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The Topeka state journal. [volume] (Topeka, Kansas) 1892-1980, April 20, 1898, THIRD EDITION, Image 1

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THIRD EDITI02T.
WEDNEbJAY EVENING.
TOPEKA, KANSAS. APRIL 20, 1898.
WEDNESDAY EVENING.
TWO CENTS.
President Signs the Cuban
Resolution and Ultimatum
at 11:24 Today
SPANISH
GOuMEN
By Saturday or Shot and Shell Will Fly All
Around Cuba
Havana Will Be Blockaded and All Other
Ports
Spain Was Sent a Copy of the Ultimatum Last Night
Her Probable Answer is a Refusal.
Washington, April 20. The president
signed the Cuban resolution at 11:24
o'clock this morning. An ultimatum
had been sent to Spain last night, giv
ing her until Saturday at midnight to
reply. The ultimatum demanded the
evacuation of Cuba by the Spanish
forces.
The president breakfasted at the us
ual hour and at 10 o'clock, came into
his office, where he was joined by Sec
retary Bliss. The president walked up
and down the cabinet room, smoking
his cigar, with a bright red carnation in
his buttonhole. He cheerily greeted
Secretary Bliss as he entered the room.
The original draft of the ultimatum
had been made by Assistant Secretary
Day and the revised copy, which was
made this morning under his direction
was laid before the president about
10:20 o'clock. At that hour several
members of the cabinet had called as
well as a number of prominent senators
and members of the house. Among the
number were Secretary Wilson, Attor
ney General Griggs, Senators Piatt,
(Conn.) and Krye of Maine, Lodge or
Massachusetts and Elkins of West Vir
ginia and Representatives Cannon of
Illinois and Grosvenor of Ohio.
All were in the cabinet room at nearly
the same time. By 11 o'clock things
were livening up about the upper rooms
and offices, and there were frequent
calls for the secretaries to attend the
president in the cabinet room.
It was known that the question of
giving to the press a copy of the ulti
matum as soon as it was signed was
under discussion, but no one could state
whether this would be done or not. It
was also stated by some of the callers
on leaving the president, that he would
very soon send to the house of repre
sentatives, notice of his having ap-
proved the Cuban resolutions.
At 11:24 o'clock, all speculation was
brought to an end, by the announce
ment that the president had at that mo
ment signed the resolutions of congress;
that the ultimatum had been signed
some time before and that the latter
would not be public until some time to
morrow. There were present in the
cabinet room with the president, when
he signed the resolutions. Secretary Al
ger, Attorney General Griggs, Secreta
ry Bliss, Senator Elkins and Mr.
Charles Emory Smith.
The president in his ultimatum to the
Spanish government transmitted a copy
of the resolutions passed by congress,
which resolutions he states, he has
signed. He demands that Spain with
draw her army and navy forces from
Cuban waters as required by the terms
of the act of congress (no date for the
withdrawal being mentioned), and then
states that if a satisfactory answer is
not received here before Saturday next
T MUST REPLY
he will proceed at once to carry the res
olution of congress into effect.
After the public announcement, As
sistant Secretary Day said that the ul
timatum had been transmitted to Mad
rid, addressed to Minister Woodford,
who will deliver it to the Spanish gov
ernment. As soon as the final deter
mination to send it had been reached
and it had been started on its way to
Madrid, Senor Polo y Bernabe, the
Spanish minister in accordance with
diplomatic courtesies, was furnished a
copy of the paper by the colored mes
senger of Assistant Secretary Day. The
minister as soon as he received it, made
a brief reply and requested his pass
ports. It was said at the White House that
the terms of .the ultimatum would not
be made public here until tomorrow. It
is understood it consists largely of a
diplomatic paraphrase of the joint res
olution of congress, concluding with a
statement that this government awaits
Spain's reply.
One of the members of the cabinet. In
speaking of this feature, said that
the government would not hold
a stop watch on Spain in this emergen
cy and could well afford on our own
account to give her three davs to decide
a question which may involve the desti
ny of the nation.
From this time forward war prepara
tions will go forward with renewed act
ivity and both the army and navy will
be put in position for active operations
There seems to be little doubt that the
first move will be to blpckade one or
more of the Cuban ports, and as soon
as an army of occupation can be trans
ported to them, a demand will be made
for an unconditional surrender, and, in
the event of a refusal, the work of re
ducing them by bombardment will be
gin immediately.
It is not thought the assembling of
the naval forces will be delayed even
for a day, and it is not unlikely that im
portant movements of both arms of the
service will be ordered within the next
few hours.
The signing of the Cuban resolutions
by the president was an exceedingly in
teresting event, although without spec
ial incident.
Gen. Alger had brought over from the
war department a pen which he re
quested the president to use in append
ing his signature to the document. The
pen had an ordinary gutta percha hold
er and it was handed to the president
By his secretary, Mr. Porter. Those
present gathered around the table to
witness the act.
ftJJZ w.aw considerable feeling mani
fested by those about, but there was no
demonstration or congratulations. The
STVt crowd very soon dispersed, and
within ten minutes the normal condition
of things at the White House had been
resumed.
Secretary Alger remained with the
president, and as soon as the rush was
over, the two took a walk in the White
House grounds, returning in ieSs than
half an hour. Although the text of the
ultimatum was not made public it is
known that with it is transmitted 'to the
Spanish government, through Minister
Woodford, a copy of the joint resolu
tions of congress, together with the
statement that they have received ex
ecutive approval.
In compliance with their terms, the
president makes a demand upon Spain
to withdraw her land and naval forces
from the island and its waters, and in
the event that a satisfactory response
to this demand is not received by the
president by Saturday next, he will
proceed with the armed forces of the
United States to carry these resolutions
Into effect.
The president does not name any hour
of the day of Saturday prior to which
Spain must make answer, if at all, to
our demands, but a reasonable assump
tion is that any time up to midnight
Saturday will be regarded as a compli
ance with the terms of the ultimatum.
XT. S. MILITARY PLANS.
Stated by a Member of the Cabinet
They are Vigorous.
Washington, D. C, April 20.
"The ultimatum," said a member of
the cabinet "was entrusted to Assistant
Secretary Day of the state department.
Spain will be given 48 hours, that Is
until Friday evening, to submit her re
ply. In accordance with the terms of
the resolution, the president will de
mand that Spain shall evacuate the is
land. The demand for this will be flat
footed and absolute, and no half-way
reply will' satisfy the president. Nor
will any compromise that contemplates
the withdrawal of Spain's troops from
the island and the subsequent re-establishment
of Spanish control or the rais
ing of the Spanish flag over the country
be accepted by the administration.
"If Spain refuses to evacuate Cuba,
prompt measures will be adopted to put
into force the congressional resolution.
A blockade of Cuba will, so far as at
present understood, be begun at once.
There are sufficient war vessels In the
vicinity to make this effective. I think
such supplies as the Spaniards now
control will not last them more than a
month. Then steps will be taken with
a view to increasing the equipment of
Gomez's soldiers and furnishing them
with sufficient hardtack for food which
will enable him to harass the Spaniards
from the rear which will materially as
sist in bringing them to terms. My own
individual idea is that it will probably
take two months to bring about the
results which will compel the Spaniards
to evacuate and enable the island to
be occupied by the United States with
out molestation.
"The United States government will
not issue any letters of marque and
reprisal or countenance privateering;
but if the Spanish government chooses
to enter upon this line of warfare she
will have to deal with the nations of
Europe, with whose commerce she seeks
to interfere."
CONGRESS CHEERS.
Washington, April 20. At 12:03 p. m.,
the house was notified that the presi
dent had approved the Cuban resolu
tions. It was greeted with a tremendous
outburst of applause.
EXCITEMENT IN CUBA,
Insurgents Make an Attack on a
Sugar Plantation.
New York, April 20. A dispatch to
the Herald from Havana says: Troops
continue to arrive in Havana. General
Hernandez de Velasco came from
Vuelta Abajo, Tuesday night. The vol
unteers throughout the island are
ready to go to places which may be
designated in the rural towns as well as
in Havana.
A committee of the Sociedad Benefica
Aragonesas called on General Blanco
offering to turn over to him all their
funds and properties which are not lit
tle, if they should be needed in case of
war with the United States.
The Dardiao del Marina publishes a
dispatch from its correspondent in
Washington saying that Gen. Lee will
return to Havana at the head of an
army of invasion.
La Union Constitucional publishes
an article from Le Journale of Paris,
In which it is stated that Spain, be
lieved by every one to be slumbering
and powerless.has shown extraordinary
force and energy.sending to Cuba with
out any other resources but her own
200,000 men. . Le Journale declares that
Spain should know her best friends are
in France.
It is reported from Matanzas that the
Insurgent government of the province
at the head of which is Pedro Betan
court, chief of all the insurgents there,
has issued a circular suspending hostil
ities throughout the territory under his
command.
A popular demonstration took place
Monday night. All classes took part in
it and order reigned.
A printed leaf was circulated calling
upon the Spanish people to shut the
doors of their establishments and to
show their patriotism by taking part In
the demonstration. A procession start
ed from the Spanish casino and went
through several streets to Gen. Molina's
house. Its only purpose was to make a
downright protest against the United
States.
Insurgents have attacked laborers on
the Santa Rita sugar plantation in
Madeuga. They took clothing and made
prisoners of two of the workmen, whom
they afterward set free. The captives
had been wounded. Another band of
insurgents shot men in the town of Las
Villas and took away sweet potatoes
and other articles of food from the cul
tivation zone. They also took two
teams of oxen, stripped two workmen
of their clothing and made one a pris
oner. The garrisons In the Spanish forts
fired at the rebels. The insurgents also
attacked Scraytown being driven away
by the forts. About 700 Cubans are en
camped at Acea.
El Correo publishes a telegram from
Matanzas saying that the news of the
coming conflict with the Americans has
been received there with great enthus
iasm. The night before a thousand pat
riots, says the Associated Press, made
an imposing demonstration, marching
past Gen. Molina, acclaiming Spain, the
queen regent, the king, the army and
the navy. !
General Blanco, General Molina and
the chief officers of the three Maria
Christina battalions will give up a
month's salary eaeh in aid of the navy
fund.
El Correo commenting on the trip of
the parliamentary commission to confer
with the insurgent leaders, says:
"The commission should have gone
eight days ago. It is now stormy and
they may get wet."
El Commerciol advises that the cloth
ing received for the concentrados by
the steamer Bergen should be burned.
Three British subjects, who were de
tained in the Cabanas fortress under
suspicion of taking notes as to the for
tifications have been released.
HOUSE GOES WILD.
When Announcement is Made
That the President Has
Signed.
Washington, April 20. There was a
tremendous demonstration in the house,
immediately after the reading of the
journal, when Mr. Pruden, the presi
dent's executive clerk, announced the
president s approval of the Cuban reso
lutions. The galleries cheered and the
members on the floor applauded vigor
ously. The speaker, with difficulty,
suppressed the ovation with which the
announcement was greeted.
The senate joint resolution authoriz
ing the printing of extra copies of the
military publications of the war de
partment were adopted.
Mr. Hull, chairman of the committee
on military affairs, asked unanimous
consent for the immediate consideration
of the bill he introduced yesterday at
the request of the war department au
thorizing the president to call for vol
unteers. He explained that the com
mittee had agreed to the measure at a
special meeting this morning. It was
a very urgent measure he said. The
secretary of war had appealed to him
this morning to press it and he had just
had a message from the White House,
saying that the. passage of the bill to
day was imperative.
Mr. Hull said that the committee had
made only one important change in the
bill as prepared by the war department.
That change reserved to the governors
of the states the power to appoint com
pany and regimental officers which the
bill as drawn conferred upon the presi
dent and was in harmony with the law
of 1861.
LONDON NERVOUS.
Spanish Fours Flat American
Securities Recover Decline.
London, April 20. Operators on the
stock exchange take the gloomiest view
of the crisis.
Securities are fiat all around and the
feeling of nervousness was enhanced by
failures in connection with the Paris
settlement and fears of further trouble
there.
The features of the day were the
slump in Spanish 4's, and the steadi
ness of American securities after the
decline at the opening of the market.
SQUADRON IS READY.
Vessels Given Extraordinary Supplies
for a Long Cruise.
Ft. Monroe, Va.,April 20. Everything
is in perfect order on the flying squad
ron .
The Minneapolis, which had some
small defects in steering gear, was re
ported complete in every detail. Each
ship in the squadron has a full comple
ment of ammunition, and the Massa
chusetts by coaling, makes the squad
ron complete in that particular. Each
ship has more than an extraordinary
supply of coal aboard and is ready for
a long cruise. Sub-calibre gun practice
was had yesterday by the squadron.
Capt. Higginson of the Massachusetts
reported that his men were unusually
proficient at the guns and that he was
greatly pleased with their work. Capt.
Jewell of the Minneapolis said that
stories as to the disability of his ship
were the merest nonsense.
POOD FOR. SPANIARDS.
Steamship Agent Says TJ. S. Provis
ions Reach the Spanish Army.
New Tork, April 20. The New Tork and
Cuba steamship line steamer Seneca is
scheduled to sail from this port today for
Havana. The pier at which the Seneca
lies was crowded yesterday with trucks
that were discharging the steamer's hold.
Most of the cargo consists of provisions
of various sorts flour, ham and codfish
being loaded in large quantities.
H. P. Booth, agent of the line, said that
the Seneca would certainly sail unless war
was declared before her sailing hour. He
had not received orders nor instructions
from Washington regarding the sailing of
the ship. When asked if the provisions
sent on the steamships of the line did not
ultimately reach the Spanish government,
Mr. Booth said that there was little doubt
much of it did go to the Spanish army
from the consignees in Havana He said
however, that the provisions were sent
by firms that had for years sent such car
goes to. Havana and that the managers
of the line could not take into consider
ation the ultimate destination of the pro
visions. As common carriers, they were
obliged to receive them.
The Seneca will carry the accumulated
mail from New Tork.
SPAIN'S AFFAIRS.
Washington, April 20. Spain's affairs
has been entrusted to the French am
bassador and Austrian minister.
WOODFORDTO GET OUT
Madrid, April 20. Minister Woodford
is preparing to leave Madrid. Policemen
are guarding his residence.
"The Man Who Beat Holman."
Brookville, Ind., April 20. The Re
publicans of the Sixth district have
nominated James E. Watson for con
gress. He is "the man who beat Hol
COVER
Our Fleets to More on the Span
ish Possessions
At 18 MiAutes Past 1 O'clock
on Saturday Morning.
THE FLYING SQUADRON
Will Steam to Porto Rico in
Preparation
For Meeting and Destroying
the Spanish Flotilla.
SHIPS AT KEY WEST
Will Blockade Havana and Oth
er Cuban Ports.
New Tork, April 20. Non-compliance
by Spain with the terms of President
McKinley's ultimatum will be followed
by the dispatch of the North Atlantic
and the flying squadrons at 18 minutes
past 1 o'clock Saturday morning to
Cuba and Porto Rico to oust her from
those islands.
Under the plan determined upon Cap
tain Sampson's vessels will not only
blockade Havana, but will blockade
every other port in Cuba, both on the
northern and on the southern coasts,
and the flying squadron under the com
mand of Commodore Schley will take
similar action with reference to the
ports of Porto Rico.
Captain Sampson's fleet will probably
not reach Cuba until early Saturday
forenoon.
Commodore Schley's force, having a
great distance to steam, will probably
not reach its destination until Monday.
Spain may evacuate Cuba, but with
the bulk of our fleet still in home wa
ters, she would be able to keep up her
traditional practice of privateering and
thus continue to harrass the United
States and prolong the war for many
months. The authorities may hope for
a short war, but the extensive prepara
tions show that it Is their purpose to
be prepared for a long one.
CHICAGO BLOWING.
Steam Wrhistles Told of the
Signature of the Ulti
matum. Chicago,, April 20. As soon as the
news of the president's signing the Cu
ban resolution and the ultimatum to
Spain was received, manufacturing es
tablishments in different parts of the
city were notified and the action of the
president was communicated to the
people of Chicago and suburbs by the
blowing of whistles and the ringing of
bells.
DULUTH'S WAR PROGRAMME.
Whistles Will Blow, Bells Will King,
Orators Will Speak.
Duluth, Minn., April 20. At a meet
ing 'held at the council chamber last
night .presided over by Mayor Truelsen,
it was decided that the declaration of
war against Spain should be announced
by the blowing of whistles.
The boats in the harbor will take up
the signal and all the industries em
ploying steam will join. In the evening
a patriotic meeting in ratification of the
war will be held at the Third regiment
armory, which will be addressed by Du
luth's best orators.
CALL FOR VOLUNTEERS.
Washington, April 20. In the house
unanimous consent has been asked for
the passage of the bill to call out vol
unteers. ASKS FOR PASSPORTS.
Washington, April 20. At 11:20 o'clock
Minister Polo received the ultimatum
to Spain. He handed the messenger his
reply, and with it a request for his pass
ports. Ohio Deadlock Broken. "
Portsmouth, O., April 20. The Repub
licans of the Tenth Ohio district on the
1,477th ballot nominated S. J. Morgan of
Jackson for congress, to succeed Con
gressman Fenton, who Is serving his
first term. The convention was in ses
sion a week.
Wins 1,000 Sovereigns.
London, April 20. At the first day's
racing of the Epsom spring meeting to
day. Sir Scott's 4 year old bay colt, by
History, won the great Metropolitan
stakes of 1.000 sovereigns. Lord Elles
mere's Villiers was second, and Prince
of Wales' Oakden third.
New South. Wales' Volunteers.
Sidney, N. S. W., April 20. A hun
dred colonists have offered their serv
ices to the American consul, Geo. W.
Bell, in the event of war between the
United States and Spain.
SPANIARDS WON'T GO.
Prefer to Stay in New York Bather
Than Be Landed at Havana. ;
New Tork, April 20. Spaniards in hum
ble circumstances, residents in this city,
were amazed last night when they learn
ed that the Spanish government meant
only to give them free pasage as far
as Havana. On Monday Consul General
Baldasano published a notice saying that
he, acting for his government, was pre
rjared to make arrangements for their
transfer from, this country to Spanish do
minions. They were told that the steamer Pan
ama would carry them. While Havana
is one of the ports of call of the Panama,
they believed that they would be trans
ferred at some other port of call to one
of the regular liners of the same steam
ship company, which would carry them
to Soain direct. But it seems that the
Spanish government contemplated no such
action ana last nignt me situation was
that, while the wealthy Spaniard might
go wherever his money would carry him,
those sailing free would be landed in Ha
vana, j
The indignation at such a course was
widespread in the local Spanish colony.
It was pointed out that for the impe
cunious Spaniard to leave the city where
his right to life and police protection is
guaranteed and be landed in a town which
will be starved or shelled, or both, within
a few days, would be to place his life in
jeopardy. The mutterings against such
an arrangement were both loud and deep,
and it is not improbable that the Panama
will carry less than one-half the Spanish
refugees which it was expected would be
on board her. Arrangements have been
made for 100 free passages. No more will
be accepted.
Every male Spaniard landing In Havana
is being recruited forcibly. The refugees
would be seized and made tn An military
work, so thab the "protection" which the
spanisn government is offering to those
who are unable to protect themselves by
sailing under a neutral flag, is in realitv a
delivery of them into the ranks of the
army in Cuba.
LEE TO COMMAND.
Virginias' Governors Will Con
solidate Volunteers For Uim.
Charleston, W.Va., April 20. The fol
lowing telegrams passed between Govs.
Atkinson and Tyler today:
"Charleston, W. Va., April 10, 1898
Gov. J. Hoge Tyler, Richmond, Va.: I
suggest, if possible to accomplish it.
that the volunteers of the two Virginias
be consolidated Into a brigade and that
we ask the president to appoint Fitz
hugh Lee as the brigadier commander.
"W. C. ATKINSON,
Governor."
"Richmond, Va., April 20, 1898. Hon.
W. C. Atkinson, Governor of West Vir
ginia: The sentiments expressed in
your telegram appreciated. Virginia
would be glad to unite her forces with
her sister state, and surely none more
suitable to command could be found
than Fitzhugh Lee.
"J. HOGE TYLER."
WHITE HOUSE ASKS IT
Washington,April 20. Chairman Hull
of the military affairs committee has
asked unanimous consent in the house
for the consideration of the bill, author
izing the president to call out volun
teers. He said he had just received a mes
sage from the White House urging the
necessity for the passage of the bill to
day. TEXT OF POLO'S FAREWELL.
Minister Polo de Bernabe to Leave
Washington Immediately.
Washington, April 20. The Spanish
minister's request for his passports,
sent immediately upon the receipt of the
ultimatum, was as follows:
Legacion de Espana, Washington,
April 20, 1898. Mr. Secretary: The res
olution adopted by the congress of the
United States of America and approved
today by the president, is of such a na
ture that my permanence in Washing
ton becomes impossible and obliges me
to request of you the delivery of my
passports. The protection of the Span
ish interests will be entrusted to the
French ambassador and to the Austria
Hungarian minister. On this occasion,
very painful to me, I have the honor to
renew to you the assurances of my
highest consideration.
LUIS POLO DE BERNABE.
Hon. John Sherman, Secretary of State
of the United States of America,
WILL PASS TODAY.
Washington, April 20. Unanimous
consent was given to consider the vol
unteer bill. It will pass the house to
day. AMERICAN NAVY READY.
Capt. Mahan Says American's Victory
Will Be Speedy.
Rome, April 20. Captain Alfred T. Ma
han, America's greatest naval authority,
who recently arrived here, makes the fol
lowing declaration for the New York
World:
"The American navy is as much pre
pared for war as any navy in the world,
and its of fleers and men are as efficient
as any similar body on earth.
"There is not the slightest doubt that
in the case of war the result would be
speedy and thorough, as the Spanish
navy would find to its cost."
ANOTHER SQUADRON.
Navy Department Will Increase Gulf
Coast Defenders.
Washington, April 20. There is reas
on to believe that a fourth squadron for
the protection of the cities of thegulf
coast may be formed by the navy de
partment. FLEET ON THE WATCH.
Key West, Fla., April 20. The all
night precaution of the United States
fleet have been redoubled.
Gen. Vance Calls for Volunteers.
Springfield, 111., April 20. General Jo
seph W. Vance of this city has issued a
call for a regiment of volunteers in case
of war with Spain, to be place at the dis
posal of the state authorities. General
Vance attended West Point, was an officer
in the Union army and was adjutant gen
eral of Illinois xrom to isat.
Refuses to Aid Spain.
New York. April 20. A dispatch to
the World from Port AuPrince, Hayti,
says: Hayti will not aid Spain in pro
curing supplies. Spain has no coal in
Hayti.
TO AVERT WAR.
Spanish Diplomats Hare Three
flans Under Consideration.
More Autonomy,European Medi
ation and a Back Down.
And the Last Should Be First,
Undoubtedly.
RENEW NEGOTIATIONS
With the Prospect of Granting
Concessions to Cubans.
Affairs at Madrid Greatly Com
plicated. New York, April 20. X dispatch t
the World from Madrid says:
It Is said that the principal obstacla
in. the way of an understanding be
tween the Cuban autonomists and sep
aratist chiefs is that the latter insist
upon Spain withdrawing her troops and
fleets from Cuba and letting the auto
nomists admit the insurgents, with
their actual ranks and titles in the co
lonial army, on the same terms at least
as the loyalist volunteers. The insur
gents also demand admission to the lo
cal administration and colonial parlia
ment. The negotiations now renewed by
Senors Giberga and Dolz, had been con
ducted previously by Senor Govin and
the autonomist Cuban cabinet, who,
like some of the Spanish ministers,
were disposed to grant these conditions
to secure pacification and so defeat the
American Intervention policy.
On the other hand, the military party
of Spain and even the politicians, resist
the terms and make it difficult for the
cabinet to accept them, though every
body knows that after all the Carlist
wars in the peninsula Spain has equally
recognized the Carlist officers.
But Spain considers that she has
three trump cards, which she can yet
play. The first is direct negotiations
with the Cuban insurgents, through
the autonomist cabinet in the colony to
indjce them to accept very wide con
cessions. Senor Moret, minister of the
colonies, feels certain that he can in
duce the queen, Premier Sagasta and
his party to assent to this.
The second is European intervention
to stop the United States because on the
same grounds in the future the Unit
ed States might interfere in other Eu
ropean colonies of. the . new world.
As Spanish diplomacy ' is perfectly
aware, if the European powers were
not so much at variance on many more
Important questions, they would cer
tainly put a veto to America's preten
sions to intervene in Cuba.
The third is the fact that war would
enlist in the cause all the popular mili
tary classes and at the same time si
lence opposition of all kind. Then, if
matters went hard with Spain, as It did
with Greece last year, the European
powers would certainly step in to force
them to make fair terms.
The newspapers of the Spanish capi
tal this morning were eagerly bought.
They were warlike in tone.
The Imparcial (Independent) con
trasts the manner In which the United
States and Spain enter into the con
flict, saying "the aggressor is noisy, in
sulting and clamorous and the ag
grieved is reserved, calm and self-contained."
The Liberal (moderate Republican)
remarks: "Even Minister Woodford is
convinced that war it at hand, having
left his farewell cards with the diplo
matic body."
The Liberal, which Is the organ of
Senor Sagasta, the premier, heads its
leading article today with the single
word "War," and says: "The resolu
tions passed (by congress), are tanta
mount to a declaration of war. Spain
is fearlessly and unitedly prepared to
defend her rights, singe handed an!
abandoned by the powers, but fortified!
hy the justice of her cause."
OFFICIAL SIGN TORN" DOWN".
First Indignity Towards the Spanish
Legation at Washington.
Washington, April 20. Early yester
day morning the large metal sign,
bearing the words "Office of the Span
ish Legation," was wrenched from its
place on the gate leading to the legation
and carried off by vandals.
Minister Polo made no complaint to
the state department or to the police,
as he has sought to minimize the petty
depredations against the legation, al
though this was the most flagrant one
committed. . -
TOPEKA HAS SAILED.
Falmouth, Eng., April 20. The Topeka
sailed last night after shipping fresh sup
plies of provisions and coal.
JSxtortion a Fortune of War.
Washington, April 20. A great deal of
Indignation has been expressed by naval
officers over the cold-blooded attempts of
persons owning vessels, or their agents,
to extort from the government sums of
money largely in excess of the value of
the craft. The same complaint is also
made as to many kinds of military and
naval supplies, although it is gratifying
to note that in a few exceptional cases
the tube-makers and boiler-making firms
and some ammunition and gun-making1
people, every disposition has been shown
to give the government the best terms in
price and In time of delivery.
Rejoicing in Jamaica.
Kingston, Jamaica, April 20. The
news of the action of congress spread
rapidly through the city and excited the
liveliest interest. The Cuban residents
are joyous.
VOWS BEFORE VIRGIN.
Spanish Sailors Will Not Return TJn
' less Victorious.
Madrid.AprU 20. The crews of the Span
ish squadron at Cadiz vowed before the
shrine of the Virgin never to return from
war with America unless victorious.
Cornell Students Volunteer.
Ithaca, N. Y., April 20. Seventy-five
Cornell students from Illinois met last
flight and passed resolutions oftering their
services to the governor of Illinois in case
of war. Prof. R. H. Thurston, director
of Sibley college, who was on board th
Monitor in its battle with the Merrimac.
has decided to offer his services to thd
country.

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