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READ OUR SUMMER
They Will Tell You Where to Go and iiouiitain, Along thoiv, and in The Summer Season lias Opened, In the Words of the Spring Poet: The gentle spring has come, And gone; And blushing red is Summer's morn. The leaves are out upon the trees; like as with a carpet of green has the merci ful grass clothed the bare brown earth: overhead the birds are singing in the blanches, and, above all, Old Sol, the Father of Nature, sits glancing down upon his working subjects. feature prepares her feast and invites to its bounty all who will come. She tells you that the trees hang full of blos soms, with promise of fruit; she gurgles of the cooling pools and the warm surf; she tells strange tales of mountain heights and breezy dells; she sings "Como, come!" and all who have no more pressing engagements are ready to away. Come away to the woods,. To the woods away, At the break 'of the' glorious Summer's day. And whither? This is the annual question which troubles all; troubles while it interests; pleases while it concerns. Often that which should be a matter of rejoicing is turned into one of anxiety, and, instead of selecting the spot in a revel of delight at escaping from town, the matter of choosing a suitable summer biding place becomes one that is very perplexing to the good wife, upon whose shoulder generally rests the duty of selection. Along the coast States, where the surf runs warmest in July, fortunate vacation folk generally select two summer homes; one for early in the season; the other for later days. June. July and August are spent at the seashore; September and October in the mountains. Others less migratory settle down in one country home and remain there, while still others, and these include the vast army of summer resort people, go sway only for a short vacation and re turn. For all of these there are special vaca tion spots, each adapted to its own va riety and vacationist. This newspaper, which makes a specialty of good things of all kinds, has specially prepared itself this year to cater to, anil to please, the great number of people who read its columus and look to it as a guide in all matters outside the home and in many within its walls! During the holiday season we told our readers what and where to buy; dur ing the vacation season we tell them when and where to go; also hov to go, and incidentally, where to buy pack ing materials and what to wear. The girl who seeks the coast, to be come a mermaid, can turn to our summer resort columns, pretty sure that she will find there a hint or clue a word or two DANGERS AROUND GREAT BRITAIN. I!y Lord .' alisbury. Hereafter external affairs will occupy a considerably larger place among tne problems we have to solve. Not neces sarily because iu themselves they are more important, but if we look around we can see the elements and causes of menace and peril slowly accumulating and they may accumulate to such a point as to require our earnest and most active efforts to repel them. I am nervous at using language of such j a kind lest it should be thought that by pointing out this possible danger I am i indicating that something is known to ! the Foreign Olllce. But I wish most ! emphatically to say I have no idea of that kind. The state of affairs as I know it and so far as the Government is concerned is peaceful. It is impossi- j ble to speak too highly of the careful, ' calm neutrality which has been observed by all the governments of the world. j A certain section of their subjects not, j I hope, a very large, though a very ; noisy one has at the present moment a , great prejudice against Great Britain, j It does not. however, follow that we have ! no precautious to take. Governments i may come and go and feelings may change from year to year. That root of bitterness against England which I am unable to explain may be mere ca price to satisfy the exigencies of jour nalists to-day, or it may indicate a deep seated feeling which later we may have to reckon with. There can be no security nor confi dence in the feelings or sympathy of other nations except through the ef ficiency of our own defense and the strength of our own right arm. Every ' where the power of defense is increas ing, and who knows but all these things may be united in one great wave to dash upon our shores. The material for military aggression GENERAL WHEELER RESORT COLUMNS. Will Point Cut Choice Spots on Good Wholesome Counlrji " about the most level beach and the finest sand and softest surf. She may even learn where to stop while at the sea shore, and may find material for many a day's talk on prices and board. The mountain climber, who must seek the heights to be happy, can also turn to the summer resort column, there to learn of hotels that perch high in the hills, protected by trees and fanned by mountain draughts of clearest air. Those who must pass the summer in company with nn alpenstock may learn where to buy all sorts of climbing cos tumes and implements for scaling the hills. All about traveling cases, trunks, bags and other baggage may be found in our abundant advertising columns. Don't read one. Read all and pick. If there is a choice get the benefit of it. Read and then go shopping; as a rule you will find the reality much above even the promise. Merchants who advertise In our columns do not misrepresent. They give you what is known as good value and they tell you the truth about their goods. ' Then there is the class of travelers who would go to the country, the genuine country, with its farm, its meadow, its orchard, its vegetable garden and its lawns and flower beds. They thirst for country milk ' and have a pronounced tendency for fresh eggs and grass butter. Fc such there are abundant advertise ments. First, of the place they want to find; second, of the clothing they will wear while away; stont boots and com fortable shirt waists! Third, but bf no means least, there are advertisements of delicate groceries that can be carried along as tidbits good things to eat when the pampered city palate would taste goodies not grown on field or farm. For each and all there is a Word in our advertising columns, and we can do no more than refer our readers to them, on this the first of summer, and they will find all that which they seek in the way of summer comfort. There are hundreds who, from love of housekeeping, or from household neces sity, must keep house in the summer, maintaining the family table and set ting up an establishment wherever the summer may overtake them. For these, people there are numberless little cottages, some of them no larger than a hat-box, others as spacious as fancy would dictate. Here the family plates and cups can be laid forth and the pretty summer furniture distributed. Have you ever tried to find out how cheaply a summer house can he fur nished? No? Then, if you would ascer tain, please take a walk some day among the stores that adr tls-e -in -our columns and price the pretty enamel bedsteads, the wicker chairs, and the summer couches. All things can be bought cheap, if you let it be known that they are to do dutv I only one summer! Is yearly increasing in power and ef- fieiency among every one of the great nations. In every case in. history the great maritime power has been para lyzedkilled not by disasters suffered in its provinces, but by a blow direct at the heart. The British navy, of course, ought to be sufficient, but are we wise in placing all our eggs in one basket? As to land defense, so far a3 I can see, anything in the nature of conscrip tion is not a remedy the country is pre pared to accept. Therefore we must induce the people to voluntarily put themselves in a position to defend their homes and country. If once the feeling could be propagated that it is the duty of every able-bodied Englishman tn make himself competent to meet an in vading enemy, England would have a defensive force which would make the chances of an assailant so bad that no assailant would appear. A remarkable change has taken place in the latter half of the century in the views of the people regarding the Em pire. They formerly repelled it as a burden, and that doctrine was carried to such extremes by a man of splendid genius (Gladstone) that it produced a strong reaction, which starred after the disaster of Majuba Hill and the death of Gen. Gordon. The death of Gordon has been avenged. Perhaps it is too soon to say the great humiliation of Majuba has been effaced or that the great wrong has been right ed. But we feel that we are on the road to accomplish that end. Under the brilliant guidance of Lord Roberts 200,000 soldiers a larger army than has ever before been sent across the same expanse of sea are now en gaged iu reducing to obediency to the Queen fhose territories which ought never to have been released and in re storing to South Africa the only chance it has of peace, development and tran quillity. Mr. Gladstone, in an evil moment for the fame of the country and for his party, attached himself to the idea of the separation of England and Ireland. TAKING AN INFORMAL SURVEY FIRST PHOTOGRAPH OF THE BATHING GIRL OF 1900. THUS SHE WILL FLIRT WITH NEPTUNE THE SEA NYMPHS. It is unnecessary to say that this idea failed. There has been a long struggle, but no one can say the Home-Rule cause presents any elements of sanguine an ticipation for the future. It may be said that the Irish idea will be realized and that Mr. Gladstone's aspirations will be fulfilled, but I do not believe that causes which have once been well beaten have reappeared to any pur pose in English history. Apart, how ever, from the fate of former struggles, I am still assured that there is no hope of the predominant partners ever con senting to give Ireland practical inde pendence. We have learned something from the South African war how a disloyal gov ernment, in spite of warnings, could accumulate armaments against the more powerful combatant and thus secure a terrible advantage. We -now know bet ter than we did ten years ago what a .risk it would be if we gave a. disloyal . government in Ireland the power of ac j cumulating forces against this country. Mr. Gladstone shattered his own party so that for the moment they are erased and a powerless factor in English poli tics. But it must not be imagined that the effaeement is likely to be permanent. OF THE NEW COUNTRY. hi ( SV j If Ik 'I'll ' IS JH- CAMPAIGNING WITH FIGHTING JOE WHEELER. The Wonderful 0!d Warrior Acknowlelge3 that he is now Haying n.e Most Remarkable Experienc tf hi3 Long Career. Uncle Sam's "Great Old Man of the . while the battle is in progress. Thrica Army" is in service in the Philippines and enjoys it. Under recent tiate ha wrote home: "I think any soldiers in the Philippines, if asked regarding the needs of the United States Army there, would reply that it is already supplied with every hing that the rank and file of the army could reasonably ask. j "After five months' close observation of soldiers in these islands and a general knowledge of the army for a number of years, 1 do not hesitate to say that ours is the best fed, the best clothed and the best paid army in the world. And this is as it should be, because the personnel of the United States Army is eminently superior to any other in physique, intelli gence, education, endurance, courage and patriotism. "The ration Issued to a. soldier by the Government gives him a better break fast, dinner and supper than is enjoyed by nine-tenths of the people of the United States. Fresh beef and mutton for the troops is purchased partly in Australia and partly in the United States. "The price paid by the Government has varied very much, the cost being sometimes as low as V cents and some times as high as 8 cents per pound. "The meat is carried to Manila in a frozen state and will keep in good order seveuty-two hours after being taken from the ship, provided the conditions are favorable, and it has often kept well as long as forty-eight hours even when conditions were unfavorable." So wrote General Joseph Wheeler, gen erally known as "Fighting Joe" to a friend in his old home. Alabama. THE OLDEST VETERAN. Those who are campaigning in the Philippines, and thousands of brave boys are enduring the exile of the Pacific for their country, tell great tales of the en durance and fighting power of the vete ran, perhaps the oldest of them all, for he is 62, who arrived with such hopes last fall and who has bravely struggled on through all the adversities that have beset the American troops abroad, to the present. - From first to last "Fighting Joe" has been foremost. If there is a dangerous charge to lead "Fighting Joe" plans the attack, drives well in the advance, and, Uke Lawton, walks along the firing line AND FROLIC WITH t has he been glazed, once wounded, many scores of times has he been selected as the target of the sharp-shooters and warned by his men to keep out of range. In exploring into the country General Wheeier has not been backward, and when others have ridden he has walked, prowled, one of his men said of him, stooping low, when reconnoitering a bit of daugerous country and climbing trees to get a good view of the enemy in a fair field. Some of the pictures of him are really funny; all show great personal characteristics. Once, when advancing into what Gen eral Wheeler feared might be a trap he climbed a tali tree and with spy glass GENERAL JOE WHEELER GIVING A LIFT TO A FOOTSORE SOLDIER; FROM A SKETCH MADE BY A SPECIAL ARTIST IN THE PHILIPPINES. looked ahead; other and younger men offered to do the work for him; his offi cers pointed out the danger of making a target of himself but "Fighting Joe" fough it out with his staff and had his own way. Nor is he a selfish officer. A tired fellow-ofticer can always get a lift behind General Joe; a sick or disabled one is lifted into his saddle. He is a rough and tumble fighter, just such as Antonio Maceo was, though so much older and more hardened in war, that he stands above and ahead of all comparisons. NOT SELFISH. Nor in the mess room is General Wheel er on the lookout for creature comforts. Whether on ship-board or in the field he takes what comes and is thankful for anything. No one ever heard him com plain of army beef for himself; though for his men he is a constant kicker. When he first went into the field "Fighting Joe" took with him a very pretty daughter known as "Angel Annie" to the soldiers in camp. Miss Wheeler went as a Red Cross nurse and took care of the soldiers who were wounded or down; all diseases were the same to her, typhoid or home-sickness, she did what she could for each and all. Now Miss Wheeler is to be married but "Fighting Joe" is at the front still fighting, though he does not think it will be for long. Of this he himself says:' -vij recent investigation led me to conclude that the prevailing sentiment, the great desire of the people, was for the restoration of peace, so that they could quietly pursue their avocations; and I am quite convinced that when they learn that such will be the case under American rule they will be perfectly sat isfied with our control of the islands. The priest and some of the members of his family were very agreeable and intelligent gentlemen. "I went with members of my staff to his church and showed all respect possi ble to their order of service. Tfcte music was very sweet, and this I found to be the case in all the other churches visited by me. At the time when I was present only the women partook of communion. They seemed very devout, and nothing in my whole tour in Luzon impressed me more favorably than the devotion of the women. They are devoted to their churches, their religion, their children, their parents and all their relatives. They are industrious in the extreme, and I never saw anything that could be said to approximate frivolity.". . - General W'hee'ler is "a "Georgian by birth, although, he has livd in Alabama the greater portion of his life. He was born in Augusta, September 10, 1833, and spent his early childhood there. His father was Joseph Wheeler, a well- known merchant and planter. His mother was a Miss Hull, of Connecticut While visiting her sister, who had mar ried Edward Campbell, a close relative of Mr. Wheeler, M iss Hull met the young southerner, and was wooed and won by him. "Fighting Joe" Wheeler was the issue of that union. Young Joe Wheeler spent many of his boyhood days visiting his relatives in Cheshire, Conn., and attended the acade my there, receiving his first instruction under Yankee tutorage. In 1So4 he was given an appointment as a cadet in the United States military academy, West Point, through a distant relative who represented the Sixth New York congressional district in Congress. Graduating from there four years later. Young Wheeler entered the First regi ment of cavalry as a second lieutenant. He was soon promoted to a first lieu tenancy in the Third cavalry. On April 22, 1S61, Lieutenant Wheeler resigned from the United States Army and accepted an appointment as colonel in Alabama cavalry. His first brilliant military stroke in the Confederate service was done as temporary commander of a brigade on the left of General Polk's forces at Perry ville. Here his qualities as a fighter and commander so impressed his superior officers that he was promptly made a brigadier general, and put in command of the cavalry. From that time forth he commanded the vanguard of the army when advances were made, and the rear guard in retreats. In summing up his work President Davis said of General Wheeler: "He displayed a dash, activity, vigi lance and consummate skill which justly entitle him to a place on the roll of great cavalry leaders. By his indomitable en- ercv. operating on both sides of Sher- i mun's column, he was enabled to keep the government and commanders of our troops aavisea or me enemy s move- ments, and, by preventing foraging par ties from leaving the main body, he saved from spoliation all but a narrow tract of country, and from the torch millions' worth of property which would otherwise have been consumed." The rumor that General Joseph Wheeler is engaged to be married to Mrs. George W. Child, widow of the philan thropist, has been repeated and again denied. Friends of both still insist that it is true. General Wheeler will neither affirm nor deny saying that it is out of his province to d either. As though --ith mind intent upon tha sex. General YbeeJer in a conversation with an American woman says of the Filipino ladies: - "The women that is, the ladies of the higher class in the cities, especially in Manila are very strictrn-their etiquette, and among the laboring pqpulation there was a general air of modesty which was quite noticeable. It is true they have customs which seem- inconsistent with this, and their -style- of-dress might ba FROM A PHOTOGRAPH. A FIGHTLNo . EW OP GENERAL WHEELER. cited as not sustaining this viewl " The women of the higher class wear long dresses, but the laboring women wear short dresses, and one shoulder is almost always exposed, but this being universal excites no criticism. My asso ciation with the people was largely in the cities and country of the broad, rich val ley extending 125 miles north of Manila. With regard to women in this locality, I can say with confidence that the gen eral impression made upon our soldiers and officers was very favorable." Of the American soldier General Wheeler cannot say enough. He adds words to previous words, and goes oa piling up forever his tribute to the boys in uniform.. To a friend he exclaimed: "Whenever Americans fight one al ways sees distinctive acts of great hero ism, but these heroic acts are so general that it is difficult if not impossible to single out individual instances. If we attempt to include all the deserving the names are very numerous, and if we seek to avoid this we omit many who are quite as worthy as the few who ara ' selected for special mention. "The history of campaigns shows that while individual heroic acts are marked and prominent, yet the most valuable service is that of officers and men ex hibiting vim and courage and devotion - ,, c-wio. hr ire with their comrades ' tttus encouraging all to those united ef : forts so essential to success. This, which was Tery noticeable in Cuba, was if pos- sible more marked in the campaign in the Philippines. "One specially noticeable was the swimming of the Ragbag River by Pri vates Edward White and W. P. Trem bly, of Col. Funston's command, on April 27, 1S99. These brave soldiers swam the Bagbag ' River under fire, landed within twenty feet of an insurgent earth worth and tied a rope, which they had carried with them, to one of the uprights of the trench, by means of which rope Col. Funston and others were enabled j to cross the river on a raft." Hi' ": L4v -f V ' JOS.