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The Topeka state journal. [volume] (Topeka, Kansas) 1892-1980, January 20, 1897, Image 4

Image and text provided by Kansas State Historical Society; Topeka, KS

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82016014/1897-01-20/ed-1/seq-4/

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V. Results-
Has Averaged a Growth
of 1,000 a Year in Cir
culation in the Last
Ten Years.
OF 1896
In the fifteen months last past
these are some of the results that
have been reached:
Made a showing sworn detailed
statement of circulation exceeding
that of any other Topeka dally;
Paper enlarged from six coium quarto
to seven column quarto.
Four Linotype machines installed.
Nsw Building double front, three
floors, prominent corner erected
" for the exclusive use of the publica.
tion and business of the STATE
JOURNAL newspaper no job office
or side issues.
Reached a daily average for first six
months 1896 of 10,625.
The new STATE JOURNAL home is
one of the neatest and most unique
buildings in the state a model
newspaper structure. Its fast web
press and its linotypes are on the
the ground floor, behind plate glass,
affording a never ceasing attraction
to the passerby on the sidewalk.
The public can see and time the
printed papers and know that over
ten thousand are Issued daily.
The STATE JOURNAL has forty
three regular route carriers in To
peka and suburbs. These carriers
atone are paid over $10,000 a year
for circulating the paper in this
The American Newspaper Directory
each year gives the TOPEKA DAILY
STATE JOURNAL a guaranteed cir
culation. The directory for 1896
guarantees that the circulation
was larger than that of any other
Topeka daily.
There are no secrets about
circulation. A detailed
statement,, signed and
sworn to, is issued annu
ally, showing the circu
lation for each day in
the year. The statement
is sent to directories and
furnished advertisers.
In 1885 the circulation was.... 800
January I, 1891, were printed 3.125
Daily average for year 1891... 4,380
Dally average for year 189a... .-6,069
Daily average for year 1893... -6,213
Daily average for year 1894. .. 8,418
Daily average for year 1895. . . 9,217
Pally average 1st 6 moos. 'o6..D0,625
The State Journal
Daily edition, delivered by carrier, 10
cents a week to any part of Topeka or
suburbs, or at the same pricj in any Kan
sas town where this paper has a carrier
By mail, three months...'. $ 90
By mail, one year G.60
Weekly edition, one year 60
Topeka State Journal Building, 800 and
802 Kansas avenue, corner of Eighth.
Business Office Bell 'Phone 107
Reporters' Room Beli 'Phone
New York address: 206 Potter building,
care American Newspaper Publishers' as
sociation, where flies of the paper are al
ways open to advertisers or readers.
San. Mon. Tub. Wed. Thur. Frl. Sat.
I 2
3 4 5 6TS9
10 12 13 14 15 16
17 18 19 20 21 22 23
24 25 26 27 28 29 30
The Neosho river in southeastern
Kansas frequently overflows and ruins
the crops on thousands of acres of farm
ing land. Complaint was made to the
government and it was asked that the
river might be straightened in such a
manner as to prevent the overflows.
The government had on hand a number
of "nepotics" cousins, nephews, father-in-law,
etc., of influential persons in
power, and it sent out one of these
amiable numbskulls to make an exam
ination. He reported that "the river
was not navigable," and there was no
use to spend any money on it.
Nobody wanted the river to be made
navigable. This is another instance of
the highly paid stupidity in government
This legislature would do well to lis
ten to the faint murmur rising in the
distance. Remember no party can stay
in power in Kansas never any more
if its record isn't acceptable. The Wil
son County Citizen says:
Governor Leedy wisely enough recom
mends the consolidation of two state
boards, but if done it would save but
two or three thousand dollars annually.
But forthwith the legislature to which
the recommendations are addressed, pro
ceeds to appoint clerks and secretaries
and assistants for all sorts of things by
the score and far in excess of the public
needs, for no other purpose than to pro
vide places for the friends of members
and supporters of the "cause." And
this creation of from 50 to 75 extra and
unnecessary positions will cost the state
not less than $10,000. This abuse in its
extreme form began two years ago,
when a Republican house and a Popu
list senate vied with each other in giv
ing jobs to their relatives and friends at
the expense of the state treasury. This
paper denounced the thievery then as it
does now.Twenty years ago such reck
lessness would not have been entertain
ed. And then prosperity was greater
and taxes lower. Now the conditions
are the opposite.
William Waldorf Astor's next step
will be to raise the British flag over the
Hotel Waldorf.
Poor Mr. Lease of Wichita now has
no home. It seems to be a plain case of
desertion by Mary Elizabeth.
When we want the kind of winter nec
essary for open air skating rinks and
ice barbicans we can't have it.
The single tax people met In Topeka
yesterday have got as far as "B;" a
large section of the people of Kansas
have already reached "L" and "M."
New York Mail and Express: "There
is one paragraph in this column which
the St. Joseph (Mo.) Herald won't steal
and publish as its own. This is it."
Old men cannot stay up all night with
the boys nor be greeted with amile3 by
beautiful girls, but they can hold all
the good offices or be appointed receiv
ers, ,
It was a Burton man who said when
asked if Ingalls would get no votes at
all in the caucus, that Kansas did not
intend to drag the family skeleton out
of the closet.
"Steady Reader"never submits a long
article for publication in the State
Journal for if he is a steady reader he
sees that long articles from the public
are not published.
A few years ago only presidents and
emperors touched buttons to start
things going, but now every man lias
the privilege of pawing around in the
dark to turn on the electric light.
Cincinnati Post: A Boston 'paper
says that it costs $5 to swear on the
streets of that city. Anyone who has
ever seen the streets of Boston, how
ever, will admit that it is worth the
Semi-barbaric New York enjoys a
newspaper with a woman diving across
two pages, full face and profile views of
Corbett's fist, "life size," portrait of an
anaconda swallowing a cow, an electric
light trimmer impaled on 'an iron fence
and a few inferior horrors thrown in.
If we were a political party we should
hate to promise plum pudding and ice
cream for everybody in order to get
their votes. No wonder a man's health
breaks down when he contemplates
after election) the enormity of bis con
tract. , -
It is with sadness we hear that the
mills of New England must shut down
because the people of Kansas, Nebras
ka and other western states cannot buy
tha goods they are manufacturing. Wil
lingly would we do so, if we could.
Gladly would we purchase $5 derby
hats of new and fashionable shapes,
Louis V. chairs and tables with beauti
ful carved and gilded legs, pink globed
lamps three feet high with lapis lazuli
standards, new spring lawns with
bunches of violets an over them, patent
leather shoes with the new fashioned
semi-pointed box toes, and many more
things made in New England by the
clever French Canadians, Armenians
and Italians who now constitute the
boasted blue blooded "descendants oi
Puritan forefathers" that we hear so
much about.
Oh, that we could' buy them; we
want them bad enough, for with the
Gallic taste and peculiarities that Wil
liam Allen White says the people f
Kansas possess and display, comes also
the French love for things pretty and
We have in Kansas mountains of
things material to exchange with New
England for her things material. In
Kansas there are miles and miles of
corn cribs bursting full; there are gran
aries running over with wheat; there
are millions of cattle statistics say
rnpre than was ever known in the his
tory of the state. There are pens full
of pigs, corrals full of sheep, coops full
of chickens. Hundreds of creameries
increasing in number weekly are turn
ing out a golden stream of butter. Kan
sas has always been the great bread
state of the Union; she is now becoming
the great Bread and Butter state.
But we can't buy the manufactured
goods of New England with the pro
ducts of our soil, because we can't sell
these products.
Nobody seems able to purchase our
coin, wheat and cattle, just as we are
not able to purchase New England's
clothing, furniture and shoes.
Now, if we could only get together
on some commercial basis trade would
spring up, everybody could buy every
thing he needed, the wheels in the mills
would begin to turn, the corn begin to
move, and rotund, blooming prosperity
smile upon the whole country.
All that is needed to bring about this
joyful state of affairs is money in cir
culation more of it. Enough money
to flush the dried up channels of trade.
Money, as has been said, is like the
blood to the human body reduce it and
the body faints and droops; fill the
veins full and life and health return.
Kansas said at the election that the
country needed more money. New Eng
land said No in stentorian tones.
We are sorry the mills of New Eng
land must close; we did all we could by
our votes to keep them open.
From Printer's Ink.
Some books are very tiresome. They
are chiefly those in which the author
has indulged in "verbal display" and
erudition. They are written to let you
see how much he knows, but not to
communicate any information. Many
of these writers believe that the power
to manipulate ponderous words and
sentences is literary skill. It isn't. He
is the most skillful juggler of words
who can present, briefly and vividly,
in plain language, a statement that is
understood as soon as read not by a
few, but by the million. There is often
a wide difference of opinion between an
author and the reading public as to the
value of the former's works, and this
he generally finds out when settling
with his publishers or his publishers
settle with him.
Advertisements are often like books.
They are written to please the writer,
and to show much he knows. They don't
tell you anything, but they do often
make you exceedingly tired. Their
language and their well balanced and
beautifully rounded sentences have a
sonorous, but very empty ring, and they
generally "waste their sweetness on the
desert air." A few plain, bold, simple
words, straight to the point, and your
fine-sounding story is instantly retired
to tha background! Clean-cut, common
sense statements, telling some faets.are
what up-to-date advertisement readers
want in preference to flowers of rhe
toric or evidences of learning. You can
show your business cleverness best by
telling the public what it wants to
know in the quickest and plainest way.
It Isn't a bit curious about your liter
ary accomplishments or your fund of
general knowledge.
(From the St. Louis Post Dispatch.)
The anti-high hat ordinace in Chicago
is so far a failure. The night following
the passage of the ordinance the Chicago
Tribune made a comparative census of
the women with and without hats in
the theaters of that city. The figures are:
With hats, 735: without, 441.
Lovely woman is not to be coerced.
She wants to regulate by law everything
but herself, and to suppress by statute
every form of indulgence to which she is
not inclined. We may congratulate our
selves that she is not much inclined to
evil. If she were, this would be a harder
world to live in than it is.
The Chicagoan is naturally rude. He
lacks politeness and chivalry. He has
tailed to accomplish by process of law
What Brooklyn has accomplished by tact.
The night following the Chicago failure
the head usher of the Montauk theater
in Brooklyn walked to the front before
the curtain arose and said, in a clear ana
distinct tone: The ladies in the audience
will please remove iheir hats." And in
stantly, so the press dispatches tell us.
there was a rustle over the house and a
moment later not a hat was in view.
Clearly enough the men of Brooklyn
know women better than do those of Chi
cago. But Chicago will never understand
it that way. In Chicago they will con
clude that the Brooklyn women had read
the story of the French judge presiding
at the trial of a salacious cause, who re
quested all ladies to withdraw, and who,
after every woman had remained seated
announced: "As there are no ladies in
the court room, the trial will proceed.
Chicago will not see the light.
Judge: Mr. Goslin I dweamed lawst
night aw that you and I were maw
wied aw, Miss Amy.
Miss Tenspot You call that a dream,
do you?"
Mr. Goslin Yaws, of cawse. ,
Miss Tenspot If I had dreamed that
I should call it a nightmare.
The prize fighting expression "pulled
off" ought to be pulled off.
Specialties by The Paiges.
Hake sisters, Harry English, Geo. W.
Paige. Walter L. Potts. Lillian Paige,
Frances Florida, Ken Hake, Walter C.
Steely and others at the Crawford Op
era House every night this week. Prices
10, 20 and 30 cents.
EUROPE f OB $155.
From the Philadelphia American.
The principal of a school in Newark,
N. J., told a local interviewer how he
managed this feat. It is worth repfo
ducnig in brief.
"I believe I have the record," he said
"I went across, stayed six weeks, not
including the voyages, either going or
coming, and spent but J155."
This may seem incredible, but the
principal subsequently handed over his
diary to the writer in which every item
of expense, from the time of leaving
the dock in New York to the car fare
from Market street station to his home
was included.
There were three of them in the par
ty, all local school principals. Two had
traveled in Europe before, but it was
the one who had never seen the other
side got through on the least money.
The others expended $165 and $175 re
spectively. The sum total for the trio
was but a little more than the great
majority use in taking the trip alone.
When they decided to go they made
their plans very carefully. They made
up their minds first that they were go
ing for rest and recreation, were not
going to tear furiously over the conti
nent along the beaten track and were
not going to distress themselves with
trying to cover a vast extent of terri
tory at breakneck speed, at which so
many Americans go.
They were away from home almost
exactly eight weeks and spent most of
their time in four cities Glasgow, Ed
inburgh, London and Paris.
They sailed on July H on the State
line. They secured excursion tickets
over and back for $72.50 each, first-class
and had their choice of state rooms.
These were exceptional accommoda
tions and were not secured without in
fluence. Still, this rate is not much less
than the usual fare on this line which
is known as the cheapest of all trans
atlantic lines. The dock is in Brooklyn
not far from the Brooklyn bridge. The
people who travel on these steamers
are mostly teachers, physicians and
refined and intelligent persons whose
means are not great.
The steamers land in Glasgow, and
the Newarkers arrived there after 6
ten days' voyage. From the time of
their arrival the principals kept strict
account of every penny they paid out.
They made the entries every night be
fore retiring. In Glasgow they stop
ped at the Bridge Street Station hotel
at 2 shillings (about 50 cents) a day.
On the day they landed they spent but
25 cents each for supper. Every night
they fixed upon something they wanted
to see the next day. They passed the
morning in seeing what they had fixed
upon. In the afternoon they rested and
took life easy at the hotel, smoking and
reading. Occasionally one or two of
them would take a stroll in the late
afternoon or evening.
The items in the principal's diary are
many of them interesting. Dinner on
the second day in Glascow cost about
thirty-five cents, supper but twenty
cents. The principal bought some gen
uine Scotch gooseberries for a halfpen
ny, and gave an urchin a penny to turn
a handspring. Lodgings for the three
on the third day cost but' $1.50. They
spent a day in Ayr. the home of Burns.
It cost each, including car fare, dinner
strawberries and a shave, about SI. SO.
The fare to Edinburgh from Glasgow
was sixty-two cents each. A visit to
Hollyrood cost twelve cents. From Ed
inburgh to London and return their
tickets were about $S.5i each. They
went by steamer, and had a delightful
journey down the Jorth Sea along the
English coast, in .mgnt of land most
of the time. The voyage consumed a
day. The first dinner in London cost
but twenty-five cents, and the second
but sixteen cents. Three lodgings and
breakfasts for the three during the four
days in London cost a trifle under $3.00.
The fare to Paris and return for each
was about S8.70. They stopped ten
days in Paris and for four nights' lodg
ings and breakfasts each paid $4.25. A
trip to Versailles cost a little less than
a half Collar. Paris dinners averaged
about forty cents. The last five days'
lodgings and breakfast in Paris cost
but $4.16 each.
On August 14th they began to retrace
their steps. One bought nearly $10.00
worth of presents before leaving Paris
This, of course, used up his money
pretty thoroughly, and, as a matter of
fact, when the trio returned to London
they had little left. Fortunately they
had their tickets all the way to New
York, and had only to be extremely
cautious in the expenditure of every
penny to reach nome; but they had
done what they sot out to do had en
joyed a six' weeks sojourn in foreign
lands on the money they would have
spent visiting watering-places in this
country or in taking occasional outings.
(Charles Dudley Warner in Harper's.)
Speaking of law and the enforcement of
discipline in Yellowstone Park. I heard
the storv of a bear there, which I con
sider exceedingly important not only as a
comment on the discipline of the park.
but as a moral lesson to parents in dom
estic obedience. The story is literallv
true, and if it were not 1 should, not re
peat it. for it would have no value. Mr.
Kipling says "the law of the jungle is
obey." This also seems to be the law of
Yellowstone Park. There is a lunch sta
tion at the Upper basin, near Old Faith
ful, kept by a very intelligent and ingen-'
ious man. He got acquainted last year
with a she-bear, who used to come to his
house every day and walk into the kitchen
for food for herself and her two cubs.
The cubs never came. The keeper got on
very intimate terms with the bear, who
was always civil and well-behaved, ana
would take food from his hand (without
taking the hand!. One day towards sun
set the bear came to the kitchen, and
having received her portion, she went out
of the back door to carry it to her cubs.
To her surprise and anger, the cubs were
there waiting for her. She laid down the
food, and rushed at her infants and gave
them a rousing spanking. "She did not
cuff them: she spanked them." and then
she drove them back into the woods, cuff
ing them and knocking them at every
step. When she reached the spot where
she had told them to wait, she left them
there and returned to the house. And
there she staid in the kitchen for two
whole hours, making the disobedient chil
dren wait for their food, simply to dis
cipline them and teach them obedience.
The explanation is very natural. When
the bear leaves her young in a particular
place and goes in search of food for them,
if they stray away in her absence she has
great difficulty in finding them. The
mother knew that the safety of her cubs
and her own p-ace of mind depended up
on strict discipline in the family. O. that
we had more such mothers in the United
From the Philadelphia American.
Of all crankeries that of spelling re
form is about the crankiest. If the
world wr.s ruled by logic there might
be some chance for the pedants who
want to play ducks and drakes with our
language and literature for, the sake of
Dictionarianity. If they had their
way the children of, the future would
have to learn and unlearn their mother
tongue at the same time, unless every
existing printed book could be burnt, to
make way for the new phonetic lingo
which hurts the eye and distracts
thought when it comes in our way.
Prof. Mahaffy of Dublin. Mr. Horace
Scudder. and Mr. Benjamin Smith, of
the Century dictionary are discussing
the chaotic spelling "as she is wrote,"
but while as scholars they deplore its
happy-go-lucky free-and-easiness they
don t think much of the ridiculous re
forms" which deform it still more.
Scott's Carbo-Digestive Compound,
sure cure for indigestion. All druggists.
If the legislature shall undertake the
reduction of salaries it should not stop
at a few important offices, but the re
form should be extended on down the
line. In so doing many offices will be
encountered which pay no fixed salar
ies, but at the same time are among the
most remunerative positions within the
gift of the people.
Notable among them are the offices of
clerk of the district court, sheriff, regis
ter of deeds, probate judge, justice of
the peace and constable. The compen
sation of these officials should be fixed at
a stated amount and all fees received
over this amount should be turned into
the public treasury. These officials
would not then receive more than they
are entitled to for their time as is fre
quently the case and all temptation
to exact' exhorbitant or unnecessary
fees would be removed.
Salaries should be made high enough"
to insure good service but there is no
reason why the clerk of a court should
receive more compensation than the
judge, or that a sheriff should be paid
better than the governor of the state.
If the Populist legislature is out for
reform in earnest, here is an opportun
ity to save money for the people. A
much greater saving can be effected in
this way than by cutting down salaries
already fixed. The national government
has this plan in operation in connection
with the United States marshalships
and has recently been extending it to
other branches of the service.
The workman is worthy his hire but
he is not worth any more, in many
cases. The injustice and inequality of
the present system is best illustrated by
the fact that there have been years
when some of these offices have paid
many times what they did in other
years, yet the incumbents but devoted
their time to the work.
Nothing appeals to the people more
strongly as a reform movement than a
measure that will save them money.
From Harper's Weekly.
Any citizen who is tired of mundane
concerns and wants to fix his mind on
something higher, is invited to consid
er the allegation of Sir Francis Galton,
maae in tne London Fortnightly Re
view, that some one on Mars is signall
ing to the earth.
The information seems not as vet to
be very generally confirmed by astro
nomical observers, but Sir Francis is
quoted a authority for the report that
in one or tne European observatories
an apparatus has been devised for re
cording the Martian flashes, and that
the records show that three signals.
and no more are made, and that they
ditter, as aii Mash light signals do in
the length of the flashes and intervals
between, so that if we had the key they
might be read like telegraphic mes
Of course this is not a yarn to be
swallowed whole, but the association of
the name of Sir Francis Galton with it
is enough to entitle it to consideration.
There seems to be no intrinsic impossi
bility of our having relations with peo
ple in Mars. It sounds preposterous of
course, but like other marvels, it seems
preposterous chiefly because it is un
We have to nudge ourselves from
time to time in this age of swift sur
prises, and remind ourselves that noth
ing that is new to us can posibly be
more marvellous than many things
that have grown familiar.
(From the January Scrlbner.)
Department stores have advanced for
tunately in both the quality of the goods
sold and the amount of the sales. The
business of several amounts annually to
from $7,500,000 to $15,000,000. and this, rough
ly speaking, is as much money as many a
prosperous railway one thousand miles
long handles in twelvemonth: one great
store In the west carries a rent account
of almost if not quite. $400,000 a year: the
mail order business of another amounts
to $900,000 a year: a number of nouses send
to the homes of the customers more than
twenty thousand packages in a single day.
while pernaps as manv more are carried
away in the hands of the shoppers. In
the busiest days quite one hundred thous
and persons have visited each of the very
largest stores of New York. Philadelphia..
Chicago and Brooklyn. One firm spends
more than &S00.OJ0 a year for advertising:
and single departments in several stores
sell more than $2,uoO,OuO worth of goods
President McKnight of the Louisville
Bank That Failed Began in Kansas.
J. M. McKnight, president of the
Gorman National bank which failed at
Louisville, Ky., if reports be true, has
had a varied experience in Kansas. In
dependence was the town to first chron
icle a business failure on his part.
From Independence McKnight went
to Howard and operated a small gro
cery business. The environments did
not please him and he went to Anthonv.
There he also conducted a grocery busi
ness but later went to Scott City and
during the boom times operated a smail
banking and loan business.
By some political influence, which
has always been a mystery to his
friends, McKnight was appointed na
tional bank examiner for Kansas un
der Harrison. Leaving the state at the
close of his term of office, McKnight
went east and the first news of him in
years came yesterday when this fail
ure was added to his record.
Responds to Clamor at the Close of
Her Engagement.
New York. Jan. 20. Mile. Yvette Guil
bert closed her engagement at Koster &
Bial's music hall last night. The audi
ence was very large. At the conclusion
of her songs she was called before the
curtain twelve times, and at last made a
little speech.
"1 thank you for your kindness." said
she. "and am only sorry that I do not
know English well enough to tell you all
I feel at this parting. Au revoir!"
She was cheered to the echo.
Once Engaged to Anna Gould.
Cambridge, Mass.,Jan. 20. At the an
nual election of the Glee and Mandolin
clubs just held, Harry Woodruff, '98, of
Philadelphia, well known to all the
matinee girls of three and four years
ago, and the reported fiance of Anna
Gould before her marriage to the Count
de Castellane, was elected president of
the Glee club.
A Curf for Lame Back.
"My daughter, when recovering from
an attack of fever.was a great sufferer
from pain in the back and hips," writes
Louden Grover of Sardis, Ky. "After
using quite a number of remedies with
out any benefit, she tried one bottle of
Chamberlain's Pain Balm, and it has
given entire relief. Chamberlain's
Pain Balm is also a certain cure for
rheumatism. Sold by druggists.
The degree team of Irwin lodge No.
260, A. O. IT. W., will give a social
dance Thursday evening, Jan. 21, 1897,
at their hall, northwest corner Sixth
and Quincy. Tickets 25 cents. Ladies
The Select Knights, A. O. U. W., will
give a ball Thursday evening. Jan. 21,
at 723 Kansas avenue. Admission 25
cents a couple.
How They'Swarm at Washing
ton When the Tariff Is Up.
They Affect an Intimacy With Mem
bers of Congress and Blackmail
Special Correspondence.
Washington, Jan. 4. Now that the
tariff bearings are on Washington
swarms with lobbyists, real and coun
terfeit. Perhaps you don't know what a
bogus lobbyist is. fie is a professional
blackmailer of a peculiar type. He does
not belong to Washington alone. He can
be found at every state capital. He is
variously known as a "striker," a
"shyster" and by other suggestive
names. His occupation is to sell bis sup
posed influence with pnblio men to peo
ple wbo are interested in legislation.
His methods here ere a little different
from bis methods elsewhere.
At Albany or Harrisbarg or Spring
field bo usually gets some member of
the state legislature to introduce a kill
aimed at corporations a bill to tax
railroad and express companies, a bill
to abolish grade crossings or what not.
Tbeu be goes to the corporations inter
ested and offers to uso bis influence to
have tbe bill killed, always for a sub
stantial bribp. The members of congress
are too jealous of their reputations to
be caught in this way. They will not
introduco bills which they are not pro
pared to indorse unless they bave printed
on them "By request," and no one
could be frightened by a "request" bill,
because "request" bills never pass.
The bogus lobbyist at Washington
works on a different plan. According to
Chairman Dingley of the 'ways and
means committee), with whom I bad a
conversation on tbe subject a few days
ago, he tries to cultivate tbe acquaint
ance, of congressmen who do not know
his character. Ha makes a show cf his
acquaintance with tbem, buttonholing
them iu tbe corridors of tho capital and
trying to make it appear that be is ou
terms of intimacy with them. Than be
represents to men wbo are interested iu
the tariff that he can have the duties on
articles changed in tbe cpminittee or in
the house. Tbe more gullible his victim
the more mysterious be becomes and the
larger tbe bribe he asks. He tells bow
be must buy champagne for congress
men, give tbem dinners, lose large sums
of money to them at poker. He parades
all the fiction which is sent out from
Washington from time to time in bogus
newspaper letters. He works hard, for
one good victim will pay a blackmailer
for a whole winter's work. Good vic
tims, though, aro scarce.
gome time ago I had the satisfaction
of unraveling for a member of the sen
ate a complication involving the repu
tation of a senator from Wisconsin now
out of public life. The senator told me
that the Wisconsin man reported to the
senate favorably a bill containing a
manifest "job" which two or three sen
ators bad expected to expose as soon as
it came before tbe senate. In the ab
sence of these senators the senator from
Wisconsin called the bill up one day
and hurried it through, and it came
within a hair of being signed by the
president. Tortuhately tbe senators
went to the White House, and the presi
dent did not sign it. When tbe Wiscon
sin man was called to account, he pro
tested that he had acted innocently, and
my friend was puzzled and enable to
explain it all.
"My dear senator," I said, "the sen
ator from Wiscousjn was wholly inno
cent, as be assured you. I happen to
know that bis private secretary was a
dishonest man. He has acknowledged
since receiving pay for suppressing bills
of which his employer had charge. Tbe
trick was very simple. He was paid by
tbe man who wanted the bill passed.
This man knew what senators were op
posed to the bill. When be saw tbeso
senators leave tbe senate chamber one
afternoon, he gave tbe tip to the private
secretary.' The private secretary went
to bis employer and asked him to call
up tbe bill. A great many publio men
rely on their clerks to guide them in
the matter of small bills, reports and so
on. The senator, supposing that the bill
was all right, oalled it up and asked the
senate to pass it. And there you are. "
That was the history of one "job"
which came very near, going through
congress. In the same way some bills
are suppressed. There is reason for.
thinking that; tbe postal telegraph bill
was held back in the senate by a com
mittee clerk who was bribed by some
people interested against it. So you see
there is still some lobbying and some
bribery in Washington. There always
will be a little, I suppose.
What an enormous responsibility the
clerks of the ways and means committee
of tbe house and the finance committee
of the senate have when a tariff bill is
under consideration I Either of tbem
could make a fortune by a stroke of tbe
pen. If you have kept track of the great
suits for rebates which are brought
against the government from time to
time, you know what a serious thing a
misplaced comma or hyphen in a tariff
bill may be.
The treasury department collects du
ties according to the plain intent of con
gress. After it has collected several
million dollars on fruit or braids or
hat trimmings or some other common
article of import, it is found that in
copying tbe tariff bill a clerk put some
punctuation mark in the wrong place
or left out a comma or did some other
apparently trivial thing, so that a para
graph when analyzed can be made to
bear a construction unlike tbe one in
tended by congress. Thereupon the im
porters swoop down on the treasury and
sue for the duties- which were paid.
Tbe supreme court interprets the law
not as congress meant it to be, but in
accordance with the rules of syntax, and
millions of dollars are returned to the
This has happened many times, and
you can understand from these occur
jeeur- j
rences the value of a punctuation
in a icriff bill. Tbe responsibility cf
the pbrasicg and punctuation of the
tariff bill rests on tbe members of tho
house and senate committees and on tbe
treasury department, which revises the
bill. But tbe clerks of the two commit
tees have charge of tho bill. They are
its custodians, they have access to it at
all times, and it would be very easy for'
one of them to make a change in it in
such a way that it would seem to be
accidental. Either Henry Talbott, the
clerk of the ways and means commit
tee, or James S. Morrill, the clerk of
the finance committee, could make a
fortune if be was willing to sell him
self to cno of the manufacturers whose
profits depend on tbe rate of duty
charged on one article iu tbe bill. But
tbe clerks of tbe two committees are
men of integrity. Heiury Talbott has
been with the ways and means commit
tee under both Democratic and Repub
lican administrations, and he has the
entire confideLre of the committee. Mr.
Morrill is the son of America's "grand
old man," Seuator Justin S. Morrill of
Vermont, and his reputation is unim
peachable. George Grantham Bain.
Tbey Prefer to See the BrlgUt Colon on
Special Correspondence. 3
New York, Jan. 4. However much
one may like to see bright colors on
others, the woman of genuino tasto pre
fers the sober tints which are always
neat and always fashionable. This sea
son there are many new shades of these
dark colore, each having some indefina
ble tint iu it somewhere which makes
it differ from all others. There are very
light grays, some with a faint sngges- s
tion ef slate, others with a pearly lus
ter, and there is the Swedish gray and
dove. These are all light, and, as a
general rule, have deep bands of a
darker shade of tbe same material
aound,the bottom of the skirt, tbe
joining place being defined with a nar
row band of fur cr a neat outline of em
broidery. There is a most beautiful thick ma
terial called doubled cashmere. It is
rich and frosty, yet smooth and very
fine. This takes trimming as well as
does tbe finest broadcloth. There is a
new quality of broadcloth which is al
most aa glossy as satin. It is thick and
very closely woven and is shown in all
the newest shades and tints. One ol
the very prettiost of the tints is a light
snuff brown. This is a very becoming
color to every one, which all brown is
not. Trimmed lightly with baby blue
or a pale pink, it is beautiful. With
fur, braiding or embroidery, it is ele
gaut Then there is a smoky gray, verg
ing on the drab, which for some occult
reason is called dove neck. This finds
its natural complement in emerald
green velvet
A very modest but elegant design for
a gown of tbe thick gray cashmere had
a light and graceful pattern of narrow
soutache braiding down the two front
breadths from the belt.
This braiding was developed on tbe
corsage, which wa3 a gathered blouse,
opened slightly in front to show tba
ecru lace vest, and also at the neck to
show the lace guimpe. There was a
round, flat collar of light brown velvet,
and this had cjfacing of tbe gray, with
the braiding. Tho wrinkled sleeves had
stiff puffs and small cuffs to match the
collar. The whole gown was a very
graceful and refined affair.
I am glad to note that I bave seen
several gowns where tbe skirt3 ar.d
sometimes the waists, too, were accor
dion plaited. This ia scarcely to be call
ed drapery, yet tbe ripplo of the plaits
breaks the monotony of the smooth
skirts we have bad so long. There was
a very pretty gown for home wear of
dark red cashmere plaited from top to
bottom. The waist bad a short yoke of
velvet in the same color and shade. The
rest of the waist was laid in plaits to
the belt, which was of a muddy green
velvet, fastened with a small lace ro
sette. Down tho front there was a plas
tron of the green velvet edged with the
cream colored lace. Tbe same lace
edged the stock and tbe sleeves; These
were .wrinkled from top to bottom and
had a small puff and velvet epaulets.
Another plaited gown was for even
ing wear. There were bands of cream
insertion laid on tbe skirt at interval!
all around, and between these were
rows of the plaiting. The material was
silver gray taffeta. Tbe waist was of
plaiting, with lace yoke, belt and blouse
band down the front It was mad
slightly square in the neck.
Oltvk Harpes.
lit '

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