The State Journal
By Frank P. MacLennan.
Official Paper of the City of Topeka,
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
Paily edition, delivered by carrier, 10
cents a week to any part of Topeka or
suburbs, or at the same price in any
Kansas town where this paper has a oar
By mail, three months $ .90
Sy mail, one year 3.60
Weekly edition, per year 50
X A ti s, ifc A 'fc A A: A; A J,AX A
JANUARY 1 896.
Wealber In 1I cations.
Chicago. Jan. 6. For Kansas:
Fair aDd warmer tonight and Tuesday;
If Mr. Cleveland desires to be presi
dent again he should go to Venezuela
Thb Oskaloosa Independent is now an
eight-page, seven column paper, and one
of the handsomest in the state.
Where is that $69,000,000 of gold
which has been coined at the United
States mints daring the past year?
It is said that Gladstone's eyes are
better and he has resumed work. The
chances are now in favor of there not
being a tree left in the vicinity of Ha
warden. A California court has decided that
Chinese born in this country are citizens.
John will now probably soad for his
wife. If they are citizens of course they
must be allowed to vote.
Del Valentine: Tom Anderson is
the big Rock Island man in Topeka;
Jerry Black is the big Santa Fe man in
the same Tillage, and they are mixing up
right lively on rates this winter. Tom
nu' Jerry is, or are, as the case may be,
right popular in righteous Topeka.
It is now reported that the president
is mad at the syndicate and may not is
sue any bonds at all. It is almost too good
to be true. In the mean time the gold
reserve is perilously near the $60,000,000
mark which he established some time
If as Governor Morrill TBtimates, all
applicants for jobs who failed to get
them are against him and his adminis
tration, there must be an army of them.
He will show wisdom, therefore, in de
clining to be a candidate for renomina
tion. The report of R. G. Dun & Co. for the
year shows that the marked advances in
the prices of many articles of commerce
earlier in the year were nearly all lost
before the close. The closing prices of
1895 were on an average very little above
those at the beginning of the year.
There is nothing more delusive and
misleading than the practice of estimat
ing our exports in dollars and cents. If
they were estimated in bushels and
pounds they would doubtless show a con
siderable increase over the so-called
prosperous years when the balance of
trade was largely in our favor. It is low
prices resulting from a gold standard
that causes the adverse trade conditions.
We send out the products, but they are
sold at the prices of India, China and
Egypt There is one remedy, and
that is to restore bimetallic prices; then
the balance of trade will again be in our
favor and the outflow of gold will be
Newspapers which favor bonds and
a gold standard take great pleasure in
mentioning the fact that the national
debt of various European nations is
much greater than that of the United
States. They neglect to call attention,
however, to the additional fact that our
national debt is bat a small percentage
of the total indebtedness, represented by
real estate mortgages, municipal, county,
state, railroad and corporation bonds
Jargely held in Europe. This is a form
of indebtedness comparatively unknown
over there, and is just as much a burden
on the entire people of the United States
as the national debt is. The interest is
ollectedjoff the people in increased fares,
freight rates and profits of various kinds.
It is now said that the United States
will take steps for the purpose of com
pelling Turkey to pay an indemnity for
the destruction of the American mis
sions, even to the extent of forcing the
passage of the Dardanelles and making
a demonstration in front of Constantino
ple. Mr. Olney seems to have all the
serve that is necessary or proper in every
foreign complication except the Waller
affair. While we are protecting the
Venezuelans and demanding justice for
the missionaries, poor Waller is per
mitted to lie unnoticed in a French
prison. The only apparent reason for
this is that his skin is black, although it
la probably little darker than that of the
majority of the Venezuelans.
Sun. Mon. Tue. j Wed. Thur. Fri. Sat
12 3 4
S67 8 9 10 U
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
26 27 28 29 30 31 w
WHO WANTS GOLD?
Under the caption uIs the Street All,"
the New World deals in the following
manner with the gold question:
"Why is it that the supposed needs of
Wall street using the term as descrip
tive of the stock gamblers and the money
shavers of the country are alone or
chiefly considered in deciding the needs
of the treasury?
"The people of the country the great
mass of 12,000,000 voters are not suffer
ing for gold. Any one of the govern
ment's half dozen or more kinds of
money will satisfy them. There only
trouble is to get enough greenbacks,
treasury notes, coin certificates, national
bank notes or even cart wheel dollars.
Even the active business men are not
clamoring for gold. It is only the bank
ers and a small ring of them, with other
dabblers in cent-percents, who are raid
ing the treasury and calling for more
"Why does not the government try the
plan for a while of considering the wel
fare and needs of the whole people, and
let 'the street' look out for itself? That
would be a novelty at least. It might
work well. Is it not worth a trial?"
The World says truly. The farmers,
the artisans, the miners, the railroad em
ployes, the merchants, the doctors, the
lawyers; none of these are asking for
gold. The others should not be criticised,
for it is their business, and there is no
law against their business. But the
eagerness with which the servants of the
people at Washington rush out to meet
their demands is what is objected to. In
stead of representing the interests of 70,
000,000 people they bend every energy at
their command toward delivering them
over to these birds of prey.
The recent interview with Gov. Mor
rill, in which he declared his belief that
prohibition was a failure and should be
abandoned, and that the system of atate
control should be submitted in its stead,
was read with regret, not only by all
friends of prohibition but by all of Gov.
Morrill's friends, as well. No one can
question the right of the governor to his
own opinion on any subject whatsoever.
But the right or at least the wisdom of
expressing that opinion at such a time
and in such a way as will directly en
courage violations of the law, and add
materially to the difficulties of enforcing
the law, may well be questioned. The
governor has made a serious mistake,
officially, personally and politically.
The State Journal from the first said
that the governor had cot the necessary
backbone for a chief executive and was
a blunderer. Now they are all saying it.
A large majority of the people of the
United States will endorse one of the
principles of the A P. A as set forth by
the supreme president of the order. The
A P. A is declared to be opposed to the
issuance of bonds.
It has been decided that Dickinson
county cannot afford to have a grand
jury, but then Dickinson county has no
AT GRAM) OPERA HOUSE.
Trilby Wall Played to mi Audience SuflV;
ing Severely From Cold.
The indications for tomorrow night
are stormy and colder at the Grand, with
a cold wave sweeping off the stage into
the parqtiette every time the curtaiu goes
up. It is not to be wondered at that Mr.
Crawford does not beat the stage. It is
enough to expect to raise the tempera
ture of the auditorium three degrees
above freezing point that people may be
semi-comfortable with their cloaks and
The "guy" of the player who turned
his coat collar and began shivering while
"holding the center" Saturday night, al
though the whole audience laughed was,
therefore, in bad taste. The audience al
ways feels so sorry for the players at the
Grand that it almost forgets to be cold
"Trilby" was enjoyed by a fair house
Saturday night, but in the afternoon the
attendance was poor indeed.
The play is a strong attraction and the
cast well balanced throughout. Miss
Edith Crane as DuMaurier's heroine was
altogether lovely. She does not suffer a
bit by comparison with Virginia Harned
of the "original." The same cannot be
said of Harry G. Carleton as Svengali.
lie was repulsive, not horrible. When
Wilton Lackaye plays the part he
hypnotizes not only Trilby, but
the audience. In the situations
where the villiany of the
man is most strongly brought out Lack-
aye makes you shudder. His makeup is '
not as offensive as mansion a. still, tne 1
latter was good. Topeka cannot expect
to see such people as Lackaye under the
present opera house regime.
The other principal and minor parts
wore taken in a smooth, conscientious
way, refreshing in a road company. One
or two of the players caught colds which
prevented their speaking loudly enough
to be understood by the audience. But
the listeners sympathized with thena and
enj jyed the play.
1HEY TOOK RAZORS.
Thlovo Enter the Urn; Store of A.
J. Kan of North Topeka.
Sometime between twelve o'clock Sat
urday night and Sunday morning thieves
entered the drug store of A J. Kane at
826 North Kansas avenue, and made
away with goods amounting in value to
The thieves opened a back window.
The goods taken were liquors, cigars and
razors. Four razors are missing.
A young woman who sleeps up stairs
heard a noise about 1:30, and it is proba
ble that it was at that time the store was
NOW THE "GOODLANDEK'
Name of the Larrei; Hotel ia Fort Scott
Fort Scott, Kan., Jan. 6. The name
of the hotel which, since its erection, has
been known as the Inter-State, has been
changed to the Qoodlander, after C W.
Goodlaoder, sr., who is now the exclusive
owner of the house, he having secured
the stock from the others interested.
We mend and sew on buttons free of
charge. Peerless Steam laundry.
IN THE SUNNY VENEZUELA.
Features of Life in a Land of Per
CHS THOUSAND RIYERS TRAVERSE
The Republic's Surface - Oroat Mi sa
cral Wealth -Customs of the Carlbs.
Venezuela, the country about -which
we are just now talking the most, is the
one about which we know tbo least.
Most of us have a dim idea that it is
somewhere on the northern coast of
South America, that it contains the Ori
noco river, that it was freed by Bolivar
and that it is a country where earth
quakes and revolutions are of almost
daily occurrence. We have learned late-
AN ORINOCO RIVER BOAT.
ly, too, that England wants a slice of
it in which there are goldfields and
that Venezuela asks tis for protection.
As a matter of fact, Venezuela is one
of the most interesting countries of the
western hemisphere. It is no insignifi
cant little republic, bnt a nation with
an area three times as large as that of
France and greater than any country in
Europe except Russia. It is ten times as
large as the British isles and has a pop
ulation of 3,500,000 of people. Its south
ern boundary is almost under the equa
tor, but its northern seacoast is over ten
degrees north of that line.
If tho temperature depended wholly
on latitude. Venezuela would be a very
hot place, bnt the diversity of its surface
gives it a wide range of climate. In the
low marshes the mercury stands at over
100 degrees above, bnt the naked natives
can look np to the farofl mountain tops
where the eternal snows glisten in the
The northern part of the country is
ribbed with the ranges of the Ancles,
and on their broad plateaus and in their
fertile, elevated valleys are built cities
which have a climate that is almost
ideal. Their whole year is ono continu
ous spring. Their summer days are the
warm, sunshiny days of May, and their
winter days aro those of showery April.
But the great glory of Venezuela is
its rivers. It is probably the best water
ed country on the globe. Over 1,000
rivers traverse its surface, and one of
these, the Orinoco, is one of the greatest
in the world. The Orinoco rises in tho
far southern part of the country in a
spot which has not yet been visited by
civilized man and runs almost directly
north for over 1,400 miles. It is navi
gable for over 1,000 miles of its length,
and many of its 436 tributaries are also
big enough to be traversed by steam
boats. These great waterways furnish
easy means of communication with tho
adjoining countries of Colombia, Ecua
dor, Bolivia, Peru and Brazil.
With so many great rivers, "Venezuela
ought to be a well explored country.
But it is not. The southern portion of
it is practically unknown to white men.
The reason for this is that while the
watercourses are wide enough and deep
enough to float good sized boats they
are blocked by the tangle of primeval
Wonderful forests these are, too, in
which species which with us are mere
vegetables or shrubs grow to be tower
ing trees. The pain trees in the Vene
zuelan forests are gigantic growths.
The woods that line the banks of these
streams are impenetrable, for the rank
vegetation towers away above the head
of a man, and the trees and underbrush
are laced and intertwined and matted
by great vines aud creepers. The branch
es form an arch over the streams, and
the natives paddle their canoes in a twi
light even at noonday.
Tet these very forests are one of the
great sources of Venezuela's wealth.
Today they form a barrier to the spread
of civilization, but the time is near
when they will be the magnet that will
attract civilization. At the last nation
al exposition at Caracas there were ex
hibited 3,070 different kinds of woods,
embracing every variety used in the
arts and architecture. There are acres ol
giant mahogany, red cedar, rosewood
and other precious trees that have never
been touched by the ax. There are trees
which produce robber thousands ol
square miles of them. In tho trackless
forests are myriads of plants which are
worth their weight in gold in the chem
ist's shop. These are some of the unde
veloped resources of this wonderful
The whole of Venezuela, in fact, is
practically undeveloped. The principal
export product is coffee. In the contro
versy which has recently attracted sc
much public attention it has been fre
quently remarked that the interest ol
the United Sta-tes in Venezuela was a
sentimental and not a practical one,
that we did not oare whether her mar
kets were open to Uncle Sam or John
Bull. Here are some facts that touch on
this point: As long ago as 1889 Venezu
ela exported to the United States prod
ucts to the value of $10,000,000 and im
ported from our country manufactured
goods to the extent of half that sum.
This was more than she annually sells
and buys from England, Germany,
France and all the other countries of
Europe. We get from the Venezuelans
coffee, cocoa and sugar. They buy from
us cotton cloth, machinery, hams, flour
There is a direct line of steamships
between the United States and La Guay
ru, and many sailing ships connect the
two countries. We are connected with
them by cable also. What this trade
will amount to when the boundless re
sources of Venezuela shall have begun
to be developed can only be imagined.
As for the mineral wealth of Vene
zuela, it cannot well be estimated. The
gold mines, most of which are located
in the territory which Great Britain,
wants, are not particularly rich. When
their wealth has been more fully de
veloped, it may be discovered that
they are worth more than they now ap
pear to be. The value of the copper, sil
ver, iron and coal mines there is indis
putably great. Besides this thero are
great lakes of asphalt, much more valua
ble than those on the island of Trinidad,
which England now holds.
The native Indians cf Venezuela are
an interesting race. They are divided
into a number of distinct tribes, and of
some little is known. Those of the Ori
noco region, who inhabit the disputed
territory, are generally called Caribs.
They wear the least clothes of any peo
ple on earth. The entire costume of a
Carib, male or female, consists of a
small loin cloth. They are of small
stature and of low vitality. They die of
wounds that would not trouble a civi
lized man. At 35 the Carib is old and
wrinkled, and he generally dies before
he is 40.
The Caribs have some queer customs.
Tho women pierce their lower lips and
stick sharp pieces of wood through them,
point outward. Needless to say, kissing
does not obtain among the Caribs. In
LAKE DWELLINGS OF VENEZUELAN NATIVES.
accordance with the strange custom of
"couvade, " tho father of a newborn
child goes to bed for two weeks and is
nursed carefully while the mother at
tends to her regular household duties.
The Indians live in a most primitive
way, many of them inhabiting huts
built on piles to elevate them above the
waters of the lakes or marshes. These
lake dwellings are a picturesque feature
of Venezuela scenery.
Although the white people in Ven
ezuela comprise only one-fifth of the en
tire population, it is a civilized country
and is rapidly progressing. Its govern
ment is modeled after that of the Unit
ed States, and its territory is divided in
to nine large states, a federal district,
fivo territories and two national settle
ments. Its cities are of such importance
that our government is represented by
as many as 13 consuls and consular
agents in them. ' There are several lines
of railroads. The telegraph, the tele
phone and the electric light nre all used
by Venezuelans, and the systems are be
ing rapidly extended. Caracas, tho cap
ital, is a city of about 80,000. It is lo
cated about nine miles inland from its
seaport, La Guayra, with which it is
connected by a railroad that climbs a
As most of the governing class are of
Spanish descent the universal language
is Spanish, but almost every one speaks
French or German and English besides.
Agriculture is the chief industry, be
cause the soil is so fertile that little ef
fort is required to raise the most abun
dant crops. The value of tho annual ex
portations of coffee alone amounts to
over $ 12,000,000. The mines, which
are practically undeveloped, sent out
last year gold, silver, copper and quick
silver to the value of $6,000,000. It is
a great country, with a great future bo
fore it, and some day will be in a posi
tion to richly repay Uncle Sam for the
fatherly interest he is now manifesting
in its welfare. Skwell Ford.
Uncle Sam's Army.
- The men of our army are believed to
be physically the best chosen body of
soldiers in the world. At a recent ex
amination of applicants for enlistment
in a western city 200 presented them
selves, and all but 4 were rejected.
t "City" of London Growing Smaller.
In the "city" of London the night
population is only 28,000, though in
1861 it was 112,000. The day census
taken in May, 1S91, showed that 1,186,-
000 persons and 92,000 vehicles entered
and left the "city."
As Bad as English.
1 There are words in the Chinese lan
guage that have as many aa 40 different
meanings, each depending on the into
nation used in pronouncing it.
In London the bicycling women of the
upper 10,000 have their wheels painted
to match their carriage.
PEDKKSON OF W1NNECONNE
the University of Wisconsin Id
Pederson, Oscar E. Pederson of Win
neconne, is on the warpath against aris
tocracy in college
life, and is doing
his level best to
overthrow of Pro
f ess or Charles
M. A., LL. D.,
president of the
U n i v e r sity of
derson is super
schools of Win
Oscar E. pederson. and recently
made charges that under Professor Ad
ams' management the university has
raised its fees so high that poor boys
have no chance to enter, that Adams is
an aristocrat and has no sympathy with
the common people, that the number of
pupils is decreasing for this reason and
that owing to lack of discipline many
pupils carouse in saloons and become in
toxicated. The charges have caused a fu
rore in Wisconsin educational Circles and
a committee has been appointed to in
Oscar E. Pederson was born in the old
Indian village of Winneconne, 13 miles
from Oshkosh, in 1867. His parents
were poor, and he has gained a good
education by the exercise of considerable
will power. He worked hard to get a
common school education, and then by
even harder work secured a year's study
in Valparaiso, Ind., and a three years'
course in Lawrence university, Apple
ton, Wis. He has risen from obscurity
to his present position, and is one of the
youngest school superintendents in the
west, as well as one of the well inform
ed, progressive superintendents of Wis
consin. He says tht state pays $400 per
capita to educate her university stu
dents and only $2 per capita annually
for the tutoring of her common school
Professor Adams is one of America's
best known educators. He was born in
Vermont 60 years ago, was graduated
from the University of Michigan in
1852, and became president of Cornell
university in 13S5. He remained at Cor
nell until 1892, whn he devoted a year
to historical research and then accepted
a call to the presidency of the Universi
ty of Wisconsin. His dofenders say that
the only aristocracy he recognizes is the
aristocracy of brains and good scholar
ship. THE CHAINED CATARACT.
Niagara's Mammoth Turbine Wheels and
Dynamos and the Power They Develop.
There is one very important difference
between Colonel Mulberry Sellers and
Dr. Coleman Sellers. "There's millions
in it" was the view of each concerning
bis pet scheme, but of the twain Cole
man Sellers alono is hot on the trail of
DR. COLEMAN SELLERS.
the cash. He is the president and chief
engineer of the Niagara Falls Power
company, and thus far the work of har
nessing the great cataract has been a
thorough success. At the present time
two turbine wheels are operated by the
water of the Niagara river and a third
is held in reserve so that the numerous
customers of the company may not suf
fer in case one of the regular turbines
is disabled. Theso turbines severally de
velop 5,400 horsepower and turn two
mammoth dynamos, each of which gen
erates 5,000 electrical horsepower.
Each turbine wheel is inclosed in a
steel casing and is 28 feet from the bot
tom of the great tunnel which dis
charges the water into the river below
the falls. In the casing also are two
wheels, an upper and a lower, which
are connected with a great vertical
shaft 38 inches in diameter and 160
feet long. This shaft weighs 80,000
pounds and extends upward 160 feet to
its dynamo. The field magnets of the
dynamo, which are attached to the up
per end of the shaft and revolve with it,
also weigh 80,000 pounds. They are at
tached to the inside surface of a wrought
iron ring over 1 1 feet in diameter, and
when the mammoth turbine and the
gigantic dynamo warm up to their work
the outside of this ring flies around at
tho rate of 104 miles an hour.
The water which turns the wheel is
conveyed from the canal above by a
great steel pipe3Jg feet in diameter and
rushes into the turbine with such force
that it lifts the entire weight of 160,000
pounds so that the lower end of the shaft
does net rest upon a "step," as in other
water wheels, but is suspended, whirl
ing at the rate of 250 revolutions per
minute. Thus far the power has been
all utilized at Niagara falls, and none
of it has consequently been transmitted
long distances. The company is confi
dent, however, that when more turbines
are in operation the power may be eco
nomically conducted to Buffalo and suc
cessfully compete with steam power.
Perfumed butter is becoming fashion
able in New York. Wrapped in cheese
cloth, the batter is allowed to stand in
a bed of roses or violeta.
"SAY BOSS! Them People
sr i-tf 1 . " - '
Foundry $0 Machine Works,
ESTABLISHED 1876. FORMERLY
TOPEKA FOUNDRY AND BACHINE WORKS,
Tfrj only place in the city where you can get a complete power
plant from a steam engine to a set collar from (took.
Get Prices Before Purchasing Elsewhere.
1. L. COFRAJU, pp.
E. 0, DE MOSS.
ODD FELLOWS BUILDING,
We buy our goods from the best factories
Our prices are 25 per cent lower than any
combine or anti-combine.
Hmimn 'Phone 77. Roll 'Phonfi 193.
DE MOSS & PjEJTWEIjIj.
'HE THAT WORKS EASILY, WORKS
SUCCESSFULLY." CLEAN HOUSE WITH
H.K.BROOKS. (Established 1878.) e. W. BROOKS. V
Capita! Iron Works
(Two bicclts south of Santa Ve
Builders' Iron work of ail descriptions.
achioists, Iron and
Enpinos and machinery repaired. Pattern work and difficult repairs a specialty.
Shaftin" pulleys, hamjers and brass nttinss of all descriptions in stock. Steam,
gas or electric powers furnished. Millwrlghting and gas engine repairs a specialty.
tDi mis t-J?mi
w u lit ; r-v r i tv
f Contains each Month : Original Water Color j
frontispiece; J 29 Quarto vages cl Keamnj
'linns- More Literary Matter end lllustra-
i tlons than any other Magazine to America. ,
25Cts.; 94 a rear. ,
ank Leslie's Pleasant Hours!
FOR BOYS AND CiRLS.
r IIIKUI, nuuimnuro, "
f Fullv illustrated. Tho best writers for young
! people contribute to it. 10 cts. ; $1 a year. (
;. A. R. Officers Installed.
Saturday evening w;.3 a happy one at
Lincoln post hali. It waa the occasion
for the installation of tho officers of the
post and Lincoln circle ladies of the G.
A. R. The following officers of Lincoln
post were installed by Commander A.
McGregor: Post commander, J. M. Mil
ler; senior vice commander, George C.
Stoker; junior vice commander, M. F.
McKirahan; quartermaster, II. J. Bev
fUe; officer of the day, G. W. Weed;
officer of the guard, W. E. Brubaker;
snrgeon, S. E. Martiu; chaplain, G.
W. Barge; adjutant, J. Lee Knight;
sergeant major, J. S. Langston;
quartermaster sergeant, P. M. Kim
ble. Mrs. M. O; Cartlidge installed the
following officers of Lincoln Circle:
President, Mrs. Fannie Davis; senior
vice president, Mrs. C. Stoker; junior
vice president, Mrs. Randlett; treasurer,
Mrs. Kincaid. chaplain, Mra. Rodgers;
condnclress, Mrs. Cart; guard, Mrs.
Roach; secretary, Mies Eila E Wade.
Short speeches were made by George T.
Anthony and Post Commander Miller.
llinerai Vt ater.
The finest in the west. Come and trv it
J. W. Phillips, 612 W. Eighth ave.
! FOB THE
Won't Take This
oap They Want
Everybody wants Clairette
Soap who knows the good
ness of it. Try it once and
you will refuse all other
kinds, too. Sold everywhere.
Made only by
THE N. K. FAIRBANK COMPANY,
L. M. FEN WELL.
523 QUINCY STREET.
depot on Seventh st.)
The twenty -ninth year of HARPER'S
BAZfl. R, beginning in Jannary, 1896, finds
it maintaining its deserved reputation
both as a fashion Journal and a weekly
periodical for home reading.
Every week the BAZAR presents
beautiful toilettes for various occasion ,
Sandoz, Baude, and Chapcis illustrate
and engrave the newest designs from
the finest model in Paris and Berlin.
New York Fashions epitomizes cur
rent Btyles in New York. A fortnightly
pattern-sheet supplement with diagrams
and directions enables women to cut aud
make their own gowns, and is of great
value to the professional modiste as
well as to the amateur dressmaker.
Children's Clothing receives constant
attention. Fashions for Men are de
scribed in full detail by a man-about-town.
Oar Paris Letter, by Kathar
ine De Fokest, is a sprightly weekly re
cital of fashion, gossip, and social doings
in Paris, given by a clever woman in an
Both the serials for 139S are the work
of American women. Mrs. Gerald, by
Maria Louise Pool, is a striking story
of Mew England life. MaktE. Wilkins,
in Jerome, a Poor nan, discusses th
aiwaya ititaresting problems of the re
lations between labor and capital. Short
stories will be written by the best authors.
Special Departments. Music, The
Outdoor Woman, Personals, What We
Are Doing, Women and Men, report and
di&cuss therasa of immediate interest.
Answers to Correspodents. Ques
tions receive the personal attention of
the editor, and are answered at the earl
iest practicable date after thnir receipt.
The Volumes of the BAZAR begin
with th9 first Number for January of
each years. When no time is mem ;iou
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Number current at the time of receipt of
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