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The Topeka state journal. [volume] (Topeka, Kansas) 1892-1980, June 30, 1900, LAST EDITION, Image 1

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16 PAGES.
t PART I. J
J Pages I to 8. J
PART I.
Pages J to 8. J
LAST EDITION
SATURDAY EVENING.
TOPEKA, KANSAS, JUNE 30, 1900.
SATURDAY EVENING.
THREE CENTS.
If
KELIPFPS SIDE.
Defense of the Admiral Against
Washington Criticism.
He Opposed Attacking Chinese
Unless They Began It.
POSITION JUSTIFIED
Ey the Fact That the Regular
Chinese Army
Was Converted Into an Ally of
the Uoxers Thereby.
lie Refused to Accept a Cap
tured Torpedo Boat.
OREGON IS AGROUND.
Bir.
Battleship Stuck Fifty
Miles From Taku.
Copyright. 1300, by Associated Press.
Taku. June 27. The greatest anxiety
cxista concerning the foreigners at Pe
kin. Admiral Kempff believes that
large reinforcements are necessary to
reach Pekin.
Admiral Kempff opposed the policy of
n'tai king the Chintse army unless th;y
began hostilities. It is now admitted
that the powers attacking the forts
turned the Chinese into allies with the
boxers. Americans think this might
live been avoided. Admiral Kempff
lis held aloof from hostilities beyond
Movements necessary to rescue Ameri
cans. The forces ashore now number 16,000,
t f which ;i.l!00 are British. 1.3U0 Germans,
J .000 Russians, 3,600 Japanese and the
remainder American, French, Italian
and Austrian.
Yesterday the Knglish torpedo boat
Fame visited the fort at the New City.
12 miles up the river. It was found de
serted and was blown up.
I.i -ut. Jaytie of the Newark, trying to
1-aeh Tien Tsin by boat at the time of
the stm-ming of Tien Tsin, had a fierce
fifiht with the Chinese.
Major Waller's battalion of 130 ma
rines with Commander Craddock's P.rit
ish naval brigade numbering :00 were
tamped on June 22, eight miles from
Tien Tsin.
At daylight on the morning of the 23d
Major Waller ami two companies of
;ii;ish marched on Tien Tsin. .The re
rialirder of the f.ritish ami eOO Welsh
fusiliers supporting went up the river
bank. Another column consisting chief
ly of Russians and Germars took up the
lonte chosen by Waller, Mhey were re
pulsed, however.
On June 21 Russians became engaged
in a conflict with the Chinese. First.
Major Waller reinforced them and then
j ' Joined the F.ritish, the military college
being attacked. The Chinese exploded
a mine under the marines, merely bruis
ing a few of the men. While crossing
to join the Knglfsh they were exposed
to a heavy, flanking tire and Private
John Hunter was killed, and Sergeant
Taylor and Corporal Pedrick were
wounded. Of the Knglish two were kill
ed and three wounded.
The F.nglish and American forces car
ried the village outside of the walhil
city by storm. They found at Tien Tsin
Lieut. Irwin and Cadet Pettingill with
4fi men in good condition. Among the
killed also, was Private Nichols, and
still another American was wounded.
When the Chirese attacked Tien Tsin
on June 21. Major Waller's command
with 440 Russians was ambushed three
miles from that place. They were com
pelled to retreat, abandoning a three
inch rille ami a Colt's gun and losing
four killed and seven wounded.
Admiral Kempff is anxious to avoid
&11 action likely to involve Americans in
future diplomatic discussion.
hen the forts were attacked the
British gunboat Algerine surprised and
boarded four Chinese torpedo boats un
der the shadow of the forts. They offer
ed one to Admiral Kempff. who declin
ed to receive it. However, the Russians,
Germans and Japanese each took one of
the boats.
ORKGON RUNS AGROUND.
Washington, June 30. The navy de
partment has received a cablegram
from Captain Wilde of the Oregon da
ted the J oo yesterday saying that his
ship Is aground 50 miles from Taku. The
iris and another relief ship are now with
the Oregon.
OREGON FURL OF HOLES.
Washington, Juno 30. The following
dispatches were received at the navv
department relative to the grounding
ui i ne o egon
' Che Foo, June 29. Secretary Navy:
nenorea yesterday; dense fog: in 17
lathoms, three miles south of Howe Ke
light. Gulf of Re Chi LI. Sent out two
ooats ana sounded. least water- c
fathoms.
W ... . L
tnoer clear. Got under
way and
struck pinnacle rock. Much
water in forward
'apartment. Per-
fectly smooth. Shrill
harter steamer
if possible at Che Foo
anil lighten the
Bmp. jtocK through side of
ship above
couple bottom about fram
19. Small
noies also through bottom of shio
.. "WILDE."
"Che Foo, June 29. Secretary Navy
w unniiiK urn ; jris gone to assistance of
uie ui t-sun. It1 1 JHI.MI ROGERS,
"Commander Nashville.
Jiong Kong. June 29. Secretary
'), as-iungion : frinceton arrived
.Brooklyn leaves fur Nagasaki. The
Za'iro at Che Foo has been snt to as
sist Oregon reported by Rogers on
iuck. souin or now Ke light. Jns going
10 ner assistance. REMEY.
A11l RU OK TIEN TSIN AR
SENAL.
Ixmdon, June 30 2:59 p. m. The war
office has received the following dis
patch from Colonel Dorward:
i hf-l'on. June 30. The arsenal
northeast of Tien Tsin was captured
during the morning of June 27 by the
crmnine.i forces. The British troops
engigea were the naval brigade and thr
Chines- regiment. The naval brigad
bad four men killed and 15 wounded-
including two officers. The Chine?
regiment had no casualties. The latte
cheeked an attack by the boxers on r-u
loft Mank v.iih heavy loss to th
enmy."
M'CALLA AND TAUSSIG WOUND
ED.
V ashlngton.June 30 The navy de
r&rtment has received the following
cablegram from Admiral Kempff:
Scpefca State 3ournaI.
INDEX OF TODAY'S PAPER.
SATURDAY, JUNE 30th, 1900.
Weather predictions for the next 24 hours:
Forecast for Kansas: Generally fair to
night and Sunday, except local thunder
storms are probable: warmer western
portion tonight; southerly winds.
IMPORTANT NEWS AND FEATURES.
Page.
1 Affairs in China Remain Critical.
Democrats Pouring Into Kan3as City.
"Ironquill's" New Book Reviewed.
2 Sporting News.
Kansas News.
3 Railroad News.
Admiral Remey to Relieve Kempff.
4 Dun's Review of the Week.
Church Announcements.
5 Social and Personal.
North Topeka News.
Injustice of Recent Assessment.
6
Today's London Cable Letter,
Markets.
Wants and Miscellaneous Ads.
Snap Shots at Home News.
Sulzer Discusses Political Situation.
Neely Case Put Off Till July 23.
Breidenthal Scores Loan Associations.
Topeka Society.
Review of the Week.
Li Hung Chang Again in Power.
Where the Century Begins.
As the Chinese See Us.
Theatrical News'.
Leavenworth Girl With BoBtonians.
Editorial.
Book Reviews.
Timely Hints For Women.
Menus and Receipts.
Aunt Trudy Moralizes.
Late Paris Fashions.
Different Styles In Couches.
StorieB of The Town.
Humor of the Day.
Cronje at St. Helena
Prize in a Crap Game.
Preacher Agreed With Darwin.
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
"Che-Foo, June 30 Secretary Navy-
Washington: Ministers at Pekin were
giver. 24 hours to leave on the 19th.
They refused and are still there. The
Tckin relief forces got half way. They
were attacked by imperial troops on the
18th. McCalla was in command. Four
were killed and 25 wounded. McCalla
and Ensign Taussig wounded but not
seriously. Now over 14,000 troops
ashore. Commander Wise commands
at Tong Ku, in charge of transportation
rail and river. The combination offic-
rs tir.ii it necessary to make use oi
some civilians to operate railway.
Krlilrrf.
MINISTERS ARE LOCATED.
Washington, June 30. A cablegram
received at the state department, iroin
Ambassador Choate at London states
that the foreign ministers were safe at
ekin on the 25th instant. The Chinese
minister here, Mr. Wu. has private ad-
ices to the same effect, which he has
brought to the attention of the state
Jepartment.
CHINESE PLAYING DOUBLE GAME
London, June 302:02 P. M. Uncer
tainty remains the keynote of the situa-
ion in China. Well informed quarters
continue to believe the legations are
till at Pekin. but authentic information
lacking. The dispatches tend to cre
ate an impression that the Chinese au-
horities are. playing a double game,
imultaneousiy promulgating public
edicts against the "boxers' 'and sending
secret orders to the viceroys to disobey
the "commands' to suppress the out
break. Shanghai notes increasing signs of a
general spread of the rebellion in the
southern provinces, but the local feeling
of alarm is subsiding. That city also
reports that serious rising confronts the
Japanese troops in the island of For
mosa. Japan is satisfied it has been or
ganized from China.
A naval brigade of about 900 blue
jackets and marines left Portsmouth
this morning for China. As it is in
tended to use them as a landing force,
the men have been specially exercised
in field work. They took a wireless tele
graphing apparatus with them.
Russia continues to dispatch troops to
China, and the German cruiser Furst
Rismarck, left Kiel this morning for
the far east.
FOUGHT SEVEN BATTLES.
Washington, June 30. The following
cablegram has been received from U. S.
Consul Ragsdale at Tien Tsin, dated
the 27th instant, being the first com-
Masquerade at Manila in Honor of That City's
1 he Imted States troops m the Philippines will celebrate the Nation's
at all the principal posts. Above are some of tne maskers who w ill contrib
capital. They have posed for us at a special dress rehearsal.
munication from that officer in nearly
two weeks:
"Siege of Tien Tsin raised. Troops
sent for the relief of the legations re
turned. In vain. Fighting- seven sep
arate battles. American loss six killed,
thirty-eight wounded. On the 19th min
isters given 24 hours to leave Pekin.
Refused. RAGSDALE."
SEYMOUR'S EXPERIENCE
Told in an Official Dispatch From the
Admiral Himself,
London, June SO, 3:00 a. m. The ad
ventures of the hard fighting allies, un
der Admiral Seymour, their reaching
Anting, twelve miles ' from, Pekin, the
decision to retreat, the capture of rice
and immense stores of modern arms
and ammunition, affordingmatefialfora
strenuous defense until relieved all
thi3 told in a despatch from Admiral
Seymour received by admiralty at
midnight, which runs as follows:
Tien Tsin, June 27, via Che-Foo,
June 29, 10:00 p. m. Have returned to
Tien Tsin with the forces, having been
unable to reach Pekin by rail. On June
13 two attacks on the advance guard
were made by the Boxers, who were re
pulsed with considerable loss to them,
and none on our side. On June 14 the
Boxers attacked the train at Lang Tang
in large numbers and with great deter
mination. We repulsed them with a loss
of about one hundred killed. Our loss
was live Italians.
"The same afternoon the Boxers at
tacked the British guard left to pro
tect Lofa station. Reinforcements were
sent back and the enemy were driven
off, with a hundred killed. Two of our
seamen were wounded.
"We pushed forward to Anting and
engaged the enemy on June 13 and June
14, inflicting a loss of 175. There wefe
no casualties on our side.
"Extensive destruction of the railway
in our front having made further ad
vance by rail impossible. I decided on
June 16 to return to Yang Tsun, where
it is proposed to organize an advance
by the river to Pekin. After my depar
ture from Lang Yang two trains left to
follow on were attacked on June 18 by
Boxers and imperial troops from Pekin,
who lost from four to five hundred kill
ed. Our casualties were six killed and
48 wounded. These trains joined me at
Yang Tsun the same evening.
"The railway at Yang Tsun was found
entirely demolished and the trains could
not be moved. The force being short of
provisions and hampered with wounded
compelled us to withdraw on Tien Tsin,
with which we had not been In com
munication for six days and our sup
plies had been cut off.
"On June 19 the wounded, with neces
saries, started by boat, the forces
marching along side the river. Opposi
tion was experienced during the whole
course of the river from nearly every
vintage, the Boxers, when defeated in
one village, retiring to the next and
skillfully restrained our advance by oc
cupying well selected position from
which they had to be forced often at the
point of the bayonet and in face of a
galling fire difficult to locate.
"On June 23, we made a night march,
arriving at daybreak opposite the im
perial army above Tien Tsin, where af
ter friendly advances a treacnerous
heavy fire was opened while our men
were exposed on the oppositeriverbank.
The enemy were kept in check by rifle
fire in front while their position was
turned by a party of marines and sea
men under Major Johnson, who rushed
and occupied one of the salient points,
seizing the guns. The Germans, lower
down, silenced two guns and then
crossed the river and captured them.
The armory was then next occupied by
the combined forces. Determined at
tempts to retake the armory were made
on the following day, but unsuccessful
ly. "Found immense stores of guns, arms,
and ammunition of the latest pattern.
Several guns were mounted in our de
fense and shelled the Chinese forts
lower down.
"Having found ammunition and rice,
we could have held out for some days;
but. being hampered with large num
bers of wounded, I sent to Tien Tsin for
a relieving force, which arrived on the
morning of June 25. The armory was
evacuated and the forces arrived at
Tien Tsin on June 26. We burned the
armory.
"Casualties to date: British killed,
27. wounded 75: American killed 4,
wounded 25: French killed 1. wounded
10; Germans killed 12, wounded 62;
Italians killed 5. wounded 3; Japanese
killed 2, w-ounded 3; Austrian killed
1, wounded 1; and Russian Killed 10,
wounded 27."
Weather Indications.
Chicago, June 30 Forecast for Kan
sas: Generally fair tonight and Sunday
except local thunder storms are prob
able; warmer western portion tonight
southerly winds.
4th of July Hates.
The Missouri Pacific will sell tickets
July 3rd and 4th limited to the 5th at
one and one-third fares for the round
trip. Minimum rate 50c. This applies
only between stations within 200 miles
distance.
4tv.i - ,
OCRATS
POURING I!
Every Incoming Train to Kan
sas City Brings Delegates.
Mayor Rose or Charles Thomas
Temporary Chairman.
FIGHT BETWEEN THEM.
Yice-Presidential Contest
Warming Up Briskly.
Is
Congressman Sulzer Most Ac
tively Pushing His Case.
Tammany "Will Tour Kansas
Before Returning.
Kansas City, June 30. Kansas
looked like a convention city in
City
good
earnest today. The early trains brought
in many who are to take part in the
convention, and in the hotel corridors,
were men whose faces have become fa
miliar by reason of being seen for years
at great national Democratic gather-
ngs. Among them were James D. Rich
ardson, of Tennessee, Augustus Van
Wyck, of New York, D. J. Campau, of
Michigan, W. J. Stone, of Missouri,
Amos Cummings, of New York, J. L.
Norris of Washington, D. C, and many
others who came to be present at the
preliminaries.
The convention will be called to order
next Wednesday. The selection of pre
siding officers of the convention has not
yet been determined. The national com
mittee will submit the name of the tem
porary chairman, who will no doubt
be indorsed by the convention. So far
as possible the committee will also ar
range for the permanent chairman, and
available men for that place will be
canvassed at the meeting Monday.
Mayor D. A. Rose of Milwaukee and
Charles S. Thomas of Colorado have
been suggested for temporary chair
men, and it is expected that one of them
will be chosen. Representative James
D. Richardson of Tennessee has been
suggested for permanent chairman. Mr.
IUchardson acted as permanent chair
man during a portion of the Chicago
convention, when Senator White's voice
failed.
The sub-committe of the national
commute met today to make final ar
rangements for the convention. Al
though this committee does not take in
to consideration the larger affairs of the
convention the very fact that it was In
session brought a great many men
about the rooms of Secretary Walsh
where the meting was held.
This naturally caused more or less
discussion about convention prospects
and there was talk about the temporary
chairman, the permanent organization,
and the 16 to 1 declaration.
SHIVELY'S BOOM.
The greatest interest however was
shown in the vice presidential nomina
tion. Benjamin F. Shively, of Indiana,
was seen for a short time in the corri
dors of the Baltimore hotel. He stands
about six feet three inches, and wore a
"rough rider" hat. He is the Roosevelt
of this convention easily enough, said
some one when Shively was pointed out
in the group where a number of men
were earnestly trying to get some ex
pression of opinion from him.
To the Associated Press Mr. Shively
said he had nothing to say. "I am
keeping quiet in several languages,"was
his remark.
"Are you a candidate for vice presi
dent?" "No."
"Are you doing anything to keep your
friends from pressing your claims?"
"Yes, I am," replied Mr. Shively. Just
then some one came up and remarked,
"Well, you are in it sure and you can be
it yourself."
"I may receive cards to that effect
later," was his reply, "but just now is a
time to keep quiet."
An Indianan said: "Now, Shiveiy
may say he is not a candidate, and all
that and probably he is not in the sense
of seeing the office, but Indiana is go
ing to press him for the place because
we want him to help carry the state. We
think he is the strongest candidate the
party can name, and, in the short time
we have been here, things look very
encouraging."
TAMMANY FEARS HILL.
It is already apparent that the Croker
wing and the Hill wing of the New York
Democracy are pulling apart. The New
York men already here say that Croker
is much displeased with the course Hill
Third Glorious Fourth.
t 4 M
1
birthdav with open air fancy dress balls
ute to the gaiety of nations at the island
has pursued, and the Tammany men
who were speaking favorably of Hill
as a vice presidential candidate have re
ceived a severe "call down" from the
Tammany chief. It is said that Hill is
likely to make trouble in the convention,
but just how is not apparent at present.
It is believed that New York state will
have to give him some recognition, pos
sobly a place on the committee on reso
lutions. It Is known that he wants this
position and, if some other man is se
lected, it would be a great disappoint
ment for Hill. It is doubtful, it is said,
if Tammany cares to go that far. If
placed on the resolutions committee it
is feared that Hill will have an oppor
tunity to cause trouble. He has an
nounced his purpose of trying to secure
a modification of the Chicago platform,
having led the fight against it four
years ago, and he was instrumental in
having New York remain silent after
the platform was adopted.
There is yet much uncertainty about
the intentions of the ex -senator, how
ever, but the impression is that he
has something in view which will come
to the surface soon after he reaches
here.
TURNS TOWARD SHIVELY.
Vice-Presidential Sentiment Drifting
in Eoosier's Direction.
Kansas City, June 30. Tammany
leaders have repeatedly declared that
Tammany Hall has no candidate. After
New York comes Indiana in logical
sequence, and B. F. Shively, the Hoosier
candidate, has a clean bill of political
health. He has entered into no entang
ling alliances, and his record is clear.
Mr. Bryan has so far preserved an im
penetrable silence regarding his per
sonal preferences, but the Shively boom
ers declare that there will be no joint
debate between Bryan and Shively.
Shively's boom will be better than
Sulzer's. It will be nursed. Sulzer will
have stalked all over town before the
Indianians arrive. Hill's boom, though
confessedly growing, will meet the im
penetrable barriers of Bryan's defiant
interview, and the resolute attitude of
the men like George Fred Yv'iHiams.
Lewis, of Washington, will never get
away from the coast, but instead In
diana will come in with its congressman
who has always been as loyal to silver
as any of them, who comes from a
doubtful state, who has a following
there and who is without a handicap.
BRYAN ON THE FARM.
Hunts Four Leaved Clovers and Has
the Newspaper Men Sing.
Lincoln, Neb., June 30. Mr. Bryan
Friday afternoon, after he had grac
iously submitted to be interviewed by
a dozen reporters aa to his views and
wishes on the money plank, vice presi
dential candidates and other issues to
come before the convention, and to
which he has as graciously replied with
out saying anything, took the whole
"push" out to his farm, located about
four miles from town. Mr. Bryan is not
a farmer; he is an agriculturist. Be
tween the two he draws a sharp distinc
tion. He says a farmer is a man who
lives and works on the farm and spends
his money in town, while an agricul
turist is one who lives and works in
town and spends his money on the farm.
This farm is only thirty acres, but every
foot of it is in cultivation.
Five acres of wheat, five of oats, fif
teen of corn and the balance in small
fruit and "garden truck." It is situated
upon a high wall of the prairie, which
stretches as far as the eye can see, af
fording as beautiful an agricultural
scene as one could wish. Mr. Bryan
was as happy and free from trouble as
a school boy, in fact, in his exuberance
of spirits and utter forgetfulness of the
serious matters which had brought the
newspaper men there he impressed one
as being the simplest great man whom
one could have the fortune to meet. He
took the party down to his watermelon
patch, stood Alfred Stofer between two
rows of vines and made him sing his
famous darkey "Watermelon on the
Vine" song, while he patted an accom
paniment in approved darkey style and
joined heartily in the chorus. He show
ed the party his barn, his chickens, had
them drink from the "old oaken bucket,
hunted for a four-leaf clover with them.
and wore home, pinned to the lapel of
his coat, one which James Creelman,
the world-wide writer, found. It was
a happily, healthily spent afternoon.
TIGER TO TOUR KANSAS.
Tammany Will Visit the Sunflower
State After Convention.
Kansas City, June 30. Kansas will
have an opportunity to see Tammany at
close range. After the convention is
over Tammany intends to make a tour
of Kansas.
A telegram was received last evening
announcing that the New York dele
gates had decided to make a jaunt
through Kansas after the convention
and requesting Sterling Price, one of
the delegates already here, to arrange
the most desirable route whereby Tam
many may see Kansas at the best ad
vantage in the shortest possible sched
ule, and also to arrange tor transporta
tion. The plan to junket through Kansas is
said to have originated with Colonel
Feigel, and, when broached to Richard
Croker, met with his enthusiastic ap
proval. Tammany has heard much
about Kansas, but the reports have
been conflicting. The braves hardly
get through sympathizing with Kansas
over some supposed catastrophe now
than the reports come that Kansas has
more wheat and corn and cattle than
it knows what to do with. Grasshop
per stories are followed by stories to
the effect that New York banks are
compelled to go to Kansas to borrow
ready money. All of which leaves the
Tammany man, who has never been
west of Pottstown, Pa., in a confused
state of mind. Tammany is in search
of light and truth, and it will junket
into the wilds of Kansas with that very
commendable purpose in mind.
The route has not been arranged, but
it is Tammany's idea to "swing around
the circle," if a circle can be arranged
for. It wants to journey out as far as
the short grass country on one side of
the state and come back by some other
line. The New Yorkers are particularly
anxious to see the wheat belt. They
also want to see some cowboys and hear
them yell. They will demand of the
passenger agents through whom they,
negotiate a guarantee against assaults
by wild Indians. They may stop off
somewhere the other side of Salina to
look at the Rocky Mountains, or. be It
understood, Tammany goes to Kansas
to see, not to be seen. It is probable,
however, that the tiger will not object
to being exhibited when it finds out the
natives are not hostile.
SULZER WOULD ACCE?"
Declares He Is Not a Candidate But
Would Not Refuse,
Lincoln, Neb., June 30. When Con
gressman Sulzer leaves for Kansas City
this afternoon the popular supposition
among the Democratic politicians now
in Lincoln is that he will take with him
the expressed wishes of Mr. Bryan as
(Continuc-d on Sixth Page.1)
"HELLOJCANSAS."
Startling Little Book Written
by Eugene Ware.
Will White's "What's the Mat
ter With Kansas' Eclipsed.
A PICTURE OF GLOOM.
Effort Made to Show How State
Has Suffered.
EverythingCharged to Populism
and Prohibition.
Dates Misfortunes From Ingalls'
Downfall.
A new book has been issued from the
press of Crane & Co., which may startle
the country. It is a little inoffensive
looking pamphlet of 19 pages and bears
the title "Hello, Kansas! The Fall of In
galls and Wrhat Happened; by a Tired
Man."
The "Tired Man" is Eugene F. Ware,
better known as "Ironquill," who has
never known to be tired but he has de
voted his little book to proving that
the conditions in Kansas for the past
ten years have made him extremely
weary.
Mr. Ware's name does not appear in
the pamphlet which is signed "Paint j
Creek."
As might be guessed the book is devo
ted to proving that Kansas has suffered
immeasurably because of Populism and
it is entitled to a place alongside of
Will White's famous "What's the Mat
ter with Kansas?"
The "Tired Man" says:
"Kansas is not a state; it has never
been a state; it is and has been a uni
versity. Its history is one of woes and
glory. Kansas is where people learn
things. If all those who came within
it borders, with the intention of staying,
had remained therein, there would be a
population of five millions. They have
come ;they have been educated; they
have gone. For one to live in Kansas
has required iron nerves, for it has been
like working in a boiler shop. To make
a living in Kansas has required geniu3,
for.no sooner has one condition of things
taken place than another has importu
nately demanded permission to happen.
As there is a presidential election on
hand and great interests at stake, as
Mr. Bryan is going to be nominated
next month for the presidency, and Mr.;
J'rc-idenf hal for the governorship of
Kansas, the writer begs leave to submit
the following statistics:
In 1890, we had national legislation on
trusts and on silver, and in that year
Kansas had settled down to bed-rock
and had begun a new regime. She had
then gone through the boom. More than
orfe hundred thousand people had come
and gone, and Kansas had returned
to where she was in 1886. A comparison
of 1SS6 and 1S90 in Kansas is as fol
lows: School
Year. Population. Children.
18S6 , 1,406.738. 497,785
1SS90 1,427,096 09,614
Between the dates of 1886 and 1890 the
population of Kansas ran up to over one
and a half million, but it ran down
gain, so that when the LTnited States
census was taken in June, 1890, the state
was practically normal, as to popula
tion.
"In 1886 and 1SS7 the 'Wheelers' had
been organized in Arkansas, and they
with kindred societies were sweeping
tne southwest. They were against ev.
erything. In Kansas the 'Farmers Alii
ance' and other farmers' secret socie
ties were at the same time organizing.
Socialism began to creep into the state.
"In liiDO the condition was that of an
insane fervor. The Indians were danc
ing ghost dances from Canada to the
Gulf, and the political 'picnic crazes' of
the white man outrivaled anything
Known or neard or Detore.
"All of these things were the precurs
ors of the Populist party. Thousands of
sensible men talked gibberish and pa
raded the streets singing in a yell,
'Good-by, old party, good-by.' Wagons
loaded with children were paraded, la
beled 'over-production.' The Indians In
their ghost dances painted their faces
and waited for a 'Messiah,' and so did
tne fopulists. Ihe Indian 'Messiah' re
fused to appear, but the Populist 'Mes
siah was found in Nebraska. The In
dians expected their 'Messiah' to bring
back the buffalo, the others, 'free
coinage of silver:' both had been long
extinct.
"All of this ancient craze must have
been caused by some exhalation from
tne planets. It must have been in the
air. People went politically crazy over
night. It reminded one of the orgies
preceding tne crusades; or the wild
epoch of the Medieval 'Flagellants.
Perhaps the earth wandered somewhat
from its orbit. Something might have
been the matter with the sun. There
was a strange melancholy in the air.
scrub politicians seemed to get the dis
ease a little worse than anvbodv else
and those who, before, could talk only
four hours on a stretch, wee suddenly
endowed with a power to talk ten. The
t rench Revolution was the leading top
ic, and in speeches the principal illus
tration. w omen quit frying sprin
chicken, and became national charac
ters, and divided their time between the
octopus,' the 'Money Devil,' the 'Great
Ked Dragon.' and the 'Crime of 1872
Their voices sounded like lawn-mowers
A portrait of a statesman of that neriod
would merely have the appearance of
a ten-incn ring.
"In the summer of 1S90 when the cen
sas was taken .the Republican party
was in power, but was on the brink of
the chasm. It hoped to cross it but did
not know how deep and wide the chasm
was. it was dark.
"The November elections in the fall of
1890 wound tip by placing a secret soci
ety, the 'Farmers Alliance.' in charge of
the legislature. Things went according
to the sign, grip and password; and the
Alliance dominated the state until the
legislative session of 1899 by either pass
ing such laws as it pleased, or by hold
ing one branch or the other of the legis
lature, which prevented any repeal of
their laws.
"Mr. Ingalls was defeated by the elec
tion of I860, and his position taken by a
new man. The new man was a man of
hqjr: his political principles revolved
lilfi an electric fan. A vast war dance
was held over the remains of Mr. In
galls. as if something had been achieved.
"From the downfall of Mr.Ingalls date
the real misfortunes of the state of
Kansas. -
"The party if we can call a crazy po
litical mob a party which overthrew
Mr. Ingalls. have hung on ever since.
under various names. It called itself af
ter awhile the 'Reform' party. The woril
'reform' when appropriated by a party
is prima facie fraudulent, because men
who are professionally good always
need watching.
Then afterwards the party called
themselves 'Pops.' Every man who bad
gambled and lost was a Pop. Then,
gathering in all of the rag-tag and bob-'
tail, the bankrupts, the tramps and the
sore-heads, they called themselves the
'Fusion' party.
They are now making their final
struggle, and say they can carry the
state. They have fixed up a slate, and
partitioned the prospective offices be
tween them.
"We wish to show what has befallen
Kansas since the downfall of Mr. In
galls; and to do so we must go iuto
figures."
The writer then quotes figures show
ing the birth rate in Kansas to have
been 44,835 above deaths per annum. He
then shows that in that ratio Kansas
should have had 1,782,243 population in
1SP9 while the census shows but 1,425,-
119.
He quotes these official census fig
ures; School Children
Year. Pop'n. children, enrolled. Vote.
10 1.427.096 & 9 6:4 3S.1.420 294.0?
l'S.9 l.i.5.119 504,13d Oil, 50J 2i8,lbO
H continues:
"Wre have fallen off at every point.
Not only have we lost 584,000 population
since the downfall of Mr. Ingalls. but
we haven't got our share, 80,000, of the '
foreign emigration. Our laws ere such
as foreigners don't like, and the short
age on foreign emigration brings up
our loss to 664,000.
"In fact, our foreign population has
fallen off 20,000 in number. There have
probably 40,000 gone out, and 20,000 new
come in, leaving a net loss of 20,000.
Those that have come In (miners) are
: not the same as those who went out.
Where have the 5S4.000 people gone?
There are thousands of them in Kan-
City. St. Louis, and Chicago. We
hear of them in Porto Rico, the Philip
pines ana south Africa. They have
settled up Oklahoma and the mines of
southwest Missouri and Colorado. There
are colonies in all the western states.
For nine years Kansas has been pro
ducing an army of invasion, and like
Vermont and bcythia has sent out
hordes that never come back. At tha
end of nine years, 1S99, the state has
grown smaller. I estimate the census
of this year at about 1,457,000, being an
increase of over 32,000. It may be much
less than that.
Let anybody travel anywhere and he
will run onto a Kansas man. Does any
thing happen anywhere on earth that a
Kansas man is not in it somewhere?
Does a band-wagon run over anvbodv
anywhere and kill somebody? and is a
Kansas' man present? Yes, he is pres
ent, but he is not killed; he is not on
the ground, he is in the band-wagon. ,
Does the elephant step on the Kansas
man? No; the elephant is not built
right, he can not step on the Kansas
man, for the Kansas man i3 on the ele
phant's neck, and is traveling over the
eartn with the show.
"The people who can ret out who are
fixed to go who have got money and
the property, have gone and are going.
and they take their money with them;
and those who remain behind keen on
earning money for additional people to
go. And children who have no money
are continually born to supply the gaps
made Dy tne exits of crowds. In other
words, those who go take money with
them. Those who come have no money.
They are even born without clothes, and
are a constant expense for fifteen years
thereafter.
This will keen any country full of
brighter, beautiful, interesting cherubs,
but will also keep it hard up.
ine enterprising, the energetic, the
money-maker, the 'Yank' has gone. We
want mm back. w e want others to
come in just like him.
lanks and banks no cranks.
thanks.
"A bank must have a good reputation
or people will not put their money into
it.
"A state must have a good reputation:
or people will not put their money into
it.
"During ten years of Populistic in
fluence every law that would make for
eign capital unsafe in Kansas has been
attempted. It has been the rule of riot.
socialism, anarchy and robbery.
"e nave in tne natural history of
Kansas strange combinations. Among
otAers, out on the buffalo-grass plain3
in the west of the state is the combina
tion of the prairie dog. the owl and the'
snake. They ail live in the same hole,
and they mutually support each other..
The prairie dog as he hops up, chirps,
shows his basement and dives into the
hole, makes every lover of natural his
tory think of the active, festive, vivac
ious nincompoops who represent the
'Pop' party. The snake represents the
'Silver Republican.' He Is a dirt-eater.
The owl, the Democrats he hoots. A
prairie dog town is a 'fusion' convention
and the owl is the boss. He makes the
others get busy."
A section is devoted to essaying that
(Continued on Sixth Page.)
OCXXXX)OCXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXD
OFFICE HOURS,
II to 12 A.M. ,2 to 5 P. M.
C F.
MENNINGER,
M. D.
OFFICE,
727 Kansas Avenue, Telephone 19.
RESIDENCE,
1251 Topeka Ave., Telephone 85,
TOPEKA.
OCXXOOOOOCOCOOOOOOOOOCXXXXi
A

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