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TOPEKA STATE JOURNAIi, THURSDAY EVENING, JULY 5, 1900.
3 BIRD'S-EYE VIEW Democratic ConTention Seen by a State Journal Reporter. ETident That Every One Can Not Hear. YEIiT XOISY CROWD. Paid Attention to the Pre siding Officers. "Cut and Dried" Feature is Yery Evident. ISpecial to the State Journal. Kansas City, Convention Hall, July 5. The State Journal correspondent, in the convention hall, sat 100 feet from the speaker's stand. "When Mayor Keed, of Kansas City, had concluded his address of welcome, the State Jour nal correspondent had succeeded in hearing these words: "Glorify the horizon." So far as the press reservations were concerned in the block of seats between 20O and 300. those words constituted all of the speech the reporters heard. Chairman Jones of the national com mittee could be seen plainly, and by the gesticulations, it was clearly apparent that he was making a speech. Oocasionally the ears of the corres pondent discerned the sound of the gav el, but for speeches, one might have been just as much edified by sitting in the shade of some Kansas avenue soda fountain. When the opening prayer was being offered, at least that was what was go ing on. according to the word passed back from the direction of the stand, an Indiana band marched into an upper gallery, probably a quarter of a mile from the place where the State Journal correspondent was buried. merrily reeling off "The Moon Shines Bright on the Wabash." A commotion which be gan at the speaker's stand and extend ed across the mass of people to the vicinity of the band, stopped the stir ring strains which were being cheered in a lusty, if sacrilegious manner. Then "the man" finished his prayer amidst shouts cf "down in front." "get out of the way," and other mandatory expres sions. When Kansas City's mayor arose to speak, some unauthorized individual sitting near the chairman attempted to "break in." but was silenced by the crowd yelling: "Sit down." The applause which the mayor re ceived was no doubt spontaneous and deserved but it came from three dis tinct parts of the hall, and in about the same volume, to such an extent that U justified the opinion that it might have been engaged for the occasion. The first Kansas man in sight was J. G. Johnson, who helped the chairman pound on the table for order. Then E. E. Murphy of Leavenworth, who. as as sistant reading clerk, announced some thing. Presumably it was the conven tion officers, because, soon after this was done the chairman waved his hands, and a chorus of "ayes" from the "delegate pit," indicated that a vote tiad been taken. Murphy left the plat form, and the crowd yelled for Hill. It was noticeable, as a diversion, that when the crowd was in the saddle. Hill was the favorite in their demands, be cause Mr. Hill brought & crowd of root ers along. After the supposed vote was taken, three men marched on the platform. The attitude in which they appeared, at first suggested that some one had faint ed and was being carried out. This proved incorrect, however, as a man who had Just come into the press reser vations announced that the "scared looking" individual was the temporary chairman. There were some formalities on the platform, as Governor Thomas took from under his arm. a big roll of manuscript. The crowd cheered for awhile, then the chairman waved his arms, and gave Thomas what looked like a push forward. Then the manu script was unrolled and the governor, presumably read his speech. The bald spot on the top of his head and the Prince Albert coat, and an occasional reflection of light from the governor s spectacles were the most prominent points observed during the reading The essay is said to have been first-ciass and the "key-note" of the campaign. The Democrats turned down Mavor Rose of Milwaukee because they claimed he was not "big enough" and mieht "soil the Ivory ' in striking this kev-note Gover nor Thomas is not a giant, and his voice lacks penetration. People did not go to the convention hall to hear things. They were there to see and express their opinions of the convention. This was responsible for a constant buzz of conversation. It wa more in the nature of a woman's af ternoon party, where neighbors criti cised each other, abused the speaker for not having a stronger voice and conducted itself in a manner thorough ly befitting the Fourth of July. The convention brought out thousands of photographing machines. One could hear the constant "click," "click" of the machines, large and small. The representatives of the eastern papers had monster instruments at their seats and seemed to be taking "shots" at every turn of the speaker. Before the close of the "reading" the chairman was freqently interrupted with calls of "louder" from all over the convention, hall. Outside firecracker bombs were booming, bands playing, street car gor.g3 clanging, and every noise known to mankind seemed to be coming from every quarter. The organization of the national con vention had little interest after the first novelty had worn off. That lasted but a few moments, and not a man from Kansas will say today that he would not rather go into a state convention, at home, where all are acquainted, and where every body gets a chance to take a hand. There is considerable satisfac tion, to be sure, in gaining admission to a convention of such importance, but the glamor of anticination snnn riian- pears. One is located in the midst of confusion; unable to hear what the speakers say: compelled to work to keep some "human hog" from rooting him out of the chair: and able only to stare at the flags and decorations, and imagine that the eenith of earthlv glory has at last been reached. But it hasn't. A national convention is disappointing to those who expect much, and a very tame affair to those seeking excite ment. Prolonged cheering announced the close of Thomas' address. Two men hurried upon the platform and a bust of Bryan was unveiled. "Turn him around" yelled the crowd. "We'll do that for you in November," shouted a crowd of men huddled in a corner, a block from the unveiling. These enthusiasts came near being put out. because they were noisy in their demonstrations for Republicanism. Jones and Johnson thumped the table for two or three minutes, but the crowd grew more noisy, condescending to give mention wniie a man delivered the Declaration of Irdependenee as a speech. He was givei ten convention tickets for reading this worthy docu ment, but he used gestures, pauses and climaxes, coming as near as possible to an oration. A woman with curly hair sang "The Star Spangled Banner, while the Mis souri band played the accompaniment. The singer may have a voice of high quality, but it didn't sound like it. When the band swelled out In full tune to the chorus and the vast audience Joined, there w"as a volume of music which was surprising. The Maryland crowd In the gallery gave a campaign yell which sounded like a college yell, then the crowd yelled for "HUl of New York." This went on for five minutes while some hissed; others cheered, while some swore at the audacity of the crowd in attempting to divert the regular bus iness of the convention. The cheers for Hili subsided after 15 minutes, after which Governor Thomas moved his arms and seemed to be much in earnest, trying to say something. The word came back that he had threatened to clear the hall if the disturbance con tinued. Those calling for Hill were promptly hissed and they subsided. There were four or five men on the platform talking. It is said they an nounced the membership of the various committees. The reader of the committe lists hand ed them to E. E Murphy who passed them to C. A. Walsh, the national com mittee's secretary, secretary also of the convention, who in turn gave them into the hand3 of W. A. Deford of Kansas, who took charge of them. The cries for Hill continued, creating the greatest confusion. Johnson. Thom as and the sergeant-at-arms were mak ing passes in the air and by the manner in which their heads bobbed, it was presumed that there was something do ing. Suddenly the crowd started for the doors. This indicated that a recess had been taken. The State Journal cor respondent joined the procession and got outside. After half an hour's exer tion he reached the "throne room" at headquarters and learned from Mr. Johnson that the convention, at 2:30 or thereabout, had quit until 4 o'clock. There was considerable cheering and playing of bands, beginning at 4 and continuing util nearly 5 o'clock. Then Governor Thomas resumed his place on the platform. There was more gesticu lating and cheering and calls for Hill. The chairman faced the north side of the hall, pounded with the gavel, and waved his arms. A section of the crowd started a move which soon became gen eral. After hustling around among the men wearing delegate badges the re porter ascertained that the convention would meet at 8:30. The crowd at the evening session was the greatest of the three sessions, the extra rush being on the part of people who anticipated a nomination of the candidate for president. NIGHT SESSION. Scenes of the Day Re-enacted With. Variations. ISpecial to the State Journal. Kansas City. July 5. Although the convention was not the nerve-straining ordeal which one might expect.the scene in the hall last night was one which made the blood tingle, caused a man to get warm all over, while a suspicious lump lingered in his throat. Long be fore the delegates assembled, the con vention hall was crowded to the very doors. Bands were playing in various corners of the vast hall. The rays of the hundred arc lights, threw a mellow light over the flags and state standards. The dash of color reflected from the audi ence, all combined to create a scene of grandeur and impressiveness. High up in the farthermost balcony, a band struck up "Hello My Baby." The instruments ceased and the players sang the chorus. Other popular airs followed. The players closed this fea ture with a brilliant passage from a comic opera. The blare of the instru ments ceased: the drums were stilled and out from that concealed nook float ed a sweet melody which carried men and women, old and young, back to their childhood, when fond mothers lulled away their ca-es with inspirations from the heart, the music of which no composer has ever been able to produce. The singera were an invisible choir; the words were not audible, but the melody was there, and that melody stilled the throng as the influence of man could not do. But the crowd soon passed from un der this spell. The first incident which aroused them from the influence of the music, was the jingling of the tele phones on the desks of the newspaper men. some of the Kansas City papers having this facility for sending the news from the convention hall direct to their offices. One man did the writing, another "talked-it" through the "phdne. When these bells began ringing, the people started a buzz in inquiring what they were for. The conversation soon became general. A steady thump, thump, for five minutes recalled the people to the fact that Chairman Thomas wa3 rapping for order. He was evidently la boring under considerable excitement. His arms were waved so high that his coattails were elevated to his waist. This pantimime continued for a short period, ending presumably when the crowd near the stand cheered. Then a man with whiskers bobbed up. He was chopping the air. like an amateur base ball player. The word came back that this man was the distinguished ex-governor of Illinois. John P. Altgeld. The reporters broke the news to the crowd. Mr. Altgeld will probably never know why a section of the audience cheered after he was thoroughly started. The discovery of his identity caused this outburst, long after those in front had stopped their applause. Soon a mon strous cheer went up from the center of the hall. It was taken up and the rafters rang with the volume of sound which reached them. Mr. Altgeld hail said, so it was reported, after the cheer ing had subsided: "None of the dele gates here could have come had their constituents known there was any ques tion about specific mention of 16 to 1 in our platform." This was the first and last ovation Mr.Altgeld received, though he shook his head, until it seemed from a distance that it would come off, and chopped the air until 9:10 o'clock. Then came a blessed relief for strain ed ears. E. K. Murphy, of Kansas, a sunflower blazing on the lapel of his coat, read the report of the committee on order of business. Every word Murphy uttered could be heard in all parts of the hall. The chairman swayed his body back and forth, bobbed his head. A chorus of ayes told of the adoption of that report. Clerks who could not be heard participated in addi tional rounds, until interrupted by a quarrel in the delegations from the Dis trict of Columbia, the contests having been appealed from the committee to the convention. A -ote wag taken after the statesmen had . unloaded their speeches. Few understood what the vote was. but everyone knew the affirm ative lost, because there was a thunder ous "no" from the arena containing the delegates. Following this, the scenes of the forenoon, surrounding the installa tion of Chairman Thomas, were repeat ed, only Permanent Chairman Richard son was substituted as the victim. He also read bis speech, fragments of which such as "thirdly." "1S96." the "Empire," "the ratio," and similar words were wafted over the press reservations. When Richardson concluded the trou ble commenced. The state banners were raised, and each strove to get the high est point from which to flaunt the colors of his state. A Nebraska man got on the table which held Bryan's bust. The Nebraska standard was raised, but the triumph was short lived. A Kansas man, on the shoulders of J. G. Johnson pushed the Kansas standard high above them all, and then the Kansans let loose. The Kansans had finished first. The applause and demonstration contin ued ten minutes, during which the state standards among them the Hawaiian banner, were bunched by their enthus iastic carriers, then all walked in single file around the hall. During this pan demonium the audience stood on chairs and yelled like demons, men and women alike. The chairman could not control the howling mob, and it was necessary to adjourn. It was 10:30 when the end came In a wild, discordant disturbance, which was carried out in the customary pantomime. RICHARDS ON- INSTALLED Aa Permanent Chairman of the Demo cratic Convention. Kansas City. July 6. The scene pre sented at the night session of the conven tion was one of brilliancy and beauty. The vast auditorium was splendidly il luminated by great arc lights that gleam ed from dizzy heights about the hall like huge stars. The color scheme presented among the innumerable lights was un surpassed beauty. Prom every available point in the immense steel superstructure festoons of the national colors were flut tering gaily in the delightful breeze that swept through the hall from the south, tempering pleasantly the heat of the night. Banked in the commodidus gal leries which rise in tiers from the space reserved for delegates and alternates, were thousands of spectators, the cool attire of the men making a pretty, but not shaxp contrast with the more brilliant costumes of the ladies. It was notable that nearly every male spectator was in his shirt sleeves, and the parti-colored display of outing shirts was a spectacle seldom witnessed anywhere on a scale so vast. The incessant waving of fans, many of them of bright colors, gave an observer the impression of thousands of butter flies hovering over the audience. The constant shuffling of feet and continuous hum of the convention sounded like the roar of a surf breaking upon a rocky coast. Nearly an hour before the con vention was called to order the spectators seats were filled. As the delegates slowly assembled, the people in the great amphitheater accorded the leaders, one after another, cordial receptions. Far up in the gallery next to the roof the gallery that overhangs the main auditorium an ellipse of faces peered down upon the scene below, presenting a curious picture. At S:33 o'clock Chairman Thomas rapped the convention to order, although considerably less than two-thirds of the delegates had arrived. There was con siderable expectancy over the arrival of Senator Hill, but he failed to put in an appearance. Notwithstanding the small number of delegates present. It seemed to require for them a wholly disproportionate amount of time to come to order, as compared with the two preceding ses sions. Pounding vigorously with his gavel, and his efforts In this direction being ably supplemented by Sergeant-at-arms Mar tin, who rapped a table so hard that he winced at every blow as though it had landed upon his own fingers. Chairman Thomas at last succeeded in reducing the convention to such a state of quietude that his voice could be heard a hundred feet away. "The convention will now come to or der." he shouted, with a violence that threatened an apoplectic seizure "and pending the coming reports of the com mittees, the convention will listen to an address from ex-Governor Altgeld, of Il linois." There was still too much confusion for the name of the speaker to be intelligible at any distance, and there was only a mild ripple of applause, as Governor Alt geld mounted the rostrum. Again by the vigorous use of his gavel. Chairman Thomas gained largely upon the noise, and then he again commenced: "The convention will now be addressed by ex Governor Altgeld. of Illinois." This time his voice carried, and the an nouncement was greeted with applause. Just as Governor Altgeld began to speak the tall form of Congressman Sul zer came stalking through the aisle. It was his first appearance upon the floor, and although the recipient of no applause, he was cordially greeted by many of the delegates as he passed them. When he reached the Iowa delegation, seated di rectly in the rear of New York, Cato Sells rose to shake hands with him. and In stantly there was a group around the tall New Yorker, all shaking hands with him, and patting him on the shoulder. From the New York delegation, how ever, Mr. Sulzer received no recognition, no handshake, no smile. He took appar ently as little interest in New York as New York evinced in him. and although he nodded familiarly to several of the dele gations, he spent no time with them. Luring the early portion of Governor Altgeld's address, the hum of conversa tion in the galleries, and among the dele gates was so loud that not much of what he said was audible, except to those close to him. The name of Mark Hanna, ut tered in accents which did not imply ap proval, was the first thing the crowd-at-large caught, and although not many knew just what the missile had been, or whether it had hit the mark, there was a howl of delight. His prognostications of Democratic suc cess next fall was the signal for another vocal spasm, and when he declared that if the Democrats of the country had not sufficient confidence in their delegates to entrust the cause of Democracy to them, they would not have stnt them here to nominate a candidate for the presidency. This, coming from a man of Mr. Aitgeld's known attitude upon the silver question, was taken by the 16 to 1 advocates as direct championship of their cause, and they were on their feet in an instant, shouting and waving hats and handker chiefs with the greatest enthusiasm. So loud was the cheering that the speaker was compelled to suspend his remarks un til the uproar had subsided. It came again in a minute, however., when he declared that any modification of the Chicago plat form would place the Democratic party in a ridiculous position before the Amer ican people. Again his voice was drowned for a full minute, while the advocats of 16 to 1 voiced their approval beyond the walls. The anti-16 to 1 people took their in nings in another minute, when he spoke favorably of the ratio of li to 1. and there were loud cries of "No! No!!" The speaker unwittingly touched oft a mine by using the expression, in discussing the attitude of certain Democrats toward the silver question, "now my friend Hill." That was as far as he got for several minutes. The name of Hill again started the uproar had had marked the first ses sion of the convention. From all sides of the hall and particularly from the southern delegates, came loud cries of "Hill," "Hill." Mingled with the calls for the New Yorker came hisses In plenty and despite the vigorous use of the gavel, all semblance of order was lost and nothing couid be heard save the calls of "Hill." and the disapproving hisses. The band In the gallery struck up a lively air, but as soon as it subsided the uproar was as great as ever, the California dele gation being prominent in calling for Sen ator Hill. It was not possible for Gover nor Altgeld to continue immediatly and the committee on rules declared " itself ready to report. Governor Altgeld dis continued his address and Jeft the plat form. The report of the committee on rules waj read and adopted. The report of the committee on creden tials seating Mark Cohn and P. E. Me Cabe in the New York delegation, the Clark delegation in Montana and giving one-half a vote to each delegation in Ok lahoma was read and a minority report dissenting from the decision in the Okla homa ca.-e presented. There was some ob jection made by Murray Vandlver, from Maryland, to the committee taking no ac tion in the District of Columbia case. After a brief speech in support of his contention that the credentials commit tee had not dealt fairly with the District of Columbia contest. Mr. Vandiver moved to recommit that part of the report to the committee. The motion was lost amid a storm of "Noes." The report of the committee was adopt ed as presented, witnout further debate. Chairman Thomas then called for the k report of the committee on permanent or ganization. When It was announced that J. D. Richardson, of Tennessee, had been selected as permanent chairman, cheers swept over the great audience. The report recommended that John D. Richardson, of Tennessee, be made per manent chairman of the convention: also that the temporary secretary, assistant secretaries, sergeants-at-arms. reading clerks, special omcrs and meclcal officers be made the permanent officers of the convention, and. in addition, that Lincoln Dixon of Indiana, Jefferson Pollard of Missouri, Wm. Cromwell of Kentucky, and W. F. A- Bernamer of Illinois be recommended as assistant secretaries. Chairman Thomas, after the adoption of the report, without debate, appointed a committee consisting of former Gover nor McCreary of Kentucky, Daniel Cam pau of Michigan and Mayor Phelan of San Francisco to escort the permanent chairman to the platform. Owing to the densely packed condition of the aisles It required some little time for Messrs. Campau. McCreary and Phe lan to get close enough to Mr. Richard son to escort him to the platform. The four men marching In single file, the col umn headed by Governor McCreary plow ed their way to the side of Chairman Thomas. Governor McCreary advanced to the front of the platform and said: "Gentlemen of the Convention: It gives me great pleasure to introduce to you the permanent chairman of this convention, Hon. James D. Richardson, of Tennes see." Mr. Richardson repeatedly bowed his acknowledgments of the cheers that swept in wave after wave through the hall. . The first token of approval given to his address was that which greeted his first mention of 16 to 1. The applause, how ever, was rather feeble and scattering. Much more energetic was the shout that followed the declaration that the coming campaign was to be a trial of the republic against the empire. The hall had become very quiet by this time and the address of Chairman Richardson was given a much better hearing than any that had preceded it. His arraignment of the fail ure of the Republican party to establish bimetallism and the creation instead of a single gold standard was received with manifestations of hearty approval. EICHAEDSON'S SPEECH On Assuming the Permanent Chair manship of the Convention. In assuming the permanent chairman ship of the convention, J. D. Richard son of Tennessee said: I am deeply sensible of the great hon or you have bestowed upon me in calling me to preside over this great Democrat ic convention. . We have been clothed with the authority to formally name the candidates who at the next election, are to be chosen president and vice presi dent of the United States; and to lay down a platform of principles upon which the battle is to be fought and the victory won. With your permission I will address m3self to some of the Is sues of the impending campaign. The last great national contest for su premacy was fought mainly upon one issue that is to say one issue was para mount In the struggle. That issue was famiUarly called, "Sixteen to one." It involved the question of the free coin age of gold and silver at a ratio of six teen parts of silver to one part of gold, with which all of us are familiar. The momentous issue this year Is again sixteen to one, but the sixteen parts to the one part of this campaign, which I will briefly discuss, are wholly different from those of 1S96. I will first refer to the sixteen parts and then to the one part. These sixteen parts are: First We have the issue fraught with Indescribable importance to our people native born, and those who have for patriotic reasons cast their fortunes with us namely, that of the republic against the empire. On this part alone of the sixteen, if there were no other we confidently expect to win a sweeping Victory in November. The Republican party stands for empire. The Demo cratic party stands for the republic, for the declaration of independence, and the constitution of our country. Second The paternal and fostering care given by those with whom we con tend, to- the combinations of corpora tions and companies into powerful or ganizations familiarly known as trusts. Under three years of Republican rule while they controlled the presidency.the senate and the house of representatives, that is all of thelawmakingpowerof the government, trusts have been propaga ted and fostered by legislation until they not only dominate all markets.both the buying and selling, but defy the very power of the government Itself. The farcical efforts put forth by the Republican party in an alleged attempt to restrain them In the dying hours of the late session of congress only excited ridicule and contempt, and served to emphasize their inability and disincli nation to grapple the monsters and reg ulate their conduct and actions. No matter what their excuses may be. the fact is their policies have created them, and, though clothed with all power, they refuse to enact legislation to control them. Third Called to power March 4, 1S97, under a pledge to reform the currency, they seized the first opportunity to fas ten upon the land the highest protective tariff law ever put upon the statute books of any country. This law was enacted not to raise rev enue, but to give protection to favored manufacturers. It failed to raise suffi cient revenue for the government, but answered the purpose of enriching the favored few while it robbed the many, and at the same time, brought forth trusts to plague us as numerous as the lice and locusts of Egypt. Their high protective tariff is the mother of trusts. Fourth This administration came into power with a solemn declaration in fa vor of bimetallism and a pledge to pro mote it. It has failed to keep that pledge. It has erected in its stead the single standard of gold, and has en deavored to destroy all hope of bimet allism. In doing this It has buijt up a powerful national bank trust, and has given us a currency based upon the aents ann liabilities of the government. We stand for bimetallism and not for a mono-metallic standard of either one or the other metal. Fifth The dominant party has recent ly made the fraudulent declaration that it favored the aionroe doctrine; and yet their president and secretary of state have done all In their power to nullify and abrogate that famous and much revered democratic doctrine. In the name of its democratic author. James Monroe. I denounce their vaunted advocacy of this truly American doc trine as false and hypocritical. We stajvl for this doctrine In its essence and form, and demand its rigid en forcement. Sixth In order to obtain place and power they pledg-ed themselves in the interest of an expanding commerce, to construct a waterway to connect the two great oceans. They have repudi ated this, promise. They have negotiated the Hay-Paunce-fote treaty, which, while it virtually abrogates the Monroe doctrine, renders it impossible to build an American ca nal. Under the terms and provisions of this treaty, which is English and not American, the canal can never be con structed. We stand for an American canal, owned, constructed, operated and forti fied by America Seventh They declared In their plat form that their party was responsible for the merit system, that it was their creature, and that the civil service should be protected and its operations extended. Their protection of this law has been such as the wolf gives the lamb. They did not dare openly repeal the law or to modify it by an act of congress, but they have Insidiously by an order from the president extorted from him to aid them to obtain and hold political power, greatly Impaired the efficiency of the law. By the president's order many thou and lucrative offices regularly covered by the civil service law, were taken from under the protection, and these places turned over to hia partisan fol- . lowers, in a vain effort to satisfy their 1 political gTeed. Eighth They declared in their plat form in favor of the admission of the territories of Arizona, New Mexico and Oklahoma as states of the union; yet, after nearly four years of full power, they are still territories. Under the wicked rule of law as now. applied by the republican party to some of our territories, they may at an early date find erected between themselves and the balance of the union a tariff wall which will serve to pauperize them while it -enriches others. Ninth When congress last assembled the president, in his first utterance ad dressed to the representatives fresh from the people, solemnly urged upon them that it was their PLAIN DUTY to give free trade to Porto Rico. His party leaders, quick to obey his injunc tion, made ready to comply with his recommendations. But in a night, al most in the twinkling of an eye, the mighty magnates of the trusts swept down upon Washington and interposed their strong arm. and PLAIN DUTY vanished like mist before the rising sun. The president wheeled Into line the republican party reversed its policy, and set up a tariff wall between the island of Porto Rico and the United States, it is not at all surprising that In the recent somewhat lengthy declarations of principles enunciated by the party in convention assembled while they en large upon almost every political ques tion, they could not find the space to point with pride to the achievements of their party in Its dealings with that unhappy island. The democratic party stands for equal taxation, equal rights and opportunities to all who come under the folds of the fla?. ' Tenth They wholly failed by their legislation or by the cheaper method of platform declaration, to tell the coun try what their policy is In respect to the Philippine islands. For two years, by their equivocating policy, and no policy at all. they have continued In that arch ipelago, a war, expensive in human blood, as well as in money. Incompe tent to deal with this question and too cowardly to avow their real purpose of imperialism and militarism in. dealing with these and kindred colonial questions they should be retired from power and the control should be given to a party honest, bold and patriotic enough to apply American theories and precepts to existing conditions and thereby solve them in harmony with the underlying principles of the declaration of indepen dence and the constitution of our coun try. Eleventh Another part of the issue of the campaign this year is the scan dalous dealings of a high cabinet officer with private banks of the country.These scandals are notorious, and are based upon the earnest and repeated written demands of the officers of some of these banks that they should be favored by this administration because of money contributed by them with which to by the presidency of 1S96. Correspondence submitted to congress shows that, in one case at least, an ap peal from an institution in New York city to the secretary of the treasury for financial assistance because, as it was claimed, the officers of that bank had contributed liberally to the election of the present chief executive was not made In vain, and the asked-for assist ance In this case from the government was freely, if not corruptly given. Twelfth The scandals which sur rounded the war department in feeding embalmed beef to the soldiers, in its purchase of old yachts, tugs, ocean lin ers, ocean tramps, barges, scows, etc., for use as army transports constitute an importance chapter. Thirteenth So also the scandals la connection with the postoffice matters In Cuba, and the scandal3 in connection with the expenditure of the funds of the Paris exposition. Time will not merit an amplification of all these scandals. Fourteenth They loudly proclaim that theirs is the party of liberty, and in their vainglory boast of their very name. Republican, yet they are caught coquetting and forming secret entang ling alliances of the most detestable character with the old mother Mon archy. They stand supinely by and refuse even an expression of sympathy with the Boer republics in their heroic and unequal struggle for existence as against the gross oppressions, and bru tal efforts at enslavement of the same old tyrant who went down in defeat when he sought to prevent the establish ment of our own liberty-loving republic. They thus permit a brave people in love with their free Republican institutions to perish from the earth, lest by one word of sympathy and comfort they might offend the delicate sensibilities of their new found ally. Great Britain. Fifteenth An Important chapter is the oft-repeated promise, made to be broken, that when the war ceased the oppressive burdensome and vexatious war taxes on many articles of prime necessity should be repealed or reduced. Thoueh the war closed two years ago and notwithstanding there is a large and growing surplus In the treasury, not one dollar of reduction in these taxes has been made. It is known that delegation after del egation of citizens, suffering from these burdens, crowded the committee rooms at Washington, and literally begged for some relief. It is true that those of us who constitute the minority of congres Joined in that appeal and declared our readiness to support any and all meas ures that might in some degree remove these burdens of taxation. But a deaf ear was turned by the Republicans to all such efforts lor relief, and none came. It is well known also that no relief will be given by the party in power, and It is vain for overburdened people to iook to them while present policies are attempted to be enforced. The only hope for relief lies In hurl ing from power the Republican party and the restoration of the party which believes in simple and economical gov ernment. Sixteenth The cost of Republicanism and its twin monster imperialism. - This is neither the time nor the occa sion to discuss in detail the increased appropriation made necessary by the Republican policy of imperialism. Briefly, however. I will mention that the average of appropriations per year for all purposes of government for the two years immediately preceding the Spanish-American war was about $475, 000,000. The average expenditures per an num for each of the three years since that war, including the fiscal year upon which we have Just entered, shows an increase of nearly J3OO.000.OO0. The to tal increase of the three years will be nearly 3iX,000,000. And in like propor tion it will go on. This hows the difference in cost of the empire as against the republic. These figures refer alone to the money cost of the change, and do not include the expense of the blood of the American boys, the price of which is far beyond computation. In the Republican con gress just closed, not one dollar could be had for much-needed public buildings throughout the country at home, but many millions were promptly voted to prosecute a war in the far-away Phil ippine Islands. Not a dollar for neces sary Improvements of our rivers and harbors at home, but millions to be stolen and squandered in Cuba, and our new Insular possessions. Nothing for Isthmian canal, and many other enter prises and objects, but more than two hundred millions were freely given for the army and navy, for imperialism and military, for gold and glory. I said at the outset the Issue this year was again sixteen to one. The foregoing are briefly the sixteen parts of the issue. What is the one part? We have seen that platform pledges are made and broken. That good inten tions of men are many times set at naught. That plain duty clearly set forth and understood, is disregarded. That some men are weak and vacillat ing and many change their solemn opin ions in a day. It is apparent therefore, to all that in this supreme exigency of the republic a demand goes forth not for a faint hearted declaration of plat form platitudes, but for a man. Yes, a man who stands like a mighty rock in the desert; a man who knowing the right will dare do the right; a man who, "rather than follow a multitude to do evil, will stand likePompeys pillar conspicuous by himself, and single in integrity." Such a man as the one part, this con vention will tender to the nation as their candidate for president. A man who is unsurpassed as a citizen, un equalled as an orator, courageous as a soldier, conspicuous in every element that constitutes the typical and the true American, William J. Bryan of Nebraska. FOR 16 TO 1. Platform Committee Endorses Vote of 26 to 24. by Kansas City, July 5. The resolutions committee has decided on an explicit declaration for free silver coinage at 16 to 1. The vote stood 26 to 24, and was taken at 3:20 o'clock this morning. The vote stood as follows on a reso lution to substitute a 16 to 1 declaration for a simple reaffirmation of the Chi cago platform: Ayes Alabama, Arkansas, Colorado, Delaware, Idaho, Iowa, Kansas, Ken tucky, Maine. Massachusetts, Missouri, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, North Dakota. Oregon, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, Washington, Wyoming, Arizona, Oklahoma. Indian Territory, New Mexico, Hawaii 26. Noes California, Connecticut, Flor ida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Louis iana, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Virginia, West Virginia, Wiscon sin, Alaska 24. The plank agreed upon is as follows: "We reiterate the demand of the platform of 1S96 for an American finan cial system made by the American peo ple for themselves which shall restore and maintain a bimetallic price level; and as part of such system the Imme diate restoration of the free and unlim ited coinage of silver and gold at the present legal ratio of 16 to 1 without waiting for the aid or consent of any other nation." A sub-committee consisting of Jones, Blackburn, Metcalfe, Girard, Van Wyck, Stone, Williams, McGettrick, and Tillman was appointed to draft a platform. The committee was called together soon after the first adjournment of the convention, but then only elected its officers, adjourning to meet again at 3:30 p. m. Senator Jones of Arkansas was unanimously chosen chairman, and Mr. Metcalfe of Nebraska secretary. When the committee reassembled Mr. Metcalfe presented a draft of a plat form, covering all questions of public interest, which draft all the members accepted as Mr. Bryan's expression upon this question. Mr. Girard, of Georgia, also presented a platform, as did Mr. Van Wyck, of New York. All these documents took principally the same ground upon all questions except that of the finances. Mr. Metcalf's dec laration was for the reaffirmation of the Chicago platform in letter and spirit and it emphasized and reiterated spe cifically the declaration for the free coinage of silver at the ratio of 16 to 1. Both the other drafts simply reaffirmed the Chicago platform without reference to the ratio. When the committee re-assembled at 8:30 o'clock. Chairman Jones was of the opinion that the fight over the platform would be carried into the convention as two reports would be presented. The first speaker was G. Irving Handy of Delaware, who took a position in favor of the reiteration of the platform instead of re-affirmation. "If you re affirm the platform," said Mr. Handy, "you will have to include in it the at tack on the supreme court, and the Chicago riots which caused that declara tion are a thing of the past. If you re affirm the platform you still declare for silver. You cannot silence that great voice of Nebraska. In tones to be heard from ocean to ocean, will the man you are going to nominate, declare that the Democratic party is for free and un limited coinage of silver at the ratio of 15 to 1 without the consent of any other nation on earth. Instead of taking sil ver out of the platform you will serve to emphasize Interest in it. In his let ter of acceptance Mr. Bryan will in terpret the platform. Do you think he will make the silver issueeubordinate to others of the Chicago platform which you propose to reaffirm? No, never, and all over this land will he proclaim that silver is still the dominant issue." Great Interest was manifested in the speech of Carter Harrison of Chicago. He went over the arguments that have been made since the convention began, and declared that the proper action of this convention was to re-afflrm the Chicago platform. Representative Ball of Texas said he came from a state which gave Bryan 204,000 majority on the Chicago plat form In 1896 and was ready to repeat the operation this year. "What is the use," he asked, "of mak ing an issue for the purpose of getting whipped? If the states of the middle west and those of the east thought they could give the Democratic party elec toral votes on the Chicago platform re affirmed, why not give it to them? Sli ver was not an issue in this campaign," he continued. "Every man here knows that there can be no silver legislation during the next presidential term be cause the complexion of the senate can not be changed In that time. We must secure 600.0C0 votes to win. We must get those votes on the issues of trusts, imperialism and militarism. Why should we require the men of the east and middle west to accept reiteration? Why do you insist upon a specific decla ration for free silver at 16 to 1? Why do you want to cram it down their throats in order to be vindicated?" SILVERITES ADVANTAGE. They Have a Green Lawn on Which to Romp. Special to the State Journal.! Kansas City, July 5. The Silver Re publicans have the "snap" for their convention. The general headquarters for these men is In a small hotel' on East Eighth street. Adjoining the hotel is a yard, 50x100, with a nice iawn. When the silverites are not fighting their way among the Democrats for tickets to the big show, they rolled around on the grass in this small yard. When the sun's rays came beating down many of the delegates being un accustomed to a coat and stiff collar the majority of the silver forces sought this before mentioned lawn and stayed there. RAILR0AD NEWS. Santa Fe Takes the Palm In Kansas City Travel. Handled 12,000 Into the Mis souri City Yesterday. ALL TRAINS CROWDED. People Were Compelled to Ride Like Sardines on All Roads. Santa Fe Used 119 Coaches and 17 Locomotives. The Santa Fe proved the banner road in the great travel to Kansas City yes terday. No less than 12,000 people went Into the Missouri city on Santa Fe trains, and thi3 number distances the nearest competitor by over a thousand. The Santa Fe ran, in 121 coaches and sleepers on thirteen trains from west of the Missouri river, and twenty-eight coaches and sleepers on four trains from east of the Missouri river. This made a total equipment of 149 cars and seventeen engines. The coaches on all roads running Into Kansas City yesterday were packed to the utmost capacity. The steps, plat forms and aisles of all Santa Fe and Rock Island trains passing through To peka were crowded, and the conductors were put to great difficulty and annoy ance in collecting fares. The over crowded condition of the trains was due to the fact that the roads were unable to furnish special equipment at many points where the number of passenger demanded it. Travel into Kansas City continues heavy today, but the trains are nof crowded by far as on yesterday. DIVIDENDS TOO SMALL. Depression of Stock Market Due to Failure on Part of Railroads to Fay More. New York, July 5. In his weekly fin ancial letter in the Sun. Matthew Mar shall says: The factor which seems to have the most influence. Juat now, in depressing the stock market, is disappointment at the failure of the leading railroad anil industrial companies to declare divi dends proportionate to their reported earnings. The Atchison. Topeka. & Santa Fe Railroad company has. indeed, raised the dividend on Its preferred stock to the full 5 per cent rate to which; the stock is entitled, but it pays noth ing on the common. The Southern Rail way company pays but 3 per cent on a preferred stock which Is entitled to 5 per cent. Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul keeps the dividend on its common stock down to 5 per cent per annum, although) it shows earnings of 10 per cent. The Northern Pacific directors have Just re fused to declare more than 1 per cent semi-annually on the common stock of their company. The Baltimore & Ohio from which 5 per cent on its common stock was confidently predicted a few weeks ago, has as yet declared nothing. The Wabash has similarly failed to pay anything upon its J26.5O0.0OO H deben tures. The New York Central pays no. more than 5 per cent, and the Lake Shore, out of earnings which apparently warrant 10 per cent, no more than 7 per cent. The failure of railroad directors to pay the increased dividends which stock holders have expected is said to be due partly to a conviction on their part that the money can be more wisely employ ed in improving the roads, and partry by a prudent regard of the possibility of a future diminution of earnings which may prevent an increased rate of divi dend now established from being main tained. THE BOERS WOULD FREEZE If They Accepted Propositions of the Northwestern Lines. The scheme attributed to the passen ger department of the Union Pacific of selling some say giving several mil lion acres of Wyoming and Colorado lands to the Transvaal Boers, when they find out that they are whipped, reflect credit on the U. P.'s department of pub licity and promotion, even if it should; not appeal to the South African burg hers, says the Railway Age. But there are two difficulties in the way of the project; nrst, tne P-oers are not like'.v to emigrate from Africa, and, second, if they wanted to move they would hardly seek a colder latitude. Mr. Hill of tha Great Northern has opinio is on this subject: "The Boers as settlers for tha Northwest? No, I wouldn't favor them. They'd freeze to death. Men that hava been in the habit of taking things easy under a hot sun while negroes did this work are not the people for us. They'd better go to the southwest, or they'd do still better where they are. There ari many more industrious people that IM rather welcome as settlers, men not afraid of overcoats' or a good day's work." UNION PACIFIC LAND SALES. Over One Million Acres Sold During Past Tear. Omaha. Neb., July 5. The Union Pa cific railway company has" sold during the fiscal year Just closed nearly a mil lion and a half acres of land in tha states of Nebraska, Colorado. Wyom ing, Utah and Kansas. This brv-aks the record of the heaviest sales in the his tory of the read, and Is regarded by tha officials of the road as evidence of tha highest degreeof prosperity of industries which use or develop the land. The value of the land sold is $2. 221.813. Dis tribution of sales as follows: Nebraska, 335,59? acres; Colorado, 184,6S acres: Wyoming. 22.128 acres; Utah, 316.927 acres; Kansas, 62,829 acres. There are 1,104 different purchasers, some residing as far east as Ohio, but the most of them reside In the middl? west. Most of the land was purchase! In large tracts by sheep and cattle growers, and some of the land was pur chased on speculation, and will be hel'l for an advance In prices. It was a part of the government land grant to the Pa cific roads, and the average price was about 31.25 an acre. Boers For the South. "New Orleans. La., July 5. The re port is current here today, and has n" been denied, that the Southern PacifS railroad management is back of a big scheme to secure a large immigration of Boers for the unsettled territory in western Louisiana and Texas tapped by the company 'n line. Boer agents now in the country are said to favor tha Southern Pacific proposition in prefer ence to the Union Pacific and the Great Northern railways' offer, because of a warmer climate. None better. Swan Fountain Pen Bennett's Book Store, 730 Kan. Ave.