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TOPEKA STATE JOURNAL, WEDNESDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 7,1900.
3 MUNICfPAL " OWNERSHIP. GoTernor II. S. Pingree DIs ' cusses Street Railways. All the People and Not a Few Are Benefited. SENTIMENT FAVORS IT Advocates or This Plan Not Cranks and Socialists. liefers to GoTernment Control of PostofHces. H. S. Pingree In Philadelphia Times. A misconception of what municipal ownership is and means has gradually taken possession of people because of the day-by-day steady presentation, by biased newspapers and others of incor rect facts and illogical argument. Seek the motives of those who oppose muni cipal ownership and you will almost in variably find that it is self-interest? On the other hand. there is no way in which, advocates of municipal owner ship can profit by the success of the movement. The benefits accrue to the entire people not to a privileged few. In the tirst place, municipal owner ship is not a new thing-. The principle Involved in it is almost as old as dem ocratic government itself. There are more than 300 varieties of undertaking and businesses now engaged in by gov ernments. Among these are schools, parks, streets, bridges, waterworks, li braries, museums, armies, navies, prst otlices, lighting plants, etc. None of them is now regarded as the especial province of private corporations. Oae by one the government has been as Burning the ownership and control of these public utilities. Very litt'e com plaint has been heard because it has done so. The results of government ownership have proved so satisfactory to the people that there has been abso lutely no demand for return to private ownership. Yet there is absolutely no difference in principle between public ownership and operation of the postoftlce several generations ago and public ownership end operation of the Pacific cable now between public ownership of streets at the time of the establishmej,t of our government and municipal ownership of fctrct-t railways now. The principle It-.voiv-id is the same. Two decades ago there were no pub lic lighting plants in the country. Now there are nearly 400. Private owners of lighting plants are vigorous in their condemnation of municipal ownership. But with the growth of public senti ment their epithets are becoming mild er. In fact, I think it will be admitted now by every one (except the stock holders of private corporations which are being supplanted by public plants) that the success of municipal owner ship of waterworks and lighting plants Is no longer a subject for debate. For instance, in Detroit the cost per street arc lamp under the last year of pri vate contract, 1S93, was $130 per lamp. Last year, under municipal ownership, the cost was $75.56 per lamp, a saving of $54.44 per lamp. This means an an nual saving to Detroit of over $100,000, there being about 2,000 lamps. Public waterworks and lighting plants have proved their right to live. Their success and economy will soon force all private companies out of ex istence. Nothing can stop their pro gress. I therefore do not think it worth while to discuss municipal own ership of those public utilities. It is equally apparent that municipal ownership of street railways will be the next movement demanding public at tention. I will endeavor to state and then answer the principal objections which are offered to municipal owner ship of street railways. I believe, how ever, that most, if not all, of these ob jections have already been answered by actual experience under municipal ownership of other public utilities. The first objection is that city governments should not engage in businesses which properly-belong to the domain of pri vate enterprise. A government which does so is socialistic in character, the objectors say. Socialism is the inevita ble ultimate outcome of municipal ownership. This is one of the principal objections urged against municipal ownership of street railways. It had its origin, of course, in the offices of pri vate street railway coroporations and other natural monopoly corporations. It is reported by their attorneys. It find? an echoing response among other people, of high financial and social standing, whose fortunes have been made by means of special privileges and favors, granted and bought from legislative bodies, national, state and city. But the most powerful and effective opposition, by word and deed, to municipal owner ship of public utilities, does not eom, from the owners themselves of fran chises and other special privileges. It comes from that large class of peop'e -who cater to the capitalists who follow them blindly who seek to curry favor with them for financial and social rea sons who Imitate them, or to speak more plainly and perhaps in not very legant terms the "toadies." there is a weil-defined line between private enterprise and public owner ship. I would be the last to assert that government should engage in busi nesses naturally belonging to the do main of private enterprise. Probably the objection to municipal ownership most frequently urged is that it would tend to greater corrup tion in city government. Fearful pic tures of evil are painted. It is said that the political bosses would control the management of street railways, for in Etance, and cities would be boss-ridden and boss-plagued. Our city govern ments are suffering from various ills, boss plague, ring .rule and corruption in common councils, being among them. Hut these evils exist because of the in difference of the people, and especially because of the neglect of th ordinary obligations of citizenship by those who declaim the bitterest against those evils. The only way to cure these ills Is to rouse the people to an appreciation of their obligations as citizens. Not until then will the cause be removed. If the people are given the right to own and operate the public utilities which furnish them with water, light and Shapsly tied - Voi ItiOi HI fore baby 19 comes, as this scientific lini ment prepares the body for the strain unon it, and the symmetry of form. Mother's Friknd also 111 tBe Ganger OL t-iHiu-mun, khics lc t n .lj ll L mother safely through this critical period without pain. It is woman's greatest blessing, and thousands gratefully tell of the great good it lias done them . Sold bv all druggists at $i oo per bottle. Our little book, telling all about this great remedy, will be sent free to any address by The JltiBriULD Rsgelatox. Couruii, Atlanta. Georgia. transportation, you will find that a re gard for their own. pocketbooks will be the most effective preventive of corrup tion in city government. Publicity has been prescribed by nearly everybody as a remedy for some of the evils-of trusts. Publicity is one of the chief reasons for the financial success of public waterworks and light ing plants. The books and the opera tions of public plants are open to the scrutiny of all the stockholders, namely the people, and corruption is practical ly impossible. The operations of private companies are carried on in the dark. Their books are not accessible to the public, whose property they use. A third objection to municipal own ership of street railways is that rail ways cannot be managed as economi cally as under private ownership, where the incentive to economical manage ment is so much greater, because of the opportunity for private profit. This ob jection is absolutely without founda tion. The history of municipal water works and lighting plants proves, be yond contradiction, that the cost to the consumer is very much less under pub lic ownership. I have already cited the case of the Detroit lighting plant, where, under public ownership, there is a sav ing of over $100,000 per year to the peo ple. Reliable figures, ascertained by persons who have no financial interest in the subject, demonstrate that the charges of private water companies in the United States average 43 per cent more than the charges of public water works for similar service. One of the most striking illustrations of this is the case of the Metropolitan Street Railway lines in New York city. At the time the figures were produced, the nominal capitalization per mile of track was $1,130,000. The market capi- talization was $2,225,000 per mile, while the cost of duplicating the system did i not exceed $100,000 per mile. You will j thus see that there were 22 parts mar- j ket value to one part actual value. In j other words, there were $2,125,000 "wa- ' ter" In the market value and $1,030,000 "water" in the capitalization for each mile of track. Is it any wonder that the New York lines were obliged to charge high rates of fare in order to pay interest and dividends upon so much "water." As a member of the commission ap pointed to negotiate with the street railway owners for the purchase of the property, I gained an intimate knowl edge of the value and earning power of the railways. As a result of our negoti ations, we fixed upon the purchase price at a little over 15 million dollars ($15, 120,000 to be exact) and submitted the matter to the.common council for ac tion. Our appraisals showed that the value of the physiical or tangible pro perty was $8,000,000. In order to make municipal ownership and 3-cent fares an immediate and accomplished fact, we were willing to advise that the city purchase at a little over $15,000,000. By so doing, the city would pay about $7, 000,000 for the franchises. From the fig ures in our possession it was. demon strated clearly that the railways would earn much more than $15,000,000 within the lives of the existing franchises. In other words, the people are now paying tribute to New York stock and bond holders, under high fares, when they might just as well, under 3-c;nt fares, have been paying the sarr.o mon ey upon the purchase price of the rail ways, and, when purchased, have en joyed 2-cent fares. We clearly proved that under 2-cent fares the lines could be operated successfully after the pur chase price had been, paid. "While there have been, no actual trials of municipal ownership of street railways in this country, there Is a very powerful and growing sentiment in fa vor of it. It has recently been the prin cipal issue in political campaigns in a number of our larger and more pro gressive cities. Whenever the people have been" given an opportunity to ex press their opinions upon the question, they have voted overwhelming1 y for municipal ownership. This question of municipal ownership of street railways is one which our cities must fac; and settle within the next few years. It should be fairly nd honestly met. It cannot be solved by attacking its advo cates as anarchists, demagogues and socialists. THE NEXT MOVE In the Nicaraguan Canal Matter is to Get Consent of Central Ameri can States. "Washington, !Feb. 7. Secretary Hay is determined that the state department shall observe with the most scrupulous fidelity whatever obligation may rest upon it toward Nicaragua and Costa Rica in the matter of the construction of the Nicaraguan canal. It has not been pos sible to move in that matter pending the removal of the obstacle in the way of canal building, presented by the Clayton Eulwer treaty. There has not been the slightest disposition to ignore the govern ments of our sister republics in the mat ter, but, in the view of the department it would not have been dignified or safe to make overtures to them before the "United States had acquired the power to deal with a free hand the canal problem so far as Great Britain was concerned. Now, however, the department will ad dress itself to th governments of Nicara- 5 gua and Costa Rica, looking to the ac- i quirement of whatever privileges are j deemed essential to the construction of ( the canal and operation. i About the same time or rather as soon as the senate shall have ratified the treaty and the ratifications shall have j been exchanged, the department will ad dress identical notes to the great marl- time powers or me wnoie woria to secure their adhesion to the project for th per petual neutralization of the canal. WASHBURN CELEBRATES. Tuesday the Thirty-Fifth Anniversary of the College. Washburn college was established in 18f8 in the building that is now Jack son school. The 35th anniversary was celebrated at the college chapel Tues day. Harvey p. Rice a member of the "Beecher Bible and Rifle company," was the only one of the founders pres ent. He told of the early struggles of the institution. Ichabod Washburn, of. Massachusetts, donated $25,000 and the institution took his name. Prof. E. A. Popenoe, Gov. Stanley, Judge Arthur MeCabe, Robert Stone, L. D. Whitte more. Leroy I-Ialbert, Rev. C. E. Moyer and President herrick made addresses. Governor Stanley said: "The time will come when you will look back with happy retrospect and your minds will conjure up the mem ories of your school life, full of the sweetest memories that will cluster about you, as long as life itself. The time will come when you can see how these college influences have shaped your lives. Upon the young men of to day rests the future of Kansas, and upon the colleges rests the making of these men." Every woman covets a shapely, pretty Cure, and many of them deplore the loss of their girlish, forma after marriage. The bearing of children is very destructive to the mother's shapeliness. This can be avo ded. however, by the use of Mothe. f R 1 h U DC- preserves obviates una m w ra m LtaJ C, "THE HOME YOJTAGE." James Whitcomb Riley'a Tribute to Lawton. Indianapolis, Ind., Feb. 7. James Whit comb Riley's poem, written on the occa sion of General Henry W. Lawton's body lying in state in the capitol of Indiana was published here today. It is entitled "'The Home Voyage." I. Bear with ua, O great captain, if our pride Show equal measure with our grief's ex cess In greeting you tn this your helplessness. To countermand our vanity, or hide Your stern displeasure, that we thus had tried To praise you, knowing praise was your distress. But this home-coming' swells our hearts no less. Because for lovo of home you proudly died. Lo, then: The cable, fathoms 'neath the keel That shapes your course, is eloquent of you; The old nag too, at half mast overhead We doubt not that its gale-kissed ripples feel A prouder eensa of red and rwhlte and blue The stars Ah, God! Were they Inter preted 1 II. In strange lands were your latest honors won In strange wilds, with strange dangers all beset; With rain, like tears, the face of day was wet. As rang the ambushed foeman's fateful gun And as you feel your final duty done. We feel, that glory thrills your spirit yet. When at the front, in swiftest death, you met The patriot's doom and best reward is won. And so the tumult of that island war, At last for you is stilled foreverraor Its scenes of blood blend white as ocean foam On your rapt vision as you sight afar The sails of peace: And from that alien shore The proud ship bears you on your voyage home. in. Or rough or smooth the wave, or lowering day Or starlit sky you hold, by native right. Your high tranquillity the silent nignt Of the true hero so you led the way To victory through stormiest battle fray. Because your followers, high above the fight. Heard your soul's lightest whisper bid them smite For God and man and space to kneel and pray. And thus you cross the seas into your own Beloved land, convoyed with honors met. Saluted as your home's first heritage Nor salutations from your state alone But all the states, gathered in mighty fleet. Dip colors as vou move to anchorage. JAMES WHITCOMB BJLET. PROPOSED RESORT. Additional Information About T. W. Bean's Project. In connection with the proposed Man hattan Beach resort referred to in Mon day's paper, Mr. Bean has issued the following circular: The Manhattan Beach Resort company, of Topeka, Kansas, is being organized for the purpose of creating a pleasure resort within easy access of the city of Topeka, Kansas. The chief aims of the company are as follows: First To create an artificial body of water (within five miles of the city) of at least three-fourths by one-half mile, in extent. Second To stock same with a variety of game fish. Third To purchase steam launches and pleasure boats. Fourth To provide a bathing beach perfectly safe for ladies and children; also to provide for all other Innocent amusements usual to such places. Thirty-five hundred shares of stock of the denomination of $10 each are to be issued; fifty per cent to be payable when ground is secured, twenty-five per cent in thirty days and twenty-five per cent in sixty days from date of purchase of land. Stock will be full paid and non-assessable, the company being organized under the laws of New Jersey. It is fully believed that this can be made a paying Investment, when the fact is taken into consideration that the whole state of Kansas does not include in its borders a single lake that is open to the general public. There is no place within reach of this city where a man can take his family and spend an outing, whether of a day or a week, at an expense within the average man's means. The undertaking will afford a place of recreation at a very small ex pense, and the absence of any other like place of amusement will ensure liberal patronage. As soon as all stock is subscribed for a. meeting of the stockholders will be call ed and a board of directors elected for the first year. No subscription will be pay able until the entire amount of capital stock is subscribed for, and the company thoroughly organized. The income will be derived from the hotel, the fishing and boating privileges and the various places of amusement shooting galleries, bowling alleys, etc. It is also estimated that from seventy five to one thousand tons of ice can be sold each year, and at the small sum of fifty cents per ton at the lake (it costs not to exceed five cents per ton to place in ice houses, this will bring in a hand some revenue alone. The Santa Ke rail way, whose headquarters are in Topeka, depends entirely on Colorado for her ice supply. During the pa-st twenty-five years there has been but two or three seasons when ice could not be secured from a lake such as is proposed. Subscriptions for stock may be sent to the undersigned. 620 Jackson street, To- Eeka, Kansas, and parties subscribing win e notified of completion of subscriptions and date of first meeting. T. W. BEAN, Promoter. FEARFUL MORTALITY. .Result Prom the Intense Heat at Buenos Ayres. Buenos Ayres, Feb. 7. The residents of Buenos Ayres have never exper ienced such intense heat as that of Sat urday, Sunday and yesterday. They were greatly alarmed by the number of deaths from sunstroke. The mortality in Buenos Ayres.whlch never exceeds forty daily, reached 150 during the 24 hours, ending at 5 o'clock Saturday afternoon. There were 219 cases of sunstroke on Sunday and 134 cases resulted fatally up to 6 o'clock in the evening. There were 34 cases of sunstroke Mon day. One of them was fatal. Monday night a heavy rain cooled the atmos phere. The new United States minister, Wm. P. Lord, has arrived here. A- dispatch from Rio Janeiro says that the Venezuelan troops invaded Brazilian territory and were opposed by the forces of the latter republic which were forced to retreat after a serious fight. FOR KILLING HIS MOTHER. T. J. Kamsey of Sabatha Arrested on a Serious Charge. Sabetha, Kan., Feb. 7. Thomas J. Ramsey was arrested here Tuesday by County Attorney Nold. charged with the murder of his mother, Mrs, Laura B. Ramsey. She was an aged widow and was found dead in her solitary home last Tuesday. The arrest was made at the instigation of two sons-in-law of the woman. Ramsey will have a preliminary hearing on February 14. It is charged that he had frequently quarreled with his mother. ANGEL OFJERCY. Miss Alice Spradlin, Who Mia istered to Dying Soldiers. Her Heroic SerTice With Twentieth Kansas. the FOUND A HOSPITAL. Now Laboring to Start One Manila. in How She Cared For Wounded on Firing Line. Miss Alice Spradlin, the volunteer nurse of the Philippines, who endeared herself to every wounded or sick sol dier in the Twentieth Kansas regiment by tender nursing and watchful care, is now endeavoring to raise money to establish a soldiers" and sailors' resort in Manila to be known as the "Clara Barton Home." Miss Spradlin left Topeka aa an in dependent missionary in 1895 and went to India. While there she gave her services as a nurse in Calcutta during the plague. In July, 1898, she left for HISS ALICE SPRADLIN. Manila to become an army nurse. She was unable to reach Manila on account of the blockade and returned to Hong Kong. A month later she landed in Manila and was the first American wo man to enter the captured city. She immediately commenced her work as nurse. The government offered her a position. If she accepted, it meant that she must become a contract nurse and serve in that capacity in some one ward. She refused and became an In dependent nurse. The Kansas regiment was first in her thoughts. She cared for the sick and wounded who needed more than the passing care of the ward nurses. If no Kansan needed her care she went to the other regiments. For a long time she was the only woman nurse in or around Manila and with the Kansas boys particularly she became the "Clara Barton of the Philippine campaign." A Kansas mother, who sent two boys to the front, in speaking of her said: "She was like a mother to my boys." The body of one was recently brought home and buried with military honors. Even her tender care and nursing could not save him. Miss Spradlin is earnest and untiring in her efforts to establish the home. "A Christian resort is greatly needed to counteract the influence of the 400 saloons in Manila," said Miss Spradlin. "These 400 saloons were started by Americans after the fall of Manila and are for the soldiers and sailors. They have been established by the push and industry of the American liquor men. How much different it would be if the Christian element of the United States had been as quick to extend their work and what a different impression would have been made. There is not a moral place of amusement for the soldiers in Manila. There is not a religious meet ing place where over 100 can be seated while one saloon alone seats 400." Miss Spradlin knows as well as the soldier what it means to be under fire. She was in Manila during the outbreak and there heard the hum of bullets for , the first time. When the advance was started she was constantly on the firing line until forced back to Manila on ac count of sickness. She followed the for tunes of the Twentieth Kansas from Manila to Caloocan. She was with the field hospital during the battle of Caloo i can and continued with the advance to I Caloocan church. When asked how it ! feels to be under fire, she said, "It is Sacrificed to Blood Poison. Those who have never had Blood Pol son can not know what a desperate con dition it can produce. This terrible disease which the doctors are totally unable to cure, is communicated Irons one generation to another, inflicting its taint upon countless innocent ones. Some years ago I wa? inoculated with pollcH by a nurse -who infeoted my aabe with blood taint. The little one -was unequal to the struggle, and its life yras yielded up to the fearful poison. For six long years I suf fered nnusid misery. I was covered with sores and ulcers from head to foot, and no language can exoresK mv feelins of woe during tho.-e long years. 1 n.aa ti." oesi medical treatment. Sev- .' .. i -.1 4i - s Bively treated me. but all ba to no purpose. The mer cury and potash seemed to add fuel to the awful flame which was deYourin me. I was advised by friends who had seen wonderful cures made bv it. to try Swift's Specific. We got two bottles, and I felt hope ag-ain revive in my breast hope for health and happiness again. I improved from the start, and a com plete and perfect cure was the result. S. S. S. is the only blood remedy which reaches des perate cases. Mrs. T. W. Lee, Montgomery, Ala. Of the many blood remedies, S. S. S. is the only one which can reach deep seated, violent cases. It never fails to cure perfectly and permanently the most desperate cases which are beyond the reach of other remedies. 15 for is ruRBir vegetable, and is the only blood remedy jtuaranteed to contain no mercury, potash, or other mineral. Valuable books mailed free by Swift Specific Comp&By, Atlanta, Georgia. W-'W Mm SS Blood 2' just like any other experience that we I have to undergo. If I dodged I didn't ! know it." The heat was as severe as the bullets. Scores and scores of sol diers were brought in from the firing line overcome by heat. In the cool confines of the church she cared for them until she herself succumbed to the climate and hardships and was sent back to the general hospital in Manila. She found that her services were : needed at the regimental reserve hos- ; pital as much as at the front, and from that time she remained at the re serve hospital. She was general su- : perintendent and nurse. ! Miss Spradlin will raise money for i the home by subscriptions. She pro poses, to send letters to the soldiers of the western regiments who served in the Philippines. She will ask them for small donations and will enclose let- ; ters from her for them to send to oth- ; ers who may be glad to help. She may i also sell the complete' series of the last issue of postage and revenue stamps ! made by the Spanish government be- I fore the fall of Manila. "There is a vastly different condition in Manila than in the United States as regards the soldiers," said Miss Spradlin. I "There are' no American homes there, and the soldiers have no home infiu- ences as they had in San b rancisco. In speaking about the Philippine sit- i uation she said, "The government can do no different than has been done, vv e have not sought the Philippines, but we now owe the people there a duty that we can not honorably get out of. So long as the United States govern ment has control of the islands Ameri can troops will be stationed there. There is need for this home. The sol diers and sailors should have a Chris tian resort where they may obtain meals without having to go to a drink ing place. Baths, reading room, a place of worship, recreation rooms, music and instruction." Miss Spradlin wears the white badge of the Eighth army corps, the orgagii- zation she is working for. When she left for India her home was in North Topeka; now she claims Manila as her place of residence. She will remain in Topeka for some time, at 1221 Clay street, where she hopes to receive funds for the "Clara Barton home." DELAY FOR THE CANAL. Strong Opposition to the New Treaty Developing Among Senators. New Tork, Feb. 7. A special to the Herald from Washington says: Immediate ratification of the Hay Pauncefote treaty permitting the con struction of an isthmian canal by the United States need not be expected. Just enough opposition has developed to the provision prohibiting the con struction of fortifications at the en trances to the proposed canal to pro voke discussion and thus delay action on the treaty. A careful canvass made of the senate does not indicate, how ever, that this opposition is sufficiently strong to either secure the adoption of an amendment providing for fortifica tion or to prevent the ratification of the treaty without such an amendment. Leaders on both sides appear to be well satisfied with all of the provisions of the treaty and they will try to have it ratified without amendment. The principal advocates of an amend ment in favor of military defenses are Senators Mason and Allen, who are rarely in sympathy with anything done by the administration. When the treaty was first read, Senator Lodge seemed to think such an amendment was desir able, but after conferences with other senators he said the matter should be very fully discussed before either the foreign relations committee or the sen ate took action. A meeting of the committee on for eign relations has been "called to con sider the treaty. Leading members of this committee are quite willing to ac cept the treaty as it stands, but the discussion may develop enough opposi tion to delay a report for another week. Suggestions that Secretary Hay was tricked by Lord Pauncefote are laughed at by leading members of the commit tee, who have known of the negotia tions and the reasons for adopting the article prohibiting the construction of fortifications. It is argued in behalf of non-fortification that, with an agreement signed by all of the powers of the world for the absolute neutrality of the canal in time of war as well as peace, no de- obligations incurred by each nation sigmng the neutralization agreement will be as effective as guns in preserv ing the neutrality. Any nation violat ing the agreement will have all the rest of the" world against it. " x Those who think defenses of the termini of the canal are necessary do not consider that permanent fortifica tions are essential. In time of war, it is argued, the United States could, if necessary, send a fleet of battleships to each of the entrances and thus be able to physically enforce neutrality if for any reason it were feared it could not be morally enforced. To those who point out that Great Britain is physically able to control the Suez canal by her strong defenses at Gibraltar, the answer is made that with a naval base at San Juan, Porto Rico, and the probable acquisition of the Danish and Galapagos islands, the United States will be in as good posi tion to offer military resistance to any attempted violation of the neutrality of the Nicaraguan canal as Great Britain is connected with the Suez canal. Discussion over the Hay-Pauncefote treaty may delay somewhat final action on the Nicaraguan canal bill, but it is the opinion of Messrs. Morgan, Aldrich and other leaders, in. the senate, and Mr. Hepburn and other leaders in the house, that it will not prevent the final passage of the bill this session. If the treaty is ratified in its present shape an amendment will have to be made to the pending bill eliminating the provisions contemplating the erec tion of fortifications at the termini of the canal. If any delay occurs it will be over these amendments. Senator Morgan, the author of the pending bill in the senate, says there is no necessity for a radical amendment of the Hay-Pauncefote treaty. "There are some men in the senate," he said, "who would propose an amend ment to the ten. commandments if they were sent in here by Gold Almighty himself. I do not believe any material amendment to the pending treaty is re quired to protect our rights in the ca nal. All this talk about fortifying the canal to protect our interests in case of war is, to say the least, without reason and should not receive serious consid eration. "It is not contemplated to make the site of the proposed canal an interna tional battle ground. No hostile power is going to select the canal as the prin cipal point of attack upon the United States. If it is the intention of our government or the friends and promo ters of the canal to convert it into a battlefield, we might as well abandon all further interest in the project. Any foreign power making war on the Uni ted States would not begin hostile op erations on the canal. They would, in all reasonable probability, make an at tack on our commercial and business centers further up the coast. "1 cannot see," added Senator Mor gan, "that Great Britain has gained any advantage over the Urtjted States in the new treaty. According to my understanding of carefully selected and thoroughly comprehensive Englis.li language, we have absolute control MM TONIGHT. , The Favorite Comedian.'HARRY CORSON CLARKE, Presenting Eroadhurst's Hilarious Sufficiency, , "What Happened to Jones" ONE BIG LAUGH FROM START TO FINISH. ANj8-KARATjCOM Prices: 25e, 35c, -fc J -X -K - -K -fc t -fc -fc fc -fc fc -fc fc A Unique New Edition of the Aztec Calendar, Janu ary to June, 1900, now on sale at A. T. & ' 8. F. By. Depot, and at General Passenger office. Contains six separate reproductions . in color (8x11 inches) of Burbank's Pueblo Indian portraits the season's art sensation. Also engraved cover representing anceint Aztec calendar stone. A handsome and unique souvenir; edition limited; order early. Price 25 cents. ' C , 5 , -fc 1 M J HARRY E. GAVITT, Manager. W. V. GAVITT PRINTING PUBLISHING CO., Printing Department of W. W. Gavitt Mrdical Co. One of the Largest Exclusive . tJR FACILITIES enable us to turn out selves. When you are m need of anything in our line, send us saiucles bv mail, or call us up by telephone, and our man will call We can save you money on your printing. f 601-603 E. Telephone 99. 400-403-404 over the canal in full accord -with the almost unanimous demands of the American people. Whatever rights or privileges in connection with the build ing or administration of the canal when completed England may have had un der the provisions of the Clayton-Bul-wer treaty she proposes to relinquish and we give her substantially nothing in return." Senator Aldrlch of Rhode Island, leader of the Republicans in the sen ate, says he does not see any substan tial force in the contention that the treaty should be amended so as to au thorize the United States to erect per manent fortifications for the canal. "What is the object," said Senator Aldrich, "of our great naval estab lishment if it is not intended to pro tect our great national harbors and waterways? In my judgment our great shios and harbor defense vessela af- , ford better protection to the canal and our coast cities generally than the most formidable fortifications that engineer ing skill can erect. ' If a hostile fleet intended to make war on the United States it would hardly concentrate its efforts on the canal. If they could get near enough our coast to engage fortifications the point of attack probably would be in , some of the great commercial cities -. "If, as contemplated, all the nations of the earth sign an agreement to ob serve strict neutrality in connection with the operations of the canal, a for eign power would hesitate a long while before violating that agreement. An international agreement of such a char acter in itself would be the surest pro tection that could be devised for the canal." ' Senator Harris, of Kansas, said: "I doubt very much if Nicaragua and Costa Rica would be willing to permit us to erect fortifications on their terri tory and maintain an armed force on the banks of the canal. It would be a constant menace to these two govern ments, and would incite unending com plications. "All this speculation in regard to the necessity of fortifying the canal is, to my mind,' but a pretext to delay or de feat the construction of the canal, in spired by those who are either luke warm in their advocacy of the canal or directly opposed to its construction and control by the United States." Senator Depew, of New York, said: "I cannot conceive how any fair minded man can charge the United States with having been made a victim of England's superior diplomacy in the proposed treaty. Whatever interests England may have had in the canal she has relinquished to the United States in consideration that the canal shall be conducted on a neutral basis. She will have no share in the revenues derived from the canal, and will have no greater advantages in the administration of the affairs of the canal than are afforded to other neutral powers. "Perhaps certain persons may be able to read between the lines and discover that Great Britain has buncoed the United States in this matter, but I am unable to reach that conclusion by such investigation as I have been aiiie to give this great question. "According to the statements in the British press, the impression prevails on the other side that Secretary Hay scored a pronounced diplomatic victory for our government, and in my judg ment the civilized world will agree that the interests of the United States gov ernment have not suffered at the hands of our distinguished secretary of state." Senator Piatt of New York said: "What is the necessity for fortiflca- ( tions if you are going to have an inter national agreement for aDsoiute neu trality? I can see no reason for an amendment, and do not believe there will be any." Representative Hepburn, chairman of the house committee in charge of the Nicaraguan canal bill, said he- did not care to discuss the treaty and its bear ings on the canal until he had had an opportunity to study it and determine just what its different provisions meant. There will be no change in the pres ent plans of the committee. Mr. Hep burn is at work on the report on the bill and expects to submit it to the house before the end of the week. He will then take the first opportunity to get the measure before the house. ZS9 GflBF 50c, 75c, SI. GO. -fc $ -fc -fc -fc -fc -fc -fc fc -fc -fc -fc -fc i -fc -fc -fc -fc -fc -fc -fc -fc -fc -fc -fc -fc fc Calendar TELEPHONE No. 09. JSJ Job Printing Offices In the City. work in many cases the same day received. PIv on you and quote prices that's his business. mg- GIVE US A TRIAL. ORDER. Fourth St., , . Adams St. I OpcKO) K.un5. DEWEY ARCH FUND. Concert in Mew York Froves a Finan cial and Social Success. New York, Feb. 7. The concert in Carnegie hall last night for the bene fit of the Dewey arch fund was a great success in every way. Many society people attended. The hall was beau tifully decorated with potted plants and ferns and on the stage the parterre of seats for the chorus of 125 men and 175 women was banked with ferns, palms and orange trees in bloom, while above were long strings of mj'rtle and ever green intertwined and dependent froro the wings. There was an orchestra of sixty-five pieces. Walter Damrosch conducted. Madame De Vere-Sapio sang the "In flammatus" In place of Mme. Nordica. who was ill. The concert was a sort of. welcome to Admiral Dewey and Gov ernor Roosevelt, both of whom were present. On the first tier of boxes mid way between the stage and the rear on, either side of the . auditorium wer placed festoons of American flags and evergreens. On the right of the horsa was the box reserved for Admiral Dewey and on the left the box lop Governor Roosevelt. It was 8:S0 o'clock when the carriage) containing Admiral Dewey, Mrs.Dewey, George Dewey, the admiral's son, and Lieutenant Caldwell, drove up to Car negie hall. There was no applause when, the admiral assisted his wife from the carriage, though there was a larga crowd on the sidewalk. The admiral and his wife walked into the lobby and were shown to their box almost un noticed. Shortly after them came Gov ernor Roosevelt and his party. Gove-, ernor Roosevelt got.a little applause. When Admiral Dewey pushed aside the curtains of his box he was immed iately recognized and some one cried: "Three cheers for Dewey." They were given with a will. The one hundred and seventy-five women in the chorus, all dressed in white, rose and shook their handkerchiefs. The audience did the same. Just then Governor Roose velt pushed aside the curtains of the box on the other side of the house. Some one cried: "Three cheers for Governor Roosevelt." Three cheers were given but with less vigor than foe Admiral Dewey. All through the performance there were many callers at the box of tha Deweys and the Roosevelts. Admiral Dewey often left his box to walk in tha lobby. After the rendition of the "Manila Te Deum," composed by Walter Dams rosch in honor of the victory at Manila and which was led by Mme. Gadski.Gov eraor Roosevelt spoke of the wisdom of being well equipped for war, and dwelt especially on the importance of a, strong navy. FUNSTOS'S COMMAND. At the Head of Wheeler's Former Brl. gade at Ban Isidro. Kansas City, Feb. 7. A letter from Manila says that General Funston is stationed at San Isidro in command of the brigade formerly held by General Joe Wheeler. San Isidro is thirty miles beyond San 'Fernando, the last point held by the Twentieth Kansas regi ment. Kansas City and Return $2.67 Via tha Santa Fa. Account Paderewski's Concert, tick- ets on sale Thursday, Feb. Sth, good re turning Feb. 9th. Calcutta, Feb. 7. The Maharalah of Jaepur has made a donation of 100,000 ru pees to the South Africa fund. Bean the yf Tha Kind You Hate Alwavs Ssqgy CASTOrtSA. Bean the Tin Kind You Havn Always Btffijft O -Su m T O 3. 2C A . Bears ths St m " m "m Km p"C Eigaatun of a House