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The Topeka state journal. [volume] (Topeka, Kansas) 1892-1980, June 02, 1900, LAST EDITION, Editorial Section, Image 15

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82016014/1900-06-02/ed-1/seq-15/

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LI'
LOATH TO ABANDON HIS FAVORITE SCIENTIST TO THE UNCERTAIN MERCIES OF AX ARCTIC
LIFE, KING OSCAR OF SAVE DEN IS FITTING OUT ANOTHER EXPEDITION, HEADED BY
ERNST ANDREE, TO SAIL AGAIN OVER THE ROUTE.
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ENGLAND'S NEW
HAN IN AFRICA.
Sir Frederick Carrington who has
Gone to the Fore is an Expert
in ail Matters of war.
Ever since the beginning of the 'war
there has been considerable wonder ex
pressed by those who know South Africa
and the history of the war in that coun
trv, that General Sir Frederick Carring
ton has not been offered a command be
fore now. However, better late than
never, he has at Inst been called from
his comparative retirement at Dublin
and has gone to South Africa with a
well-picked staff of officers.
General Carrington is an expert of the
experts in African warfare. He has
been through the Matabele and other
campaigns, has commanded colonial
troops, and is thoroughly conversant with
I llo is also thoroughly at home with na
tives, and is not likely to make any mis
take in the conduct of any military op
erations entrusted to his care.
It is generally understood that General
Carrington will proceed to Rhodesia and
there take charge of a new contingent
to be known as the Rhodesia Field Force,
seen much South African service, no
officer-in the Imperial service 5s so thor
oughly trusted by the Colonials. They
know the man and his ways, he has
none of the Pall-mall brusqueness of
manner, and although he is a bit of a
martinet, he is always just, fair, and
considerate.
AVhen the Boers hear that Carrington
is in Rhodesia, there will be much con
sternation among them.' They know him
by repute to be a fearless fighter and well
versed in the methods of the veldt. He
takes little or no risks which are avoid
able, and he fights practically on Boer
lines. For that reason, and others, they
fear him mightily.
CARRINGTON WILL BE ASSISTED BY A BULLET PROOBV
BICYCLE CORPS, THE INVENTION OF AN .
INGENIOUS CANADIAN.
DINING IN
LITTLE EGYPT.
TO SEARCH
FOR ANDREE.
Another Expedition Soon to be Sent
Out by the King of bAveden.
Has Andree reached the pole in his bal
loon, or has he perished in the frozen
Polar wihlerness'V On July 11 three
years will have passed since the daring
explorer set out with two equally fear
less companions in a balloon that was
provisioned for four mouths. Since that
day practically nothing has been heard
of him.
It is true that on July 15 a pigeon that
had been killed was found to be the
bearer of a message from the exploring
party, but this letter had been written
several days before and gave but little
information. As the result of this long
t-ilenee scientists in general have come to
the conclusion that the three men have
perished in the Arctic wilds, and that
their bones are buried beneath the eternal
pnows.
AA'hilc this is the opinion that is gen
erally accepted, however, there are a few
persons who are still able to feel that
there is a possibility that the members of
this party may be alive. Among these is
Hen Ernst Andree, the brother of the
explorer, r and he has recently prepared
an elaborate article setting forth for the
world the reasons why he is so coniident
that his brother will return before the
end ol" the present summer. He tfidmits,
howevef, that if the snnimer months pass
without tidinirs from him. even he will
be compelled to give up all hope.
The publication of this article has done
much to revive interest in the fate of
this f;fmous explorer, and the King of
Sweden, who is extremely interested in
all efforts to penetrate tile polar mys
teries, has announced his intentions of
Fending out another expedition to search
for the missing men.
In addition to tiiis he has had a large
Finn of money set aside for reward to
those who may bring tidings of the ex
ploring party or any objects that may
tend to cast any light upon the mystery
of the fate of its members. As the re
mit it is believed that it is quite possible
that some information may be obtained
within a year, and it is to be hoped that
such a prediction may be realized, for
it is unquestionably the last chance that
will be presented. If another winter
passes in silence the explorers must be
given up as lost.
For more than half a century explorers
e
the Pole across sea, snow and ice. Each
explorer lias had a different plan, and
each has failed, but not one devised a
limru daring project than that of S. A.
Andree. the Swedish engineer and ama
teur aeronaut, who announced that he
was pi-pa.'eil to solve the century old
problem with the rapidity of the wind.
He would sail to the Pole in a balloon.
For a time the scientific world laughed
tit the would-be explorer, but he was so
persistent in his assertions that this was
the only way in which the wilderness
t ice could be overcome that the scien
tists finally decided to listen to him. As
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; soon as lie nau obtained their sooer at
, tent ion he unfolded his plan in detail,
j For year he had been making a most
; thorough study of all known observations
of Arctic air currents. These observa
I tions had been suuplemented by two
I years of experimenting with a trial bal
i loon which was constructed as no air
' ship had ever before been built. All
this was explained with infinite care by
', the young engineer, and he was so elo
j queut that he finally actually succeeded
, in persuading the scientific world that he
i had solved the problem of Polar iuvesti
! gation. On July 11, l.V7. therefore, the
! start was made from Dane's Island, an
island in the Arctic -circle north of the
Scandinavian coast, and since that time
the friends of the explorer have been
waiting anxiously to hear from htm.
That they have not lost courage during
the nntny months that have passed is
one of the remarkable features of the
mystery, but the fact that they still be
lieve in Andree's -ability to find his way
back to civilization is too well attested to
be questioned. According to" their opin
ion the balloon reached the Pole in safe
ty, but, on the return trip, encountered
a zigzag current that forced the party
to land. If this had occurred, they say,
it would not be at all strange if it re
quired two or three years for the party
to reach a point where they could com
municate with civilization.
BROTHER'S THEORY.
It is this theory that is heartily sup
ported by Ernst Andree, and he considers
it a most reasonable one. lie also insists
that it was impossible that anything
should have happened t the balloon.
This balloon, which, he says, was as safe
as
a reservoir having a double covering,
which made it practically impervious to
hydrogen, or at least sufficiently so to
keep the balloon afloat for thirty- days.
It had a capacity of rS.ilM cubic feet
and a lifting power, when iuUated with
hydrogen, of about 4,1011 pounds. Be
sides the three persons the balloon car
ried provisions for four months as well
as a large stock of scientific instruments
and three" Benton collapsible boats. The
car was capable of instant detachment
from the reservoir, and was provided
with a pail; as well as drag or guide
ropes, which were intended to retard the
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AHOREES
progress of the balloon by trailing along
the surface. In this way the balloon
made a rate of speed about 23 per cent,
less than that of the wind, and was,
therefore, more capable of being steered
than it would otherwise? have been.
During the many trial trips that had
preceded the liual experiment Andree
tested his apparatus thoroughly, and on
several occasions he found that he was
able to sail at an angle of 27 to 40
degrees from the direction of the wind.
AVhen all these facts are taken into
consideration it does not seem strange
that the most conservative scientists in
Europe were fascinated by the plan as
outlined by the Swedish engineer, and it
is not impossible that thfe theory that
Ernst Andree upholds so tenaciously may
after all be correct. Ilerr Julius von
Payer, of A'ienna, an experienced ex
plorer and the leader of the party that
oiscovered Franz .losef Land, does not
hesitate to assert that there is no possi
bility that Andree will ever return.
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PSF.S.A.ANDEE
THE CAIRO FAD nAS TAKEN FIRM HOLD UPON SOCIETY. AT NEWPORT THEY ARE TO GIVB
CAIRO DINNERS; AND IN PARIS THE AMERICANS ABROAD ARE STROLLING THROUGH
THE "STREET OF ALL NATIONS," AT THE EXPOSITION THAT THOROUGH
FARE WHICH IS CALLED THE MUSKI.
which is hardly likely to number. fewer
than 5,000 men, all, or nearly all, of
whom will be mounted infantry. The
object of General Carringtou's presence
in Rhodesia is doubtless to check any
raiding on the part of Transvaal Boers
towards the end of the war. It is more
than likely, it is even extremely probable,
that, according to their natural instincts,
the Boers will make little incursions,
looting cattle, destroying native villages,
and possibly any English farmhouses
they may come across, with the idea of
hampering British progress in Rhodesia.
It is to hinder these that the Rhodesia
Field Force is to be established. The
movements thereof will, of course, de
pend upon the course of events, and
General Carrington's efforts will be
specially directed towards this part of
the country which he knows well and
where he is liked by every individual set
tler. There is no danger as to the actual
stability or safety of Rhodesia, and there
is likewise no foundation for the various
rumors current of unrest among the na
tives. But the presence of a considerable
army in the northern border of the Trans
vaal cannot be without its strong pacifi
catory effects. It is noteworthy that half
of this force will include 2,500 Australian
Bushmen recently asked for by Mr.
Chamberlain, and they should form a
most reliable and handy force on whom
implicit reliance may be placed to keep
any predatorv raid well in hand.
HARD CAMPAIGN.
General Carrington has, therefore, a
tough job on hand, bnt one for which
his qualifications and past experience
fully justify him. Perhaps with the
exception of Colonel Baden-Powell and
Sir Charles AVarren, both of whom have
A Fad Which has Struck Society is
the Eating of Dinner Alter the
Manner of the Orientals.
Newport, May 30. A rumor has been
circulated in Newport concerning the
mmmer plans of a very prominent so
ciety woman recently returned trom a
trip to Cairo, that makes one desirous of
becoming more enlightened as to the do
mestic customs of the people of. the
Orient, particularly Egypt. The story is
to the effect that the matron iu question,
who is ambitious and very original, will
give duriug the season a dinner that will
be Cairan in every detail, the restrictions
being confined even to dress.
The idea, if put into execution, will
prove the most novel that has ever been
carried out in Newport and will eclipse
even the private vaudeville entertain
ments and cakewalks which have grown
monotonous since deprived of their
uniqueness.
Dining a la Cairo is a pleasure not to be
regarded with indifference from an epi
curean standpoint, for the Egyptian v om
en are specially versed in culinary art.
The fashionable hour for dinner in the
home of a conventional Egyptian hostess
is, like our own, between six and seven
o'clock in the evening.
Upon entering the dining-room of a
Cairan hostess the first thing to attract
attention will be a somewhat startling
absence of light, other than that pro
vided by the moon or stars. There is no
roof.
From the walls there will probably
come the cooing of pigeons, as no Egypt
ian structure is complete without its
pigeon cotes. AA'hile the thatched roof is
he exception in Cairo, there are stretchid
across the tops of the houses poles for
the support of a roof iu case the family
should be able to add this pretentious
feature.
The floors are built of earth which is
covered with rugs of old and beautiful
design, and the unplastered walls are
also draped with rugs.
THE TABLE.
The rugs, however, form the most ex
tensive furnishings of the Egyptian dining-room,
for there" are no chairs, side
boards, china closets and such like ac
cessories as are employed in fitting up
the European "sane a manger."
AA'hat serves as the diiiing-table is a
small folding contrivance which supports
a very large brass tray. These trays
are, as a rule, large enough to accom
modate five or six persons. In wealthy
homes, however, they are made much
larger and sometimes are engraved with
the most beautiful Oriental designs.
Cushions are placed around the table
and upon these the guests sit in a rather
squatting posture with the limbs folded
under them.
As soon as the family is seated the
servant appears bringing a napkin for
each person. In the absence of a servant
the head of the family assumes these
duties. AYheu the napkins are distrib
uted he disappears, soon to re-enter bear
ing in one of his hands a brass bowl and
iu the other a pitcher of warm water.
Each member of the family in turn
stretches forth his or her hands, when
the water is poured over them. After
the hands are dried and the napkins laid
aside the first course is served.
This, in the simplest as well as the
most ostentatious Egyptian homes, con
sists of a sort of bouillon made of .veal
or native vegetables; there is also a
bouillon made of certain Egyptian fruits
that is very delicious, but it is seldom
served except upon occasions of great
festivity. Unlike the bouillon of our
bind, the Egyptian soup is served in
small brass cups instead of china ones.
The second course consists of " rice.
This is cooked rather soft and served in a
big bowl which is brought in and set in
the middle of the table.
As soon as the rice has been placed
on the table each person is served with a
large piece of bread which is very dark,
but very delectable. The hostess then
takes a handful of rice from the huge
brass receptacle and deposits it iu the
hand of her next neighbor, dipping back
and forth until each member of the
board has been supplied with a sticky
handful of the vegetable. As soon as
one dishful is eaten, the hand is refilled
until the hunger of each guest is satis
fied. After the rice course the bowl and
pitcher of warm water are brought
around again and each one is allowed
to have a good wash. By the time the
hands are again washed and dried and
the diners are again ready to take up the
next course the servant brings in as
many individual brass bowls as there
are guests, tilled with a delicious concoc
tion of chicken, rice and potatoes cooked
together and highly seasoned with wines
and spices.
These dishes end the substantial part
of the meal. As soon as all have fin
ished, the bowls are removed and then
there is another wash-up. Then comes
the dessert. This usually consists of
dates stuffed with walnuts or figs; or,
olives stuffed with some kind of dried
fruit. Another favorite dessert with the
Egyptians is a fruit much like our prune
which is stuffed with almonds and other
nuts and served with wine.
The meal is considered finished when
the little cups of thick, black Turkish
coffee have been drained.
The proper dress for an Egyptian din
ner consists of a robe of black cloth
which hangs loosely about the figure,
being girdled carelessly at the waist
line. The sight of a Cairan dinner scene is
at least picturesque to the conventional
American or European eye, and it is no
wonder that society is in a quiver of ex
citement over the rumored intentions of
one of its leaders to introduce such ao
innovation during the coming season.
LORD
WOMAN'S WORST
FOE IS DRESS.
It Kills Her in Spite of the Fact
That She Devotes Her
Li e to it.
In spite of all the devotion of women
to dress, it is a sad fact that this very
thing has become their worst enemy. Not
because the love of adornment is wrong,
nor because the wish to be admired is
other than natural, but because women
cannot be got- to discern the great; differ
ence between deformity and adornment,
nor to perceive that, truth and reality
must be the right and only foundation of
all true art.
Consequently their dress has become a
mere tangled mass of materials. Ex
tremely artificial, and being in its first
conception not only hideous but also op
posed to every natural line. It requires
all sorts of extraneous decoration to
rnakeiit bearable.
It seems absurd to have. to remind peo
ple what the actual form 'is which they
are seeking to clothe, but it is almost ne
cessary for the saKe of argument. Be
ginning at the shoulders, it may be de
scribed roughly as an upper part of a
nearly straight, oblong shape, supported
upon two comparatively slender legs, the
narrowest part being at the feet and
ankles.
1 Can this resemble anything less than !
an upper part with a sudden constriction
iu the middle narrowing it to almost a
second neck, and supported, not on two
legs at all, but on a long single barrel
with the widest part on the ground? For
that is the outline of the lorm which un
avoidably rises before the mind's eye
at the thought of the appearance of any
woman. .
It'rs perfectly certain that this com
pression iu the centre of the body, being
entirely unnatural and only achieved by
outside pressure begun in youth, does
incalculable harm, as nature has planned
the inside organs to tit into the space
arranged without any tapering at the
waist line. The exaggerated corset-made
waist is therefore produced by a compres
sion sufficient to displace these organs
to a certain extent.
If they remained firm and in their
places no alteration of shape could be
attained - for it is useless for people to
attempt to deny the displacement. Being
then more or less out of their right po
sitions they are unable to fulfill their
functions properly and become more or
less cougested, giving- rise gradually to a
long string of aihnents which constantly
tend to become chronic.
There is, however, no possibility of get
ting rid of this waist compression unless
some form) of dress visibly two-legged is
to replace the skirt. ' AA'ithout it the
barrel shape would continue in an un
broken line (like a Noah's ark figure)
from "the shoulder to the ground, and
though this would be no whit more un
natural than the waist-compressed shape,
it would be more monotonous and clumsy
looking. So the two things, skirts and
waist constriction being interdependent,
will forever stand or fall together.
It is not too much to put this even
more .strongly, for if we "picture to our
selves such figures, a? we daily and
uourly see among us with a nineteen or
twenty inch waist and think of them
unclothed and with two legs, we cannot
think of them without a shudder as un
natural monstrosities.
AA'hy women cling to this very strange
mode of dress is one" of the most puz
zling things in the history of the race.
No dress can well be more inconvenient
for all active occupations than a skirt.
It doubles the toil of all who have to
work, making carrying anything about
(including a child), and especially op
flights of stairs, an actually injurious
nndertaking, owing to the necessity it
causes of hiding the body at an unnatural
angle .and consequently throwing the
strain on the wrong muscles.
In muddy weather, too, holding the
skirt up is most unpleasant and weari
some, and indeed, impossible if the wear
er has anything in her hands. And at all
times the skirt is singularly ill-adapted
to locomotion, owiuc to its resisting
weight against the legs and its liability
to twist 'round them iu a wind.
For games such as tennis, hockey, etc..
it is so unsuitable as to be positively re
volting. It is curious1 to note that although of
all forms of dress a skirt is probably the
most indecent, many women will say they
prefer it on account of its decency. Yet
a moment's consideration shows that a
dress which pretends to conceal the legs
and at the same time is so constructed
as to uncover tneni incessantly on the
least emergency, is both indecent and
suggestive.
Women have a perfect right to adopt
a rational dress. It is modest, clean
even in mud and looks its best on the
natural .human figure; and as for resem
bling a man (an objection often brought
forward by those who do not clearly
know what is meant by rational dress)
it is to be. hoped the person who has ever
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rMBMIIlWI I IIWWH I " Ar l
THE VISCOUNTESS HABERTON
IN IMPROVED DRESS.
seen a man dressed as here depicted will
come forward at once and say when and ,
where it was!
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a 4..- (SI)M
LADY HABEUTON, WHEN IN CONVENTIONAL COSTUME. IS CON
SIDERED ONE OF THE MOST BEAUTIFUL WOMEN
XN ENGLAND.

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