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LOATH TO ABANDON HIS FAVORITE SCIENTIST TO THE UNCERTAIN MERCIES OF AX ARCTIC LIFE, KING OSCAR OF SAVE DEN IS FITTING OUT ANOTHER EXPEDITION, HEADED BY ERNST ANDREE, TO SAIL AGAIN OVER THE ROUTE. ixx -v xxv xC7 'MLl 7 vx?x ' ; :v ----x? kX-X' X X X X V .-XXXXX-- f U ,x 1 -iXljfTTfT.liL "Sis'! "llt'vU.arrsr ENGLAND'S NEW HAN IN AFRICA. Sir Frederick Carrington who has Gone to the Fore is an Expert in ail Matters of war. Ever since the beginning of the 'war there has been considerable wonder ex pressed by those who know South Africa and the history of the war in that coun trv, that General Sir Frederick Carring ton has not been offered a command be fore now. However, better late than never, he has at Inst been called from his comparative retirement at Dublin and has gone to South Africa with a well-picked staff of officers. General Carrington is an expert of the experts in African warfare. He has been through the Matabele and other campaigns, has commanded colonial troops, and is thoroughly conversant with I llo is also thoroughly at home with na tives, and is not likely to make any mis take in the conduct of any military op erations entrusted to his care. It is generally understood that General Carrington will proceed to Rhodesia and there take charge of a new contingent to be known as the Rhodesia Field Force, seen much South African service, no officer-in the Imperial service 5s so thor oughly trusted by the Colonials. They know the man and his ways, he has none of the Pall-mall brusqueness of manner, and although he is a bit of a martinet, he is always just, fair, and considerate. AVhen the Boers hear that Carrington is in Rhodesia, there will be much con sternation among them.' They know him by repute to be a fearless fighter and well versed in the methods of the veldt. He takes little or no risks which are avoid able, and he fights practically on Boer lines. For that reason, and others, they fear him mightily. CARRINGTON WILL BE ASSISTED BY A BULLET PROOBV BICYCLE CORPS, THE INVENTION OF AN . INGENIOUS CANADIAN. DINING IN LITTLE EGYPT. TO SEARCH FOR ANDREE. Another Expedition Soon to be Sent Out by the King of bAveden. Has Andree reached the pole in his bal loon, or has he perished in the frozen Polar wihlerness'V On July 11 three years will have passed since the daring explorer set out with two equally fear less companions in a balloon that was provisioned for four mouths. Since that day practically nothing has been heard of him. It is true that on July 15 a pigeon that had been killed was found to be the bearer of a message from the exploring party, but this letter had been written several days before and gave but little information. As the result of this long t-ilenee scientists in general have come to the conclusion that the three men have perished in the Arctic wilds, and that their bones are buried beneath the eternal pnows. AA'hilc this is the opinion that is gen erally accepted, however, there are a few persons who are still able to feel that there is a possibility that the members of this party may be alive. Among these is Hen Ernst Andree, the brother of the explorer, r and he has recently prepared an elaborate article setting forth for the world the reasons why he is so coniident that his brother will return before the end ol" the present summer. He tfidmits, howevef, that if the snnimer months pass without tidinirs from him. even he will be compelled to give up all hope. The publication of this article has done much to revive interest in the fate of this f;fmous explorer, and the King of Sweden, who is extremely interested in all efforts to penetrate tile polar mys teries, has announced his intentions of Fending out another expedition to search for the missing men. In addition to tiiis he has had a large Finn of money set aside for reward to those who may bring tidings of the ex ploring party or any objects that may tend to cast any light upon the mystery of the fate of its members. As the re mit it is believed that it is quite possible that some information may be obtained within a year, and it is to be hoped that such a prediction may be realized, for it is unquestionably the last chance that will be presented. If another winter passes in silence the explorers must be given up as lost. For more than half a century explorers e the Pole across sea, snow and ice. Each explorer lias had a different plan, and each has failed, but not one devised a limru daring project than that of S. A. Andree. the Swedish engineer and ama teur aeronaut, who announced that he was pi-pa.'eil to solve the century old problem with the rapidity of the wind. He would sail to the Pole in a balloon. For a time the scientific world laughed tit the would-be explorer, but he was so persistent in his assertions that this was the only way in which the wilderness t ice could be overcome that the scien tists finally decided to listen to him. As l3sC-V I 1 4V 5-hr;11' t L 1, 2, X X ' - r t if i lit ; soon as lie nau obtained their sooer at , tent ion he unfolded his plan in detail, j For year he had been making a most ; thorough study of all known observations of Arctic air currents. These observa I tions had been suuplemented by two I years of experimenting with a trial bal i loon which was constructed as no air ' ship had ever before been built. All this was explained with infinite care by ', the young engineer, and he was so elo j queut that he finally actually succeeded , in persuading the scientific world that he i had solved the problem of Polar iuvesti ! gation. On July 11, l.V7. therefore, the ! start was made from Dane's Island, an island in the Arctic -circle north of the Scandinavian coast, and since that time the friends of the explorer have been waiting anxiously to hear from htm. That they have not lost courage during the nntny months that have passed is one of the remarkable features of the mystery, but the fact that they still be lieve in Andree's -ability to find his way back to civilization is too well attested to be questioned. According to" their opin ion the balloon reached the Pole in safe ty, but, on the return trip, encountered a zigzag current that forced the party to land. If this had occurred, they say, it would not be at all strange if it re quired two or three years for the party to reach a point where they could com municate with civilization. BROTHER'S THEORY. It is this theory that is heartily sup ported by Ernst Andree, and he considers it a most reasonable one. lie also insists that it was impossible that anything should have happened t the balloon. This balloon, which, he says, was as safe as a reservoir having a double covering, which made it practically impervious to hydrogen, or at least sufficiently so to keep the balloon afloat for thirty- days. It had a capacity of rS.ilM cubic feet and a lifting power, when iuUated with hydrogen, of about 4,1011 pounds. Be sides the three persons the balloon car ried provisions for four months as well as a large stock of scientific instruments and three" Benton collapsible boats. The car was capable of instant detachment from the reservoir, and was provided with a pail; as well as drag or guide ropes, which were intended to retard the 5y, X - -x A x - - . yf XX$? " ' y X X . X" AHOREES progress of the balloon by trailing along the surface. In this way the balloon made a rate of speed about 23 per cent, less than that of the wind, and was, therefore, more capable of being steered than it would otherwise? have been. During the many trial trips that had preceded the liual experiment Andree tested his apparatus thoroughly, and on several occasions he found that he was able to sail at an angle of 27 to 40 degrees from the direction of the wind. AVhen all these facts are taken into consideration it does not seem strange that the most conservative scientists in Europe were fascinated by the plan as outlined by the Swedish engineer, and it is not impossible that thfe theory that Ernst Andree upholds so tenaciously may after all be correct. Ilerr Julius von Payer, of A'ienna, an experienced ex plorer and the leader of the party that oiscovered Franz .losef Land, does not hesitate to assert that there is no possi bility that Andree will ever return. 'Ixtffpix I f f.xSxxx I . A xx i&m v x. ykfMi PSF.S.A.ANDEE THE CAIRO FAD nAS TAKEN FIRM HOLD UPON SOCIETY. AT NEWPORT THEY ARE TO GIVB CAIRO DINNERS; AND IN PARIS THE AMERICANS ABROAD ARE STROLLING THROUGH THE "STREET OF ALL NATIONS," AT THE EXPOSITION THAT THOROUGH FARE WHICH IS CALLED THE MUSKI. which is hardly likely to number. fewer than 5,000 men, all, or nearly all, of whom will be mounted infantry. The object of General Carringtou's presence in Rhodesia is doubtless to check any raiding on the part of Transvaal Boers towards the end of the war. It is more than likely, it is even extremely probable, that, according to their natural instincts, the Boers will make little incursions, looting cattle, destroying native villages, and possibly any English farmhouses they may come across, with the idea of hampering British progress in Rhodesia. It is to hinder these that the Rhodesia Field Force is to be established. The movements thereof will, of course, de pend upon the course of events, and General Carrington's efforts will be specially directed towards this part of the country which he knows well and where he is liked by every individual set tler. There is no danger as to the actual stability or safety of Rhodesia, and there is likewise no foundation for the various rumors current of unrest among the na tives. But the presence of a considerable army in the northern border of the Trans vaal cannot be without its strong pacifi catory effects. It is noteworthy that half of this force will include 2,500 Australian Bushmen recently asked for by Mr. Chamberlain, and they should form a most reliable and handy force on whom implicit reliance may be placed to keep any predatorv raid well in hand. HARD CAMPAIGN. General Carrington has, therefore, a tough job on hand, bnt one for which his qualifications and past experience fully justify him. Perhaps with the exception of Colonel Baden-Powell and Sir Charles AVarren, both of whom have A Fad Which has Struck Society is the Eating of Dinner Alter the Manner of the Orientals. Newport, May 30. A rumor has been circulated in Newport concerning the mmmer plans of a very prominent so ciety woman recently returned trom a trip to Cairo, that makes one desirous of becoming more enlightened as to the do mestic customs of the people of. the Orient, particularly Egypt. The story is to the effect that the matron iu question, who is ambitious and very original, will give duriug the season a dinner that will be Cairan in every detail, the restrictions being confined even to dress. The idea, if put into execution, will prove the most novel that has ever been carried out in Newport and will eclipse even the private vaudeville entertain ments and cakewalks which have grown monotonous since deprived of their uniqueness. Dining a la Cairo is a pleasure not to be regarded with indifference from an epi curean standpoint, for the Egyptian v om en are specially versed in culinary art. The fashionable hour for dinner in the home of a conventional Egyptian hostess is, like our own, between six and seven o'clock in the evening. Upon entering the dining-room of a Cairan hostess the first thing to attract attention will be a somewhat startling absence of light, other than that pro vided by the moon or stars. There is no roof. From the walls there will probably come the cooing of pigeons, as no Egypt ian structure is complete without its pigeon cotes. AA'hile the thatched roof is he exception in Cairo, there are stretchid across the tops of the houses poles for the support of a roof iu case the family should be able to add this pretentious feature. The floors are built of earth which is covered with rugs of old and beautiful design, and the unplastered walls are also draped with rugs. THE TABLE. The rugs, however, form the most ex tensive furnishings of the Egyptian dining-room, for there" are no chairs, side boards, china closets and such like ac cessories as are employed in fitting up the European "sane a manger." AA'hat serves as the diiiing-table is a small folding contrivance which supports a very large brass tray. These trays are, as a rule, large enough to accom modate five or six persons. In wealthy homes, however, they are made much larger and sometimes are engraved with the most beautiful Oriental designs. Cushions are placed around the table and upon these the guests sit in a rather squatting posture with the limbs folded under them. As soon as the family is seated the servant appears bringing a napkin for each person. In the absence of a servant the head of the family assumes these duties. AYheu the napkins are distrib uted he disappears, soon to re-enter bear ing in one of his hands a brass bowl and iu the other a pitcher of warm water. Each member of the family in turn stretches forth his or her hands, when the water is poured over them. After the hands are dried and the napkins laid aside the first course is served. This, in the simplest as well as the most ostentatious Egyptian homes, con sists of a sort of bouillon made of .veal or native vegetables; there is also a bouillon made of certain Egyptian fruits that is very delicious, but it is seldom served except upon occasions of great festivity. Unlike the bouillon of our bind, the Egyptian soup is served in small brass cups instead of china ones. The second course consists of " rice. This is cooked rather soft and served in a big bowl which is brought in and set in the middle of the table. As soon as the rice has been placed on the table each person is served with a large piece of bread which is very dark, but very delectable. The hostess then takes a handful of rice from the huge brass receptacle and deposits it iu the hand of her next neighbor, dipping back and forth until each member of the board has been supplied with a sticky handful of the vegetable. As soon as one dishful is eaten, the hand is refilled until the hunger of each guest is satis fied. After the rice course the bowl and pitcher of warm water are brought around again and each one is allowed to have a good wash. By the time the hands are again washed and dried and the diners are again ready to take up the next course the servant brings in as many individual brass bowls as there are guests, tilled with a delicious concoc tion of chicken, rice and potatoes cooked together and highly seasoned with wines and spices. These dishes end the substantial part of the meal. As soon as all have fin ished, the bowls are removed and then there is another wash-up. Then comes the dessert. This usually consists of dates stuffed with walnuts or figs; or, olives stuffed with some kind of dried fruit. Another favorite dessert with the Egyptians is a fruit much like our prune which is stuffed with almonds and other nuts and served with wine. The meal is considered finished when the little cups of thick, black Turkish coffee have been drained. The proper dress for an Egyptian din ner consists of a robe of black cloth which hangs loosely about the figure, being girdled carelessly at the waist line. The sight of a Cairan dinner scene is at least picturesque to the conventional American or European eye, and it is no wonder that society is in a quiver of ex citement over the rumored intentions of one of its leaders to introduce such ao innovation during the coming season. LORD WOMAN'S WORST FOE IS DRESS. It Kills Her in Spite of the Fact That She Devotes Her Li e to it. In spite of all the devotion of women to dress, it is a sad fact that this very thing has become their worst enemy. Not because the love of adornment is wrong, nor because the wish to be admired is other than natural, but because women cannot be got- to discern the great; differ ence between deformity and adornment, nor to perceive that, truth and reality must be the right and only foundation of all true art. Consequently their dress has become a mere tangled mass of materials. Ex tremely artificial, and being in its first conception not only hideous but also op posed to every natural line. It requires all sorts of extraneous decoration to rnakeiit bearable. It seems absurd to have. to remind peo ple what the actual form 'is which they are seeking to clothe, but it is almost ne cessary for the saKe of argument. Be ginning at the shoulders, it may be de scribed roughly as an upper part of a nearly straight, oblong shape, supported upon two comparatively slender legs, the narrowest part being at the feet and ankles. 1 Can this resemble anything less than ! an upper part with a sudden constriction iu the middle narrowing it to almost a second neck, and supported, not on two legs at all, but on a long single barrel with the widest part on the ground? For that is the outline of the lorm which un avoidably rises before the mind's eye at the thought of the appearance of any woman. . It'rs perfectly certain that this com pression iu the centre of the body, being entirely unnatural and only achieved by outside pressure begun in youth, does incalculable harm, as nature has planned the inside organs to tit into the space arranged without any tapering at the waist line. The exaggerated corset-made waist is therefore produced by a compres sion sufficient to displace these organs to a certain extent. If they remained firm and in their places no alteration of shape could be attained - for it is useless for people to attempt to deny the displacement. Being then more or less out of their right po sitions they are unable to fulfill their functions properly and become more or less cougested, giving- rise gradually to a long string of aihnents which constantly tend to become chronic. There is, however, no possibility of get ting rid of this waist compression unless some form) of dress visibly two-legged is to replace the skirt. ' AA'ithout it the barrel shape would continue in an un broken line (like a Noah's ark figure) from "the shoulder to the ground, and though this would be no whit more un natural than the waist-compressed shape, it would be more monotonous and clumsy looking. So the two things, skirts and waist constriction being interdependent, will forever stand or fall together. It is not too much to put this even more .strongly, for if we "picture to our selves such figures, a? we daily and uourly see among us with a nineteen or twenty inch waist and think of them unclothed and with two legs, we cannot think of them without a shudder as un natural monstrosities. AA'hy women cling to this very strange mode of dress is one" of the most puz zling things in the history of the race. No dress can well be more inconvenient for all active occupations than a skirt. It doubles the toil of all who have to work, making carrying anything about (including a child), and especially op flights of stairs, an actually injurious nndertaking, owing to the necessity it causes of hiding the body at an unnatural angle .and consequently throwing the strain on the wrong muscles. In muddy weather, too, holding the skirt up is most unpleasant and weari some, and indeed, impossible if the wear er has anything in her hands. And at all times the skirt is singularly ill-adapted to locomotion, owiuc to its resisting weight against the legs and its liability to twist 'round them iu a wind. For games such as tennis, hockey, etc.. it is so unsuitable as to be positively re volting. It is curious1 to note that although of all forms of dress a skirt is probably the most indecent, many women will say they prefer it on account of its decency. Yet a moment's consideration shows that a dress which pretends to conceal the legs and at the same time is so constructed as to uncover tneni incessantly on the least emergency, is both indecent and suggestive. Women have a perfect right to adopt a rational dress. It is modest, clean even in mud and looks its best on the natural .human figure; and as for resem bling a man (an objection often brought forward by those who do not clearly know what is meant by rational dress) it is to be. hoped the person who has ever I xX "-'4 XX' IX" rMBMIIlWI I IIWWH I " Ar l THE VISCOUNTESS HABERTON IN IMPROVED DRESS. seen a man dressed as here depicted will come forward at once and say when and , where it was! 'VrVi X X (XX-X -XXt 5. J f-i XifA a 4..- (SI)M LADY HABEUTON, WHEN IN CONVENTIONAL COSTUME. IS CON SIDERED ONE OF THE MOST BEAUTIFUL WOMEN XN ENGLAND.