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STATE JOTTliNAL, TUESDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 25, 1891.
The State Journal CSeial Taper cf tha City of Tcpeka. By Frank P. MacLknnan, Tally edition, delivered Tsy carrier, 13 cents a -week to ar.y part cf Tcpeka or Ensures, or at the same price in any Kassas town where this paper has a car rier system. Ey mail, three 1r.cr.tl13 ........$ .20 By mail, one year 3. CO "Weakly Edition,. per year 0 GREATEST IN KANSAS. AVZSA33 DAILY CIRCULATION : 3,806 For the three dull summer months cf 1334 an increase of over fifty per cent in cr.a year. Ollt PROOF: The issues of Via Topkka Daily Statu Journal for ttie three months, viz.. from lha 1st day of June, 14, to Hie S!st day of August, 1894. inclusive, have bueu as follows: DAT July August I.. 2. 3. 4. 6. 6. 7. 8. 0. 10. 11. li. is. 14. 15. lfl. 17. IS. 1 . .). '21. 8,4 13 fc.312 8.303 i "I 8.5H0 9. TOO 8,101 8,25:5 S. Jt.ot3 8.947 X.470 8, 8.302 .8,3:3 Is. 410 S.i-it) 8.1 3 .445 S.473 8.42 K.4t!3 ,4;2 ,4"2 8,4ti2 8.640 8,b70 f.r.., K.5J3 8.680 t-.7-'0 8.741 8.7'J:3 8.752 S.tiOO 8.743 8.547 ..V.C1 8,5-0 b.M- 8.520 'JO 943 ,1'JO ,ys2 0J3 t!4 ,000 .U'10 .WW ,0: 3 8,602 8,rm 8,542 8.7.72 8,1)03 8.4J7 8.521 8,557 8,545 8,510 8,53 ia. 24. 13. it'. 23. .t98 ,7s2 .731 ,2-.r2 .74$ ,8-JO 80. is!. Totals . 241,173 231,998 Sunday; no issua. Yhe total number of copies printed fn the three mouths named abort. 65.679. divtded ly7, tli number of irm?s. thow the average to be 8,8(). 1 his is a correct report of the Issues of the TorriA Daily biAis JouKSALfor ttie tliroo moatlis as staled. Ed tor and Proprietor. Swora to and subscr bed Sept. 11. 1894. 8JLAI.J S. M. (iAItDFN H IKE, Cier-i of the District Court, bhawnea Couuty, Kansas. tSTha STATS JQ'JIiNAL is the only paper in Eansas receiving the Full lay Associated Pres3. ZWXsm'heT American Newspaper Pab lishsra's association. The STATS JCUSHAL has the handsomest and raoit complete web ster eotype perfecting tress. 3F"3astern oSoe. 73 Tribune Building. New York, Ferry Lukens, Jr., manager. leather Indication. "Washington, fcept 25. Forecast till S p. in. Wednesday. For Kansas: Fair, slightly warmer Wednesday morning iu northwestern porticn; southerly winds. This campaign i.4 gattinp to be one of the quietent ever e-iea ia Kansas. Are both parties oa a still hunt A Topeka man suggests that that land in southern Kansas that is sinking down Is probably giving way to the weight of mortgages on it. Pa nt at a BuEiDiiTHAL is providing very little seusatio aal literature lately; ia that particular, he is just a length or two behind Pantata Leland. If the Populist oificials did not all take railroad passes, perhaps the railroads could afford to do something in "maxi mum freight rates" themselves, without legislation. Kansas needs the real cranks at the head of affairs. Peaple who won't take passes because they think it isn't right, and people who enforce the laws because they are the laws. That's the kind of cranks we want What a disagreea ble etory this is that comes from Dr. McCasey'a castle of wretchedness west of town. A poor old soldier's ciiair is taken away from him and given to one of the members of the etato board of charities. Hasn't Pete Ki no paid out another f 10,000 to somebody between sunset last evening' and sunriee this morning. If all the stories about Pete paying money to somebody or other are true, he has probably paid out a million or so at least "Wonder if the Topeka Journal man will come down to hear Governor Mc Kiniey in this city, October 3. Hutchin son Interior Herald. No, indeed; Governor McKiniey is go ing to 8peak at Topeka pretty nearly if not quite as long as at Hutchinson. The capital city never cc-ts left "Whkj Gov. McKiniey arrives hero it is to be hojred the c jmcnittee in charg-e of him will not waste acy time by making "royal progress" from tha depot to the slate house. As tha Governor has only an hour to stay here, he should be driven aa rapidly as possible to the state house, so that he can speak to his audience at length. A Kansas Democratic paper has pull ed down the Democratic ticket A Pop ulist paper has put up the Republican ticket, a It (publican paper has bolted, aud so it goes. The independent editor and the Independent voter la playing euiftsh with party lines this year; but good will come of it all. When people begin to think, then the right ia sure to prevail. Frauds vlll be turned out of Gi3ce, and reform will be begun and cirri el through j The dispatch sent out by the Associ ! ated Press from Topeka the other day in j reference to railroad pa.-.-t-s and saving 1 that the next legislature would pas3 a law abolishing their use by oiBeiaU was published in the Journal, but we disclaim responsibility for it In the next legisla ture of Kansas there will be 18 men, and every one of them will have a pass. In addition to that he will be able to get a pass tor a friend if he asks for it. Does any one suppose for a niomout that the members of the next legislature are go ing to be such angelio creatures that they will begin reform by taking their own passes away? The mea who entertain such an idea are too innocent for this world. Lawrence Journal. The pasd system has been abolished in other states and there is no reason to be lieve that it will not ba ia this state. In New York, the constitutional convention has incorporated a provision in the con stitution that no public official shall be allowed to accept a railroad pais. The members of the legislature even though each may have a pass will be compelled by public opinion to vote for aa anti-pass law, provided public opinion manifests itself strongly enough. Salika Republican: We cannot see how any person can object to the war the Topeka Journal is making upon olS cials holding railroad passes. It may af fect the Populist party more severely, aa that organization is supposed to be pledged against receiving favors from railroads. But let tha war involve whom it may, Populist, Republican or Demo crat, it is an agitation which warmly meets the approval of the people in all the states. The recent action of the con stitutional convention of New York in this matter will servo only to hasten the day when no public official will think of placing himself under obligations to a railway by accepting favors from it Smith County Pioneer: A reporter for the State Journal has brougut to light the fact that all the Populist state offi cers not only have railroad passes and use them, but that they are also supplied with Pullman passes. This undoubted ly accounts foi the reduction in the as sessment of the Pullman Palace Car company in this state last year and also furnishes a reason why these official representatives of the down trodden white slaves of Kansas can ride in palace cars while the poor "be jabbers" can walk. KAXtiAti JPAIiAGHAPUS. I A Dunlap family is enjoying a visit from Mrs. Tinkeipaw. The May fever is bo bad s.t Council Grove that one young iady calls herself Mollie Maginaea. Burdick doesn't seem to know when it is well off; it is clamoring for mure cam paign speakers. The only thing that is apt to detract from the McKiniey meeting at Hutchin son ia the Finney county fair at Garden City. The running over of a boy named Brewer at the lola fair grounds comes as the sequel to the announcement that water would ba free. Garden City merchants are shipping orders of vegetables as far east as New ton and yet people speak of all western Kansas as burued up. Rev. Mr. Ailing is a preacher in Allen county and tells the people the Lord has chosen the weak things of the world to confound the mighty. A fine view of the late eclipie of the moon was had at Lyonj, which is the only good thing that has yet been dis covered ia the absence of rain clouds. Noah's family might have a partial re union in Kansas. Ham is marshal at Ft. Scott, Japhet is running a livery sta ble at lola, but Shein is still unaccounted for. If all the small beys knew what big, juicy watermelons were raised near Garden City it wouldn't be long before that country had the greatest influx of young blood in history. Editor Gilmore of Fredonia thought when the corn crop failed, that ho could worry along somehow, but when the news was brought in that there were no pecans his courage failed. The lola Register publishes a long ar ticle to show the kind of "metal" that is in a former lola boy. K 1 tor Scott doubtless had his mind full of the parity of gold and silver when he wrote the headlines. A man of Little River, Rica county, has invented a bolt grip, which, among other things, will hold a monkey wrench. The thing most needed is something to keep a man from ewearing when the wrench slips oil. tzz3 The discussion of free silver and the settling of all "feeaancial" questions by word of mouth have become so distaste ful to the Wilson couuty bank at i re Io nia, that the oiHcers have had the iron railing in front spiked. Lyons people have had their faith in humanity shaken. One man who travels all -over the state and talks politics a great deal told them Morrill would be elected by 35,000 plurality and another man who does the same thing came out and told them Lewelling would be elected by 20,000. One of the editors of the Council Grove Republican has the piece of carpet on which Thos. 11 Reed's feet rested while he sat in the speaker's chair in congress. The Democrats whom Torn Reed sat on when speaker would be a great deal more interesting curiosities. FEAR tTilTcZ All's D EATH. European Business Centers Tliink His Suc cessor Mlht Ureal the Peace. London, Sept 23. The European bourses are affected by tha czar's health as lis ia now recognised as one of the strongest supporters of peace and it is feared that in the event of his death his successor would seize the opportunity to secure naval porta on the Pacific or to enlarge his boundaries in the direction of the Pamirs at the expen-se of China, either of which steps is believed would easily precipitate war, Ou the other hand a dispatch from St Petersburg today deoiea the report that Russian troops have gone to Corea or that Russia has the intention of doing anything calculated to disturb the peace of Europa ft.SO Par Ton. Screeaed Lump Coal, ., . 91 Co- . THE BLAZING WOODS. THIS YEAR'S VISITATION THE WORST SINCE THE HORRORS OF 1881. Next to an Earthquake or Volcanic Vmp tiou, a Great Forest Fire Is In Appear.u:o the Most Striking; of 2Vataral S? heuomena. Some Strange Details. Forest fires rank among the most im pressive, most destructive of nattiral phenomena. Some of those wild riots of the elements that we call cyclones and tornadoes, and sometimes floods, do quite as much damage to the "works of man, but there is no manifestation which irqriuLs the forest fire in terror in fcpiring grandeur unless it be a volcanic eruption or an earthquake. ' There are forest fires in the United States every year, and every year the losses of prop erty are considerable, but nothing ap- ON THT5 ROAD TOWAP.D SAFETY". preaching the fires that have this year laid waste parts of Minnesotii, Michigan and Wisconsin, wiping out Hinckley, Phillips and other towns, has been suf fered since the memorable Michigan conflagration of 181. Even that catas trophe did wot come with such awful suddenness, and it is doubtful if there was as great loss of life. It will probably never be known bow many lives were lost in the fierce woods blazes of 1SS1. Some estimates placed the number as high as 1,000, while oth ers held that S00 would be nearer right. At all events, the experiences of those who were inhabitants of the burned over district were of the most horrifying na ture, and the destruction of property was so great as to seriously put back tha development of the Badger State. The fires broke out a little earlier than this year. Portions of five counties, all lying north of Port Huron and covering a ter ritory 75 miles long, were swept by tha flames, but Huron and Sanilao suffered most. There had been a severe drought, extending over a large part of the coun try, for weeks. This drought had been worse perhaps in Michigan than else where. Here and tliere Pniall fires broke out during the last weeks of August; but, as the woods had not yet become thor oughly dried, these early blazes were ex tinguished without much difficulty, and no great alarm was felt till about Sept. 4. By that time the smoke from the burning forests had spread over nearly every part of the southern peninsula of Michigan and portions of adjoining states and Canada. On that day news was received for the first time that there had been loss of life. Just where it had occurred was not reported, but the story was not doubted, for the smoke got speedily so thick as to make it nec essary to suspend business in some places many miles away from the locatica of the tires. I remember very well that I desired about that time to go from Cleveland to Buffalo by steamer, but was obliged to go by train, because the boats were laid up, pending the lifting of the dingy pall that overhung the shallow waters of Lake Erie. Through this smoke the sun's rays struggled with difliculty as far east as Rochester and Pittsburg, and to add to the general feeling of depression which naturally accompanied such a manifestation the heat, that had been oppressive for days, grew more intense. In some localities the mercury reached 100 degrees and over, and it was realized generally t'mt unless relief in the form of rait, t 'mie soon the situation must speedily be most serious. If before the rain came, it was pointed out, the wind should arise, there must be great losses, and the en tire nation seemingly waited in breath less suspense. Would it be the blessed, saving rain or the scorching, destroying wind? The question was answered Sept. 7, when a fierce gale arose, driving the ! flames before it with the speed of an ex- press train. Nothing could hold its place before the leaping, savage fire; nothing j slower than steam could outrun it, and ! there were many instances of trains just barely escaping. The situation of num- STAVDINO OUT IN THE LAKE. bers of families that had remained too long by their homes was pitiable in the extreme. Men who had fondly believed their farms, although surrounded by woods, far enough removed from the seat of danger to be safe were caught in the fields and could not by any manner of means get to their houses in time to save their wives and children. An appalling number of mn caught in this way failed even to save them selves. Others groped and fought tfeeir way home, only to find, in place of the farmhouse and buildings, representing the work perhaps of hall & lifetime. 4 heaps of emoldering ashes or blazing furnaces of fire. Some families, more fortunate, managed to make a start on the road toward safety with wagons laden with such household goods as could be hastily gathered up, only to be overtaken by the greedy Games before they bad gone a mile. Wives whose husba.i u failed to cotne to their aid hastily gathered their children in their arms and ran to the nearest water, whatever that might be. Ia more than one instance the fam ily well, resorted to as the only place of safety, became a tomb for the refugees, the fire drawing the air from the depths and the victims suffocating from inhala tion of mephitic gases. Hundreds, like the wretches who were caught near Hinckley this year, rushed into ponds and marshes. Some saved themselves in this way. Others died miserably, immersed in mud to their nostrils, but smothered at last by the f re's consuming breath. Some escaped almost miraculously, but maimed. One poor fellow lost both eyes and both feet, yet saved his life, an almost useless thing. One woman's face was actually baked by the flames, bo that the flesh fell off, leaving her countenance in ap pearance like a ghastly grinning death's face, yet it was said that she would ul timately recover. The loss of life was not nearly so great in tha vicinity of the shore of Lake Huron as elsewhere, for those living there could find a safe refuge in its sheltering waters, though the sufferings of some who saved them selves in that manner were almost be yond recital. They wjre obliged to stand as far out in th lake as they could, every now and then completely im mersing themselves in order to keep from being burned by the sparks and brands that were constantly falling about thtni. Some there were who lost their lives from exposure and some frota drowning. Many who were left alive by the fire died afterward from nervous strain and physical exhaustion, and there were not a few who became insane after their danger was past, as have some who passed through the fires o? this year. Nor were there lacking cases of heroism every whit as striking as that displayed by Jim Wood, the en gineer of the train that fled from the flames that were destroying Hinckley; bat, as is usually the case, these brave men's names are mostly preserved only in the memories of their friends, instead of being held np forever before the world for its admiration. Fire always plays queer tricks when it gets beyond human control, and the strange freaks of the blazes of the Michi gan fires of 18S1 were such as would pass belief if they were not vouched for by unimpeachable witnesses. In one vil lage that was surrounded by the woods, as was Hinckley, every building but the church and the saloon was destroyed. A field of grain was left intact near the town of western Michigan, though ev erything else on the farrn of -which it HORSES FO'JXD STILL HARNESSED, was a part was licked up. A wagon in which a family was fleeing for safety lost one wheel only by fire, and the horses were found still harnessed after it was all over, while the fugitives who fitxl from the vehicle when it began to blaze were lost. They took refuge iu a neighboring water hole and were smoth ered, as were so many others. If these had remained by their wagon, they would probably have been saved. The forest fires of 1871, the year of the great Chicago fire, were as wide spread and as terrible in their grandeur as those of 10 years later, b rhcy did nothing like as much damage, becau.se they were not located in such thickly settled regions. It has been claimed that tho loss of life was greater, but as to that it is Jtmrdly possible to speak with certainty. It must always indeed be difficult to accurately estimate in such cases either as to life or property, for the burned over regions are always re mote, and many lives are lost of which tho world never learns. The response of the charitable to the appeals of the Buffering both years was instantaneous and liberal to a degree. In 1SS1 the Red Cross society, under the direction of that good woman, Clara Barton, served the nation admirably as a me dium for the distribution of the people's giviegs, as it has always in such times ever since its organization. Other years memorable for great for est fires were 1 848, 1854, 1881, 1887 and 1839. None of the fires of the earlier years was so serious as have been those of the later ones for the obvious reason that not so much damage could be done in a new settlement as in an older one, but they entailed great suffering and hardship nevertheless. In 1884 the smoke was carried to great distances without being dissipated, and some very curious effects resulted. The fires were earlier and more prevalent east that year than they have been this year. In May they raged with great fury in Pennsylvania, and one day the smoke from the burning pine woods of the Keystone State fairly settled down on New York city, making the streets cf the eastern metropolis so dark that it was necessary to light the gas for an hour in order to continue business, while the smell of burning pine was quite apparent M. I. Dexter. Can't Hurt Iron Ships. The East Indian shipworm will in a few months destroy any wooden vessel by eating out the interior of the beams and planks. They will be left a mere shell that can be shattered by the fist. :-a7 ;.-:;, PC Successors to Wiggin, Crosby & Co, Fancy Fancy Figured, Granite Cloth, t 50-Inch Diagonals, i Figured Satin Soliel, i Dotted Begalines, 46-in. Extra Henrietta, f 46-in. French Croise. In Colored a Dress Goods, P An immense t Assortment K 9 In the & Newest and Most correct Fabrics. $ f Special Values, I $1, 75c, 58c, 50, 480,39c IN BY Per Yard. s The most complete Coats and Fur Capes are taking rapidly. Great sale of through the week. Novelties in Jet Dress Trimmings, Vandyck Collars and Vandyck points in all widths. New Satin Bead effects. Ladies' Underaear-spiendid Bargains. Ladies' Ribbed Vests, worth 65c For 30c. Ladies' Extra Quality Gray Ribbed Vests and Pants, regular 75c value For 50c ca. Ladies' and Children's Combination Suits, n good heavy ribbed article, fleeced At 50c ca. Cents' Extra Quality Ribbed Shirts and Drawers, equal any usually soldat SI. 25 For 75c. Gent's Fine Fleeced Children's Underwear in all weights and sizes at prices lower than ever. in heavy cotton and fleeced. Special value Ladies' Hose 25,35, 50c pair. osiery ASH FOR .rvr EXACT SrZE Favorite tea-cent Cigar, gold by all first-class All BniltfM BrftKhri. n ADDITIONAL CHAKGE FOK ROOKK KKPINO AMI PENHAXSHIP 1 CONNliCliON WITH aUOKt'UANU tot KK. CpoelKl mttentlan to GrmAm Sail.. JtO Wrili.g Lmium $2.00. KINLEY & EB'-Speeial 424 Wsettedl ' r"; AND 426 JACK K n a v r, ever man in tne cny to everv a a . .an. ...... tv Jifl'i. Mf., 4 And aiaira tho meat stylish at prices that will make fV., : ani If vsi will step fH. HORD, Josivisi.t iw CrosSwi: "ftip The fr Largest and Best Assortment of Black Goods Ever shown. Regular $i.oo values For'! 0.cts. 4 Beautif '1 Corset Cloths,' Fine English Checks, Elegant Diagonals, Pretty Scotch Mixtures, Fine Novelty Effect. PATTERNS and THE YARD. line of Ladies' many specialties Cloth that Come in and look at them. Handkerchiefs continues Underwear- -75c, $1 ca. 4 iA PIJIFECTION Burghart. soi Ka. Avt. dealers. Mgf . bj Geo. Hh.rlhBnd tut Trpewritlvf. L. 6X1 rn.mil H. STR1CKLCR, LANNAN, .9 1 ' ,2 Ji ..." AkmeetA ss" MAMlfACXCBK&H OF Carriages. Plio.otonsj BUGGIES, bpring orders aad repairine promptly attended to. SON STREET, TOPEKA, KANSAS. stop at 527 Kans. Ave. (I1 line cf Shoes ever diiplyei xn opsi, yon wscior how I can eoU thora bo inside I wiH iaform ysa.