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The Topeka state journal. [volume] (Topeka, Kansas) 1892-1980, January 10, 1896, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82016014/1896-01-10/ed-1/seq-1/

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The South Carolina "Man of Iron" Talks to the State
Journal Correspondent
A On the Probable Result of
Believes It 'Would Be Far
i" In Kroisas.
'vSenator Tillman Tells How the Jury Beat Him in the St. John
Debate But He Won the Audience.
rrosn the State Journal's Special Correspontlsnt
Washington, Jan. 10. As the recent
interview of Gov. Morrill of Kansas, in
which he favors the dispensary system
for the control of the liquor traffic has
brought the various methods of dealing
with this question again into promi
nence, Senator Benjamin It. Tillman, of
) South Carolina, who might properly be
called the father of the dispensary sys
tem, was seen at his home by the
Journal correspondent and asked to
jrive his views upon this system, and the
jrobable effect of its inauguration in a
prohibition state like Kansas. Senator
B. R. TILLMAST, TJ. S. Senator from Couth Carolina.
Author of the Dispensary law, wnich places the sale of liquor In South Carolina In the hasds
ot the state. His attempts to enforce the provisions of this act recently caused a revolution on
a small scale at Darlington and other points, which was quelled by the prompt action of the gov
ernor. He Is a populism-democrat, 47 years of age, and said to be an astute politician. In 1834 he
loat an eye from abscess produced by inSammation resulting from hard study by lightwood knot
Tillman is unhesitating in hi3 belief
that the state dispensary method is the
best present possible way of dealing
with the question, and that it is a vast
improvement over prohibition.
"Prohibition has proved," he said,
"that it is impossible to extirpate the
'evil, and if the people of Kansas desire
to redace and minimiza the traffic in
stead of having the farce of absolute pro
hibition the dispensary system is the
way to do it."
Before discussing the plan in its ap
plication to Kansas, Senator Tillman de
sired to recite the history of it in South
Carolina in order to show how it might
work in another state with all allowances
made for the differences of sentiment
and conditions.
"You probably, know," he said, "that
the tight in a Soma Carolina election is
at the primaries or conventions. The
man who is successful there is sure of
election, so there is where the real strug
gle comes. In the primaries of 1390 tie
tight was between the Reformers or
Tillmanites and the old oligarchy which
bad been running the state ever since
they got control of it after the reconstruc
tion time, in 1876. We licked them then
end the same fight caaae up again when
I stoad for re-election in 1892. But at
these same primaries the question of
prohibition was to be voted on yes or no
in a separate box. While there were
85,000 votes cast for candidates only 50,
000 persons voted on the question of
prohibition. This was carried by a ma
jority of 20,009 or thereabouts.
"This expression was sufficient to
cause the house in the legislature which
was elected to pass a strict prohibitory
law patterned after the Maine and Iowa
laws. It was rock ribbed and sweeping.
It prohibited the sale of liquors except
by state dispensers and men only for
pbarmacauiical, mechanical, and medici
nal purpoaee. When this bill came to the
senate there were only five days of the
session left and all the bartenders were
there to defeat it. I saw that the house
measure with its absolute prohibition
would not do and so taking it as a
groundwork we fixed it over into what is
virtually the present dispensary law.
This was passed by the sanate and then
by the bouse in the form of a substitute.
This action was taken in December
"The law provided for a state dispen
sary commissioner who was to buy all
liquor for the state and provide for its
sale by county dispensaries. There are
cow about seventy-five dispensaries in
the state."
DUp.asartas Look Llka Drag Stor.s.
"A dispensary looks verv much like a
drag store. It is something like a com
bination of a drug store and a bar room.
There are shelves all around the walls
and a counter across the front end. When
man comes in to buy whisky the dia-
jntrlacing State Dispensaries
Sunerior to tlie rresent bysteni
penser says: 'What'll you have?' Then
the man says: 'Give ma a half pint of
XX corn, or XXX rye, or whatever it is
he wants. He pays his money for it and
that is all there is to it lie can't drink
it on the premises and the bottles are
sealed. While I was governor the cheap
est whisky was $3 per gallon.
" "All the liquors are chemically tested
and the idea is to keep all kinds on hand
which are not unfitted for sale by adul
teration and for which there is a suffi
cient demand.
"Well, the law was to go into effect the
succeeding July, six months bain? given
fur those having liquors on hand to dis
pose of them. I had a state constabu
lary to enforce the law. I began at once
to have the dispensaries established so as
to beg-in when the law went into effect
There was an appropriation of $50,000 to
start the thing off.
"It may seem an easy task to attend to
all these details, bnt I tell you it was the
hardest job I ever had on my handi,"
said Senator Tillman with the air of one
who had had hard fights before.
"There was opposition at once in the
cities where most of the political oppo
sition toward me was centered. You see
most of my followers were in the outly
ing and country districts and the fellows
who belonged to the old ring which had
been in control were centered
in the cities. They didn't
believe that any good could
come oat of Nazareth and as this was a
Tillman measure they went into league
with the bartenders and proprietors of
blind tigers to obstruct its enforcement
They patronized these fellows and aided
"There was more or less trouble in en
forcing the law in the cities, but tue sys
tem was kept going from July until De
cember, when the legislature met again.
"Now politicians, you know, are the
most cowardly .people in the world. They
are afraid of public sentiment and al
ways try to follow just behind it instead
of leading it. But this legislature which
had enacted the dispensary law with fear
and trembling as an experiment in 1802,
in 1893 re-enacted it and made it stronger
by amendments which the previous five
months had suggested.
"Then in April, 1894, came the. Dar
lington riot and I whipped them and
two weeks later the supreme court de
clared the law unconstitutional.
"I at once ordered the dispensers to
close the dispensaries, take an account of
stock and guard the goods at a reduced
salary. The decision of the supreme
court was in regard to the law of 1892,
and was so tnuddy and partisan and un
reasonable that later, when another case
was brought up they made another decis
ion saying what parts of the law were
unconstitutional virtually an explana
tion of their explanation. The whole de
cision was a reversal of a previous de
cision, for the same court had refused an
injunction brought by the bartenders
against the law. One old judge who was
superanuated was to be retired in July
and I had the appointing of his succes
sor. Now the dispensary law of 1893,
which was stronger than that of 1892,
which was declared unconstitutional,
hadn't been acted on and I didn't intend
this court should either. So I put it in
my pocket and waited. -
"The court in its explanation of its ex
planation, said the only part of the law
which was constitutional was one little
section which said the state should issue
no licenses. But a previous statute on
the books said, no one should sell liquor
without a license. 8o.,hre was. a condi
tion of absolute nncempromising rock
ribbed prohibition, No liquor could be
sold for any purpsse legally, by drug
stores or any one else.
"The result was that there was a per-.
feet inundation of drunkenness. Saloons
ran wide open everywhere. Every cross
roads opened up. Liquor was so free it
almost ran in the streets."
Tha Court Himself Took Drink.
"The court which declared tha dispen
sary lawunconstitutional walked down the
street and went openly into a saloon and
took a drink. I couldn't arrest anyone
for my power had been taken away and
no sheriff would. The liquor was bad,
and drunkeness and debauchery became
so prevalent that at the meetings
throughout the state where I spoke the
people would interrupt by crying 'when
are you going to open up the dispen
saries?' Even the Prohibitionists were
sick of prohibition, for here if was simon
pure, and admitted that the dispensaries
were better.
"ao when I had appointed the new
supreme judge in July, I opened up the
dispensaries under the law of 1893. We
got a cuse brought under the law and
the supreme court declared it valid.
"Of course the old oligarchy said it
was a party decision by a Tillmanite
court, but the Tillmanites had said the
same thing about the old court'd de
"So the system ran along and in De
cember a new legislature fresh from the
people and elected on the dispensary is
sue, not only did not repeal the law but
strengthened'it by the metropolitan po
lice law, providing for a change of venue
even when the grand jury didn't find a
true bill, and for tha removal of sheriffs
and other officers where they did not do
their duty. The machinery for execut
ing the law is now as strong as the inge
nuity of man can devise.
"In September, 1895, a constitutional
convention met to revise the old consti
tution. It was not elected on party lines
but was composed ef man sent there for
their ability and the fact that) they were
representative. This convention wanted
to embody the dispensary law just as it
stood in the constitution. And here was
presented tha singular spectacle of one
who had been the champion of the law
and stood in almost a parental relation to
ir, laboring with the convention not to
do it.
"The reasons I urged were that if it
should ba done and the supreme court
of the United States, which has the om
nipotent power to reverse itself, and
act the fool. and do
scandalous and reprehensible things
generally, should declare it unconstitu
tional, then we should have another case
of absolute prohibition and it would be
out of the legislature's power to remedy
"So what the convention did was to
give the legislature power to provide for
license, or prohibition, or the dispensary
system, provided that no dispensary
should be open after night or liquor sold
by the drink.
'-That is the way the question stands
in South Carolina today. The bartenders
fight it--because it destroys their busi
ness and it is bard to enferce in tha cities
because there is the head center of the
opposition ta Tillmanites, but opposition
is" gradually dying out, and when tha
bartenders can be forced from the state
the law will work quite smoothly.
"The chief opponents of the law have
been the bartenders and. preachers."
"The trouble with the dispensary law
in South Carolina as with the prohibition
law Id Kansas, seems to have been in
the cities. Do you think it was mostly
on account of politics in South Carolina?"
the correspondent asked.
"Ye?, almost two-thirds of the opposi
tion to the law was because it was a l'ill
man measure. Many men said they
didn't mind the dispensary law, and
thought it was a good thing, but because
it was passed by Tillmanites and I en
forced it, they wanted to see it fail.
"The quality of whisky down there is
purely a political question," said Senator
Tillman, laughing. "The anti-TiUman-ites
say dispensary whisky is abomin
able stuff; the worst liquor they ever pnt
lips to. That it isn't fit for a dog to
drink, that they wouldn't drink it if they
were to die and all that, but tha Till
manites say it is the finest in the
Mil. Tilmaa's Camment.
"Yes, it's all a matter of politics," said
Mrs. Tillman, who was in the room,
sharing in the laugh.
"Sometimes the dispensary people
would get it onto the antis by taking" a
bottle with the name of an out of the
state firm on it and put dispensary whisky
in it," continued.Senator Tillman. "They
would then give it to the antis to drink
and they would say it was fine, that it
beat dispensary whisky clear out. The
dispensary people would then tell them
what they had been drinking and have
the laugh an them."
"You think then that if Kansas were
to adopt the dispensary system it would
not be a step backward from prohibition,
but a step forward?"
"A long step forward," said Senator
Tillman, with great emphasis. "A state
which has stood prohibition would thank
God for it, as a great improvement."
"What do you think would be the effect
if Kansas were to adopt it?"
"It would have the most elevating ef
fect on the morals of the drinking classes.
It would enable them to get stimulants
in an orderly, decent, legitimate and
open way without having to sneak
around a back way, and through dark
hallways and up narrow stairs, or to
swear to a lie.
"I believe in lighting fire with fire and
liquor with liquor. There is no better
way to drive out the bartender than with
whisky. It is a fact that dispensary
whisky will drive out all other kinds. It
is better, and' it is cheaper. Men who
want whisky, and they will have it, as
we know, would rather go openly, and in
a respectable manner, to set it than to
sneak around to. some blind tiger or joint
and get it, and so those places would lose
their patronage.
"The advantage of the dispensary sys
tem is that it destroys the bar-room for
ever. "The difference between our way in
South Carolina and yours in Kansas is
that we recognize man as a miserable
creature. There is a natural opposition
to the idea of prohibition. The desire
for stimulants is inherent in the nature
of man. Some want tea, some take coffee
and others want whisky. Ever since the
time away back in history when men
first found that fermentation would pro-,
duce alcoholic stimulants, they have been
used. You can't do away with the habit
of ages in a day. You can't legislate
away the desire for Stimulants you must
educate it out. It is not possible to ex
tirpate and destroy, you must reduce and
minimize. . ... - . '
"One of the beauties of the dispensary
system is that it does away with treating.
You can't buy whisky by the glass or
drink. That is the chief - evil -of the
present system . A party of men go into
a bar roon and take a drink. Then they
pass on down the street and one of them
says: . 'Come in and have a drink with
me.' And by the time they have visited
three or four bar rooms they are- drunk,
when that was not their intention in the
first place and one-drink was, probably
all any of them cared for or wanted.. .
"There is a danger in the dispensary
system of getting liquor either too cheap
or too dear. If too dear illicit dealers
will flourish and if too cheap consump
tion is apt to be encouraged. But there
is a golden moan. It can be made cheap
enough to make dealing in it unprofita
ble, and yet not encourage its use as a
How It Would Work in Kansas.
"Suppose Kansas were to adopt the
dispensary system, and that the liquor
element should be satisfied with it (ex
cept jointists, of, course, whose, business
would be destroyed) and the prohibition
sists should not make trouble, would
there be any difficulty to enforce the
"Not the slightest in the world. In
such a case as that every bartender could
ba driven from tha state."
"Djes the state dispensary system les
sen the amount of liquors consumed?"
"Wall, there was no way to determine
just how much had been consumed bo
fore the law went into .effect," said Sen
ator Tillman, "and from a fair estimate
of that it may be said that only about
half as much is used - now as under the
old system."
Senator Tillman said the system was
conducted in South Carolina at a slight
profit. The lowest price of whisky under
his administration was $3, but his suc
cessor has very greatly reduced the
price in order he says to drive out all
competition. There has been turned
into the state treasury from the dispen
saries since they have been running
$240,000 of clear money. This is over
and above the $50,000 appropriated to
start the system out as this amount was
paid back. The money is used for the
support of the free schools.
Under the law neither habitual drunk
ards or minors can purchase liquors, and
the dispensaries are not open alter night.
The dispensers are paid salaries. . There
are three commissioners in each county
to locate and control the dispensaries.
Only one man in the state can purchase
for the dispensaries and he is the etate
commissioner. All liquors are chemi
cally tested. . Some beers , had to be
thrown out Senator Tillman said, during
his administration because of the pres
ence of deleterious acids. -
Senator Tillman told of his debates
last '--summer with Oov. Dickey and St.
Joha. in which he took- the side of the
dispensary as against prohibition with
the one and negatived-' prohibition with
the other. He got the jury, which was
composed of prominent men of and near
New York, by a vote of 13 to 8 in his
discussion with Oov. Dickey, and was
beaten by St Joha. -"So it was a dogfall
as far as the Juries were concerned."
said Senator Tillman, "but while the
juries were out I took a hand primary
of the audience on prohibition or dis
pensary, and I beat them two to one."
Senator Tillman satd he dida'tsee how
the sentiment of the state of South Caro
lina could be shown any mora strongly
in favor of the dispensary system, since
it had been ratified by three legislatures
and a constitutional convention. He be
lieves that in about a year all illicit
selling except moonshiuiug i n about
three mountain districts will be done
away with.
Senator Tillman speaks with a strong
southern accent, dropping his r's and
using soft a's. He says fo'ce for iorce
and ba'tenda', and whetha. He raises
his voice to almost a shrill pitch when
very much in earnest. His language is
good and his vocabulary varied. He
uses vernacular expressions frequently
and in alluding to his first victory for
governor, said he "didn't leave a "grease
spot of the opposition."
None could hear him talk and believe
the report that he answered Senator
Chandler's question in the senate as to
what his politics was by saying "I aiut
no Populist." He uses good English.
M. F. M.
Oalputnt Hoyo Colorado, IS Miles From
Havana Surrenders to Cubans.
Havana, Jan. 10. It is announced
that 123 wounded insurgents who were
picked up on the battlefield at La Cebia
are now in the Spanish hospital at San
Antonio de los Banos.
The garrison of Hoyo Colarado, consist
ing of twenty Spanish volunteers, has
surrendered to the insurgents, Hoyo
Colorado is near Bauta. which is about
twelve miles from this city.
Private advices say that in Santiago
parents are sending their children off
the island to prevent their arrest based
en unguarded expressions and violent
language against Spain. The Isthmian
Cuban organ says that Spain believes
that Havana cannot be taken without
siege guns. '
Tbc Retiring President or the Federa
tion or Labor Speaks Highly or bis
Massillon, O. Jan 10 John McBride
has written out his formal farewell to
the American Federation of Labor. He
speaks in generous terms of Samuel
Gompers, and reiterate his determina
tion, expressed during the heat of the
late convention as follows: "I shall
never again either seek or accept official
life, or official responsibility in the labor
movement; bat whenever opportunity
offers, or occasion demands my voice
and pen will be used to aid and relieve
suffering humanity and oppressed la
bor." .
A Fine Sew Telescope.
Comi!B09, O., Jan. 10. A telescope to
day was opened at the state university.
It is a gift from Emerson McMillin, of
New York. It has a 12 inch lens, 16 foot
barrel,- transit and spectroscope on the
model of the Lick observatory, though on..
reduced lines.
10, 189G.
That Magic Name, Now Strains
tlie Kansas Trump of Fame.
On Fair Topeka Marches He,
For Whisky Straight
Flings Out HisCrimsonGonfalon
to Lead the Whisky
Forces on, For Resubmission
Good Old Times,
'Skey for Pinies. Poor Prohibi
tion's in For "Fuss,"
For' He Won't Do a Thing
to Us.
Topeka is to have a Mystic Brother
hood. This city has been left for the
last, and the organizer says that ha has
organizations in every city of the first
class in Kansas. The organization has
started out with grips, signs and pass
words to overthrow prohibition in Kan
sas, and, as might be guessed, it origina
ted in Wichita.
An organization is to be made in
Topeka tomorrow night Police Com
missioner Charles K. Holliday is
looking after the organization in
Topeka, end has been circulating
petitions to be signed calling
a meeting to organize, but the support
he has received has not been of the hur
ricane order and a prominent Topeka re
submissionist says he has not more than
a dozen names. But Charlie is hopeful.
He says that Topeka will have an or
ganization with 4,000 members. .
John E. Hoenscheidt, who is the state
organizer and one of the founders of the
organization, waa in Topeka yesterday.
He came unneralded and he did not stop
at one of the big hotels. He canvassed
the situation and gave instructions to the
leaders here to "get a move on them
selves." Ue said he would return to To
peka Saturday night and he wanted a
a goad showing made in this "hotbed of
cranks," he called it.
Mr. Hoenscheidt, as might be guessed
from his name, is a German. . Long
years ago he lived in Topeka and pub
lished a German paper. He went to
Wichita, and published - the Wichita
Journal, which was run as a daily paper
through the boom. He is a harmless
looking individual, with blonde mustache
and blue eyes. Like all Wichita people,
he alludes to the prohibitory law as a
"farce" and au infringement on civil
"We do not say anything about our
membership" said Mr. Hoenscheidt to a
Jouiinal reporter. "That is we do not
tell who our members are but you had
-better join us and you will find out all
you want to know."
- "How many members have you in the
"I am not able to say now."
"Is it true that you have 50,000 mem
bers as is resorted from Wichita?"
"No, it is not true. But we expect to
have 125,000 members in the spring. In
Wichita we now have 1,700 members and
I expect to see the number raised to 5,-
000 in the city alone. We have twenty
lodges in Sedgwick county and almost
5,000 members in the county now."
"Then you expect to organiza in the
country, too?"
'Yes, sir; wa are going to organiza in
the country as well as tne city, in every
school district, but so far we have organ
ized ouly iu one county, Sedgwick.
We intend to have sub organizers do
tuat. It is my business to organize
in the cities, and that is what I am doing
now. We have organizations now iu
every city of the first class in Kansas. I
nnderstand that there is a very large
membership in Kansas City, Kansas, but
1 do not know much about any lodge
but that to which I belong in Wichita."
"How many organizers have yon in
the state?"
"We have seven. One for every con
gressional district, besides myself. I
am suppossd to look alter the work in
the cities and the other organizers wiil
look after the business in the outlying
portions of the state."
"Who is the organizer in this dis
trict?" "He has not yet been appointed. That
will be done after the organization is
made here."
"How many members of the next leg
islature do you expect to secure?"
"At least 84. We will get enough to
secure a resubmission of tue prohibitory
amendment. That is what we are after."
"Will you take a hand in the election
of state officers?"
"Yes of course. When we elect our
men to the county conventions as . we ex
pect to do, it is natural to suppose that
they will elect delegates to the state con
vontein who will vote for men opposed
to the prohibitory law. Ia that sense we
will have something to say about the
election of state officers. We will look
after things way back at the beginning,
and will see to it that the right men are
selected as delegates to the county con
ventions." Mr. Hoenscheidt saidj this with , an
easy confident air as if he apprehended
no trouble whatever iu his secret organ
ization capturing the primaries of all
"Our organization will be a power,
continued the organizer. "We ara not
troubling about the Germans, They are
with us, anyhow. The order is being
organized - among the "Americans. We
want to gat the people wuo are aouDtiui.
We do not care about the men who have
been for resubmission all along because
thev are safelv on our side.
"We carried one election in the state
by an organization like this and we can
succeed again," ' continued Mr; Honea
schiedt confidently. "That was in 1882;
that was the way we elected Glick. We
had an organization called the Resub
mission league all over the state, and
the result was that we won. The people
were disgusted, but this time we will
have the law annulled."
Then the organizer talked of Wichita.
"I wish the governor would appoint an
assistant attorney general in every town.
Nothing could be done that would help
our organization more. Why in Wichita
they summoned 362 witnesses to prove
the sale of a single glass of beer. They
were in court twelve days at $2 a
day and then the man wasn't
convicted. I feel safe in saving thati
every one of those witnesses lias, or will,
join our organization, for they see that
the bills will have to be paid by some
one, and they also see what a farce the
law is. Let them appoint assistant at
torney generals. Nothing could suit us
The commander of the state organiza
tion is C C. Smith, city clerk of Wichita.
Another Wichita man, Frank Burt, is the
state secretary, so that the organization
may be said to be purely Wichitan.
Commander Smith said in a recent in
terview: "We believe that the prohibitory laws
of the state, as enforced, are not only a
farce and a political game, but that there
is really more liquor conlumed than
under some system where the traffic
can be controlled. We believe that the
so-called attempts that are periodically
made in Wichita and other cities to en
force the law. and which uniformly fail,
create discord and engender an intensely
bitter feeling that is exceedingly detri
mental to our material welfare. We want
to bring prosperity and peace to our
state by re-establishing the conditions
under which the attainmentof such ends
is possible. Our candidates will be on
the party tickets and my prophecy is that
every one of them will be elected."
The British Said to Be Strengthening
Their Venezuela Forces.
Chicago, Jan. 10. A special to the
Journal from Washington says: The re
port that the British are strengthening
their outposts in Venezuela and
advancing into Venezuela is true.
"I have myself received to
day a private dispatch from
there corroborating it" so said Congress
man Livingston of Georgia, this after
He said: "I cannot show you the dis
patch; it is private. You can however
relv upon it. I called on the
Venezuelon minister this morning and
asked him to use his influence with
Creapo to keep back Venezuelan troops.
Should they advance it would precipi
tate a conflict at once.. That would ren- ,
der our .Venezuelan commission useless. ,
We would be compelled to back' dp Ven-;
ezuela and we would be plunged into
war at once." - -
"Yon have seen denial of the statement-'
by the British colonial office?" - " ':U
"les, but the statement is true never
theless. Unless Great Britain recalls her
troops and reduces the outposts to their
former strength, (Jreapo would be com
pelled to go to war to prevent a revolu
"My resolution vesterday was not as
Boutelle thought, a war resolution it
was a peace resolution. It was a peace
resolution by calling on President Cleve
land to investigate the report and
if true, to demand that Great Britain un
do what she has done.
Should Great Britain refuse war would
result, but 1 don't think she would refuse
Chairman Hitt promises to have my
resolution considered immediatelv. I
have suggested that if he likes, he
amend it by inserting a clause calling
on President Crespo to hold back troops
and so avoid conflict or trouble of any
kind with Great Bntian till the present
situation be set right and our commis
sion has made its report."
All Remand Separation from Their
Husbands, bnt Some Back Out.
The divorce mill was set in revolution
this morning in the district court, but it
soon ran out of material. Judge Uazen
had intended that ten wronged wives
should be avenged, revenged and paci
fied, but only three of the number ac
cepted his kind offer.
All the cases set for this morning were
brought by the gentler sex. The meu
seem to be able to stand it, but the
women cannot brook the woes of mar
ried life.
Mrs. Hattie Neeley was one who did
not back out of the trial
after she had brought the suit.
She has been married to
Charles Neeley for 9 years, but this
morning she cast him aside because he
no longer supports her. She lives with
her father in Boynton's addition. .
Au old lady shook from nervousness
and came nearly fainting while she was
testifying about the "extreme cru
elty" of her husband. It was Mrs.
Celia B. Lord, of 32:4 Arter avenue.
Judge Hazen'a heart was touched by the
scene, and he granted the divorce. Her
husband's name is Thomas J. Lord.
The third wife who had the courage to
appear was a colored woman,Mrs.Kmeline
Spradley Her husband had abandoned her
and slio anticipated the divorce by hav
ing her name put in the new directory as
a widow. The custody of her two daugh
ters is given to her by the decree. Wil
liam Spradley was her husband. Mrs.
Spradley lives with her children at 1416
Chandler street.
The remaining seven cases were dis
missed because the plaintiffs failed to
appear and prosecute.- Some of them
have gone bak to live together again,
some have left the state, while some, as
in the case of Strouse vs. Strouse, did not
prosecute because their parents have
scruples against divorces.
The t cases dismissed this morning
Mrs. Minnie A. Conner vs C. B. Conner,
teamster, 715 Locust street.
Mrs. Mollis Haygood vs We Hay
good. Mrs. Maggie Blinn vs We H. Blinn.
. Mrs. Eva L Diehl vs. Edwin A. L)iehl.
Mrs. May C. Strouse vs. George L
Mrs, Emma Boding vs. Harry Bar-
- - -
Mrs. Artie M. Price vs. Jas. W. Price,
On the National Treasury is
Turned Back.
Big New York Banks Abandon
His Syndicate.
Withdrawn From the Gold Syn
dicate Fund Today.
Meantime, the People Are Com'
ing Forward Bravely.
Chicago, Jan. 10. A special from New
York says: The Morgan bond syndicate
has at last been shaken by the with
drawal from it of the Chemical National
bank. It is understood that the amount
of the bank's subscription was $3,
000,000. George G. Williams, the pres
ident of the bank, said: "Our sub
scription simply represented those of our
depositors and we do not want to tie them
up in the uncertainties of the syndicate.
We do not wish to stand in the way of
the success of a popular loan.
It was reported that the City National
and possibly the United States Trust Co.
and the Hanover National will follow
the lead of the Chemical. The
City National has $10,000,000 gold
in its vaults, and its subscription was re
ported $5,000,000. The subscriptions of
the Hanover National and the United
States Trust company wera each about
The lead of the Chemical National
is considered an indication that the sell
ing of the bonds directly to the public
will be a success.
Thirty Millions in Sight.
New York, Jan. 10, The World says:
"This is going to be a great popular
loan. The World already has news from
small, country national banks of "firm"
subscriptions amounting to more thaa
fifteen millions, and of other subscrip
tions, amounts not specified in the des
patches, which will certainly aggregate
fifteen millions more.
"This does not touch the national
banks of any financial center, small or
great. ' It does not include any of the
great banks or bankers. It does not in
clude any but national banks no private
bankers, no state or savings bauks, no
trust companies, and no pr.vate invest
ors. Yet it represents about one-third of
the whole Iohc; "pledged, through the
World In a single dy: -
"Many of the banks responding an
nounce that they already have ao gold
in, their alts with whlcttTd rJay-for the
bonds. "All of them offer the-rr subscrUi-'
tioos on a 3 per cent basis cr at a little
over 117.
"To have the loan subscribed in this
way will not only save the government
a syndicate profit of twelve or fifteen
millions. It will save the government
lrom falling into the clutches of a syndi
cate. It will make the plain people of
the country the nation's creditors. It
will give them a vested imterest in sound
finance. It will make them jealous of
the nation's credit.
Nothing better than this could happen
to the country, nothing that would more
direcily stimulate patriotism and breed
common sense upon all financial issues.
"It is obvious now that the people out
side tha great tinancial centers are going
to bid for nearly if not quite the whole
loan on a 3 per cent basis. It ought to
go to them tven should a syndicate bid a
fraction higher."
Ex-President Harrison's 3Iarriajre ta
iliri, Uiiauiock Settled.
Nkw YoitK, Jan. 10. The Morning
Advertiser says positive announcements
come from Indianapolis concerning
the much-talked of engagement of
ex-P'esident Harrison and Mrs.
Mary Scott Dimniock, and though
neither one of the contracting parties
will say a word, it is nearly certain that
the marriage will take place before Lent.
It will be solemnized at Mrs. Dim
mock's home and will probably be a very
quiet affair. ,
Won't Sny It Isn't So.
Indianapolis. Jan. 10. Ex-President
Harrison left for New York this after
noon. His private secretary says he
is going there to consult with
other attorneys in the California
irrigation cases, and thence will go to
Waauington for the argument in the
United States supreme court. His secre
tary will make no statement regarding
the stories that the ex-president is to
marry Mrs. Dimmock.
RESERVE 857,000,000.
The Treasury Shorter r Gold Today
and More Going Out.
Washington, Jan. 10. Today's state
ment of the condition of the treasury
Available cash balance, $179,499,577;
gold reserue, $57,932,104.
Nkw York. Jan. 10. Lazard Frere3
will export $150,000 in gold bars tomor
row. Heidelbacb, Ickelhimer & Co., an
nounce that ' they will export $51)0,000
gold by tomorrow's steamer.
It is reported that the amount of gold
deposited by Hardy & Harman at the
sub-treasury for examination up to date
has reached $1,000,000 to $1,250,000.
To B117 IIodiIi With, of Conrit.
New York, Jan. 10. 3 p. m. Two
hundred thousand dollars in gold coin
has been ordered from the sub-treasury
by Messrs. Watson & Bra. brokers. It is
understood that the gold will not be ex
ported. The Metropolitan Life Insurance com
pany, through its agrent, James L. Her
ron, has paid me $375.29 in full upon tha
life of my deceased wife, Jean S. Mus
tard. David Mustard, 210 FairchildstrotW

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