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STATE JOTTlfsr AT, TUESDAY EVEXTXa. AUGUST 28. 1891.
IS PAY WEIIT 0 Fnllraan Himself Testifies Be- foro Strike Commission. lie Admits That His Salary Was Not Reduced. PROFITS NOT CUT. Didn't See Why They Should be Used to Pay Waires. Chicago, Aug-. 23. George M. Pull man was before the labor commission for nearly three hours yesterday afternoon. lie dwelt at great length on the motives which actuated the company in buildiEg- homes for the workingmen at Pullman, declaring1 that the town had biea made so that the best class of mechanics would pre fer to live there than in any other place. In reply to queries by Chairman Wright, Mr. Pullman told of the con tracts for work undertaken by the company at a loss, ia order that the men might be kept Et work. He said: "I found we weru being underbid by other companies even where we bad figured the wcrk down to cost. I undertook to mike the Pullman company's bids in o 'der to secure the work for our men. My recollection Is that the first order of the kind was for fifty-live cars oa the Long IslaDd railway. Under my instructions the cost of material and labor was figured on the basis of a reduction in wages. "Then I bad the matter under con sideration here and Jiew York for about two weeks uni finally put in a bid for something tetween SJOO and 8100 a car below actual cost. I made up my mind that tho company would contribute that tench rather than have the men Idle. Up to the time of the strike we had lost more than $50,- 000 in pursuit of this policy. I ex plained this personally to the men when they were having their conference with Mr. Wickes. Mr. Ueathcote said they wanted the wages of 1893. I sa d: It would be a most unfortunate tiiag for :ill of you if the wages of 18 3 were restored, because there is not more than six weeks' work in the shop now, and we would be unable to get more on a basis of the wages cf 1393.'" Here Mr. Kernaa interrupted to know if the company had not pro posed to aiseharji; some of the com mittee that waitel on Wickes and whether the promisj had been kept. Mr. Pullman said h; did not know but Mr. Wickes would telL Mr. Kernan then asked: "Were the books shown to the men?" "No. they were not, because the men did not apply to see them, and the strike came Friday." "There were other grievances, were there not?" "There were, but Mr. Wickes and Mr. Drown had promised the men to take them up and r.;medy them wher ever there was juit cause for com plaint. " Judge Worthinsrton asked: "As to this reported dec aration of yours that you Lad nothing to arbitrate, were you correctly reported?-' "I have already explained my views on that subject." Judge V orthing-.oa then brought out the fact that the company's original capital stock of 81,000,000, in 1SU7, had increased to 36,O0O,000; that the company had p;dd dividends of 13 per cent during the first two years of its organization; 9 per cent dur ing the nest two years, and 8 per cent annually since, and at the same time had accumulated a surplus amounting to 25,000,000. Referring1 to the stock of the com pany Mr. Pullman said it represented actual cash paid by the stockholders as the capital wa. needed and the capital stock was increased for the legitimate business of the company. There was no water in it ana none of it represented dividends. Coining back to the question of arbitration Mr. Pullman said he re membered no formal attempt to get him to arbitrate with the men. He had declared his willingness to arbi trate. ".Now, Mr. Pullman," said Commis sioner Worthington, "taking the whole year throng i, has the Pullman company made or last money?" "It has made money," was the answer. "You have paid your regular divi dends?" "Yes, sir; 8 per cent." "That is something like 3,800,000 yon have paid out in dividends for the year." "Yes, but that includes the latter part of the world's fair whicn was ex ceptional. " "Let me ask 3 on, Mr. Pullman, whether you do not think a company that pays dividends of 800,000 could not afford to share the losses of its employes who have worked for it so long?" "The manufacturing business is separate from the business of the sleeping car company. I see no reason why I should take the profits of the 4,200 stockholders in the Pull ,rnan Sleeping Car company and pay men a higher rate of wages than was paid in other parts of the country for the same work, or than was paid by other companies for the same work. "Because we ha"e been careful and accumulated a surplus I do not see that it is a reason why we should take the surplus now and pay it out for ex ceptionally high vtasjes." "What do you see that is objectiona ble in submitting a difference like this to arbitration. "There are some matters that are proper subjects for arbitration, but I cannot arbitrate on a question where 1 know the facts tD be thus and so. The question as to whether our shops should continue to run at a loss is a thing that could rot be arbitrated," "Why was it impossible?" "Because it v.oiates the principle that a man has a right to manage his own business." Judge Worthinj-ton wanted to know Tthertia it was wrong to take the money of the stockholders and pay higher wages when the management was ready to take contracts at a loss, or take the stockholders" money to keep the plant going. Mr. Pullman said the execution of contracts at a loss was better for the plant than to let it lie idle. "So," interrupted Mr. Kernan, "yon had that in view as well as the em ployment of the men? Yon did not want to stop the plant because you knew that would be a loss to stock holders, and you did not want to scat ter your men because you knew it would be difficult to get a force to gether again that would do economi cal work?" "Yes." 'Was your salary reduced, Mr. Pullman?" The witness replied it had not been. "Nor the salaries of superintendent or foreman?" "No." "Why?" Mr. Pullman said it was not good policy to reduce the salaries of high officials, because men of their caliber were not easily replaced. Mr. Pullman was then excused and Vice President Wickes was called. Ha rehearsed the history of the strike and the part he played in it. He aid the discharge of the mem bers of the grievance committee after he had promised that they shoald not be molested for the part in the committee's work was entirely with out his knowledge and was not inten tional on the part of the minor officials who had laid them oft. AN UNPRECEDENTED CASE. A Federal Judge Overrules an Order of the United States Supreme Court. Fort Smith, Ark., Aug. 28. An un precedented case occurred here yes terday aftei noon when Judge Parker of the Federal court overruled Justico White of the United States supreme court in the case of Lafayette Hud son. Hudson is a desperado who shot a man in the Indian territory because he would not get down oa his knees and pray. He was convicted in Judge Parker's court for four years im prisonment in the King's county pen itentiary at Brooklyn. The case was then taken before the United States supreme court, where Justice White entered the order that Hudson be ad mitted to bail in the sum of $5,000. It was this order that Judge Parker set aside, who held that the justice had no right to admit him to bail, and that the rule of the supreme court whereby he undertakes to do so is in valid because congress has given the court no authority to make a rule say ing when persons shall be admitted to baiL That it requires legislative action to decide when a case is bail able. Congress has passed no law providing for bail after conviction ia a case of this kind. CHINESE SECRET SOCIETY". Recruits for the Ge Hlnj Being: Rapidly Knrolled. Chicago, Aug. 23. The "Ge Iling," the Chinese secret society whose avowed intention, it is said, is to effect the overthrow of the present em peror of China, is being rapidly recruited in Chicago, and Sunday, September 9, has been selected for the holding of a big conclave here. Prominent Chinamen from all parts of the country will be present, and it is expected that the order will at that time decide upon the course to be pursued by the Chinese-Japanese war. New members are being se cured daily, and the "Gee iiing" on South Clark street are the scene of frequent initiations. The "initia tion" includes a ceremony in which everybody present draws some of his blood, which is caught in a tankard, vhich is sipped by all, including the initiaties. DELLA RIDES A WHEEL. Every Evening Just at Dusk bhs Takes a Spin. New York, Aug. 28. Pretty, dainty Delia Fox ha? taken to bicycle riding. Whether it is because she fears ebe is getting too stout or has it in rniad to in troduce herself on a bicycle ia her opera is not definitely known. The fact is, for several weeks past, just at dusk, accompanied by her sister, she wheels a Liberty from "riteve" Moea'a bicycle establishment, near Central Park, on Eighth avenue, and goes spioning up the boulevard. Her costume i3 a loose fitting blue serge, ia extremely modest, and consequently, not of the bloomer order. After a two houra' rlie on tb.3 boule vard and in the park she returns acid puts her wheel away for the next night. BRIEFS BY WIRE. A reward of $2,500 is offered for the recovery of L M. Eyers, who was ab ducted from his home in Pittsburg last May. Vice President Stevenson made the address of welcome to the visiting Knights of Pythias at Washington last night. The contention of Chief Ilazen in regard to the Mississippi state war rants has been sustained by Attorney General Olney. The provisions in the new tariff till relating to the use of alcohol used in the arts cannot be carried into effoct for want of funds. Senator Butler, of South Carolina, has bolted the Democratic primaries, and his action will kick up a great po litical row in that state. At Glens Falls, N. Y., Hon. A. P.. Abbott.ex-meraber of the state assem bly, was killed by the accidental dis charge of a gun as he was about to fetart on a hunting trip. At Penetenguishene, Ont., A. H. Spring, manager of the Western bank disappeared on the occasion of the visit of the inspector. He is said to be short 825,000. An order has been issued by Super intendent White of the railway mail service requiring mail clerks to hence forth live at one terminal of their routes. A passenger train on the Chicago and Eastern Illinois road collided with a switch engine near Thirty-seventh street, Chicago, fatally injuring a fireman, and badly shaking up the the passengers. A dense fog caused the accident. No one was serioesly I injured except the fireman. DIDII'T LIKEJT A BIT. Cleveland Scores Tariff Bill but Lets It Become a Law. He Writes a Long Letter to Congressman Catcliinrjs. A QUEER POSITION. He Tacitly Approves What He Strongly Disapproves. Washington-, Aug. 28. The presi dent yesterday sent the following letter to Representative Catchings of Mississippi, who consented to its pub lication, in view of its publio charac ter and importance: "Executive Mansion, ) "Washington, Aug. 27, 13U4. J "lion T. C. Catchings: "Mr Dear Ses: Since the conversa tion I had with you and Mr. Clark of Alabama, a few days ago in regard to my action upon the tariff bill now before me, I have given the subject full and most serious consideration. The result is I am more settled than ever in the determination to allow the bill to become a law without my signature. "When the formulation of legisla tion which it was hoped would em body Democratic ideas of tariff re form was lately entered upon by con gress, nothing was further from my anticipation than a result which I could not promptly and enthusias tical indorse. "It is, therefore, with a feeling of the utmost disappointmant that I sub mit to a denial of this privilege. "I do not claim to be better than the masses of my party, nor do I wish to avoid any responsibility which, on account of the passage of this law, I ought to bear, as a member of the Democratic organization; neither will I permit myself to be separated from my party to such an extent as might be implied by my veto of tariff legisla tion, which, though disappointing, is still chargeable to Democratic effort. But there are provisions in this bill which are not in line with honest tariff reform, and it con tains inconsistencies and crudities which ought not to appear in tariif laws or laws of any kind. Besides, there were, as you and I well know, incidents accorapanj-ing the passage of the bill through congress which made every sincere reformer unhappy, while influences surrounded it in its latt-r stages and interfered with its final construction, which ought not to be recognized or tolerated in Demo cratic tariff reform councils. "And yet, notwithstanding all its vicissitudes and all the bad treat ment it received at the hands of pre tended friends, it presents a vast im provement to existing conditions. It will certainly lighten many tariif burdens that now rest heavily upon the people. It is not only a barrier against the return of mad protection, but it furnishes a vantage ground from which must be wajed further aggressive operations against pro tected monopoly and governmental favoritism. "I take my place with the rank and file of the Democratic party who be lieve in tariif reform and know whit it is; who refuse to accept the results embodied in this bill as the close of the war; who are not blinded to the fact that the livery of Democratic tariff reform has been stolen and worn in the service of Republican protection, and who have marked the places where the deadly blight of trea son nas blasted the councils of the brave in their hour of might. "The trusts and combinations the communism of pelf who have pre vented us from reaching the success we deserve, should not be forgotten or forgiven. We shall recover from our astonishment at their exhibition of power, and if then the question is forced upon us whether they shall submit to the free legislative will of the people's representatives or shall dictate the laws which the people must obey, we will accept and settle that issue as one involving the in tegrity and safety of American insti tutions. "I love the principles of true De mocracy because they are founded in patriotism and upon justness and f a'r ness toward all interests. I am proud of my party organization because it is conservatively sturdy and persist ent in the enforcement of its princi ples. Therefore I do not despair of the efforts made by the house of rep resentatives to supplement the bill already passed by further legislation and to have engrafted upon it such modifications as will more nearly meet democratic hopes an 1 aspirations. "1 cannot be mistaken as to the ne cessity of free raw materials as the foundation of logical and sensible tariff reform. The extent to which this is recognized in the legislation already secured is one of its encour aging and redeeming features; but it is vexatious to recall that while free coal and iron ore have been denied, a letter of the secretary of the treasury discloses the fact that both might have bs'en made free by the annual surrender of only about 5700,000 of unnecessary revenue. "I am sure that there is a common habit of under-estimating the im portance of free raw material in tariif legislation, and of regarding them as only related to concessions to be made to our manufacturers. The truth is their influence is so far reaching that if disregarded a com plete and beneficent scheme of tariff reform cannot be successfully inaug urated. 'When we give to our manufac turers free raw materials, we un shackle American enterprise and in genuity and these will open the doors of foreign markets to the re ception of our wares and give op portunity for the continuous and re munerative employment of Amer ican labor. "With materials cheapened by then freedom from tariff charges the cost of their product must be correspond- I Ingly cheapened. Thei'eupon Justice md iairness to tne consumer wouia Jemand that the manufacturers be obliged to submit to such a readjust ment and modification of the tariff upon their finished goods as would secure to th people the benefit of the -educed cost of their manufacture and shield the consumer against the exaction of inordinate profits. "It will thus be seen that free raw materials and a just and fearless reg ulation and reduction of the tariff to meet the changed conditions would jarry to every home in the land the blessings of increased comfort and theaper living. "The millions of our countrymen who have fought bravely and well for tariff reform should be exhorted to continue the struggle, boldly chal lenging to open warfare and con stantly guarding against treachery snd half heartedness in their camp. "Tariff reform will not be settled until it is honestly and fairly settled in the interest and to the benefit of a patient and long suffering people. Youra very truly, "Groveb Cleveland." IS NOW A LAW. The New Tar I ft Measure Went Into Ef fect at .Midnight. Washington, Aug. 23. At 12 o'clock last night the McKinley tariff law, ! which has been in oper ation since Oc tober 30, 1800. practically four years, died on the statute books, and, the new Democratic tariff bill, passed by the Fifty-third congress, became a law without the signature of Presi dent Cleveland. ANOTHER CHAMPION OUT. UcAullffe Ia Bested by tirifTo, but Is Not Given the Oec-isien. Coney Island, Y., Aug. 28. Never before in the history of the Seaside Athletic club did such a crowd gather within its walls as that which assembled last night to witness the fight between McAuliffe and Grif fo and the several events preceding that combat. The attendance was 6.50O. McAuliffe was first to enter the ring. He was received with wild en thusiasm and bowed his acknowledg ment frequently. The Australian fol lowed shortly after that and was loudly cheered. First round McAuliffe led off and they closed. A good bout ended after a brisk rally, in which Griffo made a good impression. Second round Mac led with his right over Oriffo's shoulder, and then Griffo got in some good punches, fol lowing this up on the face. After sparring, Griffo punched the big fellow in the neck and face and began to take a comfortable lead when the gong was welcomed by Mac. Third round After carefully spar ring, Griffo was effective with both on Mac's face, but rallying he upper cut Griffo with the left in hard style. Mac's left eye was injured and he blew more than the Australian. Fourth round Mac's left eye was rapidly closing. He seemed weak in his attack and worked slowly, when Griffo landed two beauties and put his man on the ropes. It was now all going Griffo's way, and Mac was wilder than ever, getting a fearful left in the face. Mac sent a sweeping right-hauder after Griffo. but missed, the latter ducking. Griffo went after his man in good shape, and twice got him on his swollen face. He had just got a straight one from Griffo's left when the gong sounded. Fifth round Mac was now very tired and sparred for wind, and GritTo probably lost the golden opportunity of not getting the fight by not going in. Sixth round Mac was now bathed in perspiration and Gritfo scored rap idly and apparently had his opponent at his mercy. Mac got slower and slower, and his big efforts with his right struck wild over and over again. Seventh round Jack began some terrific rushes, but Griffo was not to be denied and in some in-fighting got there twice to Mac's once. Eighth round After a few ex changes Griffo did well with a left upper-cut, and dashed in on his man's face in good shape. It looked, .how ever, as if he lacked power or inclina tion to go in and end it, being much stronger. Jack was regaining lost ground when the bell sounded. Ninth round Mac, much refreshed, braced up and led off with a terrific right-hander on Griffo's body. He now forced the fight fiercely, punch ing right and left, and when the bell rang he had all but regained his laurels. Tenth and last round They shook hands and Mac bepran with a good body blow. They then clinched and on opening Jack aarain got there. He now went desperately to work trying the knock-out. He rushed wildly twice and then went wild in what might have been a finishing blow. They frequently clinched and hissing was loudly indulged in. A terrible set-to was in progres when the round ended. The referee gave the bout to Mc Auliffe, which called forth a storm of disapproval. There never was such a demonstration against a referee's de cision. McAuliffe attempted to speak, but was hissed down. Griffo protested vigorously against the decision and was apparently supported bv a ma jority of the spectators. Griffo also attempted to speak, but the police interfered and requested him to leave the platform. He was loudly ap plauded as he stepped from the ring, and when McAuliffe was leaving the groans were deafening. Senator Stewart Involved in a Scandal. Washington, Aug. 23. The state ment was published yesterday morn ing that Charles L. Glassock of this city had filed a suit for absolute divorce from his wife, and that he had named as co-respondent a senator, whose name was not given, and whose identity was not clearly shown. The fact became known that Senator Stewart of Nevada was probably the senator referred to in the article, and to the press reporter he admitted that it applied to him, but maintained that it was a blackmailing scheme. The whisky trust failed to raise the large sum necessary to take 6,000,000 gallons of whisky out of bond beor the new tariff law went into effect. "WHAT HE'S COTk I"lie Difference Between the Senator and tli GotrreiiBioi "Once upon a time," remarked a Story-telling congressman, "I hap pened to be doing some campaign speaking with the senator from my State, and one of our engagements was at a small town considerably off the main highway and at a place where I thought a United States senator would be a nine days' wonder, not to say anything about what a plain member of congress might be. We were objects of more or less re mark, I am free to confess, and I was feeling rather proud of the combina tion until I happened to overhear a conversation. I didn't intend to lis ten, but it happened that several women who had come to hear the speaking met in the hall right in front of my door, and of course the speakers of the day were the topic of conversation. " 'Which one's the senator?' asked one. " 'That un that's got the whiskers,' replied another. " 'He don't look like he knowed any more than t'other,' was the next com ment. " 'I reckon he don't, said the third; 'an' neither one don't seem to have any to spare in case they had to sheer it. ' 'How does he git to be senator ef lun don't know more'n the congress man?' asked the third. "'Huh!' sniffed the other, "tain't what a senator knows that makes him a senator; it's what he's got,' and then I made a noise to let them know that they must not be giving away state secrets, and the way they went down the hall was a caution." HE'D LET GO. A. Buffalo Man Gives a Pointer to the Saint. In an art gallery in a town not far from Buffalo there hangs a splendid painting by some Frenchman (name forgotten by deponent) of the temp tation of St. Anthony. The painting is one of the show pieces of the gal lery and cost a fabulous amount of money. This artist's version of the tempta tion represents the sorely-tried saint clinging to a small sap ling with one hand, while three Bcantily-clad and bewitching fe males are tugging on the other hand and trying to pull the saint from his tree. The expression on the saint's face is the crowning glory of the picture. It is marvelously painted. The other day a dignified and well known Buffalonian was escorting through the gallery his wife and her friend, a charming young widow from Washington. They came to this picture and stood before it a long time discussing its beauties. Just as they were about to leave, the j-oung Washington widow glanced archly at the Buffalonian and said: "Now Mr. R. if you were In St. An thony's place, what would you do?" Tho Buffalo man looked perplexed and hesitated for a minute, then said: "Well, if the tree didn't break, I think I should let go my hold." HALF BROWN. Curious Markings on the Body of a Lit tle White Boy. The colored woman who is turning white in places has a rival in a little white boy who was born brown in places. The color of his brown places is about the same as that of the skin of the average Afro-American. The little boy, George Russell by name, is the son of a baker in New York. He was bora in Omaha two years ago. He is fair-haired and his skin is light, aside from the patches. He is plump and healthy. The boy is mostly white as far down as the waist line, below which he is brown, with the exception of the left leg below the knee. The white portion, including the face, arms and bod3', is dotted with large patches of varying intensity of color. On the left temple is a very large red birthmark. This is the only approach to deformity in the child. Otherwise he is very well formed. There are fifteen spots on the face, nearly as many more on the scalp, and more are scattered over the should ers, arms and body. The left leg be low the knee is liberally spotted with color down to the foot and on the toes. Was, Not Is. In London, in the time of George the Fourth, there was an athletic and dashing military man. Major Brace bridge by name and title, who, when he found his power waning, retired to his countryhouse and seldom showed himself in society. Many years later, he had occasion to go up to London, and there met a lady who had known him in his younger years. "Dear me!" she exclaimed; "aren't you Major Bracebridge?"' "No, madam," he answered, "but I was once." The Dialect of the YaUnt.. An interesting piece of translation is that of the Russian liturgy into the dialect of the Yakuts of Northeastern Siberia, which has just been accom plished by some Russian scholars. The language of the Yakuts is bo poor that it can only reckon a total of 200 root words. They have no word for "body" as distinguished from "flesh," and none for "bread." The Lord's prayer, even, could not be translated literally. lie Was Nettled. The man was losing every game at cards, and the lady on the other side of the table was laughing at him. "Ah, well," she said in sarcastic sym pathy, when he had to buy another basket of chips, "unlucky at cards, lucky at love, you know." "Yes," he said, "and I guess it must be true, for you see I am still a bachelor." Basy to Take and keep the system in Perfect Order. CATHARTIC PILLS A specific for Headache Constipation, and Dyspepsia. Every dose Effective GAMBLE! Li KitcMl Marbur Vorrjar; You have your troubles, but w have the remedy. We knuw this because ladies who use Vi&vi tell us so. If you are not fully convinced of its merits, ssk sowt of your friends about it. Some of them, probably, have used it. We are willing to stand or fall on the testiniony of ladies who hav ieJ Viavi. Ycu should profit by their experience. Doo't Rusb blindly into it. Inform yourfeK fi'ily. 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