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The Topeka state journal. [volume] (Topeka, Kansas) 1892-1980, December 03, 1895, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82016014/1895-12-03/ed-1/seq-2/

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This is What Mr. Cleveland Said
to Congress Today.
He Now Wants the Greenbacks
Wants to Turn His Back on
Struggling Cubans.
Message Given Up to Financial
and Foreign Affairs.
Washington, Dec. 3. The following1
is the President's message:
To tk Congress op the Ckited States:
The present assemblage of the legislative
branch cf our government occurs at a time
when the interests of our people and the needs
of tli3 country give sp?cial prominon? to tho
condition of our foreign relations and the exi
gencies of our national finances. Tne reports
f the several administrative departments of
the (rovornment fully and plainly exhibit what
has boen ac-ompliBhed within the scope of their
respective duties and present such recommend
ations for the betterment of our country's con
dition as oatriotic and intelligent labor and
observations suggest.
Ill therefore d-em my executive duty ade
quately perform i at this time by presenting
to the Congress the important phases of our
situation as related to our intercourse with
foreign nations, and a statement cf the finan
cial problems which confront us, omitting,
except as thoy are related to these topics, any
reference departmental operations.
1 earnestly invite, how;ver, not only the
earefnl consideration, but the severely critical
scrutiny of t-he Congress and my fallow coun
trymen to the reports co':cernin these depart
mental operations If justly and fairly exam
ined they furnish proof of assiduous and
painstaking care for the public welfare. 1
press the recommendations they contain upon
the respectful attention of those charged with
the duty of legislation, because I believe their
adoption would promote the people's good.
Missionary Riots in China.
The close of the momentous struggle between
China and Japan, while lelieviaz the diplo
matic agents of this government from the deli
caie duty tliey undeitook at request of both
countries of rendering su; h tervicie to subjects
of either bolligorent within the territory limits
of the other as our neutral position permitted,
developed a domestic condition in the Chinese
empire which has caused much anxiety and
called for prompt and careful attention.
Either as a result of a weak control b the cen
tral government over tho provincial adminis
trations, following a diminution of traditional
goverumental authority under the stress of an
overwhelming national disaster, or a manifesta
tion upon good opportunity of tho aversion of
the Chinese population to all foreign way and
undertakings, there have occurred in widely
separated provinces of China, serious outbreaks
of the old fai.atic tl spirit aguinet foreigners,
which, unchecked by the loal antho.- iti:-s, if
not actually connived at by them, have culmin
ated in mob attacks on foreign missionary
stations, ca-sinar much destruction of proper
ty, and attended with personal injuries as well
a? loss of life. Although but one Amaricnn
citizen was reported to have been actually
wounded, and although the destruction of
property miy have fallen more heavily upon
tho mistdonuries of other nationalities than our
own, it plainly behooved this government ro
taka the most prompt and decided action to
puard against similar or perhaps more dread
' ful calamities.
The demands of the United States and other
powers for the depredation and punishment of
the responsible officials of the respective citie3
and provinces who by neglect or otherwiso had
permitted up-risings and for the adoption of
btern measures by the Emperor s government
for the protection of the life and property of
foreigners, were fotlowed by the disgrace and
dismissal of certain provincial officials found
derelict in duty, and the punishment by death
of a number of those found j.-uilty of actual
participation in the outrages. This govern
ment also insisted that a special American
commission should visit tho province where
the first disturbances occurred for the purpose
of investigation. This latter commission,
formed after much opposition, has gone over
land from Tien Tsin accompanied by a suitable
Chinese escort, a:id by its demonstration of the
readiness and ability of our government to prj-U-ct
its citizens, will act. it is believed, as a most
iiihuentiai ueterrent of any similar outbreaks.
The Waller Case.
The customary cordial relations between this
country and Fiance have been undisturbed,
with the exception that a full explanation of
the treatment of John L Waller by the expe
ditionary m ilitary authorities of France Btill
remains to be given. Mr. Waller, formerly
United States cou&ul to Tamatave, remained in
biadagasc ar after his term of office expired
tud was apparently successful in procuring
business concessions from the Hovas, of greater
or Usa value. After the occupation of Tama
tave and the declaration of martial law by the
t rench, he was arrested upon various charges,
among them, that of communicating military
information to the enemy of France, was tried
and convicted by a military tribunal and
aentenced to twonty years imprisonment. Fol
lowing the course justified by abundant prece
dents, this government demanded from that,
of Franco the record of the proceedings of the
French tribunal, which resulted in Mr. Wal
ler's condemnation. This request has
been complied with to the . extent
of supplying a copy of tho beneticial
record from which appear the constitution and
organization of the Court, the charges as for
. inula ted and tii-a general course and result of
tho trial and by which it was shown that tho
accused was tried in opn court and was de
fended by counsel. But tho evidence adduced
in support of the charges, which was not re
ceived by the French miuister of foreign affairs
until the first week in October, has thus far
ben withheld, the French government taking
the ground that its production in response to
oJr demand would establish a bad precedent.
The eiforts of our ambassador to procure it,
howevt.-r, though impeded by recent changes in
the French ministry have not beea relaxed and
it is confidently cxpeetcd that some satisfac
tory solution of the matter wiil shortly be
reached. Meanwhile it appears that Mr. Wal
ler's confinement has ever,- alleviation which
the state of his health and all the other circum
stances of the case demand or permit.
Trade Complications With Germany.
Our relation with the states of th j Oerman
empire are in some aspects typical of a condi
tion of things elsewh re found in a country
whose production and trade are similar to our
own. The close rivalry of conpeting indus
tries; the influence of thy delusive doctrine
that the intern d dereioptnent of a nation is
promoted and its wealth increase 1 by a policy
which, in undertaking to reee-ve iLS own mar
kets for the exciui ive use of its own producers,
nocossarily obstruct - their hals in foreign mar
kets and prevents fre-access to markets of the
world; me. desire to retain trado in time-worn
ruts, regardless of tho inexorabis lawi of new
n?edsand changed conditions of demand anc"
supply, and our owu halting t irdin?sj in invit
ing a free exchange of com mod: ti 09 and by this
means imperiling our footing in the external
markets naturally open to us, have created a
situation somewhat injurious to Amelia an ex
port interest, not only in Germany, where they
are perhaps mo t noticeable, bat in adjacent
The exports affected are largely American
cattie and other food products, the teasou
assigned for unfavorable discrimination being
that their consumption is deleterious to the
public health. This is all the more irritating
in view of the fact that no European State u
as jealous of the excellence ant wholesome
ness of it exported food supplies as the United
, ituUtis, nor s easily able, on account f inher
ent soundness, to guarantee those qualities.
Nor are these difficult! s confined to our food
products designed for exportation, Our great
insurance companies for exam ;le, having
built up a vast business abroad and invested a
large share of their gains in foreign countries,
in compliance with the local laws and regula
tions tiioa existing, now find themselves wit n in
a narrowing circle of onerous and unforeseen
conditions, and are confronted by the necessity
of retirement from a field these made unprofit
able, if indeed they are not summarily ex
pelled, as some of them have lately been in
Frussia. It is nt to b forgotten that inter
natljnaltrade can not be one-sided. Its cur
rents are alternating and its movements should
be honestly reciprocal. Without this it almost
nececarily degenerates into a device to gain
advantage or a contrivance to secure bene.:ts
with only the semblance of a return. In our
dealings with other nations, we ought to be
op?n-handed and scrupulously fair.
This should be our policy as a producing na
tion, and it plainly becomes us as a people who
love generosity and the moral aspects of na
tional good faith and reciprocal forbearance.
These considerations should not. however, con
strain us to submit to unfair discrimination
nor to silently acquiesce in vexatious hmdrauces
to the enjoyment of our thare of the legitimate
advantages of proper trade relations. If an
examination of the situation suggests such
majeures oa onr part as would involve restric
tions similar to those from which we suffer, the
way to such a coarse 13 easy; it shDUid, how
ever, by no means bo lightly entered upon,
since the necessity for the inauguration of such
a policy would be regretted by the best senti
ment of our people, aud because it naturally
and logically might lead to consepuences of the
gravest character.
The Bearing Sea Matter.
Our relations with Great B itaia, always in
timate and important, have demanded, during
th ) past year, even a greater share of consider
ation than is usuaL Several vexatious ques
tions were left undetermined by the decision of
the Behring sea arbitration tribunal- The ap
plication of tho principles laid down by the
august body has not been followed by the re
sults they were intended to accomplish, either
b cause the principles themselves lacked in
breadth and definitenuss or because their exe
cution has been more or less iinperie -t The
understanding by which the Un.tad States was
to pay and Great i ritain to receive a lump
sum of $;2j,o05 in ful- settlement of all Britiih
claim ford amag s arising from our seizure o;'
British sealing ves eis unauthorized under tho
awaid of the Faris tribunal of arbitration was
not confirmed by the lust Congress, which de
clined to make the nce-sanr appropriat on I
am still of the opinion that this ai rang-'ment
was a judicious and advantageous one for tho
government, and I earn?&tly recommend that
it ba again considered and sanctioned. If,
however this does n t meet with the favor ot
Congress, it certainty will hardly dissent from
the proposition that the government is bound
to every consideration of honor and good faith
to proviJe for the speedy adjustment of those
claims by arbitration as thy oniy other alterna
tive. A treaty of arbitration has, therefore,
been agreed upon and will be immediately laid
before tua Senat j so that, in one of tiie inoies
sugstei, a final settlement may be reached
The Venezuela Issue.
It being apparent that the Loiindary dispute
between Great Britain and the Republic of
Venezuela, concerning tha limits of British
Guinea, was approaching an ante stage, a
definite statement of tLe intur jst and policy of
the United States a 9 regards the controversy
seemed to be required both on its own account
;ind in view of lttt relations with the friendly
powers directly concerned. In July lat, there
fo;e, a dis.JL.t-h was addressed to our ambassa
dor at London for communication .0 tne British
government in which the uttitudj of the United
ta-es was f ul!y and distinctly set forth. The
general conclusions there reached anl formu
lated are in substance that the traditional and
established policy of this government is lirmiy
opposed to a forcible increase by any European
power of its territorial possessions on thi3 conii
neiit; that this policy is as well founded in
principle as it is strongly supporced by nu
merous precedents; that as a conscqmn o the
United States is bound to protest aa-nst the
en argemecit of tlo aiva of B:itish uiuinea.n
derogation of the rights and against the will of
Venezuela; that, considering the disparity in
strength of Great Britain and Venezuela, the
territorial dispute between them can be easily
settled only by friendly and impartial arbitra
tion and that the report to such arbitration
should includo th) whole controversy and is
not satisfied if one of the powers concerned is
permfttcd to draw an arbitrary line through ; he
territory in debate and to declare that it wi.l
submit to arbitration only tho poition ly in? on
one side of it. In view of thee conclusions tho
di.-patch in question colled up m the British
government for a definite answer to the question
whether it would or would not submit the terri
torial controver-y between itself and Venezuela
in its entirety to impartial arbitration. The
answer of the British government has not yet
been receive 1 but is expected shortly when
further communication on the subject will prob
ably be made to congress.
The Hawaiian Matter.
Early in January last an uprising against the
government of Hawatia was promptly sup
pressed. Martial law was forthwith pro
claimed and numerous arrest3 were made of
persons suspected of being in sympathy with
the Royalist party. Among these were several
citizens of the United States, who were either
convicted by a military court and sentenced to
death, imprisonment or fine, or were deported
without trial. The United States, while deny
ing protection to those who had taken the Ha
waiian oath of allegiance, insisted that martial
law, though altering the forms of justice, could
not supercede justice itself, and demunded a
stay of execution until the proceedings had
been submitted to this government, and knowl
edge obtained therefrom that our citizens had
received fair trial. Tho death sentences were
subsequently commuted or vere remitted on
condition of leaving the islands. The casts of
certain Americans arrested and expelled by ar
bitrary order, without formal charge or trial,
have had attention, and in some instances have
been found to justify remonstrance and a claim
for indemnity, which Hawaiia has thus far not
conceded. Mr. Thurston, the Hawaiian Minis
ter, having furnished this government abund
ant reason for asking that ho bo recalled, that
course was pursued and his successor has
lately been received.
Lynching; of Italians In Colorado.
The deplorable lynching of eeveral ltalinn
laborers in Colorado was natur illy followed by
international representation and I am happy
to say that the bjst efforts of the State in
which th sa outrages occurred have been put
forth to discover and punish tho authors of this
atrocious crim. The depcnd3nt famili'sof
some of the unfortunate victims invite by their
deplorable condition gracious provision for
their needs. These manifestations against
h dpless aliens may be traced through succes
sive stages of the vicious padroni Bystem which
unheckcd by our immigration and contract
labor statutes, controls those workers from tho
moment of landi.ig on our shore, and farms
them out in distant and often rude region?,
where their cheapening corapstion in the fields
of bread winning tod brings them in collision
with other labor iute -ets. White welcoming,
as we should, those who seek our shores to
: mrge themselves in nr body politics and win
personal competence by honest effort, we can
not regard such assemblages as distinctively
: alien laborers, hired out in the mass to the
profit of alien speculators and shipped hither
and tmther as the prosper t of gain miy. die
tats, as otherwise than repugnant to tho r ght
of our civilization deterrent to individual ad
vancement and hindrances to the building up
of stable communities resting upon the whole
some ambitions of the citizen and constituting
the prime factor in the prosperity and progress
of our nation. If legislation can reach this
Crowing evil it certainly should be attempted.
Congratulations for Japan.
Japan has furnished abundant evidence of
h r vast gain in every trait and characteristic
i that constitutes a n&tion s gratnees. We have
reason fcr congratulation in the fact that the
1 Ifovcrnment of the United States, by the ex
; change of liberal treaty stipulations with the
new Japan, was the first to recognize hsr won
! derful advancement and to extend to her the
' consideration and confidence due to her na
, tional enlightenment and progressive char
i acter.
6a moan Arrangement Unsatisfactory
j In my last two annual messages 1 called the
attention of the Congress to the position we
occupied as one of thi parties to a treaty or
agre'-ment by which we became fointly boend
with England and Germany to so interfere with
the government and control of Samoa as in
effect to assume the management of its affairs.
On the 9th day of May, l&9i, 1 transmitted to
the senate a special message with accompany
ing documents giving information on the sub
ject and emphasizing the opinion I have at all
times entertained that our si tn at ion on tbis
matter was inconsistent with the mission and
traditions of our government in violation of
the principles we profess and in all its phases
mischievous and vexatious. I again press this
subject upon the attention of Congress and ask
for such legislative action or expression as will
lead the way to our relief from obligations both
irksome and unnatural
The Cuban Rebellion.
Cuba is again gravely disturbed, an insurrec
tion in some respects more active than the last
proceeding revolt, which continued from 1863
to 1ST 8. now exists in a large part of the East
ern interior of the island, menacing even some
populations on the coast. Beside dangering
the commercial exchanges of the island, of
which our country tt. ''es the predominant
hare, this flagrant condition of hostilities by a
rousing sentimental sympathy and inciting ad
venturous support among our people, has en
tailed earnest effort on the part of this govern
ment to enforce obedience to our neutrality
laws and to prevent the territory of the United
States from being abused as a vantage ground
from which to aid those in arms against Span
ish sovereignty- Whatever may be the tradi
tional sympathy of our countrymen, as indi
viduals with people who seem to be struggling
for larger autonomy and greater f re adom
deepened as such sympathy naturally must be
in behalf of our neighbor. Yet ths plain duty
nf their government is to observe in good faith
the recognized obligations of international ro
lationship. The performance of this duty
should not be made more difficult by a disre
gard on part of our citizens f the obligations
growing out of their allegiance to tbeir coun
try which should restrain them from violating
as individuals the neutrality which the nation
of whi,-h they are members is bound to observo
in its relations to friendly sovcr ign States.
Though neither the warmth of our people's
sympathy with the Cuban insurgents nor our
loss and material dirnaga consequent upon tho
futile endeavor) thus far made to restore peace
and order, nor any shn"k our humane sensibili
ties may have rec ive 1 from the c ruelt ics
which appear to "specially characterize this
sanguinary an l fiercely conducted war, have in
the least shaken die determination of the gov
ernment to honestly fulfill every international
obligation: yet, it is to b? earnestly hoped, on
every grounds, that the devastation of armed
conflict may sp edily be stayed and ordor and
quiet restored to the distracted island, bring
ing in their train the actibility and thrift of
peaceful pursuits.
The Turkish Troubles
Occurrences in Turkey have continued to ex
cite concern. The reported massacres of Chris
tians in Armenia and th3 development there,
and in other districts, of tho spirit of fanatic
hostility to Christian influences, naturally ex
cited apprehension for the safoty of the devoted
men and women who, as dependents of the for
eign missionary societies in the United States,
and roside in Turkey under tho guarantee of
law and usage and in th3 legitimate perform
ance of their educational and religious mission.
No efforts hava been spared iu thei behalf and
their protection in person and property, has
bean earnestly and vigorously enforced by
ever means within our power. I regret, how
ever, that an attempt on our part to obtain
botte information concerning tho tro condi
tion of affairs in the disturbed quarter of the
Ottoman empire by sending tho United
States consul at Siuas 'o make investigation
and rep rt. was thwarted by the objections of
the Turkish government. This movement on
our part was in no sense meant as a gratuitous
entan'-'lement of the Cn ted States in the so
called Eastern question, nor as an officious in
terference with the rh',ht an I duty which be
long by treaty to rortain great European
powers, calling for their intervention in polit
ical matt ms aff ecting tho grod governmentand
religious freedom of the non-Mussulman sub
jects of the .Sultan, bntitaros S"!ely from our
desire to havo an accurate knowledge o tho
zoud ti'ions in our efforts to caro for those en
titled to our protection.
The presence of our naval vessels which aro
;w in tbe vi -inity of the disturbed Jocalit ics
afford opportunities to acquire a measure of
Fa.nilin.rity with the condition of aflair3 aud
will enable us to tako suitable steps for tho
protection of any interests of our countrymen
within reach of our ships that might be found
imperilled. The Ottoman government has
lately issued an impeial Irade exempting for
ver from taxation an American college for
?irls at Scutari. Rnpcatcd assurances have
also been obtained by our envoy at Constan
tinople that similir institutions maintained
aud administered by our countrymen shall be
secured in the enjoyment of all righto and that
our citizens throughout the empire shall be
On the deanand of oar minister orders have
been issued by thoSultan that Tui kish soldiers
ih all guard and cs oi t to the coast American
rerugees, and those orders have been carried
mt. and our latest intelligence gives assurance
jf the prescut personal safety of our citizens
and missionaries. Though thus far no lives of
American citizens have been sacrificed, thero
L-aa be no doubt that serious loss and destruc
tion, of mis-iou property have resuitcl from
riotou-; conflicts and outrageous attacks.
Ey treaty several of the most powerful
European powers have secure 1 a right and as
sumed a iuty not only in behalf of their own
citizens a .ad in furtherance of their own inter
ests, but as a gouts of tho Christian world,
rheir riht is to enforce such con luct of the
Turkish government as will restrain fan itical
brutality, and in fact, heir duty i to interfere
0 as to insure against such dreadful occur
rences in Turkey as 'ntely shocked civilization.
Tin powers declare this right an 1 this duty to
bo theirs alone, and it is earnestly hoped that
effective action on their part will not be do
lay cd.
A. Subject of the Greatest Importance to
the American People
As we turn from a review of our foreign rela
tions to the contemplation of our national
financial situation we are immediately aware
that we approach a subject of domestic con
cern, more important than any other that can
engage our attention, and one at present in
such a perplexing and delicate predicament aa
to require prompt and wise treatment.
We may well be encouraged to earns st effort
in ihi di ectioa when we recall the steps
already taken toward improving our economic
and financid situation, and when to appreciate
how w?ll thj way has been prepared for further
progress by an aroused and intelligent popular
interest in these subjects. By command of the
people, a customs revenue system, designed for
the protection and benefit of favored classes at
the expn-e of the great majority of our conn
tryrrn and whih, wbi e inefficient for tho pur
pose of revenue, curtail d o-ir trade relations
and impeded our entrance to tb" markets of
the world, has been supercede! by a
tariff policy which, in principlo, is
based upon a denial of the ri?ht
of the government to obstrart tho avenues of
our people's cheap living or lessen their com
fort and contentment, fo the sake of according
special advantages to favorites, and which,
while encouraging our intercourse and trade
with other nations, recognize the fact that
American self reliance, thrift and emcnuity,
can build up our country's indu tries and de
velop its resour-es more surely than enervating
paternalism. The compulsory purchase and
coinage of silver by the government uncuocked
and unregulated by busirees conditions and
heedless of our currency needs, which for more
than fifteen years dilute 1 our circulating med
ium, und?rminedconfi dence aboad iu our fin an
cial ability and at last culminated in distress and
panic at home lias been recently stopped by the
repeal of the laws which forced this reckless
Ecuem opon tho country- The things thus nc
comrdishe I notwithstanding thai- pxtrerae im
portance and lenefioieut effects, fill far short
of curing the monetary evils from wbien we suf
fer as a res alt of long indulgence in ill advised
financial expedient. The currency denom
inated United States notes -Us-d commonly
kno-vnas green-ba-'ks was issutin large vol
umes during the late civil war an I in-ndcd
originally to meet the emergences l that
period. It will be seen by a reference to the
debates in congress at the timo laws were
passed authorizing tho issue of these votes,
that their advocates 'declared they were in
tended for only temporary use and to meet tho
emergency of war. In almost, if not all, tho
laws relating to them some provision was
mads contemplating their voluntary or com
pulsory retirement. A large quantity of them,
however, were kept on foot and mingled with
the currency of tho country, so that at tho
close of the yoar 1874 they amounted to $331,
999.07& Immediately after that date and in
January, 1 a law was passed providing for
the iv.. tion of epecie payment. by
which the e -rotary of tha Treasury
was required, whenever additional circu
lation was is 4 u ed to N ationai banks,
to retire Ur :fed States notes in equal amount
to 80 per cent of such additional National bank
circulation until such notes were reduced to
$300,OJO,(XX). This law farther provides that on
and after the last day of January, 1879, the
United States notes then outstanding, should
be redeemed in coin, and in order to provide
and prepare for such redemption the secretary
ot the treasury was authorized not only to use
any Burplus revenues of the government, but to
issue bonds of the United States and dispose of
them for coin aud to use tho proceeds for the
purposes contemplated by the statute.
In May, 1$$, and before the date thus ap
pointed for the redomption and retirement of
those notes, another statute was passed for
bidding their further cancellation and retire
ment. Somo of them had, however, been pre
viously redeemed and cancelled upon the issue
of additional national bank circulation, as per
mitted by the law of 1875. so that tho amount
outstanding at the time of the passage of tho
act forbidding their further retirement was
$,0,u3l,'l(i. The law of 1&T& did not stop at dis
tinct prohibition but contained in addition
the following provision, "And when any
of said notes may be redeemed or
be received into tho treasury under
any law, from any source whatever, and
shall belong in the United btatos, theyi hall not
be letifl. cancelled, or destroyed, but they
shall be re-issued and paid out again aud kept
in circulation." This was the condition of af
fairs an the 1st day of January, 187a, which had
been tixr d upon four years before as the date
for entef.ng upon the redemption and retire
ment of all thee nole and for which such
abundant means had been provided- The gov
ernment was put in the anomoious situation of
owing to th holders of its notes, debts payable
in gold on demand which could nei. her be re
tired by receiving such notes in discharge of
obligations due the government, not cancelled by
actual payment iu gold, it w is forced to re
deem without redemption and to pay without
There ha been issued and sold $95,500,000 of
the b nds author zed by the resumption act of
W5, the proceeds of which, togethRrwith other
gold in the treasury, create 1 a gold fund deemed
surlicient to meet tho demands which might be
made upon it for the redemption of the out
standing United States notes. This fund, to
gether with snci otber gold us might bo from
time to time in tho treasury available for the
same purpose, has been since called our gold
reserve and $li)0 0G,0:X has been regarded as an
adequate amount to accomplish its object.
This fund amounted on the 1st day of January,
iv.y. to $H4.1H,lSb and though thereafter con
stantly fluctuatiug, it did not fail below that
sum in July, 182. In April, 1S9:1, for tha first
timn since its establishment this reserve
amounted to less than SlfJO,')OO,U00, containing
at to at date only $:7,0H,:i3J.
The ISoiid Contract-
The message reviews at great length tho low
ering of the g id rtt-terve, the shipment of gold,
the issuing of bonds, t he entering into the bond
contract with capitalists, and his messages to
Congress for relief. Continuing, the President
The Congress having declined to grant the
noccasary authority to secure tltis saving tho
contract unmodified was carried ont, resulting
in a gold reserve amounting to $W;,S7l,'f)j on
tho Sih day of July,"lWj. Tho performance ot
this contract not only restored the reserve but
checked for a time the withdrawals of gold and
brought on a period of restored confidence and
such puace und quiet in business circles as
were of the grea'aest possible valuo to every in
terest thnt affects bur people. 1 have never had
tho slightest misgiving concerning the wisdom
or propriety of this arrangement, and am quite
willing to answer for my full share of responsi
bility for its promotion.
1 believe it uvortud a disaster, tho imminence
of which is fortunately riot at this time gener
ally under-stood by our people. Though the
contract mentioned stayed for a time the tide
of gold withdrawal, its good resulrs conl.l not
be permanent, lleceut withdrawals have re
duced the reserve from 5107,51,20 on tho tth
day of July. i89.", to $7P,333,9 G. How long it
will remain large enough to render its increase
unnecessary is only matter of conjecture,
though quite large withdrawals for shipment
in the immediate future are predicted in well
informed quarters About Sl6,0uJ,000 has
been withdrwudurtng thomonthof November.
The foregoing statement of events and condi
tions develop the fact that after increasing our
interest bearing bonded indebtedness more
than $102,000,000 to save our gold reserve, we
are nearly where wc started, having now in
such reserve $79,333,940, as against RS5,43 377, in
February 1804, when the first bonds were issued.
Though the amount of gold drawn from the
treasury appears to be very largo, as gathered
from the faets and figures herein present it
actually was much larger, considerable sums
having been acquired by the treasury "Within
the several periods stated without the issue of
Ou the ?Sth of January, 1905, it was reported
by the secretary of tho treasury that more than
$172,00(1,000 of gold had been withdrawn for
hoarding or shipment during the year pro
ceeding. He now reports that from January 1,
1379, to July 1. 190, a period of more than 10
years, only a little over $23,000,000 was with
drawn and that between July 14, 1890. the date
of the passage ot the law for an increased pur
chase of silver, and the first day of December,
189 , or within less than five and a half years,
there was withdrawn nearly $75,000,000,
making the total of moro than $403,000,009
drawn from the treasury in gold since January
1st.. 1379, the date fixed in 1877i for the retire
ment of tho United States notes.
in early Si27,X).j, 000 of the gold thue withdrawn
have been paid out on these United States
notes, and yet every one of the $4,0OJ,O0J is
still uncancelled and ready to do service in fu
ture gold depletions. More than $7u,'J0,OJO in
gold has since thair creation in IS 0 been paid
out from the treasury upon the not?s given on
tho purchase of silver by the government;
and yet the whole, amounting to $15,000,000,
except a little more tha a iOJ'J,000 which have
baen letired by exchanges for silver at the re
quest of the holders, remain outstanding and
prepared to join their older and more ex
perienced allies in future raids upon the treas
ury's gold reserve.
Retirement of Treasury Netes.
In other word s, tho government has paid In
gold more than nine-tenths of its United States
notes and still owes thezy all It has paid in
gol I about one-hulf of its notes given for
silver purchases without extinguishing by such
payment oue dollar of these notes. And added
to all this we are reminded that to carry on
this astonishing fincnci' l system tho govern
ment has incurred a bonded indebtedness of
9V,00, h0 m establishing a gold reserve and of
$lCi,31",400 m efforts to maintain it, that an an
nual interest charge of such bonded in
debtedness is more than SILOOJ.OOO, that
a continuance in our present course
may result in farther bond issues,
and that we have suffered or ere threatened
with all this for the sake of supplying gold for
foreign shipment or facilitating its hoarding at
home, a situation is exhibited which certainly
ought to an est attention and provoke immedi
ate legislative relief. 1 am convinced the only
thorough and practicable remedy for our trou
bles is found in the retirement and cancellation
of oar United. States notes, commonly called
g 1 en backs and the outstanding treasury notes
issued by tho government in payment of silver
purchases under the act of i&oO.
1 believe this could be quite readily accom
plished bv the acchancre of these notes for U. S.
i bonds of small as well as large denominations
j bearing a low rata of interest. They should be
long term bonds, thns increasing their desir
ability as investments and because their pay
ment could be well postponed t a period far
removed from present financial burdens and
perpl xities when with increased pr osperity
and resources thev would be more easily met.
To further ins axe the cancullatioa of these
notes and also provide a way by which gold
may be added to our currency in lieu of them,
a feature in the plan should be an authority
given to the Secretary of the Treasu y
to dispose of the bonds abroad for gold if
necessary, to complete the contemplated re
demption and cancellation permitting him use
of the proceeds of snch bonds to take up and
cancel any of the notes that may be in the
treasury or that may be received by the gov
ernment on any account. The increase of our
bonded debt involved in this plan would be
amply compensated by renewed activity and en
terprise in all business circles, the restored
confidence at home, the reinstated faith in our
monetary strength abroad, and the stimulation
of every interes t a nd industry that
would follow the cancellation of the
gold demand obligations now afflicting us.
In any event the bonds proposed would stand
for the extinguishment of a troublesome in-'
debtedness, while in the path we now follow
thero lurks the menace of unending bonds with
our indebtedness still undischarged and aggra
vated in every feature. The obligation neces
sary to find this indebtedness would not equal
in amount those from whi-h we havo been re
lieved since 1884 by anticipation and payment
beyond the requirements of the sinking fund
out of our surplus revenues. The currency
withdrawn by the retirement of the
United States notes and treasury note 3
amounting to probably less than $6,000,000
might be supplied by such gold as would be
used on their retirement or by an increase in
irregnlatiou of our National banks. Though
the aggregate capital of these now in existence
amounts to more than $(5o6,000,OoO, their out
standing circulation based on bond security
amounts to only about $iU0.000,0O0. They are
authorized to issue notes amounting to ninety
per cent of the bonds deposited to secure their
circulation, but in no event beyond the amount
of their capital stock they are obMged to pay
one percent tax on tbe circulation tney issue.
1 think they ought to be allowed to issue cir
culation equal to the par value of the bonds
they deposit tosesureit, and that the tax on
their circulation should be reduced to one
f nrth of one per cent, which woald undoubt
edly meet all the expenses the government
would incur on their account. In addition
they should ba allowed to substitute or deposit
in lien of the bonds now required as security
for their circulation those which would be is
sued for the purpose of retiiing the United
States notes and treasury notes. The banks
already existing, if they desired to avail ihera
eelvesw of the provisions of law
thus modified could issue circulation
in addition to that already outstanding,
amounting to $478 ,00 A 000, which would nearly
or qnit3 equal the currency proposed to be
cancelled. At any rate, I should confidently ex
pect to see tha existing national banks or
others to be organized avail themselves of the
proposed encouragements to issue circulation
and promptly fill any vacuum and supply every
currency need. It has always seemed to me
that the provisions of law regarding the cap
ital of national banks which operate as a lim
itation to their location fails to make proper
compensation for the suppression of state
banks, which came near to the people in all sec
tions of the country and readily furnished
them with banking accommodations aud
Inasmuch as the withdrawal of our gold has
resulted largely from fright, there is nothing
apparent that will prevent its continuance or
recurrence, with its natural consequences, ex
cept such a change in our financial me thods as
wiil reassure the frightened and make the de
sire for gold less intense. It is not rl ;-r how
an increase in revenue, unless it be in gold and
satisfactory to those who?e only anxiety is to
gain gold from the governments store. It can
not, therefore, be sifeto rely upon increased
revenues as a cure for our present
troubles. It is possible that the suggestion of
increased revenue as a remedy for the difficul
ties we are considering may have originated in
an intimation or distinct allegation thnt Ihe
bonds which have been issued ostens bly to
repl -nish our gold reserve were ready issued
to sup ly in-uthcicnt revenue. Nothing can be
further from the truth. Bonds we: e issued to
obtain gold for the maintenance of oar national
Free Silver.
While I have endeavored to make a plain
statement of the disordered condition of our
currency and the present dangers menncin? our
prosperity and to suggest a way which
lea Is to a safer financial system
I have constantly had in mind the fact that
many of my countrymen, whose sincerity 1 do
not doubt, insist that the cure for the ills now
threatening us m y be found in tho single and
simple lemedy of the free coinage of silver.
They contend that our mints shall be at once
thr wn open to the free and unlimited and
independent coinage of both gold and silver
dollars of full legal tender quality, regardless
of the action of any other government, and in
full view of the fact that the ratio between
the metals which they suggest calls for one
hundred cents worth of g Id in the gold dollar
at the present standard and only fifty cents in
intrinsic worth of silver in the silver dollar.
' Were there infinitely stronger reasons than
can be adduced for hoping that such action
would seeure for us a bimetallic currency mov
ing on lines of parity an experiment so novel
and hazardous as that proposed might well
stagger those who believe that stabdity is an
imparative condition of sound money. No gov
ernment, no hum 1 n contrivance or act of legis
lation h 9 ever been abl3 to hold the two metals
together in free coinage nt a ratio appreciably
different from that which is establishel in the
markets of the world.
la the light of these experiences, which ac
cord with the experiences of other nations,
there is certainly no secure ground for the be
lief that an act of Congress could now bridge
an equality of 50 per cent botwoon gold and sil
ver at our present ratio, nor is there the least
possibility that our country, which has less
than one seventL of the silver money in the
world, could by its action raise not only our
own, but all silver, to its lost ratio with gold.
Our attempt to accomplish this by the freo
coinage of silver at a ratio differing from the
actual relative value would be the signal for
complete departure of gold from our circula
tion, and th collapse of our entire credit sys
tem. The past is full of lessons, teaching not only
the economic dangers, but the national im
morality that follows in the train of such ex
pedient. I will not. believe that the American
people can bo persnaed, after- sober delibera
tion, to jeopardize their nation's prestigo and
prond standing by encouraging financial nos
trums, nor that they will yield tu the false al
lurements of cheap money, when they Jeiliz
that it must result In the weakening of that
flnancirl integrity and rectitude which thns far
sn our history has been so devotedly eherished
as one of tbe traits of true Americanism.
I have ventured to express myself on these
subjects with earnestness and plainness of
speech because I cannot rid myself of the belief
that there lurks in the proposition for the free
coinage of silver so strongly approved and
so enthusiastically advocated by a multitude
or my cauntrymen a serious menace to our pros
perity and insidious temptation of oar people
to wander from the allegiance thy owe to
publls and pr.vate integrity. It is becan-c I do
not distrust the good faith and sincerity of
those who press this scheme that I have
imperfectly but with seal sum bitted my
thoughts upon this moment us subject.
I cannot resrain from begging them
tore-examine their views and beliefs in tho
light of patriots, reason and fimi iar experi
ence, and to weigh again and again tha conse
quences of such legislation as tbeir efforts have
invited. Even the coutiuued agitation of the
subject adds greatly to the difficulties nf a
dangerous financial situation mt ready forced
upon us.
In conclusion I especially entreat tbe people's
I representatives in tho Congress who aro
1 charged with the responsibility or inaugnrat
! ing measures for tbe safety and prosperity of
I our common country to promptly aud efTee-
tively consider the ills of our critical financial
! plight. I have suggested a remedy which my
judgment approves I desire, to assure tbe
Congress that I am prepared to co-operate with
! them in perfecting any other measures promis-
ing thorough and practical relief and that I
1 will giadly labor with them in every patriotic
' endeavor to farther the interests and guard the
j welfare of our countrymen whom in our re
' spectivs places of duty we have undertaken to
serve. Gbover Cleveland.
I Robert Newsome was accidentally
killed near Fulton, Mo.
New York Women Will Not be
Insulted by Men.
They Intend to be Protected if
They Do It Themselves.
Will Organize for Action and
Hake Some Arrests.
You'll be Surprised When Prom
inent Men Are Arrested.
New ToRK.Deo. 3. A crusade against
men who make insulting advances to
women who appear in the streets with
out escorts is soon to be began. This
fight will be undertaken by women.
They propose to combat what they con
sider a greater evil than the soliciting of
men by women.
".Yly heart fairly burned with indigna
tion when I read of the proposed plan of
the City Yigilance league to encourage
unfortunate women to make advances
and then to cause thoic arrest," said a
prominent woman physician yesterday,
"and at the same time pass unnoticed the
dozens yes, scores of men who insult
women openly.
"Are women the sisters, wives and
mothers of New York's best citizens to
be lelt unprotected, while the men are
hedged around and protected from the
advances of designing women? It seems
to me that it is a pretty weak kneed man
who cannot take care of himself. Wo
men, not men, need protection. Not that
any respectable woman would be led
astray by these men who speak to them
in the streets, but in the very nature of
things they are the ones who feel insults
most keenly.
"As the police and the men seem to
care so little about making any organ
ized effort to rid the streets of these
wolves who go about in sheep's cloth
ing," said the Doctor, "we women pro
pose to take the matter in hand. I can
not give any names at present, but
within a short time there will be an
organization of women who will take the
matter up for their protection.
"Now here is an example," continued
the doctor. "I left my home, in the
Boulevard, at 6 o'clock last eveuing, to
take a abort, brisk walk before dinner. 1
had not gone three blocks before I was
spoken to by two men. 1 felt that I
would like to strike them, but what good
would that have done? Anybody who
heard of it afterward would say it was
exceedingly unladylike. Had I ap
pealed to a policemen he would have re
peated what I have heard of in similar
cuse9 and refused to make an arrest.
'Ve will employ some strong nerved
women and send them out in various
thoroughfares, followed by a detective or
policeman in plain clothes. Tbe first
man w ho speaks to them the policeman
will arrest. They would not have to go
very far. No, indeed, and I tell you that
a few expeditions of that sort would lead
to the arrest of men in the best social
and financial circles. It would be a
revelation to Kew Yorkers to know who
these insulters are."
He fs Said to Hnv Enlisted a Company
In Virginia.
Washington, Dec 3. A Washington
geutiemaa who has spent a week hunt
iiijf up in tiie Blue Ridge in the vicinity
of Front Royal is authority for a most
interesting story in regard to the present
whereabouts and operations of Curl
Browne, who became conspicuous as'the
aid and son-in-law of Coxey, the labor
agitator. After marrying Coxey's daugh
ter and making his home for several
weeks in Washington, Browne betook
himself to Virginia, and, it is said, be
came tbe bosom comrade and coniidant
of Capt. O. C. Cullen. On the mountain
I arm where Cullen built his hotel are
several old abandoned log houses, nearly
fallen to tho ground. In one of these
Browne has made his home.
Pursuing his aptitcde for caricature
and sensational pamphleteering, Browne
has spotted the mountain roadsides and
woodlands with his peculiar handbills,
exhorting the mountaineers to rlly
tround his standard and become soldiers
in the army of industrial protest and re
form. Tbe simple-minded mountain folk, to
whom a few words written or printed on
white paper aro as magic, have respond
ed, and many of them have enrolled
themselves under bis command. For
eever.il woeks they have attended regu
lar drills with arms on one of the level
mountain benches.
A singular thing told in this connec
tion is the statement of the station agent
at Riverton that Browne a few days ago
received two hundred stand of arms,
with quite a large supply of ammuni
Sh Will GiT Benefit end 50.000
Loartl of Bread to the Poor.
St. Louts, Pec. S. Miss Pauline Ilall,
who wired her representative to volun
teer her services and those of the mem
bers of her company, and the uee of her
operatic comedy, "Dorcas," for a benefit
for the poor of Sit. Loais, has settled upen
Saturday night, Dec. 7, for the date of
the bene&t, when her manager, in con
junction with the management of
the Grand opera bouse, will de
vote one-half of the proceeds of the per
formance for the relief of the poor of
this city. In addition the following tel-
--am was received by Mr. George B.
M X-ellan from Miss Hall:
Sprisgfikid, Ho, Nov. 30, 1895.
The best methods to pursue in order to
alleviate misery and want is to practi
cally relieve It. Please purchase 5U,0U0
loaves of bread and distribute them
among the poor and destitute of the city
of St. Louis, with my best wishes.
(Signed.) Pallisi Hall.
For Over Flft.v Tears
Mrs. Winslow'H Soothing- fevrup has been
used for children teethinr. It soothes
the child, softens the gums, allays all
paia, cures wind colic, and is the best
remedy for diarrhoea. Twenty-five cents
a bottle.
We aim please our trade Peerless
I Steam Laundry, 113 and 114 West 8th.
I could get relief
from a most hor
rible blood dis
ease I had spent hundreds of dollars
trying various remedies and physi
cians, none of which did me any
good. My finger nails came off and
my hair came out, leaving me
perfectly bald. I then went to
Hoping to be cured by this celebrated
treatment, but very soon became disgusted
and decided to try S.S.S. The effect was
truly wonderful. I commenced to recover
at once, and after I had taken twelve bot
tles 1 was entirely cured cured by S.S.S.
wnen tne woria
renowned Hot
Springs had failed.
Our Boole on the Disease an d Its Treatment mailei free to any
Address. SWIFT SPECIFIC CO., Atlanta. Ga.
Just Like
The Commercial Hotel
and Restaurant,
StH ui ess Euih At..
Is so homelike la appearance. Its proprie
tor. PBAirx Loxg. aa generous 1b Mi
werk, and to courteous In hli treatment,
that tt Is mm wonder it does a large bosmoa.
The Dining Room
Is tho rtm tn the state anl tho meals
woil, taay aro the best possible for tweJtty
bto eenta.
The Lunch Counter
is rms sjkx ajtd Kiaerr
Just Think!
You can (at a meal ticket of n meals at
this popular hotel for
ONLY $3.75.
M. Vi 3 X & . ht 4
I"- i-S . w f
Kitchell 3? Marburg,
la T0VT. BEATJTT and
ZITHERS, and ,
Tobn C Hayues ft Co.,
Boston, Tlanofacturers,)
are equalled .yno other Amer!
ccnlnstruutfntjs. Lowest In j trice
of anv atrl-jtly high-grade liiSlru
menu. 26 Awards. fSead to
Catalogues. For Kale by
E. B. Guild.
It antiseptic) and
should be used at
your mesla regu
lar ly.
For sal Tj lead.
iri groer.
i Qt at Dnf-iniavi
atieilIlI10 V-JplClQll
Graduate of the Chicago Optiialmlc College.
If you are troubled with headache, pain in
eyes, or hare any difficulty in readier or see
in;;, call and have your eves examined. Coa
sulUtticn free. Keasanable prices. Office at
Jewelry store.
605 Ea&sM Avdnm., Topafca, Eaa.
"l --rZ UVce-. -S vT t ? -. .in.;.'. X.-- ,-as
- i 1
y a
Eo Pig
'-Ui H

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