railroad men Etall.
This explanation eased the A. R U. mind
so much that its members and sympa
thizers have also adapted the flag, aud
are wearing them u-ider their white rib
bons to show that while they believe the
railroad strike is all right they do not
sympathize with the Cnicago anarchists
who are doing so much that is injuring
their cause.
Tonra in the ltocky lluu ; taint.
The "Scenic Line of the World,"' the
Denver & Rio Grande railroa.L ofiers to
tourists in Colorado, Utah and Xew Mex
ico the choicest resorts, and to the trans
continental traveler the grandest scenery.
Double daily train service with through
Pullman sleepers and tourists' cars be
tween Denver and San Francisco and
Los Angeles. For descriptive pamphlets
address S. K. Hooper, general passenger
agent, Denver, Colo.
For a family medicine, Ayer's Sugar
Coated Pills are unrivaled. They eradi
cate disease.
Hare you tried the American Steam
Laundry for your laundry work? If vou
haven't, try them. 112 W. 7th. Tele. S41.
Oittinj; Ready to Make a. Great Navy Out
Noted Ny Yards Interesting Relic
of H Is tori e Conflicts Ths of a War.
stup Patriotic Pride.
Speeds! Correspondence.!
Washinoton, July 5. The navy yard
is one of the stock eights of Washing
ton. The correspondent puts in a day
there soon after his assignment here
and as a rule never goes near ife again.
The average congressman Tisita it once
for his own sake and occasionally there
after to show it to visiting constituents.
The visitors who really enjoy it are the
tourists from the great interior, nine
out of ten of whom never saw an ocean
vessel in their lives or a cannon larger
than the ordinary fieldpiece which
country towns utilize for the Fourth of
July and other patriotic occasions. And
how they do enjoy it! The little receiv
ing ship and its neatly uniformed re
cruits fill them with admiration. They
swell with pride over the captured can-
GATEWAY to the savt yard.
non, look with curiosity on the guns
ranged to illustrate the progress of the
country and are speechless with aston
ishment at tho wonderful machinery
which bores out the rifled cannon ma
chinery which stems to move so easily
and yet requires so many thousands of
Ponderons Stillness.
The ritlet to tho navy yard is quite a
pleasure in itself. The cable line on
Peiiu.sylvra.ia avenue turns south on
E;tst Ci.rlitii street and terminates at
the entrance to tho yard. Tho visitor is
at first charmed with the magnificent
gateway which looks monolithic, lint is
not, and is really awtd by the sentinel,
who is impri'i-sive in blue and white
and stands as stifMy as if he had swal
lowed otto of the rammers. The general
silr nco about tho place is almost op-pres-ivo
The rr.les governing tho yard
amoiiitt to fj-iite a code, and in addition
; or -.-ii
ft regulations against loud
v.-:iri:;t or nr.neeessary noise
. ti!kit iii--ruction to every
- to hold no conversation
t "pt in the line of duty.
... t of the workshops there is
. !y little noise, everything
. itli what miht bo called a
snioot Imess. The one excep
Wii i
Ev ; :
com;; i"
ponrif n
tion is in the great hall where the rifiod
cannon are manufactured. It is he
nature of man to respect power whether,
in the machine or the human being,
and I know of no other place where
everything seems to move with such re
sistless fore i.
Overhead the great tram car, with its
monster tentacles of iron hoops and
clamps and girder loops, moves back
ward and f orwanl with an energy which
seems as if it were beyond control, and
yet tho engineer who sits in the iron
cage attached can stop or start it with
a touch of his finger. I shall not weary
the reader by describing the long guns
of steel and nickel, weighing ever so
many tons, which are so easily raised
and lowered by the machinery of this
tram car, nor tho great augers, if I may
call them such, which bore out tho
guns, seeming to move with the most
gentle persuasiveness and yet tearing
off the delicate shavings of steel and
nickel with a power which really fas
cinates the beholder. Nor shall I at
tempt a description of the process for
various reasons. It would take me at
least three months to master the subject
and probably another month to put it
into simple English, after which the or
dinary reader would require three
months or so to understand it, by which
time some of us would be dead or pros
trated with brain fag.
Uncle Sam's Navy Tarda.
The noted navy yards and stations are
at Norfolk, Brooklyn, Mare island, near j
San Francisco; League island, near Phil
adelphia; Portsmouth, N. H. ; Boston,
New London, Conn. ; Port Royal, S. C. , j
and Seattle, the last three being regard
ed as mere naval stations. There are a
training ship and torpedo station at
Newport, R. L, and minor establish
ments elsewhere. The Naval War col
lege at Newport, R. L, was formally
opened a few weeks ago by Assistant
Secretary of the Navy William McAdoo.
The general result of all the work done
at all these places and in the various
shipyards is thus summed up by Mr.
McAdoo at the close of the fiscal year
1S94: "The TJnited States, while it does
not possess a great navy in the number '
of its ships, has within its limits colossal ;
plants, both public and private, and
great armies of skilled workmen, led by
contractors, designers and inventors of
marked ability. It is therefore essen
tially and substantially capable of na
tional defense, and, if need be, of offense,
operations." The general summary of
every naval report of this year is that
we are just ready to make a great navy
and to make it quickly.
History is taught at this navy yard
by object lessons, and the lessons are
fascinating indeed. First is the progress
in ordnance making shown by the old
guns ranged in their order from the old
est pieces hammered out by the black
smiths of colonial times and coming
down or up through all the changes
wrought by the Revolution, the second
war with Great Britain and the Barba
ry, Mexican and civil wars. Some of
the old grtm3 look like mere unwieldly
lumps of metal, bearing a ludicrous re
semblance to the toy guns which boys
sometimes manufacture of lead on the
Irishman's principle "take a hole and
pour the lead around it. " The old mor
tars which fired hot shot into the cities
of the Barbary coast look like big ket
tles with somewhat raised sides, and ta
the ordinary civilian eye it would seem
impossible to give any designed direc
tion to a shot from one of them. The
Algerines had captured various pieces
from the French and Spaniards in the
century before we went to war with
fheni, and it was our good fortune to
capture some of those pieces, which are
here to excite the ride of visitors. The
queer old inscriptions on them can still
be ciphered and indicate thafc one was
regarded as a terror to the foe, another
a destroyer, and so on.
Historic Matters.
Every avenue and square in the yard
bears a historic name. Tha first avenue
is named for Rear Admiral John A.
Dahlgren, the second for Commodore
Lewis Warrington of the war of 1812,
the third for Commodore Charles Mor
ris of the same war, the fourth for the
immortal Commodore Hull, and so on.
The list of commandants of the yard is
also full of interest. The first appointee,
Captain Thomas Tingey, took the place
Jan. 22, 1800, held it 29 years and died
in office. A melaucholy interest attaches
to the record of Caxftain Beverly Ken
non, who was appointed by the first Pres
ident Harrison, and two years later was
killed by tho bursting of the Peacemak
er on the Princeton at the time when
two members of the cabinet and various
other persons were killed. The sixteenth
commandant was Captain Franklin
Buchanan, appointed in May, 1859, who
went south when the civil war began
and became famous in the Confederate
navy. Rear Admiral Dahlgren was the
twenty-second and died in office in 1870.
The present commandant, Captain J. A.
Howell, is the thirty-third and took the
place Feb. 2, 1893.
A Hero's Saber.
Our navy department is rich in relics
and memorials cf many kinds, but tho
only ones kept at this yard are the old
guns mentioned. By sorneLxHly's awk
wardness the United States failed to be
come tho owner of one very interesting
relic, which was. however, a few weeks
ago presented to the Annapolis Naval
academy, and that is doubtless a? well.
This is the famous battle saber of Cap
tain Samuel Chester Reid, who com
manded tho brig-of-war General Arm
strong and won tho astonishing victory
at Fayal, Azores, in September, 1814.
With this saber Captain Reid, iu a hand
to hand fight, killed the first lieutenant
of the British frigate Rota and wounded
several others. The blood of that com
bat was never washed off the saber and
is still slight !y visible. At the ball given
to Laf-iyette in New York in 1824 Cap
tjin Reid wore this sword for the last
tlitie, it is b IV ved, after which it was 1
laid away as a precious memorial. His
son, Colonel S;:mnel C. Reid, tendered
it as a free gift to the United States, t
and in March, 1890, Senator Voorhees
of the committee on the library offered
a joint ref-olution providing for the ac
ceptance of the sword and the striking
of a memorial gold modal to be pre
sented to tho son. The latter part of tho
resolution was opposed so vigorously
that the matter was delayed some three
years, when Colonel Reid grew indig
nant and withdrew the offer. A year
later he presented it to the academy. It
is the judgment of our naval historians
that the injury inflicted on the British
forces at Fayal resulted in such delay
that they did not reach New Orleans till
after General Jackson had had time to
prepare for them. Otherwise, says
Cooper, it is likely the city would have
fallen without a blow and possibly the
whole history of the west have been
X.lfe of a Ship.
Of the floating memorials of the he
roic ago of our navy there are few in
deed, as it ia a melancholy fact that the
life of a ship, so to speak, is generally
very short. The old sailing frigate
Portsmouth ia still afloat as a training
ship, with a crew composed mostly of
apprentice boys. With her black hull
low in the water and square gun ports
for the old style battery and high masts,
she ia an oddity indeed among our mod
ern ships. Yet naval men here say that
with none of these modem improve
ments and obliged to trust to wind and
tide the old wooden vessel ia still al
most as comfortable as any of the new
ones, for there ia no smoke or dirt from
engines and boilers, and in warm
weather her decks are much cooler than
those of a steamer. The Constellation
after many years' service aa a practice
ship has gone to Newport as a receiv
ing ship, where she will be roofed in,
and her high masts, which made her for
years the fastest sailing warship in the
world, will be seen no more. The once
famous Jamestown now lies at Hamp
ton Roads dismasted and dismantled aa
a floating quarantine hospital. As to
the often sung and celebrated Constitu
tion, everybody knows that, like a fa
mous old warhorse or race horse, she ia
kept for the good she has done and to
gratify American pride and sentiment
that most honorable pride in the na
tion's past, without which no nation
can have an honorable future.
J. LL Beadle.
iiaa Pen
tuner r mini;, up.
on mo.vkv m-:' it :.
rJJi::iIIl!lI!!!II!!III!I!liIi: lll!ll!!!!llllimilli: in!!!l!ll!!!mi:l!li!l i:;.. :
H 500 Kansas Avenue, - - - Topeka, Kansas. U
ni;m.i!iiwiiiiiiMM inii.j
When ycu start
fcv; the fact that it
3B . .....
-e the rmnMtv nf a
t'r'HMLf tion should be a sufficient r cat on for b'.iylr a
! -rfei wheel with a repiitction.
1 I 1, ; . ..1 .1
lliCIC 1 11U Willed II1..1L
lnniT nnn. iti-i- etitiita rr
guaranteed, none whose
liberally interpreted, none so safe to buy as a Columbia.
Villi CclamMas lisiei at $125, M riders will ts sj wniss as ta invest ia lsw;r jcrasls iicy.ci
r mailed tor two a-ciii aiMiiipa.
WILLIAM TAYLOR, Aseat ror Cv,"n.lr'VJ 'tu
not want to niovo any more poods than we
do for the next ten days at the
820 North. Hans as Ave.
All Botlnri Brinrhrs. Shorthanil and Typewriting.
Special alUntlnn t Grade 4 n llta,
SO WriHn I-sssous M.OO.
iv1- - ' !
Hardware. Implements,
leSil I" EUTiO
Crown and UrUljra Work, per tooth, S3.
Gold KilUiiifS. i..
Teeth Kxlracte.l without Pain, 2Se.
out o:i a Columbia,
is impossi
sible to ascrrt.TTii "XJ"VL
Inrvrtt hv a rr.nnl ertminl-
. I 1 !., r w
11.1S IvCtTIl 11." jsu.i'- U W
cr,-,l cs lii'-r rwr w.'tl .
guarantee is so substantial and so
Boston, New York, Chicaco, Hartford.
can possibly lielp See what tlm cash v. ill
fi31 mad &&S yulat ol., apeK.-, Kaoiai,
404-.6 KAS. AVE.,
And 843 Kas. Ave., NOKTII YOl'EKA.
jy-Fomltor, i'arp.li, St u On.vn..
war, t.n ar pavm .nt. I-Hou- r,'l.
13 aud Walnut. lLAUaSia City, Al, I liuue
iuwa.ro, t
: t par; .
a.xi(l T

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