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The Topeka state journal. [volume] (Topeka, Kansas) 1892-1980, June 19, 1900, LAST EDITION, Image 2

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Senator Wolcott Felicitates the
National Convention
On the Auspicious Circumstances
Which Surround It.
lie Says The Party's Record Is
Spotless and Clean.
Pays a Glowing Tribute to the
McKinley Administration.
Philadelphia, June 19. Senator Ed
ward O. Wolcott of Colorado, temporary
chairman of the Republican national
convention, in taking up the gavel spoke
today as follows:
Since the first party convention In these
VniU'd Slates, tlu-re was never one gath
ered toi;'thr ximler such hopeful and
auspicious circumstances aa those which
surround ns today. I'nited, proud of the
achievements of the pa.st four years, our
t-'iuniry pr. -.perous and happy, with noth
ing to regret and naught to make us
a-sharned, with a record spotless and
clean, the Republican party stands fac
ing the dawn, count-lent that the ticket
It shall present will command public ap
proval. and that in the declaration of its
principles and its purposes, it will voice
the aspirations and hopes of the vast ma
juriiy of American freemen.
We need "no omen but our country's
cause;" yet there is Hignlticance in the
fact that the convention is assembled in
this historic and beautiful city, where we
fi t st assumed territorial respnsibilit ies,
when our fathers, a century and a quar
ter afco, promu!tated the immortal Iec
larn tmii of 1 ndepend-.-nce.
The spirit of justice and liberty that
animated them found voice three-quarters
'f a century later in this same City of
Urotheiiy Ixve, when Fremont led the
forlorn hope of united patriots, who laid
here the Inundations of our party and
put human freedom as its corrw-r-stone.
It compelled our ears to listen to the
cry of suffering- across the shallow waters
of the ulf two years axo. While we ob
orv the law of nations and maintain
Today's Temporary Chairman.
that neutrality which wo owe to a great
Hmi friendly RovernmPnt, the same spirit
live tin;ty in the genuine feeling of sym
pathy we -herih fur the brave men now
Hunting for their homes in the veldts of
South Africa. -It prompts us in our deter
mination to give to the dusky races of the
I'liiiippiues the blessings of good govern
ment and Republican institutions, and
Imtls voice in our indignant protest
HKJtinst the violent suppression of the
rights of the colored man in the south.
That spirit will survive in the breasts of
patriotic men as long as the nation en
dures; and the events of the pa.st have
taught us that it can find its fair and
Tree and full expression only in the prin
ciples and imlicy of the Republican party.
The iirst and pleasant duty of this great
convention, as well nit its instinctive im
pulse, is to send a message of affection
ate greeting to our Leader and our coun
try's 1'resident. William McKlnlev. In
all that pe rtains to our welfare in times
of peace, his genius has directed us. He
has shown an unerring mastery of the
economic problems which confront us, and
has guided us out of the slough of fin
ancial disaster, impaired credit and com
mercial stagnation, up to the high and
safe ground of national prosperity and
financial stability. Through the delicate
and trying events of the late war he
stood firm, courageous and conservative,
and under his leadership we have emerged
triumphant, our national honor untarn
ished, our credit unaxsailed, and the equal
devotion of every section of our common
country to the welfare of the republic
cemented forever. Never in the mem
ory of this generation ban there stood at
the heajl of the government a truer pa
triot, a wiser or more courageous leader.
or a better example of the highest type of
American manhood. The victories of
IN ace and the victories of War are alike
Inscribed upon his banner. Those of us
whose pleasure and whose duty have
called us from time to time into his pre-
nee. Know now treeiy ne nas spent and
Ix'en spent in his country's service: but
the same vigorous manhood and clear and
patriotic vision animate hfm as of old
and give us confidence and trust for the
future of our Republic, because his hand
win guide us, and his genius direct.
Four years ago the Republican party at
Louis named a ticket which com
manded the confidence and support of the
American iwuple. Jt bore the names of
two eminent Americans, each endeared bv
years of loyal service to their country and
1hetr party. No whisper of personal at
tack intruded upon the national issues
which determined the contest. There was
a double, safeguard for the country's wel
fare. Kvery true American knew that if
1n the dispensation of providence, our
leader should be called from his high
place, there stood beside him a statesman
devoted and staunch, in whose hands the
vast and weighty affairs of nur country
rould be well and safely entrusted. Had
tlarret Augustus Hobart been spared to
us until to. lay. the work of this conven
tion would have been limited to a cordial
and unanimous indorsement of the lead
ers of '!;. Kits aliter visum and when.
a tew montns ago, our dear vice prost
dent left this sphere of usefulness fot
another, he was accompanied wiih the
tears and sorrow of every lover of his
country. Tie distinctly lifted up the high
office of vice president to a nobler plane
arm to greater dignity and importance.
Jie was always the trusted friend and ad
viser (if our president, sage in counsel and
wise in judgment: while to those of us
. whose great privileges it was for three
years to see him daily in the senate of
the I'nited States, and to come under the
InHuence of In calm anil kindly presence
and to grow nearer to him and more en
deared in friendship as the months rolled
around, his loss is personal and deep. He
is no longer wiirt us in tne tXKiy. but his
influence still permeates the senate, and
will for all time, make better and kind
Her the sorts of men, and he lives in the
nearts ne lett behind.
'"There is
One great society alone on earth
The noble living and the noble dead'
So many events of great portent have
Deen crammed Into the past months, tha
we are apt to judge and measure the work
of 11ns administration chiefly by the oc
currences since the outbreak of the Span
lsh war. It is worth while for us to re
call earlier days.
When Mr. McKinley became president
he took the reins of Kovwnment after
four yearn of L'eraocratic adminietratlon.
For the first time in more than a genera
tlon Uemocracy had fuli sway, with both
houses of congress In party accord with
toe executive. Tso summary or tne tin
merciful disasters of those four years can
convey an idea of a tithe of the ruin
thev wrouirht.
la the four years preceding Mr. Cleve
V"".- ik. "'a
", ir ;f
land's administration, wre had paid' 2C0
millions of ithe national debt: he added
239 millions to Its burdens. He found a
tariff act. bearing the mune of his suc
cessor and our president tinted to meet
the requirements of our necessary expen
ditures, to furnish the needed protection
to our farmers and manufacturers, and
to insure the steady and remunerative
employment of those who labor. Instead
of permitting manufacture and commerce
that repose and stability of law which are
essential for working out economic condi
tions, he at once recommended violent
and radical changes in revenue and tariff
provisions, recommendations which his
party in congress proceeded partially and
disastrously to execute.. The appalling
result of his policy is still fresh in the
memory of millions who suffered from It.
In four years the country witnessed some
60.0t.io commercial faflures. with liabilities
aggregating more than 900 millions of dol
lars. One hundred and seventy-seven rail
roads, with a mileage of 45.0U0 miles, or
twice the circle of the globe, and with
securities amounting to nearly three bill
ion of dollars, were unable to meet their
interest charges and passed into the
hands of receivers. More than 1T0 na
tional banks closed their doors, with lia
bilities reaching 70 millions: wool and
all farm products which tariffs could af
fect, lost tens of millions in value; farm
mortgages were foreclose! by thousands
throughout the great went; our agricul
tural exports shrunk in value: the bal
ance of trade, which had been in our
favor, turned ruinously against us; the
national treasury was depleted of its gold
reserve; our government bonds were sold
to syndicates at far below their market
value- before or since, and our steadily de
clining revenues were insufficient to meet
the necessary expenses of conducting the
government. If capital alone had suf
fered, the loss would ha.ve been great,
but not irremediable. Unfortunately those
who rely upon their daily labor for their
sustenance, and their families dependent
upon (hem, constituting the great mass
of the American people, were made to feel
heaviest this burden of disaster. Nearly
one-third of the laboring population of the
I'nited States wre thro'vn out of em
plovment. and men by thousands, able
and willing to labor, walked the highways
of the. land, clamoring fo:r work or food.
Four years of commercial misfortune
enabled our industries to meet, in a mea
sure, these changed and depressed condi
tions, but when President McKinley was
inaugurated the country was in a state
more deplorable than had existed for a
Facing these difficulties, the president
immediately upon his inauguration con
vened congress in extra session, and in
a message of force and lucidity, summar
ized the legislation essential to our na
tional prosperity. The industrial history
of the United States for the past four
years Is the tribute to the wisdom of his
judgment. It is quickly epitomized.
The tariff measure, under which we are
now conducting business, was preceded
by an unusual volume of importations
based upon common knowledge that cer
tain duties were to be raised: the bill met
the popular demand that duties on many
of the necessaries of life should be low
ered and not raised; advances in inven
tion and new trade conditions made it un
necessary and unwise to revert to the
higher tariff provisions of the law of ISita;
the increases in the revenue provisions
were slight. Yet. notwi '.hstanding all
these facts tending to reduce income, tha
revenues from the Dingley Bill marched
steadily upward, until """Ton our normal
Income exceeded our normal expenditure,
and we passed from a condition of threat
ened insolvency to one o:f national sol
This tells but a small fraction of the
story. Under the wise provisions of our
tarilt laws and the encouragement ai
forded to capital by a renewal of public
conildence, trade commenced to revive.
The looms were no longer silent and the
mills deserted: railway earnings increas
ed, merchants and banks resumed busi
ness, labor found employment at fair
wages, our exports increased, and the
unshine of hope again illumined tne land.
The figures that illustrate the growing
prosperity of the four years of Republican
administration well nigh stagger belief.
There isn't an idle mill in the country
odav. The mortgages on western farms
have been paid by the tens of thousands,
and our farmers are contented and pros
perous. Our exports have reached enor
mous figures; tor the last twelve montns
our exports of merchandise will exceed
our imports bv 550 millions of dollars. Our
manufactured" articles are finding a mar
ket all over the world and in constantly
ncreasing volume. e are rapidly taking
our place as one of the grea: creditor na
tlons of the world. Above and beyond all.
there Is no man who labors with his
hands, in all our broad dorm.in, who can
not find work, and the scale of wages was
never In our history as high as now.
Passing over, for the moment, tne
events associated with the war, let me
refer briefly to other legislation of the
past four years.
We passed a national bankrupt act, a
measure rendered essential by four years
of Democratic rule, and under its benefi
cent provisions, thousands of honest men
who were engulted in disaster Decause
of the blight of the Democratic policy,
are again enabled to transact business
and share the blessings of Republican
For half a century . the Hawaiian Is
lands, a menace to the long line of coast
which skirts our Pacific slope, have been
kntK-king for admission as part of our
territory', and during that period the pub
licly expressed opinion -oi bctn political
parties favored their annexation. Four
times have they been occupied by Kuro
nean powers, and as often have we com
pelled their abandonment, bec.iuse it was
essential that they should never be occu
pied by any foreign power. Finally, after
years or misgovernment oy native ruieis,
the gallant descendants of American mer
chants and missionaries mate proffer
again of these valuable possessions to this
country, asking only to come under our
flag and dominion. A Democi-atic presi
dent repudiated the offer, and sought to
assist in restoring the former corrupt and
oppressive ruler. It was leit ior mis ad
ministration to make them a part or
American territory. They are cn the way
to our islands in the southern s.eas; every
instinct of self-protection snouid nave
prompted our quick acceptance of their
sovereignty, and yet they wens acquired
in spite of the bitter opposition of almost
every Democrat in congress.
During the last administrating an offer
of settlement was made to the Pacific
railroads which would have brought us 42
million dollars out of the 70 million dol
lars due us in principal and interest.
President McKinley. refusing to consider
as binding the former offer, and acting
within the authority of congress collected
every dollar of both principal and interest
due trom tne I .num. facinc company, ana
the principal of the debt due from the
Kansas Pacific. We saved more than 20
millions of dollars over the offer of set
tlement made by Mr. Cleveland, and have
collected all of the principal and most of
the interest due us. Thus was this trans
action closed, and has since been followed
by a settlement of the debt of the Central
Pacific railroad, calling for every dollar
of principal and interest of the debt,
amounting to 58 millions. More; than 25
years ago a Republican administration
lent the credit of the country to the build
ing of the great irom band that; was to
link together the east and the west, lent
it not in times of peace, but tflten the
country was in the throes of civil war.
Tbe area to be penetrated was then un
settled and unknown. It is now a gTeat
empire, rich, prosperous and happy, and
the money of the people which made the
highway possible, has been returned to
them in overflowing measure.
Whenever a Republican administration
is in power there is constant talk of
trusts. The reason isn't far to seek. Ag
gregations and combinations of capital
find their own encouragement in prosper
ous days and widening commerce. Demo
cratic administration in this country has
universally meant Industrial stagnation
and commercial depression, when capital
seeks a hiding place Instead ol: invest
ment. The Republican party haa always
maintained that any combination having
for its purpose the cornering of a market
or the raising or controlling of the price
of the necessaries of life was unlawful
and should be punished and a commission
appointed by the president under act of
congress has made careful investigation
and will soon present a full report of the
best method of dealing with this intricate
question. We shall meet it in some effi
cient way and. as a party, shall have the
courage to protect every class of our citi
zens. There was never a better time to
deal with it than now. when thers isn't in
this broad land a man willing to work
who doesn't rind employment at fair
wages, and when the clamor of the agi
tator, who seeks confiscation and not reg
ulation, falls on dead ears and finds no
response from the artisans in our busy
. The campaign four years ago was
fought on the currency question. The
Populistic Democracy insisted that the
United States alone should embark on the
free coinage of silver at the ratio of 16
to 1, without waiting the concurrence of
any other nation. The Republican party
insisted that the question of bimetallism
was international, and that until it should
be settled under agreement with the lead
ing commercial nations of . the world,
gold should continue to be the standard
of value in these United States. Upon
that issue we triumphed. In accordance
with the pledge of the party, an honest
effort was made to reach some interna
tional solution of the question. The effort
failed of accomplishment. The mints of
the countries of Europe were open for
the coinage' of gold alone. The vast dis
coveries of Alaska, South Africa, and our
own country, have furnished a steadily
increasing volume of gold, and, with the
recent European action, haves demon
strated that the question is one calling
for international action by all the great
countries of the world, and. if ever en
tered into, must be by such concurrent
action of the leading commercial nations
as shall secure permanence of relative
value to the two metals. Meanwhile, we
follow the path of safety. As we grow
year by year more firmly established as a
creditor nation, the question concerns us
less and other countries morr. No im
pairment of national credit can be con
templated by an honorable nation. We
have made advances enough: this country
can better afford than any other to enter
upon the contest for commercial suprem
acy with gold as its standard, and for us
the time has come to give fair notice to
the world that we, too. make gold our
standard and redeem our obligations in
tliat metal. For twelve years the plat
forms of the party have declared in
favor of the use of gold and silver as
money. The logic of recent events, to
gether with the attempt of the Democ
racy to drag down the question from its
international character, to associate it
with every vagary of Populism and So
cialism, and .to drive this country to an
alliance with Mexico and China, as an ex
clusive silver using country, has impelled
our people to this settlement of this prob
lem, and the recent action of congress has
eliminated the danger which its fur
ther agitation menaced.
The provisions of the bill secure to the
people a needed increase in the volume of
the currency, prevent the future deple
tion of the gold in the treasury, and en
courage a more extended use of 'our bonds
by the national banks of the country.
But, above all the success attending its
passa.ge has demonstrated that our own
people, and the nations of Europe have
faith in the permanence of our institu
tions and our financial integrity. Our
debt is funded at two per cent per annum,
and millions of our Interest charge saved
annually. The world has never witnessed
so triumphant a financial snccess as has
followed the passage of the currency law,
and our 2 per cent bonds, held the world
over, already command a substantial
premium. Through the policy of the Re
publican party and the wisdom of a Re
publican administration, we have not only
made stable and permanent our financial
credit, at home and abroad, are utilizing
more silver as money than ever before in
our history, but we have left the Popu
listic Democracy a dead issue they can
never again galvanize into life, and com
pelled them to seek to create new issues
growing out of a war which they were
most eager to precipitate.
May I, a western man, add another
word? The passage of this bill, which
received the vote of every western Repub
lican in congress, marked the termina
tion, forever final, of any sort of differ
ence between Republicans of the east and
of the west, growing out of currency
problems. Even if the stern logic of
events had not convinced us. our deep
and abiding loyalty to the principles of
the party, our belief that the judgment
of its majority should govern, would lead
us to abandon further contention. And
the thousands of Republicans in the
west who left us four years ago are re
turning home. . The men of the far west
are bone of your bone, and flesh of your
fK'sh. The sun that shines on you blesses
them also, and the shadow before your
door darkens their homes as well. They
are naturally expansionists in the western
plains and mountains, and when they see
a erreat nolitical uartv attacking the in
tegrity of the nation, and lending encour
agement to insurrectionists, who are
shooting down our soldiers and resisting
the authority of the government of the
United States, all other questions fade
and are forgotten, and they find them
selves standing shoulder to shoulder in
the ranks of the Republican party, keep
ing step, always, "to the music of the
There is more to follow this summary
of a few of the leading measures passed
by a Republican congress and approved
by a Republican president. Before the
expiration of Mr. McKinley's first term
we shall have passed a law relieving cer
tain articles from a portion at least of
the burdens they now carry, because of
the war revenue act, and meanwhile we
have, out of surplus revenues, already
paid and called in for cancellation 43
millions of outstanding bonds. The com
ing winter will see enacted into law, leg
islation which shall revivify and upbuild
our American ocean marine, and enable
us to compete on fair terms with the sub
sidized shins of foreign nations, which
now so largely monopolize the carriage of
American goods. And above all, we shall,
having then before us the report of the
able commission now ascertaining -the
most favorable route, pass a law under
which we shail build and own ani operate
as property of the United States, under
exclusive American dominion and control,
a ship canal connecting the Atlantic and
the Pacific. Through it in time of peace
the commerce of the world shall pas'". If
we shall be unhappily engaged in war, the
canal shall carry our warships and shall
exclude those of the enemy, and under
conditions which shall violate no treaty
This is the brief account of our steward
ship for four years. During a portion
of that period we were involved in a war
that for a time paralyzed business and
commerce, and would have taxed heavily
the resources and credit of any other
country than ours: and for the past year
or more we have been employing an army
of some 50.0(H) men in suppressing an in
surrection against our authority 8,000 miles
away. No industry nas ten tne strain ol
these extraordinary expenses, nor have
thev affected the general sum of our pros
perity. More than that, the conditions re
sulting from the legislation of the past
four vears have obliterated . every issue
that was raised during the last campaign.
The Democracy, having therefore to find
some rallying crv. seek it In the results
of our late war with Spain, and upon that
question, as upon all others, we stand
readv to meet them in the open.
During the weeks and months preced
ing the outbreak of hostilities with
Spain, the president of the United States,
whoknewby experience on many a battle
field something of the horrors of war,
and who realized the expemse and suffer
ing which war entailed, stood firmly upon
the ground that a peaceful solution could
be found. And when that awful occur
rence took place in the harbor of Havana,
and a hot frenzy of indignation swept
over our people, and a conflict seemed in
evitable, he faced popular clamor and
heated counsels, and still believed that the
wrongs of Cuba could be remedied and
redressed without an appeal to the arbi
trament of war.
The folly of Spain, and the indignation
of the American people forbade a peace
ful solution. Then the president, seconded
bv a Republican congress, before a gun
was fired, declared to the world the lofty
and unselfish motives that alone actuated
the nation. No man now. or in the cen
turies to come, when history, which alone
'triumnhs over time, recounts tne mar
velous story of the war which changed
the man of the world, shall evj?r truth
fullv say that this republic was animated
bv any but the noblest purposes. Rec
orded time tells of no such war, for it was
fought, with bloody sacrifice, by a great
and free republic, tor tne rreeaom ot an
other race, while its own liberties wre
This is not the time or the occasion
to dwell upon the incidents of the war
crowded with successive victories and il
lumined with countless examples of indi
vidual bravery and gallant conduct. Its
living heroes are honored by a generous
country: Its dead have ennobled the race,
and will live forever in the hearts of a
grateful people. Throughout all its anx
ious days the president, commander-in-
chier ot our armies ana our navies
planned and directed with unerring hand.
His wise diplomacy saved us from threat
ened international complications. From
the commencement of hostilities until
their close the conduct of the war was un
assailable, and the party criticisms of two
years ago are already buried in the limbo
or oblivion.
Ia August, 1898, a preliminary protocol
was executed at Washington, followed by
the sessions of the peace commissioners
of the United States and Spain in Paris,
commencing in October of that year. Pub
lic interest in this country concerning
these negotiations was intense. Until our
soldiers and sailors had landed at Ma
nila, we had known little of the conditions
of the people of the Philippines. We soon
ascertained that the. cruelties and oppres- i
sions existing in Cuba were mild com
pared with the treatment to which eight
millions of people in those islands were
subjected. We realized that if we relin
quished the archipelago to Spain, we con
signed its inhabitants again to a condition
worse than slavery, worse than barbar
ism. We had put our hands to the plough,
and every instinct of honor and human
ity forbade us to turn back. A universal
demand arose from all over the country
that we should retain our hold upon these
islands, afford their people the protection
of our laws, lift them out of their unfor
tunate condition, and fit them, if possible,
for self-government. Any agreement by
our commissioners to give back the Phil
ippines to Spain, reserving for ourselves an
island or a coaling station, would have
aroused a universal national indignation,
and would never have been ratified by the
representatives of the people.
No man saw this 'so clearly as did the
president. In his advices to the commis
sioners he told them it was imperative
that we should be governed only by mo
tives that should exalt the nation: that
territorial expansion was our least con
cern, but that, whatever else was done,
the people of the Philippines must be lib
erated from the Spanish domination, and
he reached this view solely through con
sideration of duty and humanity. The
American commissioners, men of differ
ing political faiths, reached a unanimous
conclusion. The Treaty of Paris was rati
fied by the vote of two-thirds of the sen
ate, and the territory we acquired under
it became lawful and legal possessions of
the United States. The responsibility for
the war rested upon us all; the respon
sibility for the treaty rests chiefly upon
the Republican party, and that party
avows the wisdom of the treaty and de
clares it to be the. policy of the party to
adhere to its terms and to accept the re
sponsibilities it imposed.
We assumed dominion of Porto Rico,
Cuba, and the Philippines for reasons dif
fering as to each of them.
We took to ourselves the little island of
Porto Rico because it lay under the
shadow of our own shores, and because
its continued occupancy by Spain or by
any foreign government would be a con
stant menace to the States, and to that
great inter-oceanic water-way which we
shall build and own and operate as an
American canal. We found it impover
ished by years of colonial misgovernment
and without any system of revenue laws.
Soon after the peace its people were fur
ther stricken by flood and famine. We
assumed towards them every obligation
which sympathy and friendship could
prompt. "We contributed as a nation large
sums of money to ameliorate their con
dition to enable them to plant and gar
ner their crops. Then we said to them.
"We shall give you a just and equitable
form of free government, with power to
manage your home affairs. Until you
shall devise proper and efficient methods
of revenue and taxation, your needed
funds shall be raised as follows: You
shall pay upon your imports 15 per cent
of the present tariff rale governing im
portations into the United States, which
means an average duty of about 7 per
cent. All the necessaries of life and build- j
ing material for the structures you need
shall be free. On the 1st day ..of March.
12. all these duties shall cease in any !
event, and shall cease sooner if before
that time you can arrange for the needed
revenues of the island.'' The recommend
ations of the president were fully and sat
isfactorily complied with: the people of
the island are content, the vast mass of
the American people approve, and we
have avoided precedents that might vex
us when we come to deal with the prob
lems that finally await us in the estab
lishment of our permanent relations to
wards the people of the Philippine islands.
There has been much discussion during
the past few months in respect to the
extent of the power this country to deal
with Porto Rico and our other posses
sions, and it has been frequently contend
ed by the Democracy that as soon as we
became the owners of any of these islands
the Constitution of the United States at
once extended over them, or in the ora
torical but misleading phrase, "The Con
stitution follows the Flag." The argu
ment is specious, but It will not bear in
vestigation. Th same question was
raised in 1S03, at the time of the Louisiana
Purchase, and the doctrine then estab
lished by congress that we could acquire
foreign soil by purcha-e, that congress
had the right to establish there such gov
ernment as it saw fit. and that the con
stitution did not of its own force extend
over such territory. The doctrine was
never questioned until in Calhoun's time
it -was sought to be denied in the effort to
extend human slavery Into the territories.
The supreme court of the I'nited States
has more than once determined the ques
tion, and the contention concerning it
now bv our opponents is not because any
body believes that the laws we have en
acted for the government of the island
are unjust, but in order to embarrass the
administration in dealing effectively with
our new possessions. The flag went to
Mexico in 184-5. the Constitution did not.
The Hag went to Cuba and was carried
into Santiago, and is there vet. But our
Constitution not only is not there, but we
are busy encouraging Cuba to prepare a
constitution of her own. When any por
tion of our territory becomes a sovereign
state, then is our Constitution its corner
stone. In the territory of the United
States not included within state boundar
ies congress alone determines the extent
to which the provisions ot tne constitu
tion extend.
The circumstances associated with our
possession of Cuba are new and unparal
leled in the history of" conquests. The
cruelties practiced upon its people induced
the war. etore we commenced nostite
proceedings, however, and that the, world
might know that our hands were clean
and that we wece not animated by lust
for territory, we solemnly disclaimed any
disposition or intention to exercise sover
eignty. 3unsdicticn, or control over tne
island except for its pacification, and as
serted our determination, when that was
accomplished, to leave the government
and control of the island to its people.
To this declaration we still rigorously
adhere. When we took possession at th;
close of the war we found the conditions
existing in Cuba to be deplorable. I n
der the conservative and wise manage
ment of Cienerals Brooke and Wood vast
improvements have been effected, and we
have piven the ieople the first good gov
ernment they have ever known. We found
its cities beds of pestilence., we navt
stamued out vellow fever and made Ha
vana as healthy a city as exists at that
latitude. We took its starving reconcen
trados who had survived the war. and its
other poverty-stricken people, and fed and ,
clothed tnem. w e organized a puonc
school system, and have everywhere es- .
tablished law and order. This had first to
be done. Then followed a compliance of
the terms of the treaty which gave the
Spanish inhabitants until April 11th, to
determine whether or not they would reg
ister as citizens or preserve their alleg
iance to Spain. Meanwhile a careful cen
sus of the island was made. Then came
the fixing ot the qualifications for the
right of suffrage, which were fairly be
stowed. The island was divided into mu
nicipalities and the registration provided
for. And on yesterday, the 18th of June,
municipal elections were held -all through
the islands, as the first and preliminary
step towards the establishment of a na
tional government and the adoption of a
And in this connection it is fitting to
sav that the peculations and frauds com
mitted in Cuba by subordinate officials
have made every American bjush with
shame, and -until the last of the guilty
men is arrested and convicted and sent
enced that shame will know no abate
ment. It is no more to be charged to the
party than would a theft by a trusted
employe be charged against the character
of the merchant who employed htm. The
party that shields and protects dishonest
officials forfeits' public confidence, not the
party that exposes and punishes them.
The Republican party has been rarely the
victim of misplaced confidence in its offi
cials. In this instance, the appointments
were made with the greatest care, many
of them from the classified service. When
ever fraud has been discovered the guilty
have been pursued unsparingly and with
the greatest publicity, fco nas it been
with these thieving postoffice officials, so
has it been always. In the vast aggre
gate of business transacted by the govern
ment tbe dishonest man is rare, and his
detection certain. The great humiliation
is that the thefts were from people of an
island towards whom we sustain a fidu
ciary relation, and whose confidence we
ask. That this government makes good
the loss is not enough, and perhaps the
lesson has not been in vain if it shall
serve to stimulate us to even greater care
in dealing with these people for whom we
have poured. out our blood and treasure,
and whom we hope some day to welcome
on terms of closest friendship as citizens
of a sister republic.
We are dealing with Cuba in a spirit
not only of fairness, but of generosity
and of absolute unselfishness and when
ever the inhabitants of that island evince
and declare their ability to take over its'
government and control, that day thev
shall receive it: and until then we shall
continue to administer its affairs under a 1
rule salutary and satisfactory to all good
citizens in Cuba, and creditable to the ad
ministration at Washington, under whose
orders the government is conducted.
Had there been no war with Spain fhis
Republic, inclined by principle and in
stinct and tradition to peaceful ways,
would have continued the development of
our national resources and character
within its existing borders, content in the
future, as throughout the century' just
ending, with that path of a national duty.
M e are not a warlike or a quarrelsome
people. We have never coveted the pos
sessions of other principalities, and land
lust is unknown among us. We would
fight to the death to protect that which is
rightfully ours: to avenge a wrong sought
tobeperpetrateduponus, and to guard this
hemisphere from any attempt bv foreign
powers to further extend their rule over
its soil. This has been our creed, and we
have looked forward with hope and with
confidence to the time when these United
States, lying between the two oceans,
should lead among the nations of the
earth, not by right of the sword, but because-
the character and high intelligence
of our people, and the marvelous re
sources of our country, would enable us.
In the peaceful rivalry of commerce, to
dominate eventually the markets of the
world. To that end we had for more than
a hundred years held ourselves aloof from
foreign complications, and sought to
make ourselves strong from within, with
no thought of colonial conquest.
The future of nations, however, like the
future of man, is hid from mortal vision,
and. no more than man may a nation
choose its own duties. When this war
ended and we faced our victory in all its
completeness, we found eight millions of
people living nnon uncounted islands de
livered into our hands. Abandonment of
them would be confession that while the
oppression by Spain of a million and a
half of Cubans demandetl our armed in
terference, greater barbarity and cruelty
to millions of Filipinos, less able to pro
tect themselves, was a subject of no con
cern to us. No civilized nation in the
world, no Christian nation, could have
turned these people back to Spain. Our
commissioners, when they insisted upon
our retention of the Philippines, voiced
the sentiments and wishes of the Ameri
caJl people: and this nation has assumed
with open eyes and with full realization
of .the difficulties which may be encoun
tered, the grave responsibilities imposed
upon us by the Treaty of Paris.
We are told that the islands are rich in
all the products of the tropics, in mineral
wealth, and in the possibilities of their
future development. So much the better.
But if they were as barren as the Libvan
desert, we would have taken them just
the same.
We haven't been there long, but long
etiouga to rea.cn two conclusions: one is.
that the first thing we intend doing is to
suppress the Tagai insurrection and to
establish law and order throughout the
archipelago. That is the first thine- we
shall do. And the last, the very last thing
we intend doing, is to consider, even for
a moment, the question of giving ud or of
abandoning these islands.
AVe are actually owners of the Philip
pines by an undisputed and indubitable
title. AVe are tho-e as the necessary and
logical outcome of our victory over Spain.
There are upwards of a thousand islands
sprinkled upon that southern sea, peopled
by more than eighty tribes of differing
race and language, and having absolutely
nothing in common with each other. Most
of these trioes welcome our coming, and
are grateful lor or protection. The Tagal
tribe, hostile not only to us. but to most
of the nativo tribes, are in insurrection
against our authority. They have neither
a government nor the capacity to conduct
one. and are waging a predatory guerilla
warfare which would be turned against
the other native tribes, if we let them
alone. What would the Democracy have
us do? Give them up to rapine and blood
shed, and leave the islands as flotsam and
jetsam on the face of the waters? There
are parallels in our own history. We
purchased Florida from Spain in 1821,
when it had four thousand white settlers,
for five millions of dollars; and other val
uable considerations. The Seminoles. na
tives of the soil, brave, resolute, having
far greater intelligence and character
than the Tagals. elisptited our possession.
We sent Andrew Jackson down to fight
them, and it took us twenty-one yeafs to
subdue them and send what was left of
them west of the Mississippi. If the "Anti
everythings" had lived then, they would,
I suppose, have urged us to turn over
Florida to Osceola, the Aguinaldo of the
Sc-minoles! Would you. after the war
with Mexico and the Gadsden purchase,
have given the great area south and west
of the Arkansas to the red Apache?. Not
so did our fathers construe their duty, and
as they built, so shall we, their sons.
The insurrection against our legitimate
authority. ,which. for the time, impedes
our efforts to establish a government for
the Filipinos, involves us in a sacrifice
of lives and treasure. The obstacles we
encounter in the Island of Luzon are
many, but the chief inspiration and en
couragement of the Tagal insurrection
come from the Democratic headquarters
in the United States. Partisanship has
proved stronger than patriotism, even
while our soldiers are being murdered by
marauding bandits, and if it w-ere not
for the hope held out to Aguinaldo by
American sympathizers, the insurrection
in the Philippines would long ago have
The obstacles to the establishment of a
civil government in the islands are many,
but we. shall overcome them. Mistakes
will undoubtedly be made, but we shall
remedy them. We shall in time extend
over that archipelago the aegis of our
protection and of free government, and
we shall gradually, but surely, lift up
these alien and savage races into the light
of civilization and Christianity. Mean
while. American enterprise and ingenuity
and push may be depended upon to de
veloo the resources of the islands, sind
make them an added source of wealth
to our country. The wise statesmanship
of the president and our able secretary of
state has already brought trom the coun
tries of Europe a recognition of our right
to share in the vast commercial advant
ages which will follow the opening of the
Chinese empire to foreign trade; the Nica
raguan canal will be soon constructed;
Hawaii, with its valuable harbor, is ours;
we possess the best of the Samoan Is
lands, with its mamificent roadway: the
Philippines are almost at the door of
China, and if counsels of fear do not pre
vail .this generation will see the American
nation girding half the globe with its flag,
extendiiig its foreign commerce to the ut
termost parts of the earth, and taking its
place among the great world-nations, a
power for good, for peace, and for right
eousness. Never since '4. when the voters of the
country were called upon to determine
whether the efforts of Abraham Lincoln
to preserve the union should be continued,
or whether they should be abandoned and
other measures attempted, have questions
so vital been presented to the America.n
people for settlement. Their decision must
determine the maintenance or the degra
dation of both our national credit and our
national honor. A Democratic president
coui-i paralyze the operation of the new
currency law as effectively as if it were
wiped from our statute books. A Demo
cratic victoi-y would infuse new life into
the Tagal insurrection, cost us the lives
of thousand? ol our gallant army in the
Philippines, impair or destroy our pres
tige, if not our power, in the islands, make
us a byword among the other' great na
tions of the world, and obliterate our in
fluence in the settlement of the vital ques
tions certain to arise when China shall be
oiened to foreign commerce.
There is little room for fear. The far
mer and the artisan in their day of pros
perity still remember the impoverishment
and blight of Democracy, and the Chicago
platform has no allurements for them.
Our national honor is equally secure.
The American people are neither pol
troons nor pessimists, and thev will not
signalize the dawn of the new century by
the surrender of either convictions or ter
ritory. Every-soldier back from the is
lands and they are in almost every ham
let in the land, returns an advocate of
their retention. Our dead are buried along
the sands of Luzon, and on its soil no
foreign flag shall ever salute the dawn.
Whatever may be in store for us in the
new and unbeaten track upon which we
il , 1 y W.-f.., - SB-Aim 1
AScgetable PrepataUonfbr As
similating ttieFoodandReguIa
ting the S toinachs andBoweis of
Promotes Digcslior.Gheerfue
ness andRest.Contains neither
Opium,Moirhine norIiaeraL
taue Settt-
Clmfud Sugar
htntmjpvsrt. Flavor.
Aperfecl Remedy for Constipa
tion, Sour Stomach, Diarrhoea
Worms .Convulsions .Fewrish
ness and Loss of Sleep.
Facsimile Signature of
are entering, we shall not be found "with
the unlit lump and the ungirt loin." Our
way is new. but it. Is not riark. In the
readjustment of world-conditions, where
we must take our place with the other
great nations of the earth, we shall move I
with caution, but not with fear. We seek !
only to lift up men to better things, to
bless and not to destroy. The fathers of
the republic accepted with courage such
responsibilities as devolved upon them.
The same heavens bend over us, and the
same power that shielded them will guard
and protect us, for what we seek is to
build still more firmly, always upon foun
dations of probity and of virtue, the glor
ious edifice of the republic.
Before tbe next Inauguration Day the
old century will have passed away. When
its marvelous history shall be recounted,
.he dominant and impressive event in the
record of this country shall be, that never
in the history of these United States was
tha republic as united for the common
welfare as now. All other events of the
past, our growth in wealth, until from
poverty we have come to be the richest
and most prosperous nation in the world,
our vast increnj in population and
strength and influence, our widening
boundaries all these count as nothing in
the promise for the future, aa compared
with this. Even in the earliest days of
the colonies, now dim with the mist of
years .there were deep sectional jealousies
ar-d animosities growing out of the insti
tution of human slavery. It took a great
civil war to wipe out the blot. It took a
foreign war to obliterate the last trace of
sectional differences. We have had them
both. The cost in blood, and suffering
and. treasure can not be computed, but
the result was worth the awful price.
And today, in every section of the land,
axnong aH its people, there is an equal
and unquestioned devotion to the welfare
and perpetuity of the republic.
We stand at the dawn of the new cen
tury. Before it shall have reached its
meridian the youngest here will have
passed beyond ihis life or beyond the
sphere of usefulness. New recuits will
step into the ranks as we fall out. This
very year thousands of young men will
for the first time exercise the right of
citizenship and cast their ballots at the
national election. The safety of this re
public must ever rest In "the courage of
young hearts and the vigor of a noble
manhood." Youth is "buoyant and hope
ful. No snarling criticism, or gospel of a
little America, or prophecy of despair,
will find response from hearts that beat
full and strong, with courage and with
faith, and whose creed it is that
"God's in His Heaven,
All 's right with the world.
Whatever else in the past has suffered
change or decay, the Republican party,
whrrh for forty years has been identified
with everything "enr-obiing and uplifting
in our history, was never as vital, as vi
rile, and as vigorous as today. And the
heritage we shall transmit to the new
century, to the coming generation and to
their children, and to their children's chil
dren, shall be a record clean and untar
nished, an unquenchable faith in free in
stitutions, an unalterable belief in the pa
triotism of the people, and an undying
love of liberty and Of country.
Piles Cured Without the KDife.
Itching, Blind. Bleeding: or Protruding
Piles. No cure, no pay. All druggists
are authorized by the manufacturers of
Paao Pile Ointment to refund the money
wtjere it fails to cure any caje of piles no
matter of how long standing. Cures or
dinary cases 4 n six daye; the worst cases
in fourteen days. One application pives
ea.se and rent. Relieves itchiugr instantly.
This is a new discovery and is the only
pile remedy sold on a positive gruaranter-,
no cure, no pay. Price. &u cents, if your
druggist don't keep it in ttock send us 50
cents in postage stamps and we will for
ward same by mail. Manufactured by
Paris Medicine Co.. St. Tniis.- M. Manu
facturers of Laxative Brcroo-Quinine and
Grove's Tasteless Chill Tonic.
Via the Santa Fe.
Tickets on sale June 1st: stopover al
lowed at Colorado common points.
Endorsed by physicians
'Hence. Invigorating
shavine, or after exercise.
? controls all pain, bleeding and
!f H'f J
.jf Exce
Used Internally and Externally.
CAUTION ': Refuse the weak, watery,
Witch Hazel preparations represented to
be "the same as" POXD'S EXTRACT.
They easily sour and generally contain
"wood alcohol," a deadly poison. Pond' a
Extract ie sold ONLY in SEALED bot
tles, enclosed in buff wrapper.
Fc&d'c Extract Company, r ViRb Avcwir. New York.
tr uee, However aevera. At a apeti; ta
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have
' Always Bought
Bears the
The grandest combination.
on earth for cleansing, puri- TC-
ivine ana Deautirvine tna
complexion is WOODBURY'S Facial Soaj
and WOODBURY'S Facial Cream. No
scientific truth was ever more wonderful
than the results accomplished by their usa
in the toilet and bath. Sold everywhere.
Monthly payments. Long or Short
'lime. .Privilege to pay.
Capitol Building and Loan Assoc'n,
removed to
No. 519 Quincy Street.
Call up 'phone 170 for Hack orders.
Wanted a few more horses to boarf.
Rest and Health to Mother and Child
has been used for over FIFTT YEARS
the Jbest remedy for DIARRHOEA. SoU
by Druggists in every part of the world.
Be sure to ask for "Mrs. Winslow's Sooth
ing Syrup" and take no other kind. Twen-ty-fiv
cents a bottle.
Summer Tours en Lake Michigan.
for paaeentfer service exciusiTely. makes rri-weklf
trips for -iirl-vjx. Heritor (spritix. Buy View,
I'cio.ttT ami M in-1. 1 hsc 11m$ connecting with all
HteamKhip Lino fur Lss Superior, Jo-artera and
Cauadiuu Point.
Tare. a. m. Tkwrs. 1 1 a. n. Ket- 4 a. aa.
Manitou Steamship Company,
OFFICE & DOCKS. Ruth and N. Water Sis. Chicago.
Life and Death Fight.
Mr. "W. A. Hines of Manchester, Ta.,
writing of his almost miraculous escape
from death. says: "Exp'wure after
measles induced serious limp trouble,
whichendediiiconsumption. Ihad frequent
hemorrhages and coughed night and day.
All my doctors raid I must eoon die. Then
1 began to use Ir. King's New Discov
ery, which wholly cured me. Hundreds
have used it on my advice and all say it
never fails to cure Throat. Chest and
Lung troubles." Itegtilar size &c and II. OX
Trial bottles free at Waggoner's drug
store, 731 Kansas avenue.
Small in size and great in results ara
Pa Witts's Uttle Early Kiners, the fam
ous little pills that cleanse the liver and
bowels. They do not gripe. All drug
Via the Santa Fe
Tickets on sale June 1st; stopover al
lowed at Colorado common points.
. No one would ever be bothered with
constipation if everyone knew how
naturally and quickly Burdock Blood
Bitters regulates the atoraach and
Awnings. The best in the world;
(made oX wood, awning and blind com
bined) to be seen at and sold by J.
Thomas Lumber Co., 614 Van Burea
1 ifrj
for its Purify, Strength and General
tor the toilet.
As a remedy, it Cj
itching; or bleed ing
ulw uianw
ifi J' Use
U' . For Over
i Thirty Years
J" u

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