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TOPEKA STATE JOURNAL,, TUESDAY EVENING JUNE 19, 1900.
UNITED AND PROUD Senator Wolcott Felicitates the National Convention On the Auspicious Circumstances Which Surround It. NAUGHT TO REGRET. lie Says The Party's Record Is Spotless and Clean. Pays a Glowing Tribute to the McKinley Administration. Philadelphia, June 19. Senator Ed ward O. Wolcott of Colorado, temporary chairman of the Republican national convention, in taking up the gavel spoke today as follows: WOLCOTT 9 SPEECH. Since the first party convention In these VniU'd Slates, tlu-re was never one gath ered toi;'thr ximler such hopeful and auspicious circumstances aa those which surround ns today. I'nited, proud of the achievements of the pa.st four years, our t-'iuniry pr. -.perous and happy, with noth ing to regret and naught to make us a-sharned, with a record spotless and clean, the Republican party stands fac ing the dawn, count-lent that the ticket It shall present will command public ap proval. and that in the declaration of its principles and its purposes, it will voice the aspirations and hopes of the vast ma juriiy of American freemen. We need "no omen but our country's cause;" yet there is Hignlticance in the fact that the convention is assembled in this historic and beautiful city, where we fi t st assumed territorial respnsibilit ies, when our fathers, a century and a quar ter afco, promu!tated the immortal Iec larn tmii of 1 ndepend-.-nce. The spirit of justice and liberty that animated them found voice three-quarters 'f a century later in this same City of Urotheiiy Ixve, when Fremont led the forlorn hope of united patriots, who laid here the Inundations of our party and put human freedom as its corrw-r-stone. It compelled our ears to listen to the cry of suffering- across the shallow waters of the ulf two years axo. While we ob orv the law of nations and maintain SENATOR WOLCOTT, Today's Temporary Chairman. that neutrality which wo owe to a great Hmi friendly RovernmPnt, the same spirit live tin;ty in the genuine feeling of sym pathy we -herih fur the brave men now Hunting for their homes in the veldts of South Africa. -It prompts us in our deter mination to give to the dusky races of the I'liiiippiues the blessings of good govern ment and Republican institutions, and Imtls voice in our indignant protest HKJtinst the violent suppression of the rights of the colored man in the south. That spirit will survive in the breasts of patriotic men as long as the nation en dures; and the events of the pa.st have taught us that it can find its fair and Tree and full expression only in the prin ciples and imlicy of the Republican party. The iirst and pleasant duty of this great convention, as well nit its instinctive im pulse, is to send a message of affection ate greeting to our Leader and our coun try's 1'resident. William McKlnlev. In all that pe rtains to our welfare in times of peace, his genius has directed us. He has shown an unerring mastery of the economic problems which confront us, and has guided us out of the slough of fin ancial disaster, impaired credit and com mercial stagnation, up to the high and safe ground of national prosperity and financial stability. Through the delicate and trying events of the late war he stood firm, courageous and conservative, and under his leadership we have emerged triumphant, our national honor untarn ished, our credit unaxsailed, and the equal devotion of every section of our common country to the welfare of the republic cemented forever. Never in the mem ory of this generation ban there stood at the heajl of the government a truer pa triot, a wiser or more courageous leader. or a better example of the highest type of American manhood. The victories of IN ace and the victories of War are alike Inscribed upon his banner. Those of us whose pleasure and whose duty have called us from time to time into his pre- nee. Know now treeiy ne nas spent and Ix'en spent in his country's service: but the same vigorous manhood and clear and patriotic vision animate hfm as of old and give us confidence and trust for the future of our Republic, because his hand win guide us, and his genius direct. Four years ago the Republican party at Louis named a ticket which com manded the confidence and support of the American iwuple. Jt bore the names of two eminent Americans, each endeared bv years of loyal service to their country and 1hetr party. No whisper of personal at tack intruded upon the national issues which determined the contest. There was a double, safeguard for the country's wel fare. Kvery true American knew that if 1n the dispensation of providence, our leader should be called from his high place, there stood beside him a statesman devoted and staunch, in whose hands the vast and weighty affairs of nur country rould be well and safely entrusted. Had tlarret Augustus Hobart been spared to us until to. lay. the work of this conven tion would have been limited to a cordial and unanimous indorsement of the lead ers of '!;. Kits aliter visum and when. a tew montns ago, our dear vice prost dent left this sphere of usefulness fot another, he was accompanied wiih the tears and sorrow of every lover of his country. Tie distinctly lifted up the high office of vice president to a nobler plane arm to greater dignity and importance. Jie was always the trusted friend and ad viser (if our president, sage in counsel and wise in judgment: while to those of us . whose great privileges it was for three years to see him daily in the senate of the I'nited States, and to come under the InHuence of In calm anil kindly presence and to grow nearer to him and more en deared in friendship as the months rolled around, his loss is personal and deep. He is no longer wiirt us in tne tXKiy. but his influence still permeates the senate, and will for all time, make better and kind Her the sorts of men, and he lives in the nearts ne lett behind. '"There is One great society alone on earth The noble living and the noble dead' So many events of great portent have Deen crammed Into the past months, tha we are apt to judge and measure the work of 11ns administration chiefly by the oc currences since the outbreak of the Span lsh war. It is worth while for us to re call earlier days. When Mr. McKinley became president he took the reins of Kovwnment after four yearn of L'eraocratic adminietratlon. For the first time in more than a genera tlon Uemocracy had fuli sway, with both houses of congress In party accord with toe executive. Tso summary or tne tin merciful disasters of those four years can convey an idea of a tithe of the ruin thev wrouirht. la the four years preceding Mr. Cleve V"".- ik. "'a ", ir ;f land's administration, wre had paid' 2C0 millions of ithe national debt: he added 239 millions to Its burdens. He found a tariff act. bearing the mune of his suc cessor and our president tinted to meet the requirements of our necessary expen ditures, to furnish the needed protection to our farmers and manufacturers, and to insure the steady and remunerative employment of those who labor. Instead of permitting manufacture and commerce that repose and stability of law which are essential for working out economic condi tions, he at once recommended violent and radical changes in revenue and tariff provisions, recommendations which his party in congress proceeded partially and disastrously to execute.. The appalling result of his policy is still fresh in the memory of millions who suffered from It. In four years the country witnessed some 60.0t.io commercial faflures. with liabilities aggregating more than 900 millions of dol lars. One hundred and seventy-seven rail roads, with a mileage of 45.0U0 miles, or twice the circle of the globe, and with securities amounting to nearly three bill ion of dollars, were unable to meet their interest charges and passed into the hands of receivers. More than 1T0 na tional banks closed their doors, with lia bilities reaching 70 millions: wool and all farm products which tariffs could af fect, lost tens of millions in value; farm mortgages were foreclose! by thousands throughout the great went; our agricul tural exports shrunk in value: the bal ance of trade, which had been in our favor, turned ruinously against us; the national treasury was depleted of its gold reserve; our government bonds were sold to syndicates at far below their market value- before or since, and our steadily de clining revenues were insufficient to meet the necessary expenses of conducting the government. If capital alone had suf fered, the loss would ha.ve been great, but not irremediable. Unfortunately those who rely upon their daily labor for their sustenance, and their families dependent upon (hem, constituting the great mass of the American people, were made to feel heaviest this burden of disaster. Nearly one-third of the laboring population of the I'nited States wre thro'vn out of em plovment. and men by thousands, able and willing to labor, walked the highways of the. land, clamoring fo:r work or food. Four years of commercial misfortune enabled our industries to meet, in a mea sure, these changed and depressed condi tions, but when President McKinley was inaugurated the country was in a state more deplorable than had existed for a generation. Facing these difficulties, the president immediately upon his inauguration con vened congress in extra session, and in a message of force and lucidity, summar ized the legislation essential to our na tional prosperity. The industrial history of the United States for the past four years Is the tribute to the wisdom of his judgment. It is quickly epitomized. The tariff measure, under which we are now conducting business, was preceded by an unusual volume of importations based upon common knowledge that cer tain duties were to be raised: the bill met the popular demand that duties on many of the necessaries of life should be low ered and not raised; advances in inven tion and new trade conditions made it un necessary and unwise to revert to the higher tariff provisions of the law of ISita; the increases in the revenue provisions were slight. Yet. notwi '.hstanding all these facts tending to reduce income, tha revenues from the Dingley Bill marched steadily upward, until """Ton our normal Income exceeded our normal expenditure, and we passed from a condition of threat ened insolvency to one o:f national sol vency. This tells but a small fraction of the story. Under the wise provisions of our tarilt laws and the encouragement ai forded to capital by a renewal of public conildence, trade commenced to revive. The looms were no longer silent and the mills deserted: railway earnings increas ed, merchants and banks resumed busi ness, labor found employment at fair wages, our exports increased, and the unshine of hope again illumined tne land. The figures that illustrate the growing prosperity of the four years of Republican administration well nigh stagger belief. There isn't an idle mill in the country odav. The mortgages on western farms have been paid by the tens of thousands, and our farmers are contented and pros perous. Our exports have reached enor mous figures; tor the last twelve montns our exports of merchandise will exceed our imports bv 550 millions of dollars. Our manufactured" articles are finding a mar ket all over the world and in constantly ncreasing volume. e are rapidly taking our place as one of the grea: creditor na tlons of the world. Above and beyond all. there Is no man who labors with his hands, in all our broad dorm.in, who can not find work, and the scale of wages was never In our history as high as now. Passing over, for the moment, tne events associated with the war, let me refer briefly to other legislation of the past four years. We passed a national bankrupt act, a measure rendered essential by four years of Democratic rule, and under its benefi cent provisions, thousands of honest men who were engulted in disaster Decause of the blight of the Democratic policy, are again enabled to transact business and share the blessings of Republican prosperity. For half a century . the Hawaiian Is lands, a menace to the long line of coast which skirts our Pacific slope, have been kntK-king for admission as part of our territory', and during that period the pub licly expressed opinion -oi bctn political parties favored their annexation. Four times have they been occupied by Kuro nean powers, and as often have we com pelled their abandonment, bec.iuse it was essential that they should never be occu pied by any foreign power. Finally, after years or misgovernment oy native ruieis, the gallant descendants of American mer chants and missionaries mate proffer again of these valuable possessions to this country, asking only to come under our flag and dominion. A Democi-atic presi dent repudiated the offer, and sought to assist in restoring the former corrupt and oppressive ruler. It was leit ior mis ad ministration to make them a part or American territory. They are cn the way to our islands in the southern s.eas; every instinct of self-protection snouid nave prompted our quick acceptance of their sovereignty, and yet they wens acquired in spite of the bitter opposition of almost every Democrat in congress. During the last administrating an offer of settlement was made to the Pacific railroads which would have brought us 42 million dollars out of the 70 million dol lars due us in principal and interest. President McKinley. refusing to consider as binding the former offer, and acting within the authority of congress collected every dollar of both principal and interest due trom tne I .num. facinc company, ana the principal of the debt due from the Kansas Pacific. We saved more than 20 millions of dollars over the offer of set tlement made by Mr. Cleveland, and have collected all of the principal and most of the interest due us. Thus was this trans action closed, and has since been followed by a settlement of the debt of the Central Pacific railroad, calling for every dollar of principal and interest of the debt, amounting to 58 millions. More; than 25 years ago a Republican administration lent the credit of the country to the build ing of the great irom band that; was to link together the east and the west, lent it not in times of peace, but tflten the country was in the throes of civil war. Tbe area to be penetrated was then un settled and unknown. It is now a gTeat empire, rich, prosperous and happy, and the money of the people which made the highway possible, has been returned to them in overflowing measure. Whenever a Republican administration is in power there is constant talk of trusts. The reason isn't far to seek. Ag gregations and combinations of capital find their own encouragement in prosper ous days and widening commerce. Demo cratic administration in this country has universally meant Industrial stagnation and commercial depression, when capital seeks a hiding place Instead ol: invest ment. The Republican party haa always maintained that any combination having for its purpose the cornering of a market or the raising or controlling of the price of the necessaries of life was unlawful and should be punished and a commission appointed by the president under act of congress has made careful investigation and will soon present a full report of the best method of dealing with this intricate question. We shall meet it in some effi cient way and. as a party, shall have the courage to protect every class of our citi zens. There was never a better time to deal with it than now. when thers isn't in this broad land a man willing to work who doesn't rind employment at fair wages, and when the clamor of the agi tator, who seeks confiscation and not reg ulation, falls on dead ears and finds no response from the artisans in our busy workshops. . The campaign four years ago was fought on the currency question. The Populistic Democracy insisted that the United States alone should embark on the free coinage of silver at the ratio of 16 to 1, without waiting the concurrence of any other nation. The Republican party insisted that the question of bimetallism was international, and that until it should be settled under agreement with the lead ing commercial nations of . the world, gold should continue to be the standard of value in these United States. Upon that issue we triumphed. In accordance with the pledge of the party, an honest effort was made to reach some interna tional solution of the question. The effort failed of accomplishment. The mints of the countries of Europe were open for the coinage' of gold alone. The vast dis coveries of Alaska, South Africa, and our own country, have furnished a steadily increasing volume of gold, and, with the recent European action, haves demon strated that the question is one calling for international action by all the great countries of the world, and. if ever en tered into, must be by such concurrent action of the leading commercial nations as shall secure permanence of relative value to the two metals. Meanwhile, we follow the path of safety. As we grow year by year more firmly established as a creditor nation, the question concerns us less and other countries morr. No im pairment of national credit can be con templated by an honorable nation. We have made advances enough: this country can better afford than any other to enter upon the contest for commercial suprem acy with gold as its standard, and for us the time has come to give fair notice to the world that we, too. make gold our standard and redeem our obligations in tliat metal. For twelve years the plat forms of the party have declared in favor of the use of gold and silver as money. The logic of recent events, to gether with the attempt of the Democ racy to drag down the question from its international character, to associate it with every vagary of Populism and So cialism, and .to drive this country to an alliance with Mexico and China, as an ex clusive silver using country, has impelled our people to this settlement of this prob lem, and the recent action of congress has eliminated the danger which its fur ther agitation menaced. The provisions of the bill secure to the people a needed increase in the volume of the currency, prevent the future deple tion of the gold in the treasury, and en courage a more extended use of 'our bonds by the national banks of the country. But, above all the success attending its passa.ge has demonstrated that our own people, and the nations of Europe have faith in the permanence of our institu tions and our financial integrity. Our debt is funded at two per cent per annum, and millions of our Interest charge saved annually. The world has never witnessed so triumphant a financial snccess as has followed the passage of the currency law, and our 2 per cent bonds, held the world over, already command a substantial premium. Through the policy of the Re publican party and the wisdom of a Re publican administration, we have not only made stable and permanent our financial credit, at home and abroad, are utilizing more silver as money than ever before in our history, but we have left the Popu listic Democracy a dead issue they can never again galvanize into life, and com pelled them to seek to create new issues growing out of a war which they were most eager to precipitate. May I, a western man, add another word? The passage of this bill, which received the vote of every western Repub lican in congress, marked the termina tion, forever final, of any sort of differ ence between Republicans of the east and of the west, growing out of currency problems. Even if the stern logic of events had not convinced us. our deep and abiding loyalty to the principles of the party, our belief that the judgment of its majority should govern, would lead us to abandon further contention. And the thousands of Republicans in the west who left us four years ago are re turning home. . The men of the far west are bone of your bone, and flesh of your fK'sh. The sun that shines on you blesses them also, and the shadow before your door darkens their homes as well. They are naturally expansionists in the western plains and mountains, and when they see a erreat nolitical uartv attacking the in tegrity of the nation, and lending encour agement to insurrectionists, who are shooting down our soldiers and resisting the authority of the government of the United States, all other questions fade and are forgotten, and they find them selves standing shoulder to shoulder in the ranks of the Republican party, keep ing step, always, "to the music of the Union." There is more to follow this summary of a few of the leading measures passed by a Republican congress and approved by a Republican president. Before the expiration of Mr. McKinley's first term we shall have passed a law relieving cer tain articles from a portion at least of the burdens they now carry, because of the war revenue act, and meanwhile we have, out of surplus revenues, already paid and called in for cancellation 43 millions of outstanding bonds. The com ing winter will see enacted into law, leg islation which shall revivify and upbuild our American ocean marine, and enable us to compete on fair terms with the sub sidized shins of foreign nations, which now so largely monopolize the carriage of American goods. And above all, we shall, having then before us the report of the able commission now ascertaining -the most favorable route, pass a law under which we shail build and own ani operate as property of the United States, under exclusive American dominion and control, a ship canal connecting the Atlantic and the Pacific. Through it in time of peace the commerce of the world shall pas'". If we shall be unhappily engaged in war, the canal shall carry our warships and shall exclude those of the enemy, and under conditions which shall violate no treaty stimulations. This is the brief account of our steward ship for four years. During a portion of that period we were involved in a war that for a time paralyzed business and commerce, and would have taxed heavily the resources and credit of any other country than ours: and for the past year or more we have been employing an army of some 50.0(H) men in suppressing an in surrection against our authority 8,000 miles away. No industry nas ten tne strain ol these extraordinary expenses, nor have thev affected the general sum of our pros perity. More than that, the conditions re sulting from the legislation of the past four vears have obliterated . every issue that was raised during the last campaign. The Democracy, having therefore to find some rallying crv. seek it In the results of our late war with Spain, and upon that question, as upon all others, we stand readv to meet them in the open. During the weeks and months preced ing the outbreak of hostilities with Spain, the president of the United States, whoknewby experience on many a battle field something of the horrors of war, and who realized the expemse and suffer ing which war entailed, stood firmly upon the ground that a peaceful solution could be found. And when that awful occur rence took place in the harbor of Havana, and a hot frenzy of indignation swept over our people, and a conflict seemed in evitable, he faced popular clamor and heated counsels, and still believed that the wrongs of Cuba could be remedied and redressed without an appeal to the arbi trament of war. The folly of Spain, and the indignation of the American people forbade a peace ful solution. Then the president, seconded bv a Republican congress, before a gun was fired, declared to the world the lofty and unselfish motives that alone actuated the nation. No man now. or in the cen turies to come, when history, which alone 'triumnhs over time, recounts tne mar velous story of the war which changed the man of the world, shall evj?r truth fullv say that this republic was animated bv any but the noblest purposes. Rec orded time tells of no such war, for it was fought, with bloody sacrifice, by a great and free republic, tor tne rreeaom ot an other race, while its own liberties wre unassailed. This is not the time or the occasion to dwell upon the incidents of the war crowded with successive victories and il lumined with countless examples of indi vidual bravery and gallant conduct. Its living heroes are honored by a generous country: Its dead have ennobled the race, and will live forever in the hearts of a grateful people. Throughout all its anx ious days the president, commander-in- chier ot our armies ana our navies planned and directed with unerring hand. His wise diplomacy saved us from threat ened international complications. From the commencement of hostilities until their close the conduct of the war was un assailable, and the party criticisms of two years ago are already buried in the limbo or oblivion. Ia August, 1898, a preliminary protocol was executed at Washington, followed by the sessions of the peace commissioners of the United States and Spain in Paris, commencing in October of that year. Pub lic interest in this country concerning these negotiations was intense. Until our soldiers and sailors had landed at Ma nila, we had known little of the conditions of the people of the Philippines. We soon ascertained that the. cruelties and oppres- i sions existing in Cuba were mild com pared with the treatment to which eight millions of people in those islands were subjected. We realized that if we relin quished the archipelago to Spain, we con signed its inhabitants again to a condition worse than slavery, worse than barbar ism. We had put our hands to the plough, and every instinct of honor and human ity forbade us to turn back. A universal demand arose from all over the country that we should retain our hold upon these islands, afford their people the protection of our laws, lift them out of their unfor tunate condition, and fit them, if possible, for self-government. Any agreement by our commissioners to give back the Phil ippines to Spain, reserving for ourselves an island or a coaling station, would have aroused a universal national indignation, and would never have been ratified by the representatives of the people. No man saw this 'so clearly as did the president. In his advices to the commis sioners he told them it was imperative that we should be governed only by mo tives that should exalt the nation: that territorial expansion was our least con cern, but that, whatever else was done, the people of the Philippines must be lib erated from the Spanish domination, and he reached this view solely through con sideration of duty and humanity. The American commissioners, men of differ ing political faiths, reached a unanimous conclusion. The Treaty of Paris was rati fied by the vote of two-thirds of the sen ate, and the territory we acquired under it became lawful and legal possessions of the United States. The responsibility for the war rested upon us all; the respon sibility for the treaty rests chiefly upon the Republican party, and that party avows the wisdom of the treaty and de clares it to be the. policy of the party to adhere to its terms and to accept the re sponsibilities it imposed. We assumed dominion of Porto Rico, Cuba, and the Philippines for reasons dif fering as to each of them. We took to ourselves the little island of Porto Rico because it lay under the shadow of our own shores, and because its continued occupancy by Spain or by any foreign government would be a con stant menace to the States, and to that great inter-oceanic water-way which we shall build and own and operate as an American canal. We found it impover ished by years of colonial misgovernment and without any system of revenue laws. Soon after the peace its people were fur ther stricken by flood and famine. We assumed towards them every obligation which sympathy and friendship could prompt. "We contributed as a nation large sums of money to ameliorate their con dition to enable them to plant and gar ner their crops. Then we said to them. "We shall give you a just and equitable form of free government, with power to manage your home affairs. Until you shall devise proper and efficient methods of revenue and taxation, your needed funds shall be raised as follows: You shall pay upon your imports 15 per cent of the present tariff rale governing im portations into the United States, which means an average duty of about 7 per cent. All the necessaries of life and build- j ing material for the structures you need shall be free. On the 1st day ..of March. 12. all these duties shall cease in any ! event, and shall cease sooner if before that time you can arrange for the needed revenues of the island.'' The recommend ations of the president were fully and sat isfactorily complied with: the people of the island are content, the vast mass of the American people approve, and we have avoided precedents that might vex us when we come to deal with the prob lems that finally await us in the estab lishment of our permanent relations to wards the people of the Philippine islands. There has been much discussion during the past few months in respect to the extent of the power this country to deal with Porto Rico and our other posses sions, and it has been frequently contend ed by the Democracy that as soon as we became the owners of any of these islands the Constitution of the United States at once extended over them, or in the ora torical but misleading phrase, "The Con stitution follows the Flag." The argu ment is specious, but It will not bear in vestigation. Th same question was raised in 1S03, at the time of the Louisiana Purchase, and the doctrine then estab lished by congress that we could acquire foreign soil by purcha-e, that congress had the right to establish there such gov ernment as it saw fit. and that the con stitution did not of its own force extend over such territory. The doctrine was never questioned until in Calhoun's time it -was sought to be denied in the effort to extend human slavery Into the territories. The supreme court of the I'nited States has more than once determined the ques tion, and the contention concerning it now bv our opponents is not because any body believes that the laws we have en acted for the government of the island are unjust, but in order to embarrass the administration in dealing effectively with our new possessions. The flag went to Mexico in 184-5. the Constitution did not. The Hag went to Cuba and was carried into Santiago, and is there vet. But our Constitution not only is not there, but we are busy encouraging Cuba to prepare a constitution of her own. When any por tion of our territory becomes a sovereign state, then is our Constitution its corner stone. In the territory of the United States not included within state boundar ies congress alone determines the extent to which the provisions ot tne constitu tion extend. The circumstances associated with our possession of Cuba are new and unparal leled in the history of" conquests. The cruelties practiced upon its people induced the war. etore we commenced nostite proceedings, however, and that the, world might know that our hands were clean and that we wece not animated by lust for territory, we solemnly disclaimed any disposition or intention to exercise sover eignty. 3unsdicticn, or control over tne island except for its pacification, and as serted our determination, when that was accomplished, to leave the government and control of the island to its people. To this declaration we still rigorously adhere. When we took possession at th; close of the war we found the conditions existing in Cuba to be deplorable. I n der the conservative and wise manage ment of Cienerals Brooke and Wood vast improvements have been effected, and we have piven the ieople the first good gov ernment they have ever known. We found its cities beds of pestilence., we navt stamued out vellow fever and made Ha vana as healthy a city as exists at that latitude. We took its starving reconcen trados who had survived the war. and its other poverty-stricken people, and fed and , clothed tnem. w e organized a puonc school system, and have everywhere es- . tablished law and order. This had first to be done. Then followed a compliance of the terms of the treaty which gave the Spanish inhabitants until April 11th, to determine whether or not they would reg ister as citizens or preserve their alleg iance to Spain. Meanwhile a careful cen sus of the island was made. Then came the fixing ot the qualifications for the right of suffrage, which were fairly be stowed. The island was divided into mu nicipalities and the registration provided for. And on yesterday, the 18th of June, municipal elections were held -all through the islands, as the first and preliminary step towards the establishment of a na tional government and the adoption of a constitution. And in this connection it is fitting to sav that the peculations and frauds com mitted in Cuba by subordinate officials have made every American bjush with shame, and -until the last of the guilty men is arrested and convicted and sent enced that shame will know no abate ment. It is no more to be charged to the party than would a theft by a trusted employe be charged against the character of the merchant who employed htm. The party that shields and protects dishonest officials forfeits' public confidence, not the party that exposes and punishes them. The Republican party has been rarely the victim of misplaced confidence in its offi cials. In this instance, the appointments were made with the greatest care, many of them from the classified service. When ever fraud has been discovered the guilty have been pursued unsparingly and with the greatest publicity, fco nas it been with these thieving postoffice officials, so has it been always. In the vast aggre gate of business transacted by the govern ment tbe dishonest man is rare, and his detection certain. The great humiliation is that the thefts were from people of an island towards whom we sustain a fidu ciary relation, and whose confidence we ask. That this government makes good the loss is not enough, and perhaps the lesson has not been in vain if it shall serve to stimulate us to even greater care in dealing with these people for whom we have poured. out our blood and treasure, and whom we hope some day to welcome on terms of closest friendship as citizens of a sister republic. We are dealing with Cuba in a spirit not only of fairness, but of generosity and of absolute unselfishness and when ever the inhabitants of that island evince and declare their ability to take over its' government and control, that day thev shall receive it: and until then we shall continue to administer its affairs under a 1 rule salutary and satisfactory to all good citizens in Cuba, and creditable to the ad ministration at Washington, under whose orders the government is conducted. Had there been no war with Spain fhis Republic, inclined by principle and in stinct and tradition to peaceful ways, would have continued the development of our national resources and character within its existing borders, content in the future, as throughout the century' just ending, with that path of a national duty. M e are not a warlike or a quarrelsome people. We have never coveted the pos sessions of other principalities, and land lust is unknown among us. We would fight to the death to protect that which is rightfully ours: to avenge a wrong sought tobeperpetrateduponus, and to guard this hemisphere from any attempt bv foreign powers to further extend their rule over its soil. This has been our creed, and we have looked forward with hope and with confidence to the time when these United States, lying between the two oceans, should lead among the nations of the earth, not by right of the sword, but because- the character and high intelligence of our people, and the marvelous re sources of our country, would enable us. In the peaceful rivalry of commerce, to dominate eventually the markets of the world. To that end we had for more than a hundred years held ourselves aloof from foreign complications, and sought to make ourselves strong from within, with no thought of colonial conquest. The future of nations, however, like the future of man, is hid from mortal vision, and. no more than man may a nation choose its own duties. When this war ended and we faced our victory in all its completeness, we found eight millions of people living nnon uncounted islands de livered into our hands. Abandonment of them would be confession that while the oppression by Spain of a million and a half of Cubans demandetl our armed in terference, greater barbarity and cruelty to millions of Filipinos, less able to pro tect themselves, was a subject of no con cern to us. No civilized nation in the world, no Christian nation, could have turned these people back to Spain. Our commissioners, when they insisted upon our retention of the Philippines, voiced the sentiments and wishes of the Ameri caJl people: and this nation has assumed with open eyes and with full realization of .the difficulties which may be encoun tered, the grave responsibilities imposed upon us by the Treaty of Paris. We are told that the islands are rich in all the products of the tropics, in mineral wealth, and in the possibilities of their future development. So much the better. But if they were as barren as the Libvan desert, we would have taken them just the same. We haven't been there long, but long etiouga to rea.cn two conclusions: one is. that the first thing we intend doing is to suppress the Tagai insurrection and to establish law and order throughout the archipelago. That is the first thine- we shall do. And the last, the very last thing we intend doing, is to consider, even for a moment, the question of giving ud or of abandoning these islands. AVe are actually owners of the Philip pines by an undisputed and indubitable title. AVe are tho-e as the necessary and logical outcome of our victory over Spain. There are upwards of a thousand islands sprinkled upon that southern sea, peopled by more than eighty tribes of differing race and language, and having absolutely nothing in common with each other. Most of these trioes welcome our coming, and are grateful lor or protection. The Tagal tribe, hostile not only to us. but to most of the nativo tribes, are in insurrection against our authority. They have neither a government nor the capacity to conduct one. and are waging a predatory guerilla warfare which would be turned against the other native tribes, if we let them alone. What would the Democracy have us do? Give them up to rapine and blood shed, and leave the islands as flotsam and jetsam on the face of the waters? There are parallels in our own history. We purchased Florida from Spain in 1821, when it had four thousand white settlers, for five millions of dollars; and other val uable considerations. The Seminoles. na tives of the soil, brave, resolute, having far greater intelligence and character than the Tagals. elisptited our possession. We sent Andrew Jackson down to fight them, and it took us twenty-one yeafs to subdue them and send what was left of them west of the Mississippi. If the "Anti everythings" had lived then, they would, I suppose, have urged us to turn over Florida to Osceola, the Aguinaldo of the Sc-minoles! Would you. after the war with Mexico and the Gadsden purchase, have given the great area south and west of the Arkansas to the red Apache?. Not so did our fathers construe their duty, and as they built, so shall we, their sons. The insurrection against our legitimate authority. ,which. for the time, impedes our efforts to establish a government for the Filipinos, involves us in a sacrifice of lives and treasure. The obstacles we encounter in the Island of Luzon are many, but the chief inspiration and en couragement of the Tagal insurrection come from the Democratic headquarters in the United States. Partisanship has proved stronger than patriotism, even while our soldiers are being murdered by marauding bandits, and if it w-ere not for the hope held out to Aguinaldo by American sympathizers, the insurrection in the Philippines would long ago have ended. The obstacles to the establishment of a civil government in the islands are many, but we. shall overcome them. Mistakes will undoubtedly be made, but we shall remedy them. We shall in time extend over that archipelago the aegis of our protection and of free government, and we shall gradually, but surely, lift up these alien and savage races into the light of civilization and Christianity. Mean while. American enterprise and ingenuity and push may be depended upon to de veloo the resources of the islands, sind make them an added source of wealth to our country. The wise statesmanship of the president and our able secretary of state has already brought trom the coun tries of Europe a recognition of our right to share in the vast commercial advant ages which will follow the opening of the Chinese empire to foreign trade; the Nica raguan canal will be soon constructed; Hawaii, with its valuable harbor, is ours; we possess the best of the Samoan Is lands, with its mamificent roadway: the Philippines are almost at the door of China, and if counsels of fear do not pre vail .this generation will see the American nation girding half the globe with its flag, extendiiig its foreign commerce to the ut termost parts of the earth, and taking its place among the great world-nations, a power for good, for peace, and for right eousness. Never since '4. when the voters of the country were called upon to determine whether the efforts of Abraham Lincoln to preserve the union should be continued, or whether they should be abandoned and other measures attempted, have questions so vital been presented to the America.n people for settlement. Their decision must determine the maintenance or the degra dation of both our national credit and our national honor. A Democratic president coui-i paralyze the operation of the new currency law as effectively as if it were wiped from our statute books. A Demo cratic victoi-y would infuse new life into the Tagal insurrection, cost us the lives of thousand? ol our gallant army in the Philippines, impair or destroy our pres tige, if not our power, in the islands, make us a byword among the other' great na tions of the world, and obliterate our in fluence in the settlement of the vital ques tions certain to arise when China shall be oiened to foreign commerce. There is little room for fear. The far mer and the artisan in their day of pros perity still remember the impoverishment and blight of Democracy, and the Chicago platform has no allurements for them. Our national honor is equally secure. The American people are neither pol troons nor pessimists, and thev will not signalize the dawn of the new century by the surrender of either convictions or ter ritory. Every-soldier back from the is lands and they are in almost every ham let in the land, returns an advocate of their retention. Our dead are buried along the sands of Luzon, and on its soil no foreign flag shall ever salute the dawn. Whatever may be in store for us in the new and unbeaten track upon which we il , 1 y W.-f.., - SB-Aim 1 s AScgetable PrepataUonfbr As similating ttieFoodandReguIa ting the S toinachs andBoweis of Promotes Digcslior.Gheerfue ness andRest.Contains neither Opium,Moirhine norIiaeraL KoxNarcotic. taue Settt- Clmfud Sugar htntmjpvsrt. Flavor. Aperfecl Remedy for Constipa tion, Sour Stomach, Diarrhoea Worms .Convulsions .Fewrish ness and Loss of Sleep. Facsimile Signature of NEW YORK. EXACT COPY OF WRAPPER. are entering, we shall not be found "with the unlit lump and the ungirt loin." Our way is new. but it. Is not riark. In the readjustment of world-conditions, where we must take our place with the other great nations of the earth, we shall move I with caution, but not with fear. We seek ! only to lift up men to better things, to bless and not to destroy. The fathers of the republic accepted with courage such responsibilities as devolved upon them. The same heavens bend over us, and the same power that shielded them will guard and protect us, for what we seek is to build still more firmly, always upon foun dations of probity and of virtue, the glor ious edifice of the republic. Before tbe next Inauguration Day the old century will have passed away. When its marvelous history shall be recounted, .he dominant and impressive event in the record of this country shall be, that never in the history of these United States was tha republic as united for the common welfare as now. All other events of the past, our growth in wealth, until from poverty we have come to be the richest and most prosperous nation in the world, our vast increnj in population and strength and influence, our widening boundaries all these count as nothing in the promise for the future, aa compared with this. Even in the earliest days of the colonies, now dim with the mist of years .there were deep sectional jealousies ar-d animosities growing out of the insti tution of human slavery. It took a great civil war to wipe out the blot. It took a foreign war to obliterate the last trace of sectional differences. We have had them both. The cost in blood, and suffering and. treasure can not be computed, but the result was worth the awful price. And today, in every section of the land, axnong aH its people, there is an equal and unquestioned devotion to the welfare and perpetuity of the republic. We stand at the dawn of the new cen tury. Before it shall have reached its meridian the youngest here will have passed beyond ihis life or beyond the sphere of usefulness. New recuits will step into the ranks as we fall out. This very year thousands of young men will for the first time exercise the right of citizenship and cast their ballots at the national election. The safety of this re public must ever rest In "the courage of young hearts and the vigor of a noble manhood." Youth is "buoyant and hope ful. No snarling criticism, or gospel of a little America, or prophecy of despair, will find response from hearts that beat full and strong, with courage and with faith, and whose creed it is that "God's in His Heaven, All 's right with the world. Whatever else in the past has suffered change or decay, the Republican party, whrrh for forty years has been identified with everything "enr-obiing and uplifting in our history, was never as vital, as vi rile, and as vigorous as today. And the heritage we shall transmit to the new century, to the coming generation and to their children, and to their children's chil dren, shall be a record clean and untar nished, an unquenchable faith in free in stitutions, an unalterable belief in the pa triotism of the people, and an undying love of liberty and Of country. Piles Cured Without the KDife. Itching, Blind. Bleeding: or Protruding Piles. No cure, no pay. All druggists are authorized by the manufacturers of Paao Pile Ointment to refund the money wtjere it fails to cure any caje of piles no matter of how long standing. Cures or dinary cases 4 n six daye; the worst cases in fourteen days. One application pives ea.se and rent. Relieves itchiugr instantly. This is a new discovery and is the only pile remedy sold on a positive gruaranter-, no cure, no pay. Price. &u cents, if your druggist don't keep it in ttock send us 50 cents in postage stamps and we will for ward same by mail. Manufactured by Paris Medicine Co.. St. Tniis.- M. Manu facturers of Laxative Brcroo-Quinine and Grove's Tasteless Chill Tonic. DENVER, COLORADO SPRINGS, PUEBLO AND RETURN, $24, Via the Santa Fe. Tickets on sale June 1st: stopover al lowed at Colorado common points. Endorsed by physicians 'Hence. Invigorating shavine, or after exercise. ? controls all pain, bleeding and !f H'f J r.; .jf Exce Used Internally and Externally. CAUTION ': Refuse the weak, watery, Witch Hazel preparations represented to be "the same as" POXD'S EXTRACT. They easily sour and generally contain "wood alcohol," a deadly poison. Pond' a Extract ie sold ONLY in SEALED bot tles, enclosed in buff wrapper. Fc&d'c Extract Company, r ViRb Avcwir. New York. POND'S EXTRACT OINTMENT cores tr uee, However aevera. At a apeti; ta yuutn For Infants and Children. The Kind You Have ' Always Bought Bears the Signature CLEANSING, BEAUTIFYING. The grandest combination. on earth for cleansing, puri- TC- ivine ana Deautirvine tna complexion is WOODBURY'S Facial Soaj and WOODBURY'S Facial Cream. No scientific truth was ever more wonderful than the results accomplished by their usa in the toilet and bath. Sold everywhere. MONEY TO LOAN. Monthly payments. Long or Short 'lime. .Privilege to pay. Capitol Building and Loan Assoc'n, 534 KANSAS AVE. TOPEKA HACK LINE removed to No. 519 Quincy Street. Call up 'phone 170 for Hack orders. Wanted a few more horses to boarf. Rest and Health to Mother and Child MRS. WINBLOW'S SOOTHI:CJ SIRUP has been used for over FIFTT YEARS BY MILLIONS OF MOTH ICR? for their CHILDREN WHILf TEETHINO, with PERFECT SUCCESS. It SOOTHE3 th CHILD. SOFTENS the GUMS. ALLAYS all PAIN, CURES WIND COLIC and ia the Jbest remedy for DIARRHOEA. SoU by Druggists in every part of the world. Be sure to ask for "Mrs. Winslow's Sooth ing Syrup" and take no other kind. Twen-ty-fiv cents a bottle. Summer Tours en Lake Michigan. THE IH.p IMAUITOU for paaeentfer service exciusiTely. makes rri-weklf trips for -iirl-vjx. Heritor (spritix. Buy View, I'cio.ttT ami M in-1. 1 hsc 11m$ connecting with all HteamKhip Lino fur Lss Superior, Jo-artera and Cauadiuu Point. LEAVES CHIGACO AS FOLLOWS: Tare. a. m. Tkwrs. 1 1 a. n. Ket- 4 a. aa. Manitou Steamship Company, OFFICE & DOCKS. Ruth and N. Water Sis. Chicago. Life and Death Fight. Mr. "W. A. Hines of Manchester, Ta., writing of his almost miraculous escape from death. says: "Exp'wure after measles induced serious limp trouble, whichendediiiconsumption. Ihad frequent hemorrhages and coughed night and day. All my doctors raid I must eoon die. Then 1 began to use Ir. King's New Discov ery, which wholly cured me. Hundreds have used it on my advice and all say it never fails to cure Throat. Chest and Lung troubles." Itegtilar size &c and II. OX Trial bottles free at Waggoner's drug store, 731 Kansas avenue. Small in size and great in results ara Pa Witts's Uttle Early Kiners, the fam ous little pills that cleanse the liver and bowels. They do not gripe. All drug stores. DENVER, COLORADO SPRINGS. PUEBLO AND RETURN, $24. Via the Santa Fe Tickets on sale June 1st; stopover al lowed at Colorado common points. . No one would ever be bothered with constipation if everyone knew how naturally and quickly Burdock Blood Bitters regulates the atoraach and bowels; Awnings. The best in the world; (made oX wood, awning and blind com bined) to be seen at and sold by J. Thomas Lumber Co., 614 Van Burea street. 1 ifrj for its Purify, Strength and General tor the toilet. As a remedy, it Cj inflammation. itching; or bleed ing ulw uianw ifi J' Use U' . For Over i Thirty Years Pit TMC CCffTHun COMPANY. NEW YORK CITY. iMnr J" u