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U 1 1 14 If LL. i if E2:TPwA-4:30 P. M. Evening. TOPEKA, KAXSAS,- MARCH 30, 1900. FRIDxVY EVENING. TWO CENTS. if PTWW M a J If . li 1 It J AT VI u 4& "BOBS'TRICKS. London Is Hugging to Itself the Belief That Lord Roberts Is Deceiving the Enemy BY FALSE 3I0VEHEXTS And Misleading Reports of His Intentions. Kruger Promises to Recapture Bloemfonteiu. London, March 30, 2:!!0 p. m. The re ports that Lord Roberts will remain at liloemfontein another month are prob ably Intended for Hoer consumption, and the recent movement of troops and othir indications point to preparations being well advanced for a forward movement. The entire silence of the cables this morning is regarded as sig nificant. The tact that the F.oer telegrams an nouncing the bombardment of Maftking Monday and Tuesday do not claim any success is accepted as proof that they met with none, and hopes are enter tained that it may prove to have been the final effort to reduce the place be lore raising the siege. It is now suggested that the ap parent inactivity of the British at War rentown is merely designed to impress the P.oers with the notion that they are checking the Mafeking relitf column, which in reality is advancing by a western detour. Color is lent to this view hy the announcement that a col umn of 3,000 mounted troops, command ed by Colonel Drunimond and accom panied by three batteries, a pontoon train and several wagons of ammu nition, passed Barkley West March 26. on an extensive march, the objective of which is a strict secret. KKUGEH'S BOAST. London. March 30. The Bloemfontein ."orrespondrnt of the Morning Post, tel egraphing Wednesday, says: "Presi dent Kruger boasts his intention to re take Bloemfontein .within a week, and It appears probable that the Boers are advancing in force southward." The Boers are concentrating in force about 15 miles north of Bloemfontein in rear of (Hen. and Lord Roberts is sending forward troons to engage them. The seventh infantry division and part of nerat t-'reneh s cavalry have been sent up to join the Fourteenth brigade and the two cavalry regiments that are holding (iien and its environs. lr does not seem probable that the Boers will give serious battle in the iairly onen country north of Glen. Still, their evident strength indicates more than a corns of observation. - - In small affairs the Boers are daring ly aggressive in all parts of the field of war. The Johannesburg mounted po lice, esteemed by the Boers to be their best mounted commando, are raiding the country near Bloemfontein, harassing the farmers who have given up their arms to the British and carrying off cattle: There is a Boer report from Natal that a Russian soldier of for tune. Colonel Ganotzki, with a hundred horsemen, is operating close to the Brit ish outposts on the western border. The Boers have reoccupied Campbell and are in strength near Taungs and Baikly West. They shelled the British camp at Warrellton Wednesdav, but moved out of range that night. Yesterday (Thurs day) two British guns enfiladed the Boer trenches, quieting their Mausers. Lord Methuen and the forces that had been operating in the Barkly district have been recalled to Kimberley by Lord Roberts. No explanation has been given for this, but the mounted troops are dissatisfied at having been ordered back. The Boers and disloyalists at Ken hardt have been dispersed and caused to retreat. General Parsons is about to enter the town unopposed. Lord Roberts is making extensive preparations to police and safeguard all the Free State towns in the territory occupied. Dispatches from Mazeru as sert that the Boers who returned to Ladybrand from Clooolan have taken up strong positions and sent pickets far In every direction to watch Basutoland, in the expectation that part of General Kuller's army will invade the Free Elate on that side. According to Pretoria advices Mafe king was bombarded for seven hours on Tuesday. It is reported in London in a well in formed quarter that Lord Kitchener will be offered the post of commanclr-ln-chief in India, succeeding the late Sir William Lockhart, so soon as de cisive successes have been obtained in the Transvaal and that General Sir Archibald Hunter will succeed him as Lord Roberts' chief of staff. The Indian newspapers have been urging Kitchen er's appointment. QUEEN CONDOLES WITH MRS. JOl'BERT. London. March 30. Queen Victoria has cabled to Lord Roberts, asking him to convey to Mrs. Joubert. widow of General Joubert, her sympathy at the loss of her husband, and to tell her that the British people always regard-d the dead general as a gallant soldier and honorable foeman. JOUBERT'S FUNERAL. Pretoria". March 2Tt. The funeral of General Joubert took place this after noon and was attended by all classes. The foreign military attaches, in uni form, were among those present and the Riitish officers who are prisoners here pent a wreath. There were universal signs of mourning. BRITISH EVAC1 'ATTON OF WAR RF.NTON. Pretoria. Thursday. March 29. A dis patch from Fourteeti Streams north of Wurrenton says the Boers, March 2S. opened a Inmibardment on the British camp there and that the British replied feebly and evacuated the place during the night. RECRUITS FOR BOERS. Every Train From Lorenzo Marques Is Loaded. New York, March 30. A World cor respondent, writing from Pretoria, March i, says: The Boer army has thus far befn strengthened by about 3.000 men who have come into the country through Delagoa Bay since the war began, three thonsand is a low estimate, but th" exact number cannot be ascertained even from the war office here, which is w illing to tell almost anything concern ing the conduct of the war. This large body of men has been re cruited chiefly in Europe, where sym pathy for the Boers is second only to BAD FIRE AT CHICAGO. Iroquois Club' Building and Col umbia Theater Destroyed. Chicago, March 30. Fire which start ed in the Iroquois club building this af ternoon is spreading rapidly and threatens the Columbia theater. Fortunately there was no matinee on when the fire broke out. THE THEATER DESTROYED. At .3:30 p. m. the fire burst through the Iroquois building. The Columbia theater was soon in flames. Four men were injured by falling timbers and three young women in an adjoining building were rescued by hook and lad der men. The Columbia theater is situated on the south side of Monroe street between Clark and Dearborn streets, and is one of the leading houses of the city. The Iroquois club, next door, is a po litical institution of the Democratic faith and numbers among its members many Democrats of national reputa tion. Shortly before 4 o'clock the front of the theater fell in. There were numer ous rumors that several persons had been buried in the ruins but the fire marshal on duty discredited the re ports. At 4:15 p. m. the fire was pronounced under control. The loss was estimated in the vicinity of a quarter of a million dollars. the hate for England, but many men have come from America, and even Aus tralia. Ever since the war began this steady stream of righting men has been pouring into the Transvaal over the Portuguese border, although the Eng lish officials there have done everything in their power to stop it. Every train arriving from Lorenzo Marques brings from ten to fifty re cruits, and a short time ago such a large number of men were clamoring for transportation from the Portuguese town that an extra train was run for their accommodation. It reminds one of the days in Amer ica after the tight in Manila when Dewey came into prominence. The fight on Spion kop in the latter part of January was the first of any great con sequence, inasmuch as a British victory would have been followed by the- raid ing of the hiege of Ladysmith. A defeat for the Boers would have changed tire tide of the entire campaign in Natal, and to guard against such a calamity Ger.eral Joubert placed Gen. Botha in charge. To show how successful Botha was in combating the British forces, it is only necessary to say that seven days after the battle there remained oft the sides of Spion kop and in the valley below more than TOO bodies of English sold iers, while the total loss of the Boers was 50 killed and 123 wounded. The total Boer force engaged in the fight was not more than 350. while the British force was no less than 2,000,and probably twice that number. Botha did not seem to be proud of his victory, but spoke only of the bravery of the British soldiers and the injustice of the war which made such slaughter necessary. "After the battle of Colenso,"the gen eral began, "with the forces under my command as a result of careful plan ning of President Kruger and their own prowess, I was preparing to return to Pretoria for a short rest when I re ceived instructions from the president to go at once toward the Upper Tugela, whither the British forces were advanc ing to the relief of Ladysmith. They had crossed the river at Trichardts drift and were on the main road which leads into" the besieged city when I ar rived in Gen. Burgher's camp at 3 o'clock in the morning. "I saw there was nothing to do but prepare for an immediate attack, and for four days we fought on a large plateau to the right of Spion kop. On the evening of the fifth day the British forces suddenly retired toward Trich ardts drift, but instead of recrossing the stream they took up positions on Spion -kop. This point was of great strategic importance, and General Burgher and I agreed that we must have it. During the night we selected our men from different commandos in the vicinity, took our positions, and waited for the dawn before beginning hostilities. "Only 350 men were in these positions, but there were more near by to render assistance if it became necessary. Dur ing the day before we estimated the British forces at 3,000, although there might have been more. "For a short time it was really amus ing to see our men so close to the Brit ish soldiers that at least 23 of them were able to seize their rifles from their hands. Finally, after very severe light ing, we gained the day, and as night came over the scene we had taken 200 prisoners. The British retreated during the night, leaving many of their wound ed and all their dead behind on the mountain top. "The following morning I personally counted the dead bodies and found 650 of them scattered around the hill. The wounded left on the hill all night were 300. and those I sent back the following morning. On the other side of the hill no less than 150 British were killed. "The loss on our side was 50 killed and 120 wounded." VERDICT FOR (i 1-4 CENT. In a Case Where $5,000 Damages Were Claimed. Pittsburg, Pa., March 30. The jury in the case of Assistant District Attorney AYalter E. Billows, colored, against Wil liam J. McCarthy, a prominent restau rant keeper, who refused to serve a meal to Billows and his companion. Con gressman George W. White, of North Carolina, also colored, returned a ver dict today, in favor of the plaintiff for tli cents. Billows asked $5,000 dam ages. Lake City Case Dropped. Charleston, S. C. March 30. It was an nounced today that the Lake City lynch ing trial will not be called again at the April term of the United States circuit court. Thirteen white citizens, all prom inent business men of Lake City, have been tried for The murder of the negro postmaster. Baker. The result was a mistrial.. Attorney General Griggs has instructed the district attorney to ask for a continuation of the case when it is called on Tuesday next. Mr. Wilder Will Speak. Edward Wilder will deliver an ad dress on the park question at an open meeting of the American Labor Union, at the hall at 115 East Seventh street, tonight. THREE MONSTERS Greatest Fighting Machines Eyer Set Afloat Have Been Arranged For by Naval Construction Board. SIXTY-SIX FIXED GUXS To Be Provided on Each of New Cruisers. California, Nebraska and the West Virginia. New York, March 30. A special to the Tribune from Washington says: No warships of such fighting power Jtave ever before been planned abroad or at home as the three cruisers whose details have just been practically com pleted by the admirals of the naval construction board. They are really most formidable battleships, with the speed and staying powers of an ocean liner. Never has such a tremendous battery been mounted afloat as the Cal ifornia, the Nebraska and the West Virginia will carry. Sixty-six fixed guns constitute their armament, and their magazines are to hold over 400 tons of ammunition. The board has given these ships 13.000 tons displacement, 23 knots speed, and with coal bunker capacity of' 2,000 tons, a steaming radius of 7,000 miles. They will be the only ships in the navy lit erally armored all over, their protec tion extending from -below the water line above the entire superstructure. In appearance they will mark a notable departure from .existing cruisers and battleships of their class, in that they will stand much higher out of the water giving better distribution of batteries and quarters and making them most impressivle. Until congress gives the navy de partment authority to contract for the best possible armor for these vessels, the final drawings cannot be made, nor can shipbuilders secure all the informa tion required by them to enable the preparatton of alternative plans. The general characteristics of the ships are now settled beyond material .modifica tion, except that triple screw machinery may be substituted for twin screws. The machinery is to develop over 22.000 horsepower to drive the ships 23 knots, and this, with the standard naval water tube boilers, must not exceed 2,000 tons in weight. The armored protection is to include a water line belt of Kruppized steel six inches thick abreast the engines and boilers, tapering to 3V inches at. the bow and stern. Above this belt there will be a five inch casement extending half the ship's length, to protect ten 6 inch guns. The 8-inch turrets will be six inches thick, the conning tower 9 inches and the signal tower 5 inches. The total weight of armor, including the 4-inch protective deck, will be 1,427 tons. Among the novelties, the lower decks will be covered with linoleum, all wood work reduced to a minimum and fire proofed, the magazines covered with non-conductors of heat, and cooled by refrigerating apparatus; coal bunkers arranged for extremely rapid filling and emptying, automatic water tight doors between all compartments operated from several stations, fire main laid be low the; protective deck, laundry for 75 men and a machine shop. Space is pro vided for six months provisions, tanks for S.000 gallons of drinking water and an ice machine to make three tons a day, and a distilling plant for ten thou sand gallons a day. Electricity will op erate the turret turning gear, blowers for ventilation, mechanical bread mix er, laundry, ammunition hoists, gun rammers and air compressors for tor pedoes. The armament will consist of 66 guns, distributed as follows: Main battery, four S-inch breech loading rifles of 45 calibres length: fourteen 6-inch rapid lire rifles of 50-calibres length. Sec ondary battery, all rapid-fire, eighteen 14-pounders, twelve 3-pounders, four 1 pounder automatic, four 1-pounder sin gle shot, two 3-inch field guns and two Gatlings. In addition the hand battery will include 300 magazine rifles and 200 revolvers. The S-inch rifles will be mounted in pairs in elliptical balanced turrets, having inclined pouts, located on the keel line of the ship fore and aft. On the upper deck the tremendous tor pedo boat destroying 14-pounders will be located and at each corner of the superstructure a G-inch gun with an arc of fire of 145 degrees will be pro tected in a sponson. On the main deck in the casemate will be placed the battery of six-inch rapid fires in broadsides, five on each side, with not less than 110 degrees arc of fire, except the forward pair, which are to be sponsoned so as to permit them to aim directly ahead. The automatic one pounders will go in the lower military tops, and . the single shot of the same calibre in the upper tops. There will be two submerged torpedo tubes in one compartment forward and six White head torpedoes w ill be parried. The ag gregate weight of this armament ex ceeds 400 tons. As indicating the rapidity of destruc tive fire to be attained with this great battery, provision is made for the am munition hoists to deliver charges to each gun at the following rates: Eight inch, one every fifty seconds; 6-inch, three rounds a minute; 14-pounders, six rounds a minute: 3 and 1-pounders, ten rounds a minute. The rounds and weights of the ammunition fo be carried on each ship are as follows: Five hun dred rounds, S-inch complete, 91.6 tons; 2.S00 rounds, 6-inch complete, 227.5 tons; 4,500 rounds, 14-pounders complete, 51.7 tons; six thousand rounds. 3-pounders complete. 1S.S tons: all others twenty tons. Total 409.6 tons. The construction board has also prac tically completed the designs for the battleships Pennsylvania. Georgia and New Jersey, no material modification from the original plans having been made. They w ill represent as distinct an ad vance in their class as the cruisers do over the New York and the Brooklyn. The armament of the battleships is rot to be positively decided until the double turrets of the Kearsarge are tested. Culton Denies Confession. Richmond, Ky.. March 30. The Rev. J. N. Culton. father of W. H. Culton. charg ed with being accessory to the murder of Goebe). is deeply incensed at what he declares is an attempt to drag his son into an alleged conspiracy. He has re ceived from his son. a telegram saying: "I have made no confession. I have noth ing to confess." Weather Indications. Chicago, March 30. For Kansas: Fair tonight and Saturday; variable winds. AT MENELIK'S CAPITAL. Americans Who Are Sojourning In Abyssinia. (Correspondence of Associated Press.) London. March 21. The Associated Press has received the following ac count of the expedition under James J. Harrison and W. Fitzhugh Whitehouse, of Newport, R. I., who, according to latest telegraphic advices, have arrived at Menelik's capital, and have started into the far interior of Abyssinia. The last news comes from Zuquata, on the Havnsh river, a point about 70 miles southwest to Adis Abeba, and report all well. It is not expected that any further intelligence will be had until the party, after having reached and left Lake Rudolf, about 500 miles further southwest, come out at a point on the Sobat river or the Nile near Fort Nassa, an old fort south of Fashoda and about 500 miles from Khartoum. From this point they would proceed by water to the latter place. The distance from Lake Rudolf to the Nile is about 500 miles, through a country largely unex plored, and the route extremely difficult on account of natural obstacles and the probable lack of both, water and sup plies, as the country iias been so fre quently ravaged by native raiding tribes. The party, which consists of J. J. Harrison, W. F. Whitehouse, Powell Cotton, and A. Butter, left Seilla on the Red Sea early in November with a car avan consisting of a large number of natives, a portion of them well armed, and about 80 camels. They w-ere ac companied by a competent surveyor, who has had IS years' experience in Africa and a taxidermist, while the head man, A. Somali, is the one who recently traveled with Captain Wellby to Lake Rudolf. On leaving the coast the party proceeded by an entirely new route to Adis Abeba, the capital of the Emperor Menelik, about 300 miles dis tant, arriving on January 7. The rate of progress was necessarily very slow. About ten miles a day was a good av erage, the march being largely made before daylight, when it was bitterly cold, to avoid the intense heat which prevailed later. The new route has been carefully sur veyed and is likely to be of large ad vantage. Four days after leaving the coast, the party fell in with abundant game and pome very rare specimens were fortunately secured, while deer, nntelope and hippopotami were found in abundance. About four days before reaching Menelik's capital, a herd of about 100 elephants were encountered. Twenty large bulls fell to the rifles of the party, after an exciting and some what dangerous sport, as the elephants had been recently hunted by the na tives and were exceedingly wary. Hun dreds of natives flocked to the spot to enjoy a feast and many insisted upon shaking hands with the white hunters, in appreciation of a general meal. The valuable ivory was carried forward and presented to the Negus, who, however, courteously begged Mr. Butter and Mr. Whitehouse to retain each a pair 08 tusks of their first, elephant spoils. The caravan was left about 15 miles from the capital, to which the party proceeded and were most courteously received by Captain Harington.the Brit ish resident and his secretary, Mr. Baird. The residence of King Menelik is a two-story building with extensive court yard:,, in tht; -tenter of a large plain, through which are scattered an immense number of crude huts, con taining probably 20,000 pepple. The party, attired in faultless dress suits, but riding sorry mules into the court yard, were received in audience the next day. The king is described as a man of about 58 years of age, of dark com plexion marked with smallpox, with a slight gray beard, and brilliant dark eyes. He has a keen and thoughtful face ard through an interpreter con versed intelligently with his guests. He inquired particularly from what part of America Air. Whitehouse had come, and remarking on the very great distance, expressed the hope that they would have a successful trip and carry away a good account of his dominions, prom ising them guides and a safe conduct. The king invited the party to dine with him on Christmas day, old style January 8 when he entertained them right royally with cooked meats, raw meats, however being served to the several thousand natives assembled at the feat. The Negus, who at the audience was seated cross-legged on a divan with pink satin cushions, was dressed like an eastern potentate. The party latter returned to the cara van, when they marched south about 50 miles and after a halt for a day pro ceeded to Zuquata. The caravan, which then consisted of 62 camels and 60 na tives, with the original party (except Capt. Powell Cotton) will proceed by the chain of lakes towards the Walalo country, whose chief has been advised of their coming. Along this route there will be a serious work for the camels, as the country is very hilly, but Lake Stephanie should be reached without difficulty. The entire route is being surveyed, including important hills as landmarks. On the top of one of these was discov ered the ruins of a city, which had been well and closely buiit. with narrow streets about three-quarters of a mile in length, probably constructed by Arabs many hundreds of years ago. It is possible that a runner may bring in later news to Adis Abeba. otherwise no further intelligence may be expected before the middle of May. MAY SETTLE A STRIKE. Chicago Carpenters Expected to Straighten Out Building Muddle. Chicago, March 30. The Times-Herald tomorrow will say: Disruption of the building trades' council and a conse quent adjustment of all the troubles in the building industry in Chicago may be brought about through the withdrawal of' the carpenters, w hich is the strongest body affiliated "with the council. To secure a settlement of the troubles in his trade, P. J. McGuire, treasurer of the Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America, and first vice prs ident of the 'American Federation of Labor, arrived in Chicago last night. Speaking with full authority from the executive committee of his great order, he will tell the carpenters' union to either secure the abolishment of arbi trary rules of the trades with which it is affiliated in the building trades' council or to withdraw from that bod v. The withdrawal of the carpenters would be practically the death blow for the building trades' council. MADE HIM AJMOURX. Members of Italian Deputies Pelt the President Rome, March 30. On the president of the chamber of deputies taking his seat for today's session of the house, the extreme leftists raised a tumult, shout ing: "Go out." and pelting him with balls of paper. As the intervention of the ushers was fruitless, the president was compelled to adjourn the sitting. FOR FREEJRADE, Senator Proctor of Yerinont Addresses Senate In Opposition to the Porto Hie an Tariff Measure. AGAINST COMPROMISE. Civil Government Feature 30 Temptation Is And Will Not Swerve Kim From the Right. Washington, March 30. Notice was given in the senate today by Mr. Depew (N. T.) that he would address the sen ate on Monday next on the Porto Rican bill. Bills were passed as follows: For the relief of the heirs of Lawrence D. Bail ey; ratifying an appropriation by the legislature of Oklahoma out of the Mor- SENATOR PROCTOR. rill fund for the use of the university at Langston, for colored students. Authorizing the secretary of the inter ior to issue patent to - the city of El Reno, Ok., for cemetery purposes. A resolution offered yesterday by Mr. Jones (Ark.) directing the .ecretary of war to send to the senate a copy of the proceedings of the court of inquiry called to investigate the commissary department of the army, was passed. . Mr. Spooner gave notice that he would address the senate next Monday on the Porto Rico bill.. Consideration of the Porto Rico bill was resumed at the conclusion of the routine business. Mr. Proctor (Vt.) ad dressing the senate. He spoke as an unalterable advocate of the policy of free trade between the island and the United States and was accorded close attention on both sides of the chamber. PROCTOR'S ADDRESS. In opening his speech, Mr. Proc tor expressed his approval of the civil government feature of the pending bill and his regret on account of the tariff provision that he could not vote for it. He reviewed briefly theihistory of the proposed Porto Rican tariff, quoting the president in his annual message, and the secretary of war, in his annual report, as favor ing free trade between the island of Porto Rico and the United States. Then he referred to the sudden change that somehow had been wrought and said: "Is it strange that some of us, in lack of an official statement or apparent rea son for this sudden shift should be slow to give up a line of action which we be lieve to be based on principle and jus tice, which we believe to be the only honest and consistent course? It is charged I do not know with what truth, if any thai this change was demanded and brought about by the sugar and tobacco interests, and also it is stated by organized labor. I, however, have failed to see that the representatives of this latter interest appeared before the committee. "It is practically admitted that free trade with Porto Rico does not harm these interests materially, but they claim that it creates a precedent that may harm them if adopted in reference to the Philippines and Cuba. It will be time to cross those rivers when we come to them, and. in my opinion, the cross ing will not be difficult when the proper time comes for action." Mr. Proctor then quoted a long letter written him by former Senator George F. Edmunds, who dealt with some of the constitutional phases of the pending question. Here are some extracts from Mr. Edmund's letter: "Any such measure, if enacted, will, I believe, be unique in our whole his tory. It will imitate and parallel the act of the British parliament which forced our fathers to just resistance and revolution and led them to establish, a constitution which in studied and ex plicit terms forbade any such discrim ination.. "Congress is the creature of the con stitution and not the reverse. A law passed by congress is its creation, a mere expression of its will, which it may repeal or change at pleasure. If, therefore, (assuming that the constitu tion does not exist in Porto Rico) con gress were to enact a statute declaring that the present constitution shall be extended over and be in force in that is land.the constitution gets its only force there by the virtue pt the statute. It is a statutory constitution and nothing else, and a repeal of the statute would extinguish it. But the constitution as such, I suppose all admit, is not sub ject to the control of congress, either to enlarga or to di:ninish, to expand or contract, or to be applied to or with drawn from any people or place. Is it not a movable thing like the ark or the covenant of the Israelites, to be set up and moved here or there, as the tribes might wander. It is the actual end and not the executive will that must in the nature of things determine the status of a man or country under it. "Porto Rico and its people came un der the so-ereignty of the United States by force of the treaty with Spain and I think all will agree that if any part of the people on the island levied war against the United States or adhered to our enemies, etc., they would be guilty of treason. But treason is an exclus ively defined constitutional crime and it cannot exist on the island unless the constitution that defines it is in force there." Mr. Proctor then continues: "We may do many wrong and foolish things with out violating the constitution but it does not follow that we must do them or ought to do them, and I claim, Mr. President, That the plain, the sensible people who look at this question from a standpoint of interest, who are not su gar men, nor tobacco men nor men who have any commercial or class interests, which it is claimed must be placated by our action, are the best judges of what is fair and right and honest, and that their judgment in the end must and will prevail. If we are not bound by the letter of the constitution, we are bound by justice and humanity to deal with these questions in the spirit of Ameri can institutions and American civiliza tion. "The people, Mr. President, look upon this as a matter of principle, a question of good faith and common honesty; and their moral sense has been shocked and the national heart and conscience stirred by the fear that this measure of taxation will be adopted by congress. "The people believe, as the president did when he wrote in his annual mes sage that 'Our plain duty is to abolish the customs tariff between the United States and Porto Ricp.' The people know that sentence by heart and they will repeat it millions of times within the year from its deliverance unless we perform what the president says is 'Our plain duty." The people believe that this is a question, not of mere policy, but of principle." Mr. Proctor had read by the clerk, the proclamation of General Miles to the peo ple of Porto Rico, in which it was prom ised to bestow upon them "the immunities and blessings of the liberal institutions of our government." and the recent let ter of President Schurman of the late Philippine commission, in which he holds that the obligation to give the Porto Ri cans free trade is moral, not constitu tional: and that the American people will not tolerate any faltering with solemn obligations. Continuing, Mr. Proctor said: "We levy this tribute upon a people who are in the direst poverty and distress, resulting in a large part from our very action in taking possession of their island and de stroying the existing markets for their products and opening no other; and to this is added, by the hand of the Al mighty, the terrible destruction of the tornado, so that they are now in the ex treme of poverty and destitution border ing on starvation. If this bill becomes a law, it will stand greatly in the way of the development of that little island. It leaves the future In uncertainty, for if we levy a tax of 15 per cent, the next congress may levy tax of 50 per cent. If we adopt free trade, it will be accepted by everybody as a definite policy towards Porto Rico. Business interests will know what to depend upon, and capital and en terprise will go there, and soon change the deplorable conditions now existing.. Uncertainty will paralyze industry The constitution may or may not follow the flag, but the good faith of the Amer ican people must stand unquestioned wherever the Stars and Stripes are seen. There is no way to successfully govern or deal with people who are in our power, or are inferior to us in advantages and opportunities, except to be strictly just, to keep perfect good faith with them. "The plea of harmony in the party ap peals to me strongly. But this is a ques tion higher than party or policy: it is a question of principle, and it is better that even a small minority of the party should be right than that we should all be wrong. "It is of vital consequence, Mr. Presi dent .that this, our first important step in legislation for our new possessions should be such as to commend itself to the judgment and conscience of the Am erican people." PETTI-S RIDICULES BEVERIDGE. At the conclusion of Mr. Proctor's speech Mr. Pettus (Ala.) addressed the senate on some of the constitutional phases presented by the Porto Rico bill. "I will attempt to show," said Mr. Pettus, "how a majority of this senate has quit the public road the road pointed out by the law of the land, and will show how the result of it will be. "In discussing this question, we will go back to the very foundations. The great error of those in the majority here is that they are in violation of all our notions of justice and common sense. They take their departure in the sense that the United States is a sovereign in the sense that some European na tions are sovereigns. It is not so, and can never be. "We are governed in our relations with these territories by the law of na tions, so far as they are applicable. When we took these islands we took them with the limitations of exercising only such power over them as was .pos sible in the conditions of the United states." He referred to the ignorance of law manifested by Mr. Galiinger (N. H.) yesterday in quoting certain judicial decisions and thn adverted to - "the wonderful declamation we had yester day from the orator of the senate." (Mr. F.everidge). "When you get a genuine orator he is absolutely absolved," said he, "from all rules of logic and common sense." Mr. Pettus said the senate or the president pro tern or the senator from Iowa (Allison) would have to take some action as to "that orator. You'll have to have a caucus on him." (Laughter). He then said that when the Master se lected a leader for the Israelites he did not choose an orator. He even chose a stuttering man. His name was Moses, but he was not an orator. NOT GUILTY, Jury In Horlocker Case Returns a Verdict of Acquittal. Hastings, Neb., March 30. The jury in the Horlocker poisoning case was charged and retired at 10:30 this fore noon and at 11:40 returned with a ver dict of not guilty. TOPI LIST CON VENTION. Interesting Contest For Delegate to National Convention. Tho Populists of Shawnee county will have a county convention on April 7. H. C. Root and F. S. Stevens, of Topeka, and 3D. M. Howard, of Rossville, are can didates for delegate to the national con vention at Sioux Kails, and each one of them is trying to get his friends on the delegation to Clay Center. Judge Foote and Ed Hewins would like to go to the Fort Scott convention, but as everybody Is fdr Breidenthal there is not so much of a race for places on the Fort Scott dele gation. The precinct primaries will be held Sat urday evening. March 31. In the city they will be from 8 to 9 p. m. at the following places: . First ward First precinct. 117 East Nor ris; second precinct, 701 North Kansas avenue; third precinct. 1124 North Kansas avenue; fourth precinct, 1318 North Har rison Second ward First precinct, 114 Quincy; second precinct. 5ol East Fourth; third precinct. 324 Klein; fourth precinct, Vil Fast Eighth; fifth precinct, 30& East Eighth. ' Third ward First precinct. 827 Kansas avenue; second precinct. 1326 Taylor; third precinct, llfi4 Buchanan. Fourth ward First precinct, election commissioners' office: second precinct, Weber's hall; third precinct. 500 Folk; fourth precinct. West Sixth. Fifth ward First precinct. 1701, Euch anan second precinct. 1432 Quincy; third precinct, Washington. Sixth ward First precinct. 328 Haw thorne; second precinct, fclS Morris. A FIGHLFIBST. Construction of the Nicaragua Canal Is Likely To Be Delayed by a Central American War. WARSHIPS GATHERING. United States and England to Be llepresented. Three and Perhaps Four States "Will Be Involved. New York, March 30. A dispatch M the Journal from Managua, Nicaragua, says: There is no logger room for doubt that an outbreak of hostilities may oc cur at any moment between Nicaragua on the one hand and Costa Rica and Salvador on the other. An offensive and defensive alliance exists getvveen the latter Erovernments. and Nicaragua, by attacking one republic would be forced to fight both. Extraordinary preparations on the part of the Nicaragua government for months has seemed to portend war with Salvador and Costa Rica. The arival yesterday of the United States cruiser Philadelphia and the report that the British cruiser Psyche has sailed from Kingston in response to a request from the British consul indicate that the consuls -are well aware of the strained relations between the republics an i are exerting all efforts to protect British and American interests. The attitude of Honduras in the crisis between Nicaragua and the neighboring republics is uncertain. The effect of u. war upon the' construction of the Nica ragua cana! and the relations between the government and the United States is problematical. A complete overthrow of the government might result from hostilities. It is understood that President Zelaya. while most friendly and cordial in his reception of Americans, has declined to commit the government until the Unit ed States are fully prepared to act. No terms have been stated relative to the right of way and the right to prote t and fortify the entrances to the canal. ELLIOTT SENSATION. Troy Editor Placed In an tounding Situation. As- Troy. March 30. Latest developments in the Elliott assailant case go to prove that Elliott is his own assailant. Th? revolver fo.und near the scene has been traced to. a pawn shop at St. Joseph, and the description of the purchaser given by the pawn dealer tallies with Elliott Exactly. It hardly seems reasonable that a man of Elliott's standing would do such an act. Some think he did it t create public sympathy, but the story is discredited by a good many people and opinion is held until further de velopments. After the revolver was found ntar thi scene of the shooting Sheriff Larzalere of Troy took possession of it. . He went to St. Joseph, and with the officers there made an investigation. St. Joseph has a license ordinance which requires that all pawnbrokers must make daily reports of the sales of property. From Rosenfeld's reports on file with the city clerk, a descrip tion of a revolver exactly similar to the one found in Troy appeared. The officers went to Rosenfeld's place, so the story goes and he was asked to describe the purchaser. The descrip tion is said to have been reasonably ac curate of Mr. Elliott. Roscnfeld was quite positive, it is said, claiming that he had sold to Mr. Elliott, a year and six months ago, a revolver of the same pattern. It was reported at the time of the shooting that the gun with which the assault upon Mr. Eiilott had been committed was a counterpart of the one which he carried. Inspector Shea went with Rosenfeld to Troy to identify Elliott. The wound ed editor was not at home. Mr. Shea says, or is reported to have said: "We returned to St. Joe on the Grand Island train. We did not know where Elliott was. Passing through the Union station, Rosenfeld pointed out a man in the crowd and said: 'That's the fel low who bought the gun.' " After the shooting Mr. Elliott shaved off his moustache. When seen by Ro senfeld in the station he was not wear ing, according to Rosenfeld's state ment, the overcoat which he wore when, the revolver was purchased and the one? which he had on at the time of the shooting. Rosenfeld said the man w h bought the revolvtr wore at the time a blue-black, heavy chinchilla coat. There are thousands of such coats worn, but a garment similar to this was worn by Elliott when he was shot. Troy is now very much excited. Elliott Is charged with having wounded himself to create public sentiment in his favor. The Republican politicians against whom Elliott has been making bitter war are making the charges, and say they will prove every word of what they have said. OVER THE FALLS. Man Wades Into Niagara and Shoots Himself. - Niagara Falls. N. Y., March 30. A sensational suicide occurred today on Goat Island near the spring. A man waded out as far as he could, shot him self three times in the head, pitched forward into the water and was swept down between Goat Island, going over the falls at the Cave of the Winds.From Tetters left behind he is thought to be Hippolyte Schneider, of Chicago. Letters in French were found ad dressed to Madame Lillian Russell. In-' Ifanta Dahlia and the Westinghouse company of Pittsburg. In one letter he blames the woman, Lillian R. Russell for his death, and leaves her all his property. The letters were rambling and indicate that the man was insane. Naturalization papers were found oa him dated March S, 18S2, at Pittsburg.